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GSM Network Signaling

GSM Network Signaling

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GSM Network Signaling

GSM Protocol Interfaces

September 30, 2005

Girish Kumar Patnaik

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2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 3 .GSM Protocol Interfaces September 30.

D. C. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 4 . E.GSM Protocol Interfaces • GSM MAP (Mobile Application Part) – Software platform for implementing the GSM network signaling protocol – Used in the B. GSM architecture can be partitioned into three parts: • Databases • Switches • Radio System – Application of the SS7 protocol September 30. F and G interfaces – In terms of network signaling.

2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 5 .GSM MAP Protocol Hierarchy September 30.

GSM MAP Protocol Hierarchy • Message Transfer Part (MTP) – Level 1 defines the physical. electrical and functional characteristics of the signaling links – Level 2 provides reliable transfer of signaling messages between two directly connected signaling points – Level 3 provides the function and procedures related to message routing and network management • Signaling Connection Control Part (SCCP) – Provides additional functions such as Global Title Translation (GTT) to the MTP – MTP utilizes GTT to transfer noncircuit-related signaling information such as PCS registration and cancellation September 30. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 6 .

GSM MAP Protocol Hierarchy • Signaling Connection Control Part (SCCP) – GSM MAP uses SCCP classes 0 and 1 connectionless services that provide efficient routing with or without maintaining message sequencing between two or more messages – Network entities may consists of several Application Service Elements (ASEs) – SCCP addresses these ASEs with Subsystem Number (SSN) – For Intra-GSM network message delivery. SCCP translates the actual destination address by GTT September 30. MTP uses Destination Point Code (DPC) as the destination address for direct routing – For Inter-GSM network message delivery. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 7 .

GSM MAP Protocol Hierarchy • Transaction Capabilities Application Part (TCAP) – Provides the capability to exchange information between applications using noncircuit-related signaling September 30. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 8 .

GSM MAP Service Framework • The GSM network entities (such as HLR. VLR. and MSC) communicate with each other through MAP dialogues by invoking MAP service primitives. 2005 . – – – – Request Indication Response Confirm Girish Kumar Patnaik 9 September 30.

GSM MAP Service Model September 30. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 10 .

Parameter of Service Primitive • The parameter of a service primitive type belongs to the four categories: – M (Mandatory) – O (Service provider option) – U (Service user option) – C (Conditional) September 30. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 11 .

MAP Services • A MAP dialogue consists of several MAP services. 2005 . • MAP services are specific: – The specific MAP service includes • • • • • 28 mobility services 4 operation and maintenance services 6 call-handling services 11 supplementary services 8 short message service management services Girish Kumar Patnaik 12 September 30. • MAP services are either specific or common.

2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 13 . MAP-NOTICE September 30. – Six common MAP services are defined: • MAP-OPEN.MAP Services • MAP services are common: – To establish and clear MAP dialogue between peer MAP service users. MAP-CLOSE. MAP-U-ABORT. MAP-P-ABORT. MAP-DELIMITER.

the request is processed by the MAP Protocol Machine (PM) in the service provider. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 14 .The MAP Protocol Machine • When a MAP user issues a service request. an instance of DSM is created to handle the dialogue • An SSM is either an RSM or a PSM September 30. • MAP PM consists of four components: – Dialogue State Machine (DSM) • Co-ordinates the service state machines (SSMs) • For every MAP dialogue.

2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 15 .The MAP Protocol Machine – Requesting Service State Machine (RSM) • Handles a MAP-specific service requested during a dialogue • This SSM is created by the DSM for each requested service – Performing Service State Machine (PSM) • Handles a MAP service performed during a dialogue • This SSM is created by the DSM for each service to be performed September 30.

Mobility Management. Short Message Services. Subscriber-controlled inputs (call waiting. low-priority MAP operations may be ignored • Priority levels from high to low for MAP service primitives are Handoff.The MAP Protocol Machine – Load Control • Monitors the traffic generated by the service activities • There is only one instance of this process in each system • If an overload situation is detected. call forwarding) September 30. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 16 .

The MAP Protocol Machine September 30. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 17 .

2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 18 . September 30. an instance of PSM is created by the DSM at the performer’s side.The MAP Protocol Machine • When the service provider receives a MAP-OPEN request from the service user or a TC-BEGIN Indication from the TCAP. • For every service primitive issued during the MAP dialogue. the MAP PM is invoked and an instance of DSM is created. and an instance of RSM is created by the DSM at the initiator’s side.

MAP Dialogue September 30. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 19 .

September 30.Gerald Q. Maguire Jr.Phone Lin • Slides obtained from home page of Prof.Acknowledgement • Slides obtained from home page of Prof. 2005 Girish Kumar Patnaik 20 .

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