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04_Modal and Harmonic Analysis With ANSYS

04_Modal and Harmonic Analysis With ANSYS

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Published by: Siva Nandhan on Feb 13, 2012
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02/28/2012

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gUsed to determine the natural frequencies and

mode shapes of a continuous structure

Modal/Harmonic Analysis Using ANSYS

ME 599/699 Vibro-
Acoustic Design

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
University of Kentucky

Review of Multi DOF Systems

gExpressed in matrix form as

M1

M2

K2

C2

K1

C1

K3

C3

x1

x2

F1

F2

[ ]{ } [ ]{ } [ ]{ } { }

F

u

K

u

C

u

M

=

+

+ &

&

&

Modal/Harmonic Analysis Using ANSYS

ME 599/699 Vibro-
Acoustic Design

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
University of Kentucky

Review of Multi DOF Systems

[ ]{ } [ ]{ } [ ]{ } { }

F

u

K

u

C

u

M

=

+

+ &

&

&

gThe mass, damping and stiffness matrices are

constant with time

gThe unknown nodal displacements vary with

time

Modal/Harmonic Analysis Using ANSYS

ME 599/699 Vibro-
Acoustic Design

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
University of Kentucky

Modal Analysis

gA continuous structure has an infinite number of

degrees of freedom

gThe finite element method approximates the

real structure with a finite number of DOFs

g Nmode shapes can be found for a FEM having

NDOFs

gModal Analysis

üProcess for determining the N natural frequencies and
mode shapes

Modal/Harmonic Analysis Using ANSYS

ME 599/699 Vibro-
Acoustic Design

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
University of Kentucky

Modal Analysis

gGiven “suitable” initial conditions, the structure

will vibrate

üat one of its natural frequencies

üthe shape of the vibration will be a scalar
multiple of a mode shape

gGiven “arbitrary” initial conditions, the resulting

vibration will be a

üSuperposition of mode shapes

Modal/Harmonic Analysis Using ANSYS

ME 599/699 Vibro-
Acoustic Design

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
University of Kentucky

Modal Analysis

gDetermines the vibration characteristics (natural

frequencies and mode shapes) of a structural
components

gNatural frequencies and mode shapes are a

starting point for a transient or harmonic analysis

üIf using the mode superposition method

Modal/Harmonic Analysis Using ANSYS

ME 599/699 Vibro-
Acoustic Design

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
University of Kentucky

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