Biology SL Quiz 4.

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Name____________________________

1. What happens during the first division of meiosis? A. B. C. D. Alleles for the gene are separated Identical haploid cells are formed Diploid cells showing genetic variation are formed. Alleles for a gene fuse.

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2. Why is the genetic code described as being degenerate? A. B. C. D. Some codons can cause translation to stop. More than one codon can represent one amino acid. The genetic code is the same in all organisms. Codons can change through mutation.

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3. What are the final products when a diploid onion cell, containing 16 chromosomes undergoes meiosis? A. B. C. D. 4 cells, each with 8 chromosomes 2 cells, each with 8 chromosomes 4 cells, each with 4 chromosomes. 2 cell,s each with 16 chromosomes.

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4. What is the set of alleles that an individual possesses? A. B. C. D. A gene A genotype A genome A genus

5. Describe the consequences of a mutation including the effects to transcription and translation with regard to sickle cell anemia.

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