Spanish “AR” Verb Endings

o amos as *aís a an *aís and the other second person plural endings are generally not used in Latin America (Western Hemisphere). Countries like: Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Argentina, Uruguay, Chili, and Colombia, rely on the second person singular and plural in their everyday communication. To conjugate a verb is to change/modify it in order to show person, number, gender, tense, aspect, etc. This is how we know who is doing the action and when they did the action. For example: The present tense verb hablar means ‘to speak’. The base of the verb (all of the word minus the ending) is habl Take the base of the verb and select the ending from the table above that will communicate the correct person, tense, and gender of the person doing the action. Habl + o= hablo or I speak Habl +as= hablas or you (familiar) speak Habl +a= habla or he, she or it speaks Habl +amos= hablamos or we speak Habl+ aís= hablaís or you (formal) speak Habl+ an= hablan or they speak **There are different sets of endings for past tense, present perfect tense, etc.** Subject pronouns are used in conjunction with the verbs for clarity and emphasis. Yo (I) Tú (you familar) él, ella, lo (he, she, it) For example: Yo hablo= I speak Tú hablas= you speak Ella habla= she speaks. Without the pronoun ella, it is not possible to tell who is doing the action. Nosotros hablamos= we speak Vosotros hablaís= you speak (formal) Ellos hablan= they speak Nosotros (we) *vosotros (you) Ellos (they)

S. Roy 11-20-11

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