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Thursday, February 16, 2012 3:55 PM
• Definition: the "Cold War" describes the conflict between the USSR and the "Western Powers" in the period following WWII ○ Period of tension characterized by conflict at diplomatic, economic and all levels short of actual armed conflict between the principals on either side.
NATURE OF STALIN'S REGIME • Dictatorship ○ Only justified if external forces threatened security of USSR ○ To prevent being overthrown Made external enemies DEATH OF ROOSEVELT • Stalin had great deal of respect for him • Truman far less of an internationalist ○ Far less willing to extend goodwill to USSR • Churchill replaced by Attlee
ORIGINS • Breakdown of wartime cooperation between the Allies • Possible trace as far back as 1917, during Bolshevik Revolution-led to first Commie State • Didn't emerge until after WWII b/c the USSR and USA were isolated after WWI and USSR could not put into practice the ideal of exporting revolution. FACTORS WHICH CONTRIBUTED TO THE OUTBREAK OF THE COLD WAR • Mutual suspicion • Nature of the official ideology of the USSR ○ Stated the inevitability of conflict with western capitalist states Contributed to suspicions from the west/ not certain that Stalin was motivated by Marx/Leninist ideology • Liberal-democratic system of the West not well understood by Stalin ○ Allies unable to commit themselves "on the spot" but had to refer to their parliament/congress Evidence for Stalin of lack of faith • Conflict btw fundamental aims of Stalin and Roosevelt ○ Roosevelt had Idealistic aims Four freedoms □ Freedom from want, freed of speech, freedom of religious belief, freedom of fear ○ Stalin had more concrete aims Regaining Russian territory lost in WWI ○ Tendency to interpret the actions of the other in the light of their own priorities
BIPOLAR NATURE OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS • USSR and USA were the only real powers in the immediate post-WWII period • Both were representatives of rival social systems ○ Forced into confrontation
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