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Train to Pakistan By khushwant singh Introduction

ONE OF THE MOST BRUTAL EPISODES IN THE PLANET'S HISTORY, IN WHICH A MILLION MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN WERE KILLED AND TEN MILLION WERE DISPLACED FROM THEIR HOMES AND BELONGINGS, IS NOW OVER HALF A CENTURY OLD. PARTITION, A EUPHEMISM FOR THE BLOODY VIOLENCE THAT PRECEDED THE BIRTH OF INDIA AND PAKISTAN AS THE BRITISH HURRIEDLY HANDED OVER POWER IN 1947, IS BECOMING A FADING WORD IN THE HISTORY BOOKS. FIRST-HAND ACCOUNTS WILL SOON VANISH. KHUSHWANT SINGH, WHO WAS OVER THIRTY AT THE TIME, LATER WROTE TRAIN TO PAKISTAN AND GOT IT PUBLISHED IN 1956. REPRINTED SINCE THEN, REISSUED IN HARDCOVER, AND TRANSLATED INTO MANY LANGUAGES, THE NOVEL IS NOW KNOWN AS A CLASSIC, ONE OF THE FINEST AND BEST-KNOWN TREATMENTS OF THE SUBJECT.

About the author
Khushwant Singh, one of the best -known Indian writers of all times, was born in 1915 in Hadali (now in Pakistan). He was educated at the Government College, Lahore and at King's College, Cambridge University, and the Inner Temple in London. He practiced law at the Lahore High Court for several years before joining the Indian Ministry of External Affairs in 1947. Among the several works he published are a classic two-volume history of the Sikhs, several novels (the best known of which are Delhi,Train to Pakistan, and The company of women), and a number of translations and non-fiction books on Delhi, nature and current affairs. The Library of Congress has ninety-nine works on and by Khushwant Singh.

Setting
Khushwant Singh recreates a tiny village in the Punjabi countryside and its people in that fateful summer. When the flood of refugees and the inter-communal bloodletting from Bengal to the Northwest Frontier at last touches them, many ordinary men and women are bewildered, victimized, and torn apart.

Plot
It is the summer of 1947. But Partition does not mean much to the Sikhs and Muslims of Mano Majra, a village on the border of India and Pakistan. Then, a local money-lender is murdered, and suspicion falls upon Juggut Singh, the village gangster who is in love with a Muslim girl. When a train arrives, carrying the bodies of dead Sikhs, the village is transformed into a battlefield, and neither the magistrate nor the police are able to stem the rising tide of violence. Amidst conflicting loyalties, it is left to Juggut Singh to redeem himself and reclaim peace for his village. Is he able to?

playing his moves as in a game of chess. and is likely to do so for many more years. and which I bought for $3. scheming. The sacrifice of Juggat Singh. and went on to Pakistan. Not merely for its brevity and directness. as people in vengeance sought an insane form of justice. reveal the bitterness in the abject failure of a political move. Instead of joy in freedom. Trainloads of dead crossed the border. While Jugga. of an inept politcal class . ³The train went over him. Mano Majra. the seasoned district magistrate. with his acerbic prose.Partition has left many scars in the hearts of several Indians and those tragic days still haunt the new India. family. a communist social worker seeking to reform the simpletons. There are several relevant characters. the memories of that tragic period still makes people shiver. friends. Then there¶s Hukum Chand. then. There¶s the Europe returned intellectual Iqbal. The copy I have is a 1961 Grove Press edition. and the incapabilites. when a Pakistan was split from India. is a portrayal of how love can elevate the motives of a common criminal. in whose womb grows the child he will never see. for the love of his Muslim fiance. The story is set in an isolated border village. in love with a Muslim girl. it was misery and bloodshed that greeted many of the new citizens. alias Jugga. Themes After the prolix of Love in the Time of Cholera. the background events are real. in denouement. Although fiction. The brawny thug had the wisdom which political leaders of the time lacked. effectively drives home the dual themes of the novel: the brutality of partition. There¶s the tough guy Jugga. where Sikhs and Muslims lived in harmony. All this. and being a sindhi and hearing these stories from my grandma. I completely relate to it.50 circa seven/eight years ago. but also for a context with which I could very much relate. only because you are circumcised. everyone and packed off to some distant land. A move that heavily cripples both countries to this day. Train to Pakistan was a refreshing change. A big message from the book would be that this kind of holocaust should never ever again happen anywhere. and the pain and torture is simply irreversible. Thousands of refugees perished during the exodus. till the wake of the partition. like a courier package. which cost 50 c. who wants to get a first hand feel on the happenings of those times. even indifference. a convict in parole. but becomes a frustrated victim of bureaucratic quagmire instead. Whom he will never marry. Here¶s what the cover blurb says: The brew is indeed acrid. Iqbal and Hukum Chand. but for the salve in the end. and would leave one rather burned. Khushwant Singh. Imagine being ousted from your house. from their own different perspectives. or you are not! A must read for any one.´ The train with Jugga¶s fiance.

Conclusion The novel Train to Pakistan by Khushwant Singh describes the train from which the novel takes its title. It can also be seen as someone trying to help the people to flee. using the trains as one of the means of escaping the horror of communal violence that erupted between Hindus and Muslims during partition of undivided India in India and Pakistan. and their success or failure to do so. Yash Bindal 1111639 2 BBA-B . And even then the focus is on the hopes. and fate of the people. If I try to visualize the train as a character I can only think of it as some one who is witnessing the attempts of people to flee to safety. but in spite of being brave and physically strong is rendered quite powerless do much. features only towards the end of the novel. fears.