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INDEX
MODULE PAGE 1 2 3 CONTENTS

Rules for conduct of the assessment. Regulations Definitions Duties of an Onsetter Safety devices on a winder, shaft and headgear Safety devices and notices on a landing Signalling devices Code of signals Explosives Lowering of shift Slinging Lowering of material cars Emergency Shaft examination Conveying Rock/Persons by skip

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5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

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SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICALTRANSPORT ONSETTERS CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 1
Rules for the conduct of the examination for onsetter certificate

5 A certificate shall not be issued unless the Principal Inspector of Mines is satisfied that. 28. Reg. of the signals to be given in connection with such operations and of the regulations appertaining to the duties of banksman and onsetters.1. or is to be.1.4 Requirements for issuing of certificate A certificate shall not be issued unless the applicant has been examined by an officer in the service department who is a certificated mine manager or a certificated mechanical or electrical engineer (mines).1 or regulation 2. 28.47.14.47. within the scope indicated in the syllabus for the examination drawn up in terms of regulation 28.6.47. Reg.2 Un cancelled revenue stamps as indicated in regulation 28.47. specifying whether the applicant is a moderate user of alcohol. the applicant is competent to perform the duties of an onsetter. 28.1 or regulation 2. and he/she submits a statement by the manager under whom he/she is working at the time of the application. 28.47.13.3 Reg. 28. and the other appointed in terms of regulation 2. 28. has sufficient knowledge of the shaft operations which he has to control. employed. 28.10 (R25-00) shall be affixed to the application form. assisted by two persons.2 Qualifications of applicant An applicant should not be accepted as candidate for examination unless(a) (b) (c) he/she has attained the age of 18 years he/she has at least 12 shifts of experience acceptable to the Principal Inspector of Mines.6.1 Application for certificate Every application to sit for the examination for an onsetter certificate shall be submitted to the Principal Inspector of mines for the region in which the applicant is. whether he/she is generally of good conduct and that he/she is a fit and proper person to be the holder of an onsetter certificate. 47. Reg. Reg.13.90 an onsetter’s certificate shall be valid for all mines.47.4 RULES FOR THE CONDUCT OF THE EXAMINATION FOR ONSETTERS CERTIFICATES Reg. .3 Issuing of authority Onsetters certificates shall be issued by the Principal Inspector of Mines. Reg. one of whom has been appointed in terms of section 31 of the Act or regulation 2.6 Validity of certificate Subject to the provisions of regulation 16.

locomotive driver’s certificate. 28. .1.48. fuses.5 Reg.47.2 (b) ) Practical requirements: A candidate must spend at least one shift with a winding engine driver the candidates must spend at least an additional eleven shifts. 28. (Experience gained in a sinking shaft is not acceptable. Do a shift in slinging with banksman and onsetter Do a shift lowering cars with the banksman and onsetter Spend time at loading boxes whilst hoisting of ore Do an after-noon and nightshift on the shaft Visually inspect Explosives loose explosives.47. Minimum qualification required for application for a onsetter certificate examination. acceptable to the Principal Inspector of Mines. and (c) that the applicant’s ability to communicate both orally and in writing with his colleagues in one of the official languages.2 submits acceptable written evidence(a) that the applicant possesses the minimum educational qualifications as recommended by the relevant advisory committee and as accepted by the Minister.) Absence from examination A candidate absent from the examination. in addition to the requirements of regulations 28.1 Additional requirements for admission. or withdrawing from such examination will forfeit his examination fee. with a certified onsetter while engaged in the conveyance of persons and material. The Chief Inspector shall not accept any applications in respect of a winding engine driver’s certificate.48.40. detonators and igniter cord Visually observe safety devices in the engine room. blasting certificate or Onsetter certificate unless the manager concerned. 28. headgear and landings . Required by examiners: Do a shaft exam with the crew covering the complete shaft. unless such candidate can furnish either a medical certificate to the effect that he/she was medically unfit to take the examination or a certificate from his mine manager that circumstances of a sufficiently importance prevented him from attending the exam.1 and 28. (b) that the applicant is medically fit to practice the occupation for which the certificate is required.26.30. Abridged extract of Regulations  Minimum Scholastic level: RSA provincial or national standard 7 (grade 9) The “practical” standard equivalent to the above or.1(c)  Experience ( Regulation 28. “Year level 5” certificate issued by special schools Citizens outside the RSA = Equivalent to RSA National Grade 9  Language Proficiency submitted by the manager concerned ( Regulation 28. is of an acceptable standard.

6 Application to attend the exam. (as per regulation) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Inspector of machinery (chairman) Engineer Mine overseer Venue. The following are required at least 2 weeks in advance: a) Fully completed and signed by the Manager application form b) R25-00 Uncancelled revenue stamp c) Signed proof of 12 practical shifts on a shaft d) Certified proof of a minimum standard 7 RSA provincial or national scholastic certificate e) Certified Medically fitness certificate f) Certified copy of ID Certification stamp and signature must appear on the front side of the forms Examination  It will be a verbally assessment  Examiners will consist of. as per arrangement by GFA .

7 SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTERS CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 2 Regulations .

91.13 should be known well as this are the main duties of an Onsetter.1 to 16.91. Learner should know and understand the meaning of these regulations. Regulation 16. should be well understood. but this will be handled in another model in short . as well as the appliance of it on the job.8 Specific outcome: At the end of the Module.

that in the case of a mine which is closed down. Reg. 3. and shall not be kept waiting unnecessarily at the shaft stations or elsewhere. nor shall any person.13 Deputing No person shall depute any other person to do his work without the sanction of his official superior.7. and any person who may have entered the workings of a mine or who is found in the proximity of any workings or near any machinery on the surface of a mine or at any works in a state of intoxication may be arrested immediately by the Manager or some person duly appointed by him and immediately handed over to the police. Mine Overseer or person appointed in terms of reg. 4. No workman shall have intoxicating liquor in his possession while at work or at any place of work. Reg. unless with the special permission of the Manager.13. remove or in anyway interfere with or render ineffective any arrangement in or about a mine or works provided for any of the before-mentioned purposes. shall be allowed to enter the workings of a mine or be in the proximity of any working place. 2. Reg. Reg.1. or for the safety and health of the workmen. of the surface. Reg. unless duly authorised thereto by the Manager. 4.2 Possession of intoxicating liquor No intoxicating liquor shall be taken by any person going into the workings of any mine or to any place of work on the surface of a mine or at a works. 3. or any order whatsoever given in the interests of safety or health. 3. every person on that shift shall be brought to the surface as soon as possible. without such sanction.1 No unauthorised admittance No unauthorised person shall enter a mine or works or any shaft or place or building where machinery has been erected. or near any machinery on the surface of a mine or at works. nor shall any person alter. Reg.9 REGULATIONS Reg. . 4.7. and shall be deemed to be guilty of an offence under these regulations.1. provided however. shall be guilty of a contravention of these regulations.14 Safety precautions not be damaged or removed No person shall damage or render ineffective anything which has been provided for the protection of underground works. 3. by any person lawfully authorised to give such orders.1 Persons in state of intoxication No persons in a state of intoxication or in any other condition which may render or be likely to render him incapable of taking care of himself or of persons under his charge.1. such authorization must be obtained from the Director General. cease to supervise persons under his charge.12 Disobedience Any person who fails to obey any order given to him in accordance with or for the proper observance of the requirements of these regulations.1 Work men not to be kept waiting At the end of the shift.

7. unless he is secured by a life-line or otherwise safeguarded. or in his falling vertically. 7.5. or the footwall or any stope or development end. tool or any loose material on a ladderway in a vertical or steeply inclined shaft or winze except so far as may be necessary in executing repairs. silt or other similar material.2 Vertical shaft and winches The use of life-lines in terms of regulation 7. a) the use of life-lines by the person concerned would impede such persons in the safe performance of such work. or in a vertical winze provided the Manager or Mine Overseer has given permission thereto after having satisfied himself that: Reg. in or near any part of the workings of a mine where inadvertent slipping or overbalancing may result in his sliding or falling down any slope that has an inclination from the horizontal or 45 degrees or more. etc. not to be carried on ladder ways No person shall carry or be permitted to carry any drill. rock. Reg. b) such persons have had the training and experience necessary to carry out such work safely.1 Loose articles No timber. Reg. 7. sand.11. other than by means of a tool of a design and construction approved for the particular purpose by the Principal Inspector of Mines.8.1 Drains and rock-passes The Manager shall take reasonable precautions to ensure that every person employed in the working of a mine is safeguarded against inundation by water or mud or flow of rock. 7.1 shall not be compulsory in the case of persons who are engaged in installing or repairing equipment in a vertical shaft. or cause or permit any other person to enter or remain in the underground workings of a mine unless he or such other persons wear a hard hat which is in good condition and of a type approved by the Director General. Reg.8. Reg.7. a) any skip or truck underground. or cause or permit to be used. 10. 7.8. tools or other articles shall be placed or allowed to remain where they can accidentally fall.1 Hard hats No person shall enter or remain in.5.10 Reg. and c) any such person when engaged in such work and not secured by a life-line is under the immediate supervision of a competent person.2 Tools.1 Life-lines steep workings No person shall work. or cause or permit any other person to work. .4 Compressed air for cleaning purposes Use. compressed air for cleaning: Reg. 7.21. or be caused to fall down any vertical or steeply inclined excavation and thereby endanger the safety of persons.

Reg. or any contrivance or material for smoking. tobacco other than chewing tobacco and snuff. cigarette. Reg. Reg. winzes and planes where winding is being carried out. grinding.4.1 and 15.2. travel. 15.9. flame-cutting. 15. and if any person is asked therefore or searched in terms of these regulations.8. or have in his possession in the working any pipe.1 Workshops At every fiery mine no welding. or have in his possession in the workings. 15. any device for the intentional creation of any arc.8.1 to 15. .1 Contraband At every fiery mine except as provided by regulations 15.10.2 Stationary lights Adequate stationary lights shall be provided. 15. cigar.9 no person shall take into the workings of the mine.11 Reg. or cause or permit any other person to work or travel in any un-illuminated part of a mine or works unless he or such other person carries a light. Reg. Reg.8.5 No person shall take into the workings of the mine or have in his possession in the workings of the mine any contrivance for opening the lock of a portable lamp unless he has been appointed for examining and relighting lamps under regulation 15.1.11. vulcanising.11. 15.5. soldering or similar equipment shall be taken into or used in the workings except in a workshop established with the permission of the Regional Director under conditions approved by the Director General.10.1 are fiery mine regulations that may be enforced in mines where flammable gas is encountered or suspected.8.1 During working hours at all established stations.9.10.1 or 15.10. spark or flame or any match or appliance of any kind for striking light and no person shall smoke in the workings or take into the workings.1 The Manager shall appoint a banksman or some other person or persons to be present at each entrance to the working of the mine at all times and such banksman or other person or persons shall ask every person about to enter the workings of the mine whether he is in possession of any of the articles prohibited in terms of regulation 15. 15. he shall forthwith produce and hand over any prohibited article or articles which may be in his possession. 15.1 Lights to be carried No person shall work. and the banksman or other person or persons so appointed shall have the right to search any person about to enter the workings of the mine for such articles. 15. Provided that this prohibition shall not apply to the relighting device within an approved flame safety lamp. Provided that no person other than the person so appointed shall have the right to search any other person. NOTE: Reg. Regulations 15. landing and loading places and other similar places in vertical and inclined shafts.

5.15 Trailers No trailer or trolley shall be attached to a conveyance operated by a winding engine in a shaft or winze.1 No conveyance of persons without permission No person shall ride or cause or permit any other person to ride in a conveyance operated by a winding engine except in terms of permission granted under regulation 16. and no person shall hinder or obstruct such Mine Overseer or other official in his search for such articles. the persons so engaged shall be protected by a hood or cover immediately above them. Reg. repairing or doing other work in a vertical or steeply inclined shaft or winze. 15.14 Examination platform Where the roof or cover of a cage or skip is used as a platform for persons engaged in examining. 16.12 Reg. 15. 16. Reg.1 if he suspects that such person has any such articles in his possession.1 or 15.11 Cages Every cage use for the regular conveyance of persons shall be of substantial construction and shall be provided with a proper roof or cover and doors.13 Roof or cover Every conveyance used for examining.2 A Mine Overseer or an official of equal or higher rank shall have the right to search any person in the workings of the mine for articles prohibited in terms of regulation 15. 16. The cage shall be enclosed in such a manner as to prevent any portion of the body of any person therein from accidentally coming into contact with the timbering or other equipment in the shaft or winze or the side of the shaft Doors shall be securely attached to the cage and arranged so that they cannot be opened outwards or accidentally. who may impose conditions for its use.11. Reg.10. Reg. 16. Reg. Provision shall be made for adequate ventilation through the cage.1 System where person are conveyed . 16. in a vertical or steeply inclined shaft or winze shall be provided with a substantial roof or cover that will safeguard the occupants. repairing or doing other work in a vertical or steeply inclined shaft or winze shall be provided with a substantial roof or cover and shall be sufficiently enclosed to protect any person from accidentally falling out. where persons are regularly conveyed unless permission in writing has been obtained from the Regional Mining Engineer. Reg. Such hood or cover shall be removed as soon as this work is completed. Reg.9.94. 16.2 or as is provided for in regulation 16. 16.12 Other conveyances Every skip or kibble used for the regular conveyance of persons.8.42.

43.1 There shall be provided and maintained in good working order 2 separate. Where persons are regularly conveyed in such shaft and the signalling arrangements are operated by electricity. 16. shall be observed in respect of each winding plant used for the raising or lowering of persons. 16.3 The system shall be arranged so that the winding engine driver can easily distinguish between signals received from the bank and signals received from below the bank. the provisions of regulations 16. Reg. and b) the winding engine driver and every established point below the bank from which winding is normally carried on. shall be provided with some efficient signalling arrangement in respect of each winding plant for interchanging distinct and definite signals between: a) b) the winding-engine driver and the bank. approved by the Regional Mining Engineer. The key shall be removable and when not required shall be removed and . and b) the winding-engine driver and every established point below the bank from which winding is carried on. 16. Reg. hereinafter referred to as the locked-bell system and the call-bell system. and efficient signalling arrangement.44.43.42. other than a shaft in the course of being sunk. Reg. the following provisions. 16. Reg.43 shall be complied with.43 Electrical signalling systems At every shaft and winze. whereby persons doing such examination or work can signal effectively from any depth in the shaft to the windingengine driver. where persons are regularly conveyed and where the signalling arrangements are operated by electricity.13 Every shaft in which winding is carried on.43. Reg. The signal operating mechanism at the bank and at all points below the bank shall be securely enclosed in a metal casing of substantial construction and shall be kept locked when not in actual use. repair or other work shall be provided with some efficient means. 16. which shall be used for transmitting signals.2 The locked-bell system The locked-bell system shall be for the interchange of signals between: a) the winding engine driver and the bank.2 System for shaft examination Every shaft where persons travel on or in the conveyance while carrying out any examination.43. Reg. except as is provided for in regulation 16.4 Locking of signal mechanism The system shall further be arranged and maintained so as to prevent as far as possible signals being given by unauthorized persons. but it shall not enable the banksman to signal on this system to anyone but the winding-engine driver. independent. other than a shaft or winze in the course of being sunk. 16.

Reg.9 Telephone in place of call-bell In a shaft or winze where efficient telephonic intercommunication is provided between the bank and every established landing station for persons below the bank. 16.43. but it shall not be used for any other purpose: Provided that the banksman or onsetter or any person duly authorised by the manager may use the system to indicate the station at which the conveyance is required and subject to the approval of the principal inspector to transmit special signals Reg.8 Tone of bells The tone of the bells of the call-bell system shall be such as to be easily distinguishable from that of the bells of the lock-bell system. 16. onsetter or other authorised person. Reg.43 may be used with the written approval of the Principal Inspector of Mines Reg.43. 16. but it shall not enable the winding engine driver to transmit signals on this system. it shall be necessary to provide only one call-bell system in respect of all winding plants serving such shaft or winze. Provided that other locking arrangements may be used if approved by the Regional Mining Engineer.43. 16.45.14 retained by the banksman. Reg. 16. 16. 16.6 Call-bell system The call-bell system shall enable signals to be transmitted: a) to the winding engine driver from the bank.7 Accessibility of call-bell The signal operating mechanism of the call-bell shall be accessible to any person to transmit the signals “10 followed by a station signal and “one long ring” referred to in regulation16. and b) to the winding engine driver from every established point below the bank from which winding is normally carried on. until he has received a signal on each of the circuits on which he gave signal Reg.46 Special signals In addition to the foregoing signals.5 Bell-Brake interlocking device There shall be in use a device which automatically prevents the conveyance or conveyances being raised or lowered after the winding engine driver has given a signal on the circuit of the locked-bell system provided for interchanging signals with the bank. special signals may be used provided they have been approved in writing by the Principal Inspector of Mines .43.44 Other systems-approval Signalling arrangements other than those required by regulation 16. Reg. And shall also enable signals to be interchanged between the bank and every established point below the bank from which winding is normally carried on. or on the circuit of the locked-bell system provided for interchanging signals with the established points below the bank from which winding is normally carried on.43.

1 are complied with. or Reg. 16.48 Access to conveyance No person shall enter or have access to or be permitted to enter or have access to a cage or other conveyance for any purpose whatsoever or shall continue to travel in a cage or other conveyance or shall leave or be permitted to leave a cage or other conveyance unless and until the appropriate signals required in terms of regulation 16. conduct an examination or do other work in a shaft or a headgear while winding operations are being carried on in such shaft or headgear. Reg.54. Where it is not practicable for the person in charge of such repairs.53. 16. Reg.45 have been exchanged. some other appropriate and distinct signal has been received from the winding engine driver.54. Reg. 16.2 and 16. skip or other conveyance. Except where the provision of regulations 16. in the presence of the driver on duty at the time.55 Driver to be specially warned The person in immediate charge of any repairs or examination in a winding compartment of a shaft or a headgear or in immediate charge of any work in connection with maintenance or installation of equipment in a winding compartment of a shaft or a headgear shall warn the driver of the winding engine operating the conveyance in such compartment that such repairs.52 Entering winding compartments No person shall enter or cross a compartment of a shaft or of a headgear in which winding is taking place. Reg. examination or work to enter such warning. or.54 Repairs in shaft No person shall effect repairs.45 or any other special signals used on a mine shall be guilty of an offence Reg.49. 16. Such entry shall be countersigned by the driver and by any driver relieving him. 16. or for the purpose of conducting an examination. the driver of every other winding engine operating conveyances in the shaft or . except for the purpose of entering.15 Reg.81. 16. leaving or having access to a cage. 16. the entry shall be made by the driver on duty. examination or work are about to be undertaken and where practicable shall enter forthwith.2 Where the winding operations are necessary for such person to effect the repairs.47 Offence Any person acting in conflict with the code of signals referred to in regulation16. effecting repairs or doing other necessary work in such compartments.1 Where such person in adequately protected from the conveyances and from other winding equipment as well as from falling stones and falling material. such warning in the driver’s logbook provided in terms of regulation 16. conduct the examination or to do the other work. 16. if a signal cannot be given on the bell system.2 Where only some of the signals in the aforementioned code are used it shall be necessary to display only that portion of the code which is used.54. except: Reg.

55 work in a shaft shall not include work at the bottom of a shaft in the course of being sunk. (Reg. 16. if authorised by the Manager or Mine Overseer.65 Persons authorised to travel with material The manager. examination or work completion thereof. 16. for which permission has been granted in terms of regulation 16. and no person shall travel in a conveyance operated by a winding engine that is being used simultaneously for the winding of mineral.65. Reg. 16.1 16.16 headgear shall be warned in a similar manner. onsetter and other person authorised to give signals for the raising and lowering of persons are made aware of the articles included in the list.65. 16.54 and 16. conveyance: and 2. A copy of the list shall be accessible to all persons concerned.63 if such travelling is necessary for the efficient carrying out of their duties: 16. persons engaged in sinking operations in a vertical shaft or winze may descend such shaft or winze in a conveyance operated by a winding engine that is being used simultaneously for the raising of minerals.63 Travelling with material Subject to the provisions of regulation 16.56 For the purpose of regulation 16. Reg. such material is not likely to endanger persons travelling in the the Manager.64 List of permitted material The Manager shall cause a list to be kept at the shaft or winze of all articles regularly conveyed in such shaft or winze.1992) c) Reg. Provided that.N. deleted by GNR 2223 of 1992 . 16. 16.63) substituted by G.R. The entry shall be cancelled by the person in immediate charge of such repairs.2 Onsetters and their gangs. Mine Overseer or engineer has given written 1. 2223 dated 7. permission thereto: b) in a conveyance operated by a winding engine that is being used simultaneously for the winding of material or explosive.65 no person shall travel:a) with material or explosives in a conveyance operated by a winding engine unless.62 Simultaneous winding of men and mineral No person shall travel in a conveyance operated by a winding engine if such conveyance is loaded or partially loaded with minerals.8.53.64 and 16. Mine Overseer or Engineer may authorize the following persons to travel in a shaft or winze with material. prohibited in terms of regulation 16. 16.63 and he shall ensure that every banksman. Reg. Reg.

72 Trial run of winding plant . top.70 Overfilling of conveyance No bucket or other means of conveyance shall be filled with loose rock or ground above the level of the brim.66 Loading of explosives No person shall place explosives in or remove them from a conveyance operated by a winding engine.65. timber or other material. 16.65. Reg.69 Conveyance to be steadied No bucket or other means of conveyance that can sway shall be allowed to leave the top or bottom of the shaft or winze unless the workman in charge thereof has steadied it or caused it to be steadied.68 No travelling in attached conveyance Persons shall not be regularly raised or lowered in a conveyance attached to the normal conveyance. at the loading box the onsetter will signal 4 pause 1 to the driver and stop the skip when the brim is level with the loading platform. if authorised to do so by the Manager or Mine Overseer and if riding on the roof of such conveyance or on the special platform is necessary for the efficient carrying out of such examination. except that persons engaged in examining or repairing the shaft or winze or doing other work in the shaft or winze may ride on the roof of such conveyance or on a special platform. 16.17 16. 16. are raised or lowered in a shaft or winze. skip. NOTE: In the case where the skip is overfilled. He will then signal 7 to the driver and wait for reply from the driver (the driver will have to switch from rock to men before he can signal 7) The bell ringer or onsetter and assistants. Reg. effecting repairs or doing other work in the shaft or winze. except under the immediate supervision of the Banksman or Onsetter or a Competent Person authorised thereto by the Manager or Mine Overseer. accidentally. Reg.4 Persons required to ensure the safe passage through the shaft or Winze of material which cannot be conveyed inside a conveyance. side bow rim. In the case where it is not possible to offload it onto the platform it must be offloaded into the spillage compartment Reg. 16. which project above the top of the cage. bucket. will offload the excessive rock. Reg. the projecting portion or portions shall be fastened securely to the bow of the conveyance. repairs or other work. bridle or frame of or in any position outside a conveyance operated by a winding engine.71 Fastening projecting material When tools. kibble or other means of conveyance. Reg.3 Persons engaged in sinking operations or in conducting an examination. 16. 16. 16. until level with the brim of the skip onto the platform. wearing safety harnesses. 16.67 Riding outside conveyance No person shall ride in any shaft or winze on the roof. Reg.

1 Winding engine driver to have certificate No person shall drive or be permitted to drive any winding engine for which a permit has been granted in terms of regulation 16. winze or headgear has been stopped for repairs.2. the winding engine serving such compartment or compartments shall not be used for the raising or lowering of persons until the cage. Reg.88 Appointment of onsetter: No person shall be permitted to carry out duties of a banksman or onsetter unless he is the holder of an onsetter’s certificate. but shall await a fresh signal.13. or unless he has sole control of the cage. unless he is the holder of a windingengine driver’s certificate. but if a period of more than 5 minutes has elapsed since receiving such clear signal he shall move away the conveyance slowly.3 or unless he has received the “clear signal” 2 pause 2.1.2 Action on signal: Shall not act on any signal if he has been unable to do so within one minute after receiving it. 16. issued in terms of these regulations. Reg. under the immediate supervision of a certificated winding-engine driver while persons are not being conveyed.2. 16.2 or 2. 16.1 When driver may start engine: Shall not start his engine before he has received a distinct and proper signal to do so.87 Interference with signalling arrangements: No unauthorised person shall give any signal other than an accident signal. skip or other means of conveyance has been run at least one complete trip up and down such compartment or compartments. and provided further that where such stoppage is confined to a portion of any compartment or compartments. Reg.86. provided that a learner winding-engine driver may drive a winding engine for which a permit has been granted in terms of regulation 16. 2. except a person in authority. or shall in any manner whatsoever interfere with the signalling arrangements provided for winding operations. Reg.83. he may move his engine at his discretion at any time during his shift.18 When winding in any compartment or compartments of a shaft. or any other winding engine while it is being used for the conveyance of persons. Provided that this regulation shall not apply to the use of the winding engine for the raising or lowering of persons conducting an examination or effecting repairs. the requirements of this regulation shall apply only to such portion. 16. issued in accordance with these regulations. 16. Every appointment of a banksman or onsetter shall be made in writing by the Manager. skip or other means of conveyance.85 Driver not be distracted: No person shall speak to or in any way distract the attention of the person operating a winding-engine while it is in motion. and then only in cases of necessity or emergency. Reg. or blasting operations or when it has been stopped for any other purpose for a period exceeding one hour in duration or when a conveyance has been changed. 16. the Mine Overseer or the person appointed in terms of regulation 2.86. Reg.13. .13. unless he has been instructed in writing to do so by the Manager. Provided that for the “clear signal” 2 pause 2.

1 Shall not.89. onsetter or other person authorised to give signals intends to travel. other than the banksman or onsetter on duty. and c) any person duly authorised in writing by the Manager or Mine Overseer may give signals for the conveyance of persons between the main mineral loading station at the bottom of a vertical or inclined shaft and the lowest landing station for persons. 16.2 Shall not. or a person acting under his immediate supervision may give a signal to raise persons. onsetter or other person authorised to give signals for winding operations: Reg. Where the winding plant is also used for the conveyance of persons.1 Who may give signals: No person. Reg.89. The Regional Director shall be furnished on demand with a list of the persons to whom permission has been granted. 16. after the winding-engine driver has signalled that persons may enter the conveyance for the purpose of travelling or that persons in the conveyance may continue to travel.90 Onsetter to have knowledge of shaft operations: No person shall be appointed as a banksman or onsetter. b) the ganger or miner in charge at the bottom of a shaft or winze in the course of being sunk. station or landing platform are properly shut.91 Special duties of onsetters: (very important) The banksman. give any signal on the signalling arrangements for the winding compartment until all persons are properly placed in the conveyance and the doors or gates of the conveyance and the gates or barriers at the bank. such authorization shall be in writing. a competent person to whom the Manager has given written permission to do so may give signals for the conveyance of himself and of any person travelling with him.2 No person other than the banksman or onsetter on duty shall give any signal for the raising or lowering of material or mineral unless duly authorised by the Manager or Mine Overseer. such doors. 16. gates or barriers as will prevent his entrance to the conveyance may be left open until he has given the signals to raise or lower and has entered the conveyance: Reg. 16. Provided that when the banksman.91. when the conveyance containing persons is brought to rest in the proper position at the bank. Reg. nor shall any person be authorised to give signals.91. shall give or shall be caused or permitted to give any signals for the raising or lowering of persons provided that: a) when the banksman or onsetter is not available. 16. unless such person has sufficient knowledge of the shaft operations and of the signals to be given in connection with such operations. Reg.19 Reg. 16. in terms of paragraph (a) above and may order its revision. give any signal on the signalling . station or landing platform and the winding engine driver has signalled that persons may leave the conveyance.

91. or in the skip or other means of conveyance and shall not allow such maximum to be exceeded. Reg. .91. side.3 Shall ensure that the roof. Reg. rim bridle or frame of or in any position outside a conveyance operated by a winding-engine.91.9 Shall not allow any unauthorised person to give signals on the signalling arrangements used in connection with winding operations. 16. 16.4 Shall take all reasonable measures to prevent persons from having unauthorised access to the conveyance and to the winding compartments: Reg.20 arrangements for the winding compartment until all persons who are to leave the conveyance are out and clear of it. except as is provided for in regulation 16. 16. Reg.67. are in a position in which they will not be endangered by the movement of such conveyance or any other conveyance operated by the same winding engine. Reg.1 and 16.91. station.63 and 16.14 inclusive. 16. is properly in position before persons are raised or lowered in or on such conveyance. shall not allow any person to travel in a conveyance operated by a winding engine that is being used simultaneously for the winding of mineral. 16. except as provided for in regulation 16. loading box or other place where he is in charge. or any signal to raise or lower the conveyance unless all persons at the bank.62.11 Shall not give a signal to clutch unless all persons are out of and clear of the conveyance or conveyances operated by the winding engine. 16. 16.5 Shall not allow any person to travel in a conveyance operated by a winding engine if such conveyance contains mineral and. landing platform.8 Shall acquaint himself with the maximum number of persons authorised b the Principal Inspector to travel at any one time in the cage and on each deck of the cage. allow any person to travel in a conveyance operated by a winding engine that is being used simultaneously for the winding of material.10 Shall not give the “clear signal” 2 pause 2. required to be provided in terms of regulations 16.2 shall not be taken to prohibit the giving of the “accident to shaft” signal.91.11 to 16. Reg. bow. cover or hood.91.91.91. 16.7 Shall not. Reg. allow any person to ride on the roof.6 Shall not. The provisions of regulations 16. Reg.91. top. 16.91. except as provided for in regulation 16.65. Reg.91.

skip or other means of conveyance. Reg.93.2 STOPPING ABOVE SHAFT BOTTOM: The bucket or other means of conveyance shall not be lowered directly to the bottom of the shaft if men are there present but shall be stopped by the winding engine driver at least five metres above the bottom and shall not be lowered further until the signal has been given by one of the sinkers thereat. Reg.5 ACCESS TO CONVEYANCE: . whether such persons are under his direct supervision or not.12 Shall not cause or permit any person to enter or have access to the conveyance or conveyances until he has received a signal from the winding engine driver that clutching operations are completed: and Reg. 16.2 At each bank.92. Reg. sufficient space only being left therein for the passage of any bucket.91. such covering shall be situated not more than 30 metres from the bottom.93. station or landing platform: a) a notice showing clearly the maximum number of persons permitted to ride in each conveyance. In a vertical shaft such covering shall be situated not more than 25 metres from the bottom. 16.92. 16. 16.2. or a notice prohibiting the conveyance of persons where the Regional Mining engineer has not granted permission for the conveyance of persons.92 NOTICES REQUIRED AT WINDING PLANTS: Where a winding plant is used the following shall be kept posted up: Reg. In an inclined shaft.1 At each winding engine: a) b) a copy of the permit issued in terms of regulation 16. 16. 16.91. and the code of signals and any special signals. and b) the code of signals and any special signals.21 Reg.13 Shall take all reasonable measures to safeguard against accident all persons at the place where he is in charge. be caused or permitted to work at the bottom of the shaft unless protected by an adequate covering extending over the whole area of such shaft. Reg. 16. Reg. 16.4 PROTECTIVE COVER: No person shall work.93.

he shall as soon as possible inform the person in charge thereof. when blasting is about to take place. 16. except in the case of firing by electricity. or to the working of machinery. . shall trespass within the safety guards or fences erected under these regulations. Reg. 20. Reg. namely 5 knocks or rings.2 DANGER TO BE REPORTED: No employee. . Reg.93. the driver shall reply by raising and lowering the conveyance approximately two metres.3. 20. In case he notices anything which might be dangerous to life or limb. and. unless his duty absolutely necessitates it.2 No person shall without authority enter any place where machinery is erected.22 No person shall enter the conveyance at the bottom of the shaft until such conveyance has been raised and lowered or until some other distinct signal has been received from the winding engine driver.6 SIGNAL WHEN BLASTING: The person in charge of blasting operations shall notify the winding engine driver by a special signal.

2. 7.1 Explain why must there be adequate stationary lights on all stations and landings __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 6.4 Explain the reason why it is not allowed to clean the skip underground by means of compressed air __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 5. Reg.1 Name where and when safety harnesses (life lines) must be worn? 1. ___________________________________________________________ 3.5. Reg. without the wearing of safety harnesses? __________________________________________________________________ 4. 16.2.1.23 MODULE 2 Regulations Self Assessment 1.47 Explain why may you and the driver not make up your own special . 7. Reg. 7. Reg.8. ____________________________________________________________ 2. Reg.21. 15.5 & 15.2 Name the persons who may give permission for work to be done in a shaft. 10.8. Explain the danger of when loose articles are placed close to a shaft? ______________________________________________________________ Reg. Explain what is meant by stationary lights __________________________________________________________________ 7.

________________________________________________________________ 2. Give the circumstances when repairs or other work may be carried out while the other winders are still in operation in a shaft 1. ________________________________________________________________ 10. Explain the procedure to be followed before a overfilled skip shall be send to the tip? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ .70 Explain the dangers in sending an overfilled skip to the tip? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 11. Reg.53 Explain the danger when a person do repairs or other work in a shaft while the other winders are still in operation? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 9. 16.24 signals __________________________________________________________________ 8. Reg.16.

71 Explain why must material projecting from a conveyance be tied down? _________________________________________________________________ 13.16. Reg.25 12. Reg.85 Explain the reason why may you not talk to the driver while the winder is in operation? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTERS CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 3 Definitions .16.

26 Specific outcome At the end of this Module Learner should be able to verbally give the following definitions to the assessor 1. 11. 13. 2. Banksman Onsetter Material Shaft Competent person Emergency To be well acquainted with the following definitions 7. 4. 12. 8. 5. 9. 6. 10. 3. Winze Landing Self propelled mobile machine Shaft station Mineral Winding plant Elevator .

3.7 metres or over and : Examination basket used for shaft examination or work Skeleton used for installing pipes. elevator or self propelled mobile machine. appointed by the Manager in writing to have charge of a cage. skip or other means of conveyance underground in which persons are being raised or lowered and to give the necessary signals. whatever may be conveyed by means of a winding plant. minerals and explosives. Other means of conveyance:   shaft   2. SHAFT “Shaft” means any tunnel having a cross-sectional dimension of 3. ONSETTER “Onsetter” means a person who shall be the holder of an Onsetter’s Certificate. skip or other means of conveyance and to give the necessary signals. cables or other steelwork in a Canopy on top of conveyance used for shaft exam or repairs Kibble > Used in a sinking shaft in place of a cage and skip . who shall be the holder of a Onsetter’s Certificate. MATERIAL “Material” means and includes. 4. except persons. appointed by the Manager in writing to supervise the loading and unloading of persons in the cage. BANKSMAN “Banksman” means a person stationed at the shaft top.27 DEFINITIONS 1.

7. Loader. requires a driver and is used for the purpose of performing mining operations or for performing similar operations at works (such as Loco. platform or station which is an authorised stopping place for the elevator car. Mobile crane) . skills and experience to organise the work and performance is familiar with the provisions of the Act and the regulations which apply to the work to be performed and has been trained to recognise any potential or actual danger to health or safety in the performance of the work (b) Is in possession of the appropriate certificate of competency where such certificate is required by the regulation EMERGENCY “Emergency” means an emergency which may endanger life or health 7. COMPETENT PERSON “Competent Person” means a person who: (a) (i) (ii)I (iii) or Is qualified by virtue of his knowledge. or: having an inclination to the horizontal of less than 15 degrees but more than 10 degrees where the speed of traction may exceed two metre per second Cross-sectional dimension is the width of the shaft from side to side Inclination to the horizontal is the dip at which a shaft is sunk A vertical shaft is sunk at a inclination to the horizontal of 90 degrees b)    5. SELF PROPELLED MOBILE MACHINE “Self propelled mobile machine” means any machine that is self propelled. Forklift.28 a) having an inclination to the horizontal of 15 degrees or over. training. LHD. 9. WINZE “Winze” means any tunnel having an inclination of below the horizontal in the direction of working of more than 5degrees and not included in the definition of “shaft” LANDING “Landing” means any floor.

SHAFT STATION “Shaft station” means the area surrounding the shaft at every station level and identified and demarcated as the shaft station by the employer in terms of regulation 16. “Winding plant”  Means any hoist or other appliance used for the conveyance of persons. skip or other means of conveyance in a shaft where the control system of the driving machinery can be operated from the motor or engine room.61.29 10. explosives or mineral running in a hatchway on fixed solid guides. “Mineral”  Includes sand. “Elevator”  Means any installation used for the conveyance of persons. rock. Excluding water Called “Stof” on the mine 12.1 11. Called a “lift” in . gravel and clay as well as soil other than top soil.  buildings Mainly found in shaft headgears and high buildings. material. excluding a elevator or lifting machine 13. explosives or mineral by means of a cage. material. stone.

__________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ . Name the difference between the appointment of a Banksman and Onsetter? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. The banksman has gone to the change house. Name 3 examples of “other means of conveyance” and what is it used for? 1. Name the procedure to be followed when the shaft Mine Overseer tell you to take him from the to a station underground. Who is in charge. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 3.30 MODULE 3 Definitions Self Assessment 1. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. the banksman or onsetter? ___________________________________________________________________ 4.

_______________________ 5. Name 3 examples of mobile machines used on a mine 1.31 __________________________________________________________________ 5. _______________________ . Explain what is Mineral? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 6. Explain what is meant by “winding plant” ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 7. _______________________ 2. Describe an “elevator”? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 8.

Explain what is meant by inclination to the horizontal _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 11. Explain the procedure to measure the “cross sectional dimension” off a shaft _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 10. Explain the difference between a vertical and an incline shaft __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ .32 9.

33 SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTERS CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 4 Duties of an onsetter .

It will have to be given to the assessor in English or Afrikaans   . Learner also to know all the exceptions regarding these duties It will be best if it is known in sequence.34 Specific outcome: At the end of this module Learner must know the 13 duties and the golden rule.

bridle or any place outside the conveyance. Reg. rim.5 no. 16. Reg.91.35 DUTIES OF AN ONSETTER (An abridged extract of Regulations 16.91. 8 I will not exceed the maximum number of persons allowed per deck. Reg. give any signals until all persons are properly placed in the conveyance. and the door and gates are closed Reg. 9 . 5 I will not allow persons to travel with or against minerals.9 no. the doors and gates are properly shut.2 Duty no.13) Reg. 16. 16. 16. 4 I will not allow any persons to have unauthorised access to the conveyance or the compartment. 1 Shall not.91.6 no.91.4 no.91. 16.91. 3 I will make sure that the Roof.8 no.91. Reg. 16. when the conveyance containing persons is brought to rest on a landing and the driver has signalled that persons may leave the conveyance give any signal until all persons are clear of it. Reg. 7 I will not allow unauthorised persons to travel on the roof. Reg. side. 16. after the driver has signalled that persons may enter the conveyance for the purpose of travelling or continue to travel. 16.1 to 16. 7 no. 16.3 no. 6 I will not allow persons to travel with or against material. bow.1 Duty no. Cover and Hood are properly in position and closed. before loading any persons.91.91. Reg.91. 2 Shall not.91.

91. give any signal on the signalling arrangements for the winding compartment until all persons are properly placed in the conveyance and the doors or gates of the conveyance and the gates or barriers at the bank. (also called Job’s bridle)  . give any signal on the signalling arrangements for the winding compartment until all persons who are to leave the conveyance are out and clear of it. 10 I will not give the clear signal while there are persons in the conveyance.2 Shall not. 16. To be closed before loading persons into conveyance. 11 No.36 I will not allow unauthorised persons to signal on the signalling arrangements.2 shall not be taken to prohibit the giving of the “accident to shaft” signal. whether they work for me or not. Reg.91.3 Shall ensure that the roof. A flap door is installed in the roof of the cage that can be opened when transporting long material in the conveyance. onsetter or other person authorised to give signals intends to travel. I am responsible for the safety of all persons in my area of responsibility.10 no. 16.1 and 16. A cover is mounted on a loose bridle. 16. station or landing platform are properly shut. REG.91. cover or hood is properly in position before persons are raised or lowered in such conveyance. such doors. I will not load any persons in the conveyance before receiving the clutching completed signal from the driver. 13 I will not give the clutching signal while there are persons or material in the conveyance.  A roof is the roof on a cage.  This means that no signal except a “accident to shaft” signal may be given while persons are entering or leaving the conveyance Reg.91.91. gates or barriers as will prevent his entrance to the conveyance may be left open until he has given the signals to raise or lower and has entered the conveyance: REG.91. Duties of an Onsetter (Including the exceptions). Golden rule: I will not give any signal when the conveyance is not in vicinity. No. Provided that when the banksman. after the winding-engine driver has signalled that persons may enter the conveyance for the purpose of travelling or that persons in the conveyance may continue to travel.1 Shall not. 12 No. The provisions of regulations 16. station or landing platform and the winding engine driver has signalled that persons may leave the conveyance. 16. when the conveyance containing persons is brought to rest in the proper position at the bank.

91.91.62. 16.4 Shall take all reasonable measures to prevent persons from having unauthorised access to the conveyance and compartment. It must also be closed when persons are loading long material into the conveyance through the flap door  A hood (canopy) is installed on a conveyance for the purpose of examining or doing repairs in a shaft to prevent injuries from falling objects. 16. 16. 16.37 When persons are raised or lowered in a skip.5 Shall not allow any person to travel in a conveyance operated by a winding engine if such conveyance contains mineral and. The canopy or basket must be removed as soon as the Examination or repairs are completed Reg.62 No person shall travel in a conveyance operated by a winding engine if such conveyance is loaded or partially loaded with mineral. and no person shall travel in a conveyance operated by a winding engine that is being used simultaneously for the winding of mineral: Provided that if authorised by the manager or mine overseer persons engaged in sinking operations may descend such shaft in a conveyance that is being used simultaneously for the raising of mineral  Descend means send down  That means persons engaged in sinking operations may travel down in the kibble against the other kibble containing mineral Reg.6 Shall not.91. 6 Reg.  Banksman or Onsetter on duty will authorise person to enter conveyance after a signal Is received from the driver only.64 . allow any person to travel in a conveyance operated by a winding engine that is being used simultaneously for the winding of material. Exceptions on duty no. except as is provided for in regulation 16. Reg.65. the lid of the cover must be closed to prevent injuries to persons from falling objects. A basket attached to the bottom of the conveyance is also used. which mean the winder brakes are locked Reg. except as provided for in regulation 16. shall not allow any person to travel in a conveyance operated by a winding engine that is being used simultaneously for the winding of mineral.63 and 16. 16.

prohibited in terms of regulation 16. 16. side.38 The manager. engineer or mine overseer may authorise the following persons to travel with material or explosives. rim bridle or frame of or any position outside a conveyance operated by a winding engine except persons doing shaft exam or repairing the shaft or doing other work in the shaft may ride on the roof of such conveyance or on a special platform if authorised to do so by the manager or mine overseer where necessary. 16. REG. or in the skip or other means of conveyance and shall not allow such maximum to be exceeded.91. allow any person to ride on the roof. on the roof or special platform (basket or skeleton).9 Shall not allow any unauthorised person to give signals on the signalling arrangements used in connection with winding operations. rim bridle or frame of or in any position outside a conveyance operated by a winding-engine.67. except as provided for in regulation 16.  A notice board will be placed on all shaft gates showing the maximum load per deck REG.67 No person shall ride in any shaft on the roof.6 if such if such travelling is necessary for carrying out their duties: Reg. Reg.  The manager shall cause a list of such material to be made readily available to all persons concerned. Posted up at the bank and other landings Reg.4 Persons required to ensure the safe passage through the shaft of material which cannot be conveyed inside the conveyance.65.91. engineer or mine overseer may grant permission in writing for persons to travel with material if such material is not likely to endanger persons travelling in the conveyance.65. top.8 Shall acquaint himself with the maximum number of persons authorised b the Principal Inspector to travel at any one time in the cage and on each deck of the cage. 16.65. 16.3    Onsetter and their gangs Persons engaged in sinking operations or: doing shaft examination or: repairs or: doing other work in a shaft Reg.1  Reg. 16.7 Shall not. (Piloting of long material) Reg. 16.91.63 and 16. . bow.65 The manager.91. 16.  That means persons doing shaft exam or repairs may travel on the outside the conveyance. bow. 16. side. top.

any person authorised in writing by the manager or mine overseer to give signals for the conveyance of persons between the main mineral loading stations at the bottom of a shaft and the lowest landing station for persons REG.11 Shall not give a signal to clutch unless all persons are out of and clear of the conveyance or conveyances operated by the winding engine.13 Shall take all reasonable measures to safeguard persons against accident all persons at the place where he is in charge. 16. whether such persons are under his direct supervision or not.39 Exceptions duty no. and REG. are in a position in which they will not be endangered by the movement of such conveyance or any other conveyance operated by the same winding engine. loading box or other place where he is in charge. 9 Reg. No person. the ganger or miner in charge at the bottom of a shaft or winze in the course of being sunk or any person acting under his immediate supervision may give a signal to raise persons.91.91.  Area of responsibility to be demarcated by management Golden rule: Shall not give any signal when conveyance not in vicinity.1 1. 16. a competent person to whom the manager has given written permission to do so may give signals for the conveyance of himself and of any persons travelling with him and: 3. 16. 16. 16. station.91. when the banksman or onsetter is not available. landing platform.12 Shall not cause or permit any person to enter or have access to the conveyance or conveyances until he has received a signal from the winding engine driver that clutching operations are completed. other than the banksman or onsetter on duty. or any signal to raise or lower the conveyance unless all persons at the bank.  Except accident to shaft signal . This will only be up to the bottom deck of the stage from where it must be piloted to the crosshead 4.91.10 Shall not give the “clear signal” 2 pause 2.89. shall give or shall be caused or permitted to give any signals for the raising or lowering of persons except: 2. REG. REG.

What is a roof? ______________________________________________________________________ . What signals may be given when the onsetter want to travel with while the door and gate are open? ______________________________ What are these signals called? ______________________________________________________________ 3. When may signals be given when the door of the conveyance and the shaft gate Is open? ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 2.40 MODULE 4 Duties of an onsetter Self Assessment 1. What signal may be given after receiving a signal from the driver that persons may leave the conveyance and they are still busy leaving it? ____________________________________________________________________ 4.

When will he do so? ____________________________________________________________________ 10. What is meant by a) With b) Against? a)__________________________________________________________________ b) __________________________________________________________________ 14. What is a cover? _____________________________________________________________________ 6. Why will he wait for a signal from the driver? _____________________________________________________________________ 11. _________________________________________________________________ . Who may travel against mineral? __________________________________________________________________ 13. _________________________________________________________________ 2.41 ______________________________________________________________________ 5. Why must all these devices be closed before loading persons? ______________________________________________________________________ 8. Who may authorise persons to enter a compartment or conveyance? _____________________________________________________________________ 9. Who may travel with mineral? _________________________________________ 12. Who may travel with material? 1. What is a hood? _____________________________________________________________________ 7. _________________________________________________________________ 3. _________________________________________________________________ 4.

_________________________________________________________________ 15. Who may give signals on the lock-bell for the travelling of persons? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 3. 19. When may persons travel on the outside of the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ What is abnormal material? ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 18. 1. 2. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 4. 2.42 5. Give two examples of abnormal material? _______________________________________ __________________________________________ How will you know what is the maximum persons allowed per deck? ______________________________________________________________________ 20. 1. Who may travel against material? _________________________________ 16. 1. 3. ___________________________________________________________________ . 2. 17.

What signal may be given when the conveyance is not in vicinity? . How would you know what is your area of responsibility? ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 26. Who will be the person to be appointed for the conveyance of himself and his assistants from the lowest landing to the loading box? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 25.43 ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 21. When the onsetter is not available and the Manager appoint a competent person. what is the rule that the person must obey to? _____________________________________________________________________ 23. When will the manager appoint a competent person to give signals for the travelling of persons? ____________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 23. Will the persons travel to the bank In the case where the ganger or miner in the bottom of a sinking shaft give a signal for the raising of persons? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 24. May the ganger or miner in a sinking shaft give signals for the lowering of persons? ______________________________________________________________________ 22.

44 ______________________________________________________________________ SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTERS CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 5 Safety devices on a winder. shaft and headgear .

 All safety devices should be. . where possible.45 Specific outcome: At the end of this module learner should be able to. Identify and know the functions of all the safety devices on a winder and in a shaft and headgear. inspected visually as to be able to identify it properly. Know the devices in a headgear separate from that on a winder.

5 metre above the bank (men overwind) and below the lowest landing . In the case of a skip compartment the overwind trips are set above the tip and below the main loading boxes Wrong direction This is when the conveyance move into the wrong direction from the bank (up).  Over speed control.46 OVERWIND SAFETY DEVICES ON A WINDER Lilly controller Description. In the case where this set speed is acceded the lily will cause the winder to trip Upper and lower end of wind Overwind is when the conveyance go past the upper and/or lower end of wind which is about 1.  Each winder drum is fitted with a separate lily controller  It is enclosed in a metal or fibre box. The basic functions of the Lily controller are.  The lily is a controller and not a device  Consist of 13 different safety devices.  The old type can be recognised by copper balls attached to it.  Wrong direction warning device (Philips)  Three turn warning device Overspeed control Management set a certain speed of travelling for the conveyance in metre per second.  Upper and lower overwind. The Philips device will sound a warning to the driver as to prevent him from moving into the overwind . Functions.

47 Three turn warning device This device warns the driver that the conveyance is three turns of the drum below the bank and he must be alert. When the driver pull away too fast from standing position the winder will trip this is called acceleration. towards the upper or lower overwind. Bell-brake interlock Dickson device Operates in conjunction with the lock-bell system and the winder brakes Function.  If the driver signal to the onsetter the device is activated and locks the brake. Function.  Note>the brakes will only unlock after signals has been given from both the bank man and the onsetter. Philips device. .  If the onsetter signal to the driver the brakes are unlocked  If the driver signal to the banks man the device is activated and lock the brakes. Directly operated by the lilly device. The phrase “the brakes lock” means that the driver can not release the brakes and put the winding engine in motion. See the picture 3. from standing position on the bank. Cam gear overwind    Function  overwind In the case where the lily fails the camgear will trip the winder on It is a mechanical device It works separately from the lily device Each drum has its own device 2. Over speed Retardation and Acceleration The lily controls the speed of the winder as set by the Engineer depending on the condition of the shaft. This differs between 10 and 15 while doing normal transport The lily also slow down the speed of the conveyance when approaching the bank called retardation.  When the winding engine driver moves the conveyance in the wrong direction. this device will sound a warning to the driver. 1.  If the banks man signal to the driver the brakes unlock.

48 4. The rope will then coil on top of the conveyance and might coil into other compartments as well. Function  Enable the driver to back the conveyance out of the over-wind. . Function.  In the event of slack rope the rope will come to rest on the wire rope it will sound an alarm and trip the winder. the pin automatically fits into a hole in the side of the winder drum. Consist of a 12mm galvanised steel wire rope underneath the winder rope.  It prevents the releasing of the brakes on the un-clutched drum while clutching is in progress. Clutch/Brake interlocking system. In the case where the pin does not enter the hole correctly. Slack rope device.  This slack rope device do not always operate due to the weight of the conveyance and the rope that keeps the winder rope tight and prevents it from coming to rest on the wire rope Two different electronic slack rope devices are in use at the moment: a) Situated in the sheave wheels and when the conveyance get stuck. 5. the weight is released from the wheel and this trips the winder b) In conjunction with the humble hook. Function. when the winder drum is unclutched. It is a mechanical device coupled to the clutch and brakes of a winder drum. the drum will not unclutch. When the conveyance get stuck and the slack in the rope cause the humble hook to tilt this device will trip the winder 7. Backing out switch Electrical switch operated by the driver’s foot. Function  It prevents the un-clutched drum from turning 6. Clutch locking pin Consist of a steel pin. connected to a bell and trip switch.  Slack rope is caused when the conveyance got stuck in the shaft and the drum is still turning and unwinding rope.

that is when the rope climbs over the previous coil of rope. Safety devices controlling an overwind in a shaft Although the bottom overwind. Three turn warning device. the driver will turn a switch over from men to material. which warns the driver that the conveyance is approaching the bank. Men over wind. Bottom overwind trip Directly coupled to the lily Function It will trip the winder.  When the conveyance is three turns of the winder drum below the bank an alarm will be set off. Bad coiling device Situated below the drum Function Trip out the winder in case of bad coiling. 1. and also while clutching is in progress 2. Mainly when travelling single drum doing shaft exam. after a shaft accident. Material overwind When going over to material.1. when going past a set mark below the lowest landing. men and material overwind come into operation while the conveyance travel in the shaft it can not been seen because it is coupled to the lily. Part of the lily device. 3 turn warning device. the onsetter and banksman signal 8 to driver.49 8. Function. Directly coupled to the lily Function  Trip the winder on top overwind +. This will cause the following: a) Overwind trip is set higher b) The 10 seconds delay is cancelled c) Driver can only give signal 1 d) In some cases the speed is set higher .5 metre above the bank 4. 3.

2 Function. This differs. remove the key. situated in the lily. When the switch is on material the men overwind is cancelled and when on men the material overwind is cancelled The 10 second delay is cancelled:  In the case where the person giving signals want to travel with the conveyance there is a 10 seconds delay set in which the driver can not release the brakes of the winder. Magnetic switch. get into the conveyance and close the conveyance door  When doing material this 10 seconds delay is cancelled to save time.50 Overwind trip set higher:  The men overwind will be cancelled and the material overwind trip will come in operation. When the driver pull away too fast from standing position the winder will trip this is called acceleration.  A magnet is mounted on the bridle.  Installed between the material and ultimate trip. A rail bogey is normally the longest material to be slung  The men and material overwind consist of one trip only. the conveyance travel. with opposite poles is mounted on the steelwork next to the guide connected to a switch with a electric cable leading to the winder.  This 10 seconds delay is to allow.  A magnet. after receiving a signal 4 pause 1 or 4 pause 2. between 10 and 15 metre per second while doing normal transport The lily also slow down the speed of the conveyance when approaching the bank called retardation. If the 10 seconds still remain it means that the driver will have to wait 10 seconds. after the travelling signal 1 or 2 was given.  This trip will be high enough for long material to be slung from the bank into the shaft. get into the compartment and close the shaft gate. . Description.  When the magnet go pass the switch the winder will trip 6. by mistake. before he can move the conveyance Driver can only signal 1:  The reason why the driver can only give a signal 1 is to prevent him to. the person giving signals. Over speed Retardation and Acceleration The lily controls the speed of the winder as set by the Engineer depending on the condition of the shaft. allow the person giving signals to travel with the conveyance when there is no 10 seconds delay for him to get into the conveyance 5. Mechanical Safety Devices in a headgear The following mechanical overwind devices can be seen in the headgear 6.

51  In the event of an over wind where the other trips fail the magnets in the bridle activates the switch on the steelwork and trip the winder. Jack Catches.  In the event of an over wind it allow the bridle to pass the catches. between the catches and the sheave wheel.  In the case of an over wind.1Description.  An electric cable attached to the switch leading to the winder. shear the copper pin. when all other devices fail. Consisting of 4 to 6 steel teeth. the arresting shoulders of the humble hook open up and come to rest on the plate. 8.  When gone through the plate. It is spring loaded i.2 Function. large enough to allow the partial entrance of the humble hook 9. 7. It will activate the switch and trip the winder. The bridle is slotted to allow for the jack catches teeth to form a ratchet. It is mounted on the shaft steelwork below the crash-beams and striker plate. (Tarzan Wire) 7.2 Function. attached to a trip switch mounted on the headgear steelwork.1    Description. when one tooth is pressed closed the other opens up.  The shoulders of the movable scissor strike the side of the hole in the plate. ( Striker plate) Works in conjunction with the humble hook 9. the humble hook goes into the striker plate. through which the winder rope runs. 8.2 Function. . 9. Ultimate switch.  8.  In case of an over wind where the other trips fail the conveyance will strike the galvanised rope. crossing the compartment. the humble hook open up and release the rope.e.  In the case of an overwind where the rope was detached from the humble hook and the humble hook fails to arrest the conveyance the bridle will come to rest in the jack catches. Spectacle plate.  Consist of a steel plate installed on the crash beams above the jack catches.  The plate has a hole.1 Description  A galvanised steel rope. 7.

52 In the case where all other overwind safety devices fails.  After tipping.3 Function. trip the winder and prevent potential damage to the shaft. parallel with each set of tracks. and the humble hook enter the spectacle plate. Marshall device. 12.  . From the tip to bottom.  It is installed the full length of the shaft. (Rock hoist compartment) 11. The Engineer will arrange for the conveyance to be supported by means of chain blocks and slings properly and for the persons to leave the conveyance. 11. activate the switch and trip the winder.2 Description. This switch look similar to the slack rope device.1Description. Consist of a 12mm galvanised wire connected to a trip switch.  Some shafts do have the wire in the centre of the tracks.  Consist of 12mm (8 gauge) copper wires installed. Incline shafts 12. 10. 10.1 Description. the banksman must signal accident to shaft on the call bell immediately and inform his superior. Headgear tip trip switch.  Consist of a 12mm galvanised wire rope connected to a trip switch and situated below the headgear tip connected to the winder by means of an electric cable. 11. in the case where the skip door do not close properly.  Installed in incline shafts.2 Function. If a derailment occurs the conveyance strike the wire and trip the winder.2 Function. both sides.  Situated below the loading box.  Any obstacle protruding from the skip will activate it. Loading box trip wire. 12. it will hook onto the wire. On most of the shafts there are a staircase and elevator available for this purpose Safety devices in a Rock winder compartment 10.  From the tip it is connected with an electric cable to the winder.

Name four basic functions of a lily controller? 1) _____________________________________________________________ 2) _____________________________________________________________ 3) _____________________________________________________________ 4) _____________________________________________________________ Date:………………………… 2. Name the total amount of functions on the lily? ____________________ 3. Explain the meaning of overspeed? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ .53 MODULE 5 Safety devices Self Assessment Name& Surname:………………………………………. 1.

What is meant by acceleration on a winder? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 12. Name the 3 main points in describing a Cam gear overwind _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ . For what reason is there a Philips (wrong direction) device? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 10. Why is the upper end of wind (overwind) in a rock winder compartment above the tip? __________________________________________________________________ 8. What is meant by retardation on a winder? __________________________________________________________________ 11. Explain the meaning of overwind? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 5. Explain where is the upper end of wind in a man winder compartment? __________________________________________________________________ 6. Why is the bottom end of wind in a skip compartment below the loading box? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 9. Where is the lower end of wind in a man winder compartment? __________________________________________________________________ 7.54 4.

What is the function of the Clutch-brake interlock __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 19. When will the brakes unlock? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 18. When the pin.55 13. With what other device does it operates? _________________________________________ 16. do not enter the hole in the drum. When will the cam gear operate? __________________________________________________________________ 14. for some or other reason. What is the other name for a bell-brake interlock? _________________________________________ 15. Explain what is meant by the phrase “brakes lock” ________________________________________________________________ 17. How does the clutch-locking pin operate? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 20. Will the driver be able to unclutch the drum? . When will the winder’s brake lock? ________________________________________________________________ 16 Why does the winder brakes lock? ________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 17.

Why will the slack rope device not trip the winder when the conveyance is far below the bank? __________________________________________________________________ 24. Name 2 electronic slack rope devices used on the mines and explain how it operate? a)________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ b) ________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 25. What happen to the rope still uncoiling into the shaft when the conveyance got stuck? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 27. Could slack rope on a winder endanger the compartments served by other winders? __________________________________________________________________ .56 ___________________ 21. What is the function of the locking pin? __________________________________________________________________ 22. What cause slack rope? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 26. Describe the slack rope device? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 23.

What is the function of the bad-coiling device? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 32. How does it operate? _________________________________________________________________ 30. Where is the bad coiling device situated? _________________________________________________________________ 31. above the bank. What is the function of a bottom overwind trip? __________________________________________________________________ 34. will trip the winder on overwind. The men overwind. What is the function of a back-out switch? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 29.57 __________________________________________________________________ 28. Why do we have a bottom overwind as well? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ . What is the danger of it when the rope coil over the previous coil of rope on the winder drum? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 33.

What change when the driver switch over from men to material i. What is the function of the three turn warning device? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 36. when the switch is set on men. What is meant by 3 turns of the winder drum? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 37. ______________________________________________________ 40.58 35. ______________________________________________________ iii. ______________________________________________________ ii. trip on material overwind in the case where the men overwind fails to trip the winder on overwind? ___________________________ . Can you see the men or material overwind? __________________________________________________________________ 38. How high above the bank is the men overwind? __________________________________________________________________ 39. What happens to the men overwind when the driver switch over to material? __________________________________________________________________ 42. How high above the bank is the material overwind? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 41. Will the winder. ______________________________________________________ iv.

What is the reason that the driver cannot give any other signal except one when the winder is on material? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 47. Why not? __________________________________________________________________ 44. Where is the magnet mounted? .59 43. Why is the 10 seconds delay cancelled when the winder is switched to material? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 46. Give a full description of the magnetic switch? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 48. Why is there a 10 seconds delay when the winder is switched to men? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 45.

By means of what is the magnetic switch connected to the winder? __________________________________________________________________ 51. Where is the ultimate switch mounted in the headgear? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 53. Where is the galvanised rope suspended? _________________________________________________________________ 54. Where is the jack catches mounted? . What on the magnetic switch cause the winder to trip? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 50. will the ultimate switch cause the winder to trip? _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 57.60 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 49. and when. Why is the ultimate switch also called the Tarzan wire? __________________________________________________________________ 52. Where does the electric cable. attached to the switch. What is the galvanised wire attached to? _________________________________________________________________ 55. How. leads to? 56.

Why is the rope released from the conveyance when the humble hook open up? _________________________________________________________________ 67. Why is the steel teeth spring loaded? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 60. What is the purpose of it then? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 64. Is the spectacle plate also a safety device that will trip the winder on overwind? _________________ 63.61 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 58. How many steel teeth does it consist of? __________________________________________________________________ 59. When is the only time the jack catches will arrest the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ 61. What will happen to the conveyance if the arresting shoulders fail to hold the conveyance onto the spectacle plate? . What happen when the shoulders of the humble hook strike the plate? __________________________________________________________________ 66. Why is the spectacle plate also called the striker plate? __________________________________________________________________ 62. What will strike the side of the hole in the striker plate? __________________________________________________________________ 65.

What will trip the skip in the case where the bell ringer sends it to the tip and a piece of rail protrude over the side of the skip? __________________________________________________________________ 69. What other switch look similar to this trip wire? __________________________________________________________________ 71. Describe the loading box trip wire? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 70. Where is the headgear tip trip switch mounted? __________________________________________________________________ 72. By means of what are these two switches connected to the winder? ________________________________________________________________ 75. Why is this headgear tip trip switch installed? __________________________________________________________________ 73. What safety device do you find in an incline shaft that is not in use at vertical shafts? _________________________________________________________________ 76. Does this trip switch look different from the loading box trip switch? ____________________ 74. How and when does the marshal device in an incline shaft operate? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ .62 _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 68.

Is it necessary for the banksman to report this overwind to his superior? ________________ 79. Do the driver use the same lockbell to give signals to the banksman and the onsetter? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 83. What about persons in the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 80. When a signal sound in his cabin how would the driver know whether it is the banksman or the onsetter giving this signal? _________________________________________________________________ . Is it true that the drum on the right hand side of the driver is overlay? __________________________________________________________________ 82. Why must the Banksman signal “accident to shaft” when a total overwind occur and the humble hook enter the spectacle plate? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 78.63 77. Why is the rope on the one drum overlay and on the other drum underlay? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 81.

64 SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTERS CERTIFICATE COURSE .

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MODULE 6
Safety devices and Notice boards on a landing

Stop blocks
There must be a plan posted up on all the landings showing the position of all workshops, refuge chamber, fire hydrants, escape ways, stop-blocks etc. 1. Shaft gates  Steel frame with expanded metal  Will not prevent rolling stock from falling down the shaft but will stop persons from having unauthorised entry to conveyance or compartment that could cause them falling down the shaft 2. Double action  Also called “Vula Vala” due to the fact that when the one end is opened the other end close automatically and therefore one end is always in the closed position  Can be operated by a handle consisting of a 50mm pipe 3.Vertical RSJ  Consist of a 200x200mm RSJ fitting vertically into a concrete lined put 4. Farmgate  Consist of a 200x200mm RSJ placed horizontally over each track leading to the shaft  Open and close similar to the gates used on farms  It can be locked in the closed position to prevent unauthorised persons to open it

66  The onsetter will be in possession of the key 5.T-Sprag Consist of two sleepers bolted together in the shape of a cross  Also called Fly-machine sprag due to the construction of it. The T-sprag must be chained down to an eyebolt in the concrete floor 6. Shift control gate  Although this is not installed to prevent rolling stock from falling down the shaft it has other safety aspects a) Control the shift, and prevent stampeding, as well as persons crowding at the shaft and preventing the onsetter from doing his work. b) This also enable the shift controller to count persons to be loaded per deck and not exceeding maximum load 7.Huisen device  This is a very effective device not used on many shafts yet  It is spring-loaded and prevent cars from entering, but cars moving out will push it down and the spring forces it into position when the car has gone past  It can be operated by means of a compressed air cylinder  It can be interlocked with the Dixon device and can only be opened when a signal from the driver, which will lock the brakes, is received.  It is also called “Sharkfin” due to it’s shape 8. Tank trap  Two short rails bonded together that fits over a put  These rails are placed in position while doing cars and removed when finished 9. Traverse pit (on the bank only) A put about 80cm deepx3m wide parallel to the full width of the shaft A traverse car is used to transport cars over the put. 10. Levelok
Not many are used at the Gold Fields mines

 

 Steelwork mounted on the top of the bridle  When the conveyance stop on the landing a hose is connected to it which cause clamps to grip on the guides  This prevent stretch in the rope while loading  When loading is completed the hose is disconnected and the grip is released

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MODULE 6 Safety devices on a landing SELF ASSESSMENT 1. On examining, how would you know what and where should the safety devices be installed on a landing? __________________________________________________________________ 2. Will the shaft gates prevent rolling stock (cars) from falling down the shaft? _______________ 3. Why are the shaft gates installed then? a) ________________________________________________________________ b) ________________________________________________________________ 4. What makes the “vula vala” safer than other stop blocks?

Describe a vertical RSJ? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 7. In the case where the huisen device is interlocked with the lock bell. What is the T-sprag also called and why? __________________________________________________________________ 11. Who will be in possession of the key to lock and unlock the farmgate? _____________________________________ 10. Why is a shift control gate installed on the landings? a) _____________________________________________________________ b) _____________________________________________________________ 12.68 __________________________________________________________________ 5. Why is the device called “farm gate”? __________________________________________________________________ 8. Do you have to open the huisen device when taking a car out of the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ 13. Why must it be locked? __________________________________________________________________ 9. What are used to operate the double action? __________________________________________________________________ 6. when will you be able to open it? _________________________________________________________________ . When you are busy loading a car will it go past the huisen device without being opened? __________________________________________________________________ 14.

16. What is the function of the level lock? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Notice boards (posters) on a landing 1. engineer or mine overseer may grant permission in writing for persons to travel with material if such material is not likely to endanger persons travelling in the conveyance 2. “Permitted material” list Reg. Where is the portable piece of track of the tank trap kept? _________________________________________________________________ 18. What is the huisen device also called and why? __________________________________________________________________ 16. 16. How does the tank trap prevent a car from going pass to the shaft? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 17. Government code of signals The government code of shall be posted in the winding engine room and at all landings in a shaft 4. Special code of signals Reg. Maximum persons notice A notice showing the maximum persons that may be loaded per deck will be posted on all shaft gates 3.64 The manager.69 15.46 . How do you operate the level lock? __________________________________________________________________ 19.

7. A clock showing the time to be observed on the mine shall be installed at each main entrance to the workings. are posted up on the bank to ensure that there is no problem with the times the shift must be lowered or hoisted 10. for persons. The banksman or onsetter will only grant permission after receiving a signal from the driver to do so. Wear hard hat and safety harness The danger on a shaft is mainly falling objects and falling down the shaft. No smoking/No open flame All mines are declared fiery mines and therefore no smoking is allowed and open flame cutting can only be done with permission from management 8. Blasting time This is not in use any more because of electric blasting 11. The different colours can be seen on the slings REG. Shift time Different shift times. 9.22 . special signals may be used. Emergency procedures See emergency module 12.70 In addition to the foregoing signals. provided it has been approved by the Principal Inspector of Mines in writing 5. Colour code for slings Before making use of slings for slinging purpose it must be checked what weight can be slung with it and when last was it examined by a rigger.7 Notice at shaft head A notice shall be kept posted up at each shaft head showing the times within which shifts are lowered or raised at such shaft head. as well as the times of blasting in the various sections of the mine. 6. Frozen explosives Reg. No unauthorised entry No person is allowed to enter the compartment or conveyance without the permission of the banksman or onsetter on duty. 9. 3. Emergency phone numbers Posted up on the bank to be used mainly on odd shifts when no supervisors are available 13.

7 Notice at shaft head A notice shall be kept posted up at each shaft head showing the times within which shifts are lowered or raised at such shaft head. Module 6 Notice boards on a landing SELF ASSESSMENT 1. due to the type of explosives now used. Although. 3. we do not get frozen explosives anymore the miners must still be warned REG.71 No person shall use or attempt to use explosives which are frozen. as well as the times of blasting in the various sections of the mine. Any work on the shaft will be done according to this clock therefore in the past the miners used to set their watches (Zobo) to this clock for blasting time. Name 10 notice boards on a landing? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ . Clock A clock must be kept on the bank and must be set correctly every morning. A clock showing the time to be observed on the mine shall be installed at each main entrance to the workings 14.

Why do you have a “shift time” poster on the bank? __________________________________________________________________ . Why must the code of signals be posted up at all landings? __________________________________________________________________ 6. What is the danger of acceding the number of persons per deck? a) _____________________________________________________________ b) _____________________________________________________________ c) _____________________________________________________________ 5. Why is there a “no unauthorised entry” poster on the gates of the shaft? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 7. Why is there a colour code for slings poster on the bank? a) _____________________________________________________________ b) _____________________________________________________________ 9. Who may grant permission for the material on this list? __________________________________________________________________ 4. Why is a “permitted list of material” posted on the bank? __________________________________________________________________ 3. Why is there a “wear hard hat” and safety harness poster on the bank area? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 8.72 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 2.

Why must the emergency phone numbers be posted on the bank? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 11.73 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 10. Why must there be a clock on the bank? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTERS CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 7 .

on the bank. (Signalling devices) Lock bell Call bell Contact wire E-cam Pull bell Telephone Signalling devices 1. Lock bell.1 Description:  Installed.74 Signalling devices Communications systems. landing platforms below the bank and all loading boxes  Operate with a special key. 1. key will not fit in the lockbell on the bank  Spare keys for each winder will be kept in a locked container in the banksman’s cabin . Not more than one key per winder will be available for operation at the same time  The key of one winder will not fit in the lockbell of another winder  The onsetter. in the Winding Engine Room.

1 Description  Galvanised wire running from below the bank. Function. Does not operate with a key. To notify and ask permission from the driver for certain work to be done. and this give a signal to the driver. Contact wire.1 Function. To be used for accident to the shaft or persons only.2    3. 1. 3. 2. 3. it short out the current. Installed on the bank. 4. When the file is rubbed against the galvanised wire. Accident to person > 10 and station signal. Used for: (a) Shaft exam.  The tone of the bells of each Winder is clearly distinguishable  Enclosed in metal or fibre box close to the shaft gate. (b) Shaft repairs. down the entire length of the shaft.2 Function:  Signals can be transmitted both ways between the driver and banksman  Signals can be transmitted both ways between the driver and onsetter 2. The one cable end has a file connected to it and the other end is connected to the conveyance by means of a bolt.  Lock and unlock winding engine brakes.  Connected with a cable to a bell on the winding engine. Call Bell Description.  . Accident to shaft > one long ring. Driver cannot reply on call bell system.  Each winding engine is served with a separate system. situated in each compartment. (Dickson device)  The lockbell is used for the transmitting Government code of signals and special signals approved by the Regional Director. E-cam signalling device. every landing platform below the bank and all loading boxes Enclosed in a metal or fibre box on the sidewall at the landing.  Powered by means of a heavy duty battery with two cables attached to it.75  A list of all persons appointed to give signals on the lockbell will be posted up in the banksman’s cabin  Every winding engine equipped with a separate system.1     2.

Consist of: (i) Portable box containing on/off switch.2 (i) (ii) (iii) 5.76 4.    . When it reach the lower deck the persons on the stage have to pilot it up to the crosshead. The pull bell is used to send the kibble up to the lower deck of the stage only. 12mm Galvanised wire from just below bank to sinking stage. (iv) U-coil attached to the winding engine by means of an electric cable. shaft repairs or piloting material.           5. When the galvanised wire is pulled the weight is lifted and contact is made which cause signals to be given. Enables signals to be given to driver from the stage and intermediate landings. push buttons and hand set telephone. (v) Transmission takes place through coils and winder rope. Similar to two portable radios. Provides a phone through which clear verbal communication can be obtained between the driver and the person doing examination. colour code to be the same as I-coil. Provides for signalling by means of a push button Advantages of the E-cam above other signalling devices used in a shaft: (i) The driver can repeat signals (ii) When the driver give a signal the brakes lock (iii) Verbal communication is possible between the driver and the person in the shaft (iv) An alarm will sound when contact on the E-cam is broken In the case where contact is broken on the E-cam. close to the winder rope. on top of spectacle plate.1 Description. the driver will not move the conveyance until such time when an investigation was done to make sure it is safe to move. winder room and landings. Check on E-cam. Attached to a weight. (ii) A cable attached to the box and the other end to the I-coil. (iii) U-coil situated in the headgear. Installation. 4. 5. Investigation will be done by making use of another conveyance. Switch to on.2 Function. Verbal communication between shaft personnel. Connected to winder by means of an electric cable. Telephone. Used in sinking shafts. Installed on the bank..1 Description. Pull bell. Mechanical signalling device in case of power failure or damage to cables. Attach I-coil to the winder rope above humble hook.

Where will you find a lockbell? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 1. What is the function of a lockbell? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 2. Why does it operate with a different key for every winder? .77 MODULE 7 Signalling devices SELF ASSESSMENT 1.

How would you know the driver has given a signal that you may leave the conveyance but you did not hear it due to excessive noise? ___________________________________________________________________ 12. Why can the onsetter not make use of the banksman’s key? _______________________________________________________________ 4. Can the onsetter hear signals given by the banksman? _____________________________ 10. What if the lights are not working in the case of question 12? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ . through the telltale bell. When will the brakes unlock in the case where the driver signalled to the banksman and onsetter at the same time? ___________________________________________________________________ 11. Why does the brakes lock when the driver gives a signal on the lockbell? ________________________________________________________________ 6. When does the brakes unlock? __________________________________________________________________ 8. for the banksman to hear signals given by the onsetter? __________________________________________________________________ 9. Why is it made possible. When does the brakes lock? _________________________________________________________________ 7. Why does the tone of each winder’s lockbell differ from the other? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5.78 _______________________________________________________________ 3.

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____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 13. Why must the box in the banksman cabin, containing the spare lockbell keys, be locked? __________________________________________________________________ 14. Why is it not allowed to have more than one key for the lockbell per winder at the same time? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 15. Why is a list of persons, appointed to give signals, kept on the bank? _________________________________________________________________ 16. Where are the call bell installed? ___________________________________________________________________ 17. Who may give signals on the call bell? ________________________________________________________________ 18. What signals may be given on the call bell? ___________________________________________________________________ 19. Can the driver hear a signal given on the call bell? ______________________________ 20. Can the driver give a signal on the call bell? __________ 18. Why not? ___________________________________________________________________ 21. What is used to supply the contact wire’s current? _______________________________________________

80 22. The one cable of the battery is connected tot the file. To what is the other pole connected? ___________________________________________________________________ 23. How is signals given to the driver on the contact wire? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 24. Can the driver repeat signals on the contact wire? ______________ 25. When making use of the contact wire will the brakes lock when the driver stop the conveyance? ______________ 26. When making use of the contact wire while doing work in a shaft. Will the brakes lock? ________________________________________________________________

27. What are the advantages of the E-cam over the contact wire? a) __________________________________________________________________ b) __________________________________________________________________ c) ___________________________________________________________________ 28. What must be the same colour when installing the E-cam? ___________________________________________________________________ 29. How will the driver know contact on the E-cam is disrupt while doing shaft exam? ___________________________________________________________________ 30. What arrangement is normally made with the driver, for him to know the E-cam is still in working order? ___________________________________________________________________

81 27.Where is a pull bell used? ___________________________________________________________________ 28. When giving a signal on the pull bell for the Kibble to move up why will it only raise to the bottom of the stage? ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTER CERTIFICATE COURSE

82 Module 8 Code of signals SPECIFIC OUTCOME At the end of this module learner should know:All the signals in the Government code of signals The meaning of the signals When and why the signals will be used .

83 CODE OF SIGNALS Reg. From engine driver when cage or other conveyance containing person is brought to rest at station. 16. Persons may leave the 3 .45 The following code of signals shall be used and strictly observed where a winding plant is operated at a shaft or winze where persons are regularly allowed to ride: KNOCK OR RINGS:- 1 1 2 3 3 From onsetter: From onsetter: From onsetter: From onsetter: Raise when engine at rest Stop when engine is in motion Lower Person about to travel In reply from driver: persons may continue to travel or may enter the cage or other conveyance for the purpose of travelling.

clutching signal In reply. acknowledgement by driver that person. In reply. driver may start the winding engine at his discretion. acknowledgement by driver of “compartments served by engine re-opened” signal. clutching operations completed. explosives may be placed in the conveyance. winding engine compartments served by engine locked below station designated. explosives may be removed from the conveyance. 2 pause 2 2 pause 2 2 pause 2 pause 2 2 pause 2 pause 2 2 pause 2 pause 2 pause 2 3 pause 3 pause 3 3 pause 3 pause 3 4 pause 1 4 pause 2 4 pause 4 4 pause 4 4 pause 4 pause 4 4 pause 4 pause 4 5 pause 5 5 pause 5 5 pause 5 From driver (clear signal requested): Driver wishes to start the winding engine at his discretion. acknowledgement by driver that there are no explosives in the conveyance. To driver (clear signal).84 cage or other conveyance. In reply. To driver. compartments served by engine re-opened In reply. To driver. To driver – no explosives in the conveyance In reply. winding engine compartments served by engine locked. mark signal In reply. acknowledgement by driver of “mark” signal. shaft examination and repairs about to take place. From driver persons must leave the conveyance. 5 pause 5 pause 5 5 pause 5 pause 5 6 pause 6 6 pause 6 6 pause 6 followed by station signal 6 pause 6 followed by station signal 6 pause 6 pause 6 6 pause 6 pause 6 6 pause 6 pause 6 pause 6 . signalling is about to travel. To driver. Raise slowly Lower slowly From onsetter to driver: To driver. In reply. no persons in the conveyance. acknowledgement by driver of “compartments locked below station designated” signal To driver. acknowledgement by driver of “compartments locked” signal To driver. In reply. From onsetter or driver: Cancel or repeat the signal Person giving signal about to travel. In reply. explosives about to be placed in the conveyance. From driver when conveyance containing explosives is brought to rest at a station.

85 6 pause 6 pause 6 pause 6 7 In reply, acknowledgement by driver “shaft examination and repairs” signal To driver, persons about to have access to the conveyance for a purpose other than travelling or the loading or unloading of mineral in trucks or of material. In reply, persons may have access to conveyance for a purpose other than travelling or the loading or unloading of mineral in trucks or of material. To driver, conveyance is clear of all persons who have had access to it for a purpose other than travelling or the loading or unloading of mineral in trucks or of material. In reply, acknowledgement by driver of “persons clear” signal. Electrician testing bells. In reply, acknowledgement of “bell testing” signal. Electrician has completed the test. Accident to person, station where conveyance is required. Accident to shaft, winding operations to be suspended immediately in all compartments of the shaft.

7

7 pause 7

7 pause 7 15 15 15 pause 2 pause 2 10 followed by station signal 1 long ring

In any purely mechanical system “continued ringing” shall replace “one long ring”.

When raising or lowering mineral in trucks or material:KNOCKS OR RINGS:-

8 8 1 8 pause 8 8 pause 8

To driver, raising or lowering of mineral in trucks or material about to commence. In reply, acknowledgement by driver that raising or lowering of mineral in trucks or of material is about to commence. From driver, persons may have access to conveyance for the purpose of loading or unloading mineral in trucks or material. To driver, raising or lowering of mineral in trucks or of material completed. In reply, acknowledgement by driver that raising or lowering of mineral in trucks or of material is completed.

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REG. 16.49.1 Code to be posted up The code of signals referred to in regulation 16.45 or an abridged form thereof approved by the Director general, as well as the special signals that may be in use of a mine, shall be displayed suitably in the form of distinctly legible notices in letters and figures not less than ten millimetres in height. The decision, whether such notices are suitably displayed and distinctly legible, shall rest with the Regional Mining engineer. Such notices shall be posted up in the winding engine room, at the bank and at all shaft or winze stations for the time being in use.

MODULE 7 Code of signals SELF ASSESSSMENT 1. How many times does signal 1 appear in the code of signals? _______________________________________________________________ 1. Give the meaning of the signal 1, used on 3 different occasions, and signaled by whom? a) _________________________________________________________________ b) _________________________________________________________________ c) _________________________________________________________________ 2. What are the two traveling signals? a)_______________

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b) _______________ 3. How many times does the signal 3 appear in the code of signals? _______________________ 4. Give the meaning of each of the signal 3’s and signaled by whom? a) ________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ b) ________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ c) _________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. Why will you get a signal 2 pause 2 from the driver? ___________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 6. Why will the driver signal 2 pause 2 pause2 > persons must leave the conveyance? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 7. When will you ask the driver to repeat a signal (2 pause 2 pause 2 pause 2)? ___________________________________________________________________ 8. Why will you cancel a signal given to the driver (2 pause 2 pause 2 pause 2)? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 9. Why will it be necessary to ask for a repeat of a signal (2 Pause 2 Pause 2 pause 2)? ___________________________________________________________________

88 ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 10. Why will you give a mark signal 4 pause 4 to the driver. What will he do after receiving this signal? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 11. When will it be necessary to put new marks on the drums? a) ________________________________________________________________ b) _______________________________________________________________ c) ________________________________________________________________ 12. In the case where the conveyance, containing explosive cars, stop on the station and the driver omit to give signal 5 pause 5, what signal will you give for the removal of the explosive car? ___________________________________________________________________

13. What is meant by “compartment served by engine locked”? (6 pause 6). ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 14. When will it be necessary to give the signal 6 pause 6? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 15. What is meant by “compartment served by winding engine locked below station designated”? (6 pause 6 followed by station signal). ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 16. When will you signal “6 pause 6 followed by station signal” to the driver?

What signaling device may be used to signal > 1 long ring or 10 followed by station signal? ___________________________________________________________________ 20. Will the other winder drivers be able to hear the signal “accident to shaft” given on your lockbell? ______________________ 24. how will an unmanned automatic rock winder be stopped? __________________________________________________________________ 23. In the case of an accident to the shaft. after given the travelling signal to move to another station? __________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 21. where you are inside the conveyance. How then will they be made aware of the accident to the shaft? . Can all the winder drivers on a shaft hear a signal “1 long ring” on the call bell? _______________ 22. Will the driver react on a 10 plus station signal given on the call bell by a person unknown. how would the relieving driver know that the compartments are locked? ___________________________________________________________________ 18. When the driver completed his shift.89 __________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 17.Give 3 examples of when it will be necessary to give the signal 7? a) _________________________________________________________________ b) _________________________________________________________________ c) _________________________________________________________________ 19.

accident to person. What do you tell the driver when you give a signal 8? ___________________________________________________________________ 28. What is the time limit for a driver to react on a signal? __________________________________________________________________ 34. In the case where a signal. Why do you have to look at the ropes of the other winders to see that it stopped? _________________________________________________________________ 32. “accident to shaft” signal last? __________________________________________________________________ 31. Why will you signal 10 to the driver when loading a injured person? __________________________________________________________________ 27. how will your driver notify you? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 26. What period of time should a long ring.90 ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 25. What is the signal used for access to load or unload a car or other material and who must give that signal? ___________________________________________________________________ 30. Why will you not leave the conveyance when the driver does not react on your traveling signal within one minute? . May you load or unload a car or other material on a signal 8? ______________ 29. is given while you are traveling in the conveyance between two stations and do not hear it. Why must the code of signals be posted up at all landings and in the drivers cabin? __________________________________________________________________ 33.

Why may the driver not react on any other signal on the call bell except one long ring? SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTERS CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 9 . Why do the driver have to move the conveyance away slowly when he did not react on a clear signal within the time limit of minutes? 36.91 ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ___ 35.

92 Explosives Specific outcome Learner onsetters to know applicable regulations regarding explosives Be able to carry out necessary procedures when receiving explosives on the bank for lowering Be able to carry out necessary procedures receiving explosives on a station .

or any other competent person Authorised by the manager or mine overseer.1.5. hide or abandon any explosives. Reg. Reg.2 No person in charge of explosive shall relinquish such charge until some other person lawfully accepts charge thereof. Reg.1.1 No person shall take away or attempt to take away from a mine or works any explosives without written permission from the Manager. 9.2 No person shall bury. store. 9. shall be in possession of a key or any implement that can open the lock of any magazine. no person shall be in possession of explosives nor shall any person meddle or interfere with explosives.3 No person other than the ganger or miner in charge.93 REGULATIONS Reg.3 Except as provided for under these regulations. 9. box or drum containing explosives. submerge. 9. Reg. 9. .

25 .5.5 No person shall load or unload explosives or cause or permit explosives to be loaded or unloaded within a distance of 10 metres of a fire. electrical initiators.1 On the surface of every mine and every works the Manager shall provide at least two separate boxes in which any explosives found shall immediately be placed.24 No person shall smoke while carrying or handling explosives or while travelling in the same conveyance with explosives.3 No person shall convey.15. nor shall any person light a fire or bring a naked light or flame.20. naked light or flame. Reg. 9. Reg. unless the explosives are contained in an unopened case or container.94 Reg.22 No person shall use or attempt to use explosives which are frozen.4 No person other than the person so appointed shall have the right to search any other person (for explosives) Reg. Reg. igniters cord. 9. or cause or permit any other person to convey. nor shall any person who is engaged in handling explosives or who is travelling on a vehicle on which explosives are being transported carry matches or any other means of producing a flame or a spark. 9. Reg. 9.6 Detonators.15. Reg. Reg.20. 9. fuse igniters and lighting torches may be conveyed together but shall not be conveyed in the same conveyance or receptacle with any other explosives: Provided that this regulation shall not prohibited made-up primers being conveyed in a receptacle approved in terms of regulation 9.17. or in a receptacle of a design and construction approved in writing for the purpose by the Regional Director. Reg. 9. cause or permit to be conveyed.20. 9. within a distance of 10 metres of where explosives are being handled or have been placed. 9.6 No person shall smoke.1 No person shall convey. safety fuse. 9. any explosives other than safety fuse or lighting torches. capped fuse.20. 9. explosives in any truck in the workings of a mine unless such truck is of a design and construction approved in writing for the purpose by the Regional Manager.3 Reg.

No smoking. with an explosive truck by the “Assistant magazine master”. entering the bank area from any direction . Before receiving explosives on the bank  Wash down the shaft top where explosives will be transported.  Ensure that warning red lights. DUTIES OF A BANKSMAN 1. Ensure that there are no smouldering material. red flags are placed as per standard. related to any torch cutting that could have taken place previously. The positions of the extinguishers will be demarcated  Ensure that the fire hydrants and fire hoses are in working order  Ensure that the necessary notices are displayed on the bank. It must be noticeable to all persons. The explosives will be loaded into the explosive cars by either the shaft timberman or the assistant magazine master.  Ensure that there are sufficient fire extinguishers and check last date examined. The cars are then pushed to the bank and handed over to the banksman. shall open or attempt to open a case of explosives.95 No person other than the holder of a blasting certificate or a person acting under his immediate supervision. or a competent person authorised by the Manager. no open flame etc. DELIVERING EXPLOSIVES ON THE BANK Explosives will be delivered at the loading bay. near the bank.

96 2..     3.1) Painted red and marked explosives General condition of chasse Condition of wheels Axle greased can the cars be moved easily Buffers condition. At arrival of the explosives on the bank Check total amount of cars according to delivery note Sign delivery note Keep copy of delivery note If all cars can not visually be observed a guard must be placed to assist in this Examining of cars before lowering (Reg. Skid sprag Numbered 4. 9.  Lowering explosive cars Ensure that cars are lowered to the correct levels Loading explosive cars on the bank  Level bottom deck with landing  Signal 7 > access to conveyance other than travelling)  In reply from driver 7 > permission to have access to conveyance  Prepare both decks for the loading of cars (open main doors and secure)  Ensure all persons are in safe position  Close shaft gate  Signal 7 pause 7 > conveyance clear of all persons  From driver 7 pause 7 > acknowledged  Signal 5 pause 5 > explosives about to be placed in conveyance  In reply from driver 5 pause 5 > explosives may be placed in conveyance  Opens top blocks and gate and place car in conveyance  Place stopper in position in front of wheel (rail skid sprag or chain)  Place drop bar in position  Close gates  Close stop block  Signal 4 pause 2 > lower slowly  Signal 1 > stop when top deck level with landing  Signal 5 pause 5 > explosives about to be placed in conveyance  Reply from driver 5 pause 5 > explosives may be placed in conveyance  Open stop blocks and gates  Place car in conveyance  Place stopper in position  Place drop bar in position .20. bolted down Locked Safety chains.

gates and stop blocks  Remove car and move to behind stop blocks  Close stop blocks and shaft gates  Signal 4 pause 2 > lower slowly  Signal 1 > stop when next deck in position  From driver 5 pause 5 > Explosives may be removed from conveyance  Open sprag. sprag. 9.15. gate and stop blocks  Remove car from conveyance  Move car to the back and close stop blocks and shaft gate  Signal 5 pause 5pause 5 > no explosives in conveyance  From driver 5 pause 5 pause 5 > acknowledge  Deliver explosive cars to person about to receive and let him sign DUTIES OF THE ONSETTER 1 Offloading of explosive cars (Reg. d.97     Close gates and stop blocks Signal station code Driver repeat station code Signal 2 Remove explosive cars on a station  Signal 1 > stop when in motion  From driver 5 pause 5 > Explosives may be removed from conveyance  Open drop bar.  Make sure that no torch cutting or welding takes place on station before offloading Await signal 5 pause 5 from driver for every deck before offloading Hand over to appointed person on station Person to receive explosives will be identified by the following In possession of a valid token or: Name and industry number on a board on station or: Name and industry number in your delivery book As per Mine Standard Person taking charge should sign and signed book to be kept by onsetter . b. c.5)    a. drop bar.

98 1 When no person present on station to receive explosives  Car or cars to be shunted to a safe track with proper stop blocks  Place a guard (one of the assistants) in charge of the car or cars  Notify banksman. if still not taken over. The banksman can then be in charge of the car until such time that it can be delivered.6  Read this regulation Fuses and explosives not to be transported in the same conveyance . (Reg.5. 9. is not available the car may be send back to the sub shaft bank because the bank is underground and still part of the mine. relieving onsetter to take charge When the person.3  Make use of locked elephant bags to transport loose explosives  Fuses and igniter cord to be in separate bags from explosives Reg. He must contact the applicable mine overseer to arrange for somebody to take over the explosives  At end of shift. supposed to receive an explosive car on a sub shaft station. 9. Transporting of loose explosives Reg.20. 9. In the case where an explosive car is delivered on a station of a shaft and it is discovered that the car is meant for another shaft the following procedure must be followed: Park the car in a safe position with a stop block in front Leave a guard Contact the banksman The banksman will arrange with the Unit Manager to use the explosives The Manager at the other shaft to order again Under no circumstance will the explosives be sent to surface (out of the mine) Hoisting of empty explosive cars.20.1)       2  Search car for any explosives not removed  If any explosives found report to banksman  Place a guard with the car until a timber man with a blasting certificate takes over  In the case where a car is locked get hold of the timberman with a key to open it to be inspected 4.

Who may give permission for the removal of explosives from a mine? . What should be done when handing over explosives? _____________________________________________________________ 2.99 MODULE 9 Explosives SELF ASSESSMENT 1. May an onsetter be in possession of a key for the explosive car? _____________________________________________________________ 4.

May you as an onsetter open a case of explosives? _______________ 11. Who deliver the explosives to the loading bay? _________________________________________________________________ 12. May explosives be transported in or on any car? _____________________________________________________________ 8. safety fuses and igniter cord? ________________ 10. May explosives be conveyed in the same conveyance with detonators. Who normally load the explosives into the cars at the loading bay and transport it to the bank? 13.100 _________________ 5. Name 5 duties of a banksman to be done before the arrival of explosives on a bank? a) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ b) ________________________________________________________________ c) ________________________________________________________________ d) ________________________________________________________________ e) ________________________________________________________________ . What is the minimum distance that a naked light may be from explosives? _________________ 6. When may you as an onsetter handle explosives? ____________________________________________________________ 9. Where will the manager provide boxes for the placing of explosives found? _____________________________________________________________ 7.

Must the signal 5 pause 5 be given for every deck to be loaded or only once for all the decks when loading explosives? __________________________________________________________________ 23. How will you get a copy of the delivery note to the onsetter? __________________________________________________________________ 18. What must the onsetter check on the station before offloading explosives? __________________________________________________________________ 24. Where should the red flags or lights be placed? __________________________________________________________________ 16. How would you identify an explosive car? a) ________________________________________________________________ b) ________________________________________________________________ 19. What will you do if an explosive car arrives in the conveyance without a lock? __________________________________________________________________ .101 14. How would you know that all the required fire extinguishers are available on the bank? __________________________________________________________________ 15. Why are the explosive cars equipped wit safety chains? __________________________________________________________________ 22. What should be done before the banksman sign the delivery note? __________________________________________________________________ 17. What should be checked on the buffers? __________________________________________________________________ 21. Why are the cars numbered? __________________________________________________________________ 20.

What will you do if explosives are found in a car on its way to surface? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 32. What will you do in the case where you found that a wheel of the explosive car are damaged after been removed from the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ 26.102 25. May explosives and fuses be transported in the same container? . Why do you have to notify the banksman if there is no person to take charge of the explosive car? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 30. Who will give the signal “5 pause 5” for the offloading of cars? __________________________________________________________________ 27. How will you identify the person appointed to receive the explosives? a) ______________________________________________________________ b) ______________________________________________________________ c) ______________________________________________________________ d) ______________________________________________________________ 28. What must be checked before sending an explosive car to surface? __________________________________________________________________- 31. Where will you park the car when no person is available to take charge of it? ________________________________________________________________ 29. What will you make use of to transport loose explosives or fuses? ______________________________________________ 33.

May explosives and fuses be transported in the same conveyance? _________________ 35.103 _________________ 34. Name the procedure to be followed when an explosive car is delivered to a level on 5 shaft and you discover that this car is supposed to be on 6 shaft? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ . When will it be necessary to send a car containing explosives to a sub bank? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 38. Why may you send a car containing explosives to the bank of a sub shaft? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 37. Why is the explosive cars lined out with rubber or timber in the inside? __________________________________________________________________ 36.

104 SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTER CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 10 Lowering of shift Lowering of shift after lowering of cars completed Step 1     Step 2 Signals for preparation of conveyance  Signal 8 pause 8> lowering of material in cars completed  Driver to switch over from material to men Close shaft gates Close shift control gate Ensure all rolling stock is behind stop blocks Close stop blocks and lock where applicable .

(could cause foreign body in the eye)  Close main door where applicable and put pins properly in position  Examine small door. Firstly for the bottom deck. then the top deck and last middle deck  Persons to enter in an orderly manner  Close and lock doors and shaft gates  Banksman to ensure that all doors and gates are properly closed  All persons in safe position  Give station signal and 2> lower Offloading shift Step 1 Offloading persons  Signal from driver 3> persons may leave conveyance  Open shaft gates and conveyance doors  Allow people to leave conveyance in an orderly manner  Ensure all decks are clear from persons  Close doors and close shaft gates  Signal to driver 2 pause 2> clear signal .105  Driver to repeat 8 pause 8> acknowledge  Signal 7> access to conveyance other than for travelling  Driver to repeat 7> persons may have access Step 3 Prepare conveyance  Clear conveyance of any loose material  Wash or clean conveyance with a broom to remove dust etc. closing and locking properly  Close gate and move to safe position  Signal 7 pause 7> persons clear from conveyance  Driver repeat 7 pause 7> acknowledge Step 4 Loading persons  Signal 3> persons about to travel  Driver repeat 3> persons may travel  Shift controller to count and allow only correct amount of persons per deck through shift control gate.

assistants to be on the outside  Signal to driver 3> persons about to travel  Signal from driver 3> persons may travel or continue to travel  Open shaft gates and conveyance doors  Assistants to enter and close shaft gates and doors  Signal to driver 3 pause 3 pause 3> person signalling about to travel  Signal from driver 3 pause 3pause 3> person giving signals may travel  Signal to driver> Station signal  Driver repeat> station signal  Open shaft gate and conveyance door of the deck you wish to enter for travelling  Signal to driver 1 or 2> lower or raise as applicable You have only 10 seconds from now until the driver will be able to move the conveyance     Remove key and place it in your overall pocket Enter compartment Close gate Enter conveyance and close conveyance door MODULE 9 Lowering shift Self Assessment 1. Why is an apron attached to the conveyance? .106 Person wishing to continue travelling Step 1 Offloading and allowing continuously travelling  Driver signal 3> persons may leave conveyance  Open shaft gates and conveyance doors  Allow person who want to get out to leave the conveyance  Allow people who would like to continue travelling to remain in conveyance  Close all doors of conveyance and shaft gates  Ensure all persons are in a safe position.

after you have given the travelling signal and entered the cage? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________4. What marks do the driver make use of to stop the conveyance level with the landing? 1)_________________________________________________________________ 2) ________________________________________________________________ 6. What will you do to get the conveyance to you? 1) _______________________________________________________________ . Why will you give 1 long ring when the driver signal 3 and the conveyance did not arrive at the station that you are on? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 7. What is the time limit for a driver to react on a signal? _______________________________ 3. in the case where the driver did not react on the signal within 1 minute.Why will you not leave the conveyance when you arrive on a station and all the lights are out and it is pitch dark? __________________________________________________________________ 5. Why will you not leave the conveyance. referring to question 3 will you leave the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ 5. When. by mistake. Why will you not give a signal when the driver tells you that he. stop the conveyance on the level above and then signalled 3 to you? __________________________________________________________________ 8.107 _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 2.

Why will you give an accident to shaft signal when. What material will you load into the conveyance with the shift to be lowered? __________________________________________________________________ 15. Reg. Why will you signal 15 before trying to remove the stuck key? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 13.85 When are you not allowed to talk to the driver? __________________________________________________________________ 14. on your arrival on a station you found the shaft gate missing? . Why will you give signal 2 pause 2 pause 2 Pause 2 in the case where your key got stuck in the lockbell after given the travelling signal? __________________________________________________________________ 12. 16.108 2) _______________________________________________________________ 9. Why will you not allow a person to be lowered when he is under the influence of alcohol? __________________________________________________________________ 16. What will you do in the case where you dropped the key while entering the compartment? _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 11. first contact a responsible person on the station where the conveyance is at that moment? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 10. in the case where there is no way for you to get to the conveyance. Why will the engineer.

Why do you have to give the accident to shaft signal after discovering a large rock or piece of steel on top of the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ . Why will you give the accident to shaft signal after discovering a loose strand on the winder rope? __________________________________________________________________ 20.109 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 17. Why do you have to inform the Banksman about the damaged gate? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 19. Why will you when a shaft gate does not close properly install a temporary barricade? __________________________________________________________________ 18.

. Step 1 Preparation  Clear persons and material from conveyance and close gates.  All moving material to be behind last stop block (from shaft side). Clutching for upper level.110 SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTER CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 10 Clutching 1.

Signal 8 pause 8 to driver > cancel material. 7 pause 7 from driver > acknowledgement by driver .  Proceed with normal work.111           Step 2 Travelling to applicable level clutching will be done for  3 to driver > Persons about to travel  3 from driver > persons may travel  Load assistants and close door and gates.  Signal 3 pause 3pause 3 to driver > person giving signal about to travel. brake will be on  Locking pin will insert automatically  Raise the other conveyance back to the bank  Re-clutch the un-clutched drum Step 6 Signal from driver  4 pause 4 pause 4 and station signal from driver > clutching completed.  pause 3pause 3 from driver > acknowledgement by driver. required station. enter conveyance and close door.  Driver to repeat station signal  Open gate and door.  Station of designation signal.  Signal 3 from driver > persons may leave conveyance. Driver to switch over from material to men 8 pause 8 from driver > acknowledgement. All persons to be in a safe a position and conveyance doors closed Signal 7 pause 7 to driver > conveyance clear of all persons. Step 3 On arrival at applicable station. bank signal and 2 pause 2> clear signal to driver (no repeat from driver) Step 5 Driver clutching  Un-clutch the drum of the conveyance with you. Ensure all stop blocks are in position and locked where applicable. Only when applicable.  Leave conveyance accompanied by assistants. Step 4 Clutching signals  Signal 4 pause 4 pause 4 to driver > clutching signal.  Close conveyance door and gate.  Signal 1 to driver > raise when at rest  Enter compartment and close gate. Signal 7 to driver > access other than travelling 7 from driver > persons may have access other than for travelling. Close main door if applicable.

Locking pin will insert automatically  Lower other conveyance (the one with you) to station clutching signal was given for  Test brakes  Do a trial trip if part of shaft was not working for an hour or more  Bring conveyance back to level where onsetter is present  Signal from driver 4 pause 4 pause 4 plus station signal> clutching complete Step 4 Travel to lower station with assistants  Signal 7 to driver > access to conveyance other than travelling  Driver repeat 7> persons may have access  Close door of conveyance etc. where applicable  Move all persons to safe position  Close shaft gate  7 pause 7> persons clear of conveyance.Clutching for lower level Step1 Preparation  Ensure that conveyance is clear from persons and material close gates  All moving material to be behind last stop block  Ensure all stop blocks are in position and locked where applicable Step 2 Signal for clutching  Signal to driver 4 pause 4 pause 4 > clutching signal.  Driver repeat 3> persons may travel  Open gate and door and load assistants  Close door and gates  3 pause 3 pause 3> person signalling about to travel  Driver repeat 3 pause 3 pause 3> person signalling may travel  Station signal  Driver repeat station signal  Open 1 gate and door  2> Lower .112 2.  Driver repeat 7 pause 7> Acknowledge  3> persons about to travel. station and bank signal plus 2 pause 2 > clear signal (no repeat from driver) Step 3 Driver clutching  Test brakes  Un-clutch drum of conveyance on bank. brake will be on.

113  Remove key and put it in your overall pocket  Enter conveyance close gate and door Step 5 On arrival at station  3 from driver> persons may leave conveyance  Open door and gate  Leave conveyance with assistants Carry on with normal work MODULE 10 Clutching .

Why do the driver normally do a trial run after clutching to a lower level? _________________________________________________________________________ 5. Why do you have to travel first before clutching to an upper level? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 3. when clutching for a lower level. Why do the driver. Name the steps taken by the driver after receiving the clutching signal ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 5. bring the conveyance back to the onsetter before giving the clutching complete signal? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 6. to a level above. In the case where you have to transport 1 car.114 Self Assessment 1. Why do you clutch first and travel afterwards to a lower level? __________________________________________________________________ 4. Why do you give the clutching signal to the driver? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 2. do you have to clutch for that level? ______________________________________________________________ .

When will it be necessary for the banksman to give a signal before the driver can clutch? _________________________________________________________________ 10. b. c. a. 8. e.115 ______________________________________________________________ 7. When will it be necessary to do a trial trip? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Who normally give the clutching signal? _________________________________________________________________ 9. f. g. What will this signal be? _________________________________________________________________ . d.

116 SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTER CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 11 Slinging Slinging Procedures followed to do inter-level slinging : 1. Make use of another conveyance .

 Special instructions. Sling it to the bank first 3. shackles and bolts to be used. brake. the following. Examine the bogey: 1) Properly and fully loaded 2) Examined according to the paint colour of the wheels 3) Material properly tied down 4) Swivel pin of both bogeys in position Step 2. The manager or engineer may decide whether the other conveyances must be stopped while slinging is in progress Step 3. (carrying weight and examined)  Have the necessary tools and equipment ready on the bank Pinchbar Steel hook 1. Preparation  Collect the necessary slings and shackles according to colour code board.8 kg hammer Flat spanners Marlin spike  Examine the following for defects. When the conveyance is level with the bank: .117 2. Move the bank. Piloting where applicable 4. Safety Harnesses Fall arrestor Steel hook and attachment (manila rope) Small hoist.  Type of material to be slung. Only approved slings. rope. Notification Notify winding engine driver that slinging will commence by entering into driver’s log book.:  Time. attachments and Signalling device for small hoist. (Not used often) Slinging long material from bank (a bogey or loose material) Step 1.  Destination.

from falling down shaft.118  Remove stop blocks and place material to be slung in position on the bank behind the first stop block which will still be in the closed position  Close all other stop blocks  Tie back end of material together and attach short sling (in the case of a bogey a short sling will be attached to the bogey)  Attach Small hoist rope to short sling.  Signal 8 to driver  Driver will repeat 8 and switch over from men to material  Driver signal 1> persons may have access to the conveyance for the purpose of loading or offloading minerals in cars or material  Open slinging screens or platform  Signal 4 pause 1 to be able to untie sling below conveyance  Stop with 1  Driver will signal 1 (Persons may have access to conveyance for the loading or unloading if mineral in cars or material)  Hook and secure slings attached at bottom of conveyance by means of steel hook attached to manila rope  Loosen shackle securing slings onto front of conveyance. Place shackle in a safe place  Signal 4 pause 2 and level conveyance with bank to prevent car etc. Slings will be coupled directly to the slings attached to the bogey)  Attach sling from conveyance to cluster sling  Signal 4 pause 1> raise slowly. ( in the case of a bogey no cluster slings will be used.  In the case of a Bogey the small hoist rope must be attached to the short sling before the bogey is pushed to the shaft.  Stop with 1  Driver will signal 1 > access to conveyance for loading or unloading of material  Slings on conveyance to be supported by steel hook with manila rope attached to it during this movements  Attach cluster sling to material to be slung when slinging loose material.  Small hoist rope or manila rope to be kept tight  Signal 1> to stop when material hanging in shaft  Driver will signal 1 (access to conveyance)  Untie small hoist rope or steel hook from slinging item  Steady material with steel hook  Remove steel hook and place in safe position  Close gates  Remove safety belts and move all persons to safe position  Close swing barricade  Signal Station signal and 2 .

Tie open screens down well. . (a short sling will be left on bogey.  Assistants to be secured by safety belts.  Signal to driver 1 > stop when in motion. Examine the following thoroughly for any defects.  Assistants to be secured by safety belts. Track to be clear of cars as to be able to move bogey to behind stop blocks.  Small hoist driver to tighten rope.  0pen gate and attach small hoist rope to bottom of bogey.  Simultaneously with the lowering of the bogey the small hoist driver must pull the bogey out of the shaft.  Ensure that when the wheels of the bogey are out of the shaft it is placed correctly on the tracks of the landing  When bogey is completely out of the shaft and all its wheels are correctly on the tracks signal to small hoist driver to stop. make use of steel hook to get hold of sling)  Gates to be secured to prevent it from getting in the way of the bogey  Remove only stop blocks preventing bogey to be pulled out of the shaft. Small hoist brake. He should then stop and apply the brakes.119 In the case of making use of a slinging car for the purpose of slinging loose material the car must be supported with 2 eye-bolts or a steel ring in the concrete footwall.  Allow conveyance to lower slowly until slack on sling is sufficient to remove the shackle bolt. Equipment and tools to be used Step 2 When conveyance in vicinity  Signal 1> stop conveyance when end of bogey level with landing  Signal 8 to driver  Driver repeat 8 (switch over from material to men to give the signal and switch back to material)  1 from driver > persons may have access.  Driver repeat 1 > people may have access. rope and attachments. Safety belts Fall arrestors.  Signal 4 pause 2 to driver > lower slowly.  Assistants to move to a safe place. Removing the slinging bogey on the station Step 1 Preparations  Open shaft screens above gates to allow space for when bogey is to be removed from the shaft.

 Close shaft gates.  Replace all stop blocks and lock where applicable  Remove small hoist rope from bogey when applicable.  Close shaft screens.  Signal 8 pause 8 to driver  Driver switch over from material to men and acknowledge 8 pause 8  Signal clear signal to driver .  Remove stop blocks and move bogey to behind last stop block.120  Remove sling from bogey and attach it to the conveyance as per standard.

Why do you signal 8 pause 8 to the driver when the conveyance return to you? __________________________________________________________________ . Why do you have to sling it to the bank first? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 15.121 MODULE 11 Slinging Self Assessment 11. Explain what is inter-level slinging? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 12. Why do he send the conveyance back to you after the bogey was removed on the bank? __________________________________________________________________ 17. Name the different procedures used for inter level slinging ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ 13. When only may you travel with the conveyance while slinging? ________________________________________________________________ 14. Why do the banksman remove the bogey on the bank? __________________________________________________________________ 16.

Where should the onsetter be while hooking or removing a slinging bogey? _________________________________________________________________ 19. Who may decide whether the other conveyances must be stopped while sling work is in progress? __________________________________________________________________ 25. Why is piloting of long material in use on some shafts? _________________________________________________________________ 23. Why is a cluster sling used when slinging loose pipes or rails? __________________________________________________________________ 26. Where should the key be while slinging is in progress? _________________________________________________________________ 20.Do you make use of both conveyances when slinging long material? ________________________ 24. Why is a short sling tied onto the back of the bogey? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 22. Why must the broad side of a rail switch be on the upper side when being slung? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ . In the case where a car is used for slinging loose material. Why do they make use of a E-cam when piloting long material? __________________________________________________________________ 20.122 __________________________________________________________________ 18. Why must it be tied down to eyebolts in the concrete floor? _________________________________________________________________ 21.

Why will you not load a Loader or other cars into the conveyance while slinging the bogey? __________________________________________________________________ .123 27.

124 SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT ONSETTER CERTIFICATE COURSE MODULE 12 Lowering of material cars .

 Driver will clutch for applicable station  Driver should clutch so as to the conveyances can not be loaded on the bank and offloaded on the station simultaneously. Fixed bridles do not have a cover assembled to it and therefore no long material will be loaded through the flap door in the roof. roof and sides of the cage 9) Flap doors opening and closing properly 10) Dolly wheels> rubber not torn etc. Safety devices in and on a cage To be checked by the onsetter daily: 1) Main door with hinges and pins to keep it in position 2) Small lockable door 3) Drop bar 4) Rail skid sprag attached to a chain to prevent it from hanging or falling down the shaft 5) Rail track (check for obstacles that might cause a derailment 6) Stop block at the back wall of the cage to prevent cars from bumping against the steel wall. 7) Expanded metal vent ports 8) General condition of the floor. Normally he will clutch so that the conveyance will be below the bank while the other . station and bank signal and 2 pause 2> clutching signal. 15) Gap between the cage and landing not to be less than 50mm 16) Apron properly suspended 17) Slings underneath the conveyance. The onsetter will not be able to remove the long material because there are no cover to prevent falling objects from injuring him and his assistants. Without a stop block the cars can cause the back wall of the cage to bend to the outside and it might strike against the shaft steelwork. Step 1 Clutch for level cars should be lowered to  Signal to driver 4 pause 4pause 4. If any it must be offloaded using a safety harness and the cover in the closed position. 11) Humble hook >copper pin etc.125 Lowering of material in cars (Banksman) Daily conveyance exam The boilermaker and fitter do a daily exam on all conveyances but it is also a duty of the banksman and onsetter to do a visually exam. 12) Attachment between the humble hook and winder rope 13) General condition of the bridal 14) Cover attached to the loose (jobs) bridal closing properly. tied to the front at the apron 18) No loose rock or debris.

 From driver 4 pause 4 pause 4 and station signal> clutching completed Step 2 Preparation  Ensure all stop blocks are closed  Conveyance to be level with landing  Signal to driver 7> access to conveyance other than travelling  Repeat from driver 7> persons may have access  Open gate and open conveyance main door where applicable  Clear conveyance from any material etc.126 one is level with the station. That means the Onsetter will be able to offload first before the banksman can load the second lot. This is done to prevent confusion in the case where both the onsetter and banksman load and offload and give 4 pause 2 and 4 pause 1 signals to get the conveyance level. drop bar and stopper .  Examine drop bar and rail skids-prag  Move persons to safe position  Close gates  Signal to driver 7 pause 7> persons clear from conveyance  Repeat from driver 7 pause 7> acknowledge  Signal to driver 8> mineral in trucks or material to be lowered  Driver repeat 8> acknowledge  Driver switch over from men to material  Driver should signal 1 > Material may be loaded or unloaded  Open stop blocks and gate  Push car into conveyance  Put rail skid-sprag (or chain) in position  Close drop bar  Move to safe position  Close gate  Signal to driver 2> require next deck  Stop with 1 when next deck in position with landing  Driver signal 1 > Material may be loaded or unloaded  Open gate and push car into conveyance  Place drop bar and skid-sprag in position  Ensure persons are in safe position  Close gates and stop blocks  Signal to driver station signal and 2> lower Removing cars from conveyance on station Step 1  When conveyance is level with station landing signal to driver 1> stop when in motion  Driver signal 1> material may be loaded or unloaded  Open stop blocks  Open shaft gates.

 Give the necessary signals for you to travel and enter the conveyance  When the conveyance stop on the level the driver will signal 3 that you may leave the conveyance  Give the necessary signal to get the deck containing the car level with the landing. One deck is on material and the other on men. Driver to repeat and change over to material and signal 1  Load the car as per specific requirements  Get the other deck in which you will travel level with the landing  Signal 3 to driver  Driver will switch to men from material and signal 3 Note that the conveyance is now split into two.127             Hook car by means of steel hook attached to manila rope and remove car All persons to be in a safe position Close gates Signal to driver 2> require next deck Driver will lower slowly Signal to driver when level with landing 1> stop when in motion Driver repeat 1> material may be loaded or unloaded Remove car same as previously Close shaft gate Move all cars to behind stop blocks and close all stop blocks Ensure all persons are in a safe position Signal to driver 2 pause 2> driver may move on own discretion Conveying a car between levels 1. (4 pause I or 4 pause 2)  Signal 1 to stop the conveyance level with the landing  The driver will switch over to material as this deck is on material and signal 1  Remove the car and signal 8 pause 8 to the driver  Carry on with the work . To a upper level  Onsetter and crew to travel in the top deck of the conveyance 2) To a lower level  Onsetter and assistants travel in the bottom deck Procedure  Get the correct deck to load the car level with the landing and do the necessary preparations  Signal 8.

128 MODULE 12 Conveying cars and material Self Assessment 1. What signal will the driver give. for the loading or offloading of a material car? __________________________________________________________________3. for you to have access. when clutching for material cars. do it so that the banksman and onsetter are unable to load and unload simultaneously? __________________________________________________________________ . Why do the driver. What do you tell the driver when you give a signal 8? _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2.

Why will the onsetter load or offload cars first and afterwards the driver? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 6. Where will the conveyances be after clutching for the conveyance of material is completed? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 5.129 __________________________________________________________________ 4. Name all the safety devices on and in a conveyance? 1) _____________________________________________________________ 2) _____________________________________________________________ 3) _____________________________________________________________ 4) _____________________________________________________________ 5) _____________________________________________________________ 6) _____________________________________________________________ 7) _____________________________________________________________ 8) _____________________________________________________________ 9) _____________________________________________________________ 10)_____________________________________________________________ 11)_____________________________________________________________ 12)_____________________________________________________________ 13)_____________________________________________________________ 14)_____________________________________________________________ 15)_____________________________________________________________ 16)_____________________________________________________________ 17)_____________________________________________________________ .

May you as an onsetter convey a loader in the shaft? __________________________________________________________________ 14. Why do you travel in the bottom deck when conveying a car to a lower level and in the top deck when moving it to a upper level? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 11. Why must a loader be loaded in the top or middle deck and not in the bottom deck? __________________________________________________________________ 12. Why will you not transport an explosive and material car in the same conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ . May you travel with in the other deck of the conveyance when moving it from one level to another? ______________ 15.130 18)_____________________________________________________________ 7. Why do you use a steel hook with manila rope to pull the car out of the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ 8. Why do you have to check the humble hook before giving any signal when the conveyance got stuck on a car halfway in the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ 10. Why must a loader be loaded into the conveyance with the shovel to the front? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 13. Why do you give a special signal 11 or 12 before the 4 pause 1 or 4 pause 2 when the car is halfway out or into the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ 9.

What will you do in the case where you are not trained to unlock the brakes? ________________________________________________________________ 21. Why is it dangerous when the conveyance main door can be opened to the outside? _________________________________________________________________ . Why do some shafts have the onsetters trained to unlock the brakes? _________________________________________________________________ 20. What prevent the car from falling out of the conveyance? 1) _____________________________________________________________ 2. Why do the brakes of some locos lock when switched off? _________________________________________________________________ 19.131 __________________________________________________________________ 16. _____________________________________________________________ 17. Why will you not make use of a loco to push a loader or other loco into the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 23. Why must the loco engine be switched off when entering your area of responsibility? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 18. Why will you not load more than one loco or loader per conveyance? 1) _____________________________________________________________ 2) _____________________________________________________________ 22.

Why do you have to give “accident to shaft” signal in the case where you notice a dolly wheel is missing in the conveyance? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT LEARNER ONSETTERS Module 13 .132 _________________________________________________________________ 24. Why will you not send a conveyance with long material tied around the humble hook up in a shaft? __________________________________________________________________ 26. Why will you as the banksman not load long material through the trap door of a conveyance with a fixed bridle? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 25.

133 Emergency procedure Specific outcome At the end of this module learners must be able to handle any emergency on a shaft and know what his/her duties will be. .

the place where the accident occurred shall not. 25. a) Winding Plants permitted in terms of regulation 16. to remove corpses and injured persons or to rescue persons from danger.134 Regulations REG. without the consent of the Regional Director. jamming of crosshead. work may be resumed at the place concerned. the Manager shall immediately give notice to the Regional Director. 25.6 REPORTING OF NON-CASUALTY ACCIDENTS: Whether personal injury results or not. Such report shall be confirmed without delay on the form prescribed in regulation 25. REG. unless such disturbance or alterations unavoidable to prevent further accidents.4 PLACE OF ACCIDENT TO BE LEFT UNDISTURBED: When an accident caused the immediate death of any person. . conveyance of its load fouling shaft equipment.2 b) Jamming or accidental overturning of conveyance. or unless the discontinuance of work at such place would seriously impede the working of the mine works: Provided that should a Regional Mining engineer or other Government Officer assigned by the Director general ? to attend within three days after notice of the accident has been given. be disturbed or altered before such place has been inspected by a Regional Mining Engineer or other Government Officer assigned by the Director General. by the quickest means available of every accident or occurrence included in the following classifications. c) Derailing of conveyance.2.

flooding. person to remain at phone Immediately report this to your foreman. of person who reported Location of incident Telephone number Persons injured or exposed to fumes or smoke Any other important information that person have If not dangerous. Seismic event etcetera Duties of banksman on receiving of message: a) Record the following (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) b) Arrange the following (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Do not lower any shift in case of a fire or flooding Tell onsetters to clutch for applicable level Onsetters to move to applicable level only if clear of smoke Keep conveyances on bank ready for rescue teams to go underground Ensure that rescue cars are ready to be lowered Time reported Name and Ind. 1. frame or crosshead accidentally leaving guides. no. Engineer or Manager In the case of odd shift report to person on duty .135 d) Conveyance. Underground fires. bridle.

when entering a Refuge chamber (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Close the door Open Compressed air Phone your superior or the bank and give your phone number and location Sound the air whistle for other persons looking for the refuge chamber Stay inside the chamber until rescued . in case of fumes or smoke. slotted. Construction and equipment          Concrete brick wall with cavity as a entrance Door normally consist of conveyor belt curtain Air pipe. with control valve Water pipe with control valve First aid equipment Benches Telephone Telephone numbers Air whistle with bell wire extended to the inside Clear bank of all persons not necessary for the rescue work Wait for further instructions 2. red 3. Steps to be taken.136 (vi) (vii) Refuge Chamber 1. Demarcated  Notice board with white background and green R  Flashing light.

137 MODULE 13 Emergency procedure Self Assessment 1. Why must a place of accident be left undisturbed? ________________________________________________________________ 2. Why do you have to record the time of an emergency? _________________________________________________________________ 4. Why do you have to record the name and industry number of the person recording an emergency? . Why must a non-casualty accident be reported? _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 3.

Why do the refuge chamber have a door? _____________________________________________________________ 10.Why will you not lower shift after a case of flooding or a fire reported to you? _________________________________________________________________ 6. Why must there be first aid equipment in the chamber? _____________________________________________________________ 14. Why do you have to open the compressed air valve? _____________________________________________________________ 11. Why will benches be installed in the chamber? ____________________________________________________________ 16. What prevent the smoke from entering the refuge chamber? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 12. Why do you have to inform the banksman of where you are? ____________________________________________________________ 15. How is a refuge chamber demarcated? __________________________________________________________________ 9.Why do you have to keep the conveyances available on the bank in case of an emergency? __________________________________________________________________ 7. What is the reason for the air whistle to be blown? .138 _________________________________________________________________ 5. What cars must be kept ready for lowering? __________________________________________________________________ 8.

Why do you have to sound the air whistle? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ . When entering the refuge chamber why do you have to close the door? ____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 20.139 ____________________________________________________________ 17. What other valve except the air valve should be in the chamber? ____________________________________________________________ 18. Why do you have to give your phone number and location to your supervisor? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 22. How would you know what numbers to phone from inside the chamber? ____________________________________________________________ 19. Why do you have to open the compressed air valve? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 21.

140 SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT LEARNER ONSETTERS Module 14 Shaft exam .

141 INDEX Description Regulations Personal Protective Clothing (PPE) Equipment Rigging up Drivers log-book entries Pre-exam checks Shaft examination Clearing the shaft Clearing drivers logbook Shaft logbook Examination intervals Examining shaft bottom and spillage arrangements Regulations Applicable To Shaft Exam And Repairs .

except: REG. conducting the examination or doing the other work are adequately protected from the conveyances and other winding equipment used in such winding operations as well as from falling stones and falling material. repairing or doing other work in a vertical or steeply inclined shaft or winze shall be provided with a substantial roof or cover and shall be sufficiently enclosed to protect any person from accidentally falling out. whereby persons doing such examination or work can signal effectively from any depth in the shaft to the winding-engine driver.53. REG. in or near any part of the workings of a mine where inadvertent slipping or overbalancing may result in his sliding or falling down any slope that has an inclination from the horizontal of 45 degrees or more.1 shall not be compulsory in the case of persons who are engaged in installing or repairing equipment in a vertical shaft. conducting the examination or doing the other work.2 Vertical shaft and winches The use of life-lines in terms of regulation 7.2 Where the persons engaged in effecting the repairs. or cause or permit any other person to work.8.1 Where such winding operations are necessary for the purpose of effecting the repairs.8. or in a vertical winze provided the Manager or Mine Overseer has given permission thereto after having satisfied himself that: a) the use of life-lines by the person concerned would impede such persons in the safe performance of such work. 16.53.2 System for shaft examination Every shaft where persons travel on or in the conveyance while carrying out any examination. 16.42.13 Roof or cover Every conveyance used for examining. 7.1 Lifelines-steep workings No person shall work. 7. or in his falling vertically. 16.142 REG. 16.73 Shaft examination . Reg. or REG. unless he is secured by a lifeline or otherwise safeguarded. 16. REG. and c) any such person when engaged in such work and not secured by a life-line is under the immediate supervision of a competent person. REG.53 Winding during repairs No winding operations shall be carried on in a shaft or a headgear while persons are engaged in effecting repairs. repair or other work shall be provided with some efficient means. approved by the Regional Mining Engineer. 16.8. conducting an examination or doing other work in such shaft or headgear. b) such persons have had the training and experience necessary to carry out such work safely. REG.

the guides or rails and the shaft compartments and equipment. The shell is not cracked 2.81. 16. and such weakness or defect cannot be remedied immediately.81. other than an automatic winding engine.143 The manager or subordinate manager and [an engineer or competent person appointed in terms of regulation 2. Such entry shall be signed by the person giving the instruction and shall be countersigned by the winding engine driver. Until such weakness or defect is remedied the winding plant shall not be used except in so far as may be necessary to remedy such weakness or defect.13. 16. 16. landing platforms and loading boxes. Reg. which shall be kept in the winding engine room and in which shall be recorded in duplicate. Reg.2 as the case may be] shall.75 and 16. gates and barriers and ancillary equipment at stations.74. including the doors. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Hard hat Physically examine the hard hat to ensure that: 1. appoint in writing competent persons whose duty it shall be to examine carefully. The cap lamp bracket is not loose or broken .55 and the time such warning was given.76 there is discovered an weakness or defect which may endanger the safety of persons.77 Duty when defect is discovered If on any examination required in terms of regulations 16. 16. and Reg.80 Shaft logbook The manager shall provided for each shaft or winze where persons are regularly conveyed a book to be termed the Shaft Logbook in which shall be entered any defect discovered in a shaft. to an extent to be clearly defined in their respective letters of appointment at least once in each week. a book to be termed the Drivers logbook. and at intervals not exceeding 10 days. Reg. the person making the discovery shall report such weakness or defect to the manager without delay.73. 16. 16.81 Winding Engine Driver's logbook The manager shall provide in respect of each winding engine.4 -Pre arrangements and warning any warning given in terms of regulations 16. Regulation 16.3 Special instructions any special instructions involving the safety of persons given to the winding engine driver and the time such instructions were given. in respect of his area of responsibility.

• • Wear the gloves Wear the appropriate glove for your left and right hand respectively Eye protection Physically examine the eye protection to ensure that: 1. The inner lining suspension is properly connected to the shell 5. Fasten the laces if they form part of the design. Ensure that your foot protection fits firmly and comfortably. The frames. They are a pair – one right hand one left hand 3. torn or cracked 2. Adjust and fasten the harness so that the hat fits firmly but comfortably onto your head Gloves Physically examine the gloves to ensure that: 1. It is an approved hat that is specified by your shaft/mine • Wear the hard hat 1. The lenses are not scratched and clean • Wear eye protection. They are the required type and size 2. They are of the correct type and size.144 3. With the cap lamp attachment in a forward position • 2. To be in good condition • Safety Harness and fall arrestor . The cable clip is not broken or missing 4. Shall be the type and make as per standard on the mine 2. when required: Secure the eye protection comfortably but firmly to cover the complete area around your eyes • Foot protection Physically examine the foot protection to ensure that: 1. It is not cut. There are not cuts or tears 2. straps or lenses are not broken 3. • Hearing protection Physically examine the hearing protection Shall only be worn where applicable 1. The soles are not worn or cracked • Wear the foot protection 1. They are not torn or damaged 3.

hook and steel cable of the fall arrestor 3. Only one set of cutting equipment will be sufficient for use in all compartments All equipment to be lying flat on the conveyance floor if not in use except the oxygen and acetylene bottles and the stage planks which should be in the upright potion and to be tied down properly. Pull the steel rope and make sure it will stuck Equipment to be taken with on shaft exam              Full oxygen and acetylene cylinders Cutting torch complete with flashback arrestors Fire extinguisher Twenty litre open container filled with water Hessian sack Slug tray Cutting goggles and long leather gloves Guide gage Tools. Examine the attaching pin.2 pinch-bar Spare guide bolts. If stage planks are require it must be fitted and equipped with 3m manila rope on each end. I-coil and U-coil are of the same colour Drivers logbook entries.145 Physically examine the Harness and fall arrestor 1.16.91. Tools to be in elephant canvas bag or toolbox     Rigging up for shaft exam (Reg. 16. 1. boilermaker and rigger to ensure that all equipment is in good working order. 1&2kg hammers. All hand tools including pinch-bars to be equipped with leather thongs. (Reg.55) .spanners. nuts and washers One or more sala-blocks Any other spare parts or tools which would be needed for the job Timberman. Harness to be in good operational condition and not torn 2.3)  Correct signals to be exchanged with driver  All persons to wear safety harnesses  In the case of a canopy on top of the conveyance al bolts must be inserted and the nuts fastened properly  When a basket is used a safety sling or slings between the rig and the bridle must be attached  Ensure that the E-cam.

the person in charge must check the following: The examination rigs including protection hoods. The hazard of doing it upwards in a shaft is. persons might lean out to look at something and the . marks to be taken etc.E. must be countersigned by the W. made and signed by the responsible person.146 The responsible person about to conduct the examination or repairs must make an entry into the respective driver’s logbook indicating:Purpose of examination or repairs Compartment for examination or repairs Speed of travel determined by the engineer Time of entry in logbook Any special instruction to driver.D in his presence  The relieving driver to sign the logbook before taking over       Pre-examination checks With the conveyance completely rigged up and the driver’s logbook signed. The hood is to prevent injuries from falling objects The handrails is to prevent persons from falling down the shaft  All equipment and tools are in safe position on the floor or tied down properly and equipped with leather thongs  No object to protrude from rig  All crew members in possession of necessary protective clothing  Signalling device in working order Procedure prior to shaft exam                Signal 6 pause 6 pause 6 pause 6 to driver Driver will reply 6 pause 6 pause 6 pause 6 Signal 3 to driver Driver acknowledge 3 Persons get on top of conveyance or enter basket All persons to wear safety harnesses Signal 4 pause 2 to driver Stop conveyance with signal 1 when below the bank Driver will switch over to the E-cam Person on conveyance signal 15 on E-cam Driver reply signal 15 Person on conveyance signal 15 pause 2 pause 2 Driver acknowledge 15 pause 2 pause 2 Make sure all persons are in a safe position inside handrails Shout “pasop skip” and signal 2 Shaft examination Shaft exam is always done from the bank down. The entry. safety sling and handrails.

f) Badly corroded. If found.147 bunton above can cause severe injuries. h) Guide bolts. A pea-whistle to be available on all conveyances and must a signal 1 must be given whenever the conveyance is stopped for some reason. e) Should the bolts have to be replaced. termed “creeping”. d) Loose bolts can also be detected by the rust-coloured powdery mark around the bolt head or nut. bent or twisted buntons and determine Check for corrosion. Stop the conveyance at the joint and determine the cause by checking the following. m) Check for missing guide wedges. prior to entering the shaft. the guide gauge alignment must be checked and remedied. remove and replace one bolt at a time. Note for later major repairs.  A thorough check of the bank steelwork must be carried out. l) Check for guide ends that are touching and causing the guide to move out of line. the responsible person can detect bad guide joints. When lowered again a signal 2 must be sound on the whistle. In the case where it is done from the top and a person lean out. including the swivel guides  Move all conveyances down and commence checking the following:- Shaft Guides a) Guides must be examined methodically and with great care. The other conveyances must also stop. Check for movement in pocket or sills Check for loose bolts. b) Problems which occur on guides and which must be checked while travelling down the shaft area are:  Guide Bolts or Huck Bolts – Replace those that are missing and ensure the new bolts are the correct grade of steel c) Check if the existing bolts are tight – Check by sounding bolts with a small hammer which may appear to be loose. Conveyances must travel together on the same level down. b) c) d) e) The following must be checked when examining buntons: Check for distorted. Check for deformities caused by falling objects. . j) Guide packing (Guide wedges or tongue) k) Badly worn or corroded guides. pitted or bent guides must be marked and noted for replacement. g) Uneven guide joints – by looking and feeling. Buntons a) cause. i) Supporting cleats. the bunton will tend to throw him back into the conveyance.

Electric Cables and suspension thereof When examining cables. the responsible person must carry out the following: Feel with the back of the hand if the cables are hot. Do not memorise faults. Check dividers and replace if necessary. g) Check pipe support steelwork and remove rocks or debris from the steelwork. Note which cables appear to be hot and report to the Foreman Electrician. It must be a steel construction a) Remove all debris that may have collected on the penthouses b) Remove broken steel decking which may pose a danger. e) Check pipe saddle brackets. d) The following must be examined on each column. Secure decking pieces until a more permanent repair can be undertaken. check where the brattice wall or shaft steelwork is cast into the side wall for any evidence of cracking or distortion or if any pressure is being brought to bear on these cross members. c) Listen for leaks on the air column. b) a) b) . deformed concrete and any abnormal conditions. Brattice and Side Walls a) Where applicable examine the brattice wall for cracks. Check cable clamps including their bolts. Penthouses All penthouses must be examined as follows: No pent houses of timber are allowed in a shaft due to the fire hazard. must: a) Examine all ducks feet and bearer sets for deformation. Carry out minor repairs where practical. f) Stop conveyance at the expansion joints. e) Record defects or repairs carried out for later entry soundness in the Shaft Log Book. cracks. Examine side wall for deformed steel. deformed concrete and any abnormal conditions and record all defects found. Record number and position of bunton Pipes and Suspension thereof The responsible person while travelling down the shaft. h) Record all faults found. b) Look for leaks on all pipes. tighten or replace loose bolts. clear all debris which may have collected on the flanges.148 f) g) and mark. c) Replace missing decking if practicable d) Examine penthouse support steel for loose bolts for corrosion and / or soundness.

Shaft stations Gates       Condition of steelwork Closing device Hinges. d) If there is excessive slack in the cables.149 c) Check cable wedges. Note findings and report in shaft Examination Log Book. gates must not be able to open to the inside of the shaft Attachment to hold gates in the open position while slinging Maximum load poster No unauthorised persons poster Screens Condition of screens around shaft no screen missing Condition of screens between compartments All hinges Slinging screens open properly Slinging screens secured in the closed position Slinging screens not be able to open to the inside of the shaft Distance between conveyance and landing Platforms Condition of stairs check for corroded parts that should be No unauthorised chains Condition of handrails (corrosion) Walkway floor condition (corrosion) Top and middle deck gates Cables and pipes Properly suspended branching out of the shaft Condition of control valves opening and closing properly Check for leaks Drains     falling into Strainers in good condition Remove debris from strainer Sump not full of mud Sump covered with mentis grading to prevent persons from Station dams         replaced        . f) Check all rubbish collected on brackets. e) Check cables outer armouring – damaged by falling rocks etc. g) Check clearances between conveyance and cables. tie these together to prevent the conveyance from fouling them until permanent repairs can be carried out.

e) Check any other stopper device and rails/rail mats leading into the shaft. to travel inside the conveyance. b) Condition of the liners in the discharge chute. 11. except person giving signals. a) .e. a) The clearance between discharge chute and skip. the other arm down) b) Check that RSJ stop blocks are inserted correctly into their box (web into the same direction as rails) c) Check that “Farm Gates” are closed and locked. one arm up. radial door. 11.13 Return to Bank a) In the case where shaft examination is done on the roof of the conveyance (canopy) all persons. d) Check “Tank Trap” is functional and clean. e) Person in charge to signal the Driver to hoist the conveyance to the bank.12 Loading Boxes The following parts must be examined.5.6 Clearing the Shaft The responsible person must supervise the clearing and rigging off of the platform: The lock bell system is used for this procedure.5. cylinder and all bolts.150    Water level Screened off Automatic valve Stop-blocks on landings Check the stop blocks according to the plan displayed on the sidewall of the station a) Check and ensure mechanical soundness and correct operation of “vula vala” stop blocks (i. f) It is of the utmost importance that at the lowest position (skip feed chute elevation) that the Timberman checks the quantity of Spillage in the Spillage Bin and also records that in the Shaft Exam Log Book. NO ADDITIONAL PERSONS TO BE LOADED EXCEPT IN THE CASE OF AN EMERGENCY 11. d) There are no unauthorised persons on the examination rig or in the cage. e) Check condition of the marshalling device. d) Check all screens and barricades. c) Visually check condition of the loading flask. Person on top of the conveyance must be seated b) In the case where a basket is used all persons must sit on the floor of the basket to prevent them from getting injured when leaning over the side of the frame work c) There are no obstacles protruding from the cage or platform.

c) All responsible persons referred to in this procedure must be appointed to conduct the shaft examinations. The time the entry was made.73) unless written exemption has been obtained from the Inspector of Machinery. The number of the buntons.8 Shaft Log Book See Annexure 1 – Example of shaft examination report a) The person in charge is responsible for filling in all the details of the shaft examination into shaft logbook.M. Sign the entry an the driver must then acknowledge by countersigning in his presence 11. in which case each compartment shall be examined at intervals not exceeding 14 days and shall be carried out by the persons appointed by the Underground Manager and Sectional Engineer as per conditions granted under this exemption which reads as follows: The responsible Shaft Foreman assisted by the Boilermaker b) .. He will enter the correct position in his logbook for further use. Remove all equipment and tools and store in safe place Rig off canopy or basket a) b) c) 11. shall be examined: Once in each week at intervals not exceeding 10 days (Regulations 16. All defects discovered that could not be repaired immediately must be entered in the logbook as well as the exact spot of location Demarcating the exact spot for future repairs:  Give the mark signal to the driver (4 pause 4).  Check the number of the bunton.7 Driver’s Log Book The person in charge must now clear the Driver’s Log Book by making an entry that the shaft examination is complete and that the conveyances are free to travel.9 a) Examination Intervals Each compartment including doors. system is to be removed and put on charge. starting from the bank should be written on the sidewall of the shaft b) He must report immediately any unsafe conditions found during the examination to the Shaft Mine Overseer.151 b) c) d) The E. d) The completed report in the log book will be scrutinised and signed by the Shaft Mine Overseer. Sectional Engineer and Underground Manager within 24 hours of it being made. etc. 11. loading boxes.C. gates. stations.A.

77 shall also apply to each such examination. c) . d) The responsible Engineer and Manager shall jointly conduct a general examination of the entire shaft twice per year at intervals of not exceeding six months.7. shaft screens And brattice panels. Temporary repairs. are to be carried out to safeguard persons. Check height of silt. valves and switches.10 Shaft Bottom and Spillage Arrangements Examination An examination of the Spillage Handling Arrangements. Note the water levels in the shaft bottom dams. mud and grit in the traps and dirty water sumps.40. f) All persons concerned shall be made full conversant with the terms of this exemption. Check that the telephone is in good working order. c) The responsible Mine Overseer shall supervise the shaft examination in such a manner that examination of the entire shaft is supervised by him at intervals not exceeding three months. copies of which shall be made readily available to them. lighting. b) Check the quantity of spillage in the spillage bins Estimate the depth of the spillage by counting the bunton sets Any accumulation must be reported immediately Check condition of spillage brattice planks At the shaft bottom an examination of the following must be carried out:Condition of the spillage chutes. g) See Annexure 2 – Example of Exemption referred to in 9. e) The provisions of Minerals Act and Regulations 16.152 Foreman shall supervise the shaft examination in such a manner that examination of the entire shaft is supervised by him at intervals not exceeding two months. the Compartment and the Shaft Bottom will be conducted at weekly intervals by competent persons appointed in writing to do so. linkages and handles. cables and cable racking. a) The appointed persons must proceed down to shaft bottom via the ladder ways checking along the route the conditions of :Ladder-ways and landings including hand rails. as required. 11. The dewatering pumps and their associated pipes. doors.

What safety devices protect you from falling objects while doing shaft exam or repairs? 1) _________________________________________________________ 2) _________________________________________________________ 6. 7. 16.77 and Reg. What safety devices protect you from falling down the shaft while doing shaft examination or repairs? 1) ____________________________________________________________ 2) ____________________________________________________________ 7.1 Starting from what inclination to the horizontal do you have to wear a safety belt? ____________________________________________________________ 3.8. 16.8. What is the danger when travelling in an examination conveyance? 1) __________________________________________________________ 2) __________________________________________________________ 5. Reg. 7.153 MODULE 14 Shaft exam Self Assessment 1.2 What should be done if any defect or weakness is discovered in the shaft on shaft examination? . Reg. Why do you have to sign the driver’s logbook before doing shaft exam? __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 2.80.2 Who may give permission for persons working in a shaft to do so without wearing safety belts? ______________________________________________________________ 4. Reg.

Why do you have to examine the screens and slinging screens on a station? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 12. Why is it dangerous when the strainer in the sump of the drain is missing? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ . Why do you have to examine the gates on a shaft? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 13. 2) ____________________________________________________________ Why must any defect discovered in a shaft be entered in the shaft logbook? ____________________________________________________________ 9. Why is it dangerous when the shaft gates can be opened to the shaft side? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 14.154 1) ____________________________________________________________ 8. Why must the buntons be numbered on the sidewall in the shaft? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 11. Why do you have to examine the stairs and walkway of a platform? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 15. Why do you have to give the mark signal to the driver when a defect that can not be repaired immediately is discovered? _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 10.

Why. level? Why must the conveyances. Why must the Farmgate be able to be locked? ______________________________________________________________ 18. Why should the tools used in a shaft be equipped with a leather thong? . doing shaft exam travel together on the same ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 20. How would you know what stop blocks should be on the station? _____________________________________________________________ 17. on returning to the bank. must all persons except the one giving signals travel inside the conveyance? ______________________________________________________________ 22. Why is it dangerous to do shaft exam from the bottom upwards in a shaft? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 23. How will the persons on the other conveyance know when one has stopped to do some repairs? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 21. Why must the transfer dam on a station be checked? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 19.155 ______________________________________________________________ 16.

5 metre per second? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 31. The basket examination is hooked onto steel hooks assembled on the bottom of the conveyance. Why may timber not be use for the construction of a penthouse? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 26. Why is the speed for shaft exam set at 0. Why has each conveyance have its own compartment? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 28. Why do the conveyances run on guides by means of a guide shoe? ________________________________________________________________ 29. In the case where a object fell down the shaft. Why will the conveyance closest to the bank be used to do shaft exam on single drum? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 33.156 ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 24. Why are penthouses installed at all station in a shaft? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 25. why then do you have to support it with a safety sling as well? . What is meant by single drum? ________________________________________________________________ 32. Why are spring loaded dolly wheels assembled to the bridles? ________________________________________________________________ 30.

SHAFT ENVELOPE VERTICAL TRANSPORT LEARNER ONSETTERS Module 15 Conveying rock or persons in a skip .157 _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ .

below the loading box 1.158 PREFACE: While hoisting ore (minerals) the overwind trips for the rock winder will be:   Hoisting ore (rock. That will be the compartment where the skip is. with a shovel. 16. onto the platform or if this is not possible offload it in the spillage compartment. above the headgear tip Bottom overwind.  Signal 7 pause 7 and the driver to repeat  Signal 1 to send it to the tip  Start other winders  When the excessive rocks were offloaded onto the platform it must be loaded into the empty skip on its return. because the rock will block passage on the platform In the case where a obstacle protrude over the side of the skip after being filled with rock: Only when it is possible for the obstacle to go pass the loading box trip wire the following must be done  Stop all other conveyances  Signal 4 pause 1 and stop when the skip is level with the landing  Signal 7 and wait for a reply  Make use of a safety harness and remove obstacle  Signal 7 pause 7 and wait for reply from driver . Reg. driver to repeat  Then signal 4 pause 1  Stop the skip when the top of the skip is level with the landing  Signal 7 and driver to repeat  Make use of a safety harness and offload the excessive rock. stof)  The skip will be clutched for the tip and main loading box Top overwind.70 No bucket or other means of conveyance shall be filled with loose rock or ground above the level of the brim In the case where a skip is overloaded with rock: Stop all other winders by phoning the banksman to do so  Signal 4 pause 1 and stop when the cover is level with the landing  Signal 7 to the driver and wait for reply  Close the cover (make use of a safety harness) by using a steel hook with manila rope  Signal 7 pause 7.

secure bottom discharge door with safety pins and install a ladder  Signal 7 pause 7  Driver reply 7 pause 7  Give the necessary signals for persons to travel .159  Signal 1 to send the skip to the tip  Other winders to start up again  In the case where it is not possible for the obstacle to go pass the loading box trip wire.  Give the necessary signals to clutch for the Bank and lowest landing The driver will clutch first while the switch is still on ore He will then switch over to men and give you the clutching complete signal The top men overwind will then be about 1m above the bank  Signal 7 to driver  Driver will reply 7  Close the cover. install platform where applicable. phone the banksman to send the shaft timberman to assist you  Preparing to convey persons in the skip (Banksman)  Contact onsetter. not to fill skip at loading box and to go to the lowest landing by means of the ladderway  Ensure that both skips are empty  Inform the driver by phone.

Why will the driver clutch while the switch is still on ore? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 4.160 MODULE 15 Conveying persons in a skip Self assessment 1. Why do you notify the bell ringer not to fill the skip at the loading box? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 3.Why do you have to notify the driver by phone that you intend to convey person by skip? _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 2. What will you make use of to close the cover? __________________________________________________________________ 5 Why is the cover in the open position while hoisting ore? __________________________________________________________________ 6 Why do you install a platform in the skip? __________________________________________________________________ .

Why do you have to secure the door of a bottom discharge skip? _________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. Why do you have to stop the other conveyances when offloading the excessive rock? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 13. Why must a ladder be installed when persons are conveyed by means of a skip? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 9. Why will the skip be clutched for the tip and loading box when hoisting ore? __________________________________________________________________ 10. Why do you have to bring the skip to the loading box platform before offloading the excessive rock? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 12. What will you do if the excessive rock can not be offloaded onto the platform? ___________________________________________________________________ .161 7. Why do you have to close the cover before loading persons into the skip? ___________________________________________________________________ 11. Why do you have to load the rock from the platform back into the empty skip afterwards? ___________________________________________________________________ 14.When will persons be conveyed in a skip? __________________________________________________________________ 10.

162 __________________________________________________________________ 15. How will the rock be hoisted if you offload it directly into the spillage compartment? _________________________________________________________________ .