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Fundamentals of Semiconductor Physics and Devices

Fundamentals of Semiconductor Physics and Devices

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Published by Muhammad Sana Ullah

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Published by: Muhammad Sana Ullah on Feb 15, 2012
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07/10/2013

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3.6.1

Every solid is bounded by a surface. Nonetheless, the model of an infinite
solid which neglects the presence of a surface works very well in many cases.
Why is this possible? The reason is, first, that in many cases one deals
with properties, such as transport, optical, magnetic, mechanical or thermal
properties, to which all the atoms of the solid contribute more or less to
the same extent, and, secondly, that there are many, many more atoms in
the bulk of a solid than at its surface, provided the solid is of macroscopic
size. In the case of a silicon cube of 1 cm x 1 cm x 1 cm, for example,

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