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Smarandache Fractional Magic Square

By: Muneer Jebreel Karama


SS-Math-Hebron
Field Education Officer
Jerusalem .box 19149
ssmathhebron@yahoo.com

Abstract The aim of this paper is to present new


Smarandache magic squares related to fractions, and
present an open question.

Key words Magic square, Smarandache Fractional Magic


Square.

Definition : Smarandache Fractional Magic Square is consists


a
of the distinct fractions ( , where the greatest common
b
divisor of a and b equal 1 i.e. relatively prime ) such that the
sum of fractions in any horizontal , vertical , or main diagonal
is always the same magic constant which is integer .

Examples:

67 7 155
8 6 24

41 16 29
12 3 4
101 19 55
24 2 24
Figre.1

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We note that in figre.1 , each column, each row, and both
diagonals sum to 16.

61 5 133
8 6 24

31 14 27
12 3 4

91 17 41
24 2 24
Figre.2

We can note that in figre.2 , each column, each row, and both
diagonals sum to 14.

Also, if we sum the corresponding cells in figre.1 and figre.2


we obtain the following magic square as in figre.3:

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16 2 12

6 10 14

8 18 4

Figre.3

Open Question: Are there a Smarandache Fractional Magic


square such that the denominator and numerator are prime
numbers.

Reference:
[1] M. Jebreel Karama , Smarandache concatenated magic
square, Smarandache Notions Journal, Vol. 14 , 2004, 80-83.
[2] http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache

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