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Pipe Fitter Hand Book

Pipe Fitter Hand Book

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Published by Mariness Delgado

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Published by: Mariness Delgado on Feb 16, 2012
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COMMON TRADE ABBREVIATIONS AMERICAN STANDARD ABBREVIATIONS AND MEANING
ASTM ASME AISC AISI ANSI API SAE lIS American Society for Testing and Materials American Society of Mechanical Engineers American Institute of Steel Construction

American Iron and Steel Institute American National Standard Institute American Petroleum Institute Society of automotive Engineers

Japanese Indus/trial Standard Adjustable Alternate American wire Gauge Anchor Boit Arc hitectu ra I Assembly

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ADJ AlT
AWG

AB

.------------~AS5Y
&
@

ARCH

And
At
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B to B B/M BC BCD BI BF B5
J

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Back to Back Bill of Materials Bolt Circle Bolt Circle Diameter Black Iron. Both Face Both Sides Base Plate, Bottom o(Pipe Cast Iron
J

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BP BOP

eI

HR & ADMINISTRA TION DEPARTMENT PIPE FITTER TRAINING PROGRAM (PFTP)

3S

CTR

Center Center to Center Counter Clockwise Clockwise

C toe

CCW
'CW CHD CMP CR COL
CJ

Chord
Circulating Water Pump

Cold Rolled
Column Construction Joint Conveyor Corrugated Metal Pipe Counter Sunk Dead Load Detail
Diameter Dimension Drain Each Each Face Eccentric Elevation Expansion Extension Fabricated Face to Face Finish Fixture Flange Gauge or Gage Hot Rolled International Pipe Standard

CONVR
eMP
CSK OL OET OIA or 0
DIM
DR
EA

EF ECC

EL
EXP EXT

FAB
Fto F FIN FIX
,r

FLG

GA

HR
IPS

1

':;"10

Inside Diameter

JT

Joint
Joist HR & ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT PIPE FITTER TRAINING PROGRAM (PFTP)

JST

36
JCT MH or MN MK Junation Manhole Mark Mean Diameter Medium Minimum

MD
MED MIN
J

NF
NS NOM NIC NTS OAL OAH

Near Face
NearSide Nominal Not In Contact Not To Scale Over All Length Over All Height Opposite Outside Plate Reference Stainless Steel Diameter

J

opp

00

.PL
REF SS SPEC TYP SOF PT UT MPT

Specification Typica! Slip On Fiance Penetrant Ultrasonic Magnetic

Testing
Testing Particle Testing

lr
MR THK CYL MWP NO
,
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B/UA

Build-up Angle Build-up Tee
Opening Mean Radius Thickness· Material Cylinder Maximum Normally Normally Working Open Close Pressure Pressure

OPNG

MAT'L

Ne SWP UNO

Self Working

Unless Noted Otherwise

J

HR & ADMINISTRATION

DEPARTMENT PIPE FIITER TRAINING PROGRAM (PFTP)

..Cyl MWP NO NC SWP UNO lr B/UA . .j/ MH or MN MK MD .Outside Diameter Plate Reference Stainless Steel Specification Typical Slip On Fiance Penetrant Testing Ultrasonic Testing Magnetic Particle Testing Build-up Angle Build-up Tee Opening Mean Radius Thickness Material Cylinder Maximum Working Pressure Normally Open Normally Close Self Working Pressure Unless Noted Otherwise NS NOM NIC NTS ""'·OAL /OAH /OPP /(m /PL REF /SS SPEC TVP /50F PT UT MPT OPNG MR .../ MED /MIN NF /Manhole Mark Mean Diameter Medium Minimum Near Face NearSide Nominal Not In Contact Not To Scale Over All Length Over All Height Opposite ./THK /MAT'l .

.AIIIIHG!S !HE PRCf'OIT( ~ }I!J l.IIl) I PA1&. ~ON': ·3KGi ~I-'- i j. SEST PRAC.CE I'tnERE POSSBLE . OIL.a en -0 0 fYPIC. l 1HS I». ..!. iD G S1R SlRG BONNET INC.8GHT WElD BONNET v. lffi. & ~I $1 o ¢ z._ .OO SHT. E.WHEN IN DOUBT . If1:lW. ns I '!! . :::s GRAPHIC SYlv130LS NOTE: 1.'0\ ! ..] I THO TEE 1E 1LE TOE 15 TSE TOl iHK THREAD TANGENT TANGENT LINE TANGENT TO TANGENT TEMPERATU~E TEMPORARY TEST BLIND TI-lICKNESS V1TRIFlED CLAY VlTRIFlED CLAY W/ RESlUENT JOINT WATER..ia::\l'I. :-~~'.<NT~ . ·0 ~D :z: .. r.:00 /I. C'J&l.L YARD YARDS G jl L.an END VERllCAL VALVE VALVE BOX VENT (UNVALVED) VENT (VALVED) vrr WS WOG T AND C TOC TOG TOS THREADED AND COUPLED lHREADOL£T THREAD LARGE END THREAD ONE END TEMPORARY STRAINER THREAD SMALL END THREAD END THREAD BOTH ENDS WE WN W VW we WOl WELD NECK VIEI. 2.. GAS v. UNDERGROUND UNDER'NRJ1ER UNION LABORATORIES. ~ -ro lG: M !l!U1I~" rn\ N!f . ?AiElIlED!. ISS IJJV_!'JS QJE' . 0CS0l!!E) .oo. ~ G1M ' il'..SPELL iT II P-400021 ANGLE AND ROUND CR DIA~':1ER SQUARE SQUARE FEET oj '" FT2 GuT.a.a'$ ~I !IJllo.ANGE wlo WI W! WP WllH WllHOUT WORKING POINT T AND G TONGUE At~D GROOVE TOP OF CONCRETE TOP OF GROUT TOP OF SUPPORT OR S]"JEL TOP OF PIPE WROUGHT IRON TOP T't'P 'I'D 't1)S ..~"1 . 21 -- ~-'I . . Global ABBREVIATIONS SO SJ STEAM JACKET SIEAM sn <: '0 51 SlEAM TRACE STEEL SlRAINER OUT UG UL UN8.I.- 09lOD ~OG...1 . SUPT SWG SYM SUCT SUPHTR SUC1l0N SUPPORT STRONG SUPERHEATED VB VERT VC VCR v SIlAGE SYMMETRICAL W vr TAN 1/T..:cTA.I8!E FIAM6 . ~ j---'-.' :.. t: Il :-_: STA~m.s!r...' ) f:3BREVlf..1)l Cl:IfroiJW. d! c a :::s Q) (..u fffi!4lmD 10.DOLET WEST WIDE Fl.I.ro! 00 us:: is CCKnV£1l i ~ il£ u:.I"~II llKll H ?w.D SADDLE Vtfl.:rnnu::c: ll£ OR.~'JP : . COMPliES ¥r!1H LeI STAi~DARDS. 1B 1MP TL TEMP :> a::: . 1}f ~. Q.IW'J.".ENGINEERING DESIGN 5T ANDARD PLANT DESIGN ABB' Lummus ..l .SI..RI ss SK:.

:vel surface upon which -rNO rods are placed is needed for t'"!!s method.Sf:d a'so for aligning pipe.. it should be large enough to truly align the pipe to be handled <!nd it should be straigbt. channel or pieces of rod.glc iron.~- .. ALIGNMENT ~ BY MEANS OF CHANNEL IRON i-['. -..' n i ':! ~ ...een the rods..."~.JiG CHAPTER V I PIPE AUGNMENT SIMPLE PIPE ALIGNMENT TECHNIQUES 1 j Small sizes of pipe can be aligned by usin simple devices or pieces of metal like angle-iron. ALIGNMENT WITH RODS Rods can be . .. . " (1) \. although not as aecurate as the previously mentioned methods. Figure 8-1a is an example of angle~iron to\align two pieces of pipe.. Accurate alignment will be difficult if the p. It is only necessa. FIGURE 8-1 SEVERAL COMMON MEANS OF ALIGNING PIPES .... Ripe ends are then placed on these rods.. Whatever improvised method is used.. f'":"'.. The rods af~:.'c 8-::'b is an example of channel iron used for pipe alignment.e O:"I! web 'Jr the i i:... . The channal iron must be just wide encugh so tI. Slowly pushed under the pipe so that the pipes contact the rods only as shown in Figure 8-1c and do not rest on the surfa:e jetv.t :.. J i I FIR & ADMINISTRA TION DEPARTMENT PIPE FITTED TRAINING PROGRAM (PFTP) . t " .I . "-. .••. A. AUGNMENT OF BUrr JOINTS BY MEANS OF ANGLES Welded piping frequently use butt-joints..iL.niy on th~>flanges and dces not rest on the web.. . A fk" ..v to place the two-pipe ends on the angle-iron and be sure that the pipes are in complete contact for the fun length the al'...1'L1'_ .'. commonly found on almost any construction job. ~ contacts .. ->"'~fT "1 ' /' I t--. ' of.(') r'~ I ..~ channel iron.:' .

L.. This method uses only one steel square. AL \f FIGURF.:". Vlh!:'rt the distance is the same at all points. and the pipe at several points along the length of the leg.""PARTMENT PIPE FITTER TRAINING FROGRAM (PFTP) .:t:t'~tack welds. I' ALTERNATIVE MEIHOD FOR ALIGNING TEES a[ternative method fJr afi~Jning3 tee and a pipe is Sh0\'Jf'l in Figure 8-:.a. The long '29 of the square 1. t". Be sure that th~ long leg r::l the square is parallel and in line with the centerline of the pipe. the fitting is tack welded at the top.AUGNING TEE AND PIPE WITH ONE STEEL SQUARE OR TWO SPIRIT LEVELS ( a) Usin tJ c. ADMINISTRATION Dl:. measure the distance belween the bottom edge of the long leg of the 5qt. 8-8 . When the root spacing is set. 5 t e e l S qua r Q J . Check the side alignment before completing :. placed in contact with the outlet and the other leg is placed in contact with the run of the tee. Two spirit levels can also be used for the purpose as shown in Rgure 8-8b.

Tack-weld apd check the. Check the side alignment by placing one of the squares at each side of the joint. After setting the root spacing.'D TI1~lNINr. PROGRAM (PFTP) . tack weld the joints at the bottom. When the elbow is properly aligned. Move the elbow until the upright legs of the square are in full contact.66 ALIGNMENT OF 900 ELBOW TO A TEE Figure 8~9aand 8-9b shows two steel squares used for aligning a 900 elbow to a fixed tee.~ -'-~ rr'7"T'r. Place the steer square with the short leg in full contad . I FIGURE 8-9 . it may be helpful to tack weld lightly the top of the joint.ALIGNING 900 ELBOW TO A FIXEP TEE USING STEEL SQUARES 1 1 {a } Place the elbow in the desired position as in Figure 8-10a and 8-1Qb. -men place the second steel square with the long leg in fulf contact with the freebeveled edge of the second elbow. Place the long leg of one square in contact with the run of the tee. The legs of the two steel squares must be in full contact with one another. Next. the short leg of the other square Is placed in contact with the outlet of the elbow. J .side alignment first before completing tack welds. with the free-beveled edge of the first elbow.

ue arenbs aLA JO s5al l45]Jdn "'4l !!lun Moqla 841 ClJ\OW 'Moqj<l alJl JO ~<l14nO 4l!M Peluro U[ pa:>12ld 5! aJenbs latHo al[.--~ _.6-8 3ifn9U 'lU!Or aLA }O apts tpea l2 saienbs a4~ }O auo l5upeld liq W8wu6!le spjs 84l )fJa4J -uronoq alAte Slu!of alJl PlaM )fJel Jpau6!1e AlloooJd s! MOQla 841 Ui34M 'PIalUOJ lin} U1.1 03XH f/ OJ.:)lJl lJllM aianbs laClls aljl ClJ12ld 'QQT-8 pue eOT-S ClJn5!:I u! se uoujsod pansap 8tH Ul Moqld dlJ1 C1Jeld ( 0) J. (J.P!?..LN3W.lV' 'aa1 paxy e o~ Moq!a 006 e 6u!u511e JOJ pssn sarenbs laa~s OM:)SMoLlS q6-8 pue 26-8 8Jnol.L 'Jaljloue ouo 4~!M Pe:IUOJ lin) U! aq asruu sarenbs laa~ ON4 841}O s5aJ aLLl 'Moqfa pUOJ8S 84~}O aBpa paj8Adq -8.l JO fiat ll04s CllJl 84l':P<<lN 'aal a4:) JO uru <14:)If.l'fi.l 33~ V OJ.llM pewoJ U! aianbs auo JO 5al5uol a4:) C1Jeld 'lu!of elj:))o do~ <ll[.ew {! '6upeds :jOOJ aLA 5umas Jal. MOS13 006:10 l.n45!J PjdM }jJe:I oi II1Jdla4 aq fi.S 9NISn 33.\ peluOJ IInJ U[ 58j ~oq$ .".M0813 006 9NIN9I1V .LL 'Moql8 l5l!j atn )0 a5pa pCllallaq-8aJ} 844 4W.L.D/VJ3G NOll W1SfNIWaV W UH 'SPI8M )j)el 5WI8fdLUW 810J8q ~Sj!J lU8Wu6!fe 8PtS 'd4~ )jJ8LjJ :pcte Pf8M-. (Q) S3Hvnbs 133l.N3WNE>I1V .0..--_-_ -- .:!J)WVlJDOHJ DNINTVN1 H3.:11) aill 4l1M pelUOJ un} u! 68) 5uOI 84l 4l1M aienbs 18alS pumas 841 <lJeld ua'.LlH 3JIJ ..

1/8 in. the spacer is removed. . After the joint has been tack welded. root spacing is needed.. __ .gure 8-2 shows this method. However. rods are. . if a 1/8 inch 'oct spacing is needed. P:.I.. then 3/16 in. Provision for spacing' !:"iu-:.used..' FIGURE 8-2 PROVIDING WELDING GAP OR PIPE SPACING . For example. a piece of weicling rod with covering flux removed and having a diameter equal to the required spacing can be used.' etevation perspectlve HR & ADMINISTRA TION DEPARTMENT PIPE FITTER TRAINING PROGRAM (PFTP) . "f~ . using a bent piece of standard welding rod between the pipe ends to provide the spacing.tbe made at the time of alignment..{b} Channel. . Feeler gages may be used to check the root spacing of pipe jornt.~•...iron fixture aligning V PIPE SPACING 'he spacing between pipe ends in a butt joint is a very important part of the joint preparation for welding. end viev. welding rods are used: if 3/16 in.

... HR & ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT PIPE FITTER TRAINING PROGRAM (PFTP) -'--'~--~-~" 4' •• ".._.~. i ___:__ 1"· --.~ ( b) . ~ -- ' •• ~'~ "..-. .-10 • ALIGNING TWO 900 ELBOWS USING STEEL S UARES (o ) r ._ of' _••• .

-. if the reading on top of the pipe is .. Sometimes. . 8 A snoutd be Qquo\ to ALIGNMENT OF A 450 ELBOW AND A PIPE IN OBLIOUE POSITION Ir~_!-2~e!bovJis to be aligned to a pipe which is in oblique or irregular position.. 2_. FIGURE 8-1 t • ALIGNING TWO 450 ELBOWS BY STEEL SQUARES \ \ -. em the face of the elbow as shown in Figure 8-12..' r':: ~. s tee \ p tot (! HR & ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT PIPE FITTER TRAINING PROGRAM (PFTP) .. The elbow is aligned when the bubble is centered. Likewise. Then the reading in degrees is obtained. Forty-five to this reading and the protractor is adjusted to this position. The edge of the short legs must intersect the same dimension mark on the long legs of both squares as shown in Figure 8-11. For example.0-'. the protractor .5 L. Hold the first square with its long leg in full contact with the first elbow.ALIGNING A 45° ELBOW AND PIPE USING A PROTRACTOR LEVEL r=':': protractor level ______ J 45 o 25U e lb o w -.:"n~ ":"='~~s '< 3jrjed FIGURE 8-12 . With the protractor adjusted to this setting. " :c'tractor is adjusted to read 700 since 250 + 450 '" 700.ALIGNMENT OF TWO 450 ELBOWS Place the two 450 elbows in position..-. The bubble in centered while the protractor is resting on top of the pipe.'':'$ "'. a protractor level can be used. '3 f'::.! steel is placed on the face of the elbow on which the protractor can rest.. .-. .. L.. the second square should be placed with its long leg in full contact with the free-beveled edge of the second elbow.

First. Place a small tack we!d at the bottom of the joint. as shown in Figure 8-13a. the flange is aligned on this plane. When the measurements are the sarne at all points. Next. Place a small tack weld at the top of the joint. When the distance measured at several points between the surface of the pipe and the inner edge of the long leg of the square ar all the same. Repeat the preceeding step by placing the steel square in a position at 900 to the previous one. place the short leg of the square in contact with and centered on the face of the flange. Place a tack weld on the aligned side of the joint and repeat the alignment check on the opposite side before making tack weld. FIGURE 8-13 METHOD OF ALIGNING FLANGE AND FIXED PIPE (uJ (b) . check the alignment by measuring the distance between the top surface of the pipe and the lower edge of the long leg of the square.ALIGNMENT OF FLANGES A method which can be used to align a flange to a fixed pipe is shown in Figure 8-13. Now. place the pipe flange on the pipe and set the proper rod spacing allowance. HR & ADMINISTRA TlON DEPARTMENT PIPE FITTER TRAINING PROGRAM (PFTP) . Then place a spirit level so that it contacts the outside diameters of adjacent holes and rotate the flange and the level until the bubble shows the level to be horizontal. as shown in Figure 8-13b. Be sure that the long leg of the square is parallel to and in line with the centerline of the pipe. the alignment is correct in this direction..

the root spacing Is set. It is necessary that the pipe be set horizontal while a spirit level is placed on it Next.::···:"".~'ef "'c-.ck .. it is tack-welded in place to preserve the alignment. and a second spirit level is used to set the elbow in correct alignment..." ['f':cedure of a butt joint for two pieces of pipe. FIGURE 8-7 . This second spirit level must have a spirit bubble in a 45° position to indicate that the face of the elbow is at 450 angle.t procedure for a manufactured tee and a pipe is shown in Figure 8-7.~ ALIGNMENT OF TEE AND PIPE WITH SQUARES -. The upright legs of the two squares must be in full contact with each '_." ":!':OlfHnent of the sides and if the alignment is correct.>. tho: bottom to top for proper alignment.ALIGNING TEE AND PIPE WITH TWO 24 INCHES CARPENTER'S SQUARES . HR & ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT PIPE FITTER TRAINING PROGRAM (PFTP) . the 450 elbow 15 approximately aligned. make tack wetds of proper sizes. This method of alignment is similar to the -: --" -" . make a small tack weld at the top of the joint ':. After checking the fitting for side alignment. When the alignment is made.ALIGNMENT OF 450 ELBOW AND PIPE WITH LEVELS Another method of 450 elbow and pipe alignment is shown in Figure 8-6. FIGURE 8-6 ALIGNING 450 ELBOW AND PIPE WITH TWO SPIRIT LEVELS .

Place 45· spirit level on face of elbow and maneuver elbow until bubble is centered L Teck weld in place w The jig is 3' 9~ long. 30· ELBOW-TO-PIPE l.O. Repeat the prOC0SS for the co n t o u r between points nand c. Divide and mark the 'circumference into four equal parts.) eRAN01 OR HEADER AND BRANCH LAYOUT o To lay 0 ut a header and its corresponding full-size branch line-scribe a centerline mark at the center point where the branch will be located.\ HE. Tcck weld in plcce P£.PIP£ ~." sues I" Of made from channel iron Use l. some simple procedures can be followed to assist the Fipe liUer.piping system is 10 be correctly ialled.':: (·lin~plln_\'·. 7-2 Alignment of pipe (Courtesy ITT Grinnell Corporation.l V 4. A used hack saw blade plcccd in nctch as shown will provide proper welding Sap. TEE-TO-PIPE 1. BiH X . . 3. Check sides in scene wcry _' ELBOW. JIG rOR SMRLL DffiMETER PIPmG Level pipe using spirit level Place fitting to pipe leaving SI!laU welding gClp I.welding gap 3. 4. small welding gap 3.PIPE' Level one length 01 pipe using spirit level Bring lengths together leming only SDlall welding gap Place spirit level over both pipes as shown and maneuver unpositioned length until both are level Tock weld top and bottom Hotote pipe 90~ Repeat procedure FLllNGE·TO-PIPE l. 7·3). Place spirit level on lace oi elbow and maneuver elbow until level -to Tack weld in place Fig. Bend cbcnnel iron to SOG =gle czad weld stdes. 5. Align top two holes of flange\with spirit level 3. (ij L Cut out 90· notches about 9" from end. 7-3 H. OW ond on the following poge are alignment procedures commonly d by todcy's craftsmen. Tacl.!lrl A a. Bring flange to pipe end leoving small welding gap 2. Repect this step with severc] elbows so jig may be used ·Ior dilieten\ operations.AD[~ 1-01 __ BRANOi .TO.} 83 . Poor alignment may result in welding dilfictdties ond Q em that does not 'unctlou properly.:vin<. r J ii) ?! :::. PIPE SETUP Fig. Level pipe using spirit level 2. Place elbo'>t in jig and :saw hcll..Points A and Bare located along the header's circumference where the branch will be placed.!lange as shown 5. Iocr weld in place 6. as shown in Fig.. Place spirit level on ieee of tee and mcneuver tee until level ~ Grinnell welding liDgs may be employed to assure proper align11 as well os the correct welding gap. Lev81 pipe using spirit level L Piece litling to pipe le<r~ing small . A wraparound can then be used to scribe the contour between point A and point C (about the upper half of the pipe's centerline)..iN l< lIh H for pipe thru 3M. Center square on face of .. In addition to using welding 15. A and B can be found by setting off one-half the outside diameter of the branch as measured frorn the scribed centerline. Heat bottom 01 notch with torch. thru sides of chcmnel iron as shown.~N Ior smaller.. Place tee to pipe le. The distance between A and B is equal to the diameter of the branch. 2.: weld in pIece 4. Point C is located at the intersection of the header and branch centerlines (on the circumference of the pipe.--_--j ! Branch and header layout (Courtesy Texas Pip'? .'n./ :let alignment is il%lponant if 0 .o0:.:.TO. sues It.

A light tack weld should be placed at the top of the pipe after aligning the pipes in the vertical plane. to tack weld it lightly a' the top. then the joint is aligried in a vertical plane. align the ~NO squares as shown in Figure 8-4a. HR & ADMINISTRA nON DEPARTMENT PIPE FITTER TRAINING PROGRAM (PFTP) . lightly tack weld on the sides just aligned. Next. steel squares can be used for pipe alignment as shown In Fig. tack weld the joint at the bottom. 8-3. The pipes should now be in correct alignment. FIGURE 8-3 . First. If they are not in full contact. Spirit level can also be used as shown in Figure 8 4b. If the alignment is not correct. make the necessary adjustment then make tack welds of the proper size.. This method requires one or more helpers to assist in the work. The upright legs of the squares are then brought together. move the squares down to the side of the pipe and again align the pipe by moving them sideways to adjust for misalignment.ALIGNMENT BUlT JOINT WITH TWO CARPENTER'S SQUARES . move the pipes until they are. elbow is property aligned. When the Check the side alignment by placing one of the squares at each side of the joint.ALIGNMENT OF BUTT JOINTS WITH CARPENTER'S SQUARES carpenter's 24 in. if they are in contact throughout their entire lengths and the other legs are fully contacting the pipes.' 1 ALIGNMENT OF 900 ELBOW AND PIPE WITH SQUARES The carce-iter's squares can be used for aligning a straight length of pipe and an elbow. after the elbow has been approximately aligned. Move the SQuaresto the opposite side to double check the alignment. It may be helpful. Then set the squares as shown and move elbow until the upright legs of the squares are in full contact. support must be placed under the pipe and the root spacing set. After setting the root spacing. Then the squares are aligned at the top centerHnes of the pipes. .

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c>: " . ..-____.FIGURE 5-10 ._.PATTERN DEVELOPMENT FOR A LATERAL CONNECTION.__.--..~l: • 6 lml!(A EQUAL PIPE DIAM ~'14{G II 'IfX D1A· s ' . ><\:»~ .-~. . ._----..

2(91/2) = 300" - 19" = 281" 2.TO .2( 14 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 4) = TL 300" .LTH = = 14" 4" = T-2 (TO + WG + GC + LTH) = 25' . sch. 1/8" FC = flange clearance. 8" From Table 3-1 Table 3-2 = Example: T 0 = 25" . = tru length T = travel TO = take-off ( see table 3-1 ) GC = gasket clearance.2(18 1.. Find T L Solution: 25 ft = 3/8" = 1/8" TO TL .: 9" = 25' -2(9 + 1/8 + 3/8) = 25' .R. 3/8" Given . elbow 90 0 Solution: .4) .36 1/2 = 263 1/2 inches TL = 25' . With a welding neck Flange - Where: LTH length ofthru hub (see table 3-2) WG == welding gap.Travel Example: == FC GC 0 90 elbow CFE (SR ) 8" sch.24 Where: 11. 1/8" Find the total length of spool if CFE L. 150 Ibs. 80 150 los. 80.

Travel == 25 ft FC 3/8/£ GC "" 1/8" 0 90 elbow CFE (SR ) 8" sch.elbow 90 0 Solution: 25' .24 Where: TL T := GC == FC "" Example: TO == == tru length travel take-off ( see table 3-1 ) gasket clearance. 1/8" Find the total length of spool jf T CFE L. 80.. sch. 1/8" flange clearance.36 V2 == 263 V2 inches TL = Example: = . Find T L = Solution: TO :: 9" .R.:< TL 2. 25' -2(9 + 1/8 + 3/8) := 25' .LTH:= 4" T-2 (TO + WG + GC + LTH) = 25' .TO == 14" Table 3-2 .2(91/2) == 300" . 25 8 . 80 150 Ibs.2( 18 1f4) . 1501bs. 8" 0 From Table 3-1 .19" =: 281" With a welding neck Flange - Where: LTH "" length of thru hub ( see table 3-2 ) WG = welding gap.2( 14 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 4) == TL == 300" . 3/8" Given .

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(qaurtesy of Taylor-Bonney Division, a Gulf + Western Manufacturing Company.)

Seamless Welding Fittings

Table 2·1

(Continued on next page)

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12.r br cu!lat onl)t ~ sizs Iv.._" .-a 6000# Thredolet II.. &. .24.18. 14 i 16 18 20 22 36·24 Flat 10 14·12 20-16 22 36·24 Flat 8 t LO speClhc. 2'4 3 4-3!~ 5 3~1-3 4-3Ji 5 5-4 6·5 6 6 8-6 12-8 8 10-8 . & SI. 14. 4 5 6 8 10 14-12 20·16 36-24 Flat 8 3!"i 4 5 6 '10 14-12 20-16 36·24 Flat I~ !~ I 5 G 8 6 I ~O 10 14-12 112 14 20-16 18-16 22 ! 22-20 36·24 128-24 flat 36·30 flat 8:..'. 11f.. J. flIQ sizo . w.2 B·3 36-10 flat Yl '% 1 V. 10.--" ...rdOtols. _..! In Ioj N & 6000# Sockolet 3fi lf2 lA 1. '* * Flat 36·3 21f. lft'YI 3tH £ I 10-6 36-12 flat 5-4 2'. Rat Dulle! Sizes. . 10·3 36·12 6·2'1 36-8 flat Rat 2!1-2 10-3 36·12 Flat 1V.!·1~ 5-3 12-6 36-14 flat 2'h·2 1 V.ldo!ots onr~ INCHES I Onj..-3 5·4 B-6 18-10 36-20 Flat 3' i 4 5 8-6 5 6 z iii 12·10 18·14 36·20 Flat 8 12-10 .. 1 1 1'/4 2112-1 V. 31~ 4 ~ N 2'2-2 3'2-3 8·4 20-10 22 36·24 flat 2'.f. OUTLET 18-10 36-20 flat OUTLET SIZE INCHES 1'12 2 1% 2'/z I' . 7 Table 2-2 continued (schedule 160 and XXSweld~i.+~ 36·1'..~le: tombl~at~On .~~~. CONolidailon lor W. 3' . I 5 6 10 14-12 16 18 22-20 28·24 36·30 Flat silO I 24-14 36-26 flat 18-12 36-20 Frat 12-10 18·14 36-20 flat 3 3' .2 2' ..-3 '.bIt.26. 3 Z 3'. 2Jj 2 I~ d ]I' 2 2" 3 .!·I'4 2'12-1. 3 3Yz 4 .J' lY._'-" ---------.30 order 10 speclhC size comtaoatlo.20.·B~ OUTLET SiZE INCHES lVz 2 2 p' 0-2 2% 2'_ 7 .' 36·3 • 1·14 .) or Consolidation of Sizes Standard Weight and Extra' Strong Weldolet 3000# Thredolet & 3000# Sockolet' Va l/4 Y2 1-"14 'Ii Yf /1:. T" __ ~___' ••• '" !::! Ioj 'I: ::t It: '" 36·3 2lh·lY4 'k 1-'/.._ .15. S.·Interchangeability (Courtesy of Bonney Forge. 3 a 3 3V. '36-8 6-2'12 Flat 2-P... ..i·J iii z :> 36-3 flat 2lf2-1!4 1·'\04 lf2 j ~ 2Vl-2 8-3 JIh·]!.. Ii..t"'~ iVan. 1h !1 Jj.... H~ 2'h·)114 10-3 36·]2 flat 1 lh-J '4 2Vl·2 10-3 36-12 Frat )lll 36-10 lh 2 2'11 3112·3 5·4 18-10 36·20 Flat 2 3 5 6 20·12 4 2lfl 36-10 Flat Flat as 10·8 36-24 Flat (Continued on next page) u •• zr -r A ai. '. 3' • 4 5 6 31.... m·2 8·4 31.. Flat 2-1 Y4 . .o 1.-Z fA Fer liB & 1/. 1 I~ I" 2 Flat Flat fA &.~ I I!i-I!~ 272.

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NORJH : /S~· . 90° ELL GOES TO . ILINEGq~STOWt:SI.~ ...UPTO~EST UPT.. 1· 17 .OWEST - i! li 1\ J 18 LINE GOES TO SOUTH &90 19 0 ELL 45° ROLUNGr .LINE GO~S TO EAST.. . .i ..: 16SPOOLDRAWING· (Isometric) . . ..i UPTOEAST 11 I I ~ i i DOWN TO WEST ~.. .•. DOWN TO EAST I... ~ 1900 ELL GOES TO /t ~ DO~ UP »: ( DO! 'r 1: h..J . r N~ DOWN TO EAST ~r: SPOOL DRAWING (Isometric) ..

4) COtangent A"= Run + Set .$hOd forms .sGllJ'ta".5n35 =~ ~<¥deg098~. then '4' wingo to the place cif '2' . .' . C Set 4. 3)-Tangent A = Set + Travel· ' = Run~+Travel = Set: + Run ". SOLUllON OF A R1GHTTmANOLE CROSS ML'LTIPLICATION c We know 6+4=2 If we cross ntul!:iply this equation 'we get 4x2=S' . ~ 1) ~ine A 2) Cosine . A mea.. Sin A = set :::Travel = ="1333333. Travel = :. 9 2£ SLaw .. Satt-Sln A: . In computfng piping offsets with Tngonomeu: WI:: will Nive to employ the sbduncOOnSwhich ar~ techmcally . ". Sine.025.: "(AB}.-. Co$eC.Angle 'N = =Sn. eO: siI\A triang~ 'tk be solved wHn olher . If we put '2'in the place o~'4' ..7 TanA 'f Like this all the six functjQns gwen in page No: 7 are related~ Note: Sit. 8+2=4 similarly In thiS rt. Travel .nctions. .1000=. . 5) Secant A '6) CoseCant + Run A". 10 11 .Travel x sin A . .srnsin 'lan'ooIumn) (From C Note: Thia.el.. Calculate (l} AC. triangle ABC side AS == 1000.~(1OOOX1 oP)+(577. (2) Angle A & (3) Angle.Travel·" Solution. . Sine CoSine " .'" 115"4.i:_. + S~t .. is theArigie 'of-fittingand Sine A ~e~ns th .. + 8C2). TangOOt Cota!lQeilt Cose:cart ' "S~ = .A ..02235) Set + Run A' "t:rigoriomeIIylable . side BC =-~77.90-30'= 600 Iunctiona aleo' eosine A '" Run/Trav&l etc." . a :1000 .t15 'Sine of.35 and Angle B=9()O." = . Tan. -.: Cot . .35x5n.cOs Sin .35) o = >1(1000000+333333. Sec FIG (2) PJPING O~FF$ET 8 * Note-: . FIG:3 c ..called trlQonometric fu. . ..ofAngJe '':' .35. These functions are . .. Side AC .

0 171. ".130.·lOS' . 559 508 559 495 559 673 673 673 673 673 483 635 610 584 572 30 330 . 575 67.5 40 32. T"""IO\\O~ 14 6 279 279 270 279 257 279 '248 279 238 305 305 305 305' 305 305' 343 343 343 343 343 343 381 38-1 381 381 381 24 24 24 24' 24 24 20 18 16 14 432 432 432 432 432 432 419 406' 406 16 16 16 14 16 12 16 '10 16 8 16 6 18 18.coc:ot. 18· 16 18 14 18 12 18 . 14 12 14 14 10 8· 'MWNo' . 1/2 3/"1 135 . fro ." 38.48. HUB' ~cm .· 7'.0 ..5" 438:0 30 33 3§ 4.]40 2ln 3 4 ~1/4... 56 56 68 . BOLT· CIRCLE HOLE NO of BOIl" Yl NECK YI 73 79 89 .0 368.0 22 '26 30.9533 .5' '229 184. LENC:IH FLG 0' through.5 44.0 146. LARGESMALLC END END MM NPS INCHES M MM NI'S INCHES LARGESMALLC M END END' MM' MM 14 14 . 8 20 20 18 16· 14 12. .1HRED SUP ON ~ DIA IliA of of SOLT .4 3 8 8 '.5 619.0.. 254 229 273 318 '419 .0· ·228. UNEQUAL TEES .0 .4· 127 143 168 190 H7:.'5:>. ·s 8 8· 464 539. 11/1 2 160 185 205 235 270 30.2 48. 33 ·95.36 330 36 321 36 308 36 298 36 16 36 30 24 20 18 20 20 20 20 368 356 356 346 20 20 10 8 381 381 333 324 147 .Raised face forged Steel' inch NP5 DIA of rmcx of FLG' -' American Standrd .O U 51.5 108..0 12 12 12 ~f:. All dimerl~ions are shown in inilllmetres ~mm 144 EQ.10 18 .0 43 35. 24 3G 30 30' 30 12 10 30 24 20 18 432' 397 432 384 S59 - 55. 273_3 324.0 HIS.5 10 12 675 760 165.5 5 0 8 305 355 420 485 550 92.5 •• • • .a..uAL &.. ··lM 152 I7S 60 70 95 111 .-. 79 92 . . . 76 ~ .. HUB tIu:ough Cl . 305 295 283 273 264 24.5 39.5' .0 127_0..

A::: l/B of small pipe circumference . !:_'.12"x8" = 52 :r-. :::421 mm Note: out side circumference of 6. . 14"x8" = 68 MM 14"xlZ'! = 16 MM 2" = 2?M:M 4"/11/2" = 33 r. Heat & bend other arms also. B ::: Difference of outside circumferences x 0. 'I' = 529mm " . 'use a piece of pipewith an outside diameter about equal to the inside dia meter of the smaller pipe.0833 = 41mm C =·Bx2 :::41x 2 ::: 82mm = 529 / 8 = ~6tnm = ·l-H = Z= 2"X 1"· Z MM 2 Ill' X 11/2'-2'" 13 MM 21/2" X2" -Z =. • Marking Divide the outside circumference of pipe into 8 equal parts Mark distance -E' from the end of plpe and draw baseline through this point using wrap around. From the top centerline mark half of the distance -A' to both sides: Simillarly mark half of cristance ..L"--'-r..ofS" pipe « 168 mm .& F for a 12"x6" Ecc. . Consult your piping engineer.i i ECCENTRIC REDUCER Example: Calculate the distances A.E. = = ::1 A.153. Bevel the edges of arms.B66..erence line as in figure.. .ru 12"xl0" = ·25 MJI.MM· 10"x8" '" 27 MM 10"x6" = 52 MM 14"x6" = 94MM 14"x10" .E:::. a guide while forming the end..866 =·486 x . Jeer.Z= 6 MM :b Bx3 :::41 x 3 == 123mm .1 bottom center line.C.fM 4"x3"= 13 MM 8"x3" '" 65 :r-.'x14" = 25 MM = ~24.!"'IIIUL KhUUCER r.::: 486 mm. .. Eccentric may be lengthened or shortened to suit the re.866 and lay.B.x3/2.1. Heat the top arm into position first.. .tit _r. 42 ~. Use this pipe pieee as . ..D. out this dimension on the bottom ref. 6MM . ..·x = 13MM 2" X 11/2" . of 12" pipe::: 101..8 mm 'out sidedia.0833 (1018. 154 155 .quirement of job. 16"x6'· = 119 M:M 16·"x8" '" ·93·MM 16"xl0" = 6iMIvi 16.j. .3xA' to both sides r. 12"x6" = 78 MM .529 )x 0. Using a wrap around draw line around the pipe from E 10 F as in figure II .tsz page no 152) 152 .i pipe . ECCENTRIC REDUCER .For A300 slope multiply dimension E by the constant 0. F ~ E x .: .0833 C Dimension BX2 D :::Dimension Bx3 E. . Cut & ·remove the unwanted portion Where written cut by a radial cut.. \ A"NS : A ::: 1/8 of small pipe circumference B = difference of outside circumferences x 0.··. .(See page No.. .outsidedia 'of-large pipe x 3/2 3x 11/2"== 21MM 3x 21/2"= S MM 3x 2" eo 14 NrM: 6"x 21/2"= 48 MM 6"x4" = 27MM 6·x 3"= 40 :MM 10"x4"= 79·. Out side dia of large pipe x 3/2 F Dimension Ex 0. (See IS.ru 8"x6" = 2. As an 'aid in forming the arrms to the correct size. Note .1..866.5 MM 8"x4" = 53 MM.

"1 DO 30 45 00' . .88 88 88 88 89 89 89 89 90 .7333 45.36667 .0 24.71667 . 5 90 lO() 110 120 n.02182 .08333 .1817 INFINIll' 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 . 26 27 28 .11667 ~ ':'1567 r I I ! j 9 10 1 .7867 47 .0 98.0 241.0.01309 .13333 .0 ]90. 635.88~ 54 .03333 . 102 102 1l~ 127 140 145 ' 152 130."""". 52 56 57' 62 64 70 70 71 127 150 ]80 29 30 190 215 230 255 32 .5 22. ~' 2S .6363 327303 38. The 2 rom Raised Face is Included in thickness C{l) 'and length through hub Y(l)~ This .5 139.7500 46 .28333 ..(t).37 .25P Note. Bore dimensions shown oppositealso provide inside pipe di~:mefers: . 32 .0166667 d&gTe9 = 1160 x 2 degrSQ ..0 40. . 152..33333 .03490 .78333. 900. .5.0000 28.31667 .5 : 362 432 476.0. .min RaisedPace. 3~ 35 41 138' .appliesto.5 '73 83 89 60.02618 .0 79..3900 144.s 13.41667 ' . mm 280 345 405' 485 5:35 600 635 700 815 ' 985 1170 36 40 49 56 44 57' 64 68 76 89 89.850 52 .0 1086.450 .5 120.5333 33 .0 24. The 7 MM Raised Face is 'not included inthickness qi) and FLANGES Class 150 Raised face forged Steel American Standrd DIA of FtG 0 THICK of FtG ' ClLENGlH LENGTH through through HUB HUB TImED WELD SLIP ON NECK Yl.03333 degree = 1 Oegr~ 136 137 NOTES: l and NPS inch . DIA of 'BOLT CIRCLE DIA of NO of BOLT HOLE BOLT t .48333' .5667 35..0 578.0 540.99999 1.016667 = 0.0 43. 33 I' t ! 6.96667 59 .46667 .5886 229.0 54."" 15 '30 45 00 15 Tan . .7000 43 ..0 17.5 178.0 749.8294 57.16667 .2QO" .26667 .5 216.! 311 .3000 .18333 '12 13 14 15.5 16 16 16 16 16 20 '20 4.23:j3 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 ~.8167 SO .:·"iT~~·&~ 1. .01745 . 1500 and25QO Pressure ' Ratings are regularly 'furnished with 7 .44 . 2.99991 .0 25. 1t/2 2 21/2 3 31/2 4.5 298. . 3~Always specify bore when ordering Weldneck or Socket Weld Flanges.6000 49 .0 60.5 89.99976 . 36 All dimensions are shown " Irrmillimetres.whlch is additional to the flangethickness qt..0 48. ( :mit w~.68333 42 . 139 .05000 .4000 . .. 99966 .1000 .1.38333 .) and ~(~)" '.0 24.99941 .5 16. 8 10 12 r i I 14 16 18 20 24 30 .5 ' 70.0000 .99985 .0 .9000 55 .5 19.21667. 4 4 4 4 4 4 20 20 20 4 8 8 8 22 22 22 8 S 26 26 30 30 33 33 12 12 12' 16 16 20 20 28 32 ' ~5 914.2 136.91667 58 .40 41 .6333 51 .524.03054 .6000 .5500 34 .'/ I I i i I 11(4 .86667 53 .0"~50 :6667 .000 .99996 .98333 60 1.150 300 Pressure Ratin~s.5 29 ' 30.3 48 ..600. . Yl 16 16 17 21 22 25 .3500 . 48 .0 .00436 0.93333 57 ·. . I '1/2 3/4 '1 lengththroughhub Y.61667 38 . 1160 Degree '" 0. 2 x 0.0 14.M667 .! .1500. 37.29 .5000 60 Minutes 1'Minute '2 Minu!es .6333 39 .2900 76.5 ' :32 '35.950 ' 58 '.99953 .1885 45.00873 .5633 3& .4333 .

MM as Similarly AB . .Point B with a radius of 3000 'MM toeut the previously drawn are at polnt 'C' . Draw a straight line . I ' . (page 82) . - TABLE WE CMf LAYOur ANGLES MORE EASILY EXAMPLE: draw an Angle of 300 Construction:- SQUAKELlrm 1.. ANGLE OF ELBOW tan a . 8C=3x1 00=300MM& .zz . 4x1 00 =400MM.<=ularine l to the line 'AB' through 'B'..70469 . example if you can unit.500 ie BC AC=5 x1 00 ".-OISTANcEACROSS P .35 MM. ~'T = eos" of . ELBOW DE::GREE Cos . 3x500 . .675 MM you select SOO~M as one unit then . Join. also have mar1<edAB =1000 you have to 300 (. ' .. 3. ' ' . . A' Mark 'AW ':' 1000MMon 2. .0B81 1. 1. r-~ "".(1)." .Mark AB .... = 500 x..(Fig 10) ' start a layout we have to . AC =51600 =2500M~ Taka care to multiply-aiways 3.500MM.'-i ~ . ANGLE Of LATERAL ... one unit then select 100.000_ ~I? = 4 unit. Mark Procedure'- .. .4&5 wjth the same unit. 4unit B 'SC' 'AC'..57735 = 288.:" 500MM) A8=4x500 ::'2000MM. 4..'. multiply the ~al~e of tan es .48013 = 61. tan" = 1112+ 1022 = 1. ~' '. I '. AC= S : Remember Note: Since'you ie BC From the Trigonometric out. . ' 106 I 1 I 107 I .=1500MM.. 2.. Join Angle BAC'. ~000 MM . .'''''''.' 1§ from Square Une. DraW another arc from . multiply with . (when AB . BC . 90 WITH HEADER of (Distance Along + Travel) (VIEW A) of (1 022 +21~8. 47. ''''''"''':'''''''''''~''''l'''''''-'."'''''-"'"'~'''''''''"--':'''"'''' USING 1RIGONOll1ETRlC q'~.6"" AQLUNG DOWN ._.\ 104 1 lOS !. 300 Table you can find 3.OR if then to g~t the value of 'BC'. unit. Distance Along = 1500+2128.art. b ~~~ " 00' .6) '= CoS-I ..6 2.. You •For . .' 4. To .. BRSiIl a arM.42° II. Note. Draw aperJiendi.35 if you Draw 'AB' =500.5000MM above point 8 as in FIG (11) . Draw a stright line... BC~ Now Angle ABC =90 .57735) MM with 1. 45..S7735 . l- I ..A~ it A~B 1000 ..0881 . the val~e"Of tan 300 =.J(Distance'Along)2+(Distalice ACrOS$}2 +(Rise)2 '= <1(1022)2+(1500)2+(1112)2_2128.. Drawan arcfroin:1N with a raoius 01..30 3. C <. SL:J. := sn. Be =3 select any ' unit ~ 57735x1 000 = Sn.~ P = ~ (VIEW8~ =HEIGHT:. TRAVEL = . ex (VIEW B) + T~avel a.70469 = COS" .

_.'C. R.112 6. C are· included angles.5. ~~----~~--~----~ 113 -~C_· ~~-~-. -~.c~. == = 398f<:os 82.s this .+R3 == 360x39B+2900 ::: 49. '" tarr' 7.= 398-175. 1. Mark OR . THIS METHOD· .. .... J .. CASE 3. 2 ANGLE AND ONE. THE TRIANGLE IS.S+COS 82.-Rz 4.R4 '" 398+{). \ USETHIS FORMULA L a+sinA ~.a. sOLUflO!!i OF TRiANGLES (SPECIAL CASES) . LA 7.case use this formula .218 "" 82. 2 Sides and one angle given to solve this case also Above formula is applicable ..-t)l2=(8004)+2 .7035 .THIS CASE SOLUnONOF~GLES SPECIAL CASES .Manang I'rocedure : DEVELOP A CONE WHOSE TOP DIA == BOO SOnOM DIA == 355.7.40]Q .. .= R2+COS8 '" 175. f\ LB '" (D..5 '" 222. A. CosA .'Fu. .. tan 8 S. -~ ~------ -~~ """''''''''~_"''O±'''li'C''''".. (355-4)+2 == 1·75.. 13723 '" 2900 X R. SIDE GIVEN. . Note:· A..!. 2424 =1279 . Bend through ~e dotted lines startiilg from both the ends OS & TA. b. .. .. . CASE 1. 2. 360 ::: 2xR3XSjnN2 :::2x29OQxSin 24. bi-sinB . B.112 t ON A 4 mm plate draw arc with 2900 mm radius (R3).1121' = R.--•• 0 . . CASE~ .. = (b~+c2"a2) . 3 sides are given. 2424 (straight line) Join PO and PA. USE· 114 115 . HEIGHT". an \ ~ 112 _. c are ~ opposite to them WHEN.. To sol. L B. 2Xbxc j. '" ~+{f\ -Az} == 1606+222:5 . QRTS is the requi~ed piece. ...NOT A RIGHT ANGLE TRIANGLE .5 =398 3. c+slnC J.218. .L..co~S . . 1606 AND ' PLATE THICKNE:SS 4 MM Solutlon:'.R3 = (D2-t)/2 :. TO SOLVE. . Draw another arc with a radius 1279.

~ § . . .. . :s al~ '" . " I J i . ~ I!i ~ g "t ~ II!! ~ ~~ jjo <0.. a m ~ <'> If . .n X W. . • " M .o.. . f .. .. . ~ ..53)x9. '" "'= '" . . cO ~..j :g ~ "'= '" . . ~ . .j '~ !13 )( til )( gg Qi g& Q~ 0 s. iii S ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ''''_ "I ~..OOOO0783 =~ EXAMPLE 1..:!I.:": ~ . . CO! ~ 011'" ~ . .I . ~ . Iii 1::1 IIlllJ.p "'. i.T)( Lx 0..§ Q fIl " I .. '" 'of i . .. '" '" "l ~~ . :... .' '$I ~ -!~ <oJ 'N M ~ '" . ! I CO = Outside Oia of pipe } W.~ ~ . .00002462 KG All MEASUREMENTS ARE iN MILLIMETRE Note: ANS:- EXCEPT ANSWER Wt '" tx Lx WxO.. R! ~ .....00002462 '" (609.53 X 2533 X 0_00002462 = 35&. ri <II "! . ... . :. E f. <Ii I:'i J: ... ~ ... . po.... ....OOOOO783 == 10x2500x787xO..'.ID .6 KG.... ..:!!. FOR WALL THIGKNESS AND OUTSiDE DIA OF PIPES ReferPage No 22 & 23 .. Q~ :i"' Ii. :.. enghth of pipe..N <II . . ci "" '" III . .... . .W ::r:: o z '=- s 1.. 1i) . - . .. CALCULATE THE WEIGHT OF A24" STO WALL.. l.. 121 .T x L x 0.53x2533xOJ)OO02462 = 600...... ...t.-·-----_a . I!! . WEIGHT OF CARBON STEEL PIPE WI = (00" w. w"" WmTH IN MM Q:... .....o.'" s ..T=Wtill. L ' in milli meter 120 . ~-8 • "! ui M ..... • Iii ~ ": N . §g g "' 8l - ~~~ <II III .. <II M ci s § ~ !!l ~ ~ ~ ~' @ @ @ 1:: c.. .. . CIt tit . 2533 MM LONG PIPE ANS : Wt = (OD. '.. 1:: 1:: \q .0 5... l:.6-9... Note: 1. I:. it . '" "l '" '" '" "! Q Q~ Q \9 ~ ! ! ~ ~ . .. .."I. o M. . .j '" .Tl1ickness of pipe .... .1 X 9.o' N IS . ri CO! 'Il ~ -e:q . Calculate the weight of a 10 MM THK Plate 25OOx787 MM Size. ..n x W.Q ~ ~9aaaaaa&&aSg&ia ~ !!i...-m .. ~ ~ '" ~ . I:.W... ~ .L=LENGTH.. "I on 0 .

53171 .63944 .64279 .41469 .'l5Q4 1.72236 . Trigonometric Sin .72236' .17715 .74674 .67237 .1009 f Deg 48 48 48 48 49 49 49 49 50 50 50 50 51 51 51 51 52 ~2 52 52 53 53 53· 53 S4 S4 54 54 lvfin 00 15 30 45 00 ]5 30 45 00 15 30 45 00 .12 .75756 .4150 1.46101 .1708 1.90996 . ~ f .8097& .81412 .70711 ·.56641 .60086 .73135 .87882 .1812 1.~r.83169 128 129 _-.63707 .Iau .i37 .66189 .64612 . 1.82165 .63608 .70401 .75355 .89687 .2685 1.77988 ..78261 .87036 .92439 .79544 .35 35 36 36 36 36 37 37 15 15 30 45 00 15 30 45 00 15 30 4S 00 37" 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39 j Tan :83910 .72537 .90834 .85941 .85491 .0818.82434 ..65935 .78532.49315 .48773 .57000 .62592 .8769.55194 .61882 . 1.76323 .84573 .47163 .60529 .57155 .0355 1.61566 .83147 .71019 .79600 .51503 . 32 32 32 32 32 33 33 33 34 .77439 .79069 .76884 .44523 .80644 .62251 .57735 .64945 .66588 .85717 .79863 ..81664 .77715 .81411 .65276 .4415 ~ 00 55 I 55 55 55 15 30 45 00 15 30 45 104550 1. 26.45573 .63608 .90631 .90070 .47698 .4687 ~- i 131 .61280 .54296 .81157 .49242 •.45 00 15 30 45 00 15 30 45 ·00 30 45.86820.65563 .4281 1.15 .: .71933 .646.53732 .76884 .84104 .68728 .67451 .68200 '.70090 .60529 .56280 Tan 1.0446 1.82659 .0538 1.68835 .86603 .62932 '.5 .80901 ..61566 .3891 1..2460 1.59494 .6i222 .46175 .74022 .48099 .74022 130 .43862 .4019 1.79069 .97416 .60876 .2572 1.61222 .83867 .57715 .43051 .88499 Jl8295 .76323 .78834 .71321 .67880 .:~.2239 1.73323 .53730 .52250 .8' .48234.58318 . ~--- .72654 .45047 .78532 . 69466 .67880 .80902 .93251 .78261 .58905 .76604 .19600 .78801 .1106 ·1.71018 .57715 .64945 . 30 45 .81915 .91116 MIn 00 30 45 00 15 ·30 .54097 .66588 .86384 ..69151 .69779 . 1.5948Z· .45 ..76733 .96569 .65276 .89493 .70401 .1303 1.66913 . -~--.58070 .69151 .67559 .m '-"" ..76041 .70021 .619094 .63271 . .80258 .59832 .73728 Table CO!I Trigonometric Table 4 15 U.72.77162 .50953 ..56281 .0814 .41866 .46631 .184 .3392' 1.71630 .47716 ...515:04 .51129 . A2657 .71325 ' .55557 ..90258 .74896 .80386 .45 00 15 30 45 00 . . 00 15 30 45 00 '15 .73432 .84656 .'.86163 .80125 .45399 .88902 .71990 .7933S .50754 .82659 .54464 .:.77439 .81703 .74314 .53369 .!"~ ~ ~ •.3151 l·3270 1.58070 .86929 .45887 .52057 .47332 .1204 1..0630 1.63095 .56576 .70673 .66818 .3032 1. .52992 .66913 . .90446 .66262 .51877 .74314 S4606 .64322 . 49622' .60681 . 45 45 45 '45' 46 46 46 46 47 47 47 47 « ! dS .52613 .67237 .87673 .6018Z· . 75756 .56641 .52621 .62592 .0088 1.83389 .3514 1.77428 .8191.43837 .57358 . 61909 .77988 .78801 .63944 .2349 1.82416 .45010 .89253 .71934 .77162 . 30 45 00 15 30 45 00 15 '30 45 00 15 30 45 00 15 30 45 00 15 30 .46947 .75.71325 .95729 .82413 .87462 .42262.84805 .1918 1.3638' '1.78129 .62487 '.82165 .73996 .76604 .44620 . .79864 .0176 1. 68518 .40674 41072 ..81664 .71630 .65606 . .94071 .44229 .76042 .2799 1.62251 .2915 1. .00 15 30 45 00 15 30 45 Sin .55431 . .~ .80386 .75471 .75471 .84339 .60876 .58425 .3764 1.0724 .50000 ' .55919 .69372 .91355 . 72837 .0265 1._.58779 .43«4 '.88089 . 50377 .70711 .58425 .46561 .80125 ..68200 ..73728 .87250 ..65935 .. 54862 .89298 .76041.57000 .94896 .2024 1.65606 . Cos . .Deg 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 25 00 15 30 45..57358 .73135 .83629 .68835 .68088 .69466 .0000 1.75184 ..69779 . .70090 .73432 .99131 1.86166 .48:481 .85264 .54829 .68511! .82904 ..88701 .64279 .72837 .8540B !I· 15 30 45 00 15 30 45 ..88473 . 26 26 27 27 27 27 ·28 28 28 28 29 29 29 29 3Q 26 30 sr 3 31- 31 31 3] . 74896 .59832 . .80644 .62932' .98269 .34 34: 34· 35 35 .59131 . Deg 40 40 40 40 40 40 41 ~42 42' 42 42 43 43 43 43 44 44 44 Nfin 00 15 30 45 00 15 30 45 00 30 45 00 IS 30 45 00 30 .58779 .2131 1.66262 .74606 .85035 .63271 .59139 .90040 . 91633 .1403 1.8Il57 .49858 .64941 ..89101.89879 . 67559 .79335 .50404 .60182 .1606 .56003 .0913 1..59482 .

:??:'""t2: LA'mRAL Wl!AL Sip (1) LONG CUT BACK= I I I Le. (2) SHORT CUT BACK = S.800 = 36. 00/2 LA = 45°.' (1) Cos" Means Cosine" (2) SCIENTIFIC CALCULATORS are recommended answers. = 22.P.5° (1) Degree of BOTTOM ELBOW = Cos" of (Cos of R.. .. .4142 =202$mm .B g.C. 99 .R x tan (Ai?) '" 84 x tan22.S = R + tan (N2) (N2) ... =34.4142 . " Note: ~n22.) .C. Angle of RISE & Angle otTum are TOP known.I$E x Cos of TURN) = Cos? of (Cos 30 x Cos 22.5°" 0. = A+tan (N2) =84+.. (1) LC.. ~r III ! a.-~~ o for more easy and accurate _.C.-....R.. U .•.. ~ w a: . see table. ..i Solution R . .S 45 U equal size. .." Cos" .J _J .S) = Cos" of (.S Z 0 V> CD U) :t ::. . We have to calculate the degrees of BOTTOM..9238).8mm ctl <.22.B ~ S.5 =!Mx.4142...:: . Given >= = .5°.. l_·.OD/2 & 'A' '" Angle 0'FITTING I r Example: . ~ V . Calculate Lateral LC..S == A x tan Note:. (See page 1'34) (1) Angle of RISE (2) Angle of TURN 30'\ ..In this example ELBOWS.:::'. Solution:. 16812 "" 84 Ai2 s: Q) e: v r-:.87D (2) Degree of TOP ELBOW = 90 • Angle of Aise '" 90-30 = 60" Not.S of a 6" N. U .866 x . __ ~__ .s ~ 0 _J I.J (2) S.

Also equal to Area x Angle (E /360) . angle with the plate as the pipe will be when erected...tan A Whencutti~gwiththeterch.s through P.. ~ The radius of a circle is Qnehaifof the diameter. X = . STEP (3) Keep the Nails' 'P' on line ~ and '0' on line ON alWays. Crossing point is to be the centre of opening. 'PR..PE + SIN A Note: A is the '~ngle of pipe with plate. Q& R.. STEP (2) Mar!< the dimensions fiR & QR on a piece of wood and pierce 3 nai..Plate thickness -I. LOng DtA + 2.... u ~ () ~ +x Ex.OO2na . (tC \.1tD == 22/7 x DIA . 88 -..OO873 Also equal to I)CI! X e X O. it< . U . QR = ShOrt DJA :. ~ "" Cl2X1IB + B x Raqius)/2 aq~ to 2 x radius x sin(E/2) "" (Arc length OtA of a circle Area of sector '" LxRl2 . Area of any circle. . .OIA X OIA x 22/28 Also Equal to 2217 x Radius x Radius Length of Also a chord . Revolve slowly the wood and mark 7urved tine.. (You can mark it on a scale also simply).00873 • + 2 ~ I( C"( I.with the ~aif which passes through 'R' STEP (4) SHORT OIA =:'OD OF PIPE LONG DlA = 00 OF P.'"2 x v(AxB) . is an area bounded andachord.1+ " An 'arc is a part of the circumference A chord is aline connectingJhaanda A segment Formulae': arc.. Circumference of same Circle ::::RadiOus of the circle Arc Length"" DtA x degree x 0. 01 an arc· . by an Circumference Area of aeifcls _ _ • L of a circle =. hold the tip'at the same . 2 f ~ .N STEP (1) LAY OUT LINES lM & NO at right angles to each other. "" C '.

=D/2.{1. 74 75 . ELBOWS 14" &..5D)2 ..H.~ FOR STUB ON· METHOD. dl2)2 H~=: ..J& BELOW SOME CHANGES DIAMETAE DONE.. =: -)(2D·CJ~ ... ~ En:~ow Dummy Support lype ·11-ay-Out (see Page 107) ..J(20Y· (1. C1:= CUT BACK (FIRSl) := R1..z·(.. I .=H~-Hl =H. L..dl2 e it = R ·. .~ II D.[(2D-C)2. CONSIDER!Q OF BRANCH AND OD OF HEADER ..l2X. .... ·THE FOLLOWING fORMU' LAE ARE U5EFULl FOR ALL SIZES OF PIPES ( ANV SCHEDULE) V I '\ . Type 1 72 73 ELBO~ DlJIIUIIY SUPPORT TYPE I IN THIS FIRST TYPE.5D +....707xR/) 1 . PASSES THROUGH E GIVEN HERE ARE SUITABLE mZES ONLY. $ li"Hs-H3 I.(1.H 2.. FOR SIZE5.- . .(1.'" OUTSIDE DIA OF ELBOW SIZE (N....5D-dl2X.f CONSIDER OD OF BRANCH AND ID OF HEADER FOR STUB Elbow Dummy SuppOrt INMETI-iOD· .707Y· H3 '" ..SD+d. EXAMPLE 20 WILL BE 1. A ..5D-dl2)2 .·.-.5 O+DI2 OUTSrDE OF ELBOWS sloe D!AMETRE OF SUPPORT PIPE.. Rz". INSIDE DIA OF SUPORT PIPE ='""'. - . 707)2 Hs . ABove HAS TO BE AND If-.".. THE FORMULA FOR 9Q" LR.J(20-C.)2. .(1.P./ H.12" CONSIDER CENTRE LINE Of SUPPORT PIPE THE CENTRE UNE OF ELBOW. STUB IN METHOD ·1 I ) I I ..S) d".. L~=H5-H..JR. ... =: -)(20)2 .J(R/-R~2) C:i:CUTBACK (THIRD) R. .

li.l" ~(11B6.280. "R..L3&. -/(20-CJ".f -(A.:..(20-t+Q ·R)2 ::: ''<A Z H3". SUPPORT PIPE' :: WALL THICKNESS OFSUPPORT PIPE 1: " R. C3 Rl :.t· d)' .(2D-t-Ri H4 '" ".791>= 103 MM' NOTE: C. H5...7X. 1219. O. = . -J(20)'" {2D. C.: C.. 152 H2. = i149.)' .L4 OF A DUMMY sUPPORT SUPPORT PIPE IS 16" ·N. .R. . NOTES..C.5 F\= 193. STD WALL 20 .= 32.8 ..P./(12192.6." 69.. '= 900 L1 ./(TT49. _ :If 0= 609. 2D-t-R.. . rlI2.t.H3l4·= o d ""OUTSIDE . :: v{2D)z. 619 MM "l3 = H5· H3 .'1\..~ =H.5 2D.5)'· (678.." A.{8:22. H5.T TYPE 2 oUTsIDE RADIUS) FOA A . A.)2..1209.. . 387. 362 !viM L4 .)' • (R... .70XA..(1152.5)· .l2. {2D-W = 20-Ca.?07 .H.S..n I'1n LEVEL WI1H RADIUS OF ELBOW) oUtsIDE WITH oUTsIDe (1) '" 20...8)' '" 280.. R..8 20. ~N~N~M~~M~~~~mw~~row~ - 82 --------~--------~----------------------------~ u ..(20-C.. INSIDE OIA Of. CUT BACK (FIRST) '" Rt.. " ~Rt·· R." 74? MM ..4 _ . DUMl'lysurrORUYf'e (SOITOl>l Of' SUJ>YOIU YJPeU~\lIlL II RAOIUS OF e. 87B.)~ . d .1 )•./(R. =..8). LR..LL) DJ.(20)2..5)' . '1. :I: _.O. H5" H2 = 000. 24" SOLUTION:- + ELBOW.'(20-t.5"} .. --..(20-t-dF .8)' _ 797 -/(20). L2 .50 + Of2 81 oOMMY (B.H. C. ..J2 -(20+R2-f\.5 137 1=9..)' ._+ R. CUT BACK\THIRO):: A.." 1015.R. . dI2XO. H3. * (2) =20-C3. f20-1.. • f\.'... R".7. _---. . Hs· H4 OIA OF ELBOW.·s :I "::I 90. l._. (5):: 20 H231 v(20-C \2 ....F' Wlnt CALCULATE SUPPOR. = 1186." (20 • t+1\.(1015. .707 c...(BOTI'OM OF SUProRT ...:304... £: 193.R.8 2D • t-d = 822. :Ii .5 2D-t = 1209.SIZE(N. 2D-t-R.1 H1.. .P_S) L3 :: Hs .. 538 .- v(Rl- (AvY :: Df2 ··20 ." '" 1152.5 . (3) '" 20-C"(4) H. .. v(20:-O'.. -/1219" .8. 900 ..I)''.?OCP. H5 ·H1 =900-·152..6.5 2D . L1.i· H~=.)' --..." C." R..v(A.1MlIfYRTmE ~ .H4". . = H5 .)' >/(1186. H4..0 53a -/(20-C. (20.8 4(2D-C..

707 )2. 14·'xl0· 2O''xl0'' 34.v'R. .4 9. . STl. (pipes are Of STD weight) Ans :--..1 12"X3" 4.1219.2::: .5 4.. &I- RY - C4 R.4 5")(4" 17.8 :: 161.7 30")18" 13.4 Cl C2 .6.2 1B''X4'' 5.~(Rll2 -(0. FIG (9) BRANCHES R.4 5"X2" 5. BACK IN MM HEADER X BRANCH CUT BACK INMM 18"x6" Cl C3 Cl .1 1 8 4 18"x8" 23.2 29 16.5· 3. C3 C4' 14· 6.6-520.2 8"!{S'" .6 MM C.5 8"X2" 3.2 3 . :: 609.4+2 = 447..7 Ii II l' lj lZ'x6" 19.3 ii II 9.6 30 16.8 2O"X3" 3 1.5 3..S .2 16")(6" 15.7 10")(3" 5.v<R~R/) .5 1.~ 20"x8" 21 ·18 10.4 MM (1).2 .00 o(HEADER = 48" =.6MM * R~ . Ry X :: 609.7 5. F 5")(3" 11. S8. Calculate the cut backs C.7 5.0 10")(2" 2.4" :12.7 ·. 24"x6" 10 5 16''x8" 27 23 13 3. .6)2.2 9.S . . 2..Jf:\~.14")(3" 4. 10"xS" " -.6·"(609.7 8. ( S.1 2. 12 6' 12''x8 35. 1.8 3 .6)2.3 2. 'Iii I tH :~ !~ " I' Cl 32 15 C3 C3 C4 (j) l'~ .6 16''XS'' 3.(447.5 21 .6 18"X2" .3 36")(8" i.4 MM = C..3 2.565 :: 24.6 1.lBOfiI BRANCHES ~.5 S.[R2)2 R1-J(R.____ .. C~C3 & C~of a 48":i36" stubon Branch. n 18"XS" If Ii 'i 2. refer'page Nos 22 & 23 C1 C~ C3 - 2.7 6.i 12:"(2" .Rl-.7x3827)~ 609.5 5:2 3OIIx6H a.3 S 61.9 2O"X4" 5.7 7 2 lS"xW". (O.S 18. For DO..3 1....5 4.15 3.6 MM =0 • R.6 2.00 of BRANCH:: 36" 914.7 15 4.&-447.S 14")(4" 7. See pagE! No 31 also' -J (R 1..9239 R ·1 .2 .(609.7 11.(Q-.9239x447.(R"x.7 20 11.5 8.(STDWALL THICKNESS PIPES) HEADER X BRANCH CUT.707)2 :: 609.(447.8 1.6.3 4")(3" C1 C3 C1 C3 Cl C3 Cl 15.2 7.4 8. (Ry .(Ar-707)2 :: 609. Wall thicknes~retc.6 4.5 14"X2" 2 6"X3" 6"XZ' 4..5 1 8'?(3" 7.3 M.". 6 12''x10~ .3 ".7)2 = 609.J(609.&413.3 4. 4"X2" 6.3827)2 . ID Of Branch+2 = 895..2 2S.5 20")16" . = Rl.2) 1.. C2 CS (.2 2 16'')(2'' 1..3 14''x8" 31. .7 3"X2" Cl CS C1 8. Note: 10 01 Brandl + 2 For STUB ON MEi'HOO(10.S 27 7.9MM C~ :". ='00 of Header+2 =121 92+2<=609.7 22")18" 19 16.~(609.4 'C1 C2 ca- . Ir x.8 : 11.6 10")(4" .7 32.0 2.98 = 88.)2 -{0.6 10")(8" 45 37 20 5.5 6.8 MM C3 :: R1-v'R/.6.3 24"x8'" 17.7 2.9239xR2r =609.8 22"x6" 11 5. 23.2 1.7l<.7 4.' 8-X.3827 xRiF .8 50.5 3.7 24''X4'' 4.(447.0 I. lZ'X4" as 2. Given SQlutio'n: ·R.7 =195. :: A~..6 14"xS" 17.6)2.1 22''X4" 5.7 44 24. -{0.9 10 4.5 16"xl0" 45 37.7)2 :: 609.5 9.53.6)~.6 .2 MM (2). .2 16"X4".

2XO. f!l .2 ~. Z' '3" 4" ms : III'" 76.2 69..6 1828. 355.Bx2xSin.6 195.2 711. li~~~~~~'~~~.~ ~ .. of a 48" 6~ LA.2 559 .4 120 144.= 1B28.~ i~ ~ il ill ~ &! ~~ ~ it·=& 81. Elbow and pipe 8izcl! are in mCfiM.2 114.4 711..8.~ ~ ii IS .3 209 261 312.6 1066.! m ~ g ~ f§e ! m . 1882.2 1524 1143· .6 414.6 mm ~ r so 10" 152.4 610 ~- 20'" reo 24'( '= 1911 mm .4 762 1016 838. 914. .8 .2 812.5 244...=...5 228. Measurements. See 'page No.Note: . 19 to get A.4 1828.l3 & L.6 406.2 1067 21~5. '1727.2 159.4.1 mm ~AX2xSiri(0/2).6 .Bx2xO.8 990.3' 95.52249B ' lZ' .B&C . 1524 101S 2032 1600. Lz"" La L~ =DxCxK = 63x2438.01746 2682.. Page No. PI.sea FIG 7A.2 .8 1422. 1295.2 .S0 . m.4 1371.'457.BxilOi 746 .3 A m. DxBxK = 63x1219.' 1625. 1828.s Ab fJf C are in millimetre .4XO. A" RA01US of Welding c~oow C.·31.01746: DxAxK ""63x1828. Note : MC!I<!lUrement.4 '19d.2 610 5£0. 16'· . !!!!!!!! _. 48.Ul fI m ~ ~ lil r3 S 8 $ 'g J~ ~.. • 28" 30" 32" 34"..8x2xSin(6312)11 .2 mm ' .z.. 36" 40" 4Z' 48" B = 686 914.. = 2011.6 2438.4' 1321).8 1219 IMide RadiUs of elbow. Outside RadIUs of !llbow I 56 57 .4 1219.111B. 762 1219..5 517.14~ 16" 18" '361 457..914.2 .2 813 e t.5 295.18mple :Calculate LI'~.~i~ '§l ~ ~im~~~s~e'~~lf~~ ~'m 1§' ~ ~~ ~ ~ S ~ ~ ~ ~.rnz I om~ !DNO :s~~ r: -e-e I .6 863.li'l ~ ~ §. SOB • mm 106. a.5 619.6 305 =1341.

.0 8 8 311118 43116 4314 93.7 18..6 .1 81 "~' ..4 304... R.1 x Diameti-e (in inches) x tan N2 " H . /~ ~~ Example" (1}'H' of a 14" LR 9()!l ELBOW := 38.-0" 11'-<)" "12'-0· s 8 1828.4 .2 o. 3 3112 4" 4112 3MB " 2'-0· .6128 = 326. OR::: Outside Radius of ELBOW 'H' of a 900 Long Radius elbow·". .)48" <jIPipe (Horizontal) To East '" 3048-0 "= 3352.1« 14 = 533..~. 2743.7BxOmm I Example: "" 'H' of a 14"LR.. 106.1 x14xO. ."' .4 mm .1x14xtan 38..4 MM ::50. (4..3 23.25. .. 45G Elbow =15...6 " 127 .6 65..6 .6 "l f 1/2 3/4 23/32 59164 15132 1112 149164 23iT6 29ilS ml~""" .1 1· 2" 3"' 7116 37/64 14.....1 x Dmm . .'1 . 254 ..1 x 14 x tan (6312)° 31.ES AND FEET CONVERTED MllLiMETRES TO DIAOF IN INCHES DRILL IN MM ~ 00 -. 279.65 135 160. ! 811• 9" 11/4 1112 lhl2 ~ 111/2 "'12 ·8 8 10:' l1u 12" ·"-0" .0 To "E~st " East· 5 5&16 65f16 a'-o· 9'·0..34 4'-0· 5'-0" 6'-0· 48" ~ Pipe (Horizontal] To 900 8 "8 T~O· (2)4~". 2438.38.l 44115 55. 101..7.9 mm 'H' of any degree long radius elbow ( ~9(0)" = 38.P.6 48 49 LONG RADIUS WELD ELLS H = Distance fliPm Face to ELBOW CENTRE I R = Inside Radius of ELBOW" " .A.= 38. 630 Eibow := = 3S".4 3B.1 x Diametor (in indies) H= 36....8 304.4 120. 1219-2 ~ 1624.. 38." r I (2) H of a 45° L.. = . 45~ Ell 45~ Vertical . 203..8 = 2133..6 =914.9mm " • tan AI2 means' tangent of Degree of Elbowi2 " 50 51 .4 29.78 x 14:: 220.. 152. 10."'~ SIlEOFTAP IN INCHES NUMBER OF niAEAD " PERINCM TVft rarr. .78 x Diametre (in inches) "H =1S. 15. ELBOW " :.2 .4 '" 177..-~ 1830 N.1l = 3657. 3'-0" 609...8 ill North 2 2112 ~ (1) J I f.5 =./S' 6" 7" ". 76.p (3)48" Eil Rolls 450 Up q.1 x 0 x tan AI2 Example: 'H' ot a 14" L.73 11.8 .T 118 1/4 "3/8 27 18 18 14 14 11M! 11132 8. "1!Y'l:!Ji INCH.2 '" 22B..

'. PIPE GOES UP • NIW MEANS BETWEEN NORTH & WEST NOTE:.PIPE GOES UP . I. VERT. I· E I if !J ~ : L:::: I------:-~--. PIPE GOES UP 45' ELL GOE:>i 45' UP ROUING 45 NIE· PIPE GOES 45" JJP ROLllNG WE MEANS BETWEEN 45· N/E • 2 3 VERT.Ji79888 .'. ROLLING 45° N /W 3-PIPE GOES 45° UP ROLLING 45° N/W 4-45° ELBOW GOES UP FROM PIPE 3 .(5)PIPE VERTICAL GOES UP~ NORTH AND EAST TO NORTH ORIENTATION Note: PAY YOUR ATTENTION 40 41 I SPOOL DRAWING WJ STUDY NOTES :~ I-PIPE VERTICAL (GOES UP) 2-45° ELBOW GOES 45° Up.: i~ ! . (GOES UP) 6-900 ELBOW GOES TO NORTH FROM VERITCAL PIPE 7·PIPE HORIZONTAL (GOES TO NORTH) .90° ELBOW GOES TO EAST II-PIPE HORIZONTAL (GOES TO EAST) .N~ 0 ~N " 0 4'.424 GJ - 43 .(5.~ . ~ 0 '1------0 1-------1iJ 1 1 VERT.PIPE HORIZONTAL (GOES TO NORTH) 10. S-PIPE VERTICAL.(5 NIW 4· .. '2122.NTION TO NORTH ORIENTATION 4 45' ELL GOeS U~.. S . ITJ 0 [2] -~ i I. + 2122 + 3002 = . ELLGOES UP. 8-FEED CHEC~VALVE (FLOW DIRECTION TO NORTH) 9.pAYY"OURATT!. . 45· ELL GQES 45" UP ROUING 45' NIW 2 3 • PIPE GOES 45' UP ROUING. 0 4'>•• --I .

..ns'._------.... dJil'1E. 'L. goo ELBOW 45° ROLLS AND GOES TO WEST ~j) Ve. tl6....tJ . ~.. L..1 NO.til1n.:.cal 1".3 (i (2 <1-5 v .PE G.l P:P e u'"j LIp (H.Y BdOl""."a +.. "1'" P'Pf.1-~rd:i.oES 1"1'. (1 " (i) "e:~T'Cl'h .'l'I-iP!..o ES G.leAl. RoU.. M" . (+) "5~I" "'oLl'''6.1'<: (5). t!-. 32 33 ( J..· G...I. PIPE HORIZONTALLY GOES TO WEST r~$'-r- fyOrt\ pip e (3)' ~ s] E N~te.. !':<f'('!#l:tA:.(.D~(J~ ::DK.~'.. ELl.vt~ ~b 1u""t.(3) UP {51 VSRT.._ .)"n 3S 1:".1. oj> Ol+. 4-.!'lE.r .. ". G.~ +. NDte : vu't... ELI. sl E S/ E (3): PIPE 45° VERTICAL (DN) (4).-u ? 'W~'"t NOR"Tirt --. +5- (J)'L.. uP ..ES 4. ~ -tt..)I ..I'I"TfI. ~ui:~ 'En:!!.ROM G.SPOOL DRAWING (Isometric) (::1) y". (3)Pi:" (f...rl"'" (5) ilA-y "10.~S (3) l.. 5/'" (3) (4)~5 £U'... RoLL'NG. ~ . I'.tES +5.r •."a N' *' s/"."'~ +5 u: p . to. +..ti:l .... Rol~.J. ~41.Note ~ .. . ..ES B~ l'feMs Pa.tcnt. £L~' "'. I<.5.oES..flTtt.L aoej.ion So."": 'G...uE "N/W .~.5 f:L~. o=t~f..1) R NT.·.y 34 ----_ ."rfi:.. " (3 (."~ pa.p 450 ELBOW 45 ON TOWARDS NORTH . .~P ROl.ES uP FlO . jiill)'fa.I'\<:o. ... 6j."O +~ H}45e1.a.. PIPE HORIZONTALLY GOES TO NORTH ' (~) +.s. .."'E '+5 UP +i N NJW Iw (2)'1-. _...9r..t. BefOlun :i\TTE I>l."s 01' ' . .

.K.--:-~rA '~. ~' \ -t..ICA.ST (4) .\ <j.~ - . (V"~T.'IIl (Yf~'._~':':_ .<£S.) ~---• +.... ~. ..1 <-/ ®... • .s.1J-6. f. 45 au. f).". SPOOL DRAWING (Isometric) ( SPOOL DRAWING· (Isometric) t (2) (3) (1) LINE GOES TOWARDS NORTH (H08JZONTALL (2) 900 ELBOW ROLUNG y) 45° DOWN TO EAST TO EAST (1) LINE GOES 45° HORIZONTAL (2) SOUTH (3) PJPEGOES 45° VERTICAL I WE. ~ ." l> Tl> __.".V:h-a~.E5 4i u·p "D.j 0c~~ot. Gio€S 40i UP "'0 ~tr_5~(v£Rr-~) io .-t ..' rJ .4) (3) . "" . <.. '-\.-~ . ~/ .~_i~· .. . ..+I~ • • G.. -_ .~') . (4) f§' "_.45° ELBOW GOES TO EAST (5) UNE GOES goo ELBOW DOWNWARD (VERTICAL) TO EAST (HORIZONTALLY) (3) LINE PERPENDICULAR 26 27 -! .~(tL-:S~~N~~~:~." ·24 25 i :J I Aft' L 'IiS!9t£i£L_'li.

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