Information Technology Act,2000

By :

Priyanka Arora

The IT Act provides ways to deal with cyber crimes. Its also known as Cyber Law. It is a generic term, which denotes all aspects, issues and the legal consequences on the Internet, the World Wide Web and cyber space.


Cyber crimes as µ acts that are punishable by the information technology Actµ .A generalized definition of cyber crime may be ´ unlawful acts wherein the computer is either a tool or target or both.

Credit card frauds.The computer as a weapon e.1. Pornography etc.g. Hacking. Virus/Worm attacks etc. The Computer as a Target e. . 2.g. Cyber Terrorism.

Cyber Terrorism Sale of illegal articles Phishing Online gambling Cyber Pornography Intellectual Property crimes Email spoofing Forgery Email bombing Web jacking Theft of computer system Trojan attacks Logic Bomb Virus / worm attacks Banking/Credit card Related crimes Crime against government Crime against person Crime against property .

Crime against Government Crime against persons Crime against property .

It is the first Cyber Law in India and enacted by the parliament on 9 June 2000. . It is mainly based on the UNCITRAL Model law. The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law(UNCITRAL).

1872. commonly referred to as "electronic commerce´ To facilitate electronic filing of documents with Government agencies and E-Payments To amend the Indian Penal Code.To provide legal recognition for transactions:Carried out by means of electronic data interchange. and other means of electronic communication.Reserve Bank of India Act .1934 . the Banker·s Books Evidence Act 1891. Indian Evidence Act.

Chapters I to VIII are mostly digital signature related. . And 4 Schedules which are consequential amendments in respect of certain other Acts. offences etc. Chapters IX to XIII are regarding penalties.2000 consists of 13 Chapters divided into 94 Sections.The information Technology Act.

Acknowledgement and Dispatch of Electronic records .Chapter I Preliminary Chapter II Digital Signature Chapter III Electronic Governance Chapter IV Attribution.

Chapter V Secure Electronic records and secure digital signatures Chapter VI Regulation of Certifying Authorities Chapter VII Digital Signature Certificates Chapter VIII Duties of Subscribers .


1872 Schedule 3 Amendments to the Bankers' Books Evidence Act.Schedule 1 Amendments to the Indian Penal Code Schedule 2 Amendments to the Indian Evidence Act. 1934 . 1891 Schedule 4 Amendments to the Reserve Bank of India Act.

Attribution of electronic records. 13. . 12. Time and place of despatch and receipt of electronic record.11. Acknowledgment of receipt.

Secure electronic record. . 15. Secure digital signature. 16. Security procedure.14.

Appointment of Controller and other officers 18.Licence to issue Digital Signature Certificates .Recognition of foreign Certifying Authorities 20. Functions of Controller 19.17.Controller to act as repository 21.

Notice of suspension or revocation of licence 27. Power to delegate 28. Suspension of licence 26.22.Application for licence 23.Power to investigate contraventions .Procedure for grant or rejection of licence 25.Renewal of licence 24.

Certifying Authority to ensure compliance of the Act.29. Disclosure . Display of licence 33. 32. etc. Certifying Authority to follow certain procedures 31. Surrender of licence 34. Access to computers and data 30.

' which shows his own name as beneficiary of 12.In Andhra Pradesh one Kola Mohan created a website and an email address on the Internet with the address ' .73 million discounted by him with Andhra bank got dishonored.5 million pound in Euro lottery. After getting confirmation with the email address a Telugu newspaper published this as news. He gathered huge sums from the public as well as from some banks. The fraud came to light only when a cheque amounting Rs 1.

Based on a complaint made by the victim in Feb 2004. defamatory and annoying message about a divorcee woman in the yahoo message group. The accused was a known family friend of the victim and was reportedly interested in marrying her.The case related to posting of obscene.4000 .the Police traced the accused to Mumbai and arrested him. for the offence u/s 67 of IT Act 2000 accused had to undergo RI for 2 years and to pay fine of Rs.

2000. which are so critical to the success of electronic transactions. . Digital signatures have been given legal validity and sanction in the Act. The IT Act also addresses the important issues of security.Companies shall now be able to carry out electronic commerce using the legal infrastructure provided by the Act. it shall now be possible for corporate to have a statutory remedy in case if anyone breaks into their computer systems or network and causes damages or copies data. Under the IT Act.

.More Cyber crime police cells set up across the country Effective E-surveillance Websites aid in creating awareness and encouraging reporting of cyber crime cases. Specialized Training of forensic investigators and experts Active coordination between police and other law enforcement agencies and authorities.

        Need international co-operation Mutual co-operation between countries Transfer of technology between countries Deportation of criminals Educate the masses Spreading awareness about cyber crimes Training and educating policemen More and more stringent norms .

P y World leader in outsourcing y DIFFICULTIES y Slow response from govt.D.y WHERE WE ARE y Fastest growing sector y Contributes more than $30 Billion to India·s G. y Less support from foreign law enforcement agencies y Slow in adaptability of technology used by criminals .

THANKS Any Query ???? .

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