The match between Constructivism and qualitative research in exploring mathematics pedagogical issues

13 Dec 2006 Assoc. Prof Dr Fatimah Saleh Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Pendidikan

Research style       Aim of the research Specific analysis objective Associated research questions The preferred paradigm The degree of the desired research control    Level of investigator intervention Available resources The time frame aesthetics .

Five aims of scientific inquiry 1. Explanationgeneration EXPLORATORY 4. Control . Description 3.Explanationtesting 5. Identification 2.

-to show something really exist out there . or the literature. Identification .exploratory based .researchers create concept based on some ‘gut’ feelings. their own reasoning.

refer to descriptive statistics .normative description. seeks to establish norms and value of phenomena . Description -qualitative description. to explore meanings or to understand the phenomena -quantitative description.

statistical explanation-generation . Explanation-generation/association . seek for patterns on personal experience of the phenomena under question .interpretive explanation-generate .deductive explanation.

psychology and cybernetics” Von Glasersfeld .Constructivism  “Theory of knowledge with roots in philosophy.

philosophy to practice  A philosophy of learning founded on the premise that. is simply the process of adjusting our mental models to accommodate new experiences.Constructivism…. . Each of us generates our own “rules” and “mental model” which we use to make sense of our experiences. by reflecting on our experiences. Learning. we construct our own understanding of the world we live in. therefore.

The practice of teaching and learning  Knowledge is actively constructed by the learner. not passively received from the environment  How do we perceive knowledge and the process of knowing provides the basis for educational practice .

represent a patterned set of assumptions concerning reality (ontology).How it matches?  Paradigms. and the particular ways of knowing (methodology)  Decide what assumptions are acceptable and appropriate for the topic of interest . knowledge about reality (epistemology).

our symbolic communication and meaning  Critical/ecological inquiry. refers to knowledge which helps us to maintain our social life. refers to knowledge that helps us maintain physical life . distribution of power and associated inequalities  . refers to knowledge that helps us maintain cultural life. focuses on the reality of domination.Paradigms Materialistic inquiry.our labour and technology  Constructivist inquiry (naturalistic).

Shiva’s Circle of Constuctivist Inquiry Investigation /design Experience/ Anomaly Discovery/Data collection Interpretation/ Analysis Explanation/ Theory .


Terima kasih Semoga berjaya menjalankan penyelidikan yang berkualiti .