" "tHE ROMANCE OF PISCATOR/* ETC." — Numbers: our sight as grasshoppers. HISTORY. P. LEGEND. AND SCIENCE BY HENRY WYSHAM LANIER AUTHOR OF "a BOOK OF BaAVERY. and 33. the sons of Anak. DUTTON & COMPANY 681 Fifth Avfnue . NEW YORK E. of the giants: tue zuere in were in their sight. which come xili.THE LIBRARY OF ROMANCE A BOOK OF GIANTS TALES OF VERY TALL MEN OF MYTH. "And so zve there we saw and giants.

R L PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA .THE NEW Y')8u ~ PUBLIC LIRflAR'i Copyright. 1922 7866r>A ASTOR. P. By E. Button & Company LENOX AND All Rights Reserved 1P2-^ TILDEN FOUNDaTIONT:.

three tales from vol- umes published by them: Chapter XX. from "Hero Tales and Legends of the Serbians. of the North American Indians. from "Myths and Legends of Japan." by M. The Vojislav Biter Bit. The Stone Giantess. in Part III. Petrovic. F. from "The Myths Spence. The Peach's Son. and Chapter XXIII. Stokes Company for permission to use. to retain the flavor of the old tales. .ACKNOWLEDGMENT Thanks are due to the Frederick A. Chapter XXI." by Hadland Davis." by Lewis In a number of cases the text of the original romance or "history" has been followed as closely as possible.


VL VII.. XVII. 128 Launcelot and Tarquin The Adventures of Yvain The Turke and Gawain Am. III.. Christopher 244 .. VIII. 18 46 68 IV. Among the Giants . . XI. XII.. Gogmagog 216 235 The Giant Behind the Waterfall The One Good Giant: St.. The Giant Who Shines the Sky The Outwitting of Polyphemus to Jotunheim . .. How Zeus Fought with Titans and Giants in 3 *^II. The Giant Pyramid-Builder The Fatal Pride of Vukub Og^ King of Bashan 90 95 102 . . Michael's Mount . IN Ferragus. The Giant Sir of St.. XVI. THE DAYS OF ROMANCE Who Owned the Brazen 119 Head X. XIII. 108 PART IX. 146 161 191 202 XV. When Thor Went ^ V.... .CONTENTS PART :hapter i/ I. ..\dis XIV.. A Son of Anak II. GIANTS OF THE MORNING OF THE WORLD page I.

. .. The Man Who Lost His Legs (Korean) XX. Heart in His »AGB 255 265 XIX. SOME REAL GIANTS XXV.. The Stone Giantess (North American Indian) 299 PART XXIV. NURSERY TALES OF MANY LANDS (Irish) XVIII. ' . IV... What Some Real Giants 305 Science Has Learned About Giants 315 .. 275 290 295 XXIII..Contents PART CHAFTM III.. The Giant Hand The Giant Body (Norse) . Who Had No The Biter Bit (Serbian) The Peach's Son (Japanese) XXL XXII.

he created a bounteous supply. Somehow. Even those huge and instance. and his mind for the moon. and Purushu of the Hindu Vedas. not plentiful enough. for China or the But the palm for bigness must go to those giant beings whom we find amid Chaos in the East: like that Tiamat from whom tlte Babylonian god Bel formed heavens and earth.'' The scholars quarrel over not the very word originally vii tlte question whether or meant "earth-born''.INTRODUCTION finding youth was so fond of giants that. In the frozen North they came even before the celestials but gods: in the East. terrible beings zvith bodies of stone who once descended upon the Iroquois Indians seem more like Djinn or Rakshasas: they do not fascinate as does that monstrous black warder of the bridge at Mantrible. nowadays one can hardly digest a giant like tliat. South Seas. in Greece they sprang into being Olympians and fiercely disputed the sovereignty of Zeus. but . after the just after the before the creation of the world. these are too large. who was fifteen feet tall with ''tuskes like a bore'* and head 'Hike a liherde. Many ancient gods were vast in size: witness. his eye for the sun. th£ colossal statues of Egypt. whose severed head was sufficient for making the sky. He gave them precedence of himin his Man them large or self. his feet for the earth.

accompanies here yncekly back civilizatiofi: and. all have a semblance of human beings. won enduring glory: Typhon con- quered Zeus in hand-to-hand fight and drove the other gods to wander over Egypt disguised as animals. who lived with the wild animals. the twelve found among King Assur-bani-pal's library at Nineveh. at least in part. Ea-bani zvas a huge giant. Barnum all prosecuted for such prodigies) are creatures of earth. even Atlas had at least the dignity of holding up the hmvens upon his head and hands forever. At first sight of her the colossal zvild to man falls in love. takes a humble second part in the subsequent stirring adventures of tlic King. and who defied every attempt to capture him until King Gilgamesh abandoned force and sent a very beautiful woman to stand being was baked — quietly near one of the hairy creature's lurking places. Gargantua could swallow the other dwellers historically speak- five pilgrims as a salad. is His story it certainly the first to be put on record. Their feet are on tlic earth. No doubt about the Itad Considering that human nature of he made them. for in clay at least tablets 2500 years ago. .viii be that as it Introduction may. In the beginning. The Frost-giants in Valhalla. King of Dashan. as they If this seems doubtful remember Ea-Bani. the giants exhibited in these pages {collected after zvider search than even ez'er Mr. They should. more than once outwitted Thor and and but the other day. their heads tower high enough to drink straight from tlie clouds. ing. even if like Og. giving up his beloved forest. it timt! does seem as if man been somewhat unfair they to the giants.

then they were slain by demi- gods and heroes.Introduction But they ix zvhat a humiliating portion has been allotted to the successors of these azue-inspiring monsters. And then to be such a by-zvord for stupidity. was at once dispatched by Poly deuces. zve have relegated them men insist that '^giantism'* is Worst of all. the zmse merely a disease. Amycus. the famous French surgeon. but what of Polyphemus. who to eat enough — ttsed to kill each nezvcomer with a single tite blozv. First made gods tremble. It really isn't quite fair. all the giants and dzvarfs in Germanic empire were assembled at Vienna. presently they zvcre the sport of the childish Jack the Giant-killer. And perhaps the unkindest cut of all is the true tale related by Patin. who had not sense enough Cyclop brethren the transparent trick Ulysses in calling himself '"Nonmn"? to explain to his 'of One can't help feeling sorry for such helpless hidks. in order a whim Empress of Austria. it all shoidd be housed in one zms feared that the imposing proportions of the giants should terrify the dwarfs. and means were taken to assure the latter that they zvere perfectly . to gratify "In the of the the cir- Seventeenth Century. sort of skilful boxer: that an azvkward ineffectiveness was bad enough. next they became a measure of the prozuess of every knight of chivalry. As cumstances required that building. of being a giant ting — Besides the inconvenience just think of the difficidty of get- and clothes to zvear zvhat a disgrace to have one's head inevitably cut off by some little zvkipper-snapper up to one's waist or knees. — and nozu for a hundred years to our circuses and museums.

. it is something to know that our tall friends are there. may be comforted to learn that in the rugged country of Northern Scotland the folk are better informed titan we. In the center of the room was a table. know that a man of these parts once ventured into a great cave by the sea-shore. The enormous figures stirred. only waiting for three bold blasts to return to us. insulted and even robbed the giants to such an extent that the latter compained in tears to the officials. One of the giants rubbed his eyes and said in a voice that rumbled through the cave: "If you blow once more. the fascination of these Very continues. The dwarfs teased.'' However. There where Suth- erland rocks meet tJie sea. but only sleeping in the great Hall of Albyn.X safe. the wise ancients all zvill tell you that the giants are not really dead. we shall wake. zvho mourn the departure of the giants before the sceptical eye of science and the camera. Introduction But the result most unexpected. on which lay an ancient horn. zvhere there zvere many huge men lying fast asleep on the stone floor. and sentinels had to be stationed to prozvas tect tliem from their tiny comrades. It opened to a vast and lofty apartment. Tall Men still And the these tales relate to the adven- tures of some of famous of all ages and all lands. Tlte man put the horn to his lips and blew one blast. east from Cape Wrath. In proof whereof. The man fled in terror. Those lovers of the colorfid old days.'* Though by singular bad luck he could never again find the mouth of tliat cave. He blew a second time.



this vast deity were in dark- True. the Rain-giver. — the Cloud-gatherer. 3 . accompanied by his servants Force. dominion. obey. Might and Victory. power. when flowers of every hue filled the air with perpetual fragrance. the Seasons had not begun their mystic dance.A BOOK OF GIANTS CHAPTER HOW I ZEUS FOUGHT WITH TITANS AND GIANTS V\ 7 E *^ think of Zeus as the mightiest god of Greece. the Sender of Prodithe Guider of Stars. and the unfanged serpent was as harmless as the dove" when over-curious Pandora not yet having released her boxful of ills. whom even Poseidon the Earth-shaker must reverberates The very name with majesty. **Heat and Cold were not yet at strife. and honey-dew dripped from the laurel and juniper which are now so bitter. the lion gambolled with the kid. But the beginnings of ness and danger. den Age when. the reign of his father Kronos was that Golin the fresh morning of the world. the Ruler of other gods and men. and one mild and equable climate stretched from pole to pole. . gies. the Lightning-hurler. when the trees bore fruit and the vine her purple clusters all the year. the Thunderer.

dispossessed of godhead. vast sire. in which she laved the infant. and there gushed forth a bounding stream. as soon as five babes. At her prayer Mother Earth smote the mountain. "But only a sky: *' murmur thrilled through the 'My voice is but the voice of winds and tides. dark night to a secret thicket upon a hill of Arcadia. and the prophecy that he himself should in his turn be cast down by his own children. And Rhea fled through the swift. Pray thou to thy puissant Mother: in me. it don —Hestia. but.4 men had A Book of Giants neither care nor sickness nor old age. upon a dense and wooded mountain She entrusted the child to Adrastea and Ida. hiding . nymphs swiftly across the sea to Crete. whom she called Zeus. When Rhea had yet thus lost made her prayer to Uranus her ancient faint. no more than winds and tides can I avail. faded like flowers and became kindly spirit-guardians of their successors. she about —and knew herself to was born. Yet amid this charming serenity Kronos could never forget the curse of his father Uranus whom he had overthrown. Demeter. is no succor more/ " So the Titaness betook her to Earth. Hera. Hades and Poseibear another. Then she gave him to the nymph Neda who bore him him in a cave named Ida. ^'Wherefore being resolved to defeat that prophecy. after centuries of bHssful calm. imploring counsel and aid. he swallowed each child his wife Rhea brought forth. There was born a mighty babe. and the mighty Mother gave her counsel how to outwit grim Kronos.

while the and her name was Amalthea. and she looked But the little god ran to her and threw his arms about her shaggy neck. and nourished on the wild honey they gathered for him and on the milk of a mountain goat. reproachfully on her fosterling. laid in a golden overhear him. took a huge stone and wrapped it it But Rhea swathes. but snatched the stone it. to be reared in secret. ter-mother suckled him: snow-white she was. who performed their war-dances. Earth-born warriors. but the winnowing-fan for a good omen. the most beauteous of her kind. swallowed child. I have borne my lord another to son. "Behold. young god played with her after his wont. and broke it made pre- clean off. Then. Around him danced the fierce Curetes. "Tears stood in the creature's eyes. with jet black horns and hooves. and Kronos. on a day." "Naught ily said he. nothing doubting that it and greedwas the new- born Thus his wife deceived him. lest Kronos should child throve. then sovereign of the gods. lest Kronos should spy her from his throne on high. . he grasped one of her curved horns as she tence of butting. "So the child Zeus increased daily in beauty and nor was it long before he gave proof of his godhead in wondrous wise. Two years his goat fosstature." Rhea might not so much as see her babe. for all his cunning.How brought saying: Zeus Fought With Titans in 5 of the mountain. tended by the gentle nymphs. rattling and clashing their weapons whenever the infant cried.




of Giants

bidding her be comforted, for he would

make amends;

with that he laid his right hand on the goat's head,

and immediately a new horn sprouted full-grown. he took up the horn he had broken, and gave it to the nymphs, saying, ^Kindly nurses, in recompense of your care, Zeus gives you Amalthea's Horn which shall be to you a horn of plenty. As for her, when I come into my kingdom, I will be mindful of my foster-mother; she shall not die but be changed into one of the bright signs of Heaven.' Thus Zeus promised, and fulfilled his word in the aftertime, for faithful and true are the promises of the Immortals. But when the nymphs had taken the Horn of Amalthea, behold they found it brimful of all manner of luscious fruits, of the finest wheat flour, and sweet butter, and golden honeycomb. They shook all out, laughing in delight, and one cried: *Here were a feast for the gods, had we but wine thereto!' No sooner said she for this than the Horn bubbled over with ruby wine this was the magic in it, that it never grew empty, and yielded its possessors whatsoever food or drink



they desired.

**Now when Earth saw that Zeus was come to the prime of his mighty youth, she sent to him one of the daughters of Oceanus named Metis, which is, being And Metis came and stood interpreted, 'Counsel.' before him in the Idaean Mount and said: 'I have an
errand unto thee,


king that shalt be hereafter.'

"And Zeus



sent thee hither,


she said:

a foe's errand, or a friend's? and who art thou?' 'Metis is my name, a daughter of



Oceanus the

Zeus Fought With Titans






from Earth, the

She bids thee take this herb I bring and

go straight to Kronos in his golden house on high; tell him not who or whence thou art, but cause him to swallow the herb unweeting, and it shall work misichief to him and good to thee. Delay not, for the hour is at hand when Kronos must pay full measure
for the outrage he did his


it is


" *TelI me,' said Zeus, *how knows Earth that such

an hour


at hand,

and by



the vengeance


"Metis answered: 'There are Three



of Primeval Night, Grey Virgins, older than




forever in the shades of underground,

spinning threads of divers colors from their golden

and the threads are the


of gods and



the sisters twine them, sad-hued or bright,

the lot of each living soul, mortal or immortal

none among the gods, nor shall be, that may escape the lot spun for him, nor avail to turn those spinners from their task. Hasting not, resting not,

without knowledge, without


the Three Fates

work on. But as they twirl the spindles, they sing the Song of the Morrow and Earth, she only, understands that song; hence it is she knows what is coming upon Kronos/ "Then Zeus arose and went up to the heavenly palace halls; there he found Kronos feasting, and

quaffing honey-colored nectar, wine of the gods.


nos asked him

who he

was, and Zeus answered:


Prometheus, son of lapetus thy brother,

T who





of Giants
Then Kronos bade
lilm wel-

greets thcc well

But come, aiid they drank and caroused together. when they had well drunk, Zeus put the herb of Earth
into his father's cup,

unmarked of him.

**And Kronos no sooner swallowed
past thought befell; for he disgorged

than a marvel
his giant




the stone

Rhea gave him (which



ever afterwards preserved as a pious memorial at

Delphi) and then her two sons and daughters three,

no longer babes but full-grown. "Forthwith Zeus made himself known to his brethren, and the young gods seized their father and bound him in chains. But ancient Kronos cried for aid to
his Titan kindred, with a voice like the tempest's roar

and they came swiftly in their might; and the young gods could not stand before them, but fled out of heaven to the cloudy top of Mount Olympus, that great peak robed in eternal snows." There they abode as in a citadel, and thence it is that Zeus and the family of Zeus are called "the Olympians" to this day.

The Titans occupied Mt. Othrys
yet the shattered rocks

the broad plains of Thessaly in between

and rent

and show even surface from the
to the south,

struggle which ensued.

"For now there was war

heaven; ten years the

Elder Gods fought against the Olympians and neither But one amongst the side could win the mastery.
Titans would not fight against Zeus

for being endued

with wisdom and foresight about

gods, he per-

ceived that the day of Kronos must shortly have an


Zeus Fought With Titans
to another.


end and his sceptre pass

This was Pro-


Asia, daughter of Oceanus, bore to

Fain would he have dissuaded and brother from taking arms in a lost cause, and for the sake of one who, himself a usurper, must now reap as he had sown; but they would not
lapetus, son of Earth.

his father

heed, trusting in their
**At last


giant strength.

Zeus sought counsel of Mother Earth and she spake this oracle unto -him out of the cave that is in rocky Pytho 'He that zmll conquer in this strife,

him set free the captives in Tartarus.' For Earth had long borne Kronos a grudge, because he would not release the Hundred-handed and the Cyclopes from

that abyss of darkness; therefore she willingly re-

vealed to Zeus the secret of victory.

he of those giants or their


But naught knew nor so much as the

name of

Tartarus, which none


the heaven-

dwelling gods will utter for very loathing; so the

was dark to him, and he was much disheartened. Then Prometheus, knowing what had befallen, came to Zeus on Olympus and said: 'Son of
saying of Earth

Kronos, though

fight I


not against


kin, fight

against thee I will not, for that were idle folly, seeing
the Fates will have thee

peace between

me and


Lord of all. Let there be and I will interpret the

Earth has given thee.' "And Zeus heard him gladly, and said: Tor this good turn, count me thy debtor and fast friend ever-


"Then straightway they two fared through the Underworld to the gates of unplumbed Tartarus,

where by



of Giants

Zeus slew the snake Campe, and delivered tl'te captives." And amazed was the leader of the younger gods at the sight of these monstrous first children of Earth. For each of the three Hundred-handed, Briareus, Cottus and Gyges, had moving ever from his shoulders a hundred arms, not brooking approach, while above
the Titan's aid
their grisly warder,
this threatening display rose fifty heads.


for the

Cyclopes, Brontes, Steropes and Arges, they resembled
the Titans, save that each

the centre of his forehead.

had a single round eye in They had shown from such overbearing spirit and terrific strength,

tossing whole hills with their forests about like balls,
that even

Uranus had feared them and



into Tartarus ere they

were grown. Zeus rejoiced at these mighty allies.


fell fight-

ers as they were, their greatest aid

strength but their

was not in their For the Cyclopes made them-

glowing heart of Mt. ^Etna, and there they wrought such gifts for their deliverers To Poseidon they gave as only they could fashion. his trident with prongs of adamant; and to Hades a cap of darkness whose wearer was invisible to gods and men; while for Zeus himself they forged the kingliest weapons of all: the thunderbolts and the
selves a smithy in the
blasting, zig-zagged lightning.

Then Zeus


before them


the nectar

and am-

brosia of the gods, and addressed them: ''Hear me, illustrious children of Earth and Heaven,

may speak what my spirit within my breast prompts me to speak. For a very long time have
that I

we been we who

Zeus Fought With Titans
from Kronos.


fighting for the mastery, the Titan gods

are sprung


and show your

might against the Titans, in gratitude for your deliverance to the light from bondage in murky gloom." The blameless Cottus answered: "Excellent Lord,

most high, and thy mind, and that thou hast been to the immortals an averter of destruction. Wherefore we will now protect thy dominion in fell conflict, fighting stoutly
are aware that thy



against the Titans."

And all the gods applauded, female as well as male, and they rushed to combat. The Titans on their side were no less eager, and as the battle joined, the boundless sea re-echoed terribly, and earth resounded, and broad heavens groaned as it shook, and vast Olympus swayed on its base, and even to murky Tartarus came the hollow sound of feet and battle-strokes. And as the two sides came together, their great war-cry reached to the starry heaven above. Now Zeus loosed his fury, and the bolts with thunder and lightning shot so fast and fiercely from his mightly hand that earth crashed in conflagration, and the forests crackled with fire; ocean's streams began to boil, while the vapor encircled the Titans, and the
incessant, dazzling flashes bereft their tyes of sight,

gods as they were.
Fearful heat spread everywhere, and

seemed as

earth and heaven were clashing together and falling

into ruins.



smoke and


same time the winds spread abroad and crash of missiles, as the

Victory. sheltered against Zeus's thunderbolts in caverns of the hills. would ever follow them. was overtaken. and there made head for a time. wings) — all children of Styx. 12 A this Book of Giants Hundred-handed. Force and the And followed by their sister. went forth once more and the remainder of the Titans fled westward beyond But huge Atlas. before the clear- voiced Hesperides. and him Zeus sta- So with these ministers. of Prometheus. Kronos and a few others escaped to the North. and those two illustrious ones announced to Zeus that henceforth they were his servants. brother the utmost limits of earth. Zeus gave to Hades dominion over the Underworld. advanced. to Poseidon the Sea. sentencing him to bear forever on his shoulders the weight of the vast sky. hurling three hundred vast rocks at a time against the enemy. around which Night poured in three rows.. and took himself the realm of the ^^ther and the Earth. Hundred-handed were set to guard them. and that their sister. then to Tartarus. rewarding all those who had assisted . Having thus achieved the victory. beauteous-ankled Victory (from whose shoulders waved great eaglets Might. on down for nine days and nights more Here were they bound and cast into that is dismal abyss. Before insatiable in war. They v^ere dashed from their battle- ments and fell like shooting stars nine days and nights to earth. Zeus tioned on the very verge of the earth. behind a triple brazen wall built by Poseidon. But there came to the Olympians two mighty twin Shapes. combination of terrors even the Titans could not stand.

The most redoubtable among them were Porphyrion and Alcyoneus. The latter was immortal so long as he fought on the same part of the earth on which he was born. These were huge and invincible creatures with ghastly faces and long. Might and Victory. so that thenceforth the most sacred and inviolable oath for an immortal was to swear by Styx. thick. In revenge she brought forth a brood of Giants to war with the young gods. first-born children had been released only to have her other beautiful Titan sons and daugh- Her imprisoned ters take their places in Tartarus. grew nine inches every month. Mother Earth was far from pleased at this outcome. and who when they were only nine years old had captured wargod Mars himself and held him prisoner more than a year. who. Clytius. Pallas. and sought by means of magic herbs to make her offspring invulnerable self — — also to mortals. Hippolytus and others were joined Otus and Ephialtes. Gaea (Earth) had learned this. Polybotes. Their birth-place was in Phlegra or Pallene. But Zeus anticipated her: he forbade the Dawn.How Zeus Fought With Titans 13 him. mother of Force. children of Poseidon. . Now the oracle revealed to the gods that the giants could be destroyed only in combat with a mortal. With these and their brethren Enceladus. and especially honoring Styx. matted hair hanging from their heads and chins. and he soon distinguished him- by carrying off the cattle of the Sun and Moon. instead of feet they had scaly dragon's tails. says Homer.

and thus reach their enemies. hurling great masses of rock. Whereupon wise Athena counseled the hero to grasp the of Pallene. his birthplace. monster by the foot and drag him out He did so. riding on the winds. and a mighty day. This savage group of Giants then attacked the Olympians. and the thunderbolt of Zeus this At and Heracles* arrow smote Porphyrion simultaneously. and Alcyoneus Porphyrion in 'hot rage hurled the island of Delos at Zeus and rushed upon Heracles and Hera. Heracles drew his great death-dealing bow and But as soon as he touched the earth he rose with renewed life and strength. When their trees fastened together proved too short. tree-trunks lashed together. Ossa they began to roll it toward Mt. Then Zeus rose in his majesty. Otus and Ephialtes set about another attempt: upsetting Mt. and Athena to summon Heracles to take part in the combat. As the giant laid hold of the goddess's swathing veils. With a thunderbolt its former place. Olympus. she cried out for help. intending to pile the lofty peak of Pelion on that. . the he hurled the mountain back to Olympians all dashed down. so they tried to scale Heaven itself.14 the A Moon and sent Book Sun of Giants the to shine. battle followed which lasted a whole slew Alcyoneus with an arrow. and blazing brands against the sky. died. But the distance was too great for them to do much damage. cut ofT the medicinal herbs with which Earth had plastered her offspring.

own body while of Pal- Athene. concealed by the helmet of Hades. ^neas. but Athena seized a great triangle of rock and cast it upon him and when trees and soil formed on this. As his wearied frame He shifts. Dionysus killed Eurytus with his sacred wand. doth lie. and smoke involves the sky. while Clytius was thrust through by Hecate or Hephaestus with glowing ironstone. So the Fates ended Agrius and Thoon with brazen clubs. terrible in her battle-wrath.How As Ephialtes. trembling at the cry Moans through her shores. and Heracles Hippolytus. Polybotes. while from Aetna's furnaces the flame Bursts forth. — it was called the island of Sicily. finished with his deadly arrows. here the sea-god tore off a piece of the island and buried him under where now is Nisyron. Enceladus fled across the sea. killed while Artemis slew Gration. 'tis said. As Virgil's wandering hero. —whence comes her name it. Trinacria. Zeus Fought With Titans 15 for the rest. Then terrific in hot wrath Earth brought forth the most monster yet seen. Scorched by the lightning. the greatest of Earth's children. half man and and was half aniso mal: he was human to the loins huge that he towered over the mountains while his head . Enceladus. The rest Zeus crushed with thunderbolts. Typhon was he called. las sea. next killed and flayed Pallas and put his skin over her the combat lasted. Apollo shot out the left eye of and Heracles the right. sings: Here. Hermes. chased by Poseidon over the came to Cos. Athena.

they fled to Egypt. reached from sunrise to sunset. Hurling clusters of rocks up at heaven. But Typhon held him away to Cilicia. while a red mass of flame bubbled from his mouth. a young she-dragon. When the gods saw him charge on heaven. he came nearer. grapple. Here in a cavern he threw him down.16 A Book of Giants His outstretched arms knocked against the stars. and joined in a hand-to-hand him towers over Syria. Delphyne. and cutting out the sinews of the god's hands and feet. Zeus hurled thunderbolts as long as he was afar off. half animal. human. pursued by him. limbs around him. he ran with hisses and screams. When flee. put in away the sinews wrapped half a bear-skin. and a hundred dragon Instead of legs he heads shot from his shoulders. and fire streamed from his eyes. and set as a guard over the helpless god. covered with wounds. moved on vast. Then Zeus gathered himself together. But cunning Hermes stole away the sinews and secretly replaced them in Zeus's wrists and ankles. bristly hair floated in the wind from his head and chin. snatched wrapping his snaky the sickle. put him on his shoulders and carried him across the sea off. rustling snaky coils. Such a monster was Typhon. and his former . his whole body was feathered. the god's iron sickle made and Zeus pursued him to the Caucasus that There he came up with him. where they wandered about in the shapes of animals.

Here he lies still. he ate of the ephemeral poison fruits. turning and groaning at times. fires blaze up from After that there was nobody in heaven. earth or the underworld who dared dispute the supreme do- minion of Zeus. where the Fates outwitted the fugitive: for. Then the chase became more furious. . And of at last. Zeus threw the towering mountain ^tna on top of him and buried him there forever. persuaded by them that he would thereby get greater powers. as Typhon was compelled to flee across the Sicilian sea. and when these were hurled back on him by the Thunderer. and he rose to his seat in heaven in a car drawn by winged horses.How Zeus Fought With Titans 17 powers came upon him. his blood gushed out over them so that these are called the *'bloody mountains" to this day. Nysa. while the hurled lightnings. They came to Thrace where Typhon fought with whole peaks of the Hamus Mountains. Again he hurled his thunderbolts upon Typhon and pursued the monstrous giant to Mt.

" said he." The name. Then: 'Ts there anything you wish enquired Hermes as spokesman. they passed a roadside." said he." 18 . waited upon them. for. host?" Hyrieus is. feeling. **My house it is. As darkness fell. it is is poor enough. own pallet to make them comfortable like distin- and entertained these nameless wanderers all with the utmost simplicity and good The Olympians were touched by this rough herdsThey consulted together in man's fine hospitality. enjoying . "of course there but that's past mending. whispers when they had finished their meal.CHAPTER II THE GIANT WHO SHINES IN THE SKY TN -' the days times when the Olympians still walked at among men. Hyrleus by food and drink before them. and seeing the wayfarers plodding along. "Well. three gods entered. he invited them in to the cool of the evening after his day's toil pass the night. little hut by the The farmer stood in the doorway. Zeus and Poseidon and Hermes once found themselves benighted in a lonely region of the rough Bceotian country. gave up his guished guests. set The farmer. started. "but such as yours.

Probably you will laugh at me for a foolish person: for I mean to keep my vow. peering out after them. doubtful. aid ? And what did this mysterious person mean by his odd request ? He spoke as a man having faithful warm skin of this What would he do authority. and there to obey was nothing for it save and see what might befall.The Giant "What so that is it?'* Who Shines in the Sky 19 Hermes. to hospitality. a son to drive away the loneliness of the winter evenings and to be a prop to him in his old age. night." replied Hermes. and bade him fetch a The three mysterious visitors went out into the Qx skin in front of his house. the butt some But the stranger's open smile promised something quite dif- Much w^ondering. of He jest." said the herdsman. saw them bury the and secret . I shall when she died I vowed never marry So all these years I have lived alone. "And I say to you that he who gives all freely never fails to receive. and yet I wish for a son. He did but he could not help thinking of still morrow its as he handled the without companion and servant. persisted "whom to I loved again. your only ox his hide. Hyrieus. he went out into the dark- ness and after a while returned with the hide of the sacrificed ox which he had not regret the the act. and alone Yet a man cannot help wishing for live till the end. feared he was being made ferent. with strange spade. however. "I had a wife." to provide I noticed that you killed meat for our meal: bring me Hyrieus stared at him." "Those who know do not laugh at honesty. Hermes took the hide.

*'You shall have your wish." The three retired for the night. Many gate. in tones that filled the low-raftered room like wind. and w'hich persisted in the heart of Hyrieus. — hills its with yellow and white and pink blossoms. as usual. they had disappeared. pondering deeply on what had occurred." announced this one. yet in the still evenings as he sat before his he knew that he expected something. and the winter snows covered and every- thing as it had been. Instinctively the looked solemnly upon the herdsman. *'Next spring you shall have a son —and such a mighty a son as mortal never yet had. a time he looked at the little patch of freshly- turned earth. but something forbade him to investi- And was then the fall rains came and all . obliterated the spot . Many times he laughed at his folly. And soft unfolding promises seemed to reinforce that secret hope. awe-inspiring. Spring painted the fire. As he sat outdoors in the long twilight evenings. an attitude of worship. The bearded Boeotian fell into one. which defied reason. instead of crouching close to his scanty fire. save for the insistent recol- lection in the farmer's heart. he trembled. sorely increased by the loss of his ox.20 ceremonies. with the daw^n. a new every sound of the reawakening earth had meaning. A Book of Giants Without knowing why. Even the still white calm of snow- . for the strangers seemed to have become suddenly majestic. He trembled still more when they returned. He went about his labors. When Hyrieus woke. Winter passed at length. who had not spoken hitherto.

seemed to presage some great happening. And then he would smile remembering the morrow's hard work. One morning he rose with even more than his usual reluctance to exchange for the hard grubbing reality the vague but delightful fancies which had filled the night. But overnight a sudden transformation had taken The whole space was one mass of asphodels place. It was this strange fact which had continually reinforced his wonder and just rising over the The sun was thrust itself into the bend of the his superstitious belief. outside towards the day's work low ridge that Asopus River. Instinctively his gaze went towards the spot where the strange trio had performed their mysterious rites. though all around it the lush grass and many-colored flowers had woven an intricate tapestry. The sun's level rays fell upon their in full bloom. past which gurgled a little stream.The Giant Who Shines in the Sky 21 capped Parnassus. That spot of earth had remained bare. reality of the fuls of his coarse breakfast. startled out of his dreamy reverie. Force of habit made him swallow a few mouthsadly at his senile credulity and. He stopped short. His eyes rounded in astonishment. would plod stiffly into his solitary hut and seek on his pallet bed that dream land where all things are possible. For the first time since his youth he really heard the shrill voices of the frogs in the neighboring marsh: it was as if even these tiny creatures were repeating the promise made him by his mysterious visitors. Mechanically he stepped that awaited him. . far to the west.

worth these pains and pride. and of such size as made one the Heroes of legend.— 22 A Book of Giants white blossoms. cradled in the asphodels. young bull. He never cried. he took this earth-born son into his cottage. he slept peacefully. that time he was father and mother both to the child. amid which the meandering threads of crimson looked like blazing hieroglyphics. the honest farmer's heart overflowed with joy at this realization of his wildest dreams. — . and From sat watching his slumber in a sort of ecstacy. and he seemed perfectly happy and contented when couched in a nest of soft grass and dry leaves under the open sky. mixed with a kind of awe. Hyrieus looked in bewilderment. For and there. could keep an eye on him. where his foster-father. carrying wdth him when he went about his necessary labor afield. Then he cried out. Overcoming his timidity at last. He the youngster grew like some sturdy The boy was well had no teething troubles presently he was eating the same food that served Hyrieus himself with all the . and watching over it with an anxious care into which his whole existence seemed concenit trated. as he toiled. Moreover. lay a babe Shapely think of such a child as his eyes had never yet beheld. laid him on his own bed. Marveling again at the weight of his burden. beautiful. When the big blue eyes opened and a sleepy smile came over the child's face. Slowly he advanced towards this bed of blossoms which had appeared so suddenly. Hyrieus gently picked up the sleeping infant.

as handsome Well proportioned and graceful in spite of his size. and he found his legs almost as quickly as a young partridge. outwit the great red stags of the hills. he roamed the woods and fields with the agility and tirelessness of one of the wild creatures whose ways seemed to have an endless fascination for him. who rebelled against the gods and strove to set Mt. which he had snared or caught with his hands by some sudden pounce after a long stalk. Presently his foster-father showed him how to make a bow and arrows and one day the youngster proudly appeared before the hut with a roebuck upon his shoulders. with quail. partridges and ducks. He was this Orion. for would return from these expeditions with rabbits and hares.' —not even these And we could compare with Orion. In fact. to chase sue- . It was not long before he had learned to the boy . gigantic youths have the word of in Odysseus who beheld them among the shades fifty-four feet in height Hades that those portentous twins were at nine years of age and some thirteen across the as one of the immortals. Nor did he cease his prodigious growth when he not even reached the ordinary limits of mankind: Otus and Ephialtes. shoulders. beginning to toddle uncertainly. wood pigeons. was as his foster-father. Hyrieus began to fare better than ever before. Ossa upon Pelion that they might scale Olympus itself. eus had by the time when ordinary children are whom Hyrias tall named Orion.The Giant Who Shines in the Sky 23 choicest portions for his share. this boy. too.

however. who had met and vanquished the lynx. and whose chief desire was to take in fair fight the lion skin he wished for a cloak. and . and though the water was far above his head. back chamois from the precipitous fastnesses of rocky. : this was deepened when he learned of one strange power which the youth possessed.24 A Book of Giants and even to bring cessfully the long-horned wild goats. To be sure. endeavoring to run down the bounding little creature on equal terms. and finding itself hard pressed. Orion was one day chasing a roebuck. or the crags of two-peaked Helicon. he was always gentle and thoughtful to his foster-father and Hyrieus many a time blessed the day when his hospitality had fallen upon such fruitful soil. excitedly plunged in after his quarry. behind. The deer made for the river. fir-clad Mt. Citha^ron. Fierce as he was. Orion. his unbounded pride in the feats of this stripling cast at times a reflected glory upon himself there were moments when he looked upon Orion's great muscles and the trophies of his strength and fleetness almost as if these were to be credited to his very own flesh and blood. who could stand up to the charge of an infuriated wild boar. he actually . Yet in the bottom of his heart there was ever a slight feeling of awe at this prodigy who had come to comfort his old age. By the time he had reached his early teens he was already a mighty hunter. as the good farmer grew old. in attacking some snarling wild beast with his great club. Exulting in his own swiftness of foot. close sprang in and swam the wide stream. the wolf and the brown bear.

but Hyrieus was filled with astonishment at his story and could scarcely credit it until he saw the youth a few days later perform the same miraculous feat in the neighboring lake. and able to travel through the salt surge and the heaving waves of Poseidon's own domain. advancing with great strides through fifty feet of water. only his head showing above the surface. It seemed perfectly natural to him to be able to walk through the water. caught it on the opposite shore. he found himself master of even this. The unknown. Poseidon. without touching bottom. The maidens of Tanagra. Thebes and Plataea did not say so much. could not satisfy little . the farthest confines of Greece. and when he roamed further and reached the great sea itself. Un- known himself to either of them. this was the natal gift of Orion troubled enough about whence it came or its singularity but from that hour rivers and lakes were no obstacle to him. aspect of inaccessible his Boeotian home. He learned to know the Olympus from the north and west as well as the familiar one from the south. god of the sea and waters. ever called him on to wider and wider swings from this passion for wandering. Thereafter. Macedon and remote Illyria. all When of he reached young manhood. that he if who beheld him agreed men — was handsomest among the sons indeed he were of human origin. with its new animals and fresh landscapes.The Giant Who Shines in the Sky 25 gained upon the deer in crossing. nay even Thrace. almost as easily as on dry land. and bore the carcass home in triumph. but their eyes spoke for them when the swift- .

In solemn procession. he seized a piece of this heaven-sent dinner and flapped away with his prize. and he only knew that when he looked upon her he was filled with a vague unrest. men And when it with axes cut down this giant growth. he seemed tall beauty and marked her out among all the graceful girls of that land. where giant oaks stood shoulder to shoulder so that their mighty boles were in sunless gloom. Presently a raven appeared. The time came for the festival of the Great Dae- none of them save Side. set The priest some boiled meat on the ground. As he lit on the lower branch of a huge oak some distance off. all the folk celebrated the reconciliation of Zeus and Hera. Assured of their harmlessness. Every gaze was focussed upon him. a tremendous shout from hundreds of Everyone throats rang through the gloomy forest. Breathlessly the great assemblage watched in silence as the birds dropped through the air to their feast. The glossy black bird lit near the meat. they fared forth into an ancient forest. Amid songs and tree thus selected. From every corner of Boeotia the people gathered. tant excitement A long sigh of expec- went up from the crowd. rushed to the clamor. . cocking an impudent eye towards the motionless creatures who watched him so intently. once in sixty years.26 to sec A Book of Giants footed young hunter sped past. whose dala. dignity As for him. another shout alarmed the birds and beasts for miles about. headed by the priests. and walked awkwardly towards it. crashed to earth. when.

they set out for Mt. a he-goat to Zeus. The images were placed on the altar of square blocks of wood. After sacrifices had been performed. and in a moment the whole was a vast pillar of fire. it was into a clumsy wain. the whole multitude moved down to the Asopus River. It was a prodigious and awe-inspiring spectacle. leaping a hundred feet into the air and visible for miles and miles in — every direction. and brushwood was heaped over all. escorting the thirteen other images which commemorated all the Little Daedala festivals since the last great celebration. after a ceremony of puri- fication. with solid hewed-out wheels. At the edge of the forest they were met by another procession. and Orion's heart throbbed violently as he saw the stately Side take her place in this seat of honor. dressed this image it snowy lifted gar- When bullock. For the first time he realized that there were other . and a cow to Hera a torch was set to this sacred pile.— The Giant from a Who Shines in the Sky 27 Swiftly the skilled axemen hewed out an image section of the trunk. drawn by a white Beside was seated the most beautiful virgin as bridesmaid. Cithaeron. The wain started back out of the wood. followed by a piping and dancing throng of worshippers. Chanting and dancing. all was ready. Here the fourteen wains were dragged to the very summit of the mountain. But Orion saw only Side in her calm and lofty beauty. With in deft fingers the bridal women ments.

so sure of herself lost all had her heart to this impetuous youth. audacious pleased. Side. I Until "But I have beyond compare with any mortal behold the Goddess face to face and is find am mistaken. He sought her parents and demanded her. to hear them go on. well For in her secret heart she thought her ax- . seen Side I — is and she I know. suitors. that Side.'* broke out a black-eyed maiden spite- "she is the daughter of crooked-legged Alpheus. however. the countryside beauty of Side. that it was Hera herself who was being married to this wild man. the occasion of another celebra- The wedding was for all tion almost as joyous as one of the lesser Da^dala. was proud of the unmatched and Orion's renown had spread far to vie with all and wide. Side. the others in who had never looked in this more more unapproachable than So loud and extravagant was it her bridal chorus of praise that aroused the jealousy of some of her comrades. all. beside his bride. And and when they found so scornful of tall. they gave their consent. Each guest seemed complimenting lovely or array. smiled." Orion. and turned upon the speaker.28 A Book of Giants thiogs necessary to his happiness besides chasing the red deer and the snarhng wolf. One might think. "After fully. heard the taunt. "I have never seen Hera. I shall believe that even on Olymat this pus there none that can challenge my bride." said he." The guests gasped and drew back a space sacrilege.

which the Daedala was the rash The maiden. His ardent answer was interrupted by a crash of Swiftly a great darkness fell upon the smiling plain. "Side! Where are you?" all in his He rUvShed wildly about. nothing Then the gloom lifted as mysteriously as it had come. majestic brows knit in anger — Sternly she refused the wedding sacrifice to herself. But Side still smiled. The silence "Side!" cried Orion. No earthly eye ever again beheld the presumptuous Side. ding party crept to their homes. There was the sound of a rushing wind. *'Am I not perfect enough for you to worship?" said she softly to Orion. large-eyed Queen of Heaven heard speech and saw the presumption of this earth-born Her if was as and it a cloud passed across the face of the sun. was pierced by a sudden scream. They spoke it in strained whispers. they knew not what. The wedmore. and all the folk were aghast at this portent. serene in her blind conceit. the Perfecter and Fulfiller. The wise ones . Darker and his terrified darker grew. and that had she been in Hera's place there would have been no need of the reconciliation with Zeus. upsetting path. The merrymakers were blanched with fear as this blackness engulfed everything. But the bride was nowhere to be found. till one could not the see neighbor's face.The Giant Who Shines in the Sky 29 dent lover spoke but the truth. All waited for some dread happening. thunder from the clear sky. Even murmurings ceased. for held.

even Maia's bravery forsook her. garlanded with flowers. The stag was forgotten. and all flushed \vith the excitement of his chase. came closer. came suddenly upon a group of seven nymphs who. ever. He would hear them ahead. something about her proud carriage and the perfect oval of her face that made Orion think of There w^as his lost Side. most as fleet-footed as himself. under level brows at the slender she stood. howShe was Maia. with his torn and shaggy skin garment. and all the seven turned and Orion pursued them. were dancing upon the that he carpet of green moss. Impulsively he stepped forward to speak to her. gazing intruder as if challenging him to approach one under They ceased their song at sight of together behind the tallest in affright. the protection of Zeus. as he crashed through the thick bushes beside a river in hot chase of a noble stag. looked at him in bold defiance. She gave a cry of alarm. As this giant youth.30 Hades It A Book of Giants whispered that the enraged Hera had cast her into for her sacrilege. and plunge toward the spot instinctively as he — . the forests. would have dashed after a startled But to his surprise and chagrin they proved alroe. and such was her beauty that it had already touched the heart Straight and of the Father of the Gods himself. or catch a glimpse of them between the tree only to be baffled trunks. him and huddled This one. eldest of these seven daughters of Atlas. as fled through the forest. Once more Orion roamed more fiercely than ever. chanced one day.

he was compelled the time. to see With shrieks of terror they fled it As he had foreseen. to own himself beaten and give up for The next day found him casting about like any deerhound for this elusive quarry. and while he sighted them across a valley and renewed his efforts to the utmost. More than once and his deter- he almost outwitted her and her sisters. he never succeeded in drawing even as close as the first time. The group of maidens . Yet they were as wary as he. mination became only hotter as time passed. This went on day after day occupation. At first last his opportunity came — five years after that memorable meeting.The Giant time and again. Orion found himself at the edge of the tangled thicket. in the lush group From a hilltop meadow by the river. they saw him almost immediately. after hours of pursuit. up the became a race which should first reach the nearest tongue of forest that thrust towards the river. Breathless but triumphant. and while hunting fair till it became his main game the thought of the Maia ever kept him on the alert. since the frightened nymphs had a trick of twisting and turning when hard pressed that always succeeded in carrying them out of sight and hearing. gentle slope. Then he leaped to his feet and started down the steep hillside as he had never run before. Cautiously he crept along back of the ridge till he reached a point where he felt sure he could cut them off from the protecting forest. he spied the pelting each other with anemones. Who At Shines in the Sky 31 length. Watchful from many alarms.

Zeus had listened to the prayer of Maia. with never a word. Maia weeping and crouching to the ground.32 A Book all of Giants except halted fifty feet away. he caught and remained in this position. He set forth to find some country beyond the seas where he might still be mightiest of all. and sovereign power he caught up all in his the seven into the stars. lutely at his mercy. the shining firmament and translated them into Pleiades. Then with to was wont at his prize — same swift motion in which he pounce upon a trembling hare. the fair land of Hellas For the second time in his life dull resentment that there had become distasteful to him. and there . sisters. wondering more than ever at the grace and charm of the leader. In the open they were abso- Slowly he advanced towards them. left Wide were his w^anderings across the mighty Even to Scylla and Charybdis he came. and lay there nursing his grievance. When he finally came forth. Orion realized with were unseen powers beyond his own. yet without any of the despair shown by her aloud upon Zeus for She called Closer and closer Orion approached. less defiance. and where naught could remind him of these rebuffs. sea. faced who him this time with aid. staring the stupidly at seven white pigeons that fluttered just out of his grasp away and soared upward till they dis- appeared into the blue of the sky. beneath a great overhanging rock in the nearby ravine. Like some wounded wolf he sought a couch in a cave.

forth once more. where. But King CEnopion. six-headed Scylla he hurled into the open sea a rocky mass that juts from the shore as the promontory of Pelorus whereon he reared a temple to his protector Poseidon. But. proud of his lineage as son of Dionysus and Ariadne. Boldly he demanded her in marriage. This time he fared eastward again till he came into the smiling waters of the ^Egean. in which the inhabitants religiously adored the sea-god for thousands of years thereafter. the great city of Messina was to rise. rumbling and spouting forth flame as the colossal Enceladus still perpetual memorials of his might. where fig tree. Hardly had Orion beheld this princess when he found his heart burn within him at the sight or thought of her. palm and vine grew under the soft Ionian sky. thought it far from fitting that his daughter should wed this wandering woodsman. he could not long be content in any one place when he had mastered he set all the difficulties of rugged Sicily. across the strait from hideous. whence fiery TEtm. The Giant Who Shines in the Sky 33 For on the Sicilian where fell Charybdis threatened every mariner. King CEnopion ruled this land of ease and plenty. For a time he dwelt in the mountains of Hera. Also. . thanks to this shelter.— . and reached the craggy isle of Chios. coast. struggled beneath so its weight. and his daughter Merope was famed through all Ionia for her beauty. could be seen to the north. he built a sickle-shaped strip of protecting rock that formed the safe harbor of Zancle.

The wily CEnopion concealed his resentment and off bade the headstrong suitor to a banquet. for not only must skins and furs and venison be laid at the feet of the beautiful Merope. In friendly fashion he plied him with heady wine from the lusciou? grapes of Ariusia. proved fiercer than the bears and of the sea. His scanty patience was exhausted long before the His nature and wily monarch's stock of pretexts. even than the dreaded sharks Instead of being devoured as the King had hoped. To CEnopion's disappointment he lions. . and cast him out upon the seashore to perish. Then. always demanding. but he caught at the suggestion of the King that he should free the island from the lions and other dangerous beasts which then ravaged it and held all the inhabitants in terror. made no secret of his intention to try again. self- invited guest. managed to delay giving After the fashion of lovers of offering of his special capacities. habit had ever been to seize what he wanted: in his usual headlong fashion he attempted openly to carry Merope by force. when even his giant strength was relaxed. superhuman as his strength Not venturing a deci- feehng openly still to his formidahlc. the thing he had set his heart on.34 to express his A Book of Giants might he. blinded him. he brought back one trophy after another. he sive answer. and failing in his first effort. with outdoor directness. all times. Orion made creatures The wild of Chios had a hard time. the royal slaves set upon him.

His first instinct was to grope his way back to the palace and take swift revenge upon the King for his treachery. . which he now Keeping the fresh breeze full in his face. he waded Into the waves. till he fancied it seemed like the clangor of a vast anvil under the strokes of some super-smith. and QEnopion regretted to the bottom of his cowardly heart that he had not slain this giant wrath. he roared aloud In pain and away trembled sound. Instinctively he proceeded towards the sound. which came muffled. In felt He almost as much at home as on land. Orion bathed his face in the lapping waves and got slowly on his feet. his thoughts still In such a ferment of rage that he could make no calm or reasoned plan. and calling aloud upon Poseidon.The Giant As to full Who Shines in the Sky 35 him the salt spray dashing over his face brought consciousness. But a few faltering steps convinced him of the folly of attempting this In his helpless state. and In the wind that blew full upon his fevered eyes. Hour after hour he sped on tirelessly. through water and air. and as he advanced It grew ever louder. people in the city miles at that The when he was in his power. With no clear idea of where he was going. Northward he fared. finding relief in his mighty strides through the cool waters. In fact he was approaching the isle of Lemnos. he arrived off the western point of Lesbos. Without knowing It. turned again toward the sea. from far away. he set forth. Suddenly there broke upon his fantastic plans for revenge a mighty pulsing beat.

Before his gleaming eyes every darkness must for the All-seer pierces through any blackness. he had had his workshop ever since Zeus had hurled him from Olympus. holding to the mark as a homing-pigeon holds towards his distant remembered cote." he where the Sun "He will I know guide you to the spot Helios well: did I not make more? retreat It is the golden boat which carries him back each night. hastened up from the cavern. and the fatal necklace of Harmonia. dalion on his shoulders. such bodily perfection marred and helpless through loss of sight. . along the border of the earth. Long and weary was the way but nothing mattered And at save to press on towards the god of light.36 the lame A Book of Giants where dwelt and labored the cunningest of all smiths. eastward ever. Past many a strange land he sped. the sceptre of Agamemnon. to the East once . that from him alone you may recover your eyeOrion placed Ce- sight. he journeyed eastward. rises. Directed by him he carried. and once more plunged into the rolling breakers. and here he wrought such marvels as the arms of Achilles. He called one of his workmen. Orion at length reached this subterranean forge and told his The immortal craftsman was moved to see story. last he reached that lovely bay in the ultimate East . god Hephsestos. in a cavern stretching down beneath the ocean floor. said. Guided by the ringing hammer strokes. **Take Cedalion with you. Here." Overjoyed at any definite hope.

she pressed a kiss upon his forehead. The dawn breeze struck mysterious notes of music from like those of an ^olian harp. Newrisen from her ocean-couch. she advanced in her golden chariot. The intolerable gleam of his eyes fell full upon the sightless orbs of Orion. The heavens blazed with purple and crimson and gold streamers. The brooding night trembled and drew back." She passed on. beautiful youth. whispering: "Be of good heart. Helios comes. Instantly the blinded giant saw once more. shooting up to the zenith from the coronal of the rising Sun-god. Through the morning mist appeared Eos. But Orion stood erect. And as Eos looked upon the perfectness of his strong. The latter prostrated himself face to earth. But her tresses seeing. Orion could not see this gracious vision as he stood there stark and expectant. Bending down. with ruddy hair streaming above her saffron-colored mantle.The Giant Who Shines in the Sky 37 where Helios mounts the sky each morn behind his snow-white steeds. goddess of the dawn and herald of her brilliant brother. Here he placed Cedalion on his feet again. awaiting the coming of the Day. while her rosy fingers sprinkled dew upon the earth from the vase she carried. Yet some influence of the colorful morning freshness which faced him softened his countenance into a smile of pleasure. Out of the rippling blue waters of the bay lifted his majestic visage. she loved him. he was constrained for the first time in his . lest he be smitten by the terrible brilliance of the Sun-god.

she claimed But the this handsome hunter. ever and again there sounded those faint music-breaths that had come to him when Eos passed by and ever and again he would feel her the . But the next morning Eos. so sorrowfully she left him. who had not forgotten him. Search as he might. he stepped upon Overbearing all who would stay him. had been warned of himself in his coming and had hastily hid a labyrinthine cavern beneath the ground. and turned back towards Lemnos. head before that When god had whirled on upward. and found no refuge elsewhere in all the world. thought then to leave this ill-omened isle. and forever after . She dared not council of the gods rejected her plea. how- ever. Now this tiny isle of Delos had been the birthplace Formerly called Ortygia. the mighty ruler of Olympus fixed it firmly in its place by four chains of adamant. and was reluctantly forced to forego the retribution he had planned.38 life to A bow his Book of Giants fiery glance. the beach of Chios. He by the lightnings of Zeus. but had been slain the right to marry when Leto came to give birth to these twin children of Zeus. Yet amid his grim thoughts of vengeance. set him on his shoulders again. it of Apollo and Artemis. Like some dripping sea monster. for his wrath still burned hotly against CEnopion. he picked up the trembling Cedalion. Since her Titan husband carried him off to Delos. resist this supreme decree. soft lips against his brow. he drove on towards the palace. CEnopion. had floated hither and thither before the winds. Orion could not discover his enemy.

His consuming wrath made some action a necessity. however. striding across deep clefts in the rock. The creature had just dropped a fawn it had been bringing home. his hunter's eye caught the black spot marking a cave entrance. Cynthos. when he found himself alone upon this rocky Little reverence or islet He realized that for a third time invisible powers had come between him and the woman he thought his worst of all. He started up the craggy slope of Mt. ticularly to Apollo. and the grizzly hairs at the opening told him it was a wolf's den. there was no one against whom he could direct the hot resentment that flexed every mighty muscle of his body. —with a vague who idea that from the commanding summit of enemies the hill he might spy one of these hidden thus thwarted him. and the bleeding carcass lay unheeded . him a snarl that threatened instant danger. leaping from one boulder to another. A few feet away.. ' He hesitated a moment. A chorus of high yapping barks proclaimed the presence of a family of cubs. the head of a huge she-wolf protruded from the glossy green leaves of the dense laurel. bursting through the tangled thicket. wondering if he could force Then he sprang to his feet and faced about. The Giant it Who Shines in the Sky 39 though more par- was sacred to the three divinities. He paused instinctively and peered into the gloom of the cavern. as he heard behind his broad shoulders through the opening. awe was there in Orion's mind. As he squeezed through a narrow pass at the foot of a riven face of rock.

and dashed it right hand. he was manhood in its perfection though enlarged beautiful He was — far beyond common humanity. As it was. a superb figure as he stood there in the It might have been full vigor of his aroused powers. Yet instead of being monstrous. Even the wild boar at bay has no fury comparable with that of the hunting wolf-mother. "Well done!" said a clear voice behind him.40 at the A Book of Giants Its edge of the thicket. one of the Titan brood defying any force of earth or heavens. Then. fitting end for the fawn-killer. His eyes blazed as bale fully as those With a motion as swift as that of a of the wolf. protecting her young. the dripping teeth caught hold of a fold of his skin garment. he fairly tore the struggling beast's jaws asunder. his hand caught the lower jaw before those wicked fangs had time to close upon his fingers. putting forth his full might. This death-grapple quite suited the hunter's own savage mood. Orion had barely time to throw up one guarding fierce brute sprang at his throat. when the But for the giant's instinctive defensive movement. the long hair on straight its neck bristled up around the blood-spotted jaws into a Medusa's head of terror. lifeless against a boulder. green eyes blazed with deadly intention. arm. it might have gone badly even with him." "A . and he staggered against the rock wall at the impact of the animal landing on his shoulder. panther he gripped the animal's upper jaw with his left Heaving it free from his shoulder.

unex- pressed and even unrealized by himself. Her embroidered by a fillet chiton was girt to the knees. to breathe forth that very spirit of the forest which had ever drawn Orion depths of nature's wildnesses. upon her feet were Cretan sandals." For the first time in his life Orion felt humble. her long hair. Hence- we shall hunt together. Who Shines in the Sky 41 to turned —and his surprise. you and I. Slender. she seemed. whose crossing thongs were held by embossed silver clasps. intricately woven about her head was bound on which shone a silver crescent. she appeared like the very embodiment of all his deepest longings. youthful. as she replaced the arrow in her quiver. into the most intimate Indeed. and her right hand still gripped the tall A long arrow which she had clearly been holding sighted against the wolf. It was not that she named herself daughter of Zeus: but have the companionship of this Shining One in the life he loved was a boon which no strength of his could win and his heart beat with lowly gratitude. ready to discharge the instant the man seemed to be getting the worst of the struggle. She held a bow. Then the self-sufficient man reasserted himself. his limbs trembled as they had not done at sight of the attack- maidenly figure stood beside a cypress tree whose twisted roots disappeared into a rock crevice.The Giant Orion ing brute. to . alive with vitality. as he gazed stupidly at this radiant creature. . "Ai!" she exclaimed. **Never have I seen such a I one among forth the sons of men. with sparkling great eyes and smiling lips. am Artemis.

For once he was willing to wait patiently for that which he most desired. "This isle will hardly contain such hunters as we." said 'There no creature of the his boast ful- woods that can escape or defy me." down the rugged hoped they might encounter some monster. he felt sure she belonged to him." The goddess smiled. . even when he had thought it at the full. of Giants is "Let us go. and For this sought. Southward. Comrade was the true woman he had ever Daughter of Zeus though she was. smiled again in pleasure. He his thought. plentiful as they are in neighboring lands. Orion was well content. There are mountains that dwarf Ossa and Pelion. proud as she might be of her title of Parthenos. Let us go to Crete.42 A Book he. And Artemis. Life had become an infinitely richer thing than he had ever imagined. perceiving Joyfully Orion strode beside her side of Cynthos. that he might at once protect his companion and show his power. There we may range from the perpetual snow of Ida to the olive-filled vales of lardanos. They waged relentless war against the killers that preyed upon the wild herds whom day it Artemis held under her protection: till to this is recorded that not a wolf can be found in still Crete. across the sea they journeyed to the land And here they spent long golden days in roaming over the length and breadth of this isle of mountains and caves and upland pasture plateaus and fertile sea-level valleys. terrible as was her wrath. of Minos. as if pleased with ness.

this disgrace. Firmly she loosed it. Quickly the piqued Goddess seized an arrow from on her shoulder. strides. It chanced towards dusk one summer's eve that Artemis stood by the seashore. at which he himself was unexcelled. he had recourse to guile. it written that the Goddess herself felt the crees of nature. twin brother of waxed wroth and determined to avert intention to And because even he hesitated to thwart her openly. The shaft sped seaward. Steadily she drew her bow till the arrow-head touched her finger. The string gave a mighty twang. together the more And bond. When her pride was aroused.The Giant that each Who Shines in the Sky 43 new is day's varied experience bound them indissolubly. true to the mark. he declared that she could not hit that black spot which seemed to move toward them the quiver — probably a porpoise. Then bright Apollo. Suddenly Apollo descended to his sister's side. A vague uneasiness filled her breast. She recognized her mate according to the deAnd she made no secret of her the huntress. Contrary to his wont. skill Playfully he began to rally her upon her vaunted with the 'bow. progressing through the water with mighty but so distant that his head seemed but a tiny speck upon the horizon. He was now returning. Orion had gone off alone on an expedition to a neigh- boring island. The surf seemed . but Apollo had vanished. wed this earth-born one. Artemis turned in triumph.

ings proved but too well founded. He the could not refuse his aid to her. Apollo. for he feared to exercise his art upon one who had presumed to alliance with divinity. so he hearkened to . his forebod- All-seeing Zeus if perceived the confusion that must result on earth such resurrection were permitted. where the temple of Asclepius stood near Epidaurus. Then urged on by Poseidon. He set about his work. Hope sprang up again within her as she thought of Well she knew the skill of this child of Asclepius. whom she had thus un- At that the Huntress knew what it was to weep. Bitterly she reproached Apollo. solemnly he performed the mystic rites of his But at the moment of consummation. and it was whispered that he had even essayed with success the final miracle of restoring the dead to life. the waves passed from one to another. and presently laid at her feet the — dead body of her Comrade. even as the daughters of men. Unwillingly the sage of healing hearkened to her plea. wildly she reproached herself. Skilfully he compounded elixirs. Swiftly she bore away body across the sea to Argolis. growing louder and yet louder. Yet to his father's twin he could refuse nothing. wittingly slain. who had added to his inheritance all the wis- dom of Chiron the centaur. craft.44 to A beat Book the of Giants in against sands lamentation. His feats of healing had approached miracles.

with gold. redly though he heeds them not. marks the giant's left foot*. while topaz Betelgeuse blazes on his shoulder at an equal distance above. . So far the Thunderer did constellation in the sky. below an even larger white star. At his heels follows his faith- where Sirius now gleams white. line in his Eos The three stars in a straight jeweled belt gleam as the most conspicu- ous ornament of the spangled sky. with fair Maia chief among them.The Giant Who Shines in the Sky 45 the protests of Hades. still fly the Pleiades. prayers of Artemis: he placed the beautiful giant on high as a There you may see him still if you are of the hunt- ing craft and sally forth after wildfowl before flushes the eastern sky. silent sphere . Before him. Thus." the giant hunter seeks his lost and Artemis . Rigel. but looked down some thousands of years ago. "gliding through the girt still. and suddenly slew the too-wise listen to the physician with one of his thunderbolts. ful dog. .

CHAPTER III THE OUTWITTING OF POLYPHEMUS nr^ROY had fallen. there was none to equal Odysseus as a combined warrior. He had done his utmost 46 to evade the call to Troy if in the first place. stratagem had succeeded where force had proved of no avail: the monstrous wooden horse. at the appointed time. arms of Achilles. the Palladium. But finally. cleaving the world even till this day a pregnant proverb: to — beware the enemy bearing gifts. the fell arrows of Heracles added to this host had failed to accomplish what Heracles himself had done single-handed. secretly stole away image whose presence made Troy invulnerable through his counsel and under his leadership. the fateful wooden horse had brought the guardian the final victory. ^ hundred thousand After ten years' siege by a of Greece's mightiest war- riors. leader and To him had been awarded the celestial counsellor. within which crouched wily Odysseus and his chosen band. for the oracle had foretold that . it was he who . Among the Greeks summoned by King Menelaus to recapture Helen the incomparable. the ramparts built by Poseidon had still proved impregnable to assault. had wrought Ilium's downfall.

Surely the soothsayer must have erred: it could not take years for his galleys to cover the distance over which Yet his heart it and thoughts sped so swiftly. every man to his thwart. Dripping. and bade his followers loose the sails of his twelve stout ships before the For none knew better than he how might the utmost human skill and wisdom avail against the decrees of Olympus. restored to her rightful husband. But now the had already taken half of fiery memory. No such forebodings clouded the minds of his islandThe thought of home. lowered and The yards were hoisted. and peril. Trojan stronghold was a through the island-studded ^gean and around the Peloponnesus. little the sloping beach. after these years of toil ers. they scrambled aboard. to whom his sire was but a name. high-prowed galley down southwest breeze. (now a baby no longer but the "discreet" Telemachus). this daunting term to complete the object of the expedition. to bring him once more to his own king- dom.The Outwitting he went. was with a solemn countenance that the hero made offerings to the Gods. Helen was There remained merely the voyage of a few hundred miles back. each crew raced its long-keeled. to that patient Penelope who awaited his return. ran through their veins like an elixir. Under the un- following . With shouts of joy. made fast. and the baby son. clewed. as dawn broke fresh and clear. it of Polyphemus 47 would be twenty years before he should isle again see his beloved It of Ithaca. In unison the oars hit the to the w^ater with powerful strokes. measure of an sails exultant chant.

for the stiff breeze was beginning they stood to make the leaping waves blossom into white. sure of an easy victory as had been theirs so often before. town of the They were barbarians. Morning showed them hard by Ciconians. near the mouth of a cove. but with yards braced and oars bending. who had drunk deep of . realizing that they were now headed fall. which his careful eye had see ahead the noted. the chief who inhabited those shores.48 wind and the A Book of Giants rowers' vigor. almost directly away from their proper course. till they could see the wooded heights of Samothrace to leeward and while most of stoutly into the northwest. Then the prudent it. Odysseus was far from satisfied. It was not so quiet as they passed out of the pro- tected harbor. He was glad enough as darkness began to to mountainous shore of Thrace. and to beach his vessels beneath the stars on the sandy strip. Odysseus led his Ithacans against this city of Ismaurus. and divided the booty. sacked In one swift assault they overwhelmed the place. . away Between Lemnos and Imbros they passed. Launching his galleys and leaving guards aboard. the vermillion-cheeked galleys leaped like live things across the quiet waters that curled about their prows. the unthinking rejoiced to feel the plunging vessels speed so fast through the waves. and proper spoil for warlike Greeks. forced ever more to northward by the growing wind. leader ordered an instant retreat to the waiting vessels. these Thracians. But his inflamed soldiers.

Glad to have escaped alive. The Grecian in rout. while Odysseus prayed to Zeus for a favoring north wind. It was too late to take to the swift ships. in At dawn these began to war chariots. calling aloud three times to each of their slain comrades by name that their spirits might be guided back to Hellas. The Ciconians on horseback. thick as leaves and flowers in spring. Then. Stoutly they fought. but they set themselves in battle array as the enemy burst upon them. So suddenly did the storm-clouds overspread the heavens . escaped had called upon their neighbors for gather. They began to slaughter the crook-horned oxen and the sheep. on foot. All night the wild feast lasted. The sky to northward grew black and lowering. while the brass-tipped spears carried death to both sides. could no longer be controlled. Then. line was turned. The Cloud-gatherer heard. The Greeks now listened to their leader. but towards sunset the numbers of the foe began to after tell. the survivors did not leave till they had performed the last sacred rites. man they finally fled man went down. but answered in anger. preparing by the shore for a triumphant carouse.The Outwitting of Polyphemus 49 Thracian wine. For nearly the whole day they managed to hold their ground against the pressing multitude. when discipline was relaxed. what had been foreseen by their leader came to pass. and when aboard the galleys seventy-two of their com- pany were missing. who had aid. they sped from that ill-omened shore. with aching hearts.

hurling the galleys apart as by a giant hand. and turned southwest towards the long point of the Peloponnesus. as they coasted along the mountainous shores of Eubcea. and held west. Indeed. so they hoisted their yards. and their ex. hausted muscles could scarcely grip the oars. Still the favoring breeze swept them on. till even their tough hands were blistered and raw. They reached the shelter of a promontory at length and rested there. the crews came up once more. Seeing that their only chance for life was to get under the lee of some protecting shore. Again the hopes of all ran high. while the ships pitched and wallowed as they drove before the wind. They doubled the dreaded cape of Maleia. around the next jutting they were suddenly . Suddenly the wind leaped upon them. and they set to w^ork to force their laboring craft towards land. set sail. the gale seemed to have out. Two days and nights they toiled. as he pondered in his mind the doleful prediction which had clouded his thoughts so many years. blown and stood south before a following w^ind and sea. as they swept point. their straining eyes Ithaca. each rower staggered to his seat. now doubting not at all that in two days at the most would behold the rock cliffs of Only the face of Odysseus was stern and set. The sails were torn to tatters by the tempest the fury of the gale and the overwhelming rain forced the crews below. By itself the amazed to next morning find themselves still afloat. he was hardly surprised when.50 that it A Book of Giants seemed as if night had tumbled headlong upon the quaking fleet.

comrades. as far back as Cythera. bound them fast. Odysseus stood in close to land. Finding that they hearkened neither to his com- mands nor entreaties. lest they too eat of this . of ships. and ate and drank greedily after their exhausting vigil. and stowed them under the rowers' benches. to see what manner of folk inhabhelplessly before the furious gale. They self.The Outwitting of Polyphemus 51 thrown aback by a squall from the north. On the tenth the fury of the wind abated. so he set out after them himfrom He soon came upon them amid a company of the natives. and sent a party ashore for fresh water. In haste he bade his crews embark. leader and home. not the visitors. They prepared food on the beach. The leader then despatched two sailors inland. anchored. Even here they on could make no harbor but drifted Nine days and nights they were tossed about. ited these shores. did not return. not knowing where they were or whither they were being carried. they desired naught save to eat of the lotus forever in this place of pleasant dreams. and perceived that the trouble arose the friendliness of these. and they sighted an unknown shore. accompanied by such a head sea that they were forced to put about and run before it. For and after from any desire to harm was the famed land of the Lotustheir custom they had given the sailthis ors their own all flowery food: straightway the wanderers had lost remembrance of their errand. with a third as a herald. Odysseus dragged them weep- ing back to the ships by very force. eaters.

On they cruised. the oars beat the water into foam. dawn opened their eyes upon a scene tall cliffs. Close beside them a silvery stream rip- . And presently the up on a sloping beach. as they swept ahead to whatever might next await them. danger. with no knowlsteer. as if by magic. through whose narrow entrance. fill The all blore of wind and sea seemed to increase and space. They could but hold on their course. in dread of what any moment might bring. but impelled ever forward on a did not seem to matter particularly when they ran a fog so thick that they could scarcely see far enough about to keep together. the tossing galleys suddenly rode peacefully on calm water. into Murky yet there night settled down upon them. sails. The thunderous roar was stilled. lay down on the sand. and the moment they were safely aboard. they stumbled ashore. while the all-pervading roar grew ever more threatening. across strange seas. Rosy-fingered of beauty. between they had unwittingly steered safely in the blackness of the night.52 insidious A Book of Giants food. and fell into the heavy sleep of passed fatigue and staunch galleys Still slid gently they could see naught about them. so that one might hear the ripple of the curling wavelets about the bows. It edge of how to chance course. But it was enough for those hardened wanderers that they were Lowering all the once more safe for the moment. nor could straining eyes make out anything to steer by. was no sign of rocks or breakers ahead. Then. They lay at the head of a landlocked basin.

The Outwitting pled its of Polyphemus 53 about with dark poplars. merable wild goats made it their home. they returned to the beach heavily laden with toothsome game. till it rested in on this . spears were quickly brought from and separating into three bands. way refuge. But from the ridge they had marked a much larger one just behind it. carrying the eye back to higher and higher mountains. Everything that nature unaided could provide was there. they found its forest-covered rocks even more immediately interestFor innuing than the meadows about the harbor. across the mouth of which their resting-place lay. and to the leader were allotted ten more. stretched from the shore back to the wooded hills that hemmed in their to the bay. they entered ardently upon the chase. with ruddy wine from the ample store which they had brought away in jars as part of the spoil from the citadel of the Ciconians. with a wide harbor. On making a circuit of the island. and the sight of these bounding figures turned their thoughts to hunting and food. awaiting only the labor of men to turn it all into f ruitfulness and homes . Nine goats there were for each of the twelve galleys. and the hearts of these storm-tossed mariners relaxed in pleasure as they gazed upon the charming prospect. There was no sign of human beings on their island. These rugged shores rose cliff-like from the water. until the setting of the sun. suitable for plough land and vineyards. from a cleft in the rock set Lush meadows. Then. Nor was it long before Bows and hunting the ships. they sat and feasted welcome meat.

or they observe the sacred rites of hospi- tality to strangers. Wondering what manner of folk these might be. he. like those At dawn Odysseus "You. site shore. High up above them was Dense a great cave in the face of the mountain. .54 A Book of Giants wonder upon a gigantic peak that seemed to pierce the very sky. In a of the bay short time they were entering the harbor on the oppoplaces at the pins. this its my friends. and sounds from the dwellings of men. masses of laurel grew all about its entrance. Clearly this was the abode of some creature who kept flocks 1 See Chapter I. but tremendous and awe-inspiring. while isle." Quickly the cables were loosed. I neighboring I must discover whether if people be churlish and savage. In front was an enclosure. they laid them down upon the beach and slept. walled in by huge boulders and by massive trunks of tall pine and oak trees." said my own crew explore first ''stay here. with held a council. From the snows about its crest rose a threatening column of smoke for this was that veritable ^tna with which all-powerful Zeus had at last overwhelmed the fleeing Typhon who had once driven the gods from Olympus. the rowers took their and the galley leaped forward out and around the point of the island.^ — In the calm of the evening the Greeks could hear across the narrow channel the bleat of sheep and goats. Hardly had they passed the outer point when they stopped rowing in wonder.

was in sight as they passed through the enclosure but when they entered the cave. each older group to itself. outside the limits of ordinary men. saw was so suggestive of an owner far cheeses. he resolved to await the return of this mighty cave-dweller. rely. and to hasten quickly from that terrifying abode. others of curd and of whey. when a cupful was mixed with twenty times as much water. that his followers at once besought him to make off with as many lambs and kids as they could carry aboard. Cautiously the adventurer climbed up the ascent. it had been reserved for and two others only of his household. in vast size and profusion like everything All they else. and so potent was it that. No human being . both to satisfy his own curiosity . and crates all with cheeses stood about. the new-born in one. huge bowls of milk set for filled cream. followed by his twelve companions. upon whom he could accompany him. in gratitude for his protection when they had despoiled the Ciconians. But Odysseus refused. In a goatskin bottle he carried his choicest offering —some of the dark sweet wine given him by the priest of Apollo at Ismaurus. its aroma the priest himself still filled the nostrils. Confident in the powers of his tongue and sword. Milking pails.The Outwitting and herds: but what Odysseus bade it of Polyphemus must it 55 could sort of being be who build such a colossal wall or need such quarters? his with their lives. there were plentiful signs of recent habitation. he picked to crew stay on the galley and guard Twelve men. On one side were pens filled with lambs and kids.

Bit- to regret his decision before many hours had passed.56 and in the terly A was he Book of Giants tlie hope of receiving customary gifts. It did not enter. those bronzed faces grew pale. awaiting master's home- coming. and the nerves of all save Odysseus soon became taut Hardened as they had become to danger and unknown. and for which only the sights about them could have prepared Nearer and. striving to appear enough. its Then they sat about in the gloomy cave. beat of Amid bleating of returning flocks. The sun in the west had begun to throw a long slanting tongue of light through the rock portal when the unmistakable evidence came to their ears. whose dry limbs crashed and splintered as it fell. there sounded the regular what could only be mighty footsteps footsteps which made even the solid rock quiver. and satisfied their hunger with some of the cheese. nearer they came. made burnt offering to the gods. Everything combined to make them apprehensive. and even their minds. the Greeks kindled a fire. but tossed in the whole bole of a blasted pine. the as unconcerned as he. — . they started in spite of themselves at every sound from the forest and thicket outside. Meanwhile. under his bidding. And each time they would cast sidelong glances at one another and at their unmoved leader. Suddenly the sunlight streaming into the cave was darkened by a vast shape. The tumbling Greeks sprang back to a dark corner: even their awed imaginations had not conceived of such gigantic strength.

rams and he-goats were to and these were the milkers of the herd. was built like a man in all respects save one: one great eye only he bore. with matted hair. Yet this prodigy. he placed it in front of the entrance for a door stone. And wise Odysseus knew that this was one of the famed Cyclopes who acknowledged not even the sovereignty of Olymthe crouching watchers pus. size that a score of ox-teams could not have started it from its place.The Outwitting the of Polyphemus 57 Presently a mass of ewes began to jostle in through doorway. That baleful eye apparently did not perceive the group huddled into the shadow. he at once set to work at milking. and laid hold of a huge Such was its stone which stood beside the portal. Behind them came the monstrous creature. as it now was within. and to it appeared as if some mountain peak from the range they had seen were walking in upon them. lifting the boulder clear from the floor. Savage and uncouth he was. left clearly the be outside. The monster turned as he entered. in the centre of his forehead. placing half the milk in vessels for cur- and filling with the rest a bowl in which two ordinary men could have stood upright and which would have held ten amphorae of wine of ten gallons . and yellow tusks at the corner of his mouth like some ancient wild boar. which seemed to fill the whole cave. Dark dling. but the intruders saw him wrap his great arms about the mass: the muscles stood out like cables as. terrified completely blocking the exit.

the baleful glance of his single eye upon the cowering Ithacans. and the gift which is the stranEven you. seemed utoverwhelmed by the savage's voice and aspect. Here by chance. must respect the ger's due." Rough was the monster's reply: "Stupid or ignorant you must be to threaten me wnth the gods. but driven by adverse winds across the sea. he put the lambs and kids beneath tree Breaking off great hmbs of the in as if he had brought fire. The Cyclopes care not for Zeus or his segis: we are mightier than he." his companions. . Odysseus made answer boldly: "We are Achaeans. A Book of Giants This done. And Zeus is the protector of the stranger and Though terly suppliant. As the fell giant turned. most famous of men. and in this world the would Not for the wrath of Zeus But where is your ship? On this shore or the far one? Answer. stout men all. '*Ha!" he roared. Through many wanderings Zeus has brought us hither.58 each." strong is the master. I spare you. gods. homeward bound from Troy. we ask of so great a city he took. in a voice that beat upon them *'Who are you? Where have like a gale of wind. O mighty one. they were twigs. you food and shelter. you come from across the seas? You look to me like some of those sea-rovers who bring no good to those they visit. their mothers. he kindled a roaring lit The leaping flames up the gloomy cavern. Subjects of Agamemnon are we.

and kindled the fire." he declared. *'and cast her on the rocky point at the island's end. *Tosei- don. Odysseus was about to creep upon the sleeping horror and thrust his sharp sword into his vitals. filling the cave with the sound of his noisome breathing. Shaken with wrath at the outrage and the contempt. resolving to make sure first by feeling for the heart beat with his hand. the Cyclops leaped forward. rose yawning. Only I. with these men. escaped. In each huge hand he seized one of the startled seamen. washing down his horrible meal with draughts of milk. wrecked ship. he and his door-stone. he tore them limb from limb and devoured them. . Paying no heed to the sighs and tears and calls upon Zeus of the survivors. since they could by no possibility move the enormous As best they might then. crushed followers waited for the dawn. like some lion of the mountains. His hairy arms shot forth. Again he milked his herd and cared for them. Again he seized two struggling victims and slaughtered and devoured them for his morning meal.The Outwitting Odysseus was not of Polyphemus my 59 to be beguiled so simply. the Earth-shaker. break he stretched himself. he had dashed out their brains upon the rocky floor. They were not long left in doubt as to the monAt dayster's intentions toward the rest of them. He had marked the very spot." Without a word. Then. But he reflected that this meant certain destruction for all. Before the luckless ones had time so much as to call aloud. he stretched his gorged bulk at full length among his flock and slept.

they must await his return and its fresh horrors. His plan was made. When and charred it in the blazing fire till the point was hard. he stepped across the cavern. and he suggested that they choose by lot four of their number who should help him in this daring attack. While his followers bemoaned their fate. yet clearly the Cyclops was drying it out to use to the bole of a green olive tree for a club-like staff. breasting the open sea. inexorably. he drove out goats and and replaced the door-stone as one might put They heard his vast footfalls the lid on a quiver. In size it was fit for the mast of a merchant ship of twenty oars. as he Penned up drove them over the hills to pasturage. He explained to his wondering comrades that his was smooth. and Odysseus noted with . in the place. and his hoarse calls to his flock. This weapon he hid carefully beneath the dry dung with which the cave was littered. A Book of Giants aside the boulder. it Rolling it across to his men. They did so. he bade them shape it down. Sick at heart as he was.60 Moving sheep. And at last his jaw set and a grim smile played upon his face. Long did the hero ponder. Earnestly he besought Athene for wisdom. his Studying every object again and again eye returned which lay beside the pen. dying away. he pointed the tip idea was to thrust this great stake into the giant's eye while he slept. Odysseus thought only of revenge. drew his short sword and hacked off a six-foot section of this tree-trunk.

friend. holding in his hands a bowl filled with the dark Ciconian wine. those same portentous flocks. through the long trying hours of inaction. The door-stone was In poured the jostling To the delight of Odysseus not fitted in exactly a sheep was left outside: that with his crafty scheme." said he.The Outwitting satisfaction that ghance of Polyphemus 61 reso- had given him the very selected. *'Here. and a look of pleasure spread over the horrible features. "Give me more. he stepped forward. even when two more of the Greeks were slain and devoured. he made no sign. lifted aside. however. but this is truly nectar and ambrosia. But you defy the laws. How shall a stranger ever come to you again from any people after such a wicked deed?'* The giant drained the bowl at one draught. and again the giant gulped it down. The Cyclops' fruitful fields bear grapes with in their delicious wine heavy clusters. the leader awaited their jailer's return. Noticing that . and quickly emptied. meal was despatched. He contained himself while the giant performed his evening tasks. thinking it might move you to send me home. Cyclops. I brought it as this ghastly When an offering. lute helpers he would have Heartening them as best he could. "And tell me your name that I may please you with a stranger's gift. A third time it was replenished. "Drink after your meal and see what we had aboard our ship." Odysseus refilled the bowl with the sparkling wine. Towards evening they heard sounds of the monster's coming." he said.

Ulysses answered his question: "You ask my name: I will tell it. Odysseus seized the clumsy embers of the fire. after all his comrades: that the stranger's gift. Blood bubbled around the to The great eye-ball hissed like water into which a smith has plunged hot iron temper it. With a roar that almost deafened them. horrible to see and hear. At the word of command. Odysseus himself. The moment had come. overcome by the wine. standing on a projecting point of the point of the green olive trunk When rock. urging his men to be of stout heart and take their stake." With that. as if they were boring a ship-beam with a the four plunged the smoulall their dering point into the giant's eye with strength. and thrust the point into the one chance. and his thither.62 A Book of Giants to affect the potent drink was beginning even that huge body. mighty upheaval hurled the men hither and He wrenched the stake from his eye and . grasped the butt firmly. drill. he snatched it from the His four helpers took it like a battering-ram. while their leader twisted the weapon violently. In a few moments he was sleeping. and do you fulfil your promise of a stranger's gift. Noman am I called by mother. My name is Noman. father and all my comrades." With a drunken chuckle the Cyclops answered: "Noman is I will eat last. fire. the giant came to life. gorged and intoxicated. he sank back. The point. was aglow and ready to burst into flame. effect was startling.

"the ill must come from Zeus and that you cannot fly. and heard the cries of the gathering giants. never suspecting the in his heart at the suc- and Odysseus laughed cess of his simple stratagem. But Odysseus had foreseen this contingency. Polyphemus groped about with hands till he found the door-stone. who lived The hearts felt of the Greeks stood still with fear as they the earth quiver beneath running feet.The Outwitting of Polyphemus 63 hurled it from him in a frenzy." came the reply.'* "If no man harms you.'* fairly blubbered the giant. But the breathless and terrified sailors perceived with relief that the work had been well done: the monster was blind. and now plan. "Noman murdering me by craft. Pray to your father Poseidon. Force there is none. company strode off. to lay hold of his enemies in case they tried to escape with the sheep. his Groaning in agony. the terrific truth. Presently a mighty voice from without demanded: 'What sleep? has happened to you. Polyphemus. Beside himself with pain and anger he shouted at the top of his voice to his fellow Cyclopes in the other caves along the windy heights. set quickly about the final move of his careful He had observed that some of the rams were . moved it aside and seated himself with hands outstretched." Despite the calls and curses of the wounded one. that you all rend the night with your screams and keep us someone carrying off your you being murdered by craft or force?" Is flocks? from Are is 'Triends.

"Why are you the hindmost of You were to turn never a laggard. guarded on each side by an unridden animal. and covered with a long. his Polyphemus. villain to crop the tender grass. eager for pasture. hanging beneath his shaggy belly and gripping his back in the from each side with arms and hands completely buried enormous fleece. he never thought of in feeling beneath. The middle one of each of these three carried a man beneath him. Separating these from the rest. One after another passed safely out of that gloomy cavern into the fresh freedom of the morning. heavy blue fleece. As the first ruddy streaks of dawn became visible through the cave mouth. but always at night. very large. moaning and muttering threats. first to drink at the first stream. the flock? first my pet!" exclaimed the Cyclops as he felt the creature's back. "What. Noman it was — Ah. they anxiously awaited the coming of the day. ran hands over the back of every sheep before he would it permit to go out.64 A Book of Giants of a specially fine breed. which that crew have put out. the rams hastened out. Having made their prepara- tions in absolute silence. The largest of the flock he selected to carry himself. while the unmilked ewes bleated in distress about the enclosure. Last of all came the great leader ram with its human freight. where the trembling seamen hung dread of being detected. you and his vile but I will have . he quietly bound them together in groups of three with willow withes from the Cyclops' bed. Stupidly. homeward miss your master's eye.

for they feared that at any ment the Cyclops might discover the trick and come down upon them. and hurled it towards the sound of the taunting voice. Frantic with rage. fat Then they hastily drove off the rams towards the shore." The giant heard. wretch who dared to devour a guest within your house.The Outwitting him he yet. For this has Zeus chastised you. and knew himself outwitted. When they had reached the limit of hailing distance. That would help some in the misery that scoundrel has brought upon me. They reached the ship where their staunch comrades welcomed them as men returned from the dead. casting many an anxious mo- glance behind them. Odysseus ordered them to toss the rams aboard as quickly as they might. the away from that accursed shore. those whom you . ''Cyclops. Checking their laments for the luckless ones who had perished. tore up a boulder that looked like a whole hilltop. galley sped The rowers leaped to their places. The moment they were safely away from the enclosure. It was destined that your crime should find you out. Odysseus stood up on the poop and shouted to the cave above: were not a weakling's comrades upon wrought your brutality. he sprang forth from the cabin. Odysseus dropped to earth and helped his comrades If only is skulking. the oars hit the water in unison. how to free themselves. of Polyphemus 65 you could speak and tell me where quickly would I dash out his brains." He freed the ram and it trotted quickly out. Zeus and all the gods of Olympus.

say it was the deed of Odysseus. that I may bestow on you the stranger's gift and beg His the Land-shaker to speed you on your journey. for they were easily within his grasp. Odysseus. Laertes' son. Nevertheless. come hither." At that Polyphemus groaned dolefully. making signs with his head to the rowers to pull their hardest. He told me I should lose my sight through one Odysand now seus. But Odysseus seized a setting pole and shoved off again. whose home is Ithaca. spoiler of cities. to him.*' Their leader was not to be moved. ''Cyclops.66 The mass it A Book fell of Giants in of rock front of the galley. "Surely the ancient oracles are come upon me! A soothsayer once dwelt here. would have fared badly then with the adventurers had the giant been able to see their plight. why rouse this savage who even now drove us back to shore with his missile? all We was over then. he can heal me if he will. Telemus the renowned. They put twice as wide a space as before between them and the enemy. Beneath their breath his men implored him to desist: *'0 foolhardy one. but I watched for some mighty one this miserable pigmy has blinded me after overcoming me with wine. thought — son am I . and that the vessel sent such a wave surging backward was washed It clean back to shore." he cried proudly." . "if ever man asks you of your blinded eye. Then Odysseus rose again to speak. Had he heard but a whiswould have crushed us beneath some jagged per he mass of granite.

if it am Ithaca. and reach his stately late let home and native land. He the tough shafts bent with the strain but in a few the galley was riding safe beyond the whirlpool and speeding toward the outer island. It was with a solemn brow that he loosed sail at dawn next day and set forth to accomplish what remained of his amazing destiny." Then for the first time in his life the monster prayed. whose home is truly thine. moments But through all the rejoicings with which they met comrades in the other ships. in evil plight. thou girder of the land. on the vessel of a stranger. Yet be his lot to see his friends once more. and thou art called no coming home to this Odysof cities.." finished. The Outwitting surely strip of Polyphemus 67 Odysseus laughed in scorn. with loss of all his crew. which shot up as if lifted by a tidal wave. and may he at his home find trouble. he swung it back and forth. His anger burst forth fiercely once Heaving up another rock far larger than the first. vouchsafe spoiler seus. Odysseus called his order. dark-haired Poseidon. stretching forth his hands to the sky: "Hear me. struck the water . the heart of Odysseus was heavy within him. and through the propitiatory sacrifice. through the feast. It struck behind the galley. Laertes' son. If I my father. put forth his utmost strength and hurled the mountainous mass out to sea. the oars more. "Would I might as you of life and send you to Hades as it is sure the Earth-shaker will never heal your eye. their . him come.

which the dwarf artist Sindre had forged for the Asa god but . dwelt in Asgard with his fellow ^^sir and Asynjar. Thor.CHAPTER IV WHEN THOR WENT TO JOTUNHEIM he of the nine-and-forty names. Many a Frost-giant had been dashed down into the gloom of Nifelhel by this Miolnir-hammer. and in this way they were at times a match for the powers of Asgard. when he girded about his loins the belt of strength. 68 . thundering chariot destroy Bi frost. this monster race held the secrets of black sorcery. They alone ventured openly to dispute his sovereignty. lest his flaming. he was of a giant mother. born though bright ODIN. mist-rivers and ascend into Asgard on foot. iron gauntlets he had with which to grasp Miolnir. the trembling rainbow bridge over which all the rest of the celestial company rode daily to and from the judgment- seat below. even his god-like might was He alone of all the gods must wade the doubled. there was bitter strife between him and the vast Frost and Mountain Giants. Mightiest of the other twelve ^sir was the Allfather's eldest Earth-born son. Father of gods and men though he was. the seed of Ymir's feet. Two goats of magical powers drew his chariot. the hammer that none might withstand.

" cried Thor. with its five hundred and forty halls. who had been found as an infant on a tide-washed sandbar of the sea: he was swiftest of foot of all who lived in Midgard. where the sons of Ivalde guarded the southern shores of the great sea against the giants who dwelt beyond it." Followed by Loki and the wondering Thialfi. for in truth he was that same Frey who afterwards sat in Asgard.When Thor Went So Thor discovered on a to Jotunheim 69 certain expedition. able to travel on his skiis over both snow and water: brother. he strode out into the darkness to where his strong-horned goats were stalled. He and his sister Roska were very dear to Egil. he was to Volund. Yet when meal time came there was a scarcity of food for the company. "Little shall that trouble us. the master archer. till they came to Alfheim. Northward they journeyed a whole day. who was later to forge the sword of victory. skinned them. cut up the carcasses . in the goat-drawn car. Smiling at the boy's amazement. Thor stopped for the night at the house of Egil. mansion Bilskirnir. left his vast One day he As was his custom. Right welcome was Thor to Egil. fatal even to the gods. too. craftiest of smiths. and accompanied by Loki. set out towards Jotunheim. he killed the beautiful creatures. best is that which carries me when "The meat I do not carry it. lest these attempt to attack Asgard from his side. the home of men. with his I like rumbling laugh that shook the hall. There dwelt with Egil his foster-son Thialfi.

painstakingly striving to complete his task. "Eat your fill. and put one pile in each of the skins by the hearth yonder. sort out the two sets. An evil Loki as he perceived that the two warriors had become completely absorbed in their tales of past exploits. must be broken. everybody." said Thor. ''None need go hungry when Tanngniast and Tanngrisnir are on But one caution I must give: not a bone the board. recounting their expeditions against the foes of the gods in Jotunheim. and arranged them in the hides. let the boy gather every bone. he had to admit that he had never before tasted such delicious fare. he started a low whisper from the shadow beyond. wounded in the forehead. had borne his companion with a frozen foot across the foggy Elivagar water and its magic terrors. while Thiafi obediently gathered smile flitted over the thin face of crafty together the bones. looking up. When the meal was ready. laughing aloud and smiting his great thigh as he lived over those moments of tense excitement. . join. he invited all to and while Thialfi found it hard to forget the trim and graceful animals." When all were satisfied. As Thialfi knelt at the other end of at the wide hearth. When we are through." answered the boy in surprise. "Did you like the meat?" "Yes. and put the stew. Thor and Egil fell to talk.70 A Book of Giants flesh into the kettles to with great care. so full of life and spirit. ture Thor was now reminding Egil of that famous advenwhen he himself. He was lost to everything that went on around him.

" went on . that is like honey. not tasted the best yet." said Thialfi." bone there is "Oh no. "Yes." "I don't like to.'' Thialfi stared at him. "He might be angry." whispered the boy." continued Loki. "He forbade us to break any of them. Why should you be so careful of did to the after that that rubbish? living animals: if just You saw yourself what he how could he really mind little one picked bone were a chipped? You'll never have another chance to taste such fare as only those in Asgard know. it would simply be an accident that might have happened a dozen times already. almost like the blaze from the burning logs "You have voice. Nor can I imagine Still the why he was so stingy as to withhold the best. and he who eats of it can go for days without any other nourishment. "That long legjust full of sweetness." "Better try youth did not know what to say." "Angry! if He'll never know. but the eyes gleamed. "It makes no difference to me. Why should he poke about and find a piece at the bottom of the pile? And he should notice it. in the fire-place." "What nonsense." said the smooth real strength "The and sweetness is in the marrow. it. involuntarily lowering his voice to the same pitch. of course.When Thor Went He to Jotunheim 71 could hardly see the features of his questioner." Thialfi hesitated.

he saw the pair still deep in their reminiscences. I've heard you were a wonderful runner. A Book I of Giants *'But don't see why you it should be de- prived of the best part when can't possibly hurt anybody to take it. Presently all w^ent to bed. started the leaping flames soon brightened the place. A feeling of . Glancing over his shoulder. a prey to terrifying dreams.'* The youth's eyes shone: he was proud of his ability to outstrip all with whom he had raced. It was delicious. and went Gently he chipped off quietly out into the darkness. With a sudden impulse he thrust the leg bone beneath his skin coat. Loki. a piece of the bone and sucked out the marrow. and he could not resist this idea. though outside the dawn light began to show in the He kindled the fire on the spreading hearth. and east. From his couch he could see past the drawn skin curtain into the large apartment. as Loki had said. for he believed he had without danger to himself sown enmity between these two defenders of of vigor in his muscles. Thialfi awoke. Asgard. It was still dark within the hall when Thor rose. fell upon the great hall and the sleeping-rooms but Thialfi trembled and and tossed.72 the tempter. Silence . Besides. and his excited imagi- nation made him fancy he could already feel a waxing Yet it was with a guilty feeling that he stole back and hid the fractured piece at Well pleased was the bottom of one of the piles. and I have an idea that the one who tastes of that marrow will find his powers marvellously increased.

muttering potent words. saw examine the injured leg. trembling. For the shadow was busy with something that lay beside the hearth and the youth remembered only too well that all was not right with the contents of those — skins. out like flames about his massive head he gripped the hammer so hard that the joints of his fingers showed white in the firelight. it limped. as it moved. What was ever. The poor was lame.When Thor Went panic crept over to Jotunheim 73 him as he saw the huge distorted shadow which the fire threw against the wall. his amazement when the bundles of dead The hides moved and stretched and rounded. Everybody was running in. Miolnir. as he the big man bend swiftly to — done to terrible this cherished possession. his red hair stood . and waved it solemnly over the alfi piles. not to restore life this time far from it: Thor was vowing vengeance and threatening to destroy his friend Egil and the whole household for the injury Thialfi crouched down again. But no! creature One was not as he had been. Thor placed the two goats' pelts before him. Then there was a roar of anger which shook the beams. At that Thialfi dragged himself forward. He took out his great hammer. now shrinking. Before his tmbelieving eyes the two trim goats stood up alive. Thi- stretched forward breathlessly to see. Half . now shooting up to monstrousness. vigorous and handsome as bones began to stir. dragging one hind leg. Miolnir was out once more.

save crafty Loki.74 dead with Egil. but when they had passed over its expanse." said he. Thor and his comThe chill mists and unpanions set forth on foot. was secretly drawn to this open-faced mighty one whose blue eyes harbored no meanness." The sight of the frightened youth had somewhat cahned Thor's anger. Roska how. and who was clearly good-natured despite his sudden bursts of Moreover. Slowly his vast muscles relaxed. "It is for you to state the price. "It is the law. protested his fear. the prospect of roaming abroad fierceness." said he. he confessed not a word of Loki's tempting. slender body w^as no fit object for Miolnir's weight. So peace was restored. Leaving the goats with Egil. with him was far from displeasing. "Payment is due. Endlessly the forest stretched away. As for the beauit. they came to a strange and gloomy country surrounding the stronghold of the giants. fathomed depths of the Elivagar sea had no terrors for him. desire to much disturbed as make amends. and all day . and all sat down to the morning meal content. This graceful. "Let him pay who com- mitted the fault: he and his sister shall be servants from this day forth." for he my bond- This punishment seemed mild enough to Thialfi. saying his guest. as A Book of Giants what he had done. where tiful — she had Thialfi nothing to say about Any- went was the place she would choose to be.

To the right they found a smaller chamber. glad of any place day. he stayed on guard the rest of the night. to lay their heads after their exhausting slumbering Towards midnight. who carried Thor's wallet. they were rudely awakened by an earthquake Leaping to their which shook the whole building. No one appeared or answered they entered and lay down in the main hall. . they finally structure with an entrance that came upon a large took up the whole to their shouts. all his wood-craft failed to discover any- thing in the way of food. Holding Miolnir ready. Thor. listening to an extraordinary noise like a rushing wind which he could hear outside from time to time.When Thor Went they wandered through sight of its to Jotunheim 75 pathless any human being. down upon them almost The question of a Searching on as soon place to all spend the night became urgent. when they were all soundly. expecting each moment to feel the roof fall upon their But the swaying stopped presently and Thor heads. and the three crept into the farthest corner of this and dropped down. remained at the entrance. scoured the thickets on either side. trembling with fear. sides in the gathering dusk. mazes without There was no sign of even beast or bird. they staggered to and fro over the heaving floor. so width of one end. Darkness settled* as the sun disappeared. bade them seek some place of safety. without any door or curtain. and while swift-footed Thialfi. feet. however.

He yawned.76 As soon as A it Book light. Then he quietly girded about him the belt of strength. the smaller which they had fled being the thumb. stretched himself and stood up —and his head was almost in his history lost in the tops of the trees. which looked muddy lakes." continued the giant. was and Roska ran like the bellow of the thunder. the bulk of this man-mountain made him pause in astonishment. like and it was his snoring which had sounded a howl- ing winter gale. There. *T know you But what have you done with my glove?" his big With that he stretched down the awed group of three. which and they realized scattered before that the building in hand towards him. stretched out on the ground. *'As for you. which they had lodged was the creature's glove. room to . For the only time join in open battle. Thialfi at the to the entrance and looked out reverberating sound. is *'My name Skrymir. Just then the giant opened his eyes. well: you are Asa-Thor. His voice and Loki. so huge that he looked like the fallen trunk of some primeval fir tree. a giant as Thor had seen and encountered.'* said the other. He was fast asleep. Thor hesitated to "Who are you?'* he asked. of Giants he stepped out of the build- was ing to investigate this roaring sound. for if ever he needed to double his Many powers like it was now. was a monstrous creature.

when dusk brought him to a halt beside an ancient oak. to get out their food. "We have loitered along slowly enough. me down. Still they defied his efforts. "As you will/' replied the latter. scanty stock of provisions. but Thor and his comrades drew apart by themselves and shared their wallet. . Thor finally took the leather bag. he tried to break the fastenings.— JVhen Thor Went "Shall in to Jotunhcim 77 we travel together?" asked Skrymir. opened a prodigious and fell to his breakfast." said Skrymer. not weigh me carry your food. His feelings were not smoothed when he found he could not untie the knots. Then. If you need a roof over your heads." So saying. strides that they could hardly keep in sight of them at this pace amid the woods. Dark and silent. In growing anger he worked away at the stubborn thongs. smiling a way that made Thor's cheeks burn." He stretched himself out and presently was snoring so that one could have heard him a mile away. and Roska for one was more than glad." he said. my glove is there. despite her brother's aid. Thereupon the giant sat down. When It will they had finished "let "Here. his patience exhausted. endless All day long he led "yet I suppose it is time to sleep. he thrust Thor's wallet into his own and started off through the forest with such tremendous him. but he could make no impression on the hard knots. you can take the wallet and get your own meal. I am not hungry.

Asa-Thor in this manner." called back the other. form. my head. **An acorn dropped right on fare. "I w^oke when you called out. Heaving his hammer aloft. stealing away hind the tree trunks. ''What's happening?" called out the giant. forced himself to lie still.78 Enraged head. except in Thor's breast. How be- do you Thor?" "All right. stepped forward. There is plenty of time to sleep yet. But he could not sleep. **What was that a leaf?" he asked sleepily. at A Book thus of Giants trifled being with. A long time he waited both to recover his poise . where He rage and humiliation contended In a turmoil. "Have Have you gone to you little ones supped yet? — sleep?" "We zled are just lying down/' muttered Thor. rolling over. he would take ample revenge for this disThe creature did not exist who could treat grace. upset. he strode off Puzan- and and lay down under other oak. and dashed at the giant's Skrymir stirred himself sHghtly. Finally he sprang up again and walked cautiously The moonlight shone full on the giant's bulky back. he launched It with such violence that the head buried itself in Skrymir's the giant skull. it he grasped Miohiir. calming his burning wrath with the assurance that Avhen the moment came for a third blow. The stertorous snores of seemed to mock him." Again all was quiet.

a before daybreak. for Utgard-Loki's men will have little patience with the boasting of such mannikins. ''There must be birds roosting in this tree. can one sleep when they are scratching moss and bark loose so that it falls over "How one's head?" He looked about. His hands ran over the magic belt as if to draw from it the last bit of aid." said he down with To his disgustedly.When Thor Went and to be sure the other little to Jotunheim 79 At was really asleep again. he saw it smash into the giant's cheek up to the very handle. but if you go to Utgard. pering together as if . Thor? I suppose it for you say you want to get is time to get up anyhow The city is not far now. I have heard you whisyou thought my size was something remarkable. it and brought sleeper. Are you awake. I must warn to Utgard. though. length. To his consternation. of one thing. if you are wise. Gripping Miolnir with both hands. The remembrance of his failures burned in his veins and seemed to double his strength and determination. you will turn back at once. if you persist in your folly. he summoned up every power of his heaving muscles. Indeed. his utmost force upon the grim satisfaction. too. you. you will see many far taller than I. So I counsel you against making much of yourselves. Skrymir sat up and appeared to brush something from his face. he rose softly. **What! . However. and again approached the slumbering giant. He whirled the irresistible Miolnir about his head.

He off." threw his wallet over his shoulder and went unheeding Thor's resentful glare.80 your road A Book I of Giants cliffs lies east. they saw before them a magnificent palace. and travelled over a wide plain. that their heads were its walls and buildings bent back on their necks as they gazed nacles of the towers. and his companions could perceive his heat growing as this contemptuous silence con- tinued. they found themthat dwarfed anything they had ever on benches were ranged two lines of men. Sitting Walking boldly in. the party presently passed Towards noon they came upon So lofty the city of Utgard. to the pin- When and they came close. up . they saluted the ruler. But the king gazed at them with a Thor was by no means accustomed to such scornful treatment. Following his directions. smile. to the raised seat. Advancing Utgard-Loki. Thor and his comrades squeezed between the bars and entered the After trying for some time to keeper. selves in a hall beheld. silent city. the first glance at whom convinced the travellers that Skrymir had spoken truly. At length the king spoke: *'It is tedious to ask for tidings of a long journey. to those in the distance yonder. was locked call a and then to unfasten the gate. out of the forest. They went through one deserted till street after another. they saw nobody It but a vast gate of ponderous bars closed the way. go northward. . bolted. whose door stood wide.

There could be no gainsaying that the visitor was vanquished. "And what can you do?" asked Utgard-Loki." said the youth. What can you do." spoke up Loki. it was seen that while he had devoured all the flesh on his side. "We shall soon see about that.When Thor Went yet if I to Jotunheim 81 mistake not. "you may be more than you appear. both began to eat. Moreover. . I am ready to prove seeing. Loki strove his utmost. Let us go outside to the course. "I can run." will be worth you can make your "It shall be put to boast good. He bench. you and these with you? No one stays in Utgard unless he can in some feat of skill or strength excel all others/* "I have a feat. latter." "That the test." The whole company went plain. and yet when he reached the middle of the trough he met his antagonist there. forth to a level stretch of A slim youth whom The they called Hugi took his place beside Thialfi. looking at Thialfi." said the giant king. that little one there must be Asa- Thor/' 'Tossibly/' he went on. bone and the trough to boot. who had never been beaten in swiftness. called to A trough one named Logi. addressing Thor directly. smiled confidently. At the signal. "I can eat quicker it than any here. if against all. in. sitting on a further filled with fresh meat was brought and placed between the tv/o. one from each end. Logi had consumed flesh.

" Once more they toed the Thialfi did his best." remarked Utgard-Loki. The whole assemblage of further trial. to us that What your choice to prove rumor*s tales are true?" "I will drink a draught with any of you." said Utgard-Loki. of Giants The word was The two runners were off hke arrows from the bow. "empties . before he had covered half the distance to the turning-point. the goal when he was still "You run bravely. was wearied with his last effort. '*if you expect to win in this com- pany. hall. his teeth. The third must decide." remarked His heart beat as Yet Hugi reached a bowshot off. "A good drinker. ''Still. • "Excellent. but he mark and sped away.82 A Book given." returned the king. Utgard-Loki turned "We is have heard much of your prowess. *'You will have to ply your legs better than that. would burst through his ribs. He led the way and bade his cup-bearer bring the It was borne forth. the king. Thialfi strained every nerve and muscle to the utmost." A if it second course was run. he met Hugi coming back already. his swift adversary crossed the finish line ere he had quite gone halfway. it seems to trial me this match wdll not be yours. But Thialfi could hardly credit his eyes when." growled Thor between back into the drinking-horn. Asa. declared there to was no need Thor.

but set it to his lips and pulled long and deeply. though. Yet on looking in. thinking to ask for To he could hardly perceive any "Surely that I lowering of the liquor. he drank and drank till he again. Still the vessel could now be carried without spilling. last attempt. that he did not pause to take breath. his head." now. "Well!" exclaimed the king. a clatter. at the The puniest of Thor looked can take off in three." He more. would not have Perhaps. set it down with his chagrin.When Thor Went this at to Jotunheim 83 of it. you were saving yourself for a second draught. "A man must I use his left Certainly. Moreover. Thor seized the horn once more and quaffed a mighty draught. So little doubt had he of emptying it at a draught." Without answering. Thor grasped the horn Tilting it back. he found he had emptied only Too angry to speak the top inch or two. The king shook own sort of skill. he was very thirsty. though the end stretched away behind the bearer. you have most of the task for your fear your reputation here will hardly match what you have in Asgard if this is a sample of your prowess. But when he could do nothing more. a single draught. is not much for it believed Asa-Thor to boast of. . He handed the horn back to the cup-bearer. though. if it had been told me. thought he would burst with the effort. it seemed as if he had made less impression than before. It did not appear of extra size. all Some men make two it horn critically.

"I imagined as much. "Yet let me see the who will wrestle with me at this moment. not resisting at all. Thor looked is large for a cat. Thor could only get one paw off the floor. uncertain. the nurse." Thor replied doggedly. At ." its tail A large gray cat walked out. She has thrown many a better man than you have yet proved "I see no one small enough for that. wrestle. **that such draughts would not be accounted small among the seem likely that . held high. Stung to the quick. toothless old crone." Utgard-Loki looked at the massive figures ranged along the benches. What have you to propose?" have a game here. wish to try something else? I confess Still. Thor stepped forward." said the king.^sir —but I will attempt another feat. — yourself. "that what we have heard of you was a traveller's tale.*' said Utgard-Loki. It is merely hftBefore witnessing ing "We my cat from the at it. this last performance. If you must however call old Elli. "Even my cat is too large for such a little one. it do you does not you will bear away many prizes here." "Little I man here may be. floor." In came a bent. withered. "He — The and cat arched his back.84 A Book of Giants "I see plainly/' said Utgard-Loki. a sort of childish exercise. put a hand under the beast's belly and lifted hard. I would scarce have dared mention it to Asa-Thor." "I know." cried Thor. Heave strain as he might.

as they were about to separate." need hardly further it trial/' said Utgard-Loki. his legs ing breast. Asa-Thor. to feel an inexorable grip if He Yet struggled as his very life hung on began to bend. "are you satisfied with your visit to Utgard ? Have you seen more powerful rulers elsewhere on your journeys?" "Truly." replied honest Thor. Thor stood up before them. Show them the guest They were made welcome. the firmer did the frail old woman seem tight- Then Thor began ening upon himself." said the giant king. to Jotunheim 85 she grappled with the aroused the muscles on his Thor. Justly will ye say that I am you worth. arms and Locking his mighty arms. and with good cheer. UtgardLoki saw that they were bountifully provided with food and drink. The more he put forth his power. Violently he strove. till legs stood out like ropes. "We seats. Old Elli released him and hobbled off. way and that. to ''Besides. With heavthe issue. Presently he was forced down upon one knee. "I have brought great shame upon the one of little yEsir. he strained this to stand. dripping sweat." "Hardly that.. and vastly ashamed. He himself conducted them to the gate of the *'Well. grows late.When Thor Went the king's bidding." said he. feasted that night Next morning they prepared to depart. "Now that . city.

Thor laid hold of Miolnir. "Though Loki ate like hunger. we were all terror-stricken: for the cat was in reality the great Midgard serpent which encompasses the whole earth. Nurse Elli was in fact old age and never yet has — man of wrestled with her as have you. you can never But prevail against me because of my illusions.86 are outside of will I A my Book city I of Giants with — which never enter again — must me to disaster. . let "Therefore. "Hugi was thought: how could even swift Thialfi keep pace with him? "The horn you tried to empty reached to the sea. when you come to the shore you will see your draughts have caused the ocean itself to ebb. I **Know. that with illusions. When we saw you lift one of the cat's paws from the floor." Wild with anger. For in spite the marvels of your strength. made by those blows. The least of the three strokes of your hammer would have ended my days: I brought before me a rocky mountain which you could not see in this you will find three deep ravines. Utgard-Loki had vanished. Logi who outmatched him was ardent fire itself. "The contests here were illusions likewise. all us never meet again. along 'The wallet you could not open in the forest vv^as bound with invisible iron wire. then. it my consent you truth. He would have destroyed . tell you the Had imagined your powers and how near they would have brought you would by no means have have deceived you all seen the inside of this time.

"Much use a midget like you would be. At the evening meal he alone ate two of the oxen Hymir had prepared. of a certainty. nor goats. In the semblance of a young man he travelled forth. There was no help for it save to return to their own land and in truth as the Asa reflected upon what had happened. he was not so ill pleased as before. nor followers. So hastily did he set out that ." grumbled the host. leaving only a smooth and verdant plain. get cold and terrified if I go out to my fishing-grounds and stay as I am accustomed to. but rowing the giant. Here he passed the night. Worse than that. What shall see which do we use?" . you would is quite another matter. and the remembrance of his incredible exploit fired him with a resolution to match himself once more against this monstrous world-encircling progeny of Loki." returned "You can eat. In the morning Hymir made his boat ready to go fishing. **I shall have to go fishing tomorrow to feed you. he took neither car. but even that to Jotunheim 87 had disappeared." Sorely tempted to try Miolnir on the giant's skull. Thor offered to accompany him.When Thor Went the city. We bait wishes to turn back first. It was not long thereafter when he determined to wait no more for this. who lived by the Elivagar water. Especially did he recall his feat of lifting the Midgard serpent. and at dusk came to the dwelling of a giant named Hymir. Thor dissembled: *T will row as far as you say.

" said Thor. till it actually reached the bottom. you had grumbled Hymir. he dropped far down into the depths." off its head. Thor jerked it When the monster felt the hook. pulling harder than ever. He did not have to wait long. Seizing the beast by it its horns. Muttering. violently. the gory bull's head on the hook. Then the Asa's spirit waxed high. pulled so hard that Thor was forced to hold on to the rowing pins to avoid being dragged overboard. ''Stop!" cried Hymir is after ting near the dwelling of the a while. and out an- he rowed on in spite of his companion's protests. The line tautened. He hauled at . Before long the giant pulled ''Here is where I gatch flat fish. Something far down there seized the bait. the Asa wrung sat still." said he. Thor and Hymir was amazed to see how the boat in his oars. Hymir threw Then line other took hold. no." returned the surly fellow. shot through the waves. Presently he drew up a whale. each rowing with a pair of oars." "Further out better fishing. his line. The leader was a huge coal-black bull. They pushed out to sea. the boat through the breakers and put was aft. Midgard "We are get- serpent. Meanwhile Thor had taken out a and hook. even against the strong wind. carried back to the boat and threw ''Better if it in. Fastening it the size of which caused the giant to stare. He stopped at last. Thor walked off to where the herd of oxen grazed. further out." declared Thor.88 *'Get A Book of Giants a bait for yourself. "No.

and sat for thorough job of it. boat. however. watching its body ooze along all the time. the sheath head into the boat. that Hymir said no word they were again at the shore. so stoutly that presently the hideous head of the Midgard snake appeared above the surface. Nothing daunted by the floods of venom which the beast spouted out at him. his enemy. back and sank again to his imme- We But know not whether those speak truly who de- clare that Miolnir struck off its head at the bottom of encircling the earth.^When Thor Went the line so that his feet to Jotunheim 89 went through the bottom of the boat and down to the ocean floor. the sea. before its "tail and hinder parts" appeared. still Thor darted fiery glances at striving to lift the terrified Hymir. The monster morial abode. however. . Which sounds as if Thor had not made a past. Yet ever he pulled. whales and and bore the whole thing up the wooded hillside to the Jotun's dwelling. Certain it is." share: carry the whales in or make the Whereupon Thor picked up all. took his knife out of and cut the fell line just as Thor launched his hammer. Then he muttered: till "Do your boat fast. oars. beyond measure and feel- ing the craft sink beneath him. or whether it is it still lies related among the exploits of Alexander the Great that being lowered in a glass cage to the depths of the ocean he beheld a prodigious monster going two days.

studied it years ago. that Fair God But there were once wise ancients of old Mexico. dwarfing those of Anahuac was inhabited (Have not their mighty modern men. Fierce were the wars 90 . bones. four times as large as the famous Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt. waged against them by and many a giant was overthe people of Tlascala. fifty-acre Humboldt meas- and speculated about it a hundred was that it had always been devoted to the worship of Quetzal. you hardly fail will to visit the ancient sacred city of Cholula. been dug up time and again through the centuries?) These monsters were enemies both of gods and men. among the Acolhuan Indians who remembered the truth passed down by tradition from times immemoured it. Nor can you fail to marvel at the remains of that incredible Pyramid. Cortes and his followers wondered at the structure nearly four centuries back.CHAPTER V THE GIANT PYRAMID-BUILDER TF -*" you travel through that beautiful land of lakes and mountains north of the City of Mexico. The general belief rial. This is the tale of the Pyramid-builder. As everyone knows. by a race of vast for 4800 years after the crea- tion of the world the land of giants.

roll- ing huge boulders in front of the openings to shut out the waters should they rise so high. and those who were not drowned were transformed into the flood fishes. the irresistible ocean was loosed from its bounds. they waxed arrogant past belief. Here they lay secure while the deluge raged unchecked throughout the universe. All except crafty Xelhua and his six brothers: as from above met the rising sea. and scorned the very gods above. Tlaloc and hid themselves in seven caverns within its sides. . Always. they fled northward. and the land of Anahuac groaned beneath their devastating tread. or driven forth into the wilderness to perish of starvation. there were enough of the dreadful race left to keep the land in an uproar. their itself inexhaustible reservoirs. in earth or heaven which could resist their But at last the heavenly rulers grew wearied of this They determined to put an end to it all. and doing only that which pleased their own ruthless pruelty. Very crafty as well as very strong they were. confident that there was no power will. the underground rivers shot up from beneath the earth upon men and giants alike.The Giant Pyramid-Builder come by their 91 multitudes. climbed the lofty slopes of Mt. however. holding themselves above laws. Finding there was none alive who might resist them. The clouds burst wide and precipitated senseless tumult below. and poured forth an overwhelming deluge on the earth. and particularly one Xelhua and his six brothers defied all attempts against them.

in girth like some great hill. and in the ocean. at the foot of the Sierra. Xelhua stationed a line of workmen all the way from the brickyard to Cholula: these passed the bricks from hand to hand continually. so that the builders Bitumen too was similarly never lacked a supply. — of escape from any future attempt made against by the lords of the winds and waters. but also as an easier means ing. who was skilled in builddetermined to erect a structure such as the world had not yet seen to serve not only as a perpetual memorial of his triumph. for — had they not succeeded in evading the utmost wrath of the gods? So Xelhua. the only living creatures. the appointed time destroying waters withdrew to their stations ahove the clouds. a multitude of men were set to work at digging clay. who were to be their servants. In- stead of having these heavy loads carried across the hills. and burning it into bricks. beneath the earth. On the plain of Cholula this edifice was staked four sided. brought from a great distance to plaster the bricks firmly in place. Day by day it mounted upwards. and the heart of Xelhua waxed high with pride when .92 When the A Book of Giants came. brothers Xelhua and his came forth from their caves of refuge. In far-away Tlamanalco. in height planned to pierce the very clouds aloft. and by their arts peopled the earth with a new race. shaping it in moulds. They were now more arrogant than before. the hands of these myriads of workers the foundation of the incredible Pyramid grew as if it Under were a living thing. him out.

and the pyraits builder. ing which remained was dedicated thenceforth to the himself.The Giant Pyramid-Builder even he had to cHmb laboriously to reach the dizzy 93 level where the swarming selves aloft bodily. And down to the time of that . Fair God. though they be long silent. The day came when a man might easily count the space of time still needed to complete the structure. A huge mass of flaming rock fell with irresistible force upon the proud pyramid and those that built it. he could build another. But the gods do not sleep. infinitely larger and loftier. carrying to destruction thousands of laborers and the master-builder Xelhua Wherefore men doubted no longer that there were The fragment of the buildeternal powers on high. mid of Xelhua crept upwards till the low-hanging clouds often lay far beneath its upper courses. that he ant-like laborers still built them- Looking upwards. The upper With portion crashed down the in ruins. Meanwhile. Quetzal. he regretted had not planned an even larger base for surely that was the only thing which in any way limited this monument to his power and guarantee of future security. a future deluge must be worse than the former one to reach him upon the summit of this almost completed struc: ture. Xelhua urged on his host of workers. rising wrath they beheld the growth of this presumptuous edifice and the increasing audacity of Still they bided their time. There was one consolation: when this reached the apex of its sloping sides. Then suddenly the heavens opened.

which had confounded the mad presumption that of Xelhua . while the dancing the tale of these celehrants sang in their festival hymn happenings.94 A cT Book of Giants los ^vorthy Dominican. reverence might no more perish among men. stone shaped like a toad. Moreover. unintelligible to the others. but each has a language of its own. Pedro de Rios. . since that day the tribes have no longer spoken the same tongue. the priests showed to unhehevers a portion of the very thunderholt.

but and moon were still veiled. His eye-balls for his countenance shone with seven times the brilliance of flame. like those of Cholula. seem to be the descendants of a people whose civilization was old long before the appearance of those Aztecs whom Cortes found ruling in Mexico. Nay. knew from was a time when the earth had not yet recovered from the effects of the flood. and when mighty giants walked abroad. they their fathers that there took the pains to set down the facts in the only native American book we have which dates back to the times before Columbus the Popol Vuh. more. and shone not with their wonted splendor. and below the earth. or Collection of — Written Leaves. the enamel of his teeth to look at was so brilliant that them was like gazing at some gleaming 95 . The submerging waters had returned the face of both sun to their ap- pointed places on. Their wise men. now living mostly In Guatemala and Yucatan. gleamed like silver set with precious stones. above. In this twilight period there lived a gigantic being named Vukub-Cakix.CHAPTER VI THE FATAL PRIDE OF VUKUB ^T^HE Maya -*" race.

they smiled when Zipacna said: *T heapedup and rule the mountains". they stirred up against them the hearts of the marvellous twin Miraculously brothers Hun-Apu and Xbalanque. who ruled the cloud-piercing peaks. Nor was his when he looked upon his two giant pride sons: Zipacna. born of an earthly princess. It is my splendor by which men come and go. none might .96 nothing in A all Book of Giants emerald. and again they smiled when Cabrakan said: *T shake the sky and earth. : bowed in assent before these vain boasters. Orgulous was he and puffed-up. his pride was greater still." those left alive there their sun. there was none who when he advanced from to life. and Ca- brakan. his throne did the world come But the gods on high were not deaf to this boastThey heard and smiled when Vukub said *T am the Sun". when they perceived that all on earth ing. Great as was his radiant beauty." Nevertheless. I can see to the limits of creation. only those have been saved from the who were above their fellow men. and it is so. and their moon. at whose fire. word the mountains belched forth in and the earth trembled sudden convulsions. the There was world that gave forth light like the eyes and teeth of Vukub. their lessened Thus he spoke in his arrogance. I am dawn. And he said: flood "Of a truth. these brethren had become heroes of many surprising adventures. And of all is not one like unto me. dared deny that only Moreover. or the light-filled face of the sky.

Still fled away from him in holding his enemy's arm. aromatic fruit and each morn- was wont to breakfast on this delicious fare. good that this should be. and withal they were very crafty. "It is not ren. and ran to seize the groaning giant. next to his light-giving Vukub was a huge nanze its features. a tapal. when he perceived that the spreading branches were almost completely stripped of the bounthis tiful supply which had hung there the day before. Before he could attack them.The Fatal Pride of Vukub 97 compete with them at tlachtli. the thing tree." said the breth**Let is when they heard the vaunts of Vukub. Quickly the brothers descended. With a frightful screech he fell from the tree-top to the ground. that universal form of hockey by which a man's prowess was measured. Coming one day as usual. but he grasped the arm of Hun- Apu with so fell a grip that he tore it completely from the shoulder. yellow. itself in Hun-Apu raised the blow-pipe to his mouth and sped a dart which buried the giant's cheek. whereupon they haste." dearest to Now. Very wrathful was he ing he morning. us so put an end to the jewels by reason of which he puffed-up. and his anger who had dared to do this grew ten times greater when he perceived the twins. deadly were the long blow-pipes they carried over their shoulders . almost hidden in the thick foliage. he climbed up to the summit of the lofty tree that he might take his choice of the most luscious fruit. loaded with round. . glared about to see He thing. and pressing his hand .

Vukub lay before his golden throne. enquiring told him it who that two doctors were might be that suffered so greatly. "Those wicked ones have shot a dart into my cheek which tortures me beyond endurance. and I shall revenge myself by roasting it over the it. the pain had extended even to his shining eye-balls. moaning and howling with the pain that affected him. Moreover. There came one who at the door. had consulted a pair of mighty sorMan and wife were this ancient couple. and lay down groaning more than ever for the teeth of which he was so proud now caused him an anguish he could not bear. in order to combat this magic torture. But I have torn off the arm of one of them. "What has happened to my lord?" asked his wife. and the woman was bent double when she sat or stood Between them they fashioned a subtle or walked. bidding his wife never cease turning over the blazes. Meanwhile the brothers. their cerers. so that his pries could be heard afar off without the palace.98 against the A Book of Giants his wounded jaw. hair was white as the snows upon the mountain peaks. He ordered that they should be admitted. plan. Vukub made way home." fire till the pain drives that demon to come for So he suspended the arm before it : the fire. as she Even man and agony the heart of Vukub was pleased to notice that the woman bowed almost double came before him. in his In hobbled a very ancient white-haired woman. groaning aloud. .

lord. and what do you wish?" **We are doctors. and remove those teeth. No wonder you suffer.** teeth which give light to all 7m. you have a bad wound there.** "Teeth!" exclaimed the king. for we are wise in is all arts though our aching special knowledge that of removing teeth. and they follow us heal. mighty Lord.** is you shall not complain of your reward.** said Vukub demons who shot me with a blowthickly. "Ah. father "Not so.** man.'* "Who those behind you —your sons?" manded Vukub suspiciously. dressed in skins.** said "It will be necessary to the sorcerer.m . Fatal Pride of Vukub 99 said the are you. "That is what is killing me —they and my "Let eyes. noticing two slim figures. already. in the rear. These are our grandchildren. Their and mother are both dead." said the old "It was those pipe. everywhere as we go about to can we get food for us all. groaning afresh. out Hearing one cry we stopped to enquire the trouble: for are we make de- our living by curing ailments. and scarcely able to speak. He bent forward and examined the wounded cheek.** "Also I think the eye-ball diseased "What! the world! Remove my Impossible.— The "Who giant king.*' me see. "Cure me if you can." since only thus "What can you heal? Can you ease this pain which devours me?" "Doubtless we can.

yes. But use all your arts: for it is because of the beauty of my teeth and my eyes that I am king. beautiful by far. Was no longer the dawn and the moon. Then the two cunning sorcerers. Pure and strong and polished will balls **If we —— be the new teeth that we shall put in their place. we will remove them be alike. Vukub-Caklx ceased to be. so that the new set will Even the eye- will match as before. Book move of Giants jaw anyhow?" and when "Are they not they do loose in the **Yes. aided by the disguised twins. removed the shining teeth." you are sure . surely I shall die if I be not healed speedily. But have no fear: them with others More." "Hurry. they in their sockets — deadly pains run throughout that my body. such is our skill we will replace more all. All this time his wife had been busily turning the severed its arm over the fire. . Nor was he able to resist when they proceeded to rethe gleaming eye-balls which still move gave lustre to his countenance." "Rest assured. But when these also were gone. while the And in place of them they giant howled and wept. as the ''Quick! Do as you say. Hun-Apu now snatched the arm.100 A so. not once have I slept since those evil ones shot me. not eat. Then." said Vukub." began Vukub." ''You see they must come out. inserted only grains of white maize. I canpain gripped him. to Increase the torments of absent owner. For without his colossal pride he was not. himself that he He knew within Immediately his splendor fell.

The cerers. And it is set down in the Written Leaves how later on they overcame through craft both of those gigantic sons of the Proud One. Fatal Pride of Vukub 101 sor- and with the aid of powerful incantations by the replaced it firmly in its socket. . Whereupon had the brothers went away. so that the seed of the earthgiants perished utterly from among the Mayas. well content in that they humbled the pride of Vukub.

they began to devour even the human beings themselves. found themselves with but half a body. as commanded. When the wickedness and arrogance of the Cainites brought the Flood upon the earth. the rest having withered away. Noah. was destined. however. Og. for a different fate from that of his brethren. When these huge beings had consumed the possessions of their neighbors. His mother Enac was a daughter of Adam. merely to glance at whom made one's heart grow weak. Like all of his race he w^as by nature half mortal: for being part angel. in this as in other matters. * VII KING OF BASHAN '•HE Hebrew chroniclers tell us that the giants of their land were the children of the fallen angels who took to themselves wives from the beautiful daughters of men. the most celebrated was Og. animals and fishes. after a very long life. part human. the secret of which had been transmitted by their celestial ancestors. these monsters. and with the prospect of remaining forever in this uncomfortable state. gathered his family and the animals into the I "^ 102 .CHAPTER OG. they were wont either to plunge into the sea or to end this miserable half existence by means of a magic herb. Of these terrific and wicked ones. and from this horrible example men came to kill and eat birds.

yet had not yet reached this end'* —and Am- bone proved to be a portion of Og's skeleton. writers who declare that Og escaped because his stature was such that the deluge at its deepest reached only to his knees. There are.Og. the .** Undoubtedly this difficult mode of travelling proved fatal. since we have no authentic record of that beast since then. and during those weary months when the waters covin return serve the family of it they came to embark. however. But when was discovered that the vessel was not large enough to accommodate this huge creature. so he was permitted to sit on top of the ark. It was therefore tied to the stern and "ran on behind. —with the single exception of had persuaded Noah to save him by promising that he and his descendants would latter The Noah forever. Whatever his height. ered the face of the earth. those within passed food to the giant through a hole indeed. he being accus- tomed to drink water direct from the clouds. in the roof. King of Bashan ark he had built. 103 All the rest of the miserable folk perished in the waters the giant Og. Whether wading or bestridark. instead of only one-third as in the normal man. the giant's great iron-bedof the children of thirteen or fourteen feet long. There was also one animal too large to enter the reem or unicorn. Og had better fortune. In fact. Abba Saul avers: *T once hunted a stag which fled into the thigh-bone of a dead man. his breadth was half as great. **is it — Rabbath not mon?" —was a mere stead in In Moses' time. I pursued its it and ran along three parasangs" (about eight miles!) "of the thigh-bone.

" He had also received another doubtful reward for a Hearing that Abraham's nephew Lot difificult service. that very steward called Eliezer in the Finally. hundred years of that term he was Long walled south did this gigantic monarch of gigantic adven- tures reign in Bashan. had been carried away into captivity. he won through for we find to some hundreds of years later as the slave whom he had been presented by Nimrod. King of the Amorites. Bible account. and great was his power and fame in all that land.104 A Book of Giants . it. thinking in his heart that his master would hasten to and would be killed ing kings his five —which would leave the beautiful life. Anak and his sons and daughters. He therefore made a king of him. after these centuries of servi- tude. ing the vessel. All the kings of Canaan paid tribute to Og of Bashan in return for the deEven had he fence of their borders by his might. cities Sixty did he found. his master freed him as a reward for bringing back Rebekah as a bride for his son Isaac. "God also rewarded him in this world. and across the Dead Sea was another family of his blood. when all others were fearful. Consequently he was granted another but on the conclusion of to be completely mortal. that this wicked wight might not lay claim to a reward in the world to come. and stood by his kinsman's help. (He was. east of the Jordan River.) him again of Abraham. say the rabbins. by the maraudSarah as own prize. Of his own race to the was Sihon. he would have been little troubled to hear known of that the Israelitish slaves of Pharaoh had escaped from . he sped with the news.

'* report of the —"we beofnot timorous up against most of go people for they are stronger than we" — day arrived when in spite But these scouts able to these the band of wanderers had smitten the Amorites. in the night they have built up a new wall about the city !" Then was the light grew gradually stronger. and he perfortification ceived that what he had taken for a the giant king himself. and killed Sihon and his son.. where dwelt Anak and his mighty brood. This brought the invaders to the very edge of Og*s dominions. Toward night they reached the outskirts. Og. Great indeed would have been his amusement had he seen the slinking spies sent out by Moses. At the mere shout of one of the sons the spies fell down as dead men. . or Hebron). and one day the Israelites heard the Anakim roar to each other as they looked toward the trembling strangers: "There are grasshoppers by the trees that have the semblance of men. and captured the impregnable city of Heshbon. King of Bashan 105 bondage In Egypt. and prepared to attack the following day. Moses At dawn he rose and went forward to reconnoitre but as he looked ahead through the grayness he cried out: "Behold. and to word came Og that this taken possession of all that region. and were slowly moving northward through the desert towards Canaan. when they reached the *'City of Four" (Kiriath-Arba. and when they had rested. new who sat upon the wall with his feet touching the earth. they pressed on against the stronghold of Edrei. .

ful who gazed upon them with scorn- confidence. Not only did ordinary weap- He reflected too that Og was the only one of the original giant brood fore as tection. So he waited." Even Moses himself hesitated and doubtful. he seemed to hear from on high a direct answer to his questionings: "What is matters to thee Og's gigantic stature? He as a green leaf in thy hand. the issue to a close in characteristic fashion. and if seemed there- he must be under some sort of divine pro- While he thus communed with himself and sought for guidance in prayer. but he reflected that this giant was reputed to have lived for hundreds of years: "Surely he could never have attained so great an age had he not performed meritorious deeds. considering this matter. Bearing this upon his head. vast enough to cover the entire camp. noting closely the size of the encampment of the Israelites.106 A Book of Giants Israelitish host at sight of Sore dismayed was the this incredible being. began to feel ons seem unavailing against such a prodigy. clearly intending to crush the entire force of his enemies at one blow. who had it escaped the sword of the angel Amraphel. since apparently no weapon he could handle would come anywhere near reaching to his knees. he heaved up a huge rock. he strode forward. . like a veritable mountain. stand in what ently the giant bestirred himself and set about bringing For." Yet he could not undermanner he might come at the monster. And pres- At this he took courage.

But as the giant advanced. all his efforts were unavailde- Then Moses. and all waited in terror for the catastrophe. He stood blinded and bewildered. and leaped into the air higher than an ordi- nary man's head. And the warriors of Israel took possession of all fell upon the army which had accompanied him. perceiving that the enemy was livered into his hands. and dealt such a blow upon Og's leg that he crashed to earth with the rock on top of him. King of Bashan III 107 would it have fared with the band under Moses that day had they been dependent upon their own might alone. Thus died Og. King of Bashan. and that land. and ran forward. this imprisoning bulk ing. . seized a mighty axe. settle the colossal mass of rock was seen to still. and conquered it utterly. down but over his head. endeavoring to throw off . last of the giants who were before the Flood.Og.

and occupied a hill overlooking this plain whereupon the Philistines were forced to leave their position and to establish themselves on another hill across the valley of Elah . and encamped in a plain near Shochoh. and marched into the land of Judah against the Israelites. and it was from Gath that this Goliath had come with the invading army. Very terrible he was to behold.— CHAPTER VIII A SON OF ANAK npHERE was war many years between the children ^ of Israel and the Philistines. So Saul also drew out his army and hurried forward. them across the Jordan after the death of Moses. While the armies thus faced each other. for he was of the race of those sons of Anak for fear of whom the Israelites under Moses had murmured and had been therefore condemned to wander forty years And while Joshua had finally led in the wilderness. from Saul's camp. there had remained three cities where their seed still dwelt. there came one day out of the ranks of the Philistines a champion named Goliath. and Gath and Ashdod. And it came to pass while Saul was King great that the Philistines gathered together a army. and had smitten the Anakim and overcome them. 108 . Gaza.

. and he carried over his shoulder a mighty spear which looked like a weaver's beam and the head Brazen of which alone weighed twenty-five pounds. But at the sight of this huge. and in a great voice cried out: "Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? Am not I a Philistine and ye servants of Saul ? Choose you a man for you and let him come down to me. and he bore a shield of gleaming brass. for Saul had had war all his days. A He was half as Son of Anak 109 tall again as an ordinary man. that we may fight together. Moreover. "I defy the armies of Israel this day. us. against Ammon. brazen warrior. then w^ill we be your servants: but if I prevail against him and kill him. greaves were upon his legs. This daunting figure advanced boldly into the plain. Edom and Zoab and when he had seen any strong or valiant fighter among his people. . then shall ye be our servants." Now this was quite customary in the olden times: many a great issue had been decided by the combat of two champions. give me a man. he had straightway taken him unto him. and serve thing over nine feet. against the children of Moab and the Amalekites. his hardiest veterans turned pale and trembled for was it not a saying passed on from father to son for — . between the two armies drawn up in battle array. "If he be able to fight with me. and to kill me. there were brave men enough in the army of the Israelites. some- His brazen breastplate alone weighed as much as a man on his head was a helmet of brass.

the knew well that this more overwhelmwhen battle was joined. and his father's house should be free in Israel. so that for forty days he braved and insulted mighty Philistine himself . than fight and all his host. who dwelt but ten or twelve miles Now there were three brothers from the battlefield in the hills near Bethlehem. Eliab. David. and the day after that. the whole army without response. when he perceived. he reviled them and returned to his own people. one of his servants He was had brought the boy to . Which. among all those thousands there was not found one so much as to answer to the giant's challenge. Abinadab and Shammah. morning and evening. This Jesse had a fourth son. The next day he came forth again. Wherefore Saul was greatly troubled. for he open fear of the giant would ingly against his soldiers. and taunting them bitterly. and beautiful So cunning a musician was he that to look upon. who was but a stripling and tended his father's sheep. of fair gaze. when an evil spirit of melancholy had descended upon the king. a ruddy youth. and each day following. They were sons of Jesse. Yet even this could not prevail upon any to stand before the Philistine. therefore. He offered. great riches to any man who would go forth against the challenger whosoever should slay him should have the king's daughter to wife.no A Book of Giants many generations: "Who shall stand before the sons of Anak?" So. always repeating his challenge in the face of all the force. among those who followed Saul.

. It was an easy journey for one who spent his days abroad with the sheep. All was noise and confusion as he against army. be with you. and the sun was but lately up when he reached the encampment. arrived. so that he had kept him before him and made him his armor-bearer.A harp to his master . "this bushel of parched corn him: "Take now. Son of Anak and the youth's skill in 111 charming in away this evil spirit had given him favor Saul's sight. It chanced at this time that Jesse called David to said he. army So the youth left his burdens with the keeper of the supplies. But when the three older sons to his duties with his of Jesse had joined the army gathered against the Philistines. and see how thy brethren fare and bring me left word again. for both hosts were setting themselves in battle array." So David arose very early in the morning and the sheep with a keeper and went as his father had commanded to the camp by the valley of Elah." As he appeared on the opposite According to his wont." and these ten loaves and farry them swiftly to the camp to "And thy brethren. he challenged the whole army aud reviled them. David had returned father's flocks. carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand. the Philistine champion slope. and ran in until among the ranks he found his brethren and said unto them: "Peace talked with them.

relating same answer. to Saul. thy servant go and fight with this Philistine." His eldest brother Eliab heard these questionings. stood by: what great things **VVhat shall be done. and how long his boast and defiance had gone unquestioned. and heard also the talk of King Saul had promised to any who might overthrow him. who "to the man that killeth this Philistine and taketh away is the reproach from Israel? For who this uncircum- cised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the God?" They answered and told him what the king had promised: "So shall it be done to the man that killeth living him." he inquired of his neighbors. sore afraid as of Israel David heard those his insults. He turned upon him. And some the words the stripling had Saul sent for him. and his anger was kindled against David." "What have I now done?" replied the youth. receiving the one came spoken. A men Book of Giants drew back. "Was there not a cause for my coming?" He of the turned away and again asked the nearest soldier affair." . pointing to the distant figure of the giant: will "Let no man's heart fail because of him.112 while the before. saying: "Why know comest thou down hither ? And with whom I hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? thy pride and forwardness: thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle. As soon David broke out. as he stood in the king's presence.

"Go. accompanied only by his armor-bearer. and slain twenty men within the space of half an acre. and set out in his shepherd's clothes. And David girded on the king's sword and tried to walk. and he a man of war from his childhood up." When Saul saw the eagerness and confidence of this handsome young shepherd. he had climbed up into the enemy's garrison at Michmash." So he removed the armor. "for thou art but a is youth. seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God. "and the Lord be with thee. "and there came a lion and a bear and took a lamb out of the flock.- "Thy servant kept his father's sheep/' urged the young man. for I have not proved them. I caught him by the hair and smote him. "Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them. he was reminded of the deed of his son Jonathan when. but he found himself so unaccustomed to the armor that he said to the king: "I cannot go with these. and slew him." said he.A "Thou fight Son of Anak 113 art not able to go against this PhiHstine to with him/' answered Saul. with his staff in his hand and his sling ." So he armed David with his own armor and put a helmet on his head. and started the rout of the whole army of the Philistines which had been about to overrun the land. "And I went out after the lion and smote him and delivered the lamb out of his mouth: and when he arose against me.

The youth walked to the brook and carefully selected five rounded stones of the right size. Seeing David approach." he cried. and it was by no means to be despised. he shouted: "Come to me. by means of which a stone could l)c hurled.114 A Book of Giants banging from liis girdle. there were 700 chosen men." Calmly David answered: "Thou comest to me with a sword and with a spear. This latter was the weapon he knew. The plain piece of leather with thongs attached to each end. and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of . preceded by his shield-bearer. he was filled with contempt at such an antagonist. left-handed. of being able to deliver an attack long before he himself was threatened. he advanced against the giant warrior in his gleaming harness. and to the beasts of the field. Then. and I will give thy flesh to the fowls of the air. "Am I a dog. Among the Benwben they fought with Israel. he came forward. *'that thou comest to me with staves?" Cursing the youth by his heathen gods. and an expert slinger had the advantage. against a warrior armed with sword and spear. But perceiving only this freshfaced stripling in his skin garment. and it was the traditional arm of more than one nation of the Syrian region. who stood brandishing his great spear and shouting his scorn. was perhaps the very earliest means of fighting at a distance. which he put into the wallet slung over his shoulder. whom could and not miss. in the full sight of both armies. every one of sling stones at a hair's-breadth jaminites.

and take thy head from thee." know blow. that the Israelites set up a shout which echoed hill to hill. burying itself in the skull. A the Son of Anak God 115 Lord of hosts.. that the assembly may a god Enraged at this insolence. bearer fled aghast back to his his prostrate own adversary. he hewed the Philistine's head from his body. at a later day. give the carcasses of the host of the Philis- I will tines this day unto the fowls of the all is air. The Philistine host turned and fled in utter panic. And as he ran he took one of the stones and placed it in his sling. while the multi- tude looked on in awed silence. whom and and thou hast defied. And Saul set him over all his men of war. At from the sanctuary of But David took the giant's sword and placed it Nob. Whirling it about. where it was to serve him in in dire need. while Saul's men slaughtered them all the way to the gates of Gath. the Philistine champion hastened forward to smite down this boaster with one there in Israel. making great spoil of their belongings. But David ran towards him. and to the wild beasts of the earth. . will the "This day I will Lord deliver thee into my hand smite thee. the of the armies of Israel. and. Down up to crashed that giant bulk to earth. he hurled it so shrewdly that the stone struck Goliath full in the forehead. giant's sword from his sheath. the The shieldRunning youth drew the lines.



Small wonder that after several hundred years of such eager reaping." says the modern "bruiser" . craft and magic ivere alike impotent before a Roland. once so plentiful. Read but the following few tales of such adventures as comprised almost the regular "day's work" of knighthood." Little did their vast size and muscles avail them against these hot thirsters after fame. are today extinct. the giant* s reason for existence was to furnish a large enough measure of the knight's prowess. well-nigh half came to an untimely end through the sword of some knight-errant. Mugillo's prodigious mace with its zuhirling balls weapons. there is — with the thronging giants of the age of chivalry. and. Of a list of two hundred giants collected by a curious biographer. For some seven centuries (that is from the institution of this order by Charlemagne till it was shot to death by firearms and gunpowder). these heroes should have left not one live specimen for us of later times to gape at. the Jiarder they fall. strength. difficulty no such — — 118 . an Arthur.Though it be hard at times to see of what usefulness were those troublesome monsters of the world's younger days. Galafer's magic armor rendering the sinless wearer invulnerable. however much you may bewail the loss. the old romancers would have added "and the more resounding los to him who fells them. an Amadis. Ferragus's prophetic brazen head. "The bigger they are. The magic net of Caligorant. you must speedily comprehend why these Tall Ones. or a Guy of Warzuick.

Bur- gundy. vested for six months. and sinews firm. but a whole quarter of lamb.CHAPTER FERRAGUS. of a ruddy complexion. and now in Spain. "with brown feet hair. Lorraine. IX WHO OWNED THE BRAZEN HEAD held his state in the city of init. He was of a strong. France. his beard a palm. of a well-made hand- some form. His face was thirteen inches long. his nose half a palm. When he was angry it was a terror to look upon him. He required eight span for his girdle besides what hung loose." says Turpin's "He was Chronicle. his eye-brows were half a palm over. This city of the Moors he had James. and being unable to take he prayed to trumpets. —whereat the walls fell down as did those of Jericho before the blast of the priests' Great was the Emperor's fame after his prodigious conquests in Saxony. /^HARLEMAGNE ^^ Pampeluna. it goose. St. own his His height was about which were very long. and his person be- fitted his renown. 119 . Italy. Germany. robust make. He ate sparingly of bread. but eight of his stern visage. his legs and thighs very stout. His lion-like eyes flashed fire like carbuncles. or a his forehead a foot over. two fowls.

crane or a whole hare. sworn to the and to each other Roland of Brittany. adorning himself with his royal crown and sceptre: namely on Christmas-day. and paynimry resounded with Amid one of these high festivals there arrived mes- sengers spurring hotly from Nager. old Neymes of Bavaria. in three courses of forty each. . Ogier the Dane. Oliver of Genoa. Richard of Normandy.120 A He Book of Giants large portion of pork. Whitsuntide. Terry of Ardennes. Guy of Burgundy. He was so strong. Save perhaps at that Round Table of King Arthur. and could raise an armed man from ground to his head. at Easter. James. (Palace knights). and the rest.** Yet the chief glory of this regal court was the band of Paladins. never — Emperor was there gathered together such a company of heroes as these Douzepeers. and the horse the likewise. as he stood erect upon his hand. was then borne before him. White-faced. Rinaldo of the White Thorn. A drawn sword was laid at his right hand. after the imperial fashion. A naked sword. he held a solemn assembly at court. from the head to the waist. and a lighted candle at his left. and on the festival of St. All the world of Christendom their fame. that he could at a single blow cleave asunder an armed soldier on horseback. just in his decrees. He easily vaulted over four horses harnessed together. especially during his residence in Spain. *'He was speech. A hundred and twenty devout knights watched nightly around his couch. and fluent of Four days in the year. liberal. drank moderately of wine and water. a peacock.

the Saracen challenger must be met. Bold Ogier the Dane. Men self said no weapon might harm him. be what he might. little desire to seek '1os" in that encounter. Natheless. and when the French knights beheld his monstrous thews they had demanded. all were aghast at the sight. a very cunning wizard. Then he sped forth over the plain before . From his loathly dark face his eyebrows stuck out like stiff pig's bristles. demanded the honor of the fight. **composed a long time ago by the necromancy of a magician. was possessed of twenty men's and Orson Also he was surrounded by a reputation of magic art.Ferragus He and 121 they told of the coming of a Moorish giant hight Ferragus. Carefully he armed himself." let. while he himstrength. and mounted his stoutest charger. which position. sent defiance to Charles all his knights. A hideous and fell creature he looked. however. his home was on an island far to the south. and the fingers which gripped his huge brand were three palms in length. He was twelve cubits high. . tered a strong castle of shining metal and in a Here glitcham- ber therein stood on a pillar a marvellous brazen head. When the giant appeared from the city next morning. who had made a wooden horse that would carry him through the air whithersoever he would. that it Head was of such an excellent comgave Answer to anything that was In addition he had for servitor one Pacoa dwarf. The Emperor therefore marched to Nager and pitched his camp there. for as Valentine later discovered. for the honor of knighthood. chose the heaviest lance he could find.

being seized and borne away in the same manner. Abandoning all thought of equal combat. the not so whose more difficult to endure. the watching army. carried him off beneath his arm to the castle. him bodily from his horse. while these doughty knights were borne off in triumph to the castle dungeon. no more disturbed than lifted a falcon is by the fluttering of the prey in his talons. thrust a great arm about Ogier. When he set spurs to his horse and thundered that down upon him with a speed and force With utter indifference spear point on his shield. Ruin instead of renown seemed to lie at the end of .122 A Book of Giants he approached the giant. boasting grew ever amazement. To his issue was the same: Ferragus was much as wounded. Charlemagne despatched two knights together. Next there came against him Rinaldo of the White Thorn." Chafing under this disgrace. he bade ten knights sally out and destroy this prodigy. pieces. ten such at a time — children. but he fared no better. and Earl Howel of Nantes only to suffer the humiliation of seeing the huge Saracen tuck one under each arm and walk away with them as if they were best the Prophet. Scornfully the giant taunted the French king: **Ah. the monster received the and the tough wood flew to Ferragus was not even staggered by the onset. seemed irresistible. He stepped forward. despite all the struggles of this renowned warrior. it was you who won Spain! And this is the you have? By were no match for Ferragus alone. Sir Constantine of Rome. and.

Charles and demanded the combat. the giant's great hand shot out and gripped him inexorably by the sword arm. Roland then thinking to slay the infidel. who had remounted his own and feeling.Ferragus this road. the undefeated Paladin rode forth. drew his enormous sword. of his knights in conflict with this unearthly being. Roland's proud heart could not brook He came before douzepeers. as the crushing jaws of the lion are said to destroy effort superhuman Swinging him in front of himself. Armed So cap-a-pie. Roland recovered his strength. 123 to risk and the Emperor refused any more this. That confident perceived this vise-like grasp paralyzed the victim's muscles. . Charles could no longer withhold his assent. drew his sword Durandal and struck at him. seized the giant by the beard. so that both came to the ground together. for his own honor and that of France. and lifted the knight from the saddle. he urged his huge charger towards the castle. well assured of adding him too to the growing band of captives. but Roland. and tumbled him from his horse. As the knight drew near. and haughty was his mien that Ferragus was no adversary to be despised. and trusting in the Almighty. yet when the Duke insisted that he must undertake it. being thus on foot. but the blow fell upon his steed and shore through it. The giant. But as he was bearing him to the city (says the chronicler of nearly a thousand years ago). Dreading a similar fate for this best-loved of his the Emperor urged him to forego the adventure. Then he put forth all his power.

fell fast asleep upon the ground. yet could creature's make no impression upon the sheer force of the this Still. They now began again to batter each other with lustily find stones that lay scattered about the the giant begged a second truce. quietly laid himself down For such was the law of honor between the to take Christians and the Saracens at that time. Though Durandal was tempered so that the knight it. he presently also. Next morning they accordingly met once more. agreeing to meet Roland without horse or spear. taking a stone for a pillow. Avoiding the monster's grasp Roland laid on him at his horse with Durandal. as in that case his own party would have slain him. Ferragus brought his sword. missing him. Greatly enraged at this mischance. field. till at last This being granted. but Roland armed himself only with a sturdy club to ward off the blows of the giant. blow struck the brand from the giant's grasp. but the unfailing weapon could no spot where the giant's hide might be pierced. he found Roland awake . Each warrior then retired to his post. Ferragus aimed a blow Roland with his fist. For the rest of that day they battled with fists and The giant then demanded a truce till next stones. could cut through a block of marble with the blade skin. but. Roland. When Ferragus awoke. that no one on any pretence dared sary before the truce advantage of his adver- was expired. dealt A Book of Giants him a sudden stroke on the sword arm. hit on the forehead and laid it dead on the spot. day. who wearied himself to no purpose.124 charger.

"Of what race are you?" asked the giant. "Of the race of the Franks. and inquired in his turn of that matter which most bewildered him: how it was that no wounds had resulted from all his swordplay with his trusted Durandal." am invulner- "And where is that?" "In the navel.Ferragus also. and ascended into heaven. was crucified for us. that the knight had placed a block of stone beneath his head for a pillow. as I understand you Christians profess. which Roland understanding tolerably well. rose again from the dead. born of a Virgin. "I able except in one point. and that. so far as his grace permits m^e. who took upon him our nature. as he was not made himself. There is." . "that the Creator of heaven and earth one God. "Because.'* said Ferragus proudly. and this courtesy caused him to inquire the Frenchman's name. from Roland told him. so cannot another God spring from him." "What law do you follow?" "The law of Christ. only one God and not three." Ferragus spoke in the Spanish language." "Who lieve?" is this Christ in whom you profess to be- "The Son of God. therefore." said Ferragus. too. 125 marvelling at the prodigious snoring which came his huge adversary. where he sitteth on the right hand of the Father. a conversation now followed between them." is "We believe. He discovered.

so like- wise and so persons." "Be it so !" said Roland. there must be three Gods. but your is imperfect. In the wheel. Book of Giants is say well." "By no means. heat. but one God. In the sun. the to with great interest the knight's explanation of the resurrection from the dead. To Roland's surprise. Let us recur to natural things. these terms: if I will fight you on the faith . And the issue be eternal honor to the conqueror.126 "You faith is is A the Son. "He is both three and one. there is When the harp sounds. the coat and harp. the hub." **Nay. Three each of these three persons be God. but dishonor to the vanquished. Abraham saw three but worshipped one. the body." They discoursed giant listening at length upon these mysteries. there but one God. . you profess be the true faith. the strings ascribed to God. if Roland had not nimbly leaped aside. Whereupon they immediately very first fell to blows. the art. yet but one In the almond there is the shell. In you likewise. the beams and the the kernel. however. and the hand. and the nave. The which the giant aimed at him would have certainly been fatal. and caught it on his club. the members and In like manner may Trinity in Unity be the soul. however. for as the Father is God." replied Roland. if the Holy Ghost. Ferragus presently re- marked: "Well. there is the body. the spokes. to end our arguments. which was. you shall let conquer otherwise the victory shall be mine.

and bore him Roland returned safe to the camp. and all the Christian warriors liberated. feeling himself invigorated. . rushed to the upon him. Then the French boldly attacked the city. in 127 Ferragus. sallied from the off in their arms. Finding himself mortally wounded. Ferragus called aloud with a mighty voice upon Mahomet. finding it impossible to escape. seized the giant's sword and thrust it into his navel. and. Then Roland. and both came ground together. to the great joy of Charlemagne and his fellows. he sprung upon his feet. The giant and his people were slain. and carried it by storm. seeing his advantage. city. im- plored the divine assistance. which the Saracens hearing.Ferragus cut in twain. his castle taken.

right worthy of whose fame was much in the mouths of men. and observed high state in very splendid fashion. He was one of Love's lovers. "He was a be kept in remembrance." the Having settled his own realm in peace and restored kingdom to its ancient borders. as indeed was but just. So long as he lived and reigned he stood head and shoulders above all princes of the earth. MICHAEL's MOUNT valiant l\yrANY are the tales of King Arthur's ^^^ Round Table of knights —whose deeds have been sung almost more than those of the King himself. He ordained the courtesies of courts. He was a stout knight and a bold: a passing crafty captain. he conquered Ire128 . very virtuous knight. and his famous deeds are right fit to praise. a lover also of glory. as for valor and liberality. To the haughty he was proud. for skill and courage were his servants at need: and large of his giving. he was an example of chivalry to his whole court. both for courtesy and prowess. But from the day when as a "damoiseau of some fifteen years." Christ). but tender and pitiful to the simple. Arthur (men say in the sixth century after was crowned as successor to Uther Pendragon.CHAPTER X THE GIANT OF ST.

The nasal was of gold. His helmet gleamed upon his head. but to seek it. and he who brandished it naked in his hand deemed himself a happy man. strong. Excalibur. with many a clear stone. (charger). bidding him to appear at that city and make restitution for his wrongful attacks on the empire's provinces. on which was painted . Upon him was girt his. added France to his dominions. and the warrior-monarch who led them was arrayed in harness that surpassed all his followers. thus flushed with victory. wrought strong and fairly by some cunning smith. passing fair. or to expect to be haled thither in bonds for judgment by the senate. and long in the . Michael's Mount 129 after Norway. His thighpieces were of steel. loving well the battle. It was forged in the Isle of Avalon. His hauberk was stout and richly chased. and a dragon was fashioned for This helm had once been worn by Uther its crest. St. came ambassa- dors from the Emperor of Rome. sword. even such a vesture as became so puissant a king. all clean of elephant's bone (ivory). was to summon a vast army. and. Denmark and Flanders. (who afterward wrought such bale to that noble company) and set out over sea for Rome "not to carry king's answer The — tribute.blade.Giant of land. circlets of gold adorned the head-piece. The king was mounted upon a destrier his sire. commit the realm to the care of his nephew Mordred. Mighty was the glaive." A puissant and well-armed host it was that set forth. About his neck was set his shield. and speedy. a nine-years' war. To him.

Let us listen to the unknown romancer of the 14th Century who left us Morte Arthure: When tents. This doleful lady the giant. but all was shut close by the waves of the sea. and though the mariners. . the king sailed for France. The adventure which in the old days. newly come to that land. they had reached the shore and raised their a templar came and informed the king: "Here. had taken to a high place known as St. *'were very fearful of the dark. a marvellously had carried off Helen the niece of his kinsman.130 A Book of Giants in several colors the The lance he carried image of Our Lady of St. he hath devoured more than five hundred people and also many infants This hath been his susteand free-born children. made in Caermarthen by a smith that hight and King Uther had carried it before time. a great giant of Genoa engendered by fiends. is a tyrant that torments thy people. named Dinabuc. Layamon and others. and very at welcome need in the press had been Griffin. though in that day there was neither church nor monastery on the cliff. was named Ron: it was a strong of battle. Mary. Hoel. steering by the stars. little They had been but a while in the land when tidings were brought to the king that strong giant. Michael's Mount. too. Setting out from Southampton with his great host. sharp at the head." the ships came safely to haven very early in the morn- ing at Barfleur in Normandy. followed was told many times by Wace. It shaft. tough and great.

by Jesus of Heaven! She was thy wife's cousin. "so long as I have lived had hath destroyed this fifteen known of this it had been well: it has not happened fairly but fallen foul that this fiend the fair lady. We followed afar off. winters that I I had leifer than had been before all France that fellow a furlong away when he mountains." avenge them that are I "Alas. that I laid hold of that lady and led her to the left had behind my life ere she had suf- But can you tell me the crag where lives go to that place and speak with him. take pity to on the people and endeavor thus affronted. as thou mayest know. to deal with that tyrant for treason to his lord. fered harm. more than five hundred barons and citizens and noble bachelors. and make a truce for a time till it may happen better. She was and one of the was ever formed. but he reached the crag: she shrieked so loud: the horror of that creature fairest that I shall never forget. and led her to the mountain where he abideth. left In the country of Cotentin no people has he enclosed within walls all the — outside the strong castle for he has completely destroyed children of the commons and there. the flower of France or of five realms. As thou art a righteous king. his crag and devoured them carried them to The Duchess of Brittany he has taken to-day near Reynes as she rode with her fair knights.Giant of nance St." said the king. and sprung from the noblest race that reign in this earth. Michael's Mount is 131 now for seven winters and yet it the glutton not sated so well pleaseth him. the gentlest jewel ac- counted by lords from Genoa to Geron." man ? I will .

went right to a tent and rested no longer. what time it was conquered. upon the crest of the crag by a cold well that encloses the cliff within its clear stream: there wilt thou find dead more florins i' faith than in all the rest of France. . he welters and wrestleth with himself and wringeth his hands there was no wight in the world that knew what he wanted. for I will pass privately in pilgrim- age that way at supper-time when the lords are served to seek a saint by yon salt streams on St. He called Sir Cayous that served with the cup and Sir Bedivere the bold that bore his great folk without number. Michael's Mount where miracles are seen. I trow." Then the noble king sighed for pity of those people. see ye yon foreland with yonder two there hirks that fiend —ask when thou mayest." After evensong King Arthur himself went to his wardrobe and took out his clothes he armed him in a jerkin with a rich golden fringe. *'Look to well and it that after evensong ye be armed thicket full mounted on horses by yonder —by yon blithe stream. and above that a ^oat of gentle mail a tunic of Jerodyn with edges frayed. brand. and above that laid a jeryn of Acre right over. and more treasure hath that traitor unlawfully got than there was in Troy.— 132 A Book of Giants fires? "Sire. He drew on a bacenett of burnished silver the best that was in Basill with rich borders: the crest and the crown enclosed so fair with clasps of bright gold adorned with stones the visor and the aventail — — — — equipped so fair without a flaw^ with eyelets of silver.

with all birds of merriment they gladden themselves: the voice of the nightingale's notes was sweet. Michael's full mighty that river that runneth so swift They rode by — with Christ!" The king climbs looks about the crag with cliffs full high. top of the crag he climbs aloft lifts up his him keenly. he bore a broad shield and calls for his sword. with falcons and pheasants of fair hues all the birds lived there which fly with wings. he strains himself stoutly and looks arrayed. and then shall ye partake of the Sacrament one after the other honourably at St. he jumped on a brown steed and waits on the heath. "For I will seek this saint by myself and speak with this master man that guards this mountain.Giant of St. the roe and the reindeer run recklessly there in thickets and rosegardens to feast themselves. to the . Then move these folk quickly and alighted on foot and fastened their fair steeds afar off. receiving the cold umbrer and wind on . for there sang the cuckoo full loud on the bushes. then he spurs the bay steed and rides his knights await to the thicket and there him gallantly where the trees overstretch with fair boughs. Michaers Mount 133 his gauntlets gaily gilded and engraven at the borders with grains and balls of most glorious hue. then the king sternly told his knights to abide with their horses and come no further. they strove with the throstles three hundred at once. The thickets were in blossom with may-flowers. that this murmur of water and singing of birds might cure him of ill who never was whole. forth. his stirrups He rises in and stands aloft.

rose up on her knees and clasped her hands. will yon warlock heareth he devour us both. "warn thee beforehand: thou crossedst thyself unsafely to seek these mountains. made I warn thee for thy Whither hastenest thou. fail For an thou seest him alone. He moves very woeful soil since to the port fire widow wringing with painful tears fully with and even there he finds a her hands and weeping on a grave newly marked in the midday it seemed. Cursed be thee to the wight that directed thee hither.— 134 his face to full A high Book of Giants fires — comfort him. saying: ^'Unhappy man. "Thou art noble and fair and in the flower of thy manhood. Were there fifty such as thee the monster with his in the field or on the fair earth Lo! here the dear duchess fist would fell you all. Then this woeful widow joylessly greets if him. goest thou to slay him with thy bright sword? Wert thou wightier than Wade or Gawayn thou shouldest win no honour. man? thou seem'st unhappy. to-day was she taken deep buried in the ground he murdered this mild lady e'er midday was rung withsafely. and that I foretell thee. but thou art doomed already. six such as thou were not sufficient to cope with him alone. thy heart will thee to cross thyself huge he seemeth. by my fay. two he finds flaming for a quarter of a furlong he thus walks between them: along the way by the well he wanders on to get to know of the warlock and where he abides. He saluted her sorrowbecoming words and straightway asked after the fiend. so — — — — . I honour thou seekest sorrow. thou speakest too loudly. that travel here in these wild parts.

her foster-mother of fifteen this move from foreland I shall I never left attempt. but he will break the law when he chooses himself. thy words are but wasted. and here have I embalmed her and buried her afterwards.— Giant of out any mercy St. as one of the most noble of Arthur's knights. without the permis- sion of any. woven and combed that knights may know each king by his colour. he slew her churlishly. Nor of rents of red gold he troubles. Here he seizes the revenues of fifteen kingdoms each Easter evening. "But he hath a mantle which he keeps for himself was spun in Spain by special women and afterwards adorned in Greece full fairly: it is covered all over with hair and embroidered with the beards of valiant kings. as lord of his own. in his home there he abides. to speak with this master man that guards this mountain: to treat with this tyrant for the treasure of lands and to make truce foretime till it may turn out better. Michael's Mount 135 I wot not why. Arthur all these seven winters. For the grief of this incurable w^oe I shall never be happy again. however it so happens that that they send it themselves for the safety of the people at that season with certain knights. a messenger to this vile wretch for the benefit of the people. none followed after her but winters: to I. Of all the friends she had. but shall be found in this field till am dead. "for he sets but by both lands and people. and he has asked Therefore he herds ." quoth that wife little then." *'Fie." Then answere Sir Arthur to that old wife: "I am come from the conqueror courteous and noble.

chopped up on a charger of pure white silver with pickles and finely ground spices and wines of Portugal mixed with honey." quoth she. crossed himself safely with certain words. unseemly .'* "Ha! thus it I have brought the beard." The source of the smoke he sought speedily. But. remove thy clothes and kneel in thy mantle and call him thy lord. see that thy present be ready and trouble him but little. "for it pleaseth me. Three luckless thou keep thy damsels turn his spits. for his power of smelling extends over six miles.136 A Book of Giants King of Britain here to outrage his people until the has fed his lips and sent his beard to that bold monster with his best knights. "that flames so high: there lurks that fiend as thou wilt discover: but thou must go somewhat to the south. thou wilt tell me where this monster abideth. for it is bootless that thou more treasure had Arthur or any of If thou hast brought the beard. unless thou hast brought that beard go thou no further. and going to the side he caught sight of the fiend as she said." quoth if he. for he is at his supper and And now take my advice and will be easily angered. pray. He sups all this season on seven children of the commons. forth then will I go and bear myself. more pleased than if thou gavest him Burwill be shouldst stay for aught else: for he has to take when he likes than ever gundy or Britain: but take care for love's sake that lips silent so that no word escape from them whatever betides. so "Go straight to the fire. help me our Lord I shall !" commend thee an I live. he his forefathers. sidling a little.

Giant of
supping alone.
the thigh of






lay at full length reposing foully,

a man's limb he lifted up by the haunch, his back and the lower parts and his broad loins he baked at the dreadful fire, and he was breechless: there were roasting full rudely dreadful meats of men and cattle bound together, a large pot crammed with anointed children, some spitted like birds, and

women And

turned them.

comely king's heart was sorely
his shield

grieved because of his people at the place where he

Then he girded on

longer, he brandishes his bright

goes forth to the fiend

and hesitates no sword by its bright with a rough determina-

and loudly hails that giant with fierce words: "Now may Almighty God that ruleth us all give thee sorrow and trouble, thou glutton, that liest there for the foulest monster that was ever formed foully thyself thou feedest the devil take thy soul Here is unclean quarry, fellow, by my troth refuse of all



—thou cursed wretch, because thou hast


anointed children thou hast made martyrs and taken

who are broached here on and slaughtered by thy hand. I shall work thee thy punishment as thou greatly deservest, by the might of St. Michael who guardeth this mountain: and for this fair lady that thou hast left dead; gird thyself, thou son of a dog, the devil take thy soul, for thou shalt die to-day through the force of my arm."
the lives of those
spits in this place

Then was

the glutton dismayed

and glared unseem-

he grinned

a greyhound with grisly teeth; he




of Giants

gaped and groaned aloud with grievous gestures for wrath with the good king who spake to him in anger. His hair and his forelock were matted together and hung before his face for about half a foot. His brow and forehead were all like the skin of a frog and seemed freckled, hooknosed like a hawk and a fierce bird, and hairy round his hollow eyes with overhanging brows: rough as a dog-fish
seen, so


could he be

was he hid

in that

mass of

hair: ears he

huge and ugly

to see, with horrible eyes

had and burn-

ing withal: flat-mouthed like a flounder with grinning

and the

flesh in his front teeth as foul as a bear.

His beard was rough and black and reached to his fat like a porpoise with a huge carcass, and flesh still hung in shreds from his foul lips. Bull necked was that giant and broad of shoulders, with a streaked breast like a boar with long bristles. Rough arms like oak-branches with gnarled sides limbs and loins right

hateful to see, believe ye in truth; shovel-footed


man and

he seemed to straddle, with unshapely

thicker in the

like a giant and haunch fat as a hog, full terrible he Whoever might reckon faithfully the full looked. length of this man, from the face to the foot, he was five fathoms long. Then he started up sturdily on two stiff shanks and soon caught up a club of bright iron. He would have killed the king with his keen weapon, but through the wisdom of Christ, the carle failed. The crest and the coronal and the silver clasps cleanly with his club he

shanks shuffling together: thick thighs



to the earth.

Giant of
The king


Michaers Mount 139

raises his shield

and with

his fierce

right full in the face

and covers himself comweapon reaches him a blow, he struck him so that the bur-

nished blade reached to his brains

he wiped his face with his foul hands and strikes fast at Arthur's face
fiercely thereafter.

The king changes his foot and had he not escaped that blow he had fared evil; he follows up fiercely and strikes a blow high up on the haunch with his hard weapon, that half a foot of the weapon is hidden in the flesh: the
withdraws a

monster's hot blood runs


the hilt; even to the

entrails he strikes the giant.

Then he groaned and he roared and roughly


eagerly at Arthur, and on the earth strikes a

sword's length within the sward, he smites at once

swooned from the force of But yet the king nimbly and swiftly strives, he smites with the sword so that it gashed the giant's loins and the blood gushes out so that it makes all the ground slimy on which he stands. Then he cast down his club and seizes the king on the top of the crag he caught him in his arms and enfolds him securely to crush his ribs: so tightly holds
so that the king nearly
his blow.

he him that his heart
doleful damsels fall


near to bursting.



down on

the earth, kneeling


crying and wringing their hands, "Christ deliver yon-

der knight and keep him from grief, and never
fiend take his life."


Yet the warlock is so mighty that he crushes him under fiercely they wrung and wrestled together, they weltered and wallowed on those rushes, they tumble




of Giants

and turn about and
the top they tumble

tear their clothes

— roughly
the crest



Arthur sometimes

on top and sometimes beneath
hill right


to the

— from of hard rock— they cease not

they reach the brink of the sea.

But Arthur with his
sinks right

dagger smites the giant
hilt in


to the



thief in his death-struggle grasped


so fiercely that three ribs in the king's side


thrust asunder.



Cayous the Keen, moved


sorrow for the

king, said, *'Alas,


must be



— and banished and beneath —

we are undone, down with a fiend



is all



for ever.**





haunches, too, right up to his shoulders, his flanks


his loins


his fair sides, both his back

and his



his bright arms.

They were glad when

they found no flesh wounds, and for that they were
joyed, these gentle knights.

"Now certes," says Sir Bedivere, "it seemeth by my Lord! He seeketh saints but seldom, wherefore
he grips the tighter that thus seizes this saint's body out of these high cliffs, to carry forth such a man to clothe him in silver. By Michael, of such a fellow I

have great wonder than ever our Sovereign Lord should suffer him in Heaven: if all saints be such


serve our Lord, I shall no saint be ever,



father's soul!"

Then laughs

the bold king at Bedivere's


"This saint have

sought, so help


our Lord!

Giant of





Wherefore draw out thy sword and pierce him to
the heart

certain of this fellow, he hath angered



have not fought with such a wight these
mountains in Wales

fifteen winters, but in the


such another.

He was the strongest by far that I ever and had not my fortune been favourable, dead


be now."




the king



(or Riton) a Welsh giant


in his

mind was Ryence day made war

on divers kings. Of these some were slain in battle, and others remained captive in his hand. Alive or dead, Ryence used them despitefully; for it was his


to shave the beards of these kings,



therewith a cloak of furs that he wore, very rich.

Vainglorious beyond measure was Ryence of his em-


Now by reason of folly and lightRyence sent messages to Arthur, bidding him shave his beard, and send it forthwith to the giant,
broidered cloak.





Arthur was



and a more virtuous prince than his fellows, Ryence made covenant to prefer his beard before theirs, and hold it in honour as the most silken fringe of his mantle. Should Arthur refuse to grant Ryence the trophy, then nought was there to do, but that body to body they must fight out their quarrel, in
single combat, alone.
sary, or force

He who

might slay his adver-



himself vanquished, should

have the beard for his guerdon, together with the mantle of furs, fringes and garniture and all. An







of Giants

old ballad describes the scene at Camelot



impudent message arrived:


it fell out on a Pentecost day, King Arthur at Camelot kept his court royall, With his faire quecne Dame Guenever the gay;

And many

bold barons sitting in hall;

ladies attired in purple




heraults in hevvkes, hooting on high, Cryed, Largesse, Largesse, Chevaliers tres-hardie.

doughty dwarfe to the uppermost deas Right perdye gan pricke, kneeling on knee; With Steven fuUe stoute amids all the preas, Sayd, Nowe sir King Arthur, God save thee and see! Sir Ryence of North-Gales greeteth well thee, And bids thee thy beard anon to him send, Or else from thy jaws he will it off rend.



his robe of state is a rich scarlet


With eleven kings beards bordered about, And there is room lefte yet in a kantle, For thine to stande, to make the twelfth out:
This must be done, be thou never so stout; This must be done, I tell thee no fable, Maugre the teethe of all thy round table.
this mortal message from his mouthe past, Great was the noyse bothe in hall and in bower The king fum'd; the queene screecht; ladies were aghast; Princes puffd; barons blustred; lords began lower; Knights stormed: squires startled, like steed in a stower;


Pages and yeomen

yell'd out in the hall.





Kay, the king's seneschal.



soveraignes, quoth this courteous knight.


in that stound the stowre



Then the dwarfe's dinner full deerely was dight; Of wine and wassel he had his wille: And, when he had eaten and drunken his fill,



hundred pieces of fine coyned gold given this dwarf for his message bold.

where he and I With swords. spoiling him of that rich garment of furs. in he realized that he had loathly this time conquered a monster and misshapen. that is in sore straits. and the club thereby all of bright iron. When "Anon give it it he had thought upon these things the king strike off his said to his comrades: head and put is it on a stake. And therewith he shook his good sword Escalabor. as he looked And now more down at the loathly Dinabuc horrible. If thou wilt have any treasure take . for his to Barfleur enemy it is destroyed: then bear set it and fasten on iron and on the barbican for men to see: my sword and my broad upon the moor on the crest of the crag where shield lie first we fought. or King Arthur will prove the best barber. and bid him it take heart. with its border of dead men's beards.Giant of St. and not razors. even the prime of his youth and strength. and there the king slew Ryence with the sword. thou dwarf. That for his bold message I do him defye. King Arthur met this upstart in battle on a high mountain. MichaeFs Mount 143 But say to Sir Ryence. to thy squire. a giant more bigger and mightier than was Ryence. that hath killed many a Christian in the land of Cotentin: go to the foreland and fetch me that weapon. quoth the king. And shortlye with basins and pans will him ring Out of North-Gales. and let us go back to our fleet where it lays in the water. Whether he. quickly shall trye. for he well mounted: bear to Sir Howel.

our liege lord. and a . clergy. the club and the cloak too. "All that great treasure which the traitor won. under penalty of your lives. thine Through help of thy hand that overcame thy people enemy is destroyed and reft them of their children: never was there kingdom so readily relieved of its troubles. while bright day climbed up above through the clouds." He ordered his cousin with knightly words to build a church on the rock where the body lay. our governor under God. see it be given to the commons. or a miracle of His Mother's. who is so mild to all. I covet naught else. too long hast thou fought. all front of the comely king they kneeled together. see it be dealt out to my dear people so that none may complain. Now thy happy arrival hath comforted us thou hast in thy royalty revenged they people. these comely knights. for man's deed it never was but His own might. and brought him the broad shield and his bright weapon. to his "Thank ye God. By and that time a great noise in was there at the court. the conqueror speaks Christianlike he. to whom grace is granted and given at his will." Then people." Now they go to the crag. ablest and most noble." quoth "for his grace and no man.144 A Book of Giants whatever thou likest: I will have the mantle and the club." He called then the boatmen sharply at once to hasten with the shoremen to shift the goods. Sir Cayous himself goes with the conqueror to show the kings whom the king had with him in secret. ^'Welcome. all. and others of the country.

Giant of St. you may day. in that martyr who rests in the mountain. Michael's Mount 145 of convent therein for service to Christ. . memory And from that beautiful pinnacled church. thrusting up the island's rocky cliffs see at this very toward the sky.

in the Cumberland county of England. but ment. until on a day he met with Sir Launcelot du Lake. and Sir Launcelot had great list to sleep. called "The Giant's Grave. and after they came into a great plain. and then the weather was hot about noon. in defiance of King Arthur. their horses armed at all and rode into a deep forest. having long diverted him at the court he rode forth with his brother Sir Lionel to seek adventures. were by treason or enchant- On a time. suggestion as to the of him who it that there was buried here a fell named Tarquin." round stone pillars stand for head and foot stone. In all tournaments and jousts Sir Launcelot was it never overcome. fifteen feet apart size —a prodigious lies there. who ravaged the country far and wide. Which takes us Legend has giant back at one leap some fifteen hundred years.CHAPTER XI SIR LAUNCELOT AND TARQUIN a nr^HERE '' is mound in Penrith churchyard. So they mounted upon points. Then Sir Lionel espied a great apple tree that stood 146 . which is still A pair of twelve-foot.

And then straight to the third knight he rode. So his head." And as they there alighted and tied their horses under sundry trees. saw him do this.Sir Launcelot by an hedge. and thought not for to awake Sir Launcelot. yonder may we rest us "It is well said." 147 fair said: "Brother.) So within a while this strong knight had overtaken one of these knights. this seven year I was not so sleepy as now. there "for of all and Tarquin is a and our horses. was asleep passing fast. And there followed them three but one knight. and his helm he laid under And Sir Lionel waked while he slept. fair brother. his horse And he alighted down. (For he neither so well apparelled unto all rights. and so Sir Launcelot laid him down under the apple tree. was truly a giant in size. And in the meanwhile there came three knights riding. and reined all the three knights fast on the bridle. fleeing as Sir Launcelot fast as ever they might ride. And when he was mounted on his horse he overtook this strong knight and bade him turn: Sir Lionel When assay him. and then he smote him to the cold earth that he lay still. saw him." said Sir Launcelot. he thought to ready. and made him . and bound with the reins of their own bridles. and he smote him behind Sir Lionel his horse's tail When a spear's length. and shadow. him thought he saw never so great a knight nor so well faring a man. and stilly and privily he took his horse. Then he rode unto the second knight and smote him as that man and horse fell down.

**Fair fellow. and as he had ridden long in a great forest. and threw him overthwart his own horse. there is a fair ford for horses to drink of. and so he ahghted and bound him fast. And when he came there he made unarm them. and hereby within this mile is a strong manor. and thereon hangeth many fair shields that wielded sometime good knights: and at the bole of the tree hangeth a basin of copper and brass. and departed and came and saw many fair shields. and else hast thou the fairest grace that many a year had ever knight that passed through this forest. and after put them in a deep prison where there were many more knights that made great dolor. he met with a man that was like a forester. and soon after thou shall hear new tidings.148 A Book of Giants and the other smote Sir Lionel so hard that horse and man he bare to the earth. and so he served them all four. and well diked." "Gramercy. . "this country know I well. and made him ready to seek Sir Launcelot." said Sir Ector. "knowest thou in this country any adventures that be here nigh hand?" "Sir. and by that manor. and beat them with thorns all naked. and among them he saw his brother's shield. and over that ford there groweth a fair tree. Strike upon that basin with the butt of thy spear thrice." said the forester. Sir Lionel. on the left hand. and rode with them away to his own castle. When Sir Ector de Maris wist that Sir Launcelot was past out of the court to seek adventures he was wroth with himself. and many more that he knew that were his fellows of the to the tree." said Sir Ector.

and rode with him away into his own floor. and then he gave his horse drink at the ford: and there came a very tall knight behind him and bade him come out of the water and make him ready. "and knightly thou hast stricken me." "That me repenteth. and smote the knight a great buffet that his horse turned twice about." said the huge knight. "that will I never promise thee." "Nay." said Sir Tarquin. where he knew many of his But when Sir Ector saw Sir Lionel. and Sir Ector anon turned him shortly and in rest placed his spear. wilt be now I will grant thee thy life. and bare him clean out of the saddle. Ector beat upon the basin as he were wood. made he "Alas. sworn to be my prisoner all thy life days. and he Sir promised to revenge his brother. *This was well done." said Sir Ector.Sir Launcelot and Tarquin Then anon 149 Round Table." said Sir Ector." Therewith he rushed his horse on Sir Ector and caught him under his right arm. "where is my brother Sir Launcelot?" . And then he made to unarm him. then fellows. and threw him down this in the midst of the The name of strong knight was Sir Tarquin. but that I will do mine advantage. brother. hall. and after put him down in that same deep dungeon. and beat him with thorns all naked. great sorrow. the which grieved his heart. this Then he said to Sir Ector: "For thou day more unto me than any knight hast done did these so thou twelve years.

every one said she would have him to knight that lay all as these queens looked on his face they her love. betwixt them and the sun. and brought . under an apple tree." said the knights. and what is become of him I cannot tell you." "Alas. and then I will lead him away unto my castle. and then let him choose which of us he will have for his love. I left him on sleep when that I from him went." said Morgan le Fay that was King Arthur's sister." While these knights were thus prisoners Sir Launcelot du Lake lay under the apple tree sleeping. there rode four knights about them and bare a cloth of green silk on four spears. and then they were ware of a sleeping armed under an apple tree. ''but Sir Launcelot help us we may never is be delivered. for the heat of the sun should not annoy them. and when he is surely within my hold I shall take the enchant- ment from him. anon knew that it was Sir Launcelot. "I shall put an enchantment upon him that he shall not awake in six hours. there came by him four knight that queens of great estate. and the queens rode on four white mules. "We shall not strive. Even about the noon. and. Then they began to strive for that knight. and bare him so on horseback betwixt two knights. Thus as they rode they heard by them a great horse grimly neigh." So this enchantment was cast upon Sir Launcelot.150 A Book of Giants "Fair brother. and then they laid him upon his shield. for we know now no able to match our master Tarquin.

that thou art Sir Launcelot du Lake. "for I wot not how I came into this castle but it be by an enchantment. fair damsel. and therefore thee behoveth now four.** And so she departed.'* fair damsel. and we here know thee well. passingly well beseen. and at night they sent him unto him a that the fair damsel with his supper ready dight. And there he lay all night without comfort of anybody. a chamber cold. "ye must it is make good cheer. queen of the the queen of Northgalis. And on the morn early all came these four queens. I shall tell and If you "of that more tomorn by prime of "Gramercy.** is "This an hard case. past. I am the queen Morgan is land of Gore. now choose ye one of us which thou wilt have to thy love. and le and the queen of the Out Isles. your good will I requite you. "thou must understand thou art here our prisoner.'* said Sir Launcelot." the four queens said.** said Sir Launcelot.** said she. "Sir knight. they bidding him good morn. and asked him what cheer? enchantment was "I cannot say. ye be such a knight as said ye be." "Sir. King Ban's son." said Sir Launcelot. and he them again. And truly we understand your to choose worthiness that thou art the noblest knight living. one of us Fay.Sir Launcelot and Tarquin and there they laid 151 him unto in the castle Chariot. the day. for thou mayst not but choose or else in this prison to die. "that . By and when she came she saluted him. and here the queen of Eastland.

an ye would promise me for to help my father on Tuesday next coming. that hath made a tournament between him and the king of Northgalis. "Truly." So they departed and great sorrow! left him there alone that made Right so at noon came the damsel to him. and brought him his dinner. fair damsel." said she." grant you." "Sir. upon my life. I shall keep you out of this and ye hold shall have no shame nor I will villainy. to than to have one of you my love maugre I will my head." said Sir Launcelot. and. And therefore ye be answered. for they have de- many a good knight. for the Tuesday last past my father lost living." have none of you. sir." is sooth. for for ye be false enchantresses. but an ye will distress. the flower of all the knights that been and they been passing wroth with you that ye have refused them. be ruled by me. but. "that love. that stroyed am afeared of these queen's witches. "in all my life-days never so ill. sir. ." said the queens." said she. and sore I "Fair damsel.152 either I I liever A must Book of Giants had die or else choose one of you. "is this your answer. "Well. "refused ye be of me. and asked him what cheer. so that ye me a promise. that you will refuse us?'* "Yea." said Sir Launcelot. yet to die in this prison with worship. they say that lot your name is Sir Launce- du Lake. and for the renoun and bounty they hear of you they would have your "Sir. "that me repenteth.

and brought him unto his armor. that was foully rebuked nament." said Launcelot. I shall deliver you clean. And when he was all armed and arrayed. tomorrow or prime." said the damsel. and took a great spear in his hand. Then she brought him out of twelve locks. and . "for a noble king and a good knight. and take you your armor and your horse. she brought him unto his own horse. "gramercy tomorrow await that ye be ready betimes. "tell me what is your father's name. "Fair damsel." said Sir Launcelot. and if ye will be there upon Tuesday next coming and help my father. and so rode forth. I shall not fail you. Sir Launcelot and Tarquin 153 King Arthur*s court." "All this shall be done. and said." And so she departed.. and lightly he saddled him. thither shall I bring my father unto you. and there I pray you to abide. ye shall have my my body ready to do your father and you service that day. and came on the morrow early and found him ready. by the grace of God. by the grace of God. shield and spear and hereby within these ten miles is an abbey of white monks." So the knight rode forth and performed that adven- ." 'Tair maiden." said Sir Launcelot. and I shall deliver you." said the damsel." "Sir." "Sir Knight. and by the faith of body. and then I shall give you an the field through three knights of answer." "I at the last tour- know your father well. "my father is King Bagdemagus. "as I am a true knight.

" said the damsel. "here are adventures near hand. and shall hither. one after the other and with one great spear he bare down Then sixteen knights of the king of NorthgaHs' party." "Why should I not prove adventures?" said Sir I Launcelot. and the prize was given unto King Bagdemagus. and Sir Launce- overthrew the three knights of King Arthur's court. so thou wilt me what Is thy name. "know ye in this country any adventures?" "Sir knight. and there either saluted other. And so Sir Launcelot departed. damsel riding on a white palfrey." said she. And. and with another spear he smote down twelve knights. for hereby dwelleth a knight that will not be overmatched for no man that I know. according as lot he had promised. and his name is Sir Tarquin. an thou durst prove them. "for that cause came knight. thou beseemest well." said Launcelot. "Fair damsel. and by adventures he came into the same forest where he was taken And in the midst of an highway he met a sleeping. I take no great my name is Sir Launcelot du Lake." tell "Damsel.154 A Book of Giants turc. as I understand." "Well. . he hath in his prison of Arthur's court good knights three-score and four that he hath unless ye overmatch him. and what knight thou art. here he adventures by that fall for thee. ." "Sir. the knights of Northgalls would joust no more. is I bring thee where the best knight and the tell mightiest that ever thou foundest. "thou seemest well to be a good if thou dare meet with a good knight. as for to force: truly thee my name.

and to help me and other damsels that are distressed daily with a false knight. So Sir Launcelot let his horse drink. and overthwart the horse there lay an armed knight bound. to rescue that knight. for I that he hath am sure two brethren of mine prisoners with had seen other they gripped him. And it ever as they came near and near." said Sir Launcelot. his master damsel. Sir Launcelot thought he should know him. "put that ." come on your way.Sir Launcelot and Tarquin 155 won But when ye have done me as ye are a true knight for to go with me." And so she brought him unto the ford. then he was ware that was Sir Gaheris. butt of his spear so hard with all his might till the bottom fell out. but he saw nothing. that day's own work ye shall promise ye will bring me unto this knight. a knight of the Table fair Round." By that time that either their spears unto them." "All your intent. and then he beat on the basin with the fair knight. Gawain's brother. so with his hands. damsel." said Sir Launcelot. fair knight. by the leave of God. and desire I will fulfill. "Now. and unless better in the saddle I shall deliver all the prisoners that he hath out of danger. Then he rode along half an hour. of mine. "I see fast yonder cometh a knight bound that is a fellow And sit at the first beginning I promise you. that drove the gates of that manor nigh And then he was ware of a great knight on horse before him. "Now. and unto the tree where hung the basin. and long he did so. "Now.

"Now. "That is overmuch Then they put and either their spears in the rests. were breathless both. that both their horses' backs brast were both astonied. And so they had both grimly wounds. and trasing and bled passing grievously. "I defy thee and all thy fellowship. and therefore now defend thee. and let him rest awhile. so be it that thou be not he I will lightly accord with thee. and either gave other many strong strokes. "hold thy tell hand awhile." said." said Tarquin. and smote other in the midst of their shields. Then at the last they rasing each other where they might hit any bare place. fellow. together with their horses as fast and came as they might run." said Sir Launcelot. and met withal. . for thy love I will deliver all the prisoners that I have.156 A Book of Giants wounded knight off the horse. and me what said : I shall ask thee. and like one knight that I hate above all other knights. and drew out their swords and came together the knights eagerly." Then Tarquin ever I "Thou art the stoutest man that and the best breathed." said Sir Tarquin. and as soon as they might avoid their horses they took their shields afore them. thou doest and hast done great despite and shame unto knights of the Round Table. and stood leaning on their swords." "Say on. informed me. under them. Thus they fared two hours or more." "And thou be of the Table Round. For as it is and let us two prove our strengths. for there might neither shields nor harness hold their strokes.

and many have died in my prison and yet I have threescore and four. "Launcelot." said Sir Launcelot. that ." it "It is well said. so thou I will name.Sir Launcelot that is and Tarquin wilt tell 157 me thy three-score and four. and all shall be delivered so thou wilt tell me thy name. and such a man might be there should be between us two mortal war. and now. and as many I have utterly maimed. know I that I am Sir Launcelot du Lake." said Sir Tarquin. as ever was any knight. King Ban's son of Berwick. Launcelot." "Now a I see I well. for he slew my brother Sir Carados at the Dolorous Tower. which was one of the best knights then living and therefore him I except of all knights. sir knight. that never after they might help themselves. rash- ing and lashing with their shields and swords. "that such I might have peace. "but since is so that I may have thy friendship." "Ah !" said Sir Tarquin. and never to the while that I live. at thy request. for we shall never depart till the one of us be dead. and so it be that thou be not Sir . that one of us shall make an end of another." Then hurtled they together as two wild bulls. "his name is Launcelot du Lake. . and knight of the Round And now defy thee do thy best. And for Sir Launcelot*s sake I have slain an hundred good knights. thou art unto me most welcome." said Sir Launcelot. And fail thou and be fellows together. I will that man I might be thou wit and Table. and to that I make a vow. for an I may once meet with him. what knight all is he that thou so hatest above other?" "Truly.

and clave his head unto the breast. men and women. 'Thou and deed didst thou never for thyself. and back. Thus they fought still two hours and more. and anon he raised his helm. and all the people. and never would rest. and he smote his horse on the nose that he turned about. Sir Launcelot freed all the prisoners from that loathsome prison. and lashed him with a great club shod with iron. As him suddenly a passing he rode over a long bridge. and then he smote his neck asunder." said the churl. Then Sir Launcelot drew a sword. ''Why should lot. there started upon foul churl. and put the stroke aback. cried on Sir Launcelot. for thou hast slain the chief porter of our castle. and got him by the banner of his helmet.158 A Book of Giants sometime they fell both on their faces. At the end of the bridge was a fair village." at shalt not choose. and then leaped upon him fiercely as a lion. and as he plucked him down on his knees. that and Sir Tarquin gave Sir Launcelot many wounds all the ground there as they fought was all beSir Tarquin sprinkled with blood. Then at last gave somewhat weariness. I not ride this way?" said Sir Launce- *1 may not ride beside. and bare his shield full low for That soon espied Sir Launcelot. waxed very faint. and despite his grievous wounds on the third day after he rode forth in quest of further adventures." said: "A worse . and asked him why he rode over that bridge without his license.

for there him thought was a fair place to fight in. that we may tell our friends who de- livered us out of prison. their deliverance. and kneeled unto him. and there he saw a fair green court. and smote him on the shoulder. and worked all all we are we have works for our meat. When his fellow saw that he ran away as he were wood. and clave to the middle. thou art un- Anon well withal all came there upon him two great giants. "For. So he looked and windows. and great gentlewomen born for thou hast done manner of silk . and put the stroke away of the one giant." said they. that will we bear record. and thanked God and him of into the hall. with two horrible clubs in their hands. and tied his horse to a ring on the wall. him Then Sir Launcelot went came before him threescore all and there ladies and damsels. Sir Launcelot put his shield afore him. the most worship that ever knight did in the world. and straight he went into the castle. for fear of the horrible strokes. "Fair knight. and Sir Launcelot after him with all his might. happy. "the most part of us have been here this seven year their prisoners. and when he came into the castle he alighted. and saw much people in doors that said." about. sir. and we all pray you to tell us your name. armed save the heads. and thither he dressed himself." . and with his sword he clave his head asunder.Sir Launcelot Sir Launcelot let and Tarquin 159 them say what they would.

" said Sir Launcelot. and a duke owned it that some time wedded and after wedded her Uther Pendragon. for there might never else save yourself. "unto your friends how and who hath delivered you. he mounted upon his horse and rode into strange and wild countries and through many waters and valleys." "Well. and these two giants dread never knight but you." whom And so And then many he departed and betaught them unto God. as we deemed. lot "my name is Sir Launce- du Lake. and many times have we wished after you. and if that I come in any of your marches show me such cheer as ye have cause. "I understand to this castle belongeth. and what treasure that there is in this castle I give it you for a reward for your grievances. "the name of this castle is fair Igraine. it. and greet them all for me.160 A Book of Giants *Tair damsels. said they. And the lord that is the owner of this castle I would that he received have assayed it as is right." "Fair Tintagil." "Now may you say." said they all." sir. ." "Ah. "well mayst thou be he. for fair knights many and here have ended. sir. knight have the better of these two giants." he said." said Sir Launcelot.

Then. and bidding him send back her own. utterly cast down. he found himself in sad strange were his adventures.CHAPTER XII THE ADVENTURES OF YVAIN l^VAIN was one of King Arthur's knights. he won the hand of this beautiful creature. and his bride sent to him a scornful message. — Through the aid of the lady's damsel. Yvain to reply. promising to return on a certain day. is unable And the damsel steps forth and takes the ring from his finger. enough case through the fact that no sooner had he looked on the face of the lady of the slain man than he found himself smitten with a mortal wound of love. commending to 161 God the King . Whereupon the triumphant Yvain. returning his ring. But success showered her favors so thick upon him that he forgot his promise and over-stayed the allotted time. wandered forth he knew not where. Senseless and deprived of speech. he left his wife and town for more deeds of knight-errantry. and After defeating a mysterious knight in the forest and chasing his dying adversary into his town. persuaded by Gawain and his old comrades.

of him through all They go the country around — in the lodg- ings of the knights. he flees across the meadows and wonin search and fields. he rapidly pursued his way until he met and close five by a park a lad who had in his hand a bow barbed arrows. whom she leaves in deep And his sorrow grows on him: he feels distress. of joy through his own himself. He had bow . He hates nothing so much to as he hates go for comfort But he in the death he has brought upon himself. where no his man or woman would know if of whereabouts any more than he were in some deep abyss. nor does he to fault. they pay no heed to him. and is tormented by what he sees. by the hedge-rows. which were very sharp and sense enough to go and take the broad. They know well enough that he cares nothing for their talk or their society.162 and all the A Book of Giants others except him. deprived. their part. oppressed by what he hears. And he goes pavilions. fearing take his departure alone. dering what has become of him. as he is. He would rather be banished alone in some wild land. but let him if from his mind place among the knights. he tears his flesh and. Still — ^but they seek him where he is not to be fleeing. know whom He he rises will lose his On he stays longer in their midst. stripping off his clothes. away until he is far from Then such a storm broke the tents and his loose in brain that he loses his senses. leaving his men quite at a loss. and in the gardens found. would rather go insane than not take vengeance upon himself.

and taking some bread and fresh water.The Adventures and arrows which he held. killing them. he charitably set it outside the house on a narrow window-ledge. and such was the case. had not cost more than five sous. as the hermit very well knew. in fear. The measure of barley kneaded with the straw. that will not gladly return . hungry for the bread- which he takes and eats. was made. with howsoever little sense. until he came upon a little. who was at work clearing his ground. he sees him going away. the good man beneath his roof prays God to defend him and guard him lest he ever pass that way again. When he had eaten. So. he could easily perceive that he was not in his right mind. low-lying house belonging to a hermit. My lord Yvain soon ate the hermit^s bread. dry as bark. of Yvain 163 recollection of anything that he However. he betook himself again And when to the woods in search of stags and does. sourer than yeast. and the bread was musty and as But hunger torments and whets his appetite. he shut himself up in his little house. and then eating the venison raw. he had no had done. I do not believe that he ever before had tasted such hard and bitter bread. For hunger is itself a well mixed and concocted sauce for any food. And thither the other comes. so that the bread tasted to him like sauce. of which the bread. which tasted good to him. When he saw him coming with nothing on. But there is no creature. forest like a Thus he dwelt madman or a savage. and drank the cool water from the jar. He in the lies in wait for the beasts in the woods.

so. and good cool drink: Water from the spring. face was scarred that it in this same way. she was sure of it. not a day that he did not where he kindly treated. one of the three ran and dismounted and examined him closely. passed while he was in this mad took fit bring to his door some wild game. before she saw anything about him which would serve to identify him. and the good man it Such was the life upon himself to remove the skin and set a good quantity of the venison to cook. When they saw the naked man. or oats. in whose service they were. But she could have seen she was slow to recognize him. she him would have known him quickly enough. and the bread and the water in the jug was always standing on the window-ledge for the madman Thus he had something to eat and to make a meal. which sufficed him for a long time. for she had often seen Because of the scar she was he beyond any doubt.164 to a place A Book is of Giants So. and she recollected that my lord Yvain's it. after that. as he had been many then. and if richly attired. If he had only been a time. until one day he was found asleep in the forest by two damsels and their mistress. or of some other grain. but she marvelled greatly how it came about that she found him thus poor and stripped. saw . Yvain had a plentiful supply of bread and venison. venison without salt or pepper. he led. and continued to look at him until at last she noticed a scar which he had on his face. And the good man exerted himself to sell the hide and buy bread made of barley.

if he does not escape. for it would surely never be like him to conduct himself thus indecently unless he had lost his mind. who has proved himself to be the best knight in the world.The Adventures Often she crosses herself in of Yvain 165 amazement. I should see the strife between you two quickly settled in your favor if God favored your fortunes so that Yvain should return to his senses and undertake to aid you in this stress. think he must have had some misfortune. . which causes self. has made upon you a fierce attack. saying there was no delirium of at once the head which it would not cure. Would that God had restored to him the best sense he ever had. cannot imagine what sin has reduced the gentleman I to such a plight. for one may lose his wits through And any one can see that he is not in his right mind. But we must be on our way at once! For I recall a certain ointment with which Morgan the Wise presented me." Thereupon. and going back to the others. but she does not touch him or wake him up. with God's help I think we can clear his head of all the madness and insanity. if I ought to delay to tell you of the grief she showed. but thus she spoke weeping to her mistress: "My lady. rather does she mount her horse again. I have found Yvain. they go off toward the town. who is assistance to your cause! at war with you. and would that he might then consent to render For Count Alier. I do not know tells them tearfully of her adventure. I and the most virtuous. him thus to demean himgrief.*' To this the lady made reply: "Take care now! For surely.

so that she could touch and handle him. taking out a The lady opens a too prodigal in its box. all alone. She put more on than was needed. gives to the damsel. taking the ointment she rubbed him with to anoint it until none remained it in the box. two of their leagues make one and four make two. and she used it so freely that she heeded not the warning of her mistress. sends him also a robe of spotted fur. for there no use of applying it elsewhere. for nothing the matter with him except in his brain. all still own a shirt. it. case of hers. but in her opinion it was well employed. And he remains sleeping while the lady goes to fetch the ointment. a coat. she should anoint only his temples with and the there is remainder she should carefully keep. With and found him these asleep where she had tied left him. store. The damsel an takes them.166 A Book of Giants it which was hard by. and leads in her right excellent palfrey. of her soft hose. for was not any more than half a league of the kind they have in that country. she added to these. she came with the clothes and the ointment to the place where he was asleep. nor indeed did she remember it. as compared with ours. She and a hand mantle of scarlet silk. and some new things she drawers of proper quickly set out. and. After putting her horse in an enclosure where she him fast. . Then she made so bold as to approach the madman. being so solicitous for his recovery that she proceeded him all over with . and. And some cut. and charges her not to be use: she should rub only his temples is with it.

the damsel resolves to wait no longer. she had had five measures of it she would doubtless have done the same thing. wishing that. She posts herself behind an oak-tree until he had slept enough. Thereupon. and his whole body down to the ankles. She carries off the box. and says that he is dead and utterly undone if any one has come upon him there and recognized him.more ashamed had he known what had happened. She rubbed his temples and his whole body so much there in the hot sunshine that the madness and the depressing gloom passes But she was foolish to completely out of his brain. he may see it all laid out. and takes hidden refuge by her horse. he knows nothing but that he is naked. having regained his wits and memory. he clothes himself and looks out into the forest to see if any one is approaching. and was cured and quite restored. He sees the new robe lying before him. Then he sees that he is as naked as ivory. and marvels greatly how and by what adventure it had come there. if God calls him back to life. He tries to stand up and support himself. affected for his sickness has so him that he can scarcely stand upon his feet. mounting. and feels much ashamed but he would have been yet . she passed close by him. But he is ashamed and concerned because of his nakedness.The Adventures of Yvain 167 She rubbed his temples and forehead. as if unaware . and may take it and put it on. As it is. but. If anoint his body. Meanwhile. but cannot summon . the strength to walk away. for of that there was no need. But she leaves the robe behind.

looks about her as is. "Which way?" says he. "I do. but I think you are not very well. Confused." by. in so doing she was wise and courte- When knight. By this ruse she made him think that she knew nothing of him and had never seen ous. where he might recruit his strength. which I hold in my right to rest. him before . damsel. for her part." need of me. and we shall go to our lodging-place. sire. here!" And the damsel guided toward him her soft-stepping palfrey. not wishing to go straight up Then he begins to call again: "Damsel." said in this he." she says. For the next two weeks at least you ought Take this horse. she had so what come before him. which he needed so much to lead him some lodging-place. he calls out to her with all his might. I know not I For God's sake and your belief in Him. that palfrey you are leading in "Gladly. she goes hither and thither." "Yes. And if the damsel. me. she said: "Sir you desire that you call me so insis"prudent damsel." me whither am going. not knowing what the trouble to him. hand. I tently?" "Ah. Quite indiflerent as to whence might come away the help. taking pray you to lend my word as a pledge. come this way. if you stand in .168 A to Book of Giants of his presence." beyond the forest. "To a town that stands near "Tell me. but you must accompany I your hand. or else to give me outright. wood by some mishap — have found myself what.

and said: "This certain that the and I am sure and found again. lady. for one could have taken up a . will never be . takes mounts. I beg you to serve him in all respects. The Adventures And he. when her palfrey stumbled under her. to her the tell lie as she had in- not daring to her the truth. bathing him and washing his hair." "Ah. which would have been still . there is nothing more to be done about it. Together they held their way until they came to the town. However. One often desires a blessing which certainly a very serious loss. turns out to be a curse thus I. where the lady detained my lord Yvain and asked the damsel in private for her box and ointment and the damsel repeated vented it. have lost the dearest and most precious of my possessions.. It is her intention to invent this story when she comes into her mistress's presence. and they proceed until they come to a bridge over a swift and turbulent stream. the box slipped from her grasp. But since it has happened so. having him shaved and clipped. and she came near falling in too. how wisely now you speak! For it would be too bad to convert one misfortune into two." Then they say no more about the box. who looked for a bless- ing and joy from this knight. Then is the lady was box greatly enraged. And the damsel throws into the water the empty box she is carrying thinking to excuse herself to her mistress for her oint- ment by saying that she was so unlucky as to let the box fall into the water for. worse luck. of Yvain it 169 and who had no other desire. but minister in every way they can to the comfort of my lord Yvain.

they are furnished him. the knight together with his horse. for many a man of poor and timid heart. satisfied: if if is he asks for arms. He came stayed there until. at the sight of some brave man who attacks a dangerous task before his cast eyes. he had had so long My a rest that his strength was quite restored. Some armed and some unarmed. The knight never rose again. whence she saw . who started fires and took plunder. they provide him with one that large and handsome. Those in the town at once rose up and equipped themselves with arms. Count Alier to town with his men and knights. will be which give these will drive out the overwhelmed by confusion and shame. he spurred forward to clear the pass. strong and spirited. upon a Tuesday. who did not deign to retreat before them. but awaited them in a narrow pass. One could not have counted up to four before one would have seen him those down speedily four knights.170 fist A Book of Giants His every want is full of hair upon his face. My lord Yvain drew back a little to recover. I think. for his backbone was broken and his heart burst within his breast. poor heart in his body and him another like to a hero's for courage. And was up in the tower. and he struck a knight upon his shield with such force that he sent down in a heap. So men grew brave and each stood his ground in the lady the fight and attack. lord Yvain struck at the crowd. he wants a horse. then protecting himself completely with his shield. who were with him waxed more brave. Whereupon. they issued forth the to meet the plunderers.

which he allows to be cut in pieces mercilessly. and how fierce is his attack He slays about him as a lion among the fallow deer. how he comes boldly to attack then. See him in the fray he maintains his place. and calls for more. Just see how keen he For. see stains with blood his lance how again. and she saw lying upon the ground who were wounded and many of her own. too. all our other knights are more brave and daring because of him. see how he presses the enemy and follows them up. Then. killed. See now how he proves lord ! himself. what a valiant knight! enemies yield. when he is impelled by need and hunger. see how he and bare sword. to to avenge the blows which are dealt at him. And the men and women who had remained within the town declared as they watched the strife: How he makes his "Ah. were it not for him alone. and excellent Yvain made them yield just as the falcon does the teal.The Adventures of Yvain 171 the fighting and the rush to win and gain possession of the pass. bold. and soon returns to the attack. he wields the sword when he draws it And see how ! Roland never . I guess he would have none For he breaks all the lances that they left by night. When such an excellent man is found he ought to be loved and dearly prized. but he spends little time in giving away. but more of the enemy than For my courteous. both of her many own party and of the enemy. for. then gives away and turns about. how is lightly he esteems his shield. place in his socket. if some one should use all the forest of Argonne make lances for him. not a lance would have been splintered nor a sword drawn to strike.

for by his side they feel as safe as if they were enclosed in a high and thick stone wall. with no one near to lend him aid. would retreat to-day discomfited." Then they say that the woman would be blessed who should be loved by one who is so powerful in arms.172 A Book of Giants wrought such havoc with Durandal against the Turks at Ronceval or in Spain! If he had in his company some good companions hke himself. Thus man and woman alike praised him. was such that they vie with one another But he presses hard upon their heels. The living roll over upon the dead as they wound and kill each other. until he comes up with him at the foot of a steep flee . and that he were master of the land. the traitor. and in doing so they but told the truth. . whose attack we are suffering. near the entrance of a strong place which belonged to the Count. and without any excessive parley my For as soon as lord Yvain received his surrender. as a moon among the stars. and who above all others may be recognized as a taper among candles. He so won the hearts of all that the prowess which they see in him made them wish that he had taken their lady to wife. For his attack on his adversaries in flight. They work dreadful destruction upon each other and meanwhile the Count flees with my lord Yvain after him. There the Count was stopped. ascent. and all his companions follow him. The pursuit continues until those who become exhausted. and as the sun above the moon. and the pursuers slash at them and disembowel their steeds. or would stand his ground only to find defeat.

and will build up again the houses which he had destroyed. or to marry her. My lord Yvain holds his prisoner by the hand. the lady herself leads the way. and to will make good her all the loss which she can prove. and to the all But the news was carried themselves arrived. oath. there was no further possibility of escape.The Adventures of Yvain 173 he held him in his hands. the honor of leading off the Count as and of giving him over to his enemies. he will always Giving her pledges. or of yielding. make such peace as she might And when his he had accepted his word he made head and remove the shield from about his neck. whose joy he had caused a while . So he lady started out to retrace his path. While pledges. or of self-defence. leaving the much chagrined. But he would not allow in accordance with the lady's wish. so the Count pledged his word to go to surrender to the lady of Noroison as her prisoner. The Count gladly acceded to her wishes and demands. who make no town before they come forth to meet him. but rather departed hastily: in this case entreaty was of no avail. and secured her by his word. and the Count surrendered to him his sword him disarm Thus he won his prisoner. asked leave to depart. and they were left just man to man. he swears to her that live on peaceful terms with her. secret of their joy. and to dictate. When these things were agreed upon my lord Yvain But she would not have granted him this permission had he been willing to take her as his mistress. and presents him to her. himself to be followed or escorted a single step.




of Giants
not tarry longer she





at ease in proportion to the

happiness he had brought to her, for she would have



honor him, and would have made him, with
possessions, or else she

his consent, lord of all her

would have paid him for his services whatever sum he might have named. But he would not heed any

word of man or woman.
the knights

Despite their grief he


and the lady who vainly

tried to detain






Yvain proceeded through a deep


he heard among the trees a very loud and dismal cry, and he turned in the direction whence it

seemed to come.

And when

he had arrived upon the

spot he saw in a cleared space a lion, and a serpent

which held him by the
with flames of

burning his hind-quarters
at this strange spec-



Yvain did not gape

but took counsel with himself as to which of


two he should
lion, for

Then he

says that he will

succour the
sonous, and

a treacherous and venomous crea-

ture deserves to be harmed.


the serpent



bursts forth

of wickedness


from its mouth so full creature. So my lord Yvain
the serpent

decides that he will




sword he

steps forward, holding the

shield before his face in order not to be

harmed by from the creature's throat, which the flame emerging was larger than a pot. If the lion attacks him next,
he too shall have

the fight he wishes


but whatever

may happen

afterwards he makes up his mind to help

The Adventures
him now.

of Yvain


For pity urges him and makes request that he should bear succour and aid to the gentle and noble


his sword,

which cuts so


he attacks the
to the earth

wicked serpent,


him through

and cutting him

in two,

then continuing his blows

he reduces him to tiny

But he had to cut

a piece of the lion*s tail to get at the serpent^s head, which held the lion by the tail. He cut off only so much as was necessary and unavoidable. When he had set the lion free, he supposed that he would have to fight with him, and the lion would come at him; but the lion was not minded so. Just hear now what the lion did! He acted nobly and as one well-bred for he began to make it evident that he yielded himself to him, by standing upon his two hind-feet and bowing his face to the earth, with his fore-feet joined and stretched out toward him. Then he fell on his knees again, and all his face was

wet with the tears of humility.
for a truth that the lion



Yvain knows

thanking him and doing

him homage because of the serpent which he had killed, thereby delivering him from death. He was
greatly pleased by this episode.


cleaned his sword of the serpent's poison and

then he replaced


in its scabbard,

and resumed

his way.


the lion walks close by his side, unwill-

ing henceforth to part from him; he will always in

future accompany him, eager to serve and protect him.

goes ahead until he scents in the wind upon his way some wild beasts feeding; then hunger and his





of Giants

nature prompt him to seek his prey and to secure his
his nature so to do.



ahead a Httle on the

thus showing his master that

he had come upon and detected the odor and scent of some wild game. Then he looks at him and halts, wishing to serve every wish, and unwilling to proceed

Yvain understands by his attitude He that he is showing that he awaits his pleasure. perceives this and understands that if he holds back he will hold back too, and that if he follows him he will seize the game which he has scented. Then he incites and cries to him, as he would do
against his will.
to hunting-dogs.

the scent which he

not deceived, for

At once the lion directed his nose to had detected, and by which he was he had not gone a bow-shot when

he saw in a valley a deer grazing


This deer

he will

seize, if

he has his way.


so he did, at


and then drank




he had killed





his back

back to his master,

who thereupon


a greater affection for him, and chose him as a companion for all his life, because of the great devotion

he found

in him.

was near


now, and


seemed good



to spend the night there,


from the deer


as he cared to eat.

splits the skin

along the

the loin he strikes

Beginning to carve it he and taking a steak from from a flint a spark, which he catches


some dry brush-wood; then he quickly puts his upon a roasting-spit to cook before the fire, and





quite cooked through.

But there

The Adventures
was no
or wine, or




pleasure in the meal, for there or knife, or anything

was no bread,

While he was eating, the lion lay at his feet; not a movement did he make, but watched him steadily until he had eaten all that he could eat of the steak.
to the bones.

What remained of And

the deer the lion devoured, even



night his master laid his

head upon his shield
the lion

to gain such rest as that afforded,

showed such intelligence that he kept awake, and was careful to guard the horse as it fed upon the grass, which yielded some slight nourishment. In the morning they go off together, and the same sort of existence, it seems, as they had led that night, they two continued to lead all the ensuing week, until chance brought them to the spring beneath the pinetree. There my lord Yvain almost lost his wits a
second time, as he approached the spring, with
stone and the chapel that stood close by.

a thousand times he a swoon; and the point of his sharp sword, falling from its scabbard, pierced the meshes of his hauberk right in the neck
his distress that

So great was

sighed '*alas!" and grieving

fell in

beside the cheek.
spread, and the

There is not a mesh that does not sword cuts the flesh of his neck beit

neath the shining mail, so that

causes the blood to


the lion thinks that he sees his master


companion dead.

never heard greater grief narrated or told about anything than he now began to




himself about, and scratches and
to kill himself with the

and has the wish



fallen tree,


of Giants

with which he thinks his master has killed himself. Taking the sword from his with his teeth he lays it

on a trunk behind, so that it will not slip or give way, when he hurls His intention was nearly accomhis breast against it. plished when his master recovered from his swoon and on a




the lion restrained himself as he was blindly rushing upon death, like a wild boar heedless of where he

wounds himself. Thus my lord Yvain

a swoon beside the stone, but, on recovering, he violently reproached |jimself for the year during which he had overstayed his leave, and for which he had incurred his lady's hate, and he said: "Why does this wretch not kill himself who has thus deprived himself of joy? Alas! why do I
lies in

not take






stay here

and look

upon what belongs to my lady? Why does the soul What is the soul doing in so still tarry in my body? miserable a frame? If it had already escaped away
would not be in such torment. It is fitting to hate and blame and despise myself, even as in fact I do. Whoever loses his bliss and contentment through fault

or error of his

own ought

to hate himself mortally.

He ought to hate and kill himself. And now, when no one is looking on, why do I thus spare myself? Why do I not take my life? Have I not seen this lion a prey to such grief on my behalf that he was on the point just now of thrusting my sword through
And ought I to fear death who have changed happiness into grief? Joy is now a stranger to me. Joy? What joy is that? I shall say no more
his breast?

The Adventures
have asked a foohsh question.
joy of

of Yvain


of that, for no one could speak of such a thing; and

That was the



which was assured as


possession, but

endured for but a




such joy through his

own misdeed

undeserving of
lion, as usual,

Then my
after him.



and the

until they came to a which was completely surrounded by a massive, strong, and high wall. The castle, being extraordinarily well protected, feared no assault of catapult or storming machine; but outside the walls the ground was so completely cleared that

They journeyed



not a single hut or dwelling remained standing.
will learn the cause of this



little later,


the time


Yvain made his way directly toward the fortified place, and seven varlets came out who lowered the bridge and advanced to meet him. But they were terrified at the sight of the lion, which they saw with him, and asked him kindly to leave the lion at
the gate lest he should







he replies: "Say no more of that!


I shall

not enter without him.



both find shelas dear to

ter here or else I shall stay outside;









I shall

Yet you need have no fear of keep him so well in hand that you


be quite confident.'*

They made answer: "Very well!" Then they entered the town, and passed on


they met knights and ladies and charming damsels

but it would be I will better for you to desire ignorance and silence." he said. and do all they can for him. as they begin to lament and weep and beat themselves. which makes them quickly forget their joy. "fair gentle you kindly inform me why you have thus honored me. but their heart not in what they do. Allow us to continue to lament. for a long space of time. **For God's sake. and mingled grief with their it will happiness. tell never you willingly anything to cause you grief. as they joyfully escort him into the town. and shown at once such joy and such will heaviness?" "Yes. sir. of Giants coming down the who say: remove until armor as they saKite him and wait to "Welcome to our midst. if you desire to know.180 A his Book street. for they are greatly worried over an event which they expect to take place on the following day. My lord Yvain was so surprised that they so often changed their mood. fair sire! And may God grant that you tarry here you may leave with great honor and satisfac- tion!" High and low alike extend to him a glad welcome. and they feel very sure and certain that come to pass before midday. But after they had expressed their gladness they are overwhelmed by grief. Thus. that he addressed the lord of the place on the subject. they cease not to rejoice or is is make lament: it to honor their guest that they rejoice. and do you pay no attention to what we do !" "It would be quite impossible for me to see you sad .

and the giant has taken all six of them. So it is no wonder. and to I to his taking all of lay his hands. If you had noticed. should give him all my daughter. confound. unless fight I kill find someone who will dare to him for the deliverance of my sons. fair sir. For he is a fool who attracts a gentleman . the maidens in the world.The Adventures and not take it of Yvain 181 upon my heart. my senses from very grief. 'Well. is named Harpin of the Not a day passes without possessions upon which he can one has a better right than sorrowful. for I I were knights. "I will tell you have much from a giant. Now I have told you the entire story of our great distress. That is which awaits me to-morrow. for he has razed the entire town. so I desire to know I the truth. unless the Lord God grant me His aid. you must have seen this evening that he has not left us so much as an egg. whom Moun- may God tain." all. When he had plunto his presence . who has insisted that I who surpasses in beauty This evil giant. then. fairer than any I might well lose had six sons who knew in the world. if we are all in tears. except what we have here. or unless I consent to surrender the disaster my daughter to him. whatever chagrin may result to me. and to be make lament." he suffered said. and to-morrow he will other four. except these walls which are new. and then does not honor him and you seem to be a very perfect gentleman. Neither in town nor in fortress has the giant left us anything. my No complain. But for your sake we strive for the moment to assume as cheerful a countenance as we can. Before my eyes the he killed two of them.

it My listened to all that his host told all him." Then that he the wealthy man reveals would have had efficient help where failed to find my lord Gawain." While listening to this recital my lord Yvain does not cease to sigh. There is no man so mighty that he could not find at his court some who would be glad to try their strength with his. And I am the one who suffers herself to his escort. who so befooled the King that he gave the Queen into his charge and placed her under his proHe was a fool. Inspired by the pity which he feels. and she imprudent to entrust tection. and lord loses in all this ! for it is certain that to my excellent Gawain would have made haste come it. for bring gone in pursuit of him. and when he had heard he was pleased to answer him: I am sorry and distressed about I this trouble of yours. he known the facts. he set fire to In way he has done me many an Yvain *'Sire. had it not been for Kay. evil turn. but marvel greatly that you have not asked assistance at good King Arthur's court. here. who went to court to seek the King's wife. has led her away. However. for the sake of his nephews had and I his niece. for my wife is his own a knight from a strange land. but by any means of his own invention. But he knows nothing of wherefore am he so distressed that is my heart is almost breaking. he could not have gotten possession of her sister.182 dcred this all A lord Book of Giants what remained.'' he wished. to whom may God shame and woe for having led the Queen away. and explains to him if he had known "He would not have me upon this occasion. .

for God and good fortune have given here a very welltheir They entered with them to conceal their tears. And her mother. fair sire. for there She was very simple and sad and quiet was no end to the grief she felt: she walked with her head bowed to the ground. for the gentleman had sent for them to meet his look upon. "surely my lord Yvain would not be proper under any circumstances for the sister and the niece of my lord Gawain to prostrate themselves at my feet. for to-morrow at noon I shall be somewhere else. May God defend me from ever giving place to such never "May God me see that!" it ." "Once for ness. too. in accordance with a promise I have would gladly the giant and made. Delay no longer let now to throw yourselves at his feet hastens to exclaim. Just then the damsel came out of a room. came in from an adjoining room. born gentleman who assures !" me that he will fight against the giant. and hold up their heads. guest." the good man said. mantles wrapped about and he bid them throw back their mantles.The Adventures he makes this reply: of Yvain 183 "Fair gentle sire. I undertake this perilous adventure. if your sons should arrive to-morrow in time to cause me no delay. saying: "You ought not to hesitate to obey my behests. "I thank you a hundred thousand times for your willing- And all the people of the house likewise ex- pressed their gratitude. with her graceful body and her face so fair and pleasing to as she came." all.

except that the giant I they would take comfort until may come in such good time that be not compelled to break I my engagement elsewhere for would not fail for anything to be present togreatest business I could ever morrow noon undertake. the lion together lay down there and took The others dared not sleep in the room.. their rest. for they prized him dearly. and they think he must be a very good man. Nevertheless. for he fears that the giant may not come early enough to allow him to reach in time the damsel who is im- prisoned in the chapel. for they place great confi- dence in his prowess. he got up and When the room was thrown . when they see the lion by his side as confident as a lamb would be. and would have done so a hundred thousand times more had they been informed of his prowess and courtesy. He and.'' at the Thus he is unwilling to reassure them completely. open. he promises them enough to arouse good hope in them. but they closed the door so tight that they could not come out until the next day at dawn. When the time came they led him ofif to bed in a brightly lighted room both the damsel and her mother escorted him. I should I never forget the shame which if should feel. They take comfort and rejoice because of the hope they stake on him. and they indulge their grief no more. . but should be very glad to-morrow. when they may see whether God will conI have no other request to make. They all alike join in thanking him. 184 pride as to let A Book fall at of Giants them my feet I ! Indeed. sent to aid them.

begins to weep and beseeches him to stay. he waited until the hour of prime. when they would not ap- prove or permit their action. who is in dismay. I tarry longer here." blood quivered and boiled with At this the damsel's fear. But believe truly that I would gladly and willingly stay here yet awhile for the sake of the nephews and the niece of my beloved lord Gawain. and by the Lord. but must ask your permission to leave at once. the damsel. and loves. Then in the hearing of all he summoned the lord of the town and have no more time to wait. she begs him by the glorious queen of heaven and of the angels. pity Then his heart he says he knows. if I did not have a great business on hand. and then. and by the Lord. They were so afraid he would go away that they were on the recalled that he point of humbling themselves and casting themselves at his feet. who is the very honey and . Then longer. only he will wait a And he replied: "God !" forbid that ever I should take anything of yours Then aloud. for her uncle's sake. because of the promise he had made. is touched with deep when he hears her adjuring him in the name of him whom he loves the most. and if it were not so far away.The Adventures of Yvain 185 heard Mass. Like one distracted and a prey to dread. the lord makes him an if offer of all he will little take of his lands or wealth. I cannot said: "My lord. whom and esteems. and by the mistress of heaven. but to wait a little while. not to go. as well as the lady's and the lord's. and then too.

unable to endure his his wits. of Giants sweet savour of Filled with anguish he heaved a sigh. and with he frequently spurred them on. of the city gate. for were the kingdom of Tarsus at stake he would not see her burned to whom he had pledged his If he could not reach her in time. and miserAs they came riding along beside a wood. he does not stir. Nevertheless. dwarf. bringing with the knights. but delays and waits him this so long that the giant came suddenly. except some soiled and filthy shirts. the giant shouts out to the noble lord that he will kill his sons unless he delivers to him his in the plain in front daughter. and walked beside them. who was puffed up hke a toad. only increased his distress: his heart almost bursts in half at the thought that he cannot delay. until they bled. For their part they had no clothing on that was worth a straw. and their feet and hands were bound with cords. my lord Gawain. thinking thereby to be doing something Thus they were brought along in shame by the Stopping giant and the dwarf. a able. beating them remorselessly with a four-knotted scourge wonderful. life. he would be aid. or would live on without on the other hand. the kindness of his friend. The worthy man agony is like His that of one who would rather be dead is well-nigh beside himself. as they came riding upon four hmping jades. which were weak and thin. had tied the horses' tails together. and hanging from his neck he carried a big square stake with a pointed end. .186 A Book pity.

One or the other must be ! cast down. would do the same with him. I know not which. They delayed as little as they could in arming him. so that he would release your sons and should come and make amends for the insulting words he has spoken to you. of Yvain 187 Again and again he bemoans his fate. very vile and impudent is that But may God giant who vaunts himself out there. All those him go. Give me now my arms and horse! Have the drawbridge lowered. and weeps aloud and sighs. behind commended the lest knight to the Saviour. there remained nothing but to lower the bridge and let he went out. either I or he. and let me pass. They lowered it for him. then I would commend you to God and go about my business." Then they go to get his horse.The Adventures than alive. If I could only humiliate the cruel wretch who is thus oppressing you. for they fear exceedingly their devilish who already had slain so many good men on the same field before their eyes. and hand over to him his arms. So they pray God to defend him from death. behind. and But the lion would by no means stay left who were enemy. never grant that he should have your daughter in his power He despises her and insults her openly. Then my frank and gentle lord Yvain thus began to speak to him: "Sire. striving so expeditiously that they soon have him quite equipped. and return him to them safe and sound. and that He may give him strength to slay the . When his equipment was complete.

who was anxious to depart. do mine. Thereupon the lion bristles up. fearing naught. my lord Yvain. and . came at him. replies: "Thou treatNow do thy best and I'll est of what matters not. And he who had drawn his blade gave him such a slash with the cutting edge and not with the flat side. and the giant runs at him with his stake raised in air. trusted in his strength so much that he disdained to arm himself. and with threatening words thus spake to him "By my eyes. rides at him. and makes him bend beneath the blows. and leaps up in his anger and strength. Idle parley wearies me." But the other. the man who sent thee here surely had no love for thee! No better way could he have taken to avenge himself on the giant fiercely : And thee. ready to lend his master aid. My lord Yvain then draws the sword with which he knew how to deal He found the giant unprotected.'* Thereupon breast. He has chosen well his vengeance for whatever wrong thou hast done to him.188 giant. My lord Yvain deals him such a blow upon the chest that he thrusts through the skin and wets the tip of his lance in his body's blood by way of sauce. And the giant belabors him with the stake. A Each one Book of Giants softly prays to God in accordance with his wish. for he fierce blows. with the stake that it made him sink in a heap upon his horse's neck. that he cut from his cheek a slice fit to Then the other in turn gave him such a blow roast. He goes to strike him on the which was protected by a bear's skin.

exhausted my lord Yvain. Before he could recover himself he had severed with the edge of his sword the giant's shoulder from his body. just like hounds which have followed the beast until they finally come up with him. and he much bark tore away the heavy bearskin beneath the skin a large piece of his thigh. became evident who was the most fleet of game. The Then giant escaped his clutches. Then my lord them Yvain took aim and landed two blows on him. As for my lord Yvain they are very sure that they could not detain him for any reason they might allege but they beseech him to return and stay to enjoy him- . but without either of touching the other. embrace.. it And if a great oak tree would make no greater noise than the giant made when he tumbled down. The Adventures strikes of Yvain 189 and tears like so the giant wore. when and the lion leaped fell backward so he missed beside his blow. but missed his aim. for all ran to see the And the four brothers rejoice after the woes they have endured. too. The daughter comes running. All those who were on the wall would fain have witnessed such should I think a blow. roaring and bull. So men and women in rivalry ran forward without delay to where the giant lay face downward. and her mother. he thought to strike him. raising his stake in both hands. With the next blow he ran the whole blade of his sword through his liver beneath his chest: the giant falls in death's fall. together with the nerves and flesh. for the lion bellowing like a had badly wounded him. Then it foot.

190 self A Book of Giants which as soon as he shall have completed the business And he replies that he cannot calls him away. But thus much go to did he say to his host: that he wished that his four sons and his daughter should take the dwarf and my lord tell and should himself. Gawain when they hear of his return. promise them anything. and relate to him how he has conducted actions are of For kind no use if you are not willing that they be known. . for as yet he cannot guess whether it will fare well or ill with him.

and. it But away back in the days of great King Arthur was common knowledge that a horde of giants had first driven out the fairy population of the island. and lay spell-bound forever in vast subterranean chambers beneath their ancient palace. or hun- dred for that matter. with "deemsters" to lature Norse and Celtic judge them and a Legistheir and Lieutenant-governor of own for their 20. and find it verify the tale by consulting a Manxman (or better still an aged Manxwoman) why you need only turn to *The History and Description of the Isle of Man." wherein Mr.CHAPTER XIII THE TURKE AND GAWAIN A cling TERRIBLE Isle of Man — brood of giants once lived on the ^as anyone in western England five could have told you a hundred years ago. had been themselves over- powered by the mighty enchanter Merlin. you have any doubts about this. Waldron only seventy years if And difficult to — ago related all the facts as to ''Curious and Authentick 191 . in the Irish tail-less To-day this island of Mona Sea produces nothing stranger than Manx cats and a hard-headed race of people who to their old most obstinately customs. after ruling many generations in the usual dis- courteous fashion of giants.000 inhabitants.

A few portions of this ballad are lost to light the fires (they were used by the maids in Humphrey Pitt's house in Shropshire.'* He strong and secret apartment underground." risked the attempt in spite of the grisly fate of his predecessors. having no passage to it but a hole. Prob- ably five or six centuries back an unknown minstrel made a what ballad telling all about this giant brood and befell the valiant Sir Gawain upon his adventure into that dread island. found the old 17th century manuscript book containing But the course of the tale is plain. about 1760. after traversing interminable black passages. many comical and entertaining stories of the pranks himself saw beneath Douglas Fort the "very played by fairies. and not one of them ever returned to give an account of what he had undoubtedly seen —except one who foolhardy individual. in which lay a monster fourteen feet long and ten or eleven feet around whereat. like a wise and prudent man. which is covered with a large stone. ber. full of ''Dutch courage. and the it!) . And there is more vivid testimony than this.' " and is called to this day The great man's cham- Also many spirits wise ones told him how several venturesome who ventured down to the subter- ranean chambers at Castleton. where Bishop Percy. he retraced his steps without further investigation. This lucky person related upon his return that. he at last reached a light and a magnificent dwelling. &c.— 192 A Book of Giants Relations of Apparitions of Giants that have lived Likewise under the castle from time immemorial.

there came a man into the hall." With his his Gawain rose and smote him. Be thou never so stalwart of hand. Said he: buffet "Is there any and take another will. for there are knights within this hall will thee to the ground with one buffet. thou seemest not fell so strong in wit if thou be not adread. having been passed on orally for hundreds of years before that. though ye be fierce as any wild boar. made like a turke (a dwarf) in his legs — sate in his seat. lest he slay him outright. if man wants him. held the Round All England both east and west. I dare safely sweare I shall bring thee to the ground. but he was broad. doughty warriors and keen. Listen. But to surprise the dwarf did not go down before his that . what adventures did England. give "Man. lords great -befall in and small. He was not tall.The Turke and Gawain romance stands here essentially as it 193 was written down about 1650. and as King Arthur him at his meat." Then spake is that worthy knight Sir Gawain: "Cousin Kay. the thee thou shouldst kill The dwarf answered better of threateningly: "Come you two. where hath been the knights that Table. any be so hardy?'* Then spoke that crabbed knight. —lords me a served and if thighs. thou speakest unworthily. but not with full strength. Sir Kay: — as a brother. lords and ladies of the best." wit. small honor to on. they busked them and made them bowne. and rude If this thy answer.

Never will I flee from an adven- jousting or any other tournament. he. in no place that I have ever led Sir . broke upon them." strive for Gawain to a high hill." The dwarf took leave of the crowned King. with me on an adventure and I shall thou must go make thee thrice as afraid as ever man was on this — middle earth ere thou see this court again/* '1 plight my troth/' said Gawain. be it fly. 194 A Book of Giants blow but withstood it." . but bruised lows in brotherhood that are wont to mastery. would I had here King Arthur and many of thy felme. and Gawain began to dread the murk came down and the light disappeared and a storm of snow and rain. Gawain was sore hungered and had great need of meat and drink. Then the dwarf looked upon him menacingly and said: "Be sure that when the time comes this buffet thou But before that hast given me shall be well quitted. and Gawain made ready his armor and steed." said Sir Gawain sighed heavily. "I dare go with thee and never ture. holding his head high: "Gawain.. where is all thy plenty? The other day thou wast served with dainties and gave no part to me with a buffet: therefore thou shalt I only have mickle care and shalt see adventures. with thunder and lightning. The dwarf knew he needed food and Sir spoke rough words to him. "Such weather. Suddenly the earth opened and closed again. They By then Sir rode northwards two days and more. "saw I never before. He been.

without boast or threat." At that the dwarf went forth and immediately finest." When ding. Yet do I marvel more. on thy peril see thou makest them no answer but only unto me. that I see neither man nor man. "but take heed that if thou seest anyone Yea. Said Gawain: "Man." So they rode up to the castle and Sir Gawain off his horse.The Turke and Gawain The dwarf paid no long journey. lighted The dwarf. woman nor child. all manner of meat and drink for any grooms that might win thither." said he." said the guide. he to give "I will. I marvel that thou mayst spare none of these victuals when there is such great plenty here. "We go in. till 195 for a attention and led him on shall at last they came in sight of a noble castle standing close beside the sea. re- turned. but the dwarf bade him leave it alone on his peril so that he waxed anxious. led him through the gates. with rich railings and most seemly In the hall a board was spread with to look upon. I had liever now be free to eat my fill of this fair meat than to have all the gold in Christendom. bower and hall. Here they found chamber. spirit. thou speak not to man nor woman. be ready at thy bid- Yet I would pray thee rather me my . bringing meat and drink of the "Eat. "and refresh thy faith thou shalt labor In and sweat ale ere thou get more said: food. being on foot already. within. even if they address thee. Gawain. the knight had drunk and wine. by my fay. Sir Gawain would have fallen to that fare.

grim and terrible." hour. and led him without again. *'he when thou comest again." said the dwarf. Sir Bodwine." said he. that will not spiteth my I them every day? He preaches catch goods alone but much of a crown of thorns. stiff hall. where and stoure. adventures are before you. Sir Gawain Indeed there was naught turned loose his charger. whose like the knight had Said the dwarf: "Gawain. of his plighted word. and doubt not that we win hence again. "how fareth thine uncle King Arthur? let And that bishop. shall be assailed before Many we But an and . we have come thus far now cometh the performance of In yonder castle dwells the King of Man. else he could do. but thine oath. He is a soldan of heathenesse. and. and he hath with him such a hideous rout of giants as one might not match did he seek far and near as wide as the world. There lay a boat by the shore. *1 plight shall be here my troth to thee. obeying his guide." sat the shall They landed and came into the great King of Man. without scathe. but an ever him he shall . They sailed across the water for the space of an when there appeared before them an island fair castle whereon stood a ne'er beheld.196 buffet A and let Book of Giants for I me go my way would not longer be in this place. Sir Gawain. ye take good heed to me I shall help ye in need I trow there is none so strong in stoure that he gainsay us. "Ah." The dwarf reminded him presently.

" "Nay." So they brought in a huge ball." said the me forth my tennis ball. he to play. They were seventeen in number." So they brought forth a monstrous as only one of the giants could so much as lift. fetch may it fall ye then.The Turke and Gavvain think such a crown but play. and knew there was no man in all England able to so much as carry it." "Fair those "Go. grim King the knight said "This is too easy a play for a proven knight. Gawain. knight. Just then the dwarf spoke privily in his ear. "for I will see this knight King. that is a strong boy you have. To the : play for you. sir 197 Sit down at my board." quoth who stood near. that may not be. it and the dwarf struck back so mightily that it flew clean out of the hall door and out of sight. The ." Then one of the giants struck the great heavy ball. much less play at hand-ball with it as was proposed. And in his heart he began to feel great fear that he was here presently to be shamed strange game. truth. and the least of them was behind half as tall again as the knight. all of brass. "I trow a venturous knight shall sit down in no king's hall ere he have assayed adventures." said Sir Gawain. these monstrous creatures Gawain looked on who laughed and showed their foul teeth in pleasure at the prospect of dashing out his brains in the course of this Then he looked at the ball of brass. and it came a hideous company of giants. "Of a the King. This boy of mine will and slain." said axletree such "Now let us try at casting the axletree.

" said a great giant lifted "do you begin the play. Then he bethought him and is turned to the dwarf. Then he lifted it clear and swung it thrice about his head. Gawain made a sign whereat the dwarf picked up the of the giants made a of the hall. 'Take away the axletree. When and set it down you have essayed it. and seized the huge knobs of the iron brazier which rose far above his head." said the King." All turned toward a monstrous brazier which stood in the hall. he shall ." Sir man on Gawain was never so disturbed since he was a middle earth." said he. "Gawain. The King waxed wroth and he bade them lay hands on the knight. "that so worthily wrought. and they had much ado to put out the fire." At that the dwarf sprang forward. and he fell down with grisly groaning. boy. be better assayed ere he go.198 tallest A Book of Giants cast from the other end tremendous mass crashed down before the feet of the knight and his companion. w^ithin whose great iron bars there blazed giant. so that the . "Such a boy saw I never before yet. coals and wood. one of us shall answer you. A up this brazier fairly with one hand. that the coals and red brands flew out over the hall floor. the last before This third adventure is me at this time. and before he could draw his sword . "Lift this brazier. as I may thrive. huge axletree and hurled it so shrewdly that it thrust through one of the giants.

and seized him and hurled him into the fire Then he said to Sir Gawain: dwarf to perish." the The King in anger spat upon him. The molten lead bubbled and spattered and before it stood a loathly giant with an iron pronged fork in his hand. . The giant looked eagerly upon the captive knight. thee that thou camest hither.The Turke and Gawain they had disarmed him and bound him fast. thine hour is come. "evil him privily. 199 The King had him taken aside and spoke Full to "Ah. nor none that belong- eth to King Arthur. hath come before thee. The dwarf leaped upon him. Sir Gawain turned to the King: "But thou agreest about the waist. and all of them I have slain through my mastery. and at the sight the giant cried out in fear. .'* But at that instant the dwarf discovered himself in his weed of invisible gray. Never went there away one to tell the tale." said the King. fell though thou beest. holding him down with the prings till he was scalded to death.'* The dwarf had drawn on a cloak of invisible gray and followed them. gripped him mightily all as he was into the caldron of molten lead. The King said to his monster: "Here are none but we two: do what is best. He heard all this. Nor shalt thou go. himself unseen in this weed. and cast him to be baptized. and followed still when the King led Gaw^ain into a fast dungeon where stood a great caldron of boiling lead. many a mickle of might and strong in battle. was the day for knight. Gawain.

Then for an emperor. And when the blood fell into the golden basin." and released many a captive knight and lady who had been held And after they had feasted they there in dolour. take this keen sword and strike off my head. my master. And they found there vast treasure of the dwarf brought a golden and a well-tempered sword. Well hast thou me for my aid. crown Gawain King of Man. an it please you. the former dwarf." . went down upon his knee before Arthur: "Sir King. quitted Sir Gawain.200 A Book is of Giants Yet let ''Master. "Blessed be thou. fit silver. the peril past." "Have done." So they went through the castle and slew all that foul company except such as were willing to become Christian men. Sir Gromer. Sir Gromer he was gold and basin. In this basin let me bleed and thou shalt see a new play. "Not for all the red gold would I have thee slain. crossed the ocean water and returned to King Arthur's court. us not tarry 10 complete this adventure. and fell on his knees before Gawain. the dwarf stood up in his own guise of a stalwart knight. hight. where there was great joy of the seventeen the castle Then they went throughout bright ladies thus restored." Sorrowfully. Gawain took the brand. and with one blow he smote off his head. I have no dread." "Now God forfend!" exclaimed Gawain. and said: "If ever I did aught for thee.

201 "Nay." And it was so. not I . for I see that Gawain will never consent. for he won it. said: give it to him.The Turke and Gawain But Gawain kneeled beside him and lord. ." Then said Arthur: "Take thou the kingdom. Sir Gromer.

all armed except his head and his hands. the incomparable Amadis of Gaul. or among his deeds had been Mystery. and with him two with squires. and at this time he went by the name of Beltenebros. saying: "Let this be read. his allies many Then there came a strange knight into the palace.CHAPTER XIV AMADIS AMONG THE GIANTS KING LISUARTE of Great Britain was at table. for love and worship of the peerless Oriana. but they grieved for the absence of and kinsman. five seals. their brother These were among his foremost knights. and he carried in his hand a letter sealed which on his knees he presented to the I will king. Florestan and Agrayes were about him. later as the Knight of the Fair known the Green Sword. had long wandered about in disguise. and Galaor." 202 . the King's daughter. and then say for what I am come. the cloths were removed. he. performing such exploits as made the whole world ring with his renown. whose limbs were as those of a giant. And the slaying of King Abies astonishing of Ireland. Sometime he was as the Child of the Sea. and who numbered among fierce giants.

if thou wilt give thy daughter Oriana to fair Madasima. and death in that war at last. brother of King Abies of Ireland. are coming against on King Cildadan's Howbeit. is and the death of all who call themselves thine thee in their hands. the daughter of Famongomadan. look to thy choice! Such peace or such war. but her in marriage when it is who doth land. Then part of said the knight: Famongomadan. well deserve to be lord of her and thy "Therefore. King. "Knight. "better I a dangerous war than a dishonorable peace: a bad render to if it. and Arcalaus the Enchanter "They tell thee that thy death. Tell this me where answer. account should in Him who them I hath placed me this high rank." I may send a knight to carry them . for they side. to will give be her damsel and servant. to Basogante. time. the giant of the Vermillion Tower. his nephew. his marriage-brother. Madasima's brother. "King. Cartadaque. giant of the Defended Mountain.: Amadis Among LIsuarte perceived that it the Giants letter 203 was a of credence and bade him speak his errand. they will not injure thee.'' said he. for lack of heart I should so Tell shamefully debase would rather choose war with them all the days of my life. nor be thine enemies. as one who naught the defiance. and for Quadragante. Madanfabul. I defy thee on the the Giant of the Boiling Lake. than consent to the peace they offer." Lisuarte smiled set at is when he began to reply.

to undertake no adventure till he had found a combat to Famongomadan. and fought with him the utterance for what he had dared propose." So it was done. and of the defiance that Famongomadan had sent. the lady of all his thoughts. When he heard this. In twenty days all w^as ready.204 the A Book of Giants *They may be found. Then he walked apart with Durin. a green shield with as many golden lions as could hold. being but barely recovered of severe wounds. and he resolved in himself. and a knight of King Lisuarte's carried them his reply defying them to the utmost. which is in the Isle of Mongaza. That night Amadis. his flesh shook with exceeding anger. and to buy him a horse. armed in his green armor. who brought word from her who was called the one without a peer. sage of Oriana. as he had ordered it. "In BoiHng Lake. For he purposed to ride to Millaflores to see Oriana. and set forth. for the time. he shield and Enil with him carrying his and helmet and lance. The day was clear. Now Amadis w^as at a nunnery. and a sword and breastplate. end of that time arrived Durin. still going by the name of Beltenebros even to his companion. so soon as he had seen his till lady. his squire town to get arms made for it him. and early the next day." replied the embassador. and how he demanded Oriana to be serving-damsel to his daughter. to the next He sent Enil. and also his brethren in the battle against Cildadan- how he should give her in marriage to his son. . took leave of the nuns. and heard the mes- and at the were to be and the giants. the best he could find.

"He looks more like a devil than a knight. I may but sir.*' shall see deserves when put Seven days they travelled without adventure. judge the other as you to proof.Amadis Among the Giants 205 he feeling himself in his strength and once more in arms. whom God has gifted with both. remembering Famongo- as madan." me . You have it judged the one. and Amadis. and two squires carrying his arms. if they were wanted. you have told me what I Amadis: "Stop. also.** 'The not in Amadis. "lies in a good good appearance. brother to King Abies of Ireland and his own deadly foe. they met a knight upon a large bay horse. began to manage his horse so skilfully that Enil said to him: "I know be. there golden flowers in a field azure. and bade cause him some delay. want to know.** quoth heart. what the strength of your heart never saw a knight appear so well in arms. On the eighth. Happy dole hath he a worth. Enil give to him his arms. he knew and seeing it was Don Quadragante. because he was on his way to Oriana. as they were passing the foot of a mountain. Yet. and feared lest the great prowess of this knight should Howbeit he stopt. not. as he drew nearer. "God protect you!" quoth Enil. wore his helmet that he might not be known. He cried out with a loud voice to till sir knight. he would willingly now have avoided battle.'* Amadis looked at the stranger's shield. so huge in stature that he appeared to be a giant.

" "I believe. replied: "You are one of those who hath challenged him?" "I am. They who undertake more than they can rather rash than hardy. of this have heard heretofore. notwithstanding your high lineage and your great prowess in arms. "but a right good knight. you may have you chuse not. and I am he who will do to him and his all the evil in my power." Amadis felt his anger rising. Don Quadragante. you must me if you belong to the household of King Lisuarte. and said to him: "Knight." "Why ask you?" "Because I have defied him and and kill all of them whom I meet. me your name." said Quadragante. but for his goodness my heart disposed to serve him. nor is am I of his land. and I am brother King Abies who was knight of Lisuarte's. "you speak pray you. thus boldly because you tell know me so little." it "They call me Beltenebros: you will know me by no better than before.. go your if way." said Amadls. if with me. account myself among battle whom you have defied. for it is a name of no renown . I effect are am not this king's vassal." tell time Ouadragante was come up. so that I those may it. this is great folly in you to defy the best king in the world." foully slain by an un- known "Certes. 206 "He By Is A whom I Book of Giants no devil." "And who are you ?" is "My name to that Don Ouadragante. and all his household. knight.

for thou art a dead man. though I the Giants I 207 am of a far land. fell down senseless. can have none in opposing pride and threats. Amadis leaped off and went against him sword in hand in great anger." The blows their strength as thick and loud as though ten all knights had been in combat.'* "What!" quoth Quadragante." he cried. and he himself was wounded at the nipple of the breast." who felt art so full of Then they ran their course . Amadis took off his helmet to see if he were dead the air revived him. who did not see him. overcome with fatigue and with a blow that Amadis gave him on the helmet." . have heard that you are seeking Amadis of Gaul. "Do you prize him. above me? Know that your death-hour is arrived. and the fight lasted from the hour of tierce till vespers. for both put forth and skill. and. "Your horse was strong enough to have finished the fell battle without this villainy. own "There was no courage in this. by what I hear of him. but thee. both the shock : the horse of Amadis reeled. and mortally stabbed his horse.. but then Quadragante. Take thy arms and defend thyself if thou canst. Quadragante was unHe rose and ran at Amadis. he placed the sword-point at his face. horsed and hurt in the ribs. whom I hate so much. saying: "Remember thy soul. it is no loss to you that you cannot find him. for he was adjusting his helmet." it "I might do with some doubt against others. Amadis Among but.

God's sake let nie soul's sake. and promise to fill what "I will command. mounting the bay horse of his antagonist." ful- "Yield thyself vanquished then." "You say well. had seen the battle. However." cried live. "but there no reason wherefore is confess myself vanquished: he in his defence till not vanquished who hath shown no fear. and they now came up and requested the unknown would go to their castle. even among those of meaner degree." All this did Ouadragante promise against his will "You shall Lisuarte.208 my I A for Book of Giants he. He then ordered his squires ." said I Quadshould ragante. where he should . King Abies for they by their own will fought in lists together. witness it: go forthwith to the court of King and remain there till Amadis arrives." . Four damsels. but he who does not do what he could have done. you shall make null the defiance against King Lisuarte. Beltenebros. and not take arms against those in his service. who were hawking with a merlin. and in the fear of death." your will to save is fulfill my life. and then you shall pardon him for the death of your brother. doing his utmost fail strength and breath him and he falls. to make a litter and remove him and Amadis. gave his arms to Enil and departed. and such revenge. for lack of heart. ." said Amadis. "and I like much what I have heard from you give me your hand and And he called the squire to your promise then. ought not to be pursued. "for "Ah.

and their shields were hanging at the side.Amadis Among had manifested struggle. the castle of Miraflores. and tarried there awhile. and many damsels and girls among them Before it weeping and lamenting loudly. discoursing with some damsels who were on their way to the he. to the Then came court. for the good will which he King Lisuarte. he rode a huge black horse. While they were talking. They found no bled wound than that upon his breast. gazing and devising despatch Enil. other . being athirst. how he might Presently he to joust with them. abode. and he was armed with and in his full plates of steel. and his helmet hand he had a boar spear. so great that he was fearful shone bright. where his lady Oriana then Here he stood awhile. being sore wearied with the and accompanied them. whose point was a arm's-length long. from a hill top he beheld the city of London. and overthrew all ten. to the right thereof. to the Giants 209 be honorably welcomed. and determining to fix upon this as a meeting place with Enil aiter he had been to his lady. On the second day at noon. Behind the waggon was . Fountain of the Three Channels. was taunted by a company of knights and at last he rode against them one after another. There were many knights in chains in the waggon. which much howbeit in three days he departed. and on it were two dwarfs who drove. He thankfully ac- cepted their hospitality. to behold. and. went a giant. there came along the road a waggon drawn by twelve palfreys.

for Famongomadan. because he hoped shortly to be with Oriana. by whose advice and words he was guided in everything. but he knew the knights in the waggon. and also because his joust with the ten knights had wearied him. Immediately he mounted. who always took his waggon with him to carry away all he could find. than the first. and called to Enil for his arms.210 another giant. they would not venture to attack them." cried the squire. At this time Amadis did not wish to encounter him. "why have you so little compassion on your youth? If the best twenty knights of King Lisuarte's court were here. for I I mean do with it to my God. to see villainy. A Book of Giants terrible who appeared more huge and The damsels with Amadis terrified. But Enil said: "Let those devils pass by first. shall try God's mercy before they pass." "I "Give me!" quoth Amadis. Presgiant ently the who rode foremost turned if to the dwarfs and cried: '1 will cut you into a thousand pieces these girls to shed their sacrifice you suffer to own this blood." it was Famongomadan. seeing them were greatly and hid themselves among the trees. for he had a custom to sacrifice damsels to an idol in the Boiling Lake. sir. whom adore. and saw that Princess Leonoreta and her damsels were there." . had seized them in their When Amadis heard he knew tents." if I can redress this "O.

and said: He "O Oriana. He felt his full strength now. the broken lance remaining in him. Famongomadan. looked toward Miraflores as he went. and ran through him. "And see his power can protect thee from mine. His boar spear had taken effect upon the horse ." Enil gave him his arms. When boar spear so forcefully that its ends almost met.Amadis Among I let the Giants 211 **If *'Care thou not for that. "Who "whom gave thee thou hast boldness enough to dare appear before me?" 'That Lord. even so as to strike the saddle behind. weeping. heard him." all me now. and Amadis then descended the sloping ground to meet them. who on! will give me strength today to break thy pride. and to the fear was gone." repHed his master. ^'Unhappy wretch!" cried he." the lance under his arm. but in you: my gentle in this great need. Amadis fitted against him full the plates of and ran the waist speed: he smote him below with such exceeding force that the spear burst through steel. and he cried out dwarfs to stop. offended. he came towards him with such rage that smoke came through the vizor of his helmet." "Come if Come on!" cried the giant." quoth Amadis. confiding in lady. that the girths fell broke and he with the saddle. them pass without doing my best I should be unworthy to appear among gallant men: you shall behold my fortune. and he shook his the foremost giant. never did I attempt adventure my own courage. assist my lady.

the stroke short. so that Basagante lost his balance: . leaped off and drew his sword. he saw the could not pluck his axe from the shield. so that only the handle remained in his hand. violently that if the shield had not protected his helmet. and he fell. Basagante ! I am slain. Famongomadan rose tip so enraged that the lance from him. The again." At this the other giant came up as fast as his horse steel could carry him: he had a axe in his hand. the sword wounded Basagante's arm. crying: . Not giant was he a whit dismayed. though he missed the stirrup: he turned and raised his axe Amadis had taken the shield from his neck. ran and caught for the by the handle also. glancing below upon the plates of fine steel. but the tip of sword cut through the stirrup-leather. and was holding it by the throngs: the axe fell on it and sank in and drove it from his hands to the ground. giant in his fury did not feel the wound. with this he thought to have cut his enemy in two but Amadis avoided his the blow. and cut the leg also half through.212 of A Book of Giants The knight fire Amadis and mortally wounded him. and at the same time struck fell the giant's horse. it would have driven him to the ground but his own bowels came out with the weapon. broke. He had made another stroke. Both struggled weapon it was on that side where the stirrup had been cut away. and he plucked and threw it at Amadis so from his came wound. and. and . and he for this it . *'Help.

Basagante's heart failed him now. and was holding his hands upon his wound to check the blood. : jaw. the helmet over his head upon his shoulders. but no harm made again at the giant. the Giants 213 and Amadis got the have run and would were cut through he fell upon one knee. seeing his enemy so near. and Basagante death. He himself put hand to feel it he were wounded to death. writhing in the agony of taken off his hel- At this time Famongomadan had met. who were on knees in the waggon praying to tore their hair God to deliver them. The drew sword which was very long. and cut away fell the hair with it. but the nerves of his leg . and Amadis smote him on the helmet. and Leonoreta and the damsels. that the laces burst and it fell off. fell. call and began to shriek and upon the Virgin. it cut off the whole crown of the helmet. he made one stroke more and cut the knight slightly in the leg with the broken sword but Amadis let drive the battle-axe at his head it cut away the ear and the cheek and the his up feeling . to When he saw his son slain he began grieve to die as that he blaspheme God and His mother Holy Mary. thinking he was surely slain. to smite off his head. the blow was aimed too high. whose sword falling upon a stone in the last blow had broken. giant his in vast fury. fell. . say- ing that he did not so much could not now destroy their monasteries and churches. Amadis drew their back. at the knight.Amadis Among the horse started and he battle-axe. thought with his sword. He.

214 A Book of Giants because they had suffered him and his son to be con- quered by one knight. And he besought them to take the bodies of the giants to King Lisuarte. was a strong and he would ride him in the it The bodies of the giants were so huge that they were obliged to bend their knees to lay them in the waggon. entered London singing in triumph. and mounting the other's horse rode up waggon and broke the chains of all who were prisoners therein. and say they were sent him by a strange knight called Beltenebros." The giant continued to curse God and his saints. that. and he begged the princess to permit him to take the black horse of Famongomadan. as Now Pray to thine idol thou hast shed so much blood before him. and thrust it into the mouth of Famongomadan. Leonoreta and her damsels made garlands for their heads. Much was King more Lisuarte astonished at their adventure. and being right joyful for their deliverance. and the . he may thy stop this blood of thine from flowing out with life. battle against King Cildadan. He to the then put on Basagante's helmet that he might not be known. Then Amadis plucked the boar spear from the horse's body. because and handsome horse. and nailed him backward to the earth. and he ex: claimed "Accursed of God and of His blessed mother! shalt thou suffer for thy cruelties. to Amadis was then upon his knees returning thanks God when he heard the bkisphemer.

adventures of the Arch of True Lovers and of the For- bidden Chamber. he conquered all those island giants in pitched battle and how he slew the unspeakable monstrous offspring of the giant of Devil's Island that was called the Endriago. —are not these and this not many things beside written in the Portuguese chronicler's tale of Amadis of Gaid? purged sooth it And was one of the only three romances spared by the good Curate when he fire Don was Quixote's library with the best of all — for that for- the romances? . "I would not lose him for anything that he could ask and I could grant. would he were among us. and the king. and how he and the peerless Oriana. proved in the Firm Island those final for the further exploits of side of his brethren As by the . of '*! the Giants 215 for Quadragante had already presented himself on the whom nothing else was known. and how.Amadis Among part of Beltenebros." said the King. in whom all beauty was centered." Amadis.

be exalted unto the Nor were the wizards out in their highest honors. and begat a son whose name was unknown to his father. founded Alba on Tiber. much travel in many an exile. When they had made sure of the matter by art magic. desolation of the city. When this came to the knowledge of his father Ascanius.CHAPTER XV GOGMAGOG AFTER the Trojan War. fully received There. ^Eneas. canius. and after that Turnus was slain. Silvius. the mother bare a son. had fallen privily taken to wife in love with and a certain niece of Lavinia. When they met in battle. now king in his stead. for when the day came that she should be delivered of a child. but herself should. he commanded his wizards to discover whether the damsel should be brought to bed of a boy or a girl.^neas was worship- by King Latinus. who was about to become a mother. Asnus. Silvius. did wax envious and made war against him. albeit died in his birth. forecast. when his own last day had come. Turnus. obtained the kingdom of Italy and Lavinia the daughter of LatiLater. King of the Rutulians. they told him that the child would be a boy that should slay his father and his mother. for that . fleeing from the came with Ascanius by ship unto Italy. ^neas had the upper hand. 216 . and after lands.

the child was given in charge unto a and was named Brute. bearing his father company out a-hunting. For when the verderers drave the deer in front of them. the valiant adventurer away with the king's daughter for a wife. smote his own father under the breast. then held in bondage by the Greeks. and capturing Pandrasus himself. and a ransom of over three hundred ships laden with treasure and provisions. Upon the death of his father he was driven out of Italy. his kinsfolk being wroth with him for having wrought a deed so dreadful. moreover. son of Priam. for two days and a night with a fair current of wind. and there he met with the descendants of Helenus. the lad.Gogmagog nurse. wherein they found a temple of Diana. They came. They ran on together island called Leogecia. Freeing these country- men by a sudden presently sailed attack on the Greek stronghold. and drew to land at a certain which had been uninhabited ever since old. . Brute sent three hundred men inland Who. Now in this temple was an image of the goddess. it was laid waste by pirates in the days of Howbeit. 217 Howbelt. if haply it were asked of any votary that there did worship. slew such venison of divers kinds as they found in the glades and the forests. last. He went therefore as an exile into Greece. finding not a soul. to a certain deserted city. At after thrice five years had gone by. that gave responses. to discover by whom it might be inhabited. slew him by striking him unwittingly with an arrow. Brute thinking to take aim at them.

as well as to Diana. and set up three altars according to immemorial wont. broke silence in these words: Goddess and forest Queen. holding in his right hand a vessel full of sacrificial wine and the blood of a white hind before the altar of the goddess. he walked poured forth the wine he After he had nine times repeated four times round the held the altar. the wild boar's terror. bearing Duke on land make repair unto the temple. laid him down upon fell of a hind that he had stretched in front of the altar. and report to their comrades of the land and the situation of the that he city. all. vouchsafe they rede to earthward Thou who Tell me what lands What sure abode? I Temples thy will it is we dwell in? Lo. to wit. Brute took with him Gerion and twelve of the elders. laden with the venison they had found. bringing with them everything necessary for making sacrifice. there to Thee for ever vow. upon the hearth of fell offering. they surrounded their brows with garlands. the maze of heaven or nether mansions Walkest at will. and after invoking slumber on sleep. By the common consent of the augur. and made unto each his own special libation. with face upturned towards her image. Brute himself. and sought out the temple. to the three Gods. before the holy place. inquire of the deity of the place what land she would grant them as a fixed abiding place. and chant of holy maidens this. and Mercury. For as at that time it was the third hour of the night. Jove. . therefore.— ! ! 218 At the the lie A last Book of Giants they returned to their ships. and after making offerings of propitiation. When they arrived.

Desert of late. still not knowing in which direction to steer their ships. — ! — awakening from such a vision. and after ploughing the waves for a run of thirty days. Guarded by ocean erst the haunt of giants. or whether it were the living goddess herself who had thus foretold the land whereunto he should go. At last he called his companions and related unto them from first to last all that had befallen him in his sleep. Then came they to the Altars of the Phileni. steering from thence betwixt Ruscicada and the mountains Azarae. Then It seemed him the goddess stood there before him. and while the wind is still blowing fair.— Gogmagog 219 wherein are mortals visited by the sweetest sleep. should get under way as quickly as possible full sail On for the West in search of that land which the goddess had promised. Nor did they tarry. There of thy blood shall Kings be born. They thereupon were filled with exceeding great joy. and meet for this thy people. and spake unto him on this wise: Brute. girt about by ocean. where they encountered sore peril from an attack by . beneath the sunset Lieth an Island. past the realms of Gaul. the Duke remained in doubt whether it were a dream that he had seen. hereafter Sovran in every land the wide world over. and advise that they should at once turn back to their ships. made the coast of Africa. For there is thine abode for ever. They rejoin their comrades and launch out into the deep. Seek it There by thy sons again shall Troy be builded. and the place of the Salt-pans.

From drink thence. they When they had revictualled cules. they made well-nigh overwhelmed them. and dividing themselves companies. who had borne Antenor company in his flight. and entering there. that in after-days were called Cornishmen after the name of their Duke. when they knew was born. where they found nigh the shore four generations born of the exiles from Troy. where lack of food and compelled them to into disembark. they harried the whole region from end to end. and . and came to the Tyrrhene sea. their ships. Their Duke was called Corineus. and hardiness. Columns of Herwhere they saw many of the monsters of the deep called Sirens. shift to escape. a sober-minded man and excellent in counsel. Accordingly. A way Book of Giants the victory. Goffarius Pictus then ruled in Aquitaine. lie into Loire. mighty in sail made for the body. insomuch as that if it were he had to deal with a giant in single combat he would straightway overthrow him as though he were wTestling with a lad. He it was that in the ancient stock whereof he into their all encounters was more help to Brute than were any of the others. Nathelcss. as well as the people whereof he w^as chieftain.220 pirates. cast anchor Here of the they abode seven days and explored the land. they took him company. passing the mouth of the river Malva. which surrounded the ships and Howbeit. valiance. they arrived in Mauritania. the Then came they mouth of the to Aquitaine. they won and went on their enriched by the spoil and pkmder they had taken.

Thereupon they accost him. forthwith assembled a mighty host to take vengeance upon them for the death of his messenger. and reported the death of their fellow Goffarius. sent envoys to make inquiry whether they demanded peace or war? While the legates were on their way to the fleet. Corineus avoided the arrow. taking the matter sorely to heart. set guards over his ships. who. Corineus thought and after they had spent a great it shame that the Aquitanians should hold their ground so fierce on both sides. Therehis to upon the rest fled. one of their number. and with the bow that he carried all-to-brake his head in pieces. Brute. and drawing his bow. they met Corineus who had just landed with two hundred men to hunt for venison in the forest. and ran in upon Imbert as fast as he might. aimed an arrow at him. bidding the women and children remain on board while he himself along with the whole flower of his army marcheth forth to meet the enemy. The Duke of the Poitevins. the fighting is part of the day in battling.Gogmagog was King of the country. hearing the 221 rumour fleet of a foreign folk that had come with a great and had landed within the frontier of his dominions. When the engagement at last began. . hearing tidings of his coming. that a matter no leave nor license whatever could be held as needful. just making shift to escape hands. rushed forward. and ask him by whose leave he hath thus trespassed into the King's forest to slay his deer? in such And when Corineus made them answer. Imbert by name.

with his men in close order. in raising his shield to ward the blow. his comrades and even the enemy hardihood and valour of the man. ** Whiter fly ye. Good luck had supplied the place of a sword he lost with a battle-axe. added not a little terror by shouting. he straightway rusheth . he had broken to the victory. upon the top of his helmet that cleft him right through At these into two halves. wherewith he cleft in twain any that came next him from the crown of the head right down to the girdletill cut his way right through the bat- stead. who. But Corineus. cowards? marvel at the Whither fly ye. cravens? Turn back. threes and fours at a time wont to drive the Tyrrhene and to hurl them to hell by !'* words of his a certain earl named Subardus with three hundred men turned back and charged down upon him. A Book of Giants and the Trojans not be able to press forward So taking heart afresh. he never stinted striking down the enemy talion. brandishing his battle-axe among the flying host. he smote him a buffet his hand. After this. and when. he had and forced them all to flee. the front ranks. that who am after ye. I tell ye. do ye I flee before my single Flee then! and take with ye at least this comit is fort in your flight. Brute marvels. I who now have so oft been giants in flight before me. forgot not the battle-axe he held in Lifting it overhead. and forming them in rank made a rapid charge upon the enemy. turn.222 stoutly. and do battle with Corineus! Shame upon ye! So many arm? ere thousands as are ye. he called his own men apart to the right of the battl&.

and ransacketh their hidden hoards. each of equal rank. even . and drive King Goffarius and his Poitevins in Goffarius. but never resteth Of a moment from smiting down his enemies. Brute. and passing bloody the slaughter on the one side and the other. betook him into the parts of Gaul to have succour of his kinsfolk and acquaintance. overjoyed at the said victory. Brute. The Trojans win the day. peoples is — the strokes are redoubled. and after again he leadeth his host inland with the intention of sacking the whole country and loading his ships with the countless treasure. Accordingly. accord did pledge them to drive out from the frontiers of Aquitaine this foreign folk that had arrived there. But it endureth not long. his teeth. who beholdeth all this. one he loppeth off hand and arm. of another he a single blow. glowing with love of the man. in companies. and with one ruled. he dasheth headlong in upon them all. hurrieth forward with a company to succour him. under whose dominion the whole country was They all received him kindly. after fire. thither. of another head at he cleaveth the shoulders from the body. enricheth his comrades with the forming the ranks spoils of the slain. Then ariseth a mighty shouting betwixt the two striketh off the severeth the legs from the thigh. he burneth the fire cities in all directions. whirling his axe. of another he All dash headlong upon him only. At that time twelve kings there were in Gaul.Gogmagog in 223 amongst the rest. Hurrying hither and he avoideth receiving a single stroke. escaping by the skin of flight before them. and a passing furious slaughter he maketh.

he afterwards himself well-nigh the whole of Aquitaine. For sore misgiving had he by reason of the arrival of Goffarius. as Homer beareth witness. after diligent survey that the place to pitch was convenient as a refuge. and marched upon their enemies ranked in .224 alike A Book to of Giants and citizen the fields were laid waste. so that if need were he could betake him thereinto. confident alike in his own prudence and in the hardihood of the young men whereof he was the chieftain. yet somewhat smiling withal. he there decided his camp." Forthwith. he burst forth into these words: "Alas! what grievous destiny ignoble exiles pitched their is here? Have these camp within dominions of To arms. who had marched into the neighborhood along with the Kings and Princes of Gaul and a mighty host of armed warriors to do battle against him. he builded. all they that he had brought with him leapt to arms. and countryman and subjected that a piteous slaughter. his aim being to exterminate the unhappy race to the last man. the Trojans being he advanced by forced marches day and night until he came well within sight of Brute's camp. Finding. Now. which. to arms! and charge Right soon may we take through their serried ranks captive this herd of half-men like sheep and hold them mine? ! bondage throughout our realm. ye warriors. But after place he had thus visited with bloodshed came into the where now standeth the city of Tours. Gazing grimly thereon. when Goffarius heard of there. he awaited Goffarius for two days therein. When his camp was fully finished.

should be engaged in battle with the enemy. therefore. for nigh two thousand of them fell. and fearful was the slaughter they made of the enemy. Brute applauded this . and charging in upon them put them to the sword. on the night following. made shift to form themselves again on every in rank and charged Trojans. they beleaguered them within the camp. In this case. issuing forth just before dawn. Having thus obtained the victory. in again side against the whom they compelled after much bloodshed to take refuge in the camp. and would lie hidden in the neighboring forest until daybreak. how the to advance and in what order to hold their ground. and first onset. albeit that at first they were beaten back. and agreed with him that he would issue forth of the camp that same night by certain byways. the Trojans for a time had the upper hand. or suffer a cruel and lingering death from the pangs of hunger. yet being thrice so many as their enemies. there the more often doth victory abide. Corineus entered into counsel with Brute. he gives the w^ord to charge. he himself with his company should attack them in the rear.Gogmagog in twelve battalions. In the meanwhile. the Gauls. At the rest turned to were so daunted at the sight that they all but flee. And when Brute. But where the numbers of men are the greater. Prudently instructing his troops as to what they were men and march to do. never thinking but that before they departed thence the besieged would either offer their necks to the fetters. 225 woman wise But not after any did Brute range his to meet them.

hot foot. set their troops in battle array came to close quarters with him. Gauls w^ere aghast with dismay even at the very shout of the Cornishmen as they charged in on the rear. ing the gates of the camp. for not a man spareth his adverchanced that a certain Trojan was there present named Turonus. w4ien the break. than whom It there \vas none more valiant and hardy save only Corineus himself. less He with his single sword slew no than six hundred men. Corineus came upon them of a sudden and charged the enemy at the double In the Straightway the others. And while the troops on both sides were in the very thickest of the battle. from the number than they field. Accordingly. on their heels hewing them down nor cease . a nephew of Brute's. The Trojans are in in pursuit. and thinking that they were more were. The Gauls straightway and disposing once cut sary. Brute ordained his morrow morning began to men in companies. and the foresaid city of Tours acquired the name thereof by reason of his being there buried. cautiously issuing forth as he had proposed with three thousand men. pressing forward from rear. the front. marched forth to battle. Unhappily he was slain before his time by a sudden onslaught of the Gauls. fled. betook him to the depths of the forest.226 A Book of Giants device of Corineus. renew the attack more hotly and strain them The to the utmost to complete the slaughter. who. and many are the wounds given and received. and openthemselves to oppose him. Many thousands of men are at down on both sides.

after exploring certain districts of the land. and to set sail in quest of the island which the divine monition had prophesied should be his own. seeing it was doubtful whether he could any longer hold out against them.Gogmagog they to follow them up until the victory is 227 their own. and after loading his ships with all the treasures and luxuries he had acquired. Brute. albeit he were right glad at heart to have achieved so signal a triumph. Natheless the pleasant aspect of the land. They began to till the fields. he re-embarked. whilst his the Gauls own numbers were minished daily. and divided the country among them according as the Duke made grant thereof. with the abundance of fish in the rivers fill forests thereof did and deer In the choice Brute and his companions with therein. those of were daily multiplied. nevertheless. Wherefore. he returned tarriance. and with a prosperous wind sought out the promised island. and to build them houses in such sort that after a brief space ye might . they drove the giants they found to take refuge in the caverns of the mountains. for he saw that. where he landed at last in safety at to his fleet. and of none was it inhabited save only of a few giants. Totnes. no small desire that they should dwell Where- fore. Nor was there any With the assent of his men. was sore grieved by anxiety on one account. At that time the name of the Island was Albion. he chose rather to retire to his ships while the greater part of his army was still whole and the glory of the victory still fresh.

A it Book of Giants had been inhabited from time imemoBrute calleth the island Britain. for he was minded that his in the memory should be perpetuated derivation of the name. he would wield an oak tree as lightly were a wand of hazel. having thus got footing in Britain. therein For albeit that he following the Duke's example. But Corineus called that share of the kingdom which had fallen unto him by lot Cornwall.^ twelve cubits in who was of such lustihood that when he had his comrades. after the manner of his own name. . as they are These giants they locate in Tartary. Brute. and the people Cornishmen. Whence afterward called the country speech. hateful one by Among others was a certain name Gogmagog. yet was he minded rather to have that share of the land which is now called Cornwall. In Genesis Magog is the tenth son of Japheth Gog and Magog are spoken of by Ezekiel. 1 The tales of called. For naught gave him wrestle with the giants. which was aforetime Trojan or crooked Greek. after own name. who had once uprooted it ancient books of Arabia and Persia are full of marvelous Gog and Magog Jajiouge and Majiouge. of greater pleasure than to whom was greater plenty there than in any of the provinces that had been shared amongst height. as it.228 have thought rial. and companions Britons. when Albion. the cormt or horn of Britain. his at last. was called British. his Then. — . and later Gog and Magog were names of nations. whether from being. as it is. or from a corruption of the said name Corineus. was preparing to improve the same. might have had the choice of a province before all the others that had come thither. and the Caucasian Wall from the Caspian to the Black Sea was supposed to have been built by them of all sorts of metals.




this island after his

own name,

sometimes called at

this day,

—by which —having


thereof, raised his

whole power, being men of gigantic and vast strength, and bearing for their arms

huge clubs of knotty oak, battle-axes, whirlbats of iron, and globes full of spikes, fastened to a long pole by a chain; and with these, he fell upon the invaders on a certain day when Brute was holding high festival
to the gods.

bloody battle was fought, wherein the Trojans were worsted and many of them slain, and their whole



w^as forced to retire.

Brute, hereupon considering the disadvantage be-

tween his men and the giants, devised a stratagem to overthrow them, by digging in the night a very long and deep trench, at the bottom impaling it with sharp stakes, and covering it with boughs and rotten hurdles,

on which he caused to be laid dried leaves and earth, only leaving some passages, well known to his men by particular marks. This being done, he dared the giants to a second battle, which Albion readily accepted; and the fight
being begun, after some dispute. Brute seemed to retire;

whereupon the giants pressed on him with great

fury; and the Trojans retiring nimbly beyond their


and ply'd them with a shower of darts and arrows, which manner of fight they were unacquainted with, whereby many of them were slain. However, Albion encouraging his men to come to handy strokes with their enemies, they rushed forward, and the vanguard immediately perished in the trenches
a stand,





of Giants

and the Trojans continuing to shoot their arrows very thick, the giants were put to flight, and pursued into Cornwall; where, in another bloody fight, Albion was
by Brute, fighting hand to hand. But his huge brother, Gogmagog, Brute had commanded to be taken alive as he was minded to see a wrestling bout betwixt him and Corineus, who was beyond measure keen to match himself against such


So Corineus, overjoyed at the prospect, girt himself for the encounter, and flinging away his arms, challenged him to a bout at wrestling. At the start, on the one side stands Corineus, on
the other the giant, each hugging the other tight in the shackles of their arms, both


the very air

quake with

their breathless gasping.

was not long

Gogmagog, grasping Corineus with all his force, brake him three of his ribs, two on the right side and one on the left. Roused thereby to fury, Corineus gathered up all his strength, heaved him up on his shoulders and ran
with his burden as fast as he could for the weight to

Mounting up to the and disengaging himself, he hurled the deadly monster he had carried on his shoulder into the sea, where, falling on the sharp rocks, he was mangled all to pieces and dyed the waves with his blood, so that ever thereafter that place from the flinging down of the giant hath been known as Lamgoemagot, to wit, "Gogmagog's Leap," and is called by
the seashore nighest at hand.

top of a high



name unto

this present day.




of his


exploit in the old tragedy

of **Locrine'*:
first I followed thee and thine brave King, hazarded my life and dearest blood, To purchase favor at your princely hands, And for the same in dangerous attempts, In sundry conflicts, and in divers broils, I shew'd the courage of my manly mind: For this I combatted with Gathelus, The brother to Goffarius of Gaul; For this I fought with furious Gogmagog, savage captain of a savage crew And for these deeds brave, Cornwall I received, grateful gift given by a grateful King; And for this gift, this life and dearest blood Will Corineus spend for Brutus' sake.





does not, however, relate the most wonderful

part of the affair, which comes to us through Fulke

Fitz-Warine, an outlawed baron of the 13th Century.





Gogmagog was





the devil entered into his body, and


into these

and long held possession of the country that

never Briton dared to inhabit

And how


wards. King Bran, the son of Doneval, caused the
ancient city of the giants to be rebuilt, repaired the

and strengthened the great fosses, and he became Burgh and Great March. And the devil came by night and took away everything that was therein, since which time nobody has ever inhabited there. But Payn Peverel, a proud and courageous knight,

heard this story, and determined to brave the demon.


latter appeared, in

a fearful tempest, under the

semblance of Gogmagog; he carried in his hand a




of Giants

mouth cast fire and smoke, with which the whole town was illuminated. However, devoutly making the sign of the Cross, the knight attacked him so fiercely with his trusty sword that and disclosed ere long the demon cried for mercy, the secret treasures of the town, promising Payn that
great club, and


he should be lord of all that soil. Another account says that there were two brothers, Gog and Magog, who were taken prisoners by Brute and led in triumph to the place where London now

when a palace was erected by the side of Thames, on the present site of Guildhall, these two giants were chained to the palace gates as porters. In memory of which their effigies, after their deaths, were set up as they now appear in Guildhall. Certain it is that these two colossal figures, the older carrying a "morning star" (the spiked globe fastened to a long pole by a chain with which horsemen used to demolish their enemies in a melee) have kept "watch and ward'* over London gates for centuries and were believed by thousands of children to descend from their pedestals and go to dinner when St. Paul's clock
stands; and
the river

struck twelve.

In 1415 victorious Henry V was welcomed into London by a male and female giant standing at the
entrance to the Bridge, the


holding an axe and

a bunch of keys; a few years later Henry
similarly greeted; in 1554,

VI was

upon the public entry of and Mary, two great images of giants stood at the bridge, one named Gogmagog the Albion, one Corineus; and all through the 16th and 17th centuries




these mighty reminders of the old tale figured in public

These figures were made only of wicker-work and pasteboard, put together with great art and ingenuity and these two terrible original giants had the honor yearly to grace my Lord Mayor's show, being carried in great triumph in the time of the pageants and when

over, remounted their old by reason of their very great age, old time, with the help of a number of city rats and mice, had eaten up all their entrails. The dissolution of the two old, weak, and feeble giants, gave birth to the two present substantial and majestic giants; who, by order, and at the City charge, were formed and fashioned. Captain Richard Saunders, an eminent
that eminent service
stations in Guildhall,


carver in





their father;

who, after he had completely finished, clothed, and armed these, his two sons, they were immediately advanced to their lofty stations in Guildhall, which they have peacefully enjoyed ever since the year 1708. For over two hundred years now these fourteenfoot hollow wooden figures have stood in the Guildhall, one holding his spiked ball, the other a halberd. Many a parade have they figured in; many a child has been frightened by them many a visitor has wondered at them but few enough have ever read the tale of Corineus's encounter with the terrible original.
; ;

a huge


of Bayeux





parade with



commemorating the slaying of the terDane by Robert of Argouges; in Douai,




of Giants

huge Gayant with
streets for three

his wife

parades the

days during the July kermess Metz, Dunkirk and many Spanish cities, too, have had
city's history;

as an annual feature some such civic commemoration

of giants connected with the

and huge

Antigonus has a permanent place
of Antwerp.

in the coat-of-arms

Finding it dull. whose daughters were glad to see him because not many people came there.CHAPTER XVI THE GIANT BEHIND THE WATERFALL Far North than About two hundred years after the death of Charlemagne there was living in Iceland a saga hero named Grettir the Strong. During wanderings through the wild unknov/n regions as a forest man. but his strength and high spirit brought him great reverses and caused him to be an battle fury. powerful man ever known in the north country. and came into Bardadal. The place had an evil name from a strange happening. Here at Sandhaugar dwelt then Steinvor. Two winters before Steinvor had gone as usual to celebrate Yule at the neighboring town of Eyjardalsa. he spent one winter under the Geitland glacier where the hot springs fair grassy valley. while her husband. made a and here he was intimate with a giant named Thorir. outlaw for much his of his troubled life. stayed at 235 . he resumed his travels. He was the most giants lingered longer in the -*• 'T^HE elsewhere. a widow with young children. More than once he had overcome dreaded Berserks in their on a narrow path on a cliff face he conquered a huge bear with his naked hands. Thorsteinn the White. holding off the infuriated beast by the ears till he could topple it over the precipice.

" She said: *'You must be a brave man to venture "I will stay in the house while stay in this house. door. home the next morning. or troll. and added: if you go to mass you would like it. So the next season passed. he was very unwilling but said she It should be obeyed.236 home. disguised as was now his custom. because there were so few The mistress of the house returned of them. and told her servant to home. He said he would. This story had spread all through the district. so they supposed that very strange and found some drops of blood upon the outer some evil spirit. tress The following winter the mis- wanted stay at to go to mass." to . the house saw that he was enormously terribly afraid of him. The lady of tall. must have carried off both the men. who being well accustomed to deal with ghosts and spectres turned his steps thither He was and arrived on Yule-eve at Sandhaugar. happened just as before. People thought it this time the servant disappeared. and the servants were He asked for hospitality. but her husband had disappeared and no one knew what had become of him. It came to the ears of Grettir. because his enemy Thorir had set a price on his head. to see No one dared to get up what was the matter. the mistress told him that food was ready for him but that he must see after himself. A Men lay Book down of Giants and in to sleep in the evening. and called himself Gest. the night they heard a great noise in the room near the bondi's (farmer's) bed.

ened to cry out." She crossed herself and said: "That is impossible. It was thawing outside. So he carried them across. Then the stream became so deep that it broke over his shoulder. not know whether it was a man or over. while he bore them both on his left arm.The Giant Behind Then the Waterfall 237 "I do not care for a dull life/* he said. The priest said it . the river was flooded and was covered with ice." said Gest." said he. afraid. Taking them both up. but I cannot get across the river." "Do not be "First carry the maiden over . "There must be fords. he set the girl on her mother's knee. she said: "I do not want to remain at home. "It is impossible for man or horse to cross. and a great piece of ice came against him." said the pretended Gest." "I will come with you." "I don't want to make two journeys of it. keeping his right arm free. So she made ready to go to mass with her little daughter." said Gest. what will you do with the girl?" "I will find a way. The river They were too came up to his frightbreast. The mistress reached Eyjardalsa for mass and everyone wondered She said she did a troll who had carried her how she had crossed the river. which he pushed off with the hand that was free. she is lighter." said Steinvor. "I will carry you in my arms. but he waded on vigorously till he reached the other bank and put them on shore.

with a light burning So he lay till into the night.238 was us keep A certainly a silent Book it. she entered. noise outside. Then he got some boards and loose logs and laid them across the hall to make a great barricade so that none of the servants could get across. of Giants "Let man. It was nearly dark by the time he got home to Sandhaugar and When he had eaten something called for some food. and on seeing Grettir lying room as there she rushed at him he started up and attacked her . furiously. The trollto the porch. but before that was done they had broken up all the fittings of the outer door and borne them away on their shoulders. wife wanted to drag him out of the house." She stayed there that night. she was the stronger but he evaded her skilfully. keeping on his clothes. in the room. Everything near them and the panelling of the back wall were broken to She dragged him through the hall door out pieces. though unlike other men. No one dared to oppose him or to object to anything. over may be that he means to help you in your difficulties. . he told the servants to go to the other end of the hall. Meanwhile Grettir had waded back. and near was a cross bench Towards midnight he heard a loud room. The entrance was in the side wall of the hall it under the back gable. They fought long together. and very soon there walked a huge troll-wife into the She carried a trough in one hand and a rather She looked around the large cutlass in the other. where he resisted vigorously. upon which Grettir laid himself.

She sprang among the rocks and disappeared in the waterfall. and why everything was broken He told her the whole adventure. very stiff and tired. Grettir. Then he quickly seized the short sword he was wearing. When at last they reached a rock by the river he swung the monster around and got his right hand loose. came to Sandhaugar and soon learnt that it was Grettir. She went to the stranger and asked him what had happened. She thought it a matter of great it had happened. he could do nothing with either hand but cling to her waist. moment and asked him who he was. said that he wished to see a priest. blue name of Gest. but there was no choice but either to brace himself or be dragged down to the rocks. cutting off her right arm and releasing himself. just as to pieces. and struck at the troll's right shoulder. She gripped him so tightly to herself that All night long they struggled together. Grettir the Waterfall 239 the she strove to get to the river and among was terribly fatigued. and he thought he had never met with such a monster for strength. The priest asked him what he thought had become . When Steinvor came home she found the place all in disorder. He told her the truth. and lay down and swollen all over. Steinn the priest her to send for one. and asked She did so. who had come there under the At daylight he went back to the hall on his bed.Jhe Giant Behind Then rocks. the son of Asmund. drew it. lay long by the rock.

and the lady all did she could for him. and the priest went home. He sprang himself always declared that the troll woman she among the rocks in the waterfall when was wounded. that you have what I Now I and see for yourself wish you to come with me to the river what probability there is in it. Grettir answered: "It is certainly possible. Grettir lay many days in his bed. They had a rope with them. The priest said he could not unless he gave some evidence of it. so that when he cut off her arm she lost her powers and is still standing there on the mountain in the like- ness of a hideous woman. after Yule. but the men of Bardadal have a tale that day dawned upon her while they were wrestling. The cliff was there so steep that no one could climb it. and men of high mettle are those who would feel themselves . to say. the dwellers in the valley kept Grettir's secret so that he was safe from his enemies and the blood-feud while went to he lay helpless. However that may be. whom little he said: belief in *1 see. *Tt is quite impossible for any one to get down there. One day that winter. Grettir declared that later it would become known. and it was nearly ten fathoms down to the water." said the priest. Book of Giants of Steinvor's husband and servant Grettir said they who had disapmust have been taken among beHeve that the rocks. priest. When they reached the falls they saw a cave up under the rocks.240 peared A . Grettir Eyjardalsa and met Steinn." The priest did so.

" had a wooden shaft and was of the Grettir struck back with his sword and cut through the shaft. . where there was a large burning. It . for he could both strike and thrust with kind called "heptis-ax. It was very difficult swimming because of the currents. He drove a stake into the ground and laid stones against it. Do you mind the rope. Grettir dived beneath the fall. bound when I come into the fall. He fire went into the cave. and a horrible great giant. mean bottom to get behind the pouring wall of water. and only a short sword no other arms. There was a rock where he came up. I the Waterfall 241 want to see what there is back of the fall. The priest saw the soles of his feet. and a great cave behind the fall in front of which the water streamed to the down." Grettir said. Then the giant tried to reach up backwards to a sword which was hanging in the cave. seized a halberd and struck at him. but after that did not know what had become of him. and at that it. He jumped from a rock and got down to the fall.The Giant Behind happiest there." The priest said he could do so if he chose. to behold. Grettir now fastened a stone in a loop at the end it of the rope. "How do you mean to go?'* asked Steinn. most fearful it. sitting before As Grettir entered the giant sprang up." Then he prepared to go he had few clothes on. and lowered from above into the water. and he had to dive "I don't to be . "So my mind tells me.

Grettir struck few more blows at the giant before he was dead. The floods before the ogress' den Mighty against my shoulder played. swam to the rope and shook it. The shaft of Heptisax was severed. He then entered the cave. . Hard were the blows I dealt upon her. there is said to have been some. who w^as sitting by the rope. saw the water all thickened and bloody and lost his head.242 moment A Book of Giants him and all Grettir struck at cut open his lower fell breast and stomach so that into the river his entrails out and floated down the stream. upon which were most beau^ carved the following lines: Into the fall of the torrent I went. where he arrived in the evening and told them for certain Grettir was dead. together with a rune-staff. and found the bones of two men which he carried away in a skin. Then he came out of the cave. My sword lias pierced the monster's breast. He left the rope and ran off home. he found there. He returned to Eyjardalsa and carried the skin it with the bones in tifully into the vestibule of the church. and so reached the top. And then: Hideous the friend of Mella came. but He stayed there till late into the night. thinking the priest was there. Dank its maw towards me gaped. and said it was a great misfortune to have lost such a man. kindled a It is not told how much treasure light and explored. The priest. making sure that Grettir was killed. finding him gone he had to climb up the rope hand over hand.

no doubt that these monsters were responsible for the disappearance of Thorsteinn and his servant. He declared the priest had held the rope very faithlessly.The Giant Behind the Waterfall 243 There too it was told how Grettir had brought the bones from the cave. When Steinn met Grettir again he asked him exactly what had happened. The bones were buried by yard. and Grettir told him. . Grettir had returned to Sandhaugar. though to those unknown who sought his blood. When the priest came to the church on the next morning. he found the staff and all that was with it and read the runes. the priest in the church- Grettir stayed that winter in Bardadal. Grettir had evidently cleared the admitted that Men felt land of them. and Steinn it was true. nor was there any haunting or ghost-walking there afterwards.

read in some histwelve cubits of length. when he served and dwelled with the king of Canaan. and as it is tories that. and Goliath of Gath. but afterwards he is named Repro- was named Christopher. in mind by devotion. and had a terAnd he was rible and fearful cheer and countenance. which as much to say as bearing Christ. Christopher to fore his baptism was bus. and in his mouth by confession and prediction. CHRISTOPHER^ TTEARKEN before he fell to the tale in the Golden Legend of the giant Syrian. 244 . and he was of a right great stature. patron saint of Never before or since did such a flower as this all ferrymen spring from *'the seed of the giant" that produced Og. He bare him on his shoulders by conveying and leading. of that that he bare Christ in four manners. Christopher was of the lineage of the Canaanites.CHAPTER XVII THE ONE GOOD GIANT: ST. King of Bashan. in his body by making it lean. it came in his mind that he would seek the greatest prince that was in the world. fair of face and spirit. and him would he serve and obey. who brought to the faith countless thousands of unbelievers a martyr in the persecution of the Byzantine emperor in the third century after Christ's birth.

and hasted him for As he went by a great desert. and wlierefore the king made it. over me. and made him to w^as that he Upon a time a minstrel sang tofore him a song in which he named oft the devil. which was a Christian man." And to then departed from seek the devil. for I had supposed I had found the most mighty and the most greatest Lord of the world." tell And because the king would me not. and servant. he saw a great company of knights. for I will I his him for to be my Lord. I am then deceived of my hope and purpose. and I fear that he should have "Alway when I power garnish me with this sign that he grieve not ne annoy me. and the king. not say. When what sign Christopher saw that. saying: I hear the devil named. cruel and horrible. and he dem. of whom the went that he came renome generally the greatest of the world. of which a knight.One Good And so far he Giant: Christopher 245 to a right great king. he had great marvel it was.anded of him. made anon the sign of the cross in his visage. was saw him. . thee to God. When service. he said: "If thou thee. the king he received him into his dwell in his court. when he heard him name the devil. I shall no longer dwell with Then the king told to him." Then Christopher said to him: "Doubtest thou the devil that he hurt thee not? Then is the devil more mighty and greater than thou art. came to him and demanded whither he went. but seek I commend this king.

As they went together by a common way. when thou art afraid of his sign and I see well that I have labored in vain. and took him for his master and Lord. and bound him to be his servant perpetual.246 A Book of Giants **I Christopher answered to him and said: am he that thou seekest. at last he came into a great desert.** To whom Christopher said: "Then he is greater. Go thy way then. world. When Christopher saw that. and when I see his sign I am sore afraid. to an hermit that dwelt there." And then Christopher was glad. he marvelled. and wilt not tell shall serve thee no more. he brought him to the highway that they had left. I shall said to him: "If thou anon depart from thee. for I will seek Christ. and more mightier than thou. Anon as the devil saw the cross he was afeared and fled. when I have not founden the greatest Lord of the said: . erect and standing. Then Christopher me.'* Wherefor the devil was constrained to tell him. they found there a cross. and had left the high and fair way. and brought Christopher about by a sharp desert. and had gone so far about by so aspre a desert. when they were past the cross.** And when he had long sought and demanded where he should find Christ. And the devil would not tell him in no wise. And I will serve thee no longer. and demanded whereof he doubted. and this hermit preached to him Jesus Christ and informed him in the . and flee from it wheresoever I see it. and left the right way. And after. and *There was a man called Christ which was hanged on the cross.

may I well and I promise to him for to do it." And Christopher said to him: "I wot not what it is. which shall be a thing right convenable to our Lord Jesu Christ sirest to serve. and bare over all manner of people with- Then went Christopher his habitacle for him. as he slept in his lodge." Said Christopher: "Certes. whom thou deto and I hope he shall show himself thee." Christopher said to him: other thing. and requirest I I "Require of it. but he found no man. he heard the voice of a child which called him and said: "Christo- come out and bear me Then he awoke and went over. and thou shalt bear over them that shall pass there." to this river. the hermit said to him: in "Knowest thou such a it which many be perished and lost?" To whom and all Christopher said: "I know w^ell. . by which he sustained him in the water." And then river. requireth the service that thou must oft fast. I may do no such thing. this service do." The hermit said: *Thou must then wake and make many prayers. many And pher. thus doing. in a time." out. And there he abode. out ^easing.One Good faith diligently. Giant: Christopher 247 to and said him: 'This king whom thou desirest to serve. and made there and bare a great pole in his hand instead of a staff. days. thou shalt be resident by that river. me some shall do for that vi^hich thou may not do." Then said the hermit: "Because thou art noble high of stature and strong in thy members.

leaves and dates. upon thy shoulders. he found his staff like a palmier bearing flowers. to whom thou servest in this work. Christopher lift up the child on his shoulders. and found a child beside the rivage of the river. but all thou hast borne him that created and made the world. The third time he was called and came thither. and entered into the river for to pass.248 A Book of Giants And when he was again in his house. and the child more and more waxed heavy. and passed the water. Insomuch that Christopher had great anguish and was afeared to be drowned. thou hast put me in great peril. and thou shalt see to morn that it shall bear flowers and fruit. When he was escaped with great pain. for thou hast not only borne all the world upon thee. the water increased and grew more. which prayed him goodly to bear him over the water. marvel thee nothing. and set the child aground." And anon he vanished from his eyes. and swelled more and more and the child was heavy as lead. I am Jesu Christ the king. that I say to be the truth. and alway as he went farther. Christopher went into the city of Lysia. thou I weighest almost as I had all the world upon me. and took his staff. Then Christopher set his staff in the earth." And the child answered: "Christopher. And set because that thou know thy staff in the earth by thy house. he heard the same voice and he ran out and found nobody. might bear no greater burden. he said to the the water of the river arose : And child: "Child. and under- . and when he arose on the morn.

they where thou wilt." him: "If thou wilt go thy way. they said to him: lead thee "The king hath bound unto him. stood not their language. And when as he was in this prayer. sent us. mine injury. the king sent as many more. And anon after.One Good Giant: Christopher 249 Then he prayed our Lord and so he did. The king king. that we Christopher said to them: "If I would. he said to them: "What should And when they saw him in the visage. his and comhands behind . the judges smote said to them: "If I And him and Christopher were not Christian. ye should not lead said to bound ne unbound. that he might understand them. it might bear flowers and fruit. "but I shall you. go me And quit. Here he converted eight thousand men. and prayed to our Lord that for to convert the people. I would avenge in the face." Then Christopher pitched his rod in the earth. and they anon set them down for to pray with him. and durst not tell him so." said he." "It shall not be so." Then he converted them in the manded them that they should bind faith. And then Christopher understood the language. and comforted them in our Lord. and anon it did so. he covered his visage and went to the place where they martyred Christian men. When seek ye?" Christopher arose. the judges supposed that he had been a fool. and left him there. And we shall say to the king that we have go with not found thee. sent two knights for to fetch him to the and they found him praying." to him.

" Dagand fellow and thy gods be made with the hands "Thou And among the king said to him: "Thou wert nourished wild beasts. to wit of Christ crucified. How. whom he had converted. The king inquired his Christopher said to name and him: "To fore after. now a Christian man. And when Christopher saw that. thou cursed Canaanite. and therefore thou mayest not say but wild language. A Book of Giants and lead him so bound to the king." To whom that is the king said: **Thou hast a foolish name. he set . sacrifice to why wilt thou not do our gods?" art rightfully called Christopher said: nus. and the king did behead the other knights that he had sent for him. I shall And give now do sacrifice to the gods and great honors. for thou art the death of the world. a Canaanite. When the king saw him he was afeared and fell down off the seat. and words if thou wilt unknown to men. therefore. of the devil. I and consume thee by great pains and torments." But. and his servants lifted him up and relieved him again. I his country. he would in no wise do sacrifice. which could not help himself. and if not. of men. 250 his back. to thee great gifts shall destroy thee After this he sent into the prison to Saint Christopher two fair women. and am Christopher tofore baptism. and promised to them many great gifts if they could draw Christopher to sin with them.. of whom that one was named Nicsea and that other Aquilina. for all this. wherefore he was sent into prison. I and I was baptized was named Reprobus.

and so she suffered death. and said to them that were there: "Go and call physicians and leeches for to heal your this When and took their girdles." When he said: commanded that they should be out and brought before him. gods. and when he was constrained by them that embraced him to move. have pity on us so that we may believe the king heard that. and drew them to the earth. which were afraid of his cheer and clearness of his visage. After this Christopher was brought tofore the king. deceived. ye shall anon perish by death/' shall They sacrifice said to him: "If thou wilt that we that the places do command all may be made clean. and that the people may assemble at the temple. so that her members w^ere much despitously broken. and then he made to smite of¥ her head. and that there should be set upon his head . but I swear to To whom you by "Ye be my gods that. he let in that God that thou preachest. and passed to our Lord. said: "Holy saint of God. he arose and said: 'What seek ye? For what cause be ye come hither?" And they. and the king commanded that he should be beaten with rods of iron.One Good Giant: Christopher 251 him down in prayer. Aquilina was hanged." was done they entered into the temple." And then by the commandment of the king. and put them about the necks of their gods. And when dead. and a right great and heavy stone was hanged at her feet. but she issued all was was out without harm she whole. her sister Nicaea cast into a great fire. if ye do no sacrifice to evil my gods. and brake them all in pieces.

the commandment of the king he forth to be beheaded. little of his blood and laid it and said: *Tn the name of God and of St. Christopher that he us. Christopher issued out without any harm. shall die To whom Christopher said: "Tyrant. and But the settle melted like wax. without touching.252 he did he A Book of Giants a cross of iron red hot and burning. he should anon The king then took a his eye. on be slain with the sword. he commanded that he should be bound to a strong stake. there was made he led his and his head was smitten off. and then. and cast therein pitch. I to-morn. Then the king believed in God and gave commandment that if any person blamed God or St." Then by orison. nigh him. Christopher!" and was anon healed. to set fire under it. Christopher. Make a little clay. and anoint therewith thine eye. Then pray for let us pray to good St. and the king Then blinded him. and then after make a stool of iron. and thou shalt receive health. and that he should be through-shotten with arrows with forty knights But none of the knights might attain him. . and addressed him for to go to him. and so suffered martyrdom. for the arrows hung in the air about. with my blood tempered. When the king saw that. And one of the arrows returned suddenly from the air and smote him in the eye. and made Christopher to boundcn thereon. and after. archers. weened that he had been throughshotten with the arrows of the knights.


" a couplet spoken by a giantess of old in the Arabic story of "Sunebal and the Ogress. He rides on the back of a stork through total darkness for five months. fum. trees so great that it is a journey to walk round them. The time came when men became so sophisticated that they even the work of their own minds. 254 . fo. still Only the children believed.lost faith in the giants. The famous "Fee." which are full of echoes of Thor's adventures among the Frost Giants. comes to the Land of Giants. and it is our old friend Polyphemus from whom the Korean seaman es- caped. A giant picks him up and feeds him on single grains of huge rice. Shikaiya Wasobioye by name. When the traveler tries to question the Tall Man upon the ways of his people. they doubts Thus the Serbian less have a similarly ancient pedigree. and the men some sixty feet in height. and other misty myths of earliest times. In many lands the old people still tell to the simple of heart of all ages such tales as these that follow. where weeds are as large as bamboos. or been read. For more than tzvo hundred years practically every Englishspeaking child has read. the stories of "Jack the Giant-killer" and "Jack and the Beanstalk. tale comes largely from the "Arabian Nights' . speech of the giant seems to come down from fi. after marvelous adventures among the Three Thousand Worlds. Brobdignag has a faraway Japan: a man of Nagasaki. the giant laughs and declares so tiny a person could not possibly have intelligence enough to understatid such great mat- Even Gulliver's Travels in the land of close parallel in ters. and at length reaches a country where the sun shines again." While the present tales are not so well known.

or what was he wanting? He answered Finn that he had come through night-watching and tempest of sea where he was because he was losing his children. and when a they were wearied after the chase they sat down on pleasant green knoll. He saluted Finn frankly. at the back of the wind and at the face of the sun. energetically. a Big Young Hero leaped out of her on the shore. he reached the spot on which Finn and his men were sitting. While they were sitting in that place Finn lifted his eyes toward the sea. where they could see every one. and saw a ship making straight for the haven beneath the spot on which they were sitting. Then he ascended the hillside. seized her by the bows. her own seven lengths. Finn then asked him whence did he come. leaping over the till hollows and slanting the knolls. and .CHAPTER XVIII the giant hand Irish A DAY Finn and •^ his men were In the Hunting-hill ^ they killed a great number of deer. fluently and Finn saluted him with the equivalent of the same words. on green grass. and no one at all could see them. When the ship came on land. 255 . where the eldest son of neither land-owner nor of holder of large town-land dared mock or gibe at her. . and drew her up.

but before he had gone very far for- saw a company of seven men coming reached the at ? to meet him. or drink a draught. at men he asked the first of them The man answered that he was Finn asked him how good was he carpentry? of his ax. capacious." Having said this. as crosses and and seven with fairy fet- ters of travelling and straying to be me before thou shalt eat food. And spells he said to Finn. lay King of the Feinne. out. He knew not whither he should go. with three strokes make a large. and put her of him. He therefore began to walk along the shore. When way he reached that he could not go farther on the in which he saw the Big Young Hero w^ard. He then leaped into her. When he what was he good a good Carpenter. had been that there world who could keep Finn." He then . bevows had been laid on him. and he must fulfil them or travel onwards until he would die. or close an eye in sleep. and lost sight departed in the direction he came until they Finn was now under great heaviness of mind. "thou mayest pass by. and descended the cause the hillside to the seaside. he depart. "I on thee. descended the hillside the w^ay he ascended When he reached the ship he placed his shoulder against the bow." said Finn. he could ship of the The man said that. he turned away from them and it. complete alder stock over yonder.256 it A told Book him his of Giants was not a man in the children for him but him. But he left farewell with his men. "Thou art good enough. or what he should do.

" may est Then he said to the third man. "thou pass by." at?" "What art thou good repHed that he was a good Thief." "Thou art man. thou mayest pass by. *'Thou art good enough." said Finn. thou mayest pass by." enough. "What art thou good at?" He replied that he was a good Marksman. "How good art thou?" "I could hit an egg as far said to the seventh Then he . 'T can track the wild duck over the crests of the nine waves within nine days. "How good art thou?" "I can climb on a filament of silk to the stars. "What art thou good at?" He answered that he was a good Climber. thou mayest pass by. "How good art thou?" said Finn. although thou wert to tie it there. "Thou art good enough." Then he said to the fourth man. thou mayest then said to the fifth man." at?" "What art thou good answered that he was a good Listener. "How good art thou?" "The hold I get I will not let go until my two arms come from my shoulders. He He while her two eyes are looking at me.The Giant Hand 257 asked of the second man what was he good at? The man said that he was a good Tracker. "How good art thou?" He said that he could hear what people were saying at the extremity of the Uttermost World." said the man." "Thou art good enough. He He pass by. "What art thou good at?" The man repHed that he was a good Gripper." good enough. or "Thou art good until my hold comes with me. "How good art thou?" "I can steal the egg from the heron asked of the sixth man.

the ship was it with his ax thrice . steer the ship. In the gloaming they noticed that land was ahead of them. and that he wanted to follow the Hero to the Finn himself went to The Tracker was they departed. hast thou come?" "If I his all had been thy darling of all the men in the . When they reached the shore they leaped to land. her." The Carpenter went where the stock was. "Darling of men in the world. and place in which he now was. the ship ready he ordered his that men They did and went on board of Finn now ordered the Tracker to go to the bow and prove himself. but they kept on their course until the evening was approaching. He ran and placed two arms about Finn's neck and said. and they made straight for it. thou raayest pass All this gave Finn great encouragement. 258 away by. They took their way up to the house and when they were nearing it they saw the Big Young Hero coming to meet them. They sailed a long time forward without seeing land. ready." good enough. When Finn saw to put her out. drew up the ship. He turned round and said to the Carpenter. "Prove thy skill. and struck and as he had said. At the same time he told him that yesterday a Big Young Hero left yonder haven in his ship. Then they noticed a large fine house in the glen above the beach." in the A "Thou Book art of Giants sky as bowstring could send or bow could carry. and telling him to keep her that way or to keep her this way..

had a bar of iron in the fire. but he fire. the Big Young Hero came in where they were. Three years from this night the same said to Finn. After they had quenched their hunger and thirst. and took the child with it in the hollow of the hand. and company of seven men to from this night my wife was in child-bed. he would thrust the iron through the bone of his palm. and that he was going to keep watch. "Oh. and as often as his eyes would begin to close with sleep. it was not without a way of coming I left thee. and a child was born to me. and he remained sitting beside the At last sleep began to come upon him." said Finn. the Big Young Hero told Finn and his men to go in. They did as they were told. child-bed again. and that was keeping him awake. They accepted the invitation and found abundance of meat and drink.'* said the Big Young Hero." sleepy. Finn called on the Gripper to get up. . it is not as thou didst leave me that thou wouldst have left me. the Hand came and as soon as the child came into the world in at the chimney. Finn said were to stretch themselves on the floor. a large Hand came in at the chimney.The Giant Hand 259 world. About midnight the woman was dehis tired Finn and men were and to the men that they livered. As soon as the child came into the world. and now have courage since have found thee. And It tonight she told is going to be in was me that thou wert the only man in the I world who could keep I my children for me. "Six years thing happened. "Did I not send a meet thee ?" When they reached the house.

Then the Gripper gave a brave pull on the Hand and it came out of the And when it fell on the floor the pulling shoulder. The Hand gave a pull on the Gripper. But the big Giant outside put in the other hand. and said. Finn noticed a black spot in the ocean ahead of them. of seven geldings was in it. The Tracker went to the bow. The Hand gave a pull on the Gripper. or to keep her in this direction. They launched the ship and leaped on board of her. They were But Finn all very sorry that they lost the child. and eye-brows at the chimney. He thought it too for an island." At break of dawn Finn and his men turned out. and took the child with him in the hollow of his hand. pull on the Gripper. and too large for a . At little the going down of the sun. and took it in over the two armpits. and now and again the Tracker her. They sailed onward a long distance without seeing anything before them. where they had left the ship. will reached the beach. except the great sea. I and go away after the Hand before a sun shall rise on a dwelling tomorrow. The Hand gave a on the Hand. and took him out to the smalls of his two feet. and laid gave a pull on the Hand. The Gripper gave a pull out to the top of his two shoulders. and Finn went to steer They departed. and took him The Gripper gave another pull on the Hand. my men '*We will not yield to this yet. took in to the quickly on his feet. and brought it in to the neck. would cry to Finn to keep her in that direction. and brought him out to the very middle.260 A it Book He of Giants The Gripper sprang hold of the Hand.

because the thatch was so slippery. but they saw neither window nor door at which they could get in." Castle. Finn asked of him. it. *T them out. and a Castle thatched with eel-skins was on its top. he descended where the rest were waiting. At last they noticed that it was on the night they reached the roof the door was." in I will not said. "If I get be long putting them out. bitch lying and that there fire. They did not know how they could get up. the Climber cried. beside the was a very large deer-hound and two pups sucking her. and in an instant was on its roof." He sprang quickly towards the Castle." The Climber ''Come on my back and as he I will take thee up to the door. but he 261 made straight for it. *'Let But me over. The Thief did waf told. In the darkening of and it was a rock. and got into the Instantly he began to prove his thing he put out the was the child that Hand. that he saw two boys on the floor playing with shinties (shinny-sticks) of gold and a ball of silver. what did he see? He said that he saw a Big Giant lying on a bed. everything that and after taking particular notice of he saw. do not know how we shall get The Thief answered and said. Then said Finn.The Giant Hand bird. He looked in at the door. He then put out the skill. and I will not be long in climbing it. The first was in the cup of two boys that were . They looked about the Castle. They landed on the rock. and his hand stretched out and an infant asleep in the hollow of his hand. a silk covering over him and a satin covering under him.

and said that they did not know what they should do." said the Listener. stole the two pups that were sucking the bitch beside the fire. and saw the Bitch coming swimming. Then he put out He then the shinties of gold and the ball of silver. "and missed everything that was stolen from him." "What art thou hearing?" asked Finn. is in away going. and put them out. covering and the satin covering that was under him. But the Bitch that In a short time they looked behind them. This left them at the time pleased. She was cleaving the fire. 'tis I who am listening to him!" . and turned the Giant. "He has just awakened. perhaps when she would see the pup drowning she would return with They threw out the pup. and said.262 that A was over Book He of Giants then stole the silk playing on the floor. the things which the Thief stole in the and departed. as Finn said. But Finn considered. who am listening to him. They placed ship. " 'Tis I who am hearing him. pened: the Bitch returned with the pup." the Bitch. sending He . But shortly after that the Listener arose trembling. sea on each side of her in red sparks of They were seized with fear. her that it is if she will not go that he will is and saying to go himself. it hapit. great wrath. These were the most valuable things which he saw inside. and then told them to throw out one of the pups. He left the Giant asleep. and. They were but a short time sail- ing when the Listener stood up and said. out. " 'Tis I 'tis I who am hearing him.

But when the Hand was on high the Marksman noand he let an arrow off in its direction. go he last coming himself. The Thief stole the pup again. it with them along with they reached the After that they returned to the land.The Giant Hand "What "He is will not 263 and since she art thou saying again sending is now?" away the said Finn. for there was nothing more before them to make them afraid. ticed the mole. in order to sink the ship. place of the Big Young Hero. except in a mole which was have him. "If one look of I will to the side of the ship. and sailed back to the castle. When haven they leaped on and drew the ship up on dry ground. struck the Giant in the death-spot. and the great sea reached not beyond his haunches. I get found out that the Giant was immortal. and having put his finger under in the hollow of his palm. Then Finn went away with the family of the Big Young Hero and with everything which he and his . Bitch. and he sea. They were seized with fear and great horror. They put about." When them. set But Finn thought of his knowledgeit. and they took the one they had. of teeth." The Marksman it then stood up and said. they heard this their eye was always behind At they saw him coming. The Giant came walking forward through the sea Then he lifted up his hand to seize the top of the mast. fell The arrow dead on the They were now very happy. for they knew not what they should do.

Many and marvellous were the further deeds of Finn MacCumhal and of his incomparable dog Bran. This pup was Bran. that the Big Young Hero got. *'What now is thy reward?" Finn answered and said that he was asking nothing but his choice of the two pups which they took from the Castle. and how Bran was found. The Big Young Hero took Finn and his men into his house. The Big Young Hero met him coming. The Big Young Hero said that he would get that and a great deal more if he would ask it." that all who will may know of them. That is how Finn kept his children for the Big Young Hero of the Ship.264 A Book of Giants men took out of the Castle to the fine house of the Big Young Hero. and made for them a great." and the "Book of Leinster. and said." and "The Cualnge Cattle-raid. merry feast. and his brother. and when he saw his children he went on his two knees to Finn. . and if the last day was not the best. joyous. was the Grey Dog. But Finn wanted nothing except the pup. which was kept up for a day and a year. it was not the worst. and they are duly recorded in the "Book of the Dun Cow.

lovely king's daughters they they fell to had never seen. So the King you ever set eyes on. so gleamed from them a long way off.CHAPTER XIX the giant who had no heart in Norse his body ONCE on a time there was a King who had seven sons. and each had his horse. and seen many princesses. when they had been to many palaces. 265 on their way a wall. where like . many hundred dollars. and so wooing them. were to set off to father kept him at woo. but one must Now when they were grown up. and the others were to bring back a princess for him to the palace. their brother who had stayed at home. Now. which cost many. and when they had got them for sweethearts they set off home again. and he loved them so much all at that he could never bear to be without them be always with him. but as for the youngest his home. six once. and so they set off. at last they came to a king who had six daughters such gave the six the finest clothes fine that the light . each one. but they quite forgot that they were to bring back with them a sweetheart for Boots. for they were over head and ears in love with their own sweethearts. bit But when they had gone a good they passed close by a steep hillside.

Now you must know that the King had no other horse to give Boots but an old broken-down jade. he sprang up on his sorry old steed. princes and princesses and all. for then you would stay away. never . fear. for his six other sons and their train had carried off all his horses but Boots did not care a pin for that. so he great trouble and said he should never fell know what was to be glad again. "I of sorrow am I for the *'Well. nay!" said his father. and turned them all into stone. Now King into it waited and waited for his six sons. "Nay." "I haven't much food. "that leave you shall get." said the Prince. but now Fve find been thinking to ask your leave that's to set out and them again. "I'll come back. "give me a little food and I'll help you again at your utmost need. it was so starved. which lay in the road and flapped its wings. and he begged and prayed so long that the King was forced to let him go." said he. what I've been thinking of. and was not able to get out of the way. dear friend. when he had ridden a while he came to a Raven." But Boots had set his heart upon it. too. but the more he waited the longer they stayed away. go he would.266 and set his A Book of Giants came the out. if I "And would loss of had not you left. "Farewell." live no longer. . "and I don't and like . So." said Boots. never enough I shall bring my six brothers back with me" and with that he rode off. the giant's house was." said the Raven. "Oh." full he said to Boots. so your brothers. father. and there the giant eyes upon them.

" said the Salmon to the Prince. "the help you'll give will not be great. first I came to a raven. for then I should have nothing to ride on. that it can't. It can't be done. and with that he shot the out into the stream again." said the Wolf. and now you will have my horse. which had got upon a dry place. I'll "shove me out into the water again. and him I had to help into the water again. long way. *'Oh. and there met him a Wolf. I've had nothing to eat these two years. After that he went a long.The Giant see I Who Had No I see Heart 267 . how you'll ever be able to help little. and brook." "No." "Nay." So when the wolf had eaten the horse." said Boots." "Well!" said the Prince. Now when he came to a about. and in the brook lay a great Salmon. "this will never do. but "You can you can help me. I lie me fish dare say. and help you again at your utmost need. and I was forced to give him my food. but it's a pity you should there and choke". me much but still can spare you a you want it/' So he gave the Raven some of the food he had he had gone a bit further brought with him. and dashed itself could not get into the water again. dear friend. "I'm so hungry the wind whistles through my ribs. which was so famished that its belly. dear legs the wolf. Boots took . next I came to a salmon." said Grayride upon my back. and I'll help you again at your utmost need. it lay and crawled along the road on "Dear friend. do let me have your horse. friend.

When he came Giant was away. and see. as well try what I can do with him and I will .** of the Giant. before. but in one of the rooms sat the Princess.** said show you the after is Giant's house. Boots went in. for he has no heart in his body.** "No! No!'* said the Wolf. and she'll tell make an end bids you. what he had got inside. he in the Well.** may "Well! Well!" said Boots. So see. but.'* said the Wolf "and . and so lovely a Princess Boots had set eyes on. but I daren't go in. here the Giant's house. "When we have gone a "I'll bit further. here are their six brides. see if I can*t free my brothers. as she who I lives here. and away yonder is the door. and in at that door you must go. that he set off with the Prince like nothing. just as the Wolf had never yet said. and after now the wolf was so strong. you what to do to Only mind and do as she truth to say. "It will surely be your death. saddle on his back. here are your six brothers whom the Giant has turned into stone. who are standing . No one can make an end of the Giant said the Princess.** "Nay. So fast he had never ridden Graylegs. "but now that I am here." to it.** said the Prince.268 the bit A and put it Book of Giants and laid the into the wolf's jaw. "he'll take my life. a while they came "See. was very much afraid. "Oh! Heaven help you! whence have you come?" saw him. "When you get in you'll find a Princess.

it lies under the doorsaid Boots to himself if said the Giant. is "Only where don't carry it you keep your heart. that I will/* you must." said the Princess. if well underneath it. pray. "and so let us see if we can't hit on a plan. before the Giant came." Next morning strode off to the the Giant got up cruelly and to wood but he was hardly out of the set to house before Boots and the Princess work ." thing "What that?" asked the Giant. to save. is it only dared. "Ha!" roared blood there "Yes. and he had scarce got "Well. "what a smell of Christian the house.The Giant Who Had No Heart 269 I will try turned to stone out of doors." know there is. "for there came a magpie flying with a I man's bone. and when night After they had laid a while "There if I is one thing I'd be so glad to ask you about. but all made the haste I could to off one can do. But. "Ho! ho!" under the bed. can't find it." said the Princess. and you. out." So the Giant said came. too. and mind and listen to what he and I talk about. Just creep under the bed yonder. but a thing you have no business to ask you must know. they went to bed. you must. since you about with you. "Ah! sill. and all let it fall down get it the chimney. I is in the Giant." So he crept under the bed. early. "then we'll soon see we . the smell doesn't go so soon." said the Princess." that's if about. the Princess said: no more about it. do lie still as a mouse.

Book of Giants look under the door-sill for his heart. "I'm so fond of you that couldn't help strewing them. "My eyes and is what a smell of Christian blood there in here.270 A it. "but we'll try him once more. and down the chimney.'* said the Princess. "Oh." said he. Giant. I." said the flying with a Princess." she picked all the prettiest flowers she could find door-sill. the Giant held his peace little and said A while after. but the more they dug. the more they "He So has balked us this time. "And. "for there came a magpie let it man's bone I in his bill. which they had for the Giant to the bed. the . pray. "I know fall there is." said the Giant there at all." out. of course. he asked who it no more about was that had strewed flowers about the door-sill. what's the meaning of all this?" said the Giant. when I knew that your heart lay under there. limbs." said the Princess. "but after all it lie So when they went bed again in the evening. back came the Snuff-snuff. and when the time came come home again. and the couldn't find more they hunted." to . but I dare say it's that you So it." "You doesn't don't say so. went the Giant's nose. Boots crept under Just as he was well under. it made as much haste as I could to get smell. "Ah!" I said the Princess. and strewed them over the laid in its right place again.

" my pains I dare say that you When it. it lies away yonder we'll in the cupboard against the wall. "if you must know. But the more they sought for it. Next morning was away "Well. Boots crept under the bed again." the Giant and strode off to the wood." said the Princess." said the Giant." So she decked out the cupboard with flowers and and when the time came for the Giant to come home. what a smell of garlands. "Well. "we'll just try him once more." said the Princess. early. Then back came the Giant. Christian blood there "I is in here !" little know in his all there is. so he it asked who was that had done that. I made the haste I could to get out of the house it's again. "then soon try to find it. and as soon as he was gone Boots and the Princess were in the cupboard hunting for his heart. the Giant heard that he said no little more about but a all while after he saw how the cupboard was decked about with flowers and garlands. Snuff-snuff! "My eyes and limbs. the less they found it. but after smell. "for a while since there came a magpie flying with a man's bone bill. Who could it be but the Princess? ." "So! so!" thought Boots and the Princess. and all let it fall down it the chimney. for she said she would so hke to know.The Giant Who Had No Heart 271 Princess asked the Giant again where his heart was.

while you darling!" was still gray dawn. how can it?" said the Princess. and when he got out of knew how to find the the Giant's door. long farewell of the Princess." said the Princess. After they had travelled many." He took a long. on that island stands a church. but was forced to say: "Far." said way.272 A Book of Giants all "And. "where my heart "Well. 'twould know where it really lies." said the Giant you will never come. "but for be such a pleasure to all that. in that church that well is a well." . "Oh. Boots. So Boots told him all that had happened inside the house and said now he wished to ride to the well in the church." Then the poor Giant could hold out no longer. "Yes! now only I must set off too. I help believing it when you say is "You're a goose. what's the meaning of foolery?" asked the Giant. pray. many days. this tom- when "Oh. there stood the Wolf waiting for him. and away they went till the wind whistled after them. he'd soon find the way. yes. they came to the lake. "How can you be so silly as to believe any such thing?" said the Giant. egg there lies in that duck there an Qggy and in that my heart it In the morning early. So the Wolf bade him jump on his back. far away in a lake lies an island. "if I — the Giant strode off to the wood. ." said the Princess. over hedge and field. in is swims a duck. I couldn't help doing it I knew your heart lay there. if he only knew the way. I'm so fond of you. over hill and dale.

just as the Giant had said. But when he came to the well. there lay the duck. and swam about backwards and forwards. So the Prince stood and coaxed it and coaxed it. and so he jumped into the lake with the Prince on his back. the Giant screamed out. and swam over to the island. high up on the top of the tower. So the Prince called on the Raven. but stick on. and the Salmon came and fetched up the egg from the bottom of the well. and at first the Prince did not get them down. and as soon as ever he squeezed it. Then the Wolf told him to squeeze the egg. to be sure. know how to get it out now you must again. and in a trice the Raven came. call on the Salmon. and then Boots was beside himself know how to "You must to "Well. and he grasped it in his hand. but just as he lifted it up from the water the duck dropped the egg into the well. and so the Prince got into the church.The Giant Who Had No Heart 273 Then the Prince did not know how to get over it.'* said the so. the Wolf. "Squeeze Prince did it again. if he will restore to life again your six brothers and their brides." said the Wolf. and the king's son called on the Salmon. but the Wolf bade him only be not afraid. call on the Raven. but the church keys hung high. till it came to him. saying he would do all that the Prince wished if he would only not squeeze his heart in two. "Tell him." said the Wolf. and begged and prayed so earnestly to be spared. and flew up and fetched the keys. whom he has turned to . and when the Giant screamed still more piteously. So they came to the church.

And you may fancy how glad the old king was when he saw all his seven sons come back. and there stood all his six brothers alive and merry. when he had made an end of the Giant. Then Boots went into the hillside after his and so they all set off home again to their father's house.274 stone." called a great wedding-feast. So he sent out and the mirth . and their brides into **Now. with her by his side. all. and the Giant burst king's daughters. was ready to do that. and if they have not done feasting. Boots rode back on the Wolf to the Giant's house. at once. with their brides. A Book of Giants the Giant you will spare his life. squeeze the Qgg in two. each with his bride. bride. Yes." said the Wolf. why. they are still at it." said the King. and was both loud and long. and he turned the six brothers into king's sons again. "and he shall sit uppermost at the table." said the Wolf. So Boots squeezed the tgg to pieces. Now. "But the after loveliest bride of all is the bride of Boots.

''Dear father. don't should find 1 came in the third son. neither more nor less than a hundred enough to find different trades for they were once all started in life they worked diligently and gained plenty of money. One day the eldest son came in to his father and said. always laughed and said. in jest. but He had when father. Now. in reality." Hardly had he said these words before the second son came in. however. saying. he had. M." by Vojislav 275 From "Hero Petrovic. I think it is quite time that I should marry. came a fresh difficulty. "My dear trouble his sons. asking. whenever he heard anyone complain how many sons he had to care for. I think it is already time that you were looking out for a wife for me. "I wish that it would please God to give me a hundred This he said sons. . you think it is high time that you me a wife?" In like manner came the later Tales and Legends of the Serbians. as time went on." A moment "Dear father. however.CHAPTER XX the biter bit Serbian^ ONCE sons!" upon a time there was an old man who.

/ have nothing is." "Very wisely spoken. and I hardly think we can find one hundred marriageable girls in all the fifteen villages which are way. there in the however. in our neighborhood. until the whole hundred similar request. All of them wished to marry and desired their father to find wives for them as soon as he could. answered. and he began to count how many notches he had already made. When he had . You must your hand so that you can cut a notch in it for every girl you see. he said.276 fourth and A Book of Giants had made a fifth. just cut a notch in your stick for every one you meet take. one great difihculty There are one hundred of you asking for wives." To in this the sons. my sons! I will do exactly as you tell me. to say against your marry- ing. to his sons. however. The old man had travelled from village to village during a whole month. The old man said. *'Very well." Accordingly he mounted his horse. however. took a sack full of cakes on his shoulder and a long stick in his hand. The old man was not a little troubled at these requests. also. stick in with. It does not signify whether she be handsome or ugly. **Don't be but mount your horse and take anxious about your sack a sufficient engagement cakes. getting pretty well tired. I foresee. and whenever he had seen a But he was girl he had cut a notch in his stick. or lame or blind. my sons. that. and started off at once to beat up the neighborhood for girls to marry his sons.

too. As he rode along. to be had counted still all. ''Well. and persisted all the more earnestly in asking questions to find out why the priest ploughed on a mill saint's day. and seemingly very so deep in anxious thought about something. sighed deeply and said.The certain that he Biter Bit 277 counted them carefully over and over again. drove his oxen himself. the old man was only more curious. he could only make out seventy-four. At last the priest. The old man thought he had not spoken loud enough. however. however. did not even turn his head to see who called him. on a holy-day!" Now his the priest hard work ill-luck. He was. ''Stop your oxen a little. so he shouted out again as loud as he could. however. so intent was he in urging on his oxen and in guiding his plough. weary with his month's ride that he determined to return home. and this. tired with his if importunity. he saw a priest driving oxen yoked to a plough. and tell me why you are ploughing yourself without even a lad to help you. you know: I am the only man in my household and God has blessed me with a hundred daughters!" The old man was overjoyed at hearing this. "I conjure you by I your old age leave in peace! cannot tell you my the At this answer. old Now the man wondered a little to see the priest his own corn-fields without even a boy to he therefore shouted to ask him why he ploughing help him. and . The priest. so that to complete the twenty-six were wanting number required." —who was —answered me in a perspiration with testily.

leaving his plough in the he drove the oxen back to the village. for he has a hundred sons who would gladly have married our hundred daughters!" When the wife heard this she changed her dress hastily. *'What have you done? What a fine chance you have spoiled! The man who came in was going to be our friend. the house as he had told him to do." No sooner. "That's very good! just what I want. for I have a hundred sons. had the old man entered the yard than the wife of the priest rushed at him with a big crying out. whilst I tie up my oxen. *'Go yourself into the house Just before reaching his house. he said to the old man. however. but your wife drove me away!" Then the priest said. Whereupon the old man replied. we can be friends. *'Only wait here a moment till I come back to fetch you. and invited the old man to pass the night in his house. and . however. field. Shortly afterwards the priest came out of the barn.278 A Book of Giants It is exclaimed cheerfully. saying. finding the old asked him man on the road why he had not gone into before the gate." He then went quickly into his house and scolded his wife right well. and we want neither beg- gars nor visitors. Then she smiled very sweetly. and. and so. "We have not bread enough for our hundred daughters. Then." The moment the priest heard this he became pleasant and talkative. as you have a hundred daughters. and arranged her hair and head-dress in a different fashion." and with these words she drove him away. stick. "I went in.

and morning asked the priest formally to give him next his hundred daughters for wives for his hundred sons. and gave each of So the girls a piece of the engaged one of his sons to These gifts the old money to mark. the priest answered that he was quite willing. when her husband led him into the house. Thereupon. and put them on the table beside him. He then mounted his horse. girls sent a small present she Then each of by him to that betrothed. he also pretended that he did not know fact. And as the old man wanted much to find wives for his sons. were all quite willing. The sons menced insisted that they should begin to make the wedding preparations without delay. and these hundred. whom man was thus put in the bag wherein he had carried the engagement-cakes. and had already spoken to his daughters about the matter. the old man passed the night in the house. she pretended that she that the smiling house-mistress and the woman who drove him away with a stick were one and and the self-same person. There were great rejoicings in his household when he told how successful he had been in his search. too.The Biter Bit 279 welcomed with the greatest possible politeness the old man. at once to invite and comthe guests who were to form . and rode off merrily homewards. a priest's daughters. In anyone's having been driven knew nothing at all of away from their door. Then the old man took his engagement-cakes. and that they. too. and that he really had found a hundred girls ready and willing to be married.

280 part of the A Book of Giants to wedding procession go to the priest's house and bring home the brides. With great noise and confusion. and set out for the house of the priest. Here another difficulty occurred. . do and too many things to think of to miss him. like his father. they were all found. . however. and go thence in procession to the house of the priest. besides these. after a fair amount of feasting. the greeting and talking and his drinking he was obliged. the wedding procession was formed properly. So great was the confusion. that the old man quite forgot to take with him one of and never missed him to go through. To find all these persons the father had to hunt throughout the neigh- borhood for three years. much to woke up till long after the procession and every one had had. indeed. Now the young man had worked so long and so hard in preparing for the wedding-day that he never had too started. day all the invited guests gathered man's house. . one hundred chaious (running footmen to go before the procession) and three hundred voivodes . (standard-bearers) . in hundred ones. where the hundred brides were the appointed at the old On already prepared for their departure for their new home. a respectable number of other non-official guests. as father of the bridegrooms. at last. The old father must find two hundred bride-leaders (two for each bride) one hundred kooms (witnesses) one hundred starisvats. and. and a day was appointed when they were to meet at his house.

it was decided that the night should be spent somewhere on the road. as they did not afternoon. set off until pretty late in the But. "We are going to our old friend's house. them in a terribly "Who are you all? Where do you come from? Where are you going?" Some of the bolder among them answered. Just. some of the men proposed that the party should pass the night by the side of the water without crossing over. things. after a very lively discussion. its two sides began to draw nearer each other. Biter Bit 281 procession arrived in good order at the priest's house where a feast was already spread out Having done honor to the various good and having gone through all the ceremonies usual on such occasions. accord- ing the procession began to move over the bridge. to a certain named "Luckless. as the wedding-party were half-way across the bridge. the hundred brides were given over to their "leaders. some others of the chief of the party so warmly advised the crossing of the river and encamping on the other bank. however. However. and pressed the people so close together that they had hardly room for to breathe —much less could they move forwards or backwards." as it was already dark. others quiet because frightened. some shouting and scolding.The The wedding for them. taking home the hundred brides for his hundred sons. but unluckily we . determined on. They were kept until at length some time in this position. and shouted to loud voice. a black giant appeared." and the procession started on its return to the old man's house. river When they came. therefore. that this course was at length.

the eldest son. "O my father you have ! sold me to the black giant !" . however. old man! Will you give me what you have forgotten at home. my come witnesses to fetch In three days I shall what I have bargained for." Having said this. but at last. spend the night on the way. Thereupon he turned towards the giant. and went to his father saying. his guests. soon began to understand how the matter stood." Then the black giant said to the party. so they moved on as fast as they could. who instantly said to him." "And where is your old friend?" inquired the black giant.282 A Book of Giants It ventured on this bridge after nightfall. I will give you all will only let the procession pass over. "Listen. if I let your friends pass over the bridge?" The old man considered some time what it might be he had forgotten at home. no longer wished to in safety. all "You hear what he has promised. and pressed us so tightly together that has we cannot move one way or the other. not being able to recollect anything in particular that he had if left. Now all the wedding guests turned their eyes towards the old man. As everybody talked of the strange adventure they had met with. the black giant widened the bridge and the whole procession passed on to the other bank The people. he replied. and hearing on all sides the groans and it moans of to you. "Well. and are to the bargain. and early in the morning reached the old man's house. who had been left at home.

very distressed. "Now. trembling all over. and counted every year. . and even every day. "Don't be Nothing will come of it. on the third day. and every month. who thereupon said. however. and troubled. As he could not break his promise. the black giant appeared at the gate and shouted. until the dawn of the last day of the three years. was then obliged to deliver up his eldest son to the giant. who asked him." The old man. From that time the poor old man had not a single moment of happiness. and week. frightened! turned the black giant. went forward and asked him. give me at once what you have promised. whom he carried off to his workshop as an apprentice to the trade of witchcraft. As soon as he reached the river he was met by the black giant. saying.'* The marriage ceremonies were celebrated with great rejoicings. "Now I your son with me. the old man. as the festivities were at their height. but after three years have passed you can come to the Luckless River and take shall take him away. He was always sad and anxious.The Then the old Biter Bit 283 man was very sorry. "What do you want?" "Nothing but what you have promised me!" re- but his friends comforted him. taking with him the young man. "Why are you come ?" The old man answered that he came to take home his son according to his agreement. Just." Having said this the black giant disappeared. Then he took a staff in his hand and hurried off to the bank of the river Luckless.

and said to the old man. if you can tell which of these is your son. saying. again went away. Just as the old man was going through a forest. So he stopped at last. "Now. ''Stop a moment! Where are you hurrying to? And why are you in such trouble?" Now. and repeating her questions with more earnestness. an old woman met him and said. a tit-mouse and When a thrush. which was between the river Luckless and his house." The poor birds. and told her what a terrible . old father looked intently at the three but at one after the other. ''Now. but she followed him. is my old man.284 A Book of Giants Thereupon the giant brought out a tray on which stood a sparrow. father again looked at one bird after felt the other. So he was obliged to go away by himself. and over and over again. and placed on it this time a partridge. however. a turtle-dove. he reached the river Luckless he was again met by the black giant. but he more uncertain than before. last he was forced to own that he could not tell which of them was his son. when he thought he would go back to the river and take one of the birds which he remembered had looked at him intently. calling after him. find out which your son!" The anxious so. who brought out the tray again. and crying bitterly. and was far more miserable than He had hardly. and a quail. old the old man was so deeply musing over first his great unhappincss that he did not at attend to the woman. you may take him away. got half-way home before.

Biter Bit 285 the old misfortune had fallen upon him. and saw that from the right eye of the dove a tear dropped slowly down. for some time they I I all lived together very One day. "Whilst young man said to was apprenticed in the workshop learned a great of the black giant. she said cheer- "Don't be cast down! river. The father did as the son Next market . saying. witchcraft. Go back again to the when the giant brings out the three birds. look into their eyes sharply. the his father. "This is my son !" The next moment he found himself holding fast his eldest son by the shoulder.The man had fully. When its you see that one of the birds has a tear in one of it eyes. "My old man find out which is your son !" Then ! the father looked sharply into the eyes of the birds. took him quickly home." old man thanked her heartily for her advice. singing and shouting in his great joy. saying. a dove. me to market and sell me for But be sure not to give up the had said. many tricks of Now I intend to change myself into a fine horse. for has a human The soul. and turned back. listened to the When wo- whole story. Don't be afraid. and so. Again the black giant appeared. and looked very merry whilst he brought out his tray and put upon it a sparrow. the wife of his son. and you shall take a good halter. Now happily. seize that bird and hold it fast. and gave him over to his eldest daughter-in-law. however. towards the Luckless River." sum of money. and. In a moment he grasped the bird tightly. and a woodpecker. for the third time.

me.286 day he went A Book Many of Giants with a fine to the city horse which he offered for sale. and you can take me to market to sell me but take care not to give up the rope with which you lead . the horse got loose from the servant and galloped off into the neighboring forest. That evening. whilst in the water. On the eve of the next market-day. and bidding for the old so that at last two thousand ducats. who The buyer asked also for the rope to lead the animal home. A few days later. whilst the servants of the buyer were driving the ox to the field. After some time had passed. buyers came round him. the young man said one day to his father. There he changed himself back into his real shape." So next market-day the old man went to the city leading a very fine ox. and. returned home to his father's house. and soon found a buyer offered ten times the usual price paid for an ox. but the old man said. "Now I will change myself into an ox. and having taken there his human shape. and returned to his father's house. he ran away into a wood near. the young man said to his father: "Now I will change myself into a . adit. and he returned home far richer than he ever dreamt of being. miring the horse. "What do you want with such an old thing? You had better buy a new one!" and he went off taking with him the rope. When he received the money he took good care not to let go the halter. the man who had bought the able to sell it man was for horse sent his servant with it to the river to bathe.

and. and the old man took it to the market-place. and. he determined to put an end to the young man's gains. and the ful cow with the golden horns he moment he saw the beautiknew that it could So he came all be no other than his former apprentice. therefore the old man was obliged to give up the side.The cow with golden Biter Bit sell 287 me as before. Therefore on the third day he came to the market himself as a buyer. and asked for it three hundred crowns. "I have the law and cus- tom on my Whoever buys a cow. . castle. string. after having legs. who called out. horns. buys also the with which it is led!" Some of the amused and string astonished lookers-on said that this was quite true. fastened her in a cellar. "I have not sold you the string." Accordingly he changed himself next morning into a cow. took the cow with him to his put iron chains on her and. well satisfied with his purchase. The black giant. being jealous at this. but the cow !" and held the string as fast as he could agreed on. with both hands. having outbid the other would-be purchasers. no !" said the buyer. up to the old man. and you can only take care not to give up the string. his hand. But the black giant had learned that apprentice his former was making a great deal of money by prac- ticing the trade he had taught him. paid at once the price he had Having done this. **Oh. he caught the string in and tried to wrench it from the terrified old man.

instantly. whereupon the giant turned himself from a wolf into a lion. hay down.288 A evening. and. which very greedily the greyhound into an eagle. and the apprentice transformed himself into a hen and chickens. to get free managed from the chains. as a cat. but he never unchained her. the apprentice became a hawk. pouncing on the squirrel. ran after him then the giant turned himself into a heap of millet. killed it. and started off at once to pursue her. carrying the hay and water for the cow. and immediately the apprentice. One however. however. who changed himself into a squirrel. . picked up all the millet. on seeing which the hawk became a greyhound. in which the master was. whereupon the tiger turned into a sparrow. and whereupon the apprenThe giant then turned from tice changed into a fish. and the lion changed into a crocodile. Upon this the giant changed from the form of a crocodile into a hawk. except one single seed. but seeing she had got free and run away. . an eagle into a mouse. the cow. Book of Giants cow some water and with incessant Every morning the giant gave the hay. Then the apprentice changed from a hare into a falcon. and the apprentice immediately changed into a hare. but his clever apprentice changed himself instantly from a cow into a bear. Next morning the black giant went as usual into the cellar. When he came within sight of her he turned himself into a wolf and ran at her with great fury. and immediately opened the cellar-door with her horns and ran away. the bear then turned into a tiger. he threw the struggles.

the black giant.The In this Biter Bit 289 way the apprentice beat his master. and revenged himself for all the sufferings he had endured whilst learning the trade of witchcraft. killed the squirrel. the hawk took rich. and the young man returned joyfully to whom he made immensely . his proper shape again. Having his father.

while an old woman stood by a stream her clothes. As she could find no stick with which to draw the fruit to the bank." by F. 290 . with a of Japan. When 1 her husband arrived in the evening. So delighted was she with her discovery that she could not stay to do any more washing.CHAPTER XXI THE peach's son Japanese^ ONE washing mous peach day. This little song had the desired effect. From "Myths and Legends Hadland Davis. Pass by the distant water The And come into the sweet. but hurried home as quickly as possible. It was quite the largest she had ever seen. she chanced to see an enor- on the water. near water is sweet. and as this old woman and her husband were extremely poor she immediately floating thought what an excellent meal this extraordinary peach would make. The peach came nearer and nearer till it stopped at the old woman's feet. she suddenly re- membered the following verse: Distant water is bitter. She stooped down and picked it up.

"The Gods have heard how much you desired a child. Their wickedness was beyond description. when it suddenly opened of its own accord. . and it was a knightly heroism that desired to right the wrong. and murmured many sweet and affectionate words." said the little fellow. kill people. The making of a great hero stirred in his veins.The Peach's Son bundle of grass upon his back. "Don't be afraid." but in other versions tale they are man-eating giants. One day Momotaro came to his foster-father and asked him if he would allow him to take a long journey to a certain island in the North-eastern Sea where dwelt a number of ogres. rescue the unfortunate cap- and bring back the plunder of the island that he it might share 1 with his foster-parents." When Momotaro was fifteen years old. and the prettiest child imaginable tumbled out with a merry laugh. many of whom they ate. and hungry. of this The author well-known calls them "devils. or "Son of a Peach. They called him Momotaro. who was company of innocent taro desired to tives." The old couple were so overcome with joy that they scarcely knew what to do with themselves. He speedily brought a knife and was about to cut the fruit open. he was a lad far taller and stronger than boys of his own age. the old 291 excitedly it woman took the peach out of a cupboard and showed to him. and Momo- them. was equally delighted at the thought of so delicious a meal. and have sent me to be a solace and a comfort in your old age.^ who had captured a great old tired The man. caressed him. Each in turn nursed the child.

his tail dropped between cake. slay the ogres and bring he believed that all the ogres harm him.292 The old A Book of Giants man was not a little surprised to hear this He knew that Momotaro was no common child. The dog. They had not gone monkey. could speak. a great dog came up to him. and daring scheme. and showed his teeth. who taro's service. but was some time before the dog and the monkey ceased snapping at each other and became good friends. and after throwing the dog half a cake they proceeded on their readily accepted Momotaro way. they came across a Now the innate jealousy of the dog was pheasant. growled. saying: "Go. and he bowed with head all to the ground. and demons could not man gave his consent. He had been sent from heaven. "or I will kill "Either you give me a cake. re- questing that he might follow "Son of a Peach. ." When farewell. the dog heard that the famous Momotaro stood before him. far when they encountered a also begged to be admitted to it Momo- This was granted. his legs. render to him the service that lay in his power. So at length the old peace to the land. moreover." you !'* When." and this offer. Momotaro. Proceeding upon their journey. the old woman had given Momotaro a num- ber of rice-cakes the youth bade his foster-parents and started out upon his journey. and threateningly begged that Momotaro would give him a said he. however. While Momotaro was resting under a hedge eating one of the rice-cakes.

they all dis- covered a boat. "we daimyos. and bid the ogres surrender. adding that the ogres. their horns and forth iron bars The pheasant at the heads of cleverly evaded the missiles. the part of the dog. companions. as they In the meantime He wrung out blood-soaked garments. many days upon the ocean they sighted an Momotaro bade the bird fly off. "Oh!" said they pitifully. and are are daughters of now the captives of the Demon King and alas! of this dreadful island. and in the end the pheasant was also admitted to the Httle band. walking decorously in the rear. and after a good deal of timidity on monkey and little got aboard. . Then they brought and hurled them furiously at the bird. At length Momotaro and his followers reached the shore of the North-eastern Sea. and he ran forward and tried to the bright-plumed creature. Soon he will kill us. Here our hero pheasant. should break their horns. After island. Momotaro separated the combatants. and soon the vessel was spinning away over the blue sea. a winged herald to announce his coming. The ogres only laughed and shook shaggy red hair.The Peach's Son 293 kill again awakened. Momotaro had landed with his two had no sooner done so than he saw two beautiful damsels weeping by a stream. and flew many ogres. The pheasant flew over the sea and alighted on the roof of a great castle and shouted his stirring message. as a sign of submission.

"I have come for the purpose of slaying your wicked enemies. You have tortured many innocent people and robbed the country for many years. the dog. He also gathered together much treasure. while others were speedily All were killed by Momotaro and his companions. "Ladies. and begged that his life might be spared." So Momotaro.294 there is A Book of Giants to our aid." said Momotaro. while Momotaro led the Demon King. Show me a way into yonder castle. the King. and then proceeded through all the rooms of the castle. ogres were so frightened that they fell off the parapets and were dashed to pieces. "No. but no one more than Momotaro's foster- parents. The return journey was a very joyous affair indeed. The whole country rejoiced in his victory. and he resolved to surdestroyed except render. Momotaro restored the two daughters of dainty os to their homes." said Momotaro fiercely." no one to come Having made these plaints the women wept anew. Once inside this Many of the fortification. and set free the numerous prisoners he found there. "I will not spare your wicked life." Having said these words he gave the Demon King into the monkey's keeping. and the monkey entered through a small door in the castle. and many others who had been captives on the island. who ended their days in peace and plenty. The dog and the pheasant carried the treasure between them. Momo- . thanks to the great treasure of the ogres which taro bestowed upon them. they fought tenaciously.

Before us on the shore stood a high castle with a great gateway. "I man without any legs. And the old man said: were caught in a gale and driven till we touched on some island or other. 295 "We Im Bang and Yi Ryuk. and a great that fish bit them " "However did happen ?*' inquired the merchant. Gale. pulled himself "When I found he was an old have lost looked at him/* said the merchant. iprom "Korean Folk Tales.ju who used to go to Quelpart to buy seaweed. and I -*- ^HERE at last took hold of the side with both his hands and in. old man. Aston- ished. saying. The twenty or so of us who were together in the stormtossed boat were all exhausted from cold and hunger. that you on a trip your legs?' "He when off/ I said in reply." by Translated by James S. . I asked. He crept nearer. 'How is it. One time when he drew upon the shore he saw a man shuffling along on the ground towards the boat.CHAPTER XXII the man who lost his legs Korean ^ ^ was a merchant in Cheng. 1 lost my legs once was shipwrecked.

rolling. and whose chest was many spans His face was black and his eyes large and round.— 296 A in Book of Giants landed and and lying exposed. to open the great gate but one leaf was about twentyfour feet across. and there in the middle of made a fire. When the fire lad. put the courtyard. not knowing what to do. and so we could do nothing with them. We held each other's hands and cried. We were like fish in a pot beyond all possible way of escape. We gazed at each other in dismay and stupefaction. donkey. and so tried . were a hundred and fifty feet high. from which he drank some kind of spirit. he went up into a verandah and opened a jar. His voice was like the braying of a monster 'There was it man only. pulled him to pieces and ate him. "We planned then to make our escape. this he brought an armful of wood. The walls. ''Our people wanted something to made motions showing that The man made no eat. cooked him before our eyes. After it they reply. We were all reduced to a state of horror. together to the castle. too. . but securely fastened the front gate. We one managed to go whose height was terrible to behold. ings of the thunder. blazed up he rushed after us and caught a young one of our company. After drinking it he uttered the most gruesome and awful noises his face grew very red and he lay down and slept. and so thick and heavy that with all our strength we could not move it. "When he had eaten his fill. His snorings were like the roar.

There were in this enclosure pigs and sheep. So he opened the front gate to . and cut his throat. making our escape out of the court back into the rear garden. When he did catch anything it was a sheep.The Man Who Lost His Legs 297 "Among us one man thought of this plan: We had a knife and he took it. in among the pigs and sheep. death anyway the verandah let's try' 'We are all doomed to and we made our way up on and stabbed his eyes. Then there was a horrible fish . "We then each of us took a pig or sheep on the back and made straight for the gate. "He floundered about. — send all the animals out. They took steps of thirty feet or so. but not one of us did he get hold of we were all mixed up sheep. about sixty of them in all. The monster felt each. came racing after us. I alone got hold of a piece of boat-timber and lived. waving his two arms after us. and we ran on to the rocks and were all destroyed. let it go. There we rushed. caught the boat and made it fast. decided to stab his eyes out. Then we all got out and rushed for the boat. pigs. "A little later he came and sat on the bank and roared his threatenings at us. We . and when it was not a sheep it was a pig. and so got free at last and out to the open sea. and finding it a pig or a sheep. A lot of other giants came at his call. He gave an awful roar. . We rushed here and there. and people. Every one was engulfed in the sea and drowned. said in reply. and struck out on all sides to catch us. but we took axes and struck at the hands that held it. and while the monster was drunk and asleep. "Again a great wind arose.

At last I drifted back home and here I am. My Eight Lucky Stars are very bad. that's why it happened to me. my teeth are cold and my bones shiver. "When I think of it still." .298 from A the sea that Book of Giants came swimming after me and bit off my legs.

was no (The Stone Giants were a strange and terrible race. 299 . carry home the game killed by the hunter and dress and cook it for him.CHAPTER XXIII the stone giantess North American Indian* bygone times it was customary for a hunter's squaw to accompany her husband when he sought A dutiful wife on these occasions would the chase. Filled with surprise she entered." by Lewis Spence. On one excursion he built found such large quantities of game that he wigwam and settled there for some time with his wife and child. but found to her consternation that her other than a Stone Giantess. helper. As the homeward after a hard day's sound of another woman's voice visitor inside the hut. There was once a chief among the Iroquois who was •*" TN a very skilful hunter. In all his expeditions his wife a was his companion and at the place. whose bodies were all fashioned of solid stone. they 1 From "The Myths of the North American Indians. while his wife followed the path they had taken on the previous day. One day he struck out on a new track. in order to gather the woman work turned her steps she heard the game killed then.

300 A Book of Giants once attacked the Iroquois. and the two sat down to The Stone Giantess knew that the dine together. She besought the young a while. she had finally taken shelter in the solitary from her and how wigwam. While the mother stood in the doorway. the latter said in a gentle and soothing voice: "Do not be afraid." The hunter's wife entered the wigwam. her fear changed giantess was evidently much worn with She told the hunter's wife. who had sought to kill her. trouble and fatigue. to pity. she saw that the creature had in her arms the chief's baby. she said she already knew where the game. She also said she was very hungry. woman was in the habit of carrying home and she now declared she would do it in Moreover. but were defeated with the help of West Wind. taking care it was thoroughly cooked.) To add to her alarm. meaning to exterminate the them completely. but boldly Once inside. but warned her It hostess that she must be exceedingly careful about the must not be raw or at all underdone. it was to . come inside. for the hesitated no longer. how she had travelled the land of the Stone Giants. fleeing cruel husband. promising to woman to let her remain for assist her in her daily tasks. her stead. who was from kindly and sympathetic. for if once she tasted blood she might wish to kill the hunter and his wife and child. So the wife prepared some food for her. wondering how she could rescue her child from the clutches of the giantess. food she gave her.

in and the woman recognized assistant. said: 'T have a secret to after me. She very shortly returned. and the Stone Giantess bade the woman go how out and meet her husband and tell him of her visitor. "I hear You must both help me to hold him. the third husband is and in three days he will arrive here. and with something like calmness they awaited the monster's approach. and he gave her a hearty welcome. but the firmness and courage of the giantess reassured them. and insisted on setting out for it at once. the giantess rushed forward. . On day your husband must remain at home and tell My cruel help me to slay him. When he had disappeared from sight ess turned quickly to the in the forest.The Stone Giantess 301 be found." When mained guest. very well pleased to learn the The man was newcomer had helped his wife. and threw him to the ground. grappled with him. bearing in one hand a load of game which four men could scarcely have carried." The hunter and his wife were seized with terror when a great commotion outside announced the arrival where of the Stone Giant." ing. obedient to the instructions of his said the giantess at last. "Now. her a very valuable The time of the hunter*s return drew near. the giant- woman and you. Directly he came in sight. In the morning he went out hunting as usual. and we shall certainly kill him. the third day came round the hunter re- at home. Strike him comhim I bid you.

husband is dead. she departed." said she *T have no longer anything to fear. And that was the end of the Stone Giant. "I will go and bury him/' said the giantess. when she announced her intention of returning to her own people. "My . . The strange guest stayed on in the wigwam till the time came for the hunter and his family to go back to the settlement." Thus. and very shortly they had succeeded in kilhng the huge creature. having bid them farewell.302 A Book of Giants "Strike him on the arms!" she cried to the others. !" ''Now on the nape of the neck The trembhng couple obeyed.


wore his wife's bracelet for a finger-ring. China and Arabia. was nine feet. many other matters. He had little success. Harold Hardrada. 304 . whose height was ells" (ten feet!). could break a horse's jaw with his fist or outpull a chariot team. and many another. and King of Norway. The giant as a fighter passed swiftly away before cannon. when Pliny tells us that Gabbara. renozvned in the army of Charlemagne. was over eight feet tall. who "passed for a giant". Thracian shepherd. fierce gladiator. we can only be sure that he was probably the largest human being in Rome at that time. exactness of facts is a very modern — quality. too. A notable company these king-giants woidd make: Sesochris of Egypt. Many records folloiv of "real" giants. It was not long before he was merely a prodigy to draw the curious crowd. whom the Emperor Claudius brought from Arabia. who. Capitolinus declares. who swam rushing rivers dragging his horse after him. nine inches tall. and zvas in the habit of draining a six gallon amphora of wine and consuming forty pounds of meat a day. Another. during the seven or eight thousand years since the first flashes of But it needs to be stated at once that here. Brandenburg. lish Frederick William developed a theory that he could estaba nezv race of physical marvels by intermarrying his huge guards with women of phenomenal size. and he used to busy himself greatly over such matches. C. Thus. as well as Greece and land Scandinavaia. looked dozvn upon his enemies as "little frogs. And a suspicious number of these early tall men were seen through the mist of rever* ence due to kingly station and power. Mediterranean conqueror. Viking rover. Maximinus. reputed to be eight feet tall —a zvorthy de- scendant of that giant Swabian. A regiment of formidable warriors would follow these rulers. perhaps 4000 B. muskets and pistols." and would spit several at once like birds on his weapon. the gigantic youth of the tribe of Benjamin chosen by lot to reign over Israel. as in history. such as the huge grenadiers of King Frederick WilThe Elector of liam of Prussia and of Peter the Great. had in the i6th Century a famous soldier "five named Michel. Emperor Maximilian of Germany. and then savage Emperor of Rome. King Saul.Giant gods and demigods loom large in the myths of every in India.

And the vast number of "giants' bones" 305 dug up from time .CHAPTER XXIV SOME REAL GIANTS LET US agree. and Charlemagne. cannot measure even live Emperors. one raphies that the may read in the histories and biogRoman Emperors Maximinus and Joviand Emperor Maximilian of But one anus. who have exceeded seven feet. During the last two hundred years there have been over a hundred men and women. yet as soon as careful measurements were made these dwindled to a maximum of something under seven. his that he had seen with Many a traveller asserted own eyes scores of Patago- nian savages ranging from nine to eleven feet. but fairly who exceed the seven-foot mark may be called giants. unfortunately. who reached nine To be sure. Germany were eight-and-a-half or nine feet. much less long dead ones. that those arbitrarily. figuring in the public eye. that people of to seven feet in height are only very tall from six men. even paedias. there does not seem to have been any human being measured by scientific methods feet. ments and handbills and newspapers. Probably twenty-five of these have had a height of In spite of statements in advertisein encyclo- eight feet or over.

who was only a couple of inches shorter than he. apart from pride. which calls for only "champions" in the freak class. have been gathering authoritative biological observations upon subjects possible . tallest For instance. not eating a great sometimes sleeping for twenty-four hours at . for any one who could show a greater stature than Hugo That is to say. but to grow very rapidly. Antoine Hugo. in the United States. and elsewhere. Holland. all the and it is wise to recall that only such exact scientific records can be relied on. announced as the man. Germany. One of the most notable characteristics about the giant is a certain shrinking tendency before the camera and the tape. age of None of his family was exceptionally tall. especially in France. died in 1917 after having made quite a fortune in America and it was stated that a "freak'* promoter would pay a premium of $400 an inch. and died around the thirty. Then he began deal. was not in demand in the United States. he would give nearly $3000 for a nine-foot besides paying the giant himself something like giant $1500 to $2000 a week. indicating of nine feet and upward. tallest man on record was Machnow. . and he himself was a normal child up to the age of four. who was born at Witebsk about 1882. is For. Whereas Hugo's brother. have shown to be those of great animals. In the last twenty years or so a group practically all been of alert savants.306 A Book men of Giants to time. ! — Apparently the a Russian. was exhibited in London in 1905. there a vast deal of money involved in a few extra inches for the show giant.

at twenty-two. called "The Queen of the Amazons" and was handsome enough to appear with success at the London Alhambra in a review called "Babil and Bijou" Ben Hicks. according to Professor Luschau and Lis- was seven feet and ten inches. his weight was given as 360 pounds. tall Public curiosity regarding the very men is .Some Real Giants a time. "the Denver Steeple". and." with a figure of eight feet seven inches. of Nova Scotia. a little smaller. It seems beyond question that he was over in eight and a half and under nine feet. — world —scoring fourteen feet eight inches between them. When he appeared in London next year. A generation back there were the Winkelmeier Paul Marie Elizabeth Wehde. born at Ben-Rendorf in Thuringia. he was credited with nine sauer he feet three inches. The champion with eight feet 1920 was George Auger. who was three inches taller than himself they were celebrated as the tallest bride and groom in the . feet or so to Then there was the famous Chang. who is an American and affects frontier costume. and the most conservative of British encyclopaedias accepts this figure. credited four inches. smiling Chinaman. who married in London in 1871 Miss Anna Swan. who was Austrian . In the show world he was universally taken as the "champion. Captain Martin Van Buren Bates of Kentucky. 307 feet At fifteen he was about five two. while the captain's weight of 450 pounds made by no him a notable figure. who exhibited his eight nearly the whole world for a long period in the eight-foot class beginning about the end of the American Civil War.

First came Cornelius MacGrath. Berkeley. a regular mob followed him through the streets. The last of his shoes. born near the silver mines in Tipperary in 1736. but there was a special outbreak of such prodigies during the 18th century. Dr. for during that year he shot up some eighteen inches. which he carried about with him. "His hand was then as large as a middling-sized shoulder of mutton. since he towered already head and shoulders above other men.^ Three of the most celebrated of these were from Ireland. Since this rapid growth caused him partially to lose . There grew up a legend (which got into the newspapers and into Watkinson's "Philosophical Survey of 1 A century earlier came "Long Meg most extraordinary and comical exploits of Westminster." This charity of the worthy Bishop was ill rewarded. which joint he could cover with that member." heroine of in one of the old ballads. Fifteen hundred years ago a poor giant in Rome was almost killed by the press of people crowding about to get a sight of him. took the youngster into his house for a month or more. but when Cornelius visited Cork at the age of sixteen. measured fifteen inches in length. . and had him treated so successfully that he regained his powers. and thinking them rheumatic he would bathe in salt water for a cure but they were "growing pains'* of a rare sort. It appeared that the year before Cornelius was much troubled with pains in his limbs. the use of his limbs. Neither his parents nor their other children were remarkable in size.308 A Book of Giants means modern. Bishop of Cloyne. particularly in England.

and the giant strained himself in recovering his balance. and he used to raise by the collar of his coat and hold out at arm's length. and by some mysterious course of feeding. for a long time. and died. had caused him to shoot up to the height of seven thirty feet. His body was "waked. from which accident he failed in health. who was taller but not so well propor- MacGrath kept on growing tioned. which has continued to this day (1868). from an inhuman experiment in giant-making. a small-sized student named Hare.— Some Real Giants Ireland") that scientific desire to 309 Bishop Berkeley. Paris and other European capitals. according to the Annual Register for 1760 at the age of 117! (which is nearly three times the average of giants. the great Swede. and ultimately died.C. Hare. and he created a sensation in London. Next there came a Cork man. Hare one day ran between MacGrath's legs.D. James MacDonald.T." finally stolen by medical stu- dents of Trinity College. until at the age of he measured seven feet eight inches. F. who was father of the late Dr. had taken a poor orphan. then became a day laborer. on the day on which he was to have been "This is said to have been the origin of the feud between the students and the coal-porters of Dublin. either modern or in those for them — unwholesome days of chivalry). who was first exhibited. Mr." His skeleton is preserved at Trinity College. . distracting attention from Cajanus. served as a grenadier for thirty years." He was a great friend of the students.

from 1 1 till 3. as he is the only Irish Giant. The was a man showed himself and gentry are requested to take notice. and from 5 till 8. as he proposes shortly to Continent." Poor Patrick had a rather unhappy time of spite of the furore attending his appearance it. and Piccadilly. tallest who is allowed to is man and in the world his height . in full proportion accordingly. Mr. and never was in this metropolis before Thursday the 11th Hours of admittance every day. who called himself to O'Brien. nobility His stay will not be long in visit the London. Sundays exinst. in 1782. Mr. eclipsed both these notables. one year's success — for £700. Byrne. Then he became so fearful that the surgeons would . one for £70. and visiting the Black Horse Tavern one night was robbed of all the fruits of his which he carried in two banknotes. who advertised and endeavored to impose himself upon the public for the Irish Giant. as witness this announcement: "Irish Giant. eight feet two inches. at half-a-crown each person. Byrne begs leave to assure them it was an imposition. He came London week. and every day this in his large elegant late room. next door to be the Cox's Museum. cepted. Spring Garden. To be seen this.310 A little Book of Giants A later Charles Byrne. there for some time past at the top of the Haymarket. in during the short year production of the when he stood "as the most extraordinary human species ever beheld since the days of Goliath. only 21 years of age. at the cane-shop. the surprising Irish Giant." He got to drinking.

the robber saw this huge figure rising apparently endlessly. As Cotter slowly rose to look out. during the The London news- summer of the consummation of American Independence. and surrounded his house just as Greenland harpooners would an enormous whale. . Spurred on by Byrne's reception. of Kinsale. Patrick Cotter.' was that a rival party had equipped to be " with diving-bells to salvage the prodigy from the river. He also took the name of O'Brien and admitted himself to be a descendant of Brian Boru. sunk at the Downs in twenty A third said the undertakers had been offered a bribe of 800 guineas. with a sort of well hold his legs. where it was fathoms of water. the huge skeleton was for a century a treasured possession of the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons. should be thrown into the papers. Many were the stories told of him. were agog with wild tales of the plots to secure the giant's body after death. Whatever the facts. One of them has gone so far as to have a niche made for himself in the giant's coffin. in London. appeared presently. One evening the carriage was stopped by a highwayman. Says one: "The whole tribe of surgeons put in a claim for the poor departed Irish Giant. and. and in the twenty years before his death accumulated a competence. 'the in order to his being ready at hand on witching time of night. He used to travel in a carriage built especially for in the floor to him.Some Real Giants get his 311 his remains body for dissection that he begged sea. Another itself tale when churchyards yawn. He soon eclipsed all rival pretenders.

the tallest being seven feet six inches. about seven-and-a-half feet tall and Cromwell boasted another. ance. Daniel. who became insane from religious ecstasy. and he sent to purchase them from the farthest parts of Europe to the borders of Asia. clapped spurs and galloped away.312 to his horse A Book of Giants struck with panic. These giants were his and the things for which he went to the heaviest expense. Walter Parsons. he dropped his pistol. such as those maintained Potsdam by the Prussian kings. King Frederick William. I have seen some of . which weighed a pound. and since they were well built athletic men they made a most impressive appear- (Even James I . and was still Rather more interesting for half a century at good running order. from all countries. Voltaire. of the same size. had a door-keeper. says a huge sergeant's cane. greatest delight. or to wager £10 that he would kiss a pretty girl at ztn upstairs past. "The men who stood in the first rank of this regiment were none of them less than seven feet high. and had his name en- graved in it.) These huge soldiers were gathered with great care. "armed with marched forth every day to review his regiment of giants. than these show giants were in the corps of gigantic guards. window as he walked Some half a century back a gentleman wrote to one of the magazines that he possessed the giant's gold watch. Then he hked to do such things as startle the watchmen by reaching up to a street lamp and taking off the cover to light his pipe.

had given those I saw the queen. Gabbara.) Tony Payne was reputed to measure four inches over seven feet. not gigantic men. vigor and good humor as for size. (In fact the learned author of a "History of Oxfordshire" in 1676 was strongly of the opinion that a huge Cornish skeleton discovered in his time was that of the famous Arabian giant celebrated by Pliny. remember that they accompanied the old state coach which preceded the Marquis de Beauvau. he found the youth loitering along. to serve in quality of Heiduques. whereupon Payne picked up the loaded donkey and He lived to an old age carried it back to the castle. and that he had doubtless been brought to Britain by the Emperor Claudius. in the month of November.Some Real Giants them since his death. never could find a purchaser for that enormous engilded coach. He was a faithful follower of the Stowe family. The late king. 313 who I The king. . shook hands formerly sold all the magnificent furniture left with each other over the roof. 1740. his wife. Frederick William." A pleasant exception in character was one Antony Payne of Cornwall. and fought with distinction in the royal army during the Great Rebellion. toration Charles II his portrait painted had One Christmas Eve he bring in wood from the sent a . after the Res- by Kneller. who had by his father. loved to handsome. boy with a donkey to forest going out after a while to look for him. a region always famous for tall men. who walked on each side to support it in case it should fall. who came to compliment the king. The Heiduques. as noted for intelligence. his son.

— just how tall we cannot. and others were men of quite exline III. Rochester. Fairfax. the painter David. who really measured over eight . Philip the Long. Brillat-Savarin. find out. Many border historical figures have been at least on the ward of gianthood: William of Scotland. imfor- But the facts seem to be that at any one time one all could come pretty near counting on one's fingers the people in the world feet in height.314 and left A Book of Giants behind him a reputation for loyalty to his ideals spirit. ability and which seems rare enough among physical prodigies. traordinary stature tunately. EdGodefroy of Bouillon. Kleber. Baron Barford. Charles IFs favorite. Benjamin Constant. Gall.

feet and hands. after Sir Angolafre. which clearly has some direct connection with the growth of bones and tissues. We do not know It growth. The exact observations are not numerous enough to enable us to generalize. Oddly enough. many of the giants of legend fit characteristics of the only too well with this modern is theory that the giant diseased. Generally the giant shows obvious signs of what the pathologists call acromegaly —where there is a great enlargement of head." the pituitary body. which produces a disharmony of the bony structure. the most disheartenbiologists steal For the cold-hearted on the subject want to There yet it is. and also causes various functional disorders. just what causes this abnormal seems usually associated with ailments of one of the remarkable "ductless glands. 315 . who have specialized even the word and make justification for this "gigantism" signify a diseased condition! alas! a good deal of iconoclastic position. eight feet of statute.CHAPTER XXV WHAT is SCIENCE HAS LEARNED ABOUT GIANTS this modest NOR Ferumbras and ing thing about giants. but is all too evident that the vast majority of these are suffering tallest men and women from an obscure malady.

here the tabular record: Adam measured .316 A Book all. after Roland and extermi- Launcelot and Aniadis and Guy of Warwick nated the poor creatures. is Said M. Henrion. it is of Giants just as well that Perhaps. We turies can for more reasons than one afford to smile at that solemn French Academician. who just two cenago worked out a table to prove the shrinkage of the human stature since ancient times.

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