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# Smarandache Fractional Magic Square

## By: Muneer Jebreel Karama

SS-Math-Hebron
Field Education Officer
Jerusalem .box 19149
ssmathhebron@yahoo.com

## Abstract The aim of this paper is to present new

Smarandache magic squares related to fractions, and
present an open question.

Square.

## Definition : Smarandache Fractional Magic Square is consists

a
of the distinct fractions ( , where the greatest common
b
divisor of a and b equal 1 i.e. relatively prime ) such that the
sum of fractions in any horizontal , vertical , or main diagonal
is always the same magic constant which is integer .

Examples:

67 7 155
8 6 24

41 16 29
12 3 4
101 19 55
24 2 24
Figre.1

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We note that in figre.1 , each column, each row, and both
diagonals sum to 16.

61 5 133
8 6 24

31 14 27
12 3 4

91 17 41
24 2 24
Figre.2

We can note that in figre.2 , each column, each row, and both
diagonals sum to 14.

## Also, if we sum the corresponding cells in figre.1 and figre.2

we obtain the following magic square as in figre.3:

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16 2 12

6 10 14

8 18 4

Figre.3

## Open Question: Are there a Smarandache Fractional Magic

square such that the denominator and numerator are prime
numbers.

Reference:
[1] M. Jebreel Karama , Smarandache concatenated magic
square, Smarandache Notions Journal, Vol. 14 , 2004, 80-83.
[2] http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache

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