Katrina Joy L. Pullante X4: 24 Chapter 3 1. Explain Locke s and Darwin s positions on the Nature-Nurture debate.

What is the position of modern day psychologists about this? How does Cole & Cole s (2001) study support this modern view? 2. How can newborns show their ability to discriminate among odors? Demonstrate how Rusell s study shows that infants are able to discriminate among even subtle differences in smell (1976). Describe the study of Porter, Makin, Davis, & Christensen (1992) demonstrating the innate preference for the odor of breast milk. What is the implication of this ability to distinguish among smells? 3. Discuss briefly Piaget s stages of cognitive development: Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational and Formal Operational (1969). Include in your discussion the concepts of Object Permanence, Egocentrism and Conservation. 4. Why is Jay Belsky against day care (Belsky, 1986; Belsky, Woodworth, & Crnic, 1996)? How can the quality of day care have a major impact on children s well-being and development (Andersson, 1992; Field, 1991; Howes, 1990; Scarr & Eisenberg, 1993)? Here in the Philippines, do you think it will be better if day cares become more widely accepted? 5. What is puberty? Discuss the effect of being an early or late maturer for a boy (William & Dunlop, 1999; Petersen, 1989). How can being an early or late maturer affects a girl s satisfaction with her appearance and body image (Caspi & Moffit, 1991; Ge et al., 1996). Were you an early maturer or a late maturer? How were you able to cope with it?

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