LABOUR MANIFESTO 2008

www.labour.org.nz

Strong Proven Leadership

Strong Proven Leadership

Table of Contents
Accident Compensation .................................................................................................1 Agriculture .....................................................................................................................7 Arts, Culture & Heritage..............................................................................................15 Biosecurity ...................................................................................................................29 Broadcasting ................................................................................................................35 Building and Construction ...........................................................................................41 Children and their Families..........................................................................................47 Climate Change............................................................................................................59 Community and Voluntary Sector ...............................................................................73 Conservation ................................................................................................................79 Consumer Affairs.........................................................................................................91 Corrections...................................................................................................................97 Defence ......................................................................................................................107 Disability Issues .........................................................................................................115 Early Childhood Education........................................................................................129 Economy ....................................................................................................................135 Emergency Management ...........................................................................................155 Employment...............................................................................................................163 Employment Relations...............................................................................................177 Energy ........................................................................................................................189 Environment...............................................................................................................201 Ethnic Affairs.............................................................................................................213 Fisheries .....................................................................................................................219 Food Safety ................................................................................................................227 Foreign Affairs, Trade and Official Development Assistance...................................231 Forestry ......................................................................................................................241 Health.........................................................................................................................247 Strong Proven Leadership

Affordable Housing ...................................................................................................275 Human Rights ............................................................................................................291 Information and Communications Technology .........................................................295 Immigration................................................................................................................307 Industry Training .......................................................................................................317 Justice.........................................................................................................................325 Local Government .....................................................................................................339 Māori..........................................................................................................................349 Pacific Island Affairs .................................................................................................365 Policing ......................................................................................................................381 Labour’s Policy Response to the Global Downturn ..................................................391 Racing ........................................................................................................................403 Rainbow policy ..........................................................................................................407 Rural Affairs ..............................................................................................................413 Schools.......................................................................................................................425 Science and Innovation ..............................................................................................437 Senior Citizens ...........................................................................................................443 Social Development ...................................................................................................453 Sport and Recreation..................................................................................................471 State Sector ................................................................................................................481 Tertiary Education .....................................................................................................489 Tourism ......................................................................................................................501 Transport ....................................................................................................................507 Veterans’ Affairs........................................................................................................517 Women’s Issues .........................................................................................................523 Youth Affairs .............................................................................................................533

Strong Proven Leadership

ACC: Every Kiwi is Covered

Labour’s policy for Accident Compensation

2008
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Introduction
Since 1974, the Accident Compensation Corporation scheme has served New Zealand in a unique way. It is the only accident insurance system in the world providing universal, 24-hour, no-fault coverage for all physical injuries. The scheme was considered groundbreaking at its inception and remains highly regarded by experts in the field of accident compensation. A recent independent study by PricewaterhouseCoopers found that, when compared with alternative schemes, ACC offers New Zealanders broader coverage, a faster return to work, high levels of compensation, lower costs and fewer disputes. Public debate surrounding National’s plans to privatise the ACC scheme in recent months has confirmed that while there is always room for improvement, New Zealanders value our ACC scheme. Labour is firmly committed to keeping ACC in public ownership and we will continue to improve it. ACC belongs to New Zealanders and every Kiwi is a shareholder.

ACC – Everybody is Covered
When Labour was elected in 1999, we reversed the privatisation of ACC carried out in the 1990s. We did this because we believe that accident insurance is a social responsibility and that it should be guaranteed and provided by the government. Since then Labour has made a number of improvements to ensure ACC covers a wider range of injuries and to make the scheme more responsive to the needs of New Zealanders. Some recent improvements to ACC include providing income compensation to workers whose mental health suffers after they witness a traumatic event in the course of their employment. This means that, for example, a train driver who accidentally hits a car on the tracks, and goes on to develop mental health problems as a result, is covered by the ACC scheme. We have also extended ACC’s cover for work-related disease and infection to ensure that people harmed in the course of their work receive greater access. Labour has also ensured injured older New Zealanders wanting to return to the workforce have better access to vocational rehabilitation and we have closed a gap for seasonal and casual workers who were disadvantaged by the way weekly compensation was calculated. Ten years ago… ACC was being privatised – medical experts described claimants’ experiences during this time as chaotic and confusing. Today… ACC has been returned to a fully publicly-owned scheme and gradual improvements have been made so that cover is broader and fairer. Ten years from now… ACC will continue to lead the world in accident compensation, delivering broad cover and superior care in a cost effective manner. Strong Proven Leadership 3

Retaining ACC in Public Hands - Keeping it Kiwi
The independent review by PricewaterhouseCoopers found that “the ACC under its current government monopoly structure performs as well or better than most other structures” worldwide; is often considered to be ‘best practice’ internationally and provides “broader coverage than any other scheme in the world”. Unlike private insurance schemes which aim to return a profit to shareholders, ACC is government-run and owned for the benefit of all New Zealanders. The only way private insurance companies can make a profit from accident compensation is either to increase the amount we all pay, deny cover for injuries, or cut the services New Zealanders currently enjoy. Labour will continue to maintain ACC as a publicly administered and delivered social insurance scheme which focuses on injury prevention, along with fair and effective treatment and rehabilitation.

Ensuring New Zealanders pay fair and reasonable levies
ACC has an obligation under current law to ensure all its accounts are fully funded for the cost of all injuries by 2014. This target was set in 1999 and was considered achievable then. While Labour has supported this deadline, recently it has become increasingly clear that the 2014 date, together with the increased cost of claims, will place too high a burden on the public. Instead of hiking up levy payments until 2014 to meet the deadline and then dropping them, Labour believes it would make more sense to smooth out the process by extending the deadline until 2019. This will ensure that New Zealanders pay fair and reasonable levies both now and in the future. Labour will introduce an immediate law change to extend the 2014 fully funded target to 2019 for the Residual Claims accounts to reduce pressure on New Zealanders’ levy payments.

Extending and Improving ACC
Labour has made a number of improvements to ACC during its term in government, both to the scheme’s structure and the cover it offers. As noted earlier, these changes have been aimed at broadening the number and type of ailments ACC can cover, as well as making the system fairer and more user-friendly for claimants and levy payers alike. Labour now seeks a mandate to do even more. While we have made improvements to ACC by recognising work-related pain disorders with a clearly identifiable source such as Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome caused by sustained operation of a jack-hammer, there are often cases where injured people may be missing out on cover for pain disorders caused by their occupation. Labour will review ACC’s coverage of work-related pain disorders. Strong Proven Leadership

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In some marginal cases it can take an extended period of time to decide whether an injured applicant is entitled to cover from ACC. This can lead to long-standing grievances and has the potential to result in an applicant missing out on legitimate cover. Labour wants ACC to ensure decisions on marginal cases are taken as quickly as possible by increasing the focus on mediation and effective case management. Labour will ensure ACC reduces the time taken to make a decision about Earnings Related Compensation in marginal cases. The Accredited Employers' Scheme allows some large businesses with a proven track record in injury prevention and workplace safety to manage their own claims in exchange for reduced ACC levies. Unions and business have jointly discussed the issues they both face with the Accredited Employers' Scheme and have suggested some improvements. Labour will improve the Accredited Employers' Scheme to ensure it is fairer for injured workers in light of Council of Trade Unions and Business NZ recommendations. Physiotherapists perform a vital role in the rehabilitation of injured New Zealanders. Labour created the Endorsed Providers Network of Physiotherapists which provides New Zealanders with ACC-funded physiotherapy treatment. Issues surrounding appropriate levels of payments from ACC to physiotherapists led Labour to commission an independent review to examine how physiotherapists are funded and accredited. This review is now complete and Labour will ensure sustainable funding is provided for physiotherapy to ensure that New Zealanders can continue benefiting from free physiotherapy. Labour will complete the implementation of the non-fiscal recommendations of the Goddard Report on Physiotherapists and move towards an agreed sustainable funding model for the future.

Injury Prevention
Injury prevention is one of the fundamental aspects of our comprehensive accident compensation scheme. If we can reduce injuries, then we will not only save New Zealanders the traumatic experience of being injured and off work but save all New Zealanders money. ACC plays an integral role in the New Zealand Injury Prevention Strategy. This strategy brings together all government agencies to work to reduce the incidence of injuries. Good progress has been made with the strategy but it is time to do more. Labour will build on the success of the New Zealand Injury Prevention Strategy to ensure ACC has a leadership and coordinating role in its implementation and will work to improve further New Zealand’s injury prevention record.

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Employers and employees are best-placed to know the dangers in their particular workplace or industry sector and therefore to prevent accidents in the workplace. ACC helps fund Health and Safety Representatives and Labour will ensure the extension of this initiative. Labour will strengthen workplace injury prevention initiatives through industry taskforces to increase the skill levels and number of trained Health and Safety Representatives (currently 20,000).

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A prosperous and sustainable agriculture sector

Labour’s policy for Agriculture

2008
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To take advantage of this opportunity we need to develop a primary products sector that meets sustainability requirements across all elements of production from appropriate water use to limiting the sector’s carbon footprint. Our primary production sector is large enough that it possesses genuine economies of scale. That equates to approximately $200m of additional research funding every year. meat and horticultural products. It is the backbone of our economy. The planting of arable land to grow crops for use in biofuels in countries such as the United States and Brazil is also expected to contribute to an increase in demand for New Zealand dairy. over the longer term. industries will be expected to match the government’s commitment on an annual basis. A global food crisis. The government’s upfront investment of $700 million will grow to around $1 billion as it earns interest over the next ten to fifteen years.Introduction New Zealand relies heavily on the agricultural sector. Today. Agriculture sustains New Zealand’s many rural communities. This will require a sustained evolution in industry practices and Forecast agricultural contribution to GDP ongoing collaboration between the sector and the government on resource management policies. New Zealand’s agricultural sector is more important than ever. We want to continue this investment and assist the agricultural sector in becoming the most productive. New Zealand: Fast Forward is easily the largest single investment in research and development in New Zealand’s history. It also has sufficient depth of resources to give us world class expertise along each point in the ‘value chain’ . resulting in an expected total fund of around $2 billion over the next ten to fifteen years. environmentally-sustainable primary product producer in the world.from crop research and farm management to secondary processing and export distribution. In addition. and innovation for New Zealand’s pastoral and food industries through the New Zealand Fast Forward Fund. Strong Proven Leadership 9 . responsible for more than half of this country’s total exports. 12000 10000 Labour has demonstrated a commitment to strong investment and leadership in the sector. rising demand for protein and rising per capita incomes in some of our most important international markets will see increasing demand for the food New Zealand produces. development. 8000 $M 6000 4000 2000 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 Source: MAF 2010 2011 2012 Supporting Agricultural Business Success In 2008 Labour announced an unprecedented level of investment in new research.

Labour will support its Fast Forward investment through specific programmes designed to enhance the competitiveness of New Zealand companies in the rapidlyevolving global food business. We are particularly interested in improving innovation cycles in collaboration with key educational and development institutions including Massy University. 1000 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Source: MAF 2012 These initiatives will help overcome challenges presented by the small size of our firms. Strong Proven Leadership 10 . There are a number of elements to this programme. coinvestment in traceability technologies and strategies to protect New Zealand’s biodiversity. This includes development of an audit and mentoring programme sector-wide that is similar to the Better by Design programme. equipping small to medium enterprises (SMEs) in the sector to develop Forecast agriculture revenue 2006-2012 export capability. already under way. Labour will promote cross-sectoral co-operation initiatives focused on issues that impact on the primary sector. we want to see consistent exportoriented messaging and branding on the environmental sustainability of New Zealand’s primary sector. The Food Innovation Network. These programmes involve strengthening partnerships between government agencies. Labour will continue and expand commercialisation infrastructure to pilot new products and enhance the sector’s product development capability. the Waikato Innovation Park. the cost of overcoming our distance from overseas markets and the cost of establishing a new branded product in international markets (particularly products higher up the value chain). Forecast agricultural revenue 2006 2012 8000 7000 6000 5000 $M 4000 3000 2000 Dairy Cattle Sheep meat Sheep meat We want to drive ongoing productivity improvements in the rural economy through greater collaboration by sector stakeholders to solve structural problems and capture emerging opportunities. Canterbury Development Corp and Lincoln University. non-government and educational organisations and industry to enhance productivity throughout the agriculture supply chain. Labour will continue and expand assistance for exporters. For example. is an example of this in the food and pastoral industries.

Through multilateral and bi-lateral forums and channels we will work to reduce trade barriers for our agricultural exporters. A ‘roadmap’ for food research will be an important step in aligning government. providing broad context and high level directions on a particular area of science from a New Zealand perspective. and enhancement of the aquaculture strategy. Labour will develop a ‘roadmap’ for food research that better links food research and real market needs. Labour will continue to help sub-sectors push through structural reforms. It will help us identify areas of competitive and comparative advantage and areas where we can focus our efforts. We will also work with New Zealand Trade and Enterprise and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade to combat potentially negative food miles claims for primary exports by highlighting total carbon costs of products (typically lower for NZ products) rather than just the transportation costs. Labour will work with industry to investigate the meat and wool sectors and to audit current structures with a view to promoting world-leading processes in production. begun in March 2008. 'Roadmaps for Science' are a series of documents designed to guide New Zealand’s science and research activity. industry. and is best positioned to capture the growing but changing demand for food products in developed and developing markets around the world. We will work to reduce costs for exporters. They are a type of strategy. processing and marketing. We will increase funding for the Market Development Assistance Scheme and seek to accelerate income tax deductions on expenditure incurred during market development (including research and development). Collaborative initiatives (like Fonterra in the dairy industry) are crucial to ensuring New Zealand competes more effectively in tomorrow’s global markets. We will build on the review of tertiary training for land-based industries. Labour will continue to push for the removal of tariffs on agricultural products amongst New Zealand’s major trading partners. education and research efforts to boost the sustainability and efficiency of our primary sector. Labour will also continue developing a workforce with the appropriate skills for the agricultural sector.Labour will support industry participation in trade shows and the Shanghai Focus Centre. including reducing compliance costs through the Quality Regulation Review. This involves building on the work of the joint industry/government body – the Skills and Training Action Group – to actively support the sector’s Industry Training Organisations. Strong Proven Leadership 11 .

rather than lower. In 2007. sustainable. Over the last decade Labour has invested heavily in the sustainability of the agriculture sector. in particular through the $700 million New Zealand: Fast Forward Fund. A primary sector proactively seeking to address its carbon footprint – with the active support of government – will be a huge benefit to New Zealand. including investment in the development of methane inhibitors (methane is a greenhouse gas produced by farm animals) and less energy-intensive farming practices. Some farmers are already making progress in this area. high-value suppliers of goods and services to world markets. initiatives will focus on developing farm monitoring and information systems. the Fund supported 63 products as diverse as developing sustainable integrated pest management systems in arable crops to improved pest management in North Canterbury’s vegetable brassica crops. Over the four years of funding. Strong Proven Leadership 12 . and social benefits for the country’s primary producers. together with developments in research and technology. Labour established the Sustainable Land Management (Hill Country Erosion) Fund to help hill country farmers deal with erosion-prone land and to implement sustainable management practices. energy and manufacturing sectors. both economically and environmentally. Research already carried out in New Zealand suggests some simple changes in management practices can reduce agricultural and forestry greenhouse gas emissions to the level required under our international climate change commitments while at the same time enhancing on-farm productivity. which was set up to help our food and pastoral industries become smart. New Zealand households.Leading in Environmental Sustainability Our aim is to develop a comprehensive strategy for dealing with carbon emissions. farm productivity. together with the forestry. Labour will work with farmers to implement changes to reduce agriculture’s contribution to New Zealand's greenhouse gas emissions. Last year Labour announced $8 million of new investment in research to help reduce the rural sector’s carbon footprint through innovations that raise. Primary sector exporters will benefit from a world-leading reputation in sustainable agriculture production. The Sustainable Farming Fund was set up in 2005 to support projects that provide ongoing economic. environmental. will benefit from a reduction in the carbon emission burden they face and rural communities will benefit economically from increased productivity of new farming practices and technologies.

Labour will encourage research on. Labour will ensure emissions reduction programmes are part of a broader carbon footprint strategy. because of the complexities of reducing agricultural emissions. Labour will work in partnership with the private sector to develop ways of distributing information to those involved in agricultural industries. Bringing agriculture into the Emissions Trading Scheme retains the integrity of the scheme.Labour will support world leading research into new agricultural solutions. including low intensity farming. We are already strongly engaged in working with the industry to investigate and apply measures which can significantly reduce nitrous oxide emissions from the agricultural sector over the next five years. Strong Proven Leadership 13 . a range of alternative technologies and farming practices. One of the areas in which New Zealand: Fast Forward programmes will run is basic environmental research into the pastoral sector to reduce the environmental effects of climate change gases including improvements in water quality and reduced chemical use. and experimentation with. We will build positive momentum behind innovative solutions to the problem of greenhouse gas emissions generated by the primary sector. We will take a lead on this critical issue in a way that is good for both agriculture and the environment. Research is likely to be carried out through groups such as the Pastoral Greenhouse Gas Research Consortium and the Livestock Emissions Abatement Research Network (LEARN) which was established in collaboration with international partners. greater amounts of nutrients are used which in turn can mean higher amounts of pollution in the environment. However. Growth in agricultural production is vital to New Zealand’s future economic prosperity. Emissions reduction programmes will be part of a broader carbon footprint strategy that not only balances environmental and economic realities but looks at ways we can turn a potential burden on the economy into an export opportunity. Labour will explore ways to streamline research efforts to ensure the highest return from capital invested in this area. but not at any cost. its entry will not occur until 2013. As farming systems intensify. in particular through New Zealand: Fast Forward.

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Uniquely New Zealand Labour’s policy for Arts. Culture & Heritage 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 15 .

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innovation and opportunity. both at home and abroad. Our unique natural. It means supporting initiatives which support artists and cultural practitioners making a living from careers in the arts. Supporting the Creative Sector A decade ago our cultural agencies were systemically under-funded. Young people have a vital role in the development of our cultural sector. to the extent of only just surviving financially. The development of the regional arts. cultural and heritage infrastructure is important. culture and heritage play an essential role in defining our nation’s unique identity. and overseas visitors. Our creative industries make a strong contribution to the growth of our economy. Labour supports ongoing research. social. to enjoy the wealth of cultural expression we have throughout our country. We support the development of clear pathways into careers in the sector. our nation’s agency for arts Strong Proven Leadership 17 . and built heritage helps us understand the forces which have shaped us as a nation. culture and heritage experiences enables New Zealanders. cultural and heritage communities foster both local economic growth and identity. Support for our arts and cultural sector includes ensuring that there is adequate funding and support for our cultural institutions so that the sector can continue to develop. and to provide greater access to our cultural and heritage experiences. We are committed to investment in a wide range of initiatives which encourage cultural growth. offering exciting employment for New Zealanders and developing hightech creative capability which attracts world-wide attention. It also means working to protect the intellectual property rights of our artists in the digital age. We are committed to its protection. It means investing in opportunities for Kiwi artists from all communities to tell our nation’s stories. enterprise and confidence which result from cultural and creative expression. Achieving growth in our cultural sector is assisted by broadening the audience for its output.Introduction Labour believes arts. not just for their own wellbeing and sense of identity but because they are the emerging artists and cultural practitioners of tomorrow. Support for regional communities to create inspiring arts. In the digital age there are new opportunities to reach ever wider audiences. and presentation of our heritage using the expertise we have and taking advantage of developments in technology. We value the energy. documentation. Strong artistic. Creative New Zealand. New Zealand increasingly has an international reputation for being creative and innovative.

Our screen industry now has a turnover of more than $NZ2. and directly in the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra.and cultural development. such as Whale Rider. the national kapa haka organisation. We have worked to increase New Zealand book exports overseas and supported the development of New Zealand Book Month. the New Zealand Film Commission. Our strong support for the screen industry over the last nine years has contributed to the success of New Zealand film. Te Matatini. Labour has promoted initiatives to support writers and widen the readership of New Zealand literature. culture and heritage.54 billion each year. culture and heritage. Ten years from now… continued growth and innovation in our creative industries will mean Kiwi arts and culture are recognised internationally for their excellence. both here and overseas. These films and many others have contributed to our sense of national identity and been a major success in sharing our stories with the world. This increased funding has brought us some of New Zealand’s most successful films in recent years. Libraries. Strong Proven Leadership 18 . Today… significant injections of funding have put the cultural sector on a strong footing and aided a renaissance of New Zealand’s arts. some on the verge of collapse. desperately needed a significant boost in funding to enable it to provide secure funding and development opportunities for the arts. Te Papa. Archives and Museums (GLAM) sector. with sustained investment to enable our arts and cultural organisations to thrive. contributing to our national identity. and in other organisations across the arts and Galleries. culture and heritage. Ten years ago… our arts and cultural sector was neglected and many of our key national institutions were in a fragile financial position. including broadcasting. New Zealand Film Archive. including Māori and Pacific arts. the government’s arts funding agency. Labour will continue to increase the level of funding and support for arts. The World’s Fastest Indian and River Queen. We have increased funding for arts. Labour believes our cultural sector and creative industries have an important role to play in contributing to New Zealand’s economic growth and enriching our communities. economic growth and New Zealand’s attractiveness as a premier destination for cultural tourism. from $97 million in 1999 to $286 million in 2008. We have invested in Creative New Zealand. culture and heritage sectors because of their contribution to defining New Zealand’s unique identity. Labour has shown its commitment to supporting the creative sector. We will continue to prioritise the arts. The Film Commission’s funding has been significantly boosted in that time to support the efforts of Kiwi filmmakers. the Royal New Zealand Ballet.

With cultural trends and technology changing fast. We believe the arts. Strong Proven Leadership 19 . We will consult across the creative and communication sectors to develop and implement intellectual property policies that encourage innovation and rewards for creativity. songs and dances.Labour will continue to provide Prime Ministerial leadership to the arts. Labour has focused on ensuring that the creative rights of our artists are adequately protected across all art forms. can be protected where these cultural taonga are not owned individually. images. Protecting artists’ rights Labour will continue to focus on measures which will lift the incomes of artists and those who work in the cultural sector. across the Pacific and beyond. such as the annual Prime Minister’s award for literary achievement which acknowledges the accomplishments of our leading literary figures and promotes artistic excellence. culture and heritage are central to defining who and what we are as a nation. recognising that intellectual property laws will need to evolve into the future with changes in digital technology. We have recently increased funding for the annual royalty payment that New Zealand authors get to compensate them for use of their books in public libraries and included this initiative in legislation. including Māori. culture and heritage portfolio to promote its central role in building our national identity. Labour has recognised the need to explore how creative rights for traditional knowledge. including intellectual property laws. The new Public Lending Right for New Zealand Authors Act has been passed by Parliament. culture and heritage agencies and sectors. We have developed stricter measures against those who attempt to profit from pirated and counterfeit works. Our artists stand to lose significant revenue where their work is exploited and copied. Pacific and other cultural designs. We will continue to support cultural awards. and deserve promotion at the highest level. With pirating and counterfeiting rife internationally. The visual arts are another area where we will legislate to support artists to get a fair financial return from their work. We have regularly reviewed and updated the legislation covering arts. Labour believes it is essential that our artists and creative people are able to make a living and build exciting careers from their work. yet are increasingly subject to commercial exploitation in New Zealand and overseas. We have initiated work to protect and promote respect for traditional knowledge in New Zealand. our laws need to keep pace.

Labour recognises that investment in industry training and skills development is vital to ensure the success of New Zealand film into the future. $53. bringing with them significant positive flow-on effects for our country. Labour will continue to support the development of the New Zealand film industry to ensure that: • our own stories are told. supported by the Screen Production Incentive Fund and other programmes of the New Zealand Film Commission. We will ensure that a resale royalty right is established for New Zealand artists to give them the same rights as artists in other countries to receive a commission on the resale of their work. New Zealand on Air. • • The New Zealand film industry’s achievements highlight talent and opportunities for growth in areas of specialist technical ability. More New Zealand films will be made as a result of this new initiative. which ensured that blockbuster movies like The Lion. of which $27. Strong Proven Leadership 20 .8 million is entirely new funding. a number of high tech Kiwi companies were established to develop digital and software solutions for the Lord of the Rings movies. Our legislation to establish this scheme is currently before Parliament. and 20 percent of qualifying New Zealand production expenditure for eligible television and other screen production expenditure. For example. Opportunities for New Zealand in the Film Sector We know that competition between countries to attract film productions is intense.Labour will implement a resale royalty right for visual artists.8 million is available for this over four years. We have also ensured that we make New Zealand a more attractive place for New Zealand films to be made. The New Zealand Screen Production Incentive Fund (SPIF) will provide a government grant of 40 percent of qualifying New Zealand production expenditure for eligible New Zealand feature films. post-production and digital animation. Te Māngai Pāho and Creative New Zealand New Zealand is promoted as a premier location for international film production. the Witch and the Wardrobe and King Kong were made in New Zealand. A grant scheme was introduced in 2003 to attract big-budget film and television production to New Zealand. and links between film and tourism opportunities are fostered. This year we established a Screen Production Incentive Fund to support increased production of medium and larger-scale movies with significant New Zealand cultural content.

Labour will support the development and export of digital initiatives. Labour will continue to work with arts. We strongly value the arts for the contribution they make to New Zealand’s national and social identity. Innovation and Opportunity Labour believes that achieving growth in our cultural sector involves growing appreciative audiences. Labour will support our musicians to access digital markets and maximise the opportunities provided by new technology. Labour will continue to support the successful Outward Sound programme to assist New Zealand artists to become export-ready so we: • • • Increase earnings from overseas music markets Foster the growth of the domestic music industry.Supporting New Zealand Music Labour believes there are clear cultural and economic gains from a strong domestic music industry. only 6 percent of monthly album sales were by New Zealand musicians. Support for implementation of a voluntary quota of New Zealand music on radio has also meant radio play of New Zealand content has risen by a similar amount and now averages at about 20 percent of airplay. The international market development programme undertaken through the New Zealand Music Commission has been successful in getting kiwi music repertoire and artists into global markets. But through initiatives like the highly successful New Zealand Music Month and support for the New Zealand Music Commission. culture. and heritage agencies as well as with NZ artists and NZ businesses at all levels to ensure that the sector continues to flourish. Strong Proven Leadership 21 . a major focus has been supporting our musicians to expand into overseas markets. Encouraging Growth. both here and overseas. and Promote New Zealand’s reputation internationally as a home of innovative talent. With music formats increasingly shifting to digital media. Our commitment to significant investment in the New Zealand music industry has brought steady growth. Under Labour. In 2001. also the opportunities to expand our audience both through tourism and through offshore marketing. our home-grown artists now make up around 20 percent of album sales. in recognition of changing international markets.

tourism.We will work with leaders in the creative sectors to ensure that a strategic approach is taken to their development. We see strong opportunities for leveraging growth for our cultural sector from significant events. Labour will work with the creative.com. and institutions to have easy access to information about funding for their work. NZLive.nzlive. We will also continue to expand its potential to better connect our artists and cultural organisations with the full range of available funding sources. cultural. Labour will work to ensure that the 2011 Rugby World Cup is a worldclass event that is uniquely New Zealand. The NZlive. societies. a statue of a New Zealand soldier was dedicated on the ANZAC bridge in Sydney this year to honour the long-standing and close relationship between Australia and New Zealand. and cultural interests with these countries. and tourism sectors and New Zealand Trade and Enterprise to expand export opportunities for music. Government and its agencies can partner with cultural practitioners and artists to promote innovative business models which exploit the full range of funding possibilities and the opportunities advances in technology bring. barriers to development are addressed. and continue to support cultural diplomacy initiatives to raise New Zealand’s profile internationally. Labour will continue to develop NZLive.com website (www. trade. We will build on the success of NZLive.com also features a funding guide to enable individuals. An international cultural diplomacy programme has been established to build a New Zealand cultural presence in key regions overseas and to foster increased economic. such as the Rugby World Cup 2011. Its aim is to make sure that we New Zealanders and our visitors know what is going on in areas so we can support our artists and enjoy the huge range of opportunities to participate in our cultural sphere. diplomatic. featuring a guide which links people to hundreds of events. This will assist them both to reach new audiences and to provide broader access to cultural and heritage experiences.com) was launched in 2006. the screen production industries and the visual arts. We will create a festival around it which involves and engages the entire country and showcases New Zealand to the rest of the world. developing its capacity to deliver up-todate cultural information tailored to domestic and international tourism. As part of this interagency programme.com with a focus on increasing links for tourism and community funding opportunities. Strong Proven Leadership 22 . and is an important one-stop hub of cultural information about New Zealand. cultural and heritage groups. and the potential benefits to the economy are realised.

On screen or on stage. Valuing the Contribution of All Our Creative People Labour has been a strong supporter of Māori and Pacific traditional and contemporary art.Labour will investigate the potential for government to develop an online platform to assist and promote charitable giving towards arts. We are committed to promoting the richness and diversity of our Pacific cultures through the arts. We know that Māori culture is a key part of being a New Zealander and that by supporting our performers and artists both domestically and internationally. culture and heritage activities and organisations. Māori culture and Māori artists capture the attention of the world. Labour has supported this through removing the cap on tax rebates for gifts to registered charitable organisations. We will also promote career pathways available in the creative sector. On a local level. We believe Māori arts. New Zealand’s culture and arts can be showcased globally. culture and heritage. and will promote the career pathways available in the creative sector. culture and heritage make a vital contribution to our national identity. Strong Proven Leadership 23 . We will now explore what more can be done to promote the benefits of cultural sponsorship across arts and heritage through online technology. Labour will continue to support Māori artists including through the high quality Toi Iho branding and will work to develop further opportunities for young artists to promote their talent and product through New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. perspectives. Labour will provide continued support for Māori performing arts through Te Matatini and consider further opportunities to support national competitions in schools to actively uphold the cultural expression of Māori. and support our Pacific peoples in their artistic and economic development. both here and abroad. Labour supports continued investment in the arts within Pacific communities. We are aware that many cultural organisations rely on strong support from corporate sponsorship and philanthropy. Labour remains committed to supporting and nurturing Māori culture. Māori creativity and heritage help in defining us to the world as a unique nation with our own distinctive images.

We believe it is important to promote pathways for people with disabilities to assist in developing their creative talents and cultural enterprise. Labour values the contribution. Aratoi in Masterton. the artistic talents of people with disabilities. Ministry of Social Development and local government bodies to develop further opportunities for people with disabilities to develop creative initiatives. the Dowse Art Museum in Lower Hutt. the Otago Settlers Museum and Rotorua Museum. We have also committed to hosting Momentum 09.We believe artistic and cultural participation from all ethnic communities in New Zealand is a vital component of building our national identity. Labour will provide funding to enable a focus on increasing the contribution from New Zealand’s diverse ethnic communities. and has encouraged the participation. Strong Proven Leadership 24 . local community services. Labour will work across Creative NZ. an international disability arts symposium to raise greater understanding of. and profile for. The Regional Museums Fund we established has supported major redevelopments across the country. Eastern Southland Gallery in Gore. the Auckland Art Gallery. These redevelopments can be seen at the Auckland War Memorial Museum. Nine years ago it was clear that a significant boost to funding was needed to enable regional museums and galleries to update and expand their facilities. We believe it is the role of central government to promote a partnership approach with local authorities to support the cultural wellbeing of local communities. Te Puke Ariki in New Plymouth. of artists with disabilities through funding for organisations such as Arts Access Aotearoa and support for a number of ’outsider art’ programmes. Regional and Community Arts and Culture Supporting innovative local communities and sustainable arts infrastructure in our regional centres is important in promoting local identity and economic growth. the New Zealand Film Archive. Labour will continue its highly successful policy of providing funding for construction and refurbishment of regional museums and galleries with collections of national significance. and will take further steps to increase support for artists from diverse cultural traditions. Nelson Provincial Museum.

The access portal is designed with the intention that all New Zealanders can benefit from creating.Labour will support increased funding for the Creative Communities Scheme administered by Creative New Zealand in partnership with local and regional councils. and to support local communities to add their own cultural and local heritage content. and for our young people’s wellbeing. The Pathways to Arts and Cultural Employment (PACE) scheme has assisted job seekers to develop careers in the arts and creative industries. a programme of providing free access to broadband internet services in public libraries. has been a significant development which offers potential for regional cultural and heritage development. and increase funding for local festivals. Labour will boost the skills capacity of the Kiwi creative sector – the first step will be to conduct a thorough survey of the technical and Strong Proven Leadership 25 . and visual arts. The cultural sector continues to be a strong area of employment for New Zealanders. Education. this programme had seen a total of 3. We believe it is important to ensure the long-term sustainability of the cultural sector through investment in tertiary education and professional development for artists. music and creative curriculum in New Zealand schools so that young people have the opportunity to participate in the arts and establish creative skills at an early stage. music. Labour has continued to develop and resource the arts. Industry Training and Research It is essential for the development of our cultural sector. The Artists in Schools Programme was implemented in 2007 to give Kiwi primary and secondary school students the opportunity to learn from professional New Zealand artists in the fields of dance. especially to small and rural communities. that young New Zealanders’ talents are fostered and they are inspired by the contribution the arts make to New Zealand’s national identity and economy. accessing and experiencing digital content. Labour will work to promote growth in culture and heritage regionally and provide sustainable funding to regional cultural organisations. By the end of June 2008.457 clients placed in employment. Labour will continue to support the roll-out of the Aotearoa People’s Network throughout New Zealand. The Aotearoa People’s Network. and a strategic focus on areas of anticipated future growth. drama.

Honouring our Unique History and Heritage Labour believes that knowing and understanding our past and conserving our historic heritage is a critical part of establishing a strong sense of national identity. We will increase the range of educational. Special objects and taonga also play an important role in our heritage. We believe it is important that films. Labour has provided more funding to enable the trust to maintain and promote its properties and to work better with local councils and private owners to preserve heritage areas. bringing visitors to regions throughout New Zealand and encouraging them to stay and explore our unique history. and further develop mechanisms for archiving audiovisual programmes. We have given strong support for the work of the New Zealand Historic Places Trust over the past nine years. skills development and research opportunities to ensure arts. and that places of significance are preserved for future generations. television programmes and music can be accessed by other New Zealanders for the purpose of study and research. Labour is committed to looking ahead and planning for a vibrant cultural sector for the future.operational skills we have to identify areas in which we need to foster new talent. television programmes and music that have been funded by public organisations are freely available to New Zealanders for the purpose of study or historical research. so we have protected these items by updating the antiquities legislation. It has been important to support the Historic Places Trust to link sites to create heritage trails. A national heritage preservation incentive fund was set up to encourage the preservation of privately-owned and nationally-significant heritage properties that would otherwise be in danger of neglect or demolition. Labour will ensure that publicly-funded films. Iconic sites support heritage tourism. Strong Proven Leadership 26 . culture and heritage is accessible to the next generation of creative Kiwis. We have recognised that investment in protection of our historic heritage also has important economic spin-offs. We have reviewed accessibility of this archived material and begun a programme to streamline the way audiovisual content is archived. It is important we tell the stories of our nation’s history.

Korea recognising the service of 6. There is a growing demand by New Zealanders young and old to express their national identity on occasions like Anzac Day and Waitangi Day. We have developed an initial list of New Zealand sites for consideration by international authorities. Wellington. There is increasing interest in New Zealand’s involvement in the conflicts of the twentieth century. We have developed Strong Proven Leadership 27 . Over the last decade. such as the construction of the Kerikeri Heritage Bypass designed to protect the historic Kemp House and the Stone Store from flooding and from vibrations caused by heavy traffic flows. and dedicated a New Zealand memorial in the United Nations War Cemetery in Pusan. Labour will complete the New Zealand Memorial Park project. We have commemorated the special relationship between the United Kingdom and New Zealand with the establishment of a memorial in Hyde Park.A significant step forward over the last 10 years has been getting some of our top heritage locations on-track towards receiving international recognition as world heritage sites. Big restoration projects have been completed. preserve and protect our records and heritage material. We have been committed to embracing these new technologies to create opportunities for Kiwi families and young people to better access our unique history. heritage organisations and across central government to develop a National Policy Statement on Heritage under the Resource Management Act. including the personal histories of individuals. We will continue to support the New Zealand Historic Places Trust in its essential work on behalf of all New Zealanders. The 2008 tribute to Viet Nam Veterans was a significant acknowledgement of those who lost their lives in Viet Nam and an opportunity show our appreciation to those who served. The New Zealand Memorial in Canberra and the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior in Wellington have also been major heritage projects. In recent years there has been an encouraging resurgence of interest in our nation’s history. preparations have begun for a New Zealand Memorial Park adjacent to the National War Memorial in Buckle St. Labour will work with local government.000 New Zealanders who fought in the Korean War. growth in technology has offered us much greater opportunities to record. As a focus for Kiwi families’ remembrance of the sacrifice made by former generations of New Zealand servicemen and women. and a recognition that significant aspects of our heritage and identity depend on the sacrifice made by others during times of war. London.

Labour will increase funding to speed up critical digitisation of heritage collections across New Zealand so existing collections are available online as quickly as possible. We are aware that we need to ensure that consistent archive systems are in place for archiving our historical material. Labour will ensure our New Zealand heritage is protected and cherished for the benefit of all New Zealanders. leisure and community lives. www.net.teara. We see exciting opportunities for New Zealand families to learn about their own history and whakapapa and develop a rich appreciation of the contribution their families and communities have made to this country. It is important. Strong Proven Leadership 28 . and to ensure the technology we use is compatible with future developments. The challenge for the next decade is to harness the opportunities offered by digitisation to make our heritage available and accessible to more New Zealand families. libraries. Labour will explore how to give New Zealand families better access to the wealth of cultural and heritage material relating to them that is held by public institutions. both nationally and internationally. with a focus on further collection of oral histories. archive organisations and museums to work collaboratively to develop a smart and consistent approach to archiving cultural materials nationally and in the community.NZhistory. and can use that information across their work.nz. A large-scale programme of recording oral history has been established and content made available online to all New Zealanders through the oral history website 'From Memory' on www. so that New Zealanders young and old can learn about the stories of their past. particularly from more isolated regions. too. that these are systems all communities can access and contribute to. Labour will continue to support Archives NZ. as well as public and private galleries. We have seen the importance of recording New Zealand’s oral histories so that the rich history of our stories can be preserved for future generations. We will build the National Library up to be a virtual and actual hub where all New Zealanders have good access to New Zealand’s documentary heritage.nz . Labour will continue the extensive work programme within the Ministry for Culture and Heritage on New Zealand history projects. the NZ Film Archive.govt.significant online projects such as the award-winning digital encyclopaedia of New Zealand.

Protecting our Economy and our Heritage Labour’s policy for Biosecurity 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 29 .

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Labour will maintain our border inspection capability to respond to the substantial increases in international passenger and trade volumes. Labour believes that local communities have a big part to play in responding to such threats. and from severe health threats like avian influenza. Our livelihoods depend on keeping pests and diseases out to protect our native flora and fauna and to provide assurance for trade. and pests threaten that. the size of our border security capacity has doubled and New Zealand now has one of the most effective biosecurity systems in the world. and ensure we get new threats under active management and control as soon as possible. In 2004. We have a responsibility to protect our abundant unique species and habitats. Biosecurity New Zealand was set up to coordinate the agencies that manage and protect our country against biological threats to our environment and our economy. and to both indigenous and introduced – but valuable . as trade and passenger volumes have increased.flora and fauna. Prevention the Best Cure Over the past decade. We have recently invested in frontline biosecurity. freshwater and marine). We will not be able to stop every threat from entering New Zealand. We now have a comprehensive biosecurity strategy that applies to all of New Zealand’s environments (land. all present serious challenges for our border protection services. Scientific and operational systems have been changed so that threats are more effectively investigated. as are ways to eradicate or manage them. We need a vigilant biosecurity system to protect our country from environmental and economic damage from pest invaders. Strong Proven Leadership 31 . coupled with some of the toughest biosecurity standards in the world. But there is more we can do. Rising volumes of trade and international passenger arrivals.Introduction Effective biosecurity is vital for New Zealand. We will improve communication and consultation with affected local communities to maximise our total response. focusing on the areas of quarantine services and the preparation of border-related standards such as Import Health Standards. we must be prepared to manage them as effectively as possible. but when they do. yet many of these services are still to be fully rolled out. Our primary producers are crucial to our economic wellbeing. and their ability to compete in global markets depends on biosecurity assurance. We should plan for the future challenges that increased trade and climate change will bring. As an island nation rich in biodiversity we recognize ourselves partly by this unique environment.

We must plan for the future.These will include improving border enforcement operations and improving the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry’s (MAF) ability to identify and target high and emerging risks. Labour will continue to improve systems for dealing with severe biological threats such as an avian influenza pandemic. organisms can still be introduced by migratory wild species. the way products transported into New Zealand and items brought in with travellers. even if all travel and trade came to a stop. Through vigilant border biosecurity systems. For example. a focus on prevention and elimination and management of threats. Partnership with the Community Over the past decade. Predictive research into ecological change as a result of climate change and land use change will be used to develop comprehensive plans for future actions. For instance. the ants were also identified and eradicated at Auckland’s port. The challenge of climate change and associated ecological changes also bring the potential for new pests and diseases. A ‘zero risk’ border is not possible. severe animal risks such as Foot and Mouth Disease and agricultural pests. New Zealand has faced some serious biosecurity challenges. when a red ant invasion hit Napier in 2006. Risks include human pandemics from disease. Levels of international trade are set to increase bringing new threats and sources of disease or pests. This will include planning to combat identified biological threats. This led to their successful eradication from the port of Napier. biological and physical environment focuses on predicting and identifying new and emerging threats both from within New Zealand and from international sources. Labour will develop additional expertise in marine traffic and identification of water-borne pests and organisms. Labour will ensure analysis of the economic. This will require analysis of trade patterns. Biosecurity New Zealand worked closely with the local community in Whirinaki where the ants were found. Both government and the community have worked in partnership to respond. Strong Proven Leadership 32 . Planning for New and Emerging Biosecurity Threats While we now have a border security system that is among the best in the world. It will also include implementing a social marketing programme aimed at increased public compliance with border clearance requirements. no border control system can ever be 100 percent effective.

but if our biosecurity responses are to reach their full potential. Ensuring local community support is also important because communities have such a vital role to play in helping to get rid of threats. Strong Proven Leadership 33 . community buy-in of biosecurity responses is critical. Labour will continue to swiftly respond to biosecurity threats while ensuring that local communities are more closely consulted and informed. Balancing the demands of swift and effective response times with local community consultation is challenging. Public safety is dependent on public co-operation. Labour will develop systems for representative Community Advisory Groups to ensure clear communications with the public and provide a means for getting feedback from public sector agencies on issues of concern. Closer communication and consultation with local communities is essential.is often met with criticism if there is public uncertainty about the need for action and safety concerns. large-scale biosecurity management – particularly aerial spraying .However. which can only happen with a well-informed community.

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A strong. diverse broadcasting environment Labour’s policy for Broadcasting 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 35 .

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Television Broadcasting The medium of television reaches almost every New Zealander’s home. and languages on television. Labour is committed to ensuring that New Zealand has strong television broadcasters that provide popular and entertaining programming as well as programming that is informative and educational. Labour will complete the review of digital broadcasting regulation. We will also ensure that New Zealanders have access to a wide range of local content across genres that include programmes of popular appeal as well as programmes aimed at groups that are less well served by fully commercial interests.Introduction Labour believes broadcasting plays an important role in defining our cultural and national identity. We believe that New Zealand's Pacific communities should be able to hear and see their own voices. music. mobile phones). What we see on television can affect how we relate to others and how we see ourselves. Strong Proven Leadership 37 . We believe New Zealanders deserve to have access to the best technology and the best content from both here and around the world. Labour will promote Pacific broadcasting and encourage Pacific peoples to be involved in the production of Pacific programmes. internet. and subsequent audience fragmentation are offering serious challenges to traditional business structures and audience share of television broadcasting. The development of a Pacific channel will require more Pacific programmes and therefore support increased career opportunities for Pacific peoples in the television industry. Labour will prioritise the establishment of a free-to-air Pacific channel. stories. Labour will ensure that broadcasting choices available to New Zealanders are enhanced with current changes to the broadcasting environment. Labour will encourage uptake of digital television and plan for analogue switch-off. especially through newer methods of delivery (pay-TV. It can reflect what it means to be a New Zealander and help depict our place in the world by ensuring New Zealanders have access to great local content as well as the best from overseas. Media proliferation.

informs and educates will be widely available to New Zealanders on television. digital television has been introduced and uptake is exceeding expectations. Strong Proven Leadership 38 . there were only 6. We will announce a firm date for analogue switchoff once take-up of digital television reaches 75 percent or in 2012. Ten years ago… TVNZ was fully commercial and being prepared for sale.296 total hours of local content on television. through any medium they choose. Our commitment to the screen production sector will ensure that New Zealand productions remain celebrated both here and around the world. and plans are underway to review broadcasting regulation to ensure New Zealanders have the support needed from government to enjoy the best of emerging technologies. as well as through new technologies. there was no funding available for regional television or the Maori Television Service and there was no plan for digital television or emerging technologies. an electronic programme guide and more content to choose from. We want New Zealanders to be able to see and hear stories that are for them and about them.784 hours of local content in 2007. Today… TVNZ is operating with a legislated public broadcasting mandate. We believe that all aspects of our diverse society should be reflected on our television screens and that all groups should be able to share their stories. skilled independent television production sector with increased export of New Zealand television programmes. Labour will ensure a strong. Labour will ensure the availability of New Zealand television across multiple platforms. Ten years from now… Local content that entertains. Our broadcasting sector will continue to strongly reflect the lives and experiences of New Zealanders nationally and locally and across a wide range of interest groups and communities. regional television services have access to programme funding. whichever comes first. Labour will ensure programming for diverse interest groups is available on free-to-air television. Viewers will get better reception. Two Maori television channels.Benefits of the move to digital include cost savings because less energy is required for digital transmission. two free-to-air. advertisement-free digital TVNZ channels are available. Labour will ensure that great New Zealand content remains accessible to New Zealanders through new channels and technologies. Labour will increase the total hours of local content on free-to-air television. there were 10.

Labour will sustain the levels of New Zealand music on commercial radio stations at 20 percent. We believe that New Zealand music should be celebrated and fostered. The mix of commercial and non-commercial radio broadcasting provides a wide range of choices for New Zealanders. Radio New Zealand is available on AM and FM as well as streaming online and by podcast. Access radio has more funding available as well as funding for specific projects. Labour is committed to ensuring that diversity in our radio broadcasting continues to provide New Zealanders with programming across interest groups and across technologies. This will include radio by and for the diverse range of ethnicities and interest groups that make up New Zealand society. publicly-owned radio and local and access radio stations. Strong Proven Leadership 39 .5 percent. Today… New Zealand music airplay is between 19 percent and 20 percent. We want New Zealanders both here and overseas to be able to see and hear stories that are for them and about them through any medium they choose to use. National Pacific Radio Trust is broadcasting programmes by and for Pacific peoples throughout New Zealand. Ten years ago… New Zealand music airplay was at 7. Our unique sounds and cultural expression should be encouraged and shared. New Zealand geographical communities and interest groups should all have a voice on our radio stations through the diverse mix of private radio.Radio Broadcasting The radio broadcasting sector in New Zealand is one of the most successful and competitive in the world. Labour will continue assessment and support of digital radio initiatives and ensure the availability of New Zealand radio across multiple platforms. Labour will ensure the availability of diverse programming on radio through both national and local radio broadcasters. Radio New Zealand was under-funded and largely available only on the AM frequency. We also intend to ensure that New Zealand music remains celebrated though strong representation on commercial radio. Ten years from now… New Zealand radio will be available in digital form to New Zealanders around the world on any technology they choose. But changing technology is providing both challenges and opportunities for the radio industry.

Safe, Healthy and Affordable

Labour’s policy for Building and Construction

2008
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Labour wants to ensure that New Zealanders have access to safe, comfortable and healthy homes and buildings that reflect our natural environment. Young families and couples getting into their first homes need to be secure in the knowledge their home is built by qualified professionals. Construction standards for houses and buildings are fundamental to the health and safety of the community. They protect public safety and the investment New Zealanders have made in their home. Standards have changed significantly during this decade to protect home owners from the lax regime put in place in the 1990s and to assist those who have been affected by leaky homes. There was immediate action to make sure the leaky buildings problem was not allowed to continue. Much of this work was done by setting benchmark standards across the building and construction sector and through local government. A Weathertight Homes Resolution Service was put in place to assist leaky homes victims to seek redress and help resolve disputes. Since then there have been further refinements of the rules and efforts have been made to create more flexibility in the Building Act while at the same time protecting owners of homes and buildings. 10 years ago... deregulation of the industry resulted in catastrophic failures across the building sector, leading directly to the leaky buildings problem. Today… stronger standards are in place to protect the interests of home owners and prevent something like the leaky buildings crisis from happening again. 10 years from now… streamlined regulation and strong self-policing will mean lower construction costs while keeping homes and buildings safe, healthy and comfortable. The building and construction industry is healthier and stronger now than it was at the beginning of the decade. The industry is better off with Labour because we are headed in the right direction with a common-sense approach to regulations. But there is more to do. Labour will put in place further changes to building and construction standards to obtain good, safe buildings at reasonable cost. Labour will simplify the Building Code requirements for the design and construction of all buildings while protecting health, safety and investment. Simplifying the rules for simple building work makes it easier for DIY-builders to continue a Kiwi tradition without unnecessary red tape. We are also looking at ways to streamline approvals for ‘starter’ homes that meet the needs of families trying to get into home ownership for the first time. We have already commissioned designs and an architectural competition. Substantial savings for starter homes have already been identified. Strong Proven Leadership 43

Labour will work on developing and extending the successful starter homes portfolio of designs. These changes will assist in making home ownership more affordable by accelerating the approval process, thereby reducing costs. We intend to consult closely to ensure these changes work as effectively as possible. We will work with competent, experienced practitioners involved in building design and construction, and with those involved in administering building and construction standards both within the industry and in territorial authorities. Labour will work with the industry to simplify legislation, organise appropriate training of practitioners throughout the industry, and safeguard quality, safety, and health. This could involve looking at the effectiveness of current liability provisions in the building sector and investigating the possibility of self-certification by appropriately qualified and indemnified builders. The inaugural building summit in Auckland in mid-2008 drew widespread agreement from industry leaders. They agreed to create a forum which will recommend changes to the consents process for large-scale construction. This would mean only a single consent would be required when developers want to undertake the large-scale construction of standard homes using the same general design. This will further assist with bringing down construction costs. Labour will work with Territorial Authorities to develop centralised data bases to assist in consent processes and provide information on designs and building products. Consistency in the sector is crucial to providing peace-of-mind and security for New Zealanders wanting to build new homes. One way we intend to achieve this is through encouraging greater uniformity across all local government and building consents authorities to ensure timely and cost-efficient processes and avoid duplication. Labour will develop a nationwide set of guidelines on standardssetting to help improve consistency in the administration of different Building Consent Authority jurisdictions and in the rule-making of different Territorial Authorities. Many New Zealanders today and in the future may not choose to own a home. Lifestyle choices mean an increasing number will choose to rent, live in apartments and other multi-unit properties or, for many elderly people, opt for the safe, comfortable and happy retirement village environment. Labour is committed to safeguarding and protecting the rights of all of these groups. We have already reviewed the code of practice for retirement homes to protect the interests of older people and their families Strong Proven Leadership 44

Labour will put in place changes protecting property rights and titles within multi-units and high-rise apartments by modernising the out-of-date laws governing this area. The law covering the rights and responsibilities of both unit title owners and bodies corporate needs to be brought up to date because of changes in the way many New Zealanders are choosing to live, including the high number of people living in apartments and other high-density accommodation. Labour will proceed with amendments to the Unit Titles Act to provide security and fairness for stakeholders in medium and high density accommodation. As New Zealand renews and expands its housing stock, we also need to take account of our ageing population, with more people living longer into an active retirement. We need to ‘future-proof’ our houses so that residences remain liveable and accessible for people throughout their lives. Labour will encourage, where reasonably possible, the design and construction of residences to ensure that a higher proportion of the housing stock is suitable to meet the needs of people of all abilities including the elderly. Research is a vital component to ensuring the New Zealand building industry is among the best in the world, taking advantage of the most innovative and effective design and construction ideas. Labour will work with and support the Building Research Association of New Zealand to ensure New Zealand stays abreast of innovation and effective future industry development.

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A Great Country for Kids

Labour’s policy for Children and their Families

2008

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Introduction
New Zealand has always been a great place to bring up kids. Labour wants to ensure that we continue to be a country where all new Zealanders can be proud of the way we give all our kids the best possible start. Bringing up a child is first and foremost a family matter, but at the same time, as a society, we all have an interest in the wellbeing of the next generation. Labour believes that public agencies should be acting as a willing partner, which any parent can call on as needed, to offer support, resources and advice. Sadly, in a small minority of cases, the duty of public agencies to protect children extends to protecting them from their own families. We need to ensure they have the resources and the will to act decisively but not prematurely, always making the interests of the child the first consideration. In many ways, each new generation is a new beginning. Labour wants every child to have the full opportunity to succeed, whatever family circumstances they are born into. It should not matter what failings or bad luck their parents might have – every child should be able to make a fresh start. We mustn’t allow New Zealand to become a place where misfortune is inherited down the generations. Sometimes, that means we have to act, as a community, to even the odds. That’s a sentiment most New Zealanders would agree with but in the 1990s economic policies meant families faced a tough time financially and the core Kiwi value that no-one should be held back simply because of the environment they are born into was in danger of being undermined. For right-wing politicians, it is easier to lump families – parents and children alike – into a stereotype labelled ‘underclass’ and push them to one side. In the Labour Party, we believe that no child should miss out on the opportunities they need to grow healthily and develop their potential, because of what neighbourhood they live in or how much their parents can afford to pay. That is why we are committed to ensuring that good public provision of health, education and social services is available to all New Zealand families. Labour endorses the Every Child Counts campaign and remains committed to putting children and families at the centre of policy development and implementation. Labour will continue to promote strong families, offering support and resources to assist them in good parenting. Services will build on our existing commitment to increase access to high-quality early childhood education.

A ‘whole child’ approach
Labour believes in a whole child approach to addressing children’s issues. That means: Strong Proven Leadership 48

focusing on the big picture, on the child’s whole life and circumstances – not just isolated issues or problems; focusing from the outset on what children need for healthy development – not simply reacting to problems as they arise; and looking across the whole public service at what can be done to support children’s healthy development – not looking for single-sector solutions.

Children largely depend on others and are sometimes vulnerable. But they are also continually developing the skills they need to look after themselves and make responsible decisions. Children are shaped in part by the settings in which they live. But they also shape their own lives through their thoughts and actions. Children are citizens in their own right. But they also need to be seen within their environment – with their family, friends, in school, and with their communities.

Supporting families to give every child the best start in life
We all know that the opportunity for individuals to reach their full potential is strongly influenced by experiences during the early years of life. If you grow up in a safe, nurturing environment where you are kept healthy and supported to learn, then you are much more likely to grow up to be a successful and happy adult who is able to make a positive contribution to the community. This decade has seen a lot of changes for families bringing up young children. In the past, many families suffered falling wages, and the spectre of unemployment never seemed far away. Today, there have been record increases in employment – more people have jobs than ever before – and the number of families needing benefit assistance has fallen substantially.
Proportion of children in poverty
40

35

Proportion of population below threshold (%)

30

25

20

15

Family incomes have also risen. Much of that has been through wage increases, and we’ve raised the minimum wage to ensure all working people have benefited. But Labour is also proud to have helped increase family incomes through Working for Families. 49
2002 2004 2006 2008

10

5

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0 1988

Working for Families has put tax dollars back in the pockets of more than half of New Zealand families with children. It has helped people raising children while on a benefit, while also ensuring that people are better off if they take a job. Tax cuts from 1 October are giving more money back to families. Families have also had help in meeting the costs for essential needs. This includes help with housing, early childhood education and health care costs. Children under six years old are also able to get free visits to their doctor. The full impact of the Working for Families package will be reflected in the next Household Economic Survey. The results are scheduled for release in mid 2009, and are expected to show further reductions in child poverty. Ten years ago . . . nearly one in three New Zealand children were living in poverty based on the measure used in the Social Report. Today . . . one in six children are living in families with income below the same poverty line. Ten years from now . . . all children will have access to the health, education and housing services that will enable them to develop to their full potential. But things aren’t perfect. There are still too many children living in poverty even though numbers have declined, and the gaps in health and other outcomes between the best and worst-off remain stubbornly wide. Investing early in children's lives is the most effective strategy for reducing the risk of poor economic and social outcomes. The last decade has seen an expansion of existing initiatives and the development of new initiatives to help support families and give children the best start in life. These include universal services that help all families and whānau raise their children, such as parenting information through Strategies with Kids – Information for Parents (SKIP); targeted services that bring different agencies together to offer support to vulnerable communities such as social workers in schools; and intensive services such as one-on-one support and home visiting. But achieving change for our most vulnerable families and communities means more than just improved government services. It is often community-based services that play an important role in supporting families and making sure children get the best start in life. The groups providing these services know what their communities need. They know where the gaps are, and what can be done to make sure families, children and young people are taken care of. More often than not, they are the people in the community that vulnerable families go to first for help. Labour wants to ensure that all children thrive in childhood, are respected and valued, have the opportunity to reach their full potential, and participate positively in society now and into the future.

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the New Zealand Family Violence Prevention Strategy and Family Safety Teams. Labour will expand the integrated service response for vulnerable families to offer a family-focused case management approach in more communities across New Zealand. Labour will continue to publish the Social Report every year. as well as ongoing assessment and adjustments in relation to the volume of services required.Labour has recognised the need to continue to research and measure poverty and other social outcomes. attract and retain qualified staff. We will further invest in early intervention family support. collaborative. We will continue to invest in families through the Working for Families package. Strong Proven Leadership 51 . and providing a more intensive level of support. Labour will continue to place a firm focus on the value of positive parenting strategies. young people and families will be fully funded. We will also maintain the implementation of Te Rito. We will review family tax credit rates regularly to ensure that children in beneficiary families obtain a decent standard of living and fair educational and recreational opportunities. The sustainable funding model will give community providers more certainty so they can spend less time worrying about paying the bills and more time focusing on outcomes. Social services for children and families will be community-driven. The Social Report has been produced every year since 2001 to monitor the wellbeing of New Zealanders. By working proactively with these families earlier. Labour will continue the implementation of Pathway to Partnership so that by 2012 all contracts for essential services for children. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. We will expand the provision of support for families who have complex and multiple needs so they are safe and secure and their children get a good start in life. with integrated departmental and non-government agencies collaboration. we hope to be able to assist these families before they reach crisis point. and the Household Incomes report monitors income poverty and inequality. inter-agency and outcome-driven. Labour will continue to support a transparent approach to the publication of information regarding the social outcomes achieved for New Zealanders. We will continue to invest in SKIP – Strategies with Kids. It will improve the ability to plan ahead. The new model will mean there will be annual adjustments for inflation. Information for Parents – providing resources and training to assist in positive parenting.

we have halved the cost of seeing a doctor. In addition. This means detecting and acting on any health problems early on. The strategy is about much more than price – it is a long-term investment in the health of all New Zealanders.Child Health Every single young New Zealander deserves the best possible start in life. The Well Child service –a programme that ensures young kids receive regular health checks . Labour will continue to work towards reducing the cost of GP visits for younger and older New Zealanders so that young people get medical advice early and so that older people can lead active. healthy lives. Schools and early childhood education centres provide excellent opportunities to reach children and young people and promote healthy lifestyles. Early treatment and advice prevents many illnesses from becoming more serious and enables more Kiwis to take control of their health and wellbeing. and will continue to ensure Strong Proven Leadership 52 . It means ensuring a strong public health system that has health professionals and clinics in place to deliver the necessary services.has been upgraded and expanded. Labour has worked to rebuild our primary care sector and support the staff who work in it. Labour has always believed that families should never have to choose between going to the doctor and putting food on the table. Over the past decade. we will prioritise reducing the cost of going to the doctor for those aged six to 17 years and for people over 64. Primary healthcare is the support Kiwis receive from frontline health workers in their community. Most New Zealanders know that in the last few years it has become significantly cheaper to visit a GP while the cost of prescriptions has dropped significantly. Labour also funds PHOs to provide free visits for patients aged under six. to ensure that no child falls through the cracks. Over the coming years. That was happening in the 1990s. We are already doing this with healthier food options in New Zealand’s schools. a universal B4 School check is now being implemented that diagnoses any learning or health disabilities that might hinder children from learning at school. the support available to parents and new children has expanded and developed. As part of our primary healthcare strategy. Labour will ensure District Health Boards and Primary Health Organisations work with other agencies such as schools and early childhood centres on health promotion activities in their regions. It is the family doctor (general practitioner) or practice nurse that people see at their local clinic.

It is important to us that access to maternity services is as convenient as possible. Sometimes communication and co-ordination between caregivers falls down. Strong Proven Leadership 53 . that they are accountable for their standard of care. Labour will work to ensure that all clinical professionals provide the highest standard of care. GPs and obstetricians so that all mothers are provided with the postnatal care they need. Labour recently announced a package of initiatives to address workforce pressures in the midwifery sector. including longer stays in maternity units where this is required. safe midwifery and obstetric services across the country. childbirth and aftercare through provision of nationwide quality care by qualified health professionals. and that mothers receive stronger maternity unit care when needed. Labour will work to address work force issues in maternity care and continue to ensure local access to reliable. Labour will ensure there is a high level of communication and coordination between midwives. resulting in a poorer standard of care. and that mothers receive the highest level of professional care. We are committed to providing timely and uniform provision of support to women under stress during pregnancy across the country. and that women’s choice to use the maternity services they want and need is facilitated. We will work to ensure a more timely and uniform provision of support across the country. This included expanding the midwife workforce in training by a third. Labour is committed to full implementation of this package.that DHBs and PHOs work closely with other agencies to deliver important health promoting initiatives. Maternity Care Too often women dealing with a stressful pregnancy find their experiences vary depending on where they live. Communication between maternity carers is crucial to effective and safe clinical services. Labour will continue to promote satisfactory outcomes for pregnancy. All mothers and mothers-to-be have the right to the very best clinical care possible. We will work to ensure that barriers to communication between these health professionals are identified and reduced to the greatest extent possible. retaining more midwives with post-graduate study and providing financial support to overseas-trained midwives.

There is more support for providers in the family violence sector and more information and services available for families experiencing violence. we know that our country does not do well when it comes to children being injured or even killed. The Taskforce for Action on Violence within Families is helping address this seemingly intractable and complex problem. families and communities. Initiatives Strong Proven Leadership 54 . There is now an effective whole-ofgovernment response that works in partnership with the community and voluntary sector. We now have a much stronger statutory agency to work closely with non-government agencies to support vulnerable children and young people. know that New Zealand is a safe and healthy place in which to raise children.Labour will ensure nationwide equality of access to contraceptive education. Women have the right to access quality information and support to make informed decisions about sex and contraception. one agency can’t do it alone. And we know that in the overwhelming majority of cases. Labour will work to ensure that qualified health professionals have the resources to provide this information and support. and even people who have never lived here. But some New Zealand children are not safe in their own homes. To prevent other children from experiencing this fate. we need public agencies that are strong and effective. This is why strong partnerships have been developed between the community sector and government agencies. Supporting Children and Young People at Risk of Harm Most New Zealanders grow up in a caring and secure environment. In 2003. Although every tragedy is one too many. Social workers in community-based services also play an important role. they are often the professionals in the community that vulnerable families go to first for help. Many Kiwis living abroad. In the last decade. As a result. Quality social work can make a huge difference to the lives of individuals. the care and protection system has been strengthened to ensure that there are effective. with well-trained professionals working together. there has been positive change during this decade. While international comparisons can be difficult to make. and that women do not face barriers in accessing them. the Social Worker Registration Act was passed to ensure high standards of practice and professional conduct among Social Workers. it is at the hands of somebody who is entrusted with their care. local responses that lead to permanent and stable care for children and young people. we’re seeing a shift in the way people think about family violence. There is general agreement that to deliver responsive services to meet the needs of individual families. information and provision in partnership with qualified health professionals.

it is now 18 years since the Act was passed and we owe it to New Zealanders to ensure it continues to provide the most effective legal framework for safeguarding our vulnerable children and young people. Labour will complete legislative changes to ensure the Children. Young People and their Families Act continues to provide an up-to-date. It means there are more options for responding when a report is received. Labour will build the capacity and capability of community organisations delivering services to children and families through sustainable funding arrangements. effective legal framework both for safeguarding New Zealand’s most vulnerable children and young people and for responding effectively to offending by children and young people. they had nowhere to go. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. The Differential Response Model enables Child.such as Social Workers in Schools have demonstrated the value of having trained professionals placed where they are accessible and approachable for children and families. young people and their families. attract and retain qualified staff. Ten years from now children and families will be assisted to access the package of professional supports and services that suit their individual circumstances. Labour will roll out the Differential Response Model across New Zealand by 30 June 2009 to ensure delivery of the right services to the right people at the right time. Labour will ensure high-quality statutory intervention services when children require care and protection from harm. Today over 2000 social workers are registered across New Zealand and the Social Workers Registration Board provides public assurance that there is a basic standard of practice expected from every social worker. and better opportunity to connect families to services as early as possible to prevent more serious problems. Youth and Family to work more closely with non-government organisations also supporting families and young people. Ten years ago if someone had a complaint about the work of an individual social worker. However. This includes: Strong Proven Leadership 55 . while also ensuring young children in care continue to receive the range of services they need to learn. Young People and their Families Act provides a highly relevant framework for delivering effective services to children. Social workers had no professional framework. The Children. That gives organisations a better ability to plan ahead. grow and develop. whanau and family groups. promoting their wellbeing and that of their families.

security and wellbeing of themselves and others. In particular we placed a focus on improving health and education outcomes for children involved with Child. young people and staff. Residential staff will work closely with young people to develop individualised care plans that focus on improving wellbeing. Labour will continue to implement the Residential Services Strategy. while creating opportunities to effect lasting change for individuals. Labour will continue to implement the Care and Protection Blueprint. education and health needs and preparing young people for transition back to their families and community.• raising the age to include 17-year-olds in the same care and protection and youth justice processes as younger children. addressing welfare. Labour released the Care and Protection Blueprint. or who had suffered from. Youth and Family clients improving services for children and young people with disabilities improving access for. In 2003. which outlined our strategy for enhancing the services provided to children and young people who were at risk of. including the introduction of two new orders for persistent or serious offending by young people improving the criteria for information sharing establishing complaints and review procedures improving the participation of children and young persons in the decisions that affect them recognising the support needs of those moving from care to independence • • • • • In a very small number of cases. enhancing Youth Court orders. Labour will ensure that residential services provide a safe environment for children. abuse and neglect. children and young people pose a challenge to the safety. Child. Youth and Family clients in mainstream education and the Correspondence School • • Strong Proven Leadership 56 . Youth and Family including: • improving information on the health and education needs of Child. and the engagement of. We will build further support around children and young people in residential care to deliver a service that is tailored to young people’s needs and focused on outcomes.

legislation and operational practice related to children and young people with disabilities and their families involved with Child. Labour will implement the recommendations of the “Best of Care?” review. Strong Proven Leadership 57 . Youth and Family • • • Substantial progress has been made on these initiatives and many have now been implemented. Labour will maintain a focus on the broader needs of children and young people involved with the care and protection system. It looked at the issues surrounding out-of-home placement of disabled children and highlighted some critical issues limiting effective support for disabled children and their families. The ‘Best of Care?” review examined policy. We are committed to clarifying the funding responsibilities of agencies. strengthening processes within and between agencies. Labour wants to provide all children with a safe and supportive home environment. Youth and Family and District Health Boards implementing joint action plans to improve access to mental health services for Child. Providing a safe and supportive home for disabled children may require additional resources. Youth and Family clients workforce development to support Child. Youth and Family and the Ministry of Health. and improving access to services. Youth and Family clients with Autism Spectrum Disorder improving support for parents with mental health problems or disabilities who have children involved with Child.• an inter-agency strategy for children and young people with severe antisocial behaviour Child.

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Tackling the Environmental Challenge of our Times Labour’s policy for Climate Change 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 59 .

Strong Proven Leadership 60 .

As we move into the 21st century.2% We all have a stake in getting greenhouse gas emissions under control. and more frequent serious droughts as well as general changes in temperature and rainfall patterns.4% AGRICULTURE 48% Methane 31. involving hundreds of scientists from around the world. and the scheme will put New Zealand on the path to a sustainable future.4% Other Agriculture 1. Labour believes it also offers significant opportunities for a small sustainable nation. Climate change is expected to pose significant hazards to New Zealand as a small island nation.0% ENERGY 45% Other Energy 14.05% Waste 2. presents us with opportunities in a world that is seeking sustainable solutions. While climate change poses an enormous global threat. changes in our climate are likely to lead to more intense rain and wind events during storms.1% forest sinks -29.6% Transport 18. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. and major steps have been taken to encourage energy efficiency. As the economy gradually moves away from its reliance on fossil fuels. But all New Zealanders need to understand and be supported through New Zealand’s move towards a low-carbon economy.Introduction Scientists tell us it is more than 90 percent certain humans are the main cause of global warming. Climate change is a symptom of living unsustainably. Clear goals have been set for renewable energy. The Emissions Trading Scheme will discourage growth in emissions and reward emissions reductions. and our expertise in renewable energy such as geothermal. Strong Proven Leadership 61 . The composition of New Zealand’s emissions Industrial Processes 5. says climate change is occurring more rapidly than was predicted.5% Electricity 10. We are now pouring carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere on a scale that is greater than the ability of the environment to absorb it. we do not want nor need another 1980s/90s period of restructuring. Economy-wide policies are being put in place to deal with climate change and other environmental challenges. hydro and wind. using such things as wind and solar power.4% Solvents 0. New Zealand’s research and development into sustainable agriculture.7% Agriculture Soils 16. New Zealand communities are being prepared for the impact of extreme weather events and sea level rises before they occur.

Doing nothing and hoping the problem goes away is simply not an option. Each sector. A central registry will track the sale and purchase of emissions units. The Emissions Trading Scheme The Emissions Trading Scheme is the cornerstone of a responsible and balanced plan to tackle climate change. and to help our Pacific neighbours and other developing nations prepare for climate change. the scheme will encompass every sector of the economy from forestry to farming. It does that by charging the polluter for increases in emissions and rewarding decreases. The Emissions Trading Scheme does not create costs. An Economy-wide Package Labour’s policies to tackle climate change do not rest solely with the flagship Emissions Trading Scheme. and each major business within the sector. Labour’s economy-wide targets include: • • 90 percent of our electricity coming from renewable sources by 2025 carbon neutrality in all stationary energy production and use by 2030 62 Strong Proven Leadership . climate change is real and poses a severe threat to our way of life. the international agreement on combating climate change. must have enough units to cover their emissions and will face the full cost of any increases in their emissions over and above any units they may have been allocated. New Zealand’s Emissions Trading Scheme is advanced by international standards because it includes all six greenhouse gases covered by the Kyoto Protocol. The scheme will be implemented along with a comprehensive range of other measures. Labour will ensure the speedy and effective implementation of the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme. It puts a cost on emissions in the New Zealand economy so we can address our obligations as a country under Kyoto. There is no case to delay an emissions trading scheme. Fairness among sectors is achieved through allocation of ‘free’ emissions units by the government. Over time. This is sensible because it avoids distortions within the economy and shares responsibility for emissions fairly. rather it minimises the cost of reducing emissions. A combination of targets and sector-specific policies across the economy will put New Zealand on a long-term sustainable footing.We also believe New Zealand can have a leading role in international negotiations to address climate change issues in trade and other agreements.

New fuels have an important role to play in reducing transport emissions 30 25 Behaviour Efficiency 20 15 New Fuels (biofuels. 5 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 Implementing legislation passed this year to introduce sustainable biofuels is a first step away from fuels such as petrol that come from unsustainable fossil fuel sources. our ambition to be among the leading countries to widely deploy electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids marks the beginnings of a new era of energy independence and low emissions in transport. the planet would be well on the way to overcoming human-induced global warming) achieving a reduction in greenhouse gases from the agricultural sector. Labour intends to prepare the way for a large-scale roll-out of electric vehicles. but volumes will increase as supply increases and costs decrease. The numbers will grow slowly at the start.000 CO² equivalent tonnes by 2013 • • Transport Labour has already taken big steps towards the goal of halving New Zealand’s per capita transport emissions by 2040. of 300. We have already established a vehicle emissions reduction group focussing on electric vehicles.• • carbon neutrality in 35 core public service departments by 2012 halving our per capita transport emissions by 2040 (taking 2007 as the base year) carbon neutrality in the total energy sector by 2040 (if this target was adopted globally. The buy-back of our railway system and the establishment of KiwiRail present a real opportunity to build a sustainable nationwide transport network. As production of electric vehicles Strong Proven Leadership 63 . Electric Cars and Other Vehicles Similarly. electricity and hydrogen) Million Tonnes CO 2 -e 10 Investment in public transport has surged 15fold in this decade. We expect to see electric cars starting to arrive and being used in New Zealand between 2010 and 2015. below business as usual.

will need a supporting infrastructure of ‘charging stations’ to enable recharging. the cost of the electric battery. are an example of this approach at work. Labour will plan for the introduction of a nationwide infrastructure to recharge electric vehicles. Investments in household energy efficiency. London and Tokyo are likely to confront many of these challenges first and we will be able to learn from their experience. In the past. We will need to work through a variety of issues about the public infrastructure required for people to charge their vehicles during a journey. Questions about how these facilities will be funded. there is a role for government in establishing an environment that facilitates its uptake. can be expected to reduce markedly. so that households consume less energy. be in a position to be the first country to set up a nationwide infrastructure for charging electric vehicles. For instance. Strong Proven Leadership 64 . is to invest in improved energy efficiency where this is cheaper than the cost of producing extra energy or extra energy infrastructure. which is the main driver of cost. Labour will also build on our clean green electricity generation to develop partnerships with electric vehicle manufacturers. While it will be up to industry to develop electric vehicle technology. Vehicles used for longer distances.ramps up internationally. Major centres with an interest in electric vehicles such as California. our vehicle fuel efficiency measures are designed to reduce fuel consumption so that less fossilfuelled energy is required for New Zealand’s vehicle fleet. and prices will come down. An assessment of these costs should include environmental costs. New Zealand could. A cornerstone of our New Zealand Energy Strategy. Energy Efficiency Labour is committed to energy efficiency and conservation so that less electricity is wasted. The Energy Strategy also goes beyond electricity generation. where they will be located and relevant health and safety issues will also need to be addressed. The cost of the technology is likely to be expensive. Electric vehicles used for local travel can be re-charged from the owner’s home. however. however. especially for the sort of high voltage facilities that would allow shorter charging times. however. the automatic response to our growing demand for energy has been to build more generation.

Ten years ago… insulation standards were weak and few. where there are significant concentrations of state housing. improving tenant health and reducing power bills. through the insulation retrofit programme. Labour is prioritising the insulation of state houses so that the remaining homes without insulation are retrofitted within 5 years. we have begun work on an economic stimulus package which will be implemented if the projected impacts on the New Zealand economy remain as they appear to be at the moment. where it is colder. and more energy efficient homes.000 New Zealand families now live in warmer. and planned development on Housing New Zealand land. have already been insulated. A retrofit includes insulation of floors and ceilings. as part of the economic stimulus package to be presented to Parliament in December.000 state houses insulated within five years. These measures are timed with introduction of the Emissions Trading Scheme in mind. dry homes. healthy and warm. healthier. Ten years from now… hundreds of thousands more houses in New Zealand will be insulated to the recommended standard to help households stay dry. upgrading the State Housing stock. We have brought in energy efficiency measures. such as insulating existing homes known as ‘retrofitting’. Almost 12 homes a day will be insulated. Houses in Auckland. Strong Proven Leadership 65 . Many homes in the South Island. Labour now intends a major extension to the home insulation programme. The state housing insulation programme could have a role to play in this economic stimulus package. doubling the pace of Housing New Zealand’s previous Energy Efficiency Retrofit campaign which began in 2001. Labour recognises it is important the government sets an example for other landlords to follow. if any houses built before 1978 had adequate insulation. Labour is prepared to bring forward the current spending programme on home retrofitting. With the New Zealand economy clearly facing challenges from the global financial turbulence and economic slowdown. That is why the 2008 Budget provided for the state house insulation programme to be significantly accelerated. will be targeted next. The new timeframe will see 21. hot water cylinder wraps and ‘lagging’ around hot water pipes. 42. Wellington and Manawatu. Efficient heaters will also be installed where appropriate. We are scaling up in this programme to ensure New Zealanders have warm. Today… insulation standards have been strengthened and.

but also it improves health outcomes. The one-billion dollar fund to help New Zealanders make the most efficient use of energy will be targeted according to energy needs and income. that means fewer visits to the doctor. Labour has increased the grant for installing a solar water heating system to $1000.000 additional solar water heating systems by 2010.20. Assistance to Households While Labour is committed to action on climate change. For sufferers of respiratory diseases such as asthma. This makes the work ideal for generating work around the country. New Zealand has abundant solar energy resources. we are determined to moderate the economic impact on households.000 . It is not just a one-off cut to a household’s power bills but a longterm plan to reduce the amount of electricity every household uses. It will not only save energy. Strong Proven Leadership 66 . This programme is relatively labour-intensive and people can be trained for the work in a relatively short time period. Labour will provide support for the installation of 15. and three-quarters of your water heating costs can be saved by installing a solar water heating system. a year ahead of the electricity sector entering the Emissions Trading Scheme. This is a great example of how actions to tackle climate change can benefit us in other ways. fewer hospital admissions and fewer days off school or work. it will take private household energy efficiency to a whole new level. Improving the energy efficiency of our housing stock also contributes to the sustainability of our nation overall. It not only reduces demand for energy. Spread over 15 years. This fund is the largest-ever investment in household energy efficiency in New Zealand’s history. Heating water can account for up to 40 percent of a household’s electricity bill. More New Zealanders than ever before can enjoy the benefits of a wellinsulated home and efficient heating while at the same time lessening their impact on the environment. it will also reduce dampness in homes and the health problems that causes. The fund will start in 2009. Labour will bring forward access to the $1 billion home energy efficiency fund so that schemes for retrofitting older houses can be expanded in those areas where unemployment is emerging.We have also announced a one billion-dollar fund over 15 years to assist families to insulate their homes and improve the efficiency of their heating. particularly for our most vulnerable families.

and New Strong Proven Leadership 67 . and negotiating in international forums. they may be eligible for a subsidy in the form of some free emissions units which they can sell to offset increased costs. The financial assistance will be broadly equivalent to the total amount of the increased electricity costs faced by the household sector in the first year of the introduction of the electricity sector into the Emissions Trading Scheme in 2010. A range of measures will smooth its entry. Economic Transition As the economy gradually moves away from a reliance on fossil fuels. Support will continue for work aimed at reducing overall greenhouse gas emissions in the broader agriculture sector. Different industries and sectors will move into the Emissions Trading Scheme at different times over the next five years. Labour will develop practical policies to assist New Zealanders in the move to a more sustainable. because of the complexities of reducing agricultural emissions. with those receiving benefits. A staged entry allows different sectors to prepare for entry. unions. Bringing agriculture into the Emissions Trading Scheme retains the integrity of the scheme. and workers to develop environmental plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and waste. and promote energy and transport efficiencies including telecommuting. However.Labour will deliver to all households in 2010 a one-off electricity rebate to assist with power bills. Agriculture New Zealand’s emissions profile is unique among developed countries in that half our emissions come from the agricultural sector. we do not want or need another 1980s/90s period of restructuring. That policy framework includes research and development. its entry will not occur until 2013. Government has a clear role in setting the framework for a new type of economy to flourish. All New Zealanders need to be engaged and supported in the move towards a low-carbon economy. superannuation and Working for Families tax credits also receiving a targeted one-off cash payment. Where firms face international competition and so cannot easily pass on the extra costs to their customers. This support will continue until 2018 and then be gradually phased out over the next 12 years to 2030. less fossil fuel-dependent economy. We will also work with businesses. the provision of incentives.

We are already strongly engaged in working with the industry to investigate and apply measures which can significantly reduce nitrous oxide emissions from the agricultural sector over the next five years.a research and innovation fund set up to help our food and pastoral industries become smart. Labour recognises this.Zealand will continue to be a world leader in developing low emissions technology to reduce the environmental effects of livestock farming. ranging from basic environmental research to pre-commercial development. As farming systems intensify. it is significantly affected by price rises for. to ease the sector’s entry into the Emissions Trading Scheme. and experimentation with. high-value suppliers of goods and services to world markets. The Fishing Industry The fishing industry faces unique challenges as it enters the Emissions Trading Scheme. This is easily the largest single investment in research and development in New Zealand’s history. One of the areas in which New Zealand: Fast Forward programmes will run is basic environmental research into the pastoral sector to reduce the environmental effects of climate change gases including improvements in water quality and reduced chemical use. a range of alternative technologies and farming practices. Labour will support world leading research into new agricultural solutions. Research is likely to be carried out through groups such as the Pastoral Greenhouse Gas Research Consortium and the Livestock Emissions Abatement Research Network (LEARN) which was established in collaboration with international partners. Labour will encourage research on. including low intensity farming. diesel. Growth in agricultural production is vital to New Zealand’s future economic prosperity. in particular through New Zealand: Fast Forward. in particular through the $700 million New Zealand: Fast Forward Fund . Strong Proven Leadership 68 . Because of the sector’s dependence on fuel. Labour will work with farmers to implement changes to reduce agriculture’s contribution to New Zealand's greenhouse gas emissions. sustainable. but not at any cost. The New Zealand: Fast Forward Fund of $700m will be matched by private funding from the food and pastoral sectors to create a substantial step forward in research and development. over the next 10-15 years. Labour is providing for a free allocation of emission units for the fishing sector. say. greater amounts of nutrients are used which in turn can mean higher amounts of pollution in the environment.

Trees vary in their ability to capture and store carbon. When forests are felled they release carbon. Labour is already providing guidance for local communities to deal with climate change hazards such as storm surge. Labour has set a target of increasing our forest area by a net 250. Climate change will affect the lives of millions of people. Several schemes such as the Permanent Forest Sink Initiative and the Afforestation Grant Scheme are already in place to encourage the planting of forests. and careful planning. but the impacts can be lessened with forethought. and there are also biodiversity issues to consider. we must consider the risks of a range of sea level rises. and rising sea levels. they absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it as wood. Industry Labour has established a contestable innovation fund of 150. This will assist firms that face international competition but have not received a free allocation to help them take advantage of innovative technologies with the potential to reduce industrial emissions. high waves.000 emission units a year. under the Emissions Trading Scheme. Strong Proven Leadership 69 . Labour will encourage landowners to plant forests to act as carbon sinks.This free allocation is equal to 50 percent of the impact on fuel costs for a three-year period. Assisting Local Communities We need to prepare for the risks and opportunities a changing climate will bring. Forests are therefore sometimes referred to as “carbon sinks”. Sea level rise is an important issue in climate change.000 hectares by 2020. As trees grow. good information. on top of what it was in 2007. and provide incentives and information on suitable trees to plant. Consequently. Carbon sinks make a contribution to meeting our obligations under the Kyoto Protocol and encouraging forestry is a major means of achieving this. but science cannot yet provide precise answers as to the economic impact of the sea levels expected. when determining the optimal mix of planting. We are committed to providing further help for communities. Forestry Forestry is rewarded under the Emissions Trading Scheme because forests have a big role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

We are already a world leader in geothermal. and our expertise in renewable energy such as geothermal. Progressive policies on climate change extend this brand and bolster our environmental credentials. and we can further develop our expertise in marine generation and deep geothermal (also known as ‘hot rock’). Labour will ensure that local authorities are provided with reliable and upto-date information so they can properly take into account climate change risks in their infrastructure and planning decisions. New Zealand’s research and development into sustainable agriculture. present us with commercial opportunities in a world seeking sustainable solutions. Labour intends to maximise the economic benefits of our clean green country. Labour will work to ensure that New Zealand can export our expertise in renewable energy technologies. Labour’s plan of action also considers business opportunities arising from climate change. and hydro technologies. We will help New Zealand companies export their expertise and products to other countries. Strong Proven Leadership 70 . Moving from a high-emission to a low-emission economy is as much about positioning New Zealand for longer-term economic growth as it is about meeting this country’s international climate change obligations. It also includes provision for significant new research funding. including methane from livestock. New Zealand already markets itself internationally as clean and green. the agriculture and forestry sector. Maori. To support tourism and agriculture. International Opportunities While climate change poses an enormous global threat. wind. Māori and other stakeholders. The plan of action includes development of new technology and encouraging farmers to move towards the latest technology and environmental practice as they become available. Effective adaptation to a changing climate will require close cooperation between central and local government. and local government.Labour will carry out a plan of action for sustainable land management and climate change in partnership with land management sectors. hydro and wind. and use that to help other countries build a renewable energy sector. it also offers great opportunities for a small sustainable nation. We will work with representatives from these groups to develop a fiveyear adaptation programme. with a priority on new technologies and practices that will improve the measurement and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

Labour will work with the private sector to maximise the brand value of our environmental credentials in both tourism and agricultural exports. New Zealand has signed an agreement with the United States to engage on renewable energy research and development. Strong Proven Leadership 71 . and commercial use of renewable technologies that will benefit Pacific nations. Labour also believes New Zealand has a leading role to play in international negotiations to address climate change issues in trade and other agreements. and to help our Pacific neighbours and other developing nations prepare for climate change.

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Valuing and Supporting our Community Groups and Volunteers Labour’s policy for the Community and Voluntary Sector 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 73 .

Strong Proven Leadership 74 .

Introduction Labour actively supports and encourages the development of strong. More often than not they are the people in the community who vulnerable families go to for help. where the gaps are. Strong Proven Leadership 75 . we have made a concerted effort to ensure that government and the community voluntary sector work more closely together. jobs and values. Our commitment to building a strong relationship with the sector was clearly signalled when we created a new role in the Minister for the Community and Voluntary Sector portfolio. There has been a shift of emphasis in community development in recent years. The community and voluntary sector has played an ever-increasing role in supporting communities and delivering social services. which has affected trade. Along with Treaty of Waitangi settlements. Labour will continue to build strong communities because we know that this leads to a strong. Working Together Since Labour came into office in December 1999. Maori development and increasing social diversity. and what can be done to make sure families and children are taken care of in their community. There has also been a move toward devolved responsibility from central agencies towards greater self-determination at a local level. resilient communities because they make a vital contribution to building strong. information. These include globalisation. Community based child and family service providers play an important role in supporting families and making sure children get the best start in life. cohesive society and a strong economy. They are the people who know what their community needs. cohesive communities that have a much higher chance of finding creative. effective local solutions to local issues and problems. the New Zealand of today and the New Zealand of the future are presenting quite different challenges to families and communities. As our understanding of the importance of the role of the community and voluntary sector grows so too do the possibilities of empowering the sector to address social issues of long-standing concern in innovative and creative ways. Government’s role is now more likely to take a “strategic investment approach” – funding essential services while encouraging local organisations and groups to find solutions to issues within their community. A number of trends have impacted on communities in recent years.

governance arrangements and working realities of the community and voluntary organisations with whom they interact. The office has since developed a suite of tools focused on changing the way government agencies engage with sector organisations. The new sustainable funding model for social services has opened up a whole new way for government and non-government to work together. We will continue to give priority to working together and establishing coordinated. inter-sectoral policies and programmes. a multi-year plan to build strong. Labour has adopted a strategy of working with the community voluntary sector to tackle issues raised by the sector across government. healthy and safe. guidelines and training. Labour recognises that community and voluntary organisations interact across a range of government departments and agencies. Labour signed the Statement of Government Intentions for an Improved CommunityGovernment Relationship in 2001 and made clear our commitment to building strong and respectful relationships. Government and the sector will work together to develop and improve consultation processes through sharing best practice. namely that children. Strong Proven Leadership 76 . Information is now available to public servants about working with and funding the sector. This year we announced a huge investment in community and voluntary sector groups that are contracted to deliver essential services. We will also continue to value the contribution of community and voluntary organisations to policy making and delivery of effective services. This now forms the baseline for all engagements between government and the sector. We recognise that we share the same goal. families and communities are provided with the support they need to be happy. sustainable and more effective community-based services for families. We will ensure implementation of the Statement of Government Intentions in line with recommendations from the sectorled review.Since that time. and seminars have show-cased good engagement practices and what an effective relationship looks like in action. children and young people. and given us a framework to further expand on. has cemented our close working relationship. Labour wants to examine how different funding organisations can work better together in the future to best support the provision of community development. Labour will ensure that the Statement of Government Intentions is reflected in the accountability documents of all government departments and agencies. We established the Office for the Community and Voluntary Sector to lead this relationship. We will enable and ensure leadership from public service chief executives and senior managers to ensure that all agencies have a good understanding of the values. Pathway to Partnership. It has also opened up opportunities for government and philanthropic organisations to work together.

attract and retain qualified staff. This greater flexibility provides increased opportunities for innovation. such as clarifying the law related to the tax treatment of volunteer expense reimbursement. This puts these organisations in a good position to explore new concepts and try out new ideas. Labour will continue the implementation of Pathway to Partnership so that by 2012 all contracts for essential services for children. collaborative. as well as ongoing assessment and adjustments in relation to the volume of services required. Labour believes the community sector is about more than service delivery. Labour has made it easier for individuals and businesses to give to non-profit organisations through tax changes. The new model will mean there will be annual adjustments for inflation. children and young people. Labour is implementing a new funding model for community organisations contracted to provide essential services for vulnerable families. It will improve the ability to plan ahead. Supporting the Community and Voluntary Sector Labour recognises the community and voluntary sector can do things that governments can’t. flexible and responsive to their communities. At the same time. in collaboration with Volunteering New Zealand and Philanthropy NZ. inter-agency and outcome-driven. we have been looking at ways to encourage individuals and businesses to participate in their communities by giving time. money. it also has a crucial role in community development. Strong Proven Leadership 77 . Labour is committed to ensuring these organisations remain independent. The sustainable funding model will give community providers more certainty so they can spend less time worrying about paying the bills and more time focusing on outcomes.Labour will develop and implement a shared strategic funding framework between central government (including Lotteries). and raising the rebate and tax deduction thresholds on donations to charities. Labour believes that government’s role is to support the sector to do its work. Structures within the sector are often less complex than those of government. young people and families will be fully funded. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. Social services for children and families will be community-driven. local government and philanthropic trusts. We know the success of the community and voluntary sector lies in their ability to understand their communities and the families who live in them. or in-kind donations.

audit and information technology. capacity and infrastructure in human resources. Labour will provide and co-ordinate infrastructure supports and resources across the sector. Labour will ensure that community organisations are able to engage in advocacy without becoming disqualified from charitable status. Labour will continue to support the transparency and trust in the charitable sector through continuation of the Charities Act framework. or government funding and support. We will continue to ensure the Office for the Community and Voluntary Sector is inclusive in its approach. Strong Proven Leadership 78 .Labour will continue to support the independence of community sector advocacy. Labour will give particular priority to providing consultation. We will continue to review funding arrangements and look for opportunities to reduce compliance costs. advice and resources to ethnic and migrant-based voluntary agencies and ensure that support is culturally appropriate. It includes continuing to support the role of Volunteering New Zealand. This will include advice. This will include examining the support available for improved capability and capacity in the sector. financial systems. and in particular supports smaller and ethnic voluntary agencies. We know that it is inefficient and ineffective for many small community organisations to establish complex infrastructure to support their work. support. legal. We will ensure the community and voluntary sector has access to easily-understood information about central government services and resources.

Natural Heritage We Are Proud Of Labour’s Policy for Conservation 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 79 .

Strong Proven Leadership 80 .

humans. green’ nation.Protecting and Enhancing our Natural Heritage Our native plants. have eliminated over 50 percent of New Zealand’s endemic land and freshwater species. Labour has always understood this. animals and birds are found only in New Zealand. and our expertise in creating offshore island sanctuaries. Along with our image as a ‘clean. Protecting and enhancing our natural landscapes and the wide range of species it sustains is important for our economy. New Zealanders have consistently placed high value on the wild landscapes and beautiful mountains and lakes that define our homeland. At least 2. and our nation’s future. We still value investing in facilities that support New Zealanders to get out and enjoy the natural world. While right-wing politicians have been happy to let this public service run down. Biodiversity . We still value the protection of our native biodiversity – on land and in the sea. the long-term outlook for 238 of our threatened or at-risk species was improved. It was the Fourth Labour Government that established the Department of Conservation (DOC). along with introduced animals. the first government agency solely dedicated to the management of public conservation land and the protection of indigenous wildlife.Introduction From the establishment of the very first national park at Tongariro in 1887 to the network of parks and marine reserves that exist today. However. mean we’ve been able to put more species on a path to recovery. Strong Proven Leadership 81 . The retention of our remaining indigenous biodiversity is crucial to the health of New Zealand’s environment. The department was also mandated to ensure opportunities for Kiwis to enjoy the great outdoors. air and water. More sophisticated techniques for pest management. We value investing in the Department of Conservation as the frontline conservation agency and we value the contribution communities make to the conservation effort. the health of our economy also depends on preserving and enhancing our land. Over the last decade we’ve learned more about species protection and recovery. Labour still holds the same values and aspirations for conservation it always has. There are now five kiwi sanctuaries alongside the approximately 30 other predator-free island programmes completed since 2000. Last year for example.000 of our indigenous species are still threatened with extinction.

the New Zealand Biodiversity strategy tells us where we’re going. . . Success stories such as Kapiti Island and Tiritiri Matangi Island. however results were varied and local and regional programmes operated without a sense of national priorities. making headway in the protection and enhancement of our native plant and animal life is impossible. Strong Proven Leadership 82 . Today . . A national strategy for halting the decline of our biodiversity has been in place since 2001 with strong results. dedicated sanctuaries continue to prove the most effective incubators for rejuvenating populations of threatened species. and how we are getting there. But while counting the positives. Labour will continue to resource weed and integrated pest control on public conservation land to protect threatened species from the impact of plant and animal pests. Species will be coming off the endangered list regularly. However. . It will also include the eradication of pests from Motutapu and Rangitoto Islands in the Hauraki Gulf. Pests – whether already here. . But sanctuaries can also create educational and economic benefits for a region.Ten years ago . biodiversity work was being done where possible. Labour will continue the programme to progressively eradicate predators from off-shore islands and other suitable areas in public ownership in order to protect threatened species. This could include such places as Rakiura/Stewart Island where a community-led process is currently examining this possibility.continue to pose a significant challenge to our most critically-threatened species. safe havens for some of our rarest species and within reach of our two largest urban centres. attract thousands of tourists and visitors each year. or those that may make it onto our shores . Resources were very scarce. We can further upgrade biosecurity measures and ensure that vulnerable species are not unnecessarily placed in harm’s way by extending protections under the Wildlife Act. Labour will incorporate a new National Policy Biodiversity into the New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy. New Zealand’s wildlife population will be stabilised and increasing. Creating sanctuaries supports the rejuvenation of our most precious wildlife. In the next scheduled review of the New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy we will incorporate a proposed new National Policy Statement on Biodiversity under the Resource Management Act. . Labour will promote recreational and tourism opportunities alongside species recovery work and predator free sanctuaries as appropriate. Ten years from now . Statement on Without active protection work. we must constantly refine our efforts to ensure they are focused in the right places.

To date. Over the past decade. Last year alone nearly 8.000 hectares of land has been protected by the fund.000 days worth of work on conservation projects around the country. The last decade has seen a focus on redressing this balance. Strong Proven Leadership 83 .On the mainland. volunteers make a massive contribution to DOC projects as well. to tussock grasslands and coastal areas – have been given priority for protection. Private and community led conservation initiatives form an integral part of the overall drive to protect New Zealand’s natural heritage and promote our clean. Valuable ecosystems – from lowland forests and wetlands. There are now nearly a thousand private or community-led projects dedicated to biodiversity restoration or enhancement work. hundreds of thousands of hectares have been legally protected with the support of targeted funding. Alongside funding for restoration and recovery work. the public. Labour will continue to make additions to land held for public conservation through dedicated funds and the voluntary tenure review process. the conservation estate includes about one third of New Zealand’s land mass. this has produced some dramatic results. Community-led Conservation Many New Zealanders have cared for forest and wetlands on private land and we all share in the benefits of that work. Specific funds have been set up to target and support the range of community-driven conservation initiatives. For instance. green image. there is now help for Kiwis who want to legally protect valuable conservation areas.000 volunteers showed up to put in around 19. mountainous areas. there has been a huge increase in volunteer and community conservation efforts. This has changed the way government supports conservation. Much of it is in steep. The Department of Conservation will continue to lend its expertise to stakeholders to identify and protect indigenous ecosystems on private land. Outside of this. tangata whenua and local government. Direct funding for community-led work on indigenous biodiversity and species recovery projects will continue to be available. the Nature Heritage Fund is dedicated to protecting land that might otherwise be logged or further damaged by introduced browsing animals. Thanks to the enthusiasm and hard work of many ordinary New Zealanders. Labour will retain contestable funds to support and encourage community-led conservation work. Supporting New Zealanders’ enthusiasm for conservation work on private land remains a crucial part of Labour’s strategy to protect our native biodiversity. Over the last decade. Stakeholders include private landowners. over 340.

community and corporate partnerships for conservation projects. farmers and other users of public conservation land do so fairly. It is half way through a ten-year upgrade of huts and tracks around the country. It promotes conservation nationally and advocates for it at all levels of government. worth hundreds of millions of dollars. It operates and continually upgrades a significant national network of huts. Supporting Public Conservation Labour led the world by establishing the Department of Conservation (DOC) in 1987 as an agency integrating the protection of and recreational opportunities in our natural environment. DOC’s species recovery work in island sanctuaries and its pest control work is vital for our threatened species. on behalf of the public. DOC still leads our national conservation efforts. Labour remains committed to DOC as a public service to effectively protect and advocate for our natural heritage. This work should remain founded on the best ecological science and practical conservation management experience. is delivering better services to New Zealanders and tourists as they explore our beautiful wilderness areas. DOC has been asked to do much. It ensures tourist operators. Over the past ten years. DOC has always maintained strong relationships with the community. Labour will actively pursue local government. sustainably and in a manner that protects our heritage. By working closely with the many community organisations and groups involved in conservation. conservation will be enhanced and improved. much more and it has been backed with the resources to do so. kokako and takahe. This project. It is responsible for the protection of our most critically endangered species and operates recovery programmes for our rarest species including kiwi. for conservation purposes. However Labour wants to see even more collaboration between DOC and conservation stakeholders. support them with specific funds and conservation trusts and promote exemption for legally-protected conservation areas from rating by local authorities. for Strong Proven Leadership 84 . It carries out pestcontrol work over hundreds of thousands of hectares each year to protect our indigenous ecosystems.Labour will encourage private landowners to protect conservation values on their land. tracks and visitor facilities. as public support for conservation has grown. It manages over one third of the country’s land. energy companies. including. Today. Labour will ensure that DOC continues to play a leading role in maintaining New Zealand’s biodiversity and advocating for the conservation of natural and historic resources.

example. we are four years in to a multi-million dollar upgrade with huts being upgraded or replaced right around the country. Its aim will be to provide a strong grounding in practical conservation management. Enviro-Schools not only focuses on environmental education but teaches students about sustainability. . native plants and animals and unique marine life lies in our hands and the hands of those who will come after us. including walking. angling. but our tourism sector also depends on it. In the decade prior. more places to go to. Our young people will be the skill base for frontline conservation work in the decades to come. some graduates may seek work through DOC while others may go on to employment in local government or community-led conservation work. our vision is for a fully-developed network of huts. In ten years time . Today . This programme will be targeted at school-leavers who are contemplating working in the conservation sector.000 visitors stayed in huts or lodges in the Abel Tasman National Park alone. Last year nearly 30. boating and Strong Proven Leadership 85 . that supports tourism demand and is the envy of the world. New Zealanders expect that the quality of outdoor recreational experiences. Access to this heritage is of great cultural and social importance. The future of our natural landscapes. rafting. This is a significant asset – not only is it valued by Kiwis. On successfully completing the programme. . trails repaired. community education and involvement in practical conservation projects such as the development of ‘mainland island’ sanctuaries. Over the last decade this network has been replaced and upgraded. our outdoors infrastructure needed significant improvements. and new ones to explore. either by foot or on a bike. . The networks of huts and tracks across our public conservation land form the backbone of New Zealand’s ‘outdoors infrastructure’. There are now new lodges in place of old huts. Labour will build the available pool of conservation rangers. Outdoor Recreation – Helping Kiwis enjoy our heritage Kiwis have a long and proud history of getting out into the great outdoors and exploring the wonderful natural heritage our country has to offer. tracks and infrastructure that Kiwis are proud of. skiing. . We can encourage future generations to value conservation by rolling out initiatives such as the EnviroSchools programme. tramping. Ten years ago . . . no provision for this had been made. climbing. planners and biodiversity specialists by developing a conservation apprenticeship programme. swimming.

Over the next year another four camping sites are expected to open and another nine will be upgraded. and encourage public and community consultation on proposed routes. To address this. However these ecosystems have a history of being impacted by over-fishing. Labour will continue the programme to upgrade the outdoors infrastructure of huts. for example. pigs and other wild animals. Labour will continue to develop new camping grounds as opportunities arise. While the protection of our indigenous biodiversity must always come first. with signage gradually added to identify the route. A recent independent Ministerial Panel consulted with the public widely on how wild animals on public conservation land should be managed. careless waster disposal and sewage Strong Proven Leadership 86 . the contribution that hunters make should be recognised. Labour will facilitate the completion of Te Araroa. Labour believes that hunters can make a contribution to the management of wild animals on public conservation land. which aims to connect Cape Reinga to the Bluff through public walkways and tracks. overdevelopment. remains protected. Many Kiwis also share in a long-held tradition of recreational hunting for deer. walking and cycling trails on former railways land. Labour will promote the development of new outdoor recreational opportunities. Te Araroa. tracks and other visitor facilities. As demand for land around our coastline increases. A community-led trust drives its development and Labour fully supports the goal for a walkway the length of the country.mountain biking. and what role hunters could take. Labour will facilitate the development of a Big Game Hunting Council to co-ordinate all hunting interests. ‘the long pathway’ from North Cape to Bluff. new public camping grounds have been opened on DOC land with four new campsites opening in 2007 alone. New Zealand also benefits from a national walkway. urban and pastoral run-off. This walkway is being developed over time. Our rich marine and coastal ecosystems provide food and recreation. soil erosion. opportunities available for the traditional Kiwi summer camping holiday have decreased. Marine Conservation – Protecting Our Sea Life New Zealanders have always shared a special connection with the sea. It concluded that their efforts do add value but could be better co-ordinated.

local recreational fishers and conservationists and scientists investigating marine species. . . Now we are moving forward with a more collaborative approach. . protection has been fragmented and ad hoc. Ten years from now . New Zealand will be known for its world-leading approach to marine conservation. . our marine life and resources were given little attention and our fishing stocks were in danger of being over-fished. . Iwi have a special stake in the protection and sustainable use of our marine life. It also includes iwi. Communities deserve a say in where and what marine protection is proposed. are also being protected within designated marine sanctuaries and the strongest-ever set of protection measures have been put in place to halt their decline. our trading partners will continue to buy our seafood because they know they are buying a sustainable. Marine reserves are now recognised not just for their scientific benefits but for their public use and enjoyment. A new collaborative process for marine protection right around New Zealand is underway. using a range of options such as trawling and dredging bans as well as marine reserves and other protective measures. Threatened species. Strong Proven Leadership 87 . With so many groups. But our approach is changing.pollution. such as the Maui and Hector’s Dolphins. fishing is managed within a framework of sustainability. Over the last decade our awareness and concern for the marine environment has grown and the way we manage it has developed and changed accordingly. Labour will implement a network of marine reserves and other protected areas for the protection of marine biodiversity with the aim of having 10 percent of our marine environment in some form of protection. quality product. Fishing stocks are now managed within a framework of sustainability and the number of marine reserves has been significantly increased. These include commercial fishers filling orders for export markets. Ten years ago . Many different groups have a high level of interest in our marine areas. Today . This has taken a toll on the vulnerable plants and animals in the marine environment. . In the past. with a network of marine protected areas to support the rejuvenation of our marine life for all New Zealanders to enjoy. This must also be recognised and provided for within the network of protected areas. forging agreement on which areas should be protected remains a challenge. Labour will facilitate the development of taiapure and mataitai reserves to enhance the sustainability of kai moana and to complement marine reserves.

and other sea birds remain at risk from commercial fishing-related threats. some populations are only just beginning to recover. and this extends to the sea.Labour values our status as a world leader in protecting threatened species. to end ‘scientific’ whaling and to advance the South Pacific Whale Sanctuary. Historically. This land comprises mountainous terrain. over 78. In the past decade. Tenure review has been strengthened and improved so that highly-desirable landscape.000 hectares of former pastoral lease land has been added to the conservation estate. preserving its natural values and making it accessible to ordinary Kiwis. high country lakes and tussock grassland. such as lakefront. the world’s rarest marine dolphins. is now underway. After a century of exploitation. While we implement change to protect our marine environment. including sea-lions. However other species. South Island High Country The Crown currently owns 1. Labour has strongly backed international efforts to ensure the world’s whale populations continue to be protected from commercial fishing.7 million hectares of land in the South Island high country on behalf of all New Zealanders. In doing so. We will be vigilant over species that are under threat and act as necessary. Labour will work through international organisations to achieve stronger protection for whales.000 hectares of mountain ranges. a significant high country station and New Zealand’s largest pastoral lease was brought back into public ownership. farmers have the opportunity to give up pastoral lease land with high conservation values in exchange for being able to freehold other parts of their land more suited to farming. A plan to halt the decline of the Maui and Hector’s Dolphins. Strong Proven Leadership 88 . the magnificent St James station. including through the use of mandatory targets and mitigation measures. Labour will work to achieve further reductions in fisheries by-catch of marine mammals and seabirds. albatross. valley floor native grasslands. is protected against inappropriate development. Labour will monitor the effectiveness of existing marine mammal sanctuaries and support the development of further protective measures or sanctuaries as necessary. Most recently. wetlands and more became public conservation land protected for future generations. Under the tenure review process. some 328. it has been leased out to farmers to run sheep and other stock.

High country farming that is environmentally sustainable and economically viable should be encouraged. Public access between private blocks of land in the high country. nine conservation parks in the South Island high country have been created. We believe that the tenure review process should ensure that high country rents are fair and reasonable for lessees while the Crown. Local communities have benefited from increased visitor numbers and protected tussock grasslands also provide valuable water retention for urban water supply. When access is unclear. and a further two are nearly complete. pest and weed control) beyond what they are currently obliged to do. long-term leaseholding should be retained for farmers.g. Labour will offer lower rent to lessees in exchange for public access or for enhanced land husbandry (e.The addition of new public conservation land has also produced economic benefits. irrigation and power generation. Strong Proven Leadership 89 . The kinds of rights for the public that might be negotiated include public accessways to lakes and rivers on public conservation land. this can prevent people being exposed to the full range of experiences our natural landscape has to offer. on behalf of the public. So far. obtains a fair financial return. While the public have benefited with the creation of new conservation parks through the tenure review process. existing public conservation land and newly-acquired conservation land is often unclear. Labour will identify public rights of access through high country land by identifying unformed legal roads and marginal strips alongside waterways. Labour will complete the high country parks and reserves network by combining existing public conservation land with new conservation land from tenure review or purchase.

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Safe and Informed Consumers Labour’s policy for Consumer Affairs 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 91 .

Strong Proven Leadership 92 .

Recently we have enacted laws which require those who provide financial services to be registered and to provide dispute resolution systems. Over the last decade.the time now runs from the moment a consumer discovers he or she has been misled (rather than the time of sale). Scams have been a problem in New Zealand. It also provides for fair rules relating to fees and interest charges that protect consumers from unreasonable charges. Much tougher penalties have been introduced for people who engage in unethical behaviour such as pyramid-selling. Strong Proven Leadership 93 . with many targeting low-income families who can least afford to bear the loss. such as telecommunications companies and the Electricity Commission. New Zealanders can be sure the products and services their families are using are safe.if the motor vehicle seller they are dealing with is registered or has been banned from registering. consumer laws have been strengthened. to make sure that families have clear and easily accessible dispute resolution systems to effectively manage complaints without having to resort to costly legal processes. Many scams have been picked up by new monitoring techniques and from information made available through websites and public awareness campaigns. Labour is committed to a commercial environment where consumers can be confident they are getting a good a deal and where they are aware of their rights. This has introduced an incentive for traders to provide fair and accurate information about products and services. The motor vehicle traders’ register is a free and easy way for families to check . Curbing exploitative lending practices has also been a target for Labour. With robust consumer protection laws. The three-year time limit on complaints about false claims for goods and services under the Fair Trading Act has been changed . Updated credit contracts legislation that deals with hire purchase and loans has improved the information lenders must provide. Improvements have also been made in the information traders must provide about used motor vehicles.Introduction New Zealand consumers need information they can trust. giving consumers meaningful information about the total cost and terms of accessing credit. there has been a crackdown on unethical trading practices and consumers are now able to get redress for problems when they arise. We have focused on working with industries. Changes to motor vehicle sales laws have meant that buying a car is safer because traders must be registered. Over the past decade.at any time . our focus has been on understanding how consumers make decisions and on education campaigns that give people information about consumer rights and product safety. The powers of the Commerce Commission to enforce consumer laws have been increased which has led to an increased number of significant prosecutions.

Ten years ago… A number of unscrupulous traders and lenders regularly breached the law. Investigation has shown that operators in some areas. We will focus on the types of protections that are needed to regulate unacceptable behaviour by some sellers who concentrate on Māori and Pacific markets. Strong Proven Leadership 94 . are important for the kinds of consumer education that will be needed. This work includes an in-depth look at lending and borrowing behaviour with a view to identifying possible further interventions that will reduce the financial strife these lenders can cause families. have a relatively high level of non-compliance with credit laws. Protected and informed consumers In the future. Labour will complete the review of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Act and. We also know the population is becoming more ethnically diverse. Research and information from budget advisers has highlighted that the practices of ’fringe lenders’ — also called loan sharks — who continue to be a significant concern. implement any increased protections for consumers that are identified. More information about consumer rights and product safety was badly needed. following public consultation. We are currently reviewing the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Act. These changes. Today… We have increased legal protections and enforcement against unfair trade practices. with little fear of legal action against them. Concerns have been raised about the exploitative practices of ’mobile shops‘. We need to be able to address the kinds of exploitative lending and marketing practices that could harm vulnerable older New Zealanders. with the fringe-lending industry as a particular focus. ensured there is better consumer information available through a range of different sources. Ten years from now… We will have significantly increased consumers’ knowledge of their rights and tailored consumer information to the needs of communities for the particular kinds of risks they face. There will be significant growth in the number of older New Zealanders. These are businesses that operate out of mobile trucks which frequently sell over-priced goods (particularly clothing) and which target low income neighbourhoods. The Commerce Commission has taken a number of enforcement actions against South Auckland-based traders targeting vulnerable consumers. along with an increasingly multi-cultural New Zealand. and that Māori and Pacific peoples will comprise more of the overall population. Māori are projected to comprise 21 percent of the total population by 2051 and the number of Pacific peoples is expected to double by 2031. we know that population changes will affect the kind of consumer protection and information needed. such as South Auckland.

Successful consumer advice training workshops run by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs have been held around the country. particularly people from Pacific and Māori communities and those with English as a second language. mobile shops that provide credit will have to be registered and be subject to a dispute resolution scheme. are not exploited by unethical mobile shop practices. We need to monitor the dangers associated with the use of new products (for example. Strong Proven Leadership 95 .Under the new financial service provider laws. Labour will ensure that this requirement is enforced. An important way that consumer information and advice is given to families is through government working in partnership with budget advisers and Citizens Advice Bureau staff. through information we get about injuries from ACC claims) to ensure the public can be well informed on safe usage. we need to monitor the safety of products and give families clear and accessible information about safe product use. We will also investigate whether regulation should be extended to those who do not provide credit. The Ministry of Consumer Affairs also uses these training sessions as an opportunity to gather information about current consumer issues in the community so that this information can inform work on changes to consumer law. Labour will continue to monitor product safety and review public education initiatives about product safety to promote safe and informed product usage. and we will build on these. As the technology we use changes and overseas products become readily available. Labour will investigate further regulation of the mobile shops industry to ensure that vulnerable consumers. Labour will increase training for budget advisers and Citizens Advice Bureau volunteers on consumer protection laws and policy.

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Securing Community Safety Labour’s policy for Corrections 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 97 .

Strong Proven Leadership 98 .

300 additional beds. the introduction of electronic monitoring devices has proven effective in monitoring and controlling offenders in the community. including drug dogs. Northland. Labour has not only increased capacity and security in prisons. Labour has imprisoned criminal offenders at an unprecedented rate. This includes vastly increasing work available for inmates.000 population. It has also embarked on a major programme to address the causes of offending and to reduce reoffending. Strong Proven Leadership 99 . Labour has introduced longer prison sentences with a greater proportion of those sentences served. This has required the construction of four new prisons (Otago. Prison Numbers As a result of stronger policing and tougher laws. England and Canada and one of the highest in the developed world. Four new prisons and around 3.Introduction Since 1999. Emphasis has been placed on improving literacy and numeracy skills among inmates and creating opportunities to earn New Zealand Qualification Authority credits. well above comparable countries like Australia.500. sentencing and parole. Tougher measures. and a tougher response to parole applications with declines increasing from 51 percent before the 2002 Parole Act to 71 percent currently. while increased resources in the area of probation will allow improved standards in supervision in this area and in community sentences. There has been a major increase in drug and rehabilitation programmes for inmates. Auckland Regional Women’s. to give offenders work habits. a much higher crime resolution rate by the Police. In Community Corrections. New Zealand currently has an imprisonment rate of 188 per 100. have helped reduce contraband entering prisons and drug tests show a decline in drug taking by two thirds from 34 percent down to 14 percent.300 additional prison beds have been created to cope with a 71 percent increase in prison numbers since the latter part of the 1990s. work experience and work skills. which has had positive effects in reducing reoffending by around 14 percent. down 84 percent since the late 1990s. and Springhill in the Waikato) and around 3. New Zealand’s prison population has increased rapidly as a result of Labour’s increase in police numbers of around 2. Increased security in prisons has resulted in a sharp decline in prison escapes. and tougher laws on bail.

and reducing abuse of alcohol through more restrictive laws and trying to address the culture of binge drinking and tolerance of drunkenness. A continued and increasing focus will be placed on reducing demand for and supply of illegal drugs. Labour will expand facilities in the Auckland region to reduce the number of inmates from Auckland currently being transferred to facilities in other regions because of lack of capacity in Auckland. the use of surveillance equipment. Labour will continue the process of improving prison security and work through a programme to replace obsolete and uneconomic prison facilities beginning with Mt Eden. Labour will put increased resources into early interventions to nip offending in the bud. We will build on the Early Intervention initiatives already underway to keep less serious and lower risk offenders out of the prison environment which exposes offenders to hard core. Labour will work to further reduce the supply of and demand for illegal drugs and reduce abuse of alcohol. and recidivist criminals and to require lower risk offenders to meet their responsibilities to their families through working. paying taxes and providing reparation to victims. Strong Proven Leadership 100 . efforts need to be made to prevent offending in order to get prison rates down in the future. including by addressing neglect and abuse of children in dysfunctional families. Labour will increase its focus on dealing with the causes of crime. single points of entry into prisons and better management. Upgrading Prison Security and Facilities Labour has succeeded in dramatically reducing escape rates from prisons by better physical security such as effective perimeter fences.While serious offenders will continue to get heavy sentences. and will continue to work to bring down reoffending rates through the provision of meaningful rehabilitation programmes. We will continue and build upon efforts to stop prison being a revolving door by addressing the causes of offending and reoffending through proven effective rehabilitation programmes.

Gang Members in Prisons The percentage of gang members and associates in the prison system has increased significantly with Police targeting of and crackdown on gangs involved with serious crime and drug trafficking. likely to result in the decline of parole applications by gang members. Labour will build on and intensify such controls: • By February next year. Under Labour. Telephone conversations and correspondence from gang members will be targeted for the purposes of police intelligence and to prevent gang leaders in prisons continuing to direct criminal associations in the community. continued association with criminal gangs while in prison will count against getting parole. Continued affiliation to and contact with organised criminal groups will be a factor taken into account by Parole Boards. and monitoring. single point of entry and cell-phone jamming have been effective in restricting entry of illicit items into prisons. • Strong Proven Leadership 101 .Safety of Prison Officers Labour will speed up the process under which prison management and unions are working together to improve the safety of prisons officers. either by payphone or letters will be subject to recording. Labour is committed to seeing this issue advance so that prisons have appropriate tools and procedures at their disposal for officers to be able to protect themselves without putting at risk a stable prison environment. drug dogs. Contraband in Prisons / Telephone Jamming and Monitoring Tighter controls in the prison system including the use of metal detectors. By law all lawful communication. all prisons will have cell-phone jamming rendering unlawful communication by inmates by this means inoperable. either at random or by targeting based on intelligence.

Labour will bring into force the Corrections Amendment Bill. which will make it harder to bring contraband into prisons and make it easier to detect such items and punish those who use and peddle them. Provides for random searches of areas. and for anyone to possess an unauthorised item without reasonable excuse while visiting or working in a prison. Strong Proven Leadership 102 . The Bill: • • • Enhances existing powers and procedures for strip searching prisoners. Prison based programmes however need to be balanced by community based programmes focused both on preventing addiction and abuse problems leading to crime and to prevent relapse by inmates following release. Labour will continue to expand Prison-based drug and alcohol treatment programmes subject to the level of need and the availability of skilled drug and alcohol rehabilitation personnel. up from the 40 it inherited from the last National Government. These programmes are subject to on-going evaluation but have so far demonstrated effectiveness in reducing reoffending by around 14 percent. The prison based programmes are made available to inmates who indicate motivation to change their behaviour and at an appropriate time before release to maximise the value to the community and inmates from the investment made in them. Tightens offence provisions relating to contraband – it will be an imprisonable offence for a prisoner to possess or use an electronic communication device such as a cell phone. including staff lockers. Labour will bring into force its Corrections Amendment Bill. which will make it harder to bring contraband into prisons and make it easier to detect such items and punish those who use and peddle them. Supports the integrity of drug testing in prisons by strengthening the measures against tampering with samples. • Drug and Alcohol Treatment Labour has increased the places available for inmates with alcohol and drug addiction and abuse problems to attend six month intensive programmes to 500.

the number of inmates working has increased from 40 up to 51 percent.350 in 2006/07 to 37. with around two thirds of sentenced prisoners now working. Work in Prisons Labour believes that it is vital that inmates. Labour will seek to increase work in prisons to meet the objective of 60 percent of all inmates and 80 percent of sentenced inmates in employment. funding is being boosted by $18 million to expand community based drug and alcohol treatment services over the next two years.000 new jobs over this period. Labour will seek to create nearly 1.000 AOD affected offenders or potential offenders receive treatment per annum. with the number of New Zealand Qualifications Authority credits gained increasing from 20. Strong Proven Leadership 103 . Over the last three years. get the opportunity to acquire work habits. work experience and work skills. AOD specialists are being placed in Police Watch Houses in Christchurch and Counties Manukau.563 in the 2007/08 year. Almost all of the increase has been based on real work programmes rather than in-prison services. In Auckland for example a specialist Alcohol and Other Drug project should see around 2. with other specialist staff to be based at Courts. By 2010. Labour will continue the emphasis on inmates gaining skills needed for successful reintegration into the community and lowered rates of reoffending. This represents an increase of around 900 more jobs. Work Skills Over the last year work skills acquisition by inmates has increased dramatically. who at the time of conviction have high levels of unemployment. This will mean the creation of nearly 1. experience and skills – to reduce reoffending by 2010.Under Labour.000 new jobs for prisoners – providing work habits. Investments in prison based programmes will not be at the expense of community based programmes.

Labour will further expand other programmes such as Maori Focus Units and Faith Based Units which have achieved promising results. Other Rehabilitation Programmes Labour will continue to develop programmes such as Kia Marama and Te Piriti which deal with child sex offenders. Mental Health Needs The cause of much offending in the community can be related to mental health conditions of inmates. Labour has commenced and will this year consolidate new literacy and numeracy programmes which will provide for training for around 1. Labour will provide for literacy and numeracy training for around 1. Corrections and Health have recently worked together to develop for the first time a mental health screening tool for the prison environment.Literacy and Numeracy The use of a new screening tool in prisons has recently found 60 percent of prisoners do not possess the basic literacy needed to engage in society and 35 percent lacked in basic numeracy skills. Labour will also develop appropriate staff training to ensure that the primary mental health needs of inmates are better catered for. The new programmes involve training of around 100 hours per prisoner to complete. where New Zealand has achieved world-leading success in preventing reoffending. Corrections provide primary mental health care with District Health Boards having responsibility for secondary care. subject to full evaluation of their success. The next Labour led Government will provide funding to develop this tool to better identify and make provision for mental disorders suffered by inmates. Labour will put in place a mental health screening tool to better identify and make provision for mental disorders suffered by inmates. Strong Proven Leadership 104 .850 prisoners per year.850 prisoners per year.

customs and defence should continue to be carried out by the public sector. rather than programmes like boot camps. Project Early.Community Corrections With an increasing number of offenders being subject to supervision and control in the community. While stronger policing and tougher laws have been necessary (and expensive). in the longer term prevention through programmes such as early intervention (Early Start. prevention is more effective than cure. which while attractive on a superficial political level have proven ineffective. both in terms of results achieved and costs in getting those results. it is vital that adequate resourcing be made available so that Community Corrections have adequate staffing levels and levels of training. Labour opposes privatisation in corrections and sees National’s proposals as the thin edge to the wedge to privatise key areas of public and social sector services. Labour opposes private prisons. Such prevention programmes. Labour will continue to ensure that Community Corrections is adequately resourced. Strong Proven Leadership 105 . Labour will give priority to funding proven and effective programmes to tackle youth offending. Prevention In criminal offending. Social Workers and Police in Schools etc) must be given greater resourcing. policing. Labour will continue through the budget process to ensure that adequate resources are necessary to meet these needs. must and will be given priority by the next Labour led Government. Privatisation Labour believes that core public sector functions such as corrections.

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A Well-Equipped Modern Defence Force Labour’s policy for Defence 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 107 .

Strong Proven Leadership 108 .

or with the agreement of the United Nations. New Zealand needs an effective. New Zealand is not directly threatened by any other country and is not likely to be involved in widespread armed conflict. while defence spending had been slashed by 30%. All three services were using increasingly obsolete equipment. we need to strengthen United Nations’ peacekeeping efforts. New Zealand has shared alliance commitments with Australia. At this point in the 21st Century. Strong Proven Leadership 109 . today non-conventional threats such as terrorism and instability caused by failing states in our region pose new challenges for our defence force. Labour inherited a defence force whose personnel had been reduced by 24% in the 1990s. surveillance over and protection of resources such as fisheries in our exclusive economic zone. However. As part of our comprehensive approach to security. focused and sustainable defence force which has sufficient personnel and is equipped to undertake the tasks required of it. New Zealand supports multilateralism as the best way to preserve international peace and security and endorses the principles of the United Nations Charter regarding the rule of law and observing human rights. globally. Labour is committed to New Zealand playing an active role in helping to build and keep the peace regionally and. Other functions such as protection of our borders against drug and people smuggling.Introduction A fundamental role of the state is to ensure the security and safety of New Zealand. where required. efficient. In 1999. disaster relief. To carry out these functions. ensure good governance and human rights and support preventative diplomacy and confidence building measures. Framework for Defence and Foreign Policy In order to protect New Zealand’s interests and values. resourcing it adequately while also ensuring the sustainability of its funding. Beyond border protection and protection of our territorial sovereignty. search and rescue and civil defence are further roles for our Defence Force. work to reduce poverty. Our task has been to rebuild and modernise our Defence Force. and in fulfilment of its obligation to be a good international citizen. address the causes of conflict. responsibilities to our neighbours in the South Pacific and roles in promoting security and stability in the Asia-Pacific region and beyond under mandates provided by.

also under a 10 year programme.We accept that there will be times when we need to use force as a last resort to protect and promote our values and interests. For this reason the Defence Force needs to retain combat capabilities. To meet the capital costs of new equipment for the Defence Force. Labour will publish a new White Paper on Defence in 2009. $4.3 billion Long Term Development Plan which runs for 10 years. Strong Proven Leadership 110 . Labour has promoted: • • • • • A joint approach to structure and operations by the three services A modernised and re-equipped army An enhanced navy fleet matched to New Zealand’s wider security needs A refocused and updated air force A funding commitment to provide financial certainty Labour will continue to invest in a modern. Labour’s approach has been to focus on achieving excellence in priority areas rather than spreading defence resources thinly across the board. coinciding with the mid-point review of the Defence Sustainability Initiative and the development of a new capital expenditure programme for the period from 2012 (when the current Long Term Development Plan ends). Over the last nine years within the Defence Force. It will update and build on the Labour-led Government’s June 2000 Defence Policy Framework and the Government’s May 2001 Defence Statement. equipment.6 billion has been set aside. well-staffed and wellequipped Defence Force capable of protecting New Zealand’s interests and participating in peacekeeping and security operations regionally and internationally Acknowledging the need for sustainability. and in many cases state of the art. Defence Equipment In the last decade. To meet operating costs and to start re-growing personnel numbers in each of the three services. Labour has created a $3. Labour has invested to meet key re-equipment needs to ensure that the New Zealand Defence Force has modern. The White Paper will take account of the soon to be published Australian White Paper.

Offshore Patrol and Multi-role Vessel) providing new capabilities for sealift. New Agusta-Westland A109 light utility helicopters will replace Korean War-era Sioux (total investment $911 million) Life extension upgrade for our C-130 Hercules fleet including overhaul of air frame and wiring systems. training and patrol (total investment $500 million) Midlife upgrade of frigates including close-in weapons system and platform upgrade (total investment $83 million) • Army • • • • • • • • • State of the art light armoured vehicles (LAV IIIs) replacing Vietnam War-era M113s (total investment $580 million) High performance light operational vehicles (Pinzgauers) replacing ageing Land Rovers (total investment $94 million) New javelin anti-tank missiles (total investment $24 million) New air defence system (total investment $14 million) New radio equipment (total investment $119 million) New special operations equipment (total investment $14 million) New night vision equipment for all three services (investment of $15 million initially. and new digital cockpit and self-protection system (total investment $255 million) Full upgrade of P3 Orion mission management communication and navigation systems (total investment $373 million) Purchase and modification of Boeing 757 aircraft for dual personnel and freight transport capability (total investment $218 million) Upgrading of Ohakea Air Base (total investment $148 million) • • • • Navy • Project Protector – acquisition of seven new ships (Inshore Patrol. $100 million long term) Light weapons replacement and upgrading (estimated cost $36 million) Improvised explosive device bomb disposal capability (total investment $22 million) 111 Strong Proven Leadership .Air Force • State of the art NH90 medium utility helicopters are replacing Vietnam War-era Iroquois.

and SH-2G Seasprite helicopters. In the near future. • • • Personnel Labour has increased numbers in the Defence Force by over 1. Labour will continue with its goal of a twelve percent increase in overall New Zealand Defence Force personnel numbers over the period of the Defence Sustainability Initiative (2005/06-2014/15). This year the Military Remuneration Review has implemented changes to remuneration which will see wages increase by over 10 percent on average. P-3 Orions. Labour will continue to regularly review and increase Defence Force remuneration to respond to recruitment and retention needs.000 since 2005 under the $4. with higher increases in areas where there are skill shortages.6 billion Defence Sustainability Initiative.Labour will continue the process of ensuring all three Services have modern and appropriate equipment. We are already well on the way towards achieving this. priorities for re-equipment include the following: • • • • Completing of the upgrade of Ohakea Air Force Base Implementing a digitally-based command and control system for NZDF Undertaking an upgrade of the ANZAC frigates self-defence systems Modernising the New Zealand Defence Force’s long range and medium range communication capabilities Providing a computerised Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance system able to exploit advances in data gathering systems Replacing the Army’s general service vehicle fleet Replacing the torpedoes for the ANZAC frigates. implementing the Military Remuneration Review with the 10 per cent average wage increase taking effect progressively from 1 July 2008 to 30 June 2009. Strong Proven Leadership 112 .

regarded by other international forces in Afghanistan as a model of its kind. particularly in areas of skill shortages with the Regular Forces. These include: • Operating a Provincial Reconstruction Team in Bamyan since 2003 (current numbers 136). as in the private sector. with success in helping restore stability and security Special forces operations in Afghanistan up to 2006. We will acknowledge that while military intervention may be necessary to stabilise a situation. and an Air Force Orion Working in United Nations mandated or supported operations in 16 different countries around the world Labour will continue to provide support for international peacekeeping and security operations mandated or supported by the United Nations. have emerged with a tight labour market and near full employment. the Defence Force has successfully carried out deployments into operational areas overseas at a higher level than has been seen for decades. Labour will work with the Territorial Forces Employer Support Council to strengthen the role of Territorial Forces.This will help address recruitment and retention problems which. Labour will work to ensure a whole-of-government approach to help achieve and sustain security and stability in the areas where it deploys. Working with the Regional Assistance Mission in the Solomon Islands since 2003 (current numbers 44) to bring peace and stability there Renewed participation in the International Security Force in Timor Leste since 2000 (current numbers 174). Strong Proven Leadership 113 • • • • • . within New Zealand’s capacity to contribute as a small country. Operations Under Labour. earning the SAS a United States Presidential Citation Award and resulting in the award of the first New Zealand Victoria Cross since 1946 to Willie Apiata VC Operations in the Arabian Gulf involving New Zealand frigates Te Kaha and Te Mana. for the operation to successfully achieve its objectives there will need to be more wide-ranging intervention to deal with the causes of conflict or state failure.

Strong Proven Leadership 114 . tribal or religious tensions. We will ensure these efforts are balanced in providing help that ensures development and good governance. Labour will work to ensure that wherever possible peacekeeping and security interventions follow a holistic approach in dealing with the causes of conflict. and ensure efforts are made to achieve regional participation and co-operation in resolving conflict and that New Zealand works in partnership with the host country and the United Nations.These actions could include building institutions of state and social services and dealing with underlying ethnic.

Respect and Equality for all New Zealanders Labour’s Policy for Disability Issues 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 115 .

Strong Proven Leadership 116 .

Leadership to change social attitudes and public understanding of disability issues The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out objectives to ensure the rights of disabled people. The Disability Strategy states that Labour’s vision will be realised when people with impairments say they live in: “A society that highly values our lives and continually enhances our full participation. The New Zealand Disability Strategy has withstood intense scrutiny since it was published in 2001. They feel they have greater empowerment. Achieving this vision will also involve recognising the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi. based on respect and equality. In August 2008. their abilities are valued. services and policies. Where disabled people are integrated into community life on their own terms. Labour’s priority is to remove barriers and ensure the inclusion of the rights and needs of disabled people and their families into mainstream legislation. and encourages and educates a non-disabling society. Labour’s disability policy is the implementation of that vision and plan. support agencies and government.” We want to build a society that takes no account of the impairments other people have.Introduction Labour’s vision is of a country where disabled people have meaningful partnerships with their communities. Labour believes that government has to lead the way to influence the attitudes and behaviour of society as a whole. The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out a long-term plan for changing New Zealand to an inclusive society where disabled people have a valued role and are able to make a contribution. fosters leadership by disabled people. Disabled people have acknowledged implementation of the New Zealand Disability Strategy is resulting in positive change. their diversity and interdependence recognised and their human rights protected. a review of the implementation of the Strategy was published and it was pleasing to see a shift in attitude towards disability in New Zealand. It continues to be relevant as the mechanism for advancing the participation of disabled people in all areas of daily life. with improvements in communications and accessibility offering them a greater Strong Proven Leadership 117 . The changes made across government agencies and wider society have ensured disability issues are fully considered.

A number of things have helped enable implementation: the Disability Strategy itself. and involvement of disability sector representatives in our delegations to the United Nations. This Award recognised the work done by Labour in government and the disability sector in developing and implementing the New Zealand Disability Strategy and in shaping and negotiating the intent of the United Nations Convention. involvement of and advocacy by disabled people and others. We modelled the spirit of participation with disabled people through consultation on the evolving Convention text. The Convention is the first United Nations human rights treaty of the 21st century. New Zealand was a leader in negotiations on the Convention. They have also reported more inclusion within central government’s decision-making processes. and the move to a social model of disability and a more rights-based approach. the establishment of a Ministerial portfolio with responsibility for disability issues and establishment of the Office for Disability Issues. disabled people still feel that improvement is too slow and that some are benefiting less than others. It makes it explicit that nations must ensure the full realisation of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all disabled people on an equal basis with others and without discrimination of any kind. There is wider recognition of their value and contribution within their communities. Labour is committed to a full review of progress after 10 years to allow comparison of the 2011 post-census disability survey data with the 2001 survey. Labour acknowledges there is still a long way to go before all disabled people are living in a fully inclusive society that values them and enhances their participation.voice. However. Labour will continue to work towards the realisation of the vision set out in the New Zealand Disability Strategy. In September 2008. We will review and respond to the 20 recommendations made by the recent review of the New Zealand Disability Strategy to improve its implementation. New Zealand ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. which is seen as still relevant by stakeholders. We won recognition of our progress in improving the lives of disabled people when New Zealand was awarded the prestigious Franklin Delano Roosevelt International Disability Award for 2007. This includes improving the regular supply of information that can be used to monitor changes in the lives of disabled people. We will prioritise actions that are likely to have the greatest positive effect on the lives of disabled people and provide additional focus on those who are most disadvantaged. Strong Proven Leadership 118 .

allowing greater flexibility over where and when these services are provided. In particular we have sought to improve equity between ACC and non-ACC clients and the services they receive. . work. Offering support so disabled people have the same choices. These New Zealanders did not participate in the community. . Labour believes disabled people should be able to make the same choices about their living arrangements as other New Zealanders. or undertake meaningful education. Today . . We have supported Independent Living. Ten years ago . opportunities and responsibilities as all New Zealanders The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out the goal of creating long-term support systems centred on the individual. Labour will ensure implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Labour has sought to change the way in which New Zealand thinks about the provision of disability support. .Labour will also continue New Zealand’s international leadership on the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. We have explored ways to develop flexible approaches that can offer clients greater choice and control over their lives. . there are no such institutions left in New Zealand. We have increased access to support services for people with chronic health conditions. They will now receive long-term support services as part of an integrated package of health services from their District Health Board. We have made home-based support services more adaptable and more focused on outcomes. We have Strong Proven Leadership 119 . which has allowed many disabled people to move out of the family home and into flatting arrangements. Disabled people now have greater and fairer access to equipment (such as wheelchairs) and to modifications of vehicles and houses. Increasing the level and flexibility of support services for disabled people has been a major focus of Labour in government. We will continue to work sideby-side with disabled people to ensure their experiences and ideas guide our actions. and we will facilitate greater partnership between central government agencies and disabled people. Ten years from now . . disabled people will be supported to make the same choices about their living arrangements as other New Zealanders. there were still at least nine institutions operating in New Zealand where people with psychiatric or intellectual disabilities lived their entire lives.

This report was based on direct dialogue with adults with an intellectual disability. We will look at international best practice. We will ensure a funding and monitoring relationship with community organisations. In order to achieve their goals. they need support to minimise the barriers created by their impairment. more use of direct funding to clients and developing plans for enhanced early support services for families with disabled children. built on the Local Area Co-ordination model from Western Australia. These New Zealanders are a diverse group. Labour will continue its commitment to the removal of inequity of support between disabled people. Labour will implement the recommendations of the National Advisory Committee on Health and Disability research document “To Have an Ordinary Life” to address the barriers New Zealand adults with an intellectual disability face in trying to participate in society. which enables some disabled people to administer their own support budgets. We will continue to implement the directions recommended by the Review of Long-term Disability Supports to: • • • • Improve the focus on outcomes and measurement Enhance consumer choice and service flexibility Build capability Improve co-ordination and contracting To improve the flexibility of disability support. value for money and effectiveness as measured by disabled people and their families with a view to shifting the balance and main priority of the system from assessment of need to more comprehensive assessment. Strong Proven Leadership 120 . Labour will increase use of tailored funding options that co-ordinate the most appropriate local responses to the needs of disabled people. with a wide range of skills and abilities and ‘ordinary’ goals and aspirations. Labour will move the Needs Assessment Service Coordination process to a strengths based approach. trust and outcomes. based on an agreement of principles.introduced individualised funding. the Review recommended more agency discretion in the use of resources. We will continue to support and develop the disability workforce. particularly for home-based and residential support. particularly in assessing need for low-cost supports.

and often need to rely on others to help them access health services. and that even when health care is sought. but do not receive appropriate treatment because of the barriers they face in accessing care. Secondly. Firstly. The concept of service co-ordination needs to shift from allocating people to a limited range of services to a focus on services designed to meet individuals changing needs. re-focusing needs assessment. Labour has invested in primary healthcare throughout New Zealand and we want to ensure that all adults have full access to services such as primary healthcare and dental care. We are aware that disabled people can be disadvantaged in navigating the system and knowing how to access services and support. Labour will ensure quality care for disabled people through appropriate education and training for those caring for people with disabilities. Labour will identify and resolve barriers to health service delivery for disabled people.The report identified three priorities for action. In line with these recommendations. Labour will ensure that a wide range of health services are accessible to those with physical disabilities and accommodate the communication needs of people with a disability or sensory loss. Labour will work to remove these barriers by improving health professionals’ understanding of disabled people and helping ensure that people with intellectual disabilities visit their primary carer more often. Labour will continue to place more emphasis on strategic and comprehensive planning for life with the disabled person and their family. Labour will provide free annual checks for people with intellectual disabilities to ensure that medical conditions are diagnosed early and treated as soon as possible. New Zealanders with intellectual disabilities often have medical conditions that are easily treatable or curable. service co-ordination and service purchasing. Strong Proven Leadership 121 . Labour will provide free annual health checks for intellectually disabled people with high support needs. communication problems can make diagnosis and treatment difficult. Disabled people often face difficulties in accessing health care without support. There is anecdotal evidence that disabled people face discrimination in access to secondary and tertiary care. we need to movie away from the custodial ownership model of service delivery and thirdly. Needs assessment requires a re-focus and up-skilling of staff and emphasis on strategic planning for life with the disabled person and their family and whànau. address the neglect of basic health needs of many adults with an intellectual disability.

Housing New Zealand Corporation has taken steps to ensure their housing stock is suited to the needs of disabled tenants. Supporting quality living in the community The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out a vision of a fully-inclusive society that enhances participation for disabled people. In 2005. and old people's homes (with more than 20 residents). and building regulations added listening devices for the hearingimpaired to the schedule of requirements for cinemas. This includes increasing opportunities for disabled people to live in the community and access to comfortable.It is important that the people providing care for disabled New Zealanders have the appropriate knowledge and training. the Corporation launched a Strategy which included specific actions on improving housing choices for disabled New Zealanders. Strong Proven Leadership 122 . The Act also introduced the need for the Office for Disability Issues to be consulted by the Department of Building and Housing when dealing with complaints about a public building's accessibility. We will ensure that adults with an intellectual disability have tenancy protection and access to their benefit and housing entitlements. Labour will review the funding mechanisms for disability services to ensure that barriers to adequate provision of carer support and respite care are removed. such as where they live and who they live with. public halls. Most New Zealanders grow up and move out of their parents’ home. appropriately-modified housing. theatres. The revised Building Act 2004 increased the promotion of modified homes accessible by disabled people. Labour wants everyone to have the same choices. opportunities and responsibilities around their living arrangements. including investigating changes to funding of close relatives as respite carers. Last year a comprehensive review of the Building Code was undertaken and issues regarding accessibility were a particular area of consultation. Labour is determined to support quality living in the community for disabled people. Labour will ensure that contracting arrangements clearly define and separate the “landlord” and “support service provider” role. Labour believes that disabled adults should also have the choice to move out of the parental home and be supported in their chosen accommodation arrangements. We will work to expand education and training to caregivers to ensure the highest standard of care.

Labour will implement the recommendations of the Human Rights Commission report “The Accessible Journey”. where reasonably possible. Labour will encourage. It introduced a new joint Australian and New Zealand standard for the design and construction of wheelchair hoists. Housing Labour will continue to work towards ensuring supply of accessible homes. Passenger Service Vehicles Amendment 2007. This includes: • The mandatory participation of disabled people in all public land transport planning. and the attachment of hoists and ramps to passenger service vehicles. We will continue to support and fund voluntary agencies providing housing for disabled people. This includes continuing to review the building code and considering further requirements on those constructing new homes and apartments. The establishment of a national Ministerial Advisory Committee of disabled people to advise the Minister of Transport. Labour believes that having accessible public transport is crucial to enabling full participation in communities by disabled people. This change means new vehicles operating as passenger service vehicles will have equipment to assist people with a vision and hearing impairment. and occupant restraints. Transport Labour will help break down barriers that unfairly prevent disabled people from going to work. Industry-wide mandatory training in disability awareness and disability competency. school and enjoying community activities. 123 • • • Strong Proven Leadership . came into force on June 2007. The Land Transport Rule.Supporting quality living in the community also means making sure that disabled people can access transport that meets nationally-consistent accessibility standards. We will place a particular emphasis on the accessibility of new and existing state and social housing. the design and construction of residences to ensure that a higher proportion of the housing stock is suitable to meet the needs of people of all abilities. funding and implementation. The development of mandatory National Accessibility Design Performance Standards and a time for implementation. ramps.

sustainability. Labour has listened to the concerns of disabled people who are looking for work or are keen to participate in their communities in other ways. Last year we made a range of changes to ensure that Work and Income can better support their clients. and we believe that with the right support. trains and ferries. In 2007. including phasing out the old stereotype labels such as "invalid". including minimum wage provisions for work of comparable productivity and access to statutory holidays. along with issues relating to administration and transport providers. potential and rights of disabled people.The Total Mobility Scheme provides subsidies taxi services to people with serious mobility constraints and funding assistance for the purchase and installation of wheelchair hoists in taxi vans. rights and entitlements as everyone else. The Act conflicted with Labour’s aim of ensuring that disabled people have the same employment conditions. portability. consistency. Other concerns raised relate to the Scheme being restricted to areas with access to buses. Labour will identify options to improve the adequacy. Next year we will make further changes to ensure services are focused on individual needs and circumstances. the repeal of the Disabled Persons Employment Promotion Act abolished outdated concepts about the ability. and coverage of the Scheme. set out in the 2001 Pathways to Inclusion strategy. This strategy aimed to increase the participation of disabled people in employment and to increase the participation of disabled people in their communities. concepts which are no longer appropriate or acceptable. The review showed that because there are significant regional variations in the way the Scheme is being operated. Supporting disabled people into appropriate paid work and training The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out the objective of providing opportunities in employment for disabled people. One major step is the implementation of Labour’s policy for vocational services. Strong Proven Leadership 124 . Labour will continue to implement the recommendations from the review of the Total Mobility Scheme. This will be achieved through planning and training for those entering employment. everyone can. We know that most people want to work. and the development of employment options that recognise the diverse needs of disabled people. inequalities have arisen regarding eligibility and entitlement.

increasing their incomes and standard of living and widening their experience and interests. Labour will continue to focus on increasing the proportion of disabled people who are able to participate in paid work. with more participants either moving off a benefit or more people declaring earnings while remaining on benefit. disabled people will be supported to engage in employment that is fulfilling and meaningful. Between 2001 and 2008. Today . . sets out the steps to help tertiary providers make this possible. . the number of disabled people using vocational services who have gained or retained employment has increased from approximately 1200 to over 11500 Ten years from now . Labour will ensure the implementation of “Kia Orite: Achieving Equality”. Strong Proven Leadership 125 .Ten years ago . disabled people employed in sheltered workshops have the same employment conditions. rights and entitlements as everyone else. the Disabled Persons Employment Promotion Act allowed sheltered workshop providers to have exemptions from the Minimum Wage Act 1983 and the Holidays Act 2003. ‘Kia Orite. Tertiary education enhances peoples’ lives by contributing to their general knowledge and understanding. Also. We will review the implementation of Pathways to Inclusion to ensure better support for those who are able to move into paid employment and ensure the community participation model is delivered. An evaluation of the Pathways to Inclusion policy has just been released showing that more people are making use of community participation and employment services. more people are in employment. Achieving Equality’. These benefits need to be available to all New Zealanders. . It is clear the sector has come a long way since 2001 and this policy has had a significantly positive effect on the lives of disabled New Zealanders. . This will include: • • • • • Employer education and networking Maintaining an appropriate levels and flexibility of job support funds Funding supported employment services at an appropriate level Increased transition support and services for disabled students Supporting “business enterprises” to help people into paid work Supporting disabled people to participate and achieve in employment means providing equal access to the best training and education. . including specific targets and subsequent plans. the New Zealand Code of Practice for an Inclusive Tertiary Education Environment for Students with Impairments. .

and to remain hopeful).Labour will provide the support and services for disabled people to participate in employment. care for their children and be supported in doing so. We will also work towards a core benefit to ensure that individuals receive support and services from Work and Income based on their individual need. Support for disabled children and young people The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out the goal of enabling children and youth to lead full and active lives. This means the support provided to children and their families needs to be appropriate. to maintain employment. legislation and operational practice related to children and young disabled people and their families who are involved with Child. 16% attended a combination of mainstream classes and a special unit (2001). regular school because of impairment. No child will be denied access to their local. We want to ensure that out-of-home placements are only used as a last resort. Families with young disabled children need early identification. timely and effective. to parent all their children effectively. not their benefit category. Labour believes that families should. This report is an analysis of the issues surrounding out-of-home placement of disabled children. Youth and Family and the Disability Services Directorate. We have worked to ensure that all children and their families are able to access programmes aimed at giving children the best start in life. It Strong Proven Leadership 126 . This includes parenting information and home visiting programmes. Today …85% of disabled children are included in mainstream classes full-time. Labour is committed to incorporating the rights and needs of disabled children and their families into mainstream legislation and policies. learn and achieve in the education setting chosen by the child and their family. Labour will consider. Only 2% do not participate in the mainstream (2006). in conditions that prepare them for adulthood. wherever possible. are as important as the direct disability support needs of disabled children. and 9% attend both mainstream classes and a special unit. Ten years ago …about 74% of disabled children attended mainstream classes. and implement where recommendations of the “Best of Care?” review. Ten years from now …disabled children will be supported to participate. Our approach has recognised that the needs of other family members (to maintain ordinary lives. the The ‘Best of Care?” review examined policy. planning and to be included in mainstream universal and targeted services. appropriate.

The Carers’ Strategy addresses issues that affect the Strong Proven Leadership 127 . These assessments will explore ways of ensuring that assessment is made at an early stage.highlights some critical issues that are limiting effective support for disabled children and their families. Providing a safe and supportive home for disabled children may require additional resources. Labour wants to acknowledge and support family. included and learning to their full potential in their local regular school. Education today is about providing opportunities for every child to participate. Labour will roll out health and education assessments to other regions if existing trials show the process to be successful. and improving access to services. whanau and all those who support disabled people. Personalising learning is a way of describing this renewed focus on quality teaching and learning tailored to the needs of every student. Labour will offer better support for parents by developing early intervention and family support through the Well Child framework. Health and education assessments for children and young people in care are currently being trialled in four regions of New Zealand. whanau and people who provide ongoing support to people with a disability. This will include support for school leadership programmes to help teachers work towards a truly inclusive school community. strengthening processes within and between agencies. learn and achieve. and that information is passed between relevant agencies to ensure appropriate supports are put in place. We will increase teacher professional development support to ensure all teachers have the skills and confidence to teach every individual child. Our desire to strengthen processes between agencies includes the way in which agencies share information about the needs and assessment of children in their care. In April this year we launched the New Zealand Carers’ Strategy and Five-Year Action Plan. a network of over 40 nongovernment organisations. Support for the families and carers of disabled people The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out the objectives of valuing families. Labour wants to provide all children with a safe and supportive home environment. We are committed to clarifying the funding responsibilities of agencies. Labour is clear that the needs of the education system for the 21st century are different from the education system of last century. Labour will ensure all disabled children are welcome. This Strategy broke new ground as a joint initiative between the government and the New Zealand Carers Alliance.

Labour will continue to support and implement the Carers’ Strategy. Labour will review the funding mechanisms for disability services to ensure that barriers to adequate provision of carer support and respite care are removed.thousands of New Zealanders assisting friends and family members who need help with everyday living due to ill health. disability or old age. The five objectives of the Carers’ Strategy are to: • • • • • Provide information Protect the health and wellbeing of carers Enable carers to take a break Provide financial support for carers Provide training and pathways to employment for carers The Action Plan will help deliver our vision for carers over the next five years so their roles are better recognised and valued. Strong Proven Leadership 128 . Labour will support disabled parents to ensure that their children get the best start in life. including investigating changes to funding of close relatives as respite carers. It will offer carers more choices and a stronger voice on issues that affect them. Labour also recognises that disabled parents face additional challenges in providing good parenting for their children. The Carers’ Strategy is part of Labour’s wider strategy to improve the choices of parents and other informal carers so they can better balance paid work with caring responsibilities and other aspects of their lives.

A Good Start for All Labour’s policy for Early Childhood Education 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 129 .

Strong Proven Leadership 130 .

developing cognitive skills. Volunteer-led early childhood providers such as Playcentre face different cost pressures to kindergartens and other teacher-led services where the major cost is salaries. from $276 million to over $1 billion today.and 4-year-olds are now benefiting from the scheme. almost 90. to ensure that kaiako/teachers have the opportunity to grow and develop in their profession.Introduction Labour has always believed in the power of education to transform lives. Strong Proven Leadership 131 . or nearly 90 per cent of eligible children. More than half of eligible Kohanga Reo (55 per cent) are already part of the 20 Free Hours’ scheme. Labour will work with parent-led early childhood providers like Playcentres to explore how they can be supported to offer free early childhood education. Our annual investment in early childhood education has more than tripled since 1999. public education is a core Labour value. Investing in the quality of ECE and improving participation has been a major focus for Labour. Labour will support more Kohanga Reo to offer 20 Free Hours by encouraging the professional development of Te Kohanga Reo teachers. quality. self-esteem and reinforcing social and cultural values. An evaluation of the impact of 20 Hours Free on the early childhood sector reveals that factors such as the availability of parent volunteers and a lack of administrative support are making it difficult for parent-led centres to grow. Universal access to free. Expanding Quality Free Early Childhood Education One year on from the launch of Labour’s 20 Hours Free Early Childhood Education policy. We know that quality early childhood education (ECE) lays the foundation for children’s’ later learning.000 3. Labour will retain the right of all 3 and 4-year-olds to 20 Free Hours early childhood education at a teacher-led service and allow centres to offer free hours for longer each day. Labour wants to see more Kohanga joining. Labour wants to see all young children enrolled in early childhood services because we know they provide a strong foundation for success later in life and the best chance for everyone to reach their full potential.

000 places will be needed by 2011 if we are to realise our vision of all children participating in ECE for at least 20 hours per week before they enrol at school.000 places. The Ministry of Education actively plans for new schools using population projections and local authority planning data. Population projections suggest an additional 19. creating an additional 6. Labour will ensure that when planning any new state schools. will place a strain on the capacity of the early childhood sector. A Quality Teaching Profession The drive to professionalise the ECE workforce is a major stream of Nga Huarahi Arataki. particularly in South Auckland. This will include expanding the Discretionary Grants Scheme to assist with the establishment and expansion of community based services. consideration is given to including a community-based early childhood centre on the site.Meeting the Demand for Early Childhood Education A predicted mini-population boom. Planning for our growing population will be important if we are to ensure there are sufficient places in ECE in all communities. Labour will look at resource management processes surrounding the establishment of new centres to ensure Early Childhood Education centres are treated on an equivalent basis to other education providers. Pathways to the Future. the ten-year strategic plan for early childhood education. Labour will develop a nationwide plan to ensure there are sufficient early childhood education places in areas with low participation and/or growing numbers of children. Over $100 million has been invested in the community-based early childhood education sector during this decade. Building communitybased ECE centres on new school sites makes good sense where there is a lack of places in the local community. even when they are located adjacent to schools. particularly in combination with making 20 Hours Free available to all 3 and 4-year-olds. This ensures that potential school sites are identified early and purchased for future requirements. Local authority designation processes can make it difficult to establish new early childhood centres. Research tells us that the quality of early childhood education is Strong Proven Leadership 132 .

group size and the qualification levels of teachers. 50 per cent of staff in ECE services are currently required to be trained teachers. Labour will support Centres of Innovation to carry out research into teaching and learning to strengthen effective practice in early childhood education.determined by the ratio of trained adults to children. Research into effective teaching practice will help to inform on-going teacher professional development and ensure the sharing of best practice. Labour will extend the scholarship scheme for early childhood teacher trainees. Labour believes a fully-professional workforce in ECE is an important and achievable goal. Growing numbers of children in ECE means the need for trained staff will also increase. Strong Proven Leadership 133 . In order to qualify for full funding. Labour will continue towards 100 percent of all staff in teacher-led services being qualified with an early childhood qualification recognised by the Teachers Council by the end of 2012.

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For Today and Tomorrow Labour’s Policy for the Economy 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 135 .

Strong Proven Leadership 136 .

When Labour became the Government at the end of 1999 the New Zealand economy faced many structural problems which had not been addressed. A major element of this was a very low level of private savings.Introduction The Labour Party has always stood for promoting economic growth which delivers a fair share of that growth to all New Zealanders. the Closer Economic Relationship agreement had. There was very little government support for private sector research and development. New Zealand is a more equal society than it was in 1999. There was no integrated skills policy. Regional development. was seen as a dirty term. at best. Infrastructure investment had been all but ignored and as a percentage of national income was running at the lowest levels seen in many decades. by the free market reforms of the previous fifteen years. Public transport systems were run down and steadily declining in relative usage. Inequality had increased significantly. State assets had been sold and their private owners had failed and were failing to invest at a sufficient level to underpin longer term growth. By 2008 this picture of malign neglect has been changed in all its essentials.000 – which has been the main contributor to household incomes rising more than 25 per cent on average in real terms. Strong Proven Leadership 137 . been in a holding pattern for 10 years. in particular. The primary reason for this has been the large growth in the number of jobs – over 350. On the international front. merely an increasing transfer of costs to students accompanied by a proliferation of low-value courses unrelated to New Zealand’s strategic needs. Fairer industrial relations law – the Employment Relations Act – and the Working for Families package have also been significant contributions. or had even been made worse. The benefit cuts of the early 1990s and the anti-worker Employment Contracts Act has made the natural tendencies of a freemarket economy worse. The previous National government had failed to sign any new significant trade agreements initiated by New Zealand. New Zealand’s capital markets were weak and growing weaker. No government agency was tasked with the promotion of economic development.

Direct public spending on research and development has continued to rise and a 15% research and development tax credit introduced for the private sector which should see a substantial boost to private sector research and development. a development that is critical to raising our potential or 'non inflationary' growth rate further over time. And now KiwiSaver is helping some 800. Strong Proven Leadership 138 . From early childhood to the tertiary sector the education system has been revamped. taxes on savings have been cut. successful new literacy and numeracy programmes in primary schools. Twenty hours free early childhood education. Finally. supported by and prepared with the CTU and Business New Zealand. The New Zealand Superannuation Fund is building up assets to help pay for New Zealand Superannuation over the long term. Labour has increased spending on public transport fifteen-fold. an integrated skills strategy. Regulatory changes are forcing a higher level of investment by the private sector telecommunications companies. New Zealand is engaged in its biggest road building and upgrading programme in decades. The base is being built for stronger capital markets and reducing our dangerous level of dependence on overseas investment to fund our economic growth. and the introduction of NCEA in secondary schools will produce a much stronger base of skills.000 New Zealanders to add to their New Zealand Superannuation income in retirement. Labour has bought back first the rail track and then the rail operating company so as to ensure that investment can be increased and freight moved off the roads while the full value of that investment is retained in New Zealand. is being rolled out. Labour in government has overseen a transformation of our telecommunications sector with the introduction of greater competition at all levels. The Labour government has put in place major changes to lift our national savings levels.Government spending on infrastructure is now nearly three times what it was in 1999. The new emphasis on quality and relevance in the tertiary system is underpinned by the new funding model. Major upgrades to the urban rail systems in Auckland and Wellington are underway. The creation of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade and Enterprise New Zealand means that the government has both the policy and delivery mechanisms to put economic growth at the forefront of government actions. At the same time. Capped fees and interest-free student loans have removed many of the financial barriers to participation in tertiary education. Skills policy has been moved to the forefront of economic policy.

It is also to ensure New Zealand is at least in the top half of the OECD in terms of social and environmental measures. We focused on the lowest rate so all New Zealanders benefit.5 per cent A lifting of the 21 per cent threshold by $10.500 to $20. becoming sustainable and in investing and training for workers. A Kiwi family on the average household income of $72. we will deliver $50 a week or more to around 50 per cent of all households. Labour will do the right thing for workers. By full implementation of the tax package in 2011. This year we reduced the company tax rate from 33 to 30 cents so that businesses could re-invest their profits in new technologies. Labour’s personal tax plan will result in: • • • • • A new low tax rate of 12. that Kiwi family is almost $85 a week better off – the equivalent to a 7. Labour is committed to keeping the company tax rate at a fair.000 And advancing boosts to working for families from 1 October 2008 By April 2011.000 – split two thirds/one third between two parents – with two children at primary school is almost $43 a week better off from 1 October this year – that’s equivalent to a 3. families. Now is the time to take the next steps on New Zealand’s journey to greater prosperity and greater fairness. a higher standard of living without destroying our environment or exploiting the workforce. Only Labour is committed to both these concepts and to ensuring a fair share of the fruits of growth for all.6 per cent increase in take home pay.5 per cent increase in their take home pay.Labour has also introduced tax cuts that are responsible and fair to workers.500 A lifting of the 39 per cent threshold by $20. Strong Proven Leadership 139 . What unites sustainability and productivity is the more efficient use of resources so as to produce more with less.000 A lifting of the 33 per cent threshold by $4. Labour’s goal is to lift New Zealand into the top half of the OECD in terms of per capita GDP. The agenda for the next decade or more will be driven by two concepts: sustainability and productivity. and the economy. competitive level.500 to $42.000 to $80.

or distance and which are less environmentally constrained. Labour supports undertaking a major programme of new investment in KiwiRail and will develop mechanisms to support coastal transport and achieve better integration of our ports system. Labour will also encourage the early adopting of new vehicle technologies with vehicle emissions to be reduced by half by 2040. Better integration of rail. This will create a price for carbon in the New Zealand economy which will. This will grow to a $2 billion fund to support research and development in the primary sector industries. information and communications technology. Waste reduction. Labour has set a clear goal of 90% of electricity being renewably produced by 2025. all sectors emissions trading scheme. over time. Significant opportunities exist for major intermodal shifts of freight from road to rail and sea. This now needs to be effectively implemented and further work done to reduce our large waste streams. and coastal sea transport. At risk industries will be assisted to adapt and change while specific measures will be taken to assist consumers.A Sustainable Economy A sustainable economy will be built on the following policy foundations: Implementation of an effective emissions trading scheme. New Zealand Trade and Enterprise and other government agencies will be resourced to continue progressing these important areas of work. Non-environmentally constrained business promotion. with a particular emphasis on sustainability. and screen productions are particularly attractive in that respect. Accelerating the switch to renewable energy sources. Labour will phase in an all gases. Labour supports substantially boosting funding for energy efficiency projects. Strong Proven Leadership 140 . expansion of solar water-heating. Labour sees significant opportunities for developing businesses which are not constrained by New Zealand’s size. This will include accelerated retrofitting of homes. Intensified research and development on sustainability. road. Under Labour parliament has passed new waste reduction legislation. Labour has set up the Fast Forward Fund. design. enable us to meet our international obligations. Such areas as biotechnology. Labour will also give greater emphasis to sustainability in the criteria used by other state supported research funds. and other measures to improve energy efficiency in homes and businesses. Increased energy efficiency.

Labour believes that New Zealand must take a more strategic approach to skills development. and from 2014 of eighteen. new materials technologies. Labour set out a big vision for the future of secondary education to improve young New Zealanders’ chances of success. By 2011 we will have youth apprenticeships available in every high school in New Zealand for students from Year 9 onwards. Not all those students will be in school – but they will still be learning in work or in training. From 2011. Skills Human capital is the main input in a modern economy. Strong Proven Leadership 141 . From 2011 there will be an education or training leaving age of seventeen. where the potential of emerging or re-emerging sectors has reached a point where they are ripe for acceleration (e. To build on the major work already undertaken: Labour will develop and implement the Schools Plus programme. every student from Year 9 on will have their personal education plan – agreed between them. This will provide a varied and attractive set of pathways for teenagers to move from school to work or further education. The main elements of increasing productivity are skills and infrastructure. and through improving the skills of people already in the workforce. both in terms of enabling more of our young people to be in a position to access it. we want our schools to be able to respond to the full range of abilities of our teenagers – and to make education relevant and personal to all our young people. Productivity A successful sustainability agenda implemented effectively should assist productivity. their school and their family. new renewable energy technologies and some health technologies).g. Under Schools Plus. Labour will resource and implement the New Zealand Skills Strategy so as to equip all our people with the skills necessary for full participation in a modern economy.There may be further areas of focus.

This includes language. learning is now lifelong. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations over the course of their working life. employers and communities on a regional as well as national basis. In the near term. That will often require a period of retraining. Strong Proven Leadership 142 . We will fully implement all components of the skills strategy. literacy and numeracy. and meet the education and training needs of students. but will also equip our workers with better management and leadership skills. but with no spousal income test. and are supported to carry this out. All New Zealanders must have the opportunity to reach their full potential – and have the chance to fill the skilled job slots available in the economy. skills are increasingly important. the prospect of fall out from the international crisis also requires us to have new plans for workers whose jobs might be affected. Labour will ensure that polytechnics give priority to their task of assessing employment needs and facilitation of regional tertiary education sector responses. Over the last three years. Labour will also introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole. and therefore their contribution to New Zealand’s productivity. improved management and leadership capability in organisations. skills plans and streamlining the government’s firm capability programmes with those in the private sector. It is not something that stops when we leave school or finish an apprenticeship. In the modern world. Labour will introduce a new retraining allowance. awareness raising. The New Zealand Skills Strategy will not only lift skills levels across the workforce.With industry and unions. Labour has significantly reformed tertiary education to improve the sector's ability to deliver on government priorities. on the same basis as a student allowance. We need to build on this further. Labour recognises this and is putting in place measures to support workers to gain new skills throughout their working lives. This will ensure that firms can better harness the skills young people learn through industry training and modern apprenticeships. we have developed a unified skills strategy to lift the skill base of the existing workforce. In other words.

We must change with it so that we maintain our international competitive advantages and continue to attract the migrants with the skills New Zealand needs for our economic growth. Much of that growth has occurred in skill shortage areas — areas that are vital to the basic functioning and future growth of our economy. society and families. Migrants enhance our economy by reminding us to think and act globally. migrants have accounted for 60 percent of the growth in the national workforce.This will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. New Zealand’s population has become increasingly multicultural during the last decade. We do not want to discourage young New Zealanders from doing their traditional “OE”. Over the past five years. The movement of skilled migrants between countries is now a global norm. Labour will strengthen programmes to attract overseas New Zealanders to return to work in New Zealand. With record low unemployment rates. or overseas work experience. Strong Proven Leadership 143 . because these people generally return to New Zealand with valuable work and life experience. However it is important that we maintain contact with skilled New Zealanders overseas so that we can continue to promote their eventual return home. Expatriate New Zealanders can be viewed as another part of the pool of talent that New Zealand can draw on to fill labour market gaps. Labour will continue to emphasise the attractions of skilled migrants as the main element of our immigration policy. These allowances will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. However the global immigration environment is changing and becoming increasingly competitive in terms of skilled migrants. Labour will outline further measures to support workers in changing times in our other policies. give our businesses international connections and provide a range of skills to transform our economic landscape. Like the rest of the world. we have adapted our immigration policies to help meet labour shortages and ensure New Zealand has people with the skills we might otherwise be lacking. and that has had an overall positive impact on our economy. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks. with comparable countries such as Australia experiencing similar trends to us. New Zealand has benefited from consistently positive net migration over the past seven years. The course will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration. They drive innovation.

We expect to invest $5. In terms of expanding our tools for future growth Labour is committed to improving New Zealand broadband. as part of our ten year plan for a fast broadband future. Labour will maintain a twenty year plan for sustainable infrastructure development in New Zealand. This has seen new highways and motorway extensions built throughout New Zealand. The overall picture of this decade is one of significant rebuilding and unprecedented levels of investment. We believe that having undergone a major rebuilding of our nation – with record investments in hospitals. including the Wellington Inner City Bypass and the Auckland Central Motorway Junction. schools. we will be able to move more freight off our roads and onto rail. • Labour will keep New Zealand’s rail in public hands. we can make the strategic decisions and investments necessary for rail to play its full part in building a more sustainable New Zealand. Specifically. Labour will support the creation of an electrified rail network for Auckland. within that 20 year plan. so that our most promising business people are given the support needed to become the best. We will use Strong Proven Leadership 144 . roads and other infrastructure – we have a once in a generation opportunity to chart an ambitious course for New Zealand. Annual funding for roading has more than doubled to over $1. We believe that with our rail system back in public ownership.9 billion this year. Rail will also play a bigger role in public transport in our major centres. This will be done in partnership with Business New Zealand. including the North Shore and beyond. Over the next five years we will invest half a billion dollars into broadband. a 180 per cent increase since 1999. Over time. Work with local government on measures to address priority infrastructure needs at the local level Put in place comprehensive plans to lift New Zealand’s water quality and ensure that our water usage is consistent with long term sustainability objectives.We will also examine mechanisms to assist in moving good business management into world-class business management. Infrastructure Labour is committed to strong investment in essential infrastructure.4 billion in physical infrastructure this year. Labour will invest $1 billion or more in the next ten years in modernising KiwiRail as our economy confronts the sustainability challenge. Labour will: • • Set a 90% renewable electricity generation target.

Labour changed the law to allow for public/private partnerships and will continue to explore opportunities in this regard on a case by case basis.this funding to accelerate broadband investment and high speed rollouts to businesses. It will also be used to extend broadband into under-served regions. local authorities. particularly in rural New Zealand. Strong Proven Leadership 145 . Macroeconomic Environment A sustainable economy requires a supportive macroeconomic environment. but is committed. New departmental initiatives will. Labour will lift the New Zealand telecommunications system into the top ten in the world. Labour will work in conjunction with the Treasury and the Reserve Bank to promote best international practice coordination between fiscal and monetary policy implementation in order to best protect the tradeable sector from undue volatility in interest and exchange rates. Issuing Infrastructure Bonds allows us to accelerate our efforts to make vital transport improvements for the long-term benefit of New Zealand Labour will support the rational use of public/private partnerships for large scale infrastructure developments where these can deliver more effective solutions for communities at lower cost to ratepayers and taxpayers. to a level of Crown debt that will allow us to manage known future fiscal demands (such as those arising out of population ageing). New initiatives which Labour will announce prior to the election will be funded within currently projected fiscal allowances. in the first instance. Labour’s much-increased level of spending on infrastructure needs to be maintained until the nation has fully undone the damage caused to its productive capacity through under-investment during the wasted decade of the 1990s. universities. Labour recognises that in the current circumstances the government will be running a significant deficit in the short term. Labour will broaden the funding options for infrastructure development in two main ways: Labour will issue long-term infrastructure bonds which have a tax-free inflation-indexed element. Infrastructure Bonds are specifically linked to long-term investment in infrastructure. be paid for out of baselines. to make the link clearer between revenue and investment. schools and hospitals in urban centres. over the longer term.

The Capital Market Development Taskforce is looking at the current state of our capital markets.Labour will not respond to a more difficult fiscal environment by cutting back on public services to New Zealanders. as our opponents would do. We will. New Zealand firms need ready access to affordable capital. the international context. We remain committed to strong. Labour will maintain the effectiveness of recent changes to the tax system in improving New Zealand’s savings and investment levels and is committed to progressing its international tax reform agenda to strength the competitiveness of New Zealand-based firms. future risks and opportunities and key changes necessary to deliver the best possible financial system for New Zealand. Labour will consult with the Guardians of New Zealand Superannuation and KiwiSaver Providers on what changes to current settings would most facilitate increased investment in New Zealand by their funds. But to strengthen this position we must continue to develop the breadth and depth of our capital markets. properly resourced and effective public services. spending which contributes most to economic and social development is given the highest priority. International Connections Increasing New Zealand international connections is central to economic success. To deliver wealth and jobs. the business tax package and the changes to the Portfolio Investment Entity regime. boosted by the over 800. Improving the investment environment is a key part of Labour's economic transformation strategy. and will ensure that. New Zealand's capital markets have improved over recent years. We have already established an industry-led taskforce to producing a blueprint and action plan to develop New Zealand's capital markets. For this reason we are setting out a formal target. It will report in mid-2009. Labour will deepen venture capital and equity markets through a “fund of funds” in venture capital a joint public/private sector foundation for independent research on equities. Labour will further develop financial markets to address issues of small capital markets and other problems. Strong Proven Leadership 146 . however.000 people who have joined KiwiSaver. strictly prioritise spending over the next three-tear term.

There are also formal international commitments that establish an explicit obligation on the New Zealand government to ensure an adequate minimum wage.Labour will work with exporters to lift exports to 40 per cent of GDP by 2020 and to 50 per cent by 2030. seeking collaborative approaches to offshore markets Strengthen New Zealand international telecommunications connections • • • Minimum Wage An effective Labour market policy can both underpin economic growth and ensure the fruits of growth can be shared fairly. Labour will continue to support multilateral negotiations through the World Trade Organisation as its highest priority and we will continue to negotiate links with rapidly growing economies such as India. starting with China to take advantage of the Free Trade Agreement Extend the successful beach-heads programme Support New Zealand business groups. International Labour Organisation (ILO) Convention 26 recommends that minimum wages should be set according to the "general level of wages prevailing in the country". Free trade negotiations are underway or being prepared bilaterally with Japan. A regional free trade agreement with Singapore. To support our ambitious target. particularly the United States and Japan. and South Korea and regionally in the Asia-Pacific area. such as the Wine Institute. Brunei. However there is more to do. and Chile has been signed and the United States has announced it is seeking comprehensive negotiations to become part of this. Labour has breathed new life into the CER agreement with Australia. This is being transformed into a single economic market agreement with a number of steps already taken. India. Labour will: • Strengthen Trade and Enterprise’s offshore presence. The minimum wage is part of every government’s general responsibility to ensure socially acceptable employment standards that are prescribed and enforceable. South Korea and the ASEAN nations as well as with established developed country trading partners. It provides a floor for wages paid to employees. A free trade agreement with China has been signed: the first for a developed country. Strong Proven Leadership 147 . Our record in trade is strong.

This also ensures that the earnings of people on low incomes do not deteriorate relative to those of other workers. such as building societies.00 an hour. has a significant positive effect on the lives of working New Zealanders and their families. On 1 April 2008.00 an hour.25 to $11. Raising the minimum wage. Labour will guarantee annual adjustments to the minimum wage during the next term of government. whichever is the greater. so that the minimum wage at least keeps pace with increases in the average wage or the consumer price index. Labour would like to meet this target if possible. Last year's increase lifted the adult rate from $10. This was the largest increase in the adult minimum wage since the incoming Lange Labour government boosted the rate in 1985. The scheme covers all retail deposits of participating New Zealand-registered banks and retail deposits by locals in non-bank deposit-taking entities.000 New Zealanders experienced increases in their income in 2008. to $12 per hour. Labour will ensure that the current international crisis does not lead to a prolonged recession in New Zealand. this is more than four times what they would have experienced in the decade before. but in the current economic circumstances we are not able to commit to doing so. Labour’s plan for responding to the international downturn The New Zealand economy is clearly facing short term challenges from the global financial turbulence. and increases the incentives to work for people considering work. New Zealand’s lowest paid workers have experienced increases to their income of 71%. We have already announced a retail deposit guarantee scheme to reinforce confidence in our financial and banking systems. combined with other assistance such as with Working for Families. That is why we are committed to offering wage protection to vulnerable workers so that they are paid wages that reflect their worth and productivity. Labour believes that we need ensure that all wages reach a socially acceptable minimum.20 to $9. The minimum wage increased every year since 1999.In this decade. Over 120. the minimum wage was increased again from $11. Especially during these times of turbulent economic conditions.25 per hour and the youth rate from $8. it reduces the stress and tension some families face in trying to managing financial pressures while ensuring a happy and healthy family environment. We acknowledge that there have been calls from a number of quarters to lift the minimum wage to $15.25 per hour. credit unions and deposit-taking finance companies Strong Proven Leadership 148 .

with particular attention to: • • • • • • Rail and roading improvements Local government sewerage and water projects Afforestation for conservation purposes Retrofitting and upgrading the State Housing stock The school and early childhood centre building programme Further details of this programme can be found in the appendix. Labour will.66% on overpayments. But the Commissioner of Inland Revenue will have the discretion to increase the use of money interest rate back to the normal level if he is satisfied that there has been a deliberate attempt to underpay tax. reduce the use of money interest rate for underpayments of provisional tax to the same level as that paid for the overpayment of provisional tax. In addition to bringing forward planned spending. Strong Proven Leadership 149 .24% for underpayments and 6. Note: current use-of-money interest rates are 14. Labour has begun work on an economic stimulus package which will be implemented if the projected impacts on the New Zealand economy remain as they appear to be at the moment. present to Parliament an additional economic stimulus package which will outline a plan to bring forward infrastructure spending.The deposit guarantee is designed to give assurance to New Zealand depositors that their deposits are safe in the current uncertain international financial market conditions. Labour will before Christmas 2008. we will also be making temporary changes to the provisional tax regime. for the period from 15 January 2009 to May 2010.

Marsden Point Branch line to enable 12 mths import/export cargos to be transited. or what proportion of projects. and urgent advice is being sought from the New Zealand Transport Agency on which individual projects.200 million per annum.Appendix – Labour’s Potential Economic Stimulus Package Bringing forward planned infrastructure spend Rail There are a number of rail upgrade projects which may be able to be advanced ahead of current planning. Strong Proven Leadership 150 . (at present they are offloaded at Palmerston North and trucked). for example: Project Time to Time to % NZ NZ start complete Labour Material physical work content Content work Cost $M North South Junction which would enable the carriage of 9’6” containers between 6 -12 mths 30 months Palmerston North and Wellington port. there will be some that could be accelerated. rising to $1. are capable of being accelerated. At present the line is still located at the old port of Whangarei 48 mths 100 85 $150 100 80 $100M Roading Planned expenditure on new roads and road renewals is currently around $1.700 million per annum over the next 10 years. covering 600-plus projects. Of these. These projects have already been subject to rigorous costbenefit analysis.

A total of $133 million was initially allocated over 10 years and was targeted to those communities with deprivation index ratings of five and above. The origins of this Scheme date back to the 1999 Labour Party Manifesto. with the help of this Scheme. These might include: Community/Council Whangarei Heads (Whangarei DC) Huapai (Rodney DC) Brunswick/Rotokawa (Rotorua DC) Okareka (Rotorua DC) Muriwai (Rodney DC) Eltham (South Taranaki DC) Parua Bay (Whangarei DC) Dannevirke (Tararua DC) Oakura (New Plymouth DC) Potential Subsidy $M 8. It is estimated that of the unfunded applications received to date.Sewerage Infrastructure The Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme was established in 2002 to assist small.53 1. An additional $40 million was provided in Budget 2008.to medium-sized communities as a policy priority. but there are still a number of worthy outstanding projects.22 5. Indeed.to medium-sized communities to build or upgrade their reticulated sewerage facilities and treatment plants. the water and sewerage infrastructure sector is largely unaffected by capacity constraints and. Unlike some other infrastructure sectors.09 3.44 Strong Proven Leadership 151 . approximately 10 per cent to 20 per cent could be progressed immediately.33 6. has an established workforce of highly specialised wastewater engineers able to continue work on regional projects.95 7. and led to an increase in specialisation in wastewater engineering. which identified improved sanitation for small.0 4.09 1. should additional funding be made available. the provision of funding for the Scheme in 2002 served as a catalyst for skills development in this area.18 4.

453 2. It is estimated that up to $185 million of work could be considered. There are still a number of schools in the queue for such buildings and if spare construction capacity is available work could be brought forward. Strong Proven Leadership 152 .300 1. Schools funded 2008 Avondale College Kaitangata School Crownthorpe School Arthur Miller School Southbrook School Fairlie School Putere School Omokoroa School Linwood North School Naenae Intermediate Kilbirnie School Waitoki School St Albans School Lincoln Primary School Twyford School Kaipara College Napier Intermediate Westburn School Value ($000) 2.553 2.200 205 479 449 467 465 563 456 1.625 999 508 3.072 million was set aside to address space deficiencies in 29 schools.680 3.480 2. This could provide replacement buildings for schools as below. There are many other schools around the country which would benefit from additional or upgraded space.433 2.Funding projects in the building and construction sector Bringing forward school property upgrades At the last budget $14.539 2.199 2.857 864 934 523 1. In this years budget $20 million was made available to fund replacement buildings in 20 schools.280 463 Potential extra schools Cambridge High School Sommerfield School Pt Chevalier School Christchurch South School Lyttleton Main School Manurewa East School Karanui School Taupo-Nui-A-Tia College Epsom Girls Grammar Glen Eden Intermediate Green Bay Primary School Papatoetoe High School Value ($000) 856 289 1.984 Housing initiatives Details on additional measures which may be taken in the housing sector will be released with Labour’s Housing policy.848 3.361 3.

Supporting local authorities to bring forward catchment management initiatives in hill country Addressing soil erosion There are many areas of lands significantly affected. the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council. while not providing direct financial support. • • The Permanent Forest Sinks Initiative. The Sustainable Land Management (Hill Country Erosion) programme. The ability of land managers to accrue value in sequested carbon through planting or managing natural reversion on hill country land will influence investment decisions. Environment Waikato and Bay of Plenty Regional Councils also have significant areas of affected land. is also relevant. The reintroduction of vegetation to these lands through afforestation or managing natural regeneration can provide much improved stability. or potentially affected. While there is then a strong programme framework in place that supports the objective of achieving slope stability and reducing erosion. these programmes can potentially be boosted by the provision of further funds. by mass movement erosion especially in the lower North Island. provides $2 million a year to accelerate the activity of the Regional Councils. Auckland Regional Council. introduced in 2007. Geographically the most acute land areas are concentrated within the boundaries of Gisborne District Council. The Northland Regional Council. The Afforestation Grants Scheme introduced with the Sustainable Land Management and Climate Change Plan of Action is designed to include consideration of hill country erosion. Strong Proven Leadership 153 . Greater Wellington Regional Council. The government has three programmes in place that already provide direct funding support as an incentive for afforestation activity targeting eroding and erosion prone land: • East Coast Forestry Project – this well established programme targets effected land within the boundaries of the Gisborne District Council. Horizons Manawatu and the Taranaki Regional Council.

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Enhancing Co-ordination and Capability Labour’s policy for Emergency Management 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 155 .

Strong Proven Leadership 156 .

Ambulance and other health services. Fire. We recognise that while response and recovery during and after an emergency are important. Emergency services. We will achieve resilience through strong leadership. Strong Proven Leadership 157 . such as Police. and plan for. an exceptionally trained and skilled emergency management sector and an educated and well-prepared public. Labour will work to understand and learn from international experience. It is of critical importance to continuously improve our readiness for emergency situations. play a critical role in our response to emergency situations. emergencies before they happen. we will all get through emergencies better if we get ready in advance. Labour will continue to develop civil defence and emergency management response capabilities at local. Our focus is on building a New Zealand that is resilient in the face of emergencies. regional and national level. The potential hazards facing us are constantly changing. Nothing is more important. We know climate change is a reality and as a consequence we will experience more extreme weather events. We want our communities to be safe. As New Zealand’s population grows and spreads across the landscape this can mean more development in hazard-prone areas. and contribute to the international body of knowledge about effective disaster management. Civil defence and emergency management is substantially about resource and information co-ordination and planning. We need to think about. we want our families to be safe. We will keep improving technologies that help us reduce the risk of major events to our families and communities. Labour wants you and your family to be prepared. It is essential those services are integrated into every aspect of emergency management planning.Introduction Labour wants a society where families and communities are safe and secure and know how best to protect each other.

There is now a new emphasis on four factors (the four R’s): • • • • Risk Reduction Readiness Response. and recovery from. For the first time New Zealand has both a comprehensive National Civil Defence Emergency Management Strategy and a National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan. Our approach was fragmented. arrangements and frameworks that assist with the management of civil defence. For example. Ten years from now…we will have a more integrated and co-ordinated sector that works effectively before. The new Act recognises that how we plan for major events has a significant influence on their impact. Emergency services are required to participate in their development. Today…we recognise the importance of reducing risk to our communities and being ready for events before they occur. New legislation in 2002 (the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act) established a more coherent and co-ordinated approach to emergency management. and the role of emergency services and their participation in a co-ordinated disaster response was unclear. principles. The strategy outlines the vision. The Plan identifies key relationships. Emergency Management preparedness needs to be further developed to meet both the challenges of increasing hazards and rising public expectations of an effective and co-ordinated response. But there is more to do.Enhanced co-ordination through flexible legislation A decade ago civil defence in New Zealand focussed on response to and recovery from emergency events. and Recovery The new legislation also introduced new requirements for local authorities to form regional Civil Defence Emergency Management Groups and develop emergency plans based on the four R’s. the Fire Service now has increased involvement in emergency responses to non-fire related incidents Strong Proven Leadership 158 . These plans are to be reviewed after five years. emergency events. during and after an emergency. There is an increasing overlap in agency responsibility. Ten years ago… emergency management focused on a response to. values and goals of our approach to emergency management.

We want frameworks that are as integrated and effective as possible. Labour will review the civil defence legislation and plan to look for further opportunities for enhanced co-ordination of all organisations that have an interest in Civil Defence. In an increasingly complex environment. We need co-ordination not just for the duration of the event but at all times. to ensure we are always ready to respond. New Zealand responded by developing a Tsunami Risk Management work programme which includes a National Distant Strong Proven Leadership 159 . Developing capability We have spent the last decade developing our understanding of major events and testing our procedures. As we look to the future. Clarity of roles and responsibilities is essential for good emergency management.and national emergency events. International events like the Boxing Day Tsunami in 2004 heightened public awareness of the types of risks we might face. legislative and regulatory frameworks need to give us the flexibility to respond as the environment changes. Exercises have proved to be of enormous value in enhancing our understanding of the dynamics of an emergency event and identifying opportunities for improvement. We will examine the way in which the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act interacts with other legislation to ensure maximum synchronisation and flexibility into the future. new hazards are likely to emerge that will shape the development of emergency co-ordination. so that resources can be deployed as efficiently and effectively as possible. This offers a unique opportunity for flexibility but also means effective co-ordination is critical. The Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management has organised and executed a number of large-scale training exercises including: • • • Capital Quake – a simulated earthquake in Wellington Exercise Ruamoko – a simulated volcanic eruption in Auckland Exercise Pacific Wave – testing of Pacific Tsunami warning systems Civil Defence Emergency Management Groups have also executed training exercises at a regional level.

flood plains and thousands of kilometres of coastline. It is important that we ensure our people have the knowledge and training they need. We now have a permanently-staffed 24/7 communication centre receiving and issuing initial emergency information. developing and standardising Tsunami warning signage and developing a tsunami public awareness and information brochure. The Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management will establish competency measures for key Emergency Management roles and co-ordinate the development of more effective standards. Labour will establish partnerships with civil defence and emergency management training providers and other tertiary education organisations to ensure excellent quality training and resources are available to Emergency Management professionals and volunteers. Labour will establish a nationwide Emergency Management Development Programme and develop internationally recognised Emergency Management and emergency response co-ordination standards. We have volcanoes.Source Tsunami Contingency Plan. In the future our priorities must be to further develop our understanding of the risks we face and continue to build expertise and capability. This will ensure that not only are our people well equipped to do their jobs but the entire sector will develop a strong and co-ordinated understanding of what is required. International Linkages Each country faces different challenges when responding to a major event. qualifications and professional development programmes. Strong Proven Leadership 160 . Work is also continuing on options to better co-ordinate and improve alert systems. New Zealand has a varied landscape and a variety of natural hazards. We have active fault lines and our relative isolation means we have to be pretty self-sufficient. Work is underway to develop a more effective data management system in the National Crisis Management Centre to enable the development of an alternative ‘virtual’ Emergency Operating Centre and ensure better resilience of infrastructure and improved information flow with Civil Defence Emergency Management Groups. Professional development and training Our ability to carry out effective emergency management will rely heavily on the leadership and expertise of staff.

People with special needs. first-hand experience is of immense value in developing the emergency management sector. Pacific peoples.We are well placed to be able to contribute to the global body of knowledge on disaster management. Labour will continue to build on the success of current public education campaigns. Labour will support and encourage New Zealand’s participation in international events on emergency management. By helping others we also help ourselves. Strong Proven Leadership 161 . The needs of our population are diverse. new migrants and other non-English speaking groups. the educational resource What’s the Plan Stan was distributed to 3000 primary and intermediate schools. radio and print advertising. the elderly and children will require education tailored specifically for them. Successful public awareness programmes include the Get Ready Get Thru public education programme. launched in 2006 and which includes television. a dedicated website resource translated into eight different languages. Labour will ensure public education is targeted to Maori. We want to learn from others too. Having real. Labour will ensure campaigns are appropriately targeted to build awareness and increase preparedness. The resource was recently upgraded and a Te Reo version launched in July 2008. Similarly. Labour will continue to build the awareness of our young people to emergency response through further distribution and development of school resources. and continue to invest in the translation of emergency management documents into other languages. considerations for those in rural areas will be different to those in urban areas. Also in 2006. An informed and prepared public Surveys show New Zealanders are becoming more prepared for major events.

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Security in times of Change Labour’s Policy for Employment 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 163 .

Strong Proven Leadership 164 .

well below the average of 5. and closing is a necessary feature of today’s fast-moving and adaptive economy. ensure that New Zealand jobs are kept safe wherever possible. New Zealand workers must be secure in the knowledge that if there is change. Even when there are record low levels of unemployment and equally high levels of employment. Today… The Employment Relations Act has begun to address the balance of power between employers and workers and the unemployment rate has remained below 4% for 4 years (June 2008). restructuring. (000s) 2250 2000 Houshold Labour Force 1750 A lot of progress has been made this decade getting people into work and improving the position of disadvantaged groups. Labour can be trusted to give impetus to our economy. We have seen an unemployment rate of below 4 per cent over the past four years. unions. they and their families can maintain at least minimum entitlements to assist them in their transition to a new job. We have established mechanisms for government.7% unemployment for Employment in New Zealand developed countries including the United States. Ten years ago… Unemployment was high and the Employment Contracts Act gave very little support in times of rapid economic and social change. an achievement right-wing politicians of the 1990s told New Zealanders simply couldn't be done. New Zealand has the only record in the developed world of an unemployment rate that has remained below 4% for four years. France and Germany. the United Kingdom.Introduction New Zealand has enjoyed a decade of good news in the economy and in employment. and protect workers’ interests where change is unavoidable. consistency and stability in their relationships with clearly understood entitlements and responsibilities. Labour recognises that firms opening. and maximise job opportunities for individuals. Ten years from now…. 1500 1250 1000 Jun-90 Jun-91 Jun-92 Jun-93 Jun-94 Jun-95 Jun-96 Jun-97 Jun-98 Jun-99 Jun-00 Jun-01 Jun-02 Quarter Jun-03 Jun-04 Jun-05 Jun-06 Jun-07 Jun-08 With the New Zealand economy now facing challenges from the global financial turbulence and economic slowdown. Assistance to jobseekers through Work and Income is now better connected to the needs of employers to identify their workforce needs. Australia. Strong Proven Leadership 165 . employers and agencies to work together to help smooth transitions throughout these cycles of change. Employers and workers will enjoy security. Creating partnerships with industry has been an effective way for industry and government to work together to minimise skill and labour shortages.

Strong Proven Leadership 166 . We will refine the co-ordinated rapid response by government agencies to collective redundancies and raise awareness about the support available. Support for Affected Workers In the near term. Labour will implement more active labour market policies and programmes which provide security and support for workers in a changing economy. Working with Affected Firms We will continue to focus on improving the working lives of the most vulnerable members of the labour force and to strengthen protections available to workers. This will include working closely with employers to prepare and offer support to their workers at the earliest opportunity. Labour will encourage notification to government agencies of potential or upcoming redundancy situations. In particular. Labour has already made changes to the social security system so that it can help people more quickly and effectively. We will ensure that agencies work closely with Industry Training Organisations to provide retraining support for people who have been made redundant. last year we changed the law to reduce the maximum period a person has to wait before receiving a benefit (the ‘initial stand-down period’) from 10 weeks to 2 weeks. credit repayments etc. In situations like this. this removes the family’s only source of income. We will look at whether there is a gap in terms of the level and intensity of support available in relation to particularly large-scale redundancies. Job Search Allowance In many cases when a worker becomes redundant. In other cases. Even so. the implications of sudden job loss can be hugely stressful and disruptive. there is another earner in the family.We believe the positive changes that we intend to put in place will bring about greater security for workers as they move to new jobs while at the same time give employers certainty about their obligations. the prospect of fall out from the international crisis also requires us to have new plans for workers whose jobs might be affected. social security assistance is already available. This can be particularly the case for families who had been well-established in the workforce with an expectation of ongoing income and with expenditure patterns determined by children. housing costs.

Labour will introduce a new retraining allowance. Labour will also introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. Retraining In the modern world. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. That will often require a period of retraining. providing for up to fifteen months of assistance where necessary. Learning is now lifelong. The job search obligations and eligibility requirements will be the same as for the unemployment benefit. including for people who have not been made redundant. Labour recognises this and is putting in place measures to support workers to gain new skills throughout their working lives. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole. The rate of payment will be the same as the appropriate rate of unemployment benefit. The Job Search Allowance will not be available for people who are unemployed for reasons other than losing their job through a lay-off or redundancy. the retraining allowance might be taken up following a period on the Job Search Allowance. Eligibility will not be back-dated to cover redundancies prior to the introduction of the Job Search Allowance. skills are increasingly important. It will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. identify an appropriate retraining course.In such circumstances. It is not something that stops when we leave school or finish an apprenticeship. on the same basis as a student allowance. Labour will introduce a Job Search Allowance for up to thirteen weeks for people who have been made redundant after at least five years in the workforce. with the exception that the income of the person’s spouse or partner will not affect their entitlement. In some cases. or adjust their circumstances. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations over the course of their working life. where workers are made redundant Labour will provide additional transitional assistance while they get back into paid employment. Strong Proven Leadership 167 . but with no spousal income test. The standard one to two week stand down period will also apply. The Job Search Allowance will provide families affected by a redundancy in the family with some much-needed additional income to make ends meet in the initial period while they find their feet.

We will work with business and unions to establish how much notice is appropriate. These standards will cover minimum levels of redundancy compensation (e. intends to restructure their business or outsource part or all of the functions of that business. who is a partner to a collective agreement with workers. This allowance will also be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. if necessary. Labour in government set up an public advisory group on restructuring and redundancy to advise on the adequacy of New Zealand’s redundancy laws and provisions. This means that workers who are made redundant and do not have these protections negotiated into their employment agreements are vulnerable. Redundancy Provisions Labour will put in further changes to provide greater security for workers in the face of restructuring or redundancy. Redundancy law in New Zealand currently offers no statutory entitlements to workers for a notice period or for compensation in the event of a redundancy. how compensation will be calculated and how the issue of tax should be addressed. We believe there must be provision in law to ensure that when redundancies occur. Courses will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks. when employers Strong Proven Leadership 168 .This will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. In addition.g. Labour will ensure that the Employment Relations Act does not prevent workers from being able to take strike action. payment for a certain number of weeks following dismissal) and the minimum amount of notice employees can expect. This group has recommended that the government should consider the introduction of a statutory requirement for redundancy compensation and other entitlements. Labour intends to act on this recommendation. Labour will enhance employment law to provide for statutory minimum standards for redundancy. It included representatives from Business New Zealand and the Council of Trade Unions. workers are properly supported. we believe workers should have rights to be involved in the process. in circumstances when an employer.

000 during 2008. . . If New Zealand is to actively participate in the knowledge economy and society. . A Skilled Workforce A skilled workforce is a major driver of economic growth and innovation.000 employers are now involved in industry training. improves New Zealand’s global competitiveness and helps our industries. and competes confidently and successfully in the global marketplace. It involves formal training provided for people who are employed in a particular industry so skills are linked to the needs of workers and workplaces in that industry. Participation in industry training has increased dramatically during this decade. Workers and trainees are better supported than ever before to improve their skills and gain a sense of purpose and opportunity. during the term of that agreement. . Industry Training Improving the skills of the current workforce is crucial for New Zealand to achieve economic transformation and to move towards a high-skill.initiate restructuring/outsourcing which undermines a collective agreement. . Ten years ago . During 2008 an estimated 190. Today . Nearly 40. then our people must be able to enhance their skills throughout their lifetime. there were no trades training pathways for our young people. recognises and capitalises on our unique qualities and strengths. . Employers will need an increasingly well-trained workforce to deal with the ever-changing environment in which they operate. Skills. with funding increasing by a similar amount. It has trebled to an estimated 190. the majority of our tradespeople will have benefited from training and there will be ongoing and structured support for these people to progress in their careers. Industry training is structured workplace learning and skill development arranged through one of 40 industry training organisations (ITOs). Strong Proven Leadership 169 . we have established a training culture for our younger people and the wider workforce. information and creativity are becoming the main drivers of our country's competitive advantage.000 people are industry trainees. A skilled workforce lifts productivity. Ten years from now . New Zealand must become a nation that values and encourages innovation. with government-supported pathways and structures to help them reach their goals through a better trained workforce. knowledge. high-wage economy.

And just as government’s investment in skills training has risen sharply. ten per cent of New Zealand’s workforce is participating in recognised industry training over the course of a calendar year. up to and including this year’s Budget. We also provided funding to support development of the strategic leadership role of industry training organisations. Labour will increase the number of modern apprentices in training by 1. Strong Proven Leadership 170 .000 a year so that 17. Labour will continue to increase industry training so that by 2011. The scheme involves young people in workplace learning from the start of their careers and will make an important contribution to Labour’s new Schools Plus plan for every young person to continue in education and training through to the age of 18.000 young New Zealanders had either completed a modern apprenticeship or were actively engaged in one.Labour has a strong belief in the benefits of skills training for New Zealand and has invested heavily in it. We still need to keep increasing but there is no longer the same training deficit as at the start of the decade. the annual investment by 2010 will be more than three times what it was in 2000. With the commitments we have made in government. and this made sense while there was a need to substantially increase the number of trainees. In the last decade the Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has exceeded targets for growth. Reaching and maintaining a target of ten percent of the workforce will signal the ongoing importance of industry training while also providing some certainty to ITOs. Labour’s Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has been important in attracting young people back to traditional trade occupations.5 million last year. We have already put funding in place so that 14. Labour intends to build on the investment we have made in the last nine years. This year’s Budget introduced a provision for annual increases to the Industry Training Fund in line with the Consumer Price Index.000 people are in modern apprenticeship training by December 2011.000 modern apprentices will be in training by the end of 2008. We have previously set targets for industry training numbers. Modern Apprenticeships Labour brought back apprenticeships in a new form that meets the needs of today’s workplace. so has investment from industry – up from $24 million in 2000 to $65. more than 17. By the middle of this year.

Labour has been working with business and unions to improve the productivity of our workplaces and to ensure all workers have the skills they need for a better standard of living. The Skills Strategy is the next step in the evolution of industry training. Labour believes that New Zealand's future wealth. The Skills Strategy will not only lift skills levels across the workforce but will equip our workers with better management and leadership skills. global competitiveness and economic transformation rely on the skills of its employees and the way that industry supports workers to reach their full career potential. Labour will fully implement all components of the New Zealand skills strategy. both in terms of enabling more of our young people to be in a position to access it and through improving the skills of people already in the workforce. the Skills Strategy provides the boost needed if we are to move to a high-wage economy. It explicitly links skills development with productivity.we need to increase our capacity to harness those skills in order to drive productivity and competitiveness. Industry training and modern apprenticeships provide the base for our workforce. literacy and numeracy in the workforce. This will ensure that firms can better harness the skills young people learn through industry training and modern apprenticeships. After all. unions and industry training organisations in the establishment of the Skills Strategy and the Strong Proven Leadership 171 . Labour values and encourages co-ordination between government. and streamlining government programmes aimed at supporting firm capability and improving their links with private sector initiatives. improved management and leadership capability and skills planning. Lifting the numbers involved in skills training is not enough on its own . This includes improved language. eighty per cent of those working now will still be in the workforce in 2020.Skills Strategy Labour believes that New Zealand must take a more strategic approach to skills development. To this end. That is why we need a Skills Strategy that encourages: • • • • The use and development of our workforce skills A focus on skills development that meets the needs of industry Formal qualifications that reflect industry requirements Support from employers to employees to ensure workers reach their potential. business.

Schools Plus is Labour’s initiative to significantly reform our secondary school system by offering all young New Zealanders a stronger educational foundation. We are committed to maintaining these relationships into the future. all young people are in education. Labour will ensure that government agencies work constructively and collaboratively to help meet specific productivity and performance challenges facing individual firms. training or some form of structured learning until the age of 18. Labour’s labour market policies will continue the focus on choice and flexibility. Productive Workplaces Labour believes that there is a need to ensure that all firms are able to access the wide range of support available for their businesses at an early stage. before they face the risk of failure. our young people will secure a better future for themselves and their families. By staying in education or training longer. the work/life balance is a key consideration in any well-functioning workplace. Strong Proven Leadership 172 . This might include skills development. it is about working smarter.achievement of its goals. Increasingly. It is aimed at ensuring that by 2014. Productivity improves when employees and employers work together to achieve a shared vision – it is not about working longer. We will place a particular focus on firms in rural areas or small towns who may find it difficult to access existing programmes and support. business development and productivity improvement. Labour will work with firms to help them access the services they need to improve their productivity. Labour will ensure alignment of the skills strategy as it relates to the existing workforce and with the major ‘Schools Plus’ initiative as it relates to the emerging workforce. expertise and capability on how best to use and manage the resources available to achieve good business and good work outcomes. This will include building and disseminating knowledge. changing business practices. Things like flexible working arrangements and good parental provisions can help achieve that balance for working families.

Strong Proven Leadership 173 . consistency and better skills in the workplace for the employer. Today… Modest income households have had greater income growth this decade than wealthier households. mean New Zealand will have continued to become a more equal society. restored balance. Labour will make further changes to improve opportunities for New Zealanders in low paid in work. which replaced the Employment Contracts Act from the last decade. combined with increases to the minimum wage and to Working for Families. Ten years from now…. Household incomes* have fared much better this decade than last. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Ten years ago… Household incomes were in decline for low to modest income households. Labour will review low-paid sectors of the economy and examine whether additional changes to legislation are necessary to improve access to collective bargaining and collective agreements. The Employment Relations Act. drive pay rises for workers in low paid work. especially for moderate earners Employers have been encouraged to support workers to become more highly skilled. and achieve improved wages and conditions for workers in these sectors. These sectors tend to have a high level of staff turnover. 30% 25% 1998-2007 1990-1998 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% -5% -10% Decile. This has helped to give greater security and certainty to all types of workers in New Zealand. Both workers and employers have been assisted to develop career paths that give greater reward to workers and more certainty. after taking into account inflation and household decade have also helped to composition. Particular improvements have been achieved for workers in New Zealand’s health sector. supported and valued for the work that they do. with limited opportunity for advancement in pay and responsibility and with low levels of job security. there are workers in New Zealand. fairness and transparency in the employment relationship. A focus on skills and productivity. Nevertheless. within specific sectors of the economy. partly due to Labour’s Working for Families policy.Low Paid Work Changes this decade have assisted low paid workers to feel more recognised. from poorer (1) to richer (9) Consistent increases in the minimum wage every year this * Percentage change.

Labour will ensure that workers employed in precarious forms of employment (such as labour hire. for whatever reason. more opportunities for training. All workers will have knowledge of and access to their entitlements in the workplace. This includes workers who are hired in seasonal employment. and both employers and employees will enjoy an enhanced employment relationship. Labour has ensured that workers have access to rights and entitlements including meal and rest breaks. entitlements for workers have been enhanced and collective bargaining means workers are better off. there will be benefits from positive changes in workplace practice that will improve productivity. Ten years from now…. infant feeding breaks. four weeks’ annual leave. For employers. leading to an overall positive impact on New Zealand’s economic growth. and increase opportunities for workers to develop skills that can be used to achieve higher-paid work opportunities. and put in place programmes and initiatives to support and develop low-wage sectors of the economy. improved health and safety rules and more. casual employment and contracting) are given similar rights to those in more traditional forms of employment. reduce staff turnover. workers will have more job security and consistency. We believe that workers should have security in their employment and should have some assurance they cannot suddenly be removed from regular work arrangements. We are now intending further changes to protect the interests of workers in precarious employment. We intend to increase worker satisfaction. without access to reasonable entitlements and protections. who are not currently in fixed-term or full-time employment or who work irregular hours in order to support busy family lives. Ten years ago… The Employment Contracts Act had marginalised workers at the fringes. Labour will continue to engage in strategies that seek to have direct positive impacts on the workforce to drive up wage rates. Workers in Precarious Employment Labour believes that all workers should be assured of fundamental rights and conditions no matter whether they are involved in casual employment or in situations where their employer hires their skills out on contract to another employer.Alongside this. We expect this to result in increased profits for firms and increased wages. Strong Proven Leadership 174 . Today… There are more jobs. the right to bargain collectively.

fixed term or full time worker. We know that developing higher levels of security in employment is not only positive for workers. Strong Proven Leadership 175 . we will amend employment law to provide greater clarity around the definition of permanent work. sick or bereavement leave and the right to take a personal grievance claim if they are unjustifiably dismissed. We will amend legislation to provide for enhanced powers for labour inspectors to provide guidance and advice to employers when determining whether a worker is a casual. It is also important for security of employment that workers can be protected from ‘disguised’ dismissals or sudden changes in their working conditions. This will include consideration of how regular an employees’ work has become. Casual employment We know that many casual workers do not have access to statutory entitlements such as holidays. This is unfair. This may be because they are unaware of their entitlements or because the law currently does not provide sufficient clarity around what rights a worker has when they are employed on a casual basis.Labour hire and contracting This could involve amendments to employment law that would ensure workers employed by temporary work agencies and labour hire companies have the right to be covered by the collective agreement in force at that workplace. Casual employment has no statutory definition and all workers are legally either permanent or fixed term with appropriate entitlements. Labour believes that workers should be treated on the basis of their skills and there are instances where these arrangements force workers to accept conditions less than those enjoyed by their co-workers. We will launch an awarenessraising campaign to improve casual and temporary workers’ knowledge of their rights and entitlements. In tandem with changes to the powers of labour inspectors. We will also consider the implementation of a Code of Employment Practice that spells out what entitlements workers can expect when it is agreed that their role is as a casual worker. but also for employers and the economy. We believe these measures will improve the level of certainty for casual workers. consideration of how dependent the employer is upon casual workers and whether the worker is genuinely in a position to accept or reject offers of employment. It will also encourage investment in skills training that has a positive impact on the productivity of a workplace and brings about positive change for the firm in which the employee works.

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Protecting the Rights of Workers Labour’s Policy for Employment Relations 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 177 .

Strong Proven Leadership 178 .

freedom from unreasonable and unfair treatment in the workplace and the right of all workers to bargain collectively. 1000 Jun-90 Jun-91 Jun-92 Jun-93 Jun-94 Jun-95 Jun-96 Jun-97 Jun-98 Jun-99 Jun-00 Jun-01 Jun-02 Jun-03 Quarter New Zealand has the only record in the developed world of an unemployment rate that has remained below 4% for four years. well below the average of 5. promotes and sustains economic growth and assists in achieving a fair distribution of resources. the United Kingdom. We have seen an unemployment rate of below 4 per cent over the past four years. and continues to work with. (000s) 2250 2000 Houshold Labour Force 1750 1500 Security in Times of Change 1250 New Zealand has enjoyed a decade of good news in the economy and in employment. and protect workers’ interests where change is unavoidable. Australia. These core beliefs have continued to be reflected in the work Labour has done and continues to do on behalf of all workers. Labour can be trusted to give impetus to our economy.Introduction Since its earliest days. unions and employers as social partners. and maximise job opportunities for individuals. Assistance to jobseekers through Work and Income is now better connected to the needs of employers to identify their workforce needs.7% unemployment for developed countries including the United States. Labour supports an employment relations framework that recognises the interdependence of workers and employers. Creating partnerships with industry has been an effective way for industry and government to work together to minimise skill and labour shortages. Labour has had the protection of workers’ rights as a founding value. France and Germany. ensure that New Zealand jobs are kept safe wherever possible. With the New Zealand economy now facing challenges from the global financial turbulence and economic slowdown. Labour recognises that the best way to address this imbalance is to promote collective bargaining as the preferred means of establishing the rights and obligations of workers. A lot of progress has been made this decade getting people into work and improving the position of disadvantaged groups. Labour believes that employment relations legislation should recognise that the balance of power and influence between workers and employers is not equal. an achievement right-wing politicians of the 1990s told New Zealanders simply couldn't be done. Strong Proven Leadership 179 Jun-04 Jun-05 Jun-06 Jun-07 Jun-08 . Labour believes in the right of workers to a liveable wage. We will ensure that each partner has the ability to participate effectively and equitably in Employment in New Zealand industry and skills development and other social and economic public policy areas. Labour has worked with.

Labour recognises that firms opening. This group has recommended that the government should consider the introduction of a statutory requirement for redundancy compensation and other entitlements. This means that workers who are made redundant and do not have these protections negotiated into their employment agreements are vulnerable. consistency and stability in their relationships with clearly understood entitlements and responsibilities. restructuring. New Zealand workers must be secure in the knowledge that if there is change. how compensation will be calculated and how the issue of tax should be addressed. Redundancy law in New Zealand currently offers no statutory entitlements to workers for a notice period or for compensation in the event of a redundancy. Ten years from now…. We have established mechanisms for government. Strong Proven Leadership 180 . Even when there are record low levels of unemployment and equally high levels of employment. Labour intends to act on this recommendation. employers and agencies to work together to help smooth transitions throughout these cycles of change. Labour will enhance employment law to provide for statutory minimum standards for redundancy. Labour in government set up an public advisory group on restructuring and redundancy to advise on the adequacy of New Zealand’s redundancy laws and provisions. unions. payment for a certain number of weeks following dismissal) and the minimum amount of notice employees can expect. they and their families can maintain at least minimum entitlements to assist them in their transition to a new job. We believe there must be provision in law to ensure that when redundancies occur. We will work with business and unions to establish how much notice is appropriate. These standards will cover minimum levels of redundancy compensation (e. Today… The Employment Relations Act has begun to address the balance of power between employers and workers and the unemployment rate has remained below 4% for 4 years (June 2008). Labour will put in further changes to provide greater security for workers in the face of restructuring or redundancy. workers are properly supported. and closing is a necessary feature of today’s fast-moving and adaptive economy. It included representatives from Business New Zealand and the Council of Trade Unions.Ten years ago… Unemployment was high and the Employment Contracts Act gave very little support in times of rapid economic and social change. Employers and workers will enjoy security.g.

We will ensure that agencies work closely with Industry Training Organisations to provide retraining support for people who have been made redundant. This will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. We will refine the co-ordinated rapid response by government agencies to collective redundancies and raise awareness about the support available. The course will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration. learning is now lifelong. the prospect of fall out from the international crisis also requires us to have new plans for workers whose jobs might be affected. Labour will implement more active labour market policies and programmes which provide security and support for workers in a changing economy. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations over the course of their working life. but with no spousal income test. We will look at whether there is a gap in terms of the level and intensity of support available in relation to particularly large-scale redundancies. Strong Proven Leadership 181 . Labour recognises this and is putting in place measures to support workers to gain new skills throughout their working lives. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole. Labour will also introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. Labour will encourage notification to government agencies of potential or upcoming redundancy situations. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks.We will continue to focus on improving the working lives of the most vulnerable members of the labour force and to strengthen protections available to workers. In the modern world. This will include working closely with employers to prepare and offer support to their workers at the earliest opportunity. It is not something that stops when we leave school or finish an apprenticeship. In other words. These allowances will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. Labour will introduce a new retraining allowance. That will often require a period of retraining. In the near term. skills are increasingly important. on the same basis as a student allowance.

In addition. enacted the decade before. expertise and capability on how best to use and manage the resources available to achieve good business and good work outcomes. with the repeal of the oppressive Employment Contracts Act. Strong Proven Leadership 182 . Things like flexible working arrangements and good parental provisions can help achieve that balance for working families. changing business practices. We will place a particular focus on firms in rural areas or small towns who may find it difficult to access existing programmes and support. Labour believes that there is also a need to ensure that all firms are able to access the wide range of support available for their businesses at an early stage. the work/life balance is a key consideration in any well-functioning workplace.We believe these positive changes will bring about greater security for workers as they move to new jobs while at the same time give employers certainty about their obligations. Labour’s labour market policies will continue the focus on choice and flexibility. Labour will ensure that government agencies work constructively and collaboratively to help meet specific productivity and performance challenges facing individual firms. in circumstances when an employer. we believe workers should have rights to be involved in the process. Productivity improves when employees and employers work together to achieve a shared vision – it is not about working longer. when employers initiate restructuring/outsourcing which undermines a collective agreement. Labour will ensure that the Employment Relations Act does not prevent workers from being able to take strike action. Collective Negotiations This decade has seen sweeping changes to the way employment relations are regulated. Increasingly. This will include building and disseminating knowledge. Labour will work with firms to help them access the services they need to improve their productivity. it is about working smarter. business development and productivity improvement. intends to restructure their business or outsource part or all of the functions of that business. if necessary. before they face the risk of failure. during the term of that agreement. This might include skills development. who is a partner to a collective agreement with workers.

Collective bargaining enables workers to negotiate their terms and conditions as a group so they are treated fairly and in good faith. We believe this will encourage sector-wide improvements in skills and services. The Employment Relations Act 2000 was enacted to re-balance the employment relationship. and greater job satisfaction and therefore staff retention. enable a group of employees working in a similar field but with different employers to join together to negotiate their conditions in their respective work places. to protect the rights of working New Zealanders in law and to allow for collective bargaining for the benefit of workers. with power being held largely by the employer. greater security in the negotiation process and common standards across the sector. We believe there is more to be done to strengthen the position of workers when they negotiate pay and conditions and we will continue to make enhancements to employment law to achieve this. now have greater certainty around their conditions of work no matter which District Health Board they work for. The Employment Relations Act provides a fairer employment environment that supports collective bargaining. It has brought about improvements to the conditions of working New Zealanders during this decade by restoring the rights of workers to use their collective strength in their bargaining position. Collective bargaining is about ensuring consistency and transparency in the employment relationship and about maintaining a balance between the needs of the employer and the needs of workers. it lacked protections for working people. The number of work stoppages in New Zealand has reduced by around 23 per cent. union membership more than halved because the law at the time was focused on individuals having to bargain directly with their employer. Multi Employer Collective Agreements. with a reduction of around 40 per cent in dollars lost because of strike action. The benefit of shared conditions is that workers within sectors have greater certainty when they move to another position within that sector. As a result. Under the old Employment Contracts Act. or MECAs as they have become known.The Employment Contracts Act failed to accept there was a fundamental imbalance in the employment relationship. Strong Proven Leadership 183 . The introduction of the Employment Relations Act has seen greater satisfaction in the workplace and it shows. Nurses. MECAs mean greater consistency in the quality of skills being demonstrated by workers. for example. Labour believes that MECAs are valuable to both sides of the employment relationship. For employers.

This was the largest increase in the adult minimum wage since the Lange Labour government boosted the rate in 1985.25 per hour and the youth rate from $8. The place of unions in New Zealand is a long-standing tradition. We want to continue to see effective representation for those who choose it and want to continue to see the involvement of unions in the development of strategies for growth and development in partnership with business and government. productivity and workplace practices.00 an hour.25 to $11. have expertise in negotiation and a financial membership that gives them a mandate to act on behalf of workers. and always will be. strong advocates for the workers they represent.000 people had increases in their income in 2008. Over 120.more than four times the level in the preceding decade. They are experienced in this role. Labour will ensure that only union members can obtain the benefits of union-negotiated agreements. On 1 April 2008. In more recent times. Last year's increase lifted the adult rate from $10. The Minimum Wage The minimum wage is part of every government’s general responsibility to ensure socially-acceptable employment standards are prescribed and enforceable. now working as partners with government and business to enhance workplace health and safety. This has been possible because of strong management of the New Zealand economy and investment in areas that create jobs such as skills development. But unions are. 1990services. with many of our early settlers coming here to escape oppressive working conditions in their home countries. 2008 The minimum wage has increased every year since 1999. It is an offence to pay less than the minimum wage unless an individual exemption due to disability applies. unions have taken on a wider role. It provides a floor for wages paid to employees.Labour will amend the Employment Relations Act to provide greater statutory support for multi-employer collective bargaining.20 to $9. New Zealand’s lowest-paid workers have experienced increases to their income of 71% . new infrastructure and strong social Minimum Wage Movements. the minimum wage was increased again from 12 11 10 8 7 6 5 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Strong Proven Leadership (Dollars $) 9 184 . In this decade.

Ten years ago… The minimum wage was $7. has had a significant positive effect on the lives of working New Zealanders and their families.00 an hour.$11. Strong Proven Leadership 185 . whichever is the greater. and supporting increased management capability in order to ensure that New Zealand has more productive workplaces. high-value economy. Today… The minimum wage is $12. This can be paid to 16 and 17 year olds for their first 200 hours or three months of employment. Until this year there was a separate youth minimum wage for employees aged 16 and 17 years. Especially during these times of turbulent economic conditions. so that the minimum wage at least keeps pace with increases in the average wage or the consumer price index. it reduces the stress and tension some families face in trying to managing financial pressures. Raising the minimum wage. We acknowledge there have been calls from a number of quarters to lift the minimum wage to $15. We want to improve the living standards of all working New Zealanders by seeing wages increase over the whole economy. This is the route to higher wages that also benefits employers. But Labour believes increases in the minimum wage are only one part of a bigger picture. In general.25 per hour. or 80 per cent of the adult minimum wage. The current new entrants minimum hourly rate is $9. after which the adult minimum wage applies.00 last year. highwage. but in the current economic circumstances we are not able to commit to doing so.00 an hour and had been barely adjusted for a decade. with the second-largest increase ever of $1. combined with other assistance such as Working for Families. Labour will guarantee annual adjustments to the minimum wage during the next term of government.00 an hour. increasing by only 87 cents since 1990. Labour is committed to investing in infrastructure and skills. wages in New Zealand are low. This has been replaced by a new entrants minimum wage.60. increasing every year this decade. both in comparison to Australia and other OECD countries and relative to the economic transformation we need to make if we are to move to a high-skill. Labour would like to meet this target if possible. Ten years from now… The minimum wage will have continued to keep pace with changes in average incomes so that low-paid workers don’t fall behind. to $12 per hour.

Labour will review low-paid sectors of the economy and examine whether additional changes to legislation are necessary to improve access to collective bargaining and collective agreements. after taking into account inflation and household composition. Strong Proven Leadership 186 . from poorer (1) to richer (9) * Percentage change. which replaced the Employment Contracts Act from the last decade. Consistent increases in the minimum wage every year this decade have also helped to drive pay rises for workers in low paid work. Alongside this. Nevertheless.Low Paid Work Changes this decade have assisted low paid workers to feel more recognised. Labour will continue to engage in strategies that seek to have direct positive impacts on the workforce to drive up wage rates. especially for moderate earners 30% 25% 1998-2007 1990-1998 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% -5% -10% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Decile. This has helped to give greater security and certainty to all types of workers in New Zealand. Employers have been encouraged to support workers to become more highly skilled. fairness and transparency in the employment relationship. Particular improvements have been achieved for workers in New Zealand’s health sector. there are workers in New Zealand. A focus on skills and productivity. These sectors tend to have a high level of staff turnover. combined with increases to the minimum wage and to Working for Families. Ten years ago… Household incomes were in decline for low to modest income households. consistency and better skills in the workplace for the employer. partly due to Labour’s Working for Families policy. Both workers and employers have been assisted to develop career paths that give greater reward to workers and more certainty. Today… Modest income households have had greater income growth this decade than wealthier households. mean New Zealand will have continued to become a more equal society. supported and valued for the work that they do. Ten years from now…. and achieve improved wages and conditions for workers in these sectors. The Employment Relations Act. restored balance. Labour will make further changes to improve opportunities for New Zealanders in low paid in work. within specific sectors of the economy. and put in place programmes and initiatives to support and develop low-wage sectors of the economy. Household incomes* have fared much better this decade than last. with limited opportunity for advancement in pay and responsibility and with low levels of job security.

We intend to increase worker satisfaction. Today… There are more jobs. improved health and safety rules and more. Labour hire and contracting This could involve amendments to employment law that would ensure workers employed by temporary work agencies and labour hire companies have the right to be covered by the collective agreement in force at that workplace. For employers. Labour will ensure that workers employed in precarious forms of employment (such as labour hire. Ten years from now…. All workers will have knowledge of and access to their entitlements in the workplace. the right to bargain collectively. Ten years ago… The Employment Contracts Act had marginalised workers at the fringes. Strong Proven Leadership 187 . This includes workers who are hired in seasonal employment. workers will have more job security and consistency. without access to reasonable entitlements and protections. We believe that workers should have security in their employment and should have some assurance they cannot suddenly be removed from regular work arrangements. leading to an overall positive impact on New Zealand’s economic growth. more opportunities for training. casual employment and contracting) are given similar rights to those in more traditional forms of employment. who are not currently in fixed-term or full-time employment or who work irregular hours in order to support busy family lives. and increase opportunities for workers to develop skills that can be used to achieve higher-paid work opportunities. infant feeding breaks. Labour has ensured that workers have access to rights and entitlements including meal and rest breaks. four weeks’ annual leave. We are now intending further changes to protect the interests of workers in precarious employment. Workers in Precarious Employment Labour believes that all workers should be assured of fundamental rights and conditions no matter whether they are involved in casual employment or in situations where their employer hires their skills out on contract to another employer. there will be benefits from positive changes in workplace practice that will improve productivity. and both employers and employees will enjoy an enhanced employment relationship. reduce staff turnover. entitlements for workers have been enhanced and collective bargaining means workers are better off. We expect this to result in increased profits for firms and increased wages. for whatever reason.

consideration of how dependent the employer is upon casual workers and whether the worker is genuinely in a position to accept or reject offers of employment. It is also important for security of employment that workers can be protected from ‘disguised’ dismissals or sudden changes in their working conditions. sick or bereavement leave and the right to take a personal grievance claim if they are unjustifiably dismissed. This may be because they are unaware of their entitlements or because the law currently does not provide sufficient clarity around what rights a worker has when they are employed on a casual basis. Casual employment has no statutory definition and all workers are legally either permanent or fixed term with appropriate entitlements. This will include consideration of how regular an employees’ work has become. fixed term or full time worker. Casual employment We know that many casual workers do not have access to statutory entitlements such as holidays. We know that developing higher levels of security in employment is not only positive for workers. but also for employers and the economy.Labour believes that workers should be treated on the basis of their skills and there are instances where these arrangements force workers to accept conditions less than those enjoyed by their co-workers. We will amend legislation to provide for enhanced powers for labour inspectors to provide guidance and advice to employers when determining whether a worker is a casual. This is unfair. It will also encourage investment in skills training that has a positive impact on the productivity of a workplace and brings about positive change for the firm in which the employee works. In tandem with changes to the powers of labour inspectors. We will also consider the implementation of a Code of Employment Practice that spells out what entitlements workers can expect when it is agreed that their role is as a casual worker. we will amend employment law to provide greater clarity around the definition of permanent work. We will launch an awarenessraising campaign to improve casual and temporary workers’ knowledge of their rights and entitlements. We believe these measures will improve the level of certainty for casual workers. Strong Proven Leadership 188 .

Powering to a Renewable Future Labour’s Policy for Energy 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 189 .

Strong Proven Leadership 190 .

These goals are achievable if we build on foundations laid in the past decade. while the 15-fold increase in public transport spending. sustainable. New Zealand does have extensive petroleum resources and these cannot be ignored in a world still heavily dependent on oil. Strong Proven Leadership 191 . and buying back KiwiRail have created the basis of a truly sustainable transport network. electrifying Auckland rail. The challenge is to transition toward a fully sustainable energy system that weans us off greenhouse-gas emitting energy sources such as imported oil. New Zealand has ratified the international agreement on climate change. one year before electricity enters the Emissions Trading Scheme. As part of the phasing in of the Emissions Trading Scheme. Our hydro.Introduction New Zealand has renewable energy resources that are the envy of the world. a massive household energy efficiency fund will be rolled out from 2009. wind. and reliable. To that end. and new oil and gas fields developed with potential for more. and geothermal resources mean we are ideally placed to build an energy system that is affordable. An Emissions Trading Scheme and an obligation to sell biofuels will spur sustainable activity in every corner of the economy. Petroleum exploration has increased. Labour has set these goals: • • • 90% of our electricity to be generated from renewable sources by 2025 carbon neutrality in electricity by 2025 carbon neutrality in the whole energy sector by 2040. New Zealand is on the brink of its biggest-ever investment in household energy efficiency. Two energy efficiency strategies and the New Zealand Energy Strategy provide direction and certainty for the sector and have assisted the rapid establishment and growth of wind energy. the Kyoto Protocol. Energy use in our homes and commercial buildings will be cut substantially by applying minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) to a wide range of electrical appliances and through new and more rigorous building code insulation standards. so we are committed to renewable energy in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The Commerce Commission is also investigating the wholesale and retail electricity markets. to determine whether market power exists. The Kyoto Protocol puts a price on those emissions. A large part of our existing electricity generation has come from renewable hydro stations – but the limitations of lake storage mean that sometimes supply is put under strain during dry years. We are increasing sustainable electricity generation. Labour will work to ensure a secure energy supply that provides for the country’s energy needs now and into the future while balancing the impact on the environment through increased use of renewable sources of energy. Given our dependence on oil. as countries strive to reduce the carbon emissions that cause climate change. and introducing biofuels. Strong Proven Leadership 192 . The use of traditional fossil fuel energy will need to be limited anyway. despite some record dry years. public transport. Demand for oil is increasing and the price of oil has increased along with it. Labour will work with relevant agencies to make any changes necessary to ensure more competition in the electricity market prior to winter 2009. and cars is another priority. investing heavily in energy efficiency. Setting up the Electricity Commission has ensured we don’t have a repeat of the failings of the deregulated market of the 1990’s. Efficiency across transport modes including rail. any of these predictions gives us little time. yet better information and good industry co-ordination saw a tight situation well managed. Affordability and Security of Supply Labour will put in place measures to maintain security of electricity supply and affordable electricity and transport for New Zealanders. It is also essential that New Zealand’s homes and businesses have a secure supply of electricity. The time of ‘peak oil’ – when oil supplies have reached a peak and are expected to dwindle thereafter – is uncertain but predictions range from being imminent to the next decade or two. Rainfall in 2008 in the southern hydro lakes region was the lowest since 1947. shipping. or is being exercised.Current challenges Globally. The Electricity Commission is currently reviewing both retail and wholesale electricity markets. Nevertheless. energy is becoming more expensive. major energy shortages have been avoided.

in the future. Labour will investigate and develop new electricity system structures that can deal with higher proportions of variable renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power. Labour will ensure that the obligation for suppliers and distributors to continue supply to customers under section 62 of the Electricity Act.Diversity of supply is an important means of ensuring cheap. homeowners might one day generate more electricity through their own wind turbines or solar panels than they can use.we need about 130 megawatts to keep up with projected demand and there is 400 MW under construction right now. distributors have a responsibility to ensure that those people currently on the grid have their supply maintained. New structures to incorporate renewable energy The volumes of electricity produced by hydro and fossil fuel thermal power stations are highly controllable. Small Scale Renewable Electricity Generation Electricity is vital to the functioning of any house. We will also need to create a better system for longer term storage of renewable energy such as wind and solar. Because of the high cost in maintaining supply to the most isolated areas. reliable electricity is always available. This means complementing our existing hydro. Labour understands that rural communities face specific difficulties in terms of electricity prices due to their isolation and distributors’ cost at maintaining infrastructure. This closes off the option of burning fossil fuels to generate electricity. In our view. Strong Proven Leadership 193 . with around 1400 MW on the drawing board for the next four years. For example. does not end on its original expiry date of 2013. This assists our electricity system in matching supply with demand. Currently plenty of renewable electricity generation is being built . and gives further impetus to the development of renewable resources. Moving to renewable sources of energy may require new infrastructure that can manage the variability of solar and wind power. But there is currently no system in place to allow smaller energy producers to sell this electricity back to the national grid. workplace or community. it is sometimes not economic for a distributor to do so. wind and geothermal electricity generation capacity with new technologies – including utilising New Zealand’s abundant and renewable marine and biomass resources. The building of new fossil-fuelled power stations to provide baseload electricity has been restricted until 2018.

however. We recognise that for some customers and communities it may make little sense to remain on the grid. Labour will work in partnership with rural communities. Energy Efficiency Labour is committed to energy efficiency and conservation so that less electricity is wasted. Strong Proven Leadership 194 . it is cheaper to build these sources than to maintain existing electricity lines. and will happen only where the community (normally with a subsidy from the lines company) agrees to the new alternative arrangement. A cornerstone of our New Zealand Energy Strategy. For instance. An assessment of these costs should include environmental costs. Labour will promote small scale renewable electricity generation for rural and isolated locations. Investments in household energy efficiency. and the Electricity (Continuance of Supply) Amendment Bill promotes this. so that households consume less energy. The bill that would ensure security of supply after 2013 also allows those remote communities to agree with lines companies to build local generation instead. the automatic response to our growing demand for energy has been to build more generation. In some situations. is to invest in improved energy efficiency where this is cheaper than the cost of producing extra energy or extra energy infrastructure. distributors and generators to identify and promote opportunities for localised alternative sources of generation. our vehicle fuel efficiency measures are designed to reduce fuel consumption so that less fossilfuelled energy is required for New Zealand’s vehicle fleet. and that local sources of generation are more appropriate. This cannot be forced on the local community. In the past. We will also investigate other opportunities to support investment in renewable generation that is not connected to the main distribution network. are an example of this approach at work. and we have introduced an Electricity (Continuance of Supply) Amendment Bill to ensure this. The Energy Strategy also goes beyond electricity generation.We will ensure that the obligation will be an enduring one with no end date. Labour will further entrench the energy efficiency principle in all sectors.

if any houses built before 1978 had adequate insulation. where it is colder. Ten years ago… insulation standards were weak and few. The state housing insulation programme could have a role to play in this economic stimulus package. improving tenant health and reducing power bills. healthy and warm. We have brought in energy efficiency measures. such as insulating existing homes known as ‘retrofitting’. healthier. Labour is prioritising the insulation of state houses so that the remaining homes without insulation are retrofitted within 5 years. Today… insulation standards have been strengthened and. upgrading the State Housing stock. Labour recognises it is important the government sets an example for other landlords to follow. The new timeframe will see 21. A retrofit includes insulation of floors and ceilings. we have begun work on an economic stimulus package which will be implemented if the projected impacts on the New Zealand economy remain as they appear to be at the moment. dry homes. hot water cylinder wraps and “lagging” around hot water pipes. doubling the pace of Housing New Zealand’s previous Energy Efficiency Retrofit campaign which began in 2001. With the New Zealand economy clearly facing challenges from the global financial turbulence and economic slowdown. Wellington and Manawatu.000 New Zealand families now live in warmer. We are scaling up this programme to ensure New Zealanders have warm. Almost 12 homes a day will be insulated.000 state houses insulated within five years.Energy efficiency at home Labour now intends a major extension to the home insulation programme. through the insulation retrofit programme. Many homes in the South Island. and more energy efficient homes. and planned Strong Proven Leadership 195 . Houses in Auckland. will be targeted next. That is why the 2008 Budget provided for the state house insulation programme to be significantly accelerated. 42. where there are significant concentrations of state housing. Labour is prepared to bring forward the current spending programme on home retrofitting. have already been insulated. These measures are timed with introduction of the Emissions Trading Scheme in mind. Ten years from now… hundreds of thousands more houses in New Zealand will be insulated to the recommended standard to help households stay dry. Efficient heaters will also be installed where appropriate.

The fund will start in 2009. but also it improves health outcomes. with those receiving benefits. More New Zealanders than ever before can enjoy the benefits of a wellinsulated home and efficient heating while at the same time lessening their impact on the environment. Electricity enters the Emissions Trading Scheme in 2010. it will take private household energy efficiency to a whole new level. it will also reduce dampness in homes and the health problems that causes. The one-billion dollar fund to help New Zealanders make the most efficient use of energy will be targeted according to energy needs and income. Labour plans to compensate for any price rises that may result from that. For sufferers of respiratory diseases such as asthma. superannuation and Working for Families tax credits also receiving a targeted one-off cash payment. as part of the economic stimulus package to be presented to Parliament in December. Improving the energy efficiency of our housing stock also contributes to the sustainability of our nation overall. a year ahead of the electricity sector entering the Emissions Trading Scheme. This makes the work ideal for generating work around the country. bearing in mind that boosting energy efficiency reduces electricity use forever. Labour will deliver to all households in 2010 a one-off electricity rebate to assist with power bills. The financial assistance will be broadly equivalent to the total amount of the increased electricity costs faced by the household sector in 2010.development on Housing New Zealand land. Strong Proven Leadership 196 . Spread over 15 years. This is a great example of how actions to tackle climate change can benefit us in other ways. It will not only save energy. We have also announced a one billion-dollar fund over 15 years to assist families to insulate their homes and improve the efficiency of their heating. that means fewer visits to the doctor. Labour will bring forward access to the $1 billion home energy efficiency fund so that schemes for retrofitting older houses can be expanded in those areas where unemployment is emerging. It not only reduces demand for energy. fewer hospital admissions and fewer days off school or work. It is not just a one-off cut to a household’s power bills but a longterm plan to reduce the amount of electricity every household uses. This programme is relatively labour-intensive and people can be trained for the work in a relatively short time period. This fund is the largest-ever investment in household energy efficiency in New Zealand’s history.

Lifting the use of indigenous energy resources for transport through. Labour will continue to increase funding for public transport and energyefficient freight transport modes such as rail. Labour will continue to helping businesses to save energy. An obligation to sell biofuels at the pump took effect from 1 October 2008. Introducing sustainable biofuel blends of petrol and diesel will both reduce our dependence on oil and cut our greenhouse gas emissions. New Zealand has abundant solar energy resources. Heating water can account for up to 40 percent of a household’s electricity bill and three-quarters of that can be saved by installing a solar water heating system. through information and incentives to increase the uptake of cost effective energy management practices and technologies. A Drive towards Sustainable Transport Forty four percent of all the energy consumed in New Zealand is used to transport people and products. Energy efficiency in businesses We believe that businesses can be competitive and more productive by adopting energy efficiency and conservation measures and increasing their uptake of renewable energy. for example. The foundations for a sustainable transport network have been laid this decade with a 15-fold increase in public transport spending. locally produced biofuels. reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce oil imports. It will not only reduce the cost of transport but decrease our dependence on imported fuel which in turn reduces our international trade deficit.20. and money.000 . This will help to make transport more affordable. will have positive spin-offs throughout the economy. In doing so they can better manage energy and emissions prices and become more profitable.Labour will install 15. electrifying Auckland rail. and buying back KiwiRail. Energy and climate change policies overlap in the dual need to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. Labour has increased the grant for installing a solar water heating system to $1000.000 additional solar water heating systems by 2010. Strong Proven Leadership 197 .

Labour will also build on our clean green electricity generation to develop partnerships with electric vehicle manufacturers. the cost of the electric battery. but volumes will increase as supply increases and costs decrease. Questions about how these facilities will be funded. Electric vehicles have significant potential because electric motors convert electricity to energy much more efficiently than the combustion engine converts petrol or diesel. especially for the sort of high voltage facilities that would allow shorter charging times. The numbers will grow slowly at the start. however. however.Electric Cars and Other Vehicles An exciting initiative in transport is the development of electric cars. Labour will plan for the introduction of a nationwide infrastructure to recharge electric vehicles. will need a supporting infrastructure of ‘charging stations’ to enable recharging. Strong Proven Leadership 198 . there is a role for government in establishing an environment that facilitates its uptake. Electric vehicles used for local travel can be re-charged from the owner’s home. We will need to work through a variety of issues about the public infrastructure required for people to charge their vehicles during a journey. be in a position to be the first country to set up a nationwide infrastructure for charging electric vehicles. Labour intends to prepare the way for a large-scale roll-out of electric vehicles. can be expected to reduce markedly. Our ambition to be among the leading countries to widely deploy electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids marks the beginnings of a new era of energy independence and low emissions in transport. London and Tokyo are likely to confront many of these challenges first and we will be able to learn from their experience. which is the main driver of cost. Major centres with an interest in electric vehicles such as California. where they will be located and relevant health and safety issues will also need to be addressed. We expect to see electric cars starting to arrive and being used in New Zealand between 2010 and 2015. and prices will come down. The cost of the technology is likely to be expensive. As production of electric vehicles ramps up internationally. New Zealand could. We have already established a vehicle emissions reduction group focussing on electric vehicles. Vehicles used for longer distances. While it will be up to industry to develop electric vehicle technology.

The world is in transition to a post-oil future.Oil Resources: exploration and sale during transition The measures set out in this policy will lessen our dependence on petroleum imports and make New Zealand more resilient to international oil price shocks. New Zealand has valuable resources which ought to be developed to our economic advantage. Today. Developing our resources should not slow our internal transition but oil will continue to have an important role for some time to come. Labour will encourage exploration and ensure New Zealand benefits from our oil resources.to medium-term management of Peak Conventional Oil. however. Strong Proven Leadership 199 . oil remains the overwhelmingly dominant source of energy in the transport sector. Kiwi consumers will enjoy lower transport costs. Labour will continue to develop contingency plans for short.

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Protecting and Enhancing our Environment Labour’s Policy for the Environment 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 201 .

Strong Proven Leadership 202 .

not just for the benefit of our environment but also for our economy. High environmental standards are integral to New Zealand’s identity. Strong Proven Leadership 203 . society. but enhanced. This policy reflects a real understanding of the many demands on our natural environment and takes into account other key policy areas. social development and international competitiveness. so too does the pressure on our environment. It is a significant challenge to manage these pressures in a sustainable way without negatively impacting on our economy. Labour’s plan for the environment reflects an approach to the management of the most significant challenges of our time. we value clean air. It’s a challenge we in Labour take very seriously. We trade on our ‘clean green’ image. As New Zealand’s economy grows. Our ability to grow and sell primary produce is heavily reliant on a dependable supply of good quality water. Labour is committed to continuing to drive change to achieve and sustain standards of environmental quality that are among the best in the world. to implement bold and innovative ideas and to take responsibility and action to protect our environment. Being good caretakers of our environment requires well-considered and robust initiatives developed in consultation with all those who have a stake in our ‘clean. open spaces and an environment in which we are able to make the most of our remarkable natural landscapes. Labour has developed major strategies in Climate Change. As Kiwis. Water Water is crucial for New Zealand’s economic development and its quality is fundamental to our recreational lifestyle and health. clean water. Accordingly. green’ reputation. Agriculture. Energy. Labour’s approach is based on partnership with all New Zealanders to find solutions to the challenges we face. an approach that reflects our successful experience in managing change for positive outcomes. And we’re committed to working alongside all New Zealanders to ensure that our environment is not just protected for the future.Introduction Labour knows that New Zealand’s prosperity depends on long-term sustainability. Forestry and Fisheries. culture and way of life. it's what tourists love about this country and it offers us a competitive advantage in international markets which are increasingly clamouring for eco-friendly products and services.

including issues such as water allocation and quality.We need to ensure water is used sustainably if coming generations are to enjoy the same quality of lifestyle we do. through National Policy Statements and National Environmental Standards. ground water. we have developed effective and workable approaches to freshwater management. And it’s not just farmers that need to take care of New Zealand’s freshwater. A new drinking water standard came into effect in June 2008. A National Environmental Standard for Measurement of Water Takes has been drafted into regulation to help provide accurate information about water use so it can be better managed. We’re also looking at how to improve our wastewater management. we believe there is a need for clear central government policy that directs local government to implement measures to: • • • • • • address constraints on availability of freshwater address the effects of contaminant discharges address the issue of competing demands on freshwater resources ensure our freshwater meets the recreational expectations of New Zealanders ensure sustainable management of our freshwater is addressed at both a national and local level improve the integrated management of freshwater by territorial authorities. Levels of non-compliance with resource consent conditions and regional plan rules for dairy effluent management have marginally improved but a percentage of farmers are still letting us and their fellow farmers down. We also consulted on a standard for setting ecological flows and water levels and those submissions will be considered before final policy decisions are made. Through the Sustainable Water Programme of Action. there is more work to be done. and other stakeholders Labour will help local government implement a National Policy statement that aims to ensure our freshwater is of a swimmable standard by 2035. While National Policy Statements under the Resource Management Act (RMA) help raise the standard of our freshwater management. Given the central importance of freshwater resources to New Zealand and New Zealanders. Failing wastewater systems – such as septic tanks – pollute our environment and impact on people's health. This ecological standard is important to help manage the levels of water in rivers. The quality of water in both rural and urban Strong Proven Leadership 204 . A discussion document on a proposed new national environmental standard for wastewater systems is now out for consultation. lakes and wetlands to protect the unique habitats of our native animals and plants. regional councils.

Strong Proven Leadership 205 . We will report on the indicators to provide benchmarks for local government in their implementation of locally-focused policy on water quality issues. monitoring and enforcement should be an integral part of resource consent decisions when significant developments are being considered. we need to do better. It looked at the physical wellbeing of New Zealand’s land. This report showed that while we have made significant improvements in some areas. we can achieve significant improvements to New Zealand’s freshwater resources. We believe that compliance. It measured the impact of everyday human activity and identified trends and pressures on our natural resources. only a third is measured. they will have little effect. Labour delivered a report on the state of New Zealand’s environment. Only a proportion of our 74 local authorities use water meters. Labour will develop and implement specific environmental indicators for freshwater as part of the work to develop national indicators. water. Māori. air. and with enhanced and more comprehensive information about the challenges we face in managing water.areas is declining. plants and animals. the public and all water users. Labour will retain local level decision-making on freshwater management while ensuring central government plays a national leadership role through: • • • Investigating and implementing ‘Hot-Spot’ National Policy Statements that provide guidance at a regional level on specific freshwater issues Investigating National Environmental Standards relating to the treatment of water affected by dairy farming Investigating better enforcement powers for non-compliance with RMA consent conditions and regional plan rules in regard to freshwater. We will develop these indicators in consultation with local authorities. If local rules and conditions are imposed but not properly monitored and enforced. Last year. There is under-investment in infrastructure that would improve water monitoring. Labour believes that with national guidance and assistance to local areas experiencing pressure. Labour recognises that part of managing our water resources is about managing water quality. Of all the water allocated in this country.

This is central to our work to improve the sustainable management of the natural resources that play such a critical role in New Zealand’s economy. including the interface between the land and sea. New controls are proposed to manage the currently unregulated environmental effects of existing activities (such as disturbance of the sea floor through mining and petroleum activities) and the effects of future new activities in the EEZ (such as marine farming. carbon capture and storage). An important strength of the RMA is that it provides a robust process for managing the environmental impacts of activities to ensure resources are managed in a sustainable way.Oceans Labour recognises the important physical relationship New Zealanders have with the marine environment. energy generation. It is world-leading in providing integrated management of resources. Resource Management Act The Resource Management Act plays a significant role in addressing our environmental challenges. We believe it is necessary to ensure that a comprehensive framework exists to guide our use of the marine environment to ensure we manage it in a sustainable way. Labour will legislate to help safeguard New Zealand’s ocean ecosystems by managing the environmental effects of currently unregulated activities in our Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Labour’s vision is for healthy oceans that are wisely managed. As with all our resources. Strong Proven Leadership 206 . Labour has implemented reforms to the RMA to reduce delays and costs and we are supporting local government and RMA practitioners to develop best practice to improve implementation. It allows for local solutions to local issues and concerns and for all environmental impacts to be considered together. We believe it is necessary to implement an integrated and comprehensive framework for managing the marine environment. It is the cornerstone of New Zealand’s environmental management. both natural and man-made. The legislation will set out new rules and a new consents regime for the EEZ. we must ensure there is balance between exercising the opportunity those resources provide and the need to ensure they are protected for generations to come.

Changes were made to the ‘call-in’ process whereby the Minister for the Environment makes a decision to call -in proposals of national significance so they can be referred either to a Board of Inquiry or directly to the Environment Court. Strong Proven Leadership 207 . The RMA continues to deliver positive outcomes for environmental management around New Zealand. Labour is committed to a consultative approach to decision-making that gives all members of the community a voice. In both cases the final decision is made by either the court or the board.approximately 94 percent of consents are processed on a non-notified basis and 73 percent within required timeframes. Labour will investigate opportunities for improving processes between the RMA and other legislation that will help reduce the time and cost of consent applications. The call-in combines local councils’ consideration and a potential Environment Court appeal into a single process while retaining public consultation. Although 73 percent of consents are processed within required timeframes.7 percent of consents are declined. and not by government. We believe there is further opportunity to investigate whether local authorities could speed the process further in some specific instances. and stakeholders strike the right balance between sustainably using our environment and protecting it for future generations. Labour will investigate. building on the successful RMA FreeInfo line and RMA Everyday Guide CD Rom. Labour will provide further guidance tools to local authorities on the RMA. We will keep this as a cornerstone of the RMA process. report on and implement clear criteria to enable local authorities to fast-track Resource Management Act applications where appropriate. They widened the opportunity for intervention on major development proposals of national significance. practitioners. Labour’s 2005 changes to the RMA were significant. Any changes to the RMA should be to ensure that significant projects that benefit communities and the economy can be approved within acceptable timeframes while ensuring the public’s views are fully considered. We believe there is an opportunity to improve the way the RMA and other legislation interacts and we believe that enhancements could be made to improve aspects of cross-over between different pieces of legislation. Most resource consents are processed quickly and at reasonable cost . This provides an important tool for reducing the costs and processing time of these significant applications. Only 0. there is still room for improvement.Labour is committed to helping local government.

Part of this is about how we as a country deal with waste – right from the beginning of the life of a product through to its eventual disposal. In government. by implementing enhancements to product stewardship schemes. A key part of the waste minimisation programme Labour will deliver this term will be to make producers. Labour wants to encourage New Zealanders to deal with waste in a smarter. This legislation is a valuable first step. adopted and passed the Waste Minimisation Act. This work represents a major step forward in our thinking about waste and is both realistic and far-reaching. Labour supported. We need to encourage the most effective use of materials so there is less waste generated from the production process rather than just managing the waste that comes from it. Labour will implement enhancements to product stewardship schemes to reduce waste and encourage ways to commercialise waste where there is a potential market. The focus of our work on reducing waste goes beyond reducing the amount of rubbish we throw away. The work will be two-fold. This has the potential to greatly improve how we deal with some of the more difficult wastes such as electronic goods. retailers. We believe more emphasis could be applied to ‘front-of-pipe’ solutions by focusing on how we can reduce the potential for waste at the very beginning of production and design. we believe that work must be done to drive innovation in the development of new technologies and processes to help reduce waste in the development of products. Along with this. Labour recognises that central government needs to provide clearer direction on how to minimise waste and on the balance to be struck between waste and recyclables. We believe that we must offer economic incentives and rewards so that businesses. It can also help New Zealand reduce its greenhouse gas emissions and provide new business opportunities. Strong Proven Leadership 208 . Reducing waste can help save money because less material is used in the production of goods in the first place.Waste Labour has a vision for New Zealand as a sustainable nation. particularly around electronic waste. The passage of this new legislation will help change the way we deal with waste. consumers and other parties take responsibility for the environmental effects of their products in a ‘cradle-to-grave’ approach. more coordinated way so that we are using our resources sustainably. importers. Firstly. councils and the public will find that reducing waste has a number of potential benefits.

not only through product stewardship and new technologies and processes but also to ensure New Zealand has an effective system of management for the disposal of hazardous waste. As our population.Labour will investigate new technologies and processes to assist with the management and disposal of e-waste. Labour believes a broad approach is necessary when addressing waste issues. enhancements implemented. along with the quality of our whole environment. These must be in place by 2013 in all parts of New Zealand and we estimate that by 2020. The quality of the air we breathe. Labour introduced National Environmental Standards for Air Quality in 2004. New Zealand has relatively good air quality due to our low population density. air pollution could get worse if we don’t take action. where appropriate. is important to the health of kiwis. it is the small actions of all New Zealanders that result in the best outcomes. and remoteness from other continents and sources of pollution. Air Quality Air quality. We must also address everyday waste because although we will deliver strategies to deal with waste in general. standard of living and urban areas increase. We believe this approach will deliver sustainable waste management that can be both maximised for commercial opportunity and help reduce our impact on the environment. which we often take for granted. Labour will ensure that policy and practice for the management and disposal of hazardous waste is monitored and reported on and. close proximity to the sea. may be threatened. there are areas (mostly urban) around New Zealand where concentrations of air pollution are quite high. However. 625 deaths will have been prevented because of improved air quality. Labour will continue to assist regional councils to implement the National Environmental Standards for Air Quality by: • Enhancing the Warm Homes Strategy to encourage homeowners to install alternative energy-efficiency measures and cleaner sources of home heating Strong Proven Leadership 209 . especially during low wind conditions where there is high traffic density and where home heating is mainly by open fires or wood burners.

Strong Proven Leadership 210 . It is Labour’s aspiration for New Zealand to become a carbon neutral nation that takes full responsibility for its greenhouse gas emissions. Labour will develop tools for local authorities that will assist in the development and implementation of emissions reduction programmes. society. not only in the environment but also the economy. Sustainability Labour recognises New Zealand’s future prosperity depends on long-term sustainability. to be innovative in our production processes so we can reduce the impact of farming on the environment while also maximising the agricultural potential. Agriculture is undoubtedly one of New Zealand’s key economic drivers.• Continuing to further reduce the amount and toxicity of vehicle emissions. We believe there is opportunity for local authorities to take leadership in reducing emissions in their local area. We have been working hard to modernise our fleet and set higher standards regarding the amount and toxicity of vehicle emissions but we also need to investigate how to reduce emissions in other key sectors of the economy. New Zealand is contributing to global climate change. We need to address issues around water supply and quality. However. deal more effectively and efficiently with our waste and ensure New Zealanders are breathing clean air. New Zealand has one of the highest rates of car ownership in the world and a relatively aged vehicle fleet. Labour will investigate new technologies and systems for reducing the toxicity produced through agricultural manufacturing processes. Like all economically developed nations. Emissions reduction programmes with a local focus are one step towards reducing our total impact on the environment. our agricultural industry must also take responsibility for its carbon emissions. We believe there is potential to tap into new technology for the agricultural sector. We need to be bold in our commitment to sustainability to protect New Zealand’s reputation as a country with a clean environment that has smart and innovative people and inclusive communities and that is also attractive to investors and visitors. culture and our way of life. We believe more can be done in government and in business so that New Zealand becomes more sustainable. particularly on the air we breathe.

we believe it will be possible to establish benchmarks and standards for businesses wishing to work with government agencies to provide goods and services.Labour believes government must set the standard and take a leadership role on sustainability. We believe that by working across government. The commission recommended a precautionary approach whereby New Zealand’s unique environment would be protected but future options to take advantage of this new science would not be closed off. we will enhance New Zealand’s level of sustainable practice. Strong Proven Leadership 211 . Labour will establish measurable standards and will encourage leadership of sustainable practice across the public sector. We will focus on the development of better business practice with clear criteria around how businesses can operate sustainably. encouraging businesses to innovate and become more sustainable and by supporting Environment Centres to provide guidance and assistance within communities. the Royal Commission on genetic modification (GM) reported to the government on the issues surrounding genetic modification in New Zealand. Labour endorsed that approach. Labour will retain zero tolerance of unapproved GM organisms. Labour will implement a programme within government that: • • Establishes benchmarks and standards for what sustainable businesses look like Modifies the government contract tendering system to identify green businesses that comply with those benchmarks and standards and which want to tender for government contracts Labour recognises and values the role Environment Centres play in providing advice and guidance to their local communities and in bringing people together to take action in their local area to protect and enhance the environment. Using the development of sustainable business practice across the public sector. Genetic Modification In July 2001. Labour will investigate further assistance for Environment Centres to help deliver guidance and leadership on sustainable business practice within their communities. Centres also provide valuable assistance to local authorities implementing local and regional plans.

We have moved to implement an open register of GM crops and location controls for GM crops and organisms. GM-free products in a world that is increasingly demanding such products. We believe it is necessary to enhance accountability and traceability relating to genetically modified organisms to protect New Zealand’s unique environment.Labour in government has moved to strengthen New Zealand’s management of GM organisms. We believe these enhancements will add to our credibility as a market supplier of high quality. Labour will implement: • • • A new segregation and traceability regime for genetically modified crops An enhanced public register of non-compliance with genetic modification controls A mandatory labelling of genetically modified propagation material at the point of sale. Labour believes enhancing accountability and transparency allows New Zealand to take a precautionary approach while preserving our ability to take advantage of future opportunities. Strong Proven Leadership 212 . Work has been undertaken to increase certainty around the ability of non-GM producers to maintain GM-free production and to enable identification of their products as such. Our management and legislation in this area is recognised as being some of the most robust and stringent in the world.

Growing through Diversity Labour’s Policy for Ethnic Affairs 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 213 .

Strong Proven Leadership 214 .

Labour is committed to building on its achievements over the last decade to ensure that New Zealand maximises the strengths and benefits of ethnic diversity. Labour has worked to promote a strong and self-directed ethnic sector. Strong Proven Leadership 215 . and collaboration across all sectors of society including government. and walks of life. tolerant and multicultural nation. alongside other traditional holidays. Similarly. colour and vitality. it has ensured the interests of ethnic communities in decision-making and enhanced access to essential public services through the introduction of Language Line. and society as a whole. leadership. energy. Migrants also help to build strong and cohesive communities and enrich New Zealand’s cultural and social landscape with new perspectives. These include ensuring that ethnic communities have a sense of belonging in New Zealand and can play a part in the decisions that affect their lives. We have brought the festivals of Diwali and Chinese New Year to Parliament. We have to draw on international best practice as well as the views and experiences of ethnic New Zealanders to ensure that we have one of the best settlement programmes in the world. regions. Increased ethnic diversity also brings challenges. It is important that host societies are prepared for the changes that ethnic diversity brings. We will continue to enhance the settlement of new migrants and help all New Zealanders to seize the opportunities a more diverse population brings. That contributes to a climate of understanding and helps break down barriers between communities. and remains a country of understanding and respect for all of its people. migrants need to be equipped for the changes that they and their families will experience as they settle and integrate into New Zealand society. Since appointing the first Minister for Ethnic Affairs in 1999. Meeting the challenges of diversity requires vision. Today.Introduction Labour recognises there are significant advantages in New Zealand being an inclusive. and maintaining our reputation as a peaceful and cohesive country. New Zealand competes internationally for skilled and talented migrants. Through the Office of Ethnic Affairs. ethnic New Zealanders are found in all occupations. experience and connections that are vital for driving and sustaining our economic growth. Ethnic diversity can benefit all spheres of our lives. the private sector. These people have the knowledge.

adapting to life in a new country is always a challenge. Schools are often the first place that newly settled migrants and other New Zealanders come into contact with each other. Labour will make information about the experiences. Diversity is embodied as a core value in our new school curriculum and it is important that schools are better supported to adapt to the wider range of cultural backgrounds that pupils now come from. Labour will continue to strengthen New Zealand’s settlement policies to ensure they cater to the diverse needs of the range of new New Zealanders settling here. A stronger emphasis on programmes that support non-working family members to adapt to life in this country and the inevitable adaptation of their cultural practices will assist new migrants to settle more quickly into life in New Zealand. Enhancing these partnerships in other centres would enable more New Zealanders to experience Diwali (the Indian festival of lights). customs and practices of ethnic communities more widely available. guards against discrimination and prejudice and enables the benefits of an ethnically diverse society to be available to everyone. International experience has shown that it is particularly important to help the children of migrants to successfully integrate as they can often feel a greater sense of alienation than their parents who have connections in the workforce and with other migrants. However. Eid (the end of Ramadan). Supporting Ethnic Communities Ethnic festivals are now a colourful part of our national life and provide a much appreciated opportunity for all New Zealanders to learn about other cultures. Chinese New Year and other festivals. In some cities local authorities also partner with ethnic organisations to stage major festivals. Labour will establish a Community Festivals Fund which will assist communities to stage events showcasing their cultures to the wider community. Labour will develop a school liaison function within the Office of Ethnic Affairs. Most festivals rely on the volunteer effort and the fundraising skills of committed community members. Strong Proven Leadership 216 . culture and traditions of ethnic communities resident in New Zealand assists in positive settlement. Knowledge of the history.Settlement Settlement programmes generally do a good job introducing new migrants to the reality of life in New Zealand.

Labour will work to use the knowledge and connections members of ethnic communities have with their countries of origin to help enhance New Zealand’s relationships with those countries in trade and cultural matters. Strong Proven Leadership 217 . Many new migrants have well established networks in their home countries which New Zealand could better utilise as we seek to develop new international relationships and market opportunities.Almost a quarter of New Zealand’s population (23 per cent in 2006) were born overseas and the composition of our ethnic communities is changing. For example. police have appointed ethnic liaison officers. Language Line. Labour will formalise regular consultation involving the Office of Ethnic Affairs. more than 100. with Asian Kiwis in particular growing in numbers and as a proportion of overall population. Government services are now more responsive to New Zealand’s growing ethnic diversity. Department of Labour. Formalising the somewhat ad hoc contact that now exists between ethnic communities and core government agencies will better ensure connections between citizens and the public service.000 calls have been handled by the free-to-user telephone interpreting service. the Ministry of Social Development and the Police with emerging migrant communities in major urban and provincial centres. Labour will expand the Office of Ethnic Affairs advisory services to regional communities with growing ethnic populations. and the Office of Ethnic Affairs ensures the interests of ethnic communities are taken into account when policy decisions are taken across government. Changes to seasonal employment policies and skill and labour shortages are also seeing growth in ethnic communities in regional New Zealand.

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Conserving Restoring and Harvesting Labour’s Policy for Fisheries 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 219 .

Strong Proven Leadership 220 .

fishing plays a central role in New Zealand’s way of life. not only for sustainable management of stocks but for the marine environment as a whole. means recreational and customary fishing has been highly valued by generations of New Zealanders. combined with relatively easy access to the sea and foreshore. The commercial seafood industry. Strong Proven Leadership 221 . and customary fishers with ensuring that stocks are sustainable and our marine environment protected. culturally and environmentally. The policy aims to balance the competing priorities of commercial. Science and research play a vital role in management of our fish stocks. Differing views over allocation and conservation have been a part of fisheries since fisheries law was first developed in New Zealand. Culturally and socially. Labour believes the voices of all sectors within fisheries must be heard if we are to achieve a collaborative approach to the protection of our fisheries so they are available for future generations. Our traditional love of the outdoors. Labour believes the system protects the rights of all New Zealanders to fish and take shellfish to feed their families while at the same time protecting valued fisheries. Labour will maintain and increase investment in marine research. Managing the fisheries resource for all Kiwis is at the heart of Labour’s fisheries policy. Labour will also continue to encourage growth and innovation within our fishing industry. Labour will provide leadership for fisheries management including in the key areas of enforcement and fisheries research. recreational. such as tuna. is New Zealand’s fifth-largest export earner. Labour has sought to minimise and eliminate expensive conflict in fisheries by facilitating dialogue both between and among competing interests. Learning from the success of the Ministerial Recreational Advisory panel.Introduction Labour understands fisheries are important to New Zealanders economically. socially. Fisheries Management and Enforcement Labour substantially completed introduction of commercially-important aquatic species to the Quota Management System (QMS) and extended coverage of the system to highly-migratory species beyond New Zealand waters. we intend to extend this co-operative approach to other sectors. We need to understand the marine environment and the impact human activity has on it. including aquaculture. New Zealand has the fourth-largest Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the world and fishing is a major activity within it.

Labour will improve coverage of independent fisheries ‘observers’ on fishing vessels where there is a need for better compliance or where there are information gaps on the environmental effects of fishing. streamlining co-operation between different agencies and increasing maritime and aerial patrolling of fisheries. and do so on an ecosystem basis. Labour will continue to ensure a comprehensive and pro-active approach to managing the environmental effects of fishing. Sustainable Fisheries We will continue to champion sustainable fisheries and a precautionary approach when setting catch limits. providing the capacity to investigate more complex offending. assist hapu and iwi to undertake fisheries management roles and increase monitoring of. Labour will continue to ensure the environmental principles of the Fisheries Act are applied throughout fisheries management. We have also stepped up initiatives to combat destructive fishing practices and illegal. Labour will continue to support Ministry of Fisheries to advocate through Resource Management Act processes to protect inshore fisheries threatened by sedimentation and pollution from the land. including the creation of a covert special tactics team within fisheries compliance. We will also develop electronic monitoring for smaller vessels. Labour wants to continue efforts to reduce the effect of land use on the marine environment. Labour will continue to improve the enforcement effort by. Labour will improve fisheries enforcement. fishing vessels. Land development around the coast and pastoral farming can contribute to sedimentation of the marine area which suffocates shellfish beds and reduces water quality for other species. Labour has focused on stopping the illegal harvest and trade (especially export) of high-value species such as paua and rock lobster. Land run-off and land use has the potential to adversely affect our fisheries. and observers on. for example. support the honorary fisheries officer network. unregulated or unreported (IUU) fishing on the high seas and in shared fisheries. Strong Proven Leadership 222 .Labour will develop a more co-operative relationship with commercial and recreational fishers. tangata whenua and other stakeholders. and facilitate self-management where appropriate.

fisheries management processes. Labour also recognises the desire of recreational fishers to have some hope of catching the ‘trophy fish’. the setting and use of deemed values and the operation of the annual catch entitlement market. and input into. The heart of any fisheries management system is information. or significantly above. We have facilitated the development of the aquaculture industry strategy ‘Our Blue Horizons’. including fisheries research and stock assessment. The $700 million Fast Forward Fund. and invested in innovation to develop value-added seafood and marine products through ‘New Zealand Fast Forward’ and other initiatives. This means that in some fisheries. Maximum Sustainable Yield (the level of fish stock which allows maximum catch without compromising sustainability) to ensure better catch rates and larger fish. where appropriate. including. and ensure that this information is made available to recreational fishing organisations. Labour recognises the desire of recreational fishers to have ready access to resources. was introduced by Labour to substantially boost research in the food and pastoral sectors to help grow internationally-competitive firms. Labour will improve information on the nature and extent of recreational fishers’ fishing activities in significant recreational fisheries. total allowable catches could be set at lower levels than might otherwise be the case. Labour will build on and strengthen the regional recreational fishing forums. Commercial Fisheries Labour will continue to work with stakeholders to make fisheries management processes more efficient and effective. managing some recreational species above. Labour will work with industry to ensure continued growth and innovation in the seafood sector and to improve the sustainable Strong Proven Leadership 223 . to be matched by private funding.Recreational Use of Fisheries Labour will ensure that recreational use of fisheries is fully protected. Information on the recreational catch has historically been sparse and there has been a need for more accurate and extensive data both to determine the nature and extent of recreational fishing. Labour will work to enhance the quality of recreational fishing. Labour established a recreational fishing ministerial advisory panel to advise on strategic issues affecting recreational fishers and to set up a network of regional recreational fishing forums to provide recreational fishers with knowledge of. cost recovery rules.

The New Zealand aquaculture industry has huge potential to contribute to our economy and to ensure we produce seafood that is sustainable and environmentallyfriendly. These include commercial fishers filling orders for export markets. local government and other stakeholders to implement the aquaculture reforms and help the aquaculture industry reach its potential in an environmentally-sustainable way consistent with ecosystem-based management. Labour will encourage maximum participation by New Zealanders in our fisheries and seafood processing at New Zealand rates of pay and conditions of work. Labour remains committed to development of Aquaculture Management Areas around New Zealand and will continue to facilitate development of the industry. Labour recognises the marine environment is harsh on fishing gear and equipment and that innovation and investment in technology is crucial in the processing sector. Protecting our Ocean Resources Many different groups have a high level of interest in our marine areas. Labour will continue to work with industry. It also includes iwi. With so many groups. Labour will review. Labour recognises the need to permit foreign vessels and foreign labour to assist in the industry where New Zealand does not have the skills and capital. By their nature. forging agreement on which areas should be protected remains a challenge. Labour also believes that granting this privilege to the industry should not undermine the position of domestic vessels and labour. Labour will review investment and depreciation provisions for fishing and aquaculture activities to ensure that they are appropriate. Strong Proven Leadership 224 . reforms and developments in aquaculture are relatively complex and Labour recognises that Territorial Authorities and Stakeholders will need some assistance and leadership in making them work. local recreational fishers and conservationists and scientists investigating marine species.economic performance of the sector with emphasis on value-added processing for the benefit of New Zealanders. and put in place enhancements to. processes and requirements for the establishment of aquaculture management areas to remove any unnecessary barriers to their establishment.

protection has been fragmented and ad hoc. Labour will implement a network of marine reserves and other protected areas for the protection of marine biodiversity with the aim of having 10 percent of our marine environment in some form of protection. some populations are only just beginning to recover. Labour will monitor the effectiveness of existing marine mammal sanctuaries and support the development of further protective measures or sanctuaries as necessary. Labour values our status as a world leader in protecting threatened species. Communities deserve a say in where and what marine protection is proposed. Strong Proven Leadership 225 . Labour will work through international organisations to achieve stronger protection for whales. to end ‘scientific’ whaling and to advance the South Pacific Whale Sanctuary. using a range of options such as trawling and dredging bans as well as marine reserves and other protective measures. including RFMOs for the Tasman Sea and South Pacific. However other species. Now we are moving forward with a more collaborative approach. A plan to halt the decline of the Maui and Hector’s Dolphins. is now underway. Labour has strongly backed international efforts to ensure the world’s whale populations continue to be protected from commercial fishing. to achieve sustainable ecosystem-based management of oceans and fisheries and protection of the marine environment. International Initiatives We will promote the development of effective Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs) under UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea). and other sea birds remain at risk from commercial fishing-related threats.But our approach is changing. including through the use of mandatory targets and mitigation measures. In the past. albatross. and this extends to the sea. We will be vigilant over species that are under threat and act as necessary. including sea-lions. Labour will work to achieve further reductions in fisheries by-catch of marine mammals and seabirds. While we implement change to protect our marine environment. the world’s rarest marine dolphins. After a century of exploitation.

Iwi have a special stake in the protection and sustainable use of our marine life. Labour recognises the ability to manage valued inshore fisheries and traditional shellfish-gathering areas is important to Māori. Māori Customary Rights Labour enacted the Māori Fisheries Act 2004 and settled Māori commercial aquaculture interests. providing the platform for allocation to iwi of fisheries and aquaculture assets. especially in the Ross Sea. and remove trade barriers to sustainablyproduced seafood products. and the restriction of fishing activity to levels appropriate for the sensitive nature of the Antarctic environment and its important scientific and wilderness values. While these commercial asset claims and distributions are largely settled. Labour will continue to implement the Māori customary fishing regulations. We will advocate the development of a network of marine reserves and other marine protected areas around Antarctica. Labour will facilitate the development of taiapure and mātaitai reserves to enhance the sustainability of kai moana and to complement marine reserves. This must also be recognised and provided for within the network of protected areas. The development of taiapure and mātaitai reserves also contributes to the overall management of important local fisheries. progress on the implementation of customary claims for iwi and hapu has not been as fast.We will work to reduce environmental pressures caused by subsidies that promote over-capacity and over-exploitation. Strong Proven Leadership 226 .

Enhancing and Protecting our Food Sector Labour’s policy for Food Safety 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 227 .

Strong Proven Leadership 228 .

Labour’s food safety vision is for an effective. it is essential to apply precaution when faced with scientific uncertainty. school or sports club fundraisers and community fairs will be free from unnecessary regulation. risk-based regulatory framework to ensure our food is safe for consumption and meets the requirements of our domestic and overseas markets. New Zealand’s food sector accounts for at least 10 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). pot luck events. like sausage sizzles. Labour will maintain a world-class. Likewise. risk-based framework to tackle food safety issues. Labour believes regulation needs to be appropriate for the risk it addresses.Introduction A trusted reputation for safe and suitable food is integral to New Zealand’s social and economic development. Labour is committed to having a world-class. In adopting a responsive and responsible evidence-based approach to food safety. maintaining our reputation for quality and protecting consumers from unsafe food. New Zealand consumers expect their food to be safe. • • Safe and Suitable Food Food production is of central importance to the New Zealand economy. Labour is committed to a responsive and responsible approach to food safety issues. Strong Proven Leadership 229 . the food sector represents more than 50 percent of total merchandise exports from New Zealand. We want to ensure that any regulation is appropriate for the risk it addresses so that compliance costs are kept as low as possible. We are committed to reducing compliance costs for business and will ensure traditional kiwi activities. Labour will protect and foster our food sector as a vital part of New Zealand’s economy: • food product and food ingredient export revenue earns New Zealand over $15 billion per annum. risk-based approach to food safety. Food exports comprise almost 50 percent of our export income so New Zealand's economic growth depends on our reputation as a producer and exporter of safe food.

We aim to reduce the costs to the health system and to employers through time off work for illness caused by food. Labour is committed to reducing our high rates of foodborne illness. Labour will assist the food industry to reach its full potential with a smart. A challenge we face is reducing the high rates of campylobacter in New Zealand. Labour will support our Pacific neighbours to put in place internationally benchmarked food safety systems. Labour recognises the importance of our international reputation as a trustworthy food producer. niche products. Food is a key research area. We will support business innovation by developing standards for new foods and technologies. Labour will support New Zealand's reputation as a trustworthy food producer. We will partner with our Pacific neighbours to help them build capacity and expertise in food safety management and support them to have a voice in international standard setting forums. We are encouraging research through tax credits for research and development undertaken by business. highquality. enabling and cost-effective regulatory system.Labour will set ambitious targets to reduce foodborne illness. standards are essential. and for the products to have access to world markets. To do this we must be able to provide genuine and reliable assurance to our export markets of the safety and suitability of our premium and innovative food products. For consumers to have confidence in the quality and safety of these products. Strong Proven Leadership 230 . Labour will build on this. New Zealand has innovative businesses that want to develop and sell new. Work already undertaken shows promising results. Labour is committed to minimising compliance costs wherever possible.

Trade and Official Development Assistance 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 231 .Securing New Zealand’s Independent Voice in the World Labour’s Policy for Foreign Affairs.

Strong Proven Leadership 232 .

the Solomons and Bamyan. and working together with. New Zealand has: • • successfully concluded peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and Bougainville deployed effective peacekeeping operations in 13 countries involving over 400 men and women currently played a key role in peacekeeping operations in Timor Leste. Our aim is to create an international system which is rules-based rather than one where countries impose their will on others by virtue of their size and power. countries in the wider region of the Asia-Pacific which is increasingly important to us economically and politically. Our vision is of a world which is peaceful. We will continue to work closely with traditional friends with whom we share common institutions. democratic and socially just. And we will give priority to reaching out to. makes a significant contribution to the world community as a good international citizen. It is our priority area for development assistance. the South Pacific. We are committed to acting collectively to deal with problems which increasingly transcend national boundaries.Introduction Under Labour New Zealand has strengthened its reputation internationally as a country which thinks independently. stability and 233 • Strong Proven Leadership . We are committed to working with the New Zealand Pacific community to develop our policies in the region. Afghanistan where we have helped ensure security. the European Union and the United States. prosperous. working through and seeking to improve organisations such as the United Nations and World Trade Organisation. Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution Under a Labour-led government. stable and secure. has strong values and. values and objectives including Australia. notwithstanding our small size. We believe the path to achieve this must first and foremost be a multilateral one. and to involve civil society through the work of organisations such as the Pacific Cooperation Foundation and the Pacific/NZ Business Council. Our first priority is our immediate neighbourhood.

We also played a significant role in restoring order after the civil unrest in Tonga. We will also support and further develop the role already being played effectively by New Zealand in inter-faith dialogue and the alliance of civilizations. support and training for increasing New Zealand’s role in conflict resolution and international mediation. New Zealand has: • put our principles into practice and maintained New Zealand’s status as a proudly nuclear free country Strong Proven Leadership 234 .progress in development. particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. New Zealand Defence Force. We will work actively with Pacific nations to support conflict resolution training for leaders and emerging leaders in the Pacific. Disarmament Under a Labour-led government. and in New Zealand civil society to play a proactive role in conflict resolution and international mediation. with a particular focus on our responsibilities in the Pacific. Labour will work in cooperation with universities and non-government organisations to support the Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies to provide analysis. Police and NZAID. Labour will continue to contribute peacekeepers to United Nationsendorsed peacekeeping missions. We will back Defence Force participation that is necessary for security and stabilisation. including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. work actively with host countries to assist with development and address the causes of conflict. • made a tangible contribution as a good international citizen winning a reputation for effective and competent peacekeeping Labour will ensure New Zealand plays a leading role in peacemaking and conflict resolution. We will also develop New Zealand’s capacity both within government agencies. We want to build on New Zealand’s reputation as a fair and independent voice in world affairs to be a country that can help prevent conflict and build a sustainable base for enduring peace.

bringing into force the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and introducing a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty led an initiative with the UN First Committee to de-alert / lower the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems worked as a leading member of the Oslo group to conclude a legally binding instrument to ban cluster munitions which will be signed by over 100 countries this December • • Labour will increase its engagement with like-minded countries to press for ending the failure of current multilateral discussions in Geneva to progress nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.• played an important role as part of the New Agenda Coalition at the forefront of pushing for nuclear disarmament. strengthening the Nuclear NonProliferation Treaty. while using the most effective tactical means to secure that objective by focusing on step by step progress towards it completing the implementation of nuclear weapons free zones achieving universal compliance with Chemical and Biological Weapons Conventions 235 • • • • • • • • • Strong Proven Leadership . This includes: • ensuring the success of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Review Conference in 2010 in taking the steps agreed in 2000 towards nuclear disarmament taking nuclear weapons off high alert status pushing for deep reductions in the stockpile of current nuclear weapons prohibiting the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons working with the G8 Global partnership to secure all Weapons of Mass Destruction–related material and equipment from theft and acquisition by terrorists taking effective steps to prevent further proliferation of nuclear weapons by countries such as North Korea and Iran preventing the expansion of the arms race into space working towards the ultimate outlawing of all nuclear weapons.

recklessness and greed which have contributed to the crisis and creating a system which demonstrates greater transparency.Multilateralism Labour will work with other countries to reform international financial institutions and systems to tackle the causes of the world’s current financial crisis. chairing the Agriculture Negotiating Committee and participating in the core Ministerial Green Room negotiating group. New Zealand hosted World Environment Day played an active role in last year’s Bali climate change conference became one of the first countries to introduce an Emissions Trading Scheme which covers all sectors of the economy led research on livestock methane emissions and abatement • • • • Labour will actively engage in efforts to achieve a comprehensive post2012 agreement on climate change with New Zealand playing a leadership role at home and internationally. New Zealand has: • committed New Zealand as a leader in promoting a sustainable economy and environment and to working for an effective international and national response to climate change this year. at the request of the UN. integrity and responsibility. preventing the extravagance. We have also: Strong Proven Leadership 236 . Trade Under a Labour-led government. We will work multilaterally to promote sustainable resource use and conservation of global natural resources. New Zealand has played a leadership role in the WTO. We will continue to support the United Nations as the pre-eminent global forum for resolving international disputes and finding solutions to global problems Climate Change and Sustainability Under a Labour-led government.

multilateral global trading system which is free. Brunei) nations and the United States. This agreement will be expanded to cover other countries and has the potential to become the world’s most important pluri-lateral free trade agreement. China concluded a free trade agreement with Asean and Australia which covers all items of trade interest with Asean. fair and transparent. Labour will press for a rules-based. bilateral trade agreements with priority given to the Republic of Korea. Chile. Singapore. We will also develop further the Closer Economic Relationship between Australia and New Zealand into a Single Economic Market Labour will bring into effect as soon as possible the Free Trade Agreement between Australia. seeking a liberalised and fair trading environment for agricultural goods in particular and outcomes to enhance development prospects in the developing world Labour will complete free trade negotiations between the P4 (New Zealand. comprehensive and inclusive. World Trade Organisation-consistent. collectively our third largest export market • • • We initiated negotiations with the United States to join our high quality P4 free trade agreement which will become the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement. Malaysia and India or to achieve similar high quality outcomes through the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement Labour will develop the Pacific Area Closer Economic Relationship with Pacific Forum countries mindful of the need for PACER to be consistent with development assistance objectives of both the Forum countries and New Zealand. New Zealand and the Asean Countries. and build upon the resulting Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement giving other countries the ability to join an agreement which is high quality. We will continue to seek high quality.• allowed duty free / quota free entry to New Zealand from least developed countries continued to develop the Closer Economic Relationship with Australia towards a single economic market become the first OECD country to negotiate a high quality and comprehensive free trade agreement with the world’s fastest growing economy. Japan. We will maintain as our priority a conclusion to the Doha Round of the World Trade Organisation. Strong Proven Leadership 237 .

Strong Proven Leadership 238 . strengthening governance.Labour created New Zealand Trade and Enterprise as a trade promotion and capacitybuilding organisation which this year won the award for the World’s best trade promotion organisation at the World Trade Promotion Organisation Labour will work through New Zealand Trade and Enterprise to strengthen programmes for export promotion and capacity building which are WTO consistent.7% of Gross National Income in development assistance.3%. New Zealand has: • doubled the level of Official Development Assistance (ODA) from under $250 million to $520 million. We will continue to focus on the Pacific as a priority area for New Zealand’s development assistance with priority given to achieving economic growth and improved livelihoods. Aid will reach over $622 million by 2010 or . ensuring that the assistance has tangible and positive impacts and working with recipient countries to ensure shared accountability and responsibilities for the effectiveness of the aid. Official Development Assistance Under a Labour-led government.35% by 2010. aligning our assistance with their needs and priorities. reaching the mid-point of 0. • • • Labour will work towards the achievement of 0.35% of GNI. through ensuring ownership by developing countries of their development process. improving education and health and improving capabilities to manage conflict. increasing it as a percentage of Gross National Income (GNI) from 0.2% to 0. established NZAID as semi-autonomous development assistance organization with a clear goal of poverty elimination directed that NZAID should have a core focus on the Pacific and the agency has been steadily increasing the proportion of ODA to the region to over 50% of total ODA and 80% of all bilateral aid taken measures to ensure the increasing effectiveness of aid such as harmonisation with other donors and improving accountability and alignment with local needs and priorities. harmonising New Zealand development assistance with that of other donors. respect human rights and sustainably manage natural resources Labour will take further measures to increase the effectiveness of our ODA.

New Zealand has: • worked closely with the countries of the Pacific Forum to promote progress. Human Rights Under a Labour-led government. promote respect for human rights and strive to implement universally the ideals of the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. stability and sustainability in the Pacific worked bilaterally across Asia-Pacific and through organisations such as APEC. including sexual and reproductive health. We will promote the rights of women internationally. stable and secure region worked with traditional friends and allies to deal with trans-boundary issues such as people and drug smuggling. the Asean Regional Forum and the East Asia Summit to promote a more integrated. We will also maintain our intake of refugees and ensure that they are given the support necessary to make a successful transition to life in New Zealand. terrorism and security concerns • • Strong Proven Leadership 239 .Labour will work with the international community towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. New Zealand has: • consistently promoted human rights both in bilateral relationships and in multilateral forums spoken out against human rights abuses in countries like Myanmar and Zimbabwe chaired and helped pass the Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities • • Labour will work bilaterally and in multilateral forums to condemn human rights abuses. Furthering New Zealand’s Relationships Under a Labour-led government. including access to education and health services.

We will strengthen our political. sustainability. Canada. stable and secure region. economic and environmental cooperation with traditional and like-minded friends such as Australia. Central Europe and Russia. Strong Proven Leadership 240 . stability and good governance. and Africa including. Labour will explore and develop new relationships with regions such as Latin America. Norway and the European Union. film cooperation agreements. We will increase our links and involvement in the Asia Pacific area to promote a more integrated. the UK and US. including through the Pacific Island Forum and the Pacific Plan with the objective of promoting social and economic development. where appropriate. working holiday schemes. and people to people relationships.Labour will give priority to strengthening cooperative relationships with our Pacific Island neighbours. through arrangements such as trade cooperation.

A forestry sector for the benefit of New Zealand’s economy and environment Labour’s policy for Forestry 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 241 .

Strong Proven Leadership 242 .

forests must cover at least one hectare. regional councils and tertiary educational institutions. Labour will use a range of incentive schemes. Government agencies and regional councils will then work closely with landowners to identify land suitable for growing trees while at the same time ensuring we use our productive land for agriculture. By definition. building on the current Afforestation Grant Scheme and the Hill Country Erosion Scheme. many other species. It is a diverse sector and includes large corporate plantations along with smaller. A Labour Government will consult with relevant tertiary institutions over the development of the land use strategy to provide the necessary knowledge and an Strong Proven Leadership 243 . The initial Kyoto Protocol negotiating round recognised the relevance of forests to climate change but the rules it imposed in 1997 were unsatisfactory. are being grown. providing useful capital. Labour is committed to achieving fairer rules based on sound science as the basis for New Zealand’s domestic policies. Our forests are found on farms and lifestyle blocks as well as large plantations. Forestry is New Zealand’s fourth-largest export earner. Labour will continue to develop the sustainable wood campaign as well as develop new measures to both strengthen the economics of forestry and recognise the many non-commercial benefits of forests including carbon sequestration. privately and publicly owned forests. Using our Land to Achieve Economic Growth while Protecting the Environment Integrated land use Labour will encourage integrated land use approaches involving farmers and foresters. flood and erosion mitigation and protection of water quality and biodiversity. either for harvest or as permanent forest sinks. While radiata pine and Douglas Fir dominate current plantations. knowledge-based economy. including indigenous varieties.Introduction New Zealand needs a strong. viable and expanding forest estate and associated processing sector that contributes to the continued growth of a sustainable. City investors may become involved. Labour will continue existing policies which assist the industry by ensuring training for industry personnel and adequate infrastructure of road and rail for harvesting the future wood volumes New Zealand forests will produce over the next few years. to persuade landowners to plant suitable land in appropriate tree species.

cypresses. totara. Exploring alternative tree species Labour will reinforce and expand existing initiatives of Scion and Future Forests Research Ltd to develop alternative plantation tree species. Government agencies will be asked to monitor planting rates and make this information available. the beeches. This will help ensure a continuous log supply. Labour will prepare an integrated land use strategy to ensure both cross. the forestry provisions of the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and the Permanent Forest Sink Initiative (PFSI) will separately or in combination provide incentives for this planting approach. Regional Councils will have a key role in assisting sustainable planting at the local level. the position of those using the various schemes will be safeguarded by ensuring that those entering a scheme in the expectation of receiving a grant for a specific period have their rights preserved even if the rules change.awareness of the advantages of such an integrated approach for skills development and expansion among future farmers and foresters. poplars and redwoods.sector support for the strategy and public understanding of it. There are at least six exotic species which could be researched: blackwoods. Labour will strengthen the Climate Change Plan of Action and work with forestry interests. The three current Afforestation grants schemes. The expansion of the existing programme will cover both exotic and indigenous species. A sustainable and renewable resource Strong Proven Leadership 244 . However. some eucalypts. The focus on indigenous species to identify those that might be economically viable could include kauri. tawa. Changing planting patterns Labour recognises the need to move beyond the ‘stop go’ planting patterns of the last twenty years and promote steady rates of sustainable planting. Maori and local bodies to encourage steady rates of sustainable planting. farming interests. Labour will ensure that forestry plays its part in New Zealand’s economic development by moving from a commodity-type primary industry to one producing higher value and specialised products. Douglas fir. a stable workforce and steady sequestration of carbon dioxide. and rimu. The detail of the Afforestation schemes and who may access them will be reviewed in 2010 and modified if necessary.

good investment Good investment decisions are based on sound and timely information. Wood can replace fossil fuels through finding efficient ways to use it as fuel. We also need to address the technical and non-technical barriers to trade and to fasttrack consideration of fumigation issues with Australia which are a cost to the industry and a health hazard to workers. the role of tree planting in good land management and the economics of different tree species. concrete and aluminium. climate-friendly building material and reducing the use of energy-intensive materials such as steel. Good information. particularly the use of wood waste. The information will cover the Emissions Trading Scheme and current Afforestation schemes.Forests will play an increasingly important role in our efforts to tackle the issue of climate change. As new research findings emerge they will need to be made widely available. It will also cover species selection. planting and planting sites and managing and harvesting different species. Labour will promote the use of wood as a renewable and environmentally friendly resource. but it needs to be gathered together from official sources and private agencies. management and harvesting of forests. Labour will direct government agencies to assemble and disseminate up-to-date information on issues relevant to the planting. Using different varieties of wood in the construction industry could involve a focus on the use of untreated Douglas fir in appropriate circumstances. Information already exists. promoting the greater use of wood as a sustainable. Strong Proven Leadership 245 . Labour wants to ensure that good financial and technical information is available to all those involved with the forestry sector including investors and those responsible for the Department of Conservation’s indigenous planting programmes. A number of initiatives will increase New Zealanders’ awareness of the role wood can play on climate change including educating the public on its desirable qualities from a climate change point of view. Information on creating permanent sink forests grown primarily for carbon storage is also needed.

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Healthier Kiwis Labour’s policy for Health 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 247 .

Strong Proven Leadership 248 .

ensure that older people have access to high quality aged care facilities.Introduction Labour is committed to providing a safe. cancer and orthopaedics. with seven new hospitals being built and another eight receiving major upgrades. Most prescription medicines now cost just $3. accessible and responsive to their needs. Our Priorities The health system has undergone massive change in the last 9 years but there is still much to be done. affordable and accessible public health system you can trust – a world class system of healthcare for every New Zealander regardless of their ability to pay. Ten new specialist units have been either built or upgraded throughout the country. continue to target reduced waiting times for hospital outpatient appointments and planned admissions. and ensure we have the health workforce we need through improved recruitment and retention initiatives and workforce planning. and reducing waiting times for elective surgery in priority areas such as cardiac. Labour will continue to invest in preventative and primary health care because we recognise that prevention and early intervention are more cost effective. We will continue to work to make our health system stronger and safer by building strong regional clinical networks. Primary health care is now much cheaper. upgrading health facilities. Labour will decisively tackle remaining workforce issues facing the sector and ensure that older people have access to high quality aged care facilities. New Zealanders now have a health system that is more affordable. with the average cost of seeing a GP just $26 nationwide. Communities also have a greater say in how their health services are run through democratically elected District Health Boards. A million Kiwis pay just $16 for a consultation. We have five major priorities for the next three years: • continue to promote and fund preventive health strategies to target public health issues and further boost primary care. fund a range of programmes targeting obesity. • • • • Strong Proven Leadership 249 . Another five major upgrades are underway. In the last nine years there has been a major hospital building programme from Kaitaia to Invercargill.

cancer and orthopaedic services. from boosting immunisations and diabetes checks to reducing the stigma associated with mental illness. We will ensure that overall waiting times do not increase. still less than half the maximum six month period. By the end of last year. Labour will continue to fund and roll out innovative public health strategies. The health workforce A strong and well-resourced health workforce is necessary for a strong public health system. More people than ever who need treatment are getting it. We need to ensure the clinical safety of residents and patients in aged care facilities and the sustainability of the workforce. The latest data. In primary care. Fruit in Schools and Mission On to improve nutrition. Reduced waiting times There has been significant growth in elective surgery in the last three years. and focus on reducing them in priority areas such as cardiac. Labour is committed to workforce planning and recruitment and retention that Strong Proven Leadership 250 . 92 percent of people received treatment within this period. Targeting obesity Obesity is a major health problem in New Zealand and without further action is likely to continue to be so. treatment can be not only more effective but come at least cost to the health system. Labour has put in place a number of programmes. and when put on a waiting list they are assured of surgery within six months.Preventive health strategies and primary care Preventative health care and primary health care are the earliest interventions in the health system. suggests the rate of growth in obesity is beginning to slow. however. It is our goal to turn this slowdown into a reduction in the obesity rate. our objective will be to maintain affordability with a priority on reducing the cost of going to the doctor for under-18s and over-64s. We have undertaken a number of preventative health campaigns. We also want more transparent processes so individuals and families have access to good quality information about rest home services. such as Healthy Eating Healthy Action. from the New Zealand Health Survey 2006/07. High quality aged care The health and wellbeing of our old people is of the utmost importance. By recognising symptoms and identifying illness at the earliest opportunity. increase activity levels and improve overall health. It is. As more people join waiting lists. They can also be the most effective because they help prevent people from getting sick. the average waiting time has increased.

diabetes. diabetes. cancer waiting list times. getting children immunised. We will ensure there are incentives for people to enter or return to the health workforce and will centralise workforce planning in the Ministry of Health so that it is better able to identify workforce pressures and demands across the whole sector. During this time there has been a massive shift in the structure of the health system. and treat illness when it does occur. elective services. oral health. cancer.800 young people used dental services The smoking rate fell below 20% for the first time There was an increase of 8% in annual diabetes checks. Public Health Services – Safe.120 fewer avoidable hospital admissions An additional 1. prevent illness. mental health. Secure. oral health. Labour in Government has set ambitious strategies for primary health. We now have Primary Health Organisations (non-profit community-based organisations that distribute funds for primary health care) and District Health Boards (democratic and community-orientated boards that organise and govern delivery of health services). and systematic. These have replaced the profit-driven model of the 1990s. Accessible and Affordable Labour believes that good public health care improves the overall level of public wellbeing. cardiovascular disease. These strategies are working. A greater focus should be placed on preventing illness and supporting wellness by providing New Zealanders with the information and support they need to make healthy decisions about their own lives. mental health and addictions. tobacco. avoidable hospital admissions. Strong Proven Leadership 251 . Over the last nine years Labour has invested heavily in public health services to promote wellbeing. healthy eating and exercise.900 more children were immunised than the previous year There were 1. effective. A wide range of information campaigns screen on television.is robust. and limiting alcohol. We will continue to work hard to ensure that New Zealanders have the best possible access to public health resources as well as accurate information so they can make important health-related decisions. They cover topics such as quitting smoking. Parents now also have wider and more affordable access to immunisations for their children. In the last year alone: • • • • • 4. elective surgery and smoking cessation. Labour will continue to set nationwide health targets in priority public health areas such as immunisation. play on radio and appear in newspapers and magazines to assist New Zealanders to make good decisions about their health and lives.

The obesity growth rate is slowing. Cardiovascular disease has been reduced from the number one to number two killer because of increased access to healthy heart drugs like statins. Labour will continue to promote and fund primary health care. Strong Proven Leadership 252 . Fruit in Schools and Mission On to improve nutrition. education. We have initiated a number of public health campaigns which are making important contributions to New Zealand’s wellbeing – such as Healthy Eating Healthy Action / Mission On to target obesity and diabetes. They also give the public important information on how the health system is performing. including “P” • chronic and non-communicable diseases such as diabetes. and preventive health strategies at a nationwide and community level to target: • obesity • the incidence of health conditions related to smoking • the impact of poor housing on health • problem gambling and drug and alcohol addiction.5 years longer and women an average of 2. We have put in place a number of programmes. we established the Health Targets and a system for annual reporting. We believe that Health Targets are an important way to increase performance in the health system and to focus our attention on areas of need. smoking cessation programmes. such as Healthy Eating Healthy Action. Men are now living an average of 3. It is essential that primary healthcare services also contribute to public health campaigns in our communities. in 2007.healthier lifestyles. The rate of smoking has dropped to the lowest rate in over three decades. respiratory and heart disease. increase activity levels and improve overall health. We will continue to set national targets in these priority areas. but more needs to be done to bring it under control. This is why diseases like obesity are a major focus for us. smoking cessation and efficiency in all services across the health sector. The Like Minds Like Mine mental health awareness campaign has been very successful.2 years. and make adjustments to funding and services where necessary. alcohol and binge-drinking awareness. Good progress is being made in key areas. The bottom line is that New Zealanders are living longer since Labour became the Government. But the gap between Pakeha and Maori or Pacific Islanders is still too great. and problem gambling. monitor progress. That’s why. Labour will continue its investment in education and preventative strategies to ensure that people have access to the best possible information about health issues and can make informed decisions about their lifestyle. It is our goal to turn this slowdown into a reduction in the obesity rate.

Strong Proven Leadership 253 . They are important parts of our Primary Health Care Strategy. Primary Health Care – More Affordable and Accessible Primary healthcare is the support Kiwis receive from frontline health workers in their community. Early and effective access. It is the family doctor (general practitioner) or practice nurse that people see at their local clinic. wellness support. Ten years ago. accessing early intervention diabetes services through the diabetes Get Checked programme and getting childhood immunisations and influenza immunisations through outreach services. Labour will develop a co-ordinated approach to promoting hearing health education. we committed $18 million over four years for Super Gold Card holders for hearing aids. diagnosis and intervention lead to healthier people and families. In this year’s Budget. Accurate information about the drivers of disease is vital if we are to respond effectively and implement preventative strategies. not just when they are sick. Labour will continue to support long-term research on public health so we can continue to roll out innovative programmes that prevent people becoming sick. This is an important commitment but we also realise that preventative education is equally important if people are to prevent their hearing from deteriorating. and that linkages between preventative. It is not good for Kiwis or the health system to wait and get seriously ill before treatment. Labour will ensure that this focus on preventative and primary health is maintained and strengthened. Labour will support long-term public health research to deal with the underlying causes of illness. More people are now getting screened for breast cancer. In turn this results in less pressure on our hospitals. It is important that New Zealanders use health services to stay well. the health system was market-driven and hospitalcentric. primary and hospital care are as strong as possible. increasing the subsidy from $198 to $500. Over the last nine years we have worked hard to ensure that preventative health programmes and primary health care play important roles in keeping people healthy and away from hospitals.Labour will ensure integrated service delivery for preventive and primary health care.

The strategy is about much more than price – it is a long-term investment in the health of all New Zealanders. Doctors. healthy lives. we have halved the cost of seeing a doctor. Early treatment and advice prevents many illnesses from becoming more serious and enables more Kiwis to take control of their health and wellbeing. We want PHOs and general practices to ensure a more consistent focus on services that are integrated with other health professionals. As part of our primary healthcare strategy.Labour has always believed that families should never have to choose between going to the doctor and putting food on the table. PHOs at their best bring together a range of effective primary care services. a diagnostic laboratory. Over the coming years. we are working to expand and strengthen services and to ensure strong links between the people who already deliver health or community services to Kiwi communities. ‘One stop shop’ facilities are an innovation in primary health care that we want to encourage. Central to the delivery of enhanced primary care are Primary Health Organisations (PHOs). That was happening in the 1990s. work and play in the 21st century. Most New Zealanders know that in the last few years it has become significantly cheaper to visit a GP while the cost of prescriptions has dropped significantly. Our health plans are ambitious and will evolve to meet the needs of all New Zealanders. The most effective PHOs tend to have a clear focus on a geographic area or a specific population. Labour will continue to work towards reducing the cost of GP visits for younger and older New Zealanders so that young people get medical advice early and so that older people can lead active. based on the needs of the patients they serve. we will prioritise reducing the cost of going to the doctor for those aged six to 17 years and for people over 64. Labour has worked to rebuild our primary care sector and support the staff who work in it. Having X-ray services. Labour will further improve access to primary health care services by addressing barriers and improving models of care. they become the key players in primary health delivery within District Health Board areas. Labour will encourage development of more ‘one stop shop’ facilities for primary health care. nurses and other professionals are now working more closely to deliver services that reflect how we live. the structures through which GPs provide integrated services to their patients. In so doing. a pharmacy and other allied health services like physiotherapy under the same roof is more convenient for Strong Proven Leadership 254 . drawing together GP services and other allied health professionals. Rather than let the market decide who gets health care.

A pilot screening programme will start next year and a full-scale programme is expected to be rolled out by the end of 2011. significant parts of the West Coast would be without GP care. further improving outcomes for their patients. Bowel cancer is the most common cancer in New Zealand. We also want primary care teams to work more collaboratively. well before the original date of 2014. We announced earlier this year that we would fast-track this programme. a comprehensive nationwide bowel cancer screening programme. Labour will work with DHBs to increase the number of ‘one stop shop’ facilities throughout New Zealand. Another way we will ensure there are no gaps in services for communities is to develop primary healthcare development plans in each District Health Board area. Labour will link DHBs and PHOs through district-wide primary healthcare development plans. Most General Practitioners work in an independent small business environment. Labour will prevent unnecessary hospitalisation through collaborative teamwork in local primary care. Without this model. Each DHB will work closely with their PHOs to compile a development plan that identifies gaps in primary health services and barriers to access. These plans will help ensure that patients have access to seamless. Labour believes there is an opportunity to better integrate primary care with the public health system by encouraging DHBs to start employing GPs directly. and sets out how they intend to reduce and remove these. where DHBs contract and fund them for their services through Primary Health Organisations. This will include strengthening links between general practices and allied health professionals like psychologists and physiotherapists. high quality and comprehensive primary healthcare services. This system has been trialled by West Coast DHB. irrespective of whether they work in a ‘one stop shop’ environment. Labour will promote a DHB-salaried General Practitioner option as one way of better integrating primary health care. It means a greater role for practice nurses in triaging consultations. as soon as possible. Labour will implement. We have one of the highest death rates in the world from this disease. This model enables health professionals to work in closer collaboration. A national screening programme could save up to 100 lives every year.patients and means they are more likely to get their tests and pick up their prescriptions. Strong Proven Leadership 255 .

over 1. That would be a disaster. Ten years from now… the public health system will have seamless links between primary and preventative care. were an urgent priority for Labour to reverse the lack of investment in health during the 1990s. We have 21 District Health Boards example. These new hospitals. safe health system delivered through. serving very different local communities. and run by. along with one-stop community health centres and their staff. The proportion of non-clinical staff in the public health system has remained static. For have one of the youngest populations in New to reflect that. Labour is committed to a strong. Labour has filled the gaps which opened up in our public health system during the 1990s. and strengthening the role of the Ministry of Health to provide central leadership on key system-wide resources (like workforce planning and information communications technology). Strong Proven Leadership 256 . with a central coordinating role for the Ministry of Health. We will continue to encourage DHBs to work together to lift the overall health of New Zealanders. exploring opportunities for collective purchasing to maximise public investment.000 more nurses. Over the last nine years we have rebuilt our ‘bricks and mortar’ with a major hospital building programme from Kaitaia to Invercargill. Our vision is for an integrated and mutually supported DHB network. unlike right-wing politicians who want to set up regional purchasing agencies to promote competition. and public hospitals. We will continue to invest in our public health sector and assist it to become more connected with a greater focus on consistency of service and health outcomes. Today… District Health Boards have brought democratic governance to the provision of health services in communities. and clear leadership from government. We will strengthen collaboration amongst DHBs by: promoting alliances between relevant DHBs. Our regional clinical networks will be built by building collaboration between DHBs. an integrated network of efficient District Health Boards.DHBs and Hospital Services – A Strong and Safe Public Health System You Can Trust Communities have a right to expect good access to public health services throughout New Zealand. Elected and appointed board deliver the highest level of service for their Ten years ago… hospitals were run as profit-making enterprises under Crown Health Enterprises. Services therefore need members need to be supported to community. There are also more staff in our hospitals and theatres now than ever before .000 more doctors and over 3. in Counties Manukau we Zealand.

000 more people would get assessments. We will continue to strengthen collaboration and coordination between DHBs and ensure that the Quality Improvement Committee has the resources to monitor and identify avenues for increasing the quality of services. Strong Proven Leadership 257 . Labour will target reduced waiting times for elective surgery in priority areas. but we want to reduce it even further. Under Labour New Zealand has seen unprecedented investment in health infrastructure. Our strategy is paying off. One way we can do this is to use technology to provide fast and accurate information between our various health staff. seven new hospitals have been built and another eight have received major upgrades. Labour will ensure that this investment continues so that New Zealanders have the best possible health facilities. Labour will continue to commit resources to reduce waiting times in priority areas. With greater numbers of people assured of surgery within six months. and more people are assured of surgery. 12. The practice of health and medicine is constantly advancing and specialising. Labour is responding to this challenge by supporting specialist staff to form strong links with professionals in their speciality to maintain the highest international standards.Labour will ensure a coordinated hospital and specialist health care system of consistent quality across the country. This year we injected another $160 million over five years so that 5. In the last two years. Labour will continue to build and upgrade health facilities to ensure we have top quality infrastructure. secondary and tertiary health sectors is achieved in a timely and seamless manner that also safeguards patients’ privacy. More people than ever are getting elective treatment. Labour will invest in information technology so that the flow of health information between primary. A major challenge in health is to make sure that excellence flows between all areas in our public health system. cancer and orthopaedic services. Another five major upgrades are underway.000 additional New Zealanders had elective treatment.000 more Kiwis would get treatment each year. and 12. the average waiting time is increasing. such as cardiac. Since 2000. diagnostic tests and community-based procedures. Ten new specialist units have been either built or upgraded throughout the country. It is still less than half the maximum waiting time of six months. Labour has invested heavily in elective services: in 2006 we committed an additional $200 million over four years so that more Kiwis would get their treatment.

removing the need for some patients to travel to hospital. through a joint Ministry of Health and ACC venture. barcode technology can increase the safer use of medicines to ensure patients only get the medicines intended for them. and training issues. We will also extend the role of paramedics to be able to assess and treat more patients at home and in the community. In it we detail the key steps we will take to move towards a more sustainable and safer provision of emergency ambulance services. Labour will ensure that New Zealanders get the best clinical services. workforce. crewing. Another $12 million a year is funded under the Cancer Control Action Plan. DHB funding for palliative services increased from $30 million per annum in 2003/04 to $45 million in 2006/07. Labour will focus on developing sustainable and high quality palliative care services. It is a fact that some New Zealanders will have to travel for specialist treatment but we aim to minimise this disruption as much as possible. In our hospitals. Labour will build stronger regional clinical and administrative networks. We recently released our Ambulance Strategy for consultation. so it is critical that we get workforce planning right. Labour will ensure that the health sector has the investments it needs to provide high technology solutions where required. We will explore options for simplifying funding. with shared integrated services that efficiently use resources and avoid duplication. New Zealand is a small nation and because of this not every area can provide all specialist medical services. A Stronger and More Sustainable Health Workforce A strong and well equipped workforce is essential to the sustainability of New Zealand’s health system. Strong Proven Leadership 258 .One example of this is to enable a GP who orders a test for a patient to see the results at the same time as the specialist so a patient’s records are updated quickly. whether delivered by DHBs. by building stronger regional clinical services that are nationally integrated. no matter where they live. hospices or inhome care. Labour will strengthen the provision of ambulance services by instituting a staged plan to deal with funding. Labour will continue to strengthen palliative care so that all New Zealanders who require it have access to these services. Currently about two thirds of health investment goes into the workforce. Labour has significantly increased investment in palliative care services in recent years.

The number of allied health staff professionals such as physiotherapists. Retaining medical students in New Zealand after they graduate is vital. There are now more students than ever before training to be doctors. an additional 80 places have been added at medical schools – the first increases in over 25 years – bringing the total to 365 New Zealanders in their first year of medical training. Clinical and medical education experts now have a greater role in advising on the direction of the workforce through the Medical Training Board. Labour will coordinate workforce planning at all levels and tackle key areas of workforce shortage. we will increase the number of medical placements by 50 extra places in both 2010 and 2011. In line with these recommendations. There are now over 1. and our policy to abolish parental means testing for student allowances will help reduce debt while studying. More medical graduates are now training to become General Practitioners too. Strong Proven Leadership 259 . psychologists and social workers – has also grown.000 more doctors and over 3. and not ad hoc. the number of postgraduate GP training places was increased from 54 to 69. Labour in government has worked with health experts to identify the future needs of the medical workforce. set up in 2007. recruitment. systematic.by the end of next year there will be a 50% increase in the number of graduates (about 180 graduates in total). Labour will progressively increase the number of training places at New Zealand medical schools. Our interestfree student loan policy provides incentives for graduates to remain here. The number of midwives in training has increased . with an extra 50 places in 2010 and a further 50 places in 2011. Labour will work with DHBs to ensure a coordinated programme of measures to encourage medical professionals to stay in the country or return to New Zealand and tackle the shortage of medical professionals in rural and other key areas. and this year 104 graduates are in their first year of General Practice training. Labour is committed to workforce planning and development that is sustainable.000 more nurses working in our hospitals and GP practices than there were in 2000. and professional development. We will continue to invest in the workforce at all levels – training.In recent years there has been significant effort to strengthen the workforce. The Medical Training Board has recommended that the number of medical students be further increased by 100 places. In the past four years. In 2006.

It is important that health workers have access to professional development programmes so they can increase their clinical skills and keep up to date with advances in their discipline.Measures to encourage medical professionals to stay in the country or return to New Zealand may include offering student-loan write offs. This will help ensure that Strong Proven Leadership 260 . We will encourage health provider employers to promote flexible working hours. Labour has worked hard to encourage medical professionals to work in rural and hard-to-staff areas. Labour will promote increased labour market participation in the health sector for older workers by increasing the provision of re-entry education and promoting greater flexibility in working conditions and hours. Labour will work to ensure that the burden of administrative duties is reduced as much as possible for frontline health professionals. Through national co-ordination and collaboration of workforce needs. including investigating the possibility of re-introducing a travelling locum scheme. Labour will reduce locum costs and co-ordinate provision of locums. Labour will streamline and co-ordinate health administration requirements at all levels so that medical personnel are freed up to deliver frontline services. for whatever reason. We have supported the creation of Otago University’s Rural Medical Immersion Programme so medical students can work and study in rural areas and we have made rural practice more sustainable and attractive to practitioners through the Rural Bonus and Rural Premiums for rural GPs scheme. Labour will work to ensure that students have incentives to undertake training and education in rural and key areas. We believe that health professionals should spend their time doing what they do best: providing care and support for patients. Labour will extend professional development programmes to include health professionals in all areas of the primary and secondary care workforce. A smart way to boost the health workforce is to encourage the re-entry of qualified people who. National collaboration will reduce competition between DHBs for staff and instead develop co-operation between providers. Given the integrated nature of 21st Century healthcare. and offering relocation grants for New Zealand medical graduates returning home after a stint overseas. it is important that opportunities for professional development are not limited just to doctors. are no longer working in the sector. we can reduce both the demand and cost of locums. including nursing and midwifery. One way we plan to do this is by boosting re-entry/refresher training. There is also a $2 million rural bonus fund for midwives.

we need to ensure that all medical professionals are high quality. Labour’s goals for the health and wellbeing of older New Zealanders are set out in the Health of Older People Strategy published in 2002. Our vision is that older people will be able to fully participate in decisions about their health and wellbeing and in family.people with commitments outside of work. and given appropriate support. Regardless of where people are trained. Labour will further integrate the current system of workforce planning – which includes agencies such as the Medical Training Board. Labour values the backgrounds and experiences of our health workers and will strive to ensure they are given the necessary support to thrive in the New Zealand health sector. the Doctors Workforce Commissions and the Midwife and Maternity Strategic Advisory Committee – so that the Ministry of Health. It is important there is a strong and co-ordinated approach to planning New Zealand’s health workforce. Health and Wellbeing of Older New Zealanders Good health is critical to the wellbeing of older people. Technological and Strong Proven Leadership 261 . older people are less able to enjoy their lives to the fullest extent. We will work with professional bodies to ensure international recruits have the support. clinically and culturally competent. supervision and registration needed. A million Kiwis now pay no more than $16 to see a GP and the cost of most prescription medicines has been cut to no more than $3. Without good health. can participate in the workforce even when a nine-to-five working week doesn’t work for them. Although older New Zealanders are on average enjoying better health for longer. Labour will ensure the availability of appropriate bridging programmes and mentoring for overseas-trained medical professionals. Labour will establish a comprehensive central system for national workforce supply and demand planning within the Ministry of Health. their options are limited and their general levels of contentment and happiness are likely to be reduced. Clinical Training Agency. We have introduced primary healthcare subsidies so that everyone is able to get cheaper doctors visits and cheaper prescription medicines. has a system-wide approach to workforce planning. it remains important to appropriately support those with disabilities. with input from clinical experts. We want to ensure they are supported by coordinated and responsive health and disability support programmes. whanau and community life. accessibility and quality of health services for older New Zealanders. Labour has worked hard to improve the affordability.

We also want to see wages rise in the sector. We will investigate the introduction of aged care qualifications so that workers in the sector have greater career progression possibilities and can offer more effective services. Strong Proven Leadership 262 .000. which is why we recently announced an immediate $5 million injection to work with the sector to increase pay rates. in much the same way that the Education Review Office’s school audits are. We want more transparent processes so individuals and families have access to good quality information about rest home services. Labour has committed to the progressive removal of asset testing for older people in long-stay residential care. The suitability of housing and the ability of people with disabilities to remain living successfully in the community will be dependent on the availability of formal and informal care.000 for singles and $30. home support workers and nurses at all levels. Labour will implement a comprehensive workforce development programme for all those working in the aged care sector including carers.medical advances have enabled many people with disabilities to live longer.000 for couples to $180. We will establish a Ministerial Aged Care Residential Working Group to staircase workforce development through a five year plan. We have increased the asset threshold (the level at which the value of assets need to be equal or below) from $15. This means that older people retain more of their assets and still qualify for a government subsidy to help meet the cost of their care. Labour will ensure that the results of audits of aged care facilities are made publicly available.000 on 1 July of each year. We will develop regulations to underpin new staffing requirements. We recognise the need to support and develop workers who provide valuable support to our senior citizens and we know that low pay and high staff turnover are a major workforce issue in aged care. Labour will continue the progressive removal of asset testing for older people in long-stay residential care by increasing the asset thresholds by $10. Labour is committed to ensuring that older people have access to high quality aged care facilities and the highest possible standard of health care. Labour will strengthen aged care workforce development and regulation by reviewing staffing and funding guidelines including consideration of specified minimum staffing levels.

It's a smart and cost-effective way to help and support older people to stay healthy and improve their quality of life. to provide more information on how to make a complaint. as part of the patient's overall health management. to complement older people’s visits to their GP. Labour believes there is a place for regular wellness checks. We will investigate ways to strengthen complaints processes for these people. Labour will enhance the awareness of green prescriptions for older people. We also realise they have a wealth of information and experience. and older New Zealanders in rest homes or other forms of care are no different.We recently announced a $4 million investment to upskill staff in the sector to level 2 and 3 qualifications. We will strengthen providers’ accountability by ensuring that there are robust abuse and neglect guidelines in all DHB contract specifications for eldercare providers. and can play important roles in their community. A Green Prescription is a health professional's written advice on physical activity. older people will visit their GPs more frequently. Labour will ensure that prevention of elder abuse and neglect guidelines are included in all District Health Board contract specifications for elder care providers Older people in care are some of the most vulnerable New Zealanders. and it is an unfortunate fact that abuse and neglect do occur sometimes. Strong Proven Leadership 263 . All health consumers have the right to make a complaint about the services they receive. Labour will ensure the availability of robust and effective complaints processes. administered by nurses. We realise that some older people feel isolated and disconnected from their communities. and make the complaints process more accessible. and another $4 million investment by DHBs for workforce development. Labour will investigate the introduction of nurse-led wellness checks in primary care for older people. Labour believes that older people should be encouraged and given the support to get involved in the community in ways that are suitable and comfortable for them. With our aim of progressively reducing fees for older people to visit their doctor.

Women’s Health and Maternity It is essential that affordable. Labour announced the country’s first cervical cancer screening program. We realise that independence is important for older people who remain in their own homes but we also realise this can sometimes make them vulnerable. especially if they have a chronic health condition. much has changed to improve access to healthcare for all New Zealand women. quality healthcare is available to all women throughout their lives.Labour will encourage and support older people contributing to the voluntary sector as a means of combating social isolation and building stronger and healthier communities. Affordability has increased dramatically. We have committed $164 million over 5 years to vaccinate women against HPV. Home-based support plays a vital role in helping older people maintain their independence. Labour will investigate ways to increase the availability of fully subsidised personal alarms for those who are able to remain in their own homes.000 young women. Labour believes it is important that older New Zealanders have the choice of remaining in their own home. Doctors’ visits and prescription costs have dropped significantly. Labour will implement a nationwide HPV vaccination programme that protects young women against the most common cause of cervical cancer. Over the past decade. we have launched a new major programme to tackle this disease. preventative healthcare will continue to be a priority. such as breast and cervical cancer. Labour will recognise the importance of allowing older people to remain in their own homes by continuing to expand the provision of home-based support. and a million Kiwis pay less than $16. It is our goal that older New Zealanders who remain in their own homes are able to contact emergency services as soon as possible should they suffer an accident or medical emergency. Strong Proven Leadership 264 . Access to nationwide screening programmes for women. In 1989. the virus responsible for around 70% of cervical cancer. The average cost of seeing a GP is now just $26 for a consultation. Almost twenty years later. have been widened and given new impetus. Over this period the vaccine will be free for more than 300. Under Labour. This belief in a strong public health system goes to the core of Labour’s values. which kills about 60 women a year.

Labour will work to ensure that all clinical professionals provide the highest standard of care. All mothers and mothers-to-be have the right to the very best clinical care possible. and that women’s choice to use the maternity services they want and need is facilitated. Labour recently announced a package of initiatives to address workforce pressures in the midwifery sector. Labour will ensure there is a high level of communication and coordination between midwives. retaining more midwives with post-graduate study and providing financial support to overseas-trained midwives.Too often women dealing with a stressful pregnancy find their experiences vary depending on where they live. including longer stays in maternity units where this is required. and that mothers receive the highest level of professional care. Labour will work to ensure that qualified Strong Proven Leadership 265 . Communication between maternity carers is crucial to effective and safe clinical services. childbirth and aftercare through provision of nationwide quality care by qualified health professionals. Labour will work to address work force issues in maternity care and continue to ensure local access to reliable. GPs and obstetricians so that all mothers are provided with the postnatal care they need. that they are accountable for their standard of care. and that mothers receive stronger maternity unit care when needed. This included expanding the midwife workforce in training by a third. Sometimes communication and co-ordination between caregivers falls down. safe midwifery and obstetric services across the country. It is important to us that access to maternity services is as convenient as possible. We will work to ensure a more timely and uniform provision of support across the country. We are committed to providing timely and uniform provision of support to women under stress during pregnancy across the country. Labour will continue to promote satisfactory outcomes for pregnancy. resulting in a poorer standard of care. We will work to ensure that barriers to communication between these health professionals are identified and reduced to the greatest extent possible. Labour is committed to full implementation of this package. Labour will ensure nationwide equality of access to contraceptive education. information and provision in partnership with qualified health professionals Women have the right to access quality information and support to make informed decisions about sex and contraception.

and that women do not face barriers in accessing them. Labour will fund Youth Services offering first contact GP / Nurse Services through an alternative funding mechanism where necessary. these alternative organisations. It means ensuring a strong public health system that has health professionals and clinics in place to deliver the necessary services. Labour is committed to ensuring that young people have access to the health services they need.has been upgraded and expanded. and will continue to ensure that DHBs and PHOs work closely with other agencies to deliver important health promoting initiatives. Youth Services may well operate differently to the standard primary care model of practise. Schools and early childhood education centres provide excellent opportunities to reach children and young people and promote healthy lifestyles. This innovation must extend to re-thinking where we target the delivery of services to young people. DHBs are finding effective new ways to reach out to families with children with high needs. Looking forward. our priority is to see more innovation in the delivery of primary health care to ensure that all children get the best possible start in life. the support available to parents and new children has expanded and developed. Over the past decade. This means detecting and acting on any health problems early on. to ensure that no child falls through the cracks.health professionals have the resources to provide this information and support. a universal B4 School check is now being implemented that diagnoses any learning or health disabilities that might hinder children from learning at school. However. Strong Proven Leadership 266 . should receive primary care funding where they demonstrate success in reaching high-needs or heard-to-reach young people with health and disability needs. Labour will ensure District Health Boards and Primary Health Organisations work with other agencies such as schools and early childhood centres on health promotion activities in their regions. Labour will work towards more specialised adolescent services and support with a greater focus on the provision of health services at school. Increasingly. The Well Child service –a programme that ensures young kids receive regular health checks . where appropriate. Child and Youth Health Every single young New Zealander deserves the best possible start in life. In addition. We are already doing this with healthier food options in New Zealand’s schools.

they need support to minimise the barriers created by their impairment. We are aware that disabled people can be disadvantaged in navigating the system and knowing how to access services and support. we will continue to ensure that health services assist disabled people to lead an ordinary life. In particular there has been a continuous effort to improve equity between ACC and non-ACC disability support services. and often need to rely on others to help them access health services. and thirdly. Increasing the level and flexibility of support services for disabled people has been a major focus over the last decade. Labour has invested in primary healthcare throughout New Zealand and we want to ensure that all adults have full access to services such as primary healthcare and dental care. In order to achieve those goals. with a wide range of skills and abilities and ‘ordinary’ goals and aspirations. the need to move away from the custodial model of service delivery. In particular. There is anecdotal evidence that disabled people face discrimination in access to secondary and tertiary Strong Proven Leadership 267 . Labour will implement the recommendations of the National Advisory Committee on Health and Disability research document “To Have an Ordinary Life” and address barriers New Zealand adults with an intellectual disability face in trying to participate in society. addressing the neglect of basic health needs. Labour will ensure that a wide range of health services are accessible to those with physical disabilities and accommodate the communication needs of people with a disability or sensory loss. Labour will identify and resolve barriers to health service delivery for disabled people. secondly. Labour will continue to place more emphasis on helping disabled people and their families plan for a better life. Disabled people often face difficulties in accessing health care without support. Access to support services has been increased for people with chronic health conditions.Better health support for disabled New Zealanders The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out the goal of easy access to long-term support systems centred on the individual. These New Zealanders are a diverse group. The report identified three priorities for action. This report was based on direct dialogue with adults with an intellectual disability. They will now receive long-term support services as part of an integrated package of health services from their District Health Board. In line with these recommendations. Firstly the coordination of services and purchasing and assessment of people’s needs should be better.

Labour will review the funding mechanisms for disability services to ensure that barriers to adequate provision of carer support and respite care are removed. Labour will work to remove these barriers by improving health professionals’ understanding of disabled people and helping ensure that disabled people with intellectual disabilities visit their primary carer more often. Then. Labour believes that disabled adults should also have the choice to move out of the parental home and be supported in the accommodation of their choice. We will work to expand education and training to caregivers to ensure the highest standard of care. including investigating changes to funding of close relatives as respite carers. Labour will provide free annual checks for people with intellectual disabilities to ensure that medical conditions are diagnosed early and treated as soon as possible. Most New Zealanders grow up and move out of their parents’ home. Under Labour. and that even when health care is sought.care. communication problems can make diagnosis and treatment difficult. but do not receive appropriate treatment because of the barriers they face in accessing care. Labour will ensure quality care for disabled people through appropriate education and training for those caring for people with disabilities. Labour wants everyone to have the same choices and opportunities and around their living arrangements. such as where they live and who they live with. Mental Health: the Journey towards Recovery There can be no doubt that New Zealand has become a more socially inclusive society for people with experience of mental illness. the sector has grown in confidence and is implementing a second decade of mental health reforms. we were struggling as a society to move beyond the stigma often attached to people who were mentally ill. New Zealanders with intellectual disabilities often have medical conditions that are easily treatable or curable. When the 1996 Mason Report was released it revealed huge gaps in the treatment and the rights of New Zealanders who experience mental health issues. Strong Proven Leadership 268 . Labour will provide free annual health checks for intellectually disabled people with high support needs. It is important that the people providing care for disabled New Zealanders have the appropriate knowledge and training.

and address them. What this means is that we continuously measure and seek improvement. Labour will review funding provided to mental health non-government organisations to ensure there is access to a consistently high standard of mental health care throughout the country. Strong Proven Leadership 269 . families. It is important that any New Zealander with a mental illness receives the highest possible standard of care. and it is important that they are adequately resourced and funded. Labour will ensure the mental health workforce is adequately developed and funded. Mental Health non-government organisations provide a critical service. Labour will work to ensure that patients’ plans for recovery are of a consistently high quality and that their journey through the care system produces the best recovery outcomes. whanau and service users in supporting a vision of ‘recovery’ for countless individuals and families. We are committed to ensuring that there is a strong workforce that has the necessary resources and is adequately funded to provide the critical services they deliver. support and significant investment by Labour. Labour will review implementation of the Mental Health Blueprint and address gaps where they remain. Through greater collaboration between DHBs and strong regional networks. There have been significant changes in the delivery of mental health services in New Zealand in the last ten years. Labour will review the Mental Health Blueprint. Mental health services have become more responsive to the needs of consumers and there has been increased quality in services. and it is now an appropriate time to ensure that we continue on the right path. identify where any service and quality gaps lie. regardless of which town or city they live in. Labour will ensure DHBs have consistent standards of mental health plans nationwide and at all levels of the patient care journey. Labour will ensure full implementation of the Mental Health Blueprint and ensure consistent standards of care nationwide and at all levels. This major transformation for the mental health sector would not have happened without the vision. Labour values the skills and dedication of New Zealand’s mental health workers. It means that the one-size-fits-all concept of those experiencing mental health issues has been thrown off as we emerge as a sector that treats people as individuals and seeks input from the users of services. Labour will ensure that all non-government organisations who deliver mental health services have the necessary resources to provide the highest standard of care.This has strengthened the role of the mental health workforce.

We will work with DHBs and PHOs to enhance early identification of eating disorders and strengthen the provision of services throughout the country. Over $100 million now goes to support rural health services each year. Healthcare in rural New Zealand has taken big steps forward in the last nine years. Patients receive support through the National Travel Assistance Programme if they have to travel to receive treatment. Rural New Zealanders can have minor surgical procedures close to their home on the innovative Mobile Surgical Bus so don’t have to go into hospital. One of the greatest developments in mental health care has been the re-integration of people with mental illness back into the community. People within the criminal justice system are much more likely than the general population to suffer from a mental illness. Labour will work to increase access and efficacy of clinical mental health services at all stages of the criminal justice system. A $2 million fund is distributed to rural midwives annually to help them with the costs of Strong Proven Leadership 270 .Labour will work to ensure that the workforce is developed to meet New Zealand’s mental health challenges. Labour is committed to ensuring that this support is available to New Zealanders who require it. There is currently much inconsistency in the delivery of services to treat eating disorders in New Zealand. Labour will support appropriate re-integration into the community of mental health patients including through community-based services and supported accommodation. Rural GPs are paid a bonus through a $4 million annual fund. Labour will continue to improve mental health services within the criminal justice system.000 New Zealanders. There are now rural immersion programmes at both New Zealand medical schools. Those who are re-integrated need a high level of support so that they recover well. Labour will develop treatment services for people with eating disorders. Upgraded drinking water supplies and sewerage schemes will benefit 210. The rural health workforce is now getting more support than ever. Rural Health – A New Model of Healthcare for Rural New Zealand Rural New Zealanders are entitled to have access to the very best health care. regardless of the distance they live from the nearest city or hospital. Another $11 million goes towards ensuring rural health workers are retained and provide good after hours care.

The idea of a one-stop-shop primary health care centre is not an entirely new concept. The Rural Innovations Fund is an annual contestable fund that provides one off support for innovative practices in rural medicine. Innovation in rural health is being encouraged through the Rural Innovations Fund. and get their prescriptions filled . This is something we want to promote and expand. We want to ensure that New Zealanders are given the support they need when they have to travel away from home to see a specialist.all in one visit. have an X-ray or blood test. and that after hours services in rural areas are comprehensive and well-resourced. The National Travel Assistance programme helps Kiwis who have to travel for treatment. it is vital for rural New Zealanders to have the easiest and most convenient access to primary healthcare possible. however. A few District Health Boards are either working on these concepts. by providing financial support for mileage and accommodation. rehabilitation and maternity services. It is a fact that the most complicated health procedures and specialist care cannot be provided in rural communities. creating strong linkages between GPs and secondary treatment. We understand. Because of this.000 patients seeing a GP there in its first year.000 is made Strong Proven Leadership 271 . Given that access to primary health care is very important for people to stay healthy. or have recently opened such facilities. The Horowhenua Health Centre is an example of the type of response to a community’s health needs that we believe is the future of rural health care. that people in rural communities still visit their GPs less frequently than people living in urban areas. Each year $300. Labour will review the operation of the National Travel Assistance programme and ensure it is delivering maximum benefit to rural New Zealanders. Labour will establish ‘one stop shop’ primary health care centres in rural areas. patients can see their GP. with more than 26. Labour will work closely with DHBs to extend these services into more rural to ensure that rural New Zealanders have more convenient and integrated primary health care services.practicing in rural areas. it is important that rural health services are integrated with secondary and tertiary specialist services in urban centres. At this ‘one stop shop’. Labour will work with DHBs to develop rural primary health centres which incorporate the needs of rural communities and bring services together where possible into one facility. The centre has been very successful. The facility is located on the same site as a secondary care hospital. It is our goal that these one-stop-shops be extended into more rural areas across New Zealand.

Men’s Health Many gains have been made in New Zealand’s health system in the last ten years. Labour will investigate ways for rural hospitals to better co-ordinate with specialist secondary and tertiary units. Compared to women. but gender disparities still exist. utilise health services less than women but also have more risk factors. They are also significantly less likely to visit their GP regularly. men have higher mortality rates for cancer. especially in after hours care. Labour will continue to support innovative rural health solutions through the Rural Innovations Fund. We currently require all DHBs to have after hours plans to ensure that all people can access emergency care outside working hours. They are significantly more likely to drink alcohol hazardously. Labour will work closely with DHBs and PHOs to strengthen after hours care in rural communities. Labour will ensure that the Rural Ranking Scale has continued relevance by reviewing its function. Strong Proven Leadership 272 . We will continue to support innovations in rural health to ensure that rural communities have access to the best possible health services. for example. heart disease. and takes into account the needs of practitioners. We will continue to work closely with providers and DHBs to ensure that communities receive after hours care that is reliable. The Rural Ranking Scale is a method used to define how rural a practice is. increased use of technology such as telemedicine. This year Labour committed an extra $5 million per annum for rural after hours care. Labour will investigate better cooperation and coordination through. Labour understands that some rural practitioners have heavy workloads. Rural hospitals need to be closely integrated with secondary and tertiary units to ensure that rural New Zealanders receive seamless care and the best possible access to specialist services. self-harm and road accidents. and significantly less likely to eat the recommended daily amount of fruit and vegetables.available in grants. and live on average four years less than women. Labour will review the Rural Ranking Scale to ensure its continued relevance. safe. Men have worse overall health outcomes than women. and in turn how much extra support a rural medical practice becomes entitled to. We are committed to rural after hours services that are sustainable and provide the best possible clinical care.

Labour will continue to closely monitor developments in PSA testing and will consider implementation of a national screening programme when we are satisfied the test is accurate enough to be used in such a way. Labour will promote innovation in men’s health through the Men’s Health Innovation Fund. These include an information pamphlet for men and their families. Labour will improve men’s access to health information through resources and a social marketing campaign. PSA tests monitor markers in the blood that can suggest prostate cancer is present. outreach services and workplace and occupational health initiatives for men. Our plan focuses on improving access to a range of health and disability services – especially primary health care – so that men go to their primary carer more often. Later this year we will be launching a social marketing campaign aimed at getting men to see their doctor regularly. Labour will increase access to men’s health and wellness checks through extended hours in primary care. Labour wants to encourage these local community-based initiatives. This year Labour has targeted men’s health. We will continue to update information Strong Proven Leadership 273 . They will allow men and their doctors to make more informed choices on testing and treatment. We recently released new information resources and guidelines to GPs on prostate cancer. We know through the success of the Like Minds Like Mine campaign that men do respond to information about health. We will also be providing health information in more easily accessible formats and locations. That’s why this year we established the first Men’s Health Innovation Fund – an annual contestable pool to help promote new initiatives or new ways of doing things in men’s health. Labour will continue to monitor international evidence of the efficacy of PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood tests. We will do this by making it more convenient for men to get checked: by extending primary health care hours and promoting community clinics targeted at men and expanding workplace-based health checks. and resource cards for doctors. Unfortunately these tests are not yet accurate enough to be used in a nationwide screening programme. with a comprehensive plan of action to reduce gender disparities. There are currently a number of innovative men’s health schemes around the country. Labour will continue to provide information for GPs and men about prostate cancer.Labour is committed to improving access to healthcare for men.

Labour is committed to increasing access to these services. and provide training to GPs on use of the new guidelines. The availability of some vasectomy services are restricted due to the way DHBs prioritise their elective services and because of the expense of these operations in private care or general practice. This year we increased funding so that DHBs will offer more and better services to men. Strong Proven Leadership 274 . One way we can address this is by working with PHOs to develop gender-based targets for issues that inordinately affect men (such as cardiovascular disease) and for throughput of men in general practice. Part of our focus on men’s health involves increasing access to sexual health and vasectomy services. Labour will work with PHOs to develop health targets by gender. We know that men visit primary carers less often than women and that they have worse health outcomes. Labour will increase men’s access to targeted sexual health and vasectomy services. This will greatly help to monitor progress in men’s health and identify avenues for further work.when significant clinical developments occur.

Affordable Accommodation for the Nation Labour’s policy for Affordable Housing 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 275 .

Strong Proven Leadership 276 .

The last decade has seen a change in patterns of home ownership which presents real challenges. They have failed to ensure every child enjoys this most fundamental of protections. moderate-income families can now qualify for publicly-funded mortgage insurance with a Welcome Home loan. but the previous National Government routinely took steps which effectively deprived too many New Zealanders of this basic right. Home Ownership – Attaining the Kiwi Dream Home ownership must continue to be part of the Kiwi Dream and one all New Zealanders have the opportunity to realise. Strong stable communities that care about each other can help reduce crime and other social problems. Home ownership rates have been declining since the 1980s 100% 80% 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 60% 40% 20% 0% Welcome Home Loans For example. a number of initiatives have been put in place over the last nine years to help New Zealanders into their first home. Labour has a strong record in this area and we are firmly committed to helping as many Kiwis as possible live this dream. This reduces the deposit a firsthome buyer needs. In response to this. Labour believes housing is fundamental to the health and wellbeing of communities and every New Zealander has the right to a home that is warm. This is unacceptable to Labour. We believe the government and public agencies have a responsibility to help those who need it into secure housing and ensure that those homes are healthy and affordable.when people own their own house they have a stake in the future of their community. While this was of benefit to homeowners.000 without Strong Proven Leadership 277 . We know that strong communities are built from stable home ownership . Few New Zealanders would disagree that everyone needs a sound roof over their head. It means eligible Kiwis can borrow up to $200. it shows no sign of going back to 2002 levels.Introduction New Zealand has always been a nation of home owners – it is part of the Kiwi Dream. While the market has softened recently. dry and affordable. Average real house prices increased by 80 per cent since 2002. a crucial component of equality of opportunity. it has had the effect of making first-home ownership less affordable for many others who would previously have expected to be able to afford their own home.

Welcome Home loans have already helped over 3. Shared equity works by the government purchasing a share in the house.600 families into their first home. Nelson. up to a maximum of $5. This can make a huge difference for people who have saved a deposit but can’t afford large mortgage repayments. Today… aspiring home owners receive help through KiwiSaver and may qualify for a mortgage guarantee or a shared equity arrangement.needing a deposit and up to $280.000 for a couple). first-home buyers may be entitled to a first-home deposit subsidy of $1. We are currently offering shared equity assistance for a limited period of two years to eligible first-home buyers in the five regions where house prices are highest: Auckland. Up to 700 New Zealand households are set to benefit from this programme over the next two years. After three years of saving. effectively reducing the size of the mortgage.000 if they do have one. Strong Proven Leadership 278 . Ten years ago… there was virtually no public assistance available to help people get into their first home. Building on the success of initiatives like these. There are also provisions for KiwiSaver first-home buyers to withdraw their savings for use as a deposit or divert up to half of their KiwiSaver contributions towards mortgage repayments. Ten years from now… a major programme of urban development and measures to increase housing supply will have boosted the number of affordable homes on the market. Where necessary. we will work with developers and local government to build ‘starter homes’ on Crown owned sites. Labour will implement a comprehensive and wide-ranging plan to help Kiwis into their first home.000 for each year they have saved. and rates of home ownership will start to increase again. We intend to evaluate and expand this scheme . Christchurch and Queenstown.000 (or $10. Shared equity schemes have proved very successful in other countries and we expect the same for our own Kiwi version.500 sites available for such affordable homes over the next four years. We intend to make 1. liveable ‘starter homes’ that will meet their needs as they seek to move into home ownership. HOPE – Home Ownership on Public Estate Labour will make sections of Crown land available for modest income families to build straight-forward.currently a two-year pilot study . Increasing government support for first home buyers through Shared Equity From July this year Labour has made financial assistance available to first home buyers through a shared equity approach. The KiwiSaver scheme is also making home ownership more achievable. Wellington.into a full and comprehensive programme.

Unfortunately. Retaining the land in Crown hands. the government is developing land at Hobsonville to increase the supply of housing. Through a partnership with Housing New Zealand and a land developer. Using Crown land to increase the supply of affordable homes An important step in ensuring the supply of quality. land prices particularly in Auckland have risen to the extent that this may not occur without additional assistance. We want to ensure economic opportunity and sustainability are considered when this land is developed.000 houses planned for the area. This redevelopment is aimed at providing affordable housing but also seeks to renew economic activity in the area. we are re-developing and re-vitalising this area. In partnership with Auckland Regional and Auckland City Councils. This will help to ensure that the houses are within the reach of modest income families. This will include smaller parcels of land to be redeveloped as well as larger projects such as the housing development at the old Hobsonville airbase. while allowing a family to own and reside in the home built on it. affordable homes is increasing the numbers built. will considerably reduce the cost of owning a first home. homes for state rental and others be sold on the open market.Labour will support home ownership of new houses built on Crownowned land by introducing the HOPE (Home Ownership on the Public Estate) programme. Labour will make Crown-owned land available for new housing developments where appropriate to expand the supply of affordable homes for first-home buyers. including provision for people buying their first home. Good urban re-development is about ensuring the right infrastructure is in place. A recent land audit identified a range of other Crown land that may be deemed suitable for affordable housing. That means Strong Proven Leadership 279 . This initiative will make home ownership a reality for thousands of families who might otherwise not achieve it. The government also owns a large amount of land in the Tamaki area of Auckland because of the large concentration of state houses there. The government owns multiple sections of land and can potentially provide land to be developed or re-developed for housing. of which will be a mix of affordable homes for first-home buyers. where the government holds the equity in the land and the family owns the home built on it. Consideration will be given to bringing this land into the HOPE programme to further increase the number of families that can be assisted. There are 3. The benefit of developing Crown land to increase the supply of affordable housing includes the ability to ensure that the elements needed to grow a healthy community can be incorporated. and that this land continues to support affordable homeownership on an ongoing basis.

affordable homes. New Zealand currently has limited co-ordination of national. regional and local planning when it comes to large-scale urban development. schools. social services and parks. Labour will work to ensure that the supply of new housing is developed alongside commercial districts. public transport. A fresh approach to urban development is required to ensure we provide enough affordable housing now and into the future in safe. which means new developments have often been ad hoc and have led in turn to an inadequate supply of new. Labour will ensure that environmental sustainability is a central consideration in all new urban development undertaken by or with the government. viable public transport options and thriving town centres. including the costs of infrastructure and services. it should be possible to provide New Zealanders with more housing choices. well designed transport options and other public services.providing not just roads and pipes but also employment opportunities. By intensifying land use in some strategic areas. Strong Proven Leadership 280 . particularly when it comes to re-developing existing neighbourhoods and town centres. The funding of urban development projects can also present problems. More broadly. sustainable communities that are connected to public transport and other infrastructure and which offer and stimulate economic and employment opportunities. They often require large amounts of funding in the early stages before revenue from development or land sales starts coming through. Sustainability requires a development planned around accessible public transport and efficient use of water as well as incorporating environmentally-friendly features into new homes. there are a number of challenges local authorities and developers face when trying to develop urban areas in a sustainable and effective way. It can be difficult to assemble useful parcels of land from fragmented groups of properties. There is also a need to focus on using land. There can also be problems deciding who should pay for urban development. Urban Development – a sustainable approach Traditionally the construction of housing in New Zealand has not occurred in a coordinated or systematic way. infrastructure and assets more effectively when we undertake new developments or re-develop existing suburbs and town centres. Environmental sustainability is also vital when planning new developments.

not-for-profit providers and the private sector. The legislation could be supported by improvements in the use of existing urban development processes. Strong Proven Leadership 281 . the actual size of new homes being built has increased significantly. service and utility providers and the development sector work together. iwi. There is rising demand among local authorities for tools to tackle this issue and ensure an adequate supply of houses for workers crucial to a local economy. or targeted at. based on tried-and-tested schemes in the United Kingdom and the United States. as well as a range of non-regulatory or legislative tools. a Crown entity. An urban development organisation could be a council-controlled organisation. It would have carefully prescribed objectives. it will allow local authorities to require a certain number of affordable homes to be built within new housing developments. In the recently-released discussion document Building Sustainable Urban Communities. Recognising the potential of the local authorities. very few have been designed for. developers and the public provide. Essentially. Labour will consider the feedback on this proposal that local authorities. this proposed new approach would create legislation to allow the government to declare that special tools or powers could be applied in particular areas. Over the past 15 years. This legislation. not-for-profit sector and iwi to deliver affordable housing Labour will also advance housing provision partnerships with local government. first-time buyers or modest-income families. delivers those tools. boundaries and would be in place for the duration of a particular project.Labour will develop a new approach to sustainable urban development to improve the ways that the community. We are currently consulting on a way forward that is flexible rather than prescriptive. taking into account the unique features of each location rather than trying to apply the same formula to different urban areas around the country. or a joint venture company with public sector involvement. Labour has passed legislation to enable local authorities to address imbalances in the supply of new homes through a combination of requirements and incentives for developers. local and central government. We will use this to develop a new approach to achieving better urban development by working together. Although developers are building a large number of new homes each year. These tools or powers could be used by an urban development organisation to implement sustainable development according to a “master development plan” that has been drawn up with the community.

This land is not usually accepted as security for a mortgage in the private sector. Labour will encourage the growth of a significant not-for-profit sector to provide affordable rental homes and opportunities for first home buyers. a range of groups could significantly increase the amount of affordable homes available for rent or purchase. Labour will grow and invest in effective. as well as providing over a thousand new or modernised units for rent. large-scale not-for-profit housing providers through an expanded Housing Innovation Fund. Papakainga lending is currently available for first-home buyers who want to build on multiple-owned Māori land. the government will assist in helping them develop affordable housing plans. Labour set up a Housing Innovation Fund in 2003 to support communities. The not-for-profit sector has huge potential to deliver more affordable housing to New Zealanders. if their region or city needs more affordable homes for workers. meaning extra costs are not passed on to the home buyer. Labour believes that with more support and policy certainty. affordable housing to Māori communities as well as providing a secure investment for local iwi. If local authorities identify a demand for affordable homes in their area. Utilising Māori land to provide housing for whanau is a great way to provide quality. iwi and local government to provide social housing for low and modest income households. In countries such as the United Kingdom. They are responsible for approving new housing developments and.Local authorities have an important role to play in promoting affordable home ownership. Alongside this. Labour will further encourage development of Papakainga and Kaumatua housing by increasing the funding allocated for these programmes. Labour will assist Local Authorities to implement the Affordable Housing Act by providing guidance and tools for the design of affordable housing policies through a National Policy Statement on Affordable Housing. New Zealand has a small but ambitious not-for-profit sector and Labour wants to give them the help they need to become significant providers of affordable housing. these housing associations do not seek to return a profit. The fund is particularly important in helping meet the housing needs of people who may be better served by communityrun initiatives such as the elderly or people with a mental illness or disability. Strong Proven Leadership 282 . Unlike private developers. This fund has helped about 40 families achieve home ownership. Labour believes they must have the ability to meet that need. Many iwi now hold numerous land assets. the Rural Housing Programme improves substandard housing. making homes safer and healthier. not-for-profit providers and housing associations already deliver large numbers of houses in partnership with government.

comfortable and healthy homes and buildings that reflect our natural environment. As an increasing number of historical Treaty Settlements are signed. the potential for joint housing ventures with iwi and other agencies will increase. They protect public safety and the investment New Zealanders have made in their home. Standards have changed significantly during this decade to protect home owners from the lax regime put in place in the 1990s and to assist those who have been affected by leaky homes. Young families and couples getting into their first homes need to be secure in the knowledge their home is built by qualified professionals. This will support people who want to remain on ancestral land but who also want to benefit from utilising that land.These initiatives have paved the way for projects such as the relocation of state rentals onto Māori land but there is scope for more to be done. iwi and other groups to promote and support quality housing ventures on Māori land. Since then there have been further refinements of the rules and efforts have been made to create more flexibility in the Building Act while at the same time protecting owners of homes and buildings. There was immediate action to make sure the leaky buildings problem was not allowed to continue. iwi housing projects and reviewing opportunities available for building on land with multiple owners. Strong Proven Leadership 283 . Construction standards for houses and buildings are fundamental to the health and safety of the community. Labour will look at ways to guarantee bank loans through the Welcome Home Loan Scheme for sustainable housing projects on Māori land. Labour will develop housing partnerships with iwi to work together to extend housing options for Māori. A Weathertight Homes Resolution Service was put in place to assist leaky homes victims to seek redress and help resolve disputes. Building and Construction Standards – Bringing Down the Cost Labour wants to ensure that New Zealanders have access to safe. Barriers to financing development on Māori land remain however. hapu. including land with multiple owners. This might include setting up shared equity schemes between iwi and the government. and Labour will work with whanau. Much of this work was done by setting benchmark standards across the building and construction sector and through local government.

Today… stronger standards are in place to protect the interests of home owners and prevent something like the leaky buildings crisis from happening again. Labour will work with the industry to simplify legislation.. Substantial savings for starter homes have already been identified. These changes will assist in making home ownership more affordable by accelerating the approval process.. experienced practitioners involved in building design and construction. organise appropriate training of practitioners throughout the industry. safety. The inaugural building summit in Auckland in mid-2008 drew widespread agreement from industry leaders. deregulation of the industry resulted in catastrophic failures across the building sector. thereby reducing costs.10 years ago. But there is more to do. Labour will work on developing and extending the successful starter homes portfolio of designs. leading directly to the leaky buildings problem. The building and construction industry is healthier and stronger now than it was at the beginning of the decade. 10 years from now… streamlined regulation and strong self-policing will mean lower construction costs while keeping homes and buildings safe. The industry is better off with Labour because we are headed in the right direction with a common-sense approach to regulations. and safeguard quality. We will work with competent. safe buildings at reasonable cost. We are also looking at ways to streamline approvals for ‘starter’ homes that meet the needs of families trying to get into home ownership for the first time. and health. Labour will put in place further changes to building and construction standards to obtain good. and with those involved in administering building and construction standards both within the industry and in territorial authorities. healthy and comfortable. We have already commissioned designs and an architectural competition. Simplifying the rules for simple building work makes it easier for DIY-builders to continue a Kiwi tradition without unnecessary red tape. They agreed to create a forum which will recommend changes Strong Proven Leadership 284 . We intend to consult closely to ensure these changes work as effectively as possible. Labour will simplify the Building Code requirements for the design and construction of all buildings while protecting health. safety and investment. This could involve looking at the effectiveness of current liability provisions in the building sector and investigating the possibility of self-certification by appropriately qualified and indemnified builders.

Many New Zealanders today and in the future may not choose to own a home. the design and construction of residences to ensure that a higher proportion of the housing Strong Proven Leadership 285 . Labour is committed to safeguarding and protecting the rights of all of these groups. Labour will develop a nationwide set of guidelines on standardssetting to help improve consistency in the administration of different Building Consent Authority jurisdictions and in the rule-making of different Territorial Authorities.to the consents process for large-scale construction. One way we intend to achieve this is through encouraging greater uniformity across all local government and building consents authorities to ensure timely and cost-efficient processes and avoid duplication. We have already reviewed the code of practice for retirement homes to protect the interests of older people and their families Labour will put in place changes protecting property rights and titles within multi-units and high-rise apartments by modernising the out-of-date laws governing this area. This would mean only a single consent would be required when developers want to undertake the large-scale construction of standard homes using the same general design. Consistency in the sector is crucial to providing peace-of-mind and security for New Zealanders wanting to build new homes. Lifestyle choices mean an increasing number will choose to rent. live in apartments and other multi-unit properties or. for many elderly people. Labour will encourage. we also need to take account of our ageing population. We need to ‘future-proof’ our houses so that residences remain liveable and accessible for people throughout their lives. The law covering the rights and responsibilities of both unit title owners and bodies corporate needs to be brought up to date because of changes in the way many New Zealanders are choosing to live. where reasonably possible. As New Zealand renews and expands its housing stock. including the high number of people living in apartments and other high-density accommodation. comfortable and happy retirement village environment. This will further assist with bringing down construction costs. Labour will proceed with amendments to the Unit Titles Act to provide security and fairness for stakeholders in medium and high density accommodation. with more people living longer into an active retirement. opt for the safe. Labour will work with Territorial Authorities to develop centralised data bases to assist in consent processes and provide information on designs and building products.

The number of state houses has largely been restored this decade Since then the Labour Party has remained 75.000 added over 7. Research is a vital component to ensuring the New Zealand building industry is among the best in the world.000 55. built by the Labour Government in 1937 Rental Affordability – Secure and Healthy While Labour wants as many Kiwis as possible to own their own home. that first recognised the state had a vital role to play in providing New Zealanders with secure and healthy housing.800 homes to the state housing stock. 65. Labour will work with and support the Building Research Association of New Zealand to ensure New Zealand stays abreast of innovation and effective future industry development. It was the first Labour government.000 Labour will increase the supply of affordable. Labour is therefore committed to providing more state houses and to revitalising existing state house communities.000 50. they do need affordable and secure rental housing. In the past nine years we have 70.000 60. That is why Labour supports the provision of affordable and secure rental accommodation. we also recognise that for some people. The first state house today. Currently there are some councils and small not-for-profit housing Strong Proven Leadership 286 20 08 . led by Michael Joseph Savage in 1937. While not everyone needs a state house. The Labour Party has a very proud tradition of providing state housing for those who need it. The state house waiting list is reducing but there are still priority applicants who need to be housed more quickly. secure and healthy rental accommodation.stock is suitable to meet the needs of people of all abilities including the elderly. taking advantage of the most innovative and effective design and construction ideas. 93 96 99 02 05 19 19 19 20 20 Labour will continue to expand the provision of quality Housing New Zealand accommodation.000 committed to providing state housing for those who need it. that takes time while for others it may never be an option.

Labour will fast-track the insulation of state houses so that the remaining homes without insulation are retrofitted within 5 years. and bring forward redevelopments already planned on Housing New Zealand property. improving tenant health and reducing power bills. there is potential to boost the number of state houses planned for construction. Wellington and Manawatu with significant concentrations of state housing. Houses in Auckland. Labour has worked hard to acquire state housing during its time in government. doubling the pace of Housing New Zealand’s existing Energy Efficiency Retrofit campaign which began in 2001. We have begun work on an economic stimulus package which will be implemented if the projected impacts on the New Zealand economy remain as they appear to be at the moment.organisations providing affordable rental housing. Efficient heaters will also be installed where appropriate. As noted above. but we want to see the waiting list reduced even further. Labour recognises it is important the government sets an example for other landlords to follow. Role of State Housing in an Economic Stimulus package The New Zealand economy is clearly facing short term challenges from the global financial turbulence. will be targeted next. Labour will work with local government and not-for-profit agencies to support the expansion and provision of affordable rental accommodation. where it is colder. The state housing portfolio could have a role to play in this economic stimulus package. While the building industry is experiencing a slowdown. Housing New Zealand is also working to insulate all state houses.000 state houses insulated within five years. hot water cylinder wraps and ‘lagging’ around hot water pipes. Almost 12 homes a day will be insulated. particularly for those applicants with a high housing need. Labour will ensure that the current international crisis does not lead to a prolonged recession in New Zealand. have already been insulated. That is why the current state house insulation programme is being dramatically accelerated. A retrofit includes insulation of floors and ceilings. Many homes in the South Island. currently within a five year timeframe. There is also a significant modernisation and maintenance programme involved in ensuring that all state house tenants are living in Strong Proven Leadership 287 . Labour wants to help these groups grow so they can expand their provision of affordable rental accommodation. The new timeframe will see 21.

decent accommodation. These are job-rich areas of work, with the potential to pick up ‘slack’ in demand experienced by the building and construction sector. Labour is prepared to bring forward the current spending programme on home retrofitting, upgrading the State Housing stock, and planned development on Housing New Zealand land.

Emergency Housing – Helping those in need
Sometimes people have urgent housing needs that cannot be met by the market. They may have experienced a sudden life shock such as a family violence incident or a marriage break-up. Alternately they may struggle to pay the rent as a result of mental illness, drug or alcohol abuse. The government supports emergency housing and is currently providing about 400 community groups with over 1,500 houses – some of which are used as emergency housing. This year we significantly increased the amount of funding for non-governmental organisations helping provide these services. And earlier this year we successfully intervened to reduce the number of families with children living in inappropriate situations in some South Auckland boarding houses. But we need to do more. Vulnerable people need to be supported and provided with pathways toward stable tenancies. We need more emergency housing to ensure there is a bed for everybody who needs one, as well as the necessary support to eventually help them back into more permanent accommodation. Labour will expand the provision of emergency housing to accommodate people in difficult circumstances such as rehabilitating prisoners, families escaping domestic violence and people using mental health services. We need agencies to share information and knowledge about families and how they can best be helped. We need to make sure children living in emergency housing are placed in accommodation that is appropriate. Labour will develop a central inter-agency protocol to ensure families with children are not housed in inappropriate accommodation such as boarding houses. We need to improve our knowledge of homeless people and the distinct and often complex range of problems they face. We also need an accurate assessment of how many homeless there are.

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Labour will define homelessness and assess the numbers of homeless people so that appropriate policy responses can be implemented.

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Celebrating diversity, eliminating discrimination

Labour’s policy for Human Rights

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An effective human rights framework is essential to the wellbeing of every New Zealander, for our security as a nation and for New Zealand’s long term social and economic development. Labour will continue to embed human rights and responsibilities in domestic law. We will also promote greater global respect for international human rights. Labour has a proud history of challenging poverty and inequality. In both domestic and international law we will promote policies and institutions that have delivered civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. In the past 10 years many positive things have occurred in the area of human rights in New Zealand, including the development and implementation of the Youth Development Strategy, the New Zealand Disability Strategy, the New Zealand Positive Ageing Strategy and the Action Plan for Women. We have adopted a new national school curriculum that emphasises the importance of respecting human rights and the value of diversity. New migrant settlement and refugee re-settlement programmes have been established. The Pay and Employment Equity taskforce has led to the implementation of a 5-year plan to address the gender pay gap in the public service , public health and education sectors The role of the Human Rights Commission and the development of the Action Plan for Human Rights has been updated and extended. Labour will continue to build a strong inclusive New Zealand identity that values diversity and inclusion and is based on strong human rights. We will continue to support programmes on diversity, inclusion and human rights and responsibilities, consistent with the new national curriculum. Labour will improve access to knowledge about human rights and responsibilities. In particular, we will develop initiatives around particular practices that breach human rights such as dowry abuse and forced marriage. We will also ensure appropriate crime data is recorded so that hate crime can be better identified. Labour will comprehensively tackle the barriers that prevent disabled people from fully participating in society. We will continue to strengthen special education provision so that children with special learning needs can have those needs met. Labour wants all New Zealanders to achieve their full potential.

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Labour will continue to ensure that disabled people’s views are incorporated in policy-making by central government. We consider it vital that all voices are heard at all levels of government to create an inclusive and cohesive society that values the contribution of all our people.

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Connected Communities

Labour’s policy for Information and Communications Technology

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Introduction
Labour is committed to New Zealand being a world leader in using information and communications technology (ICT) for economic, social and cultural gain. We believe that a modern ICT infrastructure is core to New Zealand becoming a truly sustainable nation, and that improvements in ICT availability will deliver real and sustainable social, economic and environmental benefits. It is our aim that access to modern ICT infrastructure be available and affordable to all New Zealanders. Central to this is fibre-equivalent speed broadband. Labour believes there is an important role for government in helping to develop and promote the infrastructure, content and applications for ultra-high-speed broadband. Much has already been achieved in this area. New Zealand’s ICT regulatory framework is world class after the passing of the Telecommunications Act 2001 and its extensive revision in 2006. We have unbundled the local loop and operationally separated Telecom so that telecommunications users have access to greater choice in providers and better services. Our Digital Strategy is a world-leading whole-ofgovernment approach to the future prospects and challenges of the digital world and expands on our earlier investments in the area. Through the Broadband Investment Fund, we will ensure New Zealand’s telecommunications infrastructure is well prepared for the future, and we will not have to re-live the chronic under-investment and monopoly environment of previous decades. Labour will continue its record of successful and innovative approaches to information communications technology.

Investing in Further Broadband Roll out
In the last nine years we have created an environment to promote better broadband. We recognise there is further work to do to roll out broadband to all parts of New Zealand. Broadband can be a key driver of productivity and innovation in knowledge-based economies. With high-speed broadband, Kiwi companies will be better able to compete internationally; they will use new technologies that allow them to operate more effectively through smarter processes, new products and services. Labour will commit $500 million in our first 5 years of a 10 year plan to bring fibre or equivalent ultra fast bandwidth to 80 percent of New Zealand homes and business premises by 2018. Labour is committed to building and investing in fast broadband in our cities and rural areas, and important work is currently underway. Strong Proven Leadership 297

Labour will ensure that by 2012, 80 percent of New Zealanders will have broadband access of at least 20MBps and 90 percent have access of at least 10MBps. While availability of basic broadband in New Zealand is high and take-up has almost doubled over the past two years, there is no question that achieving our goals will require substantial further investment in broadband from all sectors. We have committed $500 million over the next five years to digital initiatives. This is a 5-year down payment on a 10-year plan to bring fibre or equivalent fast bandwidth to all New Zealand homes. The core part of this package is the Broadband Investment Fund. Labour will ensure an integrated broadband investment architecture so that there is overall interoperability across network components, appropriate assurance around service management, system security and investment efficiency. Labour’s broadband plan is technology neutral, open access and credibly supports the long-awaited pro-competitive environment that is bringing significant benefits to users. Through superior design, Labour’s broadband plan will leverage more private sector co-investment than other parties’ plans. Labour will also ensure that implementation of broadband development supports a coherent approach to higher level interoperability between service providers, and an efficient allocation of investment to support priority needs through rigorous analysis of competing proposals. Labour’s broadband plan prioritises investments that are open access at both duct and dark fibre level and include support, where appropriate, from local and regional government. Labour considers it essential that central government maintains an appropriate overview of nationwide digital architecture, without stifling investment and innovation by commercial or local players. Labour will ensure the rapid roll out of the Broadband Investment Fund, including its rural investment component. The core part of our investment package is the Broadband Investment Fund. In 2008 we set up the BIF to promote industry investment in New Zealand’s broadband infrastructure. It provides a pool of contestable funding for a major plan that will increase New Zealanders’ access to high-speed internet. Labour will ensure the BIF is implemented in a timely fashion so that Kiwis get access to the highest-quality broadband services, no matter where they live. We are making available $250m for urban projects, $75m for rural, and $15m for international connections, as well as $160m-plus for connectivity in health and education with another $10m or so for other new Digital Strategy initiatives. Strong Proven Leadership 298

We have passed pro-competitive telecommunications legislation to create a dynamic.There has been a very positive response to the initial round of applications for the broadband funding announced in Budget 2008. In the last nine years. and the best possible services. If regions in need of some additional economic stimulus have acceptable proposals. whether at home or at work. Labour will investigate funding levels and options for the second five year period of a similar sized investment. Labour will bring forward more of the funding into the first year. Five years down the track. Labour will continue to work closely with regulators to ensure full and timely implementation of policy. Labour is committed to strengthening our communications sector. and it is possible that investment may need to take a different form or be directed in a different direction. we advised that no more than 40 percent of the appropriated funds would be available for use in the first year. Improved broadband will offer Kiwi families new ways of connecting with people. competitive environment that means more choice and better value. technology will have evolved further. Labour has revolutionised a poorly-performing telecommunications sector and made a commitment to improve services and affordability. the ability to strengthen communities. We will ensure that competition exists to provide a wide range of options for Kiwis. At that time. The telecommunications world is continuing to change and grow at an ever-increasing pace. Because of this. A More Competitive Telecommunications Environment Information technology and broadband are essential to New Zealand’s economic and social wellbeing. however. Labour will complete the reform of the Telecommunications Service Obligations to ensure contestable provision of basic broadband services to all areas. It is important we continue to build on the gains made in recent years. We will continue to ensure there is competition in the provision of broadband services so that Kiwis have a wide range of providers from which to choose. and provide new economic opportunities by breaking down the barrier of distance. Strong Proven Leadership 299 .

We have regulated the ICT market so that competition can flourish and Kiwis can access high-speed digital technologies. cheaper services. This work has already delivered results.0 challenges us to go further to secure outcomes from technology.0 DS 2. We will ensure that local loop unbundling and roll out of naked DSL continues in full and on schedule so that Kiwis have a wider variety of service providers from which to choose. Investment by entrants to the market has also increased markedly. New Zealand had the sixth fastest broadband growth in the OECD last year. get the best use from ICT. and better broadband. Telecom’s Operational Separation undertakings provides $1. They will be our future innovators and leaders in the digital space. The internet generation is entering the workforce. Ensuring All New Zealanders Benefit from ICT The pace of change in ICT continues to accelerate. including new digital productivity. do business nationally and in the global market and gives people the capability they need to live and do business in 2008 and beyond. and better services for New Zealand consumers. Labour will fully implement the Digital Strategy 2. This commitment is being met through initiatives like Digital Strategy 2. and a higher standard of services. Kiwis are reaping the rewards of more competition. reduced environmental footprints and communities that are locally networked and globally connected.4 billion of investment over four years with aggressive binding roll-out targets that requires rollout of an open next generation network to 84 percent of the population at 10MB and 89 percent at 5MB or better. We will do this through full implementation of the Telecommunications Stocktake – a comprehensive package introduced in 2006 to address New Zealand’s relatively poor broadband performance. Labour is committed to ensuring that all New Zealanders. Strong Proven Leadership 300 . We will continue our comprehensive plan to ensure competition in the telecommunications market.Labour will ensure there is a competitive telecommunications environment with wide consumer choice and cheaper prices. bringing new ideas and different values. It is our aim that New Zealand has technologies that enable us to communicate with each other.0 which provides a bold vision and real actions to help New Zealanders become leaders in the digital world. regardless of income.

libraries. technical solutions (such as filtering). Part of this initiative is tied to Labour’s programme to roll out broadband or other high bandwidth technologies across New Zealand. our society and Labour’s commitment to being more sustainable. improved flexibility and work-life balance. wananga and the rest of the world.Labour will expand free or low-cost internet access through programmes such as Aotearoa People’s Network. Initiatives in Digital Strategy 2. Labour is committed to ensuring that Kiwis are safe when using the internet. and KAREN. Strong Proven Leadership 301 . We will improve internet security through both technological and human interventions. We will continue the Kiwi Advanced Research and Education Network (KAREN) which provides ultra-highspeed connections between research institutions. or working from home or on location. Labour will improve internet security through enhanced user education. We are identifying benefits and opportunities for teleworking and taking action to increase awareness and facilitate up-take. will help us to reduce our environmental footprint. schools. reduced environmental impacts. and appropriate legislation and regulation. To do this we are introducing a number of exciting new projects such as Connected New Zealand and the Digital Content Innovation Cluster. The benefits of teleworking are widely recognised as business productivity and cost savings. increased workforce participation. and will investigate legislative and regulatory changes where necessary. and government and business continuity. Computers in Homes. We’re also expanding successful initiatives. Labour will boost the contribution of ICT to our environmental sustainability by encouraging telecommuting through the use of more video-conferencing and online work. the Aotearoa People’s Network and the Community Partnership Fund. School-based ICT.0 such as teleworking. such as video-conferencing and teleworking. Achieving sustainability through ICT ICT has many potential benefits for the New Zealand economy. the other part will be co-ordinated with the Connected New Zealand initiative (which supports small and medium-sized businesses to invest and use digital technology to increase productivity).

Effective. Promoting Productivity through ICT Economic transformation remains one of the government’s major priorities for the next decade.the pastoral and food industries. Upskilling our businesses is fundamental to driving productivity growth. Labour will promote business productivity by lowering the cost of international broadband connections. affordable and rapid communications technology is an essential path to that objective. Labour will use ICT to foster entrepreneurship. Under Labour’s ICT plans. Labour will improve ICT training and mentoring resources for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). We will also seek out ideas and solutions from the best of what the rest of the world has to offer and use them to increase productivity across our economy. Its goal is to ensure a high standard of living for all New Zealanders by building the country’s underlying capacity to respond to rapidly changing national and international circumstances. Using digital technologies to drive productivity and growth is a key focus of Digital Strategy 2. firms will be better able to compete internationally through the use of new technologies that allow them to operate more effectively through smarter processes. We know that widespread use of ICT in the wider economy will bring us the biggest productivity gains. Labour believes there is huge potential for New Zealand to create innovative digital solutions to increase productivity. The digital world means a fundamental change to how we do business.0. and the kind of business we do.The outcome will be that by 2012. particularly in our largest exporting sectors . Labour is committed to working with businesses and providing them with the resources needed to get them connected so they employ and train technology-savvy staff. New Zealand is already a world-leader in these industries. new products and services. Labour will promote business productivity through ICT by continuing to develop major digital content industry clusters. Labour believes the priority for improving our international connections is by facilitating the deployment of a trans-Tasman cable which will help drive down the Strong Proven Leadership 302 . efficiency and environmental sustainability. creativity and innovation. Broadband is a key driver of productivity and innovation in a knowledgebased economy. we will see a 5 percent reduction in the number of total car trips by New Zealanders between home and work.

In the last decade the internet and other forms of communication (such as cell phones) have increasingly become vehicles for broadcasting. Labour will review options for converging regulation of broadcasting and communications technology. a New Zealand On Air project that is making much of our rich cultural heritage available online and free of charge. This will continue to be the case in the future. Realising the Benefits of Convergence of ICT and Broadcasting We are seeing convergence in every aspect of our lives. Increased competition in the market will drive prices down further and provide more choice for consumers. and traditional broadcasting receivers (such as television) have become more interactive. It is important therefore that we ensure the regulatory environment keeps pace with technological changes to ensure New Zealanders receive safe. Labour would like to see further investment in our international links. digital media and content now impact on the lives of all New Zealanders in some way.cost of connecting to the rest of the world. This will be achieved through a competitive tender process run by Research and Education Advanced Network New Zealand (REANZ). We will ensure that government policy makers are fully aware of all aspects of the post-convergence world. The convergence of ICT and broadcasting is resulting in new ways of delivering and receiving traditional media and information. Strong Proven Leadership 303 . Labour will review opportunities for public access to high priority content. and for which we have invested $15 million in a co-investment project. Labour wants New Zealanders to have the best possible access to digital content. Labour will future-proof ICT policy so that all New Zealanders benefit from the convergence of the ICT and broadcasting industries. We will work to ensure that New Zealanders have better access to important local content. We will encourage more innovative ventures such as the New Zealand On Screen. The pro-competitive policy Labour introduced through the Telecommunications Stocktake is driving the convergence of many technologies. competitive and high-quality services regardless of the medium through which they are accessing them. especially that produced locally.

for “New Zealand to be a world leader in using information and technology to realise its economic. archives. more customised information delivery and know-how. it builds our appetite for better. We want a New Zealand where Kiwis can easily access their culture and heritage. Labour will ensure we have high-technology companies with highly skilled staff. Labour will continue to accelerate the development of unique Kiwi digital content. social. The ICT industry. The Content Strategy shares the same vision as the Digital Strategy . social. environmental and cultural goals.bringing content to people through new media such as the internet. When content is relevant and of high quality. We understand that to achieve our vision for ICT and to get all the benefits of a highperforming ICT sector. Labour will create a contestable fund for digital content creation through Digital New Zealand.0 includes a number of actions designed to address the current skills shortage in the ICT sector and wider community by promoting digital careers and Strong Proven Leadership 304 . One way we can do this is by digitising public collections . our cultural heritage and business development. we need to build a strong skills base. wider business community. Building a Strong ICT Skills Base Labour knows that ICT is vital to realising our economic. Labour will fully implement the Digital Content Strategy. It raises new challenges for social equity. Labour will digitise priority public content stocks such as library. and film collections. education sector and government need to work together to ensure our skills are up-to-date and world-leading. environmental and cultural goals to the benefit of all its people”. The Digital Strategy 2.Creating Unique Digital Content Labour recognises the importance of digital content to New Zealand. We will do this by promoting the creation of innovative and high quality digital content through an annual contestable fund. It is important New Zealand gets the best out of its ICT businesses and skilled workers. Our Digital Content Strategy seeks to recognise and leverage content to our advantage.

Strong Proven Leadership 305 . from around 81.287 young New Zealanders were either currently doing or had completed Modern Apprenticeships. matching tertiary courses to industry needs and attracting more skilled ICT practitioners to New Zealand. Labour’s Modern Apprenticeships scheme has been very successful. number portability and the operational separation of Telecom New Zealand are proof that we have got our regulatory systems in order.skills. naked DSL. By the end of June 2008. kept prices down and accelerated broadband roll out. Labour will pilot an ICT apprenticeship scheme. We believe it is important to accelerate skills development in every sector. a combined total of 17. We think this is an opportunity to fill a gap in the training needs of New Zealanders. We will also investigate the formation of a specialist ICT Industry Training Organisation to increase excellence in training. as the scope of ICT training is currently quite limited. the 2006 Telecommunications Amendment Act. Participation in Industry Training has increased dramatically in the last decade. We are committed to building the progress we have already made to achieve our overall vision for the ICT sector.000 trainees this year working with 40 Industry Training Organisations. But ICT skills training could be better incorporated into Modern Apprenticeships. Labour will ensure the telecommunications market continues to deliver quality and affordable services. Labour will investigate the formation of an ICT Industry Training Organisation and inclusion of ICT training in the Modern Apprenticeships Scheme. Ensuring the Market Continues to Deliver Quality and Affordable Services The regulatory reforms Labour has made in ICT over the last nine years made our telecommunications market more competitive. Labour will therefore investigate incorporating ICT training programmes into the Modern Apprenticeships Scheme.000 industry trainees in 2000 to around 190. Unbundled local loop and bitstream. Labour will pilot an ICT apprenticeship scheme to train New Zealanders in ICT skills and prepare them for work in the industry. and ICT is central to a transition to a highly-skilled country. Labour will continue to make improvements to the ICT market by reviewing the regulatory environment by 2011 and investigating options for improvement. But there is currently no specialist ICT Industry Training Organisation.

A significant action in recent years has been the operational separation of Telecom. we will continue to monitor Telecom’s operational separation to ensure that New Zealanders have access to a world class and competitive market for their telecommunications needs. A monopoly in business services is never the healthiest option for consumers. Strong Proven Leadership 306 . laptops and on their mobile phones and can choose their provider. This has been successful. Labour will review Telecom’s performance under operation separation and investigate options for improvement. with greatly increased investment in New Zealand telecommunications infrastructure from a number of companies.Our measures to regulate the market so far have meant more New Zealanders have access to high-speed internet via their home computers. Labour wants all New Zealanders to have access to broadband and the types of new technologies that will help our communities and our economy prosper and help us to keep up with the rest of the world. It is important we build on this new foundation to ensure that a competitive telecommunications market continues to deliver for New Zealanders. which is why we acted to increase competition in the market. Through the independent oversight process.

Immigration to Help Our Economy Grow Labour’s policy for Immigration 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 307 .

we need to show that we are encouraging the people we need to come to New Zealand while also minimising and managing risks. not taking jobs for which New Zealanders are available. In order to maintain public confidence in our immigration policies. and this contribution has been steadily growing over the past decade. That is largely due to New Zealand becoming better at attracting the migrants it wants and needs. knowledge-based society that values fairness. We recognise the important part that immigration has to play in transforming our economy to a dynamic. and that has had an overall positive impact on our economy. Migrants enhance our economy by reminding us to think and act globally. New Zealand’s population has become increasingly multicultural during the last decade. Family migration can strengthen families and assist with good settlement outcomes. opportunity and security.000 Our migrant population contributes billions of dollars to our economy each year. We will continue to promote a multicultural society where refugees and other migrants are able to make a full contribution and have good settlement outcomes. 75.Introduction Labour is committed to creating a world-class immigration system that is built around firm but fair policies. Immigration also helps enable us to meet our international humanitarian obligations. so that the migrants we are attracting to New Zealand are filling labour market gaps. Migrants broaden and enrich our cultural diversity and understanding. Enhancing our Economy through Immigration Like the rest of the world. and which contributes to our economic transformation. We are among the best in the world at matching immigrants to jobs. We also recognise the importance of our immigration policies continuing to be built on a foundation of ‘kiwis first’. Labour also acknowledges the social benefits immigration can bring.000 50. That is why we will continue to focus on migrants who are best placed to contribute to the New Zealand economy. society and families.000 0 1990 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 308 . 100. They drive innovation.000 25. give our businesses international connections and provide a range of Immigration arrivals tend to increase and skills to transform our economic decline in time with the economic cycle landscape. We need to balance the need for security and compliance with reasonable access for genuine migrants and their families.

non-government agencies and community groups. particularly in the main areas where migrants choose to settle. We also recognise that there is more to immigration than just bringing people here. Lower investment and English language criteria saw a large influx of investor migrants. Strong Proven Leadership 309 . Labour has brought in an active investor migrant policy that is more focused on economic development than previous policies. We must change with it so that we maintain our international competitive advantages and continue to attract the migrants with the skills New Zealand needs for our economic growth. but the true value of many of these migrants was questionable because many did not actually have the skills to settle properly and much of the investment was passive and not used for the benefit of New Zealand. So the settlement support strategies that Labour has put in place benefit both migrants and our economy. international connections and financial capital. However the global immigration environment is changing and becoming increasingly competitive in terms of skilled migrants. and more consistent delivery of. we need to have appropriate support structures in place to ensure they are equipped to make that contribution. settlement services. Once we have attracted a migrant here because we believe they have something to contribute to our economy or society. Some of the most sought-after migrants internationally are those that are willing to invest money in the country they choose to live in. Research shows that the net fiscal contribution migrants make increases the longer they stay in New Zealand.New Zealand has benefited from consistently positive net migration over the past seven years. Investor migrants can make a vital contribution to our economy through their commercial experience. The role of the Immigration Service does not end at the point a migrant arrives. In the past there have been investor policies that have been more about quantity than quality. Our settlement work will continue to focus on working collaboratively with central and local government agencies. There is better planning for. Active investment involves investing directly or indirectly in New Zealand firms. Labour will continue to offer an investor migrant policy that is focused on active investment and that allows flexibility in the requirements for different levels of investor migrant. During this decade we have improved settlement support. Labour will continue to extend the New Zealand settlement strategy into regions throughout the country in partnership with local authorities.

Importantly though. including the Skilled Migrant Category. But there Strong Proven Leadership 310 . to fill labour gaps. Much of that growth has occurred in skill shortage areas — areas that are vital to the basic functioning and future growth of our economy. Temporary workers enable our employers to fill job vacancies when there are no New Zealanders available to take up the positions. while maintaining a firm focus on protecting jobs for New Zealanders first. Labour will build on existing policies. We also know that in Vanuatu a number of villagers are using their earnings from the scheme to progress a range of community projects. without compromising local jobs or border security. The Recognised Seasonal Employment Scheme has meant that. for example. for example. New Zealand’s immigration system is now envied internationally for its flexibility and ability to adapt quickly to emerging opportunities and risks.Addressing Labour Shortages New Zealand has been experiencing record low unemployment rates in recent years. Over the past five years. A Hawke’s Bay employer reports that up to 80 percent of workers’ net earnings have been sent home and used to construct buildings. to ensure we are continuing to attract the skills and talent we need and helping to fill labour gaps. the scheme is providing our Pacific neighbours with new opportunities and income for their people. the Essential Skills Policy and the Recognised Seasonal Employer scheme. buy village vehicles and contribute to their children’s education. A one-year audit of the Recognised Seasonal Employment scheme has found that pastoral care and work practice issues have been reasonably well managed. our Recognised Seasonal Employment Scheme enables the horticulture and viticulture industries to recruit workers. In particular. The skill shortages list is also responsive to the labour market. migrants have accounted for 60 percent of the growth in the national workforce. Likewise. primarily from Pacific countries. with regular employer-led reviews to decide whether occupations should be added or removed. We have adopted a flexible approach to meeting labour shortages in key sectors in consultation with our Pacific neighbours. these policies have been developed with the flexibility to allow us to respond quickly to any change in the labour market situation. can be easily changed to reflect labour-market conditions and New Zealand's requirements. so we have adapted our immigration policies to help meet labour shortages and ensure New Zealand has people with the skills we might otherwise be lacking. for the first time in many years there were no public concerns about labour shortages during the busy apple harvests in Nelson and Hawke’s Bay. Our skilled migrant policy.

however it is also important that New Zealanders are not disadvantaged by the health issues of these temporary workers. • further improvements to pastoral care so that workers are looked after while they are here. Labour will enhance the Recognised Seasonal Employment scheme through: • improved pre-departure information being provided to workers so they are better prepared upon arrival in New Zealand. Labour will ensure our immigration policies continue to recognise the special relationship between New Zealand and the Pacific. We will introduce a new provision for workers to change between employers in the scheme. Labour will maintain close relationships with the Pacific region in terms of immigration policy.are some lessons we can take out of the first year of this scheme and improvements can be made. However it is important that we have avenues to contact skilled New Zealanders overseas so that we can continue to promote their eventual return home. and • more flexible working arrangements. Expatriate New Zealanders can be viewed as part of a larger pool of talent that New Zealand can draw on to fill labour market gaps. with comparable countries such as Australia experiencing similar trends to us. The movement of skilled migrants between countries is now a global norm. While New Strong Proven Leadership 311 . These improvements will be implemented in time for next season. This will mean that employers have more flexibility and employees have more work opportunities. We will continue to monitor terms and conditions of employment through the Recognised Seasonal Employment Scheme to ensure that both workers’ and employers’ needs are protected. We will also continue to run labour market checks to ensure that workers are not being brought in unless there are no New Zealanders available to do the work. It is important that health care is accessible for workers so that any medical conditions can be treated early. or overseas work experience. Workers for Recognised Seasonal Employers are not eligible for publicly funded health care. We do not want to discourage young New Zealanders from doing their traditional ‘OE’. because these people generally return to New Zealand with valuable work and life experience. However during the first year of the scheme most employers did organise health insurance for their staff.

Labour believes this approach is the most effective way of protecting New Zealanders and we will invest in further security measures outside of our own borders. while we are encouraging the people that we need in New Zealand to come here. targeting people with the skills needed to grow our economy. there is a role that Immigration New Zealand can play through its international presence and contacts. Managing Immigration Risks Immigration is an essential part of a modern. we also need to have policies and processes in place to ensure that our borders are well controlled and protected. One of the most effective ways of protecting our borders is by stopping those who may pose a risk to New Zealand before they even reach our border. Labour will ensure that the Immigration Service continues to market New Zealand overseas as a great place to live. But New Zealanders need to continue to have confidence that.Zealand citizens are obviously excluded from all requirements in the Immigration Act. for example. the number of people refused entry at the border and the number of undocumented passengers detained in New Zealand has decreased. This means striking a balance between increased detection. There is no doubt that immigration is essential for our economic growth. As the number of people being declined when boarding has increased. international career expos and its existing New Zealand Now website. This shows that we have been successful in extending the border offshore and managing risks before they arrive. work and raise a family. Strong Proven Leadership 312 . It is important that we strike the right balance between stringent security measures and reasonable access for genuine migrants and their families. This message will apply to potential migrants and expatriate New Zealanders and be conveyed through. we are also minimising and managing risks. detention and deportation powers and human rights. global society. Labour will increase border security at international airports with direct flights to New Zealand by establishing an airport liaison officer at each of these ports who will pre-screen travellers at their point of departure. Labour in government introduced a system of Advanced Passenger Processing in 2003 to help identify these people before they even board the plane. While we need to have policies that help facilitate the arrival of people who can contribute positively to New Zealand.

better incentives for third parties such as employers and education providers to comply with their immigration obligations. There is also room for improvement within our immigration processes.Technology is continuing to develop at a rapid pace and we must ensure that our immigration systems are also continuing to evolve and improve. and without denying refugees and migrants access to natural justice. The Immigration Bill will replace the current Immigration Act and provide a framework that balances the rights of the individual against the national interest. permits and exemptions will all be rolled into a universal visa system. For example. This will allow appeals to be streamlined without reducing peoples’ appeal rights. such as: • • • A simpler visa system: which will mean visas. and we will improve risk profiling systems so that immigration decisions are made with the best information possible. a single independent appeals tribunal rather than the current four separate appeals bodies. The Bill modernises and simplifies appeal and review processes without removing essential oversight and review mechanism safeguards. Labour will ensure that the Immigration Bill is passed into law at the earliest opportunity. more efficient but appropriate deportation process. We will then implement a number of new measures allowed for in the Bill. meaning that all grounds for appeal must be presented on lodgement rather than the current situation where people may make multiple appeals to separate tribunals. we will implement systems that enable biometric border management which is consistent with New Zealand's privacy and human rights legislation. There are already many changes in the pipeline through an Immigration Bill that the Labour-led government has before Parliament. a streamlined. Labour believes that the Immigration Bill will deliver a system that will better serve New Zealanders and migrants into the future. a single appeal to the tribunal. • • Strong Proven Leadership 313 . Labour will continue to improve information technology capability at Immigration New Zealand to help protect our borders.

Labour has introduced compulsory licensing of immigration advisors to provide more protection for new and potential migrants. We have stepped up to the mark in fully supporting refugee resettlement in New Zealand. Strong Proven Leadership 314 . a country that is strong and inclusive. Labour believes New Zealand should be proud of that reputation and should be working hard to maintain it. Our contribution to alleviating world refugee crises is not limited to offering resettlement places. integrate well into our society and make New Zealand their permanent home. This means having adequate protections for migrants as well as for New Zealanders. feel welcome. Immigration Advocacy A ‘firm but fair’ approach underpins the immigration policies that Labour promotes. Labour’s vision for New Zealand is a country that is committed to ensuring that refugees and their families settle well.Refugees – Meeting our International Obligations New Zealand has a reputation as a nation that is willing to make a stand on the international stage on matters of humanitarian concern. including through the expansion of our settlement support programme. We recognise that many refugees and their families have high needs when they arrive here and may take more time to settle than other migrants. They need to know that they will get correct and relevant information. Labour will ensure that refugees continue to receive the support they need through government agencies and by working closely with relevant community groups. especially for those who have experienced difficult times in their own countries. Gone are the days when we accepted refugees into New Zealand but gave them little help once they had completed the basic induction into the Kiwi way of life at the Mangere centre. a country which welcomes newcomers and provides a safe and peaceful place to live. Underscoring our vision for an inclusive nation that meets our humanitarian obligations are our settlement support operations. and that their best interests will be served. Licensing will help make that happen. New Zealand also supports family reunification of refugees already in this country and offers international protection to successful asylum seekers claiming refugee status on our shores. People who choose to live and work in New Zealand deserve certainty about the immigration advice they receive. Settlement support helps to ensure the migrants we have attracted here and the refugees who make New Zealand their new home. On a bipartisan basis.

Such a service may also perform the following functions: • Assistance for persons in immigration detention but who are ineligible for legal aid. Ombudsman and Registrar of Immigration advisors. and in 1999 legal aid for immigration appeals was removed for all but refugee cases. Assistance where appropriate with appeals for those unable to self advocate or to afford representatives. and Assistance in making complaints of immigration fraud to the Registrar and in seeking recovery from unethical immigration consultants. • • The service will be administered independently of Immigration New Zealand but will encourage lawful compliance and work constructively with the Immigration Service. Labour will see that a community based immigration advocacy service is set up to provide advice and advocacy for at-risk migrants unable to afford representation. Strong Proven Leadership 315 .However not all migrants can afford to access assistance and representation through an immigration advisor or a lawyer.

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Skills for our Current and Future Workforce Labour’s policy for Industry Training 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 317 .

Strong Proven Leadership 318 .

. It involves formal training provided for people who are employed in a particular industry so skills are linked to the needs of workers and workplaces in that industry.000 employers are now involved in industry training. . information and creativity are becoming the main drivers of our country's competitive advantage. the majority of our tradespeople will have benefited from training and there will be ongoing and structured support for these people to progress in their careers.000 people are industry trainees. . . then our people must be able to enhance their skills throughout their lifetime. we have established a training culture for our younger people and the wider workforce. . Skills. New Zealand must become a nation that values and encourages innovation. Nearly 40. with funding increasing by a similar amount. recognises and capitalises on our unique qualities and strengths. Industry training is structured workplace learning and skill development arranged through one of 40 industry training organisations (ITOs). Workers and trainees are better supported than ever before to improve their skills and gain a sense of purpose and opportunity. up to and including this year’s Budget. With the commitments we have made in government. If New Zealand is to actively participate in the knowledge economy and society. Ten years ago . Labour has a strong belief in the benefits of skills training for New Zealand and has invested heavily in it. Today . there were no trades training pathways for our young people. Employers will need an increasingly well-trained workforce to deal with the ever-changing environment in which they operate. Training in the Workplace Improving the skills of the current workforce is crucial for New Zealand to achieve economic transformation and to move towards a high-skill. with government-supported pathways and structures to help them reach their goals through a better trained workforce. . the annual investment by 2010 will be more than three times what it was in 2000. A skilled workforce lifts productivity. During 2008 an estimated 190. Strong Proven Leadership 319 . It has trebled to an estimated 190.Introduction A skilled workforce is a major driver of economic growth and innovation. knowledge. improves New Zealand’s global competitiveness and helps our industries. Ten years from now . Participation in industry training has increased dramatically during this decade. high-wage economy.000 during 2008. and competes confidently and successfully in the global marketplace.

both in terms of enabling more of our young people to be in a position Strong Proven Leadership 320 . We still need to keep increasing but there is no longer the same training deficit as at the start of the decade. ten per cent of New Zealand’s workforce is participating in recognised industry training over the course of a calendar year.000 people are in modern apprenticeship training by December 2011. and this made sense while there was a need to substantially increase the number of trainees.000 young New Zealanders had either completed a modern apprenticeship or were actively engaged in one. By the middle of this year. We have previously set targets for industry training numbers.000 a year so that 17. Labour’s Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has been important in attracting young people back to traditional trade occupations. so has investment from industry – up from $24 million in 2000 to $65. We have already put funding in place so that 14. The scheme involves young people in workplace learning from the start of their careers and will make an important contribution to Labour’s new Schools Plus plan for every young person to continue in education and training through to the age of 18.000 modern apprentices will be in training by the end of 2008. Skills Strategy Labour believes that New Zealand must take a more strategic approach to skills development. more than 17. In the last decade the Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has exceeded targets for growth.This year’s Budget introduced a provision for annual increases to the Industry Training Fund in line with the Consumer Price Index. Labour will continue to increase industry training so that by 2011. Labour will increase the number of modern apprentices in training by 1. Modern Apprenticeships Labour brought back apprenticeships in a new form that meets the needs of today’s workplace. Labour intends to build on the investment we have made in the last nine years. And just as government’s investment in skills training has risen sharply.5 million last year. We also provided funding to support development of the strategic leadership role of industry training organisations. Reaching and maintaining a target of ten percent of the workforce will signal the ongoing importance of industry training while also providing some certainty to ITOs.

literacy and numeracy in the workforce. After all. To this end. This will ensure that firms can better harness the skills young people learn through industry training and modern apprenticeships. Lifting the numbers involved in skills training is not enough on its own . eighty per cent of those working now will still be in the workforce in 2020. business. It explicitly links skills development with productivity. This includes improved language. and streamlining government programmes aimed at supporting firm capability and improving their links with private sector initiatives. The Skills Strategy is the next step in the evolution of industry training. Labour has been working with business and unions to improve the productivity of our workplaces and to ensure all workers have the skills they need for a better standard of living. We are committed to maintaining these relationships into the future. improved management and leadership capability and skills planning.we need to increase our capacity to harness those skills in order to drive productivity and competitiveness. Labour values and encourages co-ordination between government. Industry training and modern apprenticeships provide the base for our workforce. That is why we need a Skills Strategy that encourages: • • • • The use and development of our workforce skills A focus on skills development that meets the needs of industry Formal qualifications that reflect industry requirements Support from employers to employees to ensure workers reach their potential. Labour believes that New Zealand's future wealth.to access it and through improving the skills of people already in the workforce. unions and industry training organisations in the establishment of the Skills Strategy and the achievement of its goals. global competitiveness and economic transformation rely on the skills of its employees and the way that industry supports workers to reach their full career potential. the Skills Strategy provides the boost needed if we are to move to a high-wage economy. Labour will fully implement all components of the New Zealand Skills Strategy. The Skills Strategy will not only lift skills levels across the workforce but will equip our workers with better management and leadership skills. Strong Proven Leadership 321 .

clearer qualifications for students and more flexible learning pathways. Labour will improve the way that institutes of technology and polytechnics (ITPs) and industry training organisations work together. is now underway. Labour will work to ensure there is the momentum needed to deliver sensible outcomes. As representatives of their industries. This is consistent with the tertiary education reforms and with Labour’s support for developing the strategic leadership role of ITOs. polytechnics and other tertiary stakeholders have also identified that the qualifications system would benefit from undergoing a review. training or some form of structured learning until the age of 18.Labour will ensure alignment of the Skills Strategy as it relates to the existing workforce and with the major ‘Schools Plus’ initiative as it relates to the emerging workforce. This is a longstanding issue and one that will require commitment and compromise from all parties. We will carry out the commitment made in the Skills Strategy to further explore flexible skills solutions. By staying in education or training longer. It is aimed at ensuring that by 2014. We announced in this year’s Budget that the government would provide funding over four years to further support ITOs’ strategic leadership role. This includes what is often referred to as ‘overlapping provision’. Schools Plus is Labour’s initiative to significantly reform our secondary school system by offering all young New Zealanders a stronger educational foundation. all young people are in education. Strong Proven Leadership 322 . The Evolving Role of Industry Training Organisations Industry training has grown and changed during this decade in a number of important ways. This provides an opportunity to examine current qualification design processes in terms of the extent to which they allow input from industry. focusing on diploma and certificate levels. Industry training organisations. Labour believes the industry training system provides flexible training responses for industry. particularly for frontline managers and small-tomedium enterprises. our young people will secure a better future for themselves and their families. Labour encourages the input of ITOs into how government investment in vocational education and training is distributed. encouraging more joint curriculum development. The tertiary education reforms and the establishment of the Tertiary Education Commission have given industry training the same status as other education and training pathways in the tertiary system. The Skills Strategy action plan acknowledges this and a targeted review of the qualifications system.

Strong Proven Leadership 323 . and employee representatives. ITOs are required to periodically demonstrate that they can satisfactorily provide for the collective representation of employees in the governance of the ITO.Labour will continue to fund support for the Strategic Leadership role of industry training organisations and the Industry Training Federation. employees. Labour recognises that industry training is a partnership between employers. Labour will continue to recognise the role of unions in the governance of industry training organisations.

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A Modern. Flexible and Fair Justice System for All Labour’s policy for Justice 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 325 .

Strong Proven Leadership 326 .

More recently. health. strengthens our communities. the Evidence Act 2006 has provided for the needs of vulnerable witnesses and victims by making provision for witnesses to give evidence in alternative ways. We want a country where the justice system is fair to both the accused and the victim. supports the victims of crime. Strong Proven Leadership 327 .Introduction Labour is committed to a modern. medical or legal needs arising from an offence. effective. the Parole Act 2002 and The Prisoners’ and Victims’ Claims Act 2005. The Government can facilitate and fund solutions in the battle against crime but no government can provide all the solutions. such as giving evidence from behind a screen. by the public. counselling. reduces offending. fair and accessible justice system which makes offenders accountable. Labour believes in working with local authorities. and in turn. or a member of a victim’s family with welfare. and importantly. via CCTV and pre-recorded video. Labour will continue to focus on the needs of victims. The Victims Rights Act makes it clear that a victim. Labour will act on the recommendations from the investigation being undertaken by the Law Commission into a comprehensive compensation scheme for victims of crime. We have put in place a strong legislative framework for victims of crime through the Victims Rights Act 2002. To be effective. and other legislation including the Sentencing Act 2002. Every New Zealander is entitled to feel safe in their homes and in their community. Labour is committed to fighting crime on all levels. The Needs of Victims Labour is the only party to have passed legislation that enhances the rights of victims in the justice system. with community organisations and with individuals to make our neighbourhoods as safe as we possibly can because we all need to take responsibility in the battle against crime. the justice system needs people to have confidence in it and be supported through the process. seen to be achieved. should have access to services that are responsive to those needs. where justice is achieved. Victims do not choose to be part of the criminal justice system but enter it because of the crimes committed against them.

a more comprehensive compensation scheme needs to be investigated. The Victims of Crime Information Line and the Information Website are new contact points for people affected by crime that will provide information about their rights and the justice system and assist them to access support services. Labour has asked the Law Commission to undertake that investigation and will act upon the Commission’s recommendations. We have also initiated a Review of Services for Victims of Crime focussing on making improvements to existing services.While New Zealand has the Accident Compensation Scheme which covers some aspects of compensation for victims. The changes proposed in the Bill will ensure victims do not face any additional stress during the processing of legal aid grants.victimsinfo. Victims of crime have a right to information about the services that can help them. and what they can expect when they become part of it. This includes work to develop the role of an independent Victim Advocate in the Family Violence Courts. The purpose of the advocate would be to ensure there is accountability against the expectations contained within the Victims’ Charter. Labour will investigate establishing a Victims Commissioner to oversee all matters relating to victims’ issues. They also have a right to information about the criminal justice system. Labour will pass the Legal Services Amendment Bill to ensure that victims do not face any additional stress during the processing legal aid grants. The Bill provides that victims of crime (those affected by an alleged or committed offence) involved in Coronial Inquests and Parole Board hearings will not be subject Strong Proven Leadership 328 . Labour has already launched three important Victims Information Resources: • The Victims’ Charter • The Victims of Crime Information Line (0800 650 654) • The Victims Information Website www. A Legal Services Amendment Bill was introduced in August 2008. Such an office might have powers of inquiry in response to complaints.govt nz The Victims’ Charter is a statement of the standard of service “people affected by crime” can expect from government agencies. its processes. The Charter sets out in plain language the principles and rights contained in the Victims Rights Act in an accessible and concise format. but might be mandated to also report on particular matters outside of this. The Charter is also a reminder to those who deal with victims of the standard of service victims should receive. It is a significant step in ensuring that victims of crime are aware of their rights under the Victims Rights Act.

The Bill will also enable the Legal Services Agency to write off legal aid debt for victims at the time legal aid is granted. We will aim to provide for the same referral. rather than waiting until the end of the proceedings. advocacy and emotional support for victims of young offenders. This will include establishing national practice standards for restorative justice providers and a single funding framework for the delivery of restorative justice services. restitution and prompt resolution outside of an adversarial court process by better incorporating restorative justice into our criminal justice system. including domestic violence matters. services and information and are therefore able to participate fully in Family Group Conferences. Labour will also ensure a fair and equitable travel policy for victims requiring legal aid. apologies. the Family Group Conference. This will be addressed in part by providing travel costs. We will continue to develop quality assurance processes for restorative justice. In the past nine years. quality assurance and case management arrangements across all providers and all District Courts Family Violence and Sexual Violence Family violence is still minimised by many who fail to recognise its impact across all areas of our violence statistics. it is often the case that victims do not attend Family Group Conferences. since Labour began Strong Proven Leadership 329 . funding. or need to repay legal aid grants when they need to be represented by a lawyer. This will ensure that all victims can access support. Restorative Justice Restorative justice programmes are working in a number of centres around New Zealand Labour will balance accountability and rehabilitation for the offender against victim’s needs for answers.to financial eligibility tests. Labour will also increase the availability of restorative justice services at District Courts. during and following. Even though victim input is integral to restorative justice. Labour will support victims of youth offending to participate fully in Family Group Conferences. Victim Support will be able to provide emotional support leading up to.

the defence of reasonable belief in consent (Crimes Act) and the admissibility of evidence relating to the sexual history of the complainant. Not all victims of violence wish to make a complaint to the police immediately.campaigning to raise awareness of family violence. Police action has had a major role in terms of the reporting of family violence. Having Sexual Assault Referral Centres in place would ensure all victims of violence could easily access a service that can document any injuries and gather forensic evidence to support a prosecution in the future should the victim choose to make a complaint. Labour will pass the Domestic Violence Reform Bill. Labour will also introduce legislation to address the recommendations of the Taskforce for Action on Sexual Violence that was set up in July last year. there has been a sharp increase in the number of offences reported. also known as the Rape Shield. Labour will fund an available and appropriate forensic evidential support service for victims of rape (for example the Sexual Assault Referral Centre model in the United Kingdom or Australia). family violence accounted for all the increase in violent offences. The aim of this initiative is to ensure that any evidence gathered by the support service can be stored and the evidence and reports from the service be admissible as evidence in any subsequent criminal or civil proceedings. with all frontline police now having training in the area. improve the response of the Criminal Court and the Family Court to victims of family violence. Changes will be made to legislation after this feedback is considered. improved support for victims. This allows the evidence to be gathered outside of a police investigation but preserves the integrity of the evidence should it be required later. introduced in September. The Bill. and to provide better protection for children in Family Court matters. in the past year’s crime stats. Community feedback has now been received into the taskforce document – Improvements to Sexual Violence Legislation in New Zealand – which sought views on possible law changes to the area of consent. Strong Proven Leadership 330 . The successful It’s not Ok campaign is also starting to impact on the figures. In fact. is designed to enable Police to issue interim protection orders. and increased accountability for offenders both within and alongside the criminal justice system. Addressing sexual violence requires a multi-faceted approach covering prevention.

Labour wants to further develop community policing through closer involvement of the whole community in the safety of their neighbourhoods. Labour moved quickly to address this issue by setting up the Commission of Inquiry into Police Conduct which made 60 recommendations. New Zealanders are proud of their police. Following the Commission’s report. new vehicles. Ten years from now….Strong and Valued Police New Zealanders want our police to be visible.500 police since 1999. Strong Proven Leadership 331 . police buildings and equipment were run-down and staff were demoralised. stab resistant armour and developing digital radio communication. Our police organisation is one of the best in the world and Labour will ensure it has the powers. Good progress is being made on implementing all of these including the introduction of a Code of Conduct. equipment and staff to keep our families and communities safe. Ten years ago… Police were threatened by job cuts of 500 officers. Labour has invested in police buildings. Labour is currently working on legislation to enhance the powers of the IPCA. Community policing gives local residents a sense of security and allows Police to better understand their community’s needs and concerns. Trials and Sentencing Major legislation was passed last year to make the criminal justice system more effective. and have built or refurbished 35 Police stations. responsive to the community and has the resources needed to do its job. Today…We have recruited an extra 2. Police have set up new problem solving teams who listen to and engage with local residents and business owners to assess their needs and prioritise their concerns. with clarified powers and procedures when police conduct is under investigation. the Independent Police Conduct Authority (IPCA) was restructured. particularly in providing alternatives to prison for low-risk offenders. Although in recent times high-profile court cases have dented some people’s confidence in police. the role of police has continued to develop. Over the past twenty years. Local agencies and community representatives will be encouraged to help identify and solve problems in their local area.More police will be on the beat than ever before with the equipment and new powers they need to protect our families and communities. Proposals include allowing the Authority to undertake its own investigations of complaints about police misconduct in defined circumstances and amending current secrecy provisions so that information gathered during the Authority’s investigations can be used in any subsequent proceedings.

Consistent Sentencing We need to establish sentencing guidelines to ensure consistency of sentencing across New Zealand. Under the Effective Interventions policy. Earlier this decade Labour passed the Sentencing and Parole Acts of 2002. reversing the onus of proof so that hard core recidivist offenders had to prove to the Court why they should get bail. We need to aim for best practice and greater consistency in sentencing. however. That is why Labour adopted a recommendation by the Law Commission and established a Sentencing Council. enforced by electronic monitoring. Strong Proven Leadership 332 . which took a tougher line against those who offended seriously and posed a risk to the safety of the community and now serve much longer prison sentences. Australia. There is. Non-custodial sentences such as home and community detention. This new legislation imposed much longer sentences on the worst offenders and required the safety of the public to be the paramount consideration in parole decisions. we should work to keep lesser offenders out of jail. That does not deliver justice or fairness. Labour is working to counterbalance this by reducing the numbers serving short term sentences in prison. There is considerable variation in sentencing for like crimes across the country. Offenders on non-custodial sentences are less exposed to the negative peer pressure and gang recruitment that can occur in the prison environment. The result of Effective Interventions is that we have been able to stabilise the soaring prison population. are now being used more frequently by judges when the offender is deemed by them not to constitute a significant risk to the safety of society. Absconding rates remain low and the rates of serious re-offending after non-custodial sentences are a little over a third of those of offenders doing a short prison sentence. leading to a welcome reduction in prison numbers. Non-custodial sentences have many advantages. The rate of recidivism of former prisoners is high. The rate of imprisonment in New Zealand has doubled over the last 20 years and is much higher than Canada. The Council's role is to draft sentencing guidelines to help judges determine the appropriate sentences for the range of crimes. including those at the lower end of offending. and community based sentences do have more effective outcomes. Labour believes that as long as public safety isn't jeopardised. a limit on the extent to which ongoing sharp increases in the prison population can solve the problem of criminal offending in New Zealand.The new community-based sentences have been embraced by the judiciary. The new Bail Act in 2000 also took a tougher line. England and most European countries.

Strong Proven Leadership 333 . whereby the two sides (defence and prosecution) are pitted against each other in order to prove their respective sides of the case. The PDS was piloted for four years and was made permanent in 2008 following a positive final evaluation. depositions hearings and defended hearings. We will send a strong message to gang leaders that their behaviour will not be tolerated and will ensure they cannot profit from the proceeds of organised crime or gang activity. The Public Defence Service (PDS) employs salaried criminal lawyers to take on criminal legal aid cases in the Auckland and Manukau courts. Labour will establish a Commission of Inquiry into Organised Criminal Gangs as a means of establishing the extent of gang involvement in organised crime and ways to stamp it out.The establishment of the Sentencing Council will make the system more transparent and will result in best practice through more consistent sentencing. An inquisitorial approach where appropriate Labour will consider a change to the judicial system method of dealing with cases from an adversarial approach to an inquisitorial approach. Public Defenders Office Labour will expand the Public Defender Office as an alternative to Legal Aid. PDS cases are generally shorter and have less likelihood of jury trials. Labour is committed to effective measures that provide police and the courts with the tools necessary to hold these offenders to account. The PDS is headed by the Public Defender and has an office located near each court. where appropriate. Gangs and Organised Crime Organised crime is a serious and growing problem. The New Zealand legal system is founded on an adversarial approach. This approach means that in some instances (such as sexual violence cases) victims are put under considerable stress as they are crossexamined. Labour will ensure that the appointments to the Sentencing Council are a matter of urgency. thus speeding the delivery of justice for victims and reducing pressure on the Courts.

The Commission will be expected to study not only the involvement of gangs in organised crime. and follow the progress of. making it illegal for them to associate or communicate with other members and from being in certain places. police in Counties Manukau report less criminal activity and fewer serious offences by youth gangs. Counties Manukau has put in place a youth gang initiative involving youth workers. It will be sufficient to prove on the balance of probabilities that a person has benefited from significant criminal activity. Passing this legislation will remedy the problem by introducing a new civil forfeiture regime under which assets and profit gained from crime can be confiscated without a conviction. With help from government. Increasing the maximum penalty from five to 10 years imprisonment sends a strong message that gang and other organised criminal activity will not be tolerated and ensures that crime bosses receive the level of penalty their actions deserve. Strong Proven Leadership 334 . Police can also issue public safety orders banning gangs from public places or events. Labour will extend the Counties Manukau initiative to respond to youth gangs to other centres. the South Australian gang legislation to see if it is appropriate in the New Zealand. Breaches of the law are punishable by up to five years in jail. Labour will extend this initiative to other regions around New Zealand who have requested that a similar response. Labour will investigate. Recently Counties Manukau experienced a 4. The results have been positive. Labour will pass the Criminal Proceeds (Recovery) Bill. an integrated case management model and reception centres. It will also be charged with determining appropriate measures that need to be taken to curb and control gangs. In addition. Too many criminals are able to retain property and income acquired through criminal offending by distancing themselves from those committing the crimes. but also recruitment and anti-social behaviour. Labour will pass the Organised Crime (Penalties and Sentencing) Bill. this increase in penalty will ensure that interception warrants will be available to police in a wider range of circumstances to assist with investigating offending by crime bosses and helping police obtain a conviction. This enables gangs and career criminals to amass more money to fund more crime.9 percent drop in total reported crime. Since 2006.The Commission will draw not only from the experiences of police here in New Zealand but also from overseas jurisdictions facing similar issues and problems. Under the new South Australian law a gang is outlawed by being declared a criminal organisation on advice from the police. Control orders can then be made against individual members. This Bill significantly increases the maximum penalty for participation in an organised criminal group and makes such participation an aggravating factor at sentencing. which was the second largest reduction in the country.

powers and commercial fraud investigative capabilities into the larger police infrastructure. Strong Proven Leadership 335 . In this area.Labour will pass the Serious Fraud Office (Abolition and Transitional Provisions) Bill. As part of its fight against serious and organised crime. and investing to put proven burglary reduction initiatives in place there. Police Working for Communities Burglary involves a large number of offences – it accounts for 15 percent of the prison population. For example. This disestablishes the current small and stand-alone Serious Fraud Office and transfers its important functions. Labour has introduced a comprehensive package of reforms relating to the exercise of search and surveillance powers by law enforcement agencies. Labour will continue with its establishment of an Organised and Financial Crime Agency within police by passing the Serious Fraud Office (Abolition and Transitional Provisions) Bill. Labour will tackle burglary by targeting high-burglary areas. an attack on someone’s home and personal property feels like an attack on the person themselves. It is estimated that this initiative would achieve a reduction in burglary rates of 5 percent. Amalgamating SFO and police skills and experience will bring a new capability to tackle corporate fraud and sophisticated organised crime. Labour will pass the Search and Surveillance Powers Bill. This new organisation offers a new mechanism to increase the attention given to serious and complex fraud. the Law has failed to keep pace with technology. existing legislation sanctioning the law enforcement use of interception and tracking devices is cumbersome and outdated. It also has a real impact on victims. Often. We can therefore make a difference by targeting the ten police areas identified as most affected by this offence. We know that patterns of burglary show that the risk of burglary in an area increases the more often it has been burgled in the past. The Law Commission took five years to produce the recommendations that form the core of this Bill and Labour has also supplemented the Commission's work by adding a compulsory examination power to assist with the investigation of serious and organised crime. while significantly challenging those engaged in both domestic and international organised crime. It is silent with respect to the use of visual surveillance devices. Labour will expand the Priority Offenders Initiative.

Labour will investigate fixed penalty notices where offences are sufficiently minor not to warrant a full prosecution process. Rotorua. and that’s why Labour will address the need for more mental health. and needs to be nationally consistent if it is to work properly. Porirua and Christchurch. education. heritage and values in order for them to be successfully reintegrated back into the community. Strong Proven Leadership 336 . Reducing Re-offending We need integrated community plans using local people to achieve lasting success. Assistance is also offered to the families of the participants. The Priority Offenders Initiative aims to identify these offenders and reduce their offending through co-ordinated case management. Any such system of fixed penalty notices would build on the current infringement notice system. Work and Income). educational failure and lack of employment skills. drug and alcohol dependency community based programmes for young offenders. Papakura. Corrections and Housing to deal with the issues. Flaxmere. As an extension of that. Labour will continue to fund Maori Wardens and will introduce permanent funding for Pacific Wardens to develop and expand the Pacific Warden Programme. Youth and Family. A bottom line is encouraging government agencies and community groups to continue work in partnership to respond effectively to young offenders’ psychological problems.It is well recognised that a small group of offenders commit a disproportionate amount of crime and damage in communities. Labour will expand the initiative which is currently operating in Kaikohe. Ministry of Social Development (Child. Labour will ensure that programmes are designed specifically for Pacific Island and Maori young offenders aimed at strengthening their cultural identity. The Neighbourhood Support and Community Patrols will continue to receive funding to coordinate their activities. The initiative brings together a multi-agency group comprising police. alcohol and drug issues. Labour is asking for more work to be done on the United Kingdom model of fixed penalty notices. Government agencies need to continue helping non-government or community organisations in delivering effective rehabilitation and reintegration plans for young offenders and their families.

maximum outlet density. which is aimed at making it more difficult for minors to obtain alcohol. • Make it an offence to use fake ID. • Ensure minors are referred to an alcohol programme in place of paying an infringement fine. to supply alcohol to a minor. Drug and Alcohol Teams will refer individuals to alcohol and other drug treatment at their first point of contact with the criminal justice system. among other things: Make it an offence for an adult. the Law Commission is undertaking a comprehensive. first principles review of the Sale of Liquor Act. and will be designed to control the hours during which liquor may be sold. to prisoners or those on parole.Actions cannot work in isolation. Police will be able to test first time offenders and refer them for appropriate treatment. Local Alcohol Plans will be prepared through consultation under the Local Government Act 2002. instead of such treatment being largely restricted. As well. Labour will pass the Sale and Supply of Liquor and Liquor Enforcement Bill. as it is now. • Amend the Land Transport Act to introduce a zero blood alcohol limit for drivers under 20 who do not hold a full licence. The Bill will. Services need to be coordinated at a local level. Labour also believes it is important to improve community input into the licensing process. other than the minor’s parent or guardian. This will draw on the Drug and Alcohol Team initiative in the United Kingdom. Misuse of Alcohol The availability and misuse of alcohol clearly remains a significant problem for communities around New Zealand and for policing. • Strong Proven Leadership 337 . and minimum proximity to other outlets and types of community premises. Labour will over time establish Drug and Alcohol Teams at a local level to coordinate a range of services to provide tailored solutions for those who commit crime to fund their drug use. if that treatment is required. which is now 20 years old and which has had about as many amendments to it as the old Police Act.

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Strong Local Communities through Strong Local Government Labour’s Policy for Local Government 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 339 .

Strong Proven Leadership 340 .

Labour has progressively increased the benefits of the scheme. We believe in local democracy and the right of communities to have a say on major decisions affecting them. energy efficiency and climate change. public health. Over the next three years. public transport. We will also implement creative ways to enhance participation and effective decisionmaking in local government.000. Labour increased the maximum rebate from $200 to $500. We will continue active partnership with local government. Our vision is to ensure local government is responsive and accountable to local communities. especially through the regular meetings of the Prime Minister and other Ministers with Local Government New Zealand. These people are typically retired. especially in greater Auckland. It meets a real need. Fair and Affordable Rates The Rates Rebate Scheme fills an important gap in providing residential ratepayers on low incomes with financial assistance to help meet their rates bills. From 1 July 2006. affordable for its residents and ratepayers and effective in dealing with local issues. and provided the option of a regional fuel tax. and they have little ability to increase earnings while dealing with rising rates demands. environmental and cultural needs of its communities. Labour will build on existing successful policies and programmes on matters such as rates affordability. We have also resourced local government through significant injections of funds for roading and public transport. Strong Proven Leadership 341 .400 to $20. increased the income threshold where the rebate starts to reduce (‘abate’) from $7. We have empowered local government and communities. Assistance towards meeting rates costs can help elderly couples to remain in their family home. This will assist us to achieve major common goals in areas such as infrastructure. rates bills take up a significant proportion of their income. affordable housing. For those on fixed incomes. We believe local decisions are best made locally and that local government should be empowered to meet the social. and increased the additional income allowance from $156 to $500 per dependant. housing and environmental protection.Introduction Labour is committed to a close and collaborative working relationship with local government. and their only or primary source of income is New Zealand superannuation. given councils wider decision-making powers and made them more accountable to their communities through legislation. economic.

Ten years from now… many more of our seniors and kaumatua will be able to live with dignity in their own homes through rates assistance. Strong Proven Leadership 342 . We believe in encouraging transparent and fair democratic structures at a local level. local government. We agreed to establish a Royal Commission to look at what local and regional governance arrangements are required in the Auckland region over the foreseeable future. As the population ages. without the means to increase earnings to match increases in rates demands. Labour will promote the scheme through council and community group information services to potential applicants.000 households benefit from a rates rebate. This year we have further increased the maximum rebate from $500 to $530 in recognition of the effects of inflation since 2006.180. Responsive Local Democracy Labour is committed to enhancing the responsiveness of.000 households had the benefit of a rates rebate. to maximise the current and future well-being of the region and its communities and its contribution to wider national objectives and outcomes. Today… more than 110. Labour will consider and respond to the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Auckland Governance with a view to facilitating effective local government across the Auckland region. with the maximum rebate set at $200. The Royal Commission is a unique opportunity for a broad and independent investigation into the best possible local government arrangements for Auckland to achieve its potential as a world class city that remains internationally competitive with a vital role to play in New Zealand’s long-term success. and participation in. including ward systems for councils and District Health Boards in larger population centres. more of our seniors and kaumatua will find themselves on fixed incomes. Labour is committed to maintaining the value of the rebates scheme into the future. at a maximum value of $530. We also increased the income abatement threshold from $20. and undertook to index both the maximum rebate and the income abatement threshold in future years to reflect increases in inflation (measured through the All Groups index of the Consumers Price Index).Ten years ago… only about 3.000 to $21.

This legislation. it will allow local authorities to require a certain number of affordable homes to be built within new housing developments. throughout much of the world the trend is that more young people tend not to vote. We also support the Kids Voting programme that ran during the 2007 local body elections. political and community issues as older age groups. that takes time while for others it may never be an option. Strong Proven Leadership 343 . Labour will involve young people more in building sustainable communities through the encouragement of involvement in youth councils. and the involvement of young people in Youth Councils. or be as active in. Labour will assist Local Authorities to implement the Affordable Housing Act by providing guidance and tools for the design of affordable housing policies through a National Policy Statement on Affordable Housing. if their region or city needs more affordable homes for workers. We need to involve young people more in building sustainable communities.In terms of participation in both local and central government. Essentially. we also recognise that for some people. delivers those tools. Labour supports the Growing Active Citizens project co-ordinated by Local Government New Zealand which has young people as its focus. or targeted at. While Labour wants as many Kiwis as possible to own their own home. based on tried-and-tested schemes in the United Kingdom and the United States. Partnerships for Affordable Housing Labour has passed legislation to enable local authorities to address imbalances in the supply of new homes through a combination of requirements and incentives for developers. first-time buyers or modest-income families. If local authorities identify a demand for affordable homes in their area. There is rising demand among local authorities for tools to tackle this issue and ensure an adequate supply of houses for workers crucial to a local economy. That is why Labour supports the provision of affordable and secure rental accommodation. Labour believes they must have the ability to meet that need. very few have been designed for. Although developers are building a large number of new homes each year. Over the past 15 years. the government will assist in helping them develop affordable housing plans. Local authorities have an important role to play in promoting affordable home ownership. the actual size of new homes being built has increased significantly. They are responsible for approving new housing developments and.

service and utility providers and the development sector work together. There are a number of challenges local authorities and developers face when trying to develop urban areas in a sustainable and effective way. Labour will develop a new approach to sustainable urban development to improve the ways that the community. it should be possible to provide New Zealanders with more housing choices. The legislation could be supported by improvements in the use of existing urban development processes. viable public transport options and thriving town centres. Urban Development – a sustainable approach There is also a need to focus on using land. local and central government.Currently there are some councils and small not-for-profit housing organisations providing affordable rental housing. Labour will work with local government and not-for-profit agencies to support the expansion and provision of affordable rental accommodation. this proposed new approach would create legislation to allow the government to declare that special tools or powers could be applied in particular areas. boundaries and would be in place for the duration of a particular project. In the recently-released discussion document Building Sustainable Urban Communities. a Crown entity. Strong Proven Leadership 344 . or a joint venture company with public sector involvement. as well as a range of non-regulatory or legislative tools. It would have carefully prescribed objectives. An urban development organisation could be a council-controlled organisation. New Zealand currently has limited co-ordination of national. taking into account the unique features of each location rather than trying to apply the same formula to different urban areas around the country. infrastructure and assets more effectively when we undertake new developments or re-develop existing suburbs and town centres. By intensifying land use in some strategic areas. regional and local planning when it comes to largescale urban development. Labour wants to help these groups grow to expand their provision of affordable rental accommodation. We are currently consulting on a way forward that is flexible rather than prescriptive. These tools or powers could be used by an urban development organisation to implement sustainable development according to a “master development plan” that has been drawn up with the community.

and Protection of water resources. integrated and accessible.Labour will consider the feedback on this proposal that local authorities. responsive to change and – above all – economically. Environmental Protection Labour is committed to a close and collaborative working relationship with local government in the priority areas of: • • Effective public transport. Protection of water resources Water is crucial for New Zealand’s economic development and its quality is fundamental to our recreational lifestyle and health. This gives regional councils the tools to run public transport services as effectively as possible. We trade on our ‘clean green’ image. Labour will continue work in partnership with regional government. Through the Sustainable Water Programme of Action. We need to ensure water is used sustainably if coming generations are to enjoy the same quality of lifestyle we do. developers and the public provide. it's what tourists love about this country and it offers us a competitive advantage in international markets which are increasingly clamouring for eco-friendly products and services. safe. businesses and the broader community to achieve an optimal and sustainable public transport network. we must create a public transport system that is a realistic alternative to private car use. Effective Public Transport Labour believes that if New Zealanders are to move towards more sustainable transport. Our ability to grow and sell primary produce is heavily reliant on a dependable supply of good quality water. The new Public Transport Management Act 2008 will enable Regional Councils to improve New Zealand’s public transport system by imposing greater controls over commercial public transport services. It is therefore essential that New Zealand’s public transport services are affordable. socially and environmentally sustainable. We will use this to develop a new approach to achieving better urban development by working together. and allowing them to require that any or all public transport services be provided under contract. Strong Proven Leadership 345 . so that passengers can expect travel on public transport to become much simpler and more efficient.

only a third is measured. Labour will retain local level decision-making on freshwater management while ensuring central government plays a national leadership role through: • • • Investigating and implementing ‘Hot-Spot’ National Policy Statements that provide guidance at a regional level on specific freshwater issues Investigating National Environmental Standards relating to the treatment of water affected by dairy farming Investigating better enforcement powers for non-compliance with RMA consent conditions and regional plan rules in regard to freshwater. If Strong Proven Leadership 346 . And it’s not just farmers that need to take care of New Zealand’s freshwater. We believe that compliance. including issues such as water allocation and quality. While National Policy Statements under the Resource Management Act (RMA) help raise the standard of our freshwater management. Of all the water allocated in this country. Given the central importance of freshwater resources to New Zealand and New Zealanders. There is under-investment in infrastructure that would improve water monitoring.we have developed effective and workable approaches to freshwater management. The quality of water in both rural and urban areas is declining. regional councils. through National Policy Statements and National Environmental Standards. Labour will help local government implement a National Policy Statement that aims to ensure our freshwater is of a swimmable standard by 2035. monitoring and enforcement should be an integral part of resource consent decisions when significant developments are being considered. Only a proportion of our 74 local authorities use water meters. we believe there is a need for clear central government policy that directs local government to implement measures to: • • • • • • address constraints on availability of freshwater address the effects of contaminant discharges address the issue of competing demands on freshwater resources ensure our freshwater meets the recreational expectations of New Zealanders ensure sustainable management of our freshwater is addressed at both a national and local level improve the integrated management of freshwater by territorial authorities. and other stakeholders. Levels of non-compliance with resource consent conditions and regional plan rules for dairy effluent management have marginally improved but a percentage of farmers are still letting us and their fellow farmers down. there is more work to be done.

000 rural New Zealanders are set to benefit from our Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme. Over 170. and over 40. tourists and the tourism industry. Since 1999 we have implemented a number of innovative schemes to support communities who need to upgrade their water or wastewater treatment systems. It is costly to provide quality water supply in rural areas because schemes lack economies of scale. including those in rural areas. Labour will provide targeted assistance to smaller and poorer communities. This fund assists councils and other water suppliers with technical advice and direct capital assistance for upgrading water systems. they will have little effect. holidaymakers and travellers.local rules and conditions are imposed but not properly monitored and enforced. Strong Proven Leadership 347 . We also established funding for the period 2005-2016 through the Drinking Water Subsidy Fund to help improve drinking water in New Zealand communities. Labour has invested in essential services.000 will have safer drinking water through the Capital Assistance Programme. Quality Water Supply for Rural Areas High quality water supplies are essential to public health. to meet the costs of providing quality water supplies. offering funding that would have otherwise have had to come from rates or water charges. Councils serving small or rural communities are expected to comply by 1 July 2013 with higher quality standards for the water they supply. It is Labour’s goal to continue this partnership with communities to improve access to a safe and sustainable water supply. as are efficient sewerage systems in all built-up areas. Some councils may fail to meet the target without assistance from central government. Māori kainga. Good quality water benefits rural and small town residents and ratepayers.

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Me Ara Ake The next step Labour’s policy for investing in the future of Māori Te Tāpui Rawa Atu Ki Ngā Wā Kei Mua O Te Māori 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 349 .

Strong Proven Leadership 350 .

Strong Proven Leadership 351 . As we look to secure the future of Māori development we remain committed to the belief that the Treaty of Waitangi underpins a shared history and vision for all New Zealanders. overseeing a major surge in the number of Māori in tertiary education. We also remain committed to supporting the historical ties Māori have to the Māori seats in Parliament. The collective Māori asset base is now worth an estimated $16. Māori ambition has grown. Māori do not face the same challenges that were evident in 1999. so that fair and inclusive representation is guaranteed. the full potential of Māori seems much broader than it did just a few years ago. Labour is committed to honouring the Treaty of Waitangi and the spirit of partnership it embodies. Māori are now major players in the future of our country’s fisheries. The provision of quality. We will continue to support the will of Māori to retain the Māori seats in Parliament. tourism and agriculture sectors. as has their role in the economic and social future of Aotearoa. Māoridom has been reshaped and revitalised over the last 10 years. each expectation exceeded. and having made significant progress on some of the longest running Treaty claims. Labour is committed to investing in the future of Māori by supporting Māori economic development and the utilisation of their resources. Labour aims to harness and grow this economic potential to help secure the present and the future for Māori.5 billion – an 83 percent increase since 2001. leads to a widening of ambition for what the next generation of Māori is capable of achieving. Ensuring Māori culture remains strong and that Te Reo Māori remains a living language is of the utmost importance to Labour. An integral part of honouring the Treaty is acknowledging the wrongs of the past. Labour recognises the importance of achieving durable Treaty settlements as soon as possible. Māori culture defines many aspects of our national identity. And so it should – Māori must continue to raise their sights and aspirations. We are committed to ensuring that any discussions that might take place in the future on the development of a written constitution for this country recognise the central role of the Treaty of Waitangi.Introduction The landscape of Māoridom has transformed. With Māori unemployment cut by half over the past eight years. forestry. Each accomplishment gained.

Labour recognises that Māori have high aspirations for their future.5 billion.personalised education to tamariki and rangatahi. forestry. the Māori asset base has grown to be worth an estimated $16. strong public services including affordable and accessible healthcare for whanau. it is not surprising that the real median weekly income for Maori households has increased by 39% from 1999 to 2008. Labour wants to ensure Māori have the tools to utilise their own assets. tourism and agriculture sectors. Over the last 10 years. we will secure the Māori economy now and into the future. and financial support to working Māori families will secure the future for the next generation of Māori. And so they should. Our positive record of change around Māori Development is testament to what can happen when the government supports the aspirations of Māori and when Māori themselves step up to the challenge. the Māori unemployment rate peaked at over 18 per cent. With this shift from benefits to jobs. Māori have come a long way over the last 10 years and it is important to note that real progress has been made. operate entities under good governance and ensure those entities contribute to the economic benefit of Māori. not just the government. The Māori unemployment rate has fallen by 53 per cent and the number of Māori relying on benefits has fallen by 22 per cent.000 Māori were receiving an unemployment benefit. By working together with Māori to achieve their economic aspirations. That progress is a credit to Māori themselves. Today… More Māori are enjoying the financial and social benefits of employment and the weekly income of Māori households has increased by more than a third. We are committed to working with Māori to ensure that these aspirations are realised. Ten years ago… Over 44. Māori are now major players in the future of our country’s fisheries. Strong Proven Leadership 352 . Investing In the Economic Future of Māori A vital part of ensuring the Māori economy continues to thrive is investing in improving the opportunities of Māori. Ten years from now… Māori will have taken advantage of new opportunities in education and training and opportunities provided within the Māori economy. One of the most significant changes we have seen within Māori communities over the past 10 years is the number of Māori who have moved from dependency to independency.

especially women. We know we need to provide opportunities for Māori to upskill in the workplace and opportunities for many Māori. Growing the skills and capabilities of the Māori workforce Labour will help to provide professional development through Industry Training to Māori who wish to gain better qualifications and improve their skills within their chosen career. raise the skill levels of the Māori workforce and engage workers and unions in the broader issues of social and economic development. Encourage the expansion of Māori tourism ventures locally and globally It is also important that Māori business and especially Māori Tourism ventures have Strong Proven Leadership 353 . to re-train after time out of the workforce. This talent is one that should be supported and grown to provide further opportunities in the Māori economy. Labour will work to ensure that Māori business leaders and decisionmakers can access appropriate training courses and support in order to enhance their skills and knowledge base. Labour will continue to increase industry training volumes in order to reach a point where by 2011 ten per cent of New Zealand’s workforce is participating in some recognised industry training over the course of the calendar year. These will help to improve productivity.Labour intends to build on the positive record of change Māori economic development has undergone over the past 10 years. We are committed to ensuring the Māori workforce continues to grow to become highly-skilled and highly-valued within Aotearoa. This will improve the quality of decision-making and the quality of decision makers so that Māori business is a vital part of the New Zealand economy. We will work to grow the potential of entrepreneurs and Māori business by supporting initiatives that assist Māori in using their entrepreneurial talents for the benefit of themselves and the wider New Zealand economy. We will also support the active involvement of workers and unions in industry strategies. Developing the potential of entrepreneurs and Māori business We already know that Māori are one of the world’s most entrepreneurial people. We must raise our sights and aim to upskill the Māori workforce.

and Section 150B. Labour will review. Labour will encourage the expansion of Māori tourism ventures locally and globally by developing strong strategic relationships with the public sector to advance Māori tourism. Labour will promote the conservation and restoration of valued species of significance to Māori. We will aim to identify and address any barriers to land development and home ownership. sustainability of natural resources will be a key factor in ensuring the stability of the Māori economy. Looking to the future. Tuna (eel). We will continue to support the process established by the Māori Fisheries Act to transfer assets and quota to Māori. Labour will also continue to support the implementation of Māori customary fishing regulations. Labour will work with local government authorities to develop best practice models for engagement with iwi and other Māori groups in a range of areas including allocation of marine farming space. We believe that a review of the Act is needed. we need to look at ways of helping Māori realise the full economic potential of natural resources and fisheries and aquaculture assets. processes and requirements for the establishment of aquaculture management areas to remove any unnecessary barriers to their establishment. Protect Māori interests in the preservation of natural resources. Labour will look to help Māori realise the economic potential of Māori land by reviewing the Te Ture Whenua Māori Act. The purpose of the Te Ture Whenua Māori Act was to enable the retention of Māori land but the Te Ture Whenua Māori Act is seen by many to be a barrier to allowing Māori to gain economic benefit from their land. and support the utilisation of Māori Fisheries and aquaculture As well as Māori land.the support they need to grow both locally and globally. we will look at the purpose of the Act. Harakeke (flax) and Totara. Labour will ensure Māori are able to access this support and develop partnerships that will promote Māori tourism. That’s why it is important Māori are able to protect and promote natural resources. which requires land use decisions to be agreed by 75 per cent of shareholders. Strong Proven Leadership 354 . and put in place enhancements to. In particular. such as Kereru (pigeon). Realising the economic potential of Māori Land To grow the economic potential of Māori land we need to look at what barriers many Māori face when looking to develop their lands.

Support for Māori entities to establish good governance and leadership practices Māori need the tools and support to establish good governance and leadership practices around the management and utilisation of the many resources now in Māori ownership. The retention of this traditional knowledge and traditional practice to protect the land is important to Māori. Labour will also ensure thorough consultation with Māori in identifying potential marine reserves and other marine protected areas.Māori conservation is not a new concept and Māori have practised their own forms of conservation for centuries. Labour will support a Māori Conservation Cadetship/Tauira Māori Wananga Kaitiaki Taiao to assist iwi and hapu with their conservation responsibilities. Labour recognises the importance of achieving durable Treaty settlements as soon as possible. Labour will facilitate the development of taiapure and mātaitai reserves to enhance the sustainability of kai moana and to complement marine reserves. Strong Proven Leadership 355 . Labour will promote conservation on Māori land and the retention of traditional Māori biodiversity management through the Nga Whenua Rāhui and Mātauranga Kura Taiao Funds. As well as continuing to support the establishment of Māori customary fishing areas (taiapure and mātaitai reserves). An integral part of honouring the Treaty is acknowledging the wrongs of the past. Founding future: Treaty settlements Labour is committed to honouring the Treaty of Waitangi and the spirit of partnership it embodies. Labour will support cadetships in the conservation area to train Māori from iwi and hapu who have received conservation accountabilities in their Treaty Settlements and Māori groups with significant areas under Nga Whenua Rāhui protection. Labour will support Māori entities to establish good governance and leadership practices by continuing to fund governance and leadership courses.

Ten deeds of settlement have been signed between the Crown and iwi since Labour came into office along with 12 Agreements in Principle. inclusive and timely engagement. The first landmark Foreshore and Seabed settlements with ngā hapū o Ngāti Porou and Te Whanau a Apanui strike a balance between preserving the public foreshore and seabed for all New Zealanders while recognising and protecting long-standing Māori customary interests. It will reduce the likelihood of litigation and focus on early. this is the largest-ever treaty settlement. the Crown and the nation. The Waikato River Settlement between the Crown and Waikato Tainui reflects a shared commitment by the Crown and Waikato-Tainui to enter a new era of comanagement over the Waikato River. involving 18 iwi representing over 100. The improved process will build upon a thorough understanding of local circumstances and the cultural dynamics that drive local communities.000 hectares of forest land will be returned to iwi under this settlement. The culmination of twenty years of Māori aspiration. this allows for a stronger and more confident New Zealand. Labour understands the need to commit to ensuring that the Treaty process is continually reviewed and assessed to make sure it continues to meet the needs of both parties. The Central North Island Forestry Settlement settles a large range of historical claims involving overlapping groups for the first time. Labour will aim to enhance the settlements process for establishing mandates and managing overlapping claims. Over 100. Strong Proven Leadership 356 . broad. At the signing of Central North Island settlement Labour honoured its promise to require all historical claims to be lodged by 1 September 2008.The acknowledgement and settlement of grievances provides benefits to Māori. More Treaty claims have been progressed than ever before. Waikato-Tainui and the Crown were joined by other Waikato River iwi and representatives of the wider Waikato communities to establish a vision and strategy for this new integrated approach to managing the river. Settlements provide iwi with an economic and cultural platform to move forward into the next phase of their development and provide the opportunity for a new relationship with the Crown to be forged.000 people. In turn.

Strong Future If whanau across the country are strong.Labour will keep the Treaty settlement processes under review to ensure it meets the needs of both parties and will ensure that the long term impact of land price changes is incorporated into policies for modelling treaty settlements. And it is important to note that this progress is a credit to Māori themselves. and a difficult employment relations environment were problems that fell disproportionately onto Māoridom. not just the government. There are still issues to address and challenges to overcome but it is important to note that real progress has been made. Labour will continue to implement and support initiatives that will grow and strengthen whanau across Aotearoa Over the last 10 years we have worked hard to reverse the damage some of the policies of the 1990’s had on Māori whanau. Problems like high poverty and unemployment rates. and we know that it is in the interest of Māori and Aotearoa that we reach fair and final settlements. cuts to superannuation. Providing whanau with strong public services across all areas will ensure that whanau have adequate housing. We also continue to engage in the foreshore and seabed claims process and hope to continue to reach agreement with iwi around the country enabling them to secure their customary rights to the foreshore and seabed through law. Aiming for a final date by which all historical grievances will be settled. Labour will continue to negotiate and settle claims with mandated groups and aim to settle all historical claims by 2020. is not only possible but necessary for the future of Māori and New Zealand. so too will be the future of our country. We are making progress when it comes to settling Treaty of Waitangi claims. ageing hospitals. inadequate social housing. overcrowded classrooms. Strong Whanau. affordable healthcare and that our most vulnerable families can access services to address problems such as domestic violence and gang associations. cheaper doctor’s visits and prescriptions. Over half a million Māori have signed up to Primary Healthcare Organisations that receive the funding that provides cheaper doctor’s visits. Strong Proven Leadership 357 . Māori whanau are benefiting from free health care for children under six.

By continuing to provide affordable healthcare for all New Zealanders. like all New Zealanders. Innovative housing We understand that Māori. Labour will continue to support and strengthen the Māori Health Strategy He Korowai Oranga and fund Primary Healthcare Organisations and Māori Health Providers to ensure Māori receive accessible and affordable healthcare for all ages. And we know that it is Māori champions in Māori communities that can be the most effective at working with our most vulnerable whanau to help them solve the problems they may face. We know that too many Māori children are affected by these problems. making homes safer and healthier. Strong Proven Leadership 358 . Improving the health and wellbeing of Māori Prevention of problems such as health problems is essential to improving the health and wellbeing of whanau across the country. It is also important to ensure that Māori Health providers continue to deliver health services to Māori. That’s why it is important that we continue to support initiatives such as Kiwisaver and Welcome Home loans to remove some of the financial barriers Māori face when purchasing their first home. We know that our Māori communities still face challenges in regards to diabetes and obesity.Māori smoking rates are dropping and Māori life expectancy is also improving every year. Labour will ensure that diseases disproportionately affecting Māori are detected as early as possible. Alongside this. the Rural Housing Programme improves substandard housing. Labour will further encourage development of Papakainga and Kaumatua housing by increasing the funding allocated for these programmes. Papakainga lending is currently available for first-home buyers who want to build on multiple-owned Māori land. domestic violence and gang violence. seize the opportunity for a better future. Utilising Māori land to provide housing for whanau is a great way to provide quality. What we have shown since 1999 is that when the government invests in public services and lays down solid foundations for Māori to build upon. Many iwi now hold numerous land assets. dream of owning their own home. This land is not usually accepted as security for a mortgage in the private sector. affordable housing to Māori communities as well as providing a secure investment for local iwi. Māori will step up to the challenge.

These initiatives have paved the way for projects such as the relocation of state rentals onto Māori land but there is scope for more to be done. the potential for joint housing ventures with iwi and other agencies will increase. Youth and Gangs Strong whanau with a strong future are unlikely to associate with gangs. hapu. Labour will continue to encourage agencies to work together in targeted communities to help address the issue of gangs. including land with multiple owners. That includes encouraging an integrated case management approach where a range of government agencies work with young Māori to re-engage them with education and training or gaining employment. Barriers to financing development on Māori land remain however. iwi housing projects and reviewing opportunities available for building on land with multiple owners. This government has already put a lot of effort into preventing youth from associating with gangs. This will support people who want to remain on ancestral land but who also want to benefit from utilising that land. Labour will look at ways to guarantee bank loans through the Welcome Home Loan Scheme for sustainable housing projects on Māori land. are not only strong but safe. Addressing the issue of gangs takes a whole-of-government approach. We need to take these successful programmes and replicate their success in other communities with a high percentage of youth at risk. Programmes such as the “Improving Outcomes for Young People in Counties Manukau – four year action plan” have been proven to work with rangatahi. iwi and other groups to promote and support quality housing ventures on Māori land. Making sure that our most vulnerable families get the help they need from their communities is an important part of making sure whanau. and tamariki. This might include setting up shared equity schemes between iwi and the government. Labour will develop housing partnerships with iwi to work together to extend housing options for Māori. Whanau led Communities Communities that are strong also have strong families. and Labour will work with whanau. Strong Proven Leadership 359 . As an increasing number of historical Treaty Settlements are signed.

housing and education are inter-linked. Strong Proven Leadership 360 . health problems. debt. Organisations will be provided funding to ensure their children are given the best opportunity to grow and develop. and providing a more intensive level of support. It will improve the ability to plan ahead. This can be done by recognising that issues such as family violence. By working proactively with these families earlier. Labour will support whanau-led services alongside the expanding Integrated Service Response initiative to assist Māori families where significant concerns to child wellbeing exist. we hope to be able to assist these families before they reach crisis point. drug and alcohol abuse. Labour will also look at working with whanau to focus on positive parenting Māori Organisations Our Māori organisations provide our communities with the support they need at a grass roots level. criminal activity. The sustainable funding model will give community providers more certainty so they can spend less time worrying about paying the bills and more time focusing on outcomes. Alongside tamariki support through tamaiti whangai programmes. We will expand the provision of support for families who have complex and multiple needs so they are safe and secure and their children get a good start in life. We will further invest in early intervention family support. Tamaiti whangai programmes Labour will support the development of tamaiti whangai (‘nurturing children’) programmes across our communities. These whanau-led community services will assist our most vulnerable Māori whanau with complex needs. attract and retain qualified staff. Tamaiti whangai programmes are designed to provide communities with this support. unemployment. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. with integrated departmental and non-government agencies collaboration. Labour will continue the implementation of Pathway to Partnership so that by 2012 all contracts for essential services for children. These programmes provide after-school and holiday programme schemes to keep tamariki engaged in social and educational activity. young people and families will be fully funded.Labour will expand the integrated service response for vulnerable families to offer a family-focused case management approach in more communities across New Zealand. Making sure tamariki in vulnerable whanau have the support they need outside the home is important.

Māori who enjoy the benefits of good quality education are able to better provide for their whanau now and into the future. we are making progress. This is a result of Māori realising their own economic potential as well as the government investing in initiatives and programmes aimed at ensuring Māori children are taught in the most effective way to be able to fulfil their potential. The next generation Education is the key to unlocking Māori success. Strong Proven Leadership 361 . student relationships. right though to trades training. inter-agency and outcome-driven. industry training and modern apprenticeships than ever before. Labour will continue to provide support for the work of the Māori Women’s Welfare League and we will work to expand and support the work of Māori Wardens within our communities. It is imperative we provide Māori of all ages with educational opportunities across all sectors of learning: early childhood education. Social services for children and families will be community-driven. as well as ongoing assessment and adjustments in relation to the volume of services required. collaborative.The new model will mean there will be annual adjustments for inflation. kura and tertiary. We also launched the first indigenous education curriculum in the world: Te Marautanga Aotearoa Māori Curriculum. After years of investment. More Māori are enrolled in tertiary education. and ensuring the system fitted the rangatahi and not the other way around. Māori achievement at secondary schools has been a priority and progress is being made. a strategy that aims to improve teacher. as well as enhance the participation and achievement rates of rangatahi at school. The curriculum will allow Māori medium schools to operate and run programmes that are more suited for Māori students Ten years ago we knew education was the key to making a real difference for Māori. We have seen an overwhelming improvement in the educational achievement of Māori. This year we launched Ka Hikitia-Managing for Success.

Education is an area the whole community can get involved in. Labour will continue to ensure the successful implementation of Ka Hikitia (the Māori education strategy). Kura Within our kura we need to make sure that students are provided with more personalised education with a learning path that matches their skills set and strengths.Early Childhood Education Education is a lifelong journey and it’s important that we ensure our tamariki get the best possible start in life. we will achieve that. and support professional development programmes such as Te Kotahitanga and other educational programmes that support a more personalised. we will also work towards providing Te Kohanga with appropriate support so they are equipped to meet the demands of a growing population. Strong Proven Leadership 362 . Ensuring our tamariki remain in education is extremely important to their success in later life. This will ensure that we are able to better tailor our children’s learning paths to their goals. community-orientated approach to the education of our tamariki. Labour will support more Kohanga Reo to offer 20 Free Hours by encouraging the professional development of Te Kohanga Reo teachers. This will includes expansion of buildings and increasing staff numbers where needed. Labour will support the Schools Plus programme inside Kura Kaupapa Māori nationwide including a focus on ensuring that all Māori students remain in some form of quality education until the age of 18. That is why Labour is committed to looking at iwi and kura partnerships in broadening curriculum development aligned with iwi development. Labour will continue to support the 20 Hours Free ECE for 3-4 year olds. The curriculum is also important to ensuring success in the classroom. Our kohanga are our language nests and we need to make sure that our Te Kohanga kaiako/teachers have the opportunity to grow and develop in their profession. With the growing demand for places in Te Kohanga. We know that good teachers are vital for educational success. By providing quality education that is affordable and accessible. Labour will ensure the implementation and successful delivery of Te Marautanga in Māori medium schools.

they will be in a better position to provide for their whanau later in life. Māori creativity and heritage help in defining us to the world as a unique nation with our own distinctive images. We will continue to encourage Māori to enrol at university. Labour believes exceptional Māori leaders must be supported and nurtured for the future success of Māori. Labour will look at ways we can encourage more Māori to develop skills in areas such as science. we will enable kura to use their five-year property agreements to invest in computer and interactive learning technology. to ensure the next generation has the skills to manage the ever-growing Māori asset base. As part of this. business management. Labour will look at providing sustainable options for Wharekura (Māori medium secondary schools) such as the establishment of virtual learning. culture and heritage make a vital contribution to our national identity. especially middle-aged Māori women who may be looking to re-enter the workforce or change their career. aquaculture. Labour will work with iwi and education institutions to develop an iwi leadership programme to grow and develop young Māori leaders. Nurturing our future leaders In a fast-changing world. culture and heritage. Tertiary Continuing education after secondary schooling is of the utmost importance for future career development.Kura for the future It is important that our kura are equipped with the technology to keep pace with the rest of the world. Māori leaders face very different challenges than the leaders of the past. Strong Proven Leadership 363 . We know that if our young people continue learning after they leave school. polytechnic or wananga as well as Modern Apprenticeships or trades training. perspectives. environmental management. Promoting and protecting the future of our taonga: Te Reo and Tikanga Māori Labour believes Māori arts. Labour will look at expanding the Māori Trades Training programme to include a greater involvement of iwi and Māori organisations We will also focus on retraining and upskilling for second-time-round learners. horticulture and agriculture.

Parekura Horomia at the launch of Māori language Week Labour will continue to support and fund the Māori Television Service and Māori participation in the television industry. Labour will provide continued support for Māori performing arts through Te Matatini and consider further opportunities to support national competitions in schools to actively uphold the cultural expression of Māori. so do the ways in which Māori and Labour can promote and protect Te Reo and Tikanga Māori.000 entries. containing over 24. Strong Proven Leadership 364 . On a local level. On screen or on stage. Many other aspects of Māori culture have also developed in the past decade. We now have two channels – the ‘Te Reo’ channel was launched just this year and is broadcast purely in Te Reo Māori. a free resource on the internet that explains Māori words and terms through Māori eyes. We also established I-Papakupu. Māori culture and Māori artists capture the attention of the world. Labour remains committed to supporting and nurturing Māori culture. Labour will continue to support Māori artists including through the high quality Toi Iho branding and will work to develop further opportunities for young artists to promote their talent and product through New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. New Zealand’s culture and arts can be showcased globally. We know that Māori culture is a key part of being a New Zealander and that by supporting our performers and artists both domestically and internationally. and also continue to resource iwi radio. As technology advances. He Pataka Kupu. Labour will advance the Māori Language Strategy and encourage the learning and use of the language in New Zealand’s society.Over the last 10 years we have seen a huge renaissance in the promotion and protection of Te Reo and Tikanga Māori. Māori language and culture is now accessible to every household in Aotearoa through Māori Television which Labour launched in 2004. We have launched a new Māori dictionary. both here and abroad.

Promoting our Pacific Identity Labour’s policy for Pacific Island Affairs 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 365 .

Strong Proven Leadership 366 .

economic prosperity and social wellbeing. We will continue to invest in the enormous potential of Pacific peoples. Working for Families has improved the lives of low to middle-income families with children.Introduction As a Pacific nation. are matters of considerable common interest. Labour is committed to Pacific peoples participating fully in New Zealand's economy and enhancing the social wellbeing of Pacific communities. More Pacific people are working. in business. as well as the movement of people. The quality of the region's economic growth and social development. and hourly rates for Pacific people are increasing strongly. fast-growing and diverse. and share in. Strong Proven Leadership 367 . urbanised and comprised of people born in the Pacific Islands and in New Zealand. New Zealand’s Pacific population is young. Relationships in the Pacific region are a priority for Labour. Over the last decade we have seen the number of Pacific people receiving the unemployment benefit dramatically decrease. This also benefits the Pacific region as a whole. and four weeks annual leave means Pacific parents have more time to spend with their kids. Labour will support and encourage a highly educated and skilled Pacific population because it is important to the economic and social wellbeing of New Zealand. New Zealand has a special relationship with its neighbours in the Pacific. and the enormous value and contribution our Pacific communities make to the New Zealand economy and New Zealand’s national well-being and sense of identity. We are committed to strengthening and supporting social. Labour is committed to supporting and enhancing the diverse cultures of Pacific peoples in New Zealand through a sustainable environment. finance and goods and services within it. The Pacific population is growing faster than the average population and will become a larger proportion of the workforce in the future. Labour recognises the importance of these close ties. Social and Economic Development New Zealand's Pacific population is young. and in leadership roles in the public and private sector. Pacific peoples have been encouraged and supported to improve their job choices and earnings through the promotion of opportunities available in education and training. economic. and trade development. ensuring they are equipped to fully contribute to. the future success of New Zealand and the Pacific region. Labour is committed to maintaining the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs and supporting its advocacy for Pacific peoples by working across different agencies within government.

the prospect of fall out from the international crisis also requires us to have new plans for workers whose jobs might be affected. Labour will work with employees. Labour will introduce a new retraining allowance. employers and training and education providers to deliver development programmes that better meet the needs of Pacific workers. and supported to build their skills and knowledge in this area. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole. This will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. Labour will promote the development of financial literacy initiatives for Pacific peoples to increase their awareness and understanding of pathways in business. It is not something that stops when we leave school or finish an apprenticeship. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations over the course of their working life. We will ensure that Pacific peoples are aware of the opportunities available in business. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks. skills are increasingly important. Labour will continue to encourage workplace training to support Pacific peoples (particularly women) in the development of their skills and career pathways. Labour will also introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. In the modern world. Training in the workplace is a great opportunity to improve worker’s skills to meet the needs of the modern workplace. but with no spousal income test. Labour recognises this and is putting in place measures to support workers to gain new skills throughout their working lives. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant.Labour will continue to develop pathways and opportunities for Pacific peoples and to develop a highly-skilled and versatile Pacific workforce. The course will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration. These allowances will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. on the same basis as a student allowance. We will assist Strong Proven Leadership 368 . learning is now lifelong. In the near term. more attention needs to be paid to the skills of those already in work. In other words. That will often require a period of retraining. While the skills level of working people in New Zealand has risen significantly over recent years.

management of chronic diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular disease and cancer. networking. We will focus on areas that will make the greatest difference to the health of Pacific peoples with specific focus on child health.Pacific peoples to start. occupation and housing affect and influence health. Improvements in these areas. We will also ensure that our Pacific youth are supported through leadership programmes. we will ensure the knowledge gained by others is shared and utilised for the benefit of Pacific business people. and increased access to primary health care. will lead to better health outcomes for Pacific peoples. coaching. Strong Proven Leadership 369 . Factors such as income. develop and sustain successful businesses. and B4 School Checks. they still have a shorter-than-average life expectancy and relatively high rates of mortality from avoidable and treatable causes. Those requiring hospital-based health care are benefiting from increases in surgery to treat conditions that affect quality of life and investment in new hospitals and modern facilities. advice and business development. While Pacific people are increasingly accessing primary healthcare. Improving the health status of Pacific peoples is therefore a priority for Labour. Labour will continue to focus on health programmes that reduce inequalities and improve health outcomes for Pacific peoples. mean children get the best possible chance to succeed at school. Health Health and wellbeing are essential to Pacific peoples being able to reach their potential. Over the last ten years we have seen healthcare become more affordable and accessible for our Pacific families. and that this includes Pacific businesswomen. The cost of seeing the doctor is no longer a barrier for Pacific people who are now receiving cheaper health care and prescriptions. We want to see more Pacific people in managerial and leadership roles so they can influence and contribute to decisions and policies affecting Pacific communities. Pacific people are being encouraged to eat healthy food. Free health care for Pacific children under six years old. Labour will continue to encourage and support a greater proportion of Pacific peoples into senior management and leadership positions within the public sector. smoking and obesity. Through business training. Labour will promote business mentoring and other programmes for Pacific businesses. become more physically active and maintain a healthy weight.

Labour will encourage District Health Boards with smaller Pacific populations to develop initiatives and projects relevant to the health of local Pacific communities. These providers. Labour will establish a smoking cessation service in Auckland and ensure that District Health Board anti-smoking initiatives focus on reducing Pacific smoking. Building a skilled Pacific health workforce will maximise the health system’s responsiveness to our diverse Pacific communities while also ensuring New Zealand has the health workforce it needs now and into the future. Labour will run pilot health programmes specifically focused on Pacific youth. Strong Proven Leadership 370 . particularly those with children. Investment in their training and development will better utilise this workforce to improve Pacific people’s health while also ensuring they are advancing in their careers. Education Education and training underpins all the goals we have for New Zealand's future and the aspirations we have for all New Zealanders. We will pilot two Pacific youth health services in Auckland and Wellington. While the Pacific smoking rate has fallen over the last decade. District Health Boards with significant Pacific populations will focus on preventing uptake among Pacific youth and smoking cessation for pregnant women and Pacific adults. understand our Pacific communities and their needs. Christchurch and Hamilton. We will focus on working with Pacific communities. such as community health workers. Pacific people still have the second-highest rate of smoking of any population group. A smoking cessation service in Auckland will be established. Labour will invest in the training and development needs of Pacific nonregulated health workers. Education is a key factor in achieving improved economic and social outcomes for our Pacific communities. care workers and youth workers.Labour will strengthen the development of the Pacific health workforce. health promoters. modelled on existing Pacific services in Wellington.

language. Tongan and Niuean. and participation in tertiary education is growing faster for Pacific people than any other group. Strong Proven Leadership 371 . The last decade has seen the growth of Pacific early childhood services using Pacific languages. Initiatives like the Gateway Programme and Young Enterprise Scheme are being utilised by our Pacific young people who are learning in the workplace while still engaged with school.Over the last decade. Labour is committed to making sure that Pacific students achieve and succeed at all levels of the education system. Labour will encourage greater Pacific participation. With the introduction of 20 hours free early childhood education for all three and four-year-olds. retention and achievement at all levels of the education system. Labour will focus on achieving strong learning foundations in literary and numeracy at school. A highly educated and skilled Pacific workforce is critical to improved economic and social status for Pacific people and the future of New Zealand. The introduction of the Diploma of Teaching (ECE Pasifika) has ensured that teachers in this important field are qualified. We need to ensure that these gains not only continue but are accelerated. We are committed to lifting the availability of Early Childhood Education services for Pacific children. we have seen improved levels of education for Pacific people across the education system. More children are participating in quality early childhood education. Pacific languages have been promoted in the classroom with the teaching of Samoan. Cook Islands Māori. fees are capped. The new funding system for tertiary education means Pacific students are taking part in quality tertiary education. Labour will continue to focus on increasing Pacific participation in quality Early Childhood Education services to build strong learning foundations for Pacific children. sufficient numbers of qualified teachers and providing the type of services parents want and need in terms of location. While educational achievement for Pacific people is progressing in the right direction. early childhood education is more accessible and affordable for all Pacific families. more students are leaving school with a qualification. Opportunities in trades training and the Modern Apprenticeship scheme have been promoted to Pacific young people and their families. and they are eligible for interest-free student loans. This will involve ensuring the sustainability of services. culture and values. disparities between Pacific young people and others are not closing fast enough.

000 From 1 January 2011.We will work with Pacific families and communities to support each other to raise overall academic achievement. State house tenants are benefiting from income-related rents. the threshold will increase to $70. and in the past nine years we have added over 7. Labour will promote and encourage awareness of the opportunities in Modern Apprenticeships and Industry Training. while also focusing on improving the capability of non-Pacific teachers to work effectively with Pacific students in the classroom.743) to approximately $50. Insulation and other energy-efficiency measures have also been Strong Proven Leadership 372 . We will encourage more Pacific peoples into teaching. We will continue to extend the eligibility of student allowances in 2010 and 2011 and abolish the parental income test altogether in 2012. Overcrowding has decreased as a result of families being assisted into more appropriate housing.800 homes to the state housing stock. Over the last decade housing outcomes for Pacific peoples have improved. by reducing the age at which parental income is considered and by further increasing the parental income threshold for student allowances. the threshold will increase again to $100. From the beginning of 2009 Labour will make it easier for more students to receive a student allowance. particularly to Pacific women. • • • Housing Housing is an important factor in health and wellbeing.318 (already announced) From 1 January 2010. Labour will support all Pacific young people to be in school or some form of education or training until the age of eighteen through Schools Plus by 2014. Labour will increase student allowance eligibility as follows: • From 1 January 2009. We will link industry training providers and Pacific trades people with our Pacific young people and their families to ensure our Pacific peoples are aware of the opportunities available in trades training. the parental income threshold will increase from its 2009 level (approximately $45. the parental income test will be abolished altogether.000 From 1 January 2012.

in addition to helping Pacific people save for their retirement. while allowing a family to own and reside in the home built on that land. Strong Proven Leadership 373 . overcrowding. can also help savers with up to $5000 to purchase their first home. we will work with developers and local government to build ‘starter homes’ on Crown owned sites.500 sites available for such affordable homes over the next four years. where the government holds the equity in the land and the family owns the home built on it. Labour will accelerate the state house insulation programme. We are committed to an increased supply of housing for lower to middle income families. Retaining the land in Crown hands. We intend to make 1. We will ensure appropriate and effective engagement with Pacific peoples at a community level with particular focus on home ownership issues. The Kiwi dream of owning a home is more accessible to Pacific families thanks to the Welcome Home Loan scheme for first-time buyers. housing supply and healthy homes. drier and healthier while also reducing power bills.subsidised for older New Zealand homes occupied by those on low incomes. and that this land continues to support affordable homeownership on an ongoing basis. Where necessary. Labour will make Crown land available for modest income families to build ‘starter homes’ that will meet their needs as they seek to move into home ownership. land prices particularly in Auckland have risen to the extent that this would not occur without additional assistance. Working with Pacific communities. Unfortunately. in consultation with Pacific communities and stakeholders. will considerably reduce the cost of owning a first home. We are committed to improving tenant health and delivering energy cost savings for state house tenants through “retrofitting” state homes so they are warmer and drier and therefore healthier. Labour will support home ownership of new houses built on Crownowned land by introducing the HOPE (Home Ownership on the Public Estate) programme. to identify initiatives to significantly improve Pacific peoples housing outcomes. This will help to ensure that the houses are within the reach of modest income families. KiwiSaver. Housing New Zealand waiting lists. Labour will develop a Pacific Peoples Housing Strategy. we want to ensure these improvements continue so our Pacific families are adequately housed and that the dream of owning their own home can become a reality. making houses warmer. Insulation also helps significantly reduce the cost of electricity.

and radio stations such as 531 PI and Niu FM has enabled Pacific people’s culture and languages to be more widely accessible. The development of a Pacific Islands channel will require more Pacific programmes and support increased opportunities for Pacific peoples in the television industry as a career option. leading to the development of resources for encouraging the learning and use of Pacific languages. and languages on television. Communications to the Pacific play a vital role in our relationships in the region. We are committed to ensuring that Pacific voices and cultures are well represented on the airwaves. Labour is dedicated to promoting Pacific identity. not only as a reflection of our cultural identity but also as a platform for the economic and social development of Pacific peoples. Labour will prioritise the establishment of a free-to-air Pacific Islands channel. Labour supports strengthening resources and continuing New Zealand’s broadcasting in the Pacific. New Zealand On Air funding has seen increased investment in television programmes that reflect New Zealand's Pacific diversity. Language and Broadcasting Labour is committed to preserving and promoting our Pacific languages. we have seen increased investment in Radio New Zealand International's broadcasting to listeners across the Pacific and New Zealand's television broadcasting service to the Pacific region has been extended. for example through Radio New Zealand International. We will enhance and strengthen our commitment to Pacific culture. art and music. stories. traditions. Over the last decade. Labour will continue to support the development and operation of the National Pacific Radio Network. music. We believe that New Zealand's Pacific communities should be able to hear and see their own voices. Labour will promote Pacific broadcasting and encourage more Pacific peoples to get involved in the production of Pacific programmes. culture. language and broadcasting. These are part of New Zealand's national identity and reflect our close links with the Pacific region. Labour has also worked with the Niuean. The establishment of the National Pacific Radio Trust. such as Tagata Pasifika and bro'Town and movies like Sione's Wedding.Culture. Cook Island and Tokelauan communities to addresses concerns about low rates of language retention. Strong Proven Leadership 374 .

New Zealand has a special relationship with our Pacific neighbours and kin. We are committed to increased collaboration amongst the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Pacific languages are key to the sense of identity and cultural development of our Pacific communities. New Zealand Trade and Enterprise and the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs around outcomes and targets for economic and social development in the Pacific region. Strong Proven Leadership 375 . led by the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs. The Pacific is New Zealand's top priority for aid. Our Pacific communities have strong links with their respective island communities. Labour supports continued investment in the arts within Pacific communities. Labour will promote a whole-of-government relationship approach to working in the Pacific. which New Zealand should utilise to extend and strengthen relationships in the Pacific. Labour is committed to working with Pacific nations on matters of common interest. led by the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs. to preserve and promote the use of Pacific languages in all aspects of life. and will promote the career pathways available in the creative sector. focusing on strengthening governance. The Pacific region will continue to be a priority for Labour. Pacific Region As a Pacific nation. and support our Pacific peoples in their artistic and economic development. We are committed to promoting the richness and diversity of our Pacific cultures through the arts. New Zealand has taken an active role in bringing and maintaining peace in the region. achieving growth and improved livelihoods and improving education and health. Over the last decade. Labour is committed to working with Pacific communities to develop a whole-of-government strategy. NZAID. Labour will promote the preservation of Pacific languages within New Zealand through a whole-of-government Pacific Languages Strategy.Labour will strengthen and continue New Zealand's broadcasting in the Pacific. We will also promote career pathways available in the creative sector.

We are committed to working with Pacific countries to build two-way trade. For example changes have been made to ensure the Samoan Quota and Pacific Access Category can be filled. We will also continue to provide support from the Civil Defence and Emergency Management sector for the provision of advice and training to the Pacific. Volunteer Service Aboard and the Pacific Cooperation Foundation. We support increased co-ordination around economic and social outcomes for the Pacific region with agencies like the New Zealand Pacific Business Council. Under the Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) scheme. This helps employers in New Zealand while also contributing to the economies of the Pacific nations. Labour will continue Employment Scheme. Labour will support Pacific nations to deal with emerging issues such as climate change. We will continue to support workforce development strategies to improve education and skills in the Pacific region. We will continue to work with Pacific nations to promote good governance and develop governance arrangements that are appropriate and stable. local governments. and to supporting Pacific nations to develop trade policy so they can access markets and Strong Proven Leadership 376 . to implement the Recognised Seasonal We will ensure that Immigration New Zealand and the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs work together to facilitate involvement and support with New Zealand-based Pacific families and communities for the pastoral care of RSE workers. Labour will continue NZAID support in the Pacific region. the Pacific Trade and Investment Commission. with priority given to Pacific Forum countries. HIV/AIDS and diabetes. Labour will ensure our immigration policies continue to recognise the special relationship between New Zealand and the Pacific.Labour will strengthen partnerships and development with civil society and businesses working in the Pacific with increased co-ordination around economic and social outcomes for the Pacific region. including the possibility of more formal regional cooperation arrangements. Labour will continue to take an active role in maintaining peace in the Pacific region. Pacific workers have come to New Zealand on a temporary basis to fill seasonal labour shortages.

improve economic growth. For example, New Zealand has signed a market access agreement with Samoa as part of its bid to join the World Trade Organisation. Labour will work with Pacific nations to develop models of economic development that are sustainable in a globalising world, including building capacity to deal with other countries and in negotiating trade deals.

Consumer Affairs
Labour is committed to promoting consumer confidence in Pacific communities to ensure our Pacific peoples are aware of their rights, can access a fair deal and have effective avenues for redress. Pacific people are often targeted by fringe lending organisations because there is often a limited choice of credit providers, particularly if there are factors such as existing debts, poor credit history, lack of security, and urgency. There are a number of services available to provide financial and budgeting advice to Pacific people such as Family Budgeting Services, Citizens Advice Bureau, Budget Advisory Service and many other community groups. Assistance available for accommodation costs, the costs of raising children, disability costs, and Working for Families have assisted many Pacific families. Studies show that an additional cost for Pacific households is sending money home to family members, which about 75 per cent of Pacific people in New Zealand do. The cost of sending money to the Pacific can cost from 15 per cent to 25 per cent of the transaction. Labour has and will continue to focus on providing Pacific peoples with access to good financial education, so consumers are better-informed. We also want to see a more competitive remittances market between New Zealand and the Pacific region with a wider use of formal channels. We are committed to seeing the cost of remitting money from New Zealand to the Pacific reduce to between five and seven per cent by 2009 and will encourage a system based on transparency, efficiency, security, fairness and better informed consumers. Labour will promote a competitive remittance market between New Zealand and the Pacific region. Pacific communities have raised concerns about the exploitative practices of “mobile shops”. These are businesses that operate out of mobile trucks which frequently sell over-priced goods (particularly clothing) and which target low income neighbourhoods. Strong Proven Leadership 377

Under the new financial service provider laws, mobile shops that provide credit will have to be registered and be subject to a dispute resolution scheme. Labour will ensure that this requirement is enforced. We will also investigate whether regulation should be extended to those who do not provide credit. Labour will investigate further regulation of the mobile shops industry to ensure that vulnerable consumers, particularly people from Pacific and Māori communities and those with English as a second language, are not exploited by unethical mobile shop practices. An important way that consumer information and advice is given to families is through government working in partnership with budget advisers and Citizens Advice Bureau staff. Successful consumer advice training workshops run by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs have been held around the country, and we will build on these. Labour will increase training for budget advisers and Citizens Advice Bureau volunteers on consumer protection laws and policy. We are committed to delivering consumer awareness and financial literacy programmes that better meet the needs of Pacific peoples. Labour will support financial education programmes to increase financial capability amongst Pacific communities, particularly about money transfer methods and associated costs.

Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs
Labour is committed to investing in the future success of all Pacific New Zealanders, with the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs having a vital role in providing leadership and improvements in the lives of Pacific peoples. Improving outcomes for Pacific peoples contributes to the wellbeing of all New Zealanders. Over the last decade, Pacific peoples have made great advances. We've seen a huge reduction in unemployment while education and income levels are improving. To continue reducing disparities and ensure that Pacific people have the same benefits as the general population, Labour is committed to ensuring they have the same access to, and awareness of, opportunities. The role of the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs, particularly with their recently strengthened communications function, is vital in achieving this. Labour is committed to ensuring we are all working together to develop and build a prosperous future so all Pacific New Zealanders can realise their true potential.

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A strong Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs will have a positive affect not just on their initiatives but across government and throughout our communities. Improved social and economic outcomes for New Zealand's Pacific communities will in turn benefit Pacific people in the Pacific region. Labour will support the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs in providing leadership and improved outcomes for the continued promotion of economic participation, social wellbeing and cultural development of Pacific peoples in New Zealand. The Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs has an important role in promoting the economic, social, and cultural wellbeing of Pacific peoples. This is achieved through assisting and guiding the work of other agencies, organisations, and community groups as well as providing advice and evidence on how to achieve the wellbeing of Pacific communities. Labour will encourage a whole-of-government approach in promoting the wellbeing of Pacific peoples with efforts focused on areas where we can make the greatest difference. We are committed to strengthening and developing relationships with Pacific communities to ensure effective consultation, engagement and communication. We want to ensure that our Pacific communities are aware of government services, and that government can make informed decisions to improve the lives of Pacific peoples. Labour will support a strong communications function for the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs, linking Pacific peoples with the government and its agencies. We are committed to ensuring that appropriate reporting and monitoring of government initiatives is in place to measure outcomes for Pacific peoples. Labour will develop a knowledge-based Ministry with a strong research function.

Pacific communities
Labour has a strong history of working with, and advocating for, Pacific people and our Pacific communities. We embrace the Pacific values of hard work, education, and the importance of families, both close and extended. For New Zealand’s economic and social wellbeing, we need Pacific communities that are strong and healthy. Labour is committed to strengthening and nurturing relationships between Pacific communities and government. We want to ensure that Strong Proven Leadership 379

strong Pacific community organisations are in place to deliver quality social services to our families, children and young people, particularly those who are vulnerable. Non-government organisations play an extremely valuable role in our communities. These groups are the lifeblood of our Pacific communities, playing a key role in supporting families, particularly those at risk. Labour will continue the implementation of Pathway to Partnership to provide full funding by 2012 for contracted essential social services delivered by Pacific providers who understand our communities and their needs. We are committed to reducing the prevalence of problem gambling in Pacific communities. Labour will strengthen Pacific-dedicated services for preventing and minimising gambling harm. We want to see more of our Pacific people in positions that enable them to influence the design and delivery of policies and services for Pacific communities. Labour will encourage increased civic participation of Pacific peoples in advisory and decision-making positions.

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Strong, Visible and Supported Police

Labour’s policy for Policing

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Introduction
Government has a fundamental responsibility to protect the rights of its citizens by safeguarding their security and punishing those who break the law. Labour believes every New Zealander has the right to feel safe in their home and community. Labour is committed to a strong and effective police organisation that has the support and resources needed to do its job. A police organisation that reflects New Zealanders’ belief in a safe and fair society where families and children can go about their daily lives free from the threat of violence. In the 1990s, a demoralised police organisation was being threatened with substantial job cuts and government investment in police buildings and equipment was lagging behind. Political parties that talked tough on crime had failed to address issues of new police equipment and new technology. Over the past decade, recorded crime has dropped by more than 6 percent. The resolution rate has increased at the same time, from 38 percent to 47 percent. In the past year (2007/08) alone, 10,000 more cases were resolved. Labour’s Policing Act 2008 is the most far-reaching legislative change for our Police organisation in 50 years and brings policing in New Zealand into the 21st century. Police give New Zealand outstanding service, and they deserve the best legislative framework to work in. Labour will increase the maximum penalty for participation in organised criminal groups and ensure offenders do not profit from their crimes. We will place a focus on youth crime so that young people who are at risk are identified early and intervention is happens before they end up in the youth justice system. Labour will also continue to make sure our police, agencies and the community at large recognise and work to reduce family violence. Public awareness campaigns have resulted in increased reporting of family violence but there is more to do if we are to protect our families.

Strong and Valued Police
New Zealanders want our police to be visible, responsive to the community and has the resources needed to do its job. Our police organisation is one of the best in the world and Labour will ensure it has the powers, equipment and staff to keep our families and communities safe.

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Ten years ago… Police were threatened by job cuts of 500 officers, police buildings and equipment were run-down and staff were demoralised. Today…We have recruited an extra 2,500 police since 1999, and have built or refurbished 35 Police stations. Ten years from now….More police will be on the beat than ever before with the equipment and new powers they need to protect our families and communities. Labour has invested in police buildings, new vehicles, stab resistant armour and developing digital radio communication. Over the past twenty years, the role of police has continued to develop. Community policing gives local residents a sense of security and allows Police to better understand their community’s needs and concerns. Labour wants to further develop community policing through closer involvement of the whole community in the safety of their neighbourhoods. Police have set up new problem solving teams who listen to and engage with local residents and business owners to assess their needs and prioritise their concerns. Local agencies and community representatives will be encouraged to help identify and solve problems in their local area. New Zealanders are proud of their police. Although in recent times high-profile court cases have dented some people’s confidence in police, Labour moved quickly to address this issue by setting up the Commission of Inquiry into Police Conduct which made 60 recommendations. Good progress is being made on implementing all of these including the introduction of a Code of Conduct. Following the Commission’s report, the Independent Police Conduct Authority (IPCA) was restructured, with clarified powers and procedures when police conduct is under investigation. Labour is currently working on legislation to enhance the powers of the IPCA. Proposals include allowing the Authority to undertake its own investigations of complains about police misconduct in defined circumstances and amending current secrecy provisions so that information gathered during the Authority’s investigations can be used in any subsequent proceedings.

Gangs and Organised Crime
Organised crime is a serious and growing problem. Labour is committed to effective measures that provide police and the courts with the tools necessary to hold these offenders to account. We will send a strong message to gang leaders that their behaviour will not be tolerated and will ensure they cannot profit from the proceeds of organised crime or gang activity. Labour will establish a Commission of Inquiry into Organised Criminal Gangs as a means of establishing the extent of gang involvement in organised crime and ways to stamp it out.

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The Commission will draw not only from the experiences of police here in New Zealand but also from overseas jurisdictions facing similar issues and problems. The Commission will be expected to study not only the involvement of gangs in organised crime, but also recruitment and anti-social behaviour. It will also be charged with determining appropriate measures that need to be taken to curb and control gangs. Labour will investigate, and follow the progress of, the South Australian gang legislation to see if it is appropriate in the New Zealand. Under the new South Australian law a gang is outlawed by being declared a criminal organisation on advice from the police. Control orders can then be made against individual members, making it illegal for them to associate or communicate with other members and from being in certain places. Police can also issue public safety orders banning gangs from public places or events. Breaches of the law are punishable by up to five years in jail. Labour will pass the Criminal Proceeds (Recovery) Bill. Too many criminals are able to retain property and income acquired through criminal offending by distancing themselves from those committing the crimes. This enables gangs and career criminals to amass more money to fund more crime. Passing this legislation will remedy the problem by introducing a new civil forfeiture regime under which assets and profit gained from crime can be confiscated without a conviction. It will be sufficient to prove on the balance of probabilities that a person has benefited from significant criminal activity. Labour will extend the Counties Manukau initiative to respond to youth gangs to other centres. With help from government, Counties Manukau has put in place a youth gang initiative involving youth workers, an integrated case management model and reception centres. The results have been positive. Since 2006, police in Counties Manukau report less criminal activity and fewer serious offences by youth gangs. Recently Counties Manukau experienced a 4.9 percent drop in total reported crime, which was the second largest reduction in the country. Labour will extend this initiative to other regions around New Zealand who have requested that a similar response. Labour will pass the Organised Crime (Penalties and Sentencing) Bill. This Bill significantly increases the maximum penalty for participation in an organised criminal group and makes such participation an aggravating factor at sentencing. Increasing the maximum penalty from five to 10 years imprisonment sends a strong message that gang and other organised criminal activity will not be tolerated and ensures that crime bosses receive the level of penalty their actions deserve. In addition, this increase in penalty will ensure that interception warrants will be available to police in a wider range of circumstances to assist with investigating offending by crime bosses and helping police obtain a conviction. Strong Proven Leadership 385

Labour will pass the Serious Fraud Office (Abolition and Transitional Provisions) Bill. Labour will continue with its establishment of an Organised and Financial Crime Agency within police by passing the Serious Fraud Office (Abolition and Transitional Provisions) Bill. This disestablishes the current small and stand-alone Serious Fraud Office and transfers its important functions, powers and commercial fraud investigative capabilities into the larger police infrastructure. Amalgamating SFO and police skills and experience will bring a new capability to tackle corporate fraud and sophisticated organised crime. This new organisation offers a new mechanism to increase the attention given to serious and complex fraud, while significantly challenging those engaged in both domestic and international organised crime. Labour will pass the Search and Surveillance Powers Bill. As part of its fight against serious and organised crime, Labour has introduced a comprehensive package of reforms relating to the exercise of search and surveillance powers by law enforcement agencies. The Law Commission took five years to produce the recommendations that form the core of this Bill and Labour has also supplemented the Commission's work by adding a compulsory examination power to assist with the investigation of serious and organised crime. In this area, the Law has failed to keep pace with technology. For example, existing legislation sanctioning the law enforcement use of interception and tracking devices is cumbersome and outdated. It is silent with respect to the use of visual surveillance devices.

Police Working for Communities
Burglary involves a large number of offences – it accounts for 15 percent of the prison population. It also has a real impact on victims. Often, an attack on someone’s home and personal property feels like an attack on the person themselves. Labour will tackle burglary by targeting high-burglary areas We know that patterns of burglary show that the risk of burglary in an area increases the more often it has been burgled in the past. We can therefore make a difference by targeting the ten police areas identified as most affected by this offence, and investing to put proven burglary reduction initiatives in place there. It is estimated that this initiative would achieve a reduction in burglary rates of 5 percent.

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Labour will expand the Priority Offenders Initiative. It is well recognised that a small group of offenders commit a disproportionate amount of crime and damage in communities. The Priority Offenders Initiative aims to identify these offenders and reduce their offending through co-ordinated case management. The initiative brings together a multi-agency group comprising police, Ministry of Social Development (Child, Youth and Family, Work and Income), Corrections and Housing to deal with the issues. Assistance is also offered to the families of the participants. Labour will expand the initiative which is currently operating in Kaikohe, Papakura, Rotorua, Flaxmere, Porirua and Christchurch. Labour will continue to fund Maori Wardens and will introduce permanent funding for Pacific Wardens to develop and expand the Pacific Warden Programme. The Neighbourhood Support and Community Patrols will continue to receive funding to coordinate their activities.

Reducing Reoffending
We need integrated community plans using local people to achieve lasting success, and that’s why Labour will address the need for more mental health, education, drug and alcohol dependency community based programmes for young offenders. Government agencies need to continue helping non-government or community organisations in delivering effective rehabilitation and reintegration plans for young offenders and their families. Labour will ensure that programmes are designed specifically for Pacific Island and Maori young offenders aimed at strengthening their cultural identity, heritage and values in order for them to be successfully reintegrated back into the community. A bottom line is encouraging government agencies and community groups to continue work in partnership to respond effectively to young offenders’ psychological problems, alcohol and drug issues, educational failure and lack of employment skills. As an extension of that, Labour is asking for more work to be done on the United Kingdom model of fixed penalty notices. Labour will investigate fixed penalty notices where offences are sufficiently minor not to warrant a full prosecution process. Strong Proven Leadership 387

other than the minor’s parent or guardian. Misuse of Alcohol The availability and misuse of alcohol clearly remains a significant problem for communities around New Zealand and for policing. Local Alcohol Plans will be prepared through consultation under the Local Government Act 2002. as it is now. Labour will pass the Sale and Supply of Liquor and Liquor Enforcement Bill. first principles review of the Sale of Liquor Act. to supply alcohol to a minor. if that treatment is required. This will draw on the Drug and Alcohol Team initiative in the United Kingdom. • Strong Proven Leadership 388 . which is now 20 years old and which has had about as many amendments to it as the old Police Act. The Bill will. Services need to be coordinated at a local level. among other things: Make it an offence for an adult. Drug and Alcohol Teams will refer individuals to alcohol and other drug treatment at their first point of contact with the criminal justice system. which is aimed at making it more difficult for minors to obtain alcohol. and needs to be nationally consistent if it is to work properly. instead of such treatment being largely restricted. to prisoners or those on parole. As well. • Make it an offence to use fake ID. Labour also believes it is important to improve community input into the licensing process. and minimum proximity to other outlets and types of community premises. Police will be able to test first time offenders and refer them for appropriate treatment.Any such system of fixed penalty notices would build on the current infringement notice system. maximum outlet density. and will be designed to control the hours during which liquor may be sold. Actions cannot work in isolation. the Law Commission is undertaking a comprehensive. • Ensure minors are referred to an alcohol programme in place of paying an infringement fine. Labour will over time establish Drug and Alcohol Teams at a local level to coordinate a range of services to provide tailored solutions for those who commit crime to fund their drug use. • Amend the Land Transport Act to introduce a zero blood alcohol limit for drivers under 20 who do not hold a full licence.

Addressing sexual violence requires a multi-faceted approach covering prevention. and to provide better protection for children in Family Court matters. the defence of reasonable belief in consent (Crimes Act) and the admissibility of evidence relating to the sexual history of the complainant. with all frontline police now having training in the area. is designed to enable Police to issue interim protection orders. in the past year’s crime stats. improve the response of the Criminal Court and the Family Court to victims of family violence. also known as the Rape Shield. Police action has had a major role in terms of the reporting of family violence. Labour will also introduce legislation to address the recommendations of the Taskforce for Action on Sexual Violence that was set up in July last year. introduced in September. In the past nine years.Family violence and sexual violence Family violence is still minimised by many who fail to recognise its impact across all areas of our violence statistics. The Bill. and increased accountability for offenders both within and alongside the criminal justice system. improved support for victims. Changes will be made to legislation after this feedback is considered. there has been a sharp increase in the number of offences reported. In fact. Strong Proven Leadership 389 . Community feedback has now been received into the taskforce document – Improvements to Sexual Violence Legislation in New Zealand – which sought views on possible law changes to the area of consent. since Labour began campaigning to raise awareness of family violence. Labour will pass the Domestic Violence Reform Bill. The successful It’s not Okay campaign is also starting to impact on the figures. family violence accounted for all the increase in violent offences.

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An Active Programme to Promote and Protect Jobs Labour’s Policy Response to the Global Downturn 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 391 .

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and even since the PREFU was finalised. That change has been so great since the May budget. Unemployment has been below 4 per cent for four years. we have entered this part of the economic cycle in a relatively strong position. As a consequence of responsible economic management over the past nine years. After a sustained period of growth there comes a slowdown. over the next two years unemployment may increase to over 5 per cent. if no new initiatives are taken. some reallocation of resources and adjustments to pricing structures before growth is re-established. the government has the ability to bring forward spending plans which can give a boost to employment and can better prepare the economy to take advantage of the upswing when it arrives. it is higher than Labour is comfortable with. At a time when domestic and international demand is falling. that the extent of the international financial crisis has dramatically changed the external factors impacting on the New Zealand economy. that it would not be responsible to wait until our 2009 budget to detail changed investment priorities. and ensuring that there is stability in the economy to help reduce both the depth and the length of a downturn. For an economic stimulus package to be effective it must: Strong Proven Leadership 393 . Projections in the Pre-Election Fiscal Update (PREFU) suggest that. Labour’s plan has always been about managing the upswings so that they are maintained as long as possible. There is no doubt. While this is still below the levels of unemployment we inherited from National in 1999.Introduction Labour’s plan for achieving sustainable growth is built around six key elements: • • • • • • Infrastructure Innovation International connections Savings Skills Sustainability Our planning has always recognised that the economy operates in cycles. Labour believes that the highest priority at this stage of the economic cycle should be sustaining and creating jobs.

The initiatives in our package can be regionally-focussed. But it will contain elements relevant to a number of the key elements of our overall economic plan. while our economy clearly faces short term challenges from the fallout of global financial turbulence. along with projects specifically designed to boost employment in the construction sector. in terms of: o geographical focus and o employment and capacity constraints • The size of the package will be finalised in December when the government has the most up-to-date information available on the economic outlook.• • be part of a long term strategy to build sustainable economic growth be timed to reduce the worst impacts of the recessionary cycle without putting additional inflationary pressure on during the following upswing be targeted well. That is because the pressure on employment will vary markedly around the country. the decisions about which areas to invest in will be determined by the extent to which: • • the region is suffering from job lay-offs the investment can add to ongoing growth potential for the region In summary. Strong Proven Leadership 394 . Where regionallyfocused initiatives are being considered. Financial Measures On 12 October Labour announced a retail deposit guarantee scheme to reinforce confidence in New Zealand’s financial system. and in retail deposits by locals in nonbank deposit-taking entities. The scheme covers all retail deposits of participating New Zealand-registered banks. credit unions and deposittaking finance companies The deposit guarantee is designed to give assurance to New Zealand depositors that their deposits are safe in the current uncertain international financial market conditions. Labour will ensure that the current international crisis does not lead to prolonged recession in New Zealand. such as building societies.

Working with the banking sector The slowing economy and the weakening housing market. together with the prospect of rising unemployment. This will give confidence to New Zealand’s financial sector and will facilitate its access to international financial markets. 395 Strong Proven Leadership .or better). The Government has taken action to write to each of the country’s largest mortgage lending banks to seek their response to this situation. Banks have responded with assurances that they have well established procedures in place to respond positively and pro-actively to customers facing difficulty. These include approaches such as: • • • • proactive contact with customers identified as having difficulty temporarily reducing servicing obligations capitalisation of interest payments restructuring total debt obligations Wholesale Funding Guarantee facility The government has also introduced a wholesale funding guarantee facility which will be available to financial institutions which have an investment grade credit rating (BBB. Economic Stimulus Package Labour will before Christmas 2008. may combine to put a number of New Zealanders with mortgages in a difficult financial position. and have substantial New Zealand borrowing and lending operations (but not to institutions that are simply financing a parent or related company). present to Parliament an economic stimulus package which will: • • • • bring forward infrastructure spending and job rich sustainability initiatives provide additional assistance to the building sector legislate for new allowances to support the transition of displaced workers legislate for changes to provisional tax to ease pressures on businesses.

so thereby reducing the number of trucking movements in the central city. (at present they are off-loaded at Palmerston North and trucked). An enhancement of the existing Financial Assistance Rate for funding local roading would be available for those regions in need of additional economic stimulus to enable them to bring forward projects such as: • • • • • providing dedicated road space for public transport or other extended passenger transport services additional walking and cycling facilities street lighting upgrades to improve both energy efficiency and safety footpath renewals local road maintenance Strong Proven Leadership 396 . • • • Roading Planned expenditure on new roads and road renewals is currently around $1. Advice is being obtained from the New Zealand Transport Agency on which individual projects. At present the line is still located at the old port of Whangarei. rising to $1. speeding up the processing of containers and reduce the need for storage. They include: • the North South Junction. which would enable the carriage of 9’6” containers between Palmerston North and Wellington port. are capable of being accelerated. to facilitate a more efficient operation for both the coal and the raw milk coming into the factory and the export product going out. working with Fonterra to effect a better connection of the rail network with the dairy factory at Clandeboye. working with the Ports of Auckland to connect the Wiri inland port complex to the rail network.200 million per annum. covering 600-plus projects.700 million per annum over the next 10 years. the Marsden Point Branch line to enable import/export cargos to be transited.Bringing Forward Planned Infrastructure Spend Rail There are a number of rail upgrade projects which will be considered for investment ahead of current planning. or what proportion of projects.

with the help of this Scheme. It is estimated that of the unfunded applications received to date.to medium-sized communities to build or upgrade their reticulated sewerage facilities and treatment plants.09 3.22 5. should additional funding be made available. and led to an increase in specialisation in wastewater engineering. has an established workforce of highly specialised wastewater engineers able to continue work on regional projects. the water and sewerage infrastructure sector is largely unaffected by capacity constraints and. There has been a very positive response to the initial round of applications for the broadband funding announced in Budget 2008. We have made available $250m for urban projects. Now more must be done to roll that out across New Zealand.53 1. and $15m for international connections. we advised that no more than 40 per cent of the appropriated funds would be available for use in the first year.95 7. The core part of our investment package is the Broadband Investment Fund. Unlike some other infrastructure sectors. $75m for rural. Strong Proven Leadership 397 . At that time. the establishment and provision of funding for the Scheme in 2002 served as a catalyst for skills development in this area. as well as $160m+ for connectivity in health and education and around $10m for other new Digital Strategy initiatives.33 6.Sewerage Infrastructure The Labour-led Government’s Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme assists small.44 Broadband Labour has a regulatory environment highly conducive to the roll out of super fast broadband. Indeed. These could include: Community/Council Whangarei Heads (Whangarei DC) Huapai (Rodney DC) Brunswick/Rotokawa (Rotorua DC) Okareka (Rotorua DC) Muriwai (Rodney DC) Eltham (South Taranaki DC) Parua Bay (Whangarei DC) Dannevirke (Tararua DC) Oakura (New Plymouth DC) Potential Subsidy $M 8.09 1.0 4. approximately 10 to 20 per cent could be progressed immediately.18 4.

and Environment Bay Councils also have significant areas of affected land. Horizons Manawatu. Auckland Regional Council. Insulating houses and improving energy efficiency in our homes This programme is relatively labour-intensive and people can be trained for the work in a relatively short time period. This makes the work ideal for generating work around the country. Improving the energy efficiency of our housing stock also Strong Proven Leadership 398 . The government has three programmes in place which already provide direct funding support as an incentive for afforestation activity which targets eroding and erosion prone land: • the East Coast Forestry Project – this well established programme targets affected land within the boundaries of the Gisborne District Council. introduced in 2007. the Sustainable Land Management (Hill Country Erosion) programme. Labour will bring forward more of the funding into the first year. Greater Wellington Regional Council. • • This framework supports the objective of achieving slope stability and reducing erosion. by mass movement erosion especially in the lower North Island. introduced with the Sustainable Land Management and Climate Change Plan of Action. Programmes consistent with it can be boosted by the provision of further funds. Environment Waikato. and the Taranaki Regional Council. provides $2 million a year to accelerate activity by regional councils.If regions in need of some additional economic stimulus have acceptable proposals. The Northland Regional Council. Geographically the most acute land areas are concentrated within the boundaries of Gisborne District Council. This programme would also provide employment opportunities. the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council. however. The reintroduction of vegetation to these lands through afforestation or managing natural regeneration can provide much improved stability. the Afforestation Grants Scheme. is designed to ensure that avoiding further hill country erosion is a consideration. Sustainability Initiatives Addressing soil erosion There are many areas of land significantly affected. or potentially affected.

Stimulating the Building Sector Traditionally.072 million was set aside to address space deficiencies in 29 schools. one of the first sectors to feel the effects of an economic downturn is the building industry. In this years budget $20 million was made available to fund replacement buildings in twenty schools. It not only reduces demand for energy.199 2. There are other schools around the country which would benefit from additional or upgraded space. This could provide replacement buildings for schools as below.848 3.433 2.200 205 479 449 467 465 563 456 1.453 2. if spare construction capacity is available.480 2. but also it improves health outcomes. Already we are seeing the signs of decreased activity in the sector. Schools funded 2008 Avondale College Kaitangata School Crownthorpe School Arthur Miller School Southbrook School Fairlie School Putere School Omokoroa School Linwood North School Naenae Intermediate Kilbirnie School Waitoki School St Albans School Lincoln Primary School Value ($000) 2.553 2. Bringing forward school property upgrades At the last budget $14.984 Strong Proven Leadership . and. There is still a number of schools in the queue for such buildings. Labour will bring forward access to the $1 billion home energy efficiency fund so that schemes for retrofitting older houses can be expanded in those areas where unemployment is emerging.300 1. It is estimated that up to $185 million of work could be considered.539 2.625 999 399 Potential extra schools Cambridge High School Sommerfield School Pt Chevalier School Christchurch South School Lyttleton Main School Manurewa East School Karanui School Taupo-Nui-A-Tia College Epsom Girls Grammar Glen Eden Intermediate Green Bay Primary School Papatoetoe High School Value ($000) 856 289 1.680 3.857 864 934 523 1.contributes to the sustainability of our nation overall. work could be brought forward.

In times of economic adjustment. upgrading the State Housing stock. Labour is prepared to bring forward the current spending programme on home retrofitting. A skilled workforce lifts productivity. there is potential to boost the number of state houses planned for construction. HOPE will be rolled out in Auckland in the first instance. knowledge. It will create demand for housing which might not occur otherwise. currently within a five year timeframe. There is also a significant modernisation and maintenance programme involved in ensuring that all state house tenants are living in decent accommodation. and planned development on Housing New Zealand land. improves New Zealand’s global competitiveness and helps our industries. Housing New Zealand is also working to insulate all state houses. with the potential to pick up ‘slack’ in demand experienced by the building and construction sector.361 3. Bringing forward state house construction and retrofitting While the building industry is experiencing a slowdown. innovation. but can also spread to other high cost housing areas. it is essential that workers are supported to gain new skills which will enhance their job opportunities. Labour will support home ownership of new houses built on Crownowned land by introducing the HOPE (Home Ownership on the Public Estate) programme. and bring forward redevelopments already planned on Housing New Zealand property. Strong Proven Leadership 400 . These are job-rich areas of work. Skills. and creativity are becoming the main drivers of our country's competitive advantage. where the government holds the equity in the land and the family owns the home built on it. Legislating for New Allowances A skilled workforce is a major driver of economic growth and innovation.280 463 Creating demand for affordable housing Labours Home Ownership on the Public Estate (HOPE) initiative will allow families to build homes designed to be affordable.Twyford School Kaipara College Napier Intermediate Westburn School 508 3.

These changes will often require a period of retraining. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole.Job Search Allowance In many cases when a worker becomes redundant. Under existing social security provision this family would have received no support Retraining Allowance In the modern world. there is another earner in the family. Legislating for Changes to Provisional Tax Small and medium sized firms can potentially suffer cash flow problems during a downturn which may be exacerbated by the rules governing provisional tax. skills are increasingly important. this removes the family’s only source of income. Labour will also introduce legislation to implement a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. Labour will therefore introduce temporary measures to provide more flexibility. Labour will introduce legislation to implement a Job Search Allowance for up to thirteen weeks for people who have been made redundant after at least five years in the workforce. This can be particularly the case for families who had been well-established in the workforce with an expectation of ongoing income and with expenditure patterns determined by children. Strong Proven Leadership 401 . Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations several times over the course of their working life. identify an appropriate retraining course. social security assistance is already available. housing costs. In other cases. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. credit repayments or other factors. but with no spousal income test. Labour’s new policy provides additional transitional assistance to support workers get back into paid employment. Labour will introduce legislation to implement a new retraining allowance. or adjust their circumstances. Even so. the implications of sudden job loss can be hugely stressful and disruptive. In situations like this. This allowance is available to workers in two earner families where one is made redundant from work. on the same basis as a student allowance.

Note: current use-of-money interest rates are 14. for the period from 15 January 2009 to May 2010.66% on overpayments. reduce the use of money interest rate for underpayments of provisional tax to the same level as that paid for the overpayment of provisional tax.24% for underpayments and 6. The Commissioner of Inland Revenue will have the discretion to increase the use of money interest rate back to the normal level if he is satisfied that there has been a deliberate attempt to underpay tax.Labour will. Strong Proven Leadership 402 .

A Dynamic Racing Industry Labour’s policy for Racing 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 403 .

Strong Proven Leadership 404 .

It contributes significantly to the economy in primary production. A Prosperous and Dynamic Sector Labour is committed to building on the good partnership we have developed with the racing industry over the last nine years.Introduction Racing is a skilled vibrant industry with a high profile in New Zealand. In this year’s Budget we introduced a three-year. and today we have one body with overall responsibility for setting a single policy direction. and will continue to work closely with the sector to facilitate this. Strong Proven Leadership 405 . We will continue to work closely with industry to strengthen racing’s contribution to economic growth. On the basis of the research findings. Labour will ensure that all additional funding to racing contributes to real economic growth to be enjoyed by all stakeholders. Labour will work with the New Zealand Racing Board on its various initiatives as it develops a strategic approach to growing the New Zealand racing industry. We passed the Racing Act. enabling the industry to have increased funds for stakes. We have worked hard over the last nine years to build a good environment for the racing industry. assets and other activities. The income tax liability has been removed on offshore stake money. Under the Racing Act 2003. It has an extremely high return on exports and has created a product capable of earning income abroad. Racing offers employment directly and indirectly to many people across a wide spectrum of society and helps create a recreational asset across the country. the industry is better equipped to address various challenges than it was previously. The New Zealand Racing Board has been in place since the commencement of the Racing Act 2003. it has commissioned ground-breaking research for the New Zealand Racing industry. and the GST liability due on horses sold for export has been addressed. gaming sport and entertainment. Labour has delivered a reduction in taxation to align with other forms of gambling. it has identified a way forward for the industry and now faces the challenge of implementing those plans. through appropriate industry strategies. In that short time. Labour recognises the need for the industry to achieve sustainable growth through maximising strengths and opportunities. Labour is committed to working in partnership with the industry to achieve better outcomes in all areas. $9 million funding subsidy for prize monies.

the racing code bodies. It is important that the racing industry continues to be a contributor to New Zealand’s economy. Racing is inherently a dangerous occupation. But with the right tools. Our thoroughbred stock is a precious resource. high-skilled driver of growth. and for the net proceeds to be returned to sustain New Zealand racing. Labour will ensure the racing sector and the government have the necessary measures and tools in place to identify and manage biosecurity risks to protect the industry. and in New Zealand we are lucky our industry is free from diseases such as Equine influenza. Skills development and training is as important in the racing sector as any other sector. Labour will support appropriate biosecurity measures to protect the racing industry in all its activities. We want to see the industry continue to move towards being a hightechnology. As a consequence. fewer injuries and safer practices will result in a reduction in ACC levies. the risks can be managed and mitigated. Labour will work with the industry to reduce injuries. Labour is committed to working with the sector to reduce injuries. Labour will continue to work with the sector to identify areas for improvement in industry training and education. Strong Proven Leadership 406 .Labour will work with the New Zealand Racing Board. promote safe practices and provide safe amenities. governments and international racing bodies to ensure that New Zealand is wellplaced to respond to any threats to racing’s revenue and integrity. Labour will work with the racing sector to further its industry training and education goals. But the recent scare in Australia shows the need for vigilance in biosecurity measures to protect the industry. We will uphold the position of the New Zealand Racing Board to hold the exclusive rights to racing and sports betting in New Zealand.

The same rights for all New Zealanders Labour’s Rainbow policy 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 407 .

Strong Proven Leadership 408 .

For younger members of Rainbow communities. de facto and same-sex couples. This provides a sound basis for dealing with outstanding legal issues and for creating a supportive environment for all Rainbow communities. We have made great progress in bringing about formal legal equality for non-heterosexual New Zealanders. the Property (Relationships) Act 2001 introduced relationship law to ensure equal division of property in the event of relationship break-up for married. The Care of Children Act 2004 reformed guardianship law. In terms of legislation. There is also a strong feeling in some quarters that civil unions are second-class arrangements when compared to the status of marriage.000 marriages were registered in the same period. Some matters were not addressed after the relationship law reform carried out in 2005 because they were already in the process of separate reform. Equality before the Law for All All couples of any sexual orientation were able to register their relationships from April 2005 thanks to the Civil Union law.000 civil unions have been between a man and a woman. Prior to the Civil Union law. and public policy. Strong Proven Leadership 409 . One in five of the 1.000 couples had registered in civil unions as at 30 September 2007. To ensure that married and civil unionised couples would be treated the same under virtually the entire range of New Zealand laws. The Criminal Records (Clean Slate) Act 2004 enables people convicted for offences which are no longer offences to apply to a judge to have those offences expunged from their personal criminal records. Over 1.such as a crime against someone because of their sexual orientation – this may be considered an aggravating factor in sentencing. Around 45. Changing behaviour and attitudes is of course a much longer-term process than changing legislation. It also gave limited rights for known sperm donors and codified rights for those who used assisted reproduction technology to conceive. This includes convictions pre-1986 for consensual sexual contact between men aged over 16 years. and more lesbian than gay couples have had a civil union.Introduction Labour believes that the same basic rights apply to all New Zealanders regardless of their sexual orientation. The Sentencing Act 2002 allows where crimes are motivated by hate . challenges remain. there continues to be a risk to safety for many. including bringing it into line with human rights principles and removing barriers discriminating against samesex parents. 180 laws were amended through the Relationships (Statutory References) Act. and a court challenge to the current legal incapacity for same-sex marriage is being considered. and those living in rural areas.

couples in same-sex de facto relationships have had the same status as married. Such operations were funded by government until 1991. New Zealand now operates a non-discriminatory immigration policy in respect of same-sex couples. Police and Customs on homophobia awareness. Bisexual. Labour will actively support efforts to remove discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation through relevant international human rights frameworks. Significant progress has been made in terms of legislative equality but there are some outstanding issues such as provocation (as discussed in a recent Law Commission report) and adoption. Public Services and Policies that Support Rainbow Communities Since 1 April 2007. Gender reassignment operations have the potential to transform people's lives. then discontinued. 1 female-male) and the second cycle of this programme has begun. Labour will ensure that as new laws are made and old laws reviewed they are consistent with human rights. Strong Proven Leadership 410 . civilly-unioned and opposite-sex de facto couples when it comes to receiving income assistance. New Zealand is a strong advocate internationally for the equal treatment of nonheterosexual people. Funding is being provided for four gender reassignment operations every two years (3 male-female. The report of the Human Rights Commission indicates that on-going discrimination against Transgendered New Zealanders remains a significant issue and gives some clear recommendations. There is now ongoing staff training in the Defence Force. Transgendered and Intersex (GLBTI) communities. Labour will address the recommendations of the Law Commission and Human Rights Commission reports.Labour will continue to support achieving equality before the law for all New Zealanders through legislation and policy. Lesbian. The New Zealand Police have established a comprehensive network of Diversity Liaison Officers (DLOs) whose specific role is to liaise with local Gay.

Strong Proven Leadership 411 . the Education Review Office now pays closer attention to the strategies schools employ to combat bullying and harassment. HIV positive people in New Zealand now have access to the same range of treatments as those living in Australia. Schools serve more diverse students these days and Labour accepts that schools need better guidance on how to keep all students safe. Schools are now receiving more support to promote safe schools. Homophobic bullying of GLBTI students (and teachers) are major issues in schools. including the HIV/AIDS action plan. Labour will further develop the rainbow policy function of the Ministry of Social Development to ensure that concerns of rainbow communities are taken into account when policy is made. in particular the New Zealand AIDS Foundation. resources and best-practice examples for schools on how to combat bullying. but is undoubtedly discriminatory against men who identify as gay. Labour will ensure the effective implementation of the sexual and reproductive health strategy. The policy function of MSD has been a great success in ensuring that government agencies are sensitive to the issues facing Rainbow communities. Labour will provide guidelines. As well. A stakeholder group combining young people. teachers and the wider community.Policy advice on sexual orientation issues is now co-ordinated through a unit in the Ministry of Social Development (MSD). Safe School Environments Young people need to feel safe and secure at school if they are to achieve their potential. We will also continue to resource organisations responsible for promoting the prevention of HIV/AIDS and the care of those living with HIV. Labour will develop a blood donation policy with the goal of making it as non-discriminatory as possible while retaining public safety and confidence. But further support is needed to deal with issues in areas such as health. teachers and educationalists (Safe Schools for Queers-SS4Q) has been working with the government on these issues. Labour encourages these developments in schools for the benefit of students. The review of blood donation policy represents a difficult issue for rainbow communities. Current policy is in line with international regulations.

teachers and families/whanau. Labour will ensure that all schools' sexuality education programmes are inclusive of. and convey positive messages about. We will also fund research with the purpose of publishing best-practice examples of schools and early childhood centres that are supportive contexts for GLBTI students. Labour will encourage schools to support the establishment of diversity groups or gay/straight alliances in secondary schools. Strong Proven Leadership 412 . GLBTI people. We will also ensure that all Ministry of Education documentation that includes a definition of diversity is inclusive of sexuality and gender diversity.Students at many schools have set up peer support groups as a way of promoting respect and offering support. including students. teachers and families/whanau. Labour will support the development of school-based peer support groups.

Sustainable and vibrant rural communities Labour’s policy for Rural Affairs 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 413 .

Strong Proven Leadership 414 .

Rural New Zealanders can have minor surgical procedures close to their home on the innovative Strong Proven Leadership 415 . We have increased funding for rural health through the Rural Innovations Fund. We believe that all New Zealanders are entitled to the best possible social services rural New Zealanders should not be disadvantaged because they live outside a town or city. and the promotion of small scale renewable electricity generation for rural and isolated locations. Over the last nine years we have increased the number of rural police stations. We believe government must ensure that such services are delivered to hard-to-reach areas. and funding for increased staffing in rural schools. Our priorities for rural New Zealand over the next three years are centred on a new model of healthcare for rural communities. These communities are vital for the 14 percent of New Zealanders (about 550. regardless of the distance they live from the nearest city or hospital. Rural Health – A New Model of Healthcare for Rural New Zealand Rural New Zealanders are entitled to have access to the very best health care. Over $100 million now goes to support rural health services each year. and to the health of New Zealand’s economy and cultural heritage. an assurance of at least two teachers at every rural school.Introduction Sustainable and vibrant rural communities are at the heart of New Zealand’s wellbeing. Labour wants to see New Zealand’s rural communities and businesses continue to prosper and make their contribution to our economy. set up the Sustainable Farming Fund and passed landmark legislation that balances private property rights and public walking access. and entrepreneurship and supporting innovative local and community-focused infrastructure solutions. innovation. Healthcare in rural New Zealand has taken big steps forward in the last nine years. We want to consolidate and expand essential rural services so that rural areas are sustainable and good places to live for future generations. We believe that further investment in world-class infrastructure and sustainable solutions will enable the rural economy to grow. continuing support for safe drinking water systems. more convenient government services. Labour has ensured rural schools have broadband access.000 people) who live in rural areas. Some services are too important to simply be left up to the market. Labour will continue to support a sustainable rural economy and environment by promoting research. We will also continue to strengthen the rural economy through our commitment to economic transformation. Labour has an excellent record in responding to the needs of rural communities.

Given that access to primary health care is very important for people to stay healthy. Because of this. patients can see their GP. At this ‘one stop shop’.000 New Zealanders. Labour will work closely with DHBs to extend these services into more rural to ensure that rural New Zealanders have more convenient and integrated primary health care services. it is vital for rural New Zealanders to have the easiest and most convenient access to primary healthcare possible. We understand. This is something we want to promote and expand. A $2 million fund is distributed to rural midwives annually to help them with the costs of practicing in rural areas. however. We want Strong Proven Leadership 416 .000 patients seeing a GP there in its first year. Labour will work with DHBs to develop rural primary health centres which incorporate the needs of rural communities and bring services together where possible into one facility. that people in rural communities still visit their GPs less frequently than people living in urban areas. It is our goal that these one-stop-shops be extended into more rural areas across New Zealand. or have recently opened such facilities. with more than 26. There are now rural immersion programmes at both New Zealand medical schools. A few District Health Boards are either working on these concepts. The rural health workforce is now getting more support than ever. The centre has been very successful. Innovation in rural health is being encouraged through the Rural Innovations Fund. it is important that rural health services are integrated with secondary and tertiary specialist services in urban centres and that after hours services in rural areas are comprehensive and well-resourced. have an X-ray or blood test. Labour will establish ‘one stop shop’ primary health care centres in rural areas. Patients receive support through the National Travel Assistance Programme if they have to travel to receive treatment. The National Travel Assistance programme helps Kiwis who have to travel for treatment. It is a fact that the most complicated health procedures and specialist care cannot be provided in rural communities. Rural GPs are paid a bonus through a $4 million annual fund. by providing financial support for mileage and accommodation.all in one visit. creating strong linkages between GPs and secondary treatment. The idea of a one-stop-shop primary health care centre is not an entirely new concept. and get their prescriptions filled . Another $11 million goes towards ensuring rural health workers are retained and provide good after hours care. rehabilitation and maternity services. The facility is located on the same site as a secondary care hospital. The Horowhenua Health Centre is an example of the type of response to a community’s health needs that we believe is the future of rural health care.Mobile Surgical Bus so don’t have to go into hospital. Upgraded drinking water supplies and sewerage schemes will benefit 210.

to ensure that New Zealanders are given the support they need when they have to travel away from home to see a specialist. Labour understands that some rural practitioners have heavy workloads. safe. Labour will review the operation of the National Travel Assistance programme and ensure it is delivering maximum benefit to rural New Zealanders. We are committed to rural after hours services that are sustainable and provide the best possible clinical care. and takes into account the needs of practitioners. Labour will ensure that the Rural Ranking Scale has continued relevance by reviewing its function. Rural hospitals need to be closely integrated with secondary and tertiary units to ensure that rural New Zealanders receive seamless care and the best possible access to specialist services. for example. This year Labour committed an extra $5 million per annum for rural after hours care. Each year $300. We will continue to work closely with providers and DHBs to ensure that communities receive after hours care that is reliable. Labour will work closely with DHBs and PHOs to strengthen after hours care in rural communities.000 is made available in grants. Labour will investigate better cooperation and coordination through. especially in after hours care. and in turn how much extra support a rural medical practice becomes entitled to. Labour will continue to support innovative rural health solutions through the Rural Innovations Fund. increased use of technology such as telemedicine. The Rural Ranking Scale is a method used to define how rural a practice is. We will continue to support innovations in rural health to ensure that rural communities have access to the best possible health services. The Rural Innovations Fund is an annual contestable fund that provides one off support for innovative practices in rural medicine. Labour will investigate ways for rural hospitals to better co-ordinate with specialist secondary and tertiary units. Strong Proven Leadership 417 . Labour will review the Rural Ranking Scale to ensure its continued relevance. We currently require all DHBs to have after hours plans to ensure that all people can access emergency care outside working hours.

They expected rural New Zealanders to Heartland Service Centres and Usage Figures engage with them by telephone. 35 100000 Number of clients 30 In the last six years. We don’t think that this is 40 120000 right. Government agencies working in collaboration visit isolated communities together and utilise existing community premises of local authorities. this means that Government support services are less accessible to rural New Zealanders than those who live in urban areas. A large range of services (from the Department of Internal Affairs’ births.000 people visited a Heartland Services Centre in 2007. government agencies had largely withdrawn from providing service centres in rural communities. Labour is committed to continuing and strengthening this successful model of service provision for rural communities. many rural communities are isolated. Strong Proven Leadership Number of centres 418 . Ten years from now…Provision of services to rural communities will have continued to improve and gaps in services will have been identified and filled.000 people visited a Service Centre.Effective and Convenient Social Services By their very nature. and that the government has a responsibility to ensure access. deaths and marriages services. Labour believes that rural communities should not be disadvantaged in terms of their access to social services. mail. 80000 60000 25 20 Usage Centres O ti We have ensured that in some areas. fax or email) or travel some distance. These centres ensure that 20000 rural New Zealanders are better 5 connected to Government services by 0 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 bringing the services to them. Studylink and Work and Income support) are available to rural New Zealanders through these one-stop-shops. Today …there are 36 Heartland Centres and 15 Outreach Services. Our Heartland Service Centres and Outreach Services have been very popular in rural communities. community trusts or health centres. mail or internet. Prior to 1999. These Heartland Outreach Services are now operating in 15 areas. Last year over 100. For some. Rural New Zealanders had diminished access to Government support services. Ten years ago …there were no Heartland Service Centres or Outreach Services. Labour in Government has opened 36 Heartland 15 Service Centres throughout New 40000 10 Zealand. Over 100. Child Youth and Family and Accident Compensation Corporation. to Career Services. and either had to interact from distance (via phone.

But there are anecdotal reports of gaps in service provision. Labour recognises there are educational benefits for teachers not to be working without peer support and will therefore adjust the staffing rules to ensure that schools have a minimum of two teaching staff. Difficulties rural teachers face in securing time for professional development. We will continue to make access to social services easier and more convenient for people in rural areas. Labour will adjust the staffing rules to ensure that all schools have a minimum of two teaching staff. we will address: • Health and safety issues where a sole charge teacher is involved with a particular incident or required task (meaning all children are not supervised). Recently Labour announced our commitment of $75 million for rural projects aimed at extending the reach of broadband. By boosting the minimum number of teaching staff for these rural schools.Labour believes that Heartland Service Centres and Outreach Services have become the backbone of Government service provision in many rural areas and this must continue. Labour will review existing Heartland Service Centres and Heartland Outreach Services in rural communities and strengthen services where gaps are identified. 419 • • Strong Proven Leadership . Social services in rural areas will also benefit from our investment in rural broadband and infrastructure. Two Teachers at Every Rural School Under current staffing rules a small number of rural schools are only entitled to a single teacher. increased provision by mobile Outreach Services and greater use of information communications technology. A lack of collegial support for rural teachers. This may involve the establishment of further Service Centres. Being able to use the full potential of broadband should assist those in farming and other rural businesses in ways such as allowing them to use internet banking and file IRD returns electronically – saving both time and money.3 FTE staffing assistance is provided to these schools to assist with the administrative and supervisory roles. Currently additional 0. There are currently 98 rural schools in New Zealand with less than 2 full time equivalent teaching positions.

and over 40. We realise that for many small rural communities. Difficulties in sourcing a 0.000 will have safer drinking water through the Capital Assistance Programme. Strong Proven Leadership 420 . Labour will continue to work in partnership with communities to protect our water resources and ensure they are safe and sustainable. We will achieve this in four ways: • • • • Continuation of subsidy schemes. We also established the Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme to help small and medium sized communities to upgrade or build new sewerage treatment systems. Labour has set up a variety of water support and subsidy schemes in the last nine years. Labour has worked hard in Government to ensure all New Zealanders have access to a safe and sustainable water supply. Targeted assistance to smaller and poorer communities. this can be difficult.• • The burden sole charge teachers face with school administrative duties. We will continue our record of working with rural communities to ensure that they have access to safe drinking water and sewerage treatment. Safe and sustainable water supplies Safe water supplies are a basic necessity for communities.000 rural New Zealanders are set to benefit from our Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme. Further use of on-farm water storage. Since 1999 we have implemented a number of innovative schemes to support communities who need to upgrade their water or wastewater treatment systems. and better utilisation of water resources. Labour believes they should be given the support to move to safer and more sustainable drinking water supplies and sewerage treatment systems. Over 170. and Working with rural industries to improve water management practices. We have established the Technical Assistance Programme and Capital Assistance Programme to provide small communities with technical support and funding for water treatment and storage plants and the installation or upgrade of reticulation schemes.3 FTE position in some rural areas. Where communities only have access to sub-standard supplies or treatment systems. It is Labour’s goal to continue this partnership with communities to improve access to a safe and sustainable water supply.

approximately 10 per cent to 20 per cent could be progressed immediately.44 421 . Unlike some other infrastructure sectors. as part of our December economic package.09 1. which ran through to 2007. An additional $40 million was provided in Budget 2008. but there are still a number of worthy outstanding projects. and led to an increase in specialisation in wastewater engineering.0 4. the water and sewerage infrastructure sector is largely unaffected by capacity constraints and. We also established funding for the period 2005-2016 through the Drinking Water Subsidy Fund to help improve drinking water in New Zealand communities.09 3. Labour will look at bringing forward current spending on the Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme as part of the economic stimulus package to be presented to Parliament in December. It is estimated that of the unfunded applications received to date. should additional funding be made available. This fund assists councils and other water suppliers with technical advice and direct capital assistance for upgrading water systems. A total of $133 million was initially allocated to this programme over 10 years and was targeted to those communities with deprivation index ratings of five and above. These might include: Community/Council Whangarei Heads (Whangarei DC) Huapai (Rodney DC) Brunswick/Rotokawa (Rotorua DC) Okareka (Rotorua DC) Muriwai (Rodney DC) Eltham (South Taranaki DC) Parua Bay (Whangarei DC) Dannevirke (Tararua DC) Oakura (New Plymouth DC) Strong Proven Leadership Potential Subsidy $M 8. for small communities to fund water and wastewater infrastructure needed to maximise benefits from New Zealand’s tourism sector. Indeed. Labour will continue subsidy schemes for rural and community waste water treatment facilities and drinking water supplies. we will look at binging forward investment through the Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme.18 4. with the help of this Scheme.33 6.95 7.We implemented the Tourism Demand Subsidy Scheme.53 1. the provision of funding for the Scheme in 2002 served as a catalyst for skills development in this area. In particular. has an established workforce of highly specialised wastewater engineers able to continue work on regional projects.22 5.

to encourage and educate farmers and rural communities about on-farm and community water storage. including those in rural areas. and the future pressures on water supplies from economic growth and climate change. where appropriate. to meet the costs of providing quality water supplies. can offer more sustainable and efficient water resources to many farmers. through the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministers of Rural Affairs and Agriculture. Further development and more appropriate use of on-farm water storage is integral to the success of New Zealand’s primary production and rural communities. Labour recognises that agricultural production places pressure on this supply. In some areas. We will continue the Community Irrigation Fund to enable the promoters of community storage and irrigation schemes to generate investor and community support. New Zealand’s ability to grow and sell produce is heavily reliant on a safe and sustainable supply of water. We will continue to work closely with rural and agricultural industries to ensure that our freshwater supplies are in the best possible health.It is costly to provide quality water supply in rural areas because schemes lack economies of scale. We will work closely with communities. Labour will provide targeted assistance to smaller and poorer communities. We will investigate avenues to assist farmers and communities to invest in the necessary infrastructure. Strong Proven Leadership 422 . publicly-sourced water (from district councils) has historically been a relatively cheap commodity for many farmers. it is our goal that on-farm dams and gravity springs be utilised to a greater degree. offering little incentive to move to onfarm storage or invest in infrastructure to utilise water resources. Labour believes that on-farm and community storage dams and gravity springs. where freshwater supplies are not adversely affected by agricultural production. Labour will promote and encourage further use of on-farm water storage such as dams and gravity springs. Given the impact of droughts and water shortages in recent years. Labour will work with rural industries to improve water management practices. this issue is of particular importance given the recent boom in dairy production. Labour’s vision is for a ‘clean and green’ New Zealand. Councils serving small or rural communities are expected to comply by 1 July 2013 with higher quality standards for the water they supply. Some councils may fail to meet the target without assistance from central government.

We will ensure that the obligation will be an enduring one with no end date. distributors and generators to identify and promote opportunities for localised alternative sources of generation. it is sometimes not economic for a distributor to do so. The bill that would ensure security of supply after 2013 also allows those remote communities to agree with lines companies to build local generation instead. We will also investigate other opportunities to support investment in renewable generation that is not connected to the main distribution network. We recognise that for some customers and communities it may make little sense to remain on the grid. Labour understands that rural communities face specific difficulties in terms of electricity prices due to their isolation and distributors’ cost at maintaining infrastructure. distributors have a responsibility to ensure that those people currently on the grid have their supply maintained. it is cheaper to build these sources than to maintain existing electricity lines. This cannot be forced on the local community. and we have introduced a Electricity (Continuance of Supply) Amendment Bill to ensure this. Small Scale Renewable Electricity Generation Electricity is vital to the functioning of any house. Strong Proven Leadership 423 . In some situations. In our view. Labour will ensure that the obligation for suppliers and distributors to continue supply to customers under section 62 of the Electricity Act. workplace or community. does not end on its original expiry date of 2013. Because of the high cost in maintaining supply to the most isolated areas. Labour will work in partnership with rural communities. and will happen only where the community (normally with a subsidy from the lines company) agrees to the new alternative arrangement.We will continue to closely monitor the Clean Streams Accord and will investigate other regulatory and enforcement options if it is shown that the Accord is not meeting its goals. and that local sources of generation are more appropriate. Labour will promote small scale renewable electricity generation for rural and isolated locations. and the Electricity (Continuance of Supply) Amendment Bill promotes this.

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Ensuring Success for Every Child Labour’s policy for Schools 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 425 .

Strong Proven Leadership 426 .

and teachers are paid fairly for the vital work they do in preparing our young people to succeed in the 21st century. Labour has prioritised improving teacher pay and professional development. are the cornerstones of the New Zealand education system. teachers bring classrooms to life through a new school curriculum that links learning to everyday concepts.000 additional teachers. public education is a fundamental Labour value. Today… funding allows for the more than 6. Funding now allows schools to employ around 6. Universal access to free. Our schools are amongst the best in the world. The success of New Zealand’s public education system is reflected in the achievements of our students. Strong Proven Leadership 427 . quality.000 additional teachers in classrooms. The challenge for our compulsory school system now is to build on these successes so that students at all levels are provided with modern. Teachers’ pay has risen nearly 40 per cent over the last decade and better opportunities for professional development are helping attract bright graduates to a career in teaching while also helping retain experienced teachers. and tailoring teaching to the individual needs of each pupil.Introduction Labour has always believed in the power of education to transform lives. Today. still drive our education policies today. rich or poor. that every person. The days of learning by rote are long gone. The key to further improvement in educational attainment is to increase the number of teachers in the classroom and make sure those teachers employ the modern teaching methods research tells us have the greatest impact. Ten years ago… teachers were demoralised by industrial strife and the battle over bulk funding. Ten years from now… all schools will be sufficiently staffed by excellent teachers to deliver a personalised learning plan to students that develops their interests and aptitude. updating school assessment and curricula and other learning tools. The most important resources we can provide to schools are highly trained. A Quality Teaching Profession International studies show what parents already know – that quality teachers in the classroom are our most important education resource. upgrading school buildings. Inspiring young minds to learn. relevant and personalised learning that provides the tools they will need to succeed in the 21st century. reducing class sizes. has the right to an education that enables them to fulfil their potential and that it is the role of the government to ensure sufficient focus and investment to make this possible. The enlightened values of the very first Labour government. effective teachers.

Strong Proven Leadership 428 . schools and kura kaupapa Maori to successfully introduce the New Zealand curriculum and Te Marautanga. In order to ensure schools are able to employ suitably qualified teaching staff. Personalising learning fits well with our strategies to lift the overall educational achievement of Maori and Pasifika students. and the Kiwi Leadership for Principals framework have demonstrated their effectiveness. Labour will support the New Zealand Teachers Council to take a leadership role in setting professional standards for teachers. A large number of teachers will begin to retire shortly. Now that programmes such as Te Kotahitanga. student relationships.Labour can be trusted to address the challenges ahead for the teaching profession. teachers will need to more regularly draw on professional support and the latest research on what motivates children to learn. a strategy that aims to improve teacher. we need to ensure entry standards into teacher training are robust and we need to provide better support in schools for beginning teachers. As learning becomes increasingly personalised to the individual needs of each student. The full implementation of the New Zealand Curriculum in 2010. Investment in curriculum resources will be vital for the success of this major education initiative. Ensuring teacher pay and conditions remain competitive is an important way to not only encourage graduates to begin a teaching career but to also retain experienced staff in the profession. Labour will expand professional development and paid sabbatical opportunities for teachers. is an exciting development in our schools. Labour will ensure schools are properly supported to take on beginning teachers. which help teachers to better respond to the needs of Maori students. Labour will support teachers. This year we launched Ka Hikitia-Managing for Success. our challenge is to support more teachers to use these programmes to refresh their teaching practice. The New Zealand Teachers Council also has an important leadership role in setting professional standards for teachers. as will ensuring that unit standards assessed under the National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) fit with the new curricula and ongoing professional development. as well as enhance the participation and achievement rates of rangatahi at school. and the implementation of Te Marautanga (the curriculum for Maori medium education) in 2011.

We will also encourage more Pacific peoples into teaching. In some cases. and support professional development programmes such as Te Kotahitanga and other educational programmes that support a more personalised. there is a need for additional support for administrative tasks. Kiwi-trained teachers who have worked overseas bring valuable educational experience when they return home. retention and achievement at all levels of the education system. just as our schools attract staff trained in other countries. Better recognition of overseas experience and opportunities to keep up-to-date with developments in teaching and learning practice in New Zealand will help to attract more quality Kiwi teachers back home. while focusing on improving the capability of non-Pacific teachers to work effectively with Pacific students in the classroom. Labour will ensure schools can get help with administration tasks so that principals can focus more on students and on providing educational leadership in schools. need the support of teachers trained to recognise and teach to their strengths. Our curriculum supports individualised. At present funding for this is provided on an application basis and for a fixed period of time. We intend to move the existing funding for organisations that deliver classroom and teacher development programmes for groups like gifted and talented students and pupils with dyslexia onto a more sustainable basis. This will help to spread best practice and develop centres of expertise for schools to draw on. student-focused teaching practices. Gifted and talented students and pupils with dyslexia. Labour will develop a more sustainable funding approach for organisations working to assist teachers to effectively support pupils with specific learning needs. We also need to work with Pacific families and communities as part of our plan to raise overall educational achievement. To enable principals to focus more on their role as educational leaders within schools. for example.Labour will continue to ensure the successful implementation of Ka Hikitia (the Māori education strategy). backed by quality professional development with curriculum support based on research about what works. Teaching has always been a valued profession worldwide. Personalising learning also means actively supporting children and young people who do not fit within the stereotypical ‘norm’. Labour will encourage greater Pacific participation. New Zealand-trained teachers are prize recruits in many parts of the English-speaking world. schools may not be employing foreign-trained teachers now living in New Strong Proven Leadership 429 . community-orientated approach to the education of our tamariki.

Zealand because of concerns they have would difficulty teaching in this country. students and their families will develop a personalised learning plan to guide their learning. In 2007. They are more likely to be able to care for themselves and their families. International studies such as the Programme for International Student Assessment show our students are performing near the top of OECD countries. We know that young people who stay in school. Labour will implement Schools Plus. only students from Finland and Hong Kong were performing at a higher level than New Zealand students. eight out of ten school leavers achieved at least NCEA Level 1 (a 22 per cent increase from 2002 when NCEA was introduced). Labour will develop a bonded bridging development programme to assist foreign-trained teachers to gain registration and employment in New Zealand. complete their qualifications. and achieve future economic independence and security. and move into further education and training have the best chance of accessing the full range of opportunities life has to offer. Our new school curriculum will enable teachers to enliven their teaching practice. in the 2006 science literacy results. drawing on real-world examples to better engage students to learn about the values and core skills needed to be successful in the 21st century. For example. could take up positions in our schools after some professional development. Student achievement has been steadily improving. Schools Plus New Zealand’s school system continues to perform at the highest level. new study options such as Gateway and Modern Apprenticeships are providing more choices for young people to continue learning while gaining valuable workplace experience that will lay the foundation for a career in the trades. Labour will require a personalised education plan to be developed for every high school student to guide their learning. At the same time. ahead of countries such as Australia. our initiative to significantly reform our secondary school system by offering all young New Zealanders a stronger educational foundation. Strong Proven Leadership 430 . Canada and the United States. Many of them. To ensure all young people are engaged and supported to achieve their potential through education. and two-thirds of school leavers achieved at least NCEA Level 2 (a 36 per cent increase from 2002). however.

By 2010 all schools will be using the new New Zealand Curriculum. staff and closer links outside of school are phased in. But we must also set goals and timelines. While the school leaving age will stay at sixteen. training providers and social agencies. already available in twenty schools.To support a personalised approach to learning. enabling them to provide relevant. Labour will provide more secondary teachers and other staff to improve careers guidance and increase the support available for young people in school and out in the community to remain engaged in learning. Labour will make Youth Apprenticeships available to all secondary schools and increase the range of other education and training pathways available to students. more teachers and support staff and improved careers guidance services will be needed in schools. Making the changes needed to successfully implement Schools Plus will take time and a careful focus on building support within the secondary schooling system. Strong Proven Leadership 431 . Labour will introduce an education and training leaving age of 17 years in 2011 and 18 years in 2014. Labour will strengthen alternative education and other out-of-school learning options to ensure young people are supported to improve their educational achievement. Ensuring that out-of-school education providers. Phasing in the education and training leaving age in this way will give schools time to develop the variety of programmes and options needed to engage the whole range of young people. Enabling more students to experience tertiary-level courses while still at school will also broaden the range of study options available to them. innovative programmes which meet their students’ needs. are the key to engaging young people who currently leave school too early. Innovative programmes like Youth Apprenticeships. we have begun the process of removing the early leaving exemption for the under 16s. such as the alternative education network. prioritise students’ learning and achievement will keep the focus on learning irrespective of the setting in which it takes place. We anticipate at least $170 million per year in additional investment will be required to fully implement Schools Plus. Matching investments will be needed as new course options. Closer links will need to be built with local businesses.

and over 1. Labour is committed to helping schools meet the demands that parents and the community place on them to deliver a quality education to every child. We know school funding is an investment for the benefit of our children and for the long term benefit of New Zealand’s society and economy. In addition to the significant funding that Labour will provide to successfully implement Schools Plus in secondary schools. Labour has substantially increased school operational funding over the last decade. Computeraided learning has significant potential to revolutionise education and Labour wants to see computer and interactive learning technology in every classroom.School Funding Schools want to be able to deliver the very best education they can. Under current staffing rules a small number of rural schools are only entitled to a single teacher. making the best use of computers in the classroom). Labour recognises there are educational benefits for teachers not to be working without peer support and will therefore adjust the staffing rules to ensure that schools have a minimum of two teaching staff. The small army of staff that work alongside teachers in the classroom are essential in making our schools function effectively: people such as school secretaries. The environment in which learning takes place is also crucial. even after accounting for inflation. We have recently reviewed the funding allocated to schools. Labour will enable schools to use their five-year property agreements to invest in computer and interactive learning technology. Funding for school property has been a major focus. 22 new Kura Kaupapa Maori schools. Twenty-four new schools. But the focus on improving educational outcomes means schools will require new resources. upgrading and maintaining information and communications technology as a particular pressure point for schools.3 FTE staffing assistance is provided to these schools to assist with the administrative and supervisory roles. and large capital works projects have be undertaken at many existing schools. Currently additional 0. Targeted funding has also been made available for schools electing to undertake school improvement programmes and other projects such as specialised professional development (for example. Work with schools has identified the cost of buying. teacher Strong Proven Leadership 432 .500 new classrooms have been built. Labour will adjust the staffing rules to ensure that all schools have a minimum of two teaching staff. Labour will continue to increase operational grants for all state and state-integrated schools. we know there are other pressing issues that it is important for the government to prioritise.

irrespective of the educational setting in which they enrolled. Labour will address low pay issues for the non-teaching workforce in schools. Special Education Early childhood education services and schools work to support children and young people with special education needs. We believe improvements can be delivered by investing more in specific-purpose funds which support students with moderate needs who at present are not deemed eligible for Ongoing and Renewable Resourcing Schemes (ORRS) support but whose needs are not being adequately addressed by supplementary assistance. cleaners. A special education grant is also paid to all schools as part of the annual operations grant. In the health sector. Staffing resources have been improved for students who are vision impaired and blind. It is time to do this for school support staff as well.aides. with hearing screening for newborns and B4 School Checks for children aged over 4 years old to help identify and address any impairment to learning as early as possible. librarians and caretakers. the current system is struggling to adequately support all those who need assistance. Focus has also shifted to early intervention. Yet many are paid the minimum wage. Labour will address this with a series of connected changes. In particular. Funding to support these students has increased over the last decade. In addition. with more children with special needs enrolling at their local school. our investment of increased funding to enable early intervention in a child’s life will significantly improve educational outcomes. we have made significant progress but there is still more to do. Nearly a decade on. The goal of Special Education 2000 was to develop a world class inclusive education system for New Zealand. Support for specific groups of students has also been introduced. Special Education Services was merged with the Ministry of Education to reduce fragmentation of services and better support students with special needs to achieve their potential. This recognises that many students with moderate needs benefit from learning assistance and enables schools to invest in services they believe will impact positively on learning. The range of targeted support for particular special education needs has been expanded and the number of young people able to be assisted has been increased. making it difficult for schools to recruit and retain these staff as they seek higher pay in other sectors. Parents therefore have the right to expect all schools to provide a core Strong Proven Leadership 433 . for example for those on the autistic spectrum. Labour has already shown it is prepared to take a lead in addressing low pay where the government is the major employer. Around 10 per cent of school-aged children face barriers to full participation in education.

Schools do however face difficulties supporting students with moderate special needs because of issues such as teacher expertise and experience. Safe Learning Environments Young people need to feel safe and secure at school if they are to achieve their potential. Schools are reporting that disruptive behaviour in the classroom and in the playground is on the rise. It is time to fairly reward teacher aides as well. working with schools to ensure effective and accountable use of the special education grant. As part of its commitment to address low pay issues for the non-teaching workforce. We have already provided schools with support to deal with this through programmes like Student Engagement Initiative. supplemented by centrally-funded and targeted support for those children with moderate to high special needs. Funding and access to specialist expertise would then be available for all schools in the cluster to improve support services provided to students. Labour believes greater clustering of schools could significantly improve special education services and help spread effective teaching practice more widely. Just as schools working together is one of the principles of our Schools Plus initiative. available funding and the availability of specialist expertise. Schools serve more diverse students these days and Labour accepts that schools need better guidance on how to keep all students safe.special education service. Labour will provide guidelines. Labour has already shown it is prepared to take a lead in addressing low pay in other sectors where the government is the major employer. teachers and the wider community. Schools are receiving more support to manage difficult students and to promote safe schools. Labour will address low pay issues for the teaching support workforce in schools. They are often paid the minimum wage despite their important work contributing to students’ learning success. Some schools successfully pool their resources enabling them to deliver a more comprehensive package of support. which helps schools to Strong Proven Leadership 434 . Teacher aides are an important part of the overall team assisting students with special needs. Labour will strengthen special education support by investing resources in special education funds for children with moderate to high needs. and supporting the development of special education clusters to improve services to students with moderate needs. Labour intends to embed these developments in schools for the benefit of students. As well. resources and best-practice examples for schools on combating bullying. the Education Review Office now pays closer attention to the strategies schools employ to combat bullying and harassment.

and the 'Interim Response Fund'. We intend to build on this. which gives principals access to emergency funding to manage critical behaviour cases. exclusions. Labour will provide schools with additional resources to effectively manage disruptive behaviour.address truancy rates. Strong Proven Leadership 435 . Students at many schools have set up peer support groups as a way of promoting respect and offering support. Labour will support the development of school-based peer support groups. and early leaving exemptions. suspensions.

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Building Innovation Labour’s policy for Science and Innovation 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 437 .

Strong Proven Leadership 438 .

but world class in terms of stability of funding. Health Research (which increased by 130 percent) and the New Economy Research Fund. Recent policy changes and new policies to be implemented postelection will combine to produce a further step-change in this area. Although improving. New Zealand’s investment in research. all designed to accelerate the commercial development of the fruits of research. It is debated more. the Seed Capital Investment Fund and the Venture Investment Fund.Introduction Labour believes that good science lies at the heart of a modern society and a modern economy. Labour established the Pre Seed Accelerator Fund. public sector investment is at about 75 percent of the western world average. Over the past nine years. Health Research. science and technology is still well below the western world average. Business incubators were established for the same reason. Labour believes we must ensure New Zealand science is not only world class in terms of the excellence of our researchers. it is valued more and it has delivered more. science and technology will quicken markedly. In the private sector. In the public sector. Good science and innovative technology contribute to increased economic productivity. Science and Technology funding has increased by 90 percent. funding we have already announced is likely to raise public investment to around 83 percent of the western world average by 2011/12. the Equity Investment Fund. the profile of research. Labour will in the next 3 budgets increase funding for the Marsden Fund. Labour will seek to improve that figure. Over the next three years the pace of change in research. science and technology in New Zealand has risen significantly. a greater understanding of our environment and society and the advancement of scholarship and human knowledge. and new Transformational R&D (including new materials) Strong Proven Leadership 439 . Labour has funded strong growth in basic sciences through the Marsden Fund (which has increased by 86 percent). and private sector investment is at about 33 percent of the western world average (up from 25 percent nine years ago). In addition. policies we have already announced are likely to raise private sector R&D investment to about 69 percent of the western world average by 2011/12. Science and Innovation Funding In the last decade Research. Specifically. better health.

Labour has established the Centres of Research Excellence and the Performance Based Research Fund ($236 million a year) for University-based research. functional foods. social research and funding to address the needs of researchers early in their careers. Advanced food research and development to create new food products. nutriceuticals and the like. In addition. This is easily the largest single investment in R&D in New Zealand’s history.500 to 16.as well as renewable energy research. New Zealand: Fast Forward. • Strong Proven Leadership 440 . Labour has introduced a range of new fellowships and scholarships. and particularly in the past three years. the number of students undertaking doctoral study has almost doubled. ranging from basic environmental research to precommercial development over the next 10-15 years. The total research and development workforce increased from 9.500 in the 10 years to 2006. New Zealand: Fast Forward Labour has created the New Zealand: Fast Forward Fund of $700m. Labour will commit to retaining the New Zealand: Fast Forward fund. New Zealand: Fast Forward is likely to deliver major change over the 10-15 years during which programmes will run in the following areas: • Basic Environmental research into the pastoral sector to reduce the environmental effects of climate change gases (50 percent of which come from our pastoral sector) including improvements in water quality and reduced chemical use. to be matched by private funding from the food and pastoral sectors to create a substantial step forward in research and development. Three factors will drive this increase in R&D over the next three years. and The 15 percent R&D tax credit A growing research and development workforce In the last decade. and significantly expanded others including doubling the number of Fulbright Scholarships. • • • A growing research and development workforce. food ingredients.

by international standards. perhaps with early concentration on food technologists and food engineers.Getting the Balance Right Contestability and Stability are both valuable. Their contract research activity will therefore rise significantly. that some of that reported increase will reflect underreporting of R&D activity by some firms in past).• Attention to various workforce and skills gaps that exist or are emerging in our economy throughout the value chain. • The 15 percent R&D tax credit Private sector investment in R&D is. Growing globally-competitive firms in New Zealand that enjoy a degree of influence in many markets comparable to the likes of Fonterra. Economic modelling confirms it will result in a large increase in private sector investment in R&D. low. This means that reported R&D activity in the private sector will double over the next three years (It needs to acknowledged. however. PGG Wrightson or Sealords. The former allows a researcher’s proposal to be peer-reviewed so that new researchers succeed and new areas of research gain funding. Labour introduced a more stable funding environment to better Strong Proven Leadership 441 . some of which will be undertaken by public sector institutions. It has a relatively simple design. Earlier this year the 15 percent tax credit was introduced. is applicable to all qualifying R&D expended by the private sector and is available even to loss-making start-up companies which are not yet paying tax. Zespri. The latter allows for long-term research certainty. New Zealand has historically overvalued contestability and undervalued stability. Labour will commit to retaining the 15 percent R&D tax credit. In the last decade. The Inland Revenue Department (IRD) has calculated the “forgone revenue” from the tax credit at $330 million per annum in 2011/2012. for science capability to be maintained. for strategically important research to be reliably undertaken and the time needed to prepare funding bids reduced. A relatively high proportion of privately-funded R&D is carried out in our Crown Research Institutes and in our universities. Contestability and Stability .

Non-contestable funding will either be negotiated. Strong Proven Leadership 442 . 40 percent strategic research and 20 percent pre-commercial development. science and technology investment is approximately 40 percent basic research. This is likely to shift towards basic research to balance the expected increases in private sector investment at the other end of the spectrum.balance the benefits of stability and the benefits of contestability. in the case of the backbone funding or capability funding. Negotiated funding will be available to all-comers. will be paid as of right. Labour will ensure about one third of Vote: RS&T will be noncontestable three years from now. The current split in public sector research. including negotiated funding. or. capability funding and backbone funding. but is likely to be predominantly secured by the Crown Research Institutes and by universities.

Valuing and Supporting the Contribution of Older New Zealanders Labour’s policy for Senior Citizens 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 443 .

Strong Proven Leadership 444 .

New Zealand Superannuation was cut back to 60 percent of the average wage. and will reach over a million by 2028. In 2001 we launched the New Zealand Positive Ageing Strategy to reinforce our commitment to promoting the value of participation by older people in communities. NZ Super Growth Under Labour vs. The population aged 65 years and over in New Zealand is currently around half a million. this has been restored back to 65 percent and then increased to 66 percent.6 percent. older people as a proportion of New Zealand’s total population increased from 9 percent to 12. Over the last nine years. increasing from 282. Average Wage Growth Under Labour Average Wage In 1998 under the last National government. By running government surpluses in good times and continuing to build the New Zealand Superannuation Fund. Statistics New Zealand’s projections indicate that the older population will continue to grow.000 in 1977. Over this 30 year period. This is being achieved by identifying barriers to the involvement of older people in as wide a range of activities as possible and working to address these. Older New Zealanders play a crucial role in supporting the development of our families. 40% 35% 30% 25% Growth since 1999 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 1999 -5% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Community Services Card and Disability levels have also been adjusted every year so that no-one loses this entitlement because of an increase in Super. Financial security for older New Zealanders Every New Zealander has the right to a decent. The Positive Ageing Strategy provides a framework within which all Labour policy that affects older people can be commonly understood and developed.Introduction Labour recognises the contribution older New Zealanders make to our country. we have been committed to providing security and certainty for our older citizens. the proportion of older people in the population will increase and Labour believes they will have an increasingly important role to play in our society. publicly-provided pension at the age of 65. The aim was to improve opportunities for older people to participate in ways that they choose. we can ensure the continued provision of universal Superannuation and prepared New Zealand for an increasingly ageing population. We value the skills. In the coming decades. Grandparents who have taken on full-time care of grandchildren in cases of Strong Proven Leadership 445 . New Zealand Superannuation has been adjusted annually for inflation and against the average ordinary wage. In the last decade. knowledge and experience older people contribute to their families and communities.

We want to ensure they are supported by coordinated and responsive health and disability support programmes. A million Kiwis now pay no more than $16 to see a GP and the cost of most prescription medicines has been cut to no more than $3. Labour has worked hard to improve the affordability. We will continue to ensure older New Zealanders have financial security and their rights are protected. Although on average older New Zealanders are enjoying better health for longer. Without good health. whanau and community life. Today …Superannuation for a married couple is 66. Our vision is that older people will be able to fully participate in decisions about their health and wellbeing and in family. Technological and medical advances have enabled many people with disabilities to live longer. In April 1999. Labour will continue to adjust NZ Superannuation to ensure that the rate for a married couple is equivalent to at least 66 percent of net average ordinary time weekly earnings. with the alignment of the Unsupported Child’s Benefit and Orphan’s Benefit with the Foster Care Allowance weekly board rates. Ten years from now …Superannuitants will continue to receive financial security through the annual adjustment of NZ Superannuation. We have introduced primary healthcare subsidies so that everyone is able to get cheaper doctors visits and cheaper prescription medicines. In October 1998 the National government set out a plan to let Super fall as a proportion of the average wage until it hit just 60 percent. their options are limited and their general levels of contentment and happiness are likely to be reduced. accessibility and quality of health services for older New Zealanders. The suitability of housing and the ability of people with disabilities to remain living Strong Proven Leadership 446 . We are also absolutely committed to maintaining the age of eligibility at 65 years.family breakdown now receive increased support. the rate payable to a married couple fell to 62. Ten years ago …Superannuation was frozen in real terms.48 percent of the average wage.66 percent of the average wage. Labour’s goals for the health and wellbeing of older New Zealanders are set out in the Health of Older People Strategy published in 2002. older people are less able to enjoy their lives to the fullest. Health and Wellbeing of Older New Zealanders Good health is critical to the wellbeing of older people. We will continue to support older New Zealanders who care for their grandchildren and ensure they receive similar support to other carers. it remains important to appropriately support those with disabilities.

Labour will strengthen aged care workforce development and regulation by reviewing staffing and funding guidelines including consideration of specified minimum staffing levels. We will investigate the introduction of aged care qualifications so that workers in the sector have greater career progression possibilities and can offer more effective services. Labour will ensure that the results of audits of aged care facilities are made publicly available.000 for singles and $30.000 on 1 July of each year. Labour will implement a comprehensive workforce development programme for all those working in the aged care sector including carers. We also want to see wages rise in the sector. Labour has committed to the progressive removal of asset testing for older people in long-stay residential care.000. in much the same way that the Education Review Office’s school audits are. We will establish a Ministerial Aged Care Residential Working Group to look at workforce development through a five year plan. and another $4 million investment by District Health Boards for workforce development. We have increased the asset threshold (the level at which the value of assets needs to be equal to or below) from $15. We know that low pay and high staff turnover are a major workforce issue in aged care. Labour will continue the progressive removal of asset testing for older people in long-stay residential care by increasing the asset thresholds by $10. home support workers and nurses at all levels. which is why we recently announced an immediate $5 million injection into the sector to increase pay rates. We want more transparent processes so individuals and families have access to good quality information about rest home services. Labour is committed to ensuring that older people have access to high quality aged care facilities and the highest possible standard of health care.000 for couples to $180. This means older people retain more of their assets and still qualify for a government subsidy to help meet the cost of their care. We will develop regulations to underpin new staffing requirements. Strong Proven Leadership 447 . We recently announced a $4 million investment to upskill staff in the sector to level 2 and 3 qualifications.successfully in the community will be dependent on the availability of formal and informal care.

We have restored income-related rents for state housing so that qualifying lowincome tenants pay no more than 25 per cent of their income in rent. to provide more information on how to make a complaint and make the complaints process more accessible. and older New Zealanders in rest homes or other forms of care are no different. Labour believes there is a place for regular wellness checks. and it is an unfortunate fact that abuse and neglect do sometimes occur. or community-based housing. as part of the patient's overall health management. older people will visit their GPs more frequently. administered by nurses. Labour will continue to offer solutions that ensure older New Zealanders have homes that meet their needs. Labour will enhance the awareness of green prescriptions for older people. Labour will investigate the introduction of nurse-led wellness checks in primary care for older people.All health consumers have the right to make a complaint about the services they receive. A Green Prescription is a health professional's written advice on physical activity. Labour will ensure the availability of robust and effective complaints processes. It's a smart and cost-effective way to help and support older people to stay healthy and improve their quality of life. We will investigate ways to strengthen complaints processes. Independent living in a secure. On introducing Strong Proven Leadership 448 . Labour is committed to helping them to remain there for as long as possible. rental housing for people on fixed incomes. safe and warm home Even later in life. Older people in care are some of the most vulnerable New Zealanders. We will strengthen providers’ accountability by ensuring there are robust abuse and neglect guidelines in all District Health Board contract specifications for eldercare providers. With our aim of progressively reducing fees for older people to visit their doctor. most older New Zealanders live in their own homes. to complement older people’s visits to their GP. Labour will ensure that prevention of elder abuse and neglect guidelines are included in all District Health Board contract specifications for elder care providers. whether it is home ownership.

The adjustment to allow for the CPI will occur annually and have the effect of inflation-proofing the Rates Rebate Scheme.income-related rents in 2000. We will ensure better protection and information is available to prevent exploitation and inequities.000 to $21. the vast majority without a mortgage. The Rates Rebate Scheme provides a subsidy to low income home owners for rates. For many. Labour believes it is important that older New Zealanders have the choice of remaining in their own home. We recently launched a Code of Practice to enable older people to access these schemes with the confidence that there are appropriate checks and balances in place. The release of several new ‘home equity release’ products into the New Zealand market has raised issues about standards and practices associated with reverse mortgages and the like. their home is the only major asset they have accumulated over their lifetime. and 70 percent those aged 85 years and over.180. Labour will enshrine the Code of Practice for Home Equity Release Schemes into law. Most older New Zealanders own their own home. We have offered funding to organisations providing community-based housing to assist with installing floor and ceiling insulation and efficient shower heads. As of 1 July 2008. with priority given to older people and people with health problems such as asthma and other chronic respiratory conditions. These changes reflect the movement in the Consumers Price Index (CPI). the maximum rebate has increased to $530 and the income abatement threshold from $20. making more people than ever before eligible. own their own home. Labour is committed to protecting the rights of older New Zealanders. Labour will recognise the importance of allowing older people to remain in their own homes by continuing to expand the provision of home-based support. draught proofing of doors. Called Retrofitting. hot water cylinder wrapping. while ensuring the Code is consistent with other Financial Advisors’ legislation. We realise that independence is important for older people who remain in their own homes but we also realise this can sometimes make them vulnerable. Home-based support plays a vital role in helping older people maintain their independence. 85 percent of state housing tenants saved between $20 and $80 a week. Labour increased the rates rebate thresholds. Seventy-five percent of older New Zealanders aged 65 years and over. especially if Strong Proven Leadership 449 . this service is free to Community Service Card holders. We have also protected the interests of residents and intending residents of retirement villages through the Retirement Villages Act 2003. These home makeovers are available to the whole community.

services and concessions. Labour will prioritise retrofitting of home insulation. damp-proofing and adequate affordable heating for older New Zealanders. Labour will continue to make free off-peak travel on public transport available to older New Zealanders nationwide through the SuperGold Card. where reasonably possible.they have a chronic health condition. That is why we removed mandatory on-road driving tests for older drivers as long as their doctor remains confident in their ability to drive safely.community participation and support Labour is committed to ensuring that older New Zealanders are able to maintain active fulfilling lives and participate fully in our communities .making our New Zealand Positive Ageing Strategy mean more than just words. We need to ‘future-proof’ our houses so that residences remain liveable and accessible for people throughout their lives. Positive ageing . We will promote this type of housing through state housing. central government partnerships with local authorities and private/community housing providers. to their communities and New Zealand as a whole. Mobility is an important factor in enabling older people to remain healthy. the design and construction of residences to ensure that a higher proportion of the housing stock is suitable to meet the needs of people of all abilities including the elderly. friendship and community participation. It is our goal that older New Zealanders who remain in their own homes are able to contact emergency services as soon as possible should they suffer an accident or medical emergency. As New Zealand renews and expands its housing stock. with more people living longer into an active retirement. double-glazing. as well as easy access to central and local government entitlements. Strong Proven Leadership 450 . The SuperGold Card recognises the contribution senior citizens and veterans have made. and continue to make. We know the ability to carry on driving enables older people to remain independent. Labour will investigate ways to increase the availability of fully subsidised personal alarms for older people living in their own homes. Labour will encourage. The Card gives seniors access to discounts on a wide range of goods and services from SuperGold Card “business partners”. We will promote the design of homes suitable for people of different abilities so that older people can remain in their own home for longer. we also need to take account of our ageing population. This includes increasing opportunities for personal growth. socially connected and active.

consistency. Other concerns raised relate to the Scheme being restricted to areas with access to buses. and coverage of the Scheme.000 people over three years. A recent funding boost has allowed 60 percent more people to make use of the scheme. That’s 69. inequalities have arisen regarding eligibility and entitlement. And since October 2008. trains and ferries. We have also worked to get older people more mobile with the Total Mobility Scheme that provides a subsidised taxi service to people with serious mobility constraints by way of taxi vouchers that provide a discount of (usually) 50 percent off the normal taxi fare. Since the launch of the Card the number and range of participating companies and discounts available to cardholders continues to grow significantly. emotional and financial abuse. Labour will continue to promote and seek to expand the range of concessions available through the SuperGold Card. free off-peak travel on public transport is now available to SuperGold cardholders across the country. sustainability. Only half of the elder abuse cases Age Concern deals with are referred to the police. There are currently about 530. Labour will continue to implement the recommendations from the review of the Total Mobility Scheme which provides subsidies taxi services to people with serious mobility constraints and funding assistance for the purchase and installation of wheelchair hoists in taxi vans. The scheme also provides funding assistance for the purchase and installation of wheelchair hoists in taxi vans. and to those aged under 65 who receive New Zealand Superannuation or a Veteran’s Pension.000 SuperGold Card holders.It is available to all New Zealand residents aged 65 years or older. our investment in services to prevent elder abuse will increase until these services are fully funded in 2012. The review showed that because there are significant regional variations in the way the Scheme is being operated. sexual. Thanks to the new sustainable funding initiative for community groups. As at 30 September 2008 there were 953 business partners representing 4. Many victims are reluctant to lay criminal charges against family members and caregivers. Labour will identify options to improve the adequacy. Labour has published the New Zealand Carers’ Strategy and Action Plan to Strong Proven Leadership 451 . In some cases they are also essential to helping older people cope with everyday living. along with issues relating to administration and transport providers.949 outlets nationwide. Labour recognises that elder abuse and neglect is a destructive and all too often hidden problem. Labour will continue to support and strengthen elder abuse and prevention programmes including physical. Keeping older people safe from abuse and neglect requires ongoing action. portability. Friends and family are important to making older people’s lives active and fulfilling.

practical advice and support to families in areas such as budgeting. and older people themselves benefit from the opportunity volunteering offers them to keep connected with their communities.000 New Zealanders who assist friends and family members who need help with everyday living because of ill health. nutritious cooking. Labour believes that older people should be encouraged and given the support they need to get involved in the community in ways that are suitable and comfortable for them. We realise that some older people feel isolated and disconnected from their communities but we also know they have a wealth of information and experience and can play important roles in their community. disability or old age. Labour will support and further expand the SAGES programme to cover the costs of more older volunteers. The Action Plan will help to deliver our vision for carers over the next five years so that their roles are better recognised and valued. Mentors provide information. Strong Proven Leadership 452 . encouragement. SAGES is a programme where older people are trained as home and life skills mentors for families and individuals in their community. Labour will encourage and support older people contributing to the voluntary sector as a means of combating social isolation and building stronger and healthier communities. positive parenting and networking. Communities benefit from the knowledge and experience of older people.address some of the issues that impact on the nearly 420. Labour will continue to challenge the notion of older age as a time of retirement and withdrawal from society.

Supporting and investing in New Zealanders Labour’s policy for Social Development 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 453 .

Strong Proven Leadership 454 .

to develop as individuals. We are engaging with these individuals to help them plan for the future. More people receiving sickness benefits and invalid’s benefits are saying they would like the opportunity to participate in paid work. our country. “Social development” is about giving people the support they need to become self. Our older people can also need additional help to ensure they are able to live with dignity and security. hapu Strong Proven Leadership 455 . Labour in government has transformed the way we think about social policy. and participate in. the support and services they need to live active and fulfilling lives. The old “social welfare” was primarily about the passive payment of benefits. We remain committed to offering those who are sick or disabled. We know that this can only be achieved by giving New Zealand families the support and resources they need to give their children the best start in life. sense of identity. We know that a good government has to invest in people so they can secure a job. Labour is committed to understanding and responding to people’s individual circumstances. We know that our communities.reliant. and able to support their members’ wellbeing.Introduction Labour believes social and economic development go hand in hand in building a successful New Zealand. and be part of a vibrant and cohesive community. Our policies include Working for Families. reducing the cost of GP visits and increases to the minimum wage. We want to build families and whanau that are strong and connected with their communities. We know there are some New Zealanders who are unable to work. to achieving a good standard of living for the whole family. Free Early Childhood Education. participation and interdependence. grow strong and resourceful families. Labour is committed to ensuring that high-quality services are available to enable all New Zealanders to contribute to. For a small number of vulnerable families with high needs there is a need to offer further intensive co-ordinated support. We have been driven by the belief that work should provide an adequate income and that our social assistance system should support people into work. and participate positively in society now and in the future. build a better life for their children and participate in their communities. Our social development policy is about supporting New Zealanders. Sustainable employment is crucial to self-esteem. and to providing a foundation for the success of current and future generations. afford a decent place to live. or who have caring responsibilities. training or other activities. The Labour Party was built on the philosophy that the best route out of poverty is paid work. young and old. knowledge and experience older New Zealanders contribute to their families and communities. either in the short or in the long term. We value the skills. We want all of our children to have the opportunity to reach their full potential.

Our families will continue to have more choice in balancing their paid work with family responsibilities through investment in paid parental leave. means that now. their families. We want to build capacity in the community to do this job well.and iwi are crucial sources for identifying those who are vulnerable and providing the necessary support. At the same time. Those who are starting work will benefit from the in-work tax credit. Labour will continue to ensure that being in work pays for those moving off benefits. together with increases to the minimum wage. Ten years ago over 15% of the working age population was on a benefit. Working for Families was a major step forward in ensuring that families had an adequate income and clear incentives for paid employment. incentives and services they need to care for themselves. fewer children in families whose main source of income is a benefit and more families with the ability to support themselves. Strong Proven Leadership 456 . Ten years from now we will see even more people supported to participate and contribute to their community. Today that figure has dropped to around 10%. doctors’ visits and childcare. neighbours. resources. Supporting New Zealanders into paid work During this decade New Zealand has experienced a strong economy. Those who are on benefits are supported to plan a pathway into work or training that is tailored to their individual circumstances. and communities. those moving off benefits can be confident they will continue to receive support for essential costs such as accommodation. While Labour is steadfastly committed to providing the safety net of welfare assistance for the nation’s most vulnerable. The in-work tax credit. Labour believes that the community as a whole needs to care for its members. those on benefits faced limited incentives and limited support to help them into work. flexible working arrangements and more out-of-school services. a higher minimum wage and increased child care support. We’ve done this by making work pay. we’ve also worked to avoid trapping families in welfare dependency. work really does pay. Our social development policy is designed to ensure all New Zealanders have the skills. with low unemployment.

A stronger and clearer regime is to tie the level of abatement to the minimum wage. rather than directly deducted from the benefit. This will ensure that those with second incomes do not have too much tax deducted from their pay packet. Any fixed level of abatement-free income runs the risk of becoming outdated and reducing work incentives. Labour is also committed to ongoing increases in the minimum wage to at least keep pace with changes in the average wage. lift the weekly earnings threshold so that beneficiaries can earn the equivalent of ten hours on the minimum wage before their benefit income starts to reduce.g. Labour will change the treatment of ACC payments for those receiving benefits so that they are treated as income. This helps ensure there is an incentive to move off a benefit altogether. the weekly earnings threshold at which benefit abatement begins will be lifted to $100 from the current $80 By 1 April 2011. Providing a threshold of income that may be earned before abatement begins is important in providing incentives for beneficiaries to stay connected to the labour market and also recognises that people can face additional costs (e.The benefit abatement system Working for Families has helped create full-time work incentives for families with children. the abatement threshold will be lifted to $120 By 1 April 2012. the earnings threshold will continue to increase in line with minimum wage changes.5% which will apply to those earning income as well as receiving a benefit. After the five years. Labour will. With these full-time work incentives in place. This will create a long-term and robust system that sends a clear message about the connection between hours worked and the abatement of benefits. transport costs) when they enter a job. Labour’s path for increases to the weekly earnings threshold is as follows: • • • By 1 April 2010. the abatement threshold will be lifted to $140 We also recently announced a new secondary tax rate of 12. Strong Proven Leadership 457 . The purpose of benefit abatement is to withdraw the benefit from people as their income increases and their ability to make ends meet by their own means improves. there is now an opportunity for strengthening incentives for part-time work. within five years.

This affects people whose level of weekly ACC compensation is sufficiently low that they are also entitled to some benefit. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks. Labour will introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. Current work assistance training has been successful in preventing many people from ever needing the unemployment benefit. Periods as a full-time caregiver to a child or a sick or infirm relative will also count towards the ten years total. even those who are unable to work in the short term are encouraged to plan for the future. We will not force someone into work when a doctor has certified they are sick. Labour will also expand access to training and vocational support for people who aren’t on benefit but want to return to the workforce. We will also continue to offer support for personal development and participation in voluntary work for those who cannot access paid work. Strong Proven Leadership 458 . Vocational support and training Labour will continue to support people into paid work. We will continue our investment in wage subsidies. The course will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration. We will make sure support is available for women with a partner in work who have been full-time caregivers but who now wish to go back into paid work. and we want to extend that support to other groups. This retraining allowance will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. This allowance will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. Under this approach. We want to encourage and support all New Zealanders into work. We don’t believe that people should have to start receiving a benefit before they can get help. Using the same approach for ACC payments as applies to other forms of income is a fairer way to treat people in this situation. but we will not prevent them from having a go. This will include expanding and accelerating the roll-out of Providing Access to Health Solutions (PATHS) and the Health Innovation Fund that offers health services for those seeking to move into work. and increased availability of training and supported employment (where people with disabilities are hired in jobs and provided with ongoing support). intensive case management.

The idea behind the Core Benefit is that the type of income support a person is receiving will not be relevant to the service and support that they receive. which can provide a range of emergency assistance and support.We will also ensure that young people continue to get supported when making the transition into paid work as part of our broader Schools Plus policy. to move them towards achieving the goals of participation in work and community life. legislation and service delivery changes to significantly move the focus of support and services from main benefit types to individual circumstances. We will encourage anyone who is struggling to make ends meet to talk to Work and Income.In addition. Labour will continue to put a strong emphasis on ensuring that all beneficiaries receive their full and correct entitlement. greater efforts will be made to ensure new migrants are enabled to secure employment appropriate for their interests and their qualifications and skills. Further service enhancements will focus on a simplified approach that continues the focus on the client first. This includes the Job Search Service. All clients receive a service that helps them plan for their future. This is the first phase in the move towards a Core Benefit. reducing compliance and focusing on providing the appropriate support services to enable clients to achieve positive outcomes in their lives. health and disability co-ordinators support health practitioners and there are more staff working directly with employers in their workplace. Reforming the benefit system The ‘Working New Zealand’ programme has delivered a range of policy. completing the implementation of the Core Benefit. In order to ensure that all New Zealanders have access to government and community services. changes to employment and training programmes to make them more widely available and the alignment of benefit rules to make the system easier to understand. There is now one medical certificate for people applying for Sickness and Invalid’s Benefits and people receiving an Invalid’s Benefit don’t have to re-affirm their condition at regular intervals if it is unlikely to change. we will continue to bring those Strong Proven Leadership 459 . Specialist health and disability advisors work alongside case managers and clients. whether it is about work or participation in their community. Labour will continue to shift the social security system towards a focus on individual circumstances rather than benefit category. The Social Security system will be focused on delivering a tailored set of services to individuals based on their circumstances and those of their family. Rather. the service delivery model will have evolved to remove unnecessary compliance around benefit types.

7.000 New Zealanders were unemployed.services together for people who live in rural areas and small towns through Heartland Services. Strong Proven Leadership 460 . we have boosted the incomes of low and middle income families and made sure that work pays. Supporting workers and employers to prosper in a changing economy (000s) 2250 Sustainable employment is the best way for individuals to achieve social and economic independence. There will be more focus on developing skills and productivity. and enabling workers to move between jobs. to one where people are equipped with the right skills for the job.6% of the labour force (June 1998). unions. restructuring. unemployment has fallen dramatically. Through Working for Families. We have seen a shift in emphasis from finding any job. Ten years ago 144. and significant increases in the minimum wage are boosting incomes for those at the bottom of the labour market. This includes investment in training to ensure that workers can move into equivalent. As New Zealand continues its process of transformation into a high value. and maximise job opportunities. It also helps industries and businesses to grow. Today the unemployment rate has remained below 4% for 4 years (June 2008). This is critical for the benefit of the individual. Employment in New Zealand 2000 Houshold Labour Force 1750 1500 In the last decade. or better. prosper and in turn assist more workers to develop greater skills. there will be increasing need to support workers to move between jobs. high wage economy. The priority of employment policies was to try and find people work. Ten years from now families will have more choice around paid work and caring responsibilities. 1250 1000 Jun-90 Jun-91 Jun-92 Jun-93 Jun-94 Jun-95 Jun-96 Jun-97 Jun-98 Jun-99 Jun-00 Jun-01 Jun-02 Quarter Jun-03 Jun-04 Jun-05 Jun-06 Jun-07 Jun-08 Work and Income are better connected to the needs of employers to identify their workforce needs. and closing are a necessary feature of today’s fastmoving and adaptive economy. and also for the economic transformation of New Zealand. Firms opening. There are now established mechanisms for government. Creating industry partnerships is an effective way for industry and government to work together to minimise skill and labour shortages. jobs in the labour market. high skill. employers and agencies to work together to help smooth transitions throughout these cycles of change.

changing business practices. Strong Proven Leadership 461 . We will place a particular focus on firms in rural areas or small towns who may find it difficult to access existing programmes and support. We will ensure that agencies work closely with Industry Training Organisations to provide re-training support.Labour will encourage notification to government agencies of potential or upcoming redundancy situations. This will include building and disseminating knowledge. This might include skills development. Labour will ensure that government agencies work constructively and collaboratively to help meet specific productivity and performance challenges facing individual firms. Labour believes that there is also a need to ensure that all firms are able to access the wide range of support available for their businesses at an early stage. We will look at whether there is a gap in terms of the level of support available in relation to large-scale redundancies. before they face the risk of failure. Labour will work with firms to help them access the services they need to improve their productivity. We will refine the co-ordinated rapid response by government agencies to redundancies and raise awareness about the support available. We will continue to focus on improving the working lives of the most vulnerable members of the labour force and to strengthen protections available to workers. In the near term. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. Periods as a full-time caregiver to a child or a sick or infirm relative will also count towards the ten years total. This will include working closely with employers to prepare and offer support to their workers at the earliest opportunity. the prospect of fall-out from the international crisis also requires us to have new plans for workers whose jobs might be affected. Labour will implement more active labour market policies and programmes which provide security and support for workers in a changing economy. business development and productivity improvement. on the same basis as a student allowance but with no spousal income test. expertise and capability on how to best use and manage the resources available to achieve good business and good work outcomes. Labour will introduce a new re-training allowance.

flexible working arrangements and good parental provisions will make work-life balance a key consideration in any well-functioning workplace. Much of that has been through wage increases. But Labour is also proud to have helped increase family incomes through Working for Families. with Enterprising Enterprising Communities assistance is focused on achieving labour market outcomes for communities and groups who are disadvantaged in the labour market. Labour will expand community partnerships Communities Grants over the next term. Increasingly. Labour’s labour market policies will continue the focus on choice and flexibility. and the spectre of unemployment never seemed far away. and we’ve raised the minimum wage to ensure all working people have benefited.Productivity improves when employees and employers work together to achieve a shared vision – it is not about working longer. there have been record increases in employment – more people have jobs than ever before – and the number of families needing benefit assistance has fallen substantially. many families suffered falling wages. Supporting families to give every child the best start in life We all know that the opportunity for individuals to reach their full potential is strongly influenced by experiences during the early years of life. Working for Families has put tax dollars back in the pockets of more than half of 2002 2004 2006 2008 Proportion of population below threshold (%) 0 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 Strong Proven Leadership 462 . The aim is to help these groups develop initiatives leading to sustainable opportunities for employment and financial independence. If you grow up in a safe. Proportion of children in poverty 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 Family incomes have also risen. Enterprising Communities Grants help community organisations design and implement projects that create skills and job opportunities for people who are finding it hard to get work. In the past. it is about working smarter. nurturing environment where you are kept healthy and supported to learn. Today. This decade has seen a lot of changes for families bringing up young children. then you are much more likely to grow up to be a successful and happy adult who is able to make a positive contribution to the community.

and the gaps in health and other outcomes between the best and worst-off remain stubbornly wide. More often than not. education and housing services that will enable them to develop to their full potential.New Zealand families with children. There are still too many children living in poverty even though numbers have declined. It has helped people raising children while on a benefit. Ten years from now all children will have access to the health. The groups providing these services know what their communities need. and intensive services such as one-on-one support and home visiting. Strong Proven Leadership 463 . they are the people in the community that vulnerable families go to first for help. early childhood education and health care costs. The last decade has seen an expansion of existing initiatives and the development of new initiatives to help support families and give children the best start in life. Investing early in children's lives is the most effective strategy for reducing the risk of poor economic and social outcomes. Children under six years old are also able to get free visits to their doctor. children and young people are taken care of. This includes help with housing. The full impact of the Working for Families package will be reflected in the next Household Economic Survey. are respected and valued. Families have also had help in meeting the costs for essential needs. and participate positively in society now and into the future. Today one in six children are living in families with income below the same poverty line. Labour wants to ensure that all children thrive in childhood. But thing aren’t perfect. Ten years ago nearly one in three New Zealand children were living in poverty based on the measure used in the Social Report. But achieving change for our most vulnerable families and communities means more than just improved government services. and what can be done to make sure families. The results are scheduled for release in mid 2009. targeted services that bring different agencies together to offer support to vulnerable communities such as social workers in schools. It is often community-based services that play an important role in supporting families and making sure children get the best start in life. have the opportunity to reach their full potential. Tax cuts from 1 October are giving more money back to families. while also ensuring that people are better off if they take a job. These include universal services that help all families and whānau raise their children. such as parenting information through Strategies with Kids – Information for Parents (SKiP). and are expected to show further reductions in child poverty. They know where the gaps are.

young people and families will be fully funded. and providing a more intensive level of support. Information for Parents – providing resources and training to assist in positive parenting. The Social Report has been produced every year since 2001 to monitor the wellbeing of New Zealanders. Labour will continue to promote strong families. We will expand the provision of support for families who have complex and multiple needs so they are safe and secure and their children get a good start in life. We will also maintain the implementation of Te Rito. Labour will continue to place a firm focus on the value of positive parenting strategies. We will further invest in early intervention family support. We will continue to invest in SKIP – Strategies with Kids. Labour has recognised the need to continue to research and measure poverty and other social outcomes. Labour will continue to support a transparent approach to the publication of information regarding the social outcomes achieved for New Zealanders. the New Zealand Family Violence Prevention Strategy and Family Safety Teams. We will continue to invest in families through the Working for Families package.Labour endorses the Every Child Counts campaign and remains committed to putting children and families at the centre of policy development and implementation. we hope to be able to assist these families before they reach crisis point. Labour will expand the integrated service response for vulnerable families to offer a family-focused case management approach in more communities across New Zealand. Services will build on our existing commitment to increase access to high-quality early childhood education. It will improve the ability to plan ahead. attract and retain qualified staff. and the Household Incomes report monitors income poverty and inequality. The sustainable funding model will give community providers more certainty so they can spend less time worrying about paying the bills and more time focusing on outcomes. We will review family tax credit rates regularly to ensure that children in beneficiary families obtain a decent standard of living and fair educational and recreational opportunities. with integrated departmental and non-government agencies collaboration. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. Strong Proven Leadership 464 . Labour will continue to publish the Social Report every year. By working proactively with these families earlier. offering support and resources to assist them in good parenting. Labour will continue the implementation of Pathway to Partnership so that by 2012 all essential services for children.

they are often the professionals in the community that vulnerable families go to first for help. encouragement. inter-agency and outcome-driven. there has been positive change during this decade. we need public agencies that are strong and effective. one agency can’t do it alone. While international comparisons can be difficult to make. nutritious cooking. But some New Zealand children are not safe in their own homes. collaborative. Communities benefit from the knowledge and experience of older people. And we know that in the overwhelming majority of cases. Social workers in community-based services also play an important role. and older people benefit from the opportunity that volunteering brings in remaining connected to their communities. Supporting children and young people who are at risk of harm Most New Zealanders grow up in a caring and secure environment. There is more support for providers in the family violence sector and more Strong Proven Leadership 465 .The new model will mean there will be annual adjustments for inflation. Social services for children and families will be community-driven. There is now an effective whole-ofgovernment response that works in partnership with the community and voluntary sector. This is why strong partnerships have been developed between the community sector and government agencies. The Taskforce for Action on Violence within Families is helping address this seemingly intractable and complex problem. practical advice and support to families in areas such as budgeting. it is at the hands of somebody who is entrusted with their care. Although every tragedy is one too many. with well-trained professionals working together. positive parenting and networking. To prevent other children from experiencing this fate. and even people who have never lived here. we know that our country does not do well when it comes to children being injured or even killed. SAGES provides information. Many Kiwis living abroad. Labour will support and further expand the SAGES programme to cover the costs of older volunteers. There is general agreement that to deliver responsive services to meet the needs of individual families. as well as ongoing assessment and adjustments in relation to the volume of services required. know that New Zealand is a safe and healthy place in which to raise children.

Quality social work can make a huge difference to the lives of individuals. As a result. families and communities. local responses that lead to permanent and stable care for children and young people. That gives organisations a better ability to plan ahead. we’re seeing a shift in the way people think about family violence. Today over 2000 social workers are registered across New Zealand and the Social Workers Registration Board provides public assurance that there is a basic standard of practice expected from every social worker. and better opportunity to connect families to services as early as possible to prevent more serious problems. while also ensuring young children in care continue to receive the range of services they need to learn. Young People and their Families Act continues to provide an up-to-date. Social workers had no professional framework. they had nowhere to go. Initiatives such as Social Workers in Schools have demonstrated the value of having trained professionals placed where they are accessible and approachable for children and families. Labour will build the capacity and capability of community organisations delivering services to children and families through sustainable funding arrangements. We now have a much stronger statutory agency to work closely with non-government agencies to support vulnerable children and young people. Ten years ago if someone had a complaint about the work of an individual social worker. Labour will complete legislative changes to ensure the Children. The Differential Response Model enables Child. the Social Worker Registration Act was passed to ensure high standards of practice and professional conduct among Social Workers. Ten years from now children and families will be assisted to access the package of professional supports and services that suit their individual circumstances. attract and retain qualified staff. It means there are more options for responding when a report is received.information and services available for families experiencing violence. In the last decade. In 2003. Labour will roll out the Differential Response Model across New Zealand by 30 June 2009 to ensure delivery of the right services to the right people at the right time. Youth and Family to work more closely with non-government organisations also supporting families and young people. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. grow and develop. Labour will ensure high-quality statutory intervention services when children require care and protection from harm. the care and protection system has been strengthened to ensure that there are effective. effective legal framework both for safeguarding New Zealand’s most Strong Proven Leadership 466 .

including the introduction of two new orders for persistent or serious offending by young people improving the criteria for information sharing establishing complaints and review procedures improving the participation of children and young persons in the decisions that affect them recognising the support needs of those moving from care to independence In a very small number of cases.vulnerable children and young people and for responding effectively to offending by children and young people. promoting their wellbeing and that of their families. Labour will continue to implement the Residential Services Strategy. Strong Proven Leadership 467 . Residential staff will work closely with young people to develop individualised care plans that focus on improving wellbeing. while creating opportunities to effect lasting change for individuals. addressing welfare. whanau and family groups. young people and staff. it is now 18 years since the Act was passed and we owe it to New Zealanders to ensure it continues to provide the most effective legal framework for safeguarding our vulnerable children and young people. young people and their families. Labour will ensure that residential services provide a safe environment for children. security and wellbeing of themselves and others. However. education and health needs and preparing young people for transition back to their families and community. enhancing Youth Court orders. We will build further support around children and young people in residential care to deliver a service that is tailored to young people’s needs and focused on outcomes. This includes: raising the age to include 17-year-olds in the same care and protection and youth justice processes as younger children. Young People and their Families Act provides a highly relevant framework for delivering effective services to children. Labour will continue to implement the Care and Protection Blueprint. children and young people pose a challenge to the safety. The Children.

Youth and Family and the Ministry of Health. Youth and Family clients improving services for children and young people with disabilities improving access for. Youth and Family clients in mainstream education and the Correspondence School an inter-agency strategy for children and young people with severe antisocial behaviour Child. abuse and neglect. which outlined our strategy for enhancing the services provided to children and young people who were at risk of. legislation and operational practice related to children and young people with disabilities and their families involved with Child. Youth and Family clients workforce development to support Child. Child. Strong Proven Leadership 468 . or who had suffered from. and the engagement of. Youth and Family Substantial progress has been made on these initiatives and many have now been implemented. Labour wants to provide all children with a safe and supportive home environment. Labour will maintain a focus on the broader needs of children and young people involved with the care and protection system. The ‘Best of Care?” review examined policy.In 2003. In particular we placed a focus on improving health and education outcomes for children involved with Child. Labour will implement the recommendations of the “Best of Care?” review. We are committed to clarifying the funding responsibilities of agencies. Providing a safe and supportive home for disabled children may require additional resources. It looked at the issues surrounding out-of-home placement of disabled children and highlighted some critical issues limiting effective support for disabled children and their families. Youth and Family including: improving information on the health and education needs of Child. Labour released the Care and Protection Blueprint. Youth and Family and District Health Boards implementing joint action plans to improve access to mental health services for Child. Youth and Family clients with Autism Spectrum Disorder improving support for parents with mental health problems or disabilities who have children involved with Child.

The Disability Allowance and Community Services Card levels have also been adjusted every year. In the last decade this has been restored to 65%. the rate payable to a married couple fell to 62. Today Superannuation for a married couple is 66. By running government surpluses in good times and carefully investing in the Superfund.strengthening processes within and between agencies. New Zealand Superannuation has been adjusted annually for inflation and against the average ordinary wage. 15% 10% 5% 0% 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 -5% 20% 2007 2008 Ten years ago Superannuation was frozen in real terms. we have ensured the continued provision of universal Superannuation and prepared New Zealand for an increasingly aging population. Financial security for older New Zealanders Every New Zealander has the right to a decent. and improving access to services.48% of the average wage. Labour will continue to adjust NZ Superannuation to ensure that the rate for a married couple is equivalent to at least 66% of the average wage. Average Wage Growth Under Labour 40% Average Wage 35% 30% 25% Older New Zealanders play a crucial role in supporting the development of our families. Growth since 1999 NZ Super Growth Under Labour vs. Grandparents who have taken on full-time care of their grandchildren in cases of family breakdown now receive increased support.66% of the average wage. with the alignment of the Unsupported Child’s Benefit and Orphan’s Benefit with the Foster Care Allowance weekly board rates. We will continue to support older New Zealanders who care for their grandchildren and ensure they receive similar support to other carers. In April 1999. so that no-one loses this entitlement because of an increase in Super. publicly-provided pension at the age of 65. We will continue to ensure that older New Zealanders have financial security and their rights are protected. In 1998 the floor of New Zealand Superannuation was cut back to 60% of the average wage. In October 1998 the National government set out a plan to let Super fall as a proportion of the average wage until it hit just 60%. Strong Proven Leadership 469 . Ten years from now Superannuitants will continue to receive financial security through the annual adjustment of NZ Superannuation.

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Supporting an Active. Sporting Nation Labour’s policy for Sport and Recreation 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 471 .

Strong Proven Leadership 472 .

. and our country. strong vibrant sports and recreation clubs.the government invests more than $75 million dollars in sport and recreation. Strong Proven Leadership 473 . Ten years from now . over and above the contribution from Lotteries. . Yet only under Labour has sport and recreation received the recognition it deserves. and world class sports leaders and administrators. Ten years ago . Not only are our elite athletes performing well on the world stage. New Zealand started the new Millennium with one of the lowest medal counts in our Olympic history. That is in stark contrast to the recent Beijing Olympics where our Olympic team produced the best overall result in 20 years by bringing home three golds. government funding of the sport and recreation sector was a little over $4 million dollars a year. Sport and recreation binds our communities. as well as 26 top-eight placings cross nine different sports. our regions. independent research also shows New Zealand is bucking the world trend of declining participation in sport and recreation. We are determined to see New Zealand build upon its proud sporting history as a nation that punches above its weight internationally. Not only is sport and recreation a source of great enjoyment and excitement. . so that towards the end of the decade we were seeing participation rates falling and the number of our topranked athletes dropping to disturbingly low levels. . competitive clubs and organisations that can offer solid career pathways to attract the top-notch managers they need to thrive. and to set new benchmarks in sporting excellence across a range of disciplines. We see ourselves as an active. ongoing government investment in the sector will see high participation in grassroots sport and recreation among New Zealanders of all ages. one silver and five bronze medals. and achieving in sport and recreation strengthens our national pride. with participation levels now constant. at the Sydney Games in 2000. Today . .Introduction Sport and Recreation is an important part of the cultural fabric of our nation and an important part of our national identity. sporting people. a solid volunteer base. Labour has a vision of a sport and recreation sector that has high participation levels among all New Zealanders at the grassroots level. In the past decade government funding for the sector has increased 16-fold and this investment is paying off. . In the 1990s there was little focus or funding into the sector. Getting New Zealanders participating in sport and recreation activities has huge benefits for our health and wellbeing. development of our young talented athletes as well as strong support for our existing elite. it can encourage a healthy competitive spirit and unify a country or community. and world class performances from our elite athletes across a range of disciplines.

beyond straightforward sponsorship. There are further challenges to be met in this sector and we will ensure that the right level of investment is going into the right areas so that all New Zealanders can benefit from all that the sport and recreation sector has to offer. social and economic benefits of a high level of participation in sport and recreation activities have widespread flow-on effects in our communities. Labour is also committed to improving the linkages between the business and sport and recreation sectors. Sports. help better connect businesses with their communities and help develop teamwork principles within the business environment. we need to recognise that one complements the other. Labour believes that.000 ‘local’ clubs and gyms and half a million volunteers supporting grassroots sport and recreation in New Zealand. Labour will ensure that taxpayer funding of sports is used in such a way that both community and national organisations are benefiting. An investment in community sport is also an investment in our elite athletes of the future. We believe there is untapped potential in both sectors in building a variety of partnerships. Business can use its expertise to mentor sports organisations in governance. and is committed to ensuring an ongoing investment into local sport and recreation to ensure New Zealanders can reap the benefits from sport and recreational participation. for instance. rather than debating the virtues of grassroots sport versus high performance sport. Labour recognises this. walkways and sports facilities. cycleways.Labour believes that we must keep this momentum going. management and financial administration. can offer valuable databases and customer profiles through their membership systems. Strong Proven Leadership 474 . Labour will continue to increase our funding of community sport and recreation so that our local clubs thrive. The health. The financial difficulties experienced by local sport and recreation groups are sometimes due to a fragmented governance structure that sees national sporting organisations pitted against their own local clubs rather than supporting each other and working together for the good of the sport. Supporting Sport at the Grassroots Level There are an estimated 15. Labour in government has introduced a Business and Sport Partnership initiative to help foster those relationships. We will work with local authorities to increase opportunities for physical activities in our communities through access to parks.

This could include working towards a career in the sector. The purpose of the scholarships is to enable emerging and talented New Zealanders to pursue tertiary study at the same time as their elite level sport development by assisting with their academic fees. New Zealand has just enjoyed its most successful Olympics in 20 years in Beijing but we can’t let up on that momentum. Strong Proven Leadership 475 . approximately 300 athletes across 23 national sport organisations were awarded Prime Minister’s scholarships. High Performance Sport When New Zealand performs and wins on the world stage our national pride soars. our athletes’ international successes help to promote New Zealand and to enhance our image overseas. Labour will continue to support volunteers in the sport and recreation sector by providing resources to assist them in their roles and give them the opportunity to upskill. Labour will assist the New Zealand Academy of Sport to develop a preelite athlete identification programme so that we ensure we are finding and developing New Zealand’s next generation of high-performance athletes and so that our pool of elite athletes grows. We recognise the massive contribution made by volunteers in this sector. In 2008. Labour recognises we need to support our top athletes beyond the sports field and one way we have been doing that is through the Prime Minister’s Athlete Scholarships. The government’s High Performance Strategy needs to be taken to the next level as New Zealand looks to London 2012. Labour will review our Olympic performance and look at how our High Performance Strategy can be honed even further.Labour will ensure many more successful sports and business relationships are developed through the Business and Sport Partnership Initiative by promoting the benefits for both sectors and providing facilitation assistance between sectors. The government's high performance network. but Labour would like to see even more potential worldclass athletes and coaches gaining access to such specialised training and facilities. These people are at the very heart of our grassroots sport and recreation sector and we want to thank them for the important work they do. has been very successful. the New Zealand Academy of Sport. As well as the excitement and pride we feel as a nation.

New Zealand is a world leader in anti-doping issues and Labour will ensure we stay that way by continuing to support the Crown Entity. there is a lack of coordination between the various outdoor recreation providers. Maximising our Outdoor Recreation Opportunities New Zealand is an outdoor recreation lovers’ paradise. adventure and challenge inherent in outdoor recreation activities. Labour is committed to actions that will help to foster recreation in New Zealand. Labour will establish the Sir Edmund Hillary Outdoor Recreation Council to carry out the recommendations coming out of that review to transform and revitalise the outdoor recreation sector.Labour will continue to support our top athletes and coaches to pursue tertiary study or training through the Prime Minister’s Athlete Scholarships. not just in terms of health and wellbeing or in a commercial sense. Strong Proven Leadership 476 . but we must ensure we are making the most of the opportunities available while still protecting our natural environment for future generations. The great outdoors and the adventurous Kiwi spirit are key elements of our national identity. We want New Zealanders to continue to value what the outdoor experience has to offer. but also for the sheer fun. communities and the country as a whole. Labour will work closely with territorial authorities to ensure that outdoor recreation opportunities are available to all New Zealanders and visitors to New Zealand at a low cost but of first-rate quality. That is why Labour in government has initiated an inter-agency review of outdoor recreation in New Zealand. While New Zealand’s outdoor recreation sector is world class. We are fortunate to have the remarkable and diverse landscape that we do. including those who face natural barriers such as the disabled and low income earners. Because outdoor recreation can create a wide range of benefits to participants. Labour will initiate a public awareness campaign to reignite Kiwis’ love of the great outdoors and promote the outdoor recreation activities that we are so fortunate to have access to. to give effect to the World Anti-Doping Code and keep our sports clean. Drug Free Sport New Zealand. Crucial to ensuring a flourishing outdoor recreation sector is ensuring easy access to outdoor recreation opportunities for all New Zealanders.

His outstanding achievements . to be played between the All Blacks and England's rugby team. improve nutrition and increase physical activity will remain a top government priority because improvements in these areas means an improvement in the overall health of New Zealanders.Many of our most famous New Zealanders are associated with the outdoor recreation and sport sectors – the most iconic being the late Sir Edmund Hillary. Our recreational choices are changing. • • • Developing a Healthy Nation Sport and recreation is a vital ingredient in developing a healthy nation but there are still large parts of our communities that are not sufficiently active to maintain basic good health. SPARC.especially the conquering of Mt Everest in 1953 . Sir Edmund Hillary’s name being incorporates into the Young New Zealanders' Challenge of the Duke of Edinburgh's Award. sport and fitness. Under a Labour government. and A $60.have provided inspiration to generations of Kiwi adventure-seekers and outdoor-lovers. Parents face a greater-than-ever challenge in persuading their children to play outdoors or in sports teams because of competing influences such as television and computers. increasing the annual grant from the government to $350.000. The Sir Edmund Hillary Fellowship. which provides for a citizen of India or Nepal which leadership potential to visit New Zealand each year. a number of projects have been initiated to commemorate his extraordinary life: • The ‘Hillary Shield’. Labour will re-examine the physical education programmes in our schools to ensure there is an adequate focus on physical education for schoolage children and that junior sports and recreation activities are being actively promoted through our schools. Modern sports and recreation clubs have to compete with these new activities for young peoples’ leisure time. In addition to establishing the Sir Edmund Hillary Outdoor Recreation Council through the government’s sport and recreation agency. Strong Proven Leadership 477 . It is therefore appropriate that Sir Edmund Hillary’s legacy lives on through initiatives which related to his charitable work and to outdoor recreation.000 funding boost to the Himalayan Trust. programmes and campaigns to reduce obesity.

To ignore these technologies would be to ignore the fact that young people in particular are gaining much of their information from these communication channels. Labour will continue to facilitate a co-ordinated effort by health. We will continue to promote healthy lifestyles through proven successful programmes such as “Push Play” and we will continue to use a range of technologies to get these important messages across.000 international supporters. Labour in government was instrumental in winning the bid to host the 2011 Rugby World Cup and we are committed to making this event the very best it can be. cross-agency approach is needed to achieve the health and activity gains that Labour wants to see. Maximising the Benefit of the 2011 Rugby World Cup In 2011 New Zealand will host the third-largest sporting event in the world and the largest event ever to be held in this country – the Rugby World Cup. Rugby New Zealand 2011 is a joint venture company with the government and the New Zealand Rugby Union being 50:50 shareholders. Rugby New Zealand 2011 Limited has also been established to plan and deliver the tournament in 2011. education and sports agencies to implement programmes that encourage healthy lifestyles. for instance by establishing the Minister for the Rugby World Cup. Labour will work to ensure that the 2011 Rugby World Cup is a worldclass event that is uniquely New Zealand. the Rugby World Cup Government Steering Group and the Rugby World Cup 2011 Government Co-ordination Office. particularly to the younger generation. It is estimated Rugby World Cup 2011 will add $507 million to New Zealand’s gross domestic product.500 corporate and VIP guests. 2.A multi-pronged. But the benefits of hosting the Rugby World Cup go well beyond the direct financial gains. The Rugby World Cup is expected to attract as many as 66. We will create a festival that involves and engages the entire country and that showcases New Zealand to the rest of the world. Labour in government has set up the government framework needed to support this event. Labour will ensure that all relevant government agencies are fully engaged to make the most of every opportunity that the 2011 Rugby World Cup will create. Strong Proven Leadership 478 .500 international media and up to 2.

The 2011 Rugby World Cup is much more than a rugby tournament. Labour will work to ensure that all New Zealanders. The potential spin-offs will be felt for a long time after 2011. Labour will develop a volunteers’ programme for the Rugby World Cup that will raise the profile and importance of volunteering and that will leave a legacy of experienced. Labour will develop an environmental sustainability strategy that is ambitious but achievable and that enhances the tournament and New Zealand’s global reputation. New Zealand businesses have much to gain from the Rugby World Cup and we want to ensure they are aware of those opportunities and ready to take advantage of them. tournament and aftermath. Labour will develop a programme to assist business so that maximum leverage can be gained from the World Cup build-up. One of the key lessons from the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France was the importance of a well-organised volunteers programme. Strong Proven Leadership 479 . Labour believes that a volunteers’ programme that contributes to the success of the 2011 Rugby World Cup and also has ongoing benefits for New Zealand should be a priority for the government in the lead-up to the tournament. Labour believes the 2011 Rugby World Cup must be an environmentally sustainable event. are ready to make the most of this event. skilled and willing volunteers who can continue to benefit a range of sectors. not just rugby fans.

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Working for the Public Good Labour’s policy for the State Sector 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 481 .

Strong Proven Leadership 482 .

for the great results and the opportunities that they produce for us and for our children. Coordinated and Connected Over this decade the state sector has evolved in new directions. social wellbeing and business success. Labour has re-built public services in New Zealand over the last nine years. It has been a gradual and pragmatic process. New guiding principles for the management and organisation of public services emphasise co-operation and co-ordination. healthy educated society support one another. workers and employers. New Zealand's growing economy relies on strong social foundations. and in developing a first-rate workforce and employment environment. ensuring that it continues to play a leading role in achieving sustainability objectives. putting the needs of communities. as citizens. and better results. families and individuals at the core of their work. The government has a Development Goals programme with six set goals to transform the state services in a way that aligns with government priorities and delivers better results for New Zealanders. We have done this because we believe that a successful economy and a vibrant. in serving communities. There is now greater co-ordination between government agencies than ever before. increased numbers of professional staff. seeing them as a force for greater democracy. • Strong Proven Leadership 483 . Two of these goals include: • Networked State Services: using technology to transform the provisions of services and to reduce barriers to sharing information with other agencies Co-ordinated State Agencies: to ensure the total contribution of government agencies is greater than the sum of its parts. Public services have been strengthened with better funding. its integrity and its cost-effective innovation. New Zealand’s public sector is and will continue to be the envy of the world for its excellence in service quality. We will continue to ensure that New Zealanders enjoy confidence in their public services. public infrastructure. A 21st century society must include world-class education. avoiding the slash-and-burn restructurings of the 1990s. health-care. Labour will set a positive direction for the state sector.Introduction Labour is committed to ensuring that our state-sector organisations and public services are highly valued by all New Zealanders. in supporting businesses. justice and social services.

a review panel will include representatives from business. and are now ready for the next generation of challenges in global competitiveness.We need to be internationally competitive in the excellence of our public services and administration. We intend to work with all state sector agencies to seek new models of organisational development and employment practice that will mirror the need for comprehensive. reducing duplication and overheads and developing the state sector workforce to achieve to the highest possible standards of professionalism and ethical conduct. It requires unique organisational arrangements and leadership skills that co-ordinate and reach across many different sectors of society and many different agencies. responsive and experienced. Led by the State Services Commission. Taxpayers will receive value for money and the public sector will use its resources and powers in an efficient. about our health. Labour will ensure the organisational structures within the state sector are kept under review to ensure improved integration and effectiveness. organised around solving problems and finding solutions with communities. hard-working people who care about our children and families. The work of the public service is complex and challenging. There will be a renewed focus on increasing the efficiency and service quality between business and government. We believe that New Zealanders value our public servants as highly professional. Strong Proven Leadership 484 . Many issues needing government involvement are complex and inter-related. Labour intends to lead the state sector to the next level of world-class achievement. There will be no radical or rapid restructurings however. and about the success of our economy. integrated services New Zealanders can trust. not by government acting alone. They are already committed to the best social. It will undertake consultation across New Zealand and will make recommendations to government by the end of 2009. unions. Services need to be closer to communities. environmental and economic outcomes for New Zealanders. The Public Service Career Our country’s public servants are trusted. This includes clarifying lines of accountability. climate change and social development. the community and voluntary sector and iwi. appropriate and effective way. We believe in our public sector managers and professionals as people who are committed to continuous improvement and who want to make a difference.

They grapple daily with complex issues such as how to balance sustainability objectives with business needs. This will ensure that government has a clear and robust set of principles for the structures and employment practices of the state sector. Strong Proven Leadership 485 . Labour will ensure the state sector attracts and retains the best and brightest. One of the Development Goals is for the state services to be attractive to high performers who are committed to service and achieving results. offer independent advice. An important practical first step towards a more integrated public service is to have common leave provisions in public service employment agreements. and are constantly seeking creative ways forward. or how to provide access to services for an increasingly diverse community. employees and unions to collaboratively build the best possible environment for service delivery. career development and professional leadership. and means that departments won’t waste time and effort re-negotiating these provisions. From 1 April 2008 with the closure of the State Sector Retirement Savings Scheme to new members KiwiSaver became the core form of retirement savings in the state sector. This will provide greater consistency across the public service. including through negotiating further Partnerships for Quality with the Public Service Association. aim for better public health.These are the people who protect our borders. We will continue to work with state sector employers. They deal daily with problems and risks on behalf of the community. Labour is now leading the way with a clear set of principles for organisational and employment relations practices in the public sector. Labour will encourage collective bargaining and implement pay equity and work-life balance programmes in the state sector. help to form and support our companies. and unions in the sector will need to be engaged in the process. The so-called ‘New Zealand model’ of the 1990s has had its day. State sector employers are expected to set an example of good employment practice to the rest of the economy. The State Sector Retirement Savings Scheme continues as a viable savings option for existing members (in the core public service). KiwiSaver offers new and existing employees the opportunity to build retirement savings that are substantially enhanced by Government contributions. Graduates will not see the state sector as a ‘second-best choice’ for their career aspirations but as an employer of choice. The whole public sector and those who rely on the services it provides will benefit from this. protect the safety of our communities and provide many other essential services. Labour will continue its commitment to the partnership process.

A sector-led review of the implementation of the Statement of Government Intentions is currently underway. New Zealand has a world-leading reputation for public-service integrity. guidelines and training. Labour will continue to value the contribution of community. the Public Service Association. Constructive relationships will be built on mutually-understood goals and flexible agreements that allow communities to determine their own futures. or by variation. Strong Proven Leadership 486 . governance arrangements and working realities of community. New Zealand’s public service is second to none in this regard. Working with the Community and Voluntary Sector The state sector will work in partnership with community organisations. voluntary and iwi/Maori organisations to good policy making and the delivery of effective services. Government departments and the sector will work together to develop and improve consultation processes through sharing best practice. and due to report shortly. voluntary and iwi/Maori organisations with whom they interact. effectiveness and innovation. opportunities and well-being of New Zealanders. private enterprise and trade unions to improve the wealth. Working with Business The international experience is that a public service that is transparent. which will apply to the 35 public service departments.Government Relationship is reflected in the accountability documents of all government departments and agencies. with the aim of having all employees covered by 1 July 2009. Labour will require that the Statement of Government Intentions for an Improved Community . Demonstrated leadership from public service chief executives and senior managers will ensure that all departments and agencies have a good understanding of the values.Labour will continue to introduce common leave provisions across the public service as part of regular departmental negotiations. The provisions. have been agreed as part of the Partnership for Quality Agreement between the government. and the State Services Commissioner. professional and trusted will deliver the conditions for business so they can invest with confidence. We will give due consideration to any recommendations for improvement that it puts forward.

Labour will ensure that businesses and self-employed people will have access to a ‘one-stop shop’ liaison with government. which works alongside employers. we will achieve greater co-ordination of services between departments such as IRD. while at the same time preserving regulatory standards. Labour will make further changes to lead and enhance that record. integrated services. our public service was rated first-equal in the world for the third year in a row for its lack of corruption. Business should be able to expect prompt. equitable. timeliness of service. The ranking came in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index which assesses 180 countries. Labour will also continue to provide support for the Partnership Resource Centre. unions and staff to help them develop constructive partnerships. Delays and costs need to be minimised. will be fully accessible. We have the best record on earth. To make life easier for small and medium-sized enterprises. We will ensure that such a system. Such standards need to be clearly stated. There will be ‘no wrong door’ for anyone seeking go-ahead solutions to practical business problems. Strong Proven Leadership 487 . The growth of ‘e-government’ online will rapidly make such efficiency and integration an everyday reality. or work through particular problems. This principle will extend to local government and resource consents. improve their current partnership practices. These tools will be developed in consultation with business. helpful. including by New Zealanders with sight-impairment.In 2008. when implemented. ACC and the Department of Labour. courtesy and helpful problem-solving are the standards that enterprising New Zealanders can expect from their dealings with government administration. and consistent. in the interests of the whole community. Labour will develop and implement tools that reduce the repetition of form completion. The World Bank’s “Doing Business Index” ranked New Zealand number two in its global survey on how much “the regulatory environment is conducive to the operation of business”. which has been a barrier to efficient communication between government and small business. Accessibility.

Change has to begin at the local level. The Treasury. In a world-leading move. Strong Proven Leadership 488 . the 35 core public service departments have begun work to achieve carbon neutrality as part of the government's push towards sustainability.The Public Service Leading Sustainability New Zealand needs to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. develop an emissions reduction plan and implement the actions in their plans. All 35 agencies will complete an annual emissions inventory. environmental sustainability and carbon emissions reduction. and Labour and the agencies of government are leading by example. This programme involves a three-step process: • Measuring the greenhouse gas emissions from the agency’s activities. The six lead agencies are Ministry for the Environment. Labour is committed to achieving carbon neutrality for six lead agencies by 2012. These mostly come from burning fossil fuels to generate electricity or for transport. Our goal to achieve carbon neutrality from 2012 across the core public service will demonstrate nationally and internationally New Zealand's commitment to pulling its weight on climate change and creating a sustainable nation. Reductions achieved by the state sector count in our national inventory and so reduce the cost for New Zealand under the international climate change treaty. The state sector will set the example for the rest of the economy in energy efficiency. the Kyoto Protocol. Labour will maintain the drive toward sustainability by showing what this means in practice for business and households. They will report on this process to the Ministry for the Environment each year. and the Ministry of Economic Development. the Ministry of Health. Offsetting remaining emissions by undertaking projects to remove an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere or prevent it being released. • • The programme will use New Zealand-based projects to offset the greenhouse gas emissions where this needs to occur. the Department of Conservation. with the other 29 agencies being on the path to carbon neutrality by 2012. Reducing those emissions. Inland Revenue.

Better Access For A Better Future Labour’s policy for Tertiary Education 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 489 .

Strong Proven Leadership 490 .

New Zealand has witnessed a serious and on-going re-assessment of the tertiary education sector’s role. regardless of who they are or where they come from. A major step forward was the establishment of the Tertiary Education Commission to bring together the responsibility for all post-school education and training within one agency. This approach is fundamentally different from previous arrangements. Ensuring Quality and Relevance During this decade. Quality education ensures that every Kiwi. have seen major changes in the approach to funding. The number with higher-level tertiary qualifications has also increased. meeting stakeholders’ needs and developing a culture of continuous improvement rather than raw enrolment statistics. can achieve to their full potential and contribute to New Zealand’s society and economy. It has involved a greater focus on student achievement. and aims at improving tertiary education quality. our country has also started to set out specific strategic aims and objectives for what we want the tertiary education system to achieve. plan.Introduction Labour believes every New Zealander should be entitled to access quality public education of the highest standard throughout their lives. We want to ensure that an integrated approach is taken to tertiary education and that barriers to participation are eliminated. This has involved important changes in terms of the way we think about. The last two years. which has created an exciting new framework. We want to ensure that our tertiary education system is focused on quality and relevance. For the first time. in particular. Labour is committed to a quality tertiary education and training system that will support New Zealand’s economic and social development. Strong Proven Leadership 491 . with around half a million students enrolled in formal study. By 2006 the number of New Zealanders of working age holding a tertiary qualification had risen to 36 per cent compared with 26 per cent a decade earlier. The number of New Zealanders taking part in all forms of tertiary education has significantly increased. and fund tertiary education as a whole. and to develop a more active approach to funding. regulation and provision of tertiary education.

Ten years ago… tertiary education was run on a purely market basis. through the Tertiary Education Commission. Labour is building a network of provision with each individual tertiary education organisation making a distinctive contribution to the network. Labour will ensure. such as engineering and information technologies. Labour will continue to maintain the real value of funding rates (through the Student Achievement Component) for tertiary education providers. In 2005 we also introduced and funded a ‘quality re-investment programme’ to assist polytechnics and wananga to shift their education provision to a higher level of quality. tertiary organisations no longer receive funding based solely on the number of students they are able to enrol – a policy which was leading to a ‘bums-on-seats’ mentality. Ten years from now… the tertiary education system will be adept at anticipating and meeting the skills and knowledge needs of employers and communities. Total tertiary education funding has increased by around 80% this decade. some other obvious gaps. These changes to the way tertiary education operates have been accompanied by increased resources and a wider range of ways to meet tertiary education providers’ funding needs. where tertiary education is driven by institutions’ ability to attract students into the most profitable courses. We have also started a ‘Partnership for Excellence’ programme to match the funding that institutions raise from philanthropy. Networks of provision will reflect the particular mix of education and training that tertiary education organisations offer in each region to meet the needs of that region and of New Zealand as a whole. Labour intends to further embed and build on these changes to ensure that tertiary education is well-placed to meet the needs of our wider society and economy. This means that under the new reforms we have put in place. Our re-shaping of the tertiary education system started with a lift in the number of science students and a very large increase in doctoral students across all disciplines. Today… arrangements are in place so that tertiary education providers focus more on meeting the needs of the communities they serve. Instead. Although Labour places a very high value on university and polytechnic education and recognises the benefits that a skilled workforce brings to this country. with volume the sole indicator of value. Strong Proven Leadership 492 . still need more attention. we do not wish to see our tertiary institutions become mere factories. that the tertiary education system fosters the skills that our economy and society needs. However.

The process will be managed by a panel. and will honour this investment by providing them with high-quality teachers and innovative. This will enable the sector to change from a somewhat ad hoc approach to addressing building and other capital plans towards a more orderly way of prioritising need. which will ensure that capital investments needing some central funding component are managed according to need and according to contribution that can be made to the network of provision. There are two crucial factors that make a difference to whether students do well in their studies: the quality of teaching they receive and how their learning is managed and supported. although it will require an institution to look first to its own balance sheet or surplus assets. Ako Aotearoa now also runs the annual Tertiary Teaching Excellence Awards. and to promote the spread of good teaching practices including in specific areas such as emerging technologies. world-class institutions. and those who are ready to put in the time and capital required to complete a qualification at the tertiary level deserve the best education possible. recognise outstanding teachers. Strong Proven Leadership 493 . Education is a life-long investment. Through initiatives like the establishment of Ako Aotearoa – the National Centre for Tertiary Teaching Excellence – we are supporting ways to continually enhance teaching excellence. Ako Aotearoa is looking at ways to use these people to the best advantage of the whole tertiary sector. We will also provide funding incentives that ensure tertiary education organisations deliver the appropriate support to encourage students to continue with and complete their programmes of study.The latest development in this area is a new capital investment fund of $95 million to be allocated over the next four years. This is the first centre of its kind in New Zealand and a great initiative for tertiary education. It is open to all tertiary education institutions to apply with long term capital asset investment proposals. Labour will continue to support initiatives that are focused on fostering a culture of continuous quality improvement in all parts of the tertiary education sector. The selection process for the awards has identified a magnificent resource of excellent teachers since they began in 2001. Labour will continue to recognise the investment that students are making. Labour will continue initiatives to further lift teaching quality.

initially in institutes of technology and polytechnics. In parallel with this in the university sector. Labour will work to ensure there is the momentum needed to deliver sensible outcomes. best practice will be more easily shared. Each individual tertiary education organisation will make a distinctive contribution to this network. the Tripartite Forum has been a commitment by staff union representatives. This might involve joint procurement. Labour will embed benchmarking capability in the sector. or possibly a part of the sector achieving savings by amalgamating back-office functions such as payroll. clearer qualifications for students and more flexible learning pathways. so that unnecessary duplication is avoided and efficiency and quality are maximised. Another way that collaboration can improve effectiveness is through benchmarking. encouraging more joint curriculum development. and ensure that polytechnics and industry training organisations are working together effectively. The progress from the first round of investment in our new planned approach has been impressive but it is time to lift the momentum even further. Strong Proven Leadership 494 . with a focus on cooperation rather than competition. This includes what is often referred to as ‘overlapping provision’. Labour is building a network of provision to meet the needs of each region and of New Zealand as a whole. This is a longstanding issue and one that will require commitment and compromise from all parties.A more collaborative future Through the development of a more strategic approach to tertiary education. It will be most valuable if it is used as a management tool and not as an accountability measure. Labour will improve the way that institutes of technology and polytechnics (ITPs) and industry training organisation work together. We will foster greater collaboration amongst tertiary education providers. Each tertiary education organisation is expected to deliver according to its particular strengths. With robust data collected over time. We need an ongoing benchmarking capability in New Zealand and it should become a core part of what we do. Benchmarking has been put to good use in the health system and it will be of considerable value for institutes of technology and polytechnics. We will work with the sector to achieve greater cost effectiveness through collaboration. the government and the Vice Chancellors’ Committee to finding ways of addressing issues affecting the sustainability and effectiveness of the university sector.

The performance-based approach instead rewards research excellence with additional investment and early signs are that it is succeeding in its goal of increasing the quality of research. both health research funding and the Marsden Fund for blue-skies research have almost doubled. is at the forefront of knowledge development and critical thinking. Research. Science and Technology funding has increased more than two-and-a-half times. Prior to this. and in particular the university sector. It also plays a vital role in this country’s research and innovation activities. To keep us competitive in the global market place. eight centres of research excellence were identified and funded to support world class research. In addition. Significant changes have been made during this decade to the ways in which research undertaken by tertiary education providers is funding and supported. Collaboration is essential to innovation. is crucial if we are to increase productivity. university success in Foundation of Research. universities and other providers with research programmes had to rely on money earned from student enrolments. Where government has a constructive role to play in fostering collaboration. and often include other tertiary education providers or Crown research institutes as well. Each of these innovative hubs of teaching and research involve more than one university. and research extension into industry. most university research received no direct funding. we need new and more innovative production methods and ways of working. Labour will fund collaborative endeavours where appropriate. Labour will support these endeavours. such as that between university scientists and research institutions. Part of this will involve ensuring that pathways for students between study in one subsector and further study in another are more obvious and better aligned. Instead. Alongside this. At the same time. Supporting Research and Scholarship Tertiary education. Strong Proven Leadership 495 . We will also extend that tripartite process to better define the future relationship between universities on the one hand and polytechnics and wananga on the other.Labour will work with vice-chancellors and sector unions through the tripartite process to strengthen the distinctive contribution of the universities. Most significant has been the introduction of the Performance Based Research Fund.

For the future of science in New Zealand it is important people studying science are able to quickly begin undertaking research in their chosen field. Strong Proven Leadership 496 . An even more significant change came in with the introduction of universal. Labour will continue to invest in the Performance Based Research Fund. Although improving. Public sector investment is at about 75% of the western world average.Ten years ago… tertiary research was funding almost entirely as a by-product of student enrolments. lifting it to $250 million by 2010. Student Support This decade has seen a focus on affordable and accessible tertiary education for all New Zealanders. Labour will increase funding for the Marsden Fund. and new Transformational Research and Development (including new materials) as well as renewable energy research. although that is likely to rise to around 83% by 2011/12 due to already-announced funding. social research. and funding to address the needs of researchers early in their careers. Labour intends to increase the support available to tertiary research. Today… a new funding system ensures that research is funded on the basis of excellence and the contribution it makes. Health Research. Labour will therefore target government investment to encouraging our bright young scientists. This began with the introduction of the ‘no interest while studying’ policy to end the unfair practice of students being charged interest on their student loans while they studied. We do have a lot of collaboration but we need more. Funding levels beyond that will be informed by the results of the latest review of the fund. interest-free loans for all students living in New Zealand from 1 April 2006. while maintaining a broad research base to support the full range of degree-level teaching. New Zealand’s investment in research and development is still well below the western world average. We will also ensure we are making the best use of investments we make in research. Ten years from now… New Zealand will have developed an acknowledged international reputation in areas of strength and importance to our nation. whether it is in the university sector or with Crown research institutes. and several changes have been made to accomplish this.

fees increases will continue to be regulated and no interest will be paid on student loans. and we intend to see it come down even further.The affordability of tertiary study was also tackled by introducing the fee maxima policy. We will keep student loans interest-free. From the beginning of 2009 Labour will make it easier for more students to receive a student allowance. Ten years from now… there will be no parental income testing of student allowances. Labour will increase student allowance eligibility as follows: • From 1 January 2009. fee increases are regulated and allowance eligibility has been widened. Our efforts have been unashamedly centred on students and on making improvements to the student support system. In 2007 the number of student allowance recipients increased by a further 5 percent. Ten years ago… tertiary fees were increasing by over ten percent a year. Today… there is no interest paid on student loans while students are living in New Zealand.743) to approximately $50. the threshold will increase to $70.000 497 • Strong Proven Leadership . We will continue to extend the eligibility of student allowances in 2010 and 2011 and abolish the parental income test altogether in 2012. while allowance eligibility declined and students paid interest on their borrowing. and continue to set limits on fee increases through fee maxima.6 percent. In 2005 the parental income threshold was raised by 20 percent for student allowance recipients – the first time since the current system of parental income testing was established in 1992.318 (already announced) From 1 January 2010. The effect of these changes has been an increase in student allowance recipients for the first time since 2001. and levels are expected to continue increasing in the future. by reducing the age at which parental income is considered and by further increasing the parental income threshold for student allowances. Last year the threshold was raised by a further 10 percent and this year it was again increased by 10 percent. We have already reduced the median time it takes to pay back a loan (for a student who stays in New Zealand) from eight years in 1999 to four years in 2005. We will also continue to make scholarships available for students. widening access to student allowances and increasing the availability of scholarships. In 2006 the number of recipients increased by 4. the parental income threshold will increase from its 2009 level (approximately $45. Labour will continue to make tertiary education more affordable for students and their families. even while still studying.

and in 2005 these scholarships were extended to science and technology subjects. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks. In the modern world. The course will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration. These allowances will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course.000 per annum for course fees for up to four years. learning is now lifelong. due to financial pressures. Bonded Merit Scholarships reward outstanding students with up to $3. It is not something that stops when we leave school or finish an apprenticeship. the threshold will increase again to $100. feel otherwise unable to enrol at a tertiary institution. scientists.000 last year and increasing to 1. the parental income test will be abolished altogether.500 from January 2009. We also support the recognition of excellence whilst studying. Labour will introduce a new retraining allowance. Labour will also introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. the prospect of fall out from the international crisis also requires us to have new methods of financial support for workers needing to retrain.000 From 1 January 2012. funding for the scholarships has been increased and the scholarships have been redesigned to be more accessible to a wider range of students. The introduction of our Bonded Merit Scholarships in 2006 is representative of the government’s support for tomorrow’s leaders. on the same basis as a student allowance. In 2007. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole. skills are increasingly important.• • From 1 January 2011. That will often require a period of retraining. This will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. From 1 January 2008. Labour recognises this and is putting in place measures to support workers to gain new skills throughout their working lives. the success of this programme saw us doubling the number of awards from 500 to 1. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations over the course of their working life. Labour introduced Step Up Scholarships for students studying human and animal health bachelor degrees. but with no spousal income test. Strong Proven Leadership 498 . The scholarships assist students in paying compulsory tuition fees and are especially targeted at raising participation levels by people from low-income backgrounds and those who might. In the near term. In 2004. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. In other words. academics and businesspeople.

Labour recognises that it is a sector that continues to seek more maturation and self determination. At the same time. resulting in a lift from 700 students in 2005 to 1.500 in 2007. international education is an export earning industry that works because people or businesses choose to come here rather than somewhere else. We will also continue to provide ongoing support for generic promotion. Some of these students will want to stay and will be able to stay. through to the formation of lifetime research collaborations and international business partnerships forged by people who spent time at school or university together. and an appropriate emphasis on good pastoral care.3 billion dollars a year to the economy.Labour will also protect the integrity of the student support system by continuing to provide loans only to those studying in approved courses. The quality assurance is better than before. Opportunities range from widening young people’s cultural horizons. Labour will continue to support Education New Zealand’s development of the sector. Strong Proven Leadership 499 . It contributes $2. international students are enriched by their education and living experiences in New Zealand. with emphasis on new market development. educational and social benefits to New Zealand. and by continuing to lend for fees only where there is evidence fees have been paid. a high quality educational experience for overseas students. This has been assisted by the recent introduction of domestic fees for international doctoral students. Research institutions are enriched by smart doctoral students. Like tourism or filmmaking. International education has become a more mature sector over the course of this decade. the policy settings continue to improve. Our education providers are also strengthened academically and financially through international linkages. International education helps equip New Zealand students to thrive in an interconnected world. the market development is deepening and the sector has a growing resilience and a determination to expand. and has significant spill-over benefits for tourism and investment. Labour will continue to support generic promotion of New Zealand education internationally in order to ensure the best value for money. many of whom continue on to post-doctoral study here. International Education International education provides a range of economic.

But aside from still maturing markets. domestically we have not yet resolved the roles of the many agencies involved in order to develop a shared view of the size of the sector. Labour will ensure high levels of co-ordination between various government agencies and Education New Zealand. including devolving further functions as the opportunity arises.Export education is a still maturing sector. Perhaps that should not be surprising given that the level of offshore demand is itself rapidly changing. Strong Proven Leadership 500 . its likely mix and so on.

A Prosperous and Sustainable Tourism Sector Labour’s policy for Tourism 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 501 .

Strong Proven Leadership 502 .

Labour has tackled skills shortages in the industry by working closely with the Tourism Industry Association to launch the Tourism and Hospitality and Workforce Strategy.8 billion to our economy. The tourism industry contributes more than 9 percent of our country’s Gross Domestic Product and directly employs more than 108. International tourism is New Zealand’s single biggest export earner. supported sustainability in the sector by establishing the Sustainable Tourism Advisors in Regions (STAR) programme. but not commercially viable. We have worked closely with industry to plan a sustainable future for the sector through the New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2015. industry to ensure we deliver a world class tourism experience. International tourism expenditure 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Labour has achieved much for tourism. and work in partnership with. We will strengthen our focus on sustainable eco-tourism and mitigation of the effect of tourism on the environment. We have supported tourism communities through the Tourism Demand Subsidy Scheme. and worked with industry to establish and expand the Qualmark Green criteria. Labour’s vision is of a tourism sector that is prosperous and sustainable. protect the environment.1 billion. Total tourism expenditure last year was $20. where commodity prices such as aviation fuel are high and concerns over the environmental impact of long haul flights will increase. Strong Proven Leadership $(billion) 503 . Labour will work to ensure sustainable and continued growth in international visitor numbers. and supported the development of valuable. In response to this. and marketed New Zealand overseas through our innovative 100% Pure New Zealand campaign and the travelling Rugby Ball roadshow. and create prosperity and investment within the sector. Labour will continue to support. projects through the Tourism Facilities Development Grant programme. the industry faces uncertainty. In a challenging international economic environment.000 full time equivalent employees. bed nights and yield. contributing $8.Introduction A thriving tourism industry is vital to New Zealand’s economic wellbeing. We will continue our record of rolling out innovative schemes that are supportive of the tourism industry and communities that are dependent on tourism.

The NZTS has the goal that “In 2015. tourism is valued as the leading contributor to a sustainable New Zealand economy”. Earlier this year. with significant success. For every dollar spent in key markets. Funding overseas marketing campaigns to attract international visitors is a vital investment in our economy. Growth in international visitor numbers is slowing. and a high New Zealand dollar. Labour in Government has worked closely with the sector to develop the New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2015. Full Implementation of the New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2015 In response to a number of challenges facing the tourism industry. Concerns about climate change and the environmental impact of long haul flights to New Zealand are likely to affect the number of international tourists visiting here in the near future. This is attributed to the current international economic climate. Labour will continue to work closely with the tourism industry to implement the New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2015. We will continue to market New Zealand as a 100% eco-tourism destination through innovative overseas campaigns. Our 100% Pure New Zealand campaign has been remarkably successful overseas.Increased funding for marketing campaigns Labour has invested heavily in marketing New Zealand overseas. Increased investment to draw more overseas visitors to New Zealand will temper this slowed growth in visitors. The Strategy is an important framework to secure and strengthen the future of our tourism industry. and we have leveraged the success of the Lord of the Rings film trilogy. the New Zealand economy benefits by a factor of between 11 and 26. Implementation of the Strategy will see the continuation of many current schemes such as the Sustainable Tourism Advisors in Regions (STAR) programme and Strong Proven Leadership 504 . Labour will actively promote marketing campaigns in key overseas markets. We have launched a number of innovative marketing campaigns in key markets. We showcased New Zealand at the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France with an innovative inflatable rugby ball-shaped cinema (which is now moving to London) and launched the ‘What’s On’ campaign to highlight key events and experiences around the country. Now is an important time to further invest in marketing New Zealand as a tourist destination. especially high commodity prices (specifically oil). we released a detailed plan of 92 actions for the Strategy’s implementation.

and is a sustainable driver of the New Zealand economy. there is currently no seed funding specifically for commercial tourism ventures. To encourage business ideas that may have difficulty attracting commercial investment. (The Tourism Facilities Development Grant Programme is only available for non-commercial tourism facilities. Labour will set up an annual contestable fund to provide seed funding for tourism ventures. Maori/cultural tourism. bed nights and yield. attracts investment. and whole-of-industry approaches to pricing and campaigns to increase occupancy rates and profitability. It strengthens our focus on sustainability and environmentally friendly tourism. or affected by.Qualmark.) Labour is committed to aiding the development of tourism businesses that might find it difficult to attract initial private capital or who need a one-off capital injection to bring an entrepreneurial idea closer to fruition. However. New Zealand businesses are currently eligible to apply for a variety of small business development and assistance programmes. tourism are supported and have an excellent standard of infrastructure and amenities The tourism industry is profitable. Given the tourism industry’s crucial Strong Proven Leadership 505 . Labour has a very good record in providing development assistance to small and medium enterprises. The Strategy will ensure that: • • • • New Zealand continues to deliver a world-class visitor experience Our natural environment is protected and enhanced for all to use and enjoy The tourism workforce is further developed and upskilled Communities reliant on. Labour will create a contestable Tourism Innovation Fund to provide seed funding for innovative tourism ideas. Encouraging and fostering entrepreneurial ideas in the sector is critical in maintaining our reputation in an increasingly competitive international tourism environment and in growing visitor numbers. The strategy lays out a whole-of-government approach to the needs of the tourism industry and communities. • Establishment of a Tourism Innovation Fund New Zealanders are entrepreneurial people.

role in the New Zealand economy. this will be an important investment in New Zealand’s economic future. The Innovation Fund will run in tandem with the Tourism Facilities Development Grant Programme. It will also complement the work programme laid out in the New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2015 to assist tourism businesses. Strong Proven Leadership 506 .

A sustainable and efficient transport system for New Zealand Labour’s Policy for Transport 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 507 .

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new technologies and new fuels. We will address the challenges of climate change. increasing funding for research into sustainable and environmentallyresponsible energy resources such as biofuels that do not compete with food production. The challenge we face is to improve the ways in which we travel so that we cause as little damage as possible to the environment and minimise harmful effects on others. integrated. Since 1999 we have increased annual spending on roading from $850 million in 1999/2000 to over $1. with an affordable. in building the capacity of public transport.9 billion in 2008/09. fuel shortages. starting to re-build the rail network and developing and funding a strategy for domestic sea freight. and price fluctuations through a range of initiatives including more efficient public transport. Working Across All Modes of Transport All modes of transport must play their part in a world class transport system. Specific initiatives include taking the majority shareholding in Air New Zealand. accessible and sustainable transport system. is accessible to all New Zealanders. In the past decade Labour has invested substantially in improving our roads. Labour will continue to ensure people and goods can move around New Zealand safely. At the same time we need a transport system that assists economic development. 509 • Strong Proven Leadership . and enabled regional authorities to play a greater part in co-ordinating public transport services. returning the railways to public ownership. and in enabling rail and coastal shipping to play a more significant role in moving freight around New Zealand.Introduction We all use transport in our daily lives. Our achievements include: • promoting the use of alternative fuels and encouraging the development of electric vehicles. We have also increased public transport funding so that it is more than 15 times higher than the $41 million spent in 1999/2000 (not including the rail buy back). We will keep investing heavily in roading infrastructure. and remains affordable. Labour has taken a strategic approach to integrated transport planning across all modes through the 2002 NZ Transport Strategy which was updated in 2008.

Total central government public transport investment in 2008/09 is more than 15 times higher than in 1999/00. Labour will ensure there is clarity in all our funding decisions. We will work to make public transport accessible for everyone. safe. including rail. public transport spending is forecast to be around $640 million in 2008/09 (these figures do not include the buy back of rail). integrated and accessible.• • strengthening transport regulatory and safety agencies and services. and legislating to ensure all money collected from road users is spent only on transport. The New Zealand Transport Strategy 2008 sets a number of specific targets in sustainability. Sea Change Domestic Shipping Strategy and the Government Policy Statement on Land Transport Funding. road safety and freight that Labour is committed to achieving. including those with disabilities and older travellers. We will build on these to deliver comprehensive transport solutions to the increasingly complex problems resulting from global oil and climate pressures. We will ensure that planning for future land use developments considers the impact on. transport services and facilities. responsive to change and – above all – economically. Labour will continue to encourage the increased use and supply of public transport. that transport infrastructure. and need for. we must create a public transport system that is a realistic alternative to private car use. During this decade there has been a significant increase in investment in public transport. Labour will continue to increase funding for public transport and energyefficient freight transport modes such as rail. road. Labour has made a substantial start to these goals with the 2008 New Zealand Transport Strategy. and that there is sufficient passenger and freight carrying capacity to meet the needs of communities and businesses both now and into the future. compared with investment of $41 million in 1999/00. is used to best effect. Including capital investment in rail infrastructure. It is therefore essential that New Zealand’s public transport services are affordable. Strong Proven Leadership 510 . Public Transport Labour believes that if New Zealanders are to move towards more sustainable transport. shipping and ports. socially and environmentally sustainable. New Zealanders are already seeing the benefit.

Auckland’s rail network will be electrified. provides sufficient capacity to meet the needs of communities. Labour will continue work in partnership with regional government. including rail. We will also continue to provide free off-peak public transport for SuperGold Card holders. During this decade total Government investment in transport has increased by more than 180 percent. and businesses now and in the future. Strong Proven Leadership 511 . This gives regional councils the tools to run public transport services as effectively as possible. road. Labour will ensure the Kapiti line out of Wellington is double-tracked and electrified to enable services every 15 minutes to destinations as far north as Waikanae. will run frequently and on time. businesses and the broader community to achieve an optimal and sustainable public transport network. Labour will support integrated ticketing so that it becomes a reality in Auckland by 2010. The new Public Transport Management Act 2008 will enable Regional Councils to improve New Zealand’s public transport system by imposing greater controls over commercial public transport services. coastal shipping and public transport networks. and allowing them to require that any or all public transport services be provided under contract. Transport Infrastructure Labour will ensure that transport infrastructure. modern. Central government spending on roading has more than doubled from $850 million to a forecast allocation of over $1. from just over a billion to over three billion.9 billion in the current year. Labour will provide around $500 million as its share to help Auckland Regional Council ensure that by 2013 at the latest. This will require comprehensive co-ordination of infrastructure planning and funding.Major initiatives in the past nine years have included the $340 million Northern Busway project and the buy back of rail. We have recently announced another major project: the electrification of Auckland’s rail network. This includes both capital and maintenance expenditure on State Highways and central government funding for local roads. so that passengers can expect travel on public transport to become much simpler and more efficient. This will mean that public transport users can move easily and conveniently between different forms of transport and transport operators.

This section will effectively complete the Western Ring Route and realise the full transport and economic benefits to be gained. Labour aims to complete the Western Ring Route around Auckland by 2015. Budget 2007 provided major investment in urban rail development in Wellington as well Auckland. The Canterbury region will receive $33.89 billion. Labour is investing more than $1 billion in Auckland’s transport network this year alone. Labour will proceed with this project by means of a public-private partnership provided that further advice from officials supports the findings of private/public sector working party investigation Labour commissioned this year. Strong Proven Leadership 512 . rail and other public transport infrastructure outside Auckland. Labour will also consult with key stakeholders on long-term transport planning priorities. $170 million is forecast to be spent on local roads. public transport and walking and cycling infrastructure in Auckland. Labour is committed to first-class road. We will employ a range of funding approaches including a regional fuel tax and. The current preferred option to complete the route is by tunnel. Labour will continue with the approach it introduced in 2008 of producing Government Policy Statements on Land Transport Funding every three years to set out the levels of funding allocated to different areas of the transport system. is $1. and $350 million on public transport. In Wellington. Labour will dedicate all revenue from petrol tax. Of that. Labour will release $405 million earmarked for the Transmission Gully project once the region reconfirms its preferred option. the Waterview Connection. where possible. The current estimate for the largest-remaining section.1 percent in 2008/2009 (including KiwiRail). Labour is committed to world-class roading. Regional and local authorities will consult with their communities on transport proposals and priorities. We will also continue to fund progressive development of the Waikato Expressway. public-private partnerships (PPPs) that provide value for money. with priority given to sections of the Expressway where specific safety issues need to be addressed.Transport investment as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product has gone from just under 1 percent in 1999/2000 to around 2. $490 million on State highways. and will be able to implement Regional Fuel Taxes to fund local initiatives.5 million in funding over the next four years (2008 -2012) to invest in transport infrastructure. road user charges and motor vehicle registration fees to land transport.

to look at the way the costs of maintaining and building the land transport network are allocated. We expect to see electric cars starting to arrive and being used in New Zealand between 2010 and 2015. The numbers will grow slowly at the start. We have already established a vehicle emissions reduction group focussing on electric vehicles. Labour will also build on our clean green electricity generation to develop partnerships with electric vehicle manufacturers. can be expected to reduce markedly. Electric Cars and Other Vehicles Similarly. Strong Proven Leadership 513 . Sustainable Transport Labour has already taken big steps towards the goal of halving New Zealand’s per capita transport emissions by 2040. While it will be up to industry to develop electric vehicle technology. Investment in public transport has surged 15-fold in this decade. there is a role for government in establishing an environment that facilitates its uptake. road user charges and motor vehicle licensing fees goes towards the cost of maintaining and building new roads Labour is committed to ensuring that funding mechanisms for land transport infrastructure are fair to all road users including truckies. and prices will come down. and how these charges are collected. Labour intends to prepare the way for a large-scale roll-out of electric vehicles. then Labour will make changes to address this. the cost of the electric battery.Labour has introduced a new system that ensures that all revenue from petrol tax. As production of electric vehicles ramps up internationally. If this review shows that the system is unfair on the heavy vehicle industry. which is the main driver of cost. but volumes will increase as supply increases and costs decrease. our ambition to be among the leading countries to widely deploy electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids marks the beginnings of a new era of energy independence and low emissions in transport. Implementing legislation passed this year to introduce sustainable biofuels is a first step away from fuels such as petrol that come from unsustainable fossil fuel sources. We have commissioned a comprehensive independent review of the road user charges model. The buy-back of our railway system and the establishment of KiwiRail present a real opportunity to build a sustainable nationwide transport network.

There have been television advertisements aimed at showing drivers the potentially deadly consequences of driving while tired. London and Tokyo are likely to confront many of these challenges first and we will be able to learn from their experience. The cost of the technology is likely to be expensive. A cross-agency Driver Fatigue Strategy has been launched to help address the road safety risks of driver fatigue. be in position to be the first country to set up a nationwide infrastructure for charging electric vehicles. Our advertising will also continue to focus on the issue of fatigue. Vehicles used for longer distances. Road Safety Labour has set an ambitious target for reducing the number of road deaths and injuries.500 a year. and serious injuries to no more than 1. We have consistently invested in road safety advertising campaigns to support the police by focusing on the highest areas of enforceable risk which include speeding. Associated with fatigue. At-fault insured motorists would be protected against potentially hefty costs in the event of a crash and Strong Proven Leadership 514 . Questions about how these facilities will be funded. Labour will introduce a range of road safety measures aimed at reducing road deaths to no more than 200 a year. however. Major centres with an interest in electric vehicles such as California. Electric vehicles used for local travel can be re-charged from the owner’s home. where they will be located and relevant health and safety issues will also need to be addressed. We will need to work through a variety of issues about the public infrastructure required for people to charge their vehicles during a journey. will need a supporting infrastructure of ‘charging stations’ to enable recharging. New Zealand could. especially for the sort of high voltage facilities that would allow shorter charging times. drink driving. This will address issues of equity and road safety.Labour will plan for the introduction of a nationwide infrastructure to recharge electric vehicles. by 2040. “rumble strips” (used to alert fatigued drivers and stop them from running off the road) are being progressively retrofitted to roads. intersection behaviour and safety belts. however. Labour is consulting on the possibility of introducing a compulsory third party vehicle insurance regime. The emphasis on enforcement for many road safety rules has moved from the issuing of fines to the issuing of increased demerit points for law breakers.

We are also currently consulting on banning the use of hand-held cellphones while driving a vehicle. Freight Freight demand around New Zealand is estimated to double by 2040. Changes are being made to the Graduated Driver Licensing System for motorcyclists. Labour will enable effective use of different methods of transport to achieve a sustainable and effective supply chain for goods and produce. including development of ports will help to meet increased demand for the movement of freight. such as putting a cap on the time riders spend on a learner licence. It will be a major incentive in getting people to take greater responsibility for their driving behaviour. Labour will aim to increase the proportion of freight movement by coastal shipping and rail to 30 percent and 25 percent respectively by Strong Proven Leadership 515 . The vehicle must meet this test in order to pass its Warrant of Fitness. Labour will remove institutional. especially younger drivers. We have also moved progressively to reduce the number of excessively noisy vehicles on the roads. New Zealand’s roads are increasingly under pressure but alternative transport modes such as coastal shipping and rail transport will help meet the need for more environmentally-sustainable freight transport. financial and infrastructure barriers that have prevented an increase in the movement of domestic freight by rail and sea. including produce from agriculture and other goods. owners of vehicles with a modified noisy exhaust have had to repair it or pay for a metered noise test to ensure it is less than 95 decibels. Products for export. air carries 0. Expansion of coastal shipping infrastructure. We also want to ensure there are training incentives so novice riders can progress through their licence. with rail and shipping sharing around 15 percent each. From June 2008. need to be transported safely and efficiently.3 percent. with the aim of encouraging learner and restricted motorcycle licence holders to drive less powerful motorcycles.responsible drivers wouldn’t be left out of pocket. Our recently-released freight study has provided a clear picture of the current state-ofplay in terms of domestic freight. creating extra pressure on existing infrastructure. Currently roads carry around 70 percent of tonne/kilometres in New Zealand.

and shared warehousing to ensure that freight trucks don’t travel empty. We will work with key stakeholders to explore measures such as the additional back-loading of freight vehicles. Labour has a considered and carefully-researched approach to shifting freight around New Zealand through multiple modes of transport. a pilot designed to test heavier vehicles on specified routes where rail is not available. We are also carrying out the heavy truck trial. including producers and retailers. Labour will work with the land transport freight sector.2040 to provide greater efficiency for exporters and to strengthen our domestic economy. other significant elements of Labour’s approach include the buyback of rail and the Sea Freight Strategy. which will breathe new life into domestic coastal shipping. Strong Proven Leadership 516 . to promote supply-chain efficiencies that reduce direct and environmental costs. Apart from the freight study. As well as this.

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Introduction
Labour is committed to the ongoing care and wellbeing of veterans who have served our country around the world. Labour recognises the contribution that families of veterans make in the service of New Zealand and is committed to supporting their important role. Labour is focused on developing a comprehensive understanding of the changing face of our military deployment and the challenges this presents in the care of the veteran community. Labour will continue to build a broad and meaningful body of knowledge to support effective decision-making on veterans’ issues. Increasingly, the long-term support and care of the veterans of conflict will become a key factor in the recruitment of citizens into a military career. Those that willingly put themselves in harm’s way in the service of our country need to know they will be supported when they return from conflict. They need to know they will get the help they need to re-integrate into civilian life at the conclusion of their career and that their families will also be able to access meaningful advice and support for the role they play in the service of New Zealand. The nature of conflict around the world continues to change. Also, new technologies influence the way we organise our defence force and how our forces are utilised. Our armed forces are becoming increasingly diverse, and this presents new challenges for service delivery. Labour wants services for veterans in this country to be holistic, comprehensive and flexible. Labour wants government to be well-equipped to identify and understand emerging issues for veterans so that services can be tailored to meet the needs of each deployment. Our veterans deserve nothing less.

A record of continued improvement
Access to entitlements for all veterans is easier than it has ever been. Today, Veterans’ Affairs New Zealand has a case management system, with the integration of Veterans’ Affairs New Zealand into the New Zealand Defence Force providing a single point of contact for all enquires about entitlements and services.

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The introduction of presumptive lists in 2007 also made access to support easier for hundreds of veterans. Any veteran with a disability that appears on the list corresponding to his or her theatre of service is now automatically accepted for a War Disablement Pension. Today, 18,000 veterans benefit from a range of business discounts, government entitlements and local authority services and concessions through the Veterans’ Super Gold Card. Ten years ago… Access to government services for veterans was fragmented and veterans had to engage with multiple government departments. Today… Veterans’ Affairs has an integrated case management system that provides a single point of contact for veterans. Case managers broker the services of other government agencies. Ten years from now…Services will be increasingly tailored to meet the specific needs of the changing veterans community.

Honouring the commitments of the past
Over the last decade, Labour has worked to gain a better understanding of the issues facing our veterans. Labour has worked to develop a constructive relationship with veterans in New Zealand, to learn from experience and prevent a repeat of past mistakes. Since signing the Memorandum of Understanding with Vietnam Veterans in 2006, government has made strong progress supporting its implementation. On 28 May 2008, the Prime Minister delivered an apology in the House of Representatives to Vietnam veterans for the manner in which their loyal service in the name of New Zealand was not recognised as it should have been and for the inadequate support extended to them and their families after their return home. This historic event marked the beginning of a new partnership between government and veterans of the conflict in Vietnam. Since 2006, government has fulfilled many of its promises to Vietnam veterans. Tribute 08, a period of commemoration and celebration for Vietnam veterans, was held from 30 May to 1 June 2008 in Wellington. Organised by a committee of veteran representatives, Government contributed significant resources to facilitate the event that finally gave Vietnam veterans the welcome home they deserved.

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About 2.5 million dollars worth of ex gratia payments have been made to veterans and their families. A sum of $800,000 has been distributed to about a hundred veterans and families from the Vietnam Veterans and their Families Trust. In 2008, government rolled out free, one-off medical checks for all Vietnam veterans. Labour is committed to the on-going monitoring of the health of Vietnam veterans. Labour will continue to strengthen partnerships with veterans from all deployments. Labour is committed to finishing the implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding. Labour will appoint a panel of medical and other experts to review available scientific research on veterans’ issues on an on-going basis and make recommendations to government about the list of prescribed conditions. This expert panel will examine the rates for the War Disablement Pension. The panel will have responsibility for accessing and monitoring research and make recommendations to government. Labour will use this resource for a broad range of veterans’ issues, not just the issues facing Vietnam veterans. Labour will work to establish centres of excellence for providing information and support for treatment of conditions prevalent amongst veterans. This service will have the flexibility to meet the needs of veterans into the future.

Improving the legislative framework
The existing War Pensions Act does not reflect the changing nature of the military environment. It also does not adequately address the unique and important contribution that families of veterans make. The current legislation is focused on the physical effects of service. As we become more aware of the psychological effects of service, this will increasingly influence our decision-making. New legislation will need to reflect this. We want legislation that recognises the contribution of families and spouses. We want legislation that defines a simple and streamlined system of care for our veterans where entitlements are clear, fair and appropriate. Labour will complete the review of the War Pensions Act and ensure that it is replaced with modern, flexible and forward-looking legislation. Strong Proven Leadership 521

Ensuring effective service delivery
World War II veterans continue to be our largest group of veterans. An ageing population means this group has an increasing level of disability and therefore an increasing demand for War Disablement Pensions. Increased awareness of entitlements within the veteran community also contributes to demand. Service delivery must continue to become more efficient and effective. On 1 July 2008, Veterans Affairs New Zealand became responsible for the end-to-end delivery of the War Disablement Pension. It ceased to be a semi-autonomous body and became an integrated part of the New Zealand Defence Force. This reflects the lifelong duty of care that the Chief of the Defence Force has to those who serve, and have served, under his command. It is critical that the re-engineering of delivery of services results in tangible benefits for veterans. Labour will monitor the progress of the integration of Veterans’ Affairs New Zealand into the New Zealand Defence Force and ensure long term improvements in efficiency, quality of case management and assistance to veterans.

Understanding the Changing Veterans Community
Increasingly, deployments are for shorter periods. An individual can be deployed to many different environments over the duration of their military career. Women have assumed a much more varied role within the military in recent decades, including combat roles. The ethnic composition of the forces is also becoming increasingly diverse. All these things mean the needs of veterans are becoming more and more variable and complex. Labour will ensure systems are in place to maintain on-going relationships with veterans so that emerging issues are able to be identified early. To develop our understanding of the challenges an increasingly diverse military presents, effective information collection and research is essential. It is also important to maintain good contact with veterans after they return from deployments. Labour will support the policy capability of Veterans’ Affairs New Zealand to ensure comprehensive and well-informed advice is available for decisions makers.

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Real Opportunity and Real Choice for All Women

Labour’s policy for Women’s Issues

2008
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Introduction
Our country was founded on a deep desire to see genuine equality among its people. We proved our commitment to this ideal early, becoming the world’s first democracy to extend the vote to women some 115 years ago. But this was only a first step. Today, after a century of progressive change, New Zealand women have full equality before the law. But we know the agenda does not end there. We know that barriers to seeing all women thrive and succeed remain. Supporting women of all ages and backgrounds to reach their full potential by providing them with genuine choices and opportunities is a core Labour value. Over the past ten years, social and economic changes have made a real difference in the lives of women. Access to education and affordable healthcare and has dramatically increased. Steps have been taken to help women and their families find a better balance between work and home life. Progress has been made on pay and employment equity. When former Labour Prime Minister David Lange opened the Ministry of Women's Affairs 20 years ago, he said its mission was to demolish the structure of inequality. We still have some way to go before we reach that goal. Women on average still earn less than men and continue to be under-represented in leadership roles. There is still much we can change to improve the economic stability of women. Too many women still feel forced to return to work after childbirth earlier than they wish. That is why work-life balance will remain a focus for Labour. Overwhelmingly, women are the victims of domestic and sexual violence that occurs all too often. We must support the health and wellbeing of women so they have the security and confidence to reach their full potential and help grow strong communities for tomorrow.

Economic Stability
Equality does not stop at ending legal discrimination. Any vision for full participation in society must include a commitment to improving the economic wellbeing of all women, and seeing them succeed at every level of business and enterprise. As the last decade drew to an end, women were confronted with numerous barriers to economic success, from benefit cuts and market-based rents for state housing to workplace laws that discouraged and devalued the contribution of women to our collective economic life. Strong Proven Leadership 525

As this decade has unfolded, these barriers have been progressively lowered or removed. Increases in the minimum wage, more annual leave and financial support for families through Working for Families have provided new opportunities. The abolition of interest off student loans took a giant step towards removing the burden of debt from a whole generation of young women. These changes have delivered results. Working for Families has now helped make it easier for 370,000 families to work and raise a family. Over the last decade, women’s participation in the labour force has increased from 57.6 percent in 1997 to an all-time record of 61.5 percent last year. However, with the pay gap between men and women still around 12 percent, we know there is more to do. Ten years ago …women disproportionately bore the burden of benefit cuts, marketbased rents for state housing, and unfair workplace laws. Today …more women than ever before are taking advantage of new opportunities. Ten years from now …the pay gap between women and men will have all but disappeared and women will be taking their place in leadership positions throughout our economy as often as men. In government, Labour has been committed to improving the economic wellbeing of all women and seeing them succeed at every level. The pay gap is being tackled through a Pay and Employment Equity Plan of Action. The plan aims to ensure remuneration, job choice and job opportunities in the public service, health and education sectors are not affected by gender. We will continue to develop policies that ensure that overtime, pay and employment equity are addressed. This includes support for Low Pay campaigns, protecting legislation that provides for and encourages increased unionisation and continued research and public education and other legislative change as required. We also remain committed to increasing the minimum wage. Labour will guarantee annual adjustments to the minimum wage during the next term of government, so that the minimum wage at least keeps pace with increases in the average wage or the consumer price index, whichever is the greater. As workforce participation rises, several new challenges arise. One is supporting women to take up roles beyond more ‘traditional’ occupations. Labour will work towards eliminating barriers that prevent women from entering male-dominated apprenticeships and industries. Finding women in leadership roles within our economy is still an exception, rather than the norm. Labour recognises we still need to encourage greater participation by women on public and private sector boards as well as in positions of leadership in the public sector.

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Labour will continue to increase the percentage of women on public sector boards and encourage greater representation of women on private sector boards. We need to provide help for women in business where needed. Support is available through Industry NZ, Venture Capital and enterprise agencies, and we will continue to encourage women to take advantage of these opportunities. But reaching the top also involves role models and sharing a sense of what can be achieved. Labour will encourage mentoring schemes for women interested in greater leadership participation and develop policies that support women in the public sector to attain senior management positions. Some New Zealand women face more challenges when aiming for success than others. That is why Labour will continue to increase support for disabled women in employment through vocational services and community participation. Ensuring women have a secure future into retirement is also a priority for Labour. Labour will continue to encourage and support women’s retirement investment through KiwiSaver.

Work-Life Balance
On average, New Zealanders already spend more hours working in paid employment each year than many other OECD countries including the United Kingdom and Australia. If all we are doing is adding hours of paid work without addressing other issues, then we are simply sacrificing quality of life for greater economic output. Labour believes in building opportunities for women to work if they choose. We know there are many other expectations on women to fulfil roles as mothers and caregivers, as partners and workers. That is why Labour is committed to supporting the work-life balance for all women. Over the past decade, the idea of work-life balance has moved from rhetoric towards reality. Not only does the introduction of 20 hours quality free early childhood education help give children the best possible start in life, it also provides new choices for mothers. Workplace laws have also been modernised to ensure women have the time and facilities in the workplace for breastfeeding. Since its introduction, paid parental leave has given 130,000 families the opportunity to spend more time with their newborn babies. Labour believes that a longer period of paid parental leave would be ideal and will work to extend this provision as resources allow. Labour will ensure that all workers with caring responsibilities have the right to request flexible working hours. Strong Proven Leadership 527

Labour passed amendments to the Employment Relations Act 2000 to create minimum standards in the workplace in respect of the protection and promotion of infant feeding and the provision of rest and meal breaks. These amendments also support government policy concerning the choices of employees, particularly when it comes to their work/life balance and parenting responsibilities. Minimum entitlements to rest and meal breaks during a working period are already in the vast majority of collective agreements. However, anecdotal evidence suggests some sectors – the service and manufacturing sectors in particular and sectors where there are many vulnerable workers - may be providing less than optimal breaks. Labour will ensure that women in the workplace have rest and meal breaks and space to breastfeed where practicable.

Women’s Health and Wellbeing
Labour recognises that better health for women leads to better outcomes for themselves and their families. It ensures they are able to take advantage of more opportunities in order to reach their full potential.

Strong families have strong futures
Over the past decade, we have experienced a major shift in attitude towards family violence. Where it was once difficult to get people to even acknowledge family violence, today more and more Kiwis are aware of the problem. The success of public awareness campaigns such as the ‘It’s Not OK’ has confirmed just how much progress in changing attitudes has been made. Recent statistics have seen an increase in reported levels of domestic violence due to these types of campaigns. Nevertheless, every single incidence of domestic violence is one too many. Our priority is to improve protections for women against violence and improve access to health and parenting support services. Labour will pass the Domestic Violence Reform Bill. The Bill, introduced in September, is designed to enable Police to issue ‘on the spot’ protection orders; strengthen penalties for protection order breaches; improve the response of the Criminal Court and the Family Court to victims of family violence; and to provide better protection for children in Family Court matters. Breaking away from volatile living arrangements requires legal assistance in order to ensure that children are made safe, or to safeguard finances and property. Labour believes women who need to leave a violent relationship must have the legal support necessary to build a safe and secure new life for themselves and their families.

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Labour will undertake periodic reviews of the threshold for legal aid for women needing to access support for family court and other domestic proceedings. Ensuring vulnerable women get the help they need is essential, as is supporting the non-government sector and non-profit sector to provide this help to women in their time of need. Labour will implement Pathway to Partnership so that by 2012 all contracts with non-governmental organisations for essential services for children, young people and families will be fully funded. The sustainable funding model will give community providers more certainty so they can spend less time worrying about paying the bills and more time focusing on outcomes. It will improve the ability to plan ahead, attract and retain qualified staff, improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand women and their families. The new model will mean there will be annual adjustments for inflation, as well as ongoing assessment and adjustments in relation to the volume of services required. Social services for children and families will be community-driven, collaborative, inter-agency and outcome-driven. Parents who need help or guidance with parenthood should be able to get the help they need when they need it. Labour invests in a range of programmes to support parenting. These range from general parenting courses to more targeted high-need courses for specific families at risk. Labour will continue to place a firm focus on the value of positive parenting strategies. We will continue to invest in SKIP – Strategies with Kids, Information for Parents – providing resources and training to assist in positive parenting. Community-based child and family service providers involved in the Pathway to Partnership play an important role in this area. Labour will support the development of parenting courses and long-term targeted programmes to improve the lives of families.

Addressing women’s health
Women cannot take new opportunities to succeed if they are not well. It is essential that affordable, quality healthcare is available to all women throughout their lives. Over the past decade, access to affordable healthcare for all New Zealand women has dramatically increased. Doctor visits and prescription costs have dropped significantly. The average cost of seeing a GP is now just $26 for a consultation, and a million Kiwis pay less than $16. Prescription charges have dropped to around $3. In addition, women have far greater access than ever before to screening programmes for health conditions such as breast and cervical cancer. We can also empower women to Strong Proven Leadership 529

Focusing on primary care . But there is more to do.before we become ill . As more equity between genders is achieved. Services might range from lactation consultants and post-natal counselling. Migrant women can have difficulty accessing support services. We will work to ensure a more timely and uniform provision of support across the country. to care seat hire. safe midwifery and obstetric services in all areas. and initiatives to improve retention and overseas recruitment are underway. Labour will improve the quality and quantity of post-natal support services for women and their families. For expectant parents. Additional midwife training placements begin next year. Cultural barriers mean migrant women can be less likely to seek help when they need it. new research has highlighted inequalities between groups of women. Labour will implement a nation-wide HPV vaccination programme that protects young women against the most common cause of cervical cancer. it is important we continue to provide free maternity services. Too often women dealing with a stressful pregnancy find their experiences vary depending on where they live. advice and services to new parents and families with young children are accessible in one place. Labour will develop nationwide networks of services for women with eating and associated disorders and develop programmes to address binge drinking by young women. either through language barriers or simply because they are not aware services exist. We must also work to address workforce pressures in maternity care and to provide local access to reliable. Labour will develop ‘one-stop-shop’ family centres so that information. Strong Proven Leadership 530 . We can also address some of the other causes of poor health among young women.recognise the symptoms and consequences of Endometriosis and Osteoporosis and improve access to services. in particular new migrants. Young women in particular need nationally consistent services.continues to be the best approach in improving the health of all New Zealand women. Labour recognises the specific health needs of refugee and immigrant women and will dedicate adequate resources to address these.

Strong Proven Leadership 531 . Labour will continue to promote satisfactory outcomes for pregnancy. Labour will work to ensure that all clinical professionals provide the highest standard of care. GPs and obstetricians so that all mothers are provided with the postnatal care they need. We are committed to providing timely and uniform provision of support to women under stress during pregnancy across the country. and that mothers receive the highest level of professional care. and that mothers receive stronger maternity unit care when needed. Communication between maternity carers is crucial to effective and safe clinical services. childbirth and aftercare through provision of nationwide quality care by qualified health professionals. that they are accountable for their standard of care. All mothers and mothers-to-be have the right to the very best clinical care possible. Women have the right to access quality information and support to make informed decisions about sex and contraception. Labour will ensure nationwide equality of access to contraceptive education. This included expanding the midwife workforce in training by a third.Labour will work to address work force issues in maternity care and continue to ensure local access to reliable. We will work to ensure that barriers to communication between these health professionals are identified and reduced to the greatest extent possible. and women’s choice of maternity services they want and need is facilitated. safe midwifery and obstetric services across the country. It is important to us that access to maternity services is as convenient as possible. Labour will work to ensure that qualified health professionals have the resources to provide this information and support. Labour recently announced a package of initiatives to address workforce pressures in the midwifery sector. retaining more midwives with post-graduate study and providing financial support to overseas-trained midwives. Sometimes communication and co-ordination between caregivers falls down. Labour will ensure there is a high level of communication and coordination between midwives. information and provision in partnership with qualified health professionals. resulting in a poorer standard of care. including longer stays in maternity units where this is required. and that women do not face barriers in accessing them. Labour is committed to full implementation of this package.

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Supporting and Celebrating the Next Generation Labour’s Policy for Youth Affairs 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 533 .

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nurtured and have a sense of belonging to their community where their ideas are valued and they have a real ability to create solutions. There are huge opportunities to bring about positive change for young people by: • • fostering young people’s innovation and talent listening to young people and creating policies. Labour believes that investing in future growth by improving educational. and truancy. Labour is also aware that young people today face many challenges. It is important that as a community we work to support and help them overcome those challenges. including drug and alcohol abuse. which may reflect their culture. parents and leaders. as well as their age. Society should validate and affirm their identity. This means detecting and acting on any health problems early on. employment and social opportunities is one of the best investments we can make to secure a strong future as a nation. We believe youth must have a voice in decision-making that affects them. Our vision is to ensure that young people growing up in New Zealand are supported. suicide. It means ensuring a strong Strong Proven Leadership 535 . This offers great potential for the future of our country and our communities. and technologically aware than ever before. enthusiasm. depression. Early intervention and focusing on recognising and developing the full potential of our youth is the way forward. Labour believes that decision makers should not be locked into continually reacting to problems.Introduction We have a dynamic youth population that has greater access to information and is more mobile. culturally diverse. programmes and services that work for them supporting young people with quality information to make good lifestyle choices harnessing the energy. and freshness young people bring • • Our young people today are tomorrow’s innovators. Youth Health Every single young New Zealander deserves the best possible start in life. gender and religion. ethnicity. teen pregnancy. While these problems must be addressed. obesity.

these alternative organisations. Labour will implement Schools Plus. training providers and social agencies. They are more likely to be able to care for themselves and their families. Schools provide excellent opportunities to reach children and young people and promote healthy lifestyles. and will continue to ensure that District Health Boards and Primary Health Organisations work closely with other agencies to deliver important health promotion initiatives. and move into further education and training have the best chance of accessing the full range of opportunities life has to offer. To ensure all young people are engaged and supported to achieve their potential through education. complete their qualifications. Labour will work towards more specialised adolescent services and support with a greater focus on the provision of health services at school. Youth Services may well operate differently to the standard primary care model. where appropriate. more teachers and support staff and improved careers guidance services will be needed in schools. our initiative to significantly reform the secondary school system by offering all young New Zealanders a stronger educational foundation. should receive primary care funding where they demonstrate success in reaching high-needs or hard-to-reach young people with health and disability needs.public health system that has health professionals and clinics in place to deliver the necessary services. Labour will fund Youth Services. offering first-contact GP/Nurse Services through an alternative funding mechanism where necessary. Closer links will need to be built with local businesses. We are already doing this with healthier food options in New Zealand’s schools. Strong Proven Leadership 536 . However. students and their families will develop a personalised learning plan. Labour will require a personalised education plan to be developed for every high school student to guide their learning. Schools Plus We know that young people who stay in school. and achieve future economic independence and security. To support a personalised approach to learning.

Labour will strengthen alternative education and other out-of-school learning options to ensure young people are supported to improve their educational achievement. But we must also set goals and timelines.Labour will provide more secondary teachers and other staff to improve careers guidance and increase the support available for young people in school and in the community to remain engaged in learning. Enabling more students to experience tertiary-level courses while still at school will also broaden the range of study options available to them. Making the changes needed to successfully implement Schools Plus will take time and a careful focus on building support within the secondary schooling system. Innovative programmes like Youth Apprenticeships. Ensuring that out-of-school education providers. are the key to engaging young people who currently leave school too early. Labour will introduce an education and training leaving age of 17 years in 2011 and 18 years in 2014. Matching investments will be needed as new course options. Our new school curriculum will enable teachers to enliven their teaching practice. all schools will be using the new New Zealand Curriculum. already available in 20 schools. we have begun the process of removing the early-leaving exemption for under 16s. new study options such as Gateway and Modern Apprenticeships are providing more choices for young people to continue learning while gaining valuable workplace experience to lay the foundation for a career in the trades. Phasing in the education and training leaving age in this way will give schools time to develop the variety of programmes and options needed to engage the whole range of young people. enabling them to provide relevant. prioritise student learning and achievement will help keep the focus on learning irrespective of the setting in which it takes place. Labour will make Youth Apprenticeships available to all secondary schools and increase the range of other education and training pathways available. drawing on real-world examples to better engage students to learn about the values and core skills needed to be successful in the 21st century. At the same time. While the school leaving age will stay at sixteen. Strong Proven Leadership 537 . We anticipate at least $170 million per year in additional investment will be required to fully implement Schools Plus. such as the alternative education network. staff and closer links outside of school are phased in. innovative programmes that meet their students’ needs. By 2010.

and we intend to see it come down even further. Labour will make it easier for more students to receive a student allowance by reducing the age at which parental income is considered and by further increasing the parental income threshold for student allowances. We will keep student loans interest-free. and several changes have been made to accomplish this. Today… there is no interest paid on student loans while students are living in New Zealand. In 2006 the number of recipients increased by 4. Our efforts have been unashamedly centred on students and on making improvements to the student support system. Labour will continue to make tertiary education more affordable for students and their families. An even more significant change came in with the introduction of universal. We will also continue to make scholarships available for students. while allowance eligibility declined and students paid interest on their borrowing. We have already reduced the average time it takes to pay back a loan (for a student who stays in New Zealand) from eight years in 1999 to four years in 2005. The effect of these changes has been an increase in student allowance recipients for the first time since 2001. Ten years from now… there will be no parental income testing of student allowances. and continue to set limits on fee increases through fee maxima. In 2005 the parental income threshold was raised by 20 percent for student allowance recipients – the first time since the current system of parental income testing was established in 1992. widening access to student allowances and increasing the availability of scholarships. Ten years ago… tertiary fees were increasing by over 10 percent a year.6 percent.Student Support This decade has seen a focus on affordable and accessible tertiary education for all New Zealanders. and levels are expected to continue increasing in the future. fee increases are regulated and allowance eligibility has been widened. The affordability of tertiary study was also tackled by introducing the fee maxima policy. fees increases will continue to be regulated and no interest will be paid on student loans. In 2007 the number of student allowance recipients increased by a further 5 percent. Last year the threshold was raised by a further 10 percent and this year it was again increased by 10 percent. even while studying. This began with the introduction of the ‘no interest while studying’ policy to end the unfair practice of students being charged interest on their student loans while they studied. Strong Proven Leadership 538 . interest-free loans for all students living in New Zealand from 1 April 2006. From the beginning of 2009.

feel otherwise unable to enrol at a tertiary institution. the success of this programme saw us doubling the number of awards from 500 to 1.500 from January 2009.000 From 1 January 2011. Labour introduced Step Up Scholarships for students studying human and animal health bachelor degrees. Labour’s Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has been important in attracting young people back to traditional trade occupations. Bonded Merit Scholarships reward outstanding students with up to $3. The introduction of our Bonded Merit Scholarships in 2006 reflects the government’s support for tomorrow’s leaders. From 1 January 2008. the Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has exceeded targets for growth.318 (already announced) From 1 January 2010. We also support recognition of excellence while studying. Modern Apprenticeships Labour brought back apprenticeships in a new form that meets the needs of today’s workplace. increasing to 1. academics and business people. and in 2005 these scholarships were extended to science and technology subjects. due to financial pressures.000. Labour will increase student allowance eligibility as follows: • From 1 January 2009. the threshold will increase to $70.We will continue to extend the eligibility of student allowances in 2010 and 2011 and abolish the parental income test altogether in 2012.000 modern apprentices will be in training by the end of 2008.000 young New Zealanders had either completed a modern apprenticeship or were actively engaged in one.743) to approximately $50. the parental income threshold will increase from its 2009 level (approximately $45. funding for the scholarships has been increased and the scholarships have been re-designed to be more accessible to a wider range of students. In the last decade.000 From 1 January 2012. more than 17. By the middle of this year. In 2007. We have already put funding in place so that 14. Strong Proven Leadership 539 . the threshold will increase again to $100. The scheme involves young people in workplace learning from the start of their careers and will make an important contribution to Labour’s new Schools Plus plan for every young person to continue in education and training through to the age of 18. • • • In 2004. the parental income test will be abolished altogether. The scholarships assist students in paying compulsory tuition fees and are targeted at raising participation by people from lowincome backgrounds and those who might. scientists.000 per annum for course fees for up to four years.

Labour will increase the number of modern apprentices in training by 1. Labour has continued to develop and resource the arts. Labour will involve young people more in building sustainable communities through the encouragement of involvement in youth councils. Strong Proven Leadership 540 . Promoting Young People’s Participation Labour believes that young New Zealanders should have opportunities to make meaningful contributions to their communities. political and community issues as older age groups. drama. music and creative curriculum in New Zealand schools so that young people have the opportunity to participate in the arts and establish creative skills at an early stage. We also support the Kids Voting programme that ran during the 2007 local body elections.000 a year so that 17. not just for their own wellbeing and sense of identity but because they are the emerging artists and cultural practitioners of tomorrow. and visual arts. Young people have a vital role in the development of our cultural sector. Labour will develop a volunteering programme which will integrate with Schools Plus and allow young people to contribute positively to public service organisations while continuing to gain skills and experience. throughout much of the world the trend is that more young people tend not to vote. In terms of participation in both local and central government. We support the development of clear pathways into careers in the sector. or be as active in. The programme will involve recognised organisations which agree to provide appropriate supervision and training. and the involvement of young people in Youth Councils. The Artists in Schools Programme was implemented in 2007 to give Kiwi primary and secondary school students the opportunity to learn from professional New Zealand artists in the fields of dance.000 people are in modern apprenticeship training by December 2011. music. Labour supports the Growing Active Citizens project co-ordinated by Local Government New Zealand which has young people as its focus. We need to involve young people more in building sustainable communities.

Strong Proven Leadership 541 . This programme will be targeted at school-leavers who are contemplating working in the conservation sector. Labour will build the available pool of conservation rangers. Enviro-Schools not only focuses on environmental education but teaches students about sustainability. some graduates may seek work through the Department of Conservation while others may go on to employment in local government or community-led conservation work. On successfully completing the programme. Our young people will be the skill base for frontline conservation work in the decades to come.We can encourage young New Zealanders to value conservation by rolling out initiatives such as the Enviro-Schools programme. Its aim will be to provide a strong grounding in practical conservation management. planners and biodiversity specialists by developing a conservation apprenticeship programme.

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363 Arts. 487 Afforestation Grant Scheme. 140 Blood donation. 306. 3. 397. 493 Alcohol and Other Drug treatment. 337. 236. 498. 191. 15. 4. 203. 157. 266. 233 Aged care. 363. 297. 250. 32. 298. 23. 540 PACE. 210. 226 ANZAC. 103. 26. 192. 25 B4 School checks. 12. 363 Auckland Governance. 539 Border control. 302. 352. 19. 25. 301. 422. 447. 10. 113. Commission on. 263. benefit. 297. 22. 26. 69. 406. 433 Beach-heads. 243 Afghanistan. 415. 82.Index Abatement. 23. 29. 33. 9. 262. 418. 82 Biofuels. 68. 223. 300. 9. 301 Aquaculture. 267. 457 Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC). 147 Biodiversity Strategy. culture and heritage. 11. 375. 7. 27 Aotearoa People’s Network. 70. 1. 458. 305. 119. 364. 249. 17. 61. 6. 509. 298. 21. 32 Broadband. 17. 31. 369. 24. 406 Biotechnology. 144. 112 Anzac Day. 515 Air quality. 10. 258 Antarctica. 419 Broadband Investment Fund. 411 Bonded Merit Scholarships. 52. 67. 22. 351. 221. 32. 363. 299. 397 Strong Proven Leadership 543 . 448 Agriculture. 224. 513 Biosecurity. 95. 388 Ambulance services. 457. 540 Arts. 18. 13. 209 Ako Aotearoa – the National Centre for Tertiary Teaching Excellence. 243. 19. 342 Royal Artists in Schools. 5. 226. 25. 258. 25. 25. 197. 354. 63. 18.

467. 488. 73. 77. 93. 456 Citizens Advice Bureau. 94. 55. 69. 191. 474. 301 Compliance costs. 137. 463 Child. 331. 468 Centres of Innovation. 50. 95. 387. 278. 199. 486 Statement of Intentions. 375 Building. 180 Carbon neutrality. 484. 55. 140. 191. 185. 194. 495 Child poverty. 245. 18. 152. 43. 541 Consumers. 301 Conservation. 440. 85. 284. 149. 78. 39. 541 Conservation apprenticeship programme. 144. 170. 38. 488 Closer Economic Relationship. 45. 377. 153. 384. 303. 86. 244. 83. 362. 243. 81. 355. 41. 35. 126. 310. 468 Differential Response Model. 192 Commerce Commission. 304. 230 Quality Regulation Review. 11 Computers in Homes. 336. 64. 54. 344. 370. 79. 399. 544 . 89. 398 Kyoto Protocol. 488 Care and Protection Blueprint. 75.Broadcasting. 378 Civil Defence. 168. 383. 466. 158. 94. 437 Building Act. 56. 203. 216 Community Partnership Fund. 439 Business New Zealand. 284 Business and Sport Partnership. 76. 37. 95. 221. 283 Building Code. 229. 93. 236. 210. 84. 78. 69. 208. 465. 11. 88. 122. 159. 5. 120. 283. 87. 61. 43. 230. 59. 376 Strong Proven Leadership Civil unions. 191. 486 Government Community Festivals Fund. 44. 466 Childcare. 93. 148. 85. 133 Centres of Research Excellence. 183 Commerce. 197. 132. 57. 56. 43. 91. 427. 286. 285. 236. Youth and Family (CYF). 374. 160. 423 Climate Change. 122. 475 Business incubators. 62. 281. 62. 237 Collective bargaining. 94. 354. 409 Clean Streams Accord. 122. 192 Community and voluntary sector. 192. 138. 147. 76. 229. 82. 63.

157. 234. 269. 18. 56. 48. 266. 132. 329. 168. 346. 52. 131. 102. 263. 234. 123. 20. 302. 253. 112. 452. 52. 422 Defence. 522 Digital age. 334. 51. 527 20 Hours Free. Disabilities. 260. 118. 53. 464. 127. 124. 234. 510. 272. 465. 268. 17. 458. 255. 132 Early intervention. 459 Corrections. 113. 258. 448. 109. 138. 282. 377. 132. 17. 249. 105. 24. 133. 445. 25 Crimes Act 1961. 294. 110. 125. 57. 520. 329. 111. 259. 358. 476. 110 Defence Force. 128. 464. 455. 447. 328. 383. 100 Digital Strategy 2. 110. 127. 468. 127. 105. 57. 370. 119. 52. 269. 320. 378. 330. 11.0. 204. 328. 97. 17 Digital Content Strategy. 410. 377. 446. 267. 361. 371. 360. 293. 304 Discretionary Grants Scheme. 433. 535 Early Intervention. 333. 115. 256. 18. 459. 160. 54. 103. 25 Creative New Zealand. 120 Service Pathways to Inclusion. 109. 304 Strong Proven Leadership Early Start. 117. 131. 273. 362. 261. 362 Long Term Development Plan. 527. 385 Dairy. 270. 389. 519. 251. 107. 113. 333. 274. 5. 249. 536 Domestic/family violence. 464. 526 Core Benefit. 184. 522. 50. 120.263. 110 White Paper on Defence. 468. 9. 387 Council of Trade Unions. 51. 138. 124. 104. 100. 121. 342. 536 Needs Assessment Coordination. 396. 389. 125 To Have an Ordinary Life. 300. 126. 122. 330. 301. 293 Disarmament. 360. 337. 455. 416. 417. 257. 159. 266. 410. 463. 235 District Health Boards. 122. 267 Disability Strategy. 469. 105 545 . 99. 300. 117. 104. 433. 124. 330. 129. 180 Courts. 271. 519. 303. 266. 158. 267. 388 Early Childhood Education. 357. 119. 205. 118. 120. 342. 336. 522 Defence Sustainability 110. 384 Creative industries. 112 Initiative. 306. 112. 528 Drug and Alcohol Teams. 288. 449. 105. 389 Criminal Proceeds (Recovery) Bill. 126.

288 Emergency Management. 179. 245 Emissions Trading Scheme. 391. 206. 69. 140. 212. 66. 211 Environment Court. 396. 187. 186. 192. 462 Environment. 127. 61. 182. 393. 299. 67. 180. 451 Electric cars/ electric vehicles. 146. 485. 143. 169. 168. 244. 305. 505. 225. 196. 395. 195. 148. 441. 185. 67. 432. 68. 541 Ethnic Affairs. 513 Electrified rail network. 196. 283. 308. 448. 104. 194. 207. 401 Economic Transformation. 88. 263. 499. 137. 67. 48. 64. 48. 213. 415. 146. 197. 398. 196. 165. 62. 287. 186. 180. 196. 54. 236. 100. 191. 487 Elder abuse. 13. 226. 415. 69. 197. 194.Economic Stimulus Package. 332 e-Government. 299. 153. 137. 503. 207 Enviro-Schools. 215. 203. 255. 66. 139. 203. 184. 159. 332. 409. 189. 196. 357. 245 Employment Relations. 487. 35. 140. 57. 61. 195. 244. 241. 63. 307. 341. 308. 85. 221 546 Strong Proven Leadership . 196. 169. 66. 399. 464 Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). 182. 61. 204. 184. 192. 93. 87. 399. 474. 195. 285. 194. 217 Every Child Counts campaign. 159. 64. 396. 31. 61. 173. 56. 81. 209. 198. 65. 224. 93. 483. 61. 236. 177. 49. 66. 513. 65. 135. 43. 423. 158. 62. 148. 488. 393. 171. 405. 488. 287 Energy Efficiency. 84. 460 Education New Zealand. 66. 168. 500 Effective Interventions. 319. 205. 197. 62. 514 Electricity Commission. 37. 309. 376 Emissions trading. 140. 521 Environment Centres. 155. 243. 165. 216. 150. 65. 465. 357. 29. 192. 160. 462. 191. 439. 237. 321. 485. 195. 319. 201. 528 Energy. 64. 13. 439 Economic Downturn. 183. 65. 528 Employment Relations Act. 101. 198. 300. 367. 62. 191. 191. 513. 198. 191. 65. 144 Emergency housing. 488 New Zealand Energy Strategy. 421 Economy. 210. 397. 68. 64. 64. 509. 509. 302. 287. 44. 236. 221. 467. 64. 149. 183. 173. 206. 476. 140. 193. 398. 183. 195. 125. 211. 398. 32. 222. 298. 68. 13. 373. 191. 415. 194 Enterprising Communities Grants. 145. 297. 144. 303. 174. 468.

416. 22. 53. 263. 270. 333. 109. 223. 211. 57. 255. 28. 415. 416 Health and safety. 495. 262. 304. 459. 254. 528. 11. 440 Film. 347. 258. 351. 250. 464 Family Support. 259. 239. 396. 255. 327. 345. 439. 372. 245. 264. 271. 101. 531. 389. 357. 266. 393 Update 'Fringe lenders’. 119. 13. 225. 257. 476. 261. 68. 230. 467. 341. 174. 222. 311. 141. 260. 536. 504 Film Commission. 271. 448 Health. 24. 485. 3. 516 Strong Proven Leadership . 416. 261. 458. 535. 526. 71. 43. 51. 260.Expatriates. 13. 293. 478. 529. 43. 263. 18. 227. 530. 31. 54. 528. 70. 360. 358. 521. 173. 267. 66. 238. 265. 417. 52. 411. 127. 515 Family Court. 56. 174. 198. 503. 146. 12. 128. 10. 352. 18. 287. 468. 184. 187. 127. 329 Family Safety Teams. 258. 146. 138. 371. 399. 473. 484. 496. 531. 284. 514 New Zealand Injury Prevention Strategy. 86. 354. 539 Elective Surgery. 455. 203. 494. 525. 140. 21. 247. 196. 373. 222 Flexible working hours. 197. 536 Genetic modification. 238. 250. 186. 311. 360. 5 547 Fisheries. 230. 219. 312 Exports. 500. 450. 65. 64. 68. 52. 145. 237. 121. 150. 273. 309 Pre-Election Fiscal (PREFU). 483. 212 Green Prescriptions. 446. 355 Fisheries Act. 10. 463. 359. 253. 224. 53. 259. 273. 283. 515. 221. 488. 369. 270. 230 Foreshore and seabed. 9. 370. 269. 263. 251. 272. 375. 510. 419. 87. 224. 277. 38. 249. 222. 384. 394. 44. 449. 447. 509. 283. 477. 221. 430. 5. 529 Family Group Conferences. 270. 397. 264. 18. 252. 273. 448. 527 Food Safety. 229. 111. 183. 87. 499. 140. 498. 104. 249. 187. 422. 88. 48. 81. 226. 260. 9. 419. 272. 50. 448. 446. 452. 514. 298. 240. 147. 266. 229. 356. 6. 223. 64. 330. 249. 385 Gateway programme. 274 National Travel Assistance Programme. 120. 334. 20. 268. 474. 433. 144. 157. 184. 254. 78. 204. 203. 20 Financial sector. 464 Fast Forward (New Zealand Fast Forward Fund). 357 Freight. 265. 537 General Practitioners. 209. 256. 405. 243. 195. 274. 143. 251. 395 Fiscal Policy. 418. 529. 257. 51. 94 Gangs. 198.

171. 312. 298. 264. 141. 396. 191. 509. 309. 397. 64. 313. 88. 26. 297. 360. 275. 117. 341. 70. 166. 17. 143. 252. 450 548 . 125. 419 Migrants. 152. 530 Human Rights. 279. 297. 151. 118. 279 Housing Innovation Fund. 215. 483. 322. 193. 510. 124. 372. 24. 302. 198. 319. 170. 450. 494 Information and Communications Technology. 195. 147 Immigration. 387. 145. 185. 505. 463. 401. 287. 278. 300. 314. 514. 45. 343. 336. 143. 321. 513. 282. 262. 65. 525. 142. 250. 315. 280. 526 Hobsonville. 138. 308. 169. 322. 280. 85. 252 Heartland Service Centres. 181. 515 Infrastructure bonds. 11. 170. 65. 301. 184. 313. 312. 278. 291. 239. 122. 309 High Performance Strategy. 309. 315 Income-related rents. 372. 181. 419. 196. 293. 358. 310. 393. 410 ILO. 494. 86. 78. 89 Settlement strategy. 11. 286. 145 Institutes of technology and polytechnics. 205. 319. 285. 243. 373. 314 High country. 160. 217. 423. 10. 215 Home Equity Release Schemes. 400 Housing. 310. 310. 461. 492. 398. 305. 149. 418. 314. 432 Infrastructure. 495 Insulation. 395. 461. 305. 373.Healthy Eating Healthy Action. 257. 317. 287. 361. 335. 344. 376. 279 HPV vaccination. 161. 143. 144. 283. 239. 448. 475 Hill Country Erosion Scheme. 307. 320. 372. 257. 386. 282 Tamaki. 315. 357. 406. 359. 50. 448 Industry Training. 415. 109. 373. 446. 195. 312. 323. 188. 308. 149. 277. 305. 459. 169. 140. 311 Immigration advocacy service. 66. 243 Historic Places Trust. 422. 27 Holidays Act. 369. 530 Refugees. 150. 281. 304. 25. 321. 279. 346. 20. 279. 313. 449 HOPE (Home Ownership on Public Estate). 311. 511. 123. 313. 142. 306. 166. 449. 78. 410 Strong Proven Leadership Skilled Migrant Category. 400. 353. 449. 171. 308. 194. 288. 295. 341. 303. 238. 512. 421. 323. 322. 175. 372. 216. 137. 344. 313. 320. 395. 166. 494 Industry Training Organisations. 309. 123. 409.

94. 387. 81. 450. 138. 364. 205. 337. 298 Job Search Allowance. 270. 18. 530. 265. 149. 428. 285. 336. 75. 44. 352. 364 Māori Television Service. 252. 11 Assistance Marsden Fund. 226. 373. 205. 361. 153. 264. 360. 259. 371. 362 Kura Kaupapa Māori. 416. 104. 343. 225. 38. 495. 378. 131. 283. 485. 19 International education. 401 Ka Hikitia. 511. 337. 186 Māori. 211. 364 Māori Trades Training. 360 Intellectual property. 362. 27. 347. 527 Knowledge economy.Integrated Service Response. 87. 388 Local government. 388 Low paid work. 429. 226. 356. 87. 319 Kohanga Reo. 541 Local Government Act. 77. 496 Maternity. 216. 287. 146. 359. 486. 17. 418. 336. 281. 487. 145. 301 KiwiSaver. 351. 355. 282. 531 Maui and Hector’s Dolphins. 432. 362. 353. 354 Māori Health Strategy. 95. 357 Māori Conservation Cadetship/Tauira Māori Wananga Kaitiaki Taiao. 24. 53. 363. 376. 387 Taiapure and mataitai reserves. 344. 87 Tamaiti whangai programmes. 87. 355 Māori Fisheries Act. 439. 363. 327. 210. 226. 158. 283. 226. 416 549 . 224. 499 Interoperability. 83. 358 Māori Language Strategy. 358. 360 Te Reo and Tikanga Māori. 84. 161. 354. 355 Market Development Scheme. 278. 271. 345. 358. 144. 361 Marine Protected Areas Policy. 204. 19. 225 Medical schools. 161. 70. 351. 261. 166. 429 Kiwi Advanced Research and Education Network (KAREN). 361. 185. 88. 364 Māori Women’s Welfare League. 505 Strong Proven Leadership customary rights. 432 Land Transport Act. 355. 85. 373. 282. 244. 346. 362. 474. 428. 349. 342. 309. 169. 173. 280. 43. 23. 278. 363 Maori Wardens. 70. 357. 355 Marine reserves. 206. 244. 341. 363. 512. 167. 207. 354.

234. 374 New Zealand Qualifications Authority. 335. 235 Multi Employer Collective Agreements (MECAs). 527 Organised crime. 430. 234. 27. 183. 369. 209. 376 Obesity. 371. 252 Mobile Surgical Bus. 434. 57. 104. 457. 109. 11. 238. 231. 18. 526 Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 170. 375 New Zealand Transport Strategy 2008. 384. 305. 460. 430. 20. 249. 456. 363. 206. 535 Oceans Policy. 445 New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. 375 Mission On. 173. 270. 333. 184 Multilateralism. 204. 320. 49. 22. 238 Oil Resources. 39 Strong Proven Leadership Standards. Official Development (ODA). 336. 21 Outward Sound. 83 New Zealand Academy of Sport. 185. 225 National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA). 23. 364. 28 NZAID. 184. 540 Monetary policy. 142. 385. 140. 433. 145 New Zealand Music Commission. 237. 24. 343. 361. 251. 250. 148. 462.Mental health. 21. 416 Modern Apprenticeships. 477. 270. 139. 186. 282. 82. 205. 205. 387. 3. 252. 468 Minimum wage. 346 Nature Heritage Fund. 303. 103 New Zealand Superannuation Fund. 185. 171. 252. 238. 236 Museums. 199 Assistance Ongoing and Renewable Resourcing Schemes (ORRS). 28 National Policy Statements. 269. 300. 372. 430 National Environmental 204. 433 Oral health. 147. 375. 138. 386 550 . 475 New Zealand music. 537. 455. 509 Nuclear weapons. 125. 124. 138. 268. 288. 346 National Library. 428. 334. 539. 321. 21 New Zealand on Air. 11. 250. 358. 251 Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

113. 328. 174. 76. 266. 131 Police. 282. 379 Pacific Wardens. 376 Pacific Island Affairs. 367. 255. 250 Primary Health Care. 244 Playcentre. 440. 332. 358 Parole. 103. 495. 384 Policing Act. 101. 253. 271. 311. 492 Pathway to Partnership. 252. 387. 536 Primary sector. 451. 380. 254. 410. 11. 334. 140 Prime Minister’s Athlete Scholarships. 234. 415. 475 Priority Offenders Initiative. 337. 526 Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution. 383. 52. 389. 387 Paid Parental Leave. 464. 367. 374 Pacific Access Category. 31. 249. 365. 388. 416 Primary Health Organisations. 360. 13. 175. 69. 109. 233. 293. 101. 255. 234 Strong Proven Leadership Performance Based Research Fund. 250. 375. 132 Pay and Employment Equity Plan of Action. 77. 379 Pacific Languages Strategy. 386. 327. 99. 71. 373 Pacific region. 335. 110. 51. 375 Pacific Peoples Housing Strategy. 37 Pacific Island peoples. 527 Papakainga hoising. 475. 336. 114. 374. 385. 254. 388 Partnerships for Excellence. 528 Independent Police Authority. 476 Prime Minister’s Scholarship. 251. 374. 383 Positive Ageing Strategy. 336. 375. 266. 175. 376. 99. 157. 187 Preventative health care. 335. 237 Pacific channel. 336. 381. 371. 330. 331. 456. 109. 384. 188 Labour hire. 514. 273. 377. 10. 387 551 Conduct . 450 Precarious Employment Casual employment. 445.P4 free trade agreement. 496 Permanent Forest Sink Initiative. 12. 378. 217. 251. 428 Pacific peoples National Pacific Radio Network. 331. 234. 369. 529 Pathways to the Future. 376. 337. 333.

450. 300. 173. 187. 405. 63. 401. 124. 70. 416 Renewable energy. 188. 99. 460. 412 Rates Rebate Scheme. 144. 103. 141. 39. 140. 181. 341. 221 R&D tax credit. 515. 396. 19 Public transport. 166. 345. 342. 175. 193. 192. 513 Rainbow Issues. 403. 99. 407. 387. 197. 101. 319. 396. 302. 191. 180. 516 KiwiRail. 149. 145 Quota Management System (QMS). Statutory minimum standards. 495 Project Early. 181. 406 141. 186. 197.Prisons. 331. 410. 243. 138. 172. 374 Rail. 102. 166. 332. 345. 104. 333 Public Lending Right for New Zealand Authors Act. 509. 168. 144. 512. 440. 512 Rehabilitation. 411. 3. 451. 376 Reducing Reoffending. 149. 99. 311. Radio New Zealand. 301. 180 Regional development. 61. 123. 329. 139. 169. 4. 197. 138. 105 Privatisation. 142. 5. 171. 192. 310. 341. 148. 461 Notification. 102. 140. 3. 458 Provisional tax. 441 Racing. 297. 166. 405. 395. 511. 182. 511 Public/private partnerships. 167. 406 New Zealand Racing Board. 336. 150. 168. 423. 105 Providing Access to Health Solutions (PATHS). 137. 168. 191. 100. 140. 280. 321. 174. 191. 510. 271. 386 Private prisons. 409. 71. 10. 63. 344. 461 Rapid response. 512. 513 Public Transport Management Act 2008. 387 Redundancy. 137 Regional Fuel Taxes. 461 Redundancy 180 compensation. 102. 144. 105 Productivity. 402 Public Defence Service. 440. 184. 400. 496 Strong Proven Leadership 552 . 103. 181. 104. 512. 449 Recognised Seasonal Employment Scheme. 462. 509. 197. 511. 439. 510. 335. 461. 353. 100. 12. 191.

385. 495 Reserve Bank. 450 Sentencing. 537. 132. 206. 137. 477. 301. 68. 152. 432. 430. 25. 442 Screen Production Incentive Fund. 280. 67. 434. 288. 447. 322. 216. 401. 450 Roading Financial Assistance Rate. 66. 478. 337. 397 Sexual assault/violence. 443. 465 Sale of Liquor Act. 372. 56. 222. 151. 536. 278 553 . 335. 142. 11. 141. 397. 172. 452. 145. 435. 425. 262. 333. 411. 362. 252. 525 Sexual Assault Referral Centres. 428. 537. 9. 85. 536. 363. 432 Schools Plus. 205.Research and development. 362. 422 SAGES. 56. 409 Sentencing Act. 429. 230. 479. 320. 145 Residential care. 322. 196. 20 Search and Surveillance Powers Bill. 386 Sewerage. 494. 149. 432. Science and Technology. 181. 540 operational grants. 400. 428. 362. 335. 287. 496 Research. 138. 409 Sentencing Council. 327. 429. 204. 389. 372. 25. 330 Shared Equity. 148. 386 Senior Citizens. 333. 172. 427. 52. 61. 334. 23. 346 Restorative Justice. Strong Proven Leadership 216. 539. 394 Retraining allowance. 170. 540 Science and Innovation. 151. 71. 140. 430. 364. 433. 431. 373. 430. 50. 320. 458. 368. 70. 322. 427. 463. 440. 413. 332. 439. 396 Rugby World Cup. 293. 459. 388 Sanitary Works Subsidy. 537. 22. 415. 439. 207. 421 Schools. 399. 99. 467 Residential Services Strategy. 266. 437. 442. 504 Rural Affairs. 540. 329 Retail Deposit Guarantee scheme. 140. 329. 27. 167. 419. 138. 459. 161. 332. 262. 65. 431. 412. 347. 449. 333 Serious Fraud Office. 11. 420. 144. 82. New Zealand curriculum. 170. 361. 498 Retrofitting. 141. 467 Resource Management Act. 434. 361. 461. 399. 539. 195. 541 250. 330.

343. 485 Partnership for Quality. 223. 260. 280. 367. 293. 484. 538 Superannuation. 463. 109. 469 Guardians of New Superannuation. 236. 293. 50. 411 Social Report. 507. 195. 387. 272. 279. 485. 455. 239. 494. 367. 456. 344. 393. 371. 505. 466 Social Workers in Schools. 196. 146 Zealand SuperGold Card. 488. 377. 240. 486 Step Up Scholarships. 511. 468 Sport and Recreation. 70. 464 Social Worker Registration. 244. 497. 197. 442. 225. 139. 281. 477 Special education. 138. 477 State Houses. 172. 344 554 . 498. 483. 141. 145. New Zealand. 302. 54. 279. 255. 10. 445. 51. 171. 488 Development Goals. 405. 477 Skills Strategy. 539 Student Loans. 259. 87. 141. 297. 283. 479. 405. 245. 67. 526. 105. 395. 138. 286. 234. 250. 471. 243. 66. 67. 446. 222. 224. 341. 415. 203. 206. 322 Small Business. 541 Sustainable Development. 57. 417. 515. 191. 50. 197 SPARC. 496. 455. 539 Social Development. 203. 484. 25. 374. 51. 486 Strong Proven Leadership Strategies with Kids – Information for Parents (SKIP). 371. 460. 153. 491 Ministry of Social Development. 464. 61. 453. 505 Partnership Resource Centre. 65. 529 Student Allowances. 363. 24. 63. 204. 208. 221. 55. 217. 400 State Sector. 24. 485. 320.Sir Edmund Hillary Outdoor Recreation Council. 513. 484. 110. 503. 487. 336. 475. 345. 451. 258. 372. 77. 10. 476. 7. 422. 466 Soil erosion. 354. 196. 253. 511. 9. 483. 486. 146. 433. 12. 473. 451. 464. 394. 462. 413. 302. 375. 399. 510. 509. 153. 398. 76. 355. 142. 144. 211. 226. 451. 398 Solar water heating. 124. 483. 529. 360. 210. 520 Sustainability. 485 Savings State Services Commission. 347. 5. 450. 287. 192. 474. 321. 138. 140. 68. 487 State Sector Retirement Scheme. 420. 504. 55. 89. 540. 501. 434 Special Education. 62. 481. 497. 209. 434 Spectrum. 485. 538. 346. 359. 86. 466. 301. 85. 463. 259. 433. 433. 66. 429. 281. 51. 357. 11.

299. 303. 123. 345. 147. 199. 486. 113. 371. 306 Telecommunications. 362. 499. 491. 362. 411. 428 Telecom. 300. 140. 496. 374. 493 Timor Leste. 82. 352. 238. 27 Total Mobility. 451. 11. 415. 507. 361. Excellence Te Rito (New Zealand Family Violence Prevention Strategy). 345. 240. 354. 31. 303 Television. 353. 361. 243. 493. 396. 217. 127. 20. 71. 300. 497. 306 Telecommunications Stocktake. 38 Transport. 429. 428. 12. 503. 70. 251. 509. 464 Te Ture Whenua Māori Act. 160. 539 62. 421. 63. 320. 432. 504 Tourism Demand Subsidy Scheme. 26. 495. 139 Te Kotahitanga. 428. 430. 22. 492. 488. 137. 133. 231. 18. Commission. 347. 504 New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2016. 280. 138. 431. 510. 536. 377. 145. 54. 37. 226. 303. 493. 198. 434. 71. 412. 489. 505 Trade. 124. 145. 491. 197. 354 Teachers. 94. 138. 537 New Zealand Teachers Council. 351. 170. 222. 506 100% Pure New Zealand. 26. 494. 191. 192. 145. 23. 421. 371. 245. 503. 305. 297. 305. 203. 150. 415 Tariffs. 32. 503. 111. 364. 11 Taskforce for Action on Violence within Families. 362. 22. 322. 351. 420. 501. 376. 372. 512. 124. 364 Tomb of the Unknown Warrior. 21. 427. 25. 515. 428 Māori Tertiary Education. 161. 236. 197. 506 Sustainable Tourism Advisors in Regions (STAR). 93. 419. 429 Te Māngai Pāho. 504. 37. 38 Television New Zealand (TVNZ). 20 Te Marautanga Aotearoa Curriculum. 514 Digital television. 477. 138. 85. 38. 516 555 Strong Proven Leadership . 142. 131.Sustainable Farming Fund. 504. 361. 457. 20. 503. 505. 300. 492 Tertiary Teaching Awards. 233 Toi Iho. 67. 513. 125. 297. 538 Tertiary Education 322. 451 Tourism. 237. 51. 511. 367. 75. 503 Tourism Innovation Fund. 465 Tax cuts. 147.

109. 27. 117. 359 Unemployment. 442. 387. 459. 495 War Disablement Pension. 204. 351. 336. 180. 495. 126. 485. 327. 184. 363. 180. 283. 462. 494 Welcome Home loans. 280. 225. 165. 179. 522 War Disablement Pensions. 278. 457. 301. 498 165. 492. 346. 367. 488 Treaty of Waitangi. 45. 67. 323. 137. 81. 409. 103. 373 Well Child. 179. 328 Vietnam. 357. 321. 43. 441. 363. 281. 521 Waste Waste reduction. 540 Strong Proven Leadership Work and Income. 225 Whanau-led services. 455. 101. 460 Working For Families. 88. 82 Victims Commissioner. 196. 49. 418. 460. 484. 486. 171. 510 Treasury. 377. 393. 521. 234. 52. 357. 355. 113. 168. 399. 352. 181. 394. 360. 204. 145. 496. 520. 464. 145. 345 Victims of crime. 205. 351. 167. 395 Wildlife Act 1953. 266 Whaling. 143. 235. 327. 460. 185. 51. 328 Victims Rights Act. 50. 456. 67. 358. 277. 345 Weathertight Homes Service. 509. 75. 456. 285 United Nations. 118. 27. 127. 186. 310. 520. 378. 462. 148. 142. 499 Tripartite Forum. 522 War Pensions Act. 124. 5. 168. 395. 495 Unit Titles Act. 360 Urban Development. 422 Sustainable Water Programme of Action. 357 Treaty settlements. 494. 236. 460. 353. 344. 355. 173. 458. 165. 119. 351. 367. 463. 196. 492. 239 Universities. 31. 49. 526 556 . 283 Resolution Unions. 283. 179. 234. 111. 359. 521 Volunteering programme. 148. 233. 114. 328 Wholesale Funding Guarantee facility. 140 Water Freshwater. Wananga. 66. 487.New Zealand Transport Strategy. 368.

238. 236. 147. 343. 377 Youth Affairs. 329 Strong Proven Leadership 557 . 293 Youth Offending Strategy. 237. 467 Youth Development Strategy. 56. 233. 105. 540 Youth Court.Working New Zealand. 459 World Trade Organisation (WTO). 533 Youth Councils.