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ebook "t hc in la" Ti liu hng n k thut in la chi tit cho mi ngi t hc download bn di nghe b con.

1. Khung la: nn mua loi khung bng nhm (ng tit tin, v loi ny phi cng la bng my, dn keo --> cng ca la rt tt, si la ngay ngn (s ni v cng la sau) v la lu b trng). Lu khi mua: khung la ln mt bn kingmt cng la, nu b cp k th khng c, nh ngi bn chnh li vung gc, phng - quan trng lm y.. 2. Loi la: mua loi la 180 si/cm (~460si/inch) mu trng (nu thch la mu cng c nhng ng chn mu vng gii thch sau) 3. bn in la: mua loi c bn l l xo hoc loi c cc cn i trng, khung la t bt ln khi b tay ra - ng thi cng c th thay i chiu cao (khong cch) so vi mt bn in, loi ny hi nhiu tin khong 200.000-250.000/ci, nu mua c bn in bng st lun th khong 500.000-800.000 ty kh, nhng ng mua. 4. Dao gt mc (dao mc): mua loi cao su tt cn nhm (ng mua loi cao su mu en ca VN), di sao cho ph hp vi kch thc khung nhm. Nu in danh thip th mua dao gt mc di 15cm. (chiu di ca dao gt mc phi lun ln hn khch thc sn phm in). (loi 15cm khong 70.000) 5. Mng trng keo: mua loi mng trng keo chuyn dng, bng nhm (bng inox cng tt - nhng mc lm, khong 200.000/1,5 tc), chiu di khong 20cm (c nhiu kch c). nu cha bao gi trng keo bng thc o th cng ng bao gi tp nh, ch nn tp trng keo bng mng trng keo chuyn dng thi, nu lm tt, s c mng keo u v ng nht. 6. Bn chp la: ring ci ny khi mua cng c. (Ly ci gh g 4 chn quay ngc li, t ln trn tm knh 5mm c kch thc rng hn khung la cn chp, t di chn song ca gh g 2 n neon 60 tc - hihi, vy l c bn chp la). Ni vy thi, ch lm th nn u t tha ng (tin no ca m), thng th ch bn s c lun bn chp la bng g, dng n neon 6 tc hoc 1.2 tc, loi 4 bng neon 6 tc l ph hp khi lm ti gia. (nu l x nghip th s mua bn chp ht chn khng - ging nh l contact phim quang c - u t ci ny th ht xy, cc k chnh xc v n nh).C th bn chp la bng g c km theo bn l in la lun (ty bn vy - nhng theo mnh th khng nn). 7. v dng c, vy lm tm c, cn cc th linh tinh nh dao rc giy, ko, bng keo, bng gn th mua ty thch nh. Ring bng keo th mua bng keo decal l tin nht (nhng mc tin), loi bng keo decal khi lt ra th khng dnh cht keo li trn b mt khung la. Cc loi ha cht:

8. keo chp bn, gm: keo PVA, c 2 loi 205 (loi chp chm )v 217 (loi chp nhanh), mua loi PVA 217 nu sn, khong 45.000/lit + 1 l Bicromat pha nc sn - c qun bng keo xung quanh khng l sng (Bicoromat l cht nhy sng, dng tinh th, khi s dng th pha thm t nc quy cho tan ht l c). 9. mc in: c im ca in la c th ni l b u in !!! V vy, ty loi vt liu in m phi c loi mc in ph hp. Ban u th mua mc in trn giy thi. Mc in trn giy th mua mc ofset vy, 100g cc loi xanh dng (blue) c, vng, en v trng c (trng c th mua nhiu hn i). Gi bao nhiu th cn ty vo cht lng ca mc, thng th 100g cng khng nhiu tin. 10. Kem in: mc ofset th c st, mua thm kem in (kem in l loi dung mi pha thm vo mc cho mc c long ra, d in hn). Kem in r lm, mua lun 3-4kg (nhng ng mua nhiu qu). 11. Ngoi ra cn mt s cht pha thm nh cht lm mau kh, chm kh,.... t t hn mua. 12. Cc cht ty khung: - du ng gi: 1 lt - thuc tm: 1kg, mua thm ci bnh 1 lt, ( cho thuc tm vo, pha vi nc) - axit oxalic: 1 kg --------------------------------------------------1. V mt nguyn l: In la l phng php in xuyn, khun in c cu to l mt tm li (polyester hoc kim loi) cng trn mt khung ch nht lm bng g hoc hp kim nhm. Khi in, ngi ta cho mc vo lng khung, gt qua bng mt li dao cao su. Di p lc ca dao gt, mc s xuyn qua cc li v truyn (dnh ln) b mt vt liu bn di, to nn hnh nh in. y l hnh m t nguyn l in la
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Nh ta thy, nguyn tc ca vic chp bn la l lm th no che ht tt c nhng khng in trn b mt li (vng mu xanh), mc ch xuyn qua cc vng c hnh nh in (vng mu trng trong hnh trn) in xung vt liu bn di. 2. Qu trnh ch to khun in la: n y, ta bt u t ra cu hi mi: lm cch no chp bn? y l hnh minh ha qu trnh phi bn cho in la

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Qu trnh phi bn bao gm: 1. Qut ln b mt li mt lp keo chp bn (s gii thch sau). Sy kh keo. 2. t phim la (thng l giy can in laser trng en) p st ln b mt li. Dn ln trn b mt phim mt tm knh bo m tip xc tt (trong hnh trn: phim=artwork). 3. Chiu sng ln b mt li qua phim. Di tc dng ca nh sng, lp keo s b c cng li. Ti nhng ni c ch, hnh nh trn phim, nh sng s b lp mc cn li v lp keo pha di nhng ch khng b chiu sng --> khng b c cng. 4. Ra khung bng nc. Nhng vng keo b chiu sng c cng v bm cht ln b mt li --> bt ht cc li, ch c nhng vng no c hnh nh, ch vit th keo khng b c cng v b nc ra tri. Khi in mc s xuyn qua nhng vng ny v in c hnh nh trn giy tng ng nh trn phim. Gii thch: Keo chp bn l mt hn hp gm keo PVA + Bicromat. PVA l hp cht hu c c tnh tan trong nc, tuy nhin khi pha thm bicromat vo dung dch keo th mng keo sau khi sy kh v em chiu sng, n s c cng li v khng ta trong nc na. Hin nay th trng c 2 loi l keo PVA 205 v PVA 217, tuy nhin in la th xi PVA 217. THC HNH IN LA - HNG DN C BN 1. Chun b ngh, nguyn vt liu: c bi ca sp Vitcon Hnh nh mt s ngh in la

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2. Hng dn tng bc: Quy trnh in la c th tm tt nh sau: I. Thit k --> In mu ra trn giy can (ci ny khng bn ti) II. Chun b khung, pha keo --> Chp bn --> Pha mc --> In th, canh tay k --> In sn lng --> Ra khung.

a. Nu keo: Keo PVA khi mua v c dng tinh th (ging y chang nh ng ct tinh luyn), ta phi em chng thnh dung dch th mi xi c. Trc tin ly 1 ci ni, cho vo c 100g keo th 2 lt nc, nh cho keo vo t t + khuy u & mnh tay cho keo tan u. Ta c ni A. Kim ci ni khc b hn, cho nc vo chng 1/3 ni, em nu si ln gi l ni B. Sau khi nc si, em ci ni A kia nhng vo trong ni B (ci ny gi l chng cch thy). Chu kh ngi dng a tre loi ln khuy u tay dung dch A, coi chng b c tru l hng bt. Vic ny mt t 4-6h hoc hn, chng cho ti khi no dung dch A trong sut th c, ci ny nn kim ci bp l xo m nu ch nu bp ga chc cht. Ch ngui th em chit vo my chai nc khong xi dn, ci ny lu c (nh dn nhn, ct ni xa tr em, coi chng my a nh tng chai nc khong ly ung l xong lun, mt cng chng li ni khc). Nu thy nu cc qu th mua loi keo chng sn gi hi mc c ci gn nh b. Pha keo: Khi s dng chp bn, cn pha keo PVA vi bicromat (nh l khi no chp mi pha, m pha cng va thi, keo sau khi pha ri th phi xi cho ht khng lu c). V t l th ...khng bit chng no cho va, v t l keo cn ph thuc vo ngun sng (bn chp xi my bng, khong cch t bng n ti li l bao nhiu, chp my pht, keo trng ln khung dy hay mng ni chung tinh thn l phi lm th, h vi ln l c kinh nghim. Ni chung na lon sa b keo th pha 1/2 mung c ph bicromat gt bng. Khi pha keo, cho bicromat vo t t, khuy cho tan ra sau em chng cch thy chng 5-8 pht (cho bicromat ha tan u), va chng va khuy cho keo m ln khong 70-80 C l c. ------------------------------Pha keo: Keo PVA nu xong (nhn keo thy cng trong cng tt --> ngha l PVA tinh th tan u trong nc, lu th cng khng b lng cn xung y chai ng keo) ng vo chai thy tinh (vitcon thch ng vo chai thy tinh hn chai nha). Lu st ca keo, st ca keo s lm cho bn trng keo ln khung c d dng hay khng ..... ci ny hi kh din t, i loi, nu keo lng qu - khi trng ln khung s b nhiu nho !!!!, ngc li, nu keo st qu, s nng tay, lp keo ph b mt la kh u, ng nht. V vy, bn th st ca keo v rng nh st . (!!!!). Cnh t keo ra ci chn snh (khong 1/4 chn thi,-khng nht thit l chn snh, ci g cng c, min l khng b lng l - nhng nu l ci chn th d ra sch) : gi l A (theo khoalt ) Bicromat tinh th : cho mt t ra ci ly nh (nh nh chung ru vy), khong 1/4, cho t nc vo quy cho tan ht. Gi l B Cho khong 1/2 B vo A = C (nu theo sch v th: 100ml A + 5g . Bn s thy C c mu cam cam sm sm g !!! phi ghi nh m v st ca C ny nh. ( m ca C o lng dd B quyt nh). Vy l c dung dch cm quang ri . L dd C ny nn c y - che li ( trnh sng v bi bn). Mi trng lm vic khi pha keo: v B, C l dd nhy sng, nhng chng nhy sng

rt chm, v vy c lm vic trong nh l c, trnh nh sng mt tri + nh sng n neon chiu trc tip vo chng. -----------------------------Ty khung in la (dnh cho loi khung chp keo PVA) Bc 1: Dng... bt c th g, vt ht mc cn li trong khung. Sau dng gi tm du hi (hoc xng), chi sch mc trn khung (nu k th chi bng x bng OMO trc, dng xng hay du hi sau, s sch hn + tit kim hn). Nu thy mc cha ra ht c th dng thm du ng gi (Xiclohexanol) ty. Cng on ny nhm lm sch mc, vt bng keo, sn mng tay,... trn khung. Bc 2: Rc mt t thuc tm ln 2 mt khung, dng gi t thm & xoa u ln khung cho n "thm" vo keo PVA. Bc 3: Rc axit oxalic ln khung, dng gi t xoa u & mnh tay. Keo PVA s trc ra & ra tri i. Sau ra li bng nc. Lp li bc 2 & 3 cho n khi sch keo trn khung. Sau em khung ra phi nng cho kh. Ch l thuc tm & axit c th ha tan vo nc s dng cng c thay v dng dng rn. Ch l sau khi in xong phi em ra & ty khung lin, ng lm bing i sang hm sau v khi mc kh trn khung th phng php tt nht l em qung, mua khung mi. -------------------------Bc 1: Trng keo Dng mng trng keo thc hin, nguyn l nh sau

Rt mt t keo vo mng trng keo v trng ln 2 mt khung theo hnh sau

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(Ch hnh minh ha dng keo Ulano c mu hng, thc t khi xi keo PVA 217 + bicromat th c mu vng ca Number 1) Nu khng c mng trng keo th dng 1 ci card nha cng c, tuy nhin s lu hn & kh trng u hn. Lp keo sau khi trng phi u, khng b sc, c tru l

c. Sau khi trng, dng my sy tc sy kh keo (ch l sy kh ch khng phi sy cho chy lun ) ri tin hnh bc 2. ---------------------Bc 2: Chp bn. y l lc quan trng nht, quyt nh 50% s thnh cng. Nu mi lm ln u th cn lm nhiu ln c kt qu ng nht. Cch lm nh sau: - t phim ln mt bn chp - p khung ln phim, canh chnh v tr cho ph hp. Lc ny lng khung s quay ln pha trn. n chp th nm di, ok? - Lt tm vi en ln mt trong ca khung. Tc dng ca n l khng cho nh sng phn x ngc tr li vo phn t in trn khung lm bt khung. - t tm xp ln tm vi, mt no phng hn th nm di. Tc dng l to ra lc p u ln mt khung. - t tm knh ln tm xp - Dn cc ln trn cng, cng nng cng tt nhng coi chng nng qu b tm lum.

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Sau khi dn xp xong xui, bt n bt u chp. Canh thi gian (bng giy). Thng thng chp t 3-5 pht, tuy nhin ty vo n uc, keo,... m canh chnh thi gian ph hp. Sau khi thi gian, tt n, ly khung mang ra vi nc ty khung. Soi di nh n xem kt qu, cc nt phi sng u, ng bin sc cnh l c.

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