ANTARCTIC REGION

30

30

0

Port Elizabeth

Year-round research station

SOUTH 30 AFRICA

Scale 1:68,000,000
Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection
0 0 500 1000 Kilometers 500 1000 Miles

South Atlantic Ocean
Anta r c ti
40

Twenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative nations have made no claims to Antarctic territory (although Russia and the United States have reserved the right to do so) and they do not recognize the claims of the other nations.
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
(administered by U.K., claimed by ARGENTINA)

c C onv erg enc e
PRINCE EDWARD ISLANDS
50

Bouvet Island
(NORWAY)

(SOUTH AFRICA)

BRITISH CLAIM

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
(administered by U.K., claimed by ARGENTINA)

ARGENTINE CLAIM

Southern Ocean
Neumayer
(GERMANY)

NORWEGIAN CLAIM
undefined limit

ÎLES CROZET
60
60

Scotia Sea

Orcadas
(ARGENTINA)
SOUTH ORKNEY ISLANDS

SANAE IV
(SOUTH AFRICA)

Novolazarevskaya
(RUSSIA)
70

French Southern and Antarctic Lands
(FRANCE)

Maitri
ARGENTINA
Ushuaia
SOUTH SHETLAND ISLANDS

(INDIA)
area of enlargement

Syowa (JAPAN) Molodezhnaya
(RUSSIA)
Enderby Land

Queen Maud Land
Halley (U.K.)

ÎLES KERGUELEN

Drake Passage
CHILE

Weddell Sea
Palmer Land

Belgrano II
(ARGENTINA)
80
Mac. Robertson Land

Mawson
(AUSTRALIA)

Heard Island and McDonald Islands
(AUSTRALIA)

Ronne Ice Shelf

CHILEAN CLAIM
90 W

Zhong Shan(CHINA) Progress (RUSSIA) Amundsen-Scott
South Pole 2800 m.

Amery Ice Shelf
Davis(AUSTRALIA)

Bellingshausen Sea
Peter I Island

Ellsworth
Vinson Massif
(highest point in Antarctica, 4897 m)

Indian
Vostok
(RUSSIA)

(U.S.)

Land

Mirnyy
(RUSSIA)

90 E

Ocean
C L AI
M

Bentley Subglacial Trench
(lowest point in Antarctica, -2540 m)

d

Scott

average minimum extent of sea ice

Victoria Land Dumont d'Urville
70

Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Poland, Russia, South Korea, Uruguay each have a station on King George Island.

64

(FRANCE)
12 0

66

60

Arturo Prat (CHILE)

Bernardo O'Higgins (CHILE)

Marambio (ARGENTINA)

55
Ci rcl e

NE

W

Southern Ocean
ZEA

LAN

D CLA IM
Campbell Island

60

LI RA S T L AI M AU C
(AUSTRALIA)

AN

An

ta r

c ti

c

Co

er nv

ge

nc

Esperanza (ARGENTINA)

Ant

arcti

c

Circle

Scott Island

BALLENY ISLANDS

FRENCH CLAIM

AU S
e

Ross Sea

TR
Macquarie Island
AUCKLAND ISLANDS
(NEW ZEALAND)
50

(N.Z.)

AL

(U.S.)

W

McMurdo

(AUSTRALIA)

IA N

South Pacific Ocean

Marie Byrd Land

Concordia

80

ilk

Amundsen Sea

Ross Ice Shelf

es

(FRANCE AND ITALY)

Lan

Shackleton Ice Shelf
Casey

65

Antarctic Peninsula

Graham Land Palmer (U.S.) Vernadsky (UKRAINE)

(NEW ZEALAND)

South Pacific Ocean

62

An

tar

cti

c

60

Tasmania Hobart Adelaide Melbourne

SNARES ISLANDS

Larsen Ice Shelf
CHATHAM ISLANDS
(NEW ZEALAND)
15

(NEW ZEALAND)

NEW ZEALAND
Wellington
180

South Island
40

70

Southern Ocean

Christchurch
Sydney

Canberra

0

Rothera (U.K.)

San Martin (ARGENTINA)

AUSTRALIA
803121AI (R02207) 3-05

North Island
68

64

30

30