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MIT8 02SC Quiz11 Sols

# MIT8 02SC Quiz11 Sols

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05/30/2013

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# Concept Question: Dielectric

A parallel plate capacitor is charged to a total charge Q and the battery removed. A slab of material with dielectric constant κ in inserted between the plates. The charge stored in the capacitor
+ + + + + + + +

κ
- - - - - - - -

1. Increases 2. Decreases 3. Stays the Same

P11- 1

2 . Charge stays the same + + + + + + + + κ .Concept Question Answer: Dielectric Answer: 3.- Since the capacitor is disconnected from a battery there is no way for the amount of charge on it to change. P11.......

.3 . Increases 2. A slab of material with dielectric constant κ in inserted between the plates..Concept Question: Dielectric A parallel plate capacitor is charged to a total charge Q and the battery removed.. Decreases 3. The energy stored in the capacitor + + + + + + + + κ ...- 1. Stays the Same P11..

Concept Question Answer: Dielectric Answer: 2. Energy stored decreases The dielectric reduces the electric field and hence reduces the amount of energy stored in the field.0 2 2 ⎝κ ⎠ P11.0 = ε 0 E ⇒ ( 0 )⎜ ⎟ < uE .4 . The easiest way to think about this is that the capacitance is increased while the charge remains the same so U = Q2/2C Also from energy density: 2 ⎛ E⎞ 1 1 2 κε uE .

The force on the dielectric + + + + + + + + κ . pulls in the dielectric 2....5 .Concept Question: Dielectric A parallel plate capacitor is charged to a total charge Q and the battery removed. is zero P11. pushes out the dielectric 3.. A slab of material with dielectric constant κ in inserted between the plates...- 1.

Since systems want to reduce their energy. since opposing charges are induced on the dielectric surfaces close to the plates. Alternatively. the dielectric will be sucked into the capacitor. the attraction between these will lead to the attractive force.6 . P11. The dielectric is pulled in We just saw that the energy is reduced by the introduction of a dielectric.Concept Question Answer: Dielectric Answer: 1.

MIT OpenCourseWare http://ocw.edu 8.02SC Physics II: Electricity and Magnetism Fall 2010 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use.edu/terms.mit. visit: http://ocw.mit. .

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