5 Pen PC

By V. Aishwarya 08521A1230 IVth IT

Visakhapatnam(2008-2012) for B.DECLARATION I hereby declare that this technical presentation work entitled “5 PEN PC” done at VITAM college of Engineering.AISHWARYA (08521A1230) A Technical Seminar Report 5 PEN PC A Technical seminar presentation Report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN . By V. Anandpuram.Tech is of my own and it has not previously formed the basis for any degree as the title submitted to any university.


This is to certify that this technical presentation report entitled “5 PEN PC” done by V.AISHWARYA (08521A1230) in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of Bachelor of Technology in the Department of Information Technology affiliated to JNTU . Head of the Department Smt.Prof. . RENU Assoc. Kakinada is a record of bonafied work carried out by her under my guidance and supervision. N.

another projects the visual output i. This 'PEN SORT OF INSTRUMENT' produces both the monitor as well as the keyboard on any flat surfaces from where you can carry out functions you would normally do on your desktop computer. the display and another is the communicator. Each pen communicates wireless.ABSTRACT The design concept uses five different pens to make a computer.. . All five pens can rest in a holding block which recharges the batteries and holds the mass storage. one creates a virtual keyboard. another camera. possibly with the help of a Bluetooth. This is only an example for the start of new technology.e. One pen is a CPU.

Merits and Demerits 10.INDEX 1. Block Diagram 7. Introduction 4. Computer History 1 4 8 11 13 19 20 23 24 25 26 27 2. General Techniques of Pen Computing 8. Features of Pen PC 9.Conclusion 11.Future Scope 12.References . Components 6. History of 5 Pen PC 5. Varieties of Computers 3.

by the mid-17th century it meant ‘someone who computes’. retrieve. Originating from the Latin. the word computer refers to computing devices. Calculating machines were sold commercially before the advent of steel manufacturing technologies. Today. whether or not they are electronic.COMPUTER HISTORY The development of the modern day computer was the result of advances in technologies and man's need to quantify. programmable. • Abacus-4th century BC • Charles Babbage (1791-1871) • ENIAC – 1946 1 . and process data”. Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) have been around since 1885 and the US gov't first used a computer in the 1950's. The computer remained associated with human activity until about the middle of the 20th century when it became applied to “a programmable electronic device that can store. or capable of ‘storing and retrieving’ data. The word ‘computer’ is an old word that has changed its meaning several times in the last few centuries.

A skilled abacus operator can work on addition and subtraction problems at the speed of a person equipped with a hand calculator (multiplication and division are slower). Its only value is that it aids the memory of the human performing the calculation. by the Babylonians. The abacus is often wrongly attributed to China. In fact. CHARLES BABBAGE (1791-1871): In recognition of the high error rate in the calculation of mathematical tables.ABACUS-4TH CENTURY BC: The abacus was an early aid for mathematical computations. He introduced the logarithmic tables and also the general purpose computer. .C. removing human sources of error. A modern abacus consists of rings that slide over rods. The abacus is still in use today. the oldest surviving abacus was used in 300 B. principally in the far east. Babbage wanted to find a method by which they could be calculated mechanically.

composed of individual panels to perform different functions. The engine is not a single physical machine but a succession of designs. It was the first general-purpose electronic computer which was a Turing-complete digital computer capable of being reprogrammed to solve a full range of computing problems. ENIAC – 1946: ENIAC stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer. more complex machine called the Analytical Engine. Soon after the attempt at making the difference engine crumbled. Babbage started designing a different. The engine is not a single physical machine but a succession of designs. more complex machine called the Analytical Engine.2 Soon after the attempt at making the difference engine crumbled. which could not only add and subtract but hold a ten- . Twenty of these modules were accumulators. Babbage started designing a different. The ENIAC was a modular computer.

physical size and cost.digit decimal number in memory. function and performance. 3 VARIETIES OF COMPUTERS Computers come in different varieties for different purposes.  Super Computers  Mainframes  Workstations  Micro Computers  Micro Controllers  Miniature Computers SUPER COMPUTERS: . with different capabilities and cost. Computers can be classified based on their technology.

fastest and most expensive special purpose computers. very powerful computer types which are used in large businesses. astronomical observatories. governmental offices and corporate companies. and weather forecasting stations.Supercomputers are the most powerful. They are ideal for centralized processing. WORKSTATIONS: Workstation computers are the same with desktop computer in . MAINFRAMES: Mainframes are huge. storage and management of enormous amounts of data. They are used in space technology centers. airlines. They are designed for applications 4 which require complex computing and calculations. military and governmental offices.

memory capacity and high-end graphics display than personal computers. 5 They are used for resource intensive tasks such as engineering computing.size and design but it is built in with more powerful processors. MICROCOMPUTERS: . graphics. computer aided design (AutoCAD) and other applications which demand more computer processing power. game development.

or a computer that depends on a microprocessor. As the name implies these types of computers are designed to fit on or under office desk. They get power from electrical wall outlet. They are designed to be used by individuals.The term microcomputer is generally synonymous with personal computer (PC). . 6 DESKTOP COMPUTERS: Desktop computers are the popular computer types used in most business computing tasks. they don’t run with battery.

. Look closely and guess what they could be..MINIATURE COMPUTERS: Miniature computers are small size computers – as small as credit card. . 7 INTRODUCTION The below Photograph show a new concept in personal computing .. These types of computers incorporate some of the features we find on personal computer.a pen-shaped miniaturized PC that users operate via a virtual monitor and keyboard that the device projects onto any available flat surface. The message suggests that these handy pen-sized computers may be set to replace existing PC's and laptops in the near future.

which is nothing but the new discovery. P-ISMs are connected with one another through short-range wireless technology. The whole set is also connected to the Internet through the . All five pens can rest in a holding block which recharges the batteries and holds the mass storage. and personal ID key with cashless pass function. which is under developing. a very small projector. stage by NEC Corporation.Are they pens with cameras? 8 P-ISM (“Pen-style Personal Networking Gadget Package”). virtual keyboard. P-ISM is a gadget package including five functions: a pen-style cellular phone with a handwriting data input function. camera scanner.

the prototype displayed at ITU Telecom World was apparently the only sample that was built and reportedly cost $30. there seems to be little information available about future plans for such products. This personal gadget in a minimalist pen style enables the ultimate ubiquitous computing. Saying "goodbye" to our current laptop computers might therefore be just a premature at this point. Several years on from the initial launch of the P-ISM conceptual prototype. It is shown below 9 However.000.personal computers of this type will become available to the public. Thus.cellular phone function. it is currently unclear when .or even if . while the prototype may have proved that such technology is feasible. Pen computing refers to a computer user- .

interface using a pen (or stylus) and tablet. generally used to press upon a graphics tablet or touch screen. PDAs and GPS receivers. An indication of such a device is a stylus. rather than devices such as a keyboard and a mouse Pen computing is also used to refer to the usage of mobile devices such as wireless tablet PCs. starting with the stylator and RAND tablet systems of the 1950s and early 1960sPen Computing has very deep historical roots. mouse or touch pad. The term has been used to refer to the usage of any product allowing for mobile communication. A revolutionary new miniature computer is being worked on in Japan that comes in the shape of a pen that you can slip in to your pocket. With its Bluetooth technology. keypad. It projects a monitor and keyboard on any flat surface that you can begin using like any regular PC computer. The depth of these roots can be quite surprising to people who are only familiar with current . as opposed to using a more traditional interface such as a keyboard. 10 HISTORY OF 5 PEN PC Pen computing (defined as a computer system employing a userinterface using a pointing device plus handwriting recognition as the primary means for interactive user input) predates the use of a mouse and graphical display by at least two decades. it recognizes your key-presses and input as per usual.

In 2004 at ITU Telecom World a sample of another view by NEC was presented which was based on the pen and called P-ISM. The designer of this. Toru Ichihash. Pen computer is more mobile than the laptops. For example.commercial products. The prototype device. It is based on the pen and called P-ISM. This concept is so radical that we went to Tokyo to learn more. the first patent for an electronic tablet used for handwriting was granted in1888. Switzerland. An article about the device published on the Wave Report website in 2004 explains: 11 At ITU Telecom World we got a sample of another view by NEC.The first patent for a system that recognized handwritten characters by analyzing the handwriting motion was granted in 1915. was a "Pen-style Personal Networking Gadget" created in 2003 by Japanese technology company NEC. said that. It was introduced by the Japanese technology. dubbed the "P-ISM". in developing this concept he asked himself-”WHAT IS THE FUTURE OF IT WHEN IT IS SMALL?” For this the PEN was a logical choice. However. although a conceptual prototype of the "pen" computer was built in 2003. The P-ISM was featured at the 2003 ITU Telecom World held in Geneva. such devices are not yet available to consumers.The first publicly-demonstrated system using a tablet and handwriting text recognition instead of a keyboard for working with a modern digital computer dates to 1956. this is .

12 COMPONENTS .more useful for the users to make a use of it in construction places small rooms etc.

 CPU Pen  Communication Pen  Laser Keyboard  Digital Camera  LED Projector  Battery 13 JJJKJJN CPU Pen: .

The functionality of the CPU is done by one of the pen. to perform the basic arithmetical. All the arithmetic and logical operations are performed by this pen as like any other normal CPU. This term has been in use in the computer industry at least since the early 1960s. and is the primary element carrying out the computer's functions. The central processing unit (CPU) is the portion of a computer system that carries out the instructions of a computer program. and input/output operations of the system. The central processing unit carries out each instruction of the program in sequence. logical. design and implementation of CPUs have changed dramatically since . The form. It also serves as computing engine.

Virtual Laser Keyboard: . 14 Communication Pen: P-ISMs are connected with one another through short-range wireless technology. They are connected through wireless modes which are made small and kept in a small pen like device. This pen also serves as a pointer device.11B/G. The whole set is also connected to the Internet through the cellular phone function. 802. They are connected through Tri-wireless modes (Blue tooth.the earliest examples. but their fundamental operation remains much the same. and Cellular). It stores to memory whatever it writes.

.15 The Virtual Laser Keyboard (VKB) is the ULTIMATE new gadget for PC users.e. tablet PC's). The VKB emits laser on to the desk where it looks like the keyboard having QWERTY arrangement of keys i. it uses a laser beam to generate a full-size perfectly operating laser keyboard that smoothly connects to of PC and Most of the handheld devices (PDA's. Features of Laser Keyboard:      VKB settings can be changed by Sound Controllable Virtual Keyboard sound effects (key clicks) Connection: Connection to the appropriate Laptop/PC port Intensity: Intensity of the projected Virtual Keyboard Timeouts: coordinated timeouts to conserve the Virtual Keyboard's battery life Sensitivity: adjustable sensitivity of the Virtual Keyboard based on prescribed parameters.   Auto-repeat: Allows the VKB to automatically repeat a key .

It is a 360-Degree Visual Communication Device. simply it is called as web cam. 16 It is also connected with other devices through Blue tooth. We have seen video phones hundreds of times in movies. The major advantage it is small which is easily portable.Digital Camera: We had digital camera in the shape of pen .It is useful in video recording. video conferencing. This terminal enables showing of the surrounding atmosphere and group-to-group communication with a round display and a central super-wide- . However. why can't we act naturally in front of videophone cameras? Conventional visual communications at a distance have been limited due to the display devices and terminals.

angle camera. Thus it is gives more clarity and good picture. LED Projector: The role of monitor is taken by LED Projector which projects on the screen. 17 It has the approximate resolution capacity of 1024 X 768. Battery: . The size of the projector is of A4 size.

The most important part in the portable type of computer is its battery. For normal use it can be used for 2 weeks. 18 BLOCK DIAGRAM . Usually batteries must be small in size and work for longer time. It comes with a battery life of 6+.

All the five functions are illustrated clearly in the above diagram. The CPU pen is connected with the camera and the keyboard.The above picture shows a block diagram of the working of the 5 PEN PC. The communication pen is a cell phone which has a pointer and an ear piece. The camera communicates with the monitor and the keystrokes are visible on the monitor. In this all the devices are connected by bluetooth. 19 .

Note that a mouse is a relative pointing device—one uses the mouse to "push the cursor around" on a screen. For example. such as with a touch screen. a tablet is an absolute pointing device—one must put the stylus in exactly where the cursor goes. Handwriting recognition: The tablet and stylus can be used to replace a keyboard. Actual systems generally employ a combination of these techniques: Pointing/Locator input: The tablet and stylus are used as pointing devices. A finger can be used as the stylus on a touch-sensitive tablet surface. such as to replace a mouse. or both a mouse and a keyboard. However. by using the tablet and stylus in two modes: 20 . it is much harder to target or tap the same exact position twice with a stylus.GENERAL TECHNIQUES OF PEN COMPUTING User interfaces for pen computing can be implemented in several ways. There are a number of human factors considerations when actually substituting a stylus and tablet for a mouse. so "double-tap" operations with a stylus are harder to perform if the system is expecting "double-click" input from a mouse.

The term "on-line handwriting recognition" is used to distinguish recognition of handwriting using a real-time digitizing tablet for input. The characters are then input as text. press. For example. and drag on simulated objects directly. which is optical character recognition of static handwritten symbols from paper. 21 . as contrasted to "off-line handwriting recognition". by software which recognizes the shapes of the strokes or marks as handwritten characters. as if from a keyboard. a "pig-tail" shape would indicate a "delete" operation. On-line Handwriting recognition mode: The strokes made with the stylus are analyzed as an "electronic ink".  Pointing mode: The stylus is used as a pointing device as above. Gesture recognition: This is the technique of recognizing certain special shapes not as handwriting input. but as an indicator of a special command. Direct manipulation: The stylus is used to touch.

text could be deleted by scratching in a zigzag pattern over the text which the user desired to remove. With Apple's Newton OS. or the stylus can be used as a pointing device to select what it is that should be deleted. and make use of Multitouch gestures. Recent systems have used digitizers which can recognize more than one "stylus" (usually a finger) at a time. .Depending on the implementation. what is deleted might be the object or text where the mark was made.

22 .

The pen works with a Lithium Battery which gives long life of usage .  All five pens can rest in a holding block which recharges the batteries and holds the mass storage.  The wireless is also useful for transferring data from your pen computer to your watch which has a holographic storing unit.  The storage device used for storing data in this pen is a holographic storage device.  Touchpad mouse or a Bluetooth mouse can be used for pens. so no worries anymore in loss of data.FEATURES OF PEN PC  The PC is capable of storing data in Gigabytes but the Pen computer is capable of storing Terabyte of data that is much more capacity of storing data than ordinary PC.  There is e-fingerprint reader on top of the pen allows only the owner to access the computer  It can be connected to the internet via Bluetooth technology.

Positioning is main.23 MERITS AND DEMERITS Merits:  Portable  Feasible  Ubiquitous computing is done.  Wi-Fi technology Demerits:    Currently Unclear. to just make its sample costed $30.   As it uses BLUETOOTH technique.000. One major limitation is PRICE. so there may be some security risks.  The power back up is very less. . Keyboard Concept Is Not New.

24 CONCLUSION The communication devices are becoming smaller and compact. This is only an example for the start of this new technology. However. 'Good-bye laptops?' because Pen computer is more mobile than the laptops. We can expect more such developments in the future. this is more useful for the users to make a use of it in construction places. small rooms etc. Thus it is clear that information terminals are infinitely getting smaller. we will continue to manipulate them with our hands for now 25 . Now the Question arises Can anyone say. Pen computing is also used to refer to the usage of mobile devices.

26 .FUTURE SCOPE  Information Appliances that use National Semiconductior’s WebPad technology are compact web access devices for home or commercial applications.  The cost of the device is going to get reduced so that even the comman man can also afford to buy it. Weighing approximately three pounds and the size of an average notebook. WebPad appliances are designed to be comfortable to use.  The power back up is going to be increased.

wikipedia. 3. http://www.com/article http://www. 2.com/TECH/computing//penpc. 5.com 27 .org/wiki/Pen_computing#History http://www.REFERENCES 1.newscientist.cnn.idg http://en. 4.ruggedpcreview.com/pdfs/ future.pegatech.pdf http://www.

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