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“ Useful Formulae in Physics Relationships between initial velocity u, constant acecleration a, fin velocity v and displacement traveled 3 after time ¢ = wear Paw s2as (©) Potential energy gained by « body of mass m when raised through sa beight bis mgh « (© Kineli energy of a body of mast moving with speed v is 5 mv". (©) Power = force x velocity (© Equivaleat resistance of wo eesisiors R, and Ry: (@ inseris = B+ R, (Power « potential diference * current s-ce-pay 10 6 92-CE > HONG KONG EXAMINATIONS AUTHORITY HONG KONG CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION EXAMINATION 1892 PHYSICS PAPER | ‘This paper must be answered in English 1992 “This paper consists of seven questions each carrying 15 marks. ‘Answer any SIX questions. Take g = 10 ms? ‘Tho last page of this question paper contains « list of physics {formmalse which you may fd useful. S2-CE-PHY It a —44— | | [enna if you atemipt Question 1, fill in tho details inthe frst threo boxes above und tie this sheet into your answer book. s2-ce-PHY 2 8 — 4 — ‘Acar is teavelling at « uniform speed of 10 ms". The driver secs ‘warning signal and applies the brakes o bring the car to cest with uniform deceleration. Figure 1 shows the spoot't ne graph of from the instant the driver First soes the sigual w o © o © 92-CE-PHY 3 ‘Write down the reaction time of the driver, i.e. the time lapse between sesing the signal and stuting to upply the brakes. (0 ork) Find ihe area under the graph in Figure 1. State its physical ‘meaning. 4 marks) If there is an obstacle 20 m ahead when the driver first sees the signal, would the car hit the obstacle? Explain your answer. (2 maths) ‘Assume thatthe reaction tine of the diver and the deceleration Of the car remain unchanged. @ In Figure 1, draw a speed:-time graph (or the car if itis initially raving at 20 ms" Gi) A student says “IF the initial speed of the car is doubled, the stopping distance of the car would also be doubled. ‘State whether his statement is true or false and explain briefly. (6 marks) Suggest TWO factors that would affect the deceleration ofa car @ marks) @ s2cEePHy ne \ Figure 2 (Find the povential energy guined by the block. Find the work dooe againe! friction. Find tho total energy supplied by the force, assuming that there ia no energy loes other than that in (i). Find the efficiency of the inctined plane, (8 ois) ) © O2-CE PHY ES — 43 — Figure 3 ‘The procens in (0) is repeated by using » longer inclined plane. (Sen Figure 3.) Aseume that the fictional force between the ‘Mock andthe inclined plane reeuis unchanged, How would the efficiency of the inclined plane be affected 7 Explain your saawer briefly, (4 marks) ‘A-snudeat says that the force required to push the block in (b) is amuller than that in (a). ‘Stath whether he is right or weong and explain briefly. (@ marks) a