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Kim – FEA Tutorial
ABAQUS/CAE Tutorial: Analysis of an Aluminum Bracket
last updated: August 2004
In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Sketch 2D geometry & define part. Define material properties. Apply loads and boundary conditions. Mesh. Run analysis. View results.
Context sensitive help is also available within CAE. as well as provides some messages about why an analysis might have crashed (this information is often within the . HELP Online help manuals: abaqus_aae doc & . Other files are . or you can submit jobs from within CAE. The .dat file as well). button 2 (right) gives menu. if available is “enter” or “done”) – multiple items can be selected by: “dragging” a window or holding the SHIFT key while picking – items can be de-selected by holding the CTRL key.odb. .log file keeps a text record of all processes and is useful for checking the status of the analysis.cae (CAE model file). .there is a “book” for CAE: “ABAQUS/CAE User's Manual”.msg lists the progress of the analysis. button 3 (middle.0 or equivalent PC terminal software. The .dat.msg file. .inp file which you can edit and run by the command line. Kim – FEA Tutorial 2 Helpful Tips Before Getting Started Use Exceed 9. and is useful for monitoring the status of long-running jobs during their computation. CAE creates the .msg. The .log. and . . MOUSE Use of the Mouse: – button 1 (left) is select.sta file is a summary of the information contained in the .sta.H.odb file is the binary output file that will be read during post-processing to view graphical results. The .dat is the text output file that will contain results. The . .
In the Toolbox Area. Create Part • To run ABAQUS/CAE. Kim – FEA Tutorial 3 ABAQUS/CAE: Getting Started. then type: abaqus_aae cae or /usr/site/aae/bin/abaqus_aae cae click Create Model Database In the Module dropdown box.. Menu Bar. first go to the directory you wish your files to be located. Prompt Area. Toolbox Area. select Part (this takes about 30 seconds for the program to initialize) Note the locations of: Tool Bar.g. The Create Part window will pop up. bracket Under Modeling Space. These will be referred to repeatedly in the future. e.H. choose 2D Planar Base Feature. click Create Part button. Shell Approximate size: 20 click Continue… • • • • • • • • • . Enter in name.
Click Create Circle button. -3 <enter> click on point 1 (box will appear on it). Click Create Fillet button… (go to next page) . Dynamic viewing with mouse buttons by holding CTRL + ALT on right side of keyboard. 3. 2. Click Create Lines button. and 7. -12 <enter> 5. enter in the coordinates: 1. it will give a pop-up description. In prompt area. The other buttons adjacent to this one will adjust panning. -3 <enter> 0.5. Finished product will be yellow outline of the bracket. Float your mouse pointer over buttons. 0 <enter> (it is ok if point is be out of view) 8. then the item you want more info on. -12 <enter> 5. and zoom.25. Note the buttons pointed out. Click the help button. Try it. Enter 6. -1. – – – Buttons with a dark triangle will provide more button choices when clicked and held. Context-Sensitive Help is available. 4. Note it is highlighted when active. 6. 2. 3. -1. rotation.H. 5. 1. Try them out. Try it.5 for perimeter point. Click Auto-Fit View button to re-scale image. 0 <enter> 8. 0. 7.5 for center. Kim – FEA Tutorial 4 Sketch Part • The window will change to that shown at right.
3.H. Note different tool buttons shown in the Toolbox Area. • You now are returned to the Part Module screen. . This should look like the screen below right. • The Create Fillet button should still be highlighted. Click this again to get the screen shown below left. • Click the Done button in the Prompt Area at the bottom of the screen. hit enter. then Mouse click on inner two lines when prompted. Kim – FEA Tutorial 5 Sketch Part – contd.0 for fillet radius in the Prompt Area. cont’d… enter 1.
25 for the Normalized edge parameter. Kim – FEA Tutorial 6 Partition Edge • Click the “Partition Edge: Enter Parameter” button.H. select the far righthand edge of the bracket. You will be prompted to select an edge. Click the Create Partition button to finish. • • • • • . you need to click and hold over the line partitioning tools button – note the small dark triangle in the lower right corner indicates that this is an expanding button. In the Prompt Area. This partitioned edge will be used later for applying a uniform load. You will see a large dot onefourth of the way up the edge of the bracket. enter in value of 0. Click Done. In order to get this button.
Save As.3 for Poisson’s Ratio. 0. – Under Selection. select the material by name and click Edit. enter a name at the end of the path. select Mechanical --> Elasticity --> Elastic – enter 10e6 for Young’s Modulus. select Property. Save often!!! • 1. In the Module drop-down box beneath the Tool Bar. From now on. Change Modules. Click Create Material Button enter a name. Aluminum. – click OK If you want to modify the material. you can just click the blue floppy disk icon in the Tool Bar. click the Material Manager button to the right of Create Material. e.H. or click Dismiss to leave without making any changes.g. – . Click OK. e. bracket.g. Kim – FEA Tutorial 7 Saving and Defining Material Properties • Save your work: in the Menu Bar. click File.
– 3.g.05. e. Click OK. plate) click OK. there should be only one to choose from) in the drop down box enter Plane stress/strain thickness: 0. Click Assign Section Button – – – – . Click on the part. plate choose Solid and Homogeneous click Continue select the material Aluminum (or what ever you named it.. Click Create Section Button – – – – enter a name.g. Select the Section Name you wish to assign to this region (there should be only one which you’ve previously named. e. The Assign Section window will pop up.H. Click the Done button in the Prompt Area at the bottom of the screen.. you will be prompted to select a region. Kim – FEA Tutorial 8 Assign Properties to Regions of Model 2.
.g.. Click OK. the part we named bracket previously.H. Select the part you wish to instance. A red outline of the bracket will show. • • • Click the Instance Part button. The Create Instance window will pop up. Kim – FEA Tutorial 9 Instance Part • Change Modules. the Canvas (main working graphical window) will be blank. select the Assembly. – note. In the Module drop-down box beneath the Tool Bar. e.
Setting Initial to 0. • Click the Incrementation tab. Select the Step module. with the Basic tab active. and Static. – enter in a Description. e. Full load corresponds to an Increment value of 1 (when Time Period is set to 1 under the Basic tab). enter value of 0. Kim – FEA Tutorial 10 Step • • Change Modules.g. click OK. • Edit Step window pops up. This can also be left to default 1 value and the software will auto-select.1 for Initial.H. be sure Procedure type is set to General.. Leave the rest the same. Click Continue. General is highlighted in the list. apply loading under Increment Size. – – . Click the Create Step button. – – – Create Step window pops up enter a name – use the default name Step-1.1 forces ABAQUS to start the analysis by applying 1/10 of the full load.
enter value of –1000 in Magnitude.. mousepointer click on the lower portion of the right edge of the bracket. Load-1 is the default name be sure Step-1 (or what name you have given it) is selected in the Step drop down box. be sure to have Distribution set to Uniform. e. click OK.g. It will highlight red. be sure Mechanical is selected in Category under Type for selected step. – – – – – – – – . Kim – FEA Tutorial 11 Load • • Change Modules. and be sure that (Ramp) is selected under Amplitude. choose Pressure click Continue Upon prompting to Select surfaces. the region we partitioned previously. Click the Create Load button. in the Edit Load window that pops up. If your arrows are in the wrong direction. Select the Load module. click Done. you need to go back and be sure to specify a negative pressure. This is a 1000 psi traction. You should get the image shown to the right. – – – the Create Load window pops up.H. enter a Name.
check-mark (click) boxes for u1 and u2. – – – – – – the Create Boundary Condition window pops up. click OK. mousepointer click on the upper left vertical edge of the bracket. You should get the image shown to the right – – – – – – . click Done. be sure Uniform is selected in Distribution. upon prompt to select regions. be sure that Mechanical is selected. Edit Boundary Condition window pops up.g. fixed edge under Category.. under Type for selected step. enter a name.H. Kim – FEA Tutorial 12 Boundary Conditions • Click the Create Boundary Condition button. e. It will highlight red. and leave the default values of 0. choose Displacement/Rotation click Continue.
choose Standard in Element Library Plane Stress in Family Linear in Geometric Order within the Quad tab.5. Select the Mesh module. the text in the lower box should indicate a CPS4R element identification. Kim – FEA Tutorial 13 Seed Mesh • • Change Modules. Hit enter and you will see circular symbols indicating nodal locations along the part edges. There are many other functions within this button that are useful for controlling mesh size.H. • Click the Assign Element Type button. click OK. This is a 4-node reduced integration quadrilateral element. – – – – – the Element Type window pops up. – – . choose Reduced Integration in Element Controls. enter a Global element size value of 0. – – In the Prompt Area. Click the Seed Part Instance button. This is an expandable button. Leave everything else at default values.
Kim – FEA Tutorial 14 Mesh • Click Mesh Part Instance button. . Click Yes in the Prompt Area. • • Your mesh should look like the image shown to the right. Note this button has many other functions within it (click-hold mouse button down on this button) such as deleting mesh and meshing regions of a part.H.
. • • . In the Edit Job window that pops up. e. enter a Description.. Enter a name. bracket analysis Check that Full analysis. e. Select the Job module. Background.H. Click OK. bracket Click Continue.g. Kim – FEA Tutorial 15 Create Job SAVE YOUR WORK!!! • • • • • Change Modules.g. and Immediately are selected. Click Create Job button.
It should look like the image to the right. click Write Input. 2. it will read: 1. 5. It takes few seconds to write “job name. 4. Then: 1. check that your job is selected. • • Click Results. 3. The Visualization module will run and the part in outline will be shown. then click Submit. . 2. go to slide 18-Result (b) for visualizing results Sumbitted Running Completed Write Input • • • Under Status. Save you job Close ABAQUS/CAE Type “abaqus job = job name” Enter↵ Then. To run your model in Unix Server.inp”. Kim – FEA Tutorial 16 Submit Job • • Click Job Manager button. 3. In Job Manger window pops up.H.
select Result.. Color control can be adjusted by clicking the Contour Options button and adjusting parameters. Kim – FEA Tutorial 17 Results (a) .Visualization • • Click the Plot Contours button. or U1.H. in the Menu Bar. S11. Strains.. Field Output. • • • • . then choose the stress component you wish to plot. e.g. A colorful plot of Von Mises stresses appears. etc. can be selected through Field Output. Spatial Displacements. To select the scalar field quantity plotted. Click OK.
Click OK.. can be selected through Field Output..g. A colorful plot of Von Mises stresses appears. Color control can be adjusted by clicking the Contour Options button and adjusting parameters. etc.odb”. S11. then choose the stress component you wish to plot. select Result. To select the scalar field quantity plotted. Spatial Displacements. Kim – FEA Tutorial 18 Results (b) . in the Menu Bar. e.After Run Model on Unix Server • • • • • Run ABAQUS/CAE or ABAQUS/VIEWER.H. • • • . or U1. Open “job name. Field Output. Strains. Click the Plot Contours button.
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