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SEDIMENTATION STUDIES APPARATUS – W2

W SERIES: WATER TREATMENT

Clarified zone Discrete particle settling

Hindered settling

Transition zone

Compression h

Fig 1: Settling regimes

DeMonstrAtion cApABiLities • effect of initial concentration on sedimentation rates • construction of settling rate curves from a single batch test • effect of initial suspension height on sedimentation rates • effect of particle size distribution • use of flocculating additives. Description
Sedimentation is a process used widely in the clarification of water and wastewater. Particles settle from suspension in different ways, depending on the concentration of the suspension and the characteristics of the particles. The simplest type of sedimentation is the settling of a dilute suspension of particles which have little or no tendency to flocculate. In these circumstances, the prediction of clarification rates and their scale-up to plant design is relatively straightforward. For higher concentrations where inter-particle effects become significant and where agglomeration may take place, different regimes of settling rate occur, known as ‘zone’ settling (fig 1). Information from batch tests for such systems forms a vital part of the search for the optimum design and operation of industrial sedimentation tanks. The Armfield Sedimentation Studies Apparatus allows demonstration of these different characteristics for any chosen sediment/water system. The Armfield Sedimentation Studies Apparatus provides a facility for studying the basic physical processes involved in sedimentation.

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The latest version of this data sheet is available at:

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www.armfield.co.uk/w2

issue 7

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Description –

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Five equal sized glass cylinders are mounted vertically on a backboard incorporating measuring scales. Each of the cylinders may be removed from the board for washing, filling and mixing of the solid particles. Suspensions containing different sediments can be placed in the cylinders and the differences in sedimentation rate observed by measuring the changes in height of the various solid/liquid interfaces with respect to time (e.g. fig 2). The equipment includes the following accessories necessary for a self-contained facility: stop clock, three plastic beakers of 2 litre capacity, specific gravity bottle. An accurate balance (not supplied) is required for weighing the solids. The whole apparatus is benchmounted and provided with back lighting.

110 90 Sedimentation curves 80 70 60 50 40 30 Sediment 20 layer thickness 10 0 15% 12.5% 10% 7.5% 5%

Height of interface (cm)

Top interface liquid/solid

tecHnicAL DetAiLs
Tube length: Tube internal diameter: 1m 51mm

20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Time (mins)
Fig 2: Typical sedimentation curves

recoMMenDeD instruMents
(not supplied by Armfield) Balance for weighing sediments Typical capacity: 300g Typical sensitivity: 0.1g

requireMents
Electrical supply: W2-A: W2-B: 220-240V/1ph/50Hz 120V/1ph/60Hz

orDerinG speciFicAtion • Five graduated, 1m long x 51mm bore glass cylinders mounted vertically on a backboard. • Cylinders are illuminated from behind and removable for cleaning. • Supply includes stop clock, three 2 litre capacity plastic beakers and a specific gravity bottle. • Demonstration capabilities: – effect of initial concentration on sedimentation rates – construction of settling rate curves from a single batch test – effect of initial suspension height on sedimentation rates – effect of particle size distribution – use of flocculating additives

oVerALL DiMensions
Height: Width: Depth: 1.14m 0.70m 0.43m

sHippinG speciFicAtion
Volume: Gross weight: 0.8m3 90kg

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Head Office: Armfield Limited Bridge House, West street, Ringwood, Hampshire. BH24 1DY england Telephone: +44 1425 478781 Fax: +44 1425 470916 e-mail: sales@armfield.co.uk

U.S. Office: Armfield inc. 436 West Commodore Blvd (#2) Jackson, NJ 08527 Telephone: (732) 928 3332 Fax: (732) 928 3542 e-mail: info@armfieldinc.com

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© 2012 Armfield Ltd. All Rights Reserved

We reserve the right to amend these specifications without prior notice. E&OE 0112/3k/SO2796 Computers are not supplied by Armfield.

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