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Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University

LINGUISTICS for LANGUAGE TEACHERS

FINAL EXAMINATION

(by

Dr Nisai Kaewsanchai)

Name____________________ID Number_____________ linguistics Part 1: General knowledge about DIRECTION:
____ 1. Write T if a statement is

true and write F if it is false. The relationship between speech sounds part, an ____ 2. and meanings is, for the most

arbitrary one.

If we don’t know a language, the incomprehensible.

sounds spoken to us will be mainly

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____ 3. An Up or Down arrow we see at an elevator is considered non-arbitrary. ____ 4. Unlike human beings, animals do not have a language. ____ 5. ____ 6. system. ____ 7. All languages have a sound system. All languages do not have syntactic "Ding-dong" and "Bang" are examples

of ONOMATOPOEIC. ____ 8. “CREATIVITY” is a universal property of human language. ____ 9. “Flying airplane cane be dangerous.” can be considered ambiguous. as The bear was killed by the man.” ___ 11. The dog chased the cat. means the same as The cat chased the dog. ___ 12. called morphology The rules for the word formation is ___ 10.The man killed the bear. means the same

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___ 13 ___ 14.

“Stop the man! ” is a not sentence, just Linguistic competence is something you

a fragment.

know about the language. linguistic competence.

___ 15. Grammar of a language represents our ___ 16. If sentence is grammatical, it won’t conform to the rules of the grammar. know about a language. prescriptive grammar. ___ 19. ___ 20. called morphology. The sound system of a language is The study of the rule of sentence ___ 17. Linguistic competence is what you ___ 18. Descriptive grammar is the same as

formation is called syntax. ___ 21. The study of how words are combined is called semantics. ___ 22. Wherever humans exist, language exists.

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___ 23. Every language has a class of vowels and consonants. ___ 24. Grammatical categories like noun, verb and adjective etc are found in ___ 25. Myself bit John. is an ungrammatical sentence in English. ___ 26. Mary makes bed every morning. is an ungrammatical sentence. onomatopoeic. ___ 28. A road sign indicating an ___ 27. A rooster’s crow is not considered only English.

S

curve is

considered arbitrary.

___ 29. The sentence It’s I.

is incorrect, but

It’s me. is correct.
means

___ 30. Traffic signals red means STOP, green

GO are arbitrary.

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___ 31: ___ 32.

phonetics.

The study of speech sounds is called All the sounds in English are

pulmonic and egressive.
are voiceless stop sounds.

___ 33. The sounds represented by / p, t, k, s /
___ 34. The sounds represented by / b, d, g, z / are voiced fricative sounds. with bilabial sounds. sound. ___ 37. / p & b / are oral sounds whereas / m / is nasal. English. g /. ___ 38. / m, n /, and /  / are nasal sounds in ___ 39. Bilabial stops are / p, b, t, d, k /, and / ___ 40. Labiodental fricatives are /  / and / /. ___ 35. The words pad, bad, and mad begin ___ 36. The word “mad” begins with nasal

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___ 41.

Interdentals are / t, d, n /, and / and / /
and /  /,

/ s /.
/

___ 42. / 

and / 

are fricative sounds.

___ 43.Voiceless affricate sound in English is in the last sound of the word “match” ___ 44. Voiceless velar stop is / / ___ 45. ___ 46. ___ 47. ___ 48. ___ 49. ___ 50. /  /  ___ 51. ___ 52. The liquid retroflex is / / /
, , 
,

/

/ are all nasal sounds.

/  ,  ,  ,  ,  / are alveolar sounds. The / p /, / k /, and / t / are stop whereas and /  / are affricate. /
 , , , , ,

/ are labiodendal affricate.

/   / are velar stops. ,

and

/

are voiceless

stop sounds.

___ 53. The word manager receives the primary stress on the first syllable.

/ / and /

/ are alveolar stops.

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___ 54. The letter pronounced ___ 55. / ,

/ /.
 ,  ,

“g” in the word manager is
 , 

/ and

/



/ are

fricatives and sibilants. ___56.The letter is pronounced ___ 57. as / 

“t” in the word “picture”
/.

ed in passed, stopped, worked
/ d /.

must be pronounced as be pronounced as / t /.

___ 58 ed in loved, robbed, played must
___ 59. Voiced interdental fricative is at the end of bath, mouth, & path

___60. The voiceless palatal sound begins the
words shoe, sure, and shut

End of part 1

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Part

2:

General knowledge about

linguistics (continues)
In this part of the exam, every item consists of b, c or d.

two statements (A and B). Choose the letters a,

If you choose…

right.

a, b, c,

it means A is right, and B is it means it means A is right, but B is A is wrong, but B is

wrong. right.

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wrong.
6 1.

d,

it means A is wrong, and B is

A: The sounds are called fricatives continues without complete

because the stream of air interruption through the mouth opening. B: Both /  / and

/  / are low front

vowels.
62. whereas A: B: / p / 63.

/ k, g / are velar stops.

/ t, d, / are alveolar stops
is apirated if it follows the letter

“s” in any English word. A: The letter

“ p ” in spit, spy,

spend, speak: the / p / is unaspirated.
B: The letter pronounced as / /

S in the word measure is

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64. B: 65. B: 66.

A:

Both / j, w / are glides and

sometimes called semivowels. A:

The voiceless glottal fricative is / h /. Phonology is the study of the internal

structure of words. The word A: morphemes and two syllables. but the word B: 67. B: 68.

computer has two

The word dogs has two morphemes,

The word international ends with a A: The word

capsize has one.

derivational suffix.

weakening has two

morphemes and three syllables. “ing” in 7A is an inflectional suffix. A: Both words

cheaper end with derivational suffixes.
B: Only the word cheaper ends with a derivational suffix.

cheaply and

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69. A: B: 70. B: 71. A: B: 72. A: B:

The word The word A:

teacher ends with inflectional miniskirt has three capsize has one

suffix which means “doer” morphemes and two syllables. The word morpheme and ends with a derivational. The word Suffix

sharpeners ends with an

inflectional suffix. to be the same.

er in keeper and bigger is said unable contains a prefix readability contains the free unmistakable ends with a

The word The word The word

which means “not” base “READ”. derivational suffix.

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73. A: B: 74. B: 75.

audience, audible, auditory manu in the words manual and
A: The word

“AUDI” means “ hear ”. manuscript means “hand”.

geography contains

two bound bases: geo & graphy. The word A: “PORT” which means “carry”. three morphemes.

portable contains prefix

uncomfortable has five syllables but

B:
76.

chronometer means time. automobile means car.
means around.

chrono in the word

A: auto in the word autograph and B: circum in the word circumvent

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77.

A: B:

means before.

post

in the word

postwar

semiprofessional means half.
78.

semi

in the word

A: B:

means light.

graphy in the word photography

kill.

cide in the word suicide means im in the word imperfect means

79.

A:

complete.

means agree with.

B: contra in the word contradict

80.
B: 81.

means against. A:

A: retro in the word retroactive befriended has three morphemes televise
consists of three

morphemes.

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B: 82. B: physics. 83.

tele
A:

in

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means very near.

endearment has three

morphemes.

psychology means the study of
A:

unpalatable has three syllables.
B:

grandmother has three

syllables but two morphemes. 84. A: but one morpheme. B: 85. B: A:

Massachusetts has four syllables modernization has five
the morpheme

morphemes but three syllables.

inter means between.
word is woman.

interbanking

In the word womanly, the base in this

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86. marriage. B: 87. B: 88. B: 89. B: 90.

A:

gamy in the word bigamy means

Prefixes are those bound morphemes that A: Inflectional suffixes do not change

occur before a base. the part of speech.

Derivational suffixes change the part of A: mouth becomes mouthful. It

speech.

changes a noun to an adverb. off a word. A:

Derivational suffixes usually do not close

er

in the word

bigger is called

derivational suffix.

er
A:

in the word

singer is called

inflectional suffix. allomorphs: / t /, / d / & / Past tense morpheme has three


/

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B: 91.

are called homophones. A: sound /  /.

Words sound alike but differ in meaning The word orange ends with the B: The letter O in the word

symphony is pronounced as /  /.  92.   B: 93. A: B: 94. B: 95. B: A: A: /.

The word mine is pronounced as /

The word determine is pronounced as / /. The word university begins with the The word church begins and ends with The word thank begins with / /. The past tense form of the verb kiss /  /.

  sound / /. an affricate. A:

The word bath ends with

is pronounced as /  /  velar sound. The word song ends with a dorso

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96. B: 97. B:

A:

A sound is called a labiodental begin with

because it involves the lips and teeth. interdental. The words fine and vine

A:

The word elephant is

pronounced as /  / sounds except / d /. 98. B: as // 99. B: 100. A: same sound as t ch in the word choke has the in the word feature. A: The as /  / / ,, , ,,  are voiceless stop / The word quay is pronounced S in TELEVISION is pronounced

sound as ch in machine. whereas k in king is aspirated.

ch in the word mechanic has the same A: k in the word skin is unaspirated

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B:

The word though has the same vowel

sound as the word through.

END OF PART 2

Part

3:

General

knowledge

about

semantics
Directions:

Give the semantic property to

the following given groups of words.

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Example: =

tigress

woman

lady

hen

girl

“female”

101. bull 102. doe 103. doctor 104. baby duckling 105. bring 106. kiss hand 107. build 108. see

stag nun

monk

actor

son mother hen

rooster =_______________ mare aunt baby = _______________ teacher child fall kick make hear child puppy walk hit run hug father pony jump shake daughter = ______________ kitten plod touch = _______________

jog = __________________ =_____________ construct touch smell imagine taste

weave = _____________ =________________

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109. iron tin 110. water benzine 111. bus plane

copper milk car truck

silver wine boat

gold beer bicycle

bronz whisky train army

= ___________ = _______________ = _______________ sailors airmen marines humid wet dry

112. soldiers 113. arid

navy airforce =_________ moist drought = _______________ 114. triangle rectangle square circle pentagon 115. feet 116. 117. = _______________ yards kilometers ounce miles meters

= _______________ kilograms in twenties pounds tons in teens in = _____________ in thirties sixties = ____________

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118. 119. 120. condo 121. 122. Japan 123. 124. 125. Bolivia 126.

Petronus Oxygen Hotel Phuhet India USA Malaysia England Italy Brazil football

Empire State Baiyok hydrogen carbondi oxide guest house

Sears = __________ nitrogen =____________ motel bungalow apartment =________ Samui Thailand Hong Kong England Vietnam Germany Chili Uruguay golf Canada Penang = __________ = __________ Indonesia France = __________

Singapore

Thailand Belgium

Singapore

Spain = ___________ = __________ swimming = _________

Argentina

Paraguay boxing

badminton

baseball

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127. Nile 128. 129. 130. Paris

Makhong Thames Everest

Chaopraya Mont Blanc

River Kwae Fuji Intanon Clinton London

= ___________ = ___________

Kilimanjaro

Washington Lincoln Kennedy Chicago Boston Bangkok Tokyo

Bush Obama = __________ = __________

Part 4: Write T if the statement is true, write F if it is false. _____131. still alive. _____132. _____133. open. _____134. closed. If something is open, it is not If something floats, it is in the If something is ajar, it is not water or liquid. If someone is near dead, he is

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_____135. _____136. _____137.

If someone isn’t poor, he is rich. Homonyms are different words “Flying airplanes can be an ambiguous sentence.

that sound alike. dangerous” is considered _____138. _____139. _____140. “key” and “quay” are said to “Big/large” “hot/warm” are

be synonymous. complementary pairs. Words that are opposite in antonyms _____141. _____142. “Chron” as in chronometer The idiom “bite the dust” means “clock”. means very dirty. meaning are often called

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_____ 143. “in trouble.” _____144. “cloudy sky.” _____145. working.” _____146. _____147. _____148. doing it.” _____149. _____150.

The idiom “in hot water” means “Once in a blue moon” means “Call it a day” means “stop “Hit the books” means

“return the books to the library.” “Better half” means “spouse.” “Cut it out” means “stop

“Burn the midnight oil” “Chicken feed” means “ a

means “stay up late.” lot of money.” Part 5: Give presuppositional meanings to

the following sentences.

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Example: Help her look for her book. has lost her book.)

(She

151. The Chaopraya river used to be very clean. (_____________________________________ ___________) 152. Elvis sang Rock & Roll songs when he was alive. (_____________________________________ _____________) 153. John, please slow down a little bit. (_____________________________________ _____________) 154. This car is good. The other is old. (_____________________________________ ______________) 155. John, how was your vacation? Did you enjoy it?

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(_____________________________________ ____________) 156. Can you turn on the radio, Tom? (_____________________________________ ________) 157. Mary has two children. (_____________________________________ ________) 158. I used to be fond of hamburger. ______) 159. John, would you like another piece of cake ? (_____________________________________ _______) 160. I wish Tom had won the competition last year. (_____________________________________

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(_____________________________________ ______) 161. I wish I lived in the country even though I am used to the noise of the city vehicles. (_____________________________________ ____) 162. It used to be very hot here at this time of year. (_____________________________________ ____________) 163. Mary prefers Harry Porter on book to the film. (_____________________________________ _________) 164. If Somchai had lived in Lopburi before he moved to Bangkok. He would have enjoyed living there. Now he lives in Hua

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Hin. (_____________________________________ __________) 165. If John’s car were an American-made vehicle, it would be much larger and stronger and carried more passengers. (_____________________________________ ___________) 166. The Chao Praya River used to be very clean. (_____________________________________ ___________) 167. We are going to have an English camp next week. Do not bring any heavy clothes. ( ____________________________________ ___) 168. John is taller than Jim, but shorter And Tom is only five inches than Tom.

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shorter than Bill. ( Who is the shortest? (_____________________________________ _____________________) 169. Mary will not consider eating at PK restaurant again. (_____________________________________ _____________) 170. pub): The first man (came out from the “Excuse me, is that the sun or the The second

moon? (Pointing to the sky)

man (came out from another pub): I’m sorry I can’t help you. I’m a stranger here myself. (What do you learn from this conversation?) (_____________________________________ _________________ ) Part 6: Give the meanings to the following

idioms contained in the following sentences.

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Example: Can you = 171.

give me a hand, Tom?

help

My mother was glad because there was a

cut in the price of food last week.
_________________________________________ 172. The exam is over. Let’s

paint the town

red tonight.
______ 173.

__________________________________________ John is always a

black sheep. We don’t

want to take him anywhere. __________________________________________ ______ 174. If the children are given a when they grow up. of learning, they won’t be able to help themselves

spoon-fed style

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__________________________________________ _ 175. This year, our farming is just

birds, we’ll try again next year.
____ 176. The students are

for the

__________________________________________

oil. It must be a final examin.
___________ 177. be “break

burning the midnight

__________________________________________ At the English camp, the first activity will

the ice.”

__________________________________________ ____________ 178. My recent bank account tells me that I am still

in the red.

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__________________________________________ _____________ 179. Some students were caught while stealing books from the library. ________________________ 180. John was the only one to tell if there was

red handed

__________________________________________

fair play at the football match.
__________________________________________ _________________________

Part

idioms with their meanings on the right by writing a letter in front of each number.
_____181. Fair play _____182. Eats like a bird something is easily done a. cheating b.

7:

Match

the

left-hand

column

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_____183. Pig-headed _____184. Packed like sardines everything little _____185. Rains cats and dogs _____186. A bad egg

c.

justice d. e. lose eats

_____187. In one ear and out the other unnecessary paperwork _____188. Big mouth _____189. Big shot bothering me person ____ 190. Get into the hot water ____ 191. Lose your shirt continuously ____ 192. Red tape l.

f.

agree

g.

h. the last minute i. stop j. k. rain hard an evil

____ 193. Foul play who is always boasting

m. someone

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____ 194. Child’s play experience ____ 195. Kick the bucket paying attention to something said

n. dreadful o. not

____ 196. Get off my back into trouble stubborn ____ 197. See eye to eye ____ 198. Nightmare ____ 199. Day in day out somebody important ____ 200. The eleventh hour r. die

p. get q.

s. t. very crowded

Part 8: Latin

Give the meaning to the following Greek roots contained in the

and

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following words. Then, give one or more examples. Example:
ROOT

aquatic, aquanaut
EXAMPLES

aqua

= water

e.g. aquarium,

MEANING

201.

biblio = = = = =

202. chron 203. bio = 204. dem 205. dict 206. duct

207. graph = 208. lab = 209. loc = 210. man 211. min 212. nav = = = =

213. photo

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214. pop 215. port

= =

216. psych = 217. scribe = 218. therm = 219. urb = 220. vid =

Part 9 : Transcribe the following words into "phonetic transcription" system. 221. 223. 225. 227. (one mark each ข้อละ 1 คะแนน) Example: = cat = 222. 224. Use IPA / / blood = 226. 228. black and tombstone =

U.S.A. = taxi wife =

philosophy = white =

picture=

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229.

prince =

230. 232. 234.

rock

=

231. children= police = 233. Sunday = 235. oranges rain =

high way cow boy =

=

236.

pouring =

237. Valentine= 239. teacher = =

238. 240.

think

United Airline

Part 10 : Write the English words for the following phonetic transcription. Example: /
241. 242. 243. 244. 245. 246.

/ =

cat

(ข้อละ 1 คะแนน)
= =

/  /

/   / 

/  / /  /

/     / = = =

/  / =

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247.

/  / = = /

=

248. /  / 249. 250. /  /  /

=

End of the final exam

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