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Manual for World Class Stations Railways Board India 2009 WCS (Vol 1- Main Report)

Manual for World Class Stations Railways Board India 2009 WCS (Vol 1- Main Report)

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Published by Vaishnavi Jayakumar
MANUAL FOR STANDARDS
AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR
RAILWAY STATIONS
MANUAL FOR STANDARDS
AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR
RAILWAY STATIONS

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Published by: Vaishnavi Jayakumar on Feb 16, 2012
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01/28/2014

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4.5.6.1

Introduction

The major railway stations in metropolitan cities in India are generally centrally located.
Therefore, the integration of joint commercial development into railway stations can
enrich the station environment, providing convenience as well as substantial revenue
generation. Incorporation of concessions into the overall station design involves the
seamlessly coordinated efforts between the Indian Railways and the Concessionaire,
and must be well integrated into the surrounding community. Concessions are a vital
element in the activity of stations, and include retail at station and mezzanine levels in a
station. Concessions contribute to a feeling of safety and are considered an amenity by
the majority of customers.

There are two basic forms of concession and commercial development in railway
stations:

Retail concessions catering to non-travelers and travelers and,

Concessions with optional amenities catering to travelers only.

Concessionaires design shall meet the following goals:
1.

Concessions shall be integrated into the station design to eliminate any potential
conflicts with passenger circulation.

2.

Control collection and disposition of concession-generated trash.

3.

Concessions should be incorporated into station design as an integral part of the
architecture of the station and shall be consistent with each station’s design.

4.

Clearly differentiate signage for concessions from informational & directional
signage.

5.

Investigate use of unmanned concessions, such as automated teller machines
(ATM) or other vending machine-type operations, as security requirements
permit.

6.

Coordinate space availability and constraints.

7.

Coordinate safety requirements.

8.

Integrate the concession design with the finishes and design of the station.

9.

Concessionaire as per requirements of the CA and the technical schedules shall
provide food shops in unreserved waiting areas for the use of MOR to provide
services to economically limited passengers.

4.5.6.2

Concession Enclosure Types

Basic concession enclosure types include the following:
1. Freestanding concessions – Freestanding concessions are not attached to any
wall or ceiling surface, as part of their design.
2. Built-in concessions – Built-in concessions are generally attached to station’s
walls and ceilings and are architecturally fully integrated into the design of the
station. Materials and finishes of the station area are to be coordinated with the
public side of the concessions enclosure.
3. Movable carts – Movable carts would be portable carts with the ability to be
placed in a variety of approved areas within a station.

Manual of Standards and Specifications for Railway Stations

Section 4 – Station Design Station Layout and Circulation

90

4.5.6.3

Concession Locations

It is assumed that concessions will be located both at the main station space and at the
platforms. Concessions at the platform area will be kept to bare to minimum and limited
to a newsstand and emergency and medical supplies. Where as concessions at the
main station will be permanent structures built into the station architecture consisting of
retail stores, restaurants, cafes, paid lounges, etc. The following issues should be
addressed:
1.

Concessions should be located at or near nodal points of stations but outside the
direct flow of passengers’ circulation paths, vertical circulation element (VCE)
and queuing zones with clearances provided for queuing (minimum 1.219 m) in
front of the concession to preserve uninterrupted flow.

2.

Street level retail development is encouraged. Concessions should be provided,
where possible, at off-sidewalk, street-level entrances.

3.

Concession locations must be coordinated with locations for Railway Passenger
related facilities and Ticket Vending Machines and self service information
centers and may not be located where they will interfere with passenger
amenities.

4.5.6.4

Concession Architectural Design

Concession design shall be architecturally integrated with the overall station design and
should incorporate the following principles:
1.

Built-in concessions should be integrated into finished station walls. Concession
designs should maintain station finishes on the public side of the concession
enclosure in order to coordinate with station designs.

2.

Use of modular interchangeable elements is important to the integration of the
concessions enclosure to the station design.

3.

Concession stands shall be enclosed but designed as visibly transparent as
possible.

4.5.7 Sustainability Development Strategies

The Sustainability Development Section 5.2 specifies the general principles and
requirements for environmentally responsible station design as established in the Indian
Railways Five Pillars for sustainable design. Some Sustainability Development
strategies specific to station configuration are as follows.

1

Efficient Space Planning

Plan space to minimize overall excavation required. Optimize plant room arrangement to
suit planning and design manual and efficient utility or duct routing. Consider
amalgamating MEP plant and equipment rooms of similar function where there is no
statutory separation required. Station configurations that efficiently utilize the geometry
of the structure to provide strength and reduce material use are encouraged.

2

Optimize VCEs

Provide numbers of VCEs to take into consideration current as well as future conditions
and be able to handle both without burden or excess. Allow escalators and elevators to
respond to demand as much as possible. Set optimum running speeds that move larger
loads without compromising safety.

Manual of Standards and Specifications for Railway Stations

Section 4 – Station Design Station Layout and Circulation

91

3

Elevator and Escalator Resource Conservation

Consider new technologies for escalators and elevators that may take up less space
(including machine rooms), use less energy, have longer life spans and/or require less
maintenance. Model the energy consumption in order to select most efficient equipment.

4

Respond to Demand: VCEs

Use control systems that allow for flexibility to adjust to variations in the number of users
and in the peak direction of traffic.

5

Choice of Escalators and Elevators

Specify to the extent feasible locally produced equipment that has a low embodied
energy and a high content of recycled materials.
Specify Products with Recycled Content
Specify Local/Regional Materials and Equipment

6

Natural Light and Ventilation

Minimize the use of artificial lighting my effective fenestration of station building
including roof area. Incorporate natural ventilation where ever possible minimizing use
of conditioned air where seasonal conditions permit.

Manual of Standards and Specifications for Railway Stations

Section 4 – Station Design Materials and Finishes

92

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