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What is Rhomboidity?

 A cast section that becomes a rhombus (an equilateral but not a right angled parallelogram) is called rhombic distortion i.e.; Rhomboidity. The most common phenomenon that encountered on square and rectangular section.

D1

D2

D1

D2
Before Distortion After Rhombic Distortion

D1=D2
Before

D1D2
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How to Measure Rhomboidity?

D1

D2

Formula: Rhomboidity = D2-D1

D2  D1 v 2 v100% %Rhomboidity = D2  D1 Where,


D2= Longer diagonal D1= Shorter diagonal Which Should be 3%, as per DANIELI standard
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Calculate Rhomboidity
Let, for a good billet: Cross section of a square billet: 160mm 160mm @ Diagonal of billet = 1602 = 226.27 mm For a normal billet = D1=D2= 226.27 mm

From a defective billet: (D2>D1) Longer diagonal, D2= 235 mm Shorter diagonal, D1= 217 mm Rhomboidity = (D2-D1) = (235-217)mm = 18 mm %Rhomboidity =

D1

D2

D2  D1 235  217 v 2 v100% ! v 2 v 100% $ 7.96% D2  D1 235  217

As per DANIELI standard (3%) which is not acceptable.

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Factors Act Favor to Rhomboidity


1. Uneven primary solidification of cast in mould tube. 2. Mould tube worn out 3. Misalignment of mould/ top zone 4. Misaligned Spray cooling 5. Misalignment of foot rolls

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Uneven Primary Solidification

Uneven Shell Growth in mould due to uneven primary cooling

D1D2

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Countermeasures of Rhomboidity
1. Oil flow will be uniform through the mould tube 2. Appropriate viscosity, Temperature & moisture free of mould lubricant 3. Resetting the mould attached foot rolls 4. Replacing the mould when necessary with a new one and setting the foot roll correctly 5. Checking mould/top zone alignment 6. Checking the secondary cooling spray nozzle alignment 7. Checking the withdraw and straighter roll grip pressure

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Problem occurred due to Rhomboidity during rolling


1. It might be a significant breakdown causes for a pusher type furnace, because if the billet reversed during pushing inside the furnace it will responsible for a huge breakdown 2. Due to Rhomboidity , billet might not entered at the entry guide of roller 3. Severe Rhomboidity may cause billet corner crack, which may lead to bar surface crack and also responsible for cobble occurrence.

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