SAN BEDA COLLEGE OF LAW Alabang, Muntinlupa TORTS AND DAMAGES Prof. Nicanor B.

Jimeno (1st Semester 2010-2011) OUTLINE I. HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF PHILIPPINE LAW ON TESTS Sangco, pp. XXXI to XLV Aquino 1 to 5 II. CONCEPT OF TORT A. Etymology and meaning Aquino, 1 to 10 Sangco, 1 to 10 B. Quasi-Delict 2176 CC Barredo v. Garcia 73 Phil 607 Elcano v. Hill, 77 SCRA 98 Cinco v. Canonoy 90 SCRA 369 Baksh v. CA 219 SCRA 115 Dulay vs. CA 243 SCRA 220 (1995) Aquino, pp.5-10 I Sangco, Philippine Law on Torts and Damages, pp. 407-413 C. Damages 1. Damage, Damages, Injury Aquino, pp. 842-843 II Sangco, pp 940-941 (1994) People v. Ballesteros 285 SCRA 438 Custodio v. CA 253 SCRA 483 2. Damnum absque injuria Aquino, 843-945 Board of Liquidators vs. Heirs of Kalaw 20 SCRA 987 (1967) Custodio vs. CA, supra III. THE CONCEPT OF QUASI-DELICT

CA 129 SCRA 558 Cruz v. Remedial Law pp. CA 191 SCRA 195 Taylor v. Florido 52 SCRA 420 Andamo v. Breach of contract 1170-1172 1174 CC 2178 CC Cangco v. 18 SCRA 155 PSBA v. People. Quasi-delict v.155-203 [Read: Section 3 Rule 111 of the Rules of Court] 2. Fault or negligence I Sangco pp. CA. 73 Phil 607 People v. CA 205 SCRA 729 Syquia v.A. Caused damage I Sangco pp. 5-7 B. 115-120 IV Herrera. Distinctions 1. Manila Railroad 38 Phil 768 Fores v. 147703 (2004) People vs. 87-90 3. Elements 2176 CC Garcia v. Ligon. 105 Phil 266 Far East v. 1-4 2. 25-26 . pp 24-26 I Sangco. Act or omission I Sangco pp. CA 217 SCRA 624 Calalas vs. Delict Art. 2177 CC Art 365 RPC Barredo v. Alcantara 98 SCRA 723 1. pp. 152 SCRA 419 (1987) Aquino. Carrascoso. Manila Electric Company 16 Phil 8 Tayag v. CA 241 SCRA 671 Air France v. Sunga 332 SCRA 356 (2000) Aquino. Quasi-delict v. 282 SCRA Philippine Rabbit v. Garcia. Miranda. Ligon 152 SCRA 39 Padilla v. GR No.

28 Phil 122 d. Workmen's. Degrees of Negligence 2231 CC Marinduqe v. 57 Phil 478 Ylarde v. Elements Art. NEGLIGENCE A. 32611 US v. 16 Phil 8 Jarco Marketing v. CC 1173 CC Picart v. 216 SCRA 51 c. Intoxication Wright v. Manila Railroad. Standard of Conduct 1. Experts/Professionals Article 2187. Children Art. 20. Philippine. CA GR No.CC Culion v.IV. Concept of Negligence 1. Smith 37 Phil 809 V Tolentino. Aquino. 129792 Del Rosario v. Manila Electric. 506-507 2. Definition. Pineda. 163 SCRA 697 I Sangco 70-74 b. GR No. Baggay 20 Phil 142 B. Special Cases a. Insanity 2180. 99 Phil 48 I Sangco 10-12 . 2182 CC US v. 37 Phil 456 BPI v. Manila. 12 RPC & Comprehensive Juvenile Justice Law Taylor v. Ordinary prudent person I Sangco 7-8 2. CA.

126389 4. 167 SCRA 363 Ramos v. Contributory Negligence 2179. Fortuitous Event 1174 CC Juntilla v. CA 179 SCRA 5 I Sangco 81-84 .C. Res ipsa loquitur Layugan v. Presumption 2184-2185. CA. 2214CC Genobiagon v CA 178 SCRA 422 Rakes v. CA GR No 57079 2. Defenses 1. Plaintiff's Negligence 2179 CC Manila Electric v. Burden of proof Rule 131 Rules of Court ("ROC") 2. CA. Funtanar. Chatto 210 SCRA 18 Servando v. 258 SCRA 334 DM Consunji v. IAC. 1734-1735 CC 3. 103442-45 (1993) Southeastern College v. 2188. 321 SCRA 584 Batiquin v. 357 SCRA 249 F. Hisole 85 Phil 67 Ilocos Norte v. CA GR No. COA. CA. CA GR Nos. House 54 Phil 327 PLDT v. Proof of Negligence 1. 179 SCRA 39 Gotesco Investment v. CA 269 SCRA 695 3. Assumption of Risk Afialda v. Remonquillo 99 Phil 117 GR No. 136 SCRA 624 Hernandez v. Legaspi 29 Phil 12 Bernal v. L-8328 (1956) Bernardo v. Atlantic GR No 1719 (1907) Philippine Bank of Commerce v. Phil Steam 117 SCRA 832 National Power v.

CA 178 SCRA 526 7. Custodio. IAC. Pepsi 19 SCRA 289 Metro Manila v. CA 234 SCRA 435 (105410) (1994) Quezon City v. Medina 102 Phil 181(L-10126) (1957) Fernando v. 157 SCRA 1 (L-72964) (1988) b. "But for" Bataclan v. CAUSATION A. IAC 148 SCA 353 (L-652095) (1987) Pilipinas Bank v. Definition Bataclan v. CA 223 SCRA 521 6. 208 SCRA 714 (92087) (1992) Urbano v. Concurrent Far East Shipping v. Tests a. Dacara (150304) (June 15. Medina 102 Phil 181 De Leon pp 221-223 b. Proximate Cause 1. CA 178 SCRA 518 Allied banking v. CA 189 SCRA 158 (66102-04) (1990) . Remote Gabeto v. Due diligence Ramos v. Double recovery 2177 CC V. 1966) 3. 2005) 2.5. 297 SCRA 30 (130068) (1998) Sabido v. L-21512 (Aug 31. Distinguished from other kinds a. CA. Araneta 42 Phil 252 (15674) (1921) Urbano v. IAC 157 SCRA 1 (L-72964) (1988) Phoenix Construction v. Prescription Kramer v. CA. Substantial Factor Philippine Rabbit v.

Last Clear Chance Picart v. Kanaan 72 Phil 14 C.. IAC 179 SCRA 47 B. Death/Injuries in the course of employment 1711 CC cf 1712 Afable v. Possessor of Animals 2183 CC Vestil v. 70493 (May 18. Metropolitan 104 Phil 397 (L-7664) (1958) Anuran v. supra Manila Electric v. 140698 (June 20. IAC.De Leon 224-225 1 Sangco pp 103-114 c. STRICT LIABILITY Black's Law Dictionary. Cause v. CA GR No 112160 (February 28 2000) Consolidated Bank v. Things thrown or falling from a building 2193 CC Dingcong v. IAC GR No. Buno (L-21353) (May 20. CA. 1966) Canlas v. Urbano v. Condition Phoenix v. A. CA. 269 SCRA 695 (97626) (1997) Glan v. CA GR No 138569 (September 11. IAC 211 SCRA 517 (68102) (1992) Manila Electric v. 2003) Engada v. supra Bustamante v. 1921) 4. 193 SCRA 603 (89880) (1991) Phoenix v. Manila Railroad (15688) (November 19. Fernandez 51 SCRA 181 (L-29745) (1973) Urbano v. IAC. 99 Phil 117 (L-8328) (1956) Rodrigueza v. 1989) Pantranco v. IAC 157 SCRA 1 (L-72964) (1988) 5. Remoquillo 99 Phil 117 (L-8328) (1956 Teague v. Singer Sewing Machine 58 Phil 39 . CA GR No. 7th ed. Baesa 179 SCRA 384 (79050-51) (1989) Ong v. 2003) 1 Sangco pp 74-81 (1993) VI. 148 SCA 353 (L-652095) (1987) Philippine Bank of Commerce v. Remoquillo. Smith. IAC GR No. Efficient Intervening Cause McKee v.

CA 227 SCRA 293 II Sangco 714-734 E. 603 218. 236 FC 101-103 RPC Sec. 97. 11 RA 3720 Coca-cola v. 2192 and 2193. 2190.R. Presumption of Negligence Articles 2185. 2188. RA 9344 2180 ± 2182 CC 1. Product Liability 2187 CC Art 50 ±52.219. Balce (L-14414) 107 Phil 748 (1960) Fuellas v. Gutierrez (34840) 56 Phil 177 (1931) . Vicarious Liability Art 58 PD No. 2191. PERSONS LIABLE A. 221. 6. L-20392 (Dec 18 1968) Rodriguez Luna vs. Liability of Local Government Units 2189 CC Guilatco v. Ocampo (5932) 22 Phil 42 (1912) 2184 CC Chapman v. IAC 135 SCRA 242 (1995) B. Cuddy 29 Phil 542 So Ping Bun v. 1999) Aquino 795-801 F.D. Civil Code VII. Capuno (L-10134) 101 Phil 843 (1957) Salen v. Yu Khe Thai G. 106-107 Consumer Act Sec. Underwood (9010) 27 Phil 374 (1914) Caedo v. 2181. Cadano (L-14409) 3 SCRA 361 (1961) Gutierrez v. Interference With Contractual Relations 1314 CC Gilchrist v. Parents Exconde v. City of Dagupan (61516) 171 SCRA 382 G. 99. CA (120554) (September 21. No. The Tortfeasor 2176. 2194 CC Worcester v.

CA (119121) 294 SCRA 209 (1998) Light Rail Transit v. Aquino (L-33722) 163 SCRA 697 (1988) Salvosa v. CA (120553) 273 SCRA 562 (1997) Castilex v. Auditor General (L-1120) 81 Phil 453 (1948) Mendoza v. 132266 (Dec 211999) Filamer v. CA (85044) 209 SCRA 518 (1992) Cuadra vs. CA (115024) 253 SCRA 303 (1996) 6. CA 205 (84698) 205 SCRA 729 (1992) Soliman v. No.R. Owners and Managers of Establishments Philippine Rabbit v. Guardians 216 and 218 Family Code 2180-2181 CC 3. Government (11154) 34 Phil 311 (1916) Rosete v. CA (82465) 194 SCRA 340 (1991) PSBA v. Mary's Academy v. IAC (75112) 212 SCRA 637 (1992) NPC v. Teachers and Heads of Institutions Sangco. Navidad (145804) 397 SCRA 75(2003) Mckee v. De Leon (9596) 33 Phil 508 (1916) Fontanilla v. IAC (68102) 211 SCRA 517 (1992) Valenzuela v. Employers Philtranco v. Teotico (L-23052) 22 SCRA 267 (1968) . Brillantes (L-29025) 41 SCRA 548 (1971) Amadora v. CA L-47745 (April 15. Phil American (L-25142) 63 SCRA 231 (1975) 5. IAC (L-70458) 166 SCRA 274 (1988) St Francis v. Tuason (66207) 209 SCRA 47 (1992) St. Monfort 35 SCRA 160 (1970) 2. Maliaman (55963) 194 SCRA 486 (1991) 2189 CC City of Manila v. IAC (70890) 214 SCRA 16 (1990) Tamargo v. 360-366 218-219 FC 2180 CC Mercado v. IAC (L-62988) 135 SCRA 242 (1985) Libi v. Carpitanos (143363) (Feb 6 2002) 4.Rodriguez-Luna v.CFI (L-54357) 160 SCRA 785 (1988) Ylarde v. 1988) Pasco v. Vasquez G. CA (L-14342) 108 Phil 414 (1960) Palisoc v. State Merrit v.

Defamation. L-22554 (1975) Aberca v. Phil Journalists GR No 135306 (2003) 1. Nature of Liability: Joint or Solidary? 2 Sangco 596-610 Lanuzo vs. Engineer/Architect D. Tan 55 SCRA 202 (1974) Viluan vs. Others 1723 CC 1. Fraud. Caro 211 Phil 469 Arafiles v. No. Physical Injuries Capuno v. De Veyra 202 Phil 527 3. Fraud Salta v.R. L-69866 (1988) MHP Garments v. Violation of Civil and Political Rights 32 CC 1 Sangco pp 228-255 (1993) Delfin Lim V.R. CA 205 Phil 147 Madeja v. Islamic GR No 135306 2.C. Ponce de Leon G. TORTS WITH INDEPENDENT CIVIL ACTION A. No. L-19331 (1965) . Pinge 100 SCRA 205 (1980) Malipol vs. Physical Injuries 33 CC 353-359 RPC Marcia v. No. CA 17 SCRA 742 VIII. Defamation MVRS v.2192CC 2. Employees Araneta v. CA 236 SCRA 227 B. Pepsi Cola G. Ver G.R. Proprietors of Buildings 2190. Joya (L-25172) 57 SCRA 59 (1974) 3.

CA 286 SCRA 96 BPI v. Santos GR No L-18630 (1966) Bunag v. L-17396 (1962) . CA G. CA GR No 108017 (1995) 1 Sangco pp 255-282 (1993) C. Velez 12 SCRA 648 Tanjanco v. CA 212 SCRA 436 Barons Marketing v. CA 211 SCRA 441 Constantino v. Breach of promise to marry. Neglect of Duty 34 CC 1 Sangco 334-335 (1993) D. supra Dulay v. INTENTIONAL TORTS A. Action for damages where no in independent civil action is provided 35 CC 1 Sangco 335-338 (1993) IX. CA 296 SCRA 260 B. Acts contra bonus mores 21 CC 1.Corpus v. 1993. Elements Ruiz v. CA 176 SCRA 778 Albenson v. Examples a. Paje G. No.R. Abuse of Rights 19 CC Velayo v. Icao 34 SCRA 132 Pe v. L-26737 (1969) Madeja v. 88694. Secretary GR No. Pe GR No. L-15526 (1963) 2. January 11. Shell 100 Phil 186 Saudi Arabia v. Jader 325 SCRA 804 GR No 132344 (2000) Garciano v.R. Amonoy v. Gutierrez 351 SCRA 731 UE v. Caro. Seduction and Sexual Assault Wassmer v. No. CA 297 SCRA 469 Globe Mackay v. Medez GR No 5722 (1992) Quimiguing v.

Espino G. 384-391 Lao vs. No. 51832 (1989) Grand Union v. Unfair Competition 28 CC c. Dereliction of Duty 27 CC Amaro v. 2219. L-48250 (1979) d. Castro-Bartolome. Malicious prosecution Art. Vda. Public Humiliation Patricio v.R. Kinds of Damages 1. No. 205 CC . Definition and Concept 2195. Samanguit. L-14986 July 31. G. CA Gr No 120706 (2000) XI.b. 325 SCRA 694 Que v. 2197 CC Heirs of Borlado vs. Paño 122 SCRA 671 (1983) Medina v.R. DAMAGES A. CA 270 SCRA 211 c.R. Violation of Human Dignity and Privacy 26 CC St Louis v. No. 2200. Leviste G. Twano 2 SCRA 842 (1961) B. IAC 169 SCRA 137 Drilon v. 1962 B. De Bulan G.R. 2199. 114118 (2001) Lazatin vs. CC Aquino. CA GR No L-46061 (1984) Concepcion v. L-59825 (1982) 116 SCRA 597 X OTHER TORTS A. Associated Anglo American Tobacco. Unjust Dismissal Singapore Airlines vs. Actual or Compensatory 2216.

CA 323 Phil 508 (1996) d. IAC G. Tan 38 Phil 392 2. Personal Injury and Death 2206 CC Ramos v. Kinds PNOC v. 73886 (1989) g. CA G. 128721 (1999) h. CA 269 SCRA 433 b. Sandejas 27 Phil 284 a. Certainty DBP v. Mitigation of Liability 2203-2204. Extent 2201-2202 CC c.Algarra v. Delim 203 SCRA 126 f. supra e.R. 118367 (1998) Fuentes v. No. Attorney's Fees 2208 CC Quirante v. Moral a. CA G. CA GR No. CA 297 SCRA 402 Integrated Packing v. Proof and Proximate Cause . No. Interest 2209-2213 CC Crismina Garments v. CA 333 SCRA 170 b. 2214. 124354 (1999) Gatchalian v.R.CA. Damage to property PNOC v.R. 2215 Cerrano v. Concept 2217 CC Kierulf v. No.

CA 231 SCRA 456 J Marketing v. Factors in determining amount PNB v. CA G. CA. Carbonell 95 SCRA 672 Del Rosario v. supra Sumaplong v. Pan American 16 SCRA 431 Producer's Bank v. NLRC 299 SCRA 608 iii. Pirame 327 SCRA (2000) Carlos Arcona y Moban v. Traya 22 SCRA 839 Enervida v. No 126518 (1998) c. 130030 (1999) i.Miranda-Ribaya v. dela Torre 55 SCRA 339 People v.R. Who may recover Strebel v. Labor Cases Triple Eight v. Bagayong GR. Philipp Brothers G. Centeno 1 SCRA 215 . CA GR No 134784 (2002) d. GSIS 7 SCRA 577 Expert Travel v. CA 275 SCRA 621 Valenzuela v. CA 268 SCRA 764 Lopez v. Nominal 2221-2223 CC Ventanilla v. CA GR No 111584 (2001) e. Sia 285 SCRA 580 Cometa v.R. Cases where allowed 2219-2220 CC Francisco v. CA 266 SCRA 136 Fule v. CA 286 SCRA 698 Philippine Airlines v.R. CA G. CA 267 SCRA 58 Raagas v. CA 271 SCRA 558 De la Pena v. CA 301 SCRA 459 ii. Figueros 96 Phil 321 ABS-CBN v. 128690 National Power v. No 126204 3. Taking of Life People v. No. No. Unfounded Suits Mijares v.

Ed. No. Philippine Law on Torts and Damages. CA 256 SCRA 44 Del Rosario v. Singh 360 SCRA 404 People v.. Plazo 350 SCRA 433 5. Quezon City. ARTURO Commentaries and Jurisprudence on the Civil Code of the Philippines Vols. Liquidated 2226-2228 CC 6. CA G. Gopio 346 SCRA 408 Armovit v. Rev.Robes-Francisco v. I & II TOLENTINO. 56505 (1988) People v. Vols. CA 184 SCRA 476 4. CESAR J. Quezon City CIVIL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES FAMILY CODE REVISED PENAL CODE . JMC Press (1984).R. TIMOTEO B. Torts And Damages (2001) SANGCO. IV and V. Temperate 2224-2225 CC Pleno v.. CFI 86 SCRA 59 People v. I. CA 267 SCRA 158 REFERENCES AQUINO. Exemplary or Corrective 2229-2235 CC PNB v.

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