Prototype Tornado P5219, Temperate (Imperial War Museum)

Lane Scheme.

October 1939, camouflaged

to A.M.O.

A.154/39

and A.M.O.

198/39

Hawker Tornado, Typhoon and Tempest Fighters
SOME seven months prior to the initial flight of the first production Hurricane Mk. I (L1547) on 121h October, 1937, Sydney Camm and his design team at Hawker Aircraft were already studying the possibility of a new fighter to be powered by the Napier Sabre, 24 cylinder, H-type layout engine. With an expected power output of two thousand horsepower it was almost twice the power rating of the Rolls-Royce Merlin II engine as fitted to the Hurricane J. Design proposals, including a wing armament of twelve machine guns, were submitted to the Air Ministry during July 1937. At that moment in time, however, the Air Staff was already preparing a new Specification to be known as F.18/37, and it incorporated many of the ideas put forward by Sydney Camm. They, therefore, asked Hawker Aircraft not to continue further design or development work on Camm's new fighter until such time as this new Specification was available. Specification F.18/37 was not in fact issued until January 1938, and details of the armament payload did not appear until April of that year. Whilst awaiting details of this Specification Camm also prepared an alternative scheme whereby the Rolls-Royce Vulture X type engine be installed into the same airframe. Hawker Aircraft submitted their Tender, which included a suggestion that they produced four prototypes, two having the Napier Sabre and two the Rolls-Royce Vulture engine. Four months later contracts were received to proceed with the four aircraft with the relevant engines installed. The Vulture powered aircraft was the first to fly on 6th October, 1939 (serial P5219) and the name Tornado was adopted. A few months previous to the first flight the Air Ministry had issued new Orders 74 on 24th and 29th April for the camouflage of military aircraft. These Orders were A.M.O. A.154/39 and Amendment A.298f39 respectively and the Tornado prototype was painted in accordance with these A.M.Os. The colour scheme was that the upper surfaces were to be painted in the Temperate Land Scheme of distruptive Dark Green and Dark Earth. The A.M.O. also laid down the colour scheme for the under surfaces but as frequently occurred at this period this instruction was misinterpreted. The official intention was that the lower surfaces should be painted in Black and White, with the division between the two colours extending along the centre line of the aircraft's belly. The wording of the camouflage orders specified that 'The lower surface of the starboard plane and half the under surface of the fuselage is to be painted White. The corresponding port side is to be painted Black'. When the Tornado was being readied for its first flight on 6th October, it was obvious that the Air Ministry instructions had been incorrectly interpreted, and as a result the under surfaces of the wings appeared in the correct colours, but the area oT the aircraft's belly had been assumed to be the area between the leading and trailing edges of the wing, and this portion of the under fuselage had been painted in Black and White, with the division of colours along the centre line. But, the fuselage area forward and aft of this area had been painted in Aluminium (silver) as was the undersides of the tailplane. Wing walks on the upper surfaces had also been left in Cerrux Grey primer. At the time these camouflage specificat ions had been issued, no provision had been made for special finishes for prototype aircraft, and <IS the Tornado

J

Type 'A' fuselage insignia replacing the Typhoon prototype. Yellow undersides. and this was covered by the Specification F. Also by this time the A. (Imperial War Museum) 1940. Shortly after the Tornado prototype was totally destroyed in an accident. Bille. deep Yellow tips to each blade. Upper wing roundels were also Type B and had a 20in..M. P5216. 21.Prototype T)'phOOIl P5212 with ronndeis revised as per A. 1940. wilh cannon armament and main wheel doors 11011' III their filial form. Fill /fashes as from lsi August.18/39. (Imperial War Mllselllll) Typhoon. albeit incorrectly. 1939. Type Ball upper willg and nnderwing rounaets are s-sin Red. Painting and finishing of the aircraft had been carefully applied. Alongside development of the Tornado. 25·2ill. The prototype P5212 flew for the first time on 24th February. and the tail wheel oleo leg was left in its natural metal finish. The Tornado's spinner had been painted Black. centre ring in Red and a 35in. X 27ill. diameter fuselage rounaets 50ill.I t ype 35ill. Temperate Land Scheme onupper Sill/aces. and after all markings had been positioned the external airframe was polished to a high gloss. (Real Phoiograplts) was a prototype for a fighter the Temperate Land Scheme for fighter types had been applied. stumtardised at 24il1. This situation was to be corrected at a later stage of the war. Note revised undercarriage and tall wheel doors added. Fill fiashes also adopted from the same date. The all Yellow undersides were nuroaucea for new aircraft types 0$ from 61h JIIIIC. Type A. equal width stripes. 154/39 and 298/39 were implemented properly and P5212 appeared with the upper surfaces camouflaged in Temperate Land Scheme of Dark Green and Dark Earth and the under surfaces were painted Black and White. P5216.O. The serial number was Black and the digits only 6in. 1940. with the radiator re-positioned directly under the nose. Temperate Land Scheme 011 upper surfaces. seen at Bascombe DOWII July 1940.I fllse/age ronndels with effect from May 1940. The wheel wells and insides of the undercarriage doors were Aluminium and natural metal. During the period of preparation of the prototype Tornado the Air Ministry had issued contracts for the production of five hundred aircraft. Note the 12 glill wing armamelll.. November earlier Type '0'. Tailwheel doors removed. diameter Blue outer ring . and the propeller blades were Black also with 4in. high. As flight trials proceeded with the prototype it was discovered that the ventrally-mounted radiator created an unsatisfactory airflow and after modification P5219 flew again on 6th December. No roundels were applied to the under wing surfaces. White and 41ill. 1940. with the division between these colours being 75 .Os.M. Roundels were Type B on each fuselage side and consisted of a 14in. Red centre spot and a 50in. A. work had been continuing on the second aircraft design of Sydney Camm's and by now it had been named the Typhoon. outer ring in Blue.

F. of 609 Sqd). and C. April.A. Lalleman1 (Belgian.C.Hawker Typhoon to Ib standard with la R7855 converted 4x20mm cannon. later SjLdr. o· !'"I- 5' ""COi.O. Manston.F. 1943. D. Pilot Flying Officer R.__ 10' . of 'A' Flight No. 609 Sqdn.

Compare genuine Black spinner with undersides . SerialBin. be/ore and after introduction 0/ Yellow P prototype leiter. Red. Yellow rings. In the meantime. The upper surfaces were finished in Temperate Land Scheme of Dark Green and Dark Earth. 1940. which was so sorely needed that summer when the German Luftwaffe launched what was to become the Battle of Britain. Red centre spot surrounded with a 50in. In accordance with an order dated 21st November. Gouldillg) along the centre line of the belly. (Cyril Peckham via J. but in (Continued on Page 86) Tornado protorype. Note natural metal interior 0/ wheel covers 0/1(1 wells.Three-quarter /1'011/ view 0/ P5216. the fuselage i-oundels had been changed to A Type with 7in.·ellm) . The spinner was Black. The larger unit was installed and as a result structural failure occurred in the fuselage aft of the cockpit during a flight trial on 9th May. Red. Bille and 35il1.camouflage scheme as applied to the aircraft. Flight testing continued and because of some directional instability it was necessary to increase the surface area of the fin and rudder. t Sin. Following this incident production was halted on both the Tornado and Typhoon in favour of expansion of production of the Hawker Hurricane. high in Black. the former primillg Yellow as a dark colour. The cockpit canopy fairing had a small triangular window added 10 each side. diameter Yellow circle. the first flight of the second prototype Typhoon (serial P5216) had taken place on 3rd May. The upper wing roundels were Type Band consisted of a 20in. 1940. While. 2lin. But there still appeared to be some confusion concerning the tailplane for (he under surfaces were finished Aluminium. tail wheel doors and extensions to the main wheel covers. Blue rings. and it incorporated several modifications to the airframe. P5124. P5216 was seen at Boscombe Down during July 1940 and again there had been several changes to the fighter. These included the full wing armament of 12 machine guns. Cannon barrel fairings to match surrounding camouflage. Undersides Yellow. diameter Blue circle. (/mpaia/ War Mu. 25ill. White and 35in. 1940. contained within 25ill. Fuselage ronndels were 5ill. Note comparison be/ween photographs token 011 Ortbochrome and Panchromatic film. Yellow' 011 Photo 7.

On the prototype Tornado and Typhoon the inside of the nose radiator intakes were natural metal or White. Hants. Drawing4 illustrates the Tempest Mk.154/39 and A. diameter was added in accordance with theorderofllthJuly. to provide a four view. Blue and 42in. In order to prevent dust or dirt from entering the cannon barrels. high.I fuselage. 30in. sliding hoods. with a heigh I of 27in.E. but with the introduction of the clear. and with roundels to Orders dated 1st May. and after. On early Tornado and Typhoons the area of the fuselage beneath the cockpit canopy was painted to match the surrounding camouflage colour. eventually. and on P5216 the Yellow letter 'P' within the Yellow circle of 25in. Blue.O. (Continued on page 80) . Armour plate and headrest bulkheads were also Black. Compare the camouflage pattern on the starboard cowling on the second prototype Typhoon in its final form (Drawing 2) with that of later production aircraft and Drawing 0 114155. A. but the pattern was modified to account for the larger and different shape of the airframe. 1941. The camouflage drawing on page 89 is based on 0114155 series. Upper wing roundels were Type B 20in.A. Yellow as called for on all prototype aircraft as from June 1940. one piece. but when the contract for the aircraft was cancelled and awarded for the Typhoon. Camouflaged in standard Temperate Day Fighter finish of Dark Green and Ocean Grey upper surfaces and Medium Sea Grey undersides as per amendments to A. Code letters were 24in.A. The Yellow 'P' and undersurfaces and Black spinner are standard.Os. introduced some weeks after the first flight on 2nd September. Sky spinner and 18in. V prototype HM595 with revised fin shape. 1939. the muzzles were taped over.E. oleo leg and wheel hubs. then applied to this drawing the relevent disruptive pattern together with specifications and details of the applicable camouflage paint colours. At that time the upper surface Temperate Land Scheme had been changed to Dark Green and Ocean Grey rather than the original 1939 specified finish of Dark Green/Dark 78 Earth.A.1941. 2 or 3 (depending upon the addition of the various amendments to the national insignia. Red and 50in. the area specified for Dark Green was painted Dark Earth and vice-versa. Typhoon and Tempest aircraft the insides of the undercarriage doors and wheel wells were Aluminium (silver) . i. They were camouflaged in accordance with A. also. 1942.. All aircraft in the new Hawker series of fighters onwards had propeller blades painted mati black with 4in. deep Yellow tips. However. 1940.114155 was drawn as the standard reference for the painting of Tornados. the camouflage pattern for the Typhoon remained practically identical for Day Fighter versions from 1941-1945.M. On all prototype and production Tornado. Red. 18in. each aircraft manufacturer was asked by the R.. but on production aircraft the radiator gr-illand plates were either natural metal or Medium Sea Grey. The R. and the inside walls of the intakes were similarly finished. Shortly after this the height on Typhoons was reduced to 24in. in a 'mirror image' to the standard pattern. but this was changed to Night. added to which the application of camouflage colours was reversed. Fin flashes as per Order amendment of Jst August. Red. Drawing 3 shows the Tempest Mk. During 1937. Red. Into Service.) at Farnborough. The Tornado P5224 was. Invariably there is the exception to the rule and the second prototype Tornado P5224 (Drawing 1) and the second prototype Typhoon P5216 (Drawing 2) illustrate this. had been responsible for research into the Aircraft 1940-45 suitability of specific paint colours and also for the design of the disruptive patterns for the purposes of camouflage. Yellow. 0. Blue. the drawing was modified to read 'Typhoon drawing had identical number but is issue I. general arrangement drawing for each of their production aircraft. As when applicable. White and 42in. Thus. It formed a practical seal and the practice became common on most cannon-armed aircraft of Fighter Command. Drawing 5 shows Typhoon IA with J2 wing guns as used by No. the pilot's seat being either natural metal or Black. were the tailwheel doors. incorporated into later camouflage and markings specifications).298/39. White. 1 prototype in September 1943. Until mid-1942 cockpit interiors were finished in medium green. for an unexplained reason. White and Blue.A.M. The undersides of both aircraft were both.e. 6in. were in accordance with Order of August 1941. 154 and 298/39 dated 1st August. Only a few early production Typhoon lAs and IBs entered squadron service in Dark Green/Dark Earth. the pattern as seen on prototype Tornado and Typhoon aircraft was based on the original designs provided by the R. September 1941 Typhoon lAs and IBsentered service with Nos. were three equal width stripes on 8in.E. The Royal Aircraft Establishment (R. etc. 1940: Type A. dated 24th and 27th April. This was returned to the manufacturers. 266 Squadron during February/March 1942.E. 1941. including all colour notes together with dimensions. who then applied these schemes to their production and prototype aircraft. as Hawker Aircraft were one of the first to receive the new upper surface colour of Ocean Grey during August 1941. each colour in ccncenu-ics of equal width. Under wing roundels were 8Ain. during 1942 many squadrons adopted a well-known brand of rubber ware to stretch over the barrel orifices. both aircraft being in the standard scheme for fighter prototypes as from Jst July. 1942.Side Elevations Representative With the Expansion Scheme for the Royal Air Force coming into effect during 1937/38. 25·2in. 56 and 609 Squadrons during September 1941. The camouflage pattern for the Tempest was similar (see colour page 93). this area was painted Night (matt black). Hawker Aircraft followed this practice and although Hawker drawing D 114155 was not completed until 3rd April.or natural metal. fuselage band and code letters.

Drawing3 - - Drawing 4 79 .

This aircraft was one of at least two which were used for trials to find a suitable means of quick identification for the Typhoon. The under wing roundels were left as large diameter 42in. Standard Day Fighter finish. the second painted in line with the outboard cannon. Blue and 40ill. 1942. Beamont. By this time the fuselage roundels on Typhoons had been standardised as Type C. On Beamont's aircraft the fuselage roundel was at this time Type A. 16in.T of 36in. Note absence of Yellow leading edge stripe. 32in. As from May . leaving a 2in. Note the 24in. £KI83. (Flight International) . Standard Temperate Land Scheme of Dark Green/Ocean Greywith Medium Sea Grey undersides. Thus. 1942. Standard Temperate Day Fighter finish of Dark Green/Ocean Grey upper with Medium Sea Grey undersurfaces. Type A. flown by Squadron Leader R.I and A to Type C and c.I of 42in. J8in. Yellow. and the original 24 x 27in. 56 Squadron. What appears to be a light coloured outline to the nnderwing roundel is the result of masking during spraying and 1I0t another coloured concentric. Typhoon lB. of No. Red. wide centre stripe.1942. The rank pennant appeared on both sides of the fuselage. The all-White cowling was introduced during November 1942. each 12in.l. The remainder of the wing outboard of the Black band was to be left Medium Sea Grey. square fin flash and the Type C roundel as per the Order of May 1941. as per the Order of May 1942. Drawing 8. Typhoon IB. DN411 of No. A few Typhoons had two such bands. third production TyphoonLs with f2 gun wings and standard Temperate Land Scheme of Dark Green and Dark Earth on npper surfaces. and the revised spinner colouring. but this was rare. early February 1942. As from 19th November. Red and 50hl. wide and 24in. fuselage and underwing roundels had been changed from Type A.Drawing 6. 30ill. this order was further amended. PR-G. While. calling for the area between the Black stripes to be painted White. painted to appear as Type C'L This was done by enlarging the area of Red and White in the original roundel. Typhoon R7752. Bille rings and those beneath the wings were Red 8·4ill. positioned near the inboard cannon. Undersides painted Sky. The fin flash had also been reduced to a height of 24in. also introduced on 5th December. Special Identification Introduced Markings Drawing 7. 12in. The personal kill tally of Beamont was painted on the starboard side of the engine cowling. and the crest and motto 'Tally-Ho' of No. together with a 12in. was also painted on. together with the Squadron Leader's pennant. Typhoon lB. November 1942. Fuselage roundel is Type C. 193 Squadron. White 25·2ill. The spinners were ordered to be finished to match the camouflage 011 the aircraft's cowling. Red. 1942. 1940.. late December 1942. -Upper wing roonaets 20ill. which had all too often been mistaken for its arch-enemy the Fw190. A Yellow leading edge stripe was added on these aircraft from July 1942. and Bille 42ill. Yellow rings. Codes and fuselage band also Sky. from 5th December. Drawing 9. 609 Squadron. Blue and 36in. White. wide chordwise Yellow band painted across the upper wings. orders were issued that the semi-experimental a!l-White paint was to be removed and replaced with Black stripes. but was found to be 100 distinctive. Chord wise bands of \2in. introduced 6th June. 56 Squadron. fin flash had the Red and Blue stripes increased in width to II inches. Spinner was painted Sky with just the tip in 'A' Flighl colour of Red. showing the standard Black and White identification stripes beneath wings. £J967 of No. diameter. Fuselage rounaets on production machines were IIOW 6ill.l. apart positioned with the outboard band aligned against the inboard edge of the ailerons. Black pail/ted spinner. Note Sky spinner introduced on Order (Continued on page 82) R7578. P. The Sky band remained at ] 8in.

Drawing 10 Drawing 11 - Drawing 12 81 .

D-Day Preparations the Tempest .E. Pholo taken after revisions 10 exhaust/cowlillg. 1943. the Typhoon' is to revert to Standard Day Fighter markings. and upper willg ronnaets Red 20ill. DN421. While and 32il/. Red and SOin. with 20in. with the exception of those on aircraft of . Finish shown is Temperate Land Scheme with Yellow P within a 25ill. forward of the leading edge of the tailplane. effective from May 1942. Tempest Mk. Invasion Europe. 16ill. Note change 10 Type C. Fill flashes 24x27ill. as special test bedfor the Bristol Cemovms C. Blue Type B above the wings. Red. Fin flash 24in. After this date until D-Day Typhoons were standardised as Dark Green and Ocean Grey upper surfaces with Medium Sea Grey undersides. See Drawing 11. Pharo taken cbom Ocrober 194J. inboard of the under wing roundels on Typhoons and Tempests and five Black and White bands around the rear fuselage. 6th June. was promulgated in an official Order dated 14th January.Enter Following the promulgation of the 14th February above. second Tornado prototype. The spinners. These markings were not to be applied to prototype aircraft in camouflage finishes. 16ill. 1943. However. the upper wing bands of Yellow were gradually disappearing. in Yellow on starboard engine and with a Medium Green Shamrock outlined in Yellow forward of the nick-name.dated 23rd January. square. situated 6in. Black and White under wing stripes until these were replaced by the Invasion for D-Day. Bille and 36il1.l on the fuselage and 32in. the familiar 18in. (/Illperial War Museum) 82 . On the eve of D-Day. about October 1942. While.A' Flight No. Drawing II. SA-N of No. Vs entered service with Nos. 609 Squadron were Sky overall. At this time with the introduction of Sky spinners. JN766. Bille rings. Roundels were 36in.eommencing outboard of the inboard cannon and extending to the wing tips. Yellow. Shortly after the Order of 3rd February came into effect the first Tempest Mk. Photo raken 011Ortho. fuselage band and code letters. They were finished in Standard Day Fighter finish. the Typhoons generally conformed to the markings as laid down.l fuselage ronrutets 011modified machines. By the middle of 1943 most Typhoons were without these Yellow bands. diameter Yellow circle. 1943. together with the revised spinner colouring. EL-C. Drawing 10. the allies were commencing preparations for Operation Overlord. Sky spinner. that 'With effect from first light 7th February. Typhoon IB. Standard Day Fighter scheme.4S radial engine. and Yellow leading edge wing stripes were painted. 486 Squadron was finished in this manner. and Bille 50ill. V Series I. They were 12ill. with under wing bands of Black and White. Thus it was that the Air Ministry issued an Order dated 3rd February. 32il1. 1944. 3 and 486 Squadrons during April J 944. These were to be applied on the night prior to D-Day on all aircraft taking part. Type C below the wings. the Black and White under wing bands to be painted out on aircraft in service and omitted from new production machines'. named Doreen. even as early as Spring 1943. complete with Yellow wing stripes on leading edges. film. although no Orders were promulgated stating the specific date by which they had to be removed. wide alternative three White and two Black stripes appeared around {he wings. and a special section of the Allied Air Forces had been set up to devise ways and means of producing recognisable identification markings. The bands were rendered obsolete by application of the Black and White bands. On several aircraft they were incor(Continued on page 84) HG641. Those hcneoth the willg are Type C 0/12ill Red. Type C. The fuselage bands were officially to have been positioned l Sin. but in direct contrast with the Typhoon the Tempests retained their 12 and 24in. The special Black and White under wing markings.

Drawing 13 .

[945. JJ-N of No. March 1945. Tempest Mk. V. 1945. Y. the total diameter of the 50in. V. (lmperial War Museum) . diameter not outlined. 50in. Series I. after January 1945. The under wing stripes arc omitted and only the underside of the fuselage carries the stripes. t Drawing 19. The Sky fuselage band also had to be removed. 2nd T. 1945. RB407 of No..A. Typhoon IB. diameter Blue and adding a White inside one half the diameter of the Blue. of No.. the Black spinner and absence of rear fuselage band follows order of 3rd January.F.. The spinner was unusual for an aircraft attached to 2nd T. in Europe. Rounders were Type C. but these were not so far as is known applied to any specific Orders and may have been local tactical markings applied at Wing or Squadron level.C. Drawing 14. roundels modified to Type C standard. one of approximately 60 Typhoons so modified with the inboard cannon removed from port wing. 274 Squadron. Note 25ill. Drawing 20. in this instance. Blue diameter until mid-January 1945. but they <served alongside P.A. Yellow leading edge stripes retained. They were finished in Standard Day Fighter scheme with. with aircraft letter 'T' painted in Black thereon.Tempest Mk.A. instead of Sky and the individual squadron or Flight colours. diameter Type C beneath wings and.F. SA-V. Typhoon Mk.Side Elevations Representative Aircraft 1940-45 rectly positioned as illustrated here. the under wing stripes have been completely removed. upper wing roundels modified Type B to 50in. The upper wing rounde!s remained 20in. Tempest Mk.F. At about this time some Typhoons and Tempests had been seen with an additional Yellow or White surround to the upper wing roundels. Fin flash 24in. September 1942.F. V. On the same date the upper wing roundels were to have the Type B 20in. diameter Yellow ring and fetter P. Type C upper wing roundels. JN805. F.C. Cameras were also carried in fuselage for vertical photographs. Prototype for Tempest Mk.A. The Sky band has been reinstated only as far as the lower fuselage sides. seen here.) issued Orders that all aircraft attached to their Command had to have their spinners painted Black. IB. In the centre was to be a Red circle. [ate Autumn. Typhoon lB. 84 Drawing 17.C. JP611. This was common to Typhoons in this squadron when they moved to forward air bases in Spring. 245 Squadron. HI-I-T of No. SW564. Series 11. Typhoon IB. The anti-dust cover inside radiator intake was painted Medium Sea Grey. being Red 'A' Flight colour.lB. Drawing 18. shows another variation in painting out of stripes. Leading edge stripes have been removed in accordance with Order promulgated 17th August. 50in.F. R.E. On some aircraft the Sky band was overpairued completely. EJ783.U. Invasion Stripes removed from the upper surfaces of the wings and top and fuselage sides as Orders issued with effect from 25th August to 10th September. the Second Tactical Air Force (2nd T. at an advanced airfield in Europe.A. Upper wing roundels. The code letters were thinly outlined in Roundel Red.diameter on fuselage. Also. also taking part in 'Diver'. V of No. square. April 1945. 438 Squadron. no rear fuselage band and Yellow leading edge stripes. Attached to 2nd T. MR-KofNo. with protruding wing cannon. The roundels were modified by retaining the 50in. were re-applied after the completion of 'Diver'. R.F. 1945. This squadron had been operating on Operation 'Diver'. SD-Y of No. 32in.F.. 3 Squadron on the morning of D-Day with the Invasion Stripes painted around the centre section of the fuselage and around the top and bottom of the wings. types of 2nd T.A. the Sky fuselage band. such outlines were not 10 be carried. anti-Y-I patrols and had returned to the Continent in late 1944 or early 1945. The name 'Tilley the Toiler' appeared in white on starboard side of fuselage forward of windscreen. All aircraft taking part in 'Diver' were ordered to have the bands removed. Upper wing roundels modified Type B to 50in. With effect from 3rd January. Type C of 50in. Standard Day Fighter finish with Yellow leading edge bands. a Black spinner. Type C. or camouflaged.F.EJ555. Series n. Standard Temperate Camouflage now Dark Green and Ocean Grey upper sill/aces. October 1945. and the inboard cannon on starboard side replaced by a facing forward camera.R. of Standard Day Fighter Scheme with Black spinner and rear fuselage bands overpainted. Type C. Bfackpainted spinners wereCOllIIlJOn to aI/ the Hawker prototype aircraft. R. The last White band was often against. late October [944.. Drawing 16. SOl Squadron. Upper wing roundels Type B. The serial was partly obliterated by the stripes despite Orders to the effect that serials and code letters were not to be compromised. or even partly covering. The Orders regarding roundels were also to apply to all aircraft of the R. after 7th January. 1945.A. 1944. Note Typhoon-type jill al this lime. 'S' EK427. Officially. No under wing stripes or other special markings carried. Drawing IS. 1944.A. 486 Squadron. Undersides are Yellow. Late war finish for Tempests attached to 2nd T. roundel. with the A.A. 440 Squadron. 175 Squadron. Drawing 12 shows a Tempest Mk. Little detail has ever come to light concerning the operational use of these aircraft. JPI49 of No.F.A. Typhoon FR. Drawing 13. Holland.l of 3610. Red and 50in.F. 1945. when the newly promulgated Type C were adopted. Leading edge wing stripes.A.

See Colour Illustrations) Drawing 19 Drawing 20 Typhoon FR. Invasion Stripes Typhoon 5th/6th JUne."~ RO~".to be painted all! on the ~pper WlIlgs between 25th August and 10tl1October.A D Sky Sea Grey 85 . y. Type C.l Upper Wing Roundels on JN805 'SA-U' and some others of 486 Squadron.F.(For Upper Surface Camouflage of Tempest.l Roundels on Tempest V Upperwing Rounds! Tempest V up to 7th January. 1944. A.E. under wtnq stripes generally painted out by eariy1945. mid-May 1945. 1945 --~ 36in.A.Type B Replaced by 50in. 1944.1 Underwing Type C. 1945. Type C from 7th January. II •• Dark Earth II~ Roundel R.d -118.

the underside of fighter aircraft were to be painted Sky but-'All new aircraft types not generally known will have Yellow undersides'. /B of Willg Commander 'Bea' Beaumont about November 1942. 1944. An Air Ministry Signal. markings revisions would include the addition of a Yellow outer ring to the existing Type A fuselage roundels. White and Blue stripes were 10 be applied 86 .. The same Signal stated that Red. The serial number was no 8in. with the remaining forward area of the fin in Red. this ring to be the same width as the existing rings. Production aircraft were loa late to see service ill W. 25·2in. Black pointed spinner. Temperate Land Scheme with Yellow undersides. each segment to be the same width as the fuselage roundel rings. but prototype first flew 9th May. The 42in.I and this had an inner Red centre spot of 5in. diameter fuselage roundet has been pointed 10 comply with general appearance of the Type C. diameter Type A roundels were to be retained. high in Black and the under wing Type A roundel was standardised at Red 8·4in.W. however. diameter Blue ring. X485. accordance with several Air Ministry Orders had applicable amendments issued between November 1939 and July 1940. White and 42in. Note the /1WlIl1e. Serial R7752 partly obliterated by 18ill. making a total diameter (with the Yellow outer ring) of 35in. VI. advised that with effect from 1st May.I introduced May 1941. From 6th June. wide White and Blue. Umierwing roundel is still the original Type ~1. The personal markings all this aircraft were painted 011 the starboard side of the [usctage only.Spinner is Sky with red painted tip. diameter White ring and a 25in. On the Tornado and Typhoon. Ashworth) (Continued from page 77) to the aircraft's fin. the remainder of the finish differed considerably to the previous prototype Typhoon. Sky band introduced July 1942. Blue.'ill whichthe original Type A.2. B. never to be replaced. Yet another modification took place to the P521(j airframe a few weeks later when the tailwheel doors were removed.Prototype jar Tempest Mk. 1940.I 40in. (via R.. (Imperial War Museum) Typhoon A1k. the fin-stripes were more often as not 15in. C. a 15in. 1940. P5216 had this scheme applied to its fin. Type A was replaced by the Type A.

wide bands of Red. by 27in. concentrics. positioned behind each fuselage roundel. It was powered by the Rolls-Royce Vulture engine.I with 6in.I with 5in. White and 45in. Serial numbers were 8in. The cannon fairings were painted to match the camouflage scheme on the wings at their point of attachment. Blue diameter rings. Blue and 36in. White and Blue. As from mid-May 1942 the Type c. 25·2in. and it had provision for wing mounted cannon instead of the first prototype's 12 machine gun armament. White. diameter Red. 25in. air-cooled engine. !6in. 15in. The spinner remained Black. Red. The fuselage rcundels were enlarged Type A. 18in. Blue and 35in. but a contract was placed for the production of the second prototype. The first production Typhoon. This new marking came into effect for all prototype aircraft from! lIh July. The oil cooler duct beneath the nose was also increased in size. 30in. The standard 24in. and it was to be fitted with the Bristol Centaurus C. 1941. White. and it was painted in the familiar Temperate Land Scheme on the upper surfaces with overall Yellow under surfaces. A comparision of these photographs shows the dark tonal value of Yellow when exposed on Ortho film. At a later date the cannons were removed and the Yellow P for prototype marking added on the fuselage. 1941. had been activated during the same period and it made its first flight on 5th December. flew for this first time on 26th May. A natural metal collar was sited between the end of the fairing and the gun barrels. Production Typhoons were delivered to Maintenance Units of Squadrons in this finish. 1941. Yellow diameter circles. 321n. high in Black). with the height of the flash set at 27in. As the prototype for the Tempest Mk. P5224 (8in. and this included the Yellow under surface paint. 'Blue and 4Oin. R7576. 4S radial. but at this period in time the fishplate strengtheners had not yet been added to the rear fuselage. The exhaust system on the original HG641 was not entirely satisfactory and it was later modified to have twin pipes exhausting beneath the belly of the aircraft. and 50in.E. Red. Fuselage roundels were Type A. which is now surrounded by a thin Yellow circle. Upper wing rounders were Type B 20in. flash was carried on the fin. P5216 continued to be utilised throughout the war years for various trials. Further design and development of the Rolls-Royce Vulture engine had ceased. Yellow rings. The second Tornado prototype. V HG641 carried the 87 . Sky overall under surfaces and Black Spinner. Red. White. Two photographs of this aircraft (page 77) show it between the introduction of the standard fin flash and the addition of the Yellow prototype P. 1940. diameter Yellow circle. while under rounders were 8·4in. 1940. standardised fin flashes as three gin. The Yellow P was contained within a 25in.r fuselage roundel had been standardised and made up as follows-12in. and was painted in the now standard Temperate Land Scheme finish of Dark Green and Dark Earth upper surfaces. HG64I.Although no immediate change occurred to the size and disposition of fuselage and wing roundels a signal dated l st August. and the main undercarriage doors were modified to their final production form. During the period June to August the original twelve machine gun armament had been removed and replaced by the soon-to-be-familiar four cannons. Blue rings. The first flight took place on 23rd October. Red centre spot. high Black.

but aerodynamic improvement to the wings and fuselage increased the Tempest's performance over that of the Typhoon. A production order was issued in February 1942. (Flight International) C. modified to accept the fin and rudder of the production Tempest Mk.F. and consisted of an l l in. and 27in. Blue rings. lAs were subsequently re-armed with four cannon. R7579 was delivered to the Central Flying School for handling trials. V was a Temperate Land Scheme of Dark Green and Ocean Grey upper surfaces with overall Yellow under surfaces and Black spinner. Jetn. it was powered by the Napier Sabre II engine as used in production Typhoons. to the A. 1Bs. the Typhoon was appearing in increasing numbers in squadron service. The same month that the first Typhoons were delivered to Nos. /942. Note 9ill.). The high speed finish had been polished to a high degree. This same airframe. and this was basically a Typhoon airframe modified to incorporate laminar flow. whilst another aircraft was delivered in late August 1941. and this fillet was eventually smoothed out into the familiar Tempest shape.IO/41.U. As some technical troubles affected the ammunition feeds for the 20-mm. While all this prototype and other development work was taking place at Hawker Aircraft. and as the result of these trials many Mk. 56 Squadron at Duxford. V and VI was the repositioning of the intake ducts for the oil cooler in the starboard wing root and intakes for the carburettor in both wing roots. The first production aircraft were delivered to No. high painted in Black and the thin line around the fuselage forward of the tailplane was a datum for structural studies. with Type B on the upper wing and Type C.l fuselage roundels and the Type C roundels were carried beneath each wing. Red. where they flew alongside aircraft of the Air Fighting Development Unit (A. cannon. Camouflage scheme of the prototype Tempest Mk. This was in September 1941 and the first few production aircraft were Mk. Built to Air Ministry Specification F. The orders specified that the upper surfaces were to be painted in a disruptive . The main external differences between the Tempest Mk. at which time the Black and While understripes wt're alsa promulgated. 609 Squadron. probably from Motlaske. and also to No. thin section wings. Spinners are Black and Sk y as from 5th December. and just over one hundred examples of the Tempest Mk. They were interspersed on the production lines with cannon armed Mk. Red and Blue band separated by a 2in. VI were built and delivered. 56 and 609 Squadrons the Air Ministry issued orders for a major revision to fighter camouflage schemes.U. V fighter was H M595. the Middle East. March 1943. introduced (If the lillie of the Dieppe raids ill 1942. The spinner was Black and whereas the spinner of the original HG641 was a small dome the revised aircraft had a more bulbous spinner fitted.F.l on the fuselage.D. Fin flashes were 24in. Vllt was powered by a Sabre VA engine. The serial numbers were 8in. lAs with a 12 machine gun armament. The first prototype for the Tempest Mk. IBs of No. Under wing roundels were Type C. wide Yellow identification bonds all the upper wings. This particular Tempest variant was produced too late to see operational service during the war years. many serving with the post-war R. These were a 12in. some six months previous to the first flight of HM595. White band. 56 Squadron ell route for a sortie orer the Channel.Typhoon Mk. White and 32in.A.D. They were originally 12 machine gun variants. but a rather crude fillet extension was added to the fin leading edge. The roundels were standard day fighter items. V was used 88 again in 1944 as the basis for the prototype airframe for the Tempest Mk. squadrons based in Germany and. Initially this aircraft still retained the fin and rudder of a normal production Typhoon.F.

d~c X"Y_YX_4 \ X.teMclfla."U.'Z·ZX_J 89 .h.'i"·Uaphol"eenshroudpl. 'I ~ \ C L•• d.

Note Red pointed rear part 0/ spinner. Decobeck) 90 . The new size and style had been R7715. 609 Squadron. and specified that the size and style of roundels were to be changed. also that undersides of the cannon barrels are painted Black 10 align roughly with the special identification stripes. l.F's. PR-Z. page 76. Monston 1943. 12in wide and at 24in. several experiments were carried out. Further Aii' Ministry orders came into effect in May 1942. 16in. but during the removal of tile all-White nose cowling paint. Fighter Command issued orders to the effect that the 'Under surface of Port and Starboard wings be painted with Black stripes running fore and aft. A common occurrence was the mis-alignment of the Black and White stripes on the undercarriage covers with those on the wings. 56 and the A. Typhoon 10 18 standard. with all under surfaces to be Medium Sea Grey. The wing walks were a Black-Grey. (Lallemant via R. So. NOll' No. Red. it was a relatively easy matter for the stripes to be matched.D. Red.I with 12in. but owing to the immediate unavailability of the Ocean Grey many new production Typhoons were delivered in the original Dark Green/Dark Earth upper and Sky under surface colours. White was added between the Black stripes. All he had to do was to watch for the White nosed aircraft and it had to be the enemy. The early production Typhoons of No. 1941. White. Those beneath the wings were Type C with 12in. 32in. First Typhoon IB. at Duxford had an all-White painted nose cowling. The wings outboard of the new stripes remained Medium Sea Grey. 1943. Initially. new fighter. and the result of one of these appeared during November 1941. anti-slip material. Blue circles. 609 crest 011 cowling.atlemant 011 the starboard side of the cowling. nOI standard nracnce on these aircraft. R7855. intervals from the wing root. 'A' Ftigtu colour 0/ No. subject of ttre colour drawing. Two such Typhoons-R 7578 and 7579-are illustrated on page 80. It may have provided instant recognition for the Allied flak gunners. only Black stripes were to be painted on the Typhoon. NOIe the personal crest 0/ FlO. (Lallemanlvia R. The official date for change over was 21st August. Leading edge stripe in Yellow as ordered as [rom lSI Al/gusl.U. but it was disliked by squadron pilots who claimed that it made the intercepting German pilot's task a much easier one..Us. In an endeavour 10 provide satisfactory and immediate identification for the R. but when they were applied on the squadrons and M. concerurlcs. also the Sky Spill/IN with the rear half ill Red. Decobecks stripe to be Black at wing root with stripes to inboard of the ailerons'. the aircraft was usually standing on its wheels and at best an inspired guess was made as to where the stripes would match up.F. Both aircraft have Black spinners and the surface finish has been improved by polishing. on 5th December. Those on the fuselage were to be Type C.pattern of Dark Green and Ocean Grey. The mrderwing Type A ronndels are lII1I1SIW/ s late (IS April 1945 when this photograph W(lS a token. Blue and 36in. 16in. White and 32in.A. When the stripes were applied at the factories on the production.

Note Yettow willg stripes and the painted undersides to the wing cannon fairings. 183 Squadron. that is where sub-assemblies were split for ease of transporting airframes in CKD condition. probably due to the corer being a replacement item. f wilh Napier Sabre IV engine Black spinner. pages 25 to 48). taking pari as cover for the Dieppe landings. Church Fell/on. wide band. was to be added 18in. (Imperial Wm MlIseulII) suffered structural failure. (Har/l/o/l via M.Afactory-freshfinish 01/ Typhoon Mk. August 1942. The undersides idemificarton stripes do /10/ align all the retracted port side wheel cover.2. (imperial War Musell/II) 91 . 1942. IB oj No. and the aircraft's spinner was also to be painted Sky. 25ill. and in the same action a section of Typhoons diving 10 'bounce' some Fw190s. Garbe/t) selected to lessen the compromise of the brighter colours against the new Dark Green and Ocean Grey paint work. damaged three of the enemy but when at tempting 10 pull out of their high velocity dives Typhoon Mk. By the Autumn of 1942 many ofthcearlier teething Sofe prototype Tempest Mk. Yellow surround (0 tener P. JP532 compared 10 the weathered effect all the oircrafr in photos all page 92. saw the Typhoon. together with those in service. of shorter lellg/h than specified. 1B. must comply with the Order of the previous August. lt was during this tragic operation that the Typhoon was first mentioned in the national press. 486 (New Zealand) Squadron. all aircraft currently in production. Temperate Lalld Scheme oj Dark Green and Ocean Grey upper surfaces and Yellow undersides. Shortly after this a further set of orders were issued stating that with effect from 1st July. This type of failure happened to more than one hundred and thirty Typhoons and series of tests on the airframe revealed a weakness in the rear fuselage at the transport joint. painted Sky. also (lie 9ill. the complete tail unit breaking away in mid-air. Note the leading edge willg yellow stripes. This fault was eventually overcome by fitting fish plates immediately forward of the tailplanc over the joint. forward of the tailplane. and even when painted they were visible against the Sky coloured fuselage band. together with the Mustang (see Camouflage and Markings No. Aircraft from No. wide Yellow bands 01/ ttie upper wings. early 1943. In addition an l Bin.

photo- . The Typhoon was also unfortunate that on return from sorties over the English Channel. the understandably trigger conscious flak gunners on the South Coast of England. At this point mention should be made of the magnificent work which Wing Commander R. Beaumont had done in encouraging the continuing development of the Typhoon series. But. experiments were conducted to find a further visual marking which could immediately and clearly identify the Typhoon when viewed head on. even before the Dieppe operations. It was an unfortunate coincidence that the two latest additions to the strength of Fighter Command should. and several Typhoons were lost in this manner. and was often fired on by Allied forces. and trains and road transport also suffered from the 12 machine guns or four cannon of this superb gun platform.F. Unfortunately. the Typhoon had been mistakenly identified as its arch-enemy. Therefore. the role of the Typhoon was as a strike and ground attack aircraft and the enemy forces were well aware of its potential. P. He had been associated with much of the initial flight trials of production aircraft and bad infected his pilots with the same enthusiasm to get the 'Tiffy' right. in November 1942. service.troubles were being overcome and pilots began to run up some excellent 'kill' scores. An illustration of Beaumont's aircraft. usually flying at sea level. bear a strong resemblance to the German Bfl09 and Fw190. Enemy shipping was continually harassed off the coasts of Occupied countries. Just prior to 18th and 19th August a chordwise Yellow band was painted across the top of the wings in a similar manner to those applied to the North American Mustang in R.A. the Fw190. opened fire first and asked questions afterwards when a shape seemed unfamiliar. respectively.

Medium Sea Grey . based at Vokel. 56(F)Squadron. December 1944.Hawker Tempest Mk. of No.Flown by (then) Flight Sergeant Mac Kennaugh. ® JAMES GOULDING . V. Sky fuselage band. Colours: Dark Green and Ocean Grey upper surfaces.under surfaces. spinner and code letters. Series 2.

When taking over as CO. Tempest Mk. A few Typhoon Mk. the Belgian who later became C.3 Sonadron at all advanced forward airstrip. painted his own Coat of Arms on the starboard side cowling of PR-D. Some Squadrons were painting the rear half of the spinner in the Flight colour. 609. When at Manston. at the wing tip. diameter roundet under the wings until late in 1943. stripes around the wings replacing the earlier Tempest type 12 and 24fl1. each 24ill. Nine inch wide Yellow bands were to be applied to the upper wings and the now familiar Black and White stripes were to appear under the wings. Further amendment orders were also issued 011 23rd January stating that the entire spinner was to be painted Sky overall.I roundels on the fuselage and Type C under wing roundels. appears on page 92 and it is interesting to note that the original 40in.states that 'Typhoon aircraft from this date will carry the Yellow day fighter wing band (including production aircraft) from a point outside of the inboard cannon fairings to the tips of the wings'. 609 Squadron. 1942. Series I. lA and 1Bs bad arrived on squadrons still carrying the original pre-May 1942 style insignia. V. BUI. 'Bea' Beaumont painted the Squadron badge on the starboard side of the engine cowling of his Typhoon (see drawing page 79) and many pilots of this squadron were quick to follow suit.E.graphed during November 1942. Flying Officer Lallemant. This order gave the depth of the Yellow bands as 4in. The Air Ministry Order of 23rd January swiftly put a stop to this practice. R7855.O. of No.CF. Apart from the occasional breakaway from the standard finish. via D. Type A.A. 1943. 609 Squadron pilot 'Babe' Haddon was at Mansion Aerodrome during April stripes around the wings. such as No.A. tapering to 3in. A well-known No. wide A.l style. (imperial War MuseulI!) taken during the period April to August 1943. (BII/ndell.F. Note the t Sin. and as may be seen in the photograph on page 90 'A' Flight had the rear half of their spinners painted Red. and several aircraft continued to carry the large Type A 42in. The official Air Ministry Order dated l st August. the Hawker Aircraft Company's camouflage drawings relating to these aircraft show a scrap view and a general arrangement where the depth of the bands are shown as 3in" above and below the centre line of the leading edge wing section. 609 Squadron's spinners. 1944 style. above and below the wing tips. in an attempt (probably) to get a further means of swifter recognition by Allied forces. applicable from lst May. which were carried only beneath the wings. Carbell) . ill wid/h. The camouflage scheme was the normal Temperate Land Scheme with Sky painted code letters and rear fuselage band. Type B upper wing roundels. Black and While stripes. But some doubt does arise when studying photographs of Typhoons Typhoon showing A. with Type C. at the inboard end tapering to 3in. uie camouflage scheme of the Typhoon series remained virtually unaltered until early 1944. 'Somewhere ill France'. of No. in regards to the Yellow wing leading edge bands. further orders were issued standardising the Typhoon national markings as being 50in. On 14th January. of No. 1943.I roundel on the fuselage has been enlarged by repainting the areas of Red and Blue to comply with the Type C.

HM599. Aircraft are carrying 500 lb. Robinsam . This design would have eventually been produced as the Typhoon Mk.A. This order was to apply to aircraft then in service and also to new production aircraft. indicate an adaptation of this marking based somewhat loosely on the stripes as applied to the Supermarine Spitfires and Hurricanes.A. on 3rd February. 183 Squadron based at Church Fenton in early 1943. did not fly until 24tb February.C. and bis Typhoon clearly shows this marking. 1944.C. It is possible that No. but owing to delays in the programme of the Sabre V[ engine. A variation of the application of these wing bands appeared on a Typhoon Mk. The spinner followed usual practice and was Black. and this would. 143 Willg. (R. and the Tempest I continued to fly various test programmes. and that the Black and White under wing stripes were to be removed. was yet to enter squadron service when. as they had proven to be an invaluable aid to quick recognition when appearing on other Allied fighters such as the Hawker Hurricane and North American Mustang. Typhoons of willg stripes A production order for 200 Tempest Mk. SW494.F. also no Yellow are carried. I. (R. oj No. R. of No. and Sydney Camm and his design team proposed fitting a thinner wing with laminar flow capabilities to a slightly revised Typhoon fuselage. the contract was changed to a new Mark. combined with the necessity of more modifications to fit the new Napier Sabre VI engine.A. EL-F. Is was issued in August 1942. The sole production Tempest Mk. II. Ojfiri(//) 1943. Note underwtng rormdel style. so changed the appearance of the projected aircraft that the name Typhoon II was abandoned in favour of the Tempest. to be powered by the Sabre II series engines. 1943. The Yellow band stretched from the wing lips inboard to the landing light covers. The P for prototype was in Yellow. JR128.F. IB. type finish of Black spinners and flO fuselage bands. The rocket rails have also been removed and bomb racks fitted and the area No. and although this proved to be the fastest of all Tempest variants the Napier company had by this time abandoned the Mk. The Tempest Y.Typhoon Mk. the Hawker Typhoon was to revert to standard day fighter markings. 181 Squadron laking offon a sortie. 609 and other squadrons may have added these Yellow bands. An excellent photograph of Typhoon HF. VI engine programme.F. appears on page 92. Early flight trials of the Typhoon had revealed actual performance deficiencies when compared to original design estimates. bombs and underwing tanks if/stead oj rocket rails. 1944. perhaps. Series I. an Air Ministry Order was issued Slating that with effect from first light on 7th February. of No. and it shows the under surface and its appearance after the stripes have been painted out. 183 Squadron. IB. the Tempest Y. DV275. as was the thin encircling ring. The aircraft was camouflaged in Temperate Land Scheme of Dark Green and Ocean Grey on the upper surfaces and Yellow on all under surfaces. but in the event the refinements of the new wing and the need to lengthen the fuselage to accommodate extra fuel tanks. HF-B. Note 2nd T. yet no official order relating specificallyto the Typhoon wing stripes appears to have been issued before that of Ist August.

The first two letters appeared half the size of the last letter. England. Note very jaded Ocean Grey tipper Sill/ace colouring. Ward Printers Limited. inboard from the upper wing roundels and l Sin. Printed . 3 and 486 Squadrons and these new aircraft despite the A. stripes compromised the upper surface camouflage and made the aircraft easy sighted targets.E. forward of the leading edge of the tailplanc on the fuselage in such a manner as not to compromise the squadron code letters or the aircraft serial number. Museum.O. Few survived after the war for any length of time.F. Although the order specified retention of the fuselage stripes. London. saw the launch of the much vaunted secret weapon that Hitler had threatened the Allies with for a long time.M. many Diver force aircraft were returned to the Continent for operations. The origination of the Allied Air Expeditionary Force (A. as the Allied air forces provided support to the Allied landings in Normandy.A sad fate awaited many of the Typhoons just prior to the end of the war in Europe. most squadrons overpainted those on the upper surface but left those on the aircraft's belly. and after the V-I menace bad ended due to Allied Forces capturing the launching sites.A.B. Directives were issued by the American Eighth Air Force and British Fighter Copyright Ducimus Books Limited.E. the Tempest V. England. Commands issued orders that on D-Day minus One.A. wide and to extend completely around the fuselage and across the upper and under surfaces of the wings. of 3rd February.moved inland from the Normandy and other beachheads and began to establish forward airfields. Jones. all Allied aircraft flying on these operations were to carry three White and two Black alternate stripes painted 6in. D.F. The latter. just on top of the flash. more and more aircraft were in danger of attack from Luftwaffe sneak raids and it was an obvious fact that the A. It had been found that the stripes had provided rapid visual identification between friend and foe and so on 3rd June. and the devastation that the four cannon and rocket armament wreaked against enemy installations. C. Another variation of aircraft markings was the repetition of tbe aircraft's code letters on the fin.M. The Tempest V. that is the day before the landings were to take place. As the Allied forces. of 3rd February. 1944. As from 17th August. I? I?aw/illg~) re-painted with fresh Medium Sea Grey resulting in a rather patchy finish. On 6th June.) engaged in 'Operation Diver'. These orders to be implemented between 25th August and 10th September. carried the under wing Black and White stripes. Each stripe was to be 18in. the code name for the programme. © R. Command to the effect that the 'Distinctive Black and White stripe markings prescribed for the Invasion will be removed from aircraft wings. 1944. bad Yellow day fighter stripes removed from the wing leading edges. but few will forget the sheer brute power of this heavy fighter.O. others without them.F. relating to Typhoon markings. L. which did not protrude through the wing leading edges.A. Series II entered service shortly afterwards and it could be identified from the Series I by the shorter barrelled Mk. August 1944. entered service with Nos.) can be traced back to the A.D. Specific Wings were formed to deal solely with the V-I. the aircraft's call sign letter.G. some with the wing Yellow stripes. London. many of which showed sign of hurried amendment or modification. During April 1944. by Staples R. Due to the rapidity and confusion oftbe fighting from June 1944 until early 1945. when older machines were relegated 10 ground training dillies. V Hispano cannon. Fuselage markings will remain. This was the V-I Flying Bomb and aircraft were quickly recalled from the Continent to deal with this new menace. (J. 1944'. was repeated on the nose under the spinner to the left and right of the centre line. fighters flying with Air Defence Great Britain (A. Only one Typhoon was kept for posterity and this is now being held for the R. there were many variations of the application of camouflage and national markings. The nickname given to Typhoons carrying these bomb racks was 'Bombphoon'. the Black and White Invasion stripes were to become familiar overnight to those living on the South Coast of England and the shores of Occupied Europe. Series I. but the name never appealed and was dropped.

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