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Poultry Handbook

Poultry Handbook

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Published by edmondns
ASA Poultry handbook
a great and complete resource for veterinarians and avian health professionals that need to diagnose and assess Avian diseases.
Illustrated, very well done
ASA Poultry handbook
a great and complete resource for veterinarians and avian health professionals that need to diagnose and assess Avian diseases.
Illustrated, very well done

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Published by: edmondns on Nov 21, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/18/2013

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Various methods of administering vaccines are used commercially,
including;
•In ovo vaccination at 18 days of incubation using the patented Embrex
InovoJect® system and alternatives.
•Post-hatch spray vaccination, in cabinets for mass-administration of
aerosol vaccines to day old chicks.
•Subcutaneous injection, using a manual or automatic syringe, to
administer either live or inactivated emulsion vaccines to chicks, rearing
stock and breeders.
•Intramuscular injection, to administer inactivated aqueous and emulsion
vaccines to replacement pullets or mature stock.
•Wing-web stab to administer live vaccines by the percutaneous route
directly to each bird.
•Eye drop and intranasal routes, requiring handling of individual chicks,
are applied in hatcheries and during brooding of chicks.
•Aerosol administration, using a knapsack or electric sprayer to deliver
vaccines to flocks as a coarse spray.
•Drinking water administration can be implemented at low cost but is
of limited effectiveness against some infections.

It is emphasized that appropriate control over the reconstitution of live
vaccines is required to ensure potency. The actual administration of
vaccines should be monitored by submission of serum specimens to a
diagnostic laboratory for titer assay using ELISA or other acceptable
technique.

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