This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Save the Whales, Screw the Shrimp
Joy Williams Joy Williams was born in 1944 in Chelmsford, Massachusetts. Though known mostly for her novels 'and short stories-State of Grace, The Changeling, Taking Care, Breaking and Entering, Escapes, The Quick and the Dead-her nonfiction writing has also earned high critical acclaim. Her books D. H. Lawrence on Education, The Florida Keys: A History and Guide, IIINature: Rants and Reflections on Humanity and Other Animals, as well as her many essays have earned her the reputation as one of the most important of today's writers. In addition to writing, Williams has taught at a number of universities and has also worked at a marine laboratory in Florida. The essay "Save the Whales, Screw the Shrimp" was first published in Esquire Magazine in 1990.As you read this essay, pay particular attention to the tone of the essay.
In this essay, Joy Williams writes about how we interact on a daily basis with nature and how we consume nature every day. In your journal, begin to think about and write about how your daily life interacts with nature and how you personally consume nature.
I don't want to talk about me, of course, but it seems as though far too much attention has been lavished on you lately-that your greed and vanities and quest for self-fulfillment have been catered to far too much. You just want and want and want. You haven't had a mandala dream since the eighties began. To have a mandala dream you'd have to instinctively know that it was an attempt at self-healing on the part of Nature, and you don't believe in Nature anymore. It's too isolated from you. You've abstracted it. It's so messy and damaged and sad. Your eyes glaze as you travel life's highway past all the crushed animals and the Big Gulp cups. You don't even take pleasure in looking at nature photographs these days. Oh, they can be just as pretty, as always, but don't they make you feel increasingly ... anxious? Filled with more trepidation than peace? So what's the point? Yousee the picture of the baby condor or the panda munching on a bamboo shoot, and your heart just sinks, doesn't it? A picture of a poor old sea turtle with barnacles on her back, all ancient and exhausted,
but farmers will suffer losses. A cold word. it chose the code phrase BABIES SATISFACTORILY BORt"\J. a health club. As for Environmentalist. They loved it. otherwise you won't listen to him. that just outside the frame falls the shadow of the condo. Nature photographs have become something of a problem. Such a bloodless word. they'll have to sell their land to developers.204 Chapter 4 Consuming Nature Journal Assigrunent 205 depositing her five gallons of doomed eggs in the sand hardly fills you with joy. the EPA felt.actlOn in ItS campaign to ban dinoseb. too. He scolded them. Do you feel that? Twenty years too late." Commoner suggested that this was inappropriate. but burgers are hardly cows at all. That's ironic. The way they protect the environment these days is apparently to find an "acceptable level of harm from a pollutant and then issue rules allowing industry to pollute to that level. Even so. Even though they leave the bad stuff out-maybe because you know they're leaving all the bad stuff out-such pictures are making you increasingly aware that you're a little too late for Nature. Barry Commoner spoke to the Environmental Protection Agency. far from watery shores. You are intensively harvesting shrimp. it appears that you are. Hidden from immediate view in the butterfly-bright meadow. Not long ago. It takes that. A word increasingly disengaged from its association with the natural world. for some modest sum. There are wellfunded pred. And when you love something. for this is the age of radical subjectivism. sleek. And the word Enuironment.t s all the shrimp you can eat or all you care to eat. finan3 crops with a plumbing are increasbecause of 4 Pascal said that it is easier to endure death without thinking about it than to endure the thought of death without dying. but don't push me. In the wilds of Ohio. it was a healthy exchange of Ideas. in the dusky thicket. badgers. really. but ranchers like them even more. If farmers aren't allowed to make a profit by growmg surplus crops. one assumes-don't write about Nature is that it lacks a sense of humor and registers no irony. Everyvvhere. for you've tamed and tidied it. oh dreadful Clallosses. suited strangely to the coldness generally felt toward Nature. often. We've known that for years about farmers. You must hate weeds a lot. When the Army notified Winston Churchill that the first atom bomb had been detonated in New Mexico. you say. you just know they're going to be accompanied by a text that will serve only to bring you down. Urban planners. reasonable. with their monster supermarket. it had better watch out because you have a tendency to love it to death. who'll turn all that arable land into office parks. foxes. We know a lot these days. well. Oh. Although the EPA appears successfulm banning the poison. even though you're not consuming as much cow these days. it will still have to pay the disposal costs and compensate the manufacturers for the market value of the chemicals they still have in stock. You seem to have liked your dmoseb. mountain lions. It's their word now. And you don't want to feel gUIlty either. neutered it quite nicely. There's a bit of Central Amenca. They grow surplus subsidized water created by turning rivers great and small into system of dams and canals. You're eschewing cow. that's one that can really bring on the yawns. oil from roads. l. Maybe. his beliefs are opinions only. an esi es. . Shrimp.S open twenty-four hours a day with aisle after aisle after aisle of products. just a little too late? Well. and the strange double life you've been leading with the world ever since. we Ike those office parks and shopping plazas. rabbits. objective. maybe only ten? Not way too late. shrimp. Joyce Carol Oates suggests that the reason writers-real writers. Soon there won't be any left and then you can stop.~y from meat these days. black bears. because you realize. rational. in the oak and holly wood. Farmers like their poisons. economists. shoot. shrimp. indulgent times. you've decided you're just not going to attend this particular party. for someone wants to build a mall exactly there-some gas stations and supermarkets. knowing. We're very well informed. you feel. maybe a bulimia treatment center. countless birds-v-all to make this great land safe for the string bean and the corn the sheep and the cow. An environmentalist must be calm. It's more common on menus than chlc~en. So you entered the age of irony. healthier certainly than our air and water. Guilt is uncool. Rivers have become systems. and developers use it. you're getting a\"':. We know that. et cetera. Those lovely. nuclear annihilation. An EPA employee suggested that any other approach would u. If herbicido and pesticide use is restricted. and just beyond the dunes lies 'I parking lot. It was refreshing. far. You don't want to think about it' It's all so uncool.n burger matter in your bun. It s fun. The agency has recently lumbered into . shrimp most of all. Which is contributing to the conversion of tropical ram forest into cow pasture. A flat-footed word with a shrunken heart. Farmers grow way too much stuff anyway. you say.ommantly federal and cooperative programs like the Agriculture Department s A~lmal Damage Control Unit that poison. Regret maybe you'll consider. Limits on economic growth! Corrunoner vigorously denied this. A burger ~ow and then. It s been a popular weed killer. and trap several thousand animals each year. mechanistic. industrialists. It just doesn't seem to be of the times-these slick. along with almost everything else. Wetlands mgly bemg referred to as filtering systems-things deigned useful their ability to absorb urban run-off. 5 6 . four out of t~e SIXentrees on a menu will be shrimp. You don't mind giving it up. It's a lost word. some pizza and video shops. And since you are. Arable land isn't Natu d besid I·· re anyway. It was created to kil! thmgs-bobcats. Still. What's cropped from the shot of ocean waves crashing on a pristine shore is the plastics plant. for some burger matter is imported. Products are fun. Regret is a possibility. It's seafood you love. quite rightly. They're not all oui cows in any case. 2 place limits on economic growth and implied that Commoner was advocating this. This is how you manage to dance the strange dance with that grim partner. for sometimes you Just don t feel like eating all you can. are the surveyors' stakes.s. We needed that IIttlespanking. and willing to compromise. pictures of leopards and herons and wild rivers. This unit loves to kill things. even though it has been directly linked with birth defects.
Not only must they cater to your multiple and conflicting deSHes. treated effluent. to you! It's exotic land too. as they like to be called-have developed wl~e and multiple-use plans. lawns. too) as well as the desires of the backpackers. turtles. as they say it would cut the size of their shrimp catch. There is an object called TED (Turtle Exclud~r Device). all of you. You're just all bumpered up out there. hands-on management and master plans. When he mentions the shrimpers' role in the decline of the turtle. Controlled exponential growth is what you'd really like to see. which you've been told has "some ecological value. the Park. You like a secure landscape and access to sennces. off the coast of South Carolina. So much that the more inspired of the masters have taken to watering them with effluent. Yes! If it weren't for the people who killed them. I really don't want to think about sewage. have discovered your national parks and are quickly overburdening them. of which there are many. Something brought to you by one of the tmy masters. In resort towns in New England and the Adirondacks. You want to take advantage of this land. because the whole thing will take twenty-five years to complete. Cuisine IS also one of their concerns. they catch more than ten times that amount of fish.'r wildlife resources. It's like they J~st hate this ancient sea of grass. You keep your stewards busy. Kiawah has nice beaches. what you thought of as the Everglades. With more trips promised soon. In your desire to get away from what you've got. but the shrimpers are loath to use TEDs. If it weren't for hunters. They want you. isn't it? Retro you're not. Controlled growth.. You can understand this. and use it in every way you can. A recent newspaper headline said. Yes. Growth. and reintroduce. you've caused there to be no place to get away to. ' m enng. No. At least your stewards think that you do. You trust a blueprint. In Florida they've just started a ten~housand-acre CIty in the Everglades. of course. you say. from all the condos and villas built around the stocked artificial lakes you fancy. one of the largest ever in the state. that's a lot. Growth is desirable as well as being inevitable. Duck stamps and licensing fees support the whole nckety duck-management system. as tourist. so you try to be realistic about it. for instance. they must have thought you wanted it. At Kiawah Island. strange land for years. We've heard about TED. The national parks are more of a public playground and are becoming increasingly Europeanized in their look and management . They cull and control. You are no longer benign in your traveling somewhere to look at the scenery. You like grass-that is. developed yet. . These golf courses requue a lot of watermg. Spare land and it belong. you say. But you like these tiny masters and have even come to expect and require them. L 050 f t .." You believe thi~l Not that it re~lIy matters. not looking like all the stuff around it that looks like everythmg else. keeping in mind exploiters' interests (for they have their 12 13 . They relocate restock. the plan is going to be constantly changed. of course. and dolphins. they will undoubtedly have to find some other means of employment soon. You don't want to go back or anything. Nevertheless. Roy Rogers is the senior vice president of strategic planning and the old cowboy says that every tree and bush and inch of sidewalk in the project ~as been planned. to have all the shrimp you can eat and more. scream at him.. You believe in growth. certainly. and these days they go out at least four times a day. where the Forest Service maintains a system of logging roads eight times larger than the interstate highway system. It's hard to keep it all straight. Shrimpers shrimp. Not the Big Master. Advances in sorbets-sorbet 11 Tourism has become an industry as destructive as any other. You never thought there was much gain in just looking anyway. It is true that. Forward." the guide says. for each pound of shrimp. you've always preferred to use the scenery in some manner. Maybe ask directions later. concessions and motels. They might. That's their business.Journal Assignment 207 206 Chapter 4 Consuming Nature to make you stop. Protect or poison? Extirpate or Just mostly eliminate? Sometimes even the stewards get mixed up This is the ~ime of machines and models. Maybe you could ask them about this sometime. quite the worse for wear. become part of that vast throng laboring in the tourist industry. d l' . They put out these big nets and in these nets. and the guide talks about turtles. Thus the managers-or stewards. but yours. They track and tape and tag and band. they have to manage yot. the masters are struggling with the problems of your incessant flushing. the shrimpers. ("":'herever you see trees. IS only a little bitty part of the Everglades. These. Thus mining ti b . The ultimate lawn is the golf course." Even so with the continuing wanton depletion of shrimp beds. Recently you. ~ho share the same frequency. The tmy mast~rs know what you like. "Shrimpers Spared Anti-Turtle Devices. visitors go out on Jeep "safaris" through the part of the island that hasn't bee~. but it sounds like progress. ducks would disappear. It's a megaproject. wild ducks wouldn't exist! Managers are managing all wild creatures not just those that fly. "really. of course. Developers have been gnawmg at this irreplaceable. measunng the flow into the sewage plant serves as a business barometer. You deserve a clean bed and a hot meal when you go into the Wilderness. Don t you ever wonder as you pass that billboard advertising another MAST~R-PLA~r:'ED COMMUNITY Just what master they are actually talking about. That's illegal. They have managed wildfowl to such an extent that the reasoning has become. You certainly don't want to put a moratorium or a cap on anything. an ranc 1mg acnvities take place in the national forests. ) The safan compnses SIX Jeeps. Shrimpers and most commerClalfishermen (many of them working with drift and gill nets anywhere from SIX to thirty miles long) think of themselves as an endangered specIes. you just like to play golf. The tourists drive their own Jeeps and the guide talks to them by radio. The Important thing is that there be a blueprint.is-it's 10 weird-it's like cancer or something. Sewage and dumps have become prime indicators of America's lifestyle. 9 needs. they dump back in. Tounsm 19a growth industry. Growth is the one thing you seem to be powerless before. which would save thousands of turtles and some dolphins from dymg in the nets.
certainly. and biodimatic.who enjoyed doing it and now shares what's left with you. the saguaro cacti are reported to be repaired With green paste when balls blast into their skin. at least a third of them-the rarest ones-killed and collected by one C. but that doesn't really matter. God. Zoos are pretty. it would have to be smaller. willing to show you the path. and many of them have to make do with less than a loaf-that is. and one. Corning into t1. You might want to let It mosey about ItSbusiness or blow it away. a prop. including eight human bemgs. 14 209 When have you last watched a sunset? Do you remember where you were: With whom? At Loews Ventana Canyon Resort. the real swamp not far away on the verge of disappearmg. and it had better look snappy. on the opposite side of the mountain from the dead-animal habitat.000 home in A WILD ANIMAL HABITAT.swamp. Nature becomes scenery. 7' Listen. Back near Tucson. A totally self-contamed environment With everything that a person could possibly want. but that doesn't matter. which are becoming bigger. wrote. Al11mals ITI these places are abstractions-wandering relics of their true selves. You think it would be nice to colonize other worlds after you've made it necessary to leave this one. three. very nice. You want A HAVEN FROM THE ORDINARY WORLD. you know. more commonly known as Earth)-a 21/2-acre terrarium. contained. he'd probably be escorted down by a Realtor.. why do those things howl like that. An example will suffice. If you're eastern and consider yourself more hip. Nature has become Simply a Visual form of entertainment. We had baby bay scallops there. For 20 the purposes of NASA. ~ts very. either. It sprawls but nestles. on more tha. too. Arizona. say. Though it's quite apparent the environment has . There are many more Realtors than tiny masters.lost. and there is no reason to believe that these artificial environments need be unsatisfactory for those who experience them . You are increaSingly looking at and living in proxy environments created by substitution and simulation. 19 That's only about three times bigger than my entire house. It's the International Wildlife Museum. Some of you prefer zoos. Just outside Tucson. fiddle. At some golf courses in the Southwest. The attitu~e is up to you. Great restaurant. Resource economists are a wee branch in the tree of tiny masters. a mere Source of materials. You can get. You like things reduced. the various groupings of landscape "material. you say. If Dante returned to Hell today." You are lost. you say. but this takes time.. 18 You've been editing it for quite some time.y will compose it into a picture that you can look at at your leisure. There is an abundance of curves and an infrequency of through streets. talking all the while about how it was just another level of Paradise. Three hundred species are there. apparently. the water views. New-age z~o designers want the animals to flow right out into your space. Sort of like a biological Crabtree & Evelyn basket selected with you in mind. You Can get real close to these dead animals. You don't want to see too much of anything. oh much smaller. gettmg around can be confusing. simplified. there is a brand-new structure modeled after a 15 16 17 French foreign legion outpost.usand acres in the middle of zip. you want to live in new townsbrand-new reconstructed-from-scratch towns-e-m a house of NINETEENTHCENTURY DESIGN. you think. who will cultivate a bit of farmland. It's small all right. when you re not domg work or something like that. a world-class resort. as well as meddling. but still not small enough to be. Wild things exist only if you have the graciousness to allow them to. These new habitats can contain one hundred different species-not more than one or two of each thing. It's ~ the desert. If you're A NATURE LOVER in the West you want to live in a $200. useful. It's better to get out the pastepot." Nature has become a world of appearances. that's pretty good. and it's full of dead animals. and the effect can be somewh~t . trying to sell stuff that s already been built in an environment already "enhanced" rather than somethmg bemg planned-but they're everywhere. however. Animal behavior in a zoo is nothing like natural behavior. one. fiddle. McElroy.. the air filled with a fine mist from 300 high-pressure nozzles". The saguaro can attempt to heal themselves by growing over the balls. a thirty-five-foot ocean. Fiddle. better. Th. You can prefer to see it dead or not dead. in San Diego there's a simulated rain forest. Hey. It's the new wilderness without any trees. "Artificial prairies and wildernesses ha ve been crea ted. mule.n a tho.e lobby there are these two big hand-carved coyotes: mutely howlmg. we've been at Ventana Canyon. like.208 Chapter 4 Consuming Nature Journal Assignment intermezzos-s-in their clubs and fine restaurants. of Course-on seven acres. Give the~ c~edlt for that. And they ve mamtame~ the integrity of as much of the desert ecosystem as possible. and energy-efficient too. Martin Krieger. ]. It's easier to take it all in. The museum claims to be educational because you can watch a taxidermist at work or touch a lion's tooth. Earth is beginning to look like not much more than a launching pad. baroque. nght. This is how you learn.". an artificial ecosystem that will include a rain forest. In Dallas there WillSOonbe a Wilds of Africa exhibit. now you're in the process of deleting it. Wildlife is a personal matter. and ~everal thousand species of life (lots of microbes).. You like things ins ida better than ou tside anyway. We will have to realize that the way in which we experience nature is conditioned by Our society-which more and more is seen to be receptive to responsible intervention. a desert. closer than you can in a zoo. Yousupport fiddling. They know what you want. But in these new towns the masters are building. the Grand Foyer will protnde you With that opportunity through lighting which is computerized to diminish With the approaching sunset! The tiny masters are willing to arrange Nature for you. and accessible. park it in your mind.. you're building Biosphere II (as compared with or opposed to Biosphere I. all that stuff packed into just 21/2 acres. in New Orleans you've constructed a . where you can thread your way" down the side of a lush canyon. even with all the "mental bread crumbs" the masters scatter about as Visual landmarks-the windmill. But you trust a Realtor will show you the way. ~d that s the way we like them.
but because. Oh. is that they're already dying from it. Florida' Florida is a joke! How do you expect us to take you seriously if you still live there' Florida is crazy. Uninhabitable the world has to get before you rein in your requirements. They don't want to keep them. Oh-oh. no. uniform. you think in terms of countering that.. WHYNOT. They've turned these remote lakes into huge real-world test tubes.210 Chapter 4 Consuming Nature Journal Assignment 211 21 22 been grossly polluted and the natural world abused and defiled. The feeling is that whatever it is will get out oj the way. these days. Bone is the dead one. Dr Lave says. If our wetlandsour vanishing wetlands-are mentioned one more time. A deer. You are driving with a stranger in the car. as every schoolchild knows. Of course these "forests" wouldn't exactly be forests. I just bet he said that. lighten up will you? Relax. me---certainly strike a hard bargain. Tell about yourself. This is the age of humanism.. All along the crest of the Appalachians from Maine to Georgia. I _presume. Okay. We needed that rain. Managed trees. me. might be called upon to evolve in their thinking and allow these trees to grow. which now manages our forests by cutting them down. an economist. The stranger does not decelerate or brake. To try to appease your appetite for proof. Fast-growing. You do get so sick of hearing about it. It means . They've been doing this since 1976' And what they've found so far in these preliminary studies is that pollutants are really destructive. They would probably be patented trees after a time. In the back seat are your pals for many years now-DO WHATYOU LIKE and his swilling sidekick. we don't want to hear any more about Florida. We don't want to hear about Phoenix or Hilton Head or California's Central Valley. Not for the sake of majesty and mystery or of Thumper and Bambi. you can bet. Life in them ceases. the feel of it. Oh my God. Isn't Nature remarkable? So willing to serve? You wouldn't think it had anything more to offer. Now it rains and you go. but it seems it does. everything carefully measured and controlled all the while. the consumer upon whom so much attention is lavished. They just soak it up and store it. And a little girl just got eaten by an alligator down there.. maybe not at all. So this is the plan: you plant millions of acres of trees. It means untreated waste discharged directly into our waterways. right? It's almost the twenty-first century' Those last condors are pathetic. not yet. You as in me--that is. They've been intentionally contaminating many of the lakes with a variety of pollutants dribbled into the propeller wash of research boats. you thought. it's a fine 26 27 28 29 30 23 24 2S 31 32 33 . One way that's been discussed recently is the planting of new forests. or some emblematic animal. It looked pretty too. They would be new-age trees. are you kidding me. oh my heavens. now can they? All right. it's over. they don't want to curb it. not for the sake of the forests alone. whereas you refers to them. acid rain. and you can go on doing pretty much whatever you're doing-driving around. wow. It's paved. The words have already become a whitenoise kind of thing. Me is you. They would be more like trees.. We're all humanists here. Remember when you used to like rain. Now the scientists are slowly reversing the process. scientists have been leasing for experimentation forty-six pristine lakes in Canada. it's pink concrete. They just love it. They even had names.llywant me to give up my car or my air conditioner. me. you say. Listen. Can't we just get this over with? Aristotle said that all living beings are ensouled and striving to participate in eternity. Well. You want proof. A nice walloping rain these days means overtaxing our sewage treatment plants. forests struggle to survive in a toxic soup of poisons. I say. He was a humanist. Or most of us do. you'd better prove to me first that the earth would otherwise be uninhabitable. Acid rain! And we all know what this is. the way it made the plants and trees all glisten. you seem to prefer to continue pondering effects rather than preventing causes. the ultimate user of a commodity that has become. And it has been for a long time. As for the greenhouse effect. the sound of it. particularly in the movies. And the talk about condors and grizzlies and wolves is becoming too de trap. you would say. They think. but they're willing to study it some more. You're a consumer after all. Oh. they just want to borrow them. It took about eight years to make this happen in one of them. they say." If you rea. we'll scream. I. People of power in government and industry still don't seem to know what it is. But it will take hundreds of years for the lakes to recover. you say. you insist on proof. trees absorb carbon dioxide. something from that myriad natural world you've come from that you treat with such indifference and scorn-steps from the dimming woods and tentatively upon the highway. It came out of some swamp next to a subdivision and just carried her off. They can't help us if we've killed them. But you think in terms of mitigating it maybe. and it is the stranger behind the wheel. That doesn't sound like Aristotle. The Forest Service. you say.. Lave from Carnegie-Mellon-and he's an expert. Oh. We had just managed to get whales out of our minds when those three showed up under the ice in Alaska. Whatever it is. using staggermg amounts of energy. everything. genetically-created-to-betoxin-eating machines. and an environmental expert-says that scientists will have to prove to you that you will suffer if you don't become less of a "throw-away society. . Okay. because the problem with planting the old-fashioned variety to combat the greenhouse effect. I live in Florida . That set your Endangered Species Act back fifty years. It's one oj the boldest experiments in lake ecology ever conducted. keeping those power plants fired to the max. which is caused by pollution. A Dr. The lakes get gross. for example. Economists call air and water pollution "externalities" anyway.
and the plastics industry isn't looking into that.ant bigger. because in a way. actually. Hygienic devices-appearing not quite so hygienic out of contextall coming in on the tide. Grow inwardly and with knowledge become truly wiser. In the sea. more square footage? You have created an ecological crisis. What ~oes It me~n to "harvest" something? 3. why isn't arable land nature? What is arable land? 2. defense. only reduction of production will. you haven't believed in in ages. H. at ro e does this metaphor play in the essay? In the summer. The issues were the same as always-jobs. and a deep change 111 personal consciousness is needed. of course. That should make you feel better. which you do worry about from time to time. build something. there are the babies too. multifarious products off their backs. it's even thought you have a declining sense of emergency about the problem. But it didn't. someone s to blame and something should be done. behave differently. Sludge and bloody vials. 35 omy. You're trading up. Yes. That is dusk. told you it was convement. and you are killing It. But you are not safe. They're everywhere these days. In the dumps. That's dusk out there. for example. because recycling has become an honorable word. A disposable diaper. Go out and get something to eat. Well. it's the stuff you use to excess. Live lightly upon the earth and treat it with respect. . awn me ap or. Joy Williams m~kes some clear distinctions as to what is and is not nature. Your fundamental attitudes toward the earth have become twisted. which is the most important thing by far. isn't it? It certainly doesn't look like any dawn I've ever seen. plastics and poisons will have a far more exte~slve afterlife than you. expansionistic. A moral issue! Okay. It is a crisis caused by culture and character. A moral issue . you say. At least not for yourself. maybe. But I've got to go. You want to find wh I ness and happiness in a land increasingly damaged and betrayed. take care. The air smelled funny. Who is Williams addressing in "Save the Whales. become more authentic. Someone.f th~ essay contnbute to and create this tone? Does the tone of Williams's essay affect her argument? 2. It s gett111g late. the econ- . It cannot be solved by:: science or technology. Screw the Shrimp"? How do you know? 3. Make connections. deluxe nihilism. so easy to use and toss-will take around four centuries to degrade. Recyclmg (practically impossible) won't solve the plastic glut. You don't seem to associate them with the problems of population increase. in all the crowds and traffic jams. You've given the wheel to the masters. What IS this? Sznners in the Hands of an Angry Cod? . With the exception of hazardous waste. you can be sure. which IS all plastic and wood pulp-you like them for all those babies. you did get a little excited.'l0 are you is what I'd like to know. preferring instead to continue in your politics of subsidizing and advancing avarice. too. whic~. You're not me. Have few desires and simp~e pleasures. centuries and centuries. This same industry is now looking into recycling in an attempt to get the critics of their nefarious. You didn't want it to be. Almost all plastics do. The afterlife now belongs to plastics and poisons. selfish.ow would you describe the tone of this essay? What parts . this discussion is now toast. But your heart is disposed toward plashc. You're getting a little shrill here. The ecological crisis cannot be resolved by politics. They're just babies! And you've come to believe in them again. It seems safer this way. a fine machine. The earth is infinitely variable and alive. Utility companies! You haven't entered a new age at all but one of upscale nihilism. Builders are building bigger houses because you ". maintaining and improving the standard of living in this greedy. You must change your ways. ore software.Focus on Writing 213 212 Chapter 4 Consuming Nature car you've got. many marine animals die from ingesting or being entangled in discarded plastic. 36 You're pretty well off. Waste is not just the stuff you throwaway. It was even thought for a moment that the environment would become a political issue. and never Will: More than material matters. I a~mlt. that's known. everything has gotten too complicated. no longer merely the hobby of Volvo owners. What IS the relationship of the consumer to nature? How does Williams descnbe that relationship? FOCUS ON WRITING 1. For this IS essentially a moral issue we face and moral decisions must be made. How does Williams intend us to understand with the final dusk/d t h ? Wh I . .0: FOCUS ON ECOLOGY 1. anyway. You must change. industrialized society. Although faith is perhaps too strong a word. of course. you feel a little sick. The filth cut into your fun time.. Babies show you have faith in the future. 34 Why make a fuss when you're so comfortable? Don't make a fuss. Something is wrong. oes 37 IS mean. You tolerate a great deal. The fact is that people in plastics are born obscurants. the managers. Control yourself. Make another baby. Redefine the word progress and dismiss the managers and masters. They're a lot more tangible than the afterlife. Babies are cute.:. and oddly you don't mind the stranger driving it. Think differently. way out of your control. Accordmg to Williams. more scampi. You expect to be better off soon You do What d thi ?M . Utility companies are beginning to worry about your constantly rising consumption. Honor nonhuman life. the comptrollers. plastic squats on more than 25 percent of dump space. no doubt the plastics industry. way. but the car IS luxurious and fast and you're moving. Dead stuff floating around. . And who's 40 this we now? W. You have made only brutal contact with Nature you cannot comprehend its grace.. particularly in the industrial Northeast. make a baby. but the summer of '88 was truly creepy.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.