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Basic Concepts of Signalling

Indicators and Markers


Indicators and Markers
• Indicators and Markers are provided on
certain signals or points to provide extra
information to the Drivers.
Semaphore Signals

For Goods For Dock For Signals


Running Platform not in use
Lines Lines
Semaphore Signals

G
Markers on CL Signal Posts

A C R
A P IB

Semi Auto Signal Calling On Signal Repeating Signal

Auto Signal Permissive Signal Intermediate Block Signal


Markers on CL Signal Posts

G A G A AG

Gate Signal in Semi Auto


Gate Signal Gate Signal in Auto Territory when interlocked
Territory with Points also
Point Indicators
• Point indicators are appliances fitted to
points to indicate the position in which the
points are set. They show a white target
(during day) or a white light (during night)
in both directions when points are set for
straight and no target or green light when
set for turnout.
Trap Indicators
• Trap indicators are appliances fitted to Trap
points to indicate the position in which they
are set. They show a red target (during day)
or a red light (during night) in both
directions when trap points are open and no
target or green light when trap points are
closed.
Route Indicators
• A common signal with route indicator is
provided in lieu of separate signals on a
bracketted post or a gantry.
• A Route indicator may be of :
– Stencil type Used for speeds
– multi-lamp type upto 25 kmph
– junction type For speed > 25 kmph