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NCGUB (Border Office)

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10? OD;ausmfpdef
11? OD;axG;vkH
12? rpPwm zd�dk(pf) cef
13? OD;atmifoef;
14? OD;xGef;tkH
15? OD;vGef;
16? OD;cspfOD;
17? OD;wif{
18? OD;xGef;az
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1 (u) OD;xGef;jrifh (awmif}uD;)/ jynfaxmifpkwGif;rS wef;wlaom&Sdk

rf;jynf/ &efukef/ jrefrmhAsL[mpmykHEyfwkduf/ 1961/ pm 7?


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usif;y�yvkyfaom jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcH}uD; (&Srf; - u,m; ucsif
- u&if - csif; - rGefk
-&cdif). rSwfwrf;/ &efukef/ 'dk@wm0efykHEdkyfwkduf/ 1961/ pm 43? aemifudk;um;v#if
jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf; [k!Gef;rnf?
NCGUB (Border Office) - 1 -
NCGUB (Border Office)

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NCGUB (Border Office) - 2 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

23? OD;cGefaemif ? ?
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(&Srf;jynfe,fqkdif&m) �ud;udkifaumfrwD[k jyifqifcJhonf?

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u yxrpOf;pm;onf? xkd@a=umifh tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;ESifh ywfoufI EkdifiHawmftpkd;&u
csrSwfxm;o!fh
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tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;qkdif&mrlrsm;rSm

1? jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiH. zGJ@pnf;tkyffh

csKyfykH tajccHOya'&Sdjy�mef;csufrsm;ukd
jyefvnfpDppf&efESitajccHOya'udkvufawG@vkyfukdifaqmif&GufaomtcgY
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3? jynfaxmifpkwnfwHhckdif+rJa&;ESifh trdsK;om;pnf;vkH;nD!Gwfa&;wkd@udk
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jynfaxmifpkpnf;
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ywfoufI �ud;udkifaumfrwDonf r&Sif;rvif;jzpfaecJhonf[k qkdygonf? xkdokd@tajccHOya'.
&Sd+yD;rludk &Sif;

1 (u) jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 43?


(c) &Srf;jynfe,frS wifoGif;aom
jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHzGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ &efuk
ef/ 'dk@wm0efykHEdSyfwkduf/
1961/ pm 31 - 32? aemifudk;um;v#if tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;/ pmwrf;[k!Gef;rnf?
2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 32?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 3 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

&Sif;vif;vif; rodojzifh �ud;udkifaumfrwDonf tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;vkyfief;rsm;ukd


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xkd@a=umifh 1960 jy!fhESpf 'DZifbmv 22 &ufae@wGif &efukefYusif;yo!fh


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uGefjrLepfwkdif;jynfaomf
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'Drkdua&pDEkdifiH jzpfcJhonf&Sdv#if
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jynfrjrefrm
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yl;aygif;aomoabmr[kwf jynf
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tvkd&Sdv#if jynfrjrefrmjynfukd ajym&onf? jynfe,frsm;tm; rdrdwkd@uH=urRmt&/
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tcGifhta&;
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Jxm;ojzifh tjcm;jynf
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tjcm;jynf

1 jyne,faygi;fpkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 43 - 44?
2 (u) jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 44?

(c) [Hom0wDowif;pm/ 23 'DZifbm 1960/


3 [Hom0wDowif;pm/ 23 'DZifbm 1960?
4 [Hom0wDowif;pm/ 23 'DZifbm 1960?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 4 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

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&dSonf? odk@jzpfygI jynfaxmifpk zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'ppfppftjzpf
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tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh
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jyefvnfa&;qGJ&efk

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a=umifh Adkvfwaxmifowif;pmwGif OD;xGef;jrifh (awmif}uD;). �u|efawmfwkd@vkdvm;aom
jynfaxmifpkpHepf�
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1961
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csKyfykH tajccHOya' jyifqifa&;qGJa&; &Srf;


jynfe,fqkdif&m �ud;udkifaumfrwDonf atmufygqkH;jzwfcsufrsm;udk csrSwfcJhonf?

vuf&SdjynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH. zGJ@pnf;tk

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xkd@a=umifh jynfe,fESifhvlrdsK;pkwkdif; wef;wlnDr#ap&eftwGuf tajccHOya'tm;


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2? jynfaxmifpkygvDrefv$wfawmfESpf&yftm; tm%mwlay;a&;
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4? A[dk&fjynfaxmifpktm; atmufygXmersm;v$Jtyf

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ukd jynfe,frsm;odk@v$Jtyf&ef

(u) EkdifiHjcm;qufoG,fa&;
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1 ,if;
2 jynfe,faygif;pkH nDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 44-45?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 5 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

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(p) rD;&xm;/ ava=umif;/ a&a=umif;qufoG,fa&;
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5? jynfaxmifpkb�awmfr#wpGmcGJa0a&;?1

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OD;ausmfpdef/ OD;=umykESifh OD;vS&Sdefwkd@ yg0if
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csuft& &efukefokd@vma&mufI tajccHOya'ESifhywfoufo!fh taxmuftxm;rsm;udk &SmazGpk

aqmif; avh
vm=uonf?2 xkdaemuf qyfaumfrwD. tpD&ifcHpmudk �ud;udkifaumfrwDokd@ wifoGif;onf?
�ud;ukdifaumfr
wDu qyfaumfrwD. tpD&ifcHpmukd avhvmokH;oyf

jyifqifjz!fhpGuf+yD;aemuf &Srf;jynfe,frSwifoGif;aom
jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHzGJ hpnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;
udk�ypk+yD; 1961 azazmf0g&Dv 25
&ufae@awmif}uD;�rd@Y usif;yaom jynfvkH;u|wfnDvmcH}uD;u
tqkdygpmwrf;ukdtwnf�ycJhonf?3

&Srf;jynfe,frSwifoGif;aom tqkdygpmwrf;wGif tydkif;av;ykdif;yg0ifonf? �if;wkd@rSm


1? aemufa=umif;&mZ0if
2? ppf+yD;acwfumv&Srf;jynf
3? jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH. zGJ@pnf;tkfh

yfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'udk/ &Srf;jynfe,ftaejzifh vufawG@usi

okH;&mwGif awG@�uHcJh&o!fhcsdK@,Gif;csufrsm;ESifhtcuftcJrsm;

4? jynfaxmifpkppfppfwnfaqmufa&;
wkd@jzpfonf? tykdif;wpfwGif &Srf;vlrsdK;rsm; jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif;odk@
0ifa&mufvmykHESifh 'kwd,urBmpp+yD;txdf&Srf; Armqufa&;rsm;ta=umif;
tusOf;csKyfazmfjyxm;onf? tydkif;ESf

pfwGifrl ppf+yD;acwf&Sr;jynfESifh yifvkHt


pnf;ta0; (1946)/ atmifqeftufwvDpmcsKyf/ yifvkHnDvmcH (1947) yifvkHpmcsKyf/
awmifwef;a'opkHprf;
a&;tzGJ@/ zqyvy%mrnDvmcHESifh wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmfwGif yg0ifaqmif&GufcJhykHrsm;
yg0ifonf? wkdif;jynf�y
v$wfawmfwGif tajccHOya'udka&;qGJtwnf�ycJhykHESifh ywfoufI pmwrf;wGif
jyefvnfazmfxkwfwifjyxm;
onfrSfAdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;. vrf;!$ef;csufckESpfcsufrS

m zGJ@pnf;tkycsKyfykH tajccHOya'ESifhywfoufo!fh
'kwd,vrf;!$ef;csufjzpfo!fh
jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHawmfwGif zGJ@pnf;tkyff

csKyfykHtajccHOya'u owfrSwfazmfjyo!fh woD;yk*~vjyne,frsm;onf zGJ@pnf;tkyfSf


csKyfykHtajccHwGif owfrwfazmjyxm;onfESifhtr# udk,fykdiftkyfcsKyfa&;tm

%m&&Sdap&rnf
qkdaomtcsufonf jynfaxmifpkzGJ@pnf;a&;twGuf a,bk,stajccHoabmomjzpfa=umif;
azmfjyxm;.?
xkd@jyif wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmfwGif zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'ESifh ywfoufo!fh
vrf;!$efjy�mef;csuf tqkd
udkwifoGif;&mwGif

1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 1?
2 (u) ukd,fawG@ajym=um;csufrsm;/ 0122/ orkdif;Xme (okawoe)/ &efukefouUodkvf?

(c) udkk,fawG/
@ajym=um;csufrsm;/ 0137/ orkdif;Xme (okawoe) &efukefouUokdvf?
3 (u) tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 1?

(c) jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 45?


NCGUB (Border Office) - 6 -
NCGUB (Border Office)

AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;uyif zqyvr%mrnDvmcHa&;qGJxm;aom tajccHOya'rl=urf;udk


wkdif;jynf�y
v$wfawmfuaqG;aEG;&ef tajccHpmwrf; tajccHpmwrf; (as a basis for discussion) tjzpf

vufcH&ef

wifoGif;cJh&m/ jynfaxmifpkwGifyg0ifo!fhjynfe,frsm;tm; tqifhtwef;cGJjcm;&ef }


uH&G,fcJha=umif;

xif&Sm;avonf1

[ka0zefxm;onf? odk@aomftajccHOya'udk xkdpOfuvufcHcJh&o!fh ta=umif;&if;rsm;udkvnf;


atmufyg

twkdif;wifjyxm;onf?

1? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;tr�;�yaom wkdif;jynfacgif;aqmif}uD;rsm; �kwfw&ufvkyf

}uHcHvkduf&onf/
wwkdif;wjynfvkH; ,l�uH;r& 0rf;enf;a=uuGJcJh=uonf?
aoG;csif;om;csif;nDtpfudkrsm;ydkI
aoG;pnf;nD!Gwf&r!fh tajcodk@a&mufcJhonf?

2? e,fcsJ@udk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf &Srf;jynfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;xHvma&mufI Armjynftajctae


qkd;aeonf rdArmjynfrESifh ryl;aygif;bJ oD;jcm;aev#if

rdwdk@a'ojyefoGm;&ifaumif;rnf?
e,fpyfa'o wkd;wufa&;twGuf txl;axmufyHhaiGvkdor# xkwfay;rnfponfjzifh zsm;a,mif;
I aoG;cGJ&ef�ud;pm;=uao;onf?

3?
ArmjynfrESifh ruGJruGmyl;wGJI vGwfvyfa&;,l&ef oEMd�mefcsxm;aom
&Srf;jynfudk,fpm;vS,f
rsm;onf e,fcsJ@. aoG;cGJr_udk vufrcH/ wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmfokd@
qufvufyg0ifaqmif&GufcJh=u
onf?

4?
wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmfodk@ wufa&mufvmaom &Srf;jynfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf (1)
EkdifiHa&;t
awG@t�uHEke,fjcif; (2) Oya'�yr_vkyf

ief;rsm;em;rvnfjcif;/ (3) wESpftwGif;vkH;0 vGwfvyfa&;


twGuf aZm}uD;aejcif; (4) trdsK;om;acgif;aqmif}uD;rsm; usqkH;ukefI
tcsif;csif;aoG;pnf;nD
!Gwfa&;udk qENjyif;jyaejcif;wkd@a=umifh tajccHOya'jy�mef;csufESifh pum;vkH;rsm;ukd
cyfayghaygh
yifvufcHcJh=uonf?

1 (u) ttajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 14?

(c) zqyv y%mrnDvmcHu twnf�yvufcHcJhaom tajccHOya'rl=urf;wGif jynff


dk
axmifpkjrermEkdifiH wGif yg0if&r!fh jynfe,frsm;uazmfjyxm;+yD; xkde,frsm;udkvnf;
jynfaxmifpkjynfe,f (union state) udk,fykdiftkyfcsKyf&jynfe,ff (autonomous state)
ESd;pk

ifh vlrsKjynfe,f (national areas) rsm;[k cGJjcm;r!fhoabm azmfjyxm;ojzifh


jynfe,frsm;tm;tqifhtwef;cJGjcm;&ef }uH&G,fcJhonfk

[
pGyfpGJxm;jcif;jzpfayonf? odk@aomfwkif;jynf�yv$oufo!fh vrf;!Gefjy�mef;csuftqkdudk
AdkvfcsKyf

dwfawmfwGif tajccHOya'ESifhywfatmifqef;uwifoGif;aomtcg zqyv y%mrnDvmcHu


vufcHtwnf�yxm;aom tajccHOya'rl=urf;ygtcsuf

tcsdK@udk
jyifqifI wifoGif;cJhonf? xkdodk@jyifqifI wifoGif;a=umif;udkvnf;
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;udkwkdifu �rlvyXrwkef;u u|efawmf
wifoGif;&r!fhtqdk[m zqyv yXrnDvmcHwkef;u qkH;jzwfcJhwJhtqkdbJjzpfygw,fdk

? odk@aomfvnf; tJh'Dtqkdu bwf=u!fhwJhtcg


jyifpm&mvkdaewJ@tcsdK@tcsufawGudk awG@&ygw,f? � � � tJ'DqkH;jzwfcsufrludk u|
efawmfjyifqifxm;ygw,f? � � � tJ'Dawmh
'DzGJ@pnf;r!fhEkdifiHawmfrSm b,fe,fawG/ b,fe,fawGygr,fqkdwm u|efawmfwkd@ ususee
owfrSwf+yD;om;rjzpfEkdfifao; ygbl;? � � �
u|efawmfwkd@rlv zqyv nDvmcHrSmwifwJhtqkdrSmawmh e,fawG@trSwfwrJh x!fhxm;

azmfjyx!fhxm;ygw,f? tJ'g u|efawmfwkdrd'gygbJ? aemufjyefpOf;pm;=u!hfawmhfdh f

rS jynaxmifpkEkdifiHxJ 'De,fawG0if+yD;om;jzpfoGm;rnfvmqkd+yD;
pOf;pm;r'gESif�zwypfcJh+yD;
tckvkd omrnqkdxm;jcif;jzpfygw,f� [kajym=um;cJhonf?
jrefrmEkdifiHawmfwkdf

if;jynf�y v$wawmfnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pmwGJ 1/


pnf;a0;rSwfwrf; 4 / &efukdSyfwkduf/

ef/ jrefrmEkdifiHawmftpkd;& pmykHE 1947/ pm 73-83?


aemifudkum;v#if wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmf 1�4 [k!Gef;rnf?

NCGUB (Border Office)


- 7 -
NCGUB (Border Office)

5? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;ajym=um;o!fhtwkdif; Oya'pum;vkH;xuf/
pdwf"gwfudk,kH=unfudk;pm;cJh
onf? vGwfvyfa&;&&Sd+yD;o!fhaemuf aoG;csif;om;csif;awG Oya'pum;vkH;awGudkom twd
tus t"dy`g,faumufjcif;/ t=uyfudkifjcif;rsm; �yvkyfvdrfhrnfr[kwf[k ,lqcJh=uonf?

6? &Srf;jynfe,fudk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf acgif;aqmif}uD;rsm; usqkH;ukef

I a=uuGJ0rf;enf;jzpfaeonf
vnf;wa=umif; acgif;aqmif}uD;rsm;csxm;ay;oGm;o!fh vrf;pOftwkdif; vGwfvyfa&;aqmvsif
pGm&,lvkdIwa=umif;/ vGwfvyfa&;&&Sd+yD;o!fhaemuf aoG;csif;om;csif; tcsif;csif;
rl;wif;yJ
wif; aps;qpft=uyfudkifr_rsm; vkyf

udkif=uvdrfhrnf[k rxifjrifcJh=uI wa=umif;

(1) Armjynfe,frzGJ@pnf;bJ jynfaxmifpkwaygif;wpnf;wnf;zGJ@pnf;xm;jcif;jzifh/


&Srf;jynfe,f
tbdk@ tb,fr#epfemrnfudkrawG;awmcJh=uay;? (2) uae'g
ykHpHtwdkif;tm%mcGJa0ay;jcif;jzifh
&Srf;jynfe,fonf *k%foduQmuif;rJhum arsmufavmif;b0 jyefvnfa&muf&Sdrnfudkvnf; em;
vnfcJh=uay?
7? txufygtcsufrsma=umifh &Srf;jynfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;.
udk,fpm;awmifykdifapmfbGm;}uD;u
tajccHOya'ukd vd_ufvSJpGmaxmufcHvkdufayonf?1

&Srf;jynfe,frS wifoGif;aom tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;tykdif;okH;wGif


tajccHOya'ygpum;vkH;
rsm;ESifh jy�mef;csuftcsdK@udk tao;pdwfa0zefaqG;aEG;I jyifqifoifhonfrsm;udk
jyifqif&ef t}uHay;xm;
onf? xkdodk@aqG;aEG;&mwGif tajccHOya'ed'gef;yg e,fpyfa'orsm;qkdo!fh pum;vkH;rSpI
aqG;aEG;xm;onf?
tajccHOya'ed'gef;wGif �e,fpyfa'orsm;ESifh u&ifeDe,frsm;t0iftyg jrefrmEkdifiH.
EkdifiHom;rsm;jzpf=uaom
u|Efkyfwkd@onf�[k yg&Sdojzifh �e,fpyfa'orsm;� qkdo!fh tokH;tE_ef;rS

m atmufusaemufusoabmaqmif
aeI xkdpum;&yftpm; &Srf;jynf/ ucsifjynf/ u&ifjynf/ u,m;jynfESifh csif;jynf[k
tpm;xkd;oifha=umif;t
}uH�yxm;onf? xkdaemuf zqyv y%mrnDvmcHwGif AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;u wpfjynfaxmifpepf
(unitary
state) zGJ@pnf;&efroifhawmfa=umif; twdtvif;ajym=um;cJhojzifhvGwfvyfaom
jynfrsm;jzifh pkaygif;zGJ@pnf;
xm;aom jynfaxmifpkqkdo!fhoabmukd tajccHOya'ed'gef;wGif yD

yDjyifjyifx!hfoGif;azmfjyxm;oifha=umif;
vnf;wifjyxm;onf?2

tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'yk'fr * udk y,fzsuf&efvnf;t}uH�yxm;onf?


tajccHOya'yk'fr * u

yk'fr 180 &Sdjy�mef;csufrsm;ESifh rqef@usifapbJ jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH&Sd useff

e,fajrtm;vkH;ESih
oufqkdifaom Oya'�yr_tm%m tkyfcsKyfr_tm%m w&m;pD&ifr_tm%m tm;vkH;udk jynfaxmifpk
jrefrmEkdfifiH. vkyfief;tzGJ@rsm;ESifh t&m&Sdrsm;uomv#ifaomf�if;/
xkdtzGJ@rsm;ESifh t&m&Sdrsm;. tcGifh
tm%mt&omv#ifaomf�if;/ okH;pGJEkdif&rnf3

[kqkdxm;onf? xkdyk'fr.tcsKyfoabmrSm jynfaxmifpk. tm%mrsm;udkjrefrmjynfruom


�ud;ukdifxm;+yD;
jrefrmjynfrtwGufom okH;cGifh&Sda=umif;oufa&mufaeojzifh jynfaxmifppfppfrludk
vufcHrnfqkdv#if Tyk'f
rudky,fzsuf&rnf? Tyk'fr r&Sdv#ifjrefrmjynfonf jynfe,fwpf

e,fjzpfoGm;rnf? xkdodk@jzpfvmv#if tajccH

1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 14 - 15?
2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 15 - 16?
3 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHf

tajccHOya'/ yk'r *?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 8 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

Oya'u jynfe,frsm;. tcGifhta&;rsm;udk rnfr#csKyfcs,fxm;onf qkdonfudkvnf;


jrefrmjynfru
vufawG@cHpm;&ayrnf[kvnf; aqG;aEG;wifjyxm;onf?1

tajccHOya'yk'fr 9 yg �EkdifiHawmf� [laompum;ESifhywfoufI


t"dy`g,fESifhusifhokH;r_wGif r&Sif;
vif;ykHukdvnf; tajccHOya'jyiffqifa&;pmwrf;wGif a0zefaqG;aEG;xm;.? tajccHOya' yk'fr
9 rSm atmufyg
twkdif;jzpfonf?

Ttcef;2 ESifhtcef; 33/ tcef; 44 wkd@wGif �EkdifiHawmf�[laom pum;.qkdvkd&if;rSm


a&S@aemufp
um;wkd@. t"dy`g,fudkaxmufI jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. odk@wnf;r[kwf
oufqkdif&mjynfaxmifpktzGJ@
0if. tkyfcsKyfr_tcGifhtm%mudkaomf�if; Oya'�yr_tcGifhtm%mukdaomf�if; qkdvkdonf?5

TwGif �EkdifiHawmf�[laompum;&yfonf t"dy`g,fr&Sif;vif;o!fhtwGuf tcsdK@ae&mrsm;wGif


jynfe,fESifhqkdifonfvm;/ jynfrESifhqkdifonfvm;/ jynfaxmifpkESifhqkdifonfvm;[k
ruGJjym;a=umif;/ xkd@jyif
tajccHOya'wGifyg&Sdo!fh ta&;}uD;aomyk'frrsm;udk toHk;�y&mY
jynfe,frsm;ESifhroufqkdifo!fhoabm
oufa&mufaeojzifh &Srf;jynfe,frS&oifho!fh tcGifhta&;rsm; t}uD;tus,f
qkH;�_H;epfemvsuf&Sda=umif;/
EkdifiHawmfqkdo!fh pum;&yfESifhywfoufIt*Fvdyf

bmomtm;jzifh &Sif;oifhoavmuf &Sif;aomfvnf; jrefrm


bmomtm;jzifh EkdifiHawmfonf jynfe,fudkqkdvkdonf[k oabmraygufa=umif;/
EkdifiHawmfqkdo!fhpum;&yf
udk jynfaxmifpktpdk;&u vkdwpfrsdK;/ rvkdwpfrsdK; t"dy`g,faumuf,laeojzifh
rlvtcGifhta&;udpPrsm;udk
aqmif&Guf&ef jynfe,frsm;wGif tm%m&Sdo!fhoabm oufa&mufaea=umif;/ xkd@a=umifhyk'fr
426/ 437 ESifh
448 wkd@udk jynfe,frsm;u aqmif&GufIr&a=umif; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif
wifjyxm;onf?9

tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'yk'fr 23 (4) ESifh (5) wkd@ESG@

ifhywfoufI vufawusifhokH;ykHudkvnf; a0zefaqG;aEG;xm;.? tqkdygyk'fr tykd'fcGJ 4


ESifh 5 wkd@rSm atmufygtwkdif;jzpfonf?

(4) EkdifiHawmfonf jynfol@tudsK;twGufvkdtyfygu ykdif&Siftm;rnfuJhodk@aom


udpPrdsK;wGifrnfr#
avsmfa=u;ay;&rnf[kjy�mef;xm;aom w&m;Oya'ESifhtnDomv#if/ ukd,fykdifypPnf;udk uef@
owfcsKwfcsK,f Ekdifonf? odk@wnf;r[kwf odrf
;ykdufEkdifonf?

1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 16 - 17?
2 tcef; 2 ? rlvtcGifhta&;rsm;
3 tcef; 3 ? awmifolv,form;rsm;ESifh tvkyform;rsm;twGuf
EkdifiHawmf.wm0ef0wfw&m;rsm;
4 tcef; 4 ? EkdifiHawmf. 0g'&nf!$ef;csufrlrsm;
5 zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykHf

ktajccHOya'/ yk'r 9?
6 yk'fr 42? udk,fusdK;tjrwftpGefGGJf

;twGufr[kwfbJ/ vkyfukdifaqmif&ufaeaompD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; tz@tpnf;rsm;tm;


ypPn;aiG;a=u;
taxmuftyHhay;&ef EkdifiHawmfwGif 0g'xm;&SdI xkd0g'twkdif; a&S@�_aqmif&Gufrnfh
or0g,r tpnf;t�kH;rsm;ESifh tvm;wl pD;yGm;a&;
tpnf;t�kH;rsm;tm; ykdrdktcGifhta&;ay;&rnf?

7 yk'fr 43? 0dZ�@tpnf;rsm;/ xkd@jyifyg�dESifh ouU�oif=um;a&;wkd@ukd EkdifiHawmu


apmifh

mynmESifhody`Hynmrsm;/ okawoeESifh ,Ofaus;r_tzGJf


a&SmufaxmufyHh

&rnf?
8 yk'fr 44? (1) ? jynfolokH;vkyfief;rsm;udk EkdifiHawmftpdk;&udkk,fwkdifuaomf�if;/
a'oEW&tzGJ@rsm;uaomf�if;/ jynfowkd@.or0g,r ltpnf;t�kH;rsm;uaomf�if;/
wnfaxmifvkyfudkifap&ef/ EkdifiHawmftpkd;&Y 0g'xm;&SdI xkd0g'twkdif;
a&S@�_aqmif&Guf&rnf?

(2) ? jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHawmftwGif;wGif/ f
"eypPn;xGufrnfh obm0yif&if;tajctjrpfrsm;udk EkdifiHawmftpdk;&udk,fwkdifu aomf�if;/

a'oEW&tzGJ@rsm;uaomf�if;/ jynfowkd@. or0g,r tpnf;t�kH;rsm;uaomf�if;/ vkyfukdifokH

l;pGJap&ef EkdifiHawmftpdk;&Y 0g' xm;&SdI/


xkd0g'twkdif; a&S@�_aqmif&Guf&rnf?
9 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 17 ?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 9 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

(5) txufuazmfjycJhaom aemufqkH;yk'frcGJ&Sd pnf;urf;csufrsm;ESifh rqef@usifv#if/


jynfol@tudsK;
twGufvkdtyfygu/ EkdifiH.pD;yGm;a&;ESifhoufqkdifaom vkyfief;trdsK;rdsK;udkaomf�if;/
wOD;wnf;
ykdifvkyfief;rsm;udkaomf�if; EkdifiHawmfonf w&m;Oya'jy�mef;I
EkdifiHykdif�yEkdifonf? odk@wnf;
r[kwf EkdifiHawmftwGufodfrf;,lEkdifonf?1
txufazmfjyyg pD;yGm;a&;qkdif&m tcGifhta&;rsm;ESifh oufqdkifo!fhtm%mudk
jynfaxmifpktpkd;&u
om csKyfudkifxm;ojzifh jynfe,frsm;Y txufygtm%mrsm;r&Sd[k ,lqEkdifa=umif;/
&Srf;jynfe,fonf tqkdyg
tcGifhta&;rsm;udk okH;ydkifcGifhtm%mr&Sda=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,f 0ef}uD;Xmeuom
jynfaxmifpktpd

k;&udk,fpm;
aqmif&GufEkdifa=umif; xkda=umifh&Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&onf ypPnf;wpfckckudk
&,lvkdaomtcg omreft&yfom;
rsm;enf;wl ta&mif;t0,f�yvkyfo!fhenf;jzifhom aqmif&Guf&a=umif;/ odk@aomf
jynfaxmifpktpkd;&Xmersm;
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jynfe,frsm;tm; rwkdifyifbJ
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v#yfppf
"gwf�ud;rsm;udk &Srf;jynfe,frSjzwfI txufjrefrmjynfokd@ qufoG,f&mY
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xm;onf?2

tajccHOya'yk'fr 30 wGif c|wf,Gif;csuf&SdaeykHudkvnf;


tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif azmfjy
xm;.? tajccH Oya'yk'fr 30 wGif

(1) EkdifiHawmfonf ajr,mtm;vkH;. yif&if;ykdif&Sifjzpfonf?


(2) TtajccHOya'.jy�mef;csufrsm;ESifh rqef@usifapbJ/ ajr,mykdifcGifhpepfrsm;udk
pnf;rsOf;wus
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tcGifhta&;&Sd&rnf?
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dufydsK;a&;
twGufjzpfap/ or0g,rpkdufydsK;a&;twGufjzpfap/ v,foD;pm;orm;rsm;odk@jzpfap/
a0iSay;&ef
tcGifhta&;&Sd&rnf?

(3) rnfo!fhtajccHpepfESifhr# ajr,mtajrmuftjrm; ykdiffqkdifEkdifaom tcGifhr&Sdap&/


wOD;wnf;ykdif
jzpfaomajr,m.trsm;qkH;ajr{u ta&twGufudk ta=umif;nD!Gwfv#if nD!Gwfjcif; w&m;
Oya'jzifhowfrSwf&rnf3
[kyg&Sdonf? Tyk'fryg �EkdifiHawmf� qkdo!fhpum;&yfonf
jynfaxmifpktpkd;&ukdomqkdvkdo!fhoabm
oufa&mufaea=umif;/ ajr,mtm;vkH;.ykdif&Sifjzpfaom �EkdifiHawmf� onf jynfravm/
jynfe,favmqkd
onfrSm r&Sif;vif;a=umif;/ jynfrajr,mtm;vkH;ukd jynfruykdifI jynfe,fajr,mtm;vHk;ukd
jynfe,ftpkd;&
uykdifonfvm;qkdonfrSmvnf; r&Sif;vif;a=umif;/ EkdifiHawmf[laompum;&yfonf
jynfrudkom&nf!$ef;
onfqkdv#if jynfe,frsm;twGif;&Sd ajr,mrsm;udkyif jynfruykdifqkdifo!fhoabm
oufa&mufaea=umif;/ &Srf;
jynfe,fwGif ajr,mcsxm;a&;ESifh ajr,m�yjyifajymif;vJa&;rsm;udk &S

rf;jynfe,fuvkyfykdifcGifhr&Sda=umif;/ vGwf
vyfa&;r&rDu &Srf;jynfe,fuykdifqkdifaomajr,mrsm;ESifh ywfoufIvnf;aumif;/
&Srf;jynfe,fvlxktwGuf
ajr,mv$Jajymif;jcif;/ ajr,mpGef@v$wfjcif;/ ajr,mqufcHjcif;/
ajr,mvufvGwfr_rSumuG,fjcif; po!fhpnf;

1 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHf

tajccHOya'/ yk'r 23?


2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 17?
3 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'/ yk'fr 30 ?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 10 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

urf;owfrSwfa&;ESifhywfoufIvnf;aumif;/ &Srf;jynfe,ftwGuf
qkH;�_H;v#uf&Sdaea=umif;vnf;wifjyxm;
.?1

tajccHOya'yk'fr 31 wGif

1? pD;yGm;a&;Yolwyg;udkepfemapI udk,fusdK;&Smjcif;rSumqD;a&;twGuf/
rdrdwkd@tcsif;csif; aygif;oif;
zGJ@pnf;Ekdif=uap&ef tvkyform;rsm;tm; EkdifiHawmfonf
pD;yGg;a&;qkdif&maqmif&Gufcsufjzifh�if;/
tjcm;aqmif &Gufjcif;jzifh�if; ulnDEkdifonf?

2? tvkyform;rsm;tm;pnf;�kH;ykdifcGifhay;ap&ef�if;/ tvkyfvkyfaomtcsdefem&Dwkd@udk
uef@owfap&ef
�if;/ ESpfpOftm;vyf&ufrsm;&cGifh&Sdatmif pDrHap&ef�if;/ tvkyfcGifESifhtajctaeudk
aumif;rGef
atmif�yap&ef�if;/ &nf&G,fI/ EkdifiHawmfonf Oya'�yay;jcif;jzifh/ tvkyform;rsm;udk
umuG,f
apmifha&Smuf&rnf? xkd@jyif ta=umif;nD!Gwfv#if nD!Gwfjcif; aecif;xkdifcif;ESifh
axmufyHhr_
tmrcHpepfwkd@twGuf pDrHcsufrsm;udktm;ay;jcif;jzifhvnf; umuG,fapmifha&Smuf&rnf2

[kqkdxm;.? xkdyk'frESifh ywfoufI&Srf;jynfe,ffwGif erRwlabmfwGif; tvkyform;rsm;om


Oya'yg tcGifht
a&;rsm;udk cHpm;&+yD; tjcm;aomomreftvkyform;rsm;rSm jrefrmjynfr&Sd
tvkyform;rsm;uJhokd@ cHpm;cGifhr&
a=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&onf tvkyform;rsm;. tusdK;twGufaqmif&Gufay;Edkifo!fh
tcGifhtm%mr&Sd
a=umif; wifjyxm;onf? tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya' yk'fr 91 t&
a'oqkdif&mudk,f
pm;vS,ftzGJ@rsm; zGJ@pnf;o!fhudpPukdvnf; a0zefaqG;aEG;xm;onf?
tqkdyg yk'fr 91 u

odk@&mwGif a'otvkdufudk,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh &Sdonf[laom &nf&G,fcsufoabmw&m;udk


tajccHI
w&m;Oya'jzifh owfrSwfxm;aom a'oqkdif&mudk,fpm;vS,ftzGJ@rsm;odk@/ tk

yfcsKyfa&;udpP/ ,Ofaus;
r_udpP/ pD;yGm;a&;udpPrsm;twGuf txift&Sm;azmfjyxm;aom tm%mrsm;udkv$Jay;&ef/
w&m;Oya'
jzifhjy�mef;csuf�yEkdifonf? xkdjy�mef;csufrsm;yg0ifaom w&m;Oya'onf/
xkdudk,fpm;vS,ftzGJ@rsm;.
tcGifhta&;rsm;tm%mrsm;ESifh wm0ef0wW&m;rsm;udk�if;/ xkdtzGJ@rsm;ESifhygvDrefwkd@.
qufqHa&;udk
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[kqkdxm;onf? Tyk'frt& a'oqkdif&mudk,fpm;vS,frsm;zGJ@jcif;onf jynfe,faumifpDwkd@.


*k%foduQmudk
xcdkufa=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,frS a'oqkdif&mudk,fpm;vS,ftzGJ@rsm;odk@
tkyfcsKyfa&;udpP/ ,Ofaus;r_udpPESifh
pD;yGm;a&;udpPrsm;twGuf tm%mrsm;v$Jay;&efudpPudk ygvDrefuom
Oya'�yvkyfcGifh&Sdojzifh &Srf;jynfe,ft
aejzifh auseyfzG,fr[kwfa=umif;/ tkyfcsKyfa&;udpPD

udk a'oqkdif&mudk,fpm;vS,ftzGJ@rsm;odk@ jynfaxmifpkygvrefu v$Jtyfay;rnfqkdv#ifvnf;


&Srf;jynfe,fwGif pif�ydiftpd;& wnfaxmifay;&ma&mufrnfjzpfa=umif;rsm;
aqG;aEG;wifjyxm;.?4

tajccHOya'yk'fr 92 (3) wGif

1 (u) tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 17 - 18?

(c) ajr,m/ ajrcGefawmfESifh ajr,mwdk;wuf}uD;yGm;a&;/ trawmfa=u;udpPrsm;onf


jynf�ypm&if;wGify
e,fOya'gaomfvnf; 1953 ckESpf
v,f,majrEkdifiHykdif�yvkyfa&; tufOya'onf jrefrmwpfEifiHvkH;ESifh
oufqkdifonf[kqkdxm;.? 1953 ckESpf v,f,majrEkdifiHykdif�yvkyfa&; kdtufOya' tcef; 1
/ tykd'f 2?
2 zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykHf

ktajccHOya'/ yk'r 31?


3 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH

tajccHOya'/ yk'fr 31?


4 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 18?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 11 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

rnfo!fhjynfe,faumifpDrqkd/ rdrd.e,fajrrsm;udkaomf�if;/ tm%mrsm;udkaomf�if;/


tcGifh

ta&;rsm;udkaomf�if; jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHokd@ qkH;jzwfcsufcsI jyeftyfEkdifonf

[kazmfjyxm;ojzifh jynfe,faumifpDrsm;u rdrdwkd@.e,fajrrsm;udkvnf;aumif;


tm%mrsm;udkvnf;aumif;
qkH;jzwfcsufcsI jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHawmfodk@ jyeftyfEkdifaomfvnf; ygvDrefur_
jynfr.e,fajrwpfpdwf
wpfa'oudkvnf;aumif;/ tcGifhtm%mwpfpdwfwpfa'oudkvnf;aumif; jynfe,frsm;odk@
cGJa0ay;cGifhr&Sd
a=umif;/ jzpfoifhonfrSm xkdupPrsm;udkaqmif&Guf&mwGif tzJG@0ifjynfe,frsm;.
oabmwlnDr_jzifhom aqmif
&Gufoifha=umif;wifjyxm;onf? jynfaxmifpktpdk;&ESifh jynfe,ftpkd;&wkd@.
tm%mcGJa0xm;ykHrSm rlvuyif
wpfzufapmif;eif;jzpfaeay&m jynfe,frsm;u�if;wkd@. vuf&Sdtm%mrsm;udk
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tm; jyeftyf
rnfqkdygu pmuav;tarG;EkwfouJhodk@jzpfum jynfe,frsm;onf tm%mvufrJhb0odk@
usa&muf&ayrnf
[k okH;oyfwifjyxm;.?1

tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'yk'fr 93 ESifh ywfoufI &Srf;jynfe,f.


rauseyf
csufudkvnf; azmfjyxm;onf? tajccHOya'yk'fr 93 u

jynfaxmifpkOya'�ypm&if;wGif opfawmudpP/ owWKwGif;udpP/ a&eH

ajrudpP/ owWKwl;azmf�yjyifa&;
udpP pnf;rsOf;owfrS

wfykdifcGifhyg&Sdonfjzpfaoma=umifh jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHuokH;pGJykdifcGifh&Sdaom tm%m

rsm;udkoHk;pGJ&mY xkdopfawmrsm;/ owWKwGif;rsm; a&eHajrrsm;udk


vkyfudkifokH;pGJap&efaomf�if;/ wkd;
wufatmif�yap&efaomf�if;/ tokH;csap&efaomf�if; vufrSwfudk/ okd@wnf;r[kwf
vkdifpifukd/
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ykdifonf/ oufqkdif&me,ftwGuf cef@xm;jcif;cH&aom jynfaxmifpktpk

d;&tzGJ@0if 0ef}uD;ESifh !d�E_dif;


wkdifyif&rnf2

[kqkdxm;o!fhtcsufESifhywfoufI jynfe,frsm;.tzdk;wefjzpfaomopfawmypPnf;/
owWKypPnf;ESifh a&eH
rsm;xkwf,lokH;pGJcGifhudk jynfruomcsKyfudkifxm;jcif;/
oufqkdif&mjynfe,f0ef}uD;ESifh!d�E_dif;wkdfifyif&rnf[k
qkdxm;aomfvnf; jynfrtm%mykdifrsm;. qkH;jzwfcsufonfom
aemufqkH;twnfjzpf&ef&Sdjcif;wkd@ukd raus
eyfa=umif;azmfjyxm;.? xkdodk@o,HZwypPnf;rsm; xkwf,lokH;pGJcGifhonf
oufqkdif&mjynfe,ftpdk;&.
tm%mtwGif;om jzpfoifha=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;.?3

tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'yk'fr 94 (1) udkvnf;


a0zefaqG;aEG;xm;onf?
tajccHOya'yk'fr 94 (1) wGif
ppfa=umifhjzpfap/ EkdifiHwGif;qlylr_a=umifhjzpfap/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH.
wnfwhHr_udk tEW&m,fjzpfaptHh
aom txl;ta&;w}uD;tajctaejzpf

ay:ae+yD[lIaomf�if;/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHudk xkdcdkufaeaom


pD;yGm;a&; ta&;w}uD;tajconf/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. wpdwfwa'oY
ay:aygufae+yD;[lIaomf�if;/
EkdifiHawmforwu (TtajccHOya'wGif ta&;w}uD;ausnmcsuf[k !$ef;xm;aom) ausnmcsuf
w&yfukd xkwfjyefcJhaomf/ yk'fr 92 wGif rnfodk@yifqdkxm;apumrl/
jynfe,fOya'�ypm&if;wGif

1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 18 - 19?
2 zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykHf

ktajccHOya'/ yk'r 93?


3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 19?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 12 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

oD;jcm;a&wGufxm;aom udpPwckckESifh pyfvsOf;I/ jynfe,fwe,ftwGufaomf�if;/ jynfe,f.


wpdwfwa'otwGufaomf�if;/ Oya'rsm;udk�y&efygvDrefwGif tm%m&Sdrnf1

[kazmfjyxm;onf? &Srf;jynfawmifykdif;ppftkyfcsKyfa&; tawG@t�uHt&vnf;aumif;/


EkdifiHawmforR

wqkdo!fh
pum;&yfrS

m jynfaxmifpkumuG,fa&;/ jynfxJa&;po!fh 0ef}uD;Xmersm;udkqkdvkdojzifh


vkdtyfIta&;w}uD;
a=unmxkwfjyef&mY &Srf;jynfe,faumifpDodk@r[kwf &S

rf;jynfe,ftpdk;&. oabmwlnDcsuf &,l&rnf[k


azmfjyxm;jcif;r&SdykHudkvnf;aumif; axmufjyxm;onf?2

tajccHOya'yk'fr 96 udkvnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif a0zefaqG;aEG

;xm;onf? tajccH
Oya'yk'fr 96 rSm atmufygtwkdif;jzpfonf?

1? TtajccHOya'&Sd pwkw�Z,m;Y
a&wGufazmfjyxm;aomtcGefwGufyif&if;rsm;rS&rnfhtcGefawmf
tm;vkH;onfjynfe,fYaomf�if;/ jynfe,fuaomf�if;/ aumufcH&&Sdaomjynfe,f. tcGefawmf
aiGwGif yg0if&rnf?

2? wqufwnf;jzpfaom txufyk'frcGJt&/ jynfe,frsm;odk@cGJa0v$Jtyfxm;aom


tcGefawmfrsm;rS
vGJI/ tcGefawmftm;vkH;onf/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. tcGefawmfwGifyg0if&rnf?

�cGif;csuf? ? TudpPtwGufcef@xm;aom tzGJ@wckck./ odk@wnf;r[kwf tjcm;tm%mykdifwck


ck. axmufcHcsufrsm;t& axmufyHh&efvkdtyfonf[k qkH;jzwfowfrSwfaom taxmuftyHhaiG
rsm;udk jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHawmftpkd;&onf rdrd.tcGefawmfrsm;rSxkwfI/
jynfaxmifpktzGJ@0ifrsm;
. tpdk;&rsm;tm;ay;Ekdifonf?3

tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'yk'fr 154 (1) yg �aumifpD�qkdo!fhpum;udk

�jynfe,fOya'�yv$wfawmf�qkdo!fh pum;jzifhtpm;xkd;oifha=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf?


tajccHOya'yk'f
r 154 (1) wGif

ygvDref. &Srf;jynfe,fqkdif&m udk,fpm;vS,ftrwftm;vkH;yg0ifo!fh


&Srf;jynfe,faumifpDudk zGJ@pnf;
&rnf4

[kazmfjyxm;onf? aumifpD[laompum;rSm t*Fvdyfpum;jzpfaeI roifhawmfa=umif;ESifh


jynfe,faumifpD
tpm; jynfe,fOya'�yv$wfawmf[kac:v#if oifhawmfrnfjzpfa=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf?5

tajccHOya'yk'fr 160 ESifhywfoufI vufawG@usifhokH;&mwGif tcuftcJ&SdykHukdvnf;


tajccHOya'
jyiffqifa&;pmwrf;wGif wifjyxm;onf? tajccHOya'yk'fr 160 wGif

1 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH
ajccHOya'/ yk'fr 94?
2 tajccHOya' jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 19?
3 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHajccHOya'/ yk'fr 96?
4 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHajccHOya'/ yk'fr 154?
5 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 21?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 13 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

0ef}uD;csKyfonf/ &Srf;jynfe,faumifpDESifh!d�Ed_if;wkdifyifI/ ygvDref. &S

rf;jynfe,fqkdif&m udk,fpm;vS,f
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trwfudk EkdifiHawmforwonf atmufwGif �&Srf;jynfe,f0ef}uD;� [kac:wGif&rnfjzpfaom
jynf
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0ef}uD;onf/ T
tajccHOya'. udpPrsm;twGuf &Srf;jynfe,f OuU�vnf;jzpf&rnf1

[kqkdxm;.? Tyk'frt& Ek

difiHawmf0ef}uD;csKyfonf jynfe,faumifpDESifh!d�Ed_if;wkdifyifI &Srf;jynfe,f0ef}uD;

(jynfe,fOuU�) udkcef@xm;&rnf[k qkdaomfvnf; jynfe,faumifpDu raxmufcHaom


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jynfe,faumifpDuoabmrwloludk EkdifiHawmf0ef}uD;csKyfucef@tyfojzifh
jynfe,fOuU�tjzpfvufcH&rnf
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xm;onf?3

tajccHOya'jyifa&;pmwrf;wGif a0zefaqG;aEG;xm;o!fh tjcm;yk'frwpfckrSm yk'fr 162 (1)


/ (2) ESifh

(3) jzpfonf? �if;yk'f


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(1) TtajccHOya'&Sd jy�mef;csufrsm;ESifh rqeffcsKyfr_tcGifhtm%monf/


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(2) jynfe,fqkdif&m tjcm;udpPtm;vkH;wGif/ jynfe,fOuU�onf jynfe,faumifpDESifh !


d�Ed_if;wkdifyif&
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wifjy&mwGif
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tpnf;ta0;wGif/ aumifpDtrwfrsm;xJrSaomf�if;/ aumifpDtrwfr[kwfolrsm;xJrSaomf�if;/
a&G;cs,fI/ jynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJ@udk zGJ@pnf;&rnf? xkdtpkd;&tzGJ@onf jynfe,fOuU�udk
tvkyf0wf
w&m;rsm; aqmif&Guf&mwGif ulnD&ef/ t}uHay;&efjzpfonf4

1 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHajccHOya'/ yk'fr 160?

2 (u) oef@&Sif;ESifhwnf+rJ[k zqyv uGJoGm;aomtcg wnf+rJ zqyvtrwfrsm;jzpf=uaom


a'gufwm apmvSxGef;ESifh OD;Zefxmqifwkd@
0ef}uD;tjzpfrS EkwfxGufoGm;=uonf? xkdvpfvyfoGm;aom 0ef}uD;ESpfae&mtwGuf OD;Eku
OD;apmvl;vlukd u&ifjynfe,f0ef}uD;ESifh
'l0gaZmffG

&pfudk ucsifjynfe,0ef}uD;tjzpf jynfe,faumifpDrsm;ESifh �udwif!d�Ed_if;jcif;r&SdbJ


cef@tyfcJhonf? OD;Ek. xkdokd@aqmif&uf
csufonf w&m;0if r0if EkdifiHawmforRwu w&m;v$wfawmfcsKyfokd@ ar;jref;cJh.? xkdtcg
w&m;a&;Xme0ef}uD; a'gufwmOD;{armif
. atmufyg&Sif;vif;csufudk w&m;v$wfawmfcsKyfu vufcHcJhonf?

tajccHOya'yk'fr 115 wGif tpkd;&tzGJ@onf jynfol

@v$wfawmftm; tzGJ@vkdufpkaygif;wm0efcH&rnf qkdonfhpum;t& 0ef}uD;


cskyfonf rdrd. 0ef}uD;tzGJ@0if 0ef}uDh

;rsm;ukd a&G;cs,fcef@tyfcGifh &Sda=umif;ESifh0ef}uD;csKyfonf jynfe,faumifpDESif !


d�E_dif;wdkifyifI
jynfe,f0ef}uD;udk cef@tyf&rnf qkdonfrSmvnf; vrf;!GefcsufomjzpfI trdef@r[kwfa=umif;
a'gufwmOD;{armifu &Sif;vif;wifjy
cJhonf?

Dr. Maung Maung, Burma's Constitution comes to life. Madras, Diocesan Press,
(n.d). Reprinted form the
Indian Year Book of International Affairs, 1958.

(c) OD;Zefxmqif/ 'Drkdua&pDkH


ajymif;jyef/ &efukef/ eH@omyEdSyfvkyfief;/ 1990/ azazmf0g&Dv/ pm 65 - 67?
aemifudk;um;v#if OD;Zefxmqif/

'Drdkua&pDajymif;jyef [k!$ef;rnf?
3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 21?
4 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'/ yk'fr 162?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 14 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

[kjy�mef;xm;onf? TOya'ykd'f (1) t& jynfe,fOuU�onf


tkyfcsKyfr_tcGifhtm%mudkokH;&mwGif aumifpD
.qkH;jzwfcsufudk vkdufem&rnf[k qkdxm;ojzifh tkyfcsKyfr_tcGifhtm%mokH;pGdk

Jwkdif; aumifpD.qkH;jzwfcsufu&,lEkdif&efaumifpDonf ae@pOfae@wkdif;


pnf;a0;ae&rnfhoabm jzpfaea=umif;/ tykd'f (3) t& jynfe,fOuU�
u oabmwlonfjzpfap/ rwlonfjzpfap jynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJ@0ifrsm;udk
aumifpDua&G;cs,fEkdifonfrS

mvnf;
enf;vrf;ruso!fhjyif jynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJ@0ifrsm;. tm%mrnfr#&Sdonfudkvnf;
pOf;pm;Ir&a=umif;rsm;
wifjyxm;onf?1

tajccHOya'yk'fr 164 (2) udkvnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif a0zefxm;onf? tajccH

Oya'yk'fr 164 (2) u

jynfaxmifpktpdk;&. taxmuftyHhaiGESifhpyfvsOf;I/ jynfaxmifpktpkd;&u


owfrSwfaompnf;urf;
csufrsm;ESifh rqef@usifapbJ/ jynfe,faumifpDonf jynfe,f.bwf*sufudk
vufcHtwnf�yEkdif&ef
tm%m&Sd&rnf? xkdpnf;urf

;csufrsm;twkdif;/ jynfe,faumifpDu usepGmvkdufema=umif; EkdifiHawmf


orRwtm;/ auseyfEkdifap&ef jynfe,f. bwf*sufudk jynfaxmifpktpkd;&. bwf*swufwGifxnfh
oGif;azmfjy&rnf2

[kqkdxm;.? Tyk'frESifhywfoufI aqG;aEG;xm;onfrSm jynfe,frsm;u


&oifh&xkdufaomtcsdK;usaiG
xufydkI jynfaxmifptpdk;&u ay;&aomaiGonfom �axmufyHhaiG�jzpfI
xkdaxmufyHhaiGESifhpyfvsOf;I
pnf;urf;csufrsm;owfrSwfoifhaomfvnf; jynfe,frsm;u tcsdK;us&oifh&xkdufo!fhaiGESifh
ywfoufI pnf;
urf;csufrsm; rxm;oifha=umif; aqG;aEG;wifjyxm;onf?3

tajccHOya'yk'fr 219 udkvnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif aqG;aEG;xm;onf? tajccH


Oya' yk'fr 219 wGif

opfawmfajrESifh owWKajrrsm;/ opfawmrsm;/ a&/ wHigvkyfief;


trsdK;rdsK;qkdif&ma'orsm;/ owWKrsm;/
ausmufrD;aoG; a&eHESifh tjcm;wGif;xGufqDrsm;/ "gwftm;xGufrnfhyif&if;
tajctjrpfrsm;ESifh tjcm;
obm0yif&if;tajctjrpfrsm;udk/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHu
vkyfudkifokH;pGJIwkd;wufatmif�y&rnf odk@&m
wGif jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. tudsK;pD;yGm;tvkd@iSg/ ygvDref.tufOya't& jy�mef;xm;aom
oD;jcm;
jcGif;csufrsm;ESf

ifh rqef@usifv#if/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHonf txufygwkd@udk vkyudkifokH;pGJEkdifaom/


wkd;wufatmif�yEkdifaom/ tokH;csEkdifaomtcGifhta&;udk/
jynfaxmifpEkdifiHom;rsm;tm;ay;Ekdif
onf? odk@wnf;r[kwf jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHom;rsm;xHrS tenf;qkH; &mckdifE_ef; 60
r#yg0ifo!fh aiG&if;
&Sdaom ukr`%Drsm;odk@ aomf�if;/ xkduJhokd@aom tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;okd@ aomf�if;/
ay;Ekdifonf4

[kjy�mef;xm;onf? Tyk'frt& jynfe,frsm;twGif;&Sd opfawmajr/ owWKajr/ opfawmrsm;/


owWKrsm;/
ausmufrD;aoG;/ a&/ wHigvkyfief;trsdK;rdsK;/ a&eHESifh tjcm;wGif;xGufqDrsm;/
"gwftm;xGfurnfhyif&if;tajct
jrpfrsm;ESifh tjcm;obm0yif&if;tajctjrpfrsm;udk jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH[kac:aom
jrefrmjynfuom vkyfudkif

1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 21?
2 zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykHakjccHOya'/ yk'fr 164?
3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 21?
4 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHf

tajccHOya'/ yk'r 219?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 15 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

okH;pGJ wkd;wufatmif �y&onfqkdonfrSm w&m;r#wr_r&Sda=umif;ESifh jrefrmjynfwGif;&Sd


opfawmajr/ owWKajr/
opfawm/ owWK/ rD;aoG;/ a&eHtp&Sdaom yif&if;tajctjrpfrsm;udkyg
jynfaxmifpkpfppftpdk;&u vkyfukdifI
tcGefawmfESifh tjrwfrsm;udk jrefrmjynf/ &Srf;jynf/ ucsifjynf/ u,m;jynfESifh
u&ifjynfwkd@cGJa0cHpm;=urnfqkd
v#if oifhawmfrnfjzpfa=umif; wifjyxm;onf?1

tajccHOya'ESifhywfoufI jynfe,ftm;vkH;u rauseyfo!fhudpPrSm tajccHOya'yk'fr 222


ESifh
ouffqkdifonf[kvnf; tajccHOya'jyif

qifa&;pmwrf;wGif wifjyxm;onf? tajccHOya'yk'fr 222 wGif

a&S@aemufpum;wkd@. t"dy`g,fukd axmufxm;&efrvkdv#if/ TtajccHOya'Yyg&Sdaom atmufyg


pum;&yfwkd@onf azmfjyxm;aom t"dy`g,fudkaqmifonf?

qkdvkd&if;rSm

�jynfaxmiftzGJ@0if�[lonfrSm

(u) jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHwGif tzGJ@0ifwcktjzpfjzifh zGJ@pnf;yg0ifaom


jynfe,fudkaomf�if;/
(c) jynfe,f.wpdwfwa'otjzpf rzGJ@pnf;ryg0ifaom jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH&Sd
usefe,fajrtm;
vkH;ukdaomf�if;/ qkdvkdonf2
[kyg&Sdonf? Tyk'frt& jrefrmjynfonf jynfaxmifpktzGJ@0ifjynfe,fwpfckjzpfaomfvnf;
vufawG@wGifrl
jynfe,fwpfcktaejzifh r,lqbJ �jynfaxmifpktpkd;&EkdifiH� [laomtrnfukdcH,lI
jynfaxmifpkppfppftpdk;
&. tm%mrsm;udk jrefrmjynfru okH;pGJaeayonf? xkdodk@jrefrmjynfru
tjcm;jynfe,frsm;tay:
jynfaxmifpktpkd;&taejzifh v$rf;rdk;aejcif;onf jynfe,ftm;vkH;u rauseyfp&mjzpfapo!fh
ta=umif;rSef
jzpfonf[kvnf; wifjyxm;onf?3

tajccHOya'jy�mef;csuftcsdK@udk a0zefaqG;aEG;I jyifqifoifhonfrsm;udk jyifqif&ef


t}uHay;xm;
o!fhtjyif tajccHOya'yg wwd,Z,m;? pm&if; 1 jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHOya'�ypm&if;ESifh
ywfoufI &Srf;jynf
e,fu rauseyfo!fhtcsufrsm;udkvnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif azmfjyxm;onf? wwd,

Z,m;? pm&if; 1 jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHOya'�ypm&if;wGif

1?
? umuG,fa&;? ? qkdvkd&if;rSm a,bk,stm;jzifh EkdifiHumuG,fa&;twGuf
pDrHjyifqifjcif;/ ppfwGif;umvwGif ppfatmifEkdifa&;ESifh ppft+yD;wGif ppfwyfrsm;udk

xda&mufpGmzsufodrf;Ekdifa&;wkd@twGuf pDrHaqmif&Gufjcif;wkd@yg0ifaom
jynfaxmifpkEdkifiH
ESifhwuG jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. tpdwftydkif;rsm;. umuG,fa&;/ xkd@jyiftxl;tm;jzifh

1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 21 - 22?
2 zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykkHtajccHOya'/ yk'f
r 222?
3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 22?

NCGUB (Border Office)


- 16 -
NCGUB (Border Office)

(1) a&wyf/ ukef;wyf/ avwyfrsm;zGJ@pnf;a&;/ avhusifha&;/ xm;&Sda&;ESifh }uD;=uyf


tkyfcsKyf
a&;rsm;? jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHukd umuG,f&ef�if;/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHESifh jynfe,frsm;.

w&m; Oya'rsm;udk tm%mwnfap&ef�if;/ xkdwyfrsm;udk tokH;�ya&;?

(2) � � �
(3) � � �
(4) wyfajrrsm;wGif a'oEW&udk,fykdiftkyfcsKyfa&; xkda'orsm;twGif; wyfajrtm%mykdif
rsm; zGJ@pnf;a&;ESifh tm%mrsm;tyfESif;a&;/ xkda'orsm;twGif; tdrf
ae&mxkdifcif; pnf;
rsOf;owfrSwfay;a&;ESifh xkda'orsm;. e,fedrdwfowfrSwfa&;rsm;

(5) vufeufrsm;/ tajrmufaoewfrsm;/ cJ,rf;rD;ausmufrsm;ESifh aygufuGJapwwfo!fh


0wWKypPnf;rsm;1 [k
[kyg&SdonfESf

ifh ywfoufI jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHESifh jynfe,frsm;. w&m;Oya'rsm;udk


tm%mwnfap&ewyfrsm;ukdtokH;�ycJh&mY vGefcJho!fh a&G;aumufyGJtxd
tkyfcsKyfa&;csdK@wJhr_/ ru|rf;usifr_/ EkdifiHa&;upm;r_rsm;
a=umifh jynfaxmifpkwpf

0ef;vkH;wGif rauseyfr_rsm;&SdcJha=umif;/ &Srf;jynfY


vufeufudkiftzGJ@rsm;zGJ@pnf;cJh&m
em;vnfr_r&Sd=uo!fhtwGuf rvkdvm;tyfaom tcuftcJrsm;ay:aygufcJha=umif;/ jynfe,frsm;.
w&m;Oy
a'rsm;udk tm%mwnfap&eftwGuf wyfrawmftm; Oya't& ay;tyfxm;aomtm%m&yfrsm;udk ,ck
+idrf0yfydjyma&;&&Sdvm+yD;jzpfI jyefvnfpDppfum �yjyifoifha=umif;/
odk@rSomwyfrawmfESifh �rd@jyqkdif&mXmewkd@
onf rdf

rdwkd@qkdif&mvkyfief;rsm;udk uwWm;jcm;I aqmif&GufEkdifrnfjzpa=umif;wifjyxm;onf?


tykd'f (4) ESifh
ywfoufI wyfajrrsm;wDxGif&mwGif &Srf;jynfYtcuftcJrsm; �uHawG@&a=umif;/ wyfajrtwGuf
odrfJh

;,lco!fh tcsdK@ajrrsm;ESifh ywfoufI &Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&taejzifh oabmwlpmcsKyfrsm;


rcsKyfqkd&ao;a=umif;/
wyfajrpepfrSm t*FvdyfacwfupepfjzpfI ,cktcg acwfrrSawmha=umif;ESifh xkdpepft&
aqmif&Gufjcif;jzifh
�rd@aevlxktcuftcJ �uHawG@&a=umif; wifjyxm;onf? tydk'f (5)ESihf ywfoufIvnf;
&Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&
onf +idrf0yfydjym;a&;udk wm0ef,l&aomfvnf; acwfrDf

vufeufi,frsm; csdK@wJha=umif;/ a&mifpkHolykeESifh olckd;


"m;jyrsm;uyif wpfcgwpf&Hf

vufeuftiftm; omvGeaea=umif;ESifh &Srf;jynfodk@ vufeufcJ,rf;rD;ausmuf


? &Srf;f

rsm; xkwfay;a&;wGif txuftm%mykdiftcsdK@. t,ltqvGJaea=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onfjyne,f


tpdk;&onf jynfol@ +idrf0yfydjym;a&;twGuf aqmif&Guf&ef tm%m&Sdaomfvnf;
&Srf;jynfe,f&JtzGJ@twGuf
vkdtyfo!fhvufeufcJ,rf;rD;ausmufrsm; 0,f,la&;twGuf tm%mr&Sda=umif;/
apmfbGm;rsm;tm%mpGef@
v$wf+yD;o!fhaemuf &JtzGJ@udkwkd;csJ@zGJ@pnf;cJhaomfvnf; vufeufrjynfhpkHojzifh
+idrf0yfydjym;a&;udk xda&mufpGm
raqmif&GufEkdifa=umif;vnf; azmfjyxm;onf?2

tajccHOya'yg - wwd,Z,m;? pm&if; 1 jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHOya'�ypm&if;yg -


atmufygtcsufrsm;
ESifh ywfoufIvnf; &Srf;jynfe,f. rauseyfcsufrsm;udk azmfjyxm;onf?

2? ? jynfya&;&m?

(2) urBmhukvor*~?
(3) jynfaxmiftcsif;csif;nDvmcHrsm;? toif;rsm;ESifhtjcm;tzGJ@rsm;wGif
yg0ifqmif&Gufa&;
ESifh xkdnDvmcHtoif;tzGJ@wkd@.qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;udk txajrmufapa&;?
1 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'/ wwd,Z,m;/ pm&if; 1
jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHOya'�ypm&if;?
2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 22 ?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 17 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

(5) tjcm;EkdifiHrsm;ESifh/ pmcsKyfrsm;oabmwlnDcsufrsm;udk csKyfqkda&;ESifh


txajrmufapa&;?
(6) EkdifiHjcm;rsm;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fjcif;udk pnf;rsOf;owfrSwfa&;?
(7) EkdifiHjcm;ESifh acs;iSm;a&;?
(16) jynfaxmifpktpdk;&u owfrS
wfxm;aom taumufe,fedrdwfrsm;udk jzwfoef;I
,laqmifaom 0ifukefESifhxGufukef?

3? qufoG,fa&;?

(11) pmydk@aqmifa&;ESifh a=u;eef;qufoG,fa&; pum;ajyma=u;eef;qufoG,fa&;/ 0dkif,m


vuf/ toHv$ifha&;ESifhtjcm;tvm;wl qufoG,fa&;rsm;?
4? b�ma&;?

(1) jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHudktajc�yI aiGacs;,ljcif;?


(2) EdkifiHjcm;odk@ykd@aom xGufukefrsm;tay:wGif pnf;=uyfaomtaumufawmfvnf;yg0if
o!fhtaumufawmfrsm;?
(4) ukefpnf;a&mif0,fjcif;wkd@tay:wGif pnf;=uyfaomtcGefrsm;?
(6) tjrwfawmfcGefrsm;?
(9) uG,fvGefolykdifypP
nf;tay:wGif pnf;=uyfaomtcGefESifh ypPnf;qufcHcGefrsm;?

(10) tjrwf}uD;cGef?
(11) aiGpkb%f?
(12) aiGv$JpmcsKyfrsm;/ csufvufrSwfrsm; atmf'DrefpmcsKyfrsm;ESifh
tjcm;pmcsKyfrsm;tay:
wGif pnf;=uyfaom wHqdyfawmfcGefrsm;?
5? t&yf&yfqkdiff&m?

(4) jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHrsm;twGuf ypPnf;&,la&;?


(11) jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHtay:Y wif&Sdaoma�uG;+rD?
(13) w&m;Oya'ESifh usifhxkH;/ txl;tm;jzifh xkdOya'ESifhusifhxkH;wdk@wGif
uav;oli,frsm;
ESifh t&G,fra&mufolrsm;/ arG;pm;jcif;/ ypPnf;v$Jajymif;a&;/ ,kHykHv$Jtyfxm;ojzifh
pDrH
ykdifcGifh&Sdolrsm;ESifh xdkodk@v$Jtyfxm;a&;/ y�dnmOfrsm;/ tEknmwpD
&ifqkH;jzwfa&;
vlrGJpmcHa&;/ w&m;pGJqkdydkifcGifh&Sdaom epfemcsufrsm;/ �_;oGyfjcif;wkd@ESifh
pyfvsOf;aom
w&m;Oya'rsm;yg0ifonf?

(16) owif;pmrsm;/ pmtyfrsm;ESifh pmykHESdyfpufrsm;?


(23) v#yfppf"gwf?
(28) pDrHudef;�yjcif;?
(31) tav;wif;awmif; ponfwkd@udkpH�yjcif;?
(32) bdef;/ odk@&mwGif bdef;tay:Y aumufcHaom,pfrsdK;cGefryg?
(34) jynfaxmifpkw&m;Oya'u jynfaxmifpk tpdk;&.}uD;=uyf
tkyfcsKyfjcif;jzifh jynfol@t
usdK;iSg oifhavsmfonf[k jy�mef;xm;aom pufr_vufr_vkyfief;rsm;udk wkd;wufatmif
aqmif&Gufa&;?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 18 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

(35) or0g,rtoif;rsm;?
(36) opfawmrsm;/ owWKwGif;rsm;/ a&eHajrrsm;udk owfrSwfa&;/ owWKa&eHrsm;udk
wl;azmfI
wkd;wufatmif�ya&; (owWKwGif;rsm;ESifh a&eHajrrsm;owfrSwfa&;/ udpPwGiftvkyf
orm;ta&;ESifh tvkyform;ab;uif;a&;wkd@yg0ifonf)?
(37) jynfaxmifpkEkdfifiHtwGif;wGif a&$ajymif;aexkdifa&;1wkd@jzpfonf?
jynfya&;&mESifh ywf
oufI ukvor*~tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;u jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHawmftm; taxmuftyHhay;a&;twGuf
pmcsKyf
rsm;csKyfqkd&mwGif jynfe,frsm;tm; wkdifyifjcif;r&SdcJha=umif;/ xkd@a=umifh
xkdpmcsKyfrsm;udktaumiftxnfazmf
&mwGif &Srf;jynftwGuf tcuftcJrsm;awG@cJh&a=umif;/ tjcm;EkdifiHrsm;ESifhvnf;aumif;/
ukvor*~tzGJ@rsm;ESifh
vnf;aumif; pmcsKyfrsm;csKyfqkd&mwGif jynfe,ftpkd;&rsm;ESifh wkdifyifjcif;/
oabmwlnDr_�udwif&,ljcif;ESifh
�if;pm;csKyfrsm;udk ygvDrefuwnf�youJhodk@ jynfe,faumifpDrsm;uvnf;
twnf�yoifha=umif; wifjyxm;
onf? xkd@twlEkdifiHjcm;wkdif;jynfrsm;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;
pnf;rsOf;owfrSwfo!fh udpPwGifvnf; &Srf;
jynfe,ftpdk;&ukd yg0ifcGifhay;oifha=umif;/
EkdifiHjcm;aiGacs;iSm;okH;pGJa&;wGifvnf; jynfe,frsm;yg0ifcHpm;cGifhr&Sd
ouJhokd@ jzpfaea=umif;ESifh jynfe,frsm;udkvnf; �if;wdk@.b�ma&;tajcaet&
Ekdifihjcm;aiG acs;iSm;Ekdifo!fh
tcGifhta&;ay;oifha=umif;vnf; azmfjyxm;onf? jynfaxmifpktpdk;&u owfrSf
wfxm;aom taumufe,
edrdwfrsm;udk jzwfoef;I,laqmif&aom 0ifukefESifhxGufukefcGefudpP

udkvnf; &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&tm; tyfESif;


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NCGUB (Border Office) - 19 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

vnf; &Srf;jynfe,fu&oihfa=umif;/ ukr`%Db%frsm;uyifv#if


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NCGUB (Border Office) - 20 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

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NCGUB (Border Office) - 21 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

rm;rsm;onf jrefrmjynfr&Sd awmifolv,form;rsm;ESifh wef;wltcGifhta&;&&Sd&ef


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NCGUB (Border Office) - 22 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

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jynfaxmifpkppfppfEkdifiHrsdK; r[kwfa=umif;/ uae'gykHpDwpfenf;tm;jzifh tv,ftvwf
pm; jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHrsdK;jzpfa=umif; &Sif;jycJhykHkwkd@udk azmfjyxm;onf?
xkd@jyif OD;csefxGef;uyif �u|efawmfwkd@&J@
tajccHOya'[m oabmw&m;tm;jzifh jynfaxmifpkpepfjzpfayr,fh vufawG@wGif
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onf1
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jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHwGif e,f
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pepfonf wpfae@wGif jynfaxmifpk}uD; �yduGJapEkdifaomta=umif;t&if;vnf;jzpfa=umif;
odk@jzpfI tajccHOy
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Armjynfrtm;
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tm%mcGJa0
enf;rS

m e,fpyfa'oacgif;aqmifrsm;. vkdtifqENESifh ajzmifhajzmifh}uD;qef@usifaeonf[k


azmfjyxm;.? e,f
pyfa'oacgif;aqmifrsm; vkdvm;aomenf;rSm jynfaxmifpkppfppf
tm%mcGJa0enf;jzpfaomfvnf;vufawG@
wGifrl jynfe,frsm;tm; tm%muef@owfay;+yD; usef&Sdolr#tm%mtm;vkH;ukd
A[dkjynfaxmifpku csKyfukdif
xm;onfuwpfa=umif;/ Armjynfronfjynfe,fr[kwfbJ
A[dkjynfaxmifpktm%mudkaygif;pnf;IcsKyfukdif
xm;onfuwpfa=umif;wkd@a=umifh e,fpyfa'ovlrsdK;rsm;onf rausreyfjzpfae=u+yD;
Armrsm;uvuf0g;}uD;
tkyfxm;onf[k r,kHouFmjzpfae=ua=umif; xkda=umifhtajccHOya'ukd jyifqifv#if
jynfaxmifpkppfppfrl
twkdif; A[kdjynfaxmifpktpdk;&tm; trsm;ESifhoufqkdifaom udpP&yfrsm;twGufom
t%may;xm;+yD;
useftm%mrsm;udk jynfe,frsm;tm;ay;xm;&rnf[k wifjyxm;onf?3

1 (u) tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 29 - 30?

(c) v,f,majrEkdifiHykdif�yvkyfa&;Oya'onf jynfe,frsm;twGufyg tusLH;0ifjcif;&Sd -


r&SdESifhywfoufI EkdifiHawmfa&S@aecsKyf OD;csefxGef;u
w&m;v$wfawmfcsKyfY &Sif;vif;pOfu xkdodk@ajymcJhjcif;jzpf.? The Nation, 2 July
1952.
(*) Hugh Tinker, The Union of Burma; A Study of the First Year of Independence,
Fourth Edition,London, Oxford
University Press, 1967.p.30 aemifukd;um;v#if Hugh Tinker,Union of Burma
[k!Gef;rnf?
2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 29 - 30?
3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 30?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 23 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

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HESifhpyfvsOf;Ivnf; vuf&SdfjynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHygvDreaom
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a=umif;/ vlrsdK;pkv$wfawmfodk@ jynfe,frsm;uvnf; ukd,fpm;vS,ftnDtr#


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awmfrSm *k%foduQmr&Sdonfhjyif jynfe,frsm;.tcGifhta&;udkvnf;
tumtuG,fray;Ekdifa=umif;/ xkda=umifh
tajccHOya'ukdjyifv#if ygvDrefzGJ@pnf;ykHukd jyif&efvkdtyfa=umif;
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tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif

vuf&SdtajccHOya'yk'fr/ 96 (1) t& jynfe,frsm;odk@ cGJa0ay;xm;aom


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awmfESifh opfawmcGefrSvGJI/ bmr#jzpfjzpfajrmufajrmufr&&SdEkdifacs?
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jynfe,frsm;? omreftokH;pm&dwf (current expenditure) udkyif rumrday? yk'fr/ 96
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jzpfonf? ,ae@txd wdusaomjynfaxmifpk b�ma&;ay:vDpDukd rcsrSwfEkdifao;acs?
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[ktqdk�yxm;onf?

jynfe,frsm;twGuf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh pyfvsOf;Ivnf;


tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif
atmufygtwkdif;t}uH�yxm;onf?

1? Armjynfe,ftp&Sdonfh jynfaxmifpktzGJ@0ifjynfe,frsm;tm;
A[kdjynfaxmifpktpdk;&uaomf�if;/
jynfe,ftcsif;csif;uaomf�if;/ jynfwGif;a&;udpPrsm;wGif
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udk,fykdiftkyfcsKyfa&;&&Sdap&ef tajccHOya'wGif tckdiftrm jy�mef;xm;&Sdapoifhayonf/

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csKyfykH tajccHOya'ESifh rqef@usifaom oD;jcm;jynfe,fzGJ@pnf;tycsKyfykH


tajccHOya'&Sd&rnfhtjyif/ oD;jcm;Oya'�yv$wfawmf/ oD;jcm;tpdk;&/ oD;jcm;w&m;�kH;rsm;

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tajccHOya'wGif
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1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 30 - 31?
2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 31?
3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 31?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 24 -


NCGUB (Border Office)

&Srf;jynfe,frSwifoGif;aom
jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkfifiHzGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'jyifqifa&; pmwrf;
a&;qGJJ&mwGif �ud;udkifaumfrwDtzGJ@0ifwpfOD;jzpfaom &yvz rS OD;xGef;at;
(erfhcef;)onf tpnf;ta0;rsm;
odk@ vkH;0wufa&mufjcif;rS&donfhjyif tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;ukd oabmrwlojzifh
vufrSwfa&;xkd;
jcif;vnf;r&Sday?1 �udukdifaumfrwDu tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;udk a&;qGJ+yD;aomtcg
1961 ckESpf
azazmf0g&Dv 25 &ufae@wGif awmif}uD;�rd@Y jynfvkH;u|wfnDvmcHusif;yum tajccHOya'
jyifqifa&;pmwrf;
ukd xkdnDvmcHu twnf�ycJhonf? xkd@aemuf p0fa&$odkuf/ omrkdif; crf;apmfbGm;
p0fxGef;at;/ p0fausmfacgif/
OD;vSaz/ OD;pdk;armifESifh OD;cGefpHjrwfwkd@ yg0ifaom ajcmufOD;aumfrwDzGJ@+yD;
tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;ESifh
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;&ef xkdaumfrwDudkwm0efay;cJhonf?2

( �jrefrmEkdifiHa&; 1958 - 1962� pwkw�wGJrS jyefvnfpkaqmif;wifjyygonf?)

1 jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 41?
2The Nation, 1 March 1961

NCGUB (Border Office) - 25 -