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Short Textile Plan

Short Textile Plan

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Published by: Muhammad Ichwan on Feb 16, 2012
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5.

TEXTILE DESIGNING
1. INTRODUCTION

India has a long tradition of textile especially hand woven and hand spun textiles. Textiles stand next to agriculture as an income generation activity for most of the rural population. The structure of the fabric is as much a determining factor in its functions, as it is the choice of raw material. Some structures of the fabric lend themselves to any specific end use where as many other structures are versatile lending them to a variety of functions and end uses. A good understanding of simple woven structures make it possible to apply them in the woven cloth in a variety of ways. The industries and employments expectations have now taken new

dimensions and in this context there is a need for good innovating designers to cater the needs of the industry and handloom sector. The diversification of design in the handloom sector is the need of the hour. So this programme provides the basic knowledge about designing textiles through weaving along with other methods. Courses are framed with laying emphasis on weaving fabric structures incorporating various techniques to manage the design activity in the presently highly competitive environment.

2. • • • • • • • • • • 3. • • •

OBJECTIVES

To identify the glorious traditional crafts of India. To help students acquire skills in evaluating the designs available in the market. To develop skills in setting up looms. To know the different types of yarns available and yarn requirements. To teach the methods of weaving various weavers. To bring out the innovativeness of the student in aspects of design. To help the students in solving the design problems in the handloom sector. To acquire the skill in creating designs using software. To identify various quality aspects. To become an entrepreneur.

SKILLS TO BE PROVIDED

Creating Designing ability Drawing, designing on the graph sheets Preparation of warp and weft for weaving

149

WAGE EMPLOYMENT As designer Master weaver Assistant weaver Instructor in weaving unit SELF EMPLOYMENT As designer Setting up weaving unit Scheme of Instruction for Textile Designing Schemes Of Instruction Per Module Theory Module Hours I Total 72 72 Weightage 30 30 Hours 216 216 Weightage 70 70 Hours 288 288 Weightage 100 100 On Job Training Total 150 .• • • • 4. • • • • • Drafting. denting techniques Dyeing and Printing techniques Us of computer software Cost estimation EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES As designers in the industry and handloom sector As entrepreneur Instructor Consultancy service to industry Setting up weaving unit [A] • • • • [B] • • • 5.

Bonding fabrics. 7. 4. Novelty yarns. -3Hrs. 3.0.1. 2. 6.3. Terminology used in weaving.2 Reasons for studying textiles. Natural protein fibers.0.0. 6. 6.5. 5.Schemes Of Instruction Per Week Module Modules I/II/III Theory 6 Hours On the Job Training 18 Hours Total 24 Hours 6. 1.3 Textile Industries – its range and marketing facilities. Properties of yarns. Introduction 1. 6.4.1. -6Hrs. 2. Woven fabrics.0.2.3. 4.4.3. Classification of fibers. 3. 3. -3Hrs. Classification of yarns. 7.1. Essential weaving operations. Fancy or complex yarns. Synthetic fibers. Man made fibers. Definition of yarn with examples.2. -3Hrs.2. 3.3. 2. Braided fabrics. 1.2. Introduction to Loom. Natural cellulose fibers. (a) Yarn twist (b) Yarn strength (c) Yarn count Types of fabric.2. -3Hrs. 1.1 Importance of textiles.4. -3Hrs. 7.0. Simple yarns. Definition of weaving.5. SYLLABUS Module I FABRIC WEAVING Theory Time: 72 Hrs. Preparation for weaving.3. Definition of fibers with examples.1.0. 2. -4Hrs.0. Definition of fabric with examples. 3. 6. 7. 4. Fettling fabrics. 151 . Knitted fabrics. Mineral and miscellaneous fibers. 7. 3. 4. 6.1. Parts of handloom.

9.Patola. 1. Defects in dyeing: (a) Barre (b) Bleeding (c) Crocking (d) Off shade (e) Shade bar (f) Shading (g) Stained fabrics (h) Streaked fabric Woven . Identification of woven fabrics and defects. Swivel weave. Collection of different types of fabrics. Crepe weave. 11. Study of yarns – Single.7.0. -5 Hrs -7 Hrs 4.1. Tape selvedge. Split selvedge.0.0 -10 hrs ON THE JOB TRAINING 1. 11. -9 Hrs 152 .0 -6Hrs.0.5. 9. 9.3.0.3. 11. 1. Tucked selvedge. 13. -5 Hrs -5 Hrs 6. Cloth count. 11.11. Yarn defects. Chanderi. -16Hrs.8.0. Collection of different types of yarns.0 -6Hrs 11. 11. Module I -3Hrs. Setting up of loom. Satin weave and variations. Preparation of draft and lifting plan for planned designs. Leno selvedge. 12. Twill weave and variations. Market Survey 1.2.2.12. Maheswari.10.1.6. 5. Ply. Selvedges.9.8. Cable by Untwisting method. Weaving calculation – Thread count. Calculation of yarn requirements. Classification of weaves: 9. 11. 11. 3. 10.0. 11. 11. Collection of different types of fibers. Balanced cloth. Paithani. Plain selvedge.0 -6Hrs.2.0. Ikat. Fused selvedge.4. Designing basic weaves on graph sheets. Pochampalli. preparation of warp (216 Hrs) -5 Hrs 2.3. Regular weave. Gauge weave. 11. Banaras Brocades. 11. Plain weave and variations.1. Weave defects (a) Broken pick (b) Thick and thin places. 11.0.

Madhubani. 2. 7. discharge printing. Azoic dyes) 5.Plain woven fabrics 153 . -15Hrs 13. 6.0. Classification of dye. reactive dyes) 4. Patola. yarn dyeing. animal.30 hrs 14. modern designs) Developing new designs from collected motifs for various end uses. -5 hrs -5 hrs .8 hrs -5 hrs -5 hrs -5 hrs -2 hrs -5 hrs -10 hrs -9 Hrs -22 Hrs -22 Hrs -22 Hrs -15 Hrs 12. Sulphur dyes.0. Flock printing. Dyes containing anionic functional groups. (Dress materials for various age groups. Screen printing.0. (Acid dyes.0. direct dyes. 8. Collection and development of motifs on Graph sheets – Suitable for allover patterns And other suitable designs for dresses. Module II DYEING AND PRINTING Theory Time: 72Hrs 1. Introduction to dyeing and printing.30 hrs -15 hrs 15. Tie and dye. Transfer printing. 3. 11. Dyes containing Cationic groups (Basic dyes) (Vat dyes.0 .Printed & Painted -Kalamkari. Collection of motifs weaves and designs. 9. traditional designs. Fabric resist dyeing – Batik.and weft yarns. Distinguishing between printing and dyeing. Weaving of: Plain weave with sample.(Floral. furnishing materials) Preparation of sample record. Abstract. Weaving of: Twill weave with sample.0 -15 hrs 11 Study of traditional textiles of India. Printing methods and their techniques – Stencil. Types of dyeing – Fiber dyeing. Ikat. fabric dyeing. 7. Block printing. 10 Auxillaries used in dyeing and printing. 10. 8.. Drafting and denting of warp.0. Creating variations using different types of count and different types of color yarns in plain weave.0. mordant dyes. Resist dyeing – Yarn – Pochampally. 9.0. Weaving of Satin weave with sample. .

Preparation of one major article with Batik designs.– Daccamuslin. -45 hrs -15 hrs 8. 3. 2. PHOTO SHOP CORAL DRAW -2 hrs -4 hrs -5 hrs -5 hrs -26 hrs -30 hrs 5. 6. Preparation of Record. -30 hrs 7. Tassar and Kota -7 hrs Module II ON THE JOB TRAINING Time: 216 Hrs 1. Preparation of one major article with tie and dye. 4. multi colours in stencils Selecting designs for all over pattern. border designs for various end uses. Stencil and Block printing techniques. -6 hrs -30 hrs -30 hrs -30 hrs -30 hrs 4. Preparation of one major article using mono. 6. Preparation of gray fabrics. MODULE – III COMPUTER AIDED DESIGNING Theory Time: 72Hrs 1. Shade card preparation with any one type of dye. di. Tie and dye. INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS INTRODUCTION TO WONDOWS OS INTRODUCTION TO PHOTO SHOP AND CORAL DRAW SOFT WARES. 2. 154 . Preparation of samples using Batik. 5. Calcico and chitz. 3.

25 4. CORAL DRAW 8. INTRODUCTION to COMPUTERS FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS INTRODUCTION TO WONDOWS OS Time: 216 Hrs -7 hrs -7 hrs -9 hrs 4.Module III ON THE JOB TRAINING 1. 2. 6 4 155 . LIST OF TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS -4 hrs -75 hrs -114 hrs ITEMS Dyeing and Printing Lab 1. (L*W*H) covered with 6 layers of jute cloth and one layer of Markeen cloth. Size: 10*4*3 ft. 7. (1 ½ *1 ½ *2 ½ ft)(L*B*H) Printing Tray Enamel tray similar to Biological tray or traditional Wooden printing trays Size38cm. Work Tables Teak or Kail wooden with Mica or Aluminium top table-for 6 students. PHOTO SHOP 6.*27cm. 4 6. Printing Trolley Small tool like table with four Wheels. 15 3. Tracing Table Glass top table for tracing (with tube lights) Size(2 ½*4*2 ½ ft) Weighing Balance Small and Big both. INTRODUCTION TO PHOTO SHOP AND CORAL DRAW SOFT WARES 5. 4 5. Gas/Oil stove Screen Exposing Tables Glass top with tube lights Size – (2ft*4ft) QUANTITY (For a batch of 25 students) 4 2. 3.

6 23.0.8. 30.3. 11. 25. Screen and Block Racks Ironing Boards Black Boards Display Boards Size – (3ft*5ft) Instructor Table Chairs Stools Size-(1*1*2 ½ ft) Cupboard Size (5*3*1 ½ft) Water tank of cement Big Enamel Dyeing utensils with open mouth Wash Basin with fitting and Fixtures Ceramic Buckets Air Tight Container For storing Readymade colours (with mouthed bottles) Brushes No. 10. 2 19. 15. 25 25 50 25 25 31. 28. 6 as per the space --- 26. 20.6 Moghair/sable hair Linwood cutting Tool Set of Leno cutters Wooden Block In set of 3 Linoleum sheet Chemical for coating and Developing screens Measuring beakers Measuring cylinders Spoons Measuring Tapes and scales Soft wooden frames for hand Painting Size (40*100”) Enamel bowl 16-12’’ dia 5-6’’ dia with open mouth 5 25 5 2 12. 25 156 . 29. 16. 17. 25 each 22.1. 13. 24. 14. 27. 1 4 10 2 1 6 18. 6 25 21. 9.

9. 5.32. 2. Drafting flame (Hainesses) According to the 100m width 25 25 1 10 157 . Winding charkha with cycle chain Swift and swift stand (hand stand) 1 1 10. CONCERNED SUBJECT WISE TEACHING STAFF. 4. Twist Tester Beesley’s direct count Tester Yarn evenness (seriplane) Tester Single yarn Strength tester Pick glass or thread counter 1 1 1 6. Warp-bobbins plastic (i) 2 ½” (ii) 5” 11. 1 6 FOR LOOM WEAVING 8. 2. Guide Reed 4” space with beaming flame attached 60”*80” dia 12. Thermometer of Industrial use Stencil Scissor Pinking scissors 6 1 2 3 COMPUTER LAB 1. WEAVING LAB FOR HAND WEAVING 1. 7. 5 NO’S OF COMPUTERS WITH LATEST CONFIGURATION ALONG WIN OS AND OTHER REQUIRED SOFTWARES 5 NO’S OF COMPUTER TABLES AND 5 NO’S OF COMPUTER CHAIRS. Spindle Charkha Amber charkha 6 6 Testing Instruments 3. Drum warping machine with Creel Capacity of 160 bobbins of 2½” plastic hook with 100 eyes. 33. 3.

32”. Heald flames b. 10 4 6 6 pairs 2 2 6 2 2 2 4 sets 2 2 SIZING MATERIAL 22. 56”. Table loom 1. 16. 18. 44”. length Graph Board 1”*1” square 6’*4’ in one piece of hard board wood. 1 1 1 1 15. 12 12 24 4 each 7 20. Jacks pair f. Spare parts of handloom a. 25. Lacing flames 1 14. 23. 8”. 17. Pickers j. Leather pickers m. 30”. 28”. 24. Elastic cords i. Lungoes k. 44”. Peddles e. 1 21. 24” Reed Space 6 shafts capacity 3. Fly shuttle frame loom 60’ Reed space 8 shafts capacity Complete in running order. 18” Reed Space 6 shafts capacity 4. Tub for Boiling Galvanised 4 lits cap. Enamel Basins Enamel Trays Boiler copper Wooden rods 6 6 12 1 2 158 . Lamb Rods g. Shuttlels c. 26. 12” Steel reeds 18”. 19. 18” Reed Space 8 shafts capacity Heald hooks Reed hooks Pirns 5” plastic Shuttles 6”. Lease Rods h. Heald wires l.13. Reeds d. 18” Reed Space 4 shafts capacity 2.

Wooden spoons Drying racks Gas stove Hot plates 2 2 1 2 FINISHING MATERIALS 31. 37. Hammer Plier Hand saw Hack saw Hand drill Spinner Screw drivers Big Medium Small Chissel Leveller Measuring Tapes Scissors Knife Sand paper sheets Files 1 1 1 1 1 1 set 2 2 2 1 1 6 6 6 6 6 dozens 40. 28. 6 159 . 51. Embroidery loops Medium size Embroidery sessiors Paper cutting sessiors Pinking shears Shears Medium size 12 12 12 2 48. 36.27. 35. 41. 29. 45. 49. 46 EMBROIDERY ACCESSORIES 47. 42. 44. 50. 32. Electric press Ironing Boards 12 12 ADDITIONAL TOOLS 33. 39. 34. 43. 38. 30.

slub knotyarn.2/6S. Different counts of yarn 4S. Different types of yarn for weaving Carpet making and knitting cotton Wool jute. rice etc Adhesive substance. arrorte. 6. grendril Yarn fancy yarn. 3/20S. etc.6S. Chalk powder or clay powder Coconut oil Gum Arabic or Acacia 1Kg each 1Kg each 5.52. Different varieties of yarn Single ply.2/10S. 56.3/6S. 2 59.LIST OF CONSUMABLE ITEMS ITEM QUANTITY (for a batch of 25 students) Raw material for loom weaving 1. Flour Wheat powder. Steel Almirah Chemical racks wooden Printing Tables Drawing boards 6 5 2 12 DISPLAY BOARDS 57. Cable.10S.3ply. Shears Big size 6 FURNITURE AND ALMIRAH 53. hoop. Plastic thread. 40S. 1 liter 1Kg 160 .20S. Display Board Hard Board Covered with coloured cloth Display board 2ft*3ft soft board with wooden frame Flannel boards Show cases with glass doors 2 58.wool 5Kg each 2. 5Kg each 3. 55. 54. 2 2 B. staple and synthetic nylon.2/40S.2/20S.2ply. 1 cone each Raw material for sizing 4.2/18S.1ply. ‘S’ twist ‘Z’ twist yarn etc. 60. 7.

Bombay. USA Kefgen M(1971) Individuality in Clothing – Selection and peraonal Appearance.&Saddler J. Kefgen M (1976) Individuality in Dress.K. New Delhi.Sc. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay(1977) Traditional Embroidery. Reinhert. Traraporewala. Hollen N.McGraw Hill Company.D. M.& Shukal Gosh(1993) Indian Textiles – Past and Present APH. Singapore. 10. 10. Gosh G.B. Brij Bhusan(1958) The costumes and Textiles of India.NY 2. 8. Shailaja D. APH. 10. 161 . 2. New Delhi. QUALIFICATION FOR TEACHING FACULTY 1. 4.(1995) Textiles Macmillan. 3. Diploma in Textile Designing with knowledge of Computers Vocational teacher (part time – Experts from industries. Macmillan.(Home Science) in Textiles and Clothing. Motivate Series – Textiles Corbman B. 4. 5. 9.8. Prayag R.P. REFERENCE BOOKS 1. 6.Wiley Eastern. 12. 11. 7. Anti worm poison Neela thotha (Copper sulphate) Blues or tinopol Soaps and Detergents 1Kg 9.Naik(1996) Traditional Embroideries of India. Winifred Aldrich(1994)CDA in clothing and Textiles-2nd Edition Wynne.S(1980) Textile Printing Watson’s textile design and color.(1983) Textiles – Fibre to Fabric.NY Joseph M L (1980) Essentials of Textiles Halt. designers and those with practical experience in the professional field) Lab Assistant with knowledge in setting up of looms. New Delhi. 3. 13. 2 Dabba 1Kg 9.

O/O COMMISSIONER AND DIRECTOR OF INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION.K. LIST OF PARTICIPANTS MRS.P.VIKRAM. MANJULA VANI. DEPT. OF COMMERCIAL GARMENT DESIGNING AND MAKING.K. ANGRAU.11.Y.HYDERABAD. HYDERABAD. MAHABUBIA JR COLLEGE FOR GIRLS .H.GEETHA SAMPATH M. 4. INFORAYS TECHNOLOGIES. COLLEGE OF HOME SCIENCE. READER (Rtd) STATE INSTITUTE OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION.SC. GOVT. MRS.OF APPARELL AND TEXTILES. 162 . MRS. DEPT. . 3. GANDHINAGAR. 2. R..SC. ANDHRA PRADESH. HYDERABAD. HYDERABAD. HEAD OF THE DEPT. CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER. A. GUNFOUNDRY .NAGESWARI BHASKAR. MR. 1.

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