CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………….
1.1. Classification of Circuit
Breakers……………………………………………..
1.1.1. Classification by
Voltage………………………………………………..
1.1.2. Classification by
Location………………………………………………
1.2. Classification by
Design……………………………………………………….

2. BASIC DUTIES AND CLASSIFICATION OF CIRCUIT BREAKER …………….
2.1.
Short
circuit
(terminal
fault)
……………………………………………………
2.1.1. Transient Recovery Voltage…………………………………………..
2.1.2. Power Frequency Recovery Voltage………………………………….
2.1.3. Circuit Breaker Behavior & Methods Employed to reduce its effects…
2.1.4. Short Circuit Faults…………………………………………………….
2.1.5. Magnitudes…………………………………………………………….
2.2. Breaking of transformer & reactor currents………………………………..
2.2.1. Circuit breaker behavior & methods to minimize current chopping….
2.3. Energisation of long transmission lines……………………………………
2.3.1. Over voltages & methods to reduce them…………………………….
2.4. Breaking of long transmission lines & Capacitive Currents……………….
2.5. Switching & charging of capacitive banks…………………………………
2.5.1. Circuit Breaker Behavior………………………………………………
2.6. Out of phase switching………………………………………………………
2.7. Generator asymmetrical faults……………………………………………..

3. SF6 GAS CIRCUIT BREAKERS ………………………………………………
3.1 Special Properties of SF6 Gas………………………………………………
3.1.1 SF6 Gas as an Insulating Medium…………………………………..
3.1.2 SF6 Gas as an Arc Quenching Medium…………………………….
3.2 Generations of SF6 Gas Circuit Breakers………………………………..
3.2.1. First Generation SF6 Circuit Breakers………………………………………
3.2.2. Second Generation SF6 Circuit Breakers……………………………………..
3.2.2.1. Interrupter
Design………………………………………………………

3.2.2.2. Requirement of Operating Energy For Puffer……………….
3.2.3. Third Generation Circuit Breakers……………………

3.3 Operating Mechanism 3.1.1. Routine tests 5.3. Type tests 4.3. TESTING OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS 4.3. Spring mechanism 3.3. Pneumatic Mechanism 3.2. Hydraulic Mechanism 4. CONCLUSION .2.

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