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Table of Contents
Objective ........................................................................................................................... 4 IMG Menu – The Starting Point ......................................................................................... 5 An Overview of the SAP Production Orders ...................................................................... 6 The Bills of Materials in relation to the Shop Floor Production Order ................................ 7 Start of the SAP Production Order Configurations ............................................................ 9 Define the Production Order Types ................................................................................... 9 How to configure the Production Order User Status?...................................................... 12 Where-is the Production Order Type used? .................................................................... 16 Define the Production Order Type-dependent Parameters ............................................. 16 Define Checking Control.................................................................................................. 24 Define Confirmation Parameters ..................................................................................... 25 Define Scheduling Parameters for Production Orders..................................................... 30 Define Number Range..................................................................................................... 33 Define selection profiles for the Order Information System ............................................. 35 Where-is the Selection Profile used?............................................................................... 36 Define the Production Operations Control key ................................................................ 37 Where-is the Control key used? ...................................................................................... 38 Define formula parameters for Work Center.................................................................... 39 Where-is the Work Center Formula Used?...................................................................... 42 Define the Production Scheduling Profile ........................................................................ 42 Define Production Scheduler........................................................................................... 45 Where-is the Production Scheduling Profile and Production Scheduler Used?............... 45 Define User Exits Selection ............................................................................................. 46 Select Routing Automatically ........................................................................................... 47 Where do you define the Usage and Status? .................................................................. 48 Define Default Values If No Routing Exists ..................................................................... 48 Define Priorities for BOM Usages.................................................................................... 50 Define Applications for BOM Explode.............................................................................. 50 Define Alternative Determination for Production.............................................................. 52 Define Checking Group ................................................................................................... 53 Define Checking Rule...................................................................................................... 54 Define Scope of Check.................................................................................................... 54 Define Checking Rule for Backorder Processing............................................................. 56 Specify Scheduling Type ................................................................................................. 57 Define Standard Value Keys ........................................................................................... 58 Where-is the Standard Value Key used?......................................................................... 60 Define Scheduling Margin Key ........................................................................................ 60 Define Capacity Categories............................................................................................. 61 Where-is Capacity Categories used? .............................................................................. 62 Define Single Screen Entry for Time Ticket Confirmations.............................................. 63 Maintain Language-Dependent Texts.............................................................................. 66 Define Reasons for Variances for Production Scrap ....................................................... 67 Where-is the Production Reason Code used? ................................................................ 68 Define Print Control for Shop Floor Papers ..................................................................... 68 Preparing the Initial Implementation of the PP Shop Floor Control Module..................... 72 Static versus dynamic data conversion ........................................................................... 73 A Sample Note to users regarding the Uncompleted Production Orders......................... 73 @ www.sap-img.com Page 1 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Appendix A: The Production Order Status Business Process Flow................................. 74 Appendix B: How to make enquiry on Open Production Orders?.................................... 76 Appendix C: What is Backflushing and Where is the Indicator Set?................................ 77
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SAP Version 4.6c
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations
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SAP Version 4.6c
most of the customer will accept the SAP default and may request for changes after going live for a period of time) @ www. It is structure in the form of howto-do configurations method.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Objective The objective of this paper is to provide the SAP PP consultant with a step-by-step guides at configuring the SAP PP Shop Floor Control module. sequence is not really important as long as all the PP Shop Floor Control modules Features that need to be used have been configured. When you do the SAP configuration.sap-img.6c .com Page 4 of 79 SAP Version 4. Notes: Initial IMG Action : Required (this are dynamic data which are unique to the company) Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required (it depends on the customer requirement) Initial IMG Action : Not required (normally this kind of configuration is quite static.
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations IMG Menu – The Starting Point Before doing any SAP Configuration. PP.6c . Transaction SPRO The SAP IMG configuration tree for all the modules @ www.com Page 5 of 79 SAP Version 4.sap-img. all SAP consultants MUST be aware of the transaction SPRO. Click the button and you will be shown all the configuration tree for the various SAP modules like SD. This transaction code is the heart of the whole SAP configuration. CO etc. FI.
When the Actual Production will take place. Using an assembly order.sap-img. Therefore. don’t be surprised if you found that the Original Routing and BOM structure to be difference with the one in the Production Order as users have the right to change it. The Master data for the Routing and BOM will only be copy once during the Production Order creation UNLESS you click the Re-COPY functions (CO02 – Functions – Read PP Master Data). The Purchase Requisitions are generated for non-stock items and externally processed operations. if necessary. at what time. Creating it manually from the SAP system. The planned costs for the Production Order are generated. Reservations are created for those Bill of Materials Item held in stock.6c . The Planned Orders will be reviews by the Production Planner who will decide whether to convert the Planned Orders into Production Orders and then RELEASE it for actual Production. How much will it cost to produce the Finished Goods? In the SAP system. a Production Orders can be created in the following methods: Convert from the Planned Orders generated by the SAP MRP system. The Bill of Materials is exploded and the items in the BOM are transferred to the Production Order. Any further changes done to the Production Order for the Routing and BOM etc. It also defines which resources are to be used and how the costs are to be settled.com Page 6 of 79 SAP Version 4. The Materials Requirement Planning will generate a Planned Orders from the Customer Sales Orders or a Company-Internal Requirement (known as Planned Independent Requirement for Orders that are not firmed). @ www.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations An Overview of the SAP Production Orders As the name implies. The Capacity requirements are generated for the work centers define in the Routing. Production Orders is a work processes that a company uses to produced the Finished Goods that the Customer Need. Once a Production Order is created. the Production Planner (after finding out from the Production staff) will define the raw materials. the system will perform the following actions: Select the Routing that contains the operations and sequences and copy it to the Production Order. semi-finished materials required to be processed (Bills of Materials). how much work is required and the work sequence that need to be carried out (Routing). Which Machine or Labour capacity to used to process the Order. A firm SAP Production Order will contains information such as: What is to be produced. In the Production Orders. will ONLY affect the Production Order and vice versa. at which location.
In SAP. As you can see after you enter the screen. you create the BOM level by level with Tcode “CS01”. The system can cater for different type of BOM (referring to the different modules of SAP).A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations The Bills of Materials in relation to the Shop Floor Production Order As you know.6c .com Page 7 of 79 SAP Version 4. you define the BOM level by level. @ www.sap-img. a bill of material is a complete structure list of the components (or raw material/semi-finished) that make up a product (Finished Good). For production you’ll choose BOM usage 1. This BOM will be copied into the Production Order whenever a new Order is created.
you’ll define two single BOM with Tcode CS01.sap-img. The system will quickly find the BOM relationship automatically for you. when a user create a Production Order for FERT. let us look at a simple example: FERT requires the raw materials RAW 1 and semi-finished goods SEMI. Click the button Start the Material BOM Browser. @ www. FERT RAW 1 SEMI RAW 1 RAW 2 You can used Tcode CSMB to view the Multi-level BOM.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Now. One for FERT. The SAP system automatically LINK the Multi-level BOM structure for you. and the other for SEMI. The reason is because FERT and SEMI requires different manufacturing process to be completed. Now.com Page 8 of 79 SAP Version 4. Therefore.6c . two different Production Order will be created. SEMI requires the raw materials RAW 1 and RAW 2.
a PP consultant will have to work closely with the CO consultant and try your best to learn how Cost is being calculated for the Production Order. PPRW – Rework Production Order PPPT – Trial Run Production Order etc… To create New Order Type.sap-img.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Start of the SAP Production Order Configurations The SAP PP modules is closely related to the Controlling modules which takes care of the Costing for the Production Order. All these configurations will be copied to the Production Order in transaction code “CO01” when the user create the production order. An order type contains control information that you need for managing orders.g. Transaction : Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define OPLH Order Types IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define OPL8 order type-dependent parameters IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Availability OPJK Check – Define Checking Control IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Confirmations – OPK4 Define Confirmations Parameters (this will determine whether confirmation is allow for this Order Type) IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Scheduling – OPU3 Define Scheduling Parameters for Production Orders IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define CO82 number ranges for order (if different number range are required for different Order Type) @ www. copy it from the Standard Order Type “PP01”.6c . For e. Define the Production Order Types Initial IMG Action : Required In this configuration. Therefore. you need to find out from your FICO consultant which Settlement Profile (under the Cost Controlling section) are you using although most of the time the default standard SAP profile PP01 is used. Most customers will request more Production Order Types to differentiate the different Production Order for report analyzing purpose. Listed below are all the transaction for each New Order Type that you need to create.com Page 9 of 79 SAP Version 4. You have to assign every Production Order to an order type.
a cost center) is assigned to an order of this order type. Among other things.PP_ORDER Settlement Profile (IMG – Controlling – Product Cost Controlling – Cost Object Controlling – Product Cost by Period – Period-End Closing – Settlement – Create Settlement Profile) Find out from the FICO consultant which settlement profile are you using to settle this Order Type. the status controls which business transactions are allowed in the order.g. If you leave this field blank. project) normally requires three steps: 1. you specify whether orders of this order type are to be taken into account in classification for order summarization and the order selection. Reorganizing (writing the object to a sequential dataset and physically deleting it from the system) Residence time 1 determines the time interval (in calendar months) that must elapse between setting the delete flag (step 1) and setting the deletion indicator (step 2). If you want to change it. Order classification Here. Setting the delete flag (can be reset) 2. This indicator is used to reduce the number of totals records and thus the storage capacity needed in the database. you can re-assign it to a new number range for each new order type. Setting the final deletion indicator (cannot be reset) 3. Reorganizing an object (e. Order residence time Find out from the user how long completed orders are left in the SAP System before they are archived.sap-img. Status Profile Management An order can go through several processing statuses. you can still archive the Production Order using the Archive Management transaction SARA – Object Name .A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations In the Production Order type. you define the following: CO (Controlling) partner update You can specify whether a totals record is to be written per order if a CO partner object (for example.com Page 10 of 79 SAP Version 4. @ www.6c . Number Range General SAP have pre-assign the number range. order. Transaction : Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define Order Types OPJH Double click on the Production Order Types to reach the definition screen. Collective order with goods movement This indicator controls whether goods movements can take place for production orders that are linked to a collective order.
Refer to the section on Define Number Range if you need to assign a Number Range for the Production Order Type. Click the Number range general button to assign a different number range to each order type. @ www.com Page 11 of 79 SAP Version 4. The order categories are predefined in the SAP System and characterize the technical properties of the orders.sap-img. You’ll notice that the IMG for the Production Order type is quite straights forward.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations The order category “10” which stand for production order is a fixed setting and cannot be changed.6c .
which is created per order type in Customizing. This means that User Status 1 will be active first. Transaction : Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define Status Profile BS02 Click the Create button and type the followings: 2. @ www.sap-img.6c . then follows by the next 2 User Status. Type in the followings User status and Click the Object types button to assign the corresponding to the status profile. First create a Status Profile. The steps to configure the User Status: 1.com Page 12 of 79 SAP Version 4. To define a user status. You can activate any number of status in a production order. you need to have created a status profile.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations How to configure the Production Order User Status? A user status is activated by the user and can be created as an addition to the existing system status. You can define and activate any number of user statuses.
Finished. click the Back button to goto the Step 2 Screen. 4. You will then see a screen with no information. @ www.6c .A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations 3. Assign the corresponding Business Transaction to each of the User Status except User Status1 as the Initial Status was tick. Scroll down and Tick the followings so that the status profile can be used in Production Order Header as well as the Operations Level.sap-img. Double click on User Status 2 in the screen for Step 2. Click the Create button to view the all the Business Transactions.com Page 13 of 79 SAP Version 4.
assign the New Created Status Profile to the Production Order Type (OPJH). On the Line Item Release. This means that On Release of the Production Order. we assume that once the Order is release. it will automatically move from User Status 1 to User Status 2.sap-img. Upon User Status 3. scroll down to the Business transaction line item and click Disallowed and No action. you can tick Disallowed for those Business transaction that you do not want the user to do. which is the Complete Process. the status will changed to 2. For this demo. 5. @ www.6c .com Page 14 of 79 SAP Version 4. Restrict the Business Transaction To restrict any Business Transaction on a particular User Status. Finally.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Auto move the User Status Now. you click Allowed and Set button. we assign it to the Production Header.
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations This is how the Production Order Screen will look like with the User Status just below the Business transaction status. You can click the Status button to view the Status Details.sap-img.com Page 15 of 79 SAP Version 4. @ www.6c .
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Where-is the Production Order Type used? Users have to choose the Production Order Type in order to create a Production Order in transaction CO01 and the configuration will be copied to the Production Order. For eg. The parameters are split up as follows on the tab pages: @ www. whether this Order Type allow automatic or manual selection of Production Version.com Page 16 of 79 SAP Version 4.sap-img. Transaction : OPL8 Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define order type-dependent parameters Double click on the Production Order Types to reach the definition screen. Define the Production Order Type-dependent Parameters Initial IMG Action : Required For each Production Order Type.6c . You define the parameters that are valid for each order type and plant. you can define their unique IMG behavior.
for example. you can also specify an additional task list application. how (manually or automatically) and whether reference operation sets can also be selected. here you can set validity dates for the version or you can also set lot sizes.6c . Or. For manual production version. Routing Application The task list application is predefined as 'P'. For e. the ranking order for routing selection. Sequence exchange Alternative sequences and sequence exchange define whether alternative sequences are permitted and how the sequences are to be exchanged. (point to the configuration OPJM – Define Applications) @ www. Routing text Routing text defines that the text from the routing header is copied into the order. Click on the ProdVersions then click the Details. Operations Entry/tool You can activate the entry tool for operations to help you when you create operations. Increment for automatic operation/activity numbering Increment used when operations or activities are automatically numbered. Task list type The task list type defines which routing type is permitted for production orders.com Page 17 of 79 SAP Version 4. For each reduction strategy you can define up to six reduction levels. BOM application BOM application defines how the BOM alternatives are to be automatically selected. Routing selection defines whether routings are to be selected and if so. However. the version will be picked if it falls in the date range. Based on the quantity of the order.sap-img. a certain version will be picked. Operation dtl check Operation dtl check defines whether operation detail screens are to be checked when the operations are transferred to the order.g. you can change the Production Versions in MRP 4 screen in MM02. Reduction strategy per operation/activity Key which specifies the strategy for reducing the lead time of an operation or activity (PS). Selection ID The routing selection ID defines.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Planning Tabstrips Master data For you to define the data that influences master data selection or order master data maintenance: Production Version You can decide whether production versions are selected automatically or manually.
req. @ www. components) are relevant to MRP.6c . Collective purch. or if there is no reference to material.com Page 18 of 79 SAP Version 4. Reservation/Purch. General Assignment Substitute MRP ctrl Substitute MRP controller/substitute production scheduler are proposed when you create production orders if an MRP controller or production scheduler are not specified in the material master (MM01 / MM02). specifies whether certain order objects (operation.sap-img. req. Quality Inspection Inspection type Inspection type defines how a quality inspection is to be carried out. enables collective purchase requisition per order for externally processed operations or non-stock items.requisit Collective purch. Purchase Requisitions Reservation/Purch.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Batch Determination Search procedure defines how batch determination is to take place.req.
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations @ www.com Page 19 of 79 SAP Version 4.sap-img.6c .
you define whether you want change documents to be written if a status change occurs. for example. Progress confirmation in orders You can determine that progress values are calculated for order progress reports. So that this indicator is also valid for production orders the appropriate settings must be made in Customizing for the Project System. Please take note that SAP does not keep track of every Fields changes done to the Production Order. you can specify that goods movements are to be documented with reference to an order. Workflow Workflow for PO chg.com Page 20 of 79 SAP Version 4. using the order information system (Tcode COOIS). A status change document contains the following: which status has been changed who changed the status whether the status has been activated or deactivated the transaction in which the status change has been carried out In the production order . whether order data is to be stored in the Shop Floor Information System. PDC PDC active allows data to be exchanged with a PDC system. @ www. defines that a workflow is generated when quantities or dates that affect existing purchase orders are changed in the order. You can enter a profile for displaying documented goods movements on the tab page "Display profiles". at each of these four levels. orders and work centers. The user can then generate reports using transaction COOIS for example. Shop Floor Information System You can specify. the SAP System only writes a status change document for a status change from this point in time if the order (or operation/component/PRT) has been created since the status change documents have been activated. by materials.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Implementation Tabstrips Status change documents Here. you can define the status at the following levels: order header level operation level material component level production resource/tool level Status change documents can also be defined independently of each other. Documentation of goods movements Here. In addition.sap-img. a default rule for the split is displayed on this screen. Note: If you have defined these parameters such that status change documents are written for a particular order level. for example. You also define the level at which the change documents are to be written. Then you can display goods movements.6c .
6c .com Page 21 of 79 SAP Version 4.sap-img.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations @ www.
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Controlling Tabstrips Controlling Here. Distribution rule Default rule Default (distribution) rule defines an automatically generated distribution rule for CO settlement. you define the parameters relevant to controlling. for example. Costing variant for actual costs Key that specifies the costing variant that is used to determine the actual costs. Results Analysis Key Key that defines the valuation of the order during period-end closing.Shop Floor Control – Order Costing .Define Costing Variants Costing variant for planned costs Key that specifies which costing variant is used to determine the planned costs.Ind. Controlling To set the Costing Variants (The costing variant refers to a valuation variant) IMG . @ www. Cost Collector . Use Product Cost Collector as Cost Object Specifies whether the costs are collected on a manufacturing order. costing variants for planned and actual costs and a results analysis key.Production . (production order.6c . Net Order Price .com Page 22 of 79 SAP Version 4.Indicator: Determine plan costs: 1/2/3 Determines whether planned costs are automatically calculated when you save the network. or product cost collector. such as.: Copy net price from requisition into purchase order Indicator which specifies that the net price cannot be changed when copied over from the purchase requisition into the purchase order.sap-img. process order).
Documentation of goods movements Goods movements defines which profile is used for displaying documented goods movements. Graphic Here. you define parameters for displaying graphics of operations and sequences in the order.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Display profiles Tabstrips Collective order display Graphics profile defines how the collective order is to be displayed. Missing parts list ProfMissPrtsLstOrdNo/PrfMissPrtLstCollOr defines how the missing parts list is to be displayed.com Page 23 of 79 SAP Version 4.sap-img.6c . @ www.
com Page 24 of 79 SAP Version 4. The checking rule together with the checking group specify the scope of the check. The following are the purpose of defining the checking rule: whether an availability check is to be carried out when you create or release an order whether an availability check is to be carried out when you save an order that has been created or released which checking rule is to be used what effect a material shortfall is to have on the creation or release of an order Transaction : OPJK Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Availability Check – Define Checking Control Here. The checking rule as well as the actual check itself dependent on the following parameters: • plant • order type • business functions – this control whether the check is done during production order 1 – Order Creation or 2 – Order Release Control parameters for the Business functions 'create' In addition to this. you can specify whether a planned order can be converted to a production order or process order using collective conversion in the case of: • missing parts • missing PRTs or • insufficient capacity 'release' control parameters for Business functions In addition. you can control whether an order can be released in the case of • missing materials • missing PRTs • insufficient capacity @ www.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Checking Control Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Normally. you define the check control.6c .sap-img. companies will used the same checking rule for all the Production Order Type.
sap-img. Page 25 of 79 SAP Version 4. It controls the execution of the confirmation processes.6c @ www. • You can define how quantities are determined for automatically generated confirmations (milestone/progress confirmation). The parameters are split up as follows on tab pages. you define the confirmation parameters for each plant and order type.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Confirmation Parameters Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Here. Generally valid settings Control data • The properties of the control key Process control are defined elsewhere in Customizing (it can also be called using the symbol next to the control key).com . This affect the user confirmation transaction screen CO11N – Enter time ticket for production order.
the SAP System proposes the difference between the standard values and the confirmed values. You can use the Error handling indicator to specify that an error log is displayed for incorrect items in goods movements (for backflush or automatic goods receipts). • Goods movements Using the all components indicator.sap-img. system will not allows it to happened. • Selection You specify that only open orders are selected in the collective order. For the quantities and activities. Screen control time ticket @ www. or what happens when you want to confirm a larger quantity than was confirmed for the preceding operation You can choose between a termination message. You then have another opportunity to correct the items with errors before saving. etc) should also be displayed with a date that is further in the future than the time of creation HR Update You can decouple HR and PP with the No HR update indicator. if you configure as an Error.6c . General individual entry Confirmation function except fast entry You can define here whether a partial confirmation. there are two operations 10 follows by 20. user tried to confirm operation 20 first before 10. • Propose time units You can select a time unit that is to be proposed during confirmation. the system only posts backflushed components. not only backflushed components). the standard values are proposed as confirmation data. with the aid of the material overview. • whether you want the total confirmed quantity of an operation checked for underdelivery or overdelivery tolerance in the order header • what effect a QM result recording has on the confirmation.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Checks Using checks you can define • what happens when the sequence of operations is not adhered to during confirmation For e. entry using initial scrn Tabsrtips Propose data to be confirmed You can have the system propose the open confirmation data for entry.g. an error message. • whether dates (for example. if you do not branch to the material overview at confirmation. you can specify that the system should display all the components assigned to the operation in the goods movement overview (in other words. Operation indiv. end of lead time. a warning message and an information message. Error handling/logs You can use the indicator Actual costs to specify that the log is also displayed if there are no error messages (thus only warnings or information messages). However. posting date. Otherwise. Display confirmed data/display standard values You can have the system display both the confirmed data and the standard values for information purposes. a final confirmation or a final confirmation with clearing of open reservations is to be proposed for the confirmation.com Page 26 of 79 SAP Version 4.
6c . forecasted standard values and a display of the values already confirmed and the standard values You define that confirmable or confirmed operations are also selected during the execution of the confirmation processes Transaction : OPK4 Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Confirmation – Define Confirmation Parameters Define the parameter settings for the confirmations in your plant for the possible order types. Double click on the line items to configure the detail settings. @ www.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations If you do not select an entry screen on the initial screen.com Page 27 of 79 SAP Version 4. you can control the following alternative entry screens by parameterization: • Screen with the most important actual data without a display of the values already confirmed and the standard values • Screen with quantities and activities and a display of the values already confirmed and the standard values • Screen with quantities and activities.sap-img.
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Generally valid settings Tabstrips @ www.com Page 28 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c .sap-img.
sap-img.com Page 29 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c .A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations General individual entry Tabstrips Operation indiv. entry using initial scrn Tabsrtips @ www.
among other things the scheduling type (most manufacturing companies will used the Backwards Scheduling where the system will calculate bottom up from the lowest BOM level to determine the Basic Start date required by the Production Order for producing the Finished Product). you define for each plant. Automatic scheduling Here you specify whether scheduling is carried out automatically on saving.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Scheduling Parameters for Production Orders Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Here. In Adjust dates you specify whether and how the basic dates are adjusted to the production dates (for example. If no version exists for a scheduling level then a routing is selected according to the selection ID that you have given for the scheduling level. rate-based and rough-cut scheduling you define for every scheduling level • how production dates are to be calculated • whether capacity requirements are generated • which routing is the basis for scheduling If a production version exists in the material master then the routing is selected using this version. This comprises maintaining • scheduling levels (detailed.sap-img. Automatic log Here you specify whether the log is displayed automatically on scheduling. material Here you specify where the required date of a component should be with respect to an operation. In Scheduling control for detailed scheduling you specify the control parameters for detailed scheduling. Reduction type @ www. production-rate and rough-cut scheduling) • date adjustment when dates are exceeded • date control for detailed scheduling • reduction The parameters are described in what follows in details: In detailed-.6c . order type and production scheduler the parameters for scheduling production orders. Shift order Here you specify whether the order can be moved if partially confirmed operations exist. From production dates Here you specify that when you create or change an order the user must enter schedules dates (production dates) instead of basic dates. Latest date f. Start date in the past Here you specify how many days an order may lie in the past before today scheduling is triggered. Scheduling with break Here you specify that the exact time a break occurs must be taken into account. when deadlines are exceeded) and how dates for dependent requirements are to lie.com Page 30 of 79 SAP Version 4.
Transaction : OPU3 Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Scheduling – Define Scheduling Parameters for Production Orders Define the scheduling parameters for production orders. @ www. quantities) and schedule it again then scheduling is carried out not only for detailed planning but also for production-rate and rough-cut planning.sap-img. When finished.com Page 31 of 79 SAP Version 4. For example. Reduction along the critical path is only possible for networks. if you make changes in the order that are relevant to scheduling (basic dates. you can test the scheduling parameters by creating a Production Order with transactions “CO01”. rough-cut and production-rate scheduling always use backward scheduling.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations • • whether in the order or in the collective order all the operations are to be reduced or only those along the critical path. This is very performance-intensive because data must be read from the database. production orders and planned orders with parallel sequences and for collective orders that contain production orders or planned orders.6c . Reductions are also only relevant for detailed scheduling. Therefore it is recommended that you only maintain levels relevant to scheduling. Note that scheduling is always carried out for all scheduling levels that you have specified. Maximum Reduction level up to which maximum reduction level the reduction takes place % reduction in floats to what percentage the float before and after production in every reduction level is to be reduced. Whereas you can choose between several scheduling types for detailed scheduling.
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations @ www.sap-img.com Page 32 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c .
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Number Range Initial IMG Action : Required Number ranges for Orders The Number ranges for orders are preset in the SAP default settings.com Page 33 of 79 (Assign Element SAP Version 4. Click the Groups button to assign the Production type to the number ranges If you have a new Production Type. park your cursor at the Production Type and click the (Select Element) button. @ www. To assign the Production type.sap-img.6c . Finally. tick the box of the main group and click the Group) button to assign the Production Order Type. scroll down to view those Production Type not assigned. This is an example on how to define the number ranges for order: Transaction : Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define number ranges for order CO82 Click the Intervals button to configure the number ranges. Some companies may request to have different number range for different Order Types.
6c . Transaction : Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define CO80 number ranges for confirmations IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define CO83 number ranges for reservations IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define CO81 number ranges for operations IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define CO84 number ranges for capacity requirements @ www.com Page 34 of 79 SAP Version 4. tick the group box and click the Menu Group -> Maintain text In the standard SAP R/3 System.sap-img.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations To Change the Group text. number ranges for the followings are preset.
A selection profile is especially useful if you select a large number of objects repeatedly according to the same selection conditions (for example. or for creating order valuations). for collective release. orders or operations).6c . select the SelProf you want and click Selection conditions This is the Selection conditions screen where you configure the pre-define Status.sap-img. you define the selection profiles that you can use to specify status combinations for selecting objects (for example. @ www. Transaction : BS42 Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Order – Define selection profiles To view the Selection conditions screen. orders for printing shop papers.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define selection profiles for the Order Information System Initial IMG Action : Not required Here.com Page 35 of 79 SAP Version 4.
6c .com Page 36 of 79 SAP Version 4.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Where-is the Selection Profile used? Transaction : COOIS SAP Menu Path : Logistics – Production – Production Control – Information System – Order Information System Look at the field name “Selection profile status”.sap-img. @ www.
Sched.sap-img.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define the Production Operations Control key Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Using the control key of the operation you determine • which business functions you want to carry out • how an operation should be dealt with The most important functions are: Scheduling With this indicator you control whether the operation is scheduled Det.com Page 37 of 79 SAP Version 4. @ www. Capacity planning With this indicator you control whether capacity requirements records are written for the operation Inspection characteristics required With this indicator you control whether inspection characteristics have to be maintained for the operation Automatic goods receipt With this indicator you determine that the yield quantity is posted to the warehouse automatically when the operation is confirmed Printing time tickets You can use indicators to control whether time tickets or completion confirmation slips (referring to shop floor paper) should be printed for an operation Cost With this indicator you control whether the operation is to be taken into account in costing. possible or required • whether the operation is to be marked as a partial completion confirmation Transaction : OPJ8 Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Routing Data – Define control key Double click on the Control key to configure the settings.6c . Confirmations With this indicator you control • whether the confirmation of an operation is allowed. external op / External Processing With this indicator you control whether the operation is to be processed externally.
6c .com Page 38 of 79 SAP Version 4. @ www.sap-img. The Routing will be copy when user create the Production Order.Defaults The Control key will be automatically copy when user create the Routing.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Where-is the Control key used? Transaction : CR03 SAP Menu Path : Logistics – Production – Master Data – Work Center – Work Center – Display .
6c .sap-img. scheduling and (general). Transaction : OPKL Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Production Resources/Tools – Formulas – Define Formula parameters Click the New entries button to create a new Formula Parameters. the lead times and the costs in capacity planning.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define formula parameters for Work Center Initial IMG Action : Required In the PRT management you need formula parameters to define: • formulas that are used to calculate the required total quantity and the total usage value of a production resource/tool • formula constants in PRT master records of the category "Other" You also need formula parameters for work center maintenance to • describe standard values • define formulas These formulas are used to calculate the capacity requirements.com Page 39 of 79 SAP Version 4. @ www.
6c .A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Transaction : OPKM Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Production Resources/Tools – Formulas – Define Formula @ www.com Page 40 of 79 SAP Version 4.sap-img.
com Page 41 of 79 SAP Version 4.sap-img.6c . Refer to the Formula Parameters (Tcode OPKL) for the Fields Name. @ www.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Type in the Formula that you want.
you can create the production scheduling profiles for specific plants. In a production scheduling profile.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Where-is the Work Center Formula Used? Transaction : CR02 SAP Menu Path : Logistics – Production – Master Data – Work Center – Work Center – Change .com Page 42 of 79 SAP Version 4. Define the Production Scheduling Profile Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Here.sap-img.Costing To check the Formula. park your cursor at the Activity type and click Extras – Formula Display. you can • specify that in a production order or process order particular business transactions are carried out in parallel • order auto release on order creation • generation of document link from material master on order creation • generation of document link from BOM on order creation • auto printing of shop floor papers on order release • scheduling on order release @ www.6c . The Work Center formula will be copied to the Production Order during order creation (CO01).
The production scheduling profile is copied to the production order or process order on order creation.sap-img. engineer-to-order.com Page 43 of 79 SAP Version 4. order without material) You can assign a production scheduling profile to a • material (work scheduling view in material master – Tcode MM01/MM02) • production scheduler (Customizing – Tcode OPJ9) The assignment to the material has a higher priority.6c . Transaction : OPKP Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Trigger Point – Define production scheduling profile Double click the Plant to configure the detail settings. make-to-order. @ www.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • generation of document link from material master on order release generation of document link from BOM on order release specify that only partial quantities are to be confirmed in an availability check specify that automatic goods receipt should take place enter an overall profile for capacity leveling specify how the capacity requirements of operations should go into the basic load specify when finite scheduling is carried out in the capacity availability check specify that for the confirmation no deficit quantities are updated no surplus quantities are updated neither deficit nor surplus quantities are updated an adjustment of the operation and component quantities to the actual values takes place make various specifications in the area of batch management: automatic batch creation on order creation branch to batch classification on changing a batch extended batch classification via Customer Function Call specify that only transport requirements are created if transport requirements can be generated for all components in the operation specify that when transport requirements are generated either the committed quantity or the required quantity are taken into account specify that the creation of transport requirements takes place automatically specify which order type is proposed depending on the business process (maketo-stock.
com Page 44 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c .sap-img.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations @ www.
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Production Scheduler Initial IMG Action : Required In this step. you can assign a control profile to each production scheduler.6c . you define the production schedulers for your plants.com Page 45 of 79 SAP Version 4. In addition to this. you can define responsibilities for a materials within production activity control.sap-img. Transaction : OPJ9 Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Master Data – Trigger Point – Define production scheduler Where-is the Production Scheduling Profile and Production Scheduler Used? Create (MM01) or Change (MM02) Material Master (Work scheduling View) @ www. By assigning production schedulers to materials within the application.
In this menu option. Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Task List Selection – Define User Selection Double click on the Application to configure the user-exits.com Page 46 of 79 SAP Version 4. You can define separate ABAP/4 routines for each of the following parameters: • Task list application • Task list type • Selection ID These parameters are then automatically used to select a routing or a routing alternative.sap-img.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define User Exits Selection Initial IMG Action : Not required Most companies will choose not to implement any additional ABAP routines for selecting a routing or alternative routing unless really necessary. you can permit the user to select task lists.6c . @ www.
The selection ID is determined by the order type within the production activity control. for example: • Routing type • Task list usage • Routing status If no alternative routing can be calculated.6c .com Page 47 of 79 SAP Version 4.sap-img. You allocate the selection criteria to these priorities in each case. the SAP System continues searching with the selection criteria of the next lowest selection priority. you determine the selection criteria for the automatic planned selection of alternatives using the selection ID. Define the following for every selection ID: • Selection priority • Routing type • Task list usage • Routing status Transaction : OPJF Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Task List Selection – Select Automatically @ www.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Select Routing Automatically Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required In this menu option. Selection criteria are. An alternative routing is searched for during the automatic planned selection of alternatives that corresponds to the selection criteria. You can define several selection priorities for every selection ID.
) • operation number • operation short text • material group (only for external processing) • work center where the operation is carried out @ www. you will configure this settings in which you specify which data is contained in an operation that is automatically created during order creation.sap-img. whether it is scheduled. The Task List Type will be default as “N”. For this kind of requirement.com Page 48 of 79 SAP Version 4.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Where do you define the Usage and Status? You define Usage and Status when you create the Routing in transaction “CA01”. for example: • control key The control key specifies how an operation is processed (for example. you can determine that an operation is created automatically if no routing exists for the material to be produced or no routing can be selected. routing might not required as BOM is only required for the Production Order. Within order creation. Define Default Values If No Routing Exists Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required In certain company. etc. The automatically created operation should contain the following data.6c . costed.
6c . @ www.sap-img.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Transaction : OPJG Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Task List Selection – Define Default Values Specify the data for operations automatically created by the system.com Page 49 of 79 SAP Version 4.
When specifying the selection ID.sap-img. you can specify in the field "Alternative selection" whether you want an alternative to be selected according to one of the following parameters: • order quantity • date • production version Via the application. The selection ID conceals a certain sequence of priorities of BOM usages. You need this application in order to explode a BOM during order creation. Transaction : OPJI Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Bill of Material Selection – Define Priorities for BOM Usages Specify different sequences of priorities of BOM usages according to your requirements. The alternative determination is controlled both by the application and the settings in the material master. you must define a selection ID with priority 1. Every process relating to automatic alternative determination is represented via an application. Define Applications for BOM Explode Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Here. a selection ID is calculated via this application.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Priorities for BOM Usages Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Here. you must know the required applications.6c .com Page 50 of 79 SAP Version 4. you define the processes relating to automatic alternative determination. If you use only one BOM usage. Among other things. you specify the following criteria: • priority sequence for BOM usage (selection ID) @ www. In the material master. you can specify different sequences of priorities of BOM usages. Every process is represented via an application.
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations • priority of a certain alternative for a special multiple BOM dependent on date You can specify per application whether the settings should be taken into account for the alternative selection for multiple BOMs. If this setting is not to be taken into account.com Page 51 of 79 SAP Version 4. the alternative selection is carried out for the corresponding material and application according to order quantity. Double click on the Applications to configure the detail settings. • take production version into account If you selected the alternative selection according to production version in the material master. only those bills of material are taken into account whose status at least contains the indicators specified here. Requirements You must have processed the menu option "Alternative selection for multiple BOMs" (Transaction OS32). • Indicator of the BOM status During alternative determination. During order creation. you can specify here for every application whether this setting should be taken into account. @ www.sap-img. These settings are only taken into account if you selected the alternative selection according to date in the corresponding material master. the application is determined on the basis of order type. Define the applications according to your requirements.6c .
com Page 52 of 79 SAP Version 4.sap-img. Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Bill of Material Selection – Define Alternative Determination for Production Enter an application depending on plant and order type. First process menu option "Define applications" (Transaction OPJM). @ www.6c .A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Alternative Determination for Production Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required In this menu option. you define how automatic alternative determination is to run from the point of view of production.
6c . You allocate the checking group to the material in the material master under the availability check field in the MRP data screen. @ www. Materials can be grouped according to material type and/or MRP type. Transaction : OVZ2 Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Availability Check – Define Checking Group Define the necessary checking rules. for example.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Checking Group Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Here. If you have not maintained a checking group for a material. You must allocate each material you want to checked for availability to a checking group.com Page 53 of 79 SAP Version 4. You can also use the checking group to control whether • the quantities confirmed in the availability check are to be locked • during the check the normal ATP quantity or the cumulated ATP quantity is to be used. The checking group groups together materials checked according to the same criteria. You can allocate the material in the material master.sap-img. you define the checking groups. the material will not be checked for availability.
You can specify the following: • which elements relevant to MRP (inward goods movements/outward goods movements) are taken into account (for example. purchase requisition.6c . define whether there is a need to check on a differentiated basis for each application. purchase order. planned order) • which stock categories are taken into account • whether replenishment lead time is checked Specify • which inward goods movements and which outward goods movements are to be included in the availability check • which stocks are to be included in the availability check • whether the check should take into account the replenishment lead time • whether the availability should always be checked at plant level. Checking group and checking rule together specify the scope of the check. @ www. you define the check scope.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Checking Rule Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Here.com Page 54 of 79 SAP Version 4. Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Availability Check – Define Checking Rule For the company. Define Scope of Check Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Here.sap-img. you can define checking rules for the following applications: Sales and distribution MRP Production order processing Maintenance order processing Inventory management You can thus carry out various application-related checks for a material.
com Page 55 of 79 SAP Version 4. @ www.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Transaction : OPJJ Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Availability Check – Define Scope of Check Double click the Checking rule to configure the detail settings.sap-img.6c .
It is recommended that you use the same checking rule for backorder handling as you do for availability checks. The checking rule determines the scope of check for backorder handling.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Checking Rule for Backorder Processing Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required Here.sap-img. you can determine a checking rule per plant for backorder handling. @ www.6c .com Page 56 of 79 SAP Version 4. Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Availability Check – Define Checking Rule for Backorder Processing Define the necessary checking rules.
sap-img. which determines how the SAP System should carry out scheduling. Scheduling types are predefined in the SAP standard package.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Specify Scheduling Type Initial IMG Action : Not required Here. It is then proposed by the SAP system when an order is created.com Page 57 of 79 SAP Version 4. you define the scheduling type. There are the following options: Forwards Backwards No scheduling "Today" scheduling Basic dates with times (only for process orders) You can save the scheduling type in the control data for scheduling depending on the order type. Transaction : OPJN Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Scheduling – Specify Scheduling Type @ www.6c . It is recommended that you work with these predefined scheduling types.
Double click on Standard values to configure the detail settings.6c . The standard value key determines the meaning of the standard values. time. volume) of the standard value At the same time. for example. Transaction : OPJQ Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Scheduling – Define Standard Values Keys 1. @ www. setup.sap-img.com Page 58 of 79 SAP Version 4. Define the standard value key. the parameter IDs are the names used for the standard values for the calculation of: • execution time • capacity requirements • costs A parameter which is to be used in a standard value key must have the origin "2". quantity. 2. you can maintain the standard value keys. These parameter keys determine the following: • the key word displayed for the standard value on the screen. labor. Define the parameter IDs for the standard standard values. It is used to assign parameter IDs to the six standard values of operations and the work in network activities. machine. tear down • the dimension (for example.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Standard Value Keys Initial IMG Action : Required Here.
sap-img.com Page 59 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c .A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations @ www.
@ www. The following floats are defined: float before production This is the time between the order start date and the scheduled start date. In this menu option.sap-img. Define Scheduling Margin Key Initial IMG Action : Not required The system will calculate a longer Start and Finish period when the user create the Production Order if addition buffer days are configured.com Page 60 of 79 SAP Version 4. float after production This is the time between the order finish date and the scheduled finish date.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Where-is the Standard Value Key used? The user define the Standard Value Key when they create the Work Center – tabstrips Basic data (transaction CR01). you specify time floats for scheduling as well as the release period for order release.6c .
com Page 61 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c . work start. work finish.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations The release date is calculated by adding the release period. Define Capacity Categories Initial IMG Action : Required You can assign several capacities of different capacity categories to a work center. etc. You can create these values as default values for each plant and capacity category.sap-img.). Capacity categories can be. calendar. Via the release period key you can specify the following for each material: • float before production • float after production • release period The following parameters are always defined in days: • float before production • float after production • release period Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Scheduling – Define Scheduling Margin Key Define the release period key for the material. for example: • Machine • Personnel • Setup personnel • Emissions You have to define the availability for every capacity of the work center (for example. The order release is carried out on this date. @ www.
com Page 62 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c .sap-img. Define the possible capacity categories. 2.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Capacity Requirements Planning – Define Capacity Categories 1. @ www. Where-is Capacity Categories used? The user assigned the Capacity category when they create the Work Center – tabstrips Capacities (transaction CR01). Define the default values for the capacity categories.
Detail area preview. you can define that the profile is to be used as the standard profile.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Define Single Screen Entry for Time Ticket Confirmations Initial IMG Action : Usually Not required In this step you define the confirmation profile for single screen entry of time ticket confirmations and also for reprocessing time ticket confirmations containing errors. choose the pushbutton Check area selection.sap-img. choose the corresponding pushbutton (Header area preview. the system automatically checks whether this rule has been adhered to. which are reproduced on the pushbuttons above the corresponding area. Area selection In the header area you can define which data is to identify the operation to be confirmed. you can define whether only the confirmation number and/or order. Standard profile With the 'Standard prof. sequence. To carry out this check beforehand. These definitions are saved in profiles. Note that every input and output field can only be issued once. Titles can be assigned to the detail areas. List screen preview ) Defaults • Confirmation function @ www. Here. This means that the number of fields on the screen can be kept to a minimum. you define which information can be entered for the operation to be confirmed and in which order the fields in question are displayed. Only one profile each can be defined as the standard profile for single screen entry and reprocessing of time ticket confirmations with errors. The standard profile is then used if no profile has been assigned to the user in the user parameter CORUPROF or if the profile that has been assigned does not exist. You can use these pushbuttons to open and close the areas. You can select up to seven detail areas.6c . You can define the layout of the entry screen. Under one profile name. each containing one group of possible entry fields. A profile is assigned to an individual user in the user parameter CORUPROF (transaction SU01 – Click Changed button – Parameters tabstrips – Enter Parameters CORUPROF and Value Profile Name. for example. With the "Closed" indicator you define that the area is to be closed when the function is first called up.com Page 63 of 79 SAP Version 4. In the detail areas. you can have a definition for each application situation. When you do this. Reprocessing The reprocessing indicator defines whether the profile is to be used for single screen entry or for the reprocessing of time ticket confirmations with errors. operation can be entered. To do this.' indicator. you define which input and output fields are displayed and in which order. When you save. You can display a preview of the individual area and also of the entire entry screen.
Maintain language-dependent texts The texts entered for the pushbuttons in the detail areas. are saved in the logon language.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations You define whether a partial confirmation. you can define 6 texts that are displayed during confirmation entry. if necessary (IMG activity Maintain Language-Dependent Texts). 2. a firmly defined user interface is presented. final confirmation or a final confirmation with posting of open reservations is to be proposed. If there is not a standard profile. • Default value You can define the time of default determination for quantities and/or activities: • no proposal • immediate proposal • proposal when saving For default determination • the quantity that is still to be confirmed is calculated • the activities are calculated in proportion to the quantities • Activities/forecast For both the activities and forecast values. If the user has not been assigned a confirmation profile in the CORUPROF user parameter or the assigned profile does not exist. You can hide activities or forecast values for which you do not want to enter a confirmation by setting the indicator "Hidden". Enter the texts for the profile in other languages. there are also 3 screens available whose layout you can define yourself. then the standard profile for the application is used. In the user parameter CORUPROF. 3. use the IMG activity "Maintain Language-Dependent Texts".com Page 64 of 79 SAP Version 4. If you want to process the texts in several languages. These texts are overwritten with the texts from the standard value key in the work center after you have chosen ENTER. Define the confirmation profile.sap-img. If you want to prevent this from happening. as well as for the activities and forecast values. • Postprocessing A profile is used that agress with the CORUPROF parameter entry and in which the Postprocessing indicator has been set. Profile assignment The confirmation profile assigned to a user depends on the application and the CORUPROF parameter entry in the user parameters: • Single screen entry A profile is used that agress with the CORUPROF parameter entry and in which the Postprocessing indicator has not been set. Display the preview of each profile and check the profiles. For the detail areas. The definitions required for this are made via the user exit CONFPP07. set the indicator "Fix text".6c . Transaction : OPK0 Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Confirmation – Single Screen Entry – Define Single Screen Entry 1. 4. assign confirmation profiles to the individual users. @ www.
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Double click on the Confirm profile to change the screen setting for “CO11N”. Tick the Standard Profile if you want the settings to be default whenever CO11N is used.
After the changes, click the Preview button to check the screen layout. Area selection Tabstrips
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A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Default Tabstrips
Maintain Language-Dependent Texts
Initial IMG Action : Not required This configuration are for those with a multiple language environment. In this step, you can maintain the texts in the profile for single screen entry of confirmations in several languages: • Push button text in the header area • Push button texts in the detail areas • Activity texts • Forecast texts Transaction : OPK0T Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Confirmation – Single Screen Entry – Maintain Language-Dependent Texts
Maintain the confirmation profile texts in the languages required.
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A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations
Define Reasons for Variances for Production Scrap
Initial IMG Action : Required In this menu option, you define the causes of variances. You thus define the reasons that can be given if a variance occurs, in order to document this variance. Variances might be: • scrap on a quantity basis • excess consumption of activities • longerexecution time • other resource, etc. Transaction : OPK5 Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Confirmation – Single Screen Entry – Define Reasons for Variances
Define the possible causes of variances that could occur in your company.
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Use a standard layout set as a reference (for example PSFC_STD_LAYOUT) to write a new print report. Define Print Control for Shop Floor Papers Initial IMG Action : Required In this step you make the settings necessary for printing shop floor papers (transaction CO04N) or directly from the production order (menu – Functions – Print).com . If you do not want to use the standard shop floor papers then you first have to design a new layout set (ABAP effort will be required).6c @ www. PSFCCONF) Transaction : OPK8 Menu Path : IMG – Production – Shop Floor Control – Operations – Confirmation – Define Print Control Page 68 of 79 SAP Version 4. Use as a reference a print program that belongs to the standard layout set (for example.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Where-is the Production Reason Code used? The Reason Code is used when the user enter a Scrap quantity during the Production Order confirmations. Every Scrap quantity must have a reason attached to it.sap-img.
3.6c . Listed in the Spool parameters for user are all the user names that are allowed to print the shop papers. You can specify the default printer if you want. Double click on the user name that are allowed to print the shop papers. Maintain the reference order types. Specify the spool parameters for the print procedure. (list control for transactions). 5. Maintain the print programs for each list. 8. Here you tick on the Print column the Print Shop Paper Layout that will be used. just tick the Immed. 6. @ www. column. proceed as follows: 1. Define the spool parameters for the user.com Page 69 of 79 SAP Version 4. Maintain the layout sets and maintain the relevant parameters for them. 2. The control are Plant and User Login name. Specify the transactions from which you can print and maintain the relevant parameters for them. Maintain the printer specification.sap-img. If necessary define the table accesses for the individual fields in the lists. 4. 7. 9. Click Spool parameters for user to reach this screen Double click on the User Name to the Print List and Printer Name for each user. Maintain the list names.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations To define the print control. To print immediately.
com Page 70 of 79 SAP Version 4. Click Forms to configure any new SAPscripts that you may have.sap-img. Click on Printer Specification and configure how you want to control the Output device. Click on Print programs to configure any new Report name you may have.6c .A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Click Reference order types to configure the RefOrdType for the Production Order. @ www.
@ www.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Click on Flow control for transactions to configure how you want to process the printing.sap-img.com Page 71 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c .
For e.000 and they estimate that they can only complete 3. there will be existing OPEN non-SAP Production Order. They have to take note of the difference either on the non-SAP Production Order or as a Text note on the SAP Production Order. Normally. They can then re-draw the raw materials after going-live. How about those Process Incomplete Production Order? In a manufacturing environment. Take note that the Master data can be input into the SAP system even BEFORE going live as long as there are no transaction postings such as Production Confirmation which will impact the Financial figures. The other 7. you have to inform the users that they have to get those CRITICAL data into the system before going live. In this case. The PP Shop Floor Control module is one of the most important module although it belongs to the last process flow because the Production Floor will based on the Production Order Generated to produce the Finished Goods for the Customer. if the ACTUAL production quantity is 10. Division of Labor means Jobs are separated in stages as to achieve maximum Productivity.000 was completed in Process 1.g. they should only CREATE the production order to produce 3. the system will READ from the BOM and Routing Master. There are certain cases of Incomplete Production Process where 3. You must let the EVERYONE know that as the days come nearer to the implementation date. Production Floor users are also recommended to return all those additional raw materials to the Inventory Stores.000 only.000 by the time of the Implementation.com Page 72 of 79 SAP Version 4. the user still have to close the non-SAP Production Order and RE-OPEN a new SAP Production Order for the remaining 2. @ www. they must try to keep the OPEN non-SAP Production Order quantity just enough to be CLOSE before going live. only 1.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Preparing the Initial Implementation of the PP Shop Floor Control Module Before the live-implementation of the SAP system. When it reaches Process 2.000 can be completed. This will aid in the accuracy of the Physical Stock count. there will be a cut-off day to turn-on from the OLD to the NEW SAP system. in an on-going business. As a PP consultant.000 should only be created AFTER going live on the NEW SAP system.000 for Process 2.6c . Work Center Master Bills of Materials Master Routing Master Remember that when the user create a new Production Order.sap-img.
Open Sales Orders. Three weeks before the cut-over date. BOM. cost centers etc. Open Purchase Orders and Planned Independent Requirements. we will consider automating the conversion. work centers. If stock take of raw material take place on the cut-over date. If the volume is low or if data is not available from the present system. we will then enter the component issue and labor activity to the production orders before the goods receipts of the finished product. provided that data is available from the old system. Open Production Orders. we will manually create the production orders in SAP and enter the confirmation in SAP. @ www. This is because dynamic data must be converted with a clear cut-off date. Static data includes items that are relatively stable such as vendor master. For the purpose of general ledger. GL balances. all un-started and newly created production orders will be marked with a special color code. users should key the data directly into SAP. Material issue will be performed in the SAP after the cut-over date. The reversal entry for FY19YY should be Dr Raw Material Cr WIP (for the raw material component) and Dr WIP Change account Cr WIP for the labor component. A/P balances. This approach has an added and important benefit of training the end users in the operation of the SAP system. If the production orders are completed and need to be received into stores before the cut-over date. If the production orders are not completed before the cut-over date. A/R balances. material group. A Sample Note to users regarding the Uncompleted Production Orders This is the most complex area for conversion. The entry to put through to FY19XX in the old GL system prior to its conversion is to Dr WIP. Dynamic data includes items such as inventory balances. we must take care to add back the raw materials which issue has been withheld.sap-img. Cr Raw Material (for the material component) and to Dr WIP Cr Manufacturing cost for the labor component. we will manually compute an accrual and reversal entry to ensure that proper cut-off are observed for accounting purposes.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Static versus dynamic data conversion In general. We must take the following step to minimize the number of uncompleted production orders. In general. We will withhold the recording of material issues and production activities in the Old System and related systems if the production orders are color coded. routing.com Page 73 of 79 SAP Version 4. material master. activity prices. data could be classified as begin either static or dynamic data. This means that the balances must be that of the same point in time in order to ensure the integrity of data. customer master.6c . Where the volume of data in relation to the number of end users is high. we will have lots of time to convert the static data but insufficient time to rush the dynamic data into the system. price agreement. A bold instruction “Do not record component issue and labor cost until completion” will be stamped on these production orders.
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Appendix A: The Production Order Status Business Process Flow The Production Order Status refer to the business process flow of the current Production Order.sap-img. will include the status PCNF. Once it is Fully completed. A fully completed production order means that the materials has turned into a Finished Product which is really to be ship to the Customer. 6. Finally. 2. This is called Production Confirmation (CO11). An Order which is partially completed. Actual Production started and upon completion the Production User will input the Production information which they have collected and written on the Shop Floor Paper into the SAP system. 3.MB31) into his warehouse and he can then delivered it to the customer. 4. the order will include the status PRT to inform the user that this order have been printed. the status will change to CNF. the initial status will be CRTD.6c . This is a way for the system to control the different activities of the user on the Production Order. A Planner User convert the Plan Order to a Production Order. After printing the Shop Floor Paper. the status will include DLV which means that the whole Production Order process have been completed. The Planner User Release the Production Order (CO02 – Functions – Release) and the Production User will be able to print out the Production Order (CO04N) for actual Production. An example of a Production Order Business Process Flow: 1.com Page 74 of 79 SAP Version 4. 5. In cases where the Production Order was stopped due to the Customer Order Cancellation. @ www. The status CRTD means that this order is not firm for Production. The Delivery User will receive the fully completed Production Order (which is the Finished Product . The Production User will not be able to Print Out the Production Order until the Planner User Release it which will change the status to REL. the Production User can closed the Order by setting the status to TECH (CO02 – Functions – Restrict Processing – Technically Complete).
A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations A Sample of the SAP Production Order Screen – CO01/CO02 @ www.sap-img.com Page 75 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c .
Production Order Information System The default enquiry is by Order Headers.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Appendix B: How to make enquiry on Open Production Orders? Transaction : COOIS SAP Menu Path : Logistics – Production – Production Control – Information System . To list the Open Production Orders.6c . You can make enquiry by Operations if you want to by changing the List Profile. make used of the System Status and exclude all status with CNF (Confirmed) and DLV (Delivered). @ www.sap-img.com Page 76 of 79 SAP Version 4.
Upon finishing the Manufacturing Process. the Purchaser will buy those materials based on the requirement prompt by the SAP MRP system. To produce something. To assigned it. @ www. If the Backflushed Indicator is grey. you will see the Backflushing Indicator.sap-img. Just input the Operations that you want the Components to be Backflushed.com Page 77 of 79 SAP Version 4. A tick will indicate that the Components will be deducted when the Production User do the Production Confirmation. raw materials will be used up to produced the Finished Goods for the Customer. Now. With reference to the Bill of Materials. A New assignment screen will pop-up.6c . At the CompAlloc screen. This is the first screen when you enter CA02. The Planner will determined at which Production Operation will this components be consumed and set the Backflushing indicator accordingly. click the New assignment button. click the CompAlloc button. raw materials may be required. To set the Backflushed Indicator: Transaction : SAP Menu Path : Logistics – Production – Master Data – Routings – Routings – Standard Routings – Create/Change CA01/CA02 Assuming that you have built the BOM and input the Work Center for each Operations.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Appendix C: What is Backflushing and Where is the Indicator Set? In SAP context. the system will read the Routing Master data and copied all this information to the Production Order. Backflushing means to consumed those Materials that have been used during the course of the Manufacturing Process. this mean that Backflushing have not been assigned. When the Planner create a Production Order.
it still the Production Order will decide which Operation will the Components be Backflushed.com Page 78 of 79 SAP Version 4.6c . @ www. The Backflushed Indicator will be copied from the Routing but the Planner still can changed it in the Production Order. click the Components Overview button.sap-img.A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Ultimately. At the First Screen in CO01/CO02 – Production Order Create/Change.
the backflushing components goods movement will be tied to the production order.sap-img. @ www.6c .A Step-by-Step Guide to the SAP PP Shop Floor Control Configurations Checking the Backflushing Goods Movement Whenever the user post a confirmation with CO11N. You can check them with Tcode CO02/CO03 by clicking the menu Goto – Documented goods movements.com Page 79 of 79 SAP Version 4.
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