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Y R A L U B VOC A
WORKPLACE AND CAREER WORDS
◆ Aptitude and Attitude ◆ Comparing Careers ◆ Education and Earnings ◆ Finding and Keeping a Job
VOCABULARY in context
VOCABULARY iin nc o n te x t context
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS HISTORY MEDIA
GEOGRAPHY WORDS LITERATURE WORDS CAREER WORDS
MUSIC, ART, SCIENCE
Three Watson Irvine, CA 92618-2767 E-Mail: email@example.com Website: www.sdlback.com Development and Production: Laurel Associates, Inc. Cover Design: Elisa Ligon Interior Illustrations: Katherine Urrutia, Debra A. LaPalm, C. S. Arts Copyright © 2002 by Saddleback Educational Publishing. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher. ISBN 1-56254-402-0 Printed in the United States of America 07 06 05 04 03 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
.... 30 LESSON 1 Unit 4 Glossary ........ 87 4 Wise Words About Working ..................................... 40 5 Two Careers in the Law ..... 12 4 Comparing Two Job Ads ............................................... 93 4 Looking for Work in the “Want Ads” ................... 9 1 2 3 4 Unit 3 Glossary ..................... 90 3 Career Focus: Emergency Medical Technician ....... 62 Career Focus: Painters and Paperhangers ............. 5 LESSON 1 Unit 1 Glossary ............. 21 7 Exploring Language ................. 77 5 Labor Unions .............. 74 ▼ Unit 3 Review ...................................... 6 2 First Impressions Count ................ 56 Meet the HR Department ..... 102 6 Want a Good Job? Stay in School! ................ 96 7 Exploring Language ....... 4 UNIT 3 Preview ............... 84 1 Unit 2 Glossary ..... 105 109 3 .. 71 7 Exploring Language .... 31 2 Considering Different Vocations .......................... 37 5 Comparing Two Careers: Travel Agent and Flight Attendant ......................... 34 3 What You Need to Know About OSHA ............................. 55 LESSON UNIT 1 Preview ................................................. 24 ▼ Unit 1 Review ............................................. 80 LESSON UNIT 2 Preview .. ▼ Word List ......... 43 6 Business Communication: The Art of the Handshake ..... 46 7 Exploring Language .................. 18 6 Earnings Statement ................. 81 2 Working for the Government .... 59 The Risks of Job-Hopping .................. 49 ▼ Unit 2 Review .... 68 6 What Does It Take to Be Your Own Boss? .................................................................................................. 15 5 Occupations in Demand .. 65 3 Career Focus: Musician .....CONTENTS ▼ Introduction ........ 27 UNIT 4 Preview ............... 99 ▼ Unit 4 Review ............................................... 52 ▼ End-of-Book Test ......................
and the efficient use of a dictionary and thesaurus. grammatical word forms. 4 . History and Geography. And word power obviously increases your effectiveness as a communicator. you must incorporate the new words you learn into your everyday speech and writing. VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT was written especially for you. Workplace and Careers. and suffixes. Better-than-average “word power” makes it easier to understand everything you read and hear—from textbook assignments to TV news reports or instructions on how to repair a bicycle. word roots. A word of advice: Don’t stop “thinking about words” when you finish this program. Each worktext presents topic-related readings with key terms in context. are included as reinforcement. prefixes.INTRODUCTION Welcome to VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT! A well-developed vocabulary pays off in many important ways. Thinking skills. Media and Marketplace. In other words. your ideas are only as convincing as the words you use to express them. such as drawing conclusions and completing analogies. connotations. the vocabulary you use when you speak or write always significantly adds or detracts from what you have to say. There are six thematic books in the series—Everyday Living. Art. These strategies include the study of synonyms and antonyms. A first-class vocabulary must be constantly renewed! In order to earn a reputation as a firstrate communicator. Follow-up exercises provide a wide variety of practice activities to help you unlock the meanings of unfamiliar words. Think about it: As far as other people are concerned. and Literature. and Music. The program was designed to enrich your personal “word bank” with many hundreds of high-frequency and challenging words. Science and Technology.
1. _____ The words mentor and advisor are synonyms. _____ Great talent alone doesn’t guarantee a successful career as a musician. entrepreneur / entrepruner: ____________________ 2. or adjective to name that word’s part of speech. 5. 4. noun 2. negotiate. F 7.” 6. 3. noun 5 . F ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. verb. 1.WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS UNIT 1 PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. adjective 3. treasery / treasury: ____________________ ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE? 1. entrepreneur. ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY First. _____ Minimum wage is the lowest hourly pay rate that any worker will accept. _____ The prefix re. _____ The words custodian and janitor are antonyms. intence / intense: ____________________ 3. circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. _____ Your net pay is usually a good bit more than your gross pay. and concepts you will study in this unit. T 8. Then write noun. skills. 7. F 2. _____ Your surname is the last name used by your family members. 2. negotiate / negociate: ____________________ 4. T 6.means “again. T 4. T 3. TRUE OR FALSE? Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. verb 4. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. _____ A reimbursement for an expense is a reminder to repay it promptly. intense. treasury. F 5. 8.
etc.p r o v i d e d advantages such as health insurance. color. benefits e m p l o y e r. career path plan for an employee’s step-by-step advancement in a company competition rivalry among those who are attempting to achieve the same goal contract verbal or written agreement between two or more people or groups of people discrimination unfair treatment because of race. entrepreneur person who sets up and runs his or her own business executive high-ranking employee who manages the affairs of a department in a company human resources the department in a company that screens job applicants and manages employee records and benefits income the money a person receives. Job application forms are available in the department of _____________________________________. sick leave. 6 . religion. 1. etc. age. sex. In this book.UNIT 1 Lesson 1 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms in a certain area of interest. usually for working internship an on-the-job learning and training program job review an evaluation of an employee’s work by an employer journeyman a skilled worker who has mastered a trade mentor an experienced person who helps and advises an inexperienced person minimum wage the lowest hourly pay rate that a business can legally pay its workers pension a regular payment to a retired person by a former employer WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to complete the sentences. glossary entries are drawn from the working world.
Ms. Andrea Filipi is the ______________________ in charge of all new product development.2. Nan Brady. 13. 11. my ______________________ at the company. 10. 7. 4. The ______________________ for that good job was fierce. Harley’s ______________________ increased. At Andy’s six-month __________________ __________________. Does this company provide ______________________ such as tuition reimbursement? 3. Grandpa will retire and receive a ______________________ from the company. Companies that refuse to hire workers over 40 years old are guilty of age ______________________. helped me avoid many common mistakes. After several years as a carpenter’s apprentice. 12. Rudy is now a ______________________. the supervisor made several suggestions for improvement. 8. 7 . After many years of hard work. The terms of a ______________________ are legally binding on both the seller and the buyer. 9. Dean has always wanted to be his own boss. With each new job promotion. Fast food outlets usually pay beginning workers no more than the __________________ __________________. he plans to become an ______________________. 5. more than 200 people applied! 6.
Reggie’s outstanding job performance will help him advance quickly on his __________________ __________________. p 2. judgment 4. Then write a word from the reading to show the same relationship in the second pair of words. Spend is to outgo as earn is to _______________________. trying DOWN 6 4 M 5 E 1.14. Inexperienced is to beginner as experienced is to _______________________. m 8 . Clues are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. 15. SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 1. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. Unskilled is to apprentice as skilled is to _______________________. lawfully 5. Employed is to salary as retired is to _______________________. ACROSS 1 M 2 L 3 E 2. j 3. i 4. advisor ANALOGIES A T Analogies are statements of relationship. workers 6. The company’s summer ______________________ program offers little pay but lots of valuable experience. directs 3.
interviewers “get a fix on” a job candidate within just three to 11 seconds! Here are some of the most commonly made (and avoidable) mistakes made during job interviews. • sloppy written materials • no advance preparation • inappropriate dress • late arrival • negative or indifferent attitude • profanity.” How quickly are first impressions made? According to experts. They fail the test of “first impressions.UNIT 1 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 2 First Impressions Count Competition for good jobs is intense. inconsistency • lack of career direction • poor eye contact • negative body language • extreme nervousness • embarrassing dining skills • limp or overly aggressive handshake • inability to communicate strengths and skills • lack of self-confidence • inappropriate conversational topics • failure to follow up WORD SEARCH 1. qualified job-seekers are not hired because they don’t project a professional image. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “the quality of being overly self-confident and prideful”? _________________________ a 9 . How can you get a competitive edge over other candidates for the same job? What will convince decisionmakers that they simply can’t afford not to hire you? Many competent. exaggeration. sexist or racist language • arrogance or rude behavior • dishonesty.
passive 6. 1. mild 7. What twelve-letter adjective in the reading describes an unconcerned. TAIDDANCE 2.2. positive 2. SIMSKATE 10 _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ messy errors applicant untruthfulness . departure 4. last DOWN 5 A S 1. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. What five-letter noun in the reading means “the impression or mental picture we have of someone else”? ANTONYMS _______________________ i _______________________ e _______________________ 1 i N 2 Complete the puzzle with words from the reading. ACROSS A 3 R 4 S 3. uninterested attitude? 3. Then draw a line to match each word with its synonym (word with a similar meaning). weaknesses SYNONYMS 7 6 E M F Unscramble the words from the reading. polite 5. POSPLY 4. What twelve-letter adjective in the reading means “causing extreme self-consciousness or pain”? 4. SHONESTIDY 3.
behaviors like twitching. Negative body language reveals a lot about a job-seeker. 1. _________________________________: using swear words for profanity emphasis 2. extremely strong cologne or body odor c. a. a. can fix whatever is wrong 3. 1. _________________________________: wearing clean gym clothes 4. An interviewer gets a fix on a job candidate in just a few seconds. _________________________________: forgetting to write a thank you note 5. sportsmanlike behavior 2. clothing that is wrinkled or dirty b. a. creates a mental image of b. Write the name of the mistake that matches each example below. some kind of advantage c. An applicant wants to have a competitive edge over the other candidates for the same job. _________________________________: answering questions with “I’m not sure. decides whether or not to hire c. _________________________________: wiping your mouth on the tablecloth 3. toe tapping RECOGNIZING EXAMPLES Eighteen job interview mistakes are listed in the reading. slumping.INTERPRETING PHRASES Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface words.” or “I don’t really care.” 11 . clear distinction between b. The first one has been done for you.
Those who play several different instruments and types of music have the best job prospects. What twelve-letter noun in the reading means “an academy of art or music”? 2. WORD SEARCH 1.” But competition for jobs in this glamorous field is very keen. And because quality performance demands constant study and practice. poise. negotiate contracts. These representatives find their clients performing engagements. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the strength to carry on or endure”? _________________________ c s _________________________ 12 .UNIT 1 Lesson 3 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Career Focus: Musician Many talented individuals would love to become professional “musicmakers. Some do advanced study at a college or conservatory. Musical talent alone does not guarantee a successful career in music. Even excellent musicians must deal with frequent unemployment as a fact of life. Musicians need physical stamina to endure frequent travel and night performances. And they must have emotional stamina to deal with rejections when auditioning for work. and help them develop their careers. self-discipline is vital. To gain valuable experience. and an appealing stage presence are also required. Serious musicians often hire agents or managers. Many supplement their income with other types of jobs. Versatility. Aspiring musicians usually begin studying an instrument at an early age. creativity. they seize every opportunity to perform. Advancement for musicians usually means becoming better known and performing for greater earnings.
professional d. RUTEAMA _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ a. inferior c. types of music poetic country-western classical jazz 3. TANCTONS 4.3. Then draw a line to match each unscrambled word with its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). 1. What nine-letter plural noun in the reading means “likely chances of succeeding”? _________________________ v _________________________ p ANTONYMS Unscramble the words from the reading. personal characteristics poise creativity study versatility 13 . musical instruments violin cymbals vibraphone telephone 2. 1. LENEXTLEC 3. occasional b. beginning CATEGORIES Cross out one item that does not belong in each category. What eleven-letter noun in the reading names “the quality of being able to do a number of things well”? 4. DAVEDANC 2.
scathing and malicious c. attractive 2. amazing and wonderful 14 b. expensive designer clothing 2. legally comply with 3. intense and demanding . practice with professionals c. crucial 4. ambitious DOWN 6 S V P 1. 1. pleasing image while performing c. a. The competition is keen for every well-paid job as a musician. bargain for the best terms b. build their reputations b. earn a degree in music 4.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. A musician should have an appealing stage presence. to grab WORDS IN CONTEXT 7 A Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface words. use the other words in the sentence as context clues. a. self-assurance 7. ACROSS 1 G 2 V 3 G 4 5 3. beneficial 6. Musicians can do advanced study at a college or conservatory. Agents negotiate contracts for the musicians they represent. Clues are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. a. For help. show up prepared and on time b. a. to assure 5. record and file away c.
clean-cut appearance Perfecto Paint is an Equal Opportunity Employer. provide superservice assistance to our valued customers • Maintain stock. Are you one of the elite? Can you give our pampered customers the superservice they deserve? Currently. distribute. arrange deliveries. store. energetic personality. Store Associates • Receive. We’re looking for dependable individuals who love movies and have superior communication skills. Send us your résumé today! A GREAT PLACE TO GET STARTED Vertex Video is a great place to get started on your career path! Earn while you learn in a friendly working environment. customer-service oriented • Neat. mix and tint paint Requirements • A high school diploma or equivalent • A friendly. clean store and warehouse.and part-time positions open in our eight neighborhood stores. and sell paint and related products • Fill orders. Both are the very best. Apply in person at the Vertex Video location near you. Perfecto Paint has both full. Your “can do” attitude will take you a long way at Vertex! Positions Available • Store Manager • Assistant Manager • Customer Service Representative Outstanding Benefits • Competitive salaries • Medical/dental/life insurance for both full-time and part-time workers • Tuition reimbursement • Flexible schedules • Free movie rentals and employee discounts on purchases Every Vertex Video store is a drug-free environment that values diversity. outgoing.UNIT 1 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 4 Comparing Two Job Ads ONLY THE BEST NEED APPLY Our people and our paint have a lot in common. 15 . they set the standard in the industry.
a. What five-letter noun in the reading means “the group thought of as being the finest or the best”? 3. strict obedience to the rules . Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word that means the opposite). unappreciated / _________________ 3. TYDRIVEIS ______________________ TAGSOUNDNIT ___________________ DUELAV _____________________ DRYNIFEL ___________________ 1. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “money paid to attend a college or private school”? 4. hostile / _________________ WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface words. The manager appreciates that employee’s “can-do” attitude. value. ability to delegate tasks 16 b. sameness / _________________ 2. mediocre / _________________ 4.WORD SEARCH 1. What ten-letter adjective in the reading means “equal or the same in amount. 1. What twelve-letter compound noun in the reading was created by a company to characterize its great treatment of customers? _______________________ e _______________________ e _______________________ t _______________________ s ANTONYMS Unscramble the words from the reading. great effort to get the job done c. or meaning”? 2.
cement mix. a. All the Perfecto stores sell paint and related products. a. reliable 8. ACROSS 1 3 4 C 2 O N E 5 P 1. well-informed 5. Clue words are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. etc. extraordinary DOWN 7 6 F D 2. socialize after hours 3. color-coordinated sheets and towels c. a. bricks. SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. shared beliefs and principles c. employees of different races. adaptable S 17 . equal pay and benefits b. patron-pleasing c. ages. etc. things like rollers and brushes b. wallboard. sexes.2. Customer-service oriented employees will do well at Perfecto. Diversity in the workplace is achieved by fair and open hiring practices. Do you and your employer have values in common? a. coddled 8 6. vigorous 7. patrons 4. variation of daily tasks b. equal division of responsibility c. well-groomed 5. congenial 3. 4. very competitive b.
rather than to increase them. As the economy changes. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the management of the income. expenditures. In 1970.UNIT 1 Lesson 5 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Labor Unions Labor unions are organizations that fight for workers’ rights. By joining together in a union. Another reason is that many people believe that unions are no longer necessary. To a large extent. and benefits in a particular industry. But union membership has been decreasing for the past 30 years or so. There were no laws against child labor.9 percent. Americans now enjoy the eight-hour workday. too. 24. and so on of a nation or government”? ______________________ e 18 . Other unions are offering retraining for displaced workers. WORD SEARCH 1.7 percent of the labor force belonged to unions. Changing times. however. One reason is the sharp decrease in manufacturing industries in the United States. health benefits. wages. Many unions are working hard to maintain existing worker benefits. workers were treated unfairly. These benefits are largely due to the efforts of labor unions. when the first modern union was formed in America. the American workforce—as well as the unions that served workers in the past—must change. overtime pay. do not mean that unions will soon disappear. About 150 years ago. and compensation when hurt on the job. this figure had dropped to 13. By the year 2000. They worked in dangerous conditions for long hours and very low wages. workers had the power to demand fair wages and safe working conditions.
1. people whose jobs disappeared 19 . agricultural production 4. as union membership grew larger c. a. a. people who quit their jobs b. What six-letter adjective in the reading means “having to do with the present time rather than the past”? 3.2. displaced workers often need retraining. time off to exercise 2. a. labor unions get the credit for improving working conditions in the United States. What six-letter verb in the reading means to “boldly ask for something as your right”? 4. a. employees who moved out of town c. reaching out over time b. businesses that make goods b. for the most part 3. Pressure from unions forced management to provide workers with health benefits. To get new jobs. computerized enterprises c. America’s manufacturing industries have been in decline for many years. What ten-letter verb in the reading is a synonym of “shrinking” or “lessening”? ______________________ m ______________________ d ______________________ d WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface terms. healthy food for lunch b. medical insurance c. To a large extent.
means “again” (as in reglue and relock). to form again __________________________ 20 6. continue 3.” Examples are reelect and reestablish. to sign again __________________________ 7. expand. ACROSS F 5 C 4. just. Check a dictionary if you’re uncertain about whether or not to use a hyphen. The clue words are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. to teach again __________________________ 8.to each boldface word below. When this prefix is added to a base word that begins with e. enlarge DOWN 6 I 1.” Add the prefix re. you may be tempted to add a hyphen because the new word “looks funny. the word resort means “to turn to” or “a place to go on vacation. to furnish again __________________________ 5. to evaluate again __________________________ 10. to cover again __________________________ . preserve. An example is the word re-sort. payment. coalition The prefix re. to wash again __________________________ 4. to define again __________________________ 9. But the hyphen is only necessary when the new word would have the same spelling as another word with a different meaning. to create again __________________________ 3. proper 5. created. earnings 6. alliance. meaning to “sort again.SYNONYMS 1 F 4 2 M 3 U Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 1. organized THE PREFIX re- 2. to launder again __________________________ 2.” Without the hyphen.
50 $3. • Health insurance pays for a plan that helps pay your medical bills. attached to the paycheck explains the deductions withheld.51 $10. or checkstub. Study the example earnings statement below. The deductions on your own paycheck may be different. • United Fund is your voluntary contributions to a group of organizations that help needy and deserving people. 21 .126.00 $768. • Credit union is your voluntary contribution to a savings and loan business that serves company employees.UNIT 1 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 6 Earnings Statement Many beginning workers are unpleasantly surprised when they receive their first paycheck. • Federal income tax is the money you pay to the treasury of the United States. Gunderson Landscape Services PAY PERIOD ENDING: 3/31/01 GROSS PAY FEDERAL TAX STATE TAX FICA HEALTH INSURANCE EMPLOYEE: SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER: DISABILITY INSURANCE UNION DUES CREDIT UNION Jake Ross 999-01-0009 UNITED FUND NET PAY $1. • Disability insurance is your contribution to a plan that pays sick or injured employees who are unable to work.00 $84. But the first two deductions listed—federal income tax and Social Security (FICA)—are withheld from almost every paycheck.56 $114. Why? Their take-home pay is a lot less than they thought it would be! The earnings statement.43 Here are the deductions most often taken from paychecks.00 $13. • Union dues are the membership fees paid to an organization that helps workers get what they need from employers.00 $132. • State tax is the part of your salary that goes to the treasury of your state. • Social Security (FICA) pays for a plan that makes payments to disabled and elderly people.
1. What eight-letter noun in the reading names the government department that issues money, collects taxes, and so on? 2. What twelve-letter noun in the reading means “the amount given”?
3. What ten-letter plural noun in the reading means “the amounts subtracted”? ________________________
4. What four-letter noun in the reading means “money someone pays regularly for being a member of an organization”?
Unscramble the words from the reading. Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonym (word with a similar meaning).
GINAZOOTRAIN __________________ RUDERSIPS ______________________
ARASLY ______________________ LOSTAM _____________________
1. nearly / _____________________ 2. association /__________________
UNDERSTANDING THE READING
3. astonished /__________________ 4. wages / ______________________
Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence.
1. A worker’s salary before deductions is his or her ( gross / net ) pay. 2. Jake Ross ( does / does not ) live in a state that withholds state taxes. 3. Jake’s ( health / disability ) insurance will support him if he’s too sick to work.
4. Jake can borrow money from the ( United Fund / credit union ) to buy a car. 5. Jake ( does / does not ) belong to a labor union. 6. The difference between Jake’s gross pay and his net pay is ( $367.47 / $357.57 ).
Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words.
2. detached 5. pleasantly 6. send 7. youthful
1. ending 3. mandatory 4. unhurt
Analogies are statements of relationship. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. Then show the same relationship by completing each analogy with the correct word from the reading.
1. Well is to healthy as ill is to ___________________________. 2. Contribute is to contribution as insure is to __________________________.
3. More is to less as gross is to ______________________________. 4. Donation is to United Fund as savings is to _______________ ______________. 23
WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS
Idioms are phrases or expressions that have a different meaning from what the words usually suggest. Notice that the idioms in the box all include the word work. Use one of these common English idioms to complete each sentence. Check a dictionary or thesaurus if you need help.
in the works work on work out work off work up the works
1. The sales manager’s pep talk was intended to ______________________ some interest in the new product line. 2. Bev’s plan looked good at first, but somehow it didn’t ______________________. 3. You can usually get Marcus to agree if you ______________________ him long enough. 4. I like a hot dog with all ______________________ —catsup, mustard, relish, and onions! 5. If you stop wasting money, you can ______________________ your debt very quickly. 6. Sam says that something special is ______________________ for the company’s annual meeting.
Many English surnames (last names) came from the type of work that was once done by a person or family. Look up the following names in the dictionary. Then write a sentence for each name, explaining what kind of work the original family did.
1. Chandler ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 24
She is an ITOPNAIC ______________________. Turner _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. Margie fills prescriptions for eyeglasses and contact lenses.R. Melissa is setting a precious gemstone in a gold ring. Today. Simon is a ARBREB ______________________. Simon’s regular customers like the way he cuts their hair. 3. so J. Frederick rings up people’s purchases and gives them the correct change. 5. 1. Melissa is a REJELWE ______________________.R. Miller __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. is a CHUBRET ______________________. 25 . 4. Mason _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ SCRAMBLED OCCUPATIONS Unscramble the job title to correctly complete each sentence. Hamburger will be on sale today. J. Frederick is a ACHESIR ______________________. Smith __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. Cooper _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6.2. 2. is working at the grinder.
Marilee orders books. locksmith Hernandez to play with fire auditor to get cold feet Donatelli to jump ship architect Van Roy SURNAMES OCCUPATIONS ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ IDIOMS ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ 26 . Ackerman. Thanks to Mr. the school’s bathrooms and hallways are kept clean and shiny. Roger is a LAGRIZE ______________________. classifies them. When the window cracked. 7. and prepares them to be checked out. Ackerman is a SUANDOTIC ______________________.6. CATEGORIES Write terms from the box under the correct headings. Marilee is a RAILBRAIN ______________________. Mr. Then add an appropriate term of your own to each category. 8. Mom asked Roger to install a new pane of glass.
The ____________________ you receive from your employer includes both your salary and your benefits. 7. Membership in ____________________ has been decreasing for the past 30 years or so. 2. 5. 8. 4. 1. WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete the sentences with words you studied in Unit 1. Employed is to salary as retired is to ____________________. Some musicians earn an advanced degree from a college or a ____________________.WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS UNIT 1 REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit. An employee whose work is now being done by a robot is called a ____________________ worker. 6. e p a c u d c c 27 . When you meet an interviewer. Your earnings statement appears on the ____________________ of your paycheck. Our chief financial officer is the ____________________ who manages the company’s money. Use context clues for help. 3. your handshake should be neither limp nor overly ____________________.
_____ ENERGETIC _____ VOLUNTARY _____ DISABLED _____ FEDERAL _____ WORKFORCE _____ INDUSTRIES _____ CUSTODIAN _____ ELITE _____ SUPERIOR _____ PROSPECTS _____ IMPRESSION _____ INCOME V B P S D X E M O C N I O S R E P F E A Z L E M L E L O L L J S R K C P U I K A I G H D E B R R N R W T C R F N T O O E T T E R V D E C S A F S A S Q T B R D P U O K S R U A Y G S E V U F R I Y D I E A C R M H S O O M N T O T K A N J D W N S I B S D E L B A S I D C U S T O D I A N W L A Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own.WORD FORMS Rewrite the boldface words from the reading as a different part of speech. check a dictionary. If you need help. or diagonally. energetic ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. backward. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. noun: competition adjective: ____________________ Find and circle the words in the puzzle. adjective: arrogant noun: ____________________ HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE 3. noun: discrimination verb: ____________________ 2. 1. Check off each word as you find it. Words may go up. across. voluntary ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 28 . custodian ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. down. noun: diversity adjective: ____________________ 4. 1.
29 . federal _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. industries ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. An antonym of rude is SUREUCOOT _______________________. A synonym of appreciated is LADUVE _______________________. impression _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11.4. An antonym of positive is EVENGAIT _______________________. disabled ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. 2. superior _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. 1. 4. 3. elite ____________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. A synonym of endurance is MAINATS _______________________. workforce ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. income _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS Unscramble the words from Unit 1 to correctly complete each sentence. prospects ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9.
F 8. lawyers must have seven years of formal education.UNIT 2 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms and concepts you will study in this unit. excellent benefits ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE? 1. F 4. exp. 1. _____ The abbreviated words min. bnfts. 3. _____ Most large businesses employ a vocational guidance counselor. T 7. part time c. _____ The words contagious and communicable are synonyms. 4. 8. a 2. _____ Beyond high school. exc. _____ The fastest-growing occupations require postsecondary education. 1. mean “minimum office experience. T 3.” 6. off. F 2. admin. 5. 7. administrative assistant b. _____ Synonyms always have exactly the same meanings. T 6. FT/PT ABBREVIATIONS: a. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. _____ The word shift can be used either as a noun or as an adjective. T 30 1. 3. c 3. TRUE OR FALSE? Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. b . _____ Classified ads in the newspaper always list the salary being offered. 2. 2. asst. F 5. ABBREVIATIONS Draw a line to match each abbreviation with the complete words it represents. full time.
the resources used. After making drapes. sharing its profits and risks productivity the amount of work accomplished relative to the number of workers. 31 . In this book. also called a memo partnership association of two or more persons in the same business enterprise. amount left over wholesale the sale of goods in large amounts to be resold by retail stores WORDS IN CONTEXT Write the glossary word that correctly completes each sentence. customers. 1. glossary entries are drawn from the working world. and so on export to send a country’s goods to other countries to be sold goods merchandise or wares grammar the body of rules for correctly speaking and writing a given language import to bring goods into one country from another inventory the stock of goods a company has on hand maturity the condition of being fully developed memorandum informal note to help a person remember something or to give information to someone in another office. Kathy used the ______________________ fabric to cover some throw pillows.UNIT 2 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 1 GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms in a certain area of interest. administration the direction and management of institutional or government affairs apprenticeship the training period during which a beginning worker learns a trade clerical relating to office clerks and their work with records. accounts. and the time spent regulations rules or laws that control the way something is done retail the sale of goods in small amounts to customers who will use them surplus an amount more than what is needed.
6. 4. ______________________ improved when workers got better training. 9. 32 . our ______________________ of products needs to be replenished. 8.2. Nearly all the ______________________ in the warehouse were damaged in the flood. 15. The founders of this law firm began their ______________________ more than 20 years ago. Carlo served his ______________________ under the supervision of a master craftsman. Does Roseanne have the ______________________ to handle customer complaints calmly and wisely? 10. A ______________________ dealer buys directly from the manufacturer and sells to chain stores. Brazil will ______________________ more coffee than in previous years. 16. Safety ______________________ require air traffic controllers to take frequent breaks. Can the United States ______________________ enough oil to meet its needs? 11. A “mom and pop” candy store is a ______________________ operation. Joy hopes to find a ______________________ job in an office near her home. 12. 7. 14. I pinned a ______________________ on my bulletin board to remind me of my dental appointment. Because of increased sales. 5. 13. The shareholders criticized the ______________________ of the failing company. This year. A competent secretary has an excellent grasp of ____________________ and spelling. 3.
It was an honor to be named to the ____________________ of that important committee. 3.ANTONYMS Unscramble the terms from the glossary. Pam has better ____________________ than any student in our class. complete each sentence with the correct word ending in -ship. Hint: You will not use all the words in the box. 6. wholesale / __________________ The suffix -ship changes the meaning of a base word in one of three ways. (2) rank or office (as in professorship). childishness / ________________ 4. Use the registration certificate to prove your ____________________ of the vehicle. It can mean (1) quality or state of (as in friendship). Using base words in the box. 33 . The coach is proud of his athletes’ good ____________________ . 2. Bonnie hopes to win a ____________________ to the university. People who get along well together are said to have a good ____________________ . 4. SPURSUL ________________________ ALRITE __________________________ MOTRIP _____________________ TRIMYAUT ___________________ 1. export / _____________________ 2. penman owner relation citizen sportsman chairman scholar censor 1. or (3) skill as (as in leadership). Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). shortage / ___________________ THE SUFFIX -ship 3. 5.
What eight-letter noun in the reading means “something or someone ranked highly in terms of importance”? 34 _______________________ s _______________________ p . How can you get a clearer picture of vocations that match your personal attributes? Take a look at your achievements in school. working with their hands. your leisure-time activities. In many ways. natural abilities. This means using every tool available to help you recognize your occupational potential. WORD SEARCH 1. It is your responsibility to plan for the future and take the necessary steps to reach your goals. Plan wisely. Finding the right job for you isn’t a matter of luck. it must give the reward a person wants—and rewards differ for different people. job happiness depends on being yourself. or solving challenging problems. skills. Earning the highest possible salary is the top priority for some people. All of us want to enjoy what we do for a living. A vocational guidance counselor can also be very helpful. A few conferences with one of these skilled professionals may open up exciting possibilities you hadn’t considered.UNIT 2 Lesson 2 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Considering Different Vocations Choosing your vocation is one of the most important and difficult decisions you will make in life. and personality traits. Self-knowledge is the key—because your vocation should reflect what you want from life. That’s why it is important to take a thorough inventory of your interests. What hyphenated noun in the reading means “understanding of your own motives and behavior”? 2. and the part-time jobs you’ve held. But for a job to provide satisfaction. Others get their greatest satisfaction from helping other people.
intellectually. What eleven-letter adjective in the reading means “physically. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “capacity for future development or achievement”? _______________________ c _______________________ p MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Some words have entirely different meanings in different contexts. Conferences are to meetings as characteristics are to __________________________. match (noun) ___________________________________________________ match (verb) ___________________________________________________ ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. 1. practice (verb) _________________________________________________ practice (noun) _________________________________________________ 3. right (noun) ____________________________________________________ right (adjective) ________________________________________________ 2. If you need help. p s r t 35 . Do is to due as write is to __________________________. 2. Untrained is to trained as amateur is to __________________________. Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. or psychologically demanding”? 4. Figure out the relationship between the first two words.3. 1. Recognize is to recognition as satisfy is to __________________________. 4. Write two definitions for each boldface word from the reading. check a dictionary. 3.
36 . ACROSS 5 A 2. 3. The greatest (punishment) _______________________ a job can offer may not have to do with money. characteristics 6. Then complete each sentence with the unscrambled word that means the opposite of the boldface word. aims 5. attain DOWN 6 1.SYNONYMS 1 V 2 G 3 A 4 W Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Clues are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. DRAWER ____________________ TRUEFU ______________________ DONCRESIDE ____________________ SPINSHAPE ______________________ 1. A counselor may suggest a career path that you’d never before (disregarded) _______________________. A wise career choice will bring you satisfaction. 2. You’re likely to have (grief) _______________________ on the job if your work matches your natural abilities. both now and in the (past) _______________________. occupational 3. prudently ANTONYMS R Unscramble the words from the reading. 4. accomplishment 4.
What seven-letter noun in the reading means “condition of not being healthy. heart attacks. Typically. as you may know. where they report their observations and actions to the staff. they must decontaminate the ambulance and report the case to the proper authorities. if the patient had a contagious disease. is to care for the sick or injured while quickly transporting them to a medical facility. MS 39056 Internet: http://www. More information about this career is available from the following: National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians 408 Monroe St.org WORD SEARCH 1. One EMT drives while the other monitors the patient’s vital signs. the EMTs transfer patients to the emergency department. Then. a sickness or illness”? ___________________________ 37 d . emergency medical technicians (EMTs) are required to do just that. Usually. childbirth. At the medical facility. Employment for EMTs is expected to grow much faster than average in the next several years.naemt. Emergencies such as automobile accidents. they respond to a call in pairs. Additional care is given as needed. The EMT’s vital task. Much of this growth will occur as paid EMTs replace unpaid volunteers. a 911 operator dispatches EMTs after receiving a call for immediate medical attention. Clinton. After each run. EMTs often work with police and fire department personnel. Most opportunities are predicted to arise in hospitals and private ambulance services. and gunshot wounds are routine occurrences on any EMT’s working shift.UNIT 2 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 3 Career Focus: Emergency Medical Technician Can you think and act quickly in a life-or-death situation? At all hours of the day and night. they replace supplies they have used and check equipment.
professional / __________________ 4.2. oversees 38 . service.”? 4. circumstances 3. contagious 6. unusual /___________________ 3. recalls / ___________________ 2. What five-letter adjective in the reading means “necessary to life”? ANTONYMS _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ o p v Unscramble the words from the reading. RUNELOVET _____________________ CHESTPAIDS _____________________ NEFTO _______________________ OUTNIRE ____________________ 1. answer 5. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). etc. seldom / _______________________ 1 S SYNONYMS 2 R 3 O Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. appropriate DOWN 6 P 1. ill 2. Clues are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. ACROSS 4 5 M C 1. What thirteen-letter plural noun in the reading means “occasions when the time is right for doing something”? 3. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “persons in any work. happenings 4.
c. level of pain. and body temperature b. a. etc. building designed to provide a service b. 1. and amount of blood lost 3. major trauma center c. Have you ever heard a siren as an ambulance speeds its way to a medical facility? a. paleness. The proper authorities must be notified when a contagious disease is discovered. officials responsible for keeping records. breathing. shift (noun) _____________________________________________________ shift (verb) _____________________________________________________ 2. the highest-ranking doctors in the hospital b. blood pressure. patient (adjective) _______________________________________________ patient (noun) __________________________________________________ 39 . park a safe distance from the hospital c. and hear c. a. team of medical personnel 4. walk. enforcing laws. dangerous germs could spread to other patients. a. leave at the garage for repairs b. ability to speak. A quick check of vital signs tells the EMT whether a patient is still alive. 1. a local committee of senior EMTs 2. Unless EMTs decontaminate the ambulance.WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. Write the definitions on the lines. eliminate poisonous or otherwise harmful substances LOOK IT UP! Check a dictionary to find two entirely different meanings for each word below. pulse.
exp. Fax résumé + sal. Fax résumé or call 555-0000. BANKING Teller. word proc../Recg. PT/FT. pref. keep a record of all ads to which you have responded. for dwntwn.. to start DOE. • Answer ads promptly. Watertown. req. FT. req. NURSING RN/LVN CNA. • Don’t rely solely on classified ads to find a job. propty. Asst. be sure to follow other leads as well. Watertown. bnfts. invty. w/some exp. gen off. exp.UNIT 2 Lesson 4 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Looking for Work in the “Want Ads” Every day. Attn: Yuri.. publishing co. 555-0000 CASHIER immed. Fast. well org. Do you understand the meaning of all the abbreviations? ADMINISTRATIVE ASST. 5a-9a M-F. Lrg. clean wkr. a plus. P/T Some exper. sal. wkg. Box 2342.. avail. P&C lic. 40-hr. 2 yr. Drug Tstg. Skills req: A/P. Noon-8p. commun. cntrctr. Send résumé to: P. 555-2222 WAREHOUSE: Shpg. to be negot. CARPENTER . grt. CUSTOMER Service Rep. in pers. projs. 10p-6a. temp. Fax résumé: 555-8888 Here are some tips to keep in mind when using classified ads: • The Sunday edition of the newspaper usually includes the most listings. gd./sal. 555-1234 CARPET Clean tech. open for grvyd. & grounds policing. Fax or email résumé to VW at 555-4444. Fax résumé to 555-0022. Call an HR Rep at 555-0303.m. spkr. 40 . numerous jobs are listed in the classified section of most newspapers. wkends. The best jobs may be filled quickly. ofc. DENTAL Hygienist 2-3 days wk. wk. DMV. control.! Fax résumé to 555-0101. APARTMENT MGR. mgmt. FT data entry. $8+/hr. HS dip. skills. Exc. per diem pos. Eng. INSURANCE CSR. Competitive salary & exc. co. Swing 7p-10p. avail. Fri/Sat. xlnt. w/remod. Comm’l/resid. bnfts. Read the example listings below. Cln. req.O. Lite maint. to 111-2222. Will train. min. will train. Prof. Southside. cond. Medical/dental. oppty. req. 790 Barry Ave. req. 401k. indiv. Span. ASST. Attn: Irene. App. • For future reference. elect. to perm. BOOKKEEPER/ADMIN. A/ R. GL. in Excel/Word 50-60 wpm. fast paced environ. hist.
6:00 P. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a person who handles money in a store. What six-letter noun in the reading means “a written record of a job-seeker’s educational and work experience”? 4. without others”? 3. Lindsay works the graveyard shift so she can be at home in the daytime. 10:00 P. restaurant. only.WORD SEARCH 1. a.M. temporary at first. What six-letter adverb in the reading means “alone. to midnight c. A “temp to perm” position offers a chance for job security. What eleven-letter adjective in the reading means “at least as good as others”? _______________________ c _______________________ s _______________________ r _______________________ c WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface term in each sentence. and so on? 2. a. When the retired nurse needs extra money. temporal permission to prove yourself on the job b. 2. next door to the cemetery b. she works on a per diem basis.M. temptation to try for a permanent job c.M. a. mornings only c. for reduced wages 3. hired for and paid by the day b. 1. but leading to permanent employment 41 . to 6:00 A.
2. mgr. _____ invent. _____ pos. req. exp. 2. req. 5. 42 3. electrical contractor e. 4. as English is to ______________________________. 1. contrl. _____ elect. Taxicab is to taxi as advertisement is to _______________________. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. ACROSS DOWN W 3 4 E Y C 5 M 3. 7. high school diploma required d. 7 R 1. Licensed Vocational Nurse is to LVN as Certified Nursing Assistant is to _______________________________. ANALOGIES a. 6. 6. excellent benefits Analogies are statements of relationship. 4. apply in person b.ABBREVIATIONS 1 2 • Complete the crossword puzzle with the complete words represented by the abbreviations. asst. 1. 6 A N • Now write a letter to match each abbreviation on the left with its meaning on the right. a C A E . 4. bnfts. avail. Accounts Payable is to A/P as Accounts Receivable is to _______________________. wkr. position available f. Then complete the analogy with a word or abbreviation from the reading to show the same relationship. 2. in pers. _____ app. inventory control c. _____ HS dip. _____ exc. yr. cntrctr. Spanish is to Span. 5. 3. co.
. The programs vary. About seven out of 10 lawyers practice privately—either in law firms or alone. IL 60611 Internet: http://www. of Legal Assistants. Most of the remaining lawyers work for the government at the federal. They investigate the facts of cases and make sure that all relevant information is considered. 200 Tulsa. Some lawyers work for legal aid societies— private.UNIT 2 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 5 Two Careers in the Law LAWYERS Lawyers. community colleges. Ste. trials.org 43 .abanet. After organizing the information. paralegals perform many tasks that were formerly carried out by lawyers. Today. and successful completion of a written bar examination. Inc. they must research the intent of the law and apply the law to their clients’ circumstances. and business schools.nala. they counsel their clients regarding their legal rights and obligations. act as both advocates and advisors in our society.” Formal paralegal training is offered by four-year colleges. Information on law schools and a career in law may be obtained from: American Bar Assn. As advisors. Other programs take four years and result in a bachelor’s degree. Formal educational requirements for lawyers include a four-year college degree. contact: National Assn. Chicago. also called attorneys. Through 2008. As advocates. Boston St. or local level. In both roles. three years in law school. 1516 S. state. 750 Lakeshore Dr. paralegals are projected to be one of the fastestgrowing occupations. Many certificate programs take only a few months to complete. But they are legally prohibited from such duties as setting legal fees or giving legal advice—tasks considered to be “the practice of law. they represent both parties in a trial by presenting evidence and arguments to support their clients. they write reports for attorneys to use in preparing their cases. nonprofit organizations that serve disadvantaged people.org PARALEGALS Paralegals help lawyers prepare for hearings. OK 74119 Internet: http://www. For more information. and corporate meetings.
P__r__l__g__ls are not allowed to engage in the pr__ct__c__ of law. o. other than formal trials”? __________________________ h 3. 1. 44 . __tt__rn__ys gather evidence to support their cl__ __nts when they go to tr__ __l. u) to complete the words from the reading. What nine-letter plural noun in the reading means “reasons given for or against something”? WORD COMPLETION __________________________ a Add vowels (a. 3. The ASTRIPE __________________ in a lawsuit are the opposing sides. An attorney may attend a PROOTRACE ______________________ meeting to advise businesspeople of their legal responsibilities. Some c__rt__f__c__t__ programs for paralegals may be c__mpl__t__d in a few months’ time. 2. i. 2.WORD SEARCH 1. What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “court appearances before a judge. e. 4. What nine-letter plural noun in the reading means “lawyers who argue their clients’ cases in court”? __________________________ a 2. 1. Lawyers must __dv__s__ clients of their l__g__l rights. Poor people can get legal help from PINTFROON __________________ organizations. 3. MYSTERY WORDS Unscramble the words to complete the sentences.
1. 2. paranormal. paramilitary. charges 6. paraplegic. lawyer 5. 45 . applicable 3. The intent of a law is its ( impact / purpose ). to differ 2. paratrooper. Then find any two of the following words in the dictionary and write the definitions on the lines: paramedic. forbidden LOOK IT UP! 7 A First look up the definition of the prefix para. 1.as it is used in the word paralegal. Paying taxes on earnings is a citizen’s legal ( obligation / right ). Clues are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words.in paralegal is ______________________________. Voting in an election is a citizen’s legal ( obligation / right ). WORD: ______________________ DEFINITION: ___________________________ ________________________________________________________________ SENTENCE COMPLETION Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence.SYNONYMS 1 Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. The meaning of para. WORD: ______________________ DEFINITION: ___________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 3. 2. duties 7. counselor DOWN 6 O 1. 3. ACROSS V A 2 R 3 P 4 5 F 4.
of Labor Education is essential in getting a high-paying job. Police officers. that do not mandate a college degree and do offer higher-than-average earnings.UNIT 2 Lesson 6 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Want a Good Job? Stay in School! Advanced education or training is increasingly demanded in the American workplace. Dept. Notice that five of the six top job growth categories require at least a bachelor’s degree. and electricians fall into this category. There are still some occupations.S. Employment in occupations that do not require postsecondary education is shrinking. Occupations that necessitate at least a bachelor’s degree are expected to increase by 22 percent. These five categories account for one-third of all employment growth projected for the 10-year period. blue-collar worker supervisors. 46 . All but a few of the highest paying occupations require a college degree. EXPECTED JOB GROWTH BY EDUCATION AND TRAINING Projected: 1998–2008 Associate degree Bachelor’s degree Doctoral degree Master’s degree Work experience + bachelor’s degree or higher First professional degree Postsecondary vocational training Short-term on-the-job training Work experience in a related occupation Long-term on-the-job training Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 PERCENT CHANGE Source: U. Jobs for those with only a high school education are projected to increase by a scant 12 percent. Study the bar chart. however.
2. Sue added a _____________________ script.means “after” or “behind.or post. We saw the preview of our favorite actor’s upcoming movie. After writing Jon a letter.means “before” or “ahead.to correctly complete each sentence. 3.and pre- The prefix post. 1.WORD SEARCH 1. 5. What ten-letter plural noun names groups of persons or things with common characteristics? ______________________ d ______________________ c s 3. Rewrite each boldface word. Paul began his postgraduate studies. The concert that will be televised tonight was _____________________ recorded last spring. What eleven-letter plural noun in the reading means “managers who oversee and direct the work of others”? ______________________ 4. What eleven-letter plural noun in the reading means “jobs by which people earn a living”? ______________________ o PREFIXES post. A ___________________________ fabricated house can be constructed very quickly. The _____________________ mature baby weighed only four pounds.” and the prefix pre. adding pre. What six-letter noun in the reading means “an educational qualification awarded by a college or university”? 2.” EXAMPLES: After earning his bachelor’s degree. 6. Food shortages were commonplace in _________________ war Europe. Grandma developed a _________________________ operative infection. Fossils tell us something about how people lived in _____________________ historic times. 4. 7. 47 . After her surgery.
SYNONYMS 1 C 2 E Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 4. 5. expected WORDS IN CONTEXT 6 E Unscramble the words to correctly complete the sentences. in chemistry. Clues are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. wages DOWN 2. After earning his B. After completing a four-year course of study in music. 2. 1. necessary 3. classifications 5. 48 . The highest rank awarded by a college or university is the LADCROOT _____________________ degree. diminishing 6. Larry will work toward a STREAM _____________________ of Science degree. It took Vicki two years to earn her COASTIAES ____________________ degree at the community college. Lan received a ROBLEACH _____________________ of Arts degree. forecasted.S. require 4. Doug wants to study auto mechanics at a LOVCOATIAN _____________________ training school. 3. 5 3 4 M P ACROSS S 1.
Courage means strength that enables a person to face danger. whether physical or mental. pleasant or unpleasant—that goes into doing something. tiring work. Avery showed great ____________________ when he leapt off the bridge to save the drowning swimmer. 3. Think about the following two sets of synonyms. Use the most appropriate boldface word above to complete each sentence. The slight differences between words are often called “shades of meaning. In contrast. When everyone is against you. the word toil means long.” In order to make precise word choices. Mr. 49 . Fortitude emphasizes the ability to endure difficulty. The judge sentenced the prisoner to three years at hard ____________________. 1.UNIT 2 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 7 Exploring Language SHADES OF MEANING Synonyms are words with similar definitions—but no two words have exactly the same meaning. Labor more often suggests very hard physical work. Work is a general word for the effort—physical or mental. Boldness suggests daring and willingness to take dangerous risks. 4. it takes ____________________ to stand up for your principles. Tenacity means persistence in overcoming obstacles. After years of ____________________ in the coal mines. you must learn to recognize these subtle differences. 2. Craft decided to retire.
mischievous / mischievious 10. emporer / emperor • While you’re checking the dictionary. changeable / changable 3. irresistable / irresistible 4. dependant / dependent 8. her ____________________ is legendary. Circle the correctly spelled word in each pair below. 1. leisurely / liesurely 9. 1. cemetery / cematary 5. LOOK IT UP! • Some words are often misspelled because of tricky vowels. she won’t stop until it’s solved. notice the number of syllables in each word above. Check a dictionary to be certain. Jay could not have survived the bankruptcy of his business. Once Frieda takes on a problem. The quality of Ali’s ____________________ makes him a model employee. Without ____________________. Which two words have four syllables? _____________________________ _____________________________ 50 . attendence / attendance 6. 7. tendancy / tendency 2. devestation / devastation 7. 6. Which word has five syllables? _____________________________ 2.5.
a person’s signature 6. Then write the correct meaning next to each prefix. auto5. multi. meeting for the purpose of discussion DOWN 6 M 5 A C 1. write an example word.PREFIXES AND MEANING First. im2. If you need help. de________________________ SYNONYMS WITH PREFIXES Use the clues to help you complete the crossword puzzle. ex6. con3. coming twice a year 4. mis- ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ not ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ impossible 7. bi4. to count incorrectly 51 . check a dictionary. Answer words begin with some of the prefixes you just studied.________________________ 8. read the meanings in the box. to banish someone or make him or her leave 5. not together self MEANING many out wrong twice EXAMPLE down 1. ACROSS 4 1 2 3 D E B 2. to correct errors in a computer program 3. Finally. The first one has been done for you.
import ___________________ 52 4. the prefix de. All Americans have the ______________________ to free speech. 7. 5. Today. The annual count of all goods in a warehouse is known as taking ______________________. ANTONYMS r n a E Write an antonym (word that means the opposite) for each word listed below. lawful ___________________ 6. i d Grant learned to repair photocopiers at a ______________________ v p training school.means ______________________. WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words you studied in Unit 2 to complete the sentences. 8. 1. 3. future ___________________ 3. essential ___________________ .UNIT 2 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit. 1. In the word degrade. 4. 6. 2. ______________________ perform many tasks that were formerly carried out by lawyers. wisely ___________________ 2. An ______________________ races to an accident scene to offer immediate assistance. shortage ___________________ 5. Doctor is to physician as lawyer is to ______________________. The Legal Aid Society is a ______________________ organization that serves poor people.
backward. mandate _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6.HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE Find and circle the words in the puzzle. relevant _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. facility ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. across. degree _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 53 . Words may go up. or diagonally. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. 1. potential ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. ___ RELEVANT ___ WORKPLACE ___ POTENTIAL ___ FACILITY ___ MANDATE ___ DEGREE ___ REGULATIONS ___ PROFESSIONAL ___ COMPETITIVE ___ RETAIL ___ CLIENT ___ FORTITUDE V E C A L P K R O W P C E L F C T S T F A S R E D T O A Y D N G Z E O V U N A G C N E H G F F I T A K D M I I U O G E T I V R H N P L K P D S I T E J E O A C I E H S T R L H O T L M G T J I E O E G I P A R L R Y O P F R O Q C E I S E K N M A N X R E I D L W L A O S W P O T E N T I A L C Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. Check off each word as you find it. down. workplace ____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3.
1. client __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. changing its form as directed. adverb form of personal: ________________________ 6. noun form of contagious: ________________________ 2.7. professional ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. noun form of observe: ________________________ 54 . retail __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. regulations ____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. adjective form of vocation: ________________________ 4. adjective form of productivity: ________________________ 3. competitive ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ WORD FORMS Rewrite each italicized word from the unit. singular form of activities: ________________________ 5. fortitude ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8.
harrassment. skills. harassment 4. harassment 4. 4. T 3. _____ Future employers might be leery of hiring a job-hopper. desirable. _____ If you see ASAP on a work order. competitive 5. ambitous. 1. bureaucracy. ambitious ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE? 1. _____ The words bookkeeper and paperhanger are contractions. desireable 6. TRUE OR FALSE? Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. 8. competative. desirable 6. F 8. _____ The word commodity means “anything that is bought or sold.WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS UNIT 3 PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. ambitious 55 . competitive 5. T 4. you know that this job is a top priority. buracracy 3. 2. and concepts you will study in Unit 3. _____ A company’s human resources department sets up benefit programs for employees. F 5. commission 2. _____ Entrepreneurs are those who loan money to help others start small businesses. commission 2. 3. _____ The words handbook and manual are homonyms. T 6. bureaucracy 3. comission. T 7. F ABBREVIATIONS: 1. F 2. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. 6. _____ The Latin phrase status quo means “having full right and authority. SPELLING Circle the correctly spelled word in each pair.” 7.” 5. 1.
glossary entries are drawn from the working world. etc. college. Leo earns an especially good _________________________. 56 . aptitude natural ability to learn. and so on transcript a student’s record. such as teaching or nursing specifications detailed description of materials. carpentry. For every luxury car he sells. or do something well attitude thinking and/or behavior— whether positive or negative—that shows one’s state of mind bureaucracy systematized government by appointed officials civil service government jobs obtained by scoring well on exams that are open to all commission percentage of a sale paid to the salesperson comply to do what is asked or demanded faculty all the teachers in a school. 2. Most electricians learn their _________________________ by completing an apprenticeship program.UNIT 3 Lesson 1 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms in a certain area of interest. or other learning institute franchise the right purchased by a dealer to sell the products of a certain company manual a small book of facts or instructions recruitment the practice of attracting and hiring new employees services paid activities performed for others. understand. 1. Context clues will help you select the appropriate word. size. such as plumbing. showing grades received WORDS IN CONTEXT Use a word from the glossary to correctly complete each sentence. In this book. necessary for completion of a project trade work done with the hands that requires special training.
7. Most members of a _________________________ follow all the rules without question. He is saving money to buy a _________________________ from a popular chain of restaurants. 13. 12. A prospective employer often wants to review a job candidate’s college _________________________. 6. 8. The building inspector carefully studied the _______________________ for the new parking garage. After 30 years. In order to work for the federal government. 4. 10. 57 . Jeff’s _________________________ for math earned him good grades with little effort. Kim’s unfailingly helpful _________________________ makes her an excellent customer service representative. Professor Evangeline Harris retired from the _________________________ of the community college. 5. _________________________ for minimum-wage jobs is difficult when better-paid work is available.3. To install the new fax machine. The corporation demands that all employees _______________________ with its dress code. 14. Instead of selling products. the property management company sells the _________________________ of its employees. 11. 9. Rhonda carefully followed the instructions in the operator’s _________________________. Javier will have to take a _________________________ _________________________ test.
ACROSS DOWN 4 N 5 O 6 A 1. Then replace the boldface word in each sentence with its unscrambled synonym (word with a similar meaning). closed SYNONYMS Unscramble the words from the glossary definitions. sketchy 4. 58 . Muñoz stocks a wide array of hair care goods ______________________ in his drugstore. Mr.ANTONYMS 1 A 2 P 3 D Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the glossary definitions. positive 5. 3. The candidates with the highest grades ______________________ on the test will be invited for an interview. 4. What does the first-aid handbook ______________________ say about treating a minor burn? 2. ERCOSS ______________________ ALANUM _____________________ STUCDROP _____________________ PUTDATIE ______________________ 1. elected 4. sold 3. Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. repelling 2. Someone with clumsy hands would not have the talent ______________________ to become a skillful dentist. acquired 6.
temporary placement agencies. In any company. etc. layoffs. • helps managers screen qualified applicants from the unqualified • develops an interview process that meets legal and ethical requirements • ensures that every job candidate has the opportunity to “sell” himor herself in an interview • retains all applications and résumés according to legal requirements • helps a manager develop a competitive offer to entice qualified applicants • tries to find out why a desirable job candidate rejected the company’s offer 59 . firing. middle.UNIT 3 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 2 Meet the HR Department All large companies—and many small ones—have a human resources department. and harassment • prevents managers from asking illegal questions during interviews • ensures that a diverse workforce is hired and maintained • responds to government labor audits • investigates and tries to resolve disputes arising from charges of harassment or discrimination • defends the rights of employees as well as management Employment Responsibilities • develops a process for attracting good employees through such methods as advertising. HR is the function “caught in the middle.” Why? Because the role of this department is to listen to and react to management’s desires as it advocates for employees. and so on • gathers facts from the industry about minimum and maximum pay for each job so management can decide whether to pay high. retirement. Read the overview of HR’s duties. bonus plans. job fairs. or low • coordinates company celebrations and parties • assists top management with organizational development Legal Responsibilities • advises management on legal issues related to such things as hiring. websites. vacation policies. use of headhunters. General Responsibilities • sees that employees are paid • sets up benefit programs. such as health care.
staff members of varied races. and religions 3. ages. deciding how different departments in the company should work together b. What six-letter plural noun in the reading means “official examination of a business’s records to see if they are accurate”? WORDS IN CONTEXT _______________________ a Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase from the reading. 1. What ten-letter noun in the reading means “the illegal practice of persistently annoying or attacking an employee”? _______________________ h 3. The law requires that all large companies have a diverse workforce. invite to all company functions b. unequal treatment because of prejudice”? _______________________ d 2. HR must advocate for employees as well as for management. a. sexes. What fourteen-letter noun in the reading means “unfair. arranging more elaborate and exciting company conventions and celebrations c. support the rights of c. The human resources department assists top executives with organizational development.WORD SEARCH 1. ways to get rid of trouble-making employees without getting sued 2.and low-paid workers b. a. equal number of high. different benefits for different workers c. exclusively represent 60 . a.
people fired by another company b. roll ________________________ 4. higher _____________________ 2. 1. HR sometimes hires headhunters. Write a word from the reading next to the homonym it matches below. 1.4. ENDFED HOMONYMS ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ a. AFQUILIED 3. a. to respond 4 E 5 R ANTONYMS Unscramble the words from the reading. refused 1. businesses that recruit qualified employees c. disagreements 3. To find excellent job candidates. unattractive c. those already employed by other companies SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. inadequate Homonyms are words that sound exactly alike but have different meanings and spellings. wishes 4. to settle 2. four ________________________ 6. ACROSS DOWN 1 R 2 D 3 R 1. RISEBLADE 2. sight ________________________ 61 . Then draw a line to match each unscrambled word with its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). to lure 5. weather ____________________ 3. keeps 2. Clue words are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. meat _______________________ 5. abandon b.
a job change makes sense. During these periods. prospective employees have the advantage. WORD SEARCH 1. If you don’t have a good reason.” the situation is reversed. of course.” But in an “employer’s market. many workers are glad to take any job they can get. It’s the next year that is truly productive. If the pay is poor. So think hard before changing your job on a whim. In future interviews. When there are many more jobs than job-seekers. your manager is bad. are reasonable and necessary. What happens when employees have the advantage? It may be tempting to flit from one job to another when better pay is offered.UNIT 3 Lesson 3 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS The Risks of Job-Hopping The job market can change quite rapidly. What four-letter verb in the reading means to “quickly move from place to place without stopping long”? _______________________ f 62 . Some job changes. you may be asked to explain why each move occurred. That’s why a record of constant job changes can definitely work against you. But most employers are looking for stable employees. But how does a pattern of job-hopping look on your résumé? Will future employers be leery of hiring you? Will they think you lack commitment? The usual expectation is for people to stick with a job for at least two years. All managers want a return on their investment before an employee leaves. another applicant is likely to be selected. Some highly skilled workers can practically name their price in an “employee’s market. or there’s no room for advancement. The idea is that it takes a new employee one year to learn the job and figure out how the company works.
1. 3. 3. When jobs are plentiful. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. An employee’s second year on the job is more (fruitful) ROVEDIPCUT ______________________ than the first year. 1. ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship.2. What five-letter adjective in the reading means “regarding with suspicion”? _______________________ p _______________________ l SYNONYMS Unscramble the words to correctly complete the sentences. What eleven-letter adjective in the reading means “likely or hoping to become”? 3. It is (sensible) SNARELOABE ______________________ to change jobs if you have no chance for advancement. Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. 4. Adverb is to badly as adjective is to __________________________. Truely is to truly as defanitely is to __________________________. Commit is to commitment as expect is to __________________________. Workers who change jobs too frequently appear to be incapable of (dedication) TIMOMCENTM ______________________. The unscrambled words are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the boldface words. 4. c b e d 63 . 2. highly skilled workers can (almost) TAILCALCPRY ______________________ name their price. Never is to always as occasional is to __________________________. 2.
handicap 7. because you’re ambitious 3. refunds promptly remitted . arrives MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS G Notice how the words periods and pattern are used in the reading. rejected 3. some kind of gain from money spent 64 b. a large enough work area b. Check a dictionary if you’re not sure of the alternate meanings. unpredictable 5.ANTONYMS 1 2 D Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Is it ever a good idea to change jobs on a whim? a. extraordinary 6. Does your current job offer room for advancement? a. possibly 4. money repaid after being loaned c. All businesses hope to get a good return on their investments. ACROSS S 2. pattern ________________________________________________________ WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase. for no particular reason c. 1. Then write a sentence using each word to convey an entirely different meaning. because someone dared you to b. unhappy DOWN 3 U 4 S 5 L 6 A 7 1. Clues are antonyms (words with the opposite meaning) of answer words. a. a gym or recreational area c. 1. an opportunity for promotion 2. periods ________________________________________________________ 2.
In either case.UNIT 3 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 4 Career Focus: Painters and Paperhangers Painters and paperhangers make up one of the larger building trades. What eleven-letter plural noun in the reading means “persons in the building trades who agree to supply materials and complete the work”? _______________________ c 65 . or remodeling work. The formal apprenticeship for painters and paperhangers consists of three to four years of on-the-job training plus classroom instruction. independent contractors. Working conditions are often fairly strenuous. More than 40 percent of these workers are self-employed. Many are hired by general contractors on new construction projects. they learn how to prepare surfaces for painting or paperhanging. painters’ earnings may be reduced by bad weather. Painters and paperhangers must stand for long periods of time. paperhangers earn more than painters. stamina is an absolute necessity. Most beginners. To succeed in this work. a person must have good manual dexterity and “color sense. by working as helpers. 1300 North 17th St. Others specialize in repair. however.” In general. For more information about the work of painters and paperhangers. Rosslyn. you can contact Associated Builders and Contractors.. Because much of their work is done with their arms raised overhead. WORD SEARCH 1. Their jobs also require a considerable amount of climbing and bending. VA 22209-3801. On occasion. learn the trade informally. and to apply paint and wall coverings efficiently and neatly. restoration.
wearing suits instead of tuxedos c. a. What nine-letter adjective in the reading means “requiring much energy or effort”? _______________________ s 3. in lengthy apprenticeship programs 66 . Underfoot is an antonym of HAVERODE _______________________. On occasion. What eight-letter verb in the reading means “using the feet and often the hands to move up. 3. without strictly organized instruction b. almost never b. matching and coordinating colors c. skill in using the hands 3. Increased is the opposite of CURDEED _______________________. paperhangers must have good manual dexterity.2. 2. down. guidebooks and training manuals b. Lowered is the opposite of RESAID _______________________. a. once in a while c. 4. quite frequently 2. 1. To do their work well. over. or across”? _______________________ c ANTONYMS Unscramble the word from the reading to correctly complete each sentence. a. 1. Most beginning painters and paperhangers learn their trades informally. Weakness is an antonym of MAINATS _______________________. WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or phrase. heavy rain may prevent a painter from working.
requirement WORD FORMS R • Complete the chart. Clues are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. _________________________ 4. apply 2. ________________________________________________________________ 2. VERB NOUN 1. require ___________________________ ___________________________ information ___________________________ restoration ___________________________ • Now write sentences of your own. stooping 4 4. moderately H 5 6.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. ACROSS 1 C 2 B 3 N 1. to mend DOWN F 1. succeed 3. using two of the words you added to the chart. Add either the noun or verb form of each boldface word. efficiently 2. substantial 6 3. _________________________ 6. prepare 5. assistants 5. 1. ________________________________________________________________ 67 .
and receptionists are included in this category. and stimulate consumer interest. including clerical—which is the largest major occupational group—perform a variety of tasks necessary to run organizations efficiently. and social services. professional specialty occupations comprise the fastest-growing category. and managerial Marketing and sales Operators. and scientists—as well as recreation workers and special education teachers. They also direct the activities of businesses. purchase commodities and property for resale. teacher assistants. health. Most new jobs in service occupations will be in business. engineers. as well as hand workers such as assemblers. Dept. 68 . Office supervisors. of Labor 5 10 15 20 25 30 PERCENT CHANGE Which major occupation groups are projected to be most in demand during the next few years? As the bar graph illustrates. and managerial group plan and establish policies and staffing requirements.UNIT 3 Lesson 5 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Occupations in Demand PROJECTED PERCENT GROWTH IN MAJOR OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS: 1998–2008 Professional specialty Technicians and related support Service Executive. Others in this group include computer programmers and legal assistants. and laborers category will be for operators of vehicles and material-moving machines. government agencies. Jobs in this group include computer analysts. Workers in administrative support. Over half of the technicians and related support job growth is expected to be among health technicians and technologists. and laborers Administrative support. fabricators. Workers in the executive. Most new jobs in the operators. bill adjusters.S. including clerical 0 Source: U. fabricators. and other organizations. administrative. administrative. Workers in marketing and sales sell goods and services.
3. Health information HINTSCANCIE __________________________ make sure that patients’ medical records are complete. 69 . or build”? 3. Forklift RATESPOOR __________________________ move heavy loads around a warehouse or factory. Some aerospace SEGRINEEN __________________________ design and develop missiles and rockets. What eleven-letter plural noun in the reading means “anything bought or sold”? 4. Those who work as ARIBFORCATS __________________________ make or build things by putting parts together. 5. and maintain software. 4. including selling and advertising”? 2. 1. 6. test. Computer MERGROPRAMS __________________________ write. What nine-letter verb in the reading means to “arouse or excite”? ___________________________ m e ___________________________ ___________________________ c s ___________________________ WORDS IN CONTEXT Unscramble the words from the reading to complete the sentences. Use context clues to help you find the correct word.WORD SEARCH 1. Bill SRUTSJADE __________________________ handle customers’ complaints about merchandise or service. What nine-letter verb in the reading means to “start. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “the work of moving goods from producer to buyer. found. 2.
Clues are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. awaited READING A BAR GRAPH D Use the key at the bottom of the bar graph on page 68 to help you determine the exact percentage of job growth. to reckon or judge DOWN 5 C 1.4% / . and laborers will increase by about ( 9. Jobs for operators. The number of jobs in marketing and sales is expected to grow by ( 11% / 15% ). Then circle the number that correctly completes each sentence. 70 . Technicians and related support workers will see a ( 22% / 26% ) increase in new jobs. buyer. group 3. classification. 1. to show or exemplify 6 4. to include or embody 2. Job opportunities in professional specialty occupations are projected to increase by ( 35% / 27% ). customer 6. Clerical and other administrative support workers will have ( 7% / 9% ) more jobs available. 2. anticipated. fabricators. 3. 4. ACROSS 1 C 2 D 3 I 4 E 1.6% ). 5.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. to administer or manage 5.
For more information. Other entrepreneurs you might see every day are operating the neighborhood bakery. an independent agency of the federal government. the business was launched without enough capital—the money needed to set up and run the business until it makes a profit. Henry Ford was a famous American entrepreneur. confident people. When you see someone selling handmade jewelry at a flea market. write to the American Entrepreneurs Association at 2392 Morse Avenue.S. office manager. or selling hot dogs from a cart. Once in a while. Often. try thinking like one. 71 . Irvine. a fortunate entrepreneur becomes wealthy. Most entrepreneurs don’t make a great deal of money. Can you come up with a good idea for a new or improved product or service? Can you recognize a need that your skills can fulfill? Take economics classes. you are looking at an entrepreneur. But people who are determined to work for themselves—no matter what— often value independence more than a high income. What does it take to be a successful entrepreneur? Small business owners are independent. taking care of people’s yards. But the reality is that about one-fourth of all new businesses fail within the first three years. To save money. and learn all you can about businesses in your community. he developed the first assembly line to manufacture cars. and salesperson. economy was built on the bright ideas and hard work of its entrepreneurs. CA 92714. Many entrepreneurs work 12-hour days. a small business owner often does the work of many people: owner. bookkeeper.UNIT 3 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 6 What Does It Take to Be Your Own Boss? Entrepreneurs are people who start up and run their own businesses. Or go to the library and look at the Small Business Handbook published by the Small Business Administration. The U. In 1913. They are risktakers who like challenge and are able to make decisions on their own. Some of America’s first entrepreneurs were trappers who sold wild animal furs. If you’re interested in becoming an entrepreneur.
staunch / ___________________ 3. distributing. DIMERENTED _________________ CLHANDUE ___________________ LAWYETH _____________________ GLINELS _______________________ 1. prosperous / ____________________ 4. commenced / ___________________ WORD FORMS Circle the form of the word that correctly completes each sentence. Check a dictionary if you need help. and consuming wealth”? __________________________ c i __________________________ __________________________ e SYNONYMS Unscramble the words from the reading.WORD SEARCH 1. Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonym (word with a similar meaning). 1. What twelve-letter noun in the reading means “the condition of being free from the control of others”? 3. vending / ___________________ 2. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “money put into a business in order to make more money”? 2. Randy’s new T-shirt factory will be in ( operate / operation ) by March 1. 2. 72 . What seven-letter noun in the reading means “a country’s system of producing. Beginning entrepreneurs should be ( realism / realistic ) about the risks they are taking.
Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. 4. loss 4. fantasy 7. 73 m n e i . Child is to childhood as neighbor is to _________________________. ( Successful / Successfully ) entrepreneurs must be willing to work very long hours. 1. ( confident / confidently ) personalities. to spurn or disdain 6. unrecognized ANALOGIES 8 T Analogies are statements of relationship. Figure out the relationship between the first two words.3. Profit is to profitable as independence is to _________________________. ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. luckless 3. ACROSS 1 1. panicky 5. Managerial is to manager as entrepreneurial is to _________________________. outgo 8. 3. wild DOWN 3 5 C 2 F P R 4 V 6 F 7 I 2. Entrepreneurs tend to have upbeat. Save is to conserve as produce is to _________________________. 2. 4.
UNIT 3 Lesson 7 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Exploring Language FOREIGN PHRASES • Many phrases from other languages are commonly used by English-speakers. An ambitious person is rarely satisfied with the status quo. For many years. Pierre has been the maître d’hôtel at that fine French restaurant. a. Since joining his law firm. 1. well informed b. a. equal partner in every way c. low pay and long hours b. a. Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface phrase. a. use context clues or check a dictionary. fiercest rival and competitor b. a fair warning 3. 2. sudden illness b. chambermaid b. headwaiter c. social blunder c. encouraged by c. Alicia stays au courant regarding trends in her industry. full authority b. dishwasher 2. a. a. many opportunities c. person helped and guided by another • Now use any two of the foreign phrases in sentences of your own. Margarita has been her father’s protégé. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 74 . alarmed about 5. Louis was embarrassed by his faux pas at the formal dinner. While his boss was away. too many bosses c. For help. Nick was given carte blanche to run the office. the ways things are at the present 4. 1. friend’s behavior 6.
BLENDED WORDS The English language contains many words that have been blended together to make new words. _____ to blow the whistle on 4. make a new start 75 . reveal a secret e. television + marathon 5. modulator + demodulator DOWN 5 S 2. chunk + lump 3. 1. That’s why understanding idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. ACROSS 3 C 2 P M 4 T 1. report someone’s wrongdoing c. motor + cavalcade 5. slop + slush EVERYDAY IDIOMS 6 M All languages have certain expressions. Write a letter to match each idiom with its meaning. or idioms. earn enough to pay your bills d. picture + element 4. _____ to keep the wolf from the door a. Clues are the words that were blended to make the new word. that cannot be understood literally. _____ to let the cat out of the bag 2. sky + laboratory 6. for example. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. admit an embarrassing mistake b. _____ to turn over a new leaf 3. _____ to eat humble pie 5. are blended in the word brunch. The words breakfast and lunch. 1 Complete the crossword puzzle with familiar blended words.
Make sure the meaning of the idiom is clear. here is 2. commercial b. Rollie Fuller is our company’s new CEO. Ray is __________________ __________________ __________________ 4. Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface term below. chief executive officer 4.IDIOMS IN CONTEXT Choose two of the idioms on page 75 and use them in sentences of your own. it will 7. When two or three words are combined or shortened in a contraction. 1. corporate events operator economic official c. a. very intelligence internet important patron provider person 76 . as signatures as possible and proofreading are provided 3. Financial Bond Internet of Investigation Investments 2. a. who would __________________ 6. 2. after signing c. a. The boss ordered me to get the information to him ASAP. let us 3. Reynaldo has always wanted to work as an FBI agent. we are 8. Use context clues for help. I heard that a VIP from the main office is going to be here today. 1. Example: Where is the exit? Where’s the exit? Write the contraction that can be made from each pair of words below. visionary b. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ CONTRACTIONS Contractions are often used in informal office communications such as notes and memos. these will __________________ INITIALIZATIONS Initializations are common in everyday communications. valuable c. has not __________________ __________________ __________________ 5. Federal Banking b. an apostrophe replaces the omitted letters. a. Federal Bureau c. 1. as soon b.
WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS
Here’s your chance to show what you learned in Unit 3.
WORDS IN CONTEXT
Complete the sentences with words you studied in Unit 3. Use context clues for help.
1. The company’s HR department is responsible for the _______________________ of new employees. 2. Interviewers may suspect that job-hoppers lack ____________________. 3. Some painters and paperhangers specialize in restoration and _______________________ work. 4.
r _______________________ specialty occupations include computer P s
analysts and engineers. 5. Marketing and sales workers try hard to _______________________ consumer interest. 6. Secretaries and clerks provide _______________________ support services. 7. Businesses that fail were often launched without enough _______________________. 8. Painters and paperhangers must have good manual _______________________.
SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS
Write S or A to show whether each pair of words below are synonyms or antonyms.
1. _____ detailed / sketchy 2. _____ entice / lure 3. _____ stable / unpredictable
4. _____ strenuous / effortless 5. _____ faux pas / mistake 6. _____ include / comprise 77
HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE
Find and circle the words in the puzzle. Words may go up, down, across, backward, or diagonally. Check off each word as you find it.
_____ COORDINATES _____ FRANCHISE _____ DISPUTES _____ HARASSMENT _____ COMPETENTLY _____ ILLUSTRATE WORDS IN CONTEXT _____ WHIM _____ ECONOMY _____ CAPITAL _____ GRAPH _____ STAMINA _____ LABORER
Y L T N E T E P M O C A
L F K Y M N F G L O I D
A D N L K J H G O Z L F
B S B A E T A R J N L N
O X C T D R D B H S U B
R F X I R I C N E W S A
E C R P N E S L W E T N
R V A A S W G P Q R R I
G E T C N R V K U O A M
H E S P A C W H B T T A
S W T P D D H G E P E T
V A H B O S I I O L P S
Y E C O N O M Y S K D O
B S H A R A S S M E N T
Now use each puzzle word in an original sentence. Be sure to make the word’s meaning clear.
1. laborer _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. economy _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. coordinates ____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. competently ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. whim __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. stamina ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 78
7. franchise _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. capital _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. harassment ____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. illustrate _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. disputes _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. graph __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
Analogies are statements of relationship. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. Then complete each analogy with a word from Unit 3 that shows the same relationship.
1. Salesforce is to salesperson as faculty is to __________________________. 2. Willingness is to attitude as dexterity is to __________________________. 3. Employee is to record as student is to __________________________.
4. Assured is to certain as suspicious is to __________________________. 5. Chosen is to bypassed as selected is to __________________________. 6. Profession is to professional as technology is to __________________________. 79
you are working for the government. substitute 6. sincere 4. arguement / argument 5. 1. 8. 4. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. T SPELLING: 1. goverment / government 80 ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE? 1. and skills you will study in this unit. 2. accomodate / accommodate 2. T 8. _____ If you have a civil service job. T 6. 6. _____ People get a certain impression of you from the way you shake hands. _____ Employees of major corporations work in the public sector. accommodate 2. government . 5. argument 5.” SPELLING Circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. F 5. 3. F 4. 7.UNIT 4 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. F 7. _____ A landmark change in the law has little long-term effect. commitment / committment 3. _____ A government must pay a customs tax on goods it sends to another country. concepts. _____ The prefixes pre. T 2. substitute / substatute 6. _____ The words sow and reap are antonyms. sinsere / sincere 4. 1.both mean “before. T 3.and ante. TRUE OR FALSE? Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. _____ The words proportion and ratio are synonyms. commitment 3.
81 .UNIT 4 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 1 GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms in a certain area of interest. usually to achieve something quickly networking the process of maintaining relationships with people whose friendship could bring job advantages or business opportunities persistence the quality of steadily moving forward in spite of problems or obstacles poised calm. power. phone numbers. glossary entries are drawn from the working world. attendant one who takes care of or serves other people directory book containing the names of people or organizations. or direction toward something tactful showing concern about upsetting or offending people WORDS IN CONTEXT Write a word from the glossary to complete each sentence. and so on to be used for reference ethics the study of moral standards and how they affect human conduct hierarchy ranking of group members according to status. The _______________________ of boys to girls in our class is about three to two. In this book. tendency. self-assured. seniority. and dignified prerequisites the prior conditions required before something else can happen probation period of testing someone’s suitability for a job proportion the relationship between quantities or between the parts of a whole recession period of six months or more when the production of goods and services decreases trend general movement. usually with addresses. and so on intensive involving concentrated effort. 1. Use context clues to help you select the correct word.
9. The chief executive officer is at the top of the ______________________ in most large companies. A college education is a _______________________ for a career as a teacher. The _______________________ of tenants in that skyscraper lists 14 law firms. That designer is responsible for the latest _______________________ in fashion footwear. 14. 11. Montez tried to be _______________________ when she terminated the unsatisfactory employee. 82 . 4. companies may lay off thousands of workers. 3. 8. 7. During a _______________________. Veronica took an _______________________ course in French in order to qualify for the job in Paris. 10. Jeff will be considered a full-fledged staff member. 12. 6. 13. 5. Mrs. _______________________ can accomplish many goals that talent alone cannot.2. Interviewers are always impressed with young applicants who seem self-confident and _______________________. a lawyer may not reveal the secrets of a client. After a three-month _______________________ period. According to legal _______________________. _______________________ is an effective way to find job leads. Jeremiah has a part-time job as an _______________________ at a nearby nursing home.
rank or position MYSTERY WORDS 6 T 7 P Unscramble the words from the reading to complete the sentences. behavior 4. 83 . Clue words are either synonyms or antonyms of the answer words. 2. 1. NOISEITRY ____________________ on the job carries with it certain rights and privileges. Moral DANSDARTS ____________________ are commonly accepted ideas about what is decent and respectable. ACROSS 2. jittery DOWN 4 C S 5 O 1. insulting 6. ratio 3. Nikki knows people in many companies because she is always GROWTINKEN ____________________. 3.SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. escalates 2 1 P D 3 5. Which teacher will you name as a NEERCREEF ____________________ on your college application? 4. rude 7.
There are three categories of government workers. navy. the agency interviews the top three people on the list and chooses one for the job. counties. Qualified applicants then take a test. people who are elected or appointed don’t have to take tests to get their jobs. these people train for many different careers. If one job is cut. There are several advantages to working for the government. When a position opens.UNIT 4 Lesson 2 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Working for the Government Did you know that the government is the largest employer in the United States? There are all kinds of jobs in the public sector. Military personnel—those who enlist in the army. a government employee has a good chance to find another. Those who pass the test are ranked in order. marines. and many other state departments and agencies. Unlike civil service workers. governors. you must first fill out an application. Government workers also have good benefits. or the coast guard—also work for the federal government. They include bus drivers. unemployment offices. building inspectors. government jobs are more secure than jobs in the private sector. Employees of local governments work for cities. 84 . air force. nurses. Primarily. mail carriers. and teachers work for local governments. These people operate state parks. The third group of government employees is made up of officials who are elected and appointed. and mayors are in this group. such as fully paid medical and dental insurance. and custodians who maintain government buildings. Many of these jobs are identical to jobs in private businesses. Judges. animal control officers. pressworkers at the mints. The president of the United States is a federal employee. Those who work for the federal government include FBI agents. Sheriffs. The 50 states also employ millions of workers. To get a civil service job. and librarians. Civil service employees are hired by departments or agencies. and towns. Government workers can also transfer between agencies. garbage collectors. While in military service.
What eight-letter verb in the reading means “to move or change from one place to another”? 2. What seven-letter adjective in the reading describes a union of states having a central government? 3. companies and organizations that are not controlled by the government c. the portion of national affairs controlled by government agencies b. top-secret clearance given to agents who must protect the president’s privacy b. What nine-letter adjective in the reading means “exactly alike”? 4. positions filled by public hearings followed by written tests 2. Public sector employees have jobs in federal. workers in certain sections who must deal with the public on a regular basis c. or local government.WORD SEARCH 1. Employees of major corporations work in the private sector. a. the portion of the national economy controlled by the government 85 . What nine-letter verb in the reading means “named or chosen for an office or position”? __________________________ t __________________________ f i __________________________ __________________________ a WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface words. a. 1. state.
1. _____ maintains driving records Write sentences showing two different meanings of each word below. S for state. officer of the law in a county 8. one who instructs students 3. _____ sends out Social Security checks 6. _____ maintains a municipal stadium 2. ACROSS 1 2. or L for local. decides cases in a court of law 6. protects and defends the country CATEGORIES 8 7 S G Which item fits in each category? Write F for federal.GOVERNMENT JOBS PUZZLE Complete the crossword puzzle with government jobs mentioned in the reading. 1. a city’s chief elected official 4. caretaker of a building 5. (position) (position) 86 . _____ repairs broken street lights MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS 4. _____ issues birth certificates 3. chief elected official of a state DOWN 6 2 T 3 M 4 C J 5 M P 1. prints money 7. _____ enforces immigration laws 5. (mint) (mint) _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ 2.
or OSHA.gov 87 . Both employers and employees are required to comply with OSHA standards and regulations.UNIT 4 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 3 What You Need to Know About OSHA In 1970. This law guarantees every employee’s right to a safe and healthful workplace. the federal government passed a law to safeguard all workers. This landmark piece of legislation is called the Occupational Safety and Health Act. employees have the right to: • confidentially notify OSHA about hazards in the workplace • request an OSHA inspection of unhealthful workplace conditions • see OSHA citations that have been issued to the employer • obtain copies of their medical records or records of their exposure to toxic or harmful substances or conditions More information about OSHA programs is available at OSHA’s website: http://www. Primary responsibility for enforcing this law belongs to the Occupational Safety and Healthy Administration in the Department of Labor. Following are some examples of employer responsibilities: • provide a workplace free from recognized hazards • not to discriminate against employees who exercise their OSHA rights • keep records of work-related injuries or illnesses Employees’ responsibilities include: • comply with all applicable OSHA standards • wear or use prescribed protective equipment while working • report hazardous conditions to the supervisor • promptly report any job-related illness or injury and seek treatment immediately • cooperate with the OSHA compliance officer during an inspection • exercise rights under OSHA in a responsible manner • ensure that employees use safe tools and equipment • provide access to employee medical records and exposure records • use color codes or signs to alert employees to possible hazards Under the terms of the law.osha.
The noun form of the verb prescribe is _______________________. or a laboratory. For help. The noun form of the verb notify is _______________________. a machine shop. a mine. What ten-letter verb in the reading means “ordered that certain directions should be followed”? _______________________ p _______________________ p e 3. 1. WORD FORMS Complete the sentences with a different form of the boldface words from the reading. The adjective form of the verb apply is _______________________. A RAMDANKL _______________________ change in the law can have a dramatic impact on people’s lives. 3. chief”? 2. Heavy gloves are a DRAGAFUSE _______________________ against many kinds of hand injuries. An employee’s ROPEWALCK _______________________ may be a factory. Privilege is to favor as entitlement is to ________________________. 4. The verb form of the noun citation is _______________________. 88 r .WORD SEARCH 1. 3. What seven-letter adjective in the reading means “first in importance. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “special things needed for some purpose”? _______________________ 4. 2. What six-letter verb in the reading means “to make certain”? COMPOUND WORDS _______________________ e Unscramble the compound words from the reading to complete the sentences. 1. 2. check a dictionary. ANALOGIES Complete the analogies with words from the reading. 1.
An employer may not discriminate against employees who ask for OSHA’s assistance. furnish. distinguish between b. to protect 3. Clues are definitions of the answer words. 1. treat fairly c. ACROSS E 2 4 S A 3 R 5 S 4. a. 4. the making of a law or laws 7. 3. An employee can confidentially tell OSHA about dangerous conditions in the workplace. without fear of being identified b. to defend against a danger. established levels of quality or excellence Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words in each sentence. trust the employer to keep it secret 2. Obey is to comply as assure is to ________________________. the condition of being unprotected DOWN 7 6 L P 1. to supply. items chosen to show what the rest are like 2. to gain entry to or to use something 6. rules or laws meant to control activities WORDS IN CONTEXT 8 E 5.2. WORDS AND MEANINGS 1 i i g Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. a. Infection is to illness as accident is to ________________________. show a bias 89 . with confidence in the employer c. Regulation is to regulate as inspection is to ________________________. give 8.
” (1931) 8. they came by work. William du Bois: “The return from your work must be the satisfaction that work brings you and the world’s need of that work.: “Every calling is great when greatly pursued. Ralph Waldo Emerson: “Every man has his own vocation. vice. E l b e r t H u b b a r d : “The best preparation for good work tomorrow is to do good work today.” (1958) 90 .” (1850) 2. and need. With this.” (1885) 14.” (1895) 10. Theodore Roosevelt: “Far and away the best prize that life offers is the chance to work hard at work worth doing.” (1946) 3. nor did any of my inventions come by accident. C.” (1962) 11. Booker T. not for any god.” (1693) 5. Helen Keller: “The world is sown with good.” (1759) 6. . Oliver Wendell Holmes. I cannot reap a kernel of the good. Northcote Parkinson: “Work expands to fill the time available for its completion.” (1913) 9.UNIT 4 Lesson 4 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Wise Words About Working What did great thinkers of the past have to say about the meaning of work? Here are some quotations from the past 500 years. It is wholesome for the body and good for the mind. The talent is the call. life is as near heaven as you can get. Grover Cleveland: “A truly American sentiment recognizes the dignity of labor and the fact that honor lies in honest toil.” (1903) 7. Thomas A.” (1884) 15. Do you see a common thread of experiences and observations running through the centuries? 1. . William Penn: “Love labor. A life of ease is not for any man. Voltaire: “Work spares us from three great evils: boredom. William Graham Sumner: “Those who start out with the notion that the world owes them a living generally find that the world pays its debt in the penitentiary or the workhouse. Washington: “No race can prosper until it learns there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem. There is no substitute for hard work. John Heywood: “Many hands make light work. but unless I turn my glad thoughts into practical living and till my own field.” (1927) 4. Jr.” (1903) 12.” (1841) 13. Thomas Carlyle: “Work alone is noble. Edison: “I never did anything worth doing by accident.
What ten-letter noun in the reading means “something used to take the place of another”? _____________________ s 2. shame / ___________________ 3. Those who aren’t willing to work usually end up in bad circumstances. Working not only pays your bills but also keeps you out of trouble. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “a happening that is not expected or planned”? _____________________ a ANTONYMS Unscramble the words from the reading. you don’t have to work too hard. _____ 2. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “stretches or enlarges”? 3. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “a thought or opinion mixed with feeling”? _____________________ _____________________ e s 4. virtue / ___________________ 4. Don’t count on luck to help you develop a bright idea. _____ 5. _____ 1. 91 . blessings / 6. NOOHR ______________________ LEBON _______________________ LIVES ________________________ SEAE __________________________ TONESH _______________________ ECIV ___________________________ 1. _____ 4. When you have lots of help. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). If you have an hour to do a 10-minute job. _____ 3.WORD SEARCH 1. it will probably take you an hour to finish it. harshness / _________________ PARAPHRASES Write a number from the reading to match each quotation with its paraphrase below. disgraceful / ____________________ 5. deceitful / ___________________ ___________________ 2.
Be sure to use two different meanings for each word. thought W MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Find the words mind and race in the reading. Then look up both words in the dictionary and write two original sentences for each word.SYNONYMS 1 D 2 T 3 Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. reward 5. Clues are synonyms (words with a similar meaning) of the answer words. (race as a noun) ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. 1. ACROSS DOWN R 4 5 6 P H N 1. Use each homonym in an original sentence. healthy 2. to harvest 4. succeed 7 6. colonel: HOMONYM: ___________________ SENTENCE: ______________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. labor 3. 1. sewn: HOMONYM: ___________________ SENTENCE: ________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 92 . (mind as a verb) ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. respectability 4. (race as a verb) _________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ HOMONYMS Find a homonym (word that sounds the same but has a different meaning and spelling) in the reading for each boldface word below. esteem 7. (mind as a noun) _______________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2.
asp FLIGHT ATTENDANT Major airlines are required by law to provide flight attendants for the safety of the flying public. car rentals. Although attendants serve food and pass out pillows and magazines. and certificates of vaccination). They spend another 80 hours on the ground. 93 . 1101 King St. agents provide information on customs regulations. Education Dept.to 12-week training programs for beginning travel agents. and weekends. and have strong computer skills. contact airlines and hotels. a s t a n e t . Agents must be well-organized. For information on training opportunities. holidays. Prospective flight attendants must have some college as well as experience in dealing with the public. and currency exchange rates. They usually fly about 80 hours a month. visas. Many vocational schools offer 6. Specialized training is becoming increasingly important in this field. and recreation. For international travel. Flight attendants often work nights. In the air. Safety-related duties include reassuring nervous passengers during turbulent weather and evacuating a plane after an emergency landing. helping passengers in the event of an emergency is the attendant’s primary responsibility. They confer with clients. Flight attendants and their immediate families are entitled to free fares on their own airline and reduced fares on most other airlines. They may also make arrangements for hotel accommodations. c o m / e d u c a t i o n / edu_becoming.UNIT 4 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 5 Comparing Two Careers: Travel Agent and Flight Attendant TRAVEL AGENT Travel agents help tourists and business people alike to sort out the best fares and scheduling options. Once hired.. candidates train about seven weeks in the airline’s flight training center. VA 22314. Travel agents spend most of their time behind a desk. their principal responsibility is to implement safety regulations. contact: American Society of Travel Agents. and promote group tours. preparing planes for flights and writing reports. In short. meticulous.. Alexandria. Internet: http:// w w w. tours. travel agents take the guesswork and confusion out of travel planning. required papers (passports.
What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “days. fussy 7. What eleven-letter adjective in the reading means “likely someday to be”? WORDS AND MEANINGS ___________________________ p Use the clues to help you complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. often set aside by law.WORD SEARCH 1. primary. worried 5. customers 4. careful about details. money paid for a trip in a bus. leaving a place for reasons of safety 8 7 F O 94 . upset. on which most people don’t have to work”? 2. choices. choppy weather? ___________________________ 4. major. alternatives DOWN 1 2 3 4 P I C N 5 E 6 M 2. ACROSS 1. (plural) 8. What nine-letter adjective in the reading describes wild. to put into effect 3. What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “people who travel for pleasure”? ___________________________ h ___________________________ t t 3. plane. etc. most important 6.
3. _______ Which job could allow you to work for yourself ? WORDS IN CONTEXT Unscramble the words from the reading to complete the sentences. You cannot enter most foreign countries unless you have a SAVI ____________________ applied to your passport. Before buying something in another country. Governments issue SOPSTRAPS ____________________ to their citizens who will be visiting foreign countries. 6. 95 . In order to travel internationally. you must exchange your own country’s CRYRUNCE ____________________. write TA for travel agent or FA for flight attendant. 1. _______ Which job does not require strong computer skills? 2. 2. 4. a traveler must have a TICETRAFICE ____________________ of CANVAINCOIT ____________________. 5.UNDERSTANDING THE READING For each question. 1. _______ Which job offers regular hours and nights at home? 4. _______ Which job might call for quick thinking under life-or-death pressure? 3. A government collects STOCUMS ____________________ taxes on goods brought in from another country. Training for travel agents is offered in some LAVACOTNOI ____________________ schools.
Just make sure that your handshake is sincere and has a bit of energy behind it. What nine-letter verb in the reading means “stretching or reaching out”? 96 ___________________________ e .UNIT 4 Lesson 6 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Business Communication: The Art of the Handshake The handshake is a part of American culture. The handshake is an important communication tool. We use it to greet people.” one of the experts says. “Always smile when you shake hands. Bend the elbow slightly. handshaking has evolved into a powerful way to express feelings. Most people believe that the “limp-fish” handshake lacks personality and commitment.” one of the instructors advises. seal an agreement. (A straight-arm handshake signals fear of having your personal space invaded. “People can’t help smiling back if you smile at them first. “If it’s a business situation. the two-handed handshake is fine for close relationships—but not for greeting business associates for the first time. Ages ago.” Clients are further instructed to maintain eye contact for as long as the handshake continues. The grip used when shaking hands should be neither crushing nor partial or weak. When the other person finishes greeting you. extending an open hand was a way to show enemies that you were not carrying a weapon. “you haven’t been given the right to declare that sort of intimacy.) In general. and to put an end to an argument. But just how firm should a handshake be? And how long should you go on shaking hands? One professional employment agency actually teaches people the fine art of the handshake. Today. wish them luck. the handshake should comfortably break off.” WORD SEARCH 1.
friendly words”? ________________________ g p 4. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “a certain people’s civilization or way of life”? ________________________ c 3. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). Over the years. What five-letter verb in the reading means “to welcome with polite. p l e 97 . discontinue / ___________________ 4. retreated /__________________ 3. 3. 1.2. you might only press the other person’s fingertips. agreement / ____________________ WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the reading to complete the sentences. What eleven-letter word in the reading means “all the special qualities that make one person different from other people”? ________________________ ANTONYMS Unscramble the words from the reading. the handshake has ____________________ into an important communication tool. In a ____________________ handshake. helpless / ___________________ 2. DANDIVE ____________________ NAMINAIT ____________________ NUMGREAT _____________________ UPFLOWER ____________________ 1. A confident handshake never ____________________ energy. 2.
force 5. suggests 6. grasp. demonstrate 8. Has is to has not as includes is to ____________________. Ends is to prolongs as terminates is to ____________________. familiarity DOWN 6 3 E 4 E 5 S G 7 1. 2. solid. 1. Partial is to partially as actual is to ____________________. indicates. 3. heartfelt. somewhat 3. stable SYLLABLES 8 F I Write two original sentences using the puzzle answers indicated. 98 c a l a . ACROSS S 2. word containing three syllables: ______________________ SENTENCE: ___________________________________________________________ ANALOGIES Complete the analogies with words from the reading.WORDS AND MEANINGS 1 2 S Use the clues to help you complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. partially. 1. Friend is to personal as ____________________ is to business. hold fast 7. 4. show. vigor. word containing four syllables: ______________________ SENTENCE: ___________________________________________________________ 2. honest 4. closeness.
One who tells about events before they happen is called a TEPHORP _______________________. or ante. Employees were given a REVWIPE _______________________ of next year’s exciting new products. The _______________________ of the United States Constitution states its reason and purpose. 6. 4. 99 . pro-.to complete each sentence. 5. 9. After operating.can all mean “before. We waited in an OMORNEAT _______________________ before being escorted into the grand hall. the surgeon gave the patient’s family a hopeful _______________________. The _______________________ to our company’s annual report was a letter from the president. pro-. • Now unscramble the word beginning with pre-. Then read the words in the box and look up any words you don’t know.” First get out your prologue precaution antedate antecedent preamble dictionary. 8. 7. and ante. The _______________________ of the giant corporation was a humble machine shop in a garage. Did America’s Civil War _______________________ World War II? 2. prognosis 1. Finally. As a _______________________.UNIT 4 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS Lesson 7 Exploring Language PREFIXES MEANING “before” • The prefixes pre-. 3. the word processor always backs up her work on a floppy disk. complete each sentence with the correct word.
• Read the idioms. or idioms. Make sure your sentence makes the idiom’s meaning clear. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. to route a piece of business through the hierarchy of bureaucracy d. that cannot be understood literally. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. _____ to close ranks 3. _____ to go through channels 4. scrupulously covertly indignantly immensely 1.IDIOMS All languages have certain expressions. Butch ____________________ took a cookie from the jar when his mother wasn’t looking. Then write a letter to match each idiom with its meaning. 1. That’s why understanding idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. to band together with others for greater strength against an enemy • Now use any two of the idioms above in sentences of your own. _____ to put on airs 2. to act in a conceited. superior way c. to find a compromise position b. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ APPROPRIATE ADVERBS Complete each sentence with the most appropriate adverb from the box. 100 . _____ to strike a happy medium a. Check a dictionary if you need help with word meaning. 1.
gobble 101 . create 5. munch. chuckle. inquire. dine. Hint: All of the answer words are verbs. freshen. ACROSS 1 3 4 3. endeavor. roam. 4. conquer 7. sanitize 2. attempt. Clues are synonyms you would find for each entry word. dispute. 3. jot.2. strive. stride 8. interrogate DOWN A 1. stroll. amble. correspond. assemble. giggle. construct. guffaw. snicker 4. He ____________________ denied that he had stolen the money. protest. succeed. wash. question. request. undertake 6. purify. scribble 6. record. refute 9 C L 2 B W 5 T 6 W 7 D 8 E 9. The father was ____________________ proud of his daughter’s great achievement. THESAURUS ENTRY WORDS Complete the crossword puzzle with entry words from a thesaurus. prevail. The bookkeeper ____________________ maintained the company’s financial records. erect. triumph. contradict. consume.
The _______________________ of the United States Constitution states its reason and purpose. 3. 2. 4.UNIT 4 WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you learned in Unit 4! WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the readings in Unit 4 to complete the sentences. The belief that “honor lies in honest toil” is a truly American _______________________. The handshake is an important _______________________ tool. The offices of the _______________________ government are centered in Washington. D. 6. 102 .C. Most supervisors try to be _______________________ when pointing out an employee’s shortcomings. 5. 1. 8. 1. The main responsibility of a flight attendant is to _______________________ safety regulations. Travel agents can advise their clients about _______________________ exchange rates. Government is the largest employ _______________________ in the country. 7. WORD FORMS t f g s c i c p Complete each sentence by adding a suffix (word ending) to each boldface word. Write the new words on the lines. OSHA laws _______________________ every employee’s right to a safe workplace.
down. or diagonally. backward. To get ideas for sentences. Check off each word as you find it. 1. evolved ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. check the dictionary definitions. personnel _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 103 . HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE Find and circle the words in the puzzle. hazards _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. The best work for you is an occupation that brings you satisfy _______________________. _____ NETWORKING _____ PROSPER _____ MILITARY _____ APPOINTED _____ PERSONNEL _____ HAZARDS _____ COMPLY _____ TREND _____ NOTION _____ CUSTOMS _____ EVOLVED _____ LACKS P E R S O N N E L A N L H F N O I T O N E A O C A P W S C N T V P B V G Z K N V W S O P M S J C A K O M D L O X I A E C R O A R V I Y L L T K T D T E E N L D K I S D Z S P D T P Q N U T S O U S C E M G C E H A P P O B D O F L N R I R O R M K C D J O B T X Y P L G Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own.2. The federal government enforces immigrate ______________________ laws. Words may go up. lacks __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. 3. across.
comply ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. appointed _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. prosper ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. _____ behavior / conduct 2. _____ hierarchy / ranking 104 . notion _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. _____ decreases / escalates 3.5. trend __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. customs _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS Write S for synonyms or A for antonyms next to each pair of words. _____ shame / honor 5. military _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. networking ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. 1. _____ principal / primary 6. _____ assure / guarantee 4.
forbidden / __________________ 5. Words may go up. representative / ______________ 4. _____ personnel 3. _____ dexterity 9.WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS END-OF-BOOK TEST SYNONYMS Find and circle the hidden words. write N for noun. candidate / __________________ 12. Check off each word as you find it. write each word next to its synonym (word with a similar meaning). rivalry / _____________________ PARTS OF SPEECH 7. or diagonally. down. After you have checked off all the words. V for verb. characteristics /______________ 2. _____ superior 5. _____ OBLIGATIONS _____ APPLICANT _____ PROHIBITED _____ COMPETITION _____ TENACITY _____ STAMINA _____ DISABLED _____ MENTOR _____ GOODS _____ SURPLUS _____ TRAITS _____ AGENT C O M P E T I T I O N O E D R S P R U X K Y B Z R M T D D I S A B L E D A I Y F P G Y O I U D A Y P A G R F T G L J N S T T P H O D A H P I O U I R S L H T R G M F P L C A D A I O F A O R R P A I F O B C T S E O L R N T N W I S A T T Q D U E S C Q T A D N S W N S T X P E E S E E T E T E O C O R D M L G D A S R P K Y T O C N A F S D T 1. across. extra / ______________________ 11. advisor / _____________________ 8. _____ hire 2. backward. merchandise / ________________ 9. 1. responsibilities / _____________ 3. _____ versatility 4. endurance / __________________ 10. _____ aptitude 8. persistence / _________________ Next to each word. _____ establish 105 . or A for adjective. _____ confer 7. _____ persistence 6. handicapped /________________ 6.
4. unnecessary DOWN P 1. 1. Send is to export as receive is to _______________________. shrinks 4.ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words you studied in this book. College is to tuition as union is to _______________________. Occupation is to occupational as vocation is to _____________________. 3. Manager is to staff as professor is to _______________________. ACROSS 1 E 2 D 3 R 1. 7. secondary ANALOGIES 6 5 L V Analogies are statements of relationship. 5.is to prefix as -ship is to _______________________. trustful 6. complete 4 5. 106 f u d p s i i v . Then complete each analogy with a word from the readings that shows the same relationship. 8. 6. 2. fantasy 4. Confidence is to attractive as arrogance is to _______________________. Carpenter is to hammer as musician is to _______________________. receives 3. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. difficulty 2. Post. Clue words are antonyms (words with the opposite meaning) of the answer words. Capitol is to capital as principle is to _______________________.
4. Felix became a J __ __ R N __ Y M __ N after working as an apprentice for several years. What is the P R __ P __ R T __ __ N of trucks to cars in our parking lot? 5. __ N T R __ P R __ N __ __ R S often have to do the work of many people. Workers in marketing and sales try to S T __ M __ L __ T __ consumer interest. u) to complete the words. IDIOMS Write one or two sentences giving an example of each idiom. H __ R __ S S M __ N T in the workplace is illegal. 3. An OSHA inspector may issue a C __ T __ T __ __ N to your employer. 1. 7.MYSTERY WORDS Add vowels (a. 2. i. (to turn over a new leaf) __________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. o. 8. (to let the cat out of the bag) _______________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 107 . 6. 1. e. __ L __ C T __ D officials are not required to take a civil service test. D __ S C R __ M __ N __ T __ __ N in hiring practices is against the law.
3. 4. 1. ____________________ help lawyers prepare for hearings and trials. ________________________________________________________________ 4. Musicians must sieze every oppertunity to preform. 108 . A ______________________ guidance counselor can help you decide what career to pursue. Then rewrite the sentences correctly on the lines. ________________________________________________________________ 5. The ___________________ ___________________ department recruits employees and screens job candidates. How much is witheld from your paycheck for disibility insurance? ________________________________________________________________ WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the readings to complete the sentences. ______________________ stores mark up the prices on the goods they buy from wholesale dealers. Try to get a competative edge over other canidates for the job you want. Your ______________________ pay is always less than your ______________________ pay. drug-free enviroment.SPELLING CHALLENGE Find at least two spelling errors in each sentence. 5. ________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________ 2. Vertex Video garantees a freindly. 1. 2. A good menter offers many benifits to a beginning worker.
WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS WORD LIST Accommodations acquired adaptable adjuster administration administrative advancement advantage advertising advisor advocate aerospace agents aggressive agreement agricultural alliance amateur ambitious ambulance analyst antecedent antedate anticipated appealing appearances applicable applicant appointed apprenticeship aptitude architect arguments arise arouse arrogance aspiring assembler associates assure astonished attain attendance attendant attitude attorney attributes au courant auditioning audits awaited Banish bankruptcy bar exam beneficial benefits biannual binding blunder body language bookkeeper bureaucracy butcher Candidate capacity capital career path caretaker carpentry carte blanche cashier categories cavalcade cemetery censor chambermaid chandler changeable characterize checkstub child labor citation civil service classified clean-cut clerical clerk coalition coddled cologne commenced commission commitment commodity communicable communicate compensation competent competition competitive comply comprise compromise computerized conceited confer conference confidentially congenial conservatory consumer contagious contract contractor contribution conventions convey coordinate corporate corporation counsel counselor courteous covertly craftsman creativity credit union crucial culture currency custodian Debug deceitful decision-makers decontaminate decreasing dedication deductions degrade degree delegate departure dependable dependent desirable detached devastation dexterity differ diminishing diploma direction directory disability disadvantaged discrimination disdain 109 .
WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS WORD LIST dishonesty dispatches displaced disputes disregarded distinction distinguish distribute diversity doctoral Earnings statement ease economics economy efficiently elaborate elected elite embody emergency medical technician (EMT) emphasis employee employer endeavor endure energetic enforce engagements engineer enlist enterprise entice entitlement entrepreneur equivalent erect escalate escorted essential esteem ethics evacuation evaluation evidence exaggeration exclusively executive exemplify expectation expel expenditures experience export extending extent extraordinary eye contact goals goods grammar graveyard shift grinder gross pay Handbook handicap handshake harassment hazards headhunters headwaiter hearings hierarchy hostile human resources humble intent internship interrogate interview interviewer intimacy inventory investigate investment irresistible Jeweler job fair job review job-hopper job-seeker journeyman Fabricator facility faculty fares faux pas federal flexible flit forbidden forecasted foreign forklift formal fortitude fortunate founders franchise fruitful function Keen Labor union landmark launched lawfully lawsuit lawyer layoffs leery legal legendary legislation leisurely lessening librarian limp locksmith lure luxury Gemstone glamorous glazier Illustrate image immensely immigration impact implement import impression inability inappropriate incapable income inconsistency indifferent indignantly industries inferior informal institutional instrument intellectually intensive Maintain maître d’hôtel malicious 110 .
WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS WORD LIST management managers mandate mandatory manual manufacturer marathon marketing mason maturity mediocre memorandum (memo) mentor merchandise meticulous military miller minimum wage mischievous modem moderately monitors motorcade municipal musician Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA) occurrences officials operator opportunity opposing organizational organizations oriented outgoing overcome oversee overtime pay overview Pampered pane paperhanger paralegal paramedic paratrooper partial partnership passive patron pay rate paycheck penmanship pension per diem performance persistence physician pixel plentiful plumbing poised positive postgraduate Necessitate necessity negative negotiate nervousness net pay networking noble nonprofit notified Obligations obstacles occupation postsecondary potential practice preamble precaution prefabricated prehistoric prejudice premature prerequisites pressworker prevail prideful primary priority private sector probation productivity profanity professional prognosis programmer prohibited projected prologue prolong promotion proper proportion proposition prospective prospects prosperous protégé prudently psychologically public sector purify Racist ratio reality reap reassure receptionist recession reckon recruitment reference refute regulations rejections relative relevant reliable remitted remodeling repelling replenished requirements resale resolve respond restoration résumé retail retain retired retraining rivalry robot role routine Safeguard salary sameness sanitize scant scathing Qualifications qualified 111 .
WORKPLACE AND CAREERS WORDS WORD LIST screen scrupulously section seize self-assurance self-confidence self-consciousness self-knowledge seniority sensible sentiment services sexist shareholders shortage shortcomings siren situation sketchy skills Social Security (FICA) social services socialize software solely sow specialize specialty specifications sportsmanlike sportsmanship spurn stable stage presence stamina status quo staunch stimulate strenuous substantial substitute subtle sued superior supervisor supplement surname surplus suspicion swing shift systematized technologist temporal temptation tenacity terminate tint toil toxic trade traits transcript transfer transport trauma treasury trend trial tuition reimbursement turbulent Vaccination values variation vending versatility vice vigor vigorous virtue visa vital signs vocational voluntary Wages wares weaknesses wealthy website whim wholesale wholesome withhold workers workforce workplace Unappreciated unconcerned unemployment unfailingly union dues upbeat Tactful take-home pay technician 112 .
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