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English Grammar Exercises - Part II

English Grammar Exercises - Part II

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9. Some of the grain_____to be contaminated. - appear - appears 10.Three-quarters of the students_____against the tuition hike. - is - are 11. Three-quarters of the student body_____against the tuition hike. - is - are 12. A high percentage of the population_____voting for the new school. - is - are 13. A high percentage of the people_____voting for the new school. - was - were. 3. Answer the following questions: 1. What is the correct form of the verb in the sentence "Each of the dogs ____ sick"? A. is B. are 2. What is the correct form of the verb in the sentence "Some of the beer ____ cold"? A. is B. are 3. What is the correct form of the verb in the sentence "He is one of the professors that _____ too much"? A. talks B. talk

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4. What is the correct form of the verb in the sentence "He is one of the alumni that ____ each year to the scholarship"? A. contributes B. contribute 5. Which of the following sentences contains a verb agreement error? A. These are a collection of valuable nineteenth-century manuscripts. B. The professor that teaches nineteenth-century novels are interesting. C. The only dog that the buyers want are Dalmatians. D. All of the above E. None of the above 6. Which of the following sentences contains an error in agreement of pronoun and antecedent? A. Every student must bring their own dictionary to class. B. Most of the children have his own book. C. Does each of you have their book? D. all of the above E. none of the above 7. Which of the following verb forms correctly occurs in the blank in the sentence "____ everyone going to be there?" A. Is B. Are 8. Which of the following pronouns is correct in the blank in the sentence "Is one of the professors ready to present ____ paper?" A. their B. her 9. Which are the correct words for the blanks in the sentence "Each of the legislators ____ ____ own reason for voting `no'"? A. has his/her B. have their

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10. Which are the correct words for the blanks in the sentence "Everyone who said that it couldn't be done ____ now regretting ____ words"? A. is his/her B. are their 4. From the choices provided after each sentence select a word that would correctly complete the sentence:
1. The piano as well as the pipe organ ____________ to be tuned for

the big concert. HAS HAVE
2. The mayor together with his two brothers ____________ going to be

indicted for accepting bribes. ARE IS
3. Neither of my two suitcases ____________ adequate for this trip.

IS ARE
4. There ____________ a list of committee members on the head-table.

ARE IS
5. Everybody in the class ____________ done the homework well in

advance. HAS HAVE
6. The jury ____________ their seats in the courtroom.

TAKE TAKES

. One of my instructors ____________ written a letter of recommendation for me. DECIDE DECIDES 14. John or his brother ____________ going to be responsible for this." IS ARE 10. HINT: Try starting the sentence with "Of those cities that . . A few of the students ____________ doing so well they can skip the next course. . Neither the teacher nor the students ____________ to understand this assignment. ARE IS 13. ____________ either my father or my brothers made a down- payment on the house? HAS HAVE 9. HAVE HAS 11. Either the Committee on Course Design or the Committee on College Operations ____________ these matters. ARE IS 12. Hartford is one of those cities that ____________ working hard to reclaim a riverfront. SEEM SEEMS 8. Some of the grain ____________ gone bad.66 7. HAVE HAS .

Dr. Neither traffic light--neither the one on Asylum Avenue nor the one on Farmington Avenue-. Bradley. Mr. along with his two sisters. ___________ either Luis or his parents written to Angela? HAVE HAS 3. HAVE HAS . Everybody on this team ___________ really hard to please the new coach. Because there ___________ so many students in that class.67 5. WAS WERE 7. Neither Luis nor his parents ___________ the least bit interested in keeping in touch with her. SEEM SEEMS 2. Ferndon is one of those professors who ___________ distracted most of the time. From the choices provided after each sentence select a word that would correctly complete the sentence: 1. ARE IS 6. IS ARE 4. ___________ lived in this town for thirty years. TRY TRIES 5.___________ working after the storm. I can sometimes sleep in the back row.

ARE IS 12. There ___________ no reasons for this horrible development that I can see.68 8. There ____________ several reasons why you should reconsider your decision. Either the UConn Women's Team or the UConn Men's Team ___________ going to be national champion this year. Several of the students ___________ decided to withdraw from the course. HAVE HAS 6. IS ARE 9. IS ARE 13. One of these students ___________ obviously cheated on the exam. ARE IS . From the choices provided after each sentence select a word that would correctly complete the sentence: 1. Some of the water ___________ already gone bad. HAVE HAS 10. Carlos and his brother Raoul ___________ traveling across the country next summer. HAVE HAS 11.

who ____________ a copy centre in town. Both of the statues on the shelf ____________ broken. WERE WAS . The chairman. CONTINUE CONTINUES 7. Remember that a subject and its verb are not always together. The issues of inflation and tax reform ____________ to be on everyone's mind.69 2. Howard and Vincent. RUNS RUN 3. have decided to expand their business. WERE WAS 9. Not one of the performers ____________ at the party after the concert. WAS WERE 5. PLAN PLANS 6. PREPARE PREPARES 8. The fishing boat that has been tied up at the pier for three days ____________ finally on its way this morning. along with his two assistants. The results of the election ____________ not available for two days. ARE IS 4. ____________ to attend the annual convention. Juan or Julian ____________ the conference room each week.

70 10. When there ____________ thunderstorms approaching, we are

always reminded of the threat of tornadoes. IS ARE 7. In the paragraph below, the words in BOLD may be incorrect. In the space immediately after each such word, indicate if they are correct (with a C) or incorrect (with an I): Everyone who have 1.___ ever been to a graduation know 2.___ how exciting it can be for the graduates. In our town, nearly the whole population come 3.___ each year. There is 4.___ one thing that both graduates and guests enjoys: 5.___ the awarding of scholarships. This ceremony, along with the closing exercises, make 6.___ attending the graduation worthwhile. Several of the students who receives 7.___ awards plan 8.___ to attend the community college. Many former graduates is 9.___ grateful for opportunities that such an award provide 10. ___ 8. Select the appropriate verbs to complete each sentence correctly. There are thirty-three “opportunities for error” in these paragraphs. Caution: the singular verb is not always given first: Soccer — or football (or foosball or futbol), as it is called by the rest of the world outside the United States — is/are surely the most popular sport in the world. Every four years, the world championship of soccer, the World Cup, is/are watched by literally billions all over the world, beating out the United States professional football's Super bowl by far. It is estimated that 1.7 billion television viewers watched the World Cup final between France and Brazil in July of 1998. And it is also a genuine world championship, involving teams from 32 countries in the final rounds, unlike the much more parochial and misnamed World Series in American baseball (that don’t/doesn’t even involve Japan or Cuba, two baseball hotbeds). But although soccer has become an important sport in the American sports scene, it will never make inroads into the

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hearts and markets of American sports the way that football, basketball, hockey, baseball, and even tennis and golf has/have done. There are many reasons for this. Recently the New England Revolution beat the Tampa Bay Mutiny in a game played during a horrid rainstorm. Nearly 5000 fans showed up, which show/shows that soccer is, indeed, popular in the United States. However, the story of the game was/were buried near the back of the newspaper's sports section, and there was/were certainly no television coverage. In fact, the biggest reason for soccer's failure as a mass appeal sport in the United States is that it doesn't conform easily to the demands of television. Basketball succeeds enormously in America because it regularly schedule/schedules what it calls "television time-outs" as well as the timeouts that the teams themselves call to re-group, not to mention half-times and, on the professional level, quarter breaks. Those time-outs in the action is/are ideally made for television commercials. And television coverage is the lifeblood of American sports. College basketball live/lives for a game scheduled on CBS or ESPN (highly recruited high school players are more likely to go to a team that regularly gets national television exposure), and we could even say that television coverage has/have dictated the pace and feel of American football. Anyone who has/have attended a live football game knows how commercial time-outs slows/slow the game and sometimes, at its most exciting moments, disrupts/disrupt the flow of events. There is no serious objection, however, because without television, football knows that it simply wouldn't remain in the homes and hearts of Americans. Also, without those advertising dollars, the teams couldn't afford the sky-high salaries of their high-priced superstars. Soccer, on the other hand, except for its half-time break, has no time-outs; except for half-time, it is constant run, run, run, run, back and forth, back and forth, relentlessly, with only a few seconds of relaxation when a goal is scored, and that can happen seldom, sometimes never. The best that commercial television coverage can hope for is an injury time-out, and in soccer that happens/happen only with decapitation or disembowelment. Second, Americans love their violence, and soccer doesn't deliver on this score the way that American football and hockey do/does. There are brief moments, spurts of violence, yes, but fans can't expect the full-time menu of bone-crushing carnage that American football and hockey can deliver minute after minute, game after game. In soccer, players are actually singled out and warned — shamed, with embarrassingly silly "yellow cards," for acts of violence and duplicity that would be smiled at in most American sports other than tennis and golf. Third, it is just too difficult to score in soccer. America loves/love its football games with scores like 49 to 35 and a professional basketball game with scores below 100 is/are regarded as a defensive bore. In soccer, on the

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other hand, scores like 2 to 1, even 1 to 0, is/are commonplace and apparently desirable; games scoreless at the end of regulation time happen all the time. (In the 515 games played in the final phase in the history of the World Cup games through 1994, only 1584 goals was/were scored. That's three a game!) And if there is/are no resolution at the end of overtime, the teams resort to a shoot-out that has/have more to do with luck than with real soccer skills. Worse yet, it is possible for a team to dominate in terms of sheer talent and "shots-on-goal" and still lose the game by virtue of a momentary lapse in defensive attention, a stroke of bad luck, and the opponent's break-away goal. Things like that can happen, too, in baseball, but the problem somehow even/evens out over baseball's very long season of daily games. In soccer, it just isn't fair. Soccer authorities should consider making the goal smaller and doing away with the goalie to make scoring easier. And the business of starting over after each goal, in the middle of the field, has/have to be reconsidered. It's too much like the center-jump after each goal in the basketball game of yesteryear. It seems/seem unlikely that Americans will ever fully comprehend or appreciate a sport in which players are not allowed to use their arms and hands. Although the footwork of soccer players is/are a magnificent skill to behold, most American fans are perplexed by straitjacketed soccer players' inability and unwillingness to "pick up the darn ball and run with it!" The inability to use substitutes (unless the players to be substituted for are lying dead or maimed on the field of play) is/are also bewildering to Americans, who glorify the "sixth man" in basketball and a baseball game in which virtually the entire roster (including an otherwise unemployable old man called "the designated hitter") is/are deployed on the field at one time or another. Finally, the field in soccer is enormous. Considerably larger than the American football field, the soccer field could contain at least a dozen basketball courts. Americans like their action condensed, in a small field of vision — ten enormous sweaty people bouncing off one another and moving rapidly through a space the size of a medium-sized bedroom, twenty-two even larger people in bulky uniforms converging on a small, oddly shaped ball. In soccer, on the other hand, there is/are a premium on "spreading out," not infringing upon the force field occupied by a teammate, so that fancy foot-passing is possible. This spreading out across the vast meadow of the soccer playing field does/do not lend itself, again, to close get-down-and-dirty television scrutiny. Soccer is a great sport and it certainly deserves/deserve the increased attention and popularity it is getting on all levels. But — primarily, again, because it does not lend itself to television — it will never make it big in the United States the way these other sports has/have, not until it changes/change some of its fundamental strategies.

.need . Not only the students but also their instructor _____ been called to the principal’s office. . _____ me of my native Puerto Rico. After each sentence select the verb form that will best fit in the blank: 1. The International Club.has …… are . Rice and beans. my favourite dish.73 9.have 2.have . . Most of the milk _____ gone bad. _____ to submit a new constitution. .have ……. .is 4.is 6.hopes . The students and instructors each _____ for a new facility by next year. Each and every student and instructor in this building _____ for a new facility by next year. Six gallons of milk _____ still in the refrigerator.hope 8.hopes 7.reminds .has . One of my best friends _____ an extra on Seinfeld this week.hope . . .has 5.remind . Carlos is the only one of those students who _____ lived up to the potential described in the yearbook.needs 3. as well as the Choral Society and the Rowing Club. .are .

is are .Four years _____ a long time to spend away from your friends and family. . Macaroni and cheese ________ my favourite dish.3.are .is 11. was were 2. The word you choose should correctly fill in the blank in the sentence: 1.seems 2. Agreement Problems 1.Politics _____ sometimes a dirty business. This quiz will test your recognition of subject-verb agreement and pronoun choice problems. .To an outsider.is 12.74 9.votes . the economics of this country _____ to be in disarray.seem .are .1. A large number of voters still _____ along straight-party lines. Neither of us ________ able to predict the outcome of today's game.vote 10. Select one answer from the choices provided after each sentence. . .

75 3. A small percentage of the grain _______ ruined by the prolonged rain. its their 7. No one has offered to let us use _______ home for the department meeting. her their his or her . At the foot of the mountain ________ two enormous vineyards. her their 8. was were 4. has have 6. both owned by the same woman. Coaches Espinoza and Calhoun coach different sports. Most parents mistakenly think that mumps _______ been eliminated as a childhood disease. was were 5. Our college should change _______ policy about withdrawals. Neither Espinoza nor Calhoun scheduled ________ team for the gym this afternoon.

76 9. VERB TENSES TUTORIAL Using the words in parentheses. 3. It (rain) __________ . Justin (write. I think I'll have ________ replaced. its their 2. General Motors will probably recall most of _________ four-wheel-drive vehicles. 5. but this summer I (study) __________ French at a language school in Paris. always) __________ . Don't forget to take your umbrella. . I hate living in Seattle because it (rain. Every Monday. Sally (drive) __________ her kids to football practice. I (work) __________ as a secretary at ABT.4. That is why I am in Paris. 2. 6. currently) __________ a book about his adventures in Tibet. 4. I hope he can find a good publisher when he is finished. it them 10. complete the text below with the appropriate tenses: SECTION 1 A) SIMPLE PRESENT / PRESENT CONTINUOUS 1. If I ever find my glasses. I'm sorry I can't hear what you (say) __________ because everybody (talk) ________ so loudly. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep) __________ . Usually. 7.

not) __________much yet. but impatient. but he is younger and stronger than I am. . Their prices (be) __________ inexpensive. Maybe. unfortunately. I (travel. gradually) __________. I'm sorry. always) __________ ahead of me and (complain) __________that I am too slow. I believe that I (improve. He (walk. I am exhausted and my legs (shake) __________. still) __________ to continue. I (go) __________ to a movie tonight with some friends. currently) __________ with Liam.77 8. I can't. not) __________ foreign languages quickly. but I (want. 1997 Today (be) _________ the second day of my trek around Mount Annapurna. normally) __________ printed by a company in New York. A: Do you want to come over for dinner tonight? B: Oh. My feet (kill. yet the quality of their work is quite good. The business cards (be. Although I (understand. 9. but I have a great deal to learn. really) __________ me and my toes (bleed) __________ . I (learn. Switzerland. a student from Leeds University in England. Nepal is a fascinating country. Simple Present/Present Continuous A Trekking Journal November 12. I (learn) __________ a little bit of the language to make communication easier. Everything (be) __________ so different. I just hope I am able to complete the trek. I (do) __________my best to keep up with him. and I (try) __________ to adapt to the new way of life here. He (be) __________ a nice guy. 10. I am just feeling sorry for myself because I am getting old. This delicious chocolate (be) __________ made by a small chocolatier in Zurich.

don't We ___ like classical music very much.78 Right now. not) __________ the real name of the owner. They (discuss) __________ the differences between life in England and life in Nepal. doesn't b. don't They like cofee. don't Rice ___ grow in cold climates. do you? a. a. Present Simple Negative Verbs Tom ___ like chocolate ice cream. Every time Tam (say) __________ a new word. just) __________ him Tam. I (know. Watson ___ smoke. don't Dr. but everybody (call. doesn't b. Hill ___ live in New York. doesn't b. doesn't b. He lives in Boston. don't I ___ understand. Liam (try) __________ to repeat it. doesn't b. Liam (sit) __________ with the owner of the inn. doesn't b. don't . they ___ like tea. a. don't Sally said she ___ want it anymore. doesn't b. Unfortunately. a. does he? a. I just hope we don't get lost and have to ask for directions. doesn't b. a. a. a. also) -----to have difficulty learning foreign languages. Liam (seem. don't Mr. Tam (speak) __________ English very well and he (try) __________ to teach Liam some words in Nepali.

don't I love sumo. don't They ___ sell that brand anymore. and German. but I ___ watch it often. doesn't b. it ___ cost much to eat there. but we ___ go often. but I ___ like boxing. don't We are rich so we ___ have to work. don't I have a television. doesn't b. don't That kind of earthquake ___ happen often. We ___ know him. a. doesn't b. doesn't b. a. a. doesn't b. French. doesn't b. but he ___ speak Italian. doesn't b. a. a. doesn't b. don't We live close to the sea. don't . a. a. don't Harry has bad breath because he ___ brush his teeth very often. don't It is really a cheap restaurant. a. a. doesn't b. don't Dave speaks English. a. doesn't b.79 We are new here.

also) __________ television. the secretary (talk) __________ on the phone with a customer. not) __________ there. but you (be. .V. That's all she ever does! 6. After I (find) __________ the wallet full of money.80 You ___ like me very much. The doctor (say) __________ that Tom (be) __________ too sick to go to work and that he (need) __________ to stay at home for a couple of days. a. doesn't b. at the library) __________ for her final examination in French. and two managers (discuss. 7. a. He likes snowboarding now. don't B) SIMPLE PAST / PAST CONTINUOUS 1. she (watch. A: What (you. but she (be. not) __________ there. 3. 4. quietly) __________ methods to improve customer service. doesn't b. 8. When I (walk) __________ into the busy office. when the electricity went out. At this time yesterday. She (study. Sandy is in the living room watching television. immediately) __________ to the police and (turn) __________ it in. do) __________ when the accident occurred? B: I (try) __________ to change a light bulb that had burnt out. do you? a. 2. Where were you? B: I (work) __________ out at the fitness center. 5. doesn't b. I (go. Sebastian (arrive) __________ at Susan's house a little before 9:00 pm. busily) __________ at their desks. don't We ___ have time to do that on the way home. I (watch) __________ a mystery movie on T. several clerks (work. Now I am never going to find out how the movie ends. A: I (call) __________ you last night after dinner. don't My son ___ like skiing.

Samantha (live) __________ in Berlin for more than two years. Angela (call) __________. while I was doing my homework. 13. I (walk) __________ over to a man who (sell) __________ fruit and (buy) __________ a banana. but she didn't hear anything because she (listen. actually) __________ in class. She was so annoying! She (leave. Some of the students (talk) __________ about their plans for the weekend and the student next to her (draw) __________ a picture of a horse. A couple of men (argue) __________ over the price of a leather belt. She said she (call) __________ me on her cell phone from her biology classroom at UCLA. The firemen (rescue) __________ the old woman who (be) __________ trapped on the third floor of the burning building. In fact. 10. just) __________ about you. 11. a couple of merchants (bargain. Sharon (be) __________ in the room when John told me what happened. actually) __________ me to do them for her.81 9. When Angela (tell) __________ . 15. I think she (expect. not) __________ . 14. The Titanic (cross) __________ the Atlantic when it (strike) __________ an iceberg. 12. When I entered the bazaar. I asked her if she (wait) __________ for class. It's strange that you (call) __________ because I (think. always) __________ her dirty dishes in the sink. I couldn't believe she (make) __________ a phone call during the lecture. Simple Past / Past Continuous Last night. she (live) __________ there when the Berlin wall came down. busily) __________ and (try) __________ to sell their goods to naive tourists who (hunt) __________ for souvenirs. I asked what was going on. but she said that the professor was at the front of the hall lecturing while she (talk) __________ to me. Some young boys (lead) __________ their donkeys through the narrow streets on their way home. She said her biology professor was so boring that several of the students (sleep.

only) __________ six employees. so he (see. We still get together once a week. You are fired! 9. 8. You (be) __________ late to work too many times. 7. never) __________ that movie. Sam (arrive) __________ in San Diego a week ago. I (see.82 me she was not satisfied with the class. the phone rang once again. Things (change) __________ a great deal at Caltech. A: Did you like the movie "Star Wars"? B: I don't know. He (write) __________ ten very creative short stories in the last year. never) __________ the ocean. 2. Sam is from Colorado. 4. I (hear) __________ her professor yell. Stinson is a fantastic writer. but he (wander) __________ off into the forest and (be) __________ bitten by a snake. but this time she wasn't sitting in class. the line went dead. One day. 6. we (expand) __________ to include more than 2000 full-time workers. I (hang) __________ up the phone and went to the kitchen to make dinner. I (mention) __________ that my biology professor was quite good and (suggest) __________ that she switch to my class. Listen Donna. Since then. Inc. . he'll be as famous as Hemingway. I (have. are you making a phone call?" Suddenly. 5. "Miss. not) __________ this much fun since I (be) __________ a kid. While we were talking. When we first (start) __________ working here three years ago. C) SIMPLE PAST / PRESENT PERFECT 1. I don't care if you (miss) __________ the bus this morning. I (tell) __________ him to stay on the path while he was hiking. He should come with us to Miami. It (be) __________ Angela. As I (cut) __________ vegetables for a salad. which is hundreds of miles from the coast. My best friend and I (know) __________ each other for over fifteen years. the company (have. 3.

and (fly) __________ over the Nazca Lines. I (visit. The trip (be) __________ very rough and often dangerous. never) __________ climbed by anyone. Simple Past / Present Perfect Since computers were first introduced to the public in the early 1980's. individual machines used mostly as expensive typewriters or for playing games. (hike) __________ for a week near Machu Picchu. ever) __________ The climb is extremely difficult and many people (die) __________ trying to reach the summit. This mountain (be. He (see. technology (change) __________ a great deal. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours. The last time I (go) __________ to South America. Early computers were often quite expensive and customers often (pay) __________ thousands of dollars for machines which actually (do) __________ very little. I (visit) __________ Brazil and Peru.83 10. but nobody (succeed. 12. never) __________ Africa. Johnny. This tree (be) __________ planted by the settlers who (found) __________ our city over four hundred years ago. Things (change) __________ a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years. In the 19th century. never) __________ the ocean. They (have. . travelling (become) __________ much easier and very comfortable. not) __________ very powerful. Several mountaineers (try) __________ to reach the top. I (spend) __________ two weeks in the Amazon. 11. The first computers (be) __________ simple machines designed for basic tasks. but I (travel) __________ to South America several times. 15. not) __________ much memory and they (be. it (take) __________ two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon. I can't believe how much you (change) __________ since the last time I (see) __________ you. How sad! George (dream) __________ of going to California before he died. In the last hundred years. Most computers (be) __________ separate. but he didn't make it. 14. You (grow) __________ at least a foot! 13.

Computers (become) __________ powerful machines with very practical applications. You might even call me a "chocoholic". We are still playing video games. Robin: I don't know if he (notice. more exciting interactive adventures. also) __________ on the Internet and (begin) __________ communicating with other computer users around the world. 2. He (walk) __________ by us at least twenty times. only) __________ here for five or ten minutes and they already have their food.84 Times (change) __________. 3. Michele: That's true. already) __________. We (start) __________ to create international communities online. I (love) __________ chocolate since I was a child. Present Perfect / Present Perfect Continuous 1. Robin: Look at that couple over there. they (be. I'm thinking about buying a new one. A: How long (be) __________ in Canada? B: I (study) __________ here for more than three years. the simple. and he (look. Michele: He must realize we (order. even) __________ us. In short. I (have) __________ the same car for more than ten years. not) __________ in our direction once. We (wait) __________ here for over half an hour and nobody (take) __________ our order yet. not) __________ yet! We (sit) __________ here for over half an hour staring at him. individual machines of the past (evolve) __________ into an international World Wide Web of knowledge. Programmers (create) __________ a large selection of useful programs which do everything from teaching foreign languages to bookkeeping. but today's games (become) __________ faster. Michele: I think you're right. D) PRESENT PERFECT / PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Robin: I think the waiter (forget) __________ us. . He (run) __________ from table to table taking orders and serving food. Many computer users (get. He probably thinks we (order.

2. but now he is talking about retiring. 5. he (enjoy) __________ his work. Until recently. 6. A: Where is Gary? B: He (study. isn't it? He (watch) __________ American television programs and (study) __________ his grammar every day since he first arrived in San Diego. 5. really) __________.. Lately. exercise) __________ at the fitness center ? 4. so they (go) __________ to a marriage counsellor. In fact. he (review) __________ for the test every day for the last week. E) PRESENT CONTINUOUS / PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS 1. Soon he will be totally fluent. You look really great! (You. . I (see) __________ Judy for more than five years and during that time I have (see) __________ many changes in her personality. 7. Joseph's English (improve. Matt and Sarah (have) __________ some difficulties in their relationship lately. at the library) __________ for his German test on Wednesday. I hope it stops by Saturday because I want to go to the beach.M.85 4.It (rain) __________ all week. Frank. It (drive) __________ me crazy . A: What is that sound? B: A car alarm (ring) __________ somewhere down the street. 3.I wish it would stop! It (ring) __________ for more than twenty minutes. 6. I hope they work everything out. I (think) __________ about changing my career because I (become) __________ dissatisfied with the conditions at my company. John (work) __________ for the government since he graduated from Harvard University. where have you been? We (wait) __________ for you since 1 P.

I (compete) __________ in a tennis tournament this weekend. currently) __________ with them on the sea turtle project. I just look tired because I (feel) __________ a little sick for the last week. Smith: I know Frank quite well. Harris: In my spare time. Harris: Do you know Frank Harris? He's my brother. play) __________ tennis ? Mr. Smith: Tell me a little about your hobbies and interests. Mr. Smith: So tell me a little bit about yourself. Mr. Mr. In fact. Present Continuous / Present Perfect Continuous Mr. Just one more thing. A: You look a little tired. B: Thanks. currently) __________ some medicine. Mr. many of our clients are from Mexico. how long (you. presently) __________ on the same project. Harris. volunteer at the Sierra Club and play tennis. I hike in the mountains outside of town. Any brother of Frank's would be a welcome addition to Hollings Life. get) __________ enough sleep lately? B: Yes. Mr. During that time. (You. He (work. Mr. so I should feel better in a couple of days. Harris: I (work) __________ in the insurance industry for over ten years. We (try) __________ to create a wildlife sanctuary near the bay. Smith: Great! We like dedication here at Hollings Life. I (sleep) __________ relatively well.86 7. A: I hope you feel better soon. I (take. Harris: I (play) __________ since high school. I would like to find out a little bit more about your background. Mr. I worked for Met Life for six years and World Insurance for four and a half. I love the sport. we (look) __________ for somebody who is fluent in Spanish. Smith: Really. Mr. You mentioned you volunteer at the Sierra Club. I (work. I heard many good things about Hollings Life Insurance and that's why I (apply) __________ for the new sales position. .

Most of them (fill. already) __________ out their applications and were already leaving. . I (speak. I discovered that Jane (prepare) __________ a beautiful candle-lit dinner. Harris: No problem. Mr. I (submit) __________ my application last week. It turns out that the landlord and my father (go) __________ to high school together. F) SIMPLE PAST / PAST PERFECT I can't believe I (get) __________ that apartment.87 Mr. but I didn't want to list my previous landlord because I (have) __________ some problems with him and I knew he wouldn't recommend me. I (perform) __________ in two plays. The landlord said I could still apply. but I didn't think I had a chance of actually getting it. but I couldn't answer half of the questions. so I did. When I (arrive) __________ home last night. However. I (try) __________ to fill out the form. a television commercial and a TV drama. never even) __________ publicly before I came to Hollywood in 1985. Smith: Sounds like you are the perfect candidate. I (end) __________ up listing my father as a reference. Since I began acting. 2. It was total luck that he (decide) __________ to give me the apartment. He decided that I could have the apartment before he (look) __________ at my credit report. I (study) __________ Spanish since elementary school. there were at least twenty other people who (arrive) __________ before me. When I (show) __________ up to take a look around. I really lucked out! G) SIMPLE PAST / PRESENT PERFECT / PAST PERFECT 1. They (want) __________ me to include references.

however. When I arrived at the theatre. the meeting (begin. and both of us (change) __________ a great deal. and it (bring) __________ back some great memories. By the time I got to the office. I (recognize. 6. When I (turn) __________ the radio on yesterday. I (hear. but I told you to meet me early because the show started at 8:00. H) PAST PERFECT / PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS I'm sorry I left without you last night. Last week. 8.88 3. We (see. We are getting together tonight for dinner. I (visit) __________ so many beautiful places since I (come) __________ to Utah. and I didn't want to miss it. She was really angry because she (wait) __________ for more than half an hour. He looked totally different! 7. When Jack (enter) __________ the room. 5. I (enjoy) __________ talking to her so much that I (ask) __________ her out on a date. I (have) __________ five cups of coffee and I (wait) __________ over an hour. My boss (be) __________ furious with me and I (be) __________ fired. Zion. almost) __________ up and (go) __________ into the theatre without us. already) __________ without me. I (try) __________ to get tickets for that play for months. their culture (disappear. I (hear) __________ a song that was popular when I was in high school. Before moving here. never) __________ of Bryce Canyon. The Maya established a very advanced civilization in the jungles of the Yucatan. virtually) __________ by the time Europeans first (arrive) __________ in the New World. not) __________ each other in years. By the time I finally left the coffee shop where we were supposed to meet. 4. . I (run) __________ into an ex-girlfriend of mine. not) __________ him because he (lose) __________ so much weight and (grow) __________ a beard. not) __________ the song in years. She said she (give. I had to leave because I (arrange) __________ to meet Kathy in front of the theatre. Kathy (pick. I (hear. Arches or Canyon lands. already) __________ up the tickets and she was waiting for us near the entrance.

6. Sarah (climb) __________ the Matterhorn. I am going to leave. 4. I suggest you be on time! several movies because of your late arrivals. I think she (cry) __________. She mentioned that she (miss) __________ several movies because of your late arrivals. (sail) __________ around the world and (go) __________ on safari in Kenya by the time she turned twenty-five. I almost left without him. I (wait) __________ for over an hour. I (try) __________ to learn the language since 1985. 5. By the time I started high school in 1988. I think you owe her an apology. Pictures of the monuments are very misleading. (sail) __________ around the world. And in the future. I was really angry at John yesterday. 7. And in the future. I (study) __________ . 3. The pyramids are actually quite small. I (see) __________ many pictures of the pyramids before I went to Egypt. Did you hear that Ben was fired last month? He (work) __________ for that import company for more than ten years and he (work) __________ in almost every department. When Melanie came into the office yesterday. Sarah (climb) __________ the Matterhorn. I suggest you be on time! I) PRESENT PERFECT / PAST PERFECT / / PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS / / PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS 1. J) PRESENT CONTINUOUS / SIMPLE PAST / / PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS / / PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS My English is really getting better. Nobody knew the company like he did. her eyes were red and watery. I think you owe her an apology. but only recently have I been able to make some real progress. She (experience) __________ more by that age than most people do in their entire lives. By the time he finally arrived.89 Kathy told me you (be) __________ late several times in the past and that she would not make plans with you again in the future. It is already 9:30 pm and I (wait) __________ here for over an hour. If John does not get here in the next five minutes. 2. She is such an adventurous person. and (go) __________ on safari in Kenya.

it worked. Look. I (stay) __________ here for at least another year before I return home.a. Nothing worked. When I returned.b. One clown was juggling while he (have) __________ a glass of wine on his head. I (hold) __________ two tickets for the circus.a. so I decided to study abroad. One clown was juggling while he (balance) __________ a glass of wine on his head. Well. 4. By then. Nothing.S. 2. for more than two years. We (wait) __________ there for more than half an hour by the time the show began. I (stay) __________ with a host family for one month.a. . For a couple more years. I mentioned to a friend that I (have) __________ problems with the language for years. 2. I found an exchange program in England that sounded like the perfect answer. I should be completely fluent. Sam (be) __________ in the seat next to me when the clown threw a bucket of water at me. I decided to go abroad again. I (have) __________ two tickets for the circus.b. however. I (live) __________ and (study) __________ in the U. I was only able to introduce myself and utter a few memorized sentences. I (research) __________ exchange programs for a couple of weeks and finally decided on a school in the United States. 1. It was a huge disappointment! I (sit) __________ there the whole time staring at the host mother and father hoping that there would be some breakthrough. 3. Look.a. He recommended that I spend a year in an English speaking country. SECTION 2 A) PRESENT AND PAST TENSES AND NON-CONTINUOUS VERBS 1. which made absolutely no difference.b. 4.b.90 the language for almost three years. Sam (sit) __________ in the seat next to me when the clown threw a bucket of water at me. 3. I (struggle) __________ through grammar and vocabulary lessons. We (be) __________ there for more than half an hour by the time the show began.

Right now.b. people (take) __________ Star Wars movies seriously. 5. already) __________ here waiting for tickets when we arrived. In fact. Lars: I don't believe that! Tony: It's true.a. Lars: I can't believe that! Are you serious? Tony: Yeah. They (camp) __________ out in front of Mann's Chinese Theater in Los Angeles for about a month because they (want) __________ to be the first people to see the movie. Lars: When did you buy your tickets? Tony: I (buy) __________ them last week by phone. we (wait) __________ here for more than five hours. More than forty people (stand. 6. . I (see) __________ two elephants doing tricks in the ring.91 5. which movie are you waiting for? Tony: We (wait) __________ for the new Stars Wars Phantom Menace movie. In fact. I (go) __________ to the circus ever since I was a child. 6. Right now. B) PRESENT AND PAST TENSE REVIEW Lars: Excuse me. I (know) __________ tickets would be hard to get because I (hear) __________ on the news that a group of people in Los Angeles (wait) __________ in line for almost a month to buy some. We (wait. this particular showing has been sold out for over a week. I (love) __________ the circus ever since I was a child. just) __________ in line to get a good seat in the theater. I (look) __________ at two elephants doing tricks in the ring.a. Lars: Five hours? When did you arrive? Tony: We (get) got here at 6:00 o'clock this morning.b.

8. 6. 2. After I graduate. We (visit) __________ Paris. A: Excuse me. 5. 10. do) __________ with it? .  A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I (write) __________ a letter to my friends back home in Texas. B: That man at the service counter (help) __________ you. I think he (be) __________ the next President of the United States. I am afraid it is simply too small for four people. As soon as the weather clears up. A: I'm about to fall asleep. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. Oliver (be) __________ there as well. I have wanted to be a doctor all my life. Mark: What are you doing with those scissors? Beth: I (cut) __________ that picture of the ocean out of the travel magazine. Sarah (come) __________ to the party. 4.  1. That will wake you up. Mark: What (you. I need to wake up! B: I (get) __________ you a cup of coffee. 9. I (attend) __________ medical school and become a doctor. we (walk) __________ down to the beach and go swimming. Nice and Grenoble. A: It is so hot in here! B: I (turn) __________ the air conditioning on. 3.92 SECTION 3 A) WILL / BE GOING TO 1. 7. A: I can't hear the television! B: I (turn) __________ it up so you can hear it.

but I'm having a piece of pie anyway. . and I thought I could use this photograph as a model. so I'd better skip the pie. Do you want a piece of pie as well? John: Coffee sounds great! But I (have) __________ dinner with some friends later. and some coffee.93 Beth: I (paint) __________ a water colour of the ocean for my art class. Maybe I should take a French class. Mark: (You. Sam: No problem. 4. 2. Frank: I heard you're taking a Spanish class at the community college. some bread. Jane: I (go) __________ to dinner tonight too. what do you want me to do? Mark: I (change) __________ the broken light bulb in the lamp above the dining room table. 3. Frank: I (visit) __________ my brother in Marseilles next year. get) __________? Ted: I (buy) __________ some milk. do) __________ me a favour Sam? Sam: Sure. and we can see whether or not they're offering a French course next semester. John: Wow. I need someone to hold the ladder for me while I am up there. I (go) __________ to Guatemala next spring and I thought knowing a little Spanish would make the trip easier. I (go) __________ get it. Jane: I (make) __________ some coffee to warm us up. it's freezing out there. John: No way! The Democrats (win) __________. Michael: Do you think the Republicans or the Democrats (win) __________ the next election? Jane: I think the Republicans (win) __________ the next election. Tom: Yeah. I (hold) __________ it for you. Tom: I have a course catalog in the other room. Gina: Where are you going? Ted: I (go) __________ to the store to pick up some groceries. 5.  1. Gina: What (you.

When you get to Santa Fe. 4. My family has tons of camping gear. I (go) __________ to a movie with some friends. but I'm a little worried because I don't really know much about cars. 2. He (show) __________ you around the city and help you get situated. 3. Would you like to come along? Sam: That sounds great. B) SIMPLE PRESENT / SIMPLE FUTURE  1. call my friend Gustav. Pam: Can you see my future in the crystal ball? What (happen) __________ next year? Fortune Teller: You (meet) __________ a man from the East Coast. They can show you some of the sights that most tourists never see. Pam: Forget the man! I want to know if I (get) __________ a new job.94 2. I (lend) __________ you one. Dave: I used to work for a mechanic in high school and I know a lot about cars. but I don't have a sleeping bag. Susan: We (go) __________ camping this weekend. I (go) __________ with you to make sure you are not cheated. Today after I (get) __________ out of class. Have you ever been there? Margaret: My family lives in Santa Fe! I (give) __________ you my parents' phone number. perhaps New York or maybe Boston. just call them and they (give) __________ you a little tour of the town. 5. Susan: No problem. . I'm afraid the salesman (try) __________ to take advantage of me when he sees how little I know. When you (arrive) __________ in Stockholm. You (marry) __________ that mystery man. Barbara: I (buy) __________ a new car this weekend. Gina: Fred and I (visit) __________ Santa Fe next summer.

She (quit) __________ her job and go back to school. Marie: No problem. If it (snow) __________ this weekend. I (go) __________ to graduate school at UCSD in San Diego. 4. 8. A: Do you know what you want to do after you (graduate) __________? B: After I (receive) __________ my Master's from Georgetown University. eventually) __________ her job. 7. After she (finish) __________ studying.D. 6. in cognitive science. He (meet) __________ you across the street near the ice cream shop. not) __________ your secret to anybody. will you please drop by the grocery store and pick up some milk and bread. Your father (plan) __________ to pick you up after school today at 3:00 o'clock. She is going to improve her life! 10.95 3. I (reveal. Even if somebody (ask) __________ me about what happened that day. she (get) __________ a better paying job and buy a house. she (lose. 9. not) __________ the truth to a single person. not) __________ cutting down huge stretches of rain forest. we (experience) __________ huge changes in the environment during the twenty-first century. Michael: After you (leave) __________ work. I (pick) __________ you up instead. He (stay) __________ with you for two or three days until his new apartment (be) __________ available. we (go) __________ skiing near Lake Tahoe. Tom (call) __________ when he (arrive) __________ in Madrid. If something happens and he cannot be there. You will probably get home before I (do) __________. 5. . I (plan) __________ to complete a Ph. I promise you that I (tell.  1. She (make) __________ some major changes in her life. If Vera (keep) __________ drinking. Michael: Great. I (pick) __________ up the groceries and be home by 6 o'clock. If the people of the world (stop.

never) __________ her in that crowded lobby. If it (be) __________ nice out. 5. Terry: I guess we will have to wait until we (get) __________ up in the morning to find out what we are going to do. we (meet) __________ each other near the entrance. . probably) __________ at the cafe until 9 o'clock. Ari: That place is huge! We (find. the tickets are going to be sold out. I told Jane we might be arriving just before the movie (start) __________. Lucy: I (call) __________ you as soon as I arrive in Dublin. Ari: By the time we (get) __________ to the movie theater. make sure to leave a message. Dwain: I promise I (take) __________ care of everything while you are in Ireland. we'll see a movie. Why don't you join us after you (pick) __________ him up. Sarah: Calm down. we'll go to the beach. Sarah: Don't worry. She (buy) __________ our tickets and meet us in the lobby. Dwain: If I am not there when you (call) __________. And please don't forget to water my plants and feed the cat.96 2. maybe we should go to the beach. Would you like to come along? Max: No thanks! My brother is coming to town and I (pick) __________ him up from the airport at 7 o'clock. Max: What are you going to do tomorrow after work? Sean: I (meet) __________ some friends at the cafe across the street. Terry: If the weather (be) __________ good tomorrow. We (see) __________ you around 8 o'clock. Sean: We (be. Jennifer: I have a better idea. 3. and if it (rain) __________. Max: Sounds good. 4. Lucy: I will.

Darren: While you are luxuriating on the beach. Doug: This is the first time I have ever been away from the kids. Robin: Maybe. I (stay) __________ at the Hoffman Hotel. Can't you take me with you? Samantha: No. Jack: When you get home this evening. Florence: Oh. next week at this time. white-sand beach. 3. Darren: Great. Sandra: And then what? Marcus: We (pick) __________ Michele up at work and go out to dinner. Ted: I am absolutely positive they (do) __________ the same things. they (be) __________ fine. 2. this time they won't be doing the same things. I (lie) __________ on a tropical beach in Maui drinking Mai Tai's and eating pineapple. . that mountain will be gone and nice stacks of sparkling clean dishes (sit) __________ in the cabinets. I (stress) __________ out over this marketing project. Ted: When we get to the party. Nancy: I (call) __________ you if there are any problems. Florence: Thanks.97 C) SIMPLE FUTURE / FUTURE CONTINUOUS 1. How are you going to enjoy yourself knowing that I am working so hard. Nancy: Don't worry. Samantha: I 'll manage somehow. Sam (make) __________ drinks. Sandra: Where is Tim going to meet us? Marcus: He (wait) __________ for us when our train arrives. and Thad (complain) __________ about his day at work. Samantha: Just think. look at that mountain of dirty dishes! Who (wash) __________ all of those? Jack: I promise I (do) __________ them when I get home from work. Doug: If you need to contact me next week. 4. that (make) __________ me feel much better. Beth (dance) __________ by herself. they always do the same things. 5. I am sure he (stand) __________ on the platform when we pull into the station. But I (send) __________ you a postcard of a beautiful. Darren: You're terrible. Jerry (watch) __________ TV.

Are you jealous? 4. we will not be able to let you into the house. tropical beach. I (go) __________ to the beach. Tomorrow at this time. They are always doing the same things. as well. Just to be safe. John (make) __________ drinks. If you (come) __________ over while we (work) __________ out. 10. I (watch) __________ T. I am sick of rain and bad weather! Hopefully. I (lie) __________ on a sunny. when we (wake) __________ up tomorrow morning. If you (need) __________ to contact me sometime next week.V. I (stay) __________ at the Sheraton in San Francisco. When I (get) __________ to the party. we (leave) __________ a key under the welcome mat so you will not have to wait outside. 9. Sue and Frank (discuss) __________ something controversial. I (wait) __________ for you. 3. I am going on a dream vacation to Tahiti. . While you (do) __________ paperwork and (talk) __________ to annoying customers on the phone. We work out at the fitness center everyday after work. 8. 2. Right now I am watching T. Sally and Doug (dance) __________. Magda (be) __________ in class. They are so predictable. 6. we (jump) __________ out and (scream) __________. Tomorrow after school. As soon as he opens the door. "Surprise!" 5. the sun (shine) __________.98 D) SIMPLE PRESENT / SIMPLE FUTURE / / PRESENT CONTINUOUS / FUTURE CONTINUOUS 1. We (hiding) __________ when Tony (arrives) __________ at his surprise party. 7.V. When you (got) __________ off the plane. and Mary (complain) __________ about something unimportant. While you (study) __________ at home.

Where exactly does she want to go? Stan: She (visit) __________ Peru.99 E) FUTURE PERFECT / FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS  1) Margaret: Do you think everything will be finished when I get back from the store? Jerry: Don't worry. that's quite a vacation! You (see. Stacey: That's a good idea. Nick: I am also going to do an internship so that when I leave school. she (visit) __________ every country in the world by the time she's 50. They (arrive) __________ around 6 o'clock. By this time next year. . so I (stay) __________ here for an extended period of time. By the time you get back. 4) Judy: How long have you been in Miami? Elaine: I have only been here for a couple of weeks. 3) Stan: Did you hear that Christine (take) __________ a vacation in South America this winter? Fred: I can't believe how often she goes abroad. not. Everything will be perfect when your parents arrive. but I (work. Bolivia and Ecuador. I (graduate) __________ and I will already be looking for a job. I (go) __________ to a career counsellor and get some advice on how to find a good job. Jerry: Everything (be) __________ spotless by the time they get here. Fred: At this rate. I (complete. When I go back home. I (pick) __________ up the living room and (finish) __________ washing the dishes. Stacey: Does that scare you? Are you worried about the future? Nick: Not really. 2) Nick: I just have two more courses before I graduate from university. only) __________ over 13 business courses. I (be) __________ here for more than three months. Judy: Wow. also) __________ in the real world. Margaret: I hope so. definitely) __________ just about everything there is to see in Miami by then. Judy: How long do you plan on staying? Elaine: I love Miami.

she (study) __________ German for over two years. my grandmother and grandfather (be) __________ married for fifty years. we (wait) __________ for her for two hours. she (have) __________ the baby by the time we get to the hospital. already) __________ eating. Drive faster! If you don't hurry up. however. he (change) __________ jobs at least four or five times by the end of the year. She should be able to communicate fairly well while she is in Austria. everyone (finish. 6. If he keeps this up. Jane: I couldn't get my hair to look right.100 5) Jane: I can't believe how late we are! By the time we get to the dinner.even) __________ your hair. 9. . 5. I (study) __________ for nine months and I (be) __________ in England for exactly one year. Jack: Who cares? By the time we get there. Frank just changed jobs again. I (visit) __________ the Grand Canyon and San Francisco by the time I leave the United States.  1) By the time we get to Chicago this evening. I started my economics course three months ago. Nobody (see. When I return to Australia. you (master) __________ all twelve tenses including their passive forms. 2. I (complete) __________ my history essay and we can go see a movie. By then. You took way too long in the bathroom. Margie just called and said she would be here at 8:00 o'clock. we (drive) __________ more than four hundred miles. In June. By the time she gets here. By the time you finish studying the verb tense tutorial. 3. When Sarah goes on vacation next month. 8. We are going to be exhausted. Come over to my house around 9 o'clock. I came to England six months ago. 4. everyone (left) __________. I have not travelled much yet. Jack: It's your own fault. 7. 10.

Anne? Anne: I am going to finish my degree next June. and I have been working on my essay for over three hours. Oliver: Really? How long is that going to take? Anne: By the time I finally finish studying. Jake: It doesn't sound like she's having a very good Thanksgiving. 3) Max: Sarah has been in the kitchen all day long. . Janet: And don't forget that they (move) __________ for at least eight days straight. By the time they finish the course. and I (study) __________ for more than seven years. By the time I graduate.101  1) Jack: Have you been watching the Eco-Challenge on TV? Janet: Isn't that exciting? It has got to be the most unbelievably difficult sporting event in the world. Jake: Maybe we should help her out. Oliver: Wow. she (finish) __________ everything by then. but I (work) __________ on it for more than seven hours and I don't think I am going to feel like going to a party. (climb) __________ a volcano and (kayak) __________ through shark-infested waters. Max: She (cook) __________ for over seven hours by the time everyone arrives for dinner this afternoon. 2) Oliver: When are going to get your Bachelor degree.D. Jack: I know. (hike) __________ through 80 miles of jungle. There's a party at Donna's tonight. they (raft) __________ more than 150 miles down a raging river. Mike: I (complete. 4) Mike: It's 6:00. Sid: Do you think you (finish) __________ by 10:00. probably) __________ the essay by 10:00. I (be) __________ a student for over 13 years. Hopefully. I (go) __________ to four different colleges and universities. that's a long time! Anne: And I plan to continue on to get a Ph.

Simona: She is going to be able to speak Spanish with some of our Latin American clients. still) __________ problems with her. Ginger: I think we had better plan on taking them directly to a restaurant. Isabelle: Good. Frank: Still? How long have you been working on your living room. I am sure he (have. What about the day after tomorrow? Debbie: Sorry. The doctor is having some problems with a patient. they (eat) __________ camping food for days. 2) Jason: I am leaving! Nurse: If you would please wait. the doctor will be with you in ten minutes. I (move) __________ furniture and (put) __________ up drapes. Debbie: Forever. I was going to ask go if you wanted to see a movie. they (hike) __________ for more than six days. By the time he's finally ready to see me. Two clients from Peru (visit) __________ us next month when Margaret returns. F) FUTURE CONTINUOUS / FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS 1) Simona: Margaret is really going to speak Spanish well when she gets back from that language school in Mexico? Isabelle: Hopefully! She (take) __________ classes for more than six months.102 5) Fred: By the time they finish their trip across Yosemite National Park. Frank: Too bad. . We need someone to entertain them while they are here. and I am sure they will be starving. If I wait another ten minutes. By the time I finish. Ginger: And they (be. 3) Frank: What are you going to be doing tomorrow at five? Debbie: I (paint) __________ painting my living room walls. I (redecorate) __________ the living room for over a week. not) __________ in a bed or (have) __________ a shower in almost a week! Fred: When we pick them up. Jason: The doctor was having problems with that patient an hour ago. I (wait) __________ for more than two hours.

she (live) __________ there when the Berlin wall came down. she (lose. McIntyre: I (work) __________ for a big law firm in New Orleans. we (go) __________ skiing near Lake Tahoe. I'm thinking about buying a new one. do) __________ when the accident occurred? B: I (try) __________ to change a light bulb that had burnt out. In fact. You look really great! (You. 5. When I return to Australia. A: What do you call people who work in libraries? B: They (call) __________ librarians. Sam (arrive) __________ in San Diego a week ago.103 4) Mr. 7. A: What (you. 6. 3. Jones: What are you going to be doing next year at this time? Mr. SECTION 4 VERB TENSE PRACTICE TEST Cumulative Verb Tense REVIEW 1. Mr. I think it's about time for a change. Besides. . If Vera (keep) __________ drinking. Mr. Jones: I didn't know you were leaving Baton Rouge. If it (snow) __________ this weekend. exercise) __________ at the fitness center? 2. McIntyre: I got a great job offer which I just can't refuse. I (live) __________ in Baton Rouge for over twenty years. 8. eventually) __________ her job. I started my economics course three months ago. Samantha (live) __________ in Berlin for more than two years. I (study) __________ for nine months and I (be) __________ in England for exactly one year. by the time I move. I (have) __________ the same car for more than ten years. 4. I came to England six months ago. 9.

however. I (visit) __________ the Grand Canyon and San Francisco by the time I leave the United States. You (be) __________ late to work too many times. 13. 11. It (rain) __________ all week. when we (wake) __________ up tomorrow morning. 19. If you (need) __________ to contact me sometime next week. the sun (shine) __________. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours. Things (change) __________ a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years. it (take) __________ two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon. The pyramids are actually quite small. 20. I (stay) __________ at the Sheraton in San Francisco. Joseph's English (improve. When I (arrive) __________ home last night. Soon he will be totally fluent. their culture (disappear. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep) __________. I (see) __________ many pictures of the pyramids before I went to Egypt.104 10. Pictures of the monuments are very misleading. Listen Donna. . The Maya established a very advanced civilization in the jungles of the Yucatan. virtually) __________ by the time Europeans first (arrive) __________ in the New World. 15. really) __________. The trip (be) __________ very rough and often dangerous. 12. 16. In the last hundred years. In the 19th century. 18. isn't it? He (watch) __________ American television programs and (study) __________ his grammar every day since he first arrived in San Diego. 17. travelling (become) __________ much easier and very comfortable. however. I hope it stops by Saturday because I want to go to the beach. I am sick of rain and bad weather! Hopefully. I have not traveled much yet. You are fired! 14. I discovered that Jane (prepare) __________ a beautiful candle-lit dinner. I don't care if you (miss) __________ the bus this morning.

4. They are very predictable people! 9. and I intend to stay here until I retire! 3. Altogether. 7. By the time we (get) __________ to the train station. they (do) __________ the same thing. We were late because we had some car problems. Next year. 2. Thomas is an author. I (work) __________ for this company for more than thirty years. She (cook) __________ and he (read) __________ the newspaper. you (complete) __________ your studies and (find) __________ a job. also) __________ the same thing. Everyday I (wake) __________ up at 6 o'clock. they (do. Susan (wait) __________ for us for more than two hours. 8. Sharon (love) __________ to travel. She (go) __________ abroad almost every summer. Right now. 6. (accomplish. Last night at this time. 5. He (write) __________ since he was twenty-eight. Jim (read) __________ the newspaper and Kathy (make) __________ dinner. I (watch) __________ my favourite show on television. this morning I (get) __________ up at 6:30. She (prepare) __________ dinner and he (read) __________.105 SECTION 5 VERB TENSE FINAL TEST Cumulative Verb Tense REVIEW 1. on the other hand. he (write) __________ seven novels. (eat) __________ breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave) __________ for work at 8 o'clock. three collections of short stories and a book of poetry. I. Tomorrow at this time. When Carol (call) __________ last night. However. Sam (try) __________ to change a light bulb when he (slip) __________ and (fell) __________. By this time next summer. she plans to go to Peru. (skip) __________ breakfast and (leave) __________ for work late because I (forget) __________ to set my alarm. He (write) __________ mystery novels and travel memoirs. not) .

I (study. Bob has never left Jamestown. Tanzer. However. Jane is talking in class. Mary is always talking in class. Tim arrived when Mary was leaving. 10. I'm making dinner for Judy. After Tim arrived. Who are you offering to make dinner for? __________ 13. this week they (be) __________ taught by Mr. Who is not necessarily on the phone now? __________ 12. Bob left when Tim had arrived. Mary is talking on the phone. Jane never left Jamestown. usually) __________ taught by Mrs. still) __________ and you (work) __________ in some new high paying job. 11. Who did not run into Tim? __________ 14. Jane talks on the phone. Monty. Jane left when Tim arrived. I'm going to make dinner for Frank. Who is still alive? __________ . John had left when Tim arrived. The students (be. I'll make dinner for Mary. Frank left. I make dinner for Ted.106 __________ anything. Bob has been talking on the phone for an hour. Bob always talks in class. I will be making dinner for Tony. Whose action bothers you? __________ 15.

Beal walks slowly toward the brook.” He is silent. There is not much shade here. What have you lost (or gained) by changing the verbs? What verbs didn't you change. Beal wears his railroad cap. then veers away. When he comes to the brook. “I HATE Roberta. and his arteries beat against her legs. She smells of her morning bath On the mountains are countless birches: gray. flat stones. Birds scream from all directions. “Daddy says it’s just a matter of time before the health department shuts her down. his dark sunglasses.” Earlene almost sobs. He carries her higher. They go into a dark pine grove and his boots hiss. He stops and looks up at the trees. She holds down a garbled scream. She feels the packhorse muscles of his shoulders and neck working. very silent. at their autumnal . She swipes at it. When you've finished changing all the verbs. Don't change tenses within quoted language and be careful not to change the form of verb forms that are not actually verbs. and why not? He moves up the mountain like a packhorse. Her yellow hair attracts another dragonfly. A dragonfly tests Earlene’s hair. and her bare legs are almost lost in his beard. She is still very bony. She rides on his shoulders like a child.5. and the white. higher.” Beal grunts over a stone wall and crashes through fern and over soggy ground. “ I’m not Roberta. very white.” he says. he crosses on round. some of the young ones bending from last winter’s pitiless snows. This one buzzes in Earlene’s ear. Her throat tightens. VERB TENSE CONSISTENCY Directions: The following paragraphs (in blue font) are taken from Carolyn Chute's novel The Beans of Egypt. you know. consider how the text has changed. .107 2. Chute's novel maintains a striking immediacy through her unusual and consistent use of the present tense. crunching many small sticks and branches underfoot. Maine.” I wish you were. Select the present tense verbs and change them into past tense verb. Earlene says. over a barbed wire. They can hear a brook. Her hair is almost a fluorescent yellow. gold. She wears a child-sized summer dress. things happen in a kind of perpetual now.

New York. The poetry of Robert Frost (1874-1963) often seems to suggest some kind of fate controls our lives. Select one answer from the choices provided after each sentence. ____________ to think the college owes _______ a degree. First. you one starts. His essays. Spring begins early in Tennessee. 149150. ________ think it has something to do with the weather. prod the hardness of her nails. The Beans of Egypt. one he starts. Carolyn Chute.108 mauve. here and there a ruffled pond. packhorse silent. We have never seen this kind of impatience in the media before. ____________ a similar malignant presence. which stroke Earlene’s ankles. Below are the tiny roves. The word you choose should fit the blank in the sentence: 1. the broad violet hills. 1985. begin began 3. You We . you start. indicate indicated 4. When one has been going to college for as long as he has. a tatter of field. too. then the dogwood trees _______ to bloom. He stands stock-still except for his hands. the forsythia bursts into blossom. Maine. a shoulder muscle quivering now and then. Ticknor & Fields. Then he turns. his bearing unfriendly. him 2. and the redbud is soon in its glory. He stands and stands and stands.

2. his our their 2. however.1. Irregular Verb Chart: Simple Present Tense Simple Past Tense Past Participle arise awake am / is / are bear beat become begin bend bet arose awoke was. Seeing her brother again _________ a real treat. were bore beat became began bent bet arisen awoken been borne beaten become begun bent bet . There are.109 5. unfortunately.6. we he you 6. he has walked. is was 7. When NYPD Blue went off the air in May.6. IRREGULAR VERBS Most verbs in English form their various tenses consistently: add -ed to the base of a verb to create the simple past and past participle: he walked. The climate of New Zealand can be a pleasure for you if _______ don't mind a little rain. some very common verbs such as to be and to have) whose various forms must be memorized. many viewers felt they had lost a friend in ________ own family. (including. a number of so-called irregular verbs. She said it was a delightful journey on the plane. Aunt Mina wrote to tell us of her recent trip to California.

dreamt drank drove drowned ate fell fed felt fought found fit bound bitten bled blown broken bred brought built burned. dreamt drunk driven drowned eaten fallen fed felt fought found fit . burnt bought cast caught chose clung came cost crept cut dealt dug dived. dove did dragged drew dreamed. burnt bought cast caught chosen clung come cost crept cut dealt dug dived done dragged drawn dreamed.110 bind bite bleed blow break breed bring build burn buy cast catch choose cling come cost creep cut deal dig dive do drag draw dream drink drive drown eat fall feed feel fight find fit bound bit bled blew broke bred brought built burned.

kneeled knit. leaped learnt. learned left lent let lain lighted. leaped learnt. learned left lent let lay lighted. lit . got given gone ground grown hung had hanged heard hidden held hurt kept knelt.111 flee fling fly forbid forget forgive forsake forswear foretell freeze get give go grind grow hang (suspend) have hang (execute) hear hide hold hurt keep kneel knit know lay (put) lead leap learn leave lend let lie (recline) light fled flung flew forbade forgot forgave forsook forswore foretold froze got gave went ground grew hung had hanged heard hid held hurt kept knelt. knitted knew laid led leapt. kneeled knit. knitted known laid led leapt. lit fled flung flown forbidden forgotten. forgot forgiven forsaken forsworn foretold frozen gotten.

112 lose make mean meet mislay mislead misspeak misspend pay prove put quit read ride ring rise run saw say see seek sell send set shake shed shine shoe shoot show shrink shut sing sink sit lost made meant met mislaid misled misspoke misspent paid proved put quit read rode rang rose ran sawed said saw sought sold sent set shook shed shone shod shot showed shrank shut sang sank sat lost made meant met mislaid misled misspoken misspent paid proved. shrunken shut sung sunk sat . proven put quit read ridden rung risen run sawn said seen sought sold sent set shaken shed shone shod shot shown shrunk.

113 slay sleep slide sling speak spend spin spread spring stand steal stick sting stink strike string strive swear sweep swim swing take teach tear tell think throw tread wake wear understand win wind wring write slew slept slid slung spoke spent spun spread sprang stood stole stuck stung stank struck strung strove swore swept swam swung took taught tore told thought threw trod woke wore understood won wound wrung wrote slain slept slid slung spoken spent spun spread sprung stood stolen stuck stung stunk struck. stricken strung striven sworn swept swum swung taken taught torn told thought thrown trodden woken worn understood won wound wrung written .

6. 1. Gordo. Either a simple past or a participle form of the verb will be required. (He __________ (to choose) to fly United Airlines. 7. At the Vancouver airport. 2. (Don’t write more than one word in each space): Last October we __________ (to swim) in the lagoon. and he still wants to play. Juan __________ (to lie) on the couch and his sister __________ (to sit) on the floor nearby. 5. 3. 4. write the proper form of the irregular verb named in parentheses after the space. In the space provided. he __________ (to drag) his suitcase to a rental car and __________ (to drive) to their home to surprise them. John__________ (to drive) to Oklahoma City in his mother’s Chevy. write the proper form of the irregular verb named in parentheses after the space: A. I think my nephew has__________ (to grow) two inches since last summer. and we __________ (to wear) wetsuits. their hairy dog. We left the cat out last night and it nearly__________ (to freeze) to death. He hadn't __________ (to write) to them or __________ (to speak) on the phone with them either. but the water had not __________ (to freeze). He __________ (to fly) to Vancouver in September. "I __________ (to throw) the frisbee to this mutt all morning. "And we __________ (to run) around the park twice. which had __________ (to run) ads all that summer. The Titanic__________ (to sink) in less than six hours. In the space provided. It __________ (to be) late in the season. and then he __________ (to ring) the doorbell.114 1. The symphony has already__________ (to begin) ." he __________ (to say). He __________ (to take) his time walking up the driveway. My brother has been__________ (to lie) in bed all morning. Grandpa__________ (to shake) the dust from the mop.) His grandchildren had __________ (to grow) up there and he hadn't __________ (to see) them in years. __________ (to shake) himself violently and Juan __________ (to rise) from the couch. We __________ (to ride) our bikes to the park and Bobby __________ (to lead) us to Bristle Cove where we __________ (to dive)* off the rocks into the cold water. out where the old freighter had __________ (to sink)." 2.

The gladiators__________ (to fight) to the bitter end. I have__________ (to swim) the English Channel four times. the senators__________ (to spring) to their feet. The prisoners have__________ (to drink) from the same cup. Type the correct letter in each box. 10. The momentum seems to have__________ (to swing) to the other side. The snakes__________ (to lie) in the sun all afternoon. Applauding. before. The senator__________ (to rise) from his bed this morning. 3. Roxy has__________ (to flown) back and forth across the country. 7. 8. Jefferson had__________ (to write) most of the preamble the day 2. 6.115 8. unaware that he had won the election. Socrates__________ (to drink) the poisonous hemlock. 9. Irregular Verbs Crossword Puzzle 3. 9. 4. Four teenage boys__________ (to drown) last night in the quarry pond. Each word spelled out will be either the simple past tense (pt) or the past participle (pp) of a common irregular verb: . 1. The bee__________ (to sting) him right on the neck. 5. B.

freeze 4. lie (recline) 23. plead 6. throw 21. spring (pt) 7. tear (pt) 29. rise 11. eat 13. know 13. break 24. lend 22. shake 20. grind 15. swing 15. hang (suspend) 19. get 12. a-wake 26. run 5. tell 28. eat 24.116 Across 1. sit 9. fall 2. go 25. blow 16. to be 18. grow 8. catch 21. weep 28 1 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 2 þÿ þÿ 4 3 þÿ þÿ þÿ 11 þÿ 5 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 6 þÿ þÿ 7 þÿ þÿ þÿ 8 þÿ þÿ þÿ 9 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 10 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 13 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 12 þÿ þÿ 15 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 14 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 16 þÿ þÿ 17 þÿ 18 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 21 þÿ þÿ þÿ 19 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 20 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 22 þÿ þÿ þÿ 23 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 24 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 25 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 26 þÿ þÿ 27 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ 29 þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ þÿ . sink (pp) 14. lose 10. swear (pt) 3. stand Down 1. become 17.

British Columbia's most famous artist. Emily Carr also __________ (write) several books. catch – (catched/ catch/ caught) get – (got/ get/ gought) fit – (fit/ fought/fat) set – (set/sat/ sought) drink – (drink/ drank/ drunk) have – (have/ hove /had) bring – (brought / bringed /brang) cut – (cutted/ caught/ cut) find – (found/ fand/find) teach – (teach/ teached/ taught) 6. Her parents __________ (die) when she was still a teenager. 5. To find subjects for her paintings. she __________ (take) trips into the forests of British Columbia. Note that some of these verbs are REGULAR and some are IRREGULAR: Emily Carr. 6. Many years later. she __________ (begin) painting again. 8. 4. __________ (be) born in 1871. Dave has _______ his Quiz Center. Choose the correct past tense form for each verb: 1. Have you __________ studying for the TOEFL exam yet? began begun 2. but when she __________ (come) back to Victoria. where she __________ (be) the landlady. and she often __________ (meet) with the First Nations people and ---(paint) them too. She __________ (study) art in San Francisco and Paris. Put the verb in brackets in the correct simple past form.117 27. 5. 9. 2. 3. 7. Answer the following questions: 1. begun began . lead 4. 10. and she __________ (win) the Governor General's Award for one of them. she __________ (keep) a house called "The House of All Sorts".

I insist that the chairman resign! Their main demand was that the lawsuit be dropped. ate eaten SECTION 6 USES OF THE SUBJUNCTIVE The forms: If she were coming. Have you ever _______ a promise? broke broken 5. we would expect she was coming in the first sentence. did done 7. which is used chiefly to express the speaker’s attitude about the likelihood or factuality of a given situation. Tak has _________ his best in my class. Dave's students _______ all of his terrible cooking. the chairman resigns in the second. and the lawsuit is dropped in the third. she would be here by now. Dave has ________ many strange things. . broke broken 4.118 3. Benjamin _________ Dave's glasses. These sentences all contain verbs in the subjunctive mood. eaten ate 8. If the verbs were in the indicative mood. Dave ______ the painting by himself. did done 6.

. Caution: the subjunctive form will not be the best choice in all sentences. It is very important that all employees __________ in their proper uniforms before 6:30 a. will be dressed C. A.. be dressed 2.. were 7. Oh. A. select the verb or verb string that best completes that sentence.m. the Lincolns would not have gone to Ford Theatre. If only Jughead __________ a little more responsible in his choice of courses! A. were B. was 6. would that she __________ here with us now! A.119 1. Lincoln __________ ill that night. was B. 1. are dressed B. After each sentence. I wish my brother __________ here. Evelyn Pumita moved that the meeting __________. My mother would know what to do. A. even though he's much too short for that position. plays B. was adjourned B. were B. was 3. A. If Mrs. The coach insisted that Fabio __________ the center position. play 4. be adjourned 5.

Unreal Conditional describes unreal. Real Conditional describes real-life situations. imaginary situations.) Past Unreal Conditional . I would study English. were 10. had been B. Her employees treated Mrs. feel B. had been 8. were 9. A. If his parents __________ more careful in his upbringing. they are actually some of the most useful structures in English and are commonly included in daily conversations. felt SECTION 7 CONDITIONAL VERB FORMS There are two kinds of Conditional: real and unreal. (Sometimes I have time. Greenblatt as though she __________ a queen. Conditional Overview with Examples Present Real Conditional If I have time. (I don't have time. was B. I wish I __________ better today. Although the various Conditional forms might seem quite abstract at first.120 A. I study English. Holden Caulfield would have been quite different. were B. A. A.) Past Real Conditional Present Unreal Conditional If I had time.

If she __________. If he __________ to work hard. In some situations. (I don't know if I will have time or not. If I had had time. (I won't have time. was not graduated is graduating had not graduated 3. Agha Kahndu is a very smart lad. If I have time. and you should indicate that with your selection. he would be a great basketball player. In each set of sentences below. Select the verb form that will complete the sentence correctly. was is were 2. 1. (I didn't have time.121 If I had time. Tashonda graduated from college last spring. I will study English. My brother is only five feet tall. 1. If I __________ that tall tree in the front yard.) Other forms possible.) Other forms possible. there will be a blank. I studied English. I would have studied English. I am going to study English. climb climbed both of the previous two responses are correct 4. I would die. I think her mother would have told her to leave the house. . he is going to be the class valedictorian. I would study English.) Future Real Conditional If I have time. continues .) Future Unreal Conditional If I had time. (Sometimes I had time. I am terribly afraid of heights. more than one choice will be possible. If he __________ a foot taller.

were to cook cooked both of the previous two responses are correct cooks 2. If it (snow. They cancelled all the flights out of Chicago today because of the blizzard. Using the words in parentheses. had had would have had both of the previous two responses are correct 8. If Josie __________ her lasagna for her fiance. I would have paid his rent for him. have had will have 7. . complete the text below with the appropriate Conditional form: 1. If only I __________ enough money. rains will rain rained 6. My brother pawned his guitar to pay his rent. I would not be stuck in the airport.122 continued will continue 5. not) __________ so hard. he would get sick and not marry her. Josie is a lousy cook. If it __________. This is a perfect spring day. I would get my brother's guitar out of the pawnshop for him. I would stay home and study. If I __________ enough money.

or at least out of breath. I bet he (lie) __________ on the couch with some pizza in one hand and a remote control in the other. If I hadn't said anything. (ski) __________ in Innsbruck or (sail) __________ the Mediterranean on my super yacht. I am looking out the window right now and I see children playing soccer and hide-and-go-seek in the street. she would be so surprised! 7. If Sam hadn't stopped to pick up that quarter. If it were winter. Jane's plane arrived a half an hour ahead of schedule. he claimed he had been jogging. I didn't believe a word he said. I would not be stuck here in this office with mountains of paperwork. it would be too . If she (stay) __________ in that hotel next week while the trade show is being held. If he had really been jogging. the lady behind the counter was talking to a friend of hers on the phone. I wish we had time to organize a surprise party for Linda. If I were a millionaire. 10. but everyone knew it was a lie. she might be able to meet some contacts and tell them about our new line of computer software. When Mike came home yesterday. 3. I am sure he would have been fired. John is so incredibly lazy! If we went over to his house right now. 5. When I went up to the cash register to pay for the Coke. I (shop) __________ in Paris. If the boss (stand) __________ there when he showed up.123 2. I (sunbathe) __________ on a beach. 6. she (wait) __________ there a long time before we arrived. 4. he (cross) __________ the street when the car ran the red light. I (work. If we hadn't decided to go to the airport early. He came running into the office complaining of car problems. Charles arrived late again to work yesterday. not) __________ here in this factory. I waited and waited until I finally had to demand that she help me. he (sweat) __________. I (wait) __________ there for hours. 12. I think he went down to the coffee shop and had a donut. 8. He could have been killed! 11. If all of her friends (sit) __________ in her apartment waiting for her when she gets home from work tomorrow. If I were in Hawaii right now. 9.

ought to. could. would. SECTION 8 USE OF MODAL AUXILIARIES Helping verbs or auxiliary verbs such as will. From the choices provided after each sentence select the verb that would correctly complete the sentence: 1. The combination of helping verbs with main verbs creates what are called verb phrases or verb strings. should. shall. Luckily. Talk about a miracle! 15. If you went to the studio early tomorrow morning.124 cold to play outside. can. They (watch) __________ TV. 1. the passengers (sit) __________ in the plane when the bomb went off. I will have been studying chemistry for ten years. I'm sure you could get ten or twenty autographs that way. may. 14. the whole verb string is underlined: As of next August. must. nobody was hurt. you (wait) __________ there when the actors arrive for work. might. (read) __________ books or (play) __________ board games with their friends. Did you hear about the bomb the terrorists planted on the plane yesterday? A bag full of plastic explosives was in the cargo bay. You seem to be having trouble there. In the following sentence. and I'll tell you the whole story. not) __________ behind us right now. All the kids would be indoors. need are used in conjunction with main verbs to express shades of time and mood. used to. 13. If they hadn't had difficulties with the engine. I would tell you what happened. If Bob (stand. __________ I help you? Would Will . The plane with the bomb was having some engine problems. "will have been" are helping or auxiliary verbs and "studying" is the main verb. so the passengers had to disembark. Just wait until he leaves.

might has . should ought could 5. I __________ go to bed.125 Shall 2. It's way past my bedtime and I'm really tired. He __________ have committed this crime. I'm really quite lost. That bus is usually on time. __________ showing me how to get out of here? Would you mind Would you be Must you be 8. He wasn't even in the city that night. You __________ go ice-skating today. should have must have will have 7. John is over two hours late already. I don't have enough money to buy lunch. mustn't might not would mind not to 4. He __________ missed the bus again. might shouldn't couldn't 6. It __________ to be here any time now. That ice is dangerously thin now. __________ you lend me a couple of dollars? May Could Shall 3.

It's the law. please? May Can Must SECTION 9 PHRASAL VERBS Separable Phrasal Verbs: You have to do this paint job over. You have to do it over . I read about your plane's near disaster. You __________ terrified! might have been must have been shall have been 10. might could have to 11.126 ought 9. __________ we leave now. Professor Villa. we've finished our work for today. They __________ have a blood test before they get married. You have to do over this paint job.

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