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GD&T

YFV2005/08


1.GD&T
GD&T



2.GD&T


GD&T
GD&T

Datum
Tolerance
Surface Profile
Position
MMC
RFS

GD&T
GD&T Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing

GMISO,

GD&T
1.DTS
2.
3.

GD&T Definitions
Dimension
//

Feature
,

Tolerance

Geometric Tolerance

GD&T
0.5

BM

Symbols and Abbreviations


Datum
Feature Control Frame
Basic Rules
Geometric Tolerance

Feature Control Frame

()


Symbols

Type of
Tolerance

Characteristic
and Symbol
Straightness

Flatness

For Individual Features

Form

Circularity (Roundness)
Cylindricity
For Individual Features or
Related Features

Profile

Profile of a Line
Profile of a Surface
Angularity

Orientation
For Related Features

Location

Perpendicularity
Parallelism

Position

Concentricity

Symmetry

Circular Runout *
Runout

Total Runout *

Modifier Symbols
Term

Symbol

Maximum Material Condition(MMC)

Least Material Condition(LMC)

Regardless of Feature Size(RFS)

Default

Free State Condition

Projected Tolerance Zone

Unilateral Modifier

P
U

Other Symbols

Diameter

Spherical Diameter CR

Controlled Radius

(25)

Reference

SR

Spherical Radius

25

Basic Dimension

All Around

10X

Radius

Between

Places or By 10
Square

100

ARC Length

0.5

BM

Datum
Datum
()
Datum Feature

Datum Target

Datum
()

IOQ

Datum Feature

10

A1

Datum Target

Datum Reference Frame


6
()6

D -

E -

F -

K-

M -

Datum Target

xyz

4
A
4
B

sub- Datum

Datum Selection

Function

Repeatability

Coordinated

Rules


RFSMMCLMC
RFS
RFSMMC

MMC

RFS

LMC (

Envelope Principle

MMC & LMC


(MMC)

()
(MMS)
() D MM = D min

() d MM = d max

(LMC)
()
(LMS)
() D LM = D max
() d LM = d min

: 15+/-0.5, MMC= 14.5

LMC 15.5

: 15+/-0.5, MMC= 15.5

LMC 14.5

Virtual Condition

()D MV = D min - t
()d MV = d max + t
MMS

t
MMS

MMVC

MMVC

6.1-2=4.1

6.2+2=8.2

MMC

1.
2.

M
0.5

BM

MMC

1.

2.

3.

RFS

MMC,
0

EXAMPLE:
0

BM

RFS

Regardless of Feature Size

0
- 0. 5

20
0.5

20
19. 75

19. 5

0.5

RFSRibClipTaper Pin

0.15m

Example

RFS

A B
A

C
60

Part

3X n

9.05
8.95

n 0.3m

n0.08 m

B
A B C
Datum axis B
Simulated datum C is parallel
planes at maximum separation
perpendicular to Datum plane A.
Center plane aligned with datum
axis B.

Simulated datum feature B is the largest


inscribed cylinder perpendicular to datum
plane A.
Part

Datum plane A

Example

MMC

0.15 m

A Bm
A

20`0.1

C
60

6`0.5
b

3Xn
j

9.05
8.95
n 0.3m

n0.08m

A Bm Cm

Part
Datum axis B
Simulated datum C is the virtual
condition width perpendicular
to datum plane A. Center plane is
aligned with datum axis B.

Simulated datum feature B is the virtual


condition cylinder perpendicular to datum
plane A.
Part

Datum plane A

Tolerance Zone

Tolerance
Variation

Straightness

Form

Straightness

Form

Straightness

II

Form

Flatness

Form

Roundness

Cylindricity

Form

Line Profile

Profile

Surface Profile

Profile

Surface Profile

Profile

Surface Profile

100mm
1mm.

Profile

Surface Profile

Profile

???

25X25
0.05mm


Orientation

Perpendicularity


Orientation

Perpendicularity


Orientation

Perpendicularity


Orientation

Parallelism


Orientation

Angularity

Position Tolerance

8.5+/-0.1
8.5+/-0.1
Rectangular
Tolerance Zone

1.4 M

A B

10.5
C

10.5+/-0.5
10.5
B

10.5+/-0.5

+/-0.5
A

+/-0.5

1.4

Position Tolerance

S 0.6

Position Tolerance
()

0.4

Position Tolerance

Position Tolerance
()
a)

()
()

Position Tolerance----
()
-T-

40.0

3.7
20.0
-R20.0

40.0
18.0-18.4
S R

Actual Size

MMC 18.0
18.1
18.2
18.3
LMC
18.4

T
See Below

Cylindrical Tolerance Zone

0.08
0.08
0.48
0.08
0.18
0.38
0.08
0.28
0.28
0.18
0.08
0.38
0.08
0.08
0.48

-S-

Position Tolerance
b)
(

Position Tolerance

You are right?

Position Tolerance

You are right?

Position Tolerance

GD&T

GD&T

Composite two line segments, one symbol
2.5

0.5

3.0

1.0

GD&T

Multiple Single-Segment
2.5 A
0.5 A

B C
B

3.0 A
1.0 A

B C
B

1.0 A
2.0 B

B C
M

2.5 C
0.5 A

GD&T

0.5
A

1.5
ABC

GD&T

AB

1.5
ABC

0.5
AB

GD&T

GD&T

0.8
ABC

0.25
A

MMC 4.2mm, 4.75mm

GD&T

0.8

ABC

0.25

ABC

GD&T

GD&T

GD&T

2.5 A
0.5 A

B C

3.0 A
1.0

B C

3.0 A
1.0 A

B C
B

0.5

3.0

3.0

1.0

1.0

Datum C

2.5

1
1

Datum C

Datum A

Datum A
Datum B

Datum B

Question & Answer

Thank you!