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The concrete dam of Fig. P2. if 2. weighs and rests on a solid foundation. Determine the minimum coefficient of friction between the dam and the foundation required to keep the dam from sliding at the water depth shown. Assume no fluid uplift pressure along the base. Base your analysis on a unit length of the dam.

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3Jr - ~t- (see Fij.Q') z: ((.:: ( 27-) ~oo II. (bit): zof~= 35. ·Pi ~ ft) . bY"Jum (from S~) J free. = z: s" !="v -= W )(. Determine the horizontal force) P required to hold the gate in place..ir « ) « !i.. 't ~..clu/d.r egu. )( ft) ..f 4 rr ~ .C(..= si-.f't: J( ~ o ft) := z ~ '!i"oo Ib =. (35)ooJb)( (. ..l"m.p 2.(. 2.A.Qrr~m. J4/"1!J ) :E J:"'1 ¥. .1 -r'rta.J. P2.) p. ) [ .t me-bod!J-d.F. a.300/). Also) qn '1ft-It:) . /.% is a <tuarter circle and is hinged at H. Neglect friction at the hinge and the weight of the gate. 6f eJu.tc.//brl"um (from Jette) L 1'10=0 So 1hct t P ('It) =: ~ (1..??14 2: I=.) Z rr: ~ (. If !It: ~)( ":t)( fs. For 3'" "'oft-- = z . Gate • FIGURE p F.{.Dd!:J - dla~IHlm c>/. So ...a '" (f"zo' (v. ::: ~ 2._ =-0 -t'h4i: 1=i::.lflP The 20-ft-long gate of Fig.

ftJ<'J-Pt) 11 :L vol um e . B IIil FIGURE P2. z: ((P2. j.49 A tank wall has the shape shown in Fig._::.• 2. 1..ft.( J it ) L 4.49.49 If :: '0 lei A. Ij.//hr. A x: (. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of the force of the water on a I-ft-width of the curved section AB.¥~3 )(IS'.7'ffJ Ib cw= h. P2.um) ZF-X=O • . ~ 17too )(~)(7T)('f~) /h 1hft f egu.'+~.(l-Ft) x ':: G.ft) ( 'ft:.y So ~V ~ ('2._ ~ ) 08 .)('.::-if :: 5'20 F. }( ~e"l.

-.i: SAE30 oil Water Solid cube 2.SI.• .~ #20 -I- ft.//"'I>m h. 1: .S'1 A solid cube floats in water with a 0. !< !}JOsh} k~ !l? • . Determine the weight of the cube.tI~ I r -1J = t. T d-: (.:)1 I ~-~'.SI 1 rOY et"~/i~nVh7} L FV'rtIC4/ Sc.Z ~z.. P2.'-------'N"--:"'»-':-"'.) (o..ee./ /b...:i:.5-ft thick oil layer on top as shown in Fig.S'ft) iJ.6cd~ d I R '1'''~" " 'kI z: FA where i}.> =0 -Ink. 2ft • FIGURE P2.) ""(51 j. G" It) =I2.2.

- (0. III FIGURE P2. -::I.90.3:') = I..(.(vti or / h..r o 5 GI /1./0 . ~('l...____ volume: (SC71.f.zo) ~ = W /tJr IJu~d w/th Sq.2..fY' bWlPY'Mi . a r« ..'s we/rAt)!Al) S/J1(r! e \$(.58 The hydrometer shown in Video V2.6 and Fig.5ul:.O )~ Clntl =W the .it: = j ~ .(//). D) Let fj~e)d..-~.'. :::./-/(/7175 A s "" s.(0/ L F.= J'. .. Determine the distance between graduations (on the stem) for specific gravities of 1.W ~JmIJ4yjlJ) = o.//)-'"".00 and 0. -iT.s anti (Sq~ ) (lrH. ttl !fa../I1'j e\$utJ.5S has a mass of 0../I)atln'j -Idi"'ce.. .045 kg and the cross-sectional area of its stem is 290 rnrrr'.8/ .58 2.". the hJc/Y'f)met.-o-)-[ -2 S(~I - 5~J [ -0-. P2.s {.j. IV j ubmtJr"ged (SG1)('ttl-20) \AI _ _W.58 When tinl/ -!he.)('(J.I:~O) IJ~ = - -As-(-.frt'1c.em a !"flt. {)~sJ# )(r.) (2'10 x. q ) (d.y. 72 ."4 (S~ ) wiih 1=8...

. IJ.]hf) ..es are obf4ined from 1.a. va/pes uf . e OJ the flow is from leff fo ri.:.= 6 Y } V .:. "* . y. >0 (l.Represenfative sfreQl1Jlines cotrespondifJlg II) differed C are shown below.5y 6~ J or oy := rix which can he jnfefjraied fo tqive y~ j-x + C where C is a consion! .::0 c=: . a The x and y components of velocity for a two-dimensional flow are u = 6y ft/s and v = 4 ft/s.3 ..:::-I{- where sfreatnlin. where y is in feel.4. _~6~--_~s---~_~~--_~3----_2L---_~/----O~--~L-'--~~----3LI--~~L---S»x Nofe fhai for y>O ) fl. Determine the equation for the streamlines and sketch representative streamlines in the upper half plane.f. LC~-~ (:.

X Y ) +(x -:2xy) k 2 A ft 1f.X2.:It. zero..8 V = A three-dimensional velocity field is given by u = x2. Determine the acceleration vector.i X 2. -:.501 m/s . if Follows thaI the con vecfive acceleraf ion J V 1* ¥X >0 J fJ/so V>O so fhai /\$ positive.(J) +(.. -2xy.. -w fUW +~ff 3/1 X2.if. Vl~ 0.10 The velocity of the water in the pipe shown in Fig. (2) (1) III FIGURE P4. and w = x + y.10 J 4. (:z._ >\1..8 4.xy 2 a ::::2X .10 (b) Since v. I I . or positive? Explain.XY)(-. where t is in seconds.zxyJ (I) !hilS. QX = U oX +f{ry +)1/-& :: X2.u all Ju ?J lJ.x) of..'_ J. II W + IV 1V oKtJ}( t(-1.tv' J~ ~ 01. (a) Determine the local acceleration at points (1) and (2)..50t mls and V2 == l.(-2y) +U' '=- 2Xy ¥f -= ...z..Ot mis. Oy ::: 11 t . P4. (b) Is the average convective acceleration between these two points negative.x) 2X3 f 'C If d/lf . t + 2.10 is given by VI = O.