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HILL A F RANGE@DUGWAY PROVING GROUNDS-eh WENDOVER RANGE. WENDOVER AUXILIARY FIELD
a Department of of approximately of three separate range areas. Two are Air Force owned (AFLC) and the other is Army owned (AMC). There is shared use of the ranges by Air Force and Army activities. The complex is located in an area which has many ideal geographical features for hazardous operations. A major asset is that it is "remotely nearby." The hazardous nature of most range operations require a location which is relatively distant from populated areas, yet is sufficiently close to its source of manpower, materiel and surveillance. The nearest boundary of the range is about 48 air miles from Hill AFB and about 100 road miles. Wendover Air Force
Auxiliary Field, Hill A F Range Static Motor Test Facility and Dugway Proving Ground are built-up installations within the Range Complex. With the cost of new aerospace systems absorbing a tremendous slice of our national defense dollar, it becomes increasingly important that every effort be made to provide maximum use of existing facilities and resources. The purpose of this brochure is to describe to potential Department of Defense users those facilities which exist within the LVendover Range Complex. Inquiries regarding specific capabilities of the range and its use should be addressed to the Commander, Ogden Air hlateriel Area, Hill Air Force Base, Utah.
wendover air force auxiliary field
Wendover Air Force Auxiliary Field is an inactive Air Force installation which was built as a tempora r y facility during World War I1 but due to its unique location adjacent to the test ranges it has never been abandoned by the Air Force. The base was originally constructed a t a cost of almost 14 million dollars and a t its peak had a total of 19,500 personnel assigned to it. Some temporary structures have been removed in recent years and others have been upgraded. There exists a basic facility capability which would require several million dollars to replace. Facility maintenance and repair would be required prior to extensive use since it has been on inactive status for several years. Both commercial power and a good supply of potable water exist a t the installation. Ample government-owned real estate exists for additional construction. The base itself covers 16,794 acres. Facilities on the base include:
71,866 sq ft (total) 9,000 x 150 ft 8,100 x 150 ft Aircraft Parking Apron 310,771 sq yd Munition Storage 29,068 sq ft Auxiliary Power Plant 1,200 k w Swimming Pool 561 sq ft Base Operations Building 3,427 sq ft Airfield Lighting Both Runways Control Tower Not Operational at Present Dormitory, Airmen (31 Buildings) 770 Men Dispensary 1,925 sq ft Automotive Shops 15,573 sq ft Officers Club 28,539 sq ft Aviation Gas Storage 7,140 bbl
One Field Maintenance Hangar Five Organizational Maintenance Hangars Two Runways
53,471 sq ft
Diesel Storage 1,190 bbl Sewage Mains Throughout Base Water, Potable One Second Foot Dining Hall (Airmen) 400 Men 2 Stations Fire and Crash Station Warehouses and Civil Engineering Shops 60,077 S F Theater (302 seat) 4,711 sq ft Railroad Trackage 4,450 linear ft Base Cable Plant 300 Pair
Ten firemen (crash crew) and a Civil Engineer constitute the current working force. OOAMA service engineering aircraft, Military Airlift Command aircraft, Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve units are the chief users of the airfield a t present. Use of the airfield for missile and space operations have been considered seriously.
On Standby Status
hill air force range
s t a t i c niotor test facilities
In the northeast portion of the overall Range Cornplex and on the Hill Air Force Range a specialized facility for testing rocket motors has been established. This area borders the Great Salt Lake and is 48 air miles and 110 road miles from Hill AF Base. Test and support facilities consist of:
personnel support build&
Dormitory/Administration Sleeping quarters for 5 9 personnel (Additional 5 4 men dormitory programmed in FY68 MCP)
Cafeteria Medical Dispensary Communications Center Security Quarters
-. - r ,- - -
Machine Shop Automotive Maintenance Area House Trailers (Sleeping Quarters for 45 Personnel)
Fire Truck and Ambulance Storage Eauipmeut Storage I. . , . ' W4. .~urification Plant .. .,. eL. - . ;j$: ., %.. : . .
Missile Environmental Storage Buildings (8) 52,320 Warehouses (2) 24,000 sq ft High Temperature Storage Buildings (21,600 r q ft) 131 16 sq ft per building) Bldg Nr Temperature Range 1 100' to 200' F 2 100' to 160' F 3 70' to 130' F 4 40' to 100' F 5 30' to 100' F Low Temperature Storage Buildings (31,980 sq ft) (5802 sq ft per building) Bldg Nr Temperature Range 6 0' to 30' F 7 0' to -20' F 8 -20' to -40' F 9 -40" to -65' F
temperature preparation building
This building has four temperature controlled storage bays. Each room is individually temperature controlled through a portion of -65O to 200° F, thus covering the total range. There is 5,670 square feet of storage space.
A 24 million electron volt (MEV) linear accelerator (LINAC) is located a t the test facility. This LINAC will penetrate 70 inches of propellant in one minute. The LINAC bay contains a 50 ton overhead crane for transfer of missile motors. A 1 0 ton auxiliary crane is rigged t o operate in conjunction with the 50 ton crane. A one ton hand operated crane is rigged in the entrance way of the Radiographic Building. The building also contains a film developing room with a n automatic film developer, a control room, office and film storage vault.
horizontal test stand
2 I JIrll/on Electron Volt Lznear Accelerator Complex
a . .
This stand will fire motors in a horizontal position. The thrust block is designed for 1,000,000 pounds of thrust with a safety factor of 3.65. The thrust frame is a six component frame designed for 500,000 pounds thrust with the capability for handling any motor up t o 72 inches in diameter and 30 feet long by simply changing adapters and adding or removing one of the two stand sections. A second stand is designed for single component (thrust) measurements and is adaptable t o all three stages of the LGM-30 missile. A moveable building is placed over the thrust stand during motor installation and then removed shortly before static firing. This building contains a 50 ton overhead crane with a n auxiliary 1 0 ton hook for motor installation. I t also has heating and air conditioning for maintaining controlled environment. Thermocouple conditioning units and instrumentation junction boxes a r e located in a bunker room in the back of the thrust block. The stand has the capability for quenching motors after propellant burnout by use of COZ or water.
vertical thrust stand
This stand is identical to the horizontal thrust stand except a motor can be fired in either t h e vertical o r horizontal attitude. I t has a n auxiliary 25 ton hook instead of the 1 0 ton hook.
Linear Accelerator W 'ill Penetrate 70 Inches o f Propellant i n One M i nite ~
open test pad (utility)
The open test pad is a large concrete slab with a 500,000 pound thrust block and the capability of bolting both large and small thrust systems to its surface.
test stand annexes
There are two test stand annexes. One annex connects with the horizontal test stand and the second annex connecting the vertical test stand by a five foot concrete tunnel. The open test pad is connected with covered conduit. The tunnels and conduit carry the instrumentation signals to the annexes where the signal is amplified for transmission to the recording system.
. b - .. Horizontal Rocket Motor Test Stand Designed for Million Pounds of Thrust
The instrumentation and control systems are the most recent state-of-the-art solid state electronics. The measurements that can be made a t this facility are:
Force 3 2 Channels Pressure 4 0 Channels Strain 3 0 Channels 75 Channels Temperature Iron-Constantan 48 Channels Chromel-Alumel 15 Channels Platinum-Rhodium 12 Channels Vibration 1 0 Channels Sound 4 Channels Position 4 Channels Events 2 0 Channels (Start time, motor ignition time, camera start time, etc.)
data recording building
This total number of signals can be transmitted to the annex buildings from either thrust stand, but at this point only 100 signals plus 12 piezo electric signals can be transmitted to the data recording building. The Data Recording Building has full capability for automatic sequencing motor nozzles to different positions during firings. Circuits from the annex to the utility pad permit transmission of data from 12 strain gage-type instruments.
recording systems Signals can be recorded on any one or all of the rerecording systems a t one time, and are limited only by the number of channels within the particular system. digital recording system 100 channels This system has a format that is compatible with and capable of being read directly by IBM 729-V and VI tape units. Total sampling rate of 15,000 samples per second can be divided among the 100 channels or any sampling rate to include all 15,000 samples per second on one channel. This is the primary recording system. analogue recording system 86 channels This system records constant band width data and is utilized as a backup to the digital recording system. Discriminators are installed for playback into the digital recording system or the oscillographic recorders a t the rate of seven channels a t one time.
oscillographic recorders (quick look data) Two 36-channel oscillographic recorders are used with galvanometers installed to record 20 channels of events and 18 channels of quick look firing data.
range timing and sequence system
This system provides real time and count time to all recording systems. I t provides a systems test, countdown display, and automatic events control to all systems during a test operation. The remaining systems that are in operation t o perform a static firing are: Calibration control, motor firing, closed circuit television, telephone, public address, still and motion picture cameras and wind measurement.
tape and calibration checkout system
prior to actual testing. The 1050 terminal is used to monitor the system a t Data Services.
The Static Motor Test Facility is directly connected t o Hill AF Base through a 1 2 channel commercial telephone microwave system. There is a 60 line PAX a s well as ground to ground radio communication.
There is a n IBM 1800 Data Link between the Data Reduction Building a t the range and Data Services (Bldg 100, HAFB). This system is composed of a n l B M 1800 Data Processing System, data sets for telephone line communications, and an IB3I 1030 Communications Terminal. This system allows the project engineer and test personnel to check the digital system's output and their own calibration settings
b a l l i s t i c s range
instr~~mentation and equipment on t h e range
I n addition t o the instrumentation a t the Static Motor Test Facility there have been installed on the Range Complex target areas and instrumentation for air to ground tests. This instrumentation is capable of collecting data based on the following general parameters:
Altitude of 5 0 to 60,000 feet Altitude at release plus ten minutes Aircraft speeds of 100 to 600+ knots Accuracy of position/location of aircraft or munition of 6 feet
AN/MSQ-1 A An AN/MSQ-lA, Close Support Control Set, exists on the range consisting of one (1) AN/MPS-19 Radar Set, one (1)OA-626;MSQ-1A Computer Tracking Group, and one (1) group of UHF communications equipment. Although the MSQ-1A System is designed for mobile operation, its use a t the Hill/ Wendover Range Complex is in a fixed configuration. Maximum range of the system is approximately 200 miles. The AN/MSQ-1A system provides a positive control over test aircraft and insures bomb scoring accuracy. The aircraft's direction, azimuth, elevation and distance from target are determined by the system and a bomb release point is provided simultaneously to the pilot, cinetheodolites, closed circuit TV operators and the test control personnel. In conjunction with the above, a telephone hot line exists from the Test Control Building to the 130 AC&W Squadron, Salt Lake City, for search radar support. All test aircraft will be handed off from the search position in Salt Lake to the range tracking system.
VHF ground control radio
Two VHF Ground Control Radio Nets are available to the Test Controller. One net is used for coordination with the cinetheodolite sites to insure all systems are in the "go: posture prior to any test. The second system is used for vehicular control a t the Range.
UHF timing and distribution system
A UHF Timing and Distribution System is being installed on the range. The UHF Timing and Distribution System will make available real-time, coded timing signals a t the Range Control Building and a t eleven (11) cinetheodolite sites. Timing signals are in the format prescribed by the Tele-Comm Working Group of the Inter-Range Instrumentation Group (IRIG) and described in IRIG document 104-60. Instrumentation used to accomplish this requirement includes: ( a ) a Range Frequency Standard capable of producing standard frequencies of 500 khz, 1 and
Radar Unit Provides Positive Control Over Test Aircraft and Insures Bomb Scoring Accuracy
5 mhz with a long-term stability of 1 0 to the minus ninth or better, (b) a Very Low Frequency receivercomparator that will provide a continuously recorded comparison between the output of the frequency standard and a 60 khz carrier transmitted by the National Bureau of Standards, standard frequency transmitter W W B located a t Boulder, Colorado, (c) a time-code generator capable of simultaneously generating timing signals in the IRIG formats a, b, c, d and e, a s well as a binary-coded, time-of-day signal, (d) a dual-redundant, Ultra-High-Frequency transmitter that will transmit an IRIG-A time-code signal modulated on to a 1750 m.hz carrier for transmission to the several sites on the range, (el UHF radio receivers located in the cinetheodolite trailers that will receive and demodulate the UHF carrier and supply timing-code signals to the translator generators which convert the IRIG-A timing signals to any of the IRIG formats that may be required. Not only will a wide variety of formats be available, but several such formats ky used simultaneously be from separate outputs :of the translator generator. A high degree of reliability will be provided by the dual-redundant transmitter t h a t includes a station monitor assembly that continuously samples the output of the transmitter and automatically switches between transmitters in the event t h a t one transmitter fails or t h a t its output falls below a prescribed level. The idle transmitter operates a t reduced powe r into a dummy load so as to be instantly available for primary operation. Other safeguards include a battery power supply that will maintain uninterrupted operation of the frequency standard if primary power is lost. Then too, the individual translatorgenerators include built-in precision oscillators that ivill permit them to operate reliably in the absence of the synchronizing signals from the UHF receivers.
closed circuit TV facility X CCTV facilit?. is k i n g installed to utilize three ( 3 ) '?\- cameras. Two \r-ill be utilized with the cinetheodolites and, or Photo-Sonic Unit as necessary. One camera will be attached to the radar (MSQ-1A) dish. The function of the TV cameras are: ( a ) provide limited range safety by observing height of aircraft on low level drops and position of aircraft a t any given time, ( b ) visual observation of bomb arming (Stivated Flashbulb), (c) visual observation that bomb has dropped free of aircraft, ( d ) visual observation of bombs target impact, and (e) air position information in event that radar loses track due to ground clutter. A maximum slant range distance of 25,000 feet is the current viewing distance for the radar mounted TV camera. The required viewing &stance for the other two cameras is 33,000 feet. The required lens focal length to produce desired object detailhas yet to be determined. The two TV cameras used in conjunction with the Cinetheodolites/Photo-Sonic Units will be tripod-mounted with capability of mounting and positioned a t any two of eleven possible locations. Transmission of the video signal from the cinetheodolites stations t o the Test Control Building will be accomplished by microwave. Upon receipt of the video a t the Test Control Building, three ( 3 ) monitors \\.ill display the video for viewing by the Test Controller. For reviewing of the test data after completion of the project or a t a later date, provisions have been taken to record all tests on video tape.
photo optical instrumentation Photo optical instrumentation consists of equipment which provides both documentary and metric data. There exists six mobile cinetheodolites and a mobile cinesextant on the range. There a r e eleven surveyed sites for photo optical equipment. All sites a r e served by commercial power and all weather roads. cinetheodolites The trailer mounted Contraves Cinetheodolites located on t h e range a r e Model "D" Cinetheodolites and a r e controlled by two men using handwheels to operate in both azimuth and elevation. The objective telescope of the Cinetheodolite provides two selectable fixed focal lengths of 60 and 120 inches. The Cinetheodolite 35mm recording camera utilizes the two focal length optical system of the main tracking telescope. A change-over prism enables the focal plane to be viewed by the operator through a microscope. Azimuth, elevation and time information is recorded directly under the bore sight photograph, and t h e frame rate is controlled by electronics that a r e compatible with the specified timing signals of t h e range. Performance data for the "D" model is as'follows: operating range
Distance Elevation angle Azimuth angle Tracking Velocities Azimuth and Elevation Acceleration 1 km to 00 -5" to +18S0 no limit (360") 0 to 3O0/sec max 60°/sec'
Shutter opening Frame size (main optic) Scales for angles and frame number Film feed
Variable from h 0 " to 90" 24 mm x 15 mm
6 mm x 2.5 mm each 19 mm/frame
Magnification Field of view Color filters Power Supply Voltage Frequency Consumption 4 and 20 power 12.5" and 3.5" Clear, grey, green, red 110/120/127/220/240V 5% monophase 50/60 cps 21 '0 1 .5 kw peak
angle measuring and recording system The circle optics, consisting of two double-circle systems, one for azimuth, one for elevation, serve to record the angular position of the main telescope on the film. T h e figures indicating the setting of the double-circles are projected via various deflecting prisms into the camera. The instantaneous position of the circle is photogl-aphically recorded with the aid of a flashlamp. Because of the special double reading systems the angular measurements a r e independent of eccentricity and o r bearing backlash.
Division: 360" or 400 g
Two focal Length Mirror System, Switchable Focal length 1500 mm and 3000 mm -t5 % (60 8 120") 190 mm Aperture Relative aperture 1:8 resp. 1:16 Color filters Ultraviolet (Schott GG 181, Yellow (GG 14), Orange(OG 5), Red (OG 3), Filter for IR-film (RG S), Brown toned filter for color film (FG 7). Neutral density Transmission values: 1OOO/o filters (BK 7) SO%, 25%, 12.S0/0, 6.25 O/o, 3.125 O/o . Focus setting device lkmtow
A microscope enables the two double-circles and the frame counter to be read from the outside. The angular scale values can be read out directly in 0.01 degrees (grades) whereas the 0.001 degrees (grades) are obtained by interpolation. temperature range
Ambient temperature -20" C to
+ 50" C
There is one cinesextant mobile tracking mount available a t t h e range complex. This equipment has target detection, acquisition and tracking capability from 200 feet t o 100,000 feet. The minimum target size is .01M2 effective radar cross section. There is a data accuracy of + 1 % . The range tracking velocity is 5000 feet per second. There is a maximum tracking acceleration of 60 Gs.
There a r e approximately 1 8 cameras used on the range consisting of pin register and prism framing types. Cameras a r e 16 mm, 35 mm and 70 mm with a maxi-mum speed of 5000 frames per second.
mobile instrumentation van A mobile instrumentation van exists a t the range
containing equipment capable of recording land line data of sophisticated instruments used on tests a t remote locations.
data reduction and computers
Most data processing for tests conducted a t the Wendover Range Complex is accomplished a t Hill A m . The recorded digital test data is transported from the range to Data Services Division a t Hill AFB for processing. Processing of these data is accomplished using an IBM 7080 (2 are available) system. Peripheral equipment for this system includes six IBM 1401 compute~s a Benson-Lehner Electroplotter. and The IBM 1401s are used to place punched card information on magnetic tape and to print information on paper which was originally recorded on magnetic tape. The B/L Plotter is used to produce digital plots (graphs) of pertinent firing information. An IBM 360 Model 65 has been programmed for Hill AFB. This type of equipment will increase the capability of supporting range tests several fold with considerably less time required to obtain completed products.
Data Reduction Accomplished a t Hl A F B il
dugway proving ground facilities (army)
Dugway Proving Ground is located in the southern portion of the range and is an actual installation under jurisdiction of the Army. Its primary mission is to plan and conduct field and laboratory tests and investigations in chemical, biological, radiological, meteorological, ecological and epidemiological areas. The following facilities exist in the area:
400 miles of improved roads 8000 foot runway (taxiway, aircraft parking ramp) Administrative area with 150 family units Chemical Laboratory Biological Laboratory Radiological Laboratory . :a 0 Grid areas ranging from 1800 square feet to 150 ,3 square miles Types of grids include: Aerial Spray Grid Ballistics Grid Tower Grid Nuclear Engine Grid Artillery Grid Rising Sun Grid Horizontal Grid Downwind Grid 5 and V Grid Vertical Grid
Use of Dugway area in conjunction with tests on the Wendover Range is possible through proper coordination.
ra nge s it e
The range is located a t approuirnatelj. 39- to 41north latitude and 113' \vest longitude. I t is wholly within the State of Utah in the counties of Box Elder, Tooele, Juab, and Millard. It is an irregular area located west of Salt Lake City, Utah's state capital. It lies in a dry lake bed area Lvhich is 86 miles wide and 192 miles long. States bordering the range are Nevada on the west and Idaho on the north. The overall Department of Defense owned land within the It'endover Complex comprises an area of about 60 x 125 miles with some Bureau of Land hlanagement area between the ranges. Almost all of the land adjacent to the range is federally owned-Bureau of Land Management.
Individual range land areas are of the following approximate dimensions: Hill AF Range: 25 x 42 miles (351,539 acres) Irregular size. Wendover Range: 22 x 48 miles (576,157 acres) Rectangular size. Dugway Proving Ground: 48 x 6 0 miles (842,323 acres) Rectangular size.
The bulk of the Wendover Range Complex is slightly over 4200 feet in altitude. Within the metes and bounds of the complex, the elevations vary from 4204 feet on the dry lake bed to 7068 feet on top of Granite Mountains, an outcropping in the dry lake bed in the south central portion of the range. The Wendover Range Complex contains surface soils ranging from undifferentiated types of rocks in the mountains to a northern grey desert soil. The valleys contain the drained accumulations on alluvial fans while the playa associated with the lower valley floors are moist, salt laden soils. Most of the range area is salt flats, completely devoid of rock, soil o r plant life. The community nearest the range having over 10,000 population is about 40 miles from the boundary. There are no settlements within five miles of the boundary o r the range, except t h a t portion of t h e range which is abutting Wendover A F Auxiliary Field and Dugway Proving Ground. The population density of the area adjacent to t h e range is approximately 0.40 inhabitants per square mile. Little increase in population is anticipated in the area surrounding the range since there is little incentive for industrialization, farming, recreation or residential occupation.
The climatic conditions existing a t the Wendover Range Complex are such that no major operation problems a r e presented. The maximum and minimum means and extremes are well within tolerances for human habitation and most range operations. Seasons are well marked with variations of temperature, precipitation, daylight and darkness so that Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter are easily sensed. A full latitude of temperature ranges from around O°F to 100°F a r e experienced during the course of
UNDER IFR CONDITIONS
air force auxiliary field climatological data
Highest ,MeanDailyMax M w n Daily Min Lowest
63 42 24 14
?7 52 32 32 0 17
85 63 42 36
95 74 51 52
101 81 57 56 6 0 .89
'107 94 68 74 25 0
63 35 17 8
Mean Nr of Days
Max Temp = 90°F 0 Min Temp = 32°F 30
Mean Nr of Days 0.5 in
Mean (Inches) 3.8 Mean Nr of Days 6 in..
- -. .
- - -
: ---K: eg.. ..Relatke Humidity --
Maximum 24 hour precipitation 20 inches 25 years of record. Maximum 24 hour snowfall 5.5 inches 5 years of record. Flying Weather Annual Percentages for Various Categories. A. Ceiling 1000 feet and visibility 3 miles. B. Ceiling 500-900 feet and visibility 1 mile, or 1 mile but 3 miles and ceiling visibility 1000 feet 15%. C. Ceiling 500 feet and/or visibility 1 mile. Source of Data, A,B,C, Summaries: Climatological, Wind Environmental Technical Applications Center, USAF
Note * Denotes less than one day.
rawinsonde unit A Rantinsonde Weather Unit is operational to sup-
port tests requiring upper air measurements. I t is located near the Test Control Building.
special use airspace
Special use airspace areas over the Wendover Range ~ b m p l e xare under the surveillance and control o f both the Air Force and the Army. Certain special use areas have been designated as "joint use" areas by the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) and are released to FAA when not scheduled for use by the controlling agency. The areas are recalled from FAA upon request.
special use airspace R-6404 A & B Special Use Airspace 6404 A & B is under Air Force control. I t is restricted from the surface to 60,000 feet MSL, seven days per week from sunrise to sunset. I t is used during night time hours by general aviation. The areas are subject to a joint use agreement with FAA and are recallable xithin one hour upon Air Force request. The area is divided into halves and can be released separately to FAA.
special use area R-6405
Special Use Airspace R-6405 is used on conjunction with operations conducted within the Wendover and Dugway Ranges (R-6406A & B, R-6407,and R6402). I t is required for aircraft maneuvering under tactical conditions. There is no DoD owned land under the airspace. I t is designated for special use during daylight hours only, seven days per week and up to 40,000 feet MSL. I t is released to FAA for use when not scheduled by the Air Force. Under the joint use agreement, it can be recalled from FAA within one hour notification.
special use area R-6406 A & 6 Special Use Area 6404 A & B is under Air Force con-
HILL A. F. R A N G E
trol. R-6406A is restricted on a 24 hour, selVen days per week basis from the surface t o 40,000 feet MSL. Joint use with FAA is agreed to between 7,300 and 40,000 feet when the area is not scheduled. R-6406B is restricted on a 24 hour seven day week basis from surface to 40,000 feet. In R-6406B joint use is agreed to with FAA between 2,400 and 40,000 feet MSL when released by the range control officer.
W E N D O V E R A . F. R A N G E
special use area R-6407
Special Cse Area R-6407 is controlled by the Army and is restricted on a 24 hour seven days per week basis from surface to 40,000 feet MSL. Joint use with FAA is possible between 2,400 and 40,000 feet.
special use area R-6402 The Army has control of R-6402 and it is restricted to 40.000 feet 3ISL on continuous basis. Joint use of this area by the Federal Aviation Agency is not permitted. The \ V e n d ~ \ ~ e r Range Complex control officer a t Hill AFB schedules Air Force activities within Army controlled airspace. A share use agreement exists between the Air Force and the Army on use of the complete \Vendover Range Complex.
OOAMA RANGE SUPPORT
Most operations on the iyendover Range Complex a r e logistically supported from the Ogden Air Materiel Area a t Hill AFB. Due to its geographical proximity to the range, the base is in a position to both manage the range as well as provide data reduction, photographic p~-ocessing, supply, maintenance and other support to all users.
A new 11,000 square foot reconnaissance photo laboratory has been constl*ucted a t Hill A F Base to process all film generated by test operations. Modern equipment has been installed to process 16 mm, 35 mm and 70 mm black and white and color film.
Reconnaissance and Photographic Equipment
OOAMA Pro~ides Logistic Support For Al! o f T h e Aboce S y s t e m s and Commodities
Ocer Halj A Afillion Square Feet o f S h o p Space Exists il A t Hl A F B
OOAMA Support continued
Maintenance facilities a t Hill AFB a r e used extensively for support of range operations and include clean rooms, instrument shops, metal processing shops, and accessory shops. Specialized missile facilities exist on the base and include missile assembly buildings, radiographic facilities, rocket motor maintenance shops, ram-jet overhaul shops, solid propellant motor storage, propellant analysis laboratory, and engineering test facilities.
T e n Large Missile Assembly Buildings Exist on the Base Extensive Instrument R e ~ a i r Facilities Are Available
Many Skilled Technicians Support Range Operations
Several Quality Control Labs Backup Range Operations
history and past use of ranges
Activities in the Wendover area first came about in July of 1941. A small cadre of military arrived in the desert in August and targets were built as well as a few small buildings. Following the Pearl Harbor tragedy in December 1941 and the active entry of the United States into World War 11, the Wendover Army Air Base was activated for research and development work on t guided missiles and similar i n ~ t r u m ~ nofs war. From April 1942 until 1944, no less than 21 B-17 and B-24 heavy bombardment groups trained a t Wendover for combat duty in both the European and Pacific war theaters respectively. On the 17th of December 1944, the 509th Composite Group began its training a s the first organization trained and equipped for atomic bomb warfare. This group was ultimately to provide the men and aircraft to bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan in August 1945. World War I1 stimulated the development of aircraft and bombing "know how" from the unsophisticated aircraft and small bombs of World War I to the high altitude precision bombing saturation techniques with high explosives and incendiaries and finally the "A" bomb. Much of the development and training of this new type of warfare was done within the Wendover Complex. With the use of pulse jet "buzz" bombs and V-2 rockets on England, the United States begansome development of unmanned missiles or rockets a t the end of World War 11. A certain amount of this testing was accomplished on the Wendover Range Complex. After World War 11, SAC, TAC, Air National Guard and the Air Force Logistics Command have all used the range with varying degrees of saturation.
Crew o f the B-29 "Enola Gay" Which Dropped the First Atomic Bomb o n Japan Trained at Wendover Ranges.
the range complex has been used
for the following operations since it was withdrawn from Public Domain in 1941:
Visual and Radar Bombing Air to Air Rocketry/Gunnew Aircraft Flight Testing V-2 Rockets Test Power Driven Bomb Tests Ground to Air Pilotless Aircraft Missile Motor Development Nuclear Device Testing M u n i t i o n Surveillance Tests Air to Ground Rocketry/ Gunnery Munition Disposal Service Engineering Tests Mace Missile Overland Flight Tests Regulas Missile Overland Flight Test BW/CW Testing Retrieval Aids Tests Photo-Flash Bombing
unique fea tures of wendover range complex
Sufficiently large to accommodate most air force testing needs Remote from population centers and national borders Near logistic support areas Instrumented for testing Permits multiple simultaneous use No state or federal roads within range Land generally unsuitable for grazing or farming No hunting or fishing problems No mineral rights problems . . Adequate special use airspace Good airfields Ideal flying and testing weather Near munition source and EOD support Possesses unique space vehicle recovery features
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