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Position Papers PMUN 2011

Position Papers PMUN 2011

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Published by Brigitte Tripp

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Published by: Brigitte Tripp on Feb 23, 2012
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Delegation from the United Kingdom United Nations Security Council Brigitte Tripp Liberty North High School

Topic A:Increasing Hostility From Iran In recent months the situation in Iran has deteriorated past an acceptable level. The international community must step up its efforts to simultaneously engage and pressure Iran. The international community is increasingly running out of time to deal with the situation in Iran. Last year the Stuxnet virus set Iran¶s ability to enrich uranium back by several months. Now, however, Iran has fully recovered from Stuxnet and in 12 months will have all of its nuclear materials in bunkers strong enough to resist attack. As soon as Iran reaches this point the international community will no longer be able to take action without giving Iran serious concessions. First, the international community needs to outline a contingency plan for military action against Iran. It is becoming increasingly evident that the United Kingdom and other nations cannot sit by as Iran gets closer to having a nuclear weapon. As tensions increase the international community needs to be prepared for all possibilities. The United Kingdom is currently making preparations for a war that may occur with Iran. Having a framework for how to handle a conflict in place will end the conflict sooner. The second step that must be taken is to reinstate dialogue with the country of Iran. Dialogue has always been a part of the approach taken in regards to the situation in Iran, however, it has been inconsistent at best. Any dialogue with Iran, once started, must be maintained. Without continuous dialogue the international community takes one step forward and two steps back. Getting frustrated and leaving the table does nothing to resolve the situation any further. The Security Council needs to set up a framework under which dialogue with Iran is continuous on this issue. Further, as long as dialogue occurs the likelihood of miscalculation and war will decrease drastically. Finally, the United Nations needs to carefully consider potential implications that an IAEA report will have when it is released next week. If the United Nations has already taken all necessary preparations for potential scenarios then action will be able to be taken much more quickly. The United Nations Security Council must assist the IAEA in ensuring that accurate information is found in a timely matter. Ultimately, the international community must begin to take more action regarding Iran swiftly before the situation deteriorates further. It is abundantly clear that the United Nations must consider all options on the table. Pursuing a simultaneous strategy of dialogue and pressure will assure that the best possible results will occur and that all options will be considered. Topic B: Security and Instability in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The United Nations currently has a peacekeeping force in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and has also passed sanctions in regard to conflict minerals that reside there. While great strides have been made to promote stability in the country there is still more to be done on this issue. First, the United Nations needs to continue to deal with the issue of conflict minerals. These minerals provide revenue for armed groups. The revenue is a substantial reason for the continuation of the conflict. While the United Nations has been successful in implementing sanctions to diminish the trade of conflict minerals more humanitarian efforts are needed. In order to allow the Democratic Republic of the Congo to move forward new jobs need to be created so that there is no need to mine for minerals. By providing alternative jobs stability will ensue. Another initiative that the United Nations needs to undertake is the training of legitimate army and police forces for the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Currently, Congolese forces are corrupt, underpaid, and poorly trained. By teaching the Congolese forces to handle violence within their own country the United Nations will be able to provide long term, independent stability. Overall, the United Nations needs to continue to make progress in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This can be done through managing conflict minerals, providing for effective Congolese armed forces, and continuing to provide humanitarian assistance. The United Kingdom firmly believes that the success the Untied Nations has had in the Democratic Republic of the Congo must continue to be built upon.

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