BASIC SCIENCE PROCESS SKILL USING TIME-SPACE RELATIONSHIP

LECTURE NOTES KPLI & KDPM

Examples of parameters are location. and rate of change. symmetry. weight and mass) 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 2 .WHAT DOES IT MEAN? • All objects occupy a place in space • This skill involves the ability to discern and describe directions. direction. size.) • (Describing changes in parameter with time. shape. • (Is a process to describe a location. spatial arrangements. direction. motion and speed. volume. shape and size of an object and its changes in a period of time.

– To arrange events chronologically – To determine the magnitude of changes that occurred based on the rate of changing – To determine the location of an object in space and to describe its location – To describe the shape of an object when it is seen from a location or a point of different frame of reference. 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 3 . shape and size of an object in a period of time – To describe the relationships between the distance that has been covered in a period of time.Space Time Relationships • Indicator: – To describe a location and time – To describe the changes of direction.

They can put the mirror lengthwise down the middle of the fruit section to see if they can observe the image of a complete fruit. and spheres and ask children to try and draw a line or plane through each object to show whether the parts on opposite sides are identical. • One aspect of the property we call symmetry is the repitetion in size and shape of one part of an object on the opposite side of a line or plane. Ask children to discover if the right and left sides of the half are symmetrical.SAMPLE ACTIVITIES • Recognise and name 2D (squares. • Tell time on a clock • Describe time sequences such as day and night and the seasons. • Provide children with a small metal mirror (instead of glass as a safety precaution) and half an apple or a pear made by a lengthwise cut through the fruit. ellipsoids) • Describe their own position in terms of some reference point or the positions of other people or things. circles) and 3 D shapes (cubes. Display circle. 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 4 . prisms. rectangles. squres.

ACTIVITY 1 : AXES OF SYMMETRY How many lines of symmetry? 4 LINES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 5 .

2 LINES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 6 .

3 LINES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 7 .

INFINITE LINES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 8 .

HOW MANY PLANES OF SYMMETRY? 2 PLANES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 9 .

2 PLANES OF SYMMETRY 21-Mar-11 SSS_JSM_MPKS 10 .