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A. J. CORBESIER,
SWORD-MASTER OF THE U.S. NAVAL ACADEMY, ANNAPOLIS, MD.
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States For the Eastern District of Pennsylvania _________________ 3 . according to Act of Congress. Lippincott & Co. in the year 1869. B. by J..___________________ Entered.
and find it to be what is desired by beginners in broadsword. PORTER. and strongly recommend the publication thereof.I HAVE examined this book. DAVID D. Vice Admiral 5 .
aol. This material may be copied for private use. Box 84 Maineville. Copies of historic size and font are available from NMLHA.O.com/isnmr/ or by writing to: NMLHA P. 7 . Information about NMLHA can be obtained online at http://members. the dimensions and pagination of the booklet have been changed to facilitate legibility.This edition of "Principles of Squad Instruction for the Broadsword" is copyright © The Navy and Marine Living History Association (NMLHA) 1999. but may not be distributed for sale without the express written permission of NMLHA. Ohio 45039-0084 While the content of this special large-format edition is true to the 1869 original.
He feels the more confident in doing this. and. The instructions herein contained have formed during the past two years. and the good results there attained have induced the author to put the method before the officers of the navy generally. 9 . if possible. there must be some recognized system. uniformity to the exercise with a most important weapon of attack and defense. without claiming any extraordinary merit for this work. To teach efficiently.INTRODUCTION __________ THE design of this work in the "Broadsword Manual" is not to present anything new or original. because it seems to supply a want long experienced by naval officers in their instruction of the men. the author feels it will assist both instructor and pupil. part of the "Course of Fencing" at the Naval Academy. but simply to give.
Cut Left Cheek -. Attention Carry Saber To open Intervals Half-face Saber in Line The Moulinets To Close the Intervals To Dismiss SECOND LESSON.Parry 19 19 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 22 22 22 23 13 Introduction 15 15 15 15 16 16 18 18 11 .Cut The Head -.Cut Thrust Change Guard Right Cheek -.CONTENTS __________ PAGE 9 BASIS OF INSTRUCTION General Rules FIRST LESSON.Cut Right Flank -. Guard Advance Retreat One Appel Develop The Head -.Cut Left Flank -.
Parry Left Flank -.Parry Thrust -.Left Cheek -.Parry Right Cheek . 2 (hand in tierce) Change Guard Cuts for No.Cover Guard Advance or Retreat (No.Parry THIRD LESSON. About-face -.Parry Right Flank -. 2 (hand in quarte) ATTACKS AND RIPOSTES Feints To Dismiss PRINCIPAL RETURNS AFTER EACH PARRY. AND THE MANNER OF EXECUTING THEM ADDENDA 23 23 24 24 24 26 26 26 26 27 27 27 27 28 29 30 31 33 12 . 1 (hand in tierce) Cuts for No. 1 (hand in quarte) Cuts for No. 1 or 2) Cuts for No.
9th. The instructor will never cause a movement to be executed before he has given the requisite explanation. will be placed in two such ranks. at a distance four paces apart. is called "Le fort" (or defensive). and will also execute it himself. in order to combine example with principle. The instructor will place himself ten paces in front. He will see that the men take the proper position and execute each motion with correctness and energy. and will not allow them to begin the more difficult cuts and parries before they execute the primary movements perfectly. 13 . and is used for cutting. For the first two lessons. he will explain to the men that the sword is divided into two parts. 5th. the men in each section (which is composed of twelve) will be placed in single rank.SABER EXERCISE The object of this method is to facilitate the instruction of the use of the sword in the navy. is called "Le faible" (or offensive). 7th. He will always repeat that part of the explanation which he perceives has not been understood. 2d. During rest. 6th. which is that half next to the guard. composed of twenty-four men. these ranks facing each other. 4th. and opposite the center of the rank in the first two lessons. The first part. and is used for parrying. The second part. GENERAL RULES 1st. 8th. and on the flank in the third lesson. For the third lesson. which is the upper half. the division. 3d.
the men will take the proper position. without which there would result a delay in coming back on guard. and give it strength to manage the sword. and." 14th. 11th. by making a cut down. The object of the "moulinet" is to supple the wrist. and should therefore be frequently practiced. The instructor will permit the men to rest two or three times during the hour. 15th. and pay attention. 14 . take a razor. 12th. he will command "Attention!" 16th. the men are permitted to talk. but not to move from their places. "Tierce" is that position in which the edge is turned to the right nails downward). 17th. At this command. to the command "In place -rest.SABER EXERCISE 10th. For example. and the blow would not have its full effect. At this command. When the instructor shall wish to recommence the exercise. to make and parry a cut quickly. the wound would not be so long as that caused by drawing the razor along the part: the same with the saber. 13th. "Quarte" is that position in which the edge is turned to the left (nails upward). The attack will always be made with suppleness of hand.
The saber will be in the right hand. if he desires. 23d. the back of the blade against the hollow of the shoulder. 21st. 2. 2. MARCH. Skirmish Drill. TAKE INTERVALS. The instructor may take intervals by the left flank. and 5 inches to the right of the right toe. 22d. One time and one motion. SABER. turn on the left heel so as to bring the right foot pointing square to the front 15 . CARRY. TO THE LEFT. The men will be placed in single rank. The men will take the position of a soldier.SABER EXERCISE FIRST LESSON 18th. shoulder to shoulder. The saber will be brought up to the right shoulder. ATTENTION ! 19th. and the elbow directly to the rear. the point of the saber toward the ground. the edge to the right. the wrist resting against the hip. One time. 20th. 1. HALF-FACE. 1. the nails of the hand down. the arm hanging naturally. Make a half-face to the left. 1. BY THE RIGHT FLANK. FOUR PACES. 2. 3. Executed per Upton's Tactics. the little finger on the outside of the grip.
(Hand in Quatre. 2. and bring the saber and the arm in the same horizontal line.) Executed the same as the last. 26th. 2.) 28th. MOULINET. From this position the men will execute the "moulinets. 1. (Pl. except that the circle is described to the right of the arm instead of the left. (Pl. 16 . bend the left arm so as to bring the left forearm horizontal and in rear of the back. One time. MOULINET.) 25th. 24th. the edge up. drop the point of the saber so as to bring it in the prolongation of the right foot." 1. Execute the "moulinets" quickly in succession. the left hand closed. 2. 27th.) 1. thus de-scribing a complete circle. RIGHT. Raise the right hand to the height and in front of the right shoulder. One time. SABER IN LINE One time. back to its original position. and the edge to the right. the nails turned to the left (position of tierce). LEFT.) At the command "Moulinet!" the point of the saber must be dropped and brought up again to the rear. without stopping between. (Pl. grazing the left shoulder.SABER EXERCISE and the left perpendicular to it. (Hand in Tierce. 1.
29th. 17 .) 30th. MOULINET One time and two motions. (Hand in Tierce. RIGHT FLANK. 2. 2. (Pl. 2. 31st.) 1. LEFT AND RIGHT. LEFT FLANK. MOULINET One time and one motion. Execute the "moulinet" without stopping between.SABER EXERCISE 1. (Pl. he will command: 1. RIGHT AND LEFT. 1." (Pl. MOULINET One time and two motions. MOULINET One time and one motion. 2.) 1. as per Rules 28 and 29.) Executed in the same way as "left flank moulinet. 2. (Hand in Quatre. If the instructor wishes to begin with the right. 32d." (Pl. 1." except that the circle is described to the right of the arm. Execute first the left and then the right "moulinet. except beginning with the right instead of the left "moulinet. The same as in Rule 29. 2.) Bring the point of the sword up. then describing a complete circle in the opposite direction from the "left moulinet. and then down to the rear.) 34th." without stopping between. 33d. grazing the left shoulder.
Skirmish Drill. The instructor should cause the moulinet to be executed with the wrist. substituting the flank for the simple moulinet.SABER! As it is described in No. 41st. If the instructor wishes to commence with the right. will command: 1. 1. substituting the flank for the simple "moulinet. At this command the men will break ranks. (Pl. The instructor wishing to close the ranks.) Same as per Rule 29. 2. 2. 2. 35th. 43d. and return the swords to their proper places. 18 . 37th. without bending the arm. CLOSE INTERVALS 3. 2. After the "moulinets" have been well executed. MARCH 40th. Executed AS PER Upton's tactics. The instructor wishing to dismiss the section. he will pass over to the second lesson. Executed the same as per Rule 31. RIGHT AND LEFT FLANK.) 36th. he will command: 1. MARCH 42d. BREAK RANKS.SABER EXERCISE 1. 2.) 38th. LEFT AND RIGHT FLANK. (Hand in Tierce. BY THE RIGHT FLANK. 1. will command: CARRY -. 39th. MOULINET One time and two motions." (Pl. 20. MOULINET One time and two motions.
3. 45th. 3. the elbow in line with the right hip and 3 inches to the front of it. (Fig. the knees bent out. the right foot grazing the ground.) 46th. the left shoulder thrown back.SABER EXERCISE SECOND LESSON 44th. (1st Motion. which manœuvre he will repeat frequently. The section being in single rank. will command: GUARD -. advance the right foot 24 inches before the left foot. (Fig. One time and two motions. The guard "in quarte" is taken the same way.) Bend both legs. at a distance of four paces apart. (2d Motion. except that the fingers are up. the point as high as and opposite the left eye. 1. 47th.) 48th.) Bring the sword quickly up. the edge of the sword to the left. Advance the right foot 12 inches. the hand as high as and opposite the nipple of the right breast (hand in tierce). the heels in line. the left forearm in rear of the back.(in tierce). the arm half bent. 2. follow quickly with the left. the weight of the body resting a little more on the left leg. Pl. To this effect he will command: ADVANCE! 49th. Pl. When the men are in this position. and the instructor wishing to begin. at a half-face to the left. in order to produce facility of movement and increase agility of motion. 19 . he will cause them to advance and retreat.
In order to come back on guard. then bring back the right foot to its original position. 52d. and bringing down the right foot with a stamp. One time. 2. the body and head erect. without moving or raising the body. and make a complete circle with it quickly. and the right foreleg vertical. Consisting in stamping the ground with the right foot flat. flat on the ground. at the same time straighten the left leg. it is first necessary to bring the weight of the body back. DEVELOP. the part of the body named will be the command of caution. as in the "left moulinet. CUT. Drop the point of the saber. by bending the left leg. Retreat the left foot 12 inches. and the word "cut" the command of execution: 1. the right knee direct to the front. the instructor will cause the stamp of the right foot." bringing down the saber with the edge down. 54th. ONE APPEL.SABER EXERCISE RETREAT! 50th. In the commands. The men having executed in succession the advance and retreat. so as to bring the weight of the body on the left leg. 51st. Advance the right foot 24 inches. keeping the left foot in its position. 53d. at the same time 20 . 55th. grazing either foot on the ground. AT THE HEAD. and follow quickly with the right. grazing the ground.
which is done by holding the sword horizontally. are executed for 21 . Executed in the same manner as the last. the thumb flat along the handle. 58.) 1.) 59th. stretch the arm to its full extent. and the hand as high as the right nipple. Drop the point under the opponent's sword. at the same time turning the hand as in 24. by pressing the hand and sword in that direction.) THRUST! One time and one motion. 1. CUT. taking opposition in carrying the hand to the left. 56. (Fig. 5.) 1. taking opposition in carrying the hand to the left. except cutting at the height of the left flank. immediately above the hip. thus cutting at the left cheek by taking the position of attack. 7. (Fig. Pl. 1. 1. so as to be just able to pass over the point of your opponent's sword. so as to bring the edge to the left. the right hand as high as the right eye. CUT. 58th. 57th. the point of the saber directly to the front of and 3 inches lower than the hand. and straighten your right arm to its full extent. 6. Pl. and taking opposition to the left. (Fig. the edge up. 4. at the same time turn your nails up. One time. Bring back the wrist 3 inches. and point the sword at the opponent's right nipple. LEFT FLANK 2. (Fig. 1. Pl.The movements of 55.SABER EXERCISE stretching the right arm to its full extent. 56th. the hand as high as your left eye. the hand at the height of the forehead and opposite the eye. 57. Pl. LEFT CHEEK 2.
9. 60th. Pl. so as to make the sword edge to the left. the men will take the guard "in quarte. so as to make the sword point just pass over that point of your opponent. 63d. In both the above motions. One time and one motion. Draw back the wrist 3 inches." by turning the knuckles down. the instructor will cause the men to change guard. 1. (Fig. At this command. immediately above the hip.) 1. stretching out the arm bent in this way as high as the cheek.* (Fig. to which effect he will command: CHANGE GUARD! One time and one motion. at the same time turning the knuckles up. so as to bring the edge to the right. 9. the hand as high as the left eye. 22 . take opposition to the right. except cutting at the right flank. RIGHT FLANK 2. 1. Pl. 62d.SABER EXERCISE tierce engagement. CUT. RIGHT CHEEK 2. Executed in the same way as the last. One time and one motion. CUT. 1. which is done by holding the sword horizontal and the hand as high as the right nipple. 61st. by pressing the sword in that direction.) * The develop must always be executed with all these cuts. In order to execute the one which will be described in 62 and 66.
the point to the left. the thumb flat along the handle. 8. Pl. One time. the hand opposite and 4 inches from the right shoulder. One time. 2. 2. the sword vertical. (Fig. the hand opposite and 3 inches from the left shoulder.SABER EXERCISE 64th. the blade 5 inches to the front and right of the ear. with the point up. the edge up. with the point up. RIGHT CHEEK 2. (Fig. and hold it with as much firmness as possible. Pl. Bring the sword quickly to the right. PARRY. In order. 2. 1. the arm half bent. the hand opposite the right ear. the elbow supported against the right hip. the thumb flat along the handle. PARRY. and 4 inches lower than the hand. PARRY. 5. the elbow close against the body. 66th. to make the parries.) 1.) 1. the thumb flat on the handle. 1. LEFT CHEEK 2. the edge to the left. the blade 5 inches to the front and left of the left ear. and hold it with as much firmness as possible. 67th. at the same time turning the hand. so as to bring the edge to the right. the blade 3 inches in front of and above the head. the sword vertical. (Fig. and hold it with as much firmness as possible. Pl. 65th. One time.) 23 . the instructor should cause the men to take guard of tierce. Bring the sword quickly above the head. HEAD 2. Bring the sword quickly to the left.
Pl. and opposite to and 4 inches from the left flank. the point pointing slightly toward the front.) 24 . (Fig. LEFT FLANK 2. PARRY. the blade 6 inches from the body. Drop your point to the right of your opponent's sword. the edge to the right. 2. 68th. One time and two motions.SABER EXERCISE 1. 69th. so as to throw the point to the left of your body.) 1. (Fig. the point down.) 1. RIGHT FLANK 2. One time. Pl. so as to bring the sword and back of the hand in one straight line. the elbow to the rear. the blade 6 inches from the body. THRUST 2. 7. and press with "le fort" of your sword "le faible" of your opponent's. 9. so as to bring the sword in one straight line with the back of the hand. Drop the point and carry the sword quickly to the right of the right knee. PARRY. the hand as high as and 2 inches above the belt. at about 3 inches to the front and right of the right foot. the thumb flat along the handle." except having the hand a little higher. 2.Parry. the hand as high as the nipple. 70th. PARRY. the edge to the left. the point down and pointing toward the ground. Drop the point and carry the sword to the left side. Pl. and bring yourself to the position of "Left flank -. the elbow in a straight line with the hand. 2. 6. and the thumb flat along the handle. (Fig.
SABER EXERCISE 71st. 25 . 72d. "On Guard. Rules 40 and 42. After each "attack" or "parry. as prescribed in Lesson I." in order to bring the men back in position. The instructor will close the rank after this lesson.." the instructor will command.
1 faces about. 1--1. No. 80th. 79th. ABOUT FACE 2. The instructor will place himself in a position where he can see both ranks. but in this lesson the two motions are to be made without separate commands. directly opposite to each other. GUARD! One time and two motions. No. the instructor will execute what is described in Rules 19. At the second command. 78th. 77th.--At the head--Cut--Guard. and the rear No. At this command. 1 advances (or retreats). 75th. No. " " left cheek--Cut--Guard " " left flank--Cut--Guard " Thrust--Guard. 2 executes just the opposite. 1. 76th. per Rule 23. 2. 1. and No. In this lesson the front rank will be called No. both ranks will make a half-face to the left.SABER EXERCISE THIRD LESSON 73d. ADVANCE (or RETREAT). At the first command. 74th. No. at the same time. He will then open the ranks a in 21 and 22. and cause the men to obey the following commands: No. As explained in Rule 45. The division being in two ranks. 26 . COVER. 21. closed. 1--1. 20.
84th. 82d. so as to just pass over the point of his opponent's sword.Guard " Right flank -.Cut -. 1 as for No. No.Cut -. 1 makes the above cuts at him. ADVANCE (or RETREAT). 2 to make the correct parry when No. The same attacks for No. The instructor will cause No. so as to make the edge touch (position of quarte). 85th. 27 . 2 in Rule 81.SABER EXERCISE 81st. 1 -. 2. No. at the same time both ranks turn the knuckles down.Guard 86th. " " left cheek--Cut--Guard " " left flank--Cut--Guard " Thrust--Guard. No. and the same remarks for both as in Rule 81.No. Same remarks as in Rule 80. Same remarks for No. The number indicated draws back the wrist of his sword 3 inches. 2. 2--1.Right cheek -.--At the head--Cut--Guard. 1 (or 2) CHANGE GUARD! One time and one motion. 83d.
1 -. " " right flank--March--Guard. 1 the same ripostes.--Parry and cut. " " the left cheek -. No. 2 to make the same attacks and No. Cause No.At the head -. 1 -. 89th. " " head--March--Guard. The instructor will make the attacking party remain on a lunge until he has corrected all the positions. 88th.Cut.--Parry and cut. 1 or No. as in Rule 84. 91st.SABER EXERCISE ATTACKS AND RIPOSTES. 1 the same ripostes.No. Cause No. " " left cheek--March--Guard. The instructor will cause either No. left flank--March--Guard. 87th. 2. 2. 92nd. left flank--March--Guard.Right cheek -.Cut. " " left cheek--March--Guard. " " flank -.Cut. The instructor will pay particular attention to see that all the movements are executed correctly. especially the attacks and ripostes. 2 to change guard for the following exercise. and will not stretch the left leg well. Most of the men will not make the attacks fully.Cut. 2 to make the same attacks and No. " " head--March--Guard. 90th.Cut. 28 . " Thrust -.Cut. " " the left flank -. others will not make the "parries" properly.
" "Two.Feint at the head--Cut." the cut at the left flank." At the first the feint. head--March-Guard " Feint at thrust--Cut. "One. and go through the motion in the same manner as with a cut. 95th. so as to oblige the opponent to parry. 93d. 1-. Example--Feint at the Head. More than two feints should never be made. 94th. The same as above for No. --March--Guard. 97th." a feint is made at the head. and at the command "Two. it is necessary to stretch the arm to its full extent. 2. "One. right flank --March--Guard " Feint at left flank--Cut.--the only difference being in not moving the body in a feint. 96th. 99th. Cut--left cheek. head--March--Guard " Feint at left cheek--Cut. At first the instructor will cause the men to make the feints by motions. to the command. left flank.No. and at the second the attack is made. The instructor will cause the men to take the guard of "quarte" for the following motions : 29 . right cheek--March--Guard 98th. At the command. " Feint at left cheek--Cut. In making a feint.SABER EXERCISE FEINTS. but only going through the complete motion with the arm.
1.SABER EXERCISE 100th. " Feint at right cheek--Cut. left cheek--March--Guard. MARCH. The instructor wishing to close the ranks. BREAK RANKS 3. 104th.No. left cheek--March--Guard No." 102d. 103d. Execute per Upton's Tactics. 1. 105th. 2. Same as in 40. Executed as in 76. The instructor will finish up with some simple cuts. MARCH. 101st. 2. MARCH. BY THE RIGHT (OR LEFT) FLANK--CLOSE INTERVALS . and "advancing and retreating. 2 will execute the same. CLOSE ORDER. 1--ABOUT FACE. will command : No. 2. 1. RIGHT FACE. 1--Feint at right flank--Cut. 30 . left flank--March--Guard " Feint at right cheek--Cut.
the sword 31 . __________ AFTER THE PARRY OF HEAD. and execute the blow per Rule 58.--Executed as the last. only instead of cutting at the "left flank" cut at the "left cheek. This will bring the nails up. so as to bring the sword parallel to and below that of the assailant. without deranging the position of of the hand. 1. AFTER THE PARRY OF RIGHT CHEEK." per Rule 57. without deranging the position of the hand. Cut right flank.--Drop the point quickly to the rear. then turn the nails up. the edge to the right. the sword passing under that of the opponent. without disturbing the position of the hand. the point first going to the rear. the edge to the left.SABER EXERCISE PRINCIPAL RETURNS AFTER EACH PARRY. 2. Cut left flank.) AFTER THE PARRY OF LEFT CHEEK. from which position cut at the left flank.--Describe a circle with the point above the head. the edge to the left. from which position cut at the right flank. Cut left flank. (Rule 58. AND THE MANNER OF EXECUTING THEM. 1. This will bring the nails down.--Drop the point quickly to the rear. Cut left cheek. so as to bring the sword parallel to and below that of the assailant.
" using the wrist alone. and execute the cut per Rule 63. as per Rule 57. and in that case the best parry is to draw back the right foot quickly against the left. by pointing the sword toward the right nipple. if the attack is made with the hand too low.SABER EXERCISE passing under that of the opponent. if the attack is made with the hand too low. parry. and then stretching the arms quickly. AFTER THE PARRY OF LEFT FLANK. bringing the sword in line (edge down) and cutting at the 32 . at the same time stretch the arm.--Bring the sword inside the right knee.Generally the cut at the flank is made at the lower part of the leg instead of the flank. turn the knuckles up. and the cut at "right cheek" can be made. 2. edge to the left. the edge to the right.--Make the point describe a circle similar to that of "left moulinet. (Rule 64. Cut right cheek. nails up.) 2.Cut at left cheek." 2. by passing over the opponent's sword.--Pass the sword quickly along the inside of the opponent's blade.-. 1. also the "thrust. NOTE. at the same time stretching the arm. and then finish as in cutting at head from "left flank.The cut at the left cheek can be made in the same manner." if the attack is made with the hand too high. then stretch the arm and execute the cut per Rule 64. by drawing back the wrist and then passing over the opponent's sword. Cut at the head. 1.Cut at the head. AFTER THE PARRY OF RIGHT FLANK.
and then cut "left flank. but only feint at it. 10. CUT AT THE FOREARM. and turning the nails up. without drawing back the right leg from the position of attack. In this case the party attacked should not cut at the head. Cut at the head." AFTER THE PARRY OF THRUST. then stretch the arm. in order to parry the head. and edge to the left. by moving the writs two (2) inches in that direction.--In the same manner as from parry of left flank.SABER EXERCISE head. and finally returning the left flank from the position with almost sure success. In order to parry this cut. Sometimes the cut at the lower part of the leg is made only for a feint. and return by a cut at "left cheek." (Pl. throw the point quickly to the right. without defending one's self otherwise.) 33 .
SABER EXERCISE ADDENDA __________ After having finished the instruction in the book.--At the head--Cut. 2.--Right flank--Cut. composed of attacks and ripostes.Left flank--Cut 34 .--At the head--Cut.--Left cheek--Cut. 1. " " " " 1. THIRD LESSON. " 1. No. 1.--Left flank--Cut. " " " 1. 2. 2. 1.--At the head--Cut.--Left cheek--Cut.--Left flank--Cut.--Left flank--Cut " 2.-.--Right flank--Cut.-. SECOND LESSON.At the head--Cut. 2. No. No. so as to get used to make assaults between themselves : FIRST LESSON. it is beneficial for the men to practice the following lessons. 1.
The striker will. The reader will therefore see that.1.1.--Left flank--Cut. SIXTH LESSON.1. " 2. and therefore at the expense of it.--Feint at the left cheek--Cut. each motion must be executed fully and deliberately. No. " 1.--Left flank--Cut. have to come back on "parry" before the blow is executed. and execute it in such a manner as to give it its full effect. NOTE.--Feint at the head--Cut. if the blows are made too quickly in succession.--Thrust. " 2. in order to give the attacking party chance of success.--Advance.--Left flank--Cut. No. the instruction will result in failure. FIFTH LESSON. and also of the guard. No. to which he will not have time to come properly. " 1.SABER EXERCISE FOURTH LESSON. " 1.--This last exercise is one of the most essential. left flank. right cheek. if these blows are made quickly. 35 .--Feint at the left flank--at the head--Cut. " 2. without letting them be learned well in detail.--At the head--Cut. but it is necessary before commencing it to understand each separate part well.--At the head--Cut. " 2.--At the head--Cut. in succession. " 2.
SABER EXERCISE 36 .
SABER EXERCISE 37 .
SABER EXERCISE 38 .
SABER EXERCISE 39 .
SABER EXERCISE 40 .
SABER EXERCISE 41 .
SABER EXERCISE 42 .
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SABER EXERCISE 44 .
SABER EXERCISE 45 .
SABER EXERCISE 46 .
SABER EXERCISE 57 .
SABER EXERCISE 58 .
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