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HONG KONG EXAMINATIONS AUTHORITY HONG KONG CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION EXAMINATION 1985 32(RB—) Re PHYSICS (SYLLABUS 2) PAPER | 8:30 am-10.00am (13 hours) ‘This paper must be answered in English ‘Answer SIX questions only, choosing at least ONE question from each of the Sections A, B and C. Each question carries 15 marks. weeny (syL 2-1 3B Figure 1 shows a block X of mass 0.5 kg sliding down a plane inclined at an angle of 30° with the horizontal. The plane is composed of two portions made of different materials. They join at B. The speed-time graph of the block is shown in figure 2. PQ denotes the motion of the block in portion AB while QR denotes the motion in portion BC. (@) Find (@ the resultant force, and (W) the frictional force acting on the block X in the portion AB of the inclined plane, (4 marks) @) © © © From the graph in figure 2, find (the acceleration of, and (W) the distance travelled by the block X in the portion BC of the inclined plane. (4 marks) If the block X is projected upwards from point C along the inclined plane with a certain initial speed, sketch the speed-time graph of the upward motion. (Assume that the block passes through point B of the plane.) (4 marks) Describe briefly an experimental method to find the speed of the block at a certain small time interval, ( masks) ‘A lift, when the input power is 15 000 W, raises a passenger of ‘weight 750 N at a uniform speed of 2 m st Calculate (the useful power output of the lift, Gi) the efficiency of the lift, and (ii) the energy inputted to the lift for raising the passenger 2 height of 30 m, (7 marks) What is the force acting on a passenger of weight 750 N by the floor of a lift when itis rising with (an acceleration of 0.25 ms? ? (i) uniform speed of 1 ms! ? (4 marks) ‘The maximum power inputted to 2 lift is 30 000 W, and 15% of the power inputted to the lift is used to overcome friction. The total weight of the movable part of the lift is 6 000 N. Assuming that the average weight of the passengers is 750 N, find the maximum number of passengers the lift can carry to raise them at a uniform speed of 2 ms? (4 mats) aS-CEPHY (S¥L 21-2 “4 Woe rny sve 2) 1-2 18 3. tape connected to ticker timer Y oo Figure 3 Figure 3 shows an experimental set-up to study the relationship between. the kinetic energy of a trolley and its speed. A catapult is setup using two upright posts and a rubber band. A trolley is drawn back to a position marked by the line XY and then released. The motion is recorded wing the tape of the Ucker timer which produces 50 dots per second. + 86 en —___ Figue 4 @ AA strip as shown in figure 4 is selected. (@ What is the time interval represented by the strip ? (i) What is the velocity of the trolley producing this strip ? (i) Im this, experiment, what kind of energy is being converted to the kinetic energy of the trolley ? (6 marks) (©) The experiment is repeated with two, three and four identical rubber bbands used in parallel and the graph of velocity squared (»*) against the number of rubber bands (n) used is shown in figure 5. SS-CEPHY (SVL 2) 1-4 16 © @) Figure 5 (How does »? vary with ? Gi) What conclusion about the relationship between the kinetic ‘energy of the trolley and its speed can be drawn? (3 sparks) ‘What precaution(s) should be taken in order to (@ compensate for friction in the motion, and (i) ensure that the rubber bands wed are identical ? (4 artsy ‘The strip should not be selected from the first portion of the tape when the trolley began its motion, Explain briefly, (2 maria) 7 OSCEPHY (SYL 2) 1-5