NCGUB (Border Office) zuf'&,frltqdkwifoGif;jcif; EkdifiHawmf.tajccHOya'udk jyifqifa&;qGJ&ef jynfol@v$wfawmfuqkH;jzwfvkdufaomtcg xkdvkyfief;udk txl;pdwfyg0ifpm;pGmjzifh ta&;w,lpwifaqmif&GufcJho!

fh jynfe,ftpkd;&rSm &Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&jzpfonf? jynfol@v$wfawmfu tajccHOya'jyifa&;tqkdukd twnf�yjyXmef;+yD;aemuf tajccHOya' jyifqifa&;aumfr wDrzGJ@pnf;rDrSmyif &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&onf tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;ESifhywfoufI t}uH^m%frsm; us,fus,f jyef@jyef@&&Sda&;&nf&G,fcsufjzifh 1960 jy!fhESpf Ekd0ifbmv 7 &ufae@wGif awmif}uD;�rd@Y tpnf;ta0;usif;ycJh onf? xkdtpnf;ta0;odk@ &Srf;jynfe,frS ygvDrefrwfrsm; &Srf;jynfe,f&Sdv$wfawmfrJqENe,fwpfckpDrS udk,fpm; vS,fESpfOD;pD/ &Srf;jynfe,f&SdEkdifiHa&;ygwDwpfckpDrS udk,fpm;vS,fokH;OD;pD/ yifvkHpmcsKyfwGifvufrS wf a&;xkd;=u o!fh &Srf;jynfe,frSudk,fpm;vS,frsm;/ &Srf ;jynfe,frS wkdif;jynf�yudk,fpm;vS,fa[mif;rsm;ESifh pdwfyg0ifpm;ol rsm;udk zdwf=um;cJhonf?1 xkdtpnf;ta0;rwkdifrD 1960 jy!fhESpf Ekd0ifbmv 5 &ufae@wGif &S rf;jynfe,fOuU� p0fcGefcsdK�kH;cef;Y tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;ESifhywfoufI t�udaqG;aEG;yG Jwpf}udrfusif;yonf? xkdt�udaqG;aEG;yGJokd@ wpfoD; yk*~vESifh EkdifiHa&;ygwDtoD;oD;rS wufa&muf=uaom yk*~dKvfrsm;rSm 1? &Srf;jynfe,fOuU�}uD;p0fcGefcsdK 2? oa&pnfolp0fjy!fh 3? r[moa&pnfol p0fxGef;at; 4? oD&dysHcsDp0fcGefatmif 5? OD;odef;az 6?ODD ;qwm 7? oD&dysHcsDp0fa&$r_H 8? OD;vSaz 9? OD;jzL 10? OD;ausmfpdef 11? OD;axG;vkH 12? rpPwm zd�dk(pf) cef 13? OD;atmifoef; 14? OD;xGef;tkH 15? OD;vGef; 16? OD;cspfOD; 17? OD;wif{ 18? OD;xGef;az

19? OD;cGefxD; 1 (u) OD;xGef;jrifh (awmif}uD;)/ jynfaxmifpkwGif;rS wef;wlaom&Sdk rf;jynf/ &efukef/ jrefrmhAsL[mpmykHEyfwkduf/ 1961/ pm 7? aemifudk;um;v#if OD;xGef;jrifh wef;wlaom&Srf;jynf [k !Gef;rnf? (c) &Srf;jynfaxmifydkif; awmif;}uD;�rd@ pm;�rdif&dyfomtaqmiftOD;wGif usif;y�yvkyfaom jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcH}uD; (&Srf; - u,m; ucsif - u&if - csif; - rGefk -&cdif). rSwfwrf;/ &efukef/ 'dk@wm0efykHEdkyfwkduf/ 1961/ pm 43? aemifudk;um;v#if jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf; [k!Gef;rnf? NCGUB (Border Office) - 1 -

NCGUB (Border Office) 20? 0�ausmfxif OD;aomif;ab1 wkd@jzpfonf? t�udaqG;aEG;yGJY tajccHOya'jyifqif&mwGif tcsdef,lIpOf;pm;&efvdktyfojzifh tajccHOya'pdppf a&; aumfrwDzGJ@pnf;a&;tqkdudk Ekd0ifbmv 7 &ufae@wGif usif;yr!fhtpnf;a0;Y omrdkif;crf;apmfbGm; p0fxGeff ;at;u wifoGif;&efqkH;jzwf=uonf? xkdaumfrwDwGif oa&pnfolp0fjy!fhu obmywd/ &Srf;jynaumifpDtwGif;0ef p0f=umpkHu twGif;a&;r�;tjzpf aqmif&GufItzGJ@0ifrsm;tjzpf EkdifiHa&;ygwD toD;oD;ESifh &Srf;apmfbGm;rsm; tpnf;t�kH;rS udk,fpm;vS,fokH;OD;pDESifh OD;wif{tqkd�yo!fh wpfoD;yk *~vudk,fpm;vS,f ig;OD; yg0ifap&efvnf; qkH;jzwf=uonf?2 awmif;}uD;�rd@/ pm;�rdif&dyfom3 taqmufttkHY Ekd0ifbmv 7 &ufae@wGif tpnf;ta0;usif;yaom tcg tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;udpPudk aumfrwDwpff ckzGJ@Iavhvm+yD;rS qufvufaqmif&Guf&e aqG;aEG;=u+yD; aemuf atmufygyk*~dKvfrsm;yg0ifo!fh tajccHOya'pDppfa&;aumfrwDudk zGJ@pnf;cJh=uonf? 1? p0fjy!fh &Srf;jynfe,faumifpD obmywd obmywd 2? p0fcGefatmif (&wpnz) tzGJ@0if 3? OD;rSJ@ ? ? 4? p0f,Gufrdkif; ? ? 5? p0fa&$odkuf (apmfbGm;rsm;tpnf;t�kH;) ? 6? p0frefz ? ? 7? p0f=umqkdif ? ? 8? p0fa&$r_H (&ynz) ? 9? OD;xGef;tkH ? ? 10? OD;pHjr ? ? 11? OD;xGef;at; (&yvz) ? 12? OD;crf; ? ? 13? OD;atmifoef; ? ? 14? OD;vGef; (tynz) ? 15? OD;pdk;armif ? ? 16? OD;cspfOD; ? ? 17? OD;jzL (ytrz) ? 18? OD;vSaz ? ? 19? OD;ausmfpdef ? ? 20? OD;xGef;az (woD;yk*~v) ? 21? OD;cGefwD; ? ? 22? OD;xGefjrifh (awmif}uD;) ? ? (1) jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH. zH GJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfyktajccHOya'jyifqifa&; &Srf;jynfe,frSwfwrf;rsm;/ wuUodkvfrsm; A[dkpm=u!fhwkduf/ vufESdyfpufr_? aemifudkum;v#if &Srf;jynfe,frSwfwrf;rsm;[k !Gef;rnf? (2) 5-11-60 ae@/ eHeuf 10 tcsdef awmif;}uD;�rd@&Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;& jynfe,fOuU�}uD;. �kH;cef;wGif jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH. zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccH Oya'jyifqifa&;udpPESifh ywfoufI usif;yaom

tpnf;ta0;rSwfwrf;/ &Srf;jynfe,frS wfwrf;rsm;? (3) ,ckpm;+rdef&dfy yfomjzpgonf? NCGUB (Border Office) - 2 -

NCGUB (Border Office) 23? OD;cGefaemif ? ? 24? OD;&Da&mif; ? ? 25? p0f=umpkH ? twGif;a&;r�;1 xkdaumfrwD. wm0efrSm tajccHOya'udkavhvmI jyifqif&efvkdtyfonfrsm;udk t}uH^m%fay;&ef jzpfonf? xkdaumfrwD. yxrt}udrftpnf;ta0;usif;yaomtcg atmufygyk*~dKvf ckepfOD;tm; tzGJ@0ifrsm; tjzpf jz!fhpGufcef@tyf&efoabmwlcJh=uonf? 1? p0frefz 2? OD;=umyk 3? a'gufwmb^m%f 4? p0fxGef;at; 5? OD;cGefpHjrwf 6? p0fausmfacgif 7? p0faq[krf2 (rkdif;yGefapmfbGm;) aumfrwD.trnfudkvnf; jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkfifiH. zGJ@pnf;tkyf csKyfykHtajccHOya' jyifqifa&;qGJa&; (&Srf;jynfe,fqkdif&m) �ud;udkifaumfrwD[k jyifqifcJhonf? tajccHOya'udkjyifqif&mwGif rnfo!fhrljzifh jyifqif&rnfukd &Srf;jynfe,fqkdif&m �ud;ukdifaumfrwD u yxrpOf;pm;onf? xkd@a=umifh tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;ESifh ywfoufI EkdifiHawmftpkd;&u csrSwfxm;o!fh rludk avhvmonf? EkdifiHawmftpdk;&u csrSwfxm;o!fh tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;qkdif&mrlrsm;rSm 1? jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiH. zGJ@pnf;tkyffh csKyfykH tajccHOya'&Sdjy�mef;csufrsm;ukd jyefvnfpDppf&efESitajccHOya'udkvufawG@vkyfukdifaqmif&GufaomtcgY rausmfvGefEkdifo!fh tcuftcJrsm;yg o!fh jy�mef;csufrsm;&Sdv#if/ tqkdygjy�mef;csufrsm;ukd jyefJ vnfokH;oyfI &Sd+yD;rludkrysufpD;apbjyifqif&ef 2? 'Drkdua&pDudk xdckduf+idpGef;vmr!fh tcsufrsm;awG@v#ifjyifqif&ef/ TuJhokd@jyifqif&mwGifvnf; zGJ@pnf;ykHtajccHOya'}uD;wckvkH;. rlukdrysufapbJjyifqif&ef 3? jynfaxmifpkwnfwHhckdif+rJa&;ESifh trdsK;om;pnf;vkH;nD!Gwfa&;wkd@udk xkdcdkufr!fhjy�mef;csufrsm;&Sd v#ifvnf; �yjyif&ef/ TuJhokd@�yjyif&mwGifvnf;/ jynfaxmifpkwnfwHhckdif+rJa&;/ jynfaxmifpkpnf; vkH;a&;/ jynfaxmifpknD!Gwfa&;wkd@.rludk OD;pm;ay;Ijyifqif&ef wkd@jzpfonf? xkdodk@avhvm&mwGif tajccHOya'}uD;. &Sd+yD;rlqkdonfrSmrnfo!fhrljzpfonfqkdo!fhtcsufESifh ywfoufI �ud;udkifaumfrwDonf r&Sif;rvif;jzpfaecJhonf[k qkdygonf? xkdokd@tajccHOya'. &Sd+yD;rludk &Sif; 1 (u) jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 43?

(c) &Srf;jynfe,frS wifoGif;aom jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHzGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ &efuk ef/ 'dk@wm0efykHEdSyfwkduf/ 1961/ pm 31 - 32? aemifudk;um;v#if tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;/ pmwrf;[k!Gef;rnf? 2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 32? NCGUB (Border Office) - 3 -

NCGUB (Border Office) &Sif;vif;vif; rodojzifh �ud;udkifaumfrwDonf tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;vkyfief;rsm;ukd pwifaqmif&GufEkdifjcif; r&Sd[kvnf; qkdavonf?1 xkd@a=umifh 1960 jy!fhESpf 'DZifbmv 22 &ufae@wGif &efukefYusif;yo!fh zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccH Oya' jyifqifa&;aumfrwDtpnf;ta0;odk@ wufa&mufvm=uo!fh &Srf;jynfe,frS udk,fpm;vS,frsm;u tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;rludpPudk ar;jref;aomtcg w&m;a&;Xme0ef}uD; a'gufwmOD;armifu rlawG[mrpOf;pm;ygESifhawmh u|efawmfwkd@ jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHawmf}uD; uGefjrLepfwkdif;jynfaomf �if;/ uGefjrLepfEkdifiHaomf�if;/ zufqpfEkdifiHaomf�if;/ rjzpf&if+yD;a&m? 'Drkdua&pDEkdifiH jzpfcJhonf&Sdv#if awmfwmbJ2 [kjyefvnfajz=um;cJhonf? xkdtpnf;ta0;Yyif p0fa&$odkufu tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;ESifh ywfoufI rdrd wpfOD;wnf;. qENoabmxm;udk azmfjyxm;o!fh pmwpfapmifukd tajccHOya' jyifqifa&;aumfrwDxH wifoGif;cJhonf? tqkdygpmwGif jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHawmf. zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'udk 13 ESpftwGif;avhvmvufawG@ vkyf udkifaqmif&Guf=u&mwGif Oya'u vlrsdK;a&;0g'vkdufem&ef cGifh�yxm;ykH ay:aeonf? � � � jynfrjrefrm jynfonf jynfe,fwcktjzpf r[kwfbJvsuf jynfe,frsm;tay:rSm/ t*Fvdyf. ae&mudk,lI tkyfcsKyfykHESifh wlaeonf? jynfe,ftcsif;csif; rdrdwkd@qENtavsmuf yl;aygif;aomoabmr[kwf jynf rjrefrmjynfonf. vufatmufcHodk@0ifa&mufaom oabmoufa&mufaeygonf? jynfe,frsm;u tvkd&Sdv#if jynfrjrefrmjynfukd ajym&onf? jynfe,frsm;tm; rdrdwkd@uH=urRmt&/ rdrdwdk@zefwD;Ekdif &eftwGuf zGJ@pnf;tkyf csKyfykHtajccHOya'u ay;xm;aom tcGifhta&;rSm bmwckrSr&Sdyg tkyfcsKyfa&; udpPrsm;Y jynfaxmifpktpdk;&. oabmtwkdif;jzpfaeygonf3 [kvnf;aumif; jynfe,frsm;odk@ay;xm;aom t�a&;tcGifhta&;rsm; r&Sdojzifh jynfe,frsm;. wkd;yGm;r_udk rnf o!fhenf;ESifhr# vkyfudkifEkdifjcif; r&Sdyg? Oyrm &Srf;jynfe,ftm; wESpfv#if aiGusyfodef; 125 r#om taxmuftyHhay;ojzifh xkdaiGr#om xkdufwefo!fh jynfe,ftjzpfowfrSwfxm;ouJhokd@ jzpfaeyg onf? jynfaxmifpktpkd;&. tusdK;tjrwftay:wGif bmr#0ifa&mufajymqkdcGifhr&Sday? tjcm;jynf e,frsm;vnf; xkdenf;�if;yif wnf&Sdaeygonf4 [kvnf;aumif; jynfaxmifpk Federation oabmrSefrSm jynfr jrefrmjynfonf/ jynfe,fwckuJhodk@om jzpfoifh+yD;/ tjcm;jynfe,frsm;enf;wl &&Sdtyfaom tcGifhta&;r#om cHpm;cGifh&Sdoifha=umif;? odk@aomf ,ckzGJ@ pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya't&qkdv#if jynfrjrefrmjynfonf jynfe,frsm;cHpm;&o!fh

tcGifhta&; xufomvGefaom jynfaxmifpktpkd;&tm%mtcGifhta&;udk csKyfudkifokH;pG Jxm;ojzifh tjcm;jynf e,frsm;u rauseyfjcif; jzpfygonf? rnfo!fh jynfe,fom;urqkd jynfaxmifpkysufjym;&ef pdwfxm;&Sd=uolr&Sdyg? jynfrjrefrmjynfu jynfaxmifpktwGif;&Sd jynfe,fwe,ftaeESifh tjcm;jynf 1 jyne,faygi;fpkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 43 - 44? 2 (u) jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 44? (c) [Hom0wDowif;pm/ 23 'DZifbm 1960/ 3 [Hom0wDowif;pm/ 23 'DZifbm 1960? 4 [Hom0wDowif;pm/ 23 'DZifbm 1960? NCGUB (Border Office) - 4 -

NCGUB (Border Office) e,frsm;wkd@ES ifh wef;wlyl;aygif;aqmif&GufoGm;v#if rausreyfr_wkd@onf/ wae@wjcm;yaysmufoGm;bdk@ &dSonf? odk@jzpfygI jynfaxmifpk zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'ppfppftjzpf udk,ifcsif;pmw&m; a&S@ xm;I a&;qGJ&ef1 [kvnf;aumif; azmfjyxm;onf? tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;rlESifh ywfoufIw&m;a&;Xme0ef}uD; a'gufwm OD;{armifxHrS tajz&&Sd+yD;aomtcg tajccHOya'jyifa&; &Srf;jynfe,fqkdif&m �ududkifaumfrwDonf �if;.vkyf ief;rsm;udk qufvufaqmif&GufEkdifcJhonf? xkdaumfrwDonf tajccHOya'yg w&m;pD&ifa&;/ tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh b�a&;qkdif&m jy�mef;csufrsm;udk avhvmcJho!fhjyif tkyfcsKyfa&;wGif wm0efxrf;aqmifcJh=uzl;o!fh twGif; 0efa[mif;OD;!d�/ c�dkif0efa[mif; OD;aomif;az/ &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;& twkdifyifcHtzGJ@0if pnfolOD;wifESifh OD;vS&Sdef po!fh yk*~dKvfrsm;ukdygawG@qkHI �if;wkd@.tkyfcsKyfa&;tawG@t�uHrsm;ukd ar;jref;pkHprf;cJh=uonf? xkdodk@ar;jref; csufrsm;ESifh avhvmcsufrsm;t& jyifqif&efvkdtyfonf[k ,lqo!fh tajccHOya'yg jy�mef;csuftcsdK@udkom uGufI jyifqif�kHr#jzifh vkHavmufrnfr[kwfbJ/ tajccHOya'}uD; wpfckvkH;ukd jyefvnfa&;qGJ&efk vkdtyfonf[ &Srf;jynfe,fqkdif&m �ud;ukdifaumfrwDu,lqcJhonf? �if;aumfrwDwGif yg0ifcJh=uo!fh rnfo!fhEkdifiHa&;ygwD ur#vnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;ESifhywfoufI pHxm;&r!fhrludk t}uHay;wifoGif;Ekdfifjcif; r&SdcJhay? xkd@ a=umifh Adkvfwaxmifowif;pmwGif OD;xGef;jrifh (awmif}uD;). �u|efawmfwkd@vkdvm;aom jynfaxmifpkpHepf� acgif;pOfyg a&;om;csufrsm;udk tajccHI tajccHOya' jyifqifa&;vkyfief;rsm;pwif&ef &Srf;jynfqkdif&m �ud;ukdif aumfrwDu qk H;jzwfcJhonf?2 txufygqkH;jzwfcsuft& tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;vkyfief;rsm;ukd pwifvkyfukdifcJh+yD;aemuf 1961 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv 24 &ufae@wGif jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH zGJ@pnf;tkyf csKyfykH tajccHOya' jyifqifa&;qGJa&; &Srf; jynfe,fqkdif&m �ud;udkifaumfrwDonf atmufygqkH;jzwfcsufrsm;udk csrSwfcJhonf? vuf&SdjynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH. zGJ@pnf;tk yfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'wGif jynfe,fESifhvlrdsK;pkwkdif; wef;wl nDr#r_twGuf vkHavmufpGmjy�mef;xm;jcif;r&Sda=umif; xkd@a=umifh jynfe,fESifhvlrdsK;pkwkdif; wef;wlnDr#ap&eftwGuf tajccHOya'tm; jynfaxmifpkppfppf rljzifh/ jyefvnf�yjyifa&;qGJ&ef T�ud;udkifaumfrwDu oabmwlnD=ua=umif; ,if;uJhodk@tajccHOya'tm; jynfaxmifpkppfppfrljzifh �yjyifa&;qGJo!fhtcg atmufygwef;wlnDr#r_.

tajccHta=umif;&if;rsm;udk x!fhoGif;a&;qGJ&ef qkkH;jzwf=ua=umif; 1? 2? 3? 4? Armjynfe,fzGJ@pnf;a&; jynfaxmifpkygvDrefv$wfawmfESpf&yftm; tm%mwlay;a&; vlrdsK;pkv$wfawmfokd@ jynfe,fwkdif; nDr#aomudk,fpm;vS,fapv$wfa&; A[dk&fjynfaxmifpktm; atmufygXmersm;v$Jtyf

+yD;/ usef&Sdaomtm%mrsm;ESifh tcGifhta&;rsm; ukd jynfe,frsm;odk@v$Jtyf&ef (u) EkdifiHjcm;qufoG,fa&; (c) jynfaxmifpkumuG,fa&; (*) jynfaxmifpkb�a&; (C) aiG'*Fg;ESifh aiGpuULxkwfvkyfa&; 1 ,if; 2 jynfe,faygif;pkH nDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 44-45? NCGUB (Border Office) - 5 -

NCGUB (Border Office) (i) pmwkdufESifha=u;eef;qufoG,fa&; (p) rD;&xm;/ ava=umif;/ a&a=umif;qufoG,fa&; (q) jynfaxmifpkw&m;pD&ifa&; (Z) yifv,fqdyfurf;cGefaumufa&; 5? jynfaxmifpkb�awmfr#wpGmcGJa0a&;?1 �ud;ukdifaumfrwDonf tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;ESifhywfoufI l txufygrudkcsrSwf+yD;aemuf OD;xGef;jrifh (awmif}uD;)/ rkdif;yGefapmfbGm; p0faq;[krf/ pnfolOD;wif/ OD;ausmfpdef/ OD;=umykESifh OD;vS&Sdefwkd@ yg0if o!fh qyfaumfrwDudkvnf; zGJ@pnf;cJhonf? tqkdygqyfaumfrwD0ifrsm;onf �ud;udkifaumfrwD. wm0efay; csuft& &efukefokd@vma&mufI tajccHOya'ESifhywfoufo!fh taxmuftxm;rsm;udk &SmazGpk aqmif; avh vm=uonf?2 xkdaemuf qyfaumfrwD. tpD&ifcHpmudk �ud;udkifaumfrwDokd@ wifoGif;onf? �ud;ukdifaumfr wDu qyfaumfrwD. tpD&ifcHpmukd avhvmokH;oyf jyifqifjz!fhpGuf+yD;aemuf &Srf;jynfe,frSwifoGif;aom jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHzGJ hpnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf; udk�ypk+yD; 1961 azazmf0g&Dv 25 &ufae@awmif}uD;�rd@Y usif;yaom jynfvkH;u|wfnDvmcH}uD;u tqkdygpmwrf;ukdtwnf�ycJhonf?3 &Srf;jynfe,frSwifoGif;aom tqkdygpmwrf;wGif tydkif;av;ykdif;yg0ifonf? �if;wkd@rSm 1? aemufa=umif;&mZ0if 2? ppf+yD;acwfumv&Srf;jynf 3? jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH. zGJ@pnf;tkfh yfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'udk/ &Srf;jynfe,ftaejzifh vufawG@usi okH;&mwGif awG@�uHcJh&o!fhcsdK@,Gif;csufrsm;ESifhtcuftcJrsm; 4? jynfaxmifpkppfppfwnfaqmufa&; wkd@jzpfonf? tykdif;wpfwGif &Srf;vlrsdK;rsm; jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif;odk@ 0ifa&mufvmykHESifh 'kwd,urBmpp+yD;txdf&Srf; Armqufa&;rsm;ta=umif; tusOf;csKyfazmfjyxm;onf? tydkif;ESf pfwGifrl ppf+yD;acwf&Sr;jynfESifh yifvkHt pnf;ta0; (1946)/ atmifqeftufwvDpmcsKyf/ yifvkHnDvmcH (1947) yifvkHpmcsKyf/ awmifwef;a'opkHprf; a&;tzGJ@/ zqyvy%mrnDvmcHESifh wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmfwGif yg0ifaqmif&GufcJhykHrsm; yg0ifonf? wkdif;jynf�y v$wfawmfwGif tajccHOya'udka&;qGJtwnf�ycJhykHESifh ywfoufI pmwrf;wGif jyefvnfazmfxkwfwifjyxm; onfrSfAdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;. vrf;!$ef;csufckESpfcsufrS m zGJ@pnf;tkycsKyfykH tajccHOya'ESifhywfoufo!fh 'kwd,vrf;!$ef;csufjzpfo!fh jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHawmfwGif zGJ@pnf;tkyff csKyfykHtajccHOya'u owfrSwfazmfjyo!fh woD;yk*~vjyne,frsm;onf zGJ@pnf;tkyfSf

csKyfykHtajccHwGif owfrwfazmjyxm;onfESifhtr# udk,fykdiftkyfcsKyfa&;tm %m&&Sdap&rnf qkdaomtcsufonf jynfaxmifpkzGJ@pnf;a&;twGuf a,bk,stajccHoabmomjzpfa=umif; azmfjyxm;.? xkd@jyif wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmfwGif zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'ESifh ywfoufo!fh vrf;!$efjy�mef;csuf tqkd udkwifoGif;&mwGif 1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 1? 2 (u) ukd,fawG@ajym=um;csufrsm;/ 0122/ orkdif;Xme (okawoe)/ &efukefouUodkvf? (c) udkk,fawG/ @ajym=um;csufrsm;/ 0137/ orkdif;Xme (okawoe) &efukefouUokdvf? 3 (u) tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 1? (c) jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 45? NCGUB (Border Office) - 6 -

NCGUB (Border Office) AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;uyif zqyvr%mrnDvmcHa&;qGJxm;aom tajccHOya'rl=urf;udk wkdif;jynf�y v$wfawmfuaqG;aEG;&ef tajccHpmwrf; tajccHpmwrf; (as a basis for discussion) tjzpf vufcH&ef wifoGif;cJh&m/ jynfaxmifpkwGifyg0ifo!fhjynfe,frsm;tm; tqifhtwef;cGJjcm;&ef } uH&G,fcJha=umif; xif&Sm;avonf1 [ka0zefxm;onf? odk@aomftajccHOya'udk xkdpOfuvufcHcJh&o!fh ta=umif;&if;rsm;udkvnf; atmufyg twkdif;wifjyxm;onf? 1? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;tr�;�yaom wkdif;jynfacgif;aqmif}uD;rsm; �kwfw&ufvkyf }uHcHvkduf&onf/ wwkdif;wjynfvkH; ,l�uH;r& 0rf;enf;a=uuGJcJh=uonf? aoG;csif;om;csif;nDtpfudkrsm;ydkI aoG;pnf;nD!Gwf&r!fh tajcodk@a&mufcJhonf? 2? e,fcsJ@udk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf &Srf;jynfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;xHvma&mufI Armjynftajctae qkd;aeonf rdArmjynfrESifh ryl;aygif;bJ oD;jcm;aev#if rdwdk@a'ojyefoGm;&ifaumif;rnf? e,fpyfa'o wkd;wufa&;twGuf txl;axmufyHhaiGvkdor# xkwfay;rnfponfjzifh zsm;a,mif; I aoG;cGJ&ef�ud;pm;=uao;onf? 3? ArmjynfrESifh ruGJruGmyl;wGJI vGwfvyfa&;,l&ef oEMd�mefcsxm;aom &Srf;jynfudk,fpm;vS,f rsm;onf e,fcsJ@. aoG;cGJr_udk vufrcH/ wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmfokd@ qufvufyg0ifaqmif&GufcJh=u onf? 4? wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmfodk@ wufa&mufvmaom &Srf;jynfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf (1) EkdifiHa&;t awG@t�uHEke,fjcif; (2) Oya'�yr_vkyf ief;rsm;em;rvnfjcif;/ (3) wESpftwGif;vkH;0 vGwfvyfa&; twGuf aZm}uD;aejcif; (4) trdsK;om;acgif;aqmif}uD;rsm; usqkH;ukefI tcsif;csif;aoG;pnf;nD !Gwfa&;udk qENjyif;jyaejcif;wkd@a=umifh tajccHOya'jy�mef;csufESifh pum;vkH;rsm;ukd cyfayghaygh yifvufcHcJh=uonf? 1 (u) ttajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 14? (c) zqyv y%mrnDvmcHu twnf�yvufcHcJhaom tajccHOya'rl=urf;wGif jynff dk axmifpkjrermEkdifiH wGif yg0if&r!fh jynfe,frsm;uazmfjyxm;+yD; xkde,frsm;udkvnf; jynfaxmifpkjynfe,f (union state) udk,fykdiftkyfcsKyf&jynfe,ff (autonomous state)

ESd;pk ifh vlrsKjynfe,f (national areas) rsm;[k cGJjcm;r!fhoabm azmfjyxm;ojzifh jynfe,frsm;tm;tqifhtwef;cJGjcm;&ef }uH&G,fcJhonfk [ pGyfpGJxm;jcif;jzpfayonf? odk@aomfwkif;jynf�yv$oufo!fh vrf;!Gefjy�mef;csuftqkdudk AdkvfcsKyf dwfawmfwGif tajccHOya'ESifhywfatmifqef;uwifoGif;aomtcg zqyv y%mrnDvmcHu vufcHtwnf�yxm;aom tajccHOya'rl=urf;ygtcsuf tcsdK@udk jyifqifI wifoGif;cJhonf? xkdodk@jyifqifI wifoGif;a=umif;udkvnf; AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;udkwkdifu �rlvyXrwkef;u u|efawmf wifoGif;&r!fhtqdk[m zqyv yXrnDvmcHwkef;u qkH;jzwfcJhwJhtqkdbJjzpfygw,fdk ? odk@aomfvnf; tJh'Dtqkdu bwf=u!fhwJhtcg jyifpm&mvkdaewJ@tcsdK@tcsufawGudk awG@&ygw,f? � � � tJ'DqkH;jzwfcsufrludk u| efawmfjyifqifxm;ygw,f? � � � tJ'Dawmh 'DzGJ@pnf;r!fhEkdifiHawmfrSm b,fe,fawG/ b,fe,fawGygr,fqkdwm u|efawmfwkd@ ususee owfrSwf+yD;om;rjzpfEkdfifao; ygbl;? � � � u|efawmfwkd@rlv zqyv nDvmcHrSmwifwJhtqkdrSmawmh e,fawG@trSwfwrJh x!fhxm; azmfjyx!fhxm;ygw,f? tJ'g u|efawmfwkdrd'gygbJ? aemufjyefpOf;pm;=u!hfawmhfdh f rS jynaxmifpkEkdifiHxJ 'De,fawG0if+yD;om;jzpfoGm;rnfvmqkd+yD; pOf;pm;r'gESif�zwypfcJh+yD; tckvkd omrnqkdxm;jcif;jzpfygw,f� [kajym=um;cJhonf? jrefrmEkdifiHawmfwkdf if;jynf�y v$wawmfnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pmwGJ 1/ pnf;a0;rSwfwrf; 4 / &efukdSyfwkduf/ ef/ jrefrmEkdifiHawmftpkd;& pmykHE 1947/ pm 73-83? aemifudkum;v#if wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmf 1�4 [k!Gef;rnf? NCGUB (Border Office) - 7 -

NCGUB (Border Office) 5? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;ajym=um;o!fhtwkdif; Oya'pum;vkH;xuf/ pdwf"gwfudk,kH=unfudk;pm;cJh onf? vGwfvyfa&;&&Sd+yD;o!fhaemuf aoG;csif;om;csif;awG Oya'pum;vkH;awGudkom twd tus t"dy`g,faumufjcif;/ t=uyfudkifjcif;rsm; �yvkyfvdrfhrnfr[kwf[k ,lqcJh=uonf? 6? &Srf;jynfe,fudk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf acgif;aqmif}uD;rsm; usqkH;ukef I a=uuGJ0rf;enf;jzpfaeonf vnf;wa=umif; acgif;aqmif}uD;rsm;csxm;ay;oGm;o!fh vrf;pOftwkdif; vGwfvyfa&;aqmvsif pGm&,lvkdIwa=umif;/ vGwfvyfa&;&&Sd+yD;o!fhaemuf aoG;csif;om;csif; tcsif;csif; rl;wif;yJ wif; aps;qpft=uyfudkifr_rsm; vkyf udkif=uvdrfhrnf[k rxifjrifcJh=uI wa=umif; (1) Armjynfe,frzGJ@pnf;bJ jynfaxmifpkwaygif;wpnf;wnf;zGJ@pnf;xm;jcif;jzifh/ &Srf;jynfe,f tbdk@ tb,fr#epfemrnfudkrawG;awmcJh=uay;? (2) uae'g ykHpHtwdkif;tm%mcGJa0ay;jcif;jzifh &Srf;jynfe,fonf *k%foduQmuif;rJhum arsmufavmif;b0 jyefvnfa&muf&Sdrnfudkvnf; em; vnfcJh=uay? 7? txufygtcsufrsma=umifh &Srf;jynfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;. udk,fpm;awmifykdifapmfbGm;}uD;u tajccHOya'ukd vd_ufvSJpGmaxmufcHvkdufayonf?1 &Srf;jynfe,frS wifoGif;aom tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;tykdif;okH;wGif tajccHOya'ygpum;vkH; rsm;ESifh jy�mef;csuftcsdK@udk tao;pdwfa0zefaqG;aEG;I jyifqifoifhonfrsm;udk jyifqif&ef t}uHay;xm; onf? xkdodk@aqG;aEG;&mwGif tajccHOya'ed'gef;yg e,fpyfa'orsm;qkdo!fh pum;vkH;rSpI aqG;aEG;xm;onf? tajccHOya'ed'gef;wGif �e,fpyfa'orsm;ESifh u&ifeDe,frsm;t0iftyg jrefrmEkdifiH. EkdifiHom;rsm;jzpf=uaom u|Efkyfwkd@onf�[k yg&Sdojzifh �e,fpyfa'orsm;� qkdo!fh tokH;tE_ef;rS m atmufusaemufusoabmaqmif aeI xkdpum;&yftpm; &Srf;jynf/ ucsifjynf/ u&ifjynf/ u,m;jynfESifh csif;jynf[k tpm;xkd;oifha=umif;t }uH�yxm;onf? xkdaemuf zqyv y%mrnDvmcHwGif AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;u wpfjynfaxmifpepf (unitary state) zGJ@pnf;&efroifhawmfa=umif; twdtvif;ajym=um;cJhojzifhvGwfvyfaom jynfrsm;jzifh pkaygif;zGJ@pnf; xm;aom jynfaxmifpkqkdo!fhoabmukd tajccHOya'ed'gef;wGif yD yDjyifjyifx!hfoGif;azmfjyxm;oifha=umif; vnf;wifjyxm;onf?2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'yk'fr * udk y,fzsuf&efvnf;t}uH�yxm;onf? tajccHOya'yk'fr * u yk'fr 180 &Sdjy�mef;csufrsm;ESifh rqef@usifapbJ jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH&Sd useff e,fajrtm;vkH;ESih oufqkdifaom Oya'�yr_tm%m tkyfcsKyfr_tm%m w&m;pD&ifr_tm%m tm;vkH;udk jynfaxmifpk jrefrmEkdfifiH. vkyfief;tzGJ@rsm;ESifh t&m&Sdrsm;uomv#ifaomf�if;/

xkdtzGJ@rsm;ESifh t&m&Sdrsm;. tcGifh tm%mt&omv#ifaomf�if;/ okH;pGJEkdif&rnf3 [kqkdxm;onf? xkdyk'fr.tcsKyfoabmrSm jynfaxmifpk. tm%mrsm;udkjrefrmjynfruom �ud;ukdifxm;+yD; jrefrmjynfrtwGufom okH;cGifh&Sda=umif;oufa&mufaeojzifh jynfaxmifppfppfrludk vufcHrnfqkdv#if Tyk'f rudky,fzsuf&rnf? Tyk'fr r&Sdv#ifjrefrmjynfonf jynfe,fwpf e,fjzpfoGm;rnf? xkdodk@jzpfvmv#if tajccH 1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 14 - 15? 2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 15 - 16? 3 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHf tajccHOya'/ yk'r *? NCGUB (Border Office) - 8 -

NCGUB (Border Office) Oya'u jynfe,frsm;. tcGifhta&;rsm;udk rnfr#csKyfcs,fxm;onf qkdonfudkvnf; jrefrmjynfru vufawG@cHpm;&ayrnf[kvnf; aqG;aEG;wifjyxm;onf?1 tajccHOya'yk'fr 9 yg �EkdifiHawmf� [laompum;ESifhywfoufI t"dy`g,fESifhusifhokH;r_wGif r&Sif; vif;ykHukdvnf; tajccHOya'jyiffqifa&;pmwrf;wGif a0zefaqG;aEG;xm;.? tajccHOya' yk'fr 9 rSm atmufyg twkdif;jzpfonf? Ttcef;2 ESifhtcef; 33/ tcef; 44 wkd@wGif �EkdifiHawmf�[laom pum;.qkdvkd&if;rSm a&S@aemufp um;wkd@. t"dy`g,fudkaxmufI jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. odk@wnf;r[kwf oufqkdif&mjynfaxmifpktzGJ@ 0if. tkyfcsKyfr_tcGifhtm%mudkaomf�if; Oya'�yr_tcGifhtm%mukdaomf�if; qkdvkdonf?5 TwGif �EkdifiHawmf�[laompum;&yfonf t"dy`g,fr&Sif;vif;o!fhtwGuf tcsdK@ae&mrsm;wGif jynfe,fESifhqkdifonfvm;/ jynfrESifhqkdifonfvm;/ jynfaxmifpkESifhqkdifonfvm;[k ruGJjym;a=umif;/ xkd@jyif tajccHOya'wGifyg&Sdo!fh ta&;}uD;aomyk'frrsm;udk toHk;�y&mY jynfe,frsm;ESifhroufqkdifo!fhoabm oufa&mufaeojzifh &Srf;jynfe,frS&oifho!fh tcGifhta&;rsm; t}uD;tus,f qkH;�_H;epfemvsuf&Sda=umif;/ EkdifiHawmfqkdo!fh pum;&yfESifhywfoufIt*Fvdyf bmomtm;jzifh &Sif;oifhoavmuf &Sif;aomfvnf; jrefrm bmomtm;jzifh EkdifiHawmfonf jynfe,fudkqkdvkdonf[k oabmraygufa=umif;/ EkdifiHawmfqkdo!fhpum;&yf udk jynfaxmifpktpdk;&u vkdwpfrsdK;/ rvkdwpfrsdK; t"dy`g,faumuf,laeojzifh rlvtcGifhta&;udpPrsm;udk aqmif&Guf&ef jynfe,frsm;wGif tm%m&Sdo!fhoabm oufa&mufaea=umif;/ xkd@a=umifhyk'fr 426/ 437 ESifh 448 wkd@udk jynfe,frsm;u aqmif&GufIr&a=umif; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif wifjyxm;onf?9 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'yk'fr 23 (4) ESifh (5) wkd@ESG@ ifhywfoufI vufawusifhokH;ykHudkvnf; a0zefaqG;aEG;xm;.? tqkdygyk'fr tykd'fcGJ 4 ESifh 5 wkd@rSm atmufygtwkdif;jzpfonf? (4) EkdifiHawmfonf jynfol@tudsK;twGufvkdtyfygu ykdif&Siftm;rnfuJhodk@aom udpPrdsK;wGifrnfr# avsmfa=u;ay;&rnf[kjy�mef;xm;aom w&m;Oya'ESifhtnDomv#if/ ukd,fykdifypPnf;udk uef@ owfcsKwfcsK,f Ekdifonf? odk@wnf;r[kwf odrf ;ykdufEkdifonf? 1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 16 - 17? 2 tcef; 2 ? rlvtcGifhta&;rsm; 3 tcef; 3 ? awmifolv,form;rsm;ESifh tvkyform;rsm;twGuf EkdifiHawmf.wm0ef0wfw&m;rsm; 4 tcef; 4 ? EkdifiHawmf. 0g'&nf!$ef;csufrlrsm; 5 zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykHf ktajccHOya'/ yk'r 9?

6 yk'fr 42? udk,fusdK;tjrwftpGefGGJf ;twGufr[kwfbJ/ vkyfukdifaqmif&ufaeaompD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; tz@tpnf;rsm;tm; ypPn;aiG;a=u; taxmuftyHhay;&ef EkdifiHawmfwGif 0g'xm;&SdI xkd0g'twkdif; a&S@�_aqmif&Gufrnfh or0g,r tpnf;t�kH;rsm;ESifh tvm;wl pD;yGm;a&; tpnf;t�kH;rsm;tm; ykdrdktcGifhta&;ay;&rnf? 7 yk'fr 43? 0dZ�@tpnf;rsm;/ xkd@jyifyg�dESifh ouU�oif=um;a&;wkd@ukd EkdifiHawmu apmifh mynmESifhody`Hynmrsm;/ okawoeESifh ,Ofaus;r_tzGJf a&SmufaxmufyHh &rnf? 8 yk'fr 44? (1) ? jynfolokH;vkyfief;rsm;udk EkdifiHawmftpdk;&udkk,fwkdifuaomf�if;/ a'oEW&tzGJ@rsm;uaomf�if;/ jynfowkd@.or0g,r ltpnf;t�kH;rsm;uaomf�if;/ wnfaxmifvkyfudkifap&ef/ EkdifiHawmftpkd;&Y 0g'xm;&SdI xkd0g'twkdif; a&S@�_aqmif&Guf&rnf? (2) ? jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHawmftwGif;wGif/ f "eypPn;xGufrnfh obm0yif&if;tajctjrpfrsm;udk EkdifiHawmftpdk;&udk,fwkdifu aomf�if;/ a'oEW&tzGJ@rsm;uaomf�if;/ jynfowkd@. or0g,r tpnf;t�kH;rsm;uaomf�if;/ vkyfukdifokH l;pGJap&ef EkdifiHawmftpdk;&Y 0g' xm;&SdI/ xkd0g'twkdif; a&S@�_aqmif&Guf&rnf? 9 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 17 ? NCGUB (Border Office) - 9 -

NCGUB (Border Office) (5) txufuazmfjycJhaom aemufqkH;yk'frcGJ&Sd pnf;urf;csufrsm;ESifh rqef@usifv#if/ jynfol@tudsK; twGufvkdtyfygu/ EkdifiH.pD;yGm;a&;ESifhoufqkdifaom vkyfief;trdsK;rdsK;udkaomf�if;/ wOD;wnf; ykdifvkyfief;rsm;udkaomf�if; EkdifiHawmfonf w&m;Oya'jy�mef;I EkdifiHykdif�yEkdifonf? odk@wnf; r[kwf EkdifiHawmftwGufodfrf;,lEkdifonf?1 txufazmfjyyg pD;yGm;a&;qkdif&m tcGifhta&;rsm;ESifh oufqdkifo!fhtm%mudk jynfaxmifpktpkd;&u om csKyfudkifxm;ojzifh jynfe,frsm;Y txufygtm%mrsm;r&Sd[k ,lqEkdifa=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,fonf tqkdyg tcGifhta&;rsm;udk okH;ydkifcGifhtm%mr&Sda=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,f 0ef}uD;Xmeuom jynfaxmifpktpd k;&udk,fpm; aqmif&GufEkdifa=umif; xkda=umifh&Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&onf ypPnf;wpfckckudk &,lvkdaomtcg omreft&yfom; rsm;enf;wl ta&mif;t0,f�yvkyfo!fhenf;jzifhom aqmif&Guf&a=umif;/ odk@aomf jynfaxmifpktpkd;&Xmersm; u &Srf;jynfe,f&SdypPnf;rsm;udk &,l&mYrl jynfaxmifpktm%mrsm;udkokH;pGJ+yD; jynfe,frsm;tm; rwkdifyifbJ odrf;,lavh&Sdojzifh jynfe,ftpdk;&tm; ta&;rxm;&ma&mufa=umif;/ Oyrmqkdv#if �avmydw� v#yfppf "gwf�ud;rsm;udk &Srf;jynfe,frSjzwfI txufjrefrmjynfokd@ qufoG,f&mY "gwfwkdifrsm;pdkuf&ef ajrrsm;udk odrf; ,lcJh&mwGif avsmfa=u;ray;o!fhtjyif &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&tm;vnf; �udwiftoday;jcif;r&Sda=umif; wifjy xm;onf?2 tajccHOya'yk'fr 30 wGif c|wf,Gif;csuf&SdaeykHudkvnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif azmfjy xm;.? tajccH Oya'yk'fr 30 wGif (1) EkdifiHawmfonf ajr,mtm;vkH;. yif&if;ykdif&Sifjzpfonf? (2) TtajccHOya'.jy�mef;csufrsm;ESifh rqef@usifapbJ/ ajr,mykdifcGifhpepfrsm;udk pnf;rsOf;wus jzpfap&efaomf�if;/ v$Jajymif;&efaomf�if;/ zsufodrf;&efaomf�if;/ EkdifiHawmfY tcGifhta&;&Sd&rnf? odk@wnf;r[kwf rnfo!fhajr,mudkrqkd jyefvnfodrf;,l+yD;v#if/ xkdajr,mudk pkaygif;pk dufydsK;a&; twGufjzpfap/ or0g,rpkdufydsK;a&;twGufjzpfap/ v,foD;pm;orm;rsm;odk@jzpfap/ a0iSay;&ef tcGifhta&;&Sd&rnf? (3) rnfo!fhtajccHpepfESifhr# ajr,mtajrmuftjrm; ykdiffqkdifEkdifaom tcGifhr&Sdap&/ wOD;wnf;ykdif jzpfaomajr,m.trsm;qkH;ajr{u ta&twGufudk ta=umif;nD!Gwfv#if nD!Gwfjcif; w&m; Oya'jzifhowfrSwf&rnf3 [kyg&Sdonf? Tyk'fryg �EkdifiHawmf� qkdo!fhpum;&yfonf jynfaxmifpktpkd;&ukdomqkdvkdo!fhoabm oufa&mufaea=umif;/ ajr,mtm;vkH;.ykdif&Sifjzpfaom �EkdifiHawmf� onf jynfravm/ jynfe,favmqkd onfrSm r&Sif;vif;a=umif;/ jynfrajr,mtm;vkH;ukd jynfruykdifI jynfe,fajr,mtm;vHk;ukd jynfe,ftpkd;& uykdifonfvm;qkdonfrSmvnf; r&Sif;vif;a=umif;/ EkdifiHawmf[laompum;&yfonf

jynfrudkom&nf!$ef; onfqkdv#if jynfe,frsm;twGif;&Sd ajr,mrsm;udkyif jynfruykdifqkdifo!fhoabm oufa&mufaea=umif;/ &Srf; jynfe,fwGif ajr,mcsxm;a&;ESifh ajr,m�yjyifajymif;vJa&;rsm;udk &S rf;jynfe,fuvkyfykdifcGifhr&Sda=umif;/ vGwf vyfa&;r&rDu &Srf;jynfe,fuykdifqkdifaomajr,mrsm;ESifh ywfoufIvnf;aumif;/ &Srf;jynfe,fvlxktwGuf ajr,mv$Jajymif;jcif;/ ajr,mpGef@v$wfjcif;/ ajr,mqufcHjcif;/ ajr,mvufvGwfr_rSumuG,fjcif; po!fhpnf; 1 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHf tajccHOya'/ yk'r 23? 2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 17? 3 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'/ yk'fr 30 ? NCGUB (Border Office) - 10 -

NCGUB (Border Office) urf;owfrSwfa&;ESifhywfoufIvnf;aumif;/ &Srf;jynfe,ftwGuf qkH;�_H;v#uf&Sdaea=umif;vnf;wifjyxm; .?1 tajccHOya'yk'fr 31 wGif 1? pD;yGm;a&;Yolwyg;udkepfemapI udk,fusdK;&Smjcif;rSumqD;a&;twGuf/ rdrdwkd@tcsif;csif; aygif;oif; zGJ@pnf;Ekdif=uap&ef tvkyform;rsm;tm; EkdifiHawmfonf pD;yGg;a&;qkdif&maqmif&Gufcsufjzifh�if;/ tjcm;aqmif &Gufjcif;jzifh�if; ulnDEkdifonf? 2? tvkyform;rsm;tm;pnf;�kH;ykdifcGifhay;ap&ef�if;/ tvkyfvkyfaomtcsdefem&Dwkd@udk uef@owfap&ef �if;/ ESpfpOftm;vyf&ufrsm;&cGifh&Sdatmif pDrHap&ef�if;/ tvkyfcGifESifhtajctaeudk aumif;rGef atmif�yap&ef�if;/ &nf&G,fI/ EkdifiHawmfonf Oya'�yay;jcif;jzifh/ tvkyform;rsm;udk umuG,f apmifha&Smuf&rnf? xkd@jyif ta=umif;nD!Gwfv#if nD!Gwfjcif; aecif;xkdifcif;ESifh axmufyHhr_ tmrcHpepfwkd@twGuf pDrHcsufrsm;udktm;ay;jcif;jzifhvnf; umuG,fapmifha&Smuf&rnf2 [kqkdxm;.? xkdyk'frESifh ywfoufI&Srf;jynfe,ffwGif erRwlabmfwGif; tvkyform;rsm;om Oya'yg tcGifht a&;rsm;udk cHpm;&+yD; tjcm;aomomreftvkyform;rsm;rSm jrefrmjynfr&Sd tvkyform;rsm;uJhokd@ cHpm;cGifhr& a=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&onf tvkyform;rsm;. tusdK;twGufaqmif&Gufay;Edkifo!fh tcGifhtm%mr&Sd a=umif; wifjyxm;onf? tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya' yk'fr 91 t& a'oqkdif&mudk,f pm;vS,ftzGJ@rsm; zGJ@pnf;o!fhudpPukdvnf; a0zefaqG;aEG;xm;onf? tqkdyg yk'fr 91 u odk@&mwGif a'otvkdufudk,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh &Sdonf[laom &nf&G,fcsufoabmw&m;udk tajccHI w&m;Oya'jzifh owfrSwfxm;aom a'oqkdif&mudk,fpm;vS,ftzGJ@rsm;odk@/ tk yfcsKyfa&;udpP/ ,Ofaus; r_udpP/ pD;yGm;a&;udpPrsm;twGuf txift&Sm;azmfjyxm;aom tm%mrsm;udkv$Jay;&ef/ w&m;Oya' jzifhjy�mef;csuf�yEkdifonf? xkdjy�mef;csufrsm;yg0ifaom w&m;Oya'onf/ xkdudk,fpm;vS,ftzGJ@rsm;. tcGifhta&;rsm;tm%mrsm;ESifh wm0ef0wW&m;rsm;udk�if;/ xkdtzGJ@rsm;ESifhygvDrefwkd@. qufqHa&;udk �if;/ xkdtzGJ@rsm;ESifh jynfaxmifpktpkd;&wkd@. qufqHa&;udk�if;owfrSwf&rnf3 [kqkdxm;onf? Tyk'frt& a'oqkdif&mudk,fpm;vS,frsm;zGJ@jcif;onf jynfe,faumifpDwkd@. *k%foduQmudk xcdkufa=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,frS a'oqkdif&mudk,fpm;vS,ftzGJ@rsm;odk@ tkyfcsKyfa&;udpP/ ,Ofaus;r_udpPESifh pD;yGm;a&;udpPrsm;twGuf tm%mrsm;v$Jay;&efudpPudk ygvDrefuom Oya'�yvkyfcGifh&Sdojzifh &Srf;jynfe,ft aejzifh auseyfzG,fr[kwfa=umif;/ tkyfcsKyfa&;udpPD udk a'oqkdif&mudk,fpm;vS,ftzGJ@rsm;odk@ jynfaxmifpkygvrefu v$Jtyfay;rnfqkdv#ifvnf;

&Srf;jynfe,fwGif pif�ydiftpd;& wnfaxmifay;&ma&mufrnfjzpfa=umif;rsm; aqG;aEG;wifjyxm;.?4 tajccHOya'yk'fr 92 (3) wGif 1 (u) tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 17 - 18? (c) ajr,m/ ajrcGefawmfESifh ajr,mwdk;wuf}uD;yGm;a&;/ trawmfa=u;udpPrsm;onf jynf�ypm&if;wGify e,fOya'gaomfvnf; 1953 ckESpf v,f,majrEkdifiHykdif�yvkyfa&; tufOya'onf jrefrmwpfEifiHvkH;ESifh oufqkdifonf[kqkdxm;.? 1953 ckESpf v,f,majrEkdifiHykdif�yvkyfa&; kdtufOya' tcef; 1 / tykd'f 2? 2 zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykHf ktajccHOya'/ yk'r 31? 3 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'/ yk'fr 31? 4 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 18? NCGUB (Border Office) - 11 -

NCGUB (Border Office) rnfo!fhjynfe,faumifpDrqkd/ rdrd.e,fajrrsm;udkaomf�if;/ tm%mrsm;udkaomf�if;/ tcGifh ta&;rsm;udkaomf�if; jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHokd@ qkH;jzwfcsufcsI jyeftyfEkdifonf [kazmfjyxm;ojzifh jynfe,faumifpDrsm;u rdrdwkd@.e,fajrrsm;udkvnf;aumif; tm%mrsm;udkvnf;aumif; qkH;jzwfcsufcsI jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHawmfodk@ jyeftyfEkdifaomfvnf; ygvDrefur_ jynfr.e,fajrwpfpdwf wpfa'oudkvnf;aumif;/ tcGifhtm%mwpfpdwfwpfa'oudkvnf;aumif; jynfe,frsm;odk@ cGJa0ay;cGifhr&Sd a=umif;/ jzpfoifhonfrSm xkdupPrsm;udkaqmif&Guf&mwGif tzJG@0ifjynfe,frsm;. oabmwlnDr_jzifhom aqmif &Gufoifha=umif;wifjyxm;onf? jynfaxmifpktpdk;&ESifh jynfe,ftpkd;&wkd@. tm%mcGJa0xm;ykHrSm rlvuyif wpfzufapmif;eif;jzpfaeay&m jynfe,frsm;u�if;wkd@. vuf&Sdtm%mrsm;udk jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tm; jyeftyf rnfqkdygu pmuav;tarG;EkwfouJhodk@jzpfum jynfe,frsm;onf tm%mvufrJhb0odk@ usa&muf&ayrnf [k okH;oyfwifjyxm;.?1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'yk'fr 93 ESifh ywfoufI &Srf;jynfe,f. rauseyf csufudkvnf; azmfjyxm;onf? tajccHOya'yk'fr 93 u jynfaxmifpkOya'�ypm&if;wGif opfawmudpP/ owWKwGif;udpP/ a&eH ajrudpP/ owWKwl;azmf�yjyifa&; udpP pnf;rsOf;owfrS wfykdifcGifhyg&Sdonfjzpfaoma=umifh jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHuokH;pGJykdifcGifh&Sdaom tm%m rsm;udkoHk;pGJ&mY xkdopfawmrsm;/ owWKwGif;rsm; a&eHajrrsm;udk vkyfudkifokH;pGJap&efaomf�if;/ wkd; wufatmif�yap&efaomf�if;/ tokH;csap&efaomf�if; vufrSwfudk/ okd@wnf;r[kwf vkdifpifukd/ odk@wnf;r[kwf tcGifhtm%mv$Jtyfaom tjcm;enf;ukd xkwfray;rD/ xkdodk@xkwfay;aom tm%m ykdifonf/ oufqkdif&me,ftwGuf cef@xm;jcif;cH&aom jynfaxmifpktpk d;&tzGJ@0if 0ef}uD;ESifh !d�E_dif; wkdifyif&rnf2 [kqkdxm;o!fhtcsufESifhywfoufI jynfe,frsm;.tzdk;wefjzpfaomopfawmypPnf;/ owWKypPnf;ESifh a&eH rsm;xkwf,lokH;pGJcGifhudk jynfruomcsKyfudkifxm;jcif;/ oufqkdif&mjynfe,f0ef}uD;ESifh!d�E_dif;wkdfifyif&rnf[k qkdxm;aomfvnf; jynfrtm%mykdifrsm;. qkH;jzwfcsufonfom aemufqkH;twnfjzpf&ef&Sdjcif;wkd@ukd raus eyfa=umif;azmfjyxm;.? xkdodk@o,HZwypPnf;rsm; xkwf,lokH;pGJcGifhonf oufqkdif&mjynfe,ftpdk;&. tm%mtwGif;om jzpfoifha=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;.?3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'yk'fr 94 (1) udkvnf; a0zefaqG;aEG;xm;onf? tajccHOya'yk'fr 94 (1) wGif

ppfa=umifhjzpfap/ EkdifiHwGif;qlylr_a=umifhjzpfap/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. wnfwhHr_udk tEW&m,fjzpfaptHh aom txl;ta&;w}uD;tajctaejzpf ay:ae+yD[lIaomf�if;/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHudk xkdcdkufaeaom pD;yGm;a&; ta&;w}uD;tajconf/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. wpdwfwa'oY ay:aygufae+yD;[lIaomf�if;/ EkdifiHawmforwu (TtajccHOya'wGif ta&;w}uD;ausnmcsuf[k !$ef;xm;aom) ausnmcsuf w&yfukd xkwfjyefcJhaomf/ yk'fr 92 wGif rnfodk@yifqdkxm;apumrl/ jynfe,fOya'�ypm&if;wGif 1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 18 - 19? 2 zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykHf ktajccHOya'/ yk'r 93? 3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 19? NCGUB (Border Office) - 12 -

NCGUB (Border Office) oD;jcm;a&wGufxm;aom udpPwckckESifh pyfvsOf;I/ jynfe,fwe,ftwGufaomf�if;/ jynfe,f. wpdwfwa'otwGufaomf�if;/ Oya'rsm;udk�y&efygvDrefwGif tm%m&Sdrnf1 [kazmfjyxm;onf? &Srf;jynfawmifykdif;ppftkyfcsKyfa&; tawG@t�uHt&vnf;aumif;/ EkdifiHawmforR wqkdo!fh pum;&yfrS m jynfaxmifpkumuG,fa&;/ jynfxJa&;po!fh 0ef}uD;Xmersm;udkqkdvkdojzifh vkdtyfIta&;w}uD; a=unmxkwfjyef&mY &Srf;jynfe,faumifpDodk@r[kwf &S rf;jynfe,ftpdk;&. oabmwlnDcsuf &,l&rnf[k azmfjyxm;jcif;r&SdykHudkvnf;aumif; axmufjyxm;onf?2 tajccHOya'yk'fr 96 udkvnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif a0zefaqG;aEG ;xm;onf? tajccH Oya'yk'fr 96 rSm atmufygtwkdif;jzpfonf? 1? TtajccHOya'&Sd pwkw�Z,m;Y a&wGufazmfjyxm;aomtcGefwGufyif&if;rsm;rS&rnfhtcGefawmf tm;vkH;onfjynfe,fYaomf�if;/ jynfe,fuaomf�if;/ aumufcH&&Sdaomjynfe,f. tcGefawmf aiGwGif yg0if&rnf? 2? wqufwnf;jzpfaom txufyk'frcGJt&/ jynfe,frsm;odk@cGJa0v$Jtyfxm;aom tcGefawmfrsm;rS vGJI/ tcGefawmftm;vkH;onf/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. tcGefawmfwGifyg0if&rnf? �cGif;csuf? ? TudpPtwGufcef@xm;aom tzGJ@wckck./ odk@wnf;r[kwf tjcm;tm%mykdifwck ck. axmufcHcsufrsm;t& axmufyHh&efvkdtyfonf[k qkH;jzwfowfrSwfaom taxmuftyHhaiG rsm;udk jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHawmftpkd;&onf rdrd.tcGefawmfrsm;rSxkwfI/ jynfaxmifpktzGJ@0ifrsm; . tpdk;&rsm;tm;ay;Ekdifonf?3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'yk'fr 154 (1) yg �aumifpD�qkdo!fhpum;udk �jynfe,fOya'�yv$wfawmf�qkdo!fh pum;jzifhtpm;xkd;oifha=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf? tajccHOya'yk'f r 154 (1) wGif ygvDref. &Srf;jynfe,fqkdif&m udk,fpm;vS,ftrwftm;vkH;yg0ifo!fh &Srf;jynfe,faumifpDudk zGJ@pnf; &rnf4 [kazmfjyxm;onf? aumifpD[laompum;rSm t*Fvdyfpum;jzpfaeI roifhawmfa=umif;ESifh jynfe,faumifpD tpm; jynfe,fOya'�yv$wfawmf[kac:v#if oifhawmfrnfjzpfa=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf?5 tajccHOya'yk'fr 160 ESifhywfoufI vufawG@usifhokH;&mwGif tcuftcJ&SdykHukdvnf; tajccHOya' jyiffqifa&;pmwrf;wGif wifjyxm;onf? tajccHOya'yk'fr 160 wGif 1 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH

ajccHOya'/ yk'fr 94? 2 tajccHOya' jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 19? 3 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHajccHOya'/ yk'fr 96? 4 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHajccHOya'/ yk'fr 154? 5 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 21? NCGUB (Border Office) - 13 -

NCGUB (Border Office) 0ef}uD;csKyfonf/ &Srf;jynfe,faumifpDESifh!d�Ed_if;wkdifyifI/ ygvDref. &S rf;jynfe,fqkdif&m udk,fpm;vS,f trwfrsmteuf/ trwfwOD;OD;. trnfudk wifoGif;aomtcg/ xkdodk@trnfwifoGif;jcif;cH&aom trwfudk EkdifiHawmforwonf atmufwGif �&Srf;jynfe,f0ef}uD;� [kac:wGif&rnfjzpfaom jynf axmifpktpdk;&tzGJ@0if 0ef}uD;tjzpfjzifh cef@xm;&rnf? xkdodk@cef@xm;jcif;cH&aom 0ef}uD;onf/ T tajccHOya'. udpPrsm;twGuf &Srf;jynfe,f OuU�vnf;jzpf&rnf1 [kqkdxm;.? Tyk'frt& Ek difiHawmf0ef}uD;csKyfonf jynfe,faumifpDESifh!d�Ed_if;wkdifyifI &Srf;jynfe,f0ef}uD; (jynfe,fOuU�) udkcef@xm;&rnf[k qkdaomfvnf; jynfe,faumifpDu raxmufcHaom trwfwpfOD;udk EkdifiH awmf0ef}uD;csKyfu jynfe,f0ef}uD;cef@Ekdifonf[k w&m;v$wfawmfcsKyfu qkH;jzwfcsufvnf;&Sdaea=umif;2/ jynfe,faumifpDuoabmrwloludk EkdifiHawmf0ef}uD;csKyfucef@tyfojzifh jynfe,fOuU�tjzpfvufcH&rnf qkdv#if tkyfcsKyfa&;Y tcuftcJrsm;awG@EkdifouJhokd@ EkdifiHawmf0ef}uD;csKyftaeESifhvnf; rdrdoabmrus olwpfa,mufudk EkdifiHawmftpkd;&tzGJ@0iftjzpf cef@tyf&ef rnfo!fhenf;ESifhr#vufcHEkdifrnfr[kwfa=umif;/ tqkdyg jy\emudkajyvnfapo!fhenf;rSm jynfaxmifpkppfppf zGJ@pnf;a&;omjzpfa=umif; &Sif;vif;wifjy xm;onf?3 tajccHOya'jyifa&;pmwrf;wGif a0zefaqG;aEG;xm;o!fh tjcm;yk'frwpfckrSm yk'fr 162 (1) / (2) ESifh (3) jzpfonf? �if;yk'f r 162wGif (1) TtajccHOya'&Sd jy�mef;csufrsm;ESifh rqeffcsKyfr_tcGifhtm%monf/ @usifhapbJ/ jynfe,f. tkyjynfe,faumifpDu w&m;Oya'�yykdifaom udpPrsm;odk@ oufa&mufjyef@ESH@onftkyfcsKyfr_tcGifh tm%mudk okH;pGJ&mwGif/ jynfe,fOuU�onf aumifpD.qkH;jzwfcsufudk vkdufem&rnf? (2) jynfe,fqkdif&m tjcm;udpPtm;vkH;wGif/ jynfe,fOuU�onf jynfe,faumifpDESifh ! d�Ed_if;wkdifyif& rnf? (3) &Srf;jynfe,faumifpD. qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;ESifh xifjrifcsufrsm;udkjynfe,fOuU�xHodk@ wifjy&mwGif vG,fulpd rfhaomiSg/ jynfe,faumifpDonf a&G;aumufyGJ+yD;onfaemuf/ yXrt}udrfusif;yaom tpnf;ta0;wGif/ aumifpDtrwfrsm;xJrSaomf�if;/ aumifpDtrwfr[kwfolrsm;xJrSaomf�if;/ a&G;cs,fI/ jynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJ@udk zGJ@pnf;&rnf? xkdtpkd;&tzGJ@onf jynfe,fOuU�udk tvkyf0wf w&m;rsm; aqmif&Guf&mwGif ulnD&ef/ t}uHay;&efjzpfonf4 1 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHajccHOya'/ yk'fr 160? 2 (u) oef@&Sif;ESifhwnf+rJ[k zqyv uGJoGm;aomtcg wnf+rJ zqyvtrwfrsm;jzpf=uaom a'gufwm apmvSxGef;ESifh OD;Zefxmqifwkd@

0ef}uD;tjzpfrS EkwfxGufoGm;=uonf? xkdvpfvyfoGm;aom 0ef}uD;ESpfae&mtwGuf OD;Eku OD;apmvl;vlukd u&ifjynfe,f0ef}uD;ESifh 'l0gaZmffG &pfudk ucsifjynfe,0ef}uD;tjzpf jynfe,faumifpDrsm;ESifh �udwif!d�Ed_if;jcif;r&SdbJ cef@tyfcJhonf? OD;Ek. xkdokd@aqmif&uf csufonf w&m;0if r0if EkdifiHawmforRwu w&m;v$wfawmfcsKyfokd@ ar;jref;cJh.? xkdtcg w&m;a&;Xme0ef}uD; a'gufwmOD;{armif . atmufyg&Sif;vif;csufudk w&m;v$wfawmfcsKyfu vufcHcJhonf? tajccHOya'yk'fr 115 wGif tpkd;&tzGJ@onf jynfol @v$wfawmftm; tzGJ@vkdufpkaygif;wm0efcH&rnf qkdonfhpum;t& 0ef}uD; cskyfonf rdrd. 0ef}uD;tzGJ@0if 0ef}uDh ;rsm;ukd a&G;cs,fcef@tyfcGifh &Sda=umif;ESifh0ef}uD;csKyfonf jynfe,faumifpDESif ! d�E_dif;wdkifyifI jynfe,f0ef}uD;udk cef@tyf&rnf qkdonfrSmvnf; vrf;!GefcsufomjzpfI trdef@r[kwfa=umif; a'gufwmOD;{armifu &Sif;vif;wifjy cJhonf? Dr. Maung Maung, Burma's Constitution comes to life. Madras, Diocesan Press, (n.d). Reprinted form the Indian Year Book of International Affairs, 1958. (c) OD;Zefxmqif/ 'Drkdua&pDkH ajymif;jyef/ &efukef/ eH@omyEdSyfvkyfief;/ 1990/ azazmf0g&Dv/ pm 65 - 67? aemifudk;um;v#if OD;Zefxmqif/ 'Drdkua&pDajymif;jyef [k!$ef;rnf? 3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 21? 4 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'/ yk'fr 162? NCGUB (Border Office) - 14 -

NCGUB (Border Office) [kjy�mef;xm;onf? TOya'ykd'f (1) t& jynfe,fOuU�onf tkyfcsKyfr_tcGifhtm%mudkokH;&mwGif aumifpD .qkH;jzwfcsufudk vkdufem&rnf[k qkdxm;ojzifh tkyfcsKyfr_tcGifhtm%mokH;pGdk Jwkdif; aumifpD.qkH;jzwfcsufu&,lEkdif&efaumifpDonf ae@pOfae@wkdif; pnf;a0;ae&rnfhoabm jzpfaea=umif;/ tykd'f (3) t& jynfe,fOuU� u oabmwlonfjzpfap/ rwlonfjzpfap jynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJ@0ifrsm;udk aumifpDua&G;cs,fEkdifonfrS mvnf; enf;vrf;ruso!fhjyif jynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJ@0ifrsm;. tm%mrnfr#&Sdonfudkvnf; pOf;pm;Ir&a=umif;rsm; wifjyxm;onf?1 tajccHOya'yk'fr 164 (2) udkvnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif a0zefxm;onf? tajccH Oya'yk'fr 164 (2) u jynfaxmifpktpdk;&. taxmuftyHhaiGESifhpyfvsOf;I/ jynfaxmifpktpkd;&u owfrSwfaompnf;urf; csufrsm;ESifh rqef@usifapbJ/ jynfe,faumifpDonf jynfe,f.bwf*sufudk vufcHtwnf�yEkdif&ef tm%m&Sd&rnf? xkdpnf;urf ;csufrsm;twkdif;/ jynfe,faumifpDu usepGmvkdufema=umif; EkdifiHawmf orRwtm;/ auseyfEkdifap&ef jynfe,f. bwf*sufudk jynfaxmifpktpkd;&. bwf*swufwGifxnfh oGif;azmfjy&rnf2 [kqkdxm;.? Tyk'frESifhywfoufI aqG;aEG;xm;onfrSm jynfe,frsm;u &oifh&xkdufaomtcsdK;usaiG xufydkI jynfaxmifptpdk;&u ay;&aomaiGonfom �axmufyHhaiG�jzpfI xkdaxmufyHhaiGESifhpyfvsOf;I pnf;urf;csufrsm;owfrSwfoifhaomfvnf; jynfe,frsm;u tcsdK;us&oifh&xkdufo!fhaiGESifh ywfoufI pnf; urf;csufrsm; rxm;oifha=umif; aqG;aEG;wifjyxm;onf?3 tajccHOya'yk'fr 219 udkvnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif aqG;aEG;xm;onf? tajccH Oya' yk'fr 219 wGif opfawmfajrESifh owWKajrrsm;/ opfawmrsm;/ a&/ wHigvkyfief; trsdK;rdsK;qkdif&ma'orsm;/ owWKrsm;/ ausmufrD;aoG; a&eHESifh tjcm;wGif;xGufqDrsm;/ "gwftm;xGufrnfhyif&if; tajctjrpfrsm;ESifh tjcm; obm0yif&if;tajctjrpfrsm;udk/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHu vkyfudkifokH;pGJIwkd;wufatmif�y&rnf odk@&m wGif jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. tudsK;pD;yGm;tvkd@iSg/ ygvDref.tufOya't& jy�mef;xm;aom oD;jcm; jcGif;csufrsm;ESf ifh rqef@usifv#if/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHonf txufygwkd@udk vkyudkifokH;pGJEkdifaom/ wkd;wufatmif�yEkdifaom/ tokH;csEkdifaomtcGifhta&;udk/ jynfaxmifpEkdifiHom;rsm;tm;ay;Ekdif onf? odk@wnf;r[kwf jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHom;rsm;xHrS tenf;qkH; &mckdifE_ef; 60 r#yg0ifo!fh aiG&if; &Sdaom ukr`%Drsm;odk@ aomf�if;/ xkduJhokd@aom tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;okd@ aomf�if;/

ay;Ekdifonf4 [kjy�mef;xm;onf? Tyk'frt& jynfe,frsm;twGif;&Sd opfawmajr/ owWKajr/ opfawmrsm;/ owWKrsm;/ ausmufrD;aoG;/ a&/ wHigvkyfief;trsdK;rdsK;/ a&eHESifh tjcm;wGif;xGufqDrsm;/ "gwftm;xGfurnfhyif&if;tajct jrpfrsm;ESifh tjcm;obm0yif&if;tajctjrpfrsm;udk jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH[kac:aom jrefrmjynfuom vkyfudkif 1 2 3 4 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 21? zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykHakjccHOya'/ yk'fr 164? tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 21? zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHf

tajccHOya'/ yk'r 219? NCGUB (Border Office) - 15 -

NCGUB (Border Office) okH;pGJ wkd;wufatmif �y&onfqkdonfrSm w&m;r#wr_r&Sda=umif;ESifh jrefrmjynfwGif;&Sd opfawmajr/ owWKajr/ opfawm/ owWK/ rD;aoG;/ a&eHtp&Sdaom yif&if;tajctjrpfrsm;udkyg jynfaxmifpkpfppftpdk;&u vkyfukdifI tcGefawmfESifh tjrwfrsm;udk jrefrmjynf/ &Srf;jynf/ ucsifjynf/ u,m;jynfESifh u&ifjynfwkd@cGJa0cHpm;=urnfqkd v#if oifhawmfrnfjzpfa=umif; wifjyxm;onf?1 tajccHOya'ESifhywfoufI jynfe,ftm;vkH;u rauseyfo!fhudpPrSm tajccHOya'yk'fr 222 ESifh ouffqkdifonf[kvnf; tajccHOya'jyif qifa&;pmwrf;wGif wifjyxm;onf? tajccHOya'yk'fr 222 wGif a&S@aemufpum;wkd@. t"dy`g,fukd axmufxm;&efrvkdv#if/ TtajccHOya'Yyg&Sdaom atmufyg pum;&yfwkd@onf azmfjyxm;aom t"dy`g,fudkaqmifonf? qkdvkd&if;rSm �jynfaxmiftzGJ@0if�[lonfrSm (u) jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHwGif tzGJ@0ifwcktjzpfjzifh zGJ@pnf;yg0ifaom jynfe,fudkaomf�if;/ (c) jynfe,f.wpdwfwa'otjzpf rzGJ@pnf;ryg0ifaom jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH&Sd usefe,fajrtm; vkH;ukdaomf�if;/ qkdvkdonf2 [kyg&Sdonf? Tyk'frt& jrefrmjynfonf jynfaxmifpktzGJ@0ifjynfe,fwpfckjzpfaomfvnf; vufawG@wGifrl jynfe,fwpfcktaejzifh r,lqbJ �jynfaxmifpktpkd;&EkdifiH� [laomtrnfukdcH,lI jynfaxmifpkppfppftpdk; &. tm%mrsm;udk jrefrmjynfru okH;pGJaeayonf? xkdodk@jrefrmjynfru tjcm;jynfe,frsm;tay: jynfaxmifpktpkd;&taejzifh v$rf;rdk;aejcif;onf jynfe,ftm;vkH;u rauseyfp&mjzpfapo!fh ta=umif;rSef jzpfonf[kvnf; wifjyxm;onf?3 tajccHOya'jy�mef;csuftcsdK@udk a0zefaqG;aEG;I jyifqifoifhonfrsm;udk jyifqif&ef t}uHay;xm; o!fhtjyif tajccHOya'yg wwd,Z,m;? pm&if; 1 jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHOya'�ypm&if;ESifh ywfoufI &Srf;jynf e,fu rauseyfo!fhtcsufrsm;udkvnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif azmfjyxm;onf? wwd, Z,m;? pm&if; 1 jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHOya'�ypm&if;wGif 1? ? umuG,fa&;? ? qkdvkd&if;rSm a,bk,stm;jzifh EkdifiHumuG,fa&;twGuf pDrHjyifqifjcif;/ ppfwGif;umvwGif ppfatmifEkdifa&;ESifh ppft+yD;wGif ppfwyfrsm;udk xda&mufpGmzsufodrf;Ekdifa&;wkd@twGuf pDrHaqmif&Gufjcif;wkd@yg0ifaom jynfaxmifpkEdkifiH ESifhwuG jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH. tpdwftydkif;rsm;. umuG,fa&;/ xkd@jyiftxl;tm;jzifh 1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 21 - 22? 2 zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykkHtajccHOya'/ yk'f

r 222? 3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 22? NCGUB (Border Office) - 16 -

NCGUB (Border Office) (1) a&wyf/ ukef;wyf/ avwyfrsm;zGJ@pnf;a&;/ avhusifha&;/ xm;&Sda&;ESifh }uD;=uyf tkyfcsKyf a&;rsm;? jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHukd umuG,f&ef�if;/ jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHESifh jynfe,frsm;. w&m; Oya'rsm;udk tm%mwnfap&ef�if;/ xkdwyfrsm;udk tokH;�ya&;? (2) � � � (3) � � � (4) wyfajrrsm;wGif a'oEW&udk,fykdiftkyfcsKyfa&; xkda'orsm;twGif; wyfajrtm%mykdif rsm; zGJ@pnf;a&;ESifh tm%mrsm;tyfESif;a&;/ xkda'orsm;twGif; tdrf ae&mxkdifcif; pnf; rsOf;owfrSwfay;a&;ESifh xkda'orsm;. e,fedrdwfowfrSwfa&;rsm; (5) vufeufrsm;/ tajrmufaoewfrsm;/ cJ,rf;rD;ausmufrsm;ESifh aygufuGJapwwfo!fh 0wWKypPnf;rsm;1 [k [kyg&SdonfESf ifh ywfoufI jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHESifh jynfe,frsm;. w&m;Oya'rsm;udk tm%mwnfap&ewyfrsm;ukdtokH;�ycJh&mY vGefcJho!fh a&G;aumufyGJtxd tkyfcsKyfa&;csdK@wJhr_/ ru|rf;usifr_/ EkdifiHa&;upm;r_rsm; a=umifh jynfaxmifpkwpf 0ef;vkH;wGif rauseyfr_rsm;&SdcJha=umif;/ &Srf;jynfY vufeufudkiftzGJ@rsm;zGJ@pnf;cJh&m em;vnfr_r&Sd=uo!fhtwGuf rvkdvm;tyfaom tcuftcJrsm;ay:aygufcJha=umif;/ jynfe,frsm;. w&m;Oy a'rsm;udk tm%mwnfap&eftwGuf wyfrawmftm; Oya't& ay;tyfxm;aomtm%m&yfrsm;udk ,ck +idrf0yfydjyma&;&&Sdvm+yD;jzpfI jyefvnfpDppfum �yjyifoifha=umif;/ odk@rSomwyfrawmfESifh �rd@jyqkdif&mXmewkd@ onf rdf rdwkd@qkdif&mvkyfief;rsm;udk uwWm;jcm;I aqmif&GufEkdifrnfjzpa=umif;wifjyxm;onf? tykd'f (4) ESifh ywfoufI wyfajrrsm;wDxGif&mwGif &Srf;jynfYtcuftcJrsm; �uHawG@&a=umif;/ wyfajrtwGuf odrfJh ;,lco!fh tcsdK@ajrrsm;ESifh ywfoufI &Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&taejzifh oabmwlpmcsKyfrsm; rcsKyfqkd&ao;a=umif;/ wyfajrpepfrSm t*FvdyfacwfupepfjzpfI ,cktcg acwfrrSawmha=umif;ESifh xkdpepft& aqmif&Gufjcif;jzifh �rd@aevlxktcuftcJ �uHawG@&a=umif; wifjyxm;onf? tydk'f (5)ESihf ywfoufIvnf; &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;& onf +idrf0yfydjym;a&;udk wm0ef,l&aomfvnf; acwfrDf vufeufi,frsm; csdK@wJha=umif;/ a&mifpkHolykeESifh olckd; "m;jyrsm;uyif wpfcgwpf&Hf vufeuftiftm; omvGeaea=umif;ESifh &Srf;jynfodk@ vufeufcJ,rf;rD;ausmuf ? &Srf;f rsm; xkwfay;a&;wGif txuftm%mykdiftcsdK@. t,ltqvGJaea=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onfjyne,f tpdk;&onf jynfol@ +idrf0yfydjym;a&;twGuf aqmif&Guf&ef tm%m&Sdaomfvnf; &Srf;jynfe,f&JtzGJ@twGuf vkdtyfo!fhvufeufcJ,rf;rD;ausmufrsm; 0,f,la&;twGuf tm%mr&Sda=umif;/ apmfbGm;rsm;tm%mpGef@

v$wf+yD;o!fhaemuf &JtzGJ@udkwkd;csJ@zGJ@pnf;cJhaomfvnf; vufeufrjynfhpkHojzifh +idrf0yfydjym;a&;udk xda&mufpGm raqmif&GufEkdifa=umif;vnf; azmfjyxm;onf?2 tajccHOya'yg - wwd,Z,m;? pm&if; 1 jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHOya'�ypm&if;yg atmufygtcsufrsm; ESifh ywfoufIvnf; &Srf;jynfe,f. rauseyfcsufrsm;udk azmfjyxm;onf? 2? ? jynfya&;&m? (2) urBmhukvor*~? (3) jynfaxmiftcsif;csif;nDvmcHrsm;? toif;rsm;ESifhtjcm;tzGJ@rsm;wGif yg0ifqmif&Gufa&; ESifh xkdnDvmcHtoif;tzGJ@wkd@.qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;udk txajrmufapa&;? 1 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'/ wwd,Z,m;/ pm&if; 1 jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHOya'�ypm&if;? 2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 22 ? NCGUB (Border Office) - 17 -

NCGUB (Border Office) (5) tjcm;EkdifiHrsm;ESifh/ pmcsKyfrsm;oabmwlnDcsufrsm;udk csKyfqkda&;ESifh txajrmufapa&;? (6) EkdifiHjcm;rsm;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fjcif;udk pnf;rsOf;owfrSwfa&;? (7) EkdifiHjcm;ESifh acs;iSm;a&;? (16) jynfaxmifpktpdk;&u owfrS wfxm;aom taumufe,fedrdwfrsm;udk jzwfoef;I ,laqmifaom 0ifukefESifhxGufukef? 3? qufoG,fa&;? (11) pmydk@aqmifa&;ESifh a=u;eef;qufoG,fa&; pum;ajyma=u;eef;qufoG,fa&;/ 0dkif,m vuf/ toHv$ifha&;ESifhtjcm;tvm;wl qufoG,fa&;rsm;? 4? b�ma&;? (1) jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHudktajc�yI aiGacs;,ljcif;? (2) EdkifiHjcm;odk@ykd@aom xGufukefrsm;tay:wGif pnf;=uyfaomtaumufawmfvnf;yg0if o!fhtaumufawmfrsm;? (4) ukefpnf;a&mif0,fjcif;wkd@tay:wGif pnf;=uyfaomtcGefrsm;? (6) tjrwfawmfcGefrsm;? (9) uG,fvGefolykdifypP nf;tay:wGif pnf;=uyfaomtcGefESifh ypPnf;qufcHcGefrsm;? (10) tjrwf}uD;cGef? (11) aiGpkb%f? (12) aiGv$JpmcsKyfrsm;/ csufvufrSwfrsm; atmf'DrefpmcsKyfrsm;ESifh tjcm;pmcsKyfrsm;tay: wGif pnf;=uyfaom wHqdyfawmfcGefrsm;? 5? t&yf&yfqkdiff&m? (4) jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHrsm;twGuf ypPnf;&,la&;? (11) jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHtay:Y wif&Sdaoma�uG;+rD? (13) w&m;Oya'ESifh usifhxkH;/ txl;tm;jzifh xkdOya'ESifhusifhxkH;wdk@wGif uav;oli,frsm; ESifh t&G,fra&mufolrsm;/ arG;pm;jcif;/ ypPnf;v$Jajymif;a&;/ ,kHykHv$Jtyfxm;ojzifh pDrH ykdifcGifh&Sdolrsm;ESifh xdkodk@v$Jtyfxm;a&;/ y�dnmOfrsm;/ tEknmwpD &ifqkH;jzwfa&; vlrGJpmcHa&;/ w&m;pGJqkdydkifcGifh&Sdaom epfemcsufrsm;/ �_;oGyfjcif;wkd@ESifh pyfvsOf;aom w&m;Oya'rsm;yg0ifonf? (16) owif;pmrsm;/ pmtyfrsm;ESifh pmykHESdyfpufrsm;? (23) v#yfppf"gwf? (28) pDrHudef;�yjcif;? (31) tav;wif;awmif; ponfwkd@udkpH�yjcif;? (32) bdef;/ odk@&mwGif bdef;tay:Y aumufcHaom,pfrsdK;cGefryg? (34) jynfaxmifpkw&m;Oya'u jynfaxmifpk tpdk;&.}uD;=uyf tkyfcsKyfjcif;jzifh jynfol@t usdK;iSg oifhavsmfonf[k jy�mef;xm;aom pufr_vufr_vkyfief;rsm;udk wkd;wufatmif aqmif&Gufa&;? NCGUB (Border Office) - 18 -

NCGUB (Border Office) (35) or0g,rtoif;rsm;? (36) opfawmrsm;/ owWKwGif;rsm;/ a&eHajrrsm;udk owfrSwfa&;/ owWKa&eHrsm;udk wl;azmfI wkd;wufatmif�ya&; (owWKwGif;rsm;ESifh a&eHajrrsm;owfrSwfa&;/ udpPwGiftvkyf orm;ta&;ESifh tvkyform;ab;uif;a&;wkd@yg0ifonf)? (37) jynfaxmifpkEkdfifiHtwGif;wGif a&$ajymif;aexkdifa&;1wkd@jzpfonf? jynfya&;&mESifh ywf oufI ukvor*~tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;u jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHawmftm; taxmuftyHhay;a&;twGuf pmcsKyf rsm;csKyfqkd&mwGif jynfe,frsm;tm; wkdifyifjcif;r&SdcJha=umif;/ xkd@a=umifh xkdpmcsKyfrsm;udktaumiftxnfazmf &mwGif &Srf;jynftwGuf tcuftcJrsm;awG@cJh&a=umif;/ tjcm;EkdifiHrsm;ESifhvnf;aumif;/ ukvor*~tzGJ@rsm;ESifh vnf;aumif; pmcsKyfrsm;csKyfqkd&mwGif jynfe,ftpkd;&rsm;ESifh wkdifyifjcif;/ oabmwlnDr_�udwif&,ljcif;ESifh �if;pm;csKyfrsm;udk ygvDrefuwnf�youJhodk@ jynfe,faumifpDrsm;uvnf; twnf�yoifha=umif; wifjyxm; onf? xkd@twlEkdifiHjcm;wkdif;jynfrsm;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&; pnf;rsOf;owfrSwfo!fh udpPwGifvnf; &Srf; jynfe,ftpdk;&ukd yg0ifcGifhay;oifha=umif;/ EkdifiHjcm;aiGacs;iSm;okH;pGJa&;wGifvnf; jynfe,frsm;yg0ifcHpm;cGifhr&Sd ouJhokd@ jzpfaea=umif;ESifh jynfe,frsm;udkvnf; �if;wdk@.b�ma&;tajcaet& Ekdifihjcm;aiG acs;iSm;Ekdifo!fh tcGifhta&;ay;oifha=umif;vnf; azmfjyxm;onf? jynfaxmifpktpdk;&u owfrSf wfxm;aom taumufe, edrdwfrsm;udk jzwfoef;I,laqmif&aom 0ifukefESifhxGufukefcGefudpP udkvnf; &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&tm; tyfESif; +yD; �if;rS&&Sdo!fh tcGefawmfaiGukd &Srf;jynfe,ftcGefawmfpm&if;wGifxnfhoGif;oihfa=umif;vnf; t}uH�yxm; onf? 2 qufoG,fa&;ESifhywfoufI &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&onf tpdk;&vkyfief;rsm; ykdrdktqifajyvG,fulap&ef twGuf c�dkif0ef�kH;pdkufo!fh�rd@rsm; e,fykdif0efaxmuf�kH;pkduf&m�rd@rsm;ESifh ta&;}uD;o!fh&JXmersm;wGif 0dkif,m vufpufrsm;ukd tokH;�yvsuf&Sda=umif;/ xkduJhodk@tokH;�ycGifhtm%mukd &Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&odk@ay;xm;oifh a=umif;/ xkdudpPtwGuf &Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&u jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tm; vkdifpifcGefay;&efroifha=umif;/ toHv$ifha&;ESifhywfoufI tajccHOya'ESifh tajccH'Drkdua&pD0g'rsm;udk rxdckdufapbJ &Srf;trsdK;om;wkd@. ,Ofaus;r_/ ynma&;wkd;wufr_wkd@twGuf txl;tokH;0ifrnfh toHv$ifha&;tm%mudk &Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&tm; ay;xm;oifha=umif;/ &Srf ;jynfe,ftpdk;&u toHv$ifhEkdifcJhv#if &Srf;jynf.wkd;wufa&;ESifh jynfaxmifpk. zGH@�zd; a&;wkd@twGuf tusdK;&Sdrnfom jzpfa=umif;wifjyxm;onf?3 b�ma&;ESifhywfoufIvnf; acs;,l&o!fhaiGukdqyf&mwGif jynfe,frsm;Yvnf; oG,f0dkufIwm 0ef&Sdojzifh jynfe,ftpkd;&rsm;udk �udwifwkdifyifoifhouJhokd@ pmcsKyfudktwnf�y&mYvnf; jynfe,faumifpD. twnf�ycsuf&,loifha=umif; azmfjyxm;onf? acs;aiGudkoHk;pGJ&mwGif aocsmpGmpdppfItokH;�yoifha=umif;/

jynfe,frsm;udkvnf; aiGacs;,lcGifh�yoifha=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf? EkdifiHjcm;ydk@ukeftay: taumufcGefESifh ywfoufIvnf; jynfe,frsm;onf aumufawmfcGefudk a0ykHus&oifha=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,fxGufukefu&aom taumufcGefrS ukefusp&dwfEkwf+yD;usefaiGudk &SEkdfifiHjcm;ykd@ukeftwGuf rf;jynfe,ftm;ay;oihfa=umif;/ taumufcGefukd&efff ukerSaeI aumufcH+yD;&aiGudk jynfaxmifpkb�mawmftjzpf odrf;,laea=umif;/ &Srf;jyne,fxGufykd@ukefrsm;rS&o!fh tcGefaiGudkvnf; jynfaxmifpkuyif odrf;,lxm;a=umif;/ ppfrjzpfrDu tqkdyg aumufcGefukd &Srf;jynfu &&SdcJha=umif;vnf;azmfjyxm;onf? &Srf;jynfe,ftwGif;a&mif;0,faomukefrsm;t ay: &Srf;jynfe,fu tcGefaumuf+yD; �if;tcGefukd &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&u &oifha=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&t&m &Sdrsm; xrf;aqmif&o!fhtjrwfawmfcGefG rsm;udk jynfaxmifpktpdk;&okd@ay;&onfrSmvnf; auseyfz,fr[kwf a=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,ftwGif;rS&aom tjrwfawmfcGefudk &Srf;jynfe,fuom&oifha=umif;/ tjrwf}uD;cGefudk 1 zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'/ wwd,Z,m;/ pm&if; 1 jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHOya'�ypm&if;? 2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 23? 3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 23 - 24? NCGUB (Border Office) - 19 -

NCGUB (Border Office) vnf; &Srf;jynfe,fu&oihfa=umif;/ ukr`%Db%frsm;uyifv#if aiGpkb%frsm;zGifhEkdiffojzifh &Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;& uvnf; aiGpkb%frsm;zGifhcGifh&oifha=umif;/ atmf'DrefpmcsKyfrsm;ESifh tjcm;pmcsKyfrsm;tay: pnf;=uyfaom wHqdyfawmf cGefrsm;udk &Srf;jynfe,fu&oifha=umif;rsm;vnf; wifjyxm;onf? 1 t&yf&yfqkdif&mudpPrsm;ESifhywfoufI jynfaxmifpktpdk&wGif �jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHudpPrsm;twGuf ypPnf;rsm;&,la&;�tm%m&Sdaomfvnf; jynfe,frsm;twGufypPnf;&,la&tm%mr&Sdojzifh jynfe,fOya'�y pm&if;wGif jynfe,frsm;twGuf ypPnf;&,la&;tm%mukd xnfhoGif;ay;xm;oifha=umif;/ �jynfaxmifpkEkdifiH tay:Y wif&Sdaoma�uG;+rD� udpPESifhywfoufIvnf; jynfaxmifpktpkd;&ppfppfay:vmv#if uef@uGuf&efrvkd aomfvnf; ,ckwnfqJtajccHOya't&qkdv#if b�mawmfrsm;udk okH;pGJ&mwGif w&m;r#wr_r&Sdojzifh jynf axmifpktay:wif&Sdaom a�uG;+rDukd &S rf;jynfe,ftpdk;&u a0ykHus/ uscH&efroifha=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,ftm; &mZ0wfOya'tkyfcsKyfcGifhrsm; ay;xm;o!fhenf;wl w&m;rOya'tkyfcsKyfcGifhrsm;udkvnf; ay;xm;oifha=umif;/ wnfqJOya't& &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&wGif tpdk;&ykHESdyfpufwnfaxmif&ef tm%mr&SdouJhodk@jzpfaeI pmykHESdyf pufrsm;udk tk} yfcsKyf&ef &Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&wGif tm%m&Sdoifha=umif;vnf; tuH�yxm;.?2 v#yfppf"gwftm;ESifhywfoufIvnf; &Srf;jynfe,frSjzwfI rdwD�vm/ jrif;+cH/ ausmufqnfESifh rEWav; po!fh�rd@rsm;odk@ "gwftm;ay;&mwGif &Srf;jynfe,f. �rd@awmfjzpfaom awmif}uD;udkcsefxm;cJhI &Srf;jynfe,f tpkd;&u ta&;qkdrS awmif}uD;�rd@u "gwftm;okH;pGJcGifh&a=umif;/ &Srf;jynfe,fta&S@ykdif;ESifh ajrmufykdif;&Sd �rd@}uD; �rd@i,frsm;u "gwftm;okH;vkdaomfvnf; okH;cGifhr&a=umif;/ xkdudpPudk ukr`%Dtm;vnf;aumif;/ wpfoD;yk*v~ tm;vnf;aumif; aqmif&GufcGifhray;ojzifh tcuftcJrsm;&SdaeonfESifhtr# rauseyfr_rsm;&Sdaea=umif;/ xkd@ a=umifhv#yfppfbkwftzGJ@u raqmif&GufEkdifaomae&mrsm;wGif &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&tm; aqmif&GufcGifhay;oifh a=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf?3 jynfe,fOya'�ypm&if;wGif �pDrHudef;�yjcif;�ESifhywfoufI azmfjyxm;jcif;r&Sdojzifh xkdudpPudkjynf e,fOya'�ypm&if;wGif xnfhoGif;azmfjyoifha=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf? tav;/ wif;/ awmif;/ pHowfrSwf jcif;udpPudk &Srf ;jynfe,ftwGufqkdv#if &Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&tm; jynfaxmifpkrlESifh!d�I aqmif&GufcGifh ay;xm; oifha=umif;vnf; tqkd�yxm;.? �bdef; - odk@&mwGif bdefP ;tay:YaumufcHaom,pfrsdK;cGefryg� qkdo!fhudprSm &Srf;jynfe,ftwGuf tvGefta&;}uD;o!fhudpPjzpfa=umif;/ &Srf

;jynfe,foHvGifjrpfta&S@ykdif;a'orsm;Y bdef;pkdufydsK;xkwfvkyfa&mif;csaeo!fh vlOD;a&rSm renf;vSa=umif;/ bdef;pkdufydsK; xkwfvkyfa&mif;cso!fhvkyf ief;rSm rvkdvm;tyfaomfvnf; bdf ef;pdkufydsK;a&;ukd tpm;xkd;&efrvG,fa=umif;/ ,cktcg w&kwfjzLrsm;&ea=umifhppfrufjzpfyGm;aeojzifh bdef;pkdufydsK;a&;udpPukd wnfqJOya'rsm;t& jynfe,ftpdk;&u qufvuftkyf csKyfrSomv#if �if;jy\emudk &Sif;vif;Ekdifrnfxifa=umif;vnf; azmfjyxm;onf?4 t&yf&yfqkdif&mtydk'f 34 yg �jynfaxmifpkw&m;Oya'u jynfaxmifpktpd k;&. }uD;=uyftkyfcsKyfjcif; jzifh jynfoltusdK;iSm oifhavsmfonf[k jy�mef;xm;aom pufr_vufr_vkyfief;rsm;ukd wdk;wufatmifaqmif &Gufa&;� udpPESifhywfoufIvnf; rlvut"dy`g,faumuf,lcsuf vGJrSm;ae&mrS vGefcJho!fhvtenf;i,ft wGif;uom &Sif;vif;oGm;ojzifh &Srf;jynfe,fY pufr_vufr_vkyfief;rsm;udk pwifaqmif&GufcGifh&cJha=umif;/ ykdrdkI &Sif;vif;oGm;ap&ef xkdudpPudk jynfe,fOya'�ypm&if;wGif azmfjyoifha=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf? xkd@twl or0g,rvkyfief;rsm;onf &Srf;jynfe,fpD;yGm;a&;twGufvnf; ta&;ygo!fhvkyfief;jzpfa=umif;/ okd@aomf or0g,rvkyf ief;udk EkdifiHa&;twGuftokH;cscJhojzifh emrnfysufcJh&a=umif;/ xkda=umifh&Srf;jynfe,f&Sd or0g, rvkyfief;udk &Srf;jynfe,fuom tkyfcsKyfoifha=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf? 1 2 3 4 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 24 - 25? tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 25? ,if; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 25 - 26?

NCGUB (Border Office) - 20 -

NCGUB (Border Office) tykd'f 36 rSmvnf; &Srf;jynfe,ftwGuf ta&;}uD;aomfvnf; opfawm/ owWKwGif;rsm;/ a&eHrsm; owfrSwfo!fhudpPESihf ywfoufI yk'fr 93 ESifh 122wkd@t& &Srf;jynfe,ftpdk;&wGif tkyfcsKyfcGifhtm%mr&Sd a=umif;/ vGwfvyfa&;r&rDuqkdv#if &Srff ;jynfonf �if;.opfawmrsm;ukd pDrHtkyfcsKyfcGifh&Sdaomfvnf; vGwfvya&;&+yD;rS xkdtkyfcsKyfa&;tm%mukd pGef@v$wf&rnfhb0a&mufaea=umif;/ jynfaxmifpktpk d;&u opfawmrsm; udk �if;wkd@udkwdkiftkyfcsKyf+yD; tkyfcsKyfcESifhukefuspm&dwfrsm;ukdEkwfI usefo!fhtcGefawmfrsm;&Sdygu &Srf;jynf e,fodk@ay;rnf[kqkdxm;ojzifh &Srf;jynfe,fu&o!fh opfawmtcGefawmfonf odef; 30 r#&Sdojzifh �if;udpPukd txl;uef@uGuf&efvkda=umif;vnf; azmfjyxm;onf? jynfaxmifpktwGif; a&$@ajymif;aexkdifa&;ESifhywfoufI vnf; jrefrmjynfrrS jynfe,frsm;odk@vnf;aumif;/ jynfe,fwpfckrStjcm; jynfe,fwpfckodk@vnf;aumif; vlrsm;ajymif;a&$@aexkdif&ef pDpOfo!fhtcg oufqdkif&mjynfe,ftpdk;&. oabmwlnDcsufudk �udwif&,loihf a=umif;vnf;wifjyxm;onf?1 tajccHOya' wwd,Z,m;yg/ �pm&if; 2 jynfe,fOya'�ypm&if;�t& jynfe,frsm;tm;ay;xm; o!fhtm%mrsm;rSm tcGefawmfaiGokH;pGJa&;ESifhqkdifo!fh tm%mrsm;om jzpfa=umif;/ xkdtm%mrsm;jzifh rvkH avmufao;a=umif; azmfjyxm;onf? pm&if; 2 jynfe,f Oya'�ypm&if;yg atmufygtcsufrsm;udkvnf; rauseyfa=umif;azmfjyxm;onf? 2? ? pD;yGm;a&;udpPrsm;? (1) v,f,mpkdufydsK;a&;/ u|JEGm; wd&p>mefaxmifrsm;ESifh u|EGm;wd&p>mefausmfeif; 0ifa&muf r_wm;qD;a&;? (3) ajr,m/ ajrcGefawmf/ ajr,mwkd;wufaumif;rGefa&;ES ifh v,f,mtrawmfa=u;rsm; pkaygif;I ae&mopfwnfjcif;/ a�uG;+rDtaygif;tESHruif;aom ajr,mypPnf;taqmuf ttkH;rsm;ESifh 0&rf;tuyfcH&aom ajr,mypPnf;taqmufttkHrsm;/ &wemodkufrsm;? 3? ? vkH�cHa&;? (3) w&m;pD&ifjcif;/ w&m;v$wfawmf. vufatmufcH�kH;rsm;zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHESifh xkd�kH;rsm;u &&Sdaom tccGefrsm;/ jynfol@+idrf0yfydjym;a&;twGuf umuG,faomoabmjzifh csKyfaESmifxm;jcif;/ xkdodk@csKyfaESmifjcif;cH&olrsm;? (4) Tpm&if;wGif azmfjyxm;aom udpPwckckESifhpyfvsOf;I/ w&m;v$wfawmfvufatmufcH �kH;rsm;. pD&ifykdifcGifhtm%mESifh tm%mrsm;?2 pD;yGm;a&;udpPdf rs; acgif;pOfatmuf&Sdtykd'f (3) wGif v,f,mpkdufysK;a&;[kom qkdxm;o!fhtwGuf wd&p>meaq;ukXmeonf jynfe,fOya'�ypm&if;wGif ygrygqkdo!fhjy\em ay:cJhzl;a=umif;/ xkd@a=umifh Oya'�ypm&if; rsm;cGJ&mY ydkrdkwduspGm cGJ&ef vkdtyfa=umif; azmfjyxm;onf? xkd@twlyif tykd'f (3) ygajr,mwkd;wufaumif;

rGefa&;ESifh v,f,mtrawmfa=u;rsm;ESifh ywfoufIvnf; b�ma&;csdK@wJhr_a=umifh ta&;ay:v,f,m trawmfa=u;rSty &Srf;jynfe,f&Sd qif;&JvSo!fhv,form;rsm;twGuf trawmfaiGrsm;udk oD;oef@rxm; Ekdifojzifh or0g,rXmersm;ESifh pdkufysdK;a&;b%frsm;udkom tm;xm;cJh&a=umif;/ odk@aomfvnf; or0g,rESifh pkdufysdK;a&;b%frsm; tm%mvkr_a=umifhvnf;aumif;/ or0g,rtoif;rsm;ESifh aus;&Gmpkdufysd K;a&;b%frsm; enf;yg;r_a=umifhvnf;aumif;/ &Srf;jynfe,f&Sd v,form;rsm;rSm ESpfpOfvkdtyfo!fh trawmfaiGrsm;ukd vlwpf &mv#if ig;a,mufom&&Sdrnf[k cef@rSef;&a=umif;/ Ttajctaetwkdif;omqkdv#if &S rf;jynfawmifolv,fo 1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 26? 2 zGJ@pnf;tyfcsKyfykH ktajccHOya'/ wwd,Z,m;/ pm&if; 2 jynfe,fOya'�ypm&if;? NCGUB (Border Office) - 21 -

NCGUB (Border Office) rm;rsm;onf jrefrmjynfr&Sd awmifolv,form;rsm;ESifh wef;wltcGifhta&;&&Sd&ef ESpfaygif; 20 umvtwGif; yif vG,frnfrxifa=umif;/ xkd@a=umifh&Srf;jynfe,fwGif v,f,mtrawmfaiG xkwfay;a&;twGuf or0g,r ESifhpkdufysdK;a&;b%frsm;ukd jynfrrlt&/ &Srf;jynfe,fuyif pDrHtkyfcsKyfoifha=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf? vkH�cHa&;acgif;pOfatmuf&Sd tykd'f (3) ESifh (4) wkd@ESifhywfoufI w&m;ol}uD;rsm;cef@xm;a&;udpPudk w&m;v$wfawmfESifh !d�Ed_if;qJjzpfa=umif;ESifh xkdudpPESifhywfoufI vuf&Sdtm%mrsm; rqkH;�_H;&atmif txl; owdxm;oifha=umif;rsm; wifjyxm;onf?1 tajccHOya'yg pwkw�Z,m;/ jynfe,ftcGefawmfpm&if;ESifh ywfoufIvnf; Oya'�ypm&if;ESifh tcGefawmfpm&if;udk yl;wGJavhvmrnfqkdv#if jynfe,fOya'�ypm&if;t& - &Srf;jynfe,ftm; tm%mv$Jtyf xm;aom Xmersm;rSmtcGefawmf toifhtwifh&Ekdifo!fhajrcGef/ opfawmcGefESifh ,pfrsdK;cGefuvGJI usefXme rsm;rSm aiGukefusrnfhXmersm;omjzpfa=umif;/ jynfrrSESpfpOf&&Sdo!fhaiGrsm;ukd cGJa0&mY jynfe,fi,frsm;udk axmuf�_I &Srf;jynfe,fonf ESpfpOfyiftepfemcHcJh&a=umif;/ vuf&SdtajctaewGif &Srf;jynfe,f. ESpfpOfvkd aiGrSm odef; 250 rS 300 cef@txd&Sda=umif;/ xkda=umifh jynfaxmifpktpdf k;&uaumufcHodrf;,lxm;aom tcGeawmfrsm;rStcsdK@udk &Srf;jynfe,fodk@ay;tyfrSom &Srf;jynfe,f.tkyfcsKyfa&;/ }uD;yGm;a&;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;wkd@ukd aqmif&GufEkdifrnfjzpfa=umif;vnf; wifjyxm;onf?2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif tajccHOya'ygjy�mef;csuftcsdK@ESihfywfoufI a0zefaqG;aEG;jcif;/ c|wf,Gif;csufrsm;udk axmufjyjcif;ESifhjyifqifjznfhpGuf&ef t}uH�yjcif;rsm; yg0ifo!fhjyif atmufygtaxGaxG rauseyfcsufrsm;udkvnf; azmfjyxm;onf? 1? yifvkHpmcsKyfoabmxm;rsm;/ uwday;csufrsm;udk ygvDrefuaomfvnf;aumif;/ jynfaxmifpk 0ef}uD;uaomfvnf;aumif;/ ta&;ygaom t&m&Sd}uD;i,frsm;uaomfvnf;aumif; owdr&/ owdrrljcif;/ 2? tajccHOya'yk'frrsm;ukd wbufowft"dy`g,fjyefqdkjcif;/ 3? jynfaxmifpkOya'�ypm&if;ygudpP&yfrsm;udk aqmif&Guf&mwGif jynfe,ftpkd;&rsm;tm; wkdifyif&ef rvkd[k,lqjcif;/ 4? jynaxmifpktpkd;&0efxrf;tzGJ@rsm;onf jynfe,frsm;tm;txiftjrifao;jcif;/ 5? jynfe,f0ef}uD;rsm;udkyif t�dktaowefjcif;/ 6? tpdk;&tr_udpP&yfrsm;toD;oD; (b�ma&;tygt0if) wkd@ukd wbufowfaqmif&Gufjcif;/ tEkdifusifhjcif;/

7? &oifh&xkdufo!fhtultnDrsm;r&cJhjcif;/ 8? jynfaxmifpkOya'�ypm&if;wGifygo!fh vkyfief;aqmifwmrsm;udk &Srf;jynfe,ftwGif; aqmif&Guf o!fhtcg jynfaxmifpktpdk;&Xmersm;onf rsm;aomtm;jzifh &Srf;jynfe,ftpkd;&udk ypfy,fxm; jcif;/ 9? &Srf;jynfEkdifiHa&;ESifhtkyfcsKyfa&;wkd@wGif 0ifa&mufpGufzufjcif;?3 tajccHOya'jyifa&;pmwrf; tykdif; 4 .acgif;pOfrSm �jynfaxmifpkppfppfwnfaqmufa&;�jzpfonf? jynfaxmifpkppfppfwnfaqmufa&;twGuf t}uH�y&mwGif 1? zGJ@pnf;ykHpepf/ 2? tm%mESifhtcGifhta&;cGJa0enf;/ 3? ygvDrefzGJ@pnf;ykH/ 1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 27? 2 ,if; 3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 28? NCGUB (Border Office) - 22 -

NCGUB (Border Office) 4? jynfaxmifpktcGefawmfESifh b�mawmfcGJa0a&;/ 5? jynfe,frsm; vkH;0udk,fykdiftkyfcsKyfa&; qkdo!fhacgif;pOfrsm;jzifhcGJjcm;I wifjyxm;onf? zGJ@pnf;ykHESifh ywfoufIaqG;aEG;wifjyxm;onfrS m zGJ@pnf; tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya' (rl) =urf;rsm;udk twnf�y&ef wkdif;jynf�yv$wfawmfodk@ wifoGif;pOfuyif OD;csefxGef; u rvGJra&SmifomI jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHrsdK;zGfh J@pnf;xm;&a=umif;/ xkdjynfaxmifpkEkdifiHrSmvnf; tar&duefESiqGpfZmvefwkd@uJhodk@ jynfaxmifpkppfppfEkdifiHrsdK; r[kwfa=umif;/ uae'gykHpDwpfenf;tm;jzifh tv,ftvwf pm; jynfaxmifpkEkdifiHrsdK;jzpfa=umif; &Sif;jycJhykHkwkd@udk azmfjyxm;onf? xkd@jyif OD;csefxGef;uyif �u|efawmfwkd@&J@ tajccHOya'[m oabmw&m;tm;jzifh jynfaxmifpkpepfjzpfayr,fh vufawG@wGif wpfjynfaxmifpepfjzpfyg w,f� [kvnf;ajymqkdzl;a=umif;/ xkdodk@jynfaxmifpkpepfzGJ@ay;&onfrSmvnf; cGJxGufEkdifaomtcGifhta&; vkdufavsmcsufESifhtwl jynfe,frsm;zGJ@pnf;a&;tc%f;rsm; xnfhoGif;& jcif;rSm trSefwu,fEkdifiHa&;ESifh tkyfcsKyfa&;t& vkdtyf Ir[kwfbJ e,fpyfa'oacgif;aqmifrsm;. ,kHrSm;oHo,rsm; ajyaysmufap&ef jzpfonf? awmifay:om;rsm; &kwfw&ufrpGef@v$wfEdkifao;aom ESpf&Snfvrsm; Armrsm;tay: xm;&Sdvmo!fh r,kHouFmpdwfrsm;udk ukpm;aomenf; wenf;yifjzpf onf1 [kOD;csefxGef;u &Sif;jycJhzl;a=umif;vnf; udk;um;azmfjyxm;onf? odk@aomf e,fpyfa'oacgif;aqmifrsm;u jynfaxmifpkppfppfukd tvkd&SdonfrS m OD;csefxGef;,lqouJhodk@ Armrsm;tay: oHo,&SdI r,kHouFmI r[kwf a=umif;/ vlrdsK;wkdif; udk,fh=urRmudk,fzefwD;cGifhrlt& awmif;jcif;jzpfa=umif;/ jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHwGif e,f pyfa'orsm;twGuf &Srf;jynfe,f/ ucsifjynfe,f/ u,m;jynfe,f/ u&ifjynfe,f[lI jynfe,frsm;zGJ@pnf; aomfvnf; ArmjynfrtwGuf oD;jcm;jynfe,fzGJ@pnf;xm;jcif;r&SdbJ Armjynfrtm; A[kdjynfaxmifpktpkd;& ESifhyl;aygif;zGJ@pnf;xm;vkdufa=umif;/ xkd@a=umifh TzGJ@pnf;ykHpepfuom e,fpyfa'ovlrdsK;rsm;u Armrsm;tay: oHo,pdwfESifh r,kHouFmpdwfukd bdk;yGm;aponfhjyif wef;wlnDr#r_ rludkvnf; ysufpD;apa=umif;/ TzGJ@pnf;ykH pepfonf wpfae@wGif jynfaxmifpk}uD; �yduGJapEkdifaomta=umif;t&if;vnf;jzpfa=umif; odk@jzpfI tajccHOy a'ukd jyefvnfjyifqifonhftcgwGif cdkif+rJI wef;wlnDr#aom jynfaxmifpkjzpfay:a&;twGuf Armjynfrtm; jynfaxmifpktzGJ@0if oD;jcm;jynfe,ftjzpf zGJ@pnf;&rnf[k wifjyxm;onf?2 tm%mESifhtcGifhta&;cGJa0enf;ESifhywfoufIvnf; vuf&SdjynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH. tm%mcGJa0

enf;rS m e,fpyfa'oacgif;aqmifrsm;. vkdtifqENESifh ajzmifhajzmifh}uD;qef@usifaeonf[k azmfjyxm;.? e,f pyfa'oacgif;aqmifrsm; vkdvm;aomenf;rSm jynfaxmifpkppfppf tm%mcGJa0enf;jzpfaomfvnf;vufawG@ wGifrl jynfe,frsm;tm; tm%muef@owfay;+yD; usef&Sdolr#tm%mtm;vkH;ukd A[dkjynfaxmifpku csKyfukdif xm;onfuwpfa=umif;/ Armjynfronfjynfe,fr[kwfbJ A[dkjynfaxmifpktm%mudkaygif;pnf;IcsKyfukdif xm;onfuwpfa=umif;wkd@a=umifh e,fpyfa'ovlrsdK;rsm;onf rausreyfjzpfae=u+yD; Armrsm;uvuf0g;}uD; tkyfxm;onf[k r,kHouFmjzpfae=ua=umif; xkda=umifhtajccHOya'ukd jyifqifv#if jynfaxmifpkppfppfrl twkdif; A[kdjynfaxmifpktpdk;&tm; trsm;ESifhoufqkdifaom udpP&yfrsm;twGufom t%may;xm;+yD; useftm%mrsm;udk jynfe,frsm;tm;ay;xm;&rnf[k wifjyxm;onf?3 1 (u) tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 29 - 30? (c) v,f,majrEkdifiHykdif�yvkyfa&;Oya'onf jynfe,frsm;twGufyg tusLH;0ifjcif;&Sd r&SdESifhywfoufI EkdifiHawmfa&S@aecsKyf OD;csefxGef;u w&m;v$wfawmfcsKyfY &Sif;vif;pOfu xkdodk@ajymcJhjcif;jzpf.? The Nation, 2 July 1952. (*) Hugh Tinker, The Union of Burma; A Study of the First Year of Independence, Fourth Edition,London, Oxford University Press, 1967.p.30 aemifukd;um;v#if Hugh Tinker,Union of Burma [k!Gef;rnf? 2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 29 - 30? 3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 30? NCGUB (Border Office) - 23 -

NCGUB (Border Office) ygvDrefzGJ@pnf;ykf. txufv$wfawmfjzpf HESifhpyfvsOf;Ivnf; vuf&SdfjynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHygvDreaom vlrsdK;pkv$wfawmfESifh atmufv$wfawmfjzpfaom jynfol@v$wfawmfwdk@onf tcGifhtm%mrwl=u a=umif;/ vlrsdK;pkv$wfawmfodk@ jynfe,frsm;uvnf; ukd,fpm;vS,ftnDtr# apv$wfcGifhr&a=umif;/ jynf axmifpktpdk;&onf vlrd sK;pkv$wfawmftm;wm0efrcHbJ jynfol@v$wfawmfukdom wm0efcHojzifh vlrdsK;pkv$wf awmfrSm *k%foduQmr&Sdonfhjyif jynfe,frsm;.tcGifhta&;udkvnf; tumtuG,fray;Ekdifa=umif;/ xkda=umifh tajccHOya'ukdjyifv#if ygvDrefzGJ@pnf;ykHukd jyif&efvkdtyfa=umif; topfzGJ@rnfhygvDrefzGJ@pnf;ykHwGif vlrdsK;pk v$wfawmfonf jynfol@v$wfawmfESifh wef;wltm%m&&Sdrnfhtjyif jynfe,fwkdif;u udk,fpm;vS,ftnDtr# apv$wfcGifh&Sd&rnf[k wifjyxm;onf?1 jynfaxmifpktcGefawmfESifh b�mawmfcGJa0a&;ESifhywfoufI tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif vuf&SdtajccHOya'yk'fr/ 96 (1) t& jynfe,frsm;odk@ cGJa0ay;xm;aom tcGefawmfaiGrsm;rSm ajrcGef awmfESifh opfawmcGefrSvGJI/ bmr#jzpfjzpfajrmufajrmufr&&SdEkdifacs? �if;tcGefawmfaiGrsm;rSmvnf; jynfe,frsm;? omreftokH;pm&dwf (current expenditure) udkyif rumrday? yk'fr/ 96 �cGif;csuft& jynfaxmifpkrSay;urf;aom axmufyHhaiGukdomjynfe,frsm; rSDcdkae&avonf? jynfaxmifpkb�m awmfcGJa0a&;udpPwGif jynfe,frsm;ausreyfjzpfonfrSm vGwfvyfa&;&onfhtcsdefrSm ,ae@wkdifyif jzpfonf? ,ae@txd wdusaomjynfaxmifpk b�ma&;ay:vDpDukd rcsrSwfEkdifao;acs? xkd@a=umifh aemifwGifa&;qGJrnfh jynfaxmifpkppfppftajccHOya'wGif jynfaxmifpkb�mawmf cGJa0a&;udpPESifh ywfoufI tav;teufpOf;pm;+yD;/ twdtusjy�mef;azmfjyxm;&ayrnf?2 [ktqdk�yxm;onf? jynfe,frsm;twGuf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh pyfvsOf;Ivnf; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;wGif atmufygtwkdif;t}uH�yxm;onf? 1? Armjynfe,ftp&Sdonfh jynfaxmifpktzGJ@0ifjynfe,frsm;tm; A[kdjynfaxmifpktpdk;&uaomf�if;/ jynfe,ftcsif;csif;uaomf�if;/ jynfwGif;a&;udpPrsm;wGif 0ifa&mufpGufzufjcif;r&Sdap&efESifh vkH;0 udk,fykdiftkyfcsKyfa&;&&Sdap&ef tajccHOya'wGif tckdiftrm jy�mef;xm;&Sdapoifhayonf/ 2? topf�yjyifzGJ@pnf;rnhf jrefrmjynfaxmifpkonf jynfaxmifpkppfppfjzpfav&m/ jynfe,fwkdif;onf A[dkjynfaxmifpk zGJ@pnf;tkyfkf csKyfykH tajccHOya'ESifh rqef@usifaom oD;jcm;jynfe,fzGJ@pnf;tycsKyfykH

tajccHOya'&Sd&rnfhtjyif/ oD;jcm;Oya'�yv$wfawmf/ oD;jcm;tpdk;&/ oD;jcm;w&m;�kH;rsm; xm;&Sd&ayrnf? 3? oD;jcm;jynfe,fzGJ@pnf;Ekdifonfh t*FgvuQm%mrsm;ES ifh rjynfhpkHaomvlrsdK;rsm;tbdk@ vlrsdK;pka'o rsm; (national areas) zGJ@pnf;ay;+yD; vlrsdK;pktcGifhta&;rsm; umuG,fEkdif&ef tajccHOya'wGif vkHavmufpGm jy�mef;ay;xm;&ayrnf?3 1 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 30 - 31? 2 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 31? 3 tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;/ pm 31? NCGUB (Border Office) - 24 -

NCGUB (Border Office) &Srf;jynfe,frSwifoGif;aom jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkfifiHzGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'jyifqifa&; pmwrf; a&;qGJJ&mwGif �ud;udkifaumfrwDtzGJ@0ifwpfOD;jzpfaom &yvz rS OD;xGef;at; (erfhcef;)onf tpnf;ta0;rsm; odk@ vkH;0wufa&mufjcif;rS&donfhjyif tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;ukd oabmrwlojzifh vufrSwfa&;xkd; jcif;vnf;r&Sday?1 �udukdifaumfrwDu tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;udk a&;qGJ+yD;aomtcg 1961 ckESpf azazmf0g&Dv 25 &ufae@wGif awmif}uD;�rd@Y jynfvkH;u|wfnDvmcHusif;yum tajccHOya' jyifqifa&;pmwrf; ukd xkdnDvmcHu twnf�ycJhonf? xkd@aemuf p0fa&$odkuf/ omrkdif; crf;apmfbGm; p0fxGef;at;/ p0fausmfacgif/ OD;vSaz/ OD;pdk;armifESifh OD;cGefpHjrwfwkd@ yg0ifaom ajcmufOD;aumfrwDzGJ@+yD; tajccHOya'jyifqifa&;pmwrf;ESifh ywfoufI w&m;a&;Xme 0ef}uD; a'gufwmOD;{armifESifh awG@qkHaqG;aEG ;&ef xkdaumfrwDudkwm0efay;cJhonf?2 ( �jrefrmEkdifiHa&; 1958 - 1962� pwkw�wGJrS jyefvnfpkaqmif;wifjyygonf?) 1 jynfe,faygif;pkHnDvmcHrSwfwrf;/ pm 41? 2The Nation, 1 March 1961 NCGUB (Border Office) - 25 -

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