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SEMINAR

FRACTAL ROBOTS
ASHARANI.R 1PE07EC011 8TH SEMESTER DEPT OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION PES SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING BANGALORE-560100

ASHARANI.R [1PE07EC011]

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WHY FRACTAL ROBOTS???

ASHARANI.R [1PE07EC011]

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s d ve stro n g e n o u g h to h o l o n to a n o th e r b ri d ck ut a sy e n o u g h to p u l a p a rt.   l .Lego bricks????? T h e p ro d u cti n o f LE G O b ri o cks i so s ccu ra te h a t o n l 1 8 o u t o f 1 m i l o n LE G O e l m e n ts y li e ro d u ce d i co n si e re d d e fe cti .

p u t so m e s a cs ze tro n i i si e th e m a n d co n tro lth e m w i a co m p u te r.PRINCIPLE : p ri ci l b e h i d Fra cta lR o b o ts i ve ry si p l . cs n d th g e t m a ch i e s th a t ca n ch a n g e sh a p e n o n e o b j ct to a n o th e r e m a n u a l i te rve n ti n i n e ce ssa ry. m o to ri th e m . n o s . w e ta ke so m e n p e n s m e c s m a d e o f m e ta l a n d p l sti .

The functional modules. Overall functionality.R [1PE07EC011] 5 . ASHARANI.What exactly is it? • • • • • • • What are fractals ? The Basic Fractal Unit [BFU].

e tc . a d a p ta b i i . ca l e d a   b a si fra cta lu n i . n •T h e fra cta l m a n u fa ctu ri g syste m i o n e o f th e n e w n s m a n u fa ctu ri g p a ra d i m s fo r th i p u rp o se . re u sa b i i .Fractal & BFU?? •I o rd e r to re sp o n d to ra p i l ch a n g i g e n vi n m e n t a n d n d y n ro m a rke t. fo r th e exi l ty l ty l ty m a n u fa ctu ri g syste m . n g s •A b a si co m p o n e n t o f fra cta lm a n u fa ctu ri g c n syste m . i i i p e ra ti to h a ve ca p a b i i e s su ch a s t s m ve l ti fl b i i . l c t .

• Specific characteristics: • self similarity: A Fractal Robot resembles itself. wherever you look at. where the development of new. i. • self organization: Self-organization is a basically a process of evolution where the effect of the environment is minimal.Characteristics & features. ASHARANI.R [1PE07EC011] 7 . • goal orientation : works hard to achieve the assigned task.e. complex structures takes place primarily in and through the system itself. • Self repair mechanism. i. any part of its body will be similar to the whole object.e.

• Animation of repair of a defective part: ASHARANI.Self Repair • Purpose.R[1PE07EC011] 8 .

3 Self repair mechanisms • First : Cube replacement. – Parts not discarded…just reconfigured. – A way of storing away fractal robots. – Smaller cubes discarded if faulty.R[1PE07EC011] 9 . – Cubes partially dismantled & reassembled. • Third : Smaller robots servicing larger ones. ASHARANI. – No redundancy of fractals=>structural integrity retained despite functional loss • Second : Partial dismantling & reuse of cubes.

Shape & size:   •Fractal Robots start at one size to which half size or double size cubes can be attached and to each of these half size/double size cubes can be attached respectively. . • •The smallest expected size is between 1000 and 10. • •So a fractal cube can be of any size. • •These robots can assist in production and manufacture of goods thus bringing down the manufacturing price down dramatically.000 atoms wide.

Construction Details • As simple and cheap as possible.R [1PE07EC011] 11 . • • The outside •Contact pads.[BFU] • • Inside the box. • • A fractal cube. • 45 petals o ASHARANI.

o ts g . sm § §T h e p l te s a l h a ve 4 5 d e g re e ‘ p e ta l ’ th a t p u sh a so s o u t o f th e su rfa ce to e n g a g e th e n e i h b o ri g fa ce th a t g n a l o w s o n e ro b o ti cu b e to l c l ck to i n e i h b o r. §T h e cu b e th e re fo re i h o l o w a n d th e p l te s h a ve a l s l a l th e m e ch a n i s.Construction: §T h e ro b o ti cu b e s a re a sse m b l d fro m fa ce p l te s c e a w h i h a ve b e e n m a n u fa ctu re d a n d b o l d to a cu b i ch te c fra m e .

Computer control: • •T h e l rg e st co m p o n e n t o f th e Fra cta lR o b o t a syste m i th e so ftw a re . s •T h e co m m a n d s to co n tro la Fra cta lR o b o t a re a l co m m a n d s fo r m o ve m e n t su ch a s m o ve l l ft. fi o . i s o a e t a l a p p l e s to th e sm a l e r sca l w i n o so i l e th m o d i ca ti n s to th e co m m a n d stru ctu re . ri h t e tc . e g •co m p u te r p ro g ra m to co n tro lth e ro b o t i s g re a tl si p l fi d i th a t w h a te ve r so ftw a re y m i e n th a t i d e ve l p e d fo r a l rg e sca l ro b o t.

Movement mechanism • Cross section of plate: • • Petals movement. • • Co-ordination with • adjacent cubes. • • Computer Control • (fractal OS & bus) • ASHARANI.R[1PE07EC011] 14 • .

• • 3 Basic movement methods: – Pick and place – N-streamers – L-streamers (single and group movements) • • • Digital Control Matter.Movement algorithms • Movement of cubes. • ASHARANI.R[1PE07EC011] 15 .

Pick & place: •C o m m a n d s a re i e d to a co l e cti n o f cu b e s te l i g e a ch ssu l o ln w h e re to g o . n n s q •H o w e ve r th e re a re b e tte r stru ctu re d w a ys to sto ri g m o ve m n p a tte rn s. •E n ti co l e cti n o f m o ve m e n ts n e e d e d to p e rfo rm p a rti l re l o cu a re w o rke d o u t a n d sto re d exa ctl l ke co n ve n ti n a lro b o ts y i o m o ve m e n t p a th s. ( Pa i t sp ra yi g ro b o ts u se th i te ch n i u e . .

a n d th e n a n o th e r cu s i m o ve d s i to th e va ca n t p o si o n . n .N-streamers: •A ro d i p u sh e d o u t fro m a su rfa ce . n ti •T h e n e w cu b e i j i e d to th e ta i f th e g ro w i g ro d a n d s on lo n p u sh e d o u t a g a i to g ro w th e ro d .

a n d th e n a n e w cu b e 7 so th a t th e ro d g ro w s b y o n e cu b e u n ti t l o ks l ke fi u re 5 li o i g •W h e n l rg e n u m b e rs o f cu b e s fo l o w si i a r p a th s. 5 . co m m o a l m l a re g ro u p e d i to a co l e cti n a n d th i co l e cti n i co n tro l e d n l o s l o s l sa m e si g l co m m a n d s n e . 2 . a n L .sh a p e o f cu b e s n u m b e re d 4 .L-Streamers: •B a si l y . a n d 6 i fi u ca l n g a tta ch e d to a ro d n u m b e re d 1 . 3 .

Bridge Building • Default constraints : Time & finance.Applications of Fractal Robots: 1. scale any rough terrain. • Use of L-streamer. • • • • • • Repair damaged bridges.R [1PE07EC011] 19 . ASHARANI.

2.R[1PE07EC011] 20 .Fire Fighting • • • • • • • • • • Enter through the rubble. Support building from collapse. ASHARANI. Locate and rescue survivors. On board fire hoses.

ASHARANI.3.Space exploration • One of the best areas of application. • Advantageous features : cheapness . • No human intervention.R [1PE07EC011] 21 . • Build anything from space stations to satellites. self repair. 100% automation possibilities.

ASHARANI.Medical Applications • • • • • Turn into variety of surgical tools.R [1PE07EC011] 22 . Minimal blood loss during surgery. A complete ‘fractal surgeon’. No need of cutting open the patient.4.

Earthquake applications • Terrain undefined. • Fire fighting robots . • Multi terrain-walking and crawling abilities. ASHARANI.5. • Support further collapse. medical robots.R [1PE07EC011] 23 .

6.R[1PE07EC011] 24 . ASHARANI. • Dodge incoming shells. • Self repair. • Carry reconfigurable array of weapons.Military applications • Turn into a multi terrain vehicle.

Per unit cost. Software limitations.R [1PE07EC011] 25 . Energy efficiency.Limitations • • • • • • • • Still in infancy. ASHARANI.

Save economy and time.R [1PE07EC011] 26 • • Revolutionize technology like never .Conclusion • • • • • • • Versatility of applications. May take 4-5 yrs.there is no stopping. Once 1st step taken…. ASHARANI.

.FRACTAL ROBOT….

THANK YOU ASHARANI.R [1PE07EC011] 28 .

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