Structural Office Suite

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CSC S-Frame

QUICK START

2 : Quick Start Guide

Table of Contents : 3

Table of Contents
Thank you . . . . . . First steps . . . . . . Geometry Window . . . . Model Description . . . . Define Geometry . . . . Loads Window overview . . . Define Loads . . . . . Graphical Results Window overview Review Results . . . . . What Next? . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6 12 14 15 22 24 32 33 40

4 : Table of Contents

. If you are using a newer version of the software some features may vary.0. Many of S-Frame’s current features come from interaction with existing customers.Thank you : 5 Thank you Thank you for purchasing this copy of S-Frame. So. Your input is very important to us. After that bigger (more realistic) models may be to some extent just a matter of repetition. That is what this Quick Start Guide 1 is all about. Finally. we will always welcome your comments and ideas about S-Frame. We want to ease your use of this powerful product and ensure that you get maximum benefit in minimum time. We know that you have made the right decision. We are committed to maintaining and updating S-Frame and your contributions are vital to this. It enables us to ensure that our continuing development of S-Frame meets your requirements. The S-Frame team 1. thank you again. This document was prepared for S-Frame version 8. and for the future input we anticipate you will provide. To help you move from being an S-Frame “novice” to an S-Frame “expert” we have provided lots more worked examples in the S-Frame Help system and the detailed manuals supplied in electronic (. PD F ) format. you probably want to get S-Frame to do the repetition for you and there are numerous features in S-Frame that will help. Using this guide you should be able to create. However. both for purchasing S-Frame. analyse and review results for a simple model in around 1 hour. and look forward to building a close relationship with you in the future.

(depending on the edition of S-Frame which you purchased). You do not have to wait before you can use S-Frame. S-Frame will start1. After midnight tomorrow S-Frame will not launch until you have licensed it. The Licensing help explains this process fully. From now on we shall shorten the instruction to click a button to click New 2D… . 1. 2. S-Frame Standard. • S-Frame Lite. initialise and you will see the Open Structure dialog. Click the Start button on the Windows task bar. then insert the CD into your computer’s CD/DVD drive. Click the New 3D… button2. You get a grace period of the rest of today and tomorrow during which you can use S-Frame without licensing it. Click Close to shut the Licensing dialog. or S-Frame Enterprise. S-Frame Professional.6 : First steps First steps If you have not yet installed S-Frame. and follow the on-screen instructions to install S-Frame for Windows. • S-FRAME for Windows S-Frame will start and you will see a dialog relating to licensing. If you want to licence S-Frame at this stage then do so. • Structural Office. then in turn click: • All Programs.

Click Metric to reset S-Frame to use the default set of Metric units (shown above).First steps : 7 You will see the New Structure wizard. Enter the any of these details as you think appropriate and then click Next. . This page allows you to define the input units that you want to use. The settings that you see will only be different to the defaults if someone else has changed them. Before we proceed let’s set the units and preferences to ensure that these are consistent with the following instructions in this tutorial. to see the Input Units page of the New Structure wizard.

. and to set various advanced features that you may want to investigate later. Again click Metric to reset the result units to the default values. Click Next to move to the subsequent page of the wizard. This page allows you to choose the type of model you want to create.8 : First steps Click Next to see the Result Units page of the New Structure wizard.

You access the pages by clicking the appropriate tab (General. Before we end the New Structure wizard let’s set some preferences for this project. Note You can tell that this is the last page because the Fi n i s h button becomes available. Results) towards the top of the dialog. Click Preferences… to see the dialog where you set these. This dialog has several pages. Solver. .First steps : 9 Click Next again to view the final page of the New Structure wizard. Interface.

Frame remembers your Input Units . . In future you will only need to access these dialogs in order to make changes. R e s u l t U n i t s and Prefere nce settings. or to ensure that no one else has made changes since you last used S -F r am e.10 : First steps Make the settings shown above and then click OK to return to the New Structure wizard. Note S.

Ensure that the option to Start from Scratch . and you will see S-Frame’s Geometry window. . We would recommend that you maintain the In put Un its. This completes the S-Frame launch process.First steps : 11 Note If you want to investigate other S-F r ame options and/or settings while you are creating this model please feel free to do so. You might also like to save your model before you start experimenting and reload it afterwards to ensure that any changes don’t affect the model and lead to discrepancies later. R e s u l t Units and Pre ference settings shown above.Open a blank model is selected and then click Finish in the New Structure wizard to end the wizard and proceed to define the model.

since these are either not appropriate to the G e o m e t r y window. or are not appropriate at this stage of model definition. If they are not. we shall meet some of these later. but we shall concentrate on one window at once. G r a ph i c al R e s u l t s …. Command Bar Data Bar Combo Bar Groups Pane Shortcuts Bar Aerial window Status Bar Note S. Check your Status Bar options to ensure that they are set as shown below. Note You can not change the setting for the buttons that are dimmed.Frame has other windows – Lo ads .12 : Geometry Window Geometry Window The Geometry Window is annotated below to explain its various components. Please familiarise yourself with the components shown below. then click the offending buttons to toggle them so that they are as shown. .

Geometry Window : 13 Note Feel free to toggle these settings on and off to find the display style that suits you best as you work through the example. .

5 m Combination Self-weight Dead Load Live Load 1.14 : Model Description Model Description We can now start to build the model shown below – a simple two span continuous beam.6 .4 1.4 1.5 m 3m 1. 6m 6m Self-weight Dead Load 30 kN 30 kN 10 kN/m 3m 3m 3m 10 kN/m 3m Live Load 15 kN/m 10 kN/m 2m 2m 25 kN/m 20 kN 40 kN 30 kN/m 2m 1.

but we will not tell you explicitly where to find it. )1 at the Now type 12 into the X field and click Ok again to add a second joint at 12. however the first two tools are common to all S-Frame’s windows. we shall use the shortened form – click Accept Data. From now on we shall give the name of the button. Y-Coordinate and Z-Coordinate (0. Note If you allow the mouse pointer to hover over a button. and show its image. Note We have only created two joints . From here on in. 0. –the Now we can proceed to define our first member. Your screen should now look like this. Click the Member Definition Tool ( third icon down in the Geometry Tools toolbox). so we start with the third tool down – the Joint Tool ( ). To generate this joint simply click on the Ok button ( left-hand side of the Data Bar to create your first joint at this position. . 0) are correct for the first joint.this is intentional for reasons which will become clear in a minute.Define Geometry : 15 Define Geometry Generally to define the geometry of our model we work down the icons in the Shortcuts Bar – Geometry pane. then you will get a tool tip giving that button’s name. 1. 0. Click this tool and you will see that the Data Bar reconfigures itself to show options which are applicable for this tool. Zoom Extents Ensure that Zoom Extents (highlighted above) is activated (the option has a box around it). The initial values for the X-Coordinate. 0.

16 : Define Geometry The Data Bar now shows the details which are appropriate to this tool. We shall do so now. We are going to generate our members graphically. Click on the left-hand joint in the Geometry window. We have defined the beams.Frame automatically adds a joint between the two links. We can tell S-Frame that we want to create several members of equal length between any pair of joints which we click. but as yet we have not defined any section properties. In our case we only want to create two members. so replace the 1 in the Number of Links box with 2. Note S. however we have only defined the joints at the extreme ends of our pair of beams. . and then on the right-hand one. right-hand joint left-hand joint S-Frame will create the two members that we require.

We could enter the details directly.Define Geometry : 17 Right-click the Section Properties Tool ( ) to view the control dialog for the tool. Click Dbase… . but it is more efficient to retrieve them from the database of sections which are installed with S-Frame.

You will see that a legend is added to the screen showing the name of the section and the colour you have assigned to it. From now on we shall simplify this to “type 533 as the Section Name”. S-Frame creates members with section property 1 (shown by the text s1 against the member. and using your chosen colour). In this case this is a 533 210 82 UKB. and type 533 210 in the Section Name field1. This is because. 1.18 : Define Geometry Now click the I section icon ( ). . This is the section we want to use so click OK to return to the Section Properties Tool dialog which will show the details for this section. Now click Find and S-Frame will search and locate the first section that matches with the text which you entered. pick British from the list of Steel Tables. Click one of the colour buttons (other than the black one) and then click Close. until you choose otherwise. You will also see that the beams are shown in that colour. and you have just specified that this section is a 533 210 UB 82.

We can see this more clearly if we render the model. Although the section is shown as a single line S-Frame has retrieved all the details of the member. Click the Render icon ( ) on the Status Bar. Right-click the Material Properties Tool ( ) to see its dialog. We need to define our material properties in a similar manner to the section properties.Define Geometry : 19 Note The Dat a Bar allows you to switch the display of section property numbers on or off at will. .

Now we can proceed to define the supports for our beams. In a similar manner to the section properties S-Frame has assigned the material type 3 (m3) to the beams which we have modelled. to make it the current material then click Close. You will see that the beams are shown in the colour for Steel (BS5950) as shown in the legend. . and we have now assigned a colour to that material type. Make these settings (as shown in the capture above) and then click OK.20 : Define Geometry Click Steel (BS5950). ) The support at the left-hand end of our continuous beam is to be totally fixed against movement (translation) but free to rotate about the Y-Axis. Click on the centre-line of each member (not the rendered shape) to apply the current material property. Right-click the Support Tool ( icon again to see its control dialog. Click the Render icon ( ) on the Status Bar to switch the rendering of members off. You will see that it is now shown in bold on the legend.

Make these settings and apply these supports to the other two joints. This completes the definition of the geometry of our beam. You will see that S-Frame shows this support with the appropriate symbols.Define Geometry : 21 Now click the left-hand joint to apply this restraint type at this location. Now set the restraint type for the other two joints – in addition to being free to rotate about the Y-Axis these are also to be free to move along the X-Axis. .

and the different tools which are available. Command Bar Data Bar Groups Pane Combo Bar Shortcuts Bar Aerial window Status Bar Check your Status Line options to ensure that they are set as shown below. Note Feel free to toggle these settings on and off to find the display style that suits you best as you work through the example. then click the offending buttons to toggle them so that they are as shown. shown by S-Frame’s title bar.22 : Loads Window overview Loads Window overview We can now move to the Loads window which allows us to define the loading which the beam is to carry. If they are not. The display will change to the Loads window. . Click the Loads shortcuts option.

or click its title and holding the mouse button down drag the legend to your preferred location and then release the mouse button. .Loads Window overview : 23 You may also want to move the Load Types Legend if it obscures the left-hand beam. To do this either double click over the point to which you want the top-left-hand corner of the Load Types Legend to move.

since the positive direction for the Z-axis is upwards.24 : Define Loads Define Loads First let’s define a load case which contains only the self-weight of the beam. This tells S-Frame that we want to apply these changes to the load case which is highlighted in the list of load cases – the only one at the minute. Note You need to enter the value as -1. and we want the self-weight to apply in the downwards direction. When you click Update you will see that the details for this load case are updated. Now click OK to close the Edit Load Status… dialog. ensure that there is no check against Inactivate the load case1 and enter the value for the Z Gravitational Factor as -1 then click Update. 1. for this example we are not creating any loads in this load case we need to activate it manually. In the Combo Bar click Edit Load Status… ( ). Type in the Load Case Description as Self-weight. . We could calculate the load ourselves. When you add a load into this initial load case S-Frame automatically activates it. Since. but S-Frame can calculate this automatically based on the area of the beam and the material density.

The Data Bar shows Enter a value for the Magnitude of -30 (again the negative value since the load is acting downwards).Define Loads : 25 Now let’s add a new load case to contain the dead loads on our beam. We can now start to define the loads in this load case. In the Combo Bar click New Load Case ( ). this time with the Load Case Description as Live Loads. ) in the Shortcut Bar. You will see that the Combo Bar now shows the title 3 . and a value for the Location of 0.5.Live Loads in the drop list to its right-hand-side. Repeat this process to add in another load case. Use this drop list to pick the load case 2 . Type in the Load Case Description as Dead Loads and then click OK. This represents the distance along the member to the concentrated load expressed as the ratio of the distance to the load over the full . Click the Concentrated Load Tool ( the details which are appropriate to this tool.Dead Loads.

Click the Global Load Tool ( this tool. then you can tell S -Fr a m e to show them. ). The Data Bar now shows the details which are appropriate to Note When you click the G l o b a l Loa d Too l the concentrated loads which you have just applied will disappear from the screen. .26 : Define Loads length of the member (thus the load will be placed ½ way along the member). This is because S -F r am e is only showing loads of the current type and direction to avoid screen clutter. and then on the right-hand one to generate the concentrated load on each beam. We will look at this option momentarily. If you want to see loads of a different type and/or direction. Now click on the left-hand beam.

As you can see the display could quickly become cluttered if you choose to view all loads at once . We have now defined our Dead Loads load case. keeping this setting. The Data Bar shows the details for this tool.Define Loads : 27 Enter a value for W1 of -10 (you don’t need to make any other settings since the load is to apply to the full length of each beam. Click the Concentrated Load Tool ( ). Click on the left-hand beam. Now we have defined all the loads in this load case. and then on the right-hand one to generate the global load on each beam. Click the View Member Loads icon ( ) on the Status Bar (to change it from Off to On). . let’s take a look at all of them together. Pick this loadcase from the list in the Combo Bar.however for this small model it is a reasonable choice. so we will continue. and can now proceed to define the Live Loads load case.

Click on the left-hand beam. . S-Frame recognises that the right-hand beam already has a load of the same type. Enter a value for W1 of -10 (you don’t need to make any other settings since the load is to apply to the full length of each beam. enter a value for P of -40 and a value for D of 0. Now. The Data Bar shows this tool’s details. At the first click you will see that S-Frame adds a -10 kN/m load to the beam. and so increments that load by the value currently set in the Data Bar.28 : Define Loads Right click the Concentrated Load tool and enter a value for P of -20 and a value for D of 0.25 to make S-Frame place the load ¼ of the way along the beam. Without changing the settings in the Data Bar click the right-hand beam three times. Click the right-hand beam to generate this load. direction and run. Click the Global Load Tool ( ).75 and then click the right-hand beam again to generate the concentrated load ¾ of the way along the beam. At the second and third clicks S-Frame increases this to -20 kN/m and -30 kN/m respectively.

Scroll the table to the right to see the cells dealing with load cases and their factors.667. a value for W2 of -25 and a value for D2 of 0. Enter a value for W1 of -15. Click the Edit/Load Combinations… menu option.333. Now we can define our combination. but not a Full uniform one. In the Data Bar pick the list which currently shows Full Uniform and then choose the Partial varying option. a value for D1 of 0. This is also a global load in the Z direction. then click the left-hand beam to generate this load. .Define Loads : 29 Now we want to define the remaining trapezoidal load on the left-hand beam. The Data Bar shows the details for this setting.

Click OK to close the dialog. and type in the appropriate factors. Click Analyse ( . Note Why not create some other loads and combinations now. Give the name under which you want to save this tutorial and then click OK. ) from the Command Bar. We have now completely defined our model. Click the File/ Save As… menu option. so let’s save it before we analyse it. or come back to this after you have completed the analysis and review of the results in the next section.30 : Define Loads From the load case drop lists pick the load cases which we want to include in our combination. On completion of this process the table should look like the capture below.

click once OK more.Define Loads : 31 Click OK to start a Linear Static analysis of the model. If prompted to save your model. . You will see the S-Frame Solution Summary. Press the Enter key on the keyboard to close this dialog.

If they are not. then click the offending buttons to toggle them so that they are as shown. . Command Bar Data Bar Groups Pane Combo Bar Shortcuts Bar Aerial window Status Bar Check your Status Line options to ensure that they are set as shown below.32 : Graphical Results Window overview Graphical Results Window overview You will see the Graphical Results window as annotated below. Note Feel free to toggle these settings on and off to find the display style that suits you best as you work through the example.

You will see the deflection results as controlled by these settings. The Data Bar now shows the details which are appropriate to Note The C om b o B a r allows us to pick the load case whose results we want to see. If we increase the number of settings from 5 to 21. ). . the curve becomes much smoother.Review Results : 33 Review Results Click the Deflection Tool ( this tool.L i ve Load s . The Stations setting allows us to control the number of intermediate points along each member at which we want to see results. The capture below is for load case 3 .

list in the Combo Bar and then click the Moment Diagrams Tool ( Note If the L eg en d obscures the diagram you may want to move it to a more appropriate position. the representation of the bending moments is not smooth. The first thing to note is that. ) on the Combo Bar. together with the loading on that member. for a larger model a high number of stations can degrade performance significantly. moments. Click the Add to Document icon ( Enter a name for the picture and then click OK. deflections… at the ends of each member. Pick 1 . to determine the . with these settings. click the title of the Le ge nd and drag it to the new location.34 : Review Results Caution Increasing the number of stations increases the calculations that S.Load Comb 1 from the ). Although this is insignificant in this small model. This saves the picture so that it can be included in a report later.Frame has to perform when showing the results. If you want to move it. S-Frame holds the details of the forces. and uses these. Click View Load Combinations ( ) from the Command Bar.

We can easily change this behaviour. and at nineteen intermediate points. click Invert Moment Diagrams (so that the settings are as shown above) and then click OK. You may also consider the moment diagrams as being “upside down”.Review Results : 35 values at intermediate points (called St ation s). enter a value of 25 for the Max projected length. Click Specify max projected length. Click the Settings/Diagrams… menu option or click the Diagram scale factors and styles icon ( ) from the Command Bar. With the current setting of 21 Stations S-Frame calculates the bending moment at each end of the member. depending on the conventions you normally use. . You will also note that S-Frame is automatically scaling the results to the maximum size of the Graphical Results window.

and then click the Add to Document icon ( ) on the Combo Bar. You will see that the curve is smoother. and the greater number of points allows you to see additional colour bands. ) on the Combo Bar and give the name of the Now choose the Numerical Results spreadsheet window. however the values are still being calculated at the ends and nineteen intermediate points along each member. In the Data Bar pick 31 Stations and then click Accept Data ( ).36 : Review Results Setting our own maximum projected length setting has reduced the size of the diagrams and made the curves appear smoother. Again click the Add to Document icon ( picture as Bending moments. .

Review Results : 37 Enter the report title as Reactions and then click OK. . so click on the Results tab. In this case we want the reaction details. You will now see the Word File Export dialog. This dialog allows us to control the content of the report. General page.

Ensure that the boxes shown above are ticked. and then click OK. to see the full range of information which is available.38 : Review Results Note You may like to investigate the options on the other tabs. Click the Export to Word/TEDDS icon ( ) from the Combo Bar. .

. or TEDDS to export it to TEDDS. After a short delay you will see the report in the application of your choice. Once the order is satisfactory click WORD to export the report to Word. Repeat this until you have the order you require. click on the description of an item and Move it to its required location.Review Results : 39 To organise your report into the required sequence.

From this same menu you may also want to take a look at the Help System. from the Help menu.. Contact our Support Department for details. However. why not attend an S-Frame training day1? Our expert tuition will give you a flying start.....) Additionally/alternatively.. you may also find it useful to review the video tutorials for a more detailed introduction to the capabilities of the program. or the Verification model examples (by clicking Verification. To access these click Run Tutorial.).40 : What Next? What Next? In this very simple example you have created and analysed a small model. this may give you the confidence to go on and try something for yourself. . (by clicking S-FRAME Help. 1.