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JOURNEY

 Raj rewal Born in 1934 in Hoshiarpur, Punjab ,India..  Creation of geometric systems and responding visual imageries are apparent in Raj rewal‟s architectural works.  He lived in Delhi and Shimla in 1939-1951.  He attended Harcourt butler higher secondary school.  In 1951-1954, he attended Delhi school of architecture‟ New Delhi.  His imaginative leaps are based on his foundational knowledge and experience.

 He Completed his formal professional training at the Brixton school of building.  He was working in the offices of Michel Ecohard. In 1955-1961 he moved to London and attended the architectural association school of architecture for one year.in 1961-1962.  He became an associate of the royal institute of British architects. in Paris .  In 1962 he married with Helene. . London.  Raj Rewal worked as an assistant stage manager for several avante grade theatre productions in London . London.

 In 1986 curator of the exhibition “Traditional Architecture in India” for the festival of India in Paris.  He founded the architectural research cell with Ram Sharma in 1985. He returned to new Delhi in 1962 to set up his own architectural practice. in 1974 .  He opened a second office in Tehran. . Iran.  1963-72 taught at the Delhi school of architecture.

which was cultivated by his English education. craft tradition.  First he relates to his interest in structures. during the review of his diploma projects.  He recalls 3 enconters during those formative years which shaped his architectural ideology. .PROFESSIONAL PROFILE  He completed his professional education in Europe.

As a set designer he learnt that each dramatic work had it particular character which he intrepts as the rasa of the building. .  He also had an opportunity to work on the design of a space frame structure for a Museum in Kuwait. Second he worked as an assistant stage manager for several avante grade theatre productions in London .  Third he was working in the offices of Michel Eco hard. New Delhi. in Paris.  Then he take the lead of structure system for the exhibition pavilions at Pragati Maidan. In office he absorbed the principles of urban design and planning .

.  Corbusiers works convinced him that it was possible to be rational and employ modern means to build in India.New Delhi.  On seeing the works of Le Corbusier. to undertake the construction of stone columns and ferro cement domes for the Parliament Library.  The only 2 other influences that he admits were important to his development as an architect were on his return to India. He convinced his European structural consultants to develop the unusual structural system for the Ismaili centre and the central public works dept.  Teaching history at the School of planning and Architecture .

 Teaching history exposed him to the classical and vernacular traditions of bldg in India.  They seems to exemplify what Le Corbusier once said “What makes our dreams so daring is that they can be realised. .

cubic volumes.  They reflect a concern for climatic sensitivity.  Structure .  He also provide for honesty in expression. material  Tectonic variation  Memory and geometry .PHILOSOPHY  His bldg design include pure structural expressions.

MEMORY AND GEOMETRY  His architectural pursuit is centered on attempts to evolve a contemporary architecture rooted in traditional wisdom.  Also influenced by the typologies of traditional bldg. and cities like Jaisalmer . .  He has been influenced by the architecture of Le corbusier and louis khan.

 In 1962.  The pattern for Bhikaji Cama pplace designed in 1965 is reminiscent of the organization of traditional urban settlements. Bldg on traces from the past he transforms them into the new.  The strategy thus allows a monumental quality to be imported in the projects.  In his work continuity and change consort one another in familiar terms.  Much like traditional bazars he created designs modulated on a rhythm based on repetition of cubic forms. he created a hyperbolic paraboloid structure with newspapers plastered on board to articulate the skin. .

 He derives lessons from different sources such the layering of wall patterns in tombs and trellises. use of cavity walls make the designs responsive to the climate.  Spatial orientation. .  The Satish Gujral house and Rewal house like the „Havelis‟ in Rajasthan . For the halls of nations and industries he drew lessons the Humayun‟s tomb.  In Nehru pavilion he draws parallels with stupas that enshrine sacred relics.

FEATUERS OF HIS DESIGN  URBAN FABRIC  CLUSTERS  STREETS  GATEWAYS  INNER COURTYARDS  ROOF GARDENS .

. high density development.  Settlement patterns are clearly visible and the texture of the city with its closely related solids and voids .  Cool shadows and air currents are built into the grain of the city of Jaisalmer and are excellent demonstration of the achievement of low rise.  The sense of enclosure and continuity of movement is maintained throughout the cities.URBAN FABRIC  The forts of Jaisalmer and Jodhpur offer from high plateaux splendid overviews of the cities.  The densely packed bldg „breathe‟ through the courtyards at different levels .

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linking all the housing units.  The creation of the traditional narrow street.  In the Asian games village and Sheikh sarai housing project . provides for intimate encounters between people and a sense of belonging to the neighbourhood square.shaded. . the peripheral roads are connected to parking squares.  The central spine of the layout is reserved for narrow . pedestrian pathways .  The layout plans follow traditional methods of creating shade and cross ventilation. Raj rewal tried to evolve mass housing schemes based on similar criteria.

ASIAN GAMES VILLAGE .

where each house owner bought readymade elements of carved stone balconies and doors.  The street facades of Jaisalmer exhibit a simple methodology . creating a rich street composition.CLUSTERS  The joining together of several bldg which retain their identity yet from a cohesive cluster. is an enduring vernacular tradition within the Indian subcontinent.  The endless repetition of a single type of block or slab has proved a dreary (dull) solution.  Traditional clusters surround a variety of open spaces with different functions around a unified pattern of movement. .

JAISALMER NATIONAL INSTITUTE IMMUNOLOGY .

the piercing of parapets. deep set windows. Raj rewal designed his housing schemes at Sheikh Sarai and the Institute of Immunology as a series of district clusters which are inter related. and stone flanking walls for the courtyard. . using sandstone grit render.  The bldgs are unified by means of similar façade treatment. proportions of doors.

Institute of Immunology. to accommodate different functions creating a micro climate. and act as a light and air wells in which cool night air is trapped.COURTYARDS  The public courtyard accommodates a multiple of activities ranging from religious like marriage ceremonies to the celebration of secular festivals.  The interlocking courtyards at Fatehpur Sikri.  Courtyards are protected by external walls and verandahs or are defined by rooms. . heat and sandstorms. free from dust.  Raj rewal designed courtyards with similar consideration in mind for a variety of housing and educational buildings eg.

Fatehpur Sikri .

NATIONAL INSTITUTE IMMUNOLOGY .

 Each Gateway is like the opening of a new chapter. .  Gateways in the Asian Games village mark territory.GATEWAYS  Gateways were built in the cities to define particular zones.

GATEWAYS IN JAISALMER ASIAN GAMES VILLAGE .

 Roof terraces are an essential component of the lifestyle of north Indian cities.  Also provide an extension to living areas at upper levels during the sunny „winter‟ days when interior rooms can be cold. hot climate when the interior rooms receive the heat absorbed .  They provide welcome outdoor space during the summer nights in the dry.  Private roof terraces and courtyards are an integral design component of the housing for the institute of Immunology and Asian games village. ROOF TERRACES .

ROOF TERRACES IN JAISALMER .

ROOF TERRACES IN ASIAN GAMES VILLAGE .

points of rest and changing vistas.STREETS  The narrow shaded streets of Jaisalmer generate movement patterns full of fun. . so there are pauses .  The streets are broken up into small units.  The plans for the Asian games village and Sheikh sarai are based on similar narrow shaded streets linking a variety of clusters. pleasure and surprise.

STREETS IN JAISALMER ASIAN GAMES VILLAGE .

 The Robert Mathew award by the Commonwealth Association of architects.AWARDS AND HONOURS  He has received among many other honours.  In 1993 he was honored by the Mexican Association of Architects.  In 1989.  Raj Rewal is also the 1995 recipient of the JK Trusts Great Master‟s award. london. he was awarded the gold medal by the Indian Institute of Architects. .

New Delhi Asian Games Village. New Delhi  HOUSING     French Embassy Staff Quarters. New Delhi . New Delhi Zakir Hussain Co-operative Housing.RAJ REWAL’S WORKS Raj Rewal‟s works can be divided in the following parts:  RESIDENCES  Satish Gujral house. New Delhi  Rewal house. New Delhi Sheikh Sarai Housing Complex. New Delhi  Sham Lal house.

New Delhi  OFFICES     Bhikhaji Cama Bazaar. New Delhi  French School and Cultural Centre. New Delhi. New Delhi SCOPE Office Complex. New Delhi  Hall Of Nations and Hall Of Industries. New Delhi Engineers India House. New Delhi  Karnataka Pavilion. New Delhi  Central Institute Of Educational Technology. EXHIBITION AND LARGE SPAN  Nehru Memorial Pavilion. New Delhi State Trading Corporation. New Delhi . New Delhi  RESEARCH &EDUCATION  National Institute Of Public Finances and Policy.  National Institute Of Immunology.

 Certain interior spaces have direct access to outdoor gardens at differing levels.  A central staircase connects various levels of the dwelling which have the difference in height of one and a half meters. the Gujral house provided approximately 800sqm of living space also intended for the display of paintings and works of art.SATISH GUJRAL HOUSE. mezzanine and basement spaces was based upon to previous houses in Delhi. NEW DELHI. the .  The split level configuration of living room. 1970  Designed for an artist.

Exterior view .

is one and a half meters from ground level and contains a workshop for ceramics joined to sunken open court.  Similarly the main living space at plus one and a half meters can be continued outwards on to the raised garden. for example.  The Gujral house was constructed with exposed bricks.  Large pivoting doors of teak and glass separate the living areas and the garden.basement. . Moreover the concrete floor slabs and beams were left exposed.

Main entrance .

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dining and living room spaces with the front garden as much as possible.SHAM LAL HOUSE. 1973  The Sham lal design placed an emphasis on blending the entrance hall. .  A double height space contains the entrance hall and stairs to the first floor. NEW DELHI.  The house was designed for a leading journalist and writer .  The large pivoting doors of glass and teak define the living room garden boundary and can be opened for social occasions.

View of double height entrance .

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. Three bedrooms and the upper floors have access to roof terraces.  A small basement under the dining room serves as library.  Construction is of reinforced concrete and brick with traditional materials such as kotah stone and teak for finishings.

one for the architect and his family.  Communication between the two houses is through the kitchen yard.NEW DELHI  In 1973. . the other for his parents.  Living. dining. at the back.  While separate entrances and front gardens are provided across an extremely narrow frontage of only 5 meters for each. He designed 2 independent house units. yet the introduction of a small cellar under the dining room offered the possibility of a split-level and hence greater richness. kitchen and study areas are on the ground floor.  He were designed in such a manner as to give both privacy and inter-relatedness to each other.REWAL HOUSE .

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softened by the texture left by wooden form work.  Large pivoting glass doors provide continuity between the living room and the garden outside. Part of the living room is of double height. carried through in the teak-framed doors and windows.  A small interior courtyard within the two units brings indirect light and good cross-ventilation to these spaces.  The flooring of kotah stone in brown and bronze achieves a certain continuity.  The ceilings and cantilevered stairs are of exposed concrete. and is overlooked by mezzanine. .  The use of material is restricted to exposed brick externally and internally (painted white outside).

. The rewal house served as a prototype for his later large scale mass housing designs.

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 A view downward into the living and dining area. .

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verandah and bedrooms for maximum utility. verandah and private courtyard or roof terrace.1967  The total area of each unit varies from 60-70 sq.bathroom. NEW DELHI.m and comprises two reception room .FRENCH EMBASSY STAFF QUARTERS. .  Good natural lighting is important .  Four principles concerns stand out-:  Courtyard is the focus of the plan  Natural ventilation is a key factor of determining the form of bldg. wc.  The spaces were arranged in order to enhance the relationship between kitchen. kitchen.as is protection from the sun.  Privacy for each family unit has been ensured by walls upto 2m high around roof terraces and independent entrances and courtyards.

Exterior view .

ranging in area 70120sqm. three and four storeys in height. the movement of people within the enclosures has been closely aligned with the access points for vehicles on the periphery.were organized into two distinct clusters. .  An important aspect of this solution is the pattern of interrelated squares of an intimate scale that has been created.  While there is a clear demarcation between pedestrian and vehicular spaces within these.Sheikh Sarai Group Housing.  Six different types of units.  Density is approximately 100 apartments per hectare. New Delhi. 1972-82  The programme for 550 apartments was based on the norms in force for self-financed housing in south Delhi.

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the wall or parapets of which have narrow slits (jalis) ensuring both privacy and good ventilation. . The scale of the various squares has been adjusted to encourage and to serve different community activities.  Although the structure is of reinforced concrete posts and beams.  This is customary for economical mass housing in the region. and allows for some modification b y the users. the walls are of brick infill covered with roughcast plaster.  All the units have been provided with a courtyard or roof top terrace.

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 Two 8 storey towers were included as a means of providing large units of 130-160 sq.  Between them are 4 storey clusters of apartments around open areas for pedestrians or vehicles.1979  This society commissioned the architect to design 210 apartments units for its members. the majority of whom are muslim. metre.  The two towers form poles at either end of the long site.  There are 8 types flats in the towers.  The overall layout of the project and design of individual unit types were taken democratically.ZAKIR HUSSAIN CO-OPERATIVE HOUSING. .NEW DELHI.

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namely a sense of traditional urban fabric in indian cities.  The exterior surface treatment of the low rise complex . These contain smaller apartments (50-100 sq. . is different from the tower.  Begun in 1979.metres) of which there are 16 variations to meet the specific desires.  Has been introduced here through the creation of enclosures. covered passageways and individual terraces overlooking public spaces.  A recurrent feature of rewal‟s large scale projects. which are of exposed concrete and grit. which has a cement and pebble render. but completed in 1984.

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ASIAN GAMES VILLAGE, NEW DELHI, 1980
 In 1982 India hosted the Asian Olympic games in New Delhi.  The housing development was commissioned and built by the public authorities to accommodate for athletes.  It was forseen by the public client, the Delhi development authority(DDA), that the units would be sold off to private individuals once the games had finished.  It was least expensive construction which at the time, cost approx. 170 rupees a sq.foot.  The asiad village was built for 210 t0 280 rupees a sq.foot for a middle class population.

C) to apartment type (E. . G) and variations on the special arrangement of these. undoubtedly. shaded pedestrian streets and containing both recreational and commercial activities.  The combination of various dwelling types into an urban pattern of unusual diversity makes the asiad village quite remarkable. F. comprising 200 individual town houses and 300 apartments in two-storey to four-storey „walkups‟ with an overall density of 50 units per hectare. there are some 510 housing units. was conceived-in part. to anticipate the needs of families with different social beck ground. A relatively wide variety of unit types. from individual houses (types A. B.  The concept is based upon a sequence of open spaces linked by narrow.  In all.

 The passageways an lanes are consciously interrupted by units which span them overhead to produce „gateways‟ to identifiable groupings within the complex.  Vistas are constantly changing, although a continuity of movement is maintained throughout each series of enclosures.  An obvious source of inspiration for such narrow streets linking the housing units is the traditional street scale and pattern found in many indian cities, where narrow paths become spaces for encounters between people, and the open squares offer a sense of neighbourhood.  Peripheral roads are connected to cul-de-sac parking areas which in turn give access to individual garages or car porches attached to houses or apartment block.

 Vehicular and pedestrian movements is thereby segregated but closely interlinked for convenience: about 80% of the dwellings have access from both pedestrian enclosures as well as the parking areas  Centrally located within the Asiad village, but easily accessible from outside as well, was a dining complex for those participating in the games.  This now serves the local community as a recreational and commercial center

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AN INTERIOR VIEW .

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portions of which were assembled by the celebrated American designer Charles Fames.  The building is embedded in a grassy mound of earth. The pavilion is designed to house exhibits on the life and times of former prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru.  The upper level for example is for circulation and based on the traditional parkarma. or circumblation around a central shrine. NEHRU MEMORIAL PAVILION.  Plans of the building revel affinities with the yantras and hence reflect a Tantric perception of space.  The basic idea of the design comes from the earliest Buddhist stupas in Nepal which are earth mound containing relics of Buddha.NEW DELHI 1971 . often a circler or an octagon which evokes a particular mood.

 On the lower level. while the stepped roof. in the form of a truncated pyramid.  These architectural spaces defining pattern of moment aim to produce a harmonious relationship between the visitor . with the upper level containing the audio visual rooms around the perimeter and a stepped roof in the center for exhibitions.  Four corner windows at the upper level allow ventilation for the lower spaces. with double height enclosures on the corners allowing space for large panels or objects . has glass bricks provided subdued natural light. displays are conceived around four sections. The exhibition hall itself is arranged on two levels.

where the patterns from the wood shuttering remain evident and contribute a note of simplicity. of protected spaces have been created for gatherings and the grassy slopes are suitable recreational areas for children. .  However kota stone for the flooring and teak for the doors and windows add a sense of elegance .  Outdoor spaces have not been neglected a no. Concrete used for the structure has been left exposed both inside or outside .

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Entrance 2.walkway .Covered walkway 5.Exhibition space Section drawings of the pavilion 4. Audio visual 3.1.Paved walkway 6.

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Exhibition space .

A general view of the interiors .

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 A limited competition was held in 1970 for the design of permanent exhibition spaces for the International Trade Fair 2 years later. HALL OF NATIONS & HALL OF INDUSTRIES.  Although each of the halls was initially conceived as a full pyramid the truncated form was adopted in order to avoid unnecessary constructions. NEW DELHI. and other services are located under the ramps.  The main pavilion of the hall of nations has a clear span of 78 m and a height vary from 3 m to 21m .1970 . thereby providing a vast capacity for items to be exhibited from books to bulldozers. & Raj rewal‟s proposal was selected. toilets.  The hall of industries on the other hand is a combination of 4 smaller pavilions by ramps enclosing a central area for open air exhibits. utilities.

View of Hall of Nation .

according to some authors of the traditional jali in Indian architecture .  An effective system of environmental control inside the building was another outcome of the 3D structure .  As the result. which rests on 8 points around the essentially square planned and allows 11m wide openings between the supports. as solid triangular panels at regular intervals provided sun screens – a modern equivalent . it was built in the latter material. The steel for this space frame construction was expensive in India.  Octahedra measuring 5m from joint to joint were employed as the basic 3D unit of the space frame . .

Structure detail .

Interior of Hall of Nation .

Overall view of the complex .

F of the complex .Plan of the G.

NEW DELHI.  A structural system of reinforced concrete posts and beams has been given a configuration of 3 juxtaposed triangles . .KARNATAKA PAVILION.  The design uses elements and materials which symbolize this evolution from handicraft to modern technology . 1984  The pavilion was designed as a permanent display area for the changing exhibits brought to New Delhi from the state of Karnataka.

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sunbreakers.  The pavilion‟s facade is composed of sunbreakers. . hand-made and richly patterned clay tiles .  The machine made elements of fibreglass for the roof. and railings enliven the image.  The red of the tiles and the yellow painted door. provides a variety of points of view for the moving visitor. seen from below.  An interplay between the triangular mezzanine and the roof structure. Within the spaces created there is a mezzanine level.

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an art gallery.000 sq.  . 300 shops .m for offices .000 vehicles.  The scheme is for a district shopping centre on a prestigious 15 hectare site in New Delhi. a museum.BHIKAJI CAMA BAZAAR. a cinema.  In 1965. the complex was the winning entry in the biggest competition ever organized by the government. NEW DELHI. an open air theatre. 1965  The complex offer an indication of the long time span needed for many projects to be built in India.  It involving 220. and parking for approximately 14.a hotel.

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. nine-. provided an opportunity.storey units. comprising small bldg blocks of six-.  The conception of enclosure is analogous to Indian bazaars and evocative of civic spaces at historic sites such as Fatehpur sikri and Kathmandu.  Complete segregation of pedestrian and vehicular flow was achieved by creating a pedestrian level at about 3 m above the ground.  Each bldg block can be approached directly by car or through the pedestrian podium. Designed as one continuous structure enclosing a series of courtyards varying in scale and function it was to consist of streets bridged over partially by the buildings.  This sequence of open spaces was intended to allow people to congregate on a raised podium .  A continuous structure. and 12.

 The vehicular flow into the site is controlled at 3 points on adjacent roads. .  The circulation system is a self contained net effectively divided between short and long term parking.

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New Delhi. each containing lifts. along with 4 central shear walls. and public relation offices of a public sector.  The office floor measuers 54x 24. EW DELHI.  The design has 4 cores on the corners. staircases and services. design. 1978  It forms part of the commercial district centre at Bhikhaji bazaar.  These cores forms major structural elements and. .  It houses the administrative.  The long spans and cantilevers expressed on the façade create the appropriate image for an engineering concern.6m. financial.ENGINEERS INDIA HOUSE.  He was awarded the first prize for this project.

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 The centeral part of the entrance is 10 m high and gives access to the mezzanine at 3 levels.  EI house is entered by car directly from the road and has two levels of parking underneath.  The stepping of floors within the cores and extending different floors to the east and west ends of the building creates a zone of surface under shadows thus reducing temperatures. and creating space for roof terraces on the north side. The office floors are stepped creating overhangs on the south side.  It was also decided that the larger parameter of the building should face north south and use cores and floors overhangs to create micro climate. protecting the building from sun. .

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5 m. The structure of the reinforced is exposed internally and the ribs on the roof slab form a ceiling pattern in corporating lighting panels and airconditioning ducts  Clads .5 cm thick are used. .  Total floor area is 18200 sq. sandstone 2.m with a capacity for 1800 people.  The lower 2 floors are used as public relation offices containing exhibition spaces and conference rooms  Building height is 52.

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 Vertical structure cores containing lifts and service support girders between alternate floors .State trading corporation  The state trading corporation . and the whole is covered by beige and red sandstone panels  The perpendicular high rise blocks rise to different heights .  The STC design stands out as a result of its unique structure and surface treatment . like rewal‟s scope building is typologically very different from other high rise offices of its time . the tallest being the one forming a junction of the lower two  A low 3 storey volume partially fills the space created by the L-shaped plan of adjoining towers .

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a screening device used throughout the subcontinent to protect interiors from the hard sunlight  Here it is the concrete‟s structural element which acts as a sun breaker in front of the windows across the façade rather than infill screens which are added on afterwards  Natural light also reaches display areas from skylights on the roof terraces  These feature together with the stone cladding contribute to the buildings unique expressive force as a sky scrapper . The office floors have a 15 m span and since they are free of internal columns allow for a flexible partitioning system  The repetition of octagonal openings in the bridge like girders between the vertical cores creates ward the architect considers a modern equivalent of the traditional jalli .

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. and a lavatory facilities from this core there is access to the offices and meeting rooms on each floor  Natural light reaches deep into the interior as a result of the recesses on the principle façade  the structural systems consists of 4 columns supporting a square in diagrid of structural slabs with 12 mts centers or 16 mts at the two upper most levels . containing lifts. restaurants and observation desks have been created among the cooling towers and hidden machine rooms there is a rich articulation of form and spaces with boxes of hanging plants . stairs.Scope office complex. New Delhi  At roof level the terraces. concrete trellises for canvas covers over sundesk and passage ways were the employees can relax .  Each of the 8 interlocking pavilions has a central core.

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NEW DELHI.  The CIET is specifically concerned with modes of instructions. . developing multimedia programs for use as educational tools.  It forms part of a network of educational institutes located together in south Delhi near the National Park which surrounds the historic Qutub Minar.  The CIET building is located on a campus which is devoted entirely to institutions which formulate infrastructure facilities for child development and education in India. 1975  Raj rewal was given the challenge of designing for a new and relatively unique institutional programme at once again.CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY.

 It contains 2 TV studios and 2 sound studios, along with production room and ancillary facilities.  It is also equipped with classrooms, seminar rooms and projection facilities, and will host teachers and broadcasting specialists who will collaborate in devising new teaching aids for use in school throughout the country.  The architect wanted to provide places that could function as open air, multi-purpose television studios.  The design is built around 2 interlinking courtyards, one near the entrances and the second around an existing tree.

 The larger courtyard has an open air stage and amphitheatre seating; it is enclosed at ground level by the main entrance hall, artists‟ rooms and canteen.  Open passageways link the library, audio-visual and adminstrative activities on the upper 3 levels.  The floor areas decrease as one moves upwards, and roof terraces overlooking the central courtyard and surrounding parks have been created.

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 The building represents a wonderful interplay of open and enclosed space.a move set to balance the circular composition of the parliament building.New Delhi  The Parliament library designed by Raj Rewal is a new addition to the majestic complex of imperial buildings in the former capital of british india.  It at once strikes the viewer as a monument representing the democratic aspiration of an independent india.  The composition of library complex is based on squaring of triangles. .Parliament Library.  delightful the dense space of the adjoining Parliament house.

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000 square feet (55. the library is nearly 590.it leads to an atrium covered with a circular roof.lightly placed above a steel ring. Light is the defining theme of this building.  The plan of the building is inspired by precolonial Indian architecture such as the magnificeTaj Mahal.which allows muted light.000 square meters) in area.  The site and the building is Located on a 10acre (4-hectare) site.symbolically representing the spirit of wisdom.  A large part of the structure of library is made of columns.  The main entrance of the library is directly linked to one of the parliament. .enlightment & democracy.

View of atrium .

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 Circular stainless steel edge beam is raised above a ring of light and supported by columns clad with red sandstone. A view of the stainless steel structural tubes that make the dome. Its roof structure is designed as a lattice of stainless steel members of octagonal forma with glazed infill square panels. This dome also has a few square insulated glass panes for natural lighting .

GAS TRAINING INSTITUTE. . white brick to infill. NOIDA  An institute by defination is “a society or organization for promotion of scientific educational or either public objects.concrete columns to support.  The basic idea was to have a contrast of 3 materials .m.300 sq. red sandstone as interactive jaalis and eventually the plants taking over.”  This institute divided into different levels.  The plan of the complex is very simple with a spatial arrangement of interlocked courtyards of different scales.  This institute spreads over an area of 17.

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integrated into a well knit complex by covered corridors facing the courtyards.  Apart from the main entry independent entries to the auditorium. display. . audio video and publication and recreation facilities. The courtyard is the combination of the elaborate stone jaalis and the surrounding greenery. and workshop.  The open spaces are surrounded by verandahs for learning and informal discussion.  The first floor includes a conference room. cafeteria and auditorium. hostel.  The main courtyard accommodates open air seating.  It is linked to the auditorium with a seating capacity for 200 persons.  The ground floor consists of various activities like workshops.

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seminar room and class rooms. The second floor houses the library.  The stone and ferro-cement domes of the meeting rooms in the complex. .

 The wall facing the stage uses cedar wood in place of kotastone strips as better sound absorption. The lighting done with stone and steel as base and steel tubes to support it. The auditorium is a delight in itself. .  Kotastone panelling on the walls for acoustic treatment with vinartex as the finish in the auditorium .

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DESIGN CONCEPTS  The design draws inspiration from Islamic philosophy and the vocabulary of design.PORTUGAL  It is a permanent place where spaces for gathering of the Ismaili muslim community for social.ISMAILI CENTRE IN LISBON. .  It is influenced by the morphology of the courtyard concept eg.  It is innovative in terms of contemporary construction technology. social hall and community facilities are grouped around separate courtyards on the ground floor. cultural and economic development.  The public spaces of design like Jamatkhana. Fatehpur sikri of the paradise garden and Islamic patterns.

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.  The six courtyards and external spaces and landscaped with fountains.  The jamatkhana courtyard is an extension of the prayer hall surrounded by a cloister and has an ambience of serenity. institutional and Agra khan foundation areas around smaller enclosures of courtyards. GARDENS OF PARADISE  The designed is based on 3 interconnected enclosed gardens fulfilling a distinct function. The first floor is reserved for educational.  The entrance courtyard is courtyard is designed to welcome the visitor and is derived on the principle of „char bagh‟ with flowering plants and running water. running water and appropriate foliage.

The central courtyard ‘char bagh’ is dominated by fountains .

 The lattice for the cloisters was composed of one layer of granite squares of 20 cm in combination with steel pipes of 10 cm. .  The stone is strong in compression in conjuction with steel which is strong in tension.  Lisbon is a high earthquake zone and the glazed lattice was designed to support a structural span of 25 x 35m . STONE STEEL LATTICE WORK  Pink granite is used in conjuction with steel as a structural material to echo the islamic patterns and forms an important features of the facades.  Its height is 10m.

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Granite and steel lattice .

Typical lattice shear wall .

.  The building is totally air conditioned . NEW DELHI  This complex provides high level of basic infrastructure facilities for development programmes.  It is located in the south eastern corner of the Jawahar lal Nehru University measures around 10 hectares.INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR GENETIC ENGINEERING. the administrative block and the animal house all linked in front with a water pool facing the sweeping park land.  The concept is based on provided distinct area comprising the labs. the water body functions as a spray pond.

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Entrance view .

canteen and an auditorium for 250 persons.  The labs conceived as large halls with an intermediate floor between 2 levels which contains all the services and air conditioning ducts.  It has also a library and office areas distributed on the first and second floor.  The access corridor in front of the labs has 3 clusters of scientists rooms which give way to the view of the national park.  The research lab are isolated in a separate wing on 3 floors. . The administrative block is built around a small central courtyard and includes seminar rooms.

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 The building has a reinforced concrete frame structure infilled with brick walls and finally cladded with red and beige coloured sandstone .

THANKS .

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