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Thomas Young (1773 – 1829)

Is light…

a stream of tiny particles?

a wave?

Young’s Double-Slit Experiment (1807)

nb: Constructive and Destructive Interference

Particles?

Waves?

Interference Patterns

a) Central fringe

The effects of two particles cannot add up to zero... ...but two waves that are out of phase can (destructive interference).

Constructive interference occurs at the centre point. The two waves travel the same distance, therefore they arrive in phase. A bright fringe is observed at point P.

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Interference Patterns

b) First order fringe The upper wave (S1) travels further than the lower one (S2). If it travels exactly λ further, then constructive interference (and, therefore, a bright fringe) will occur at point Q.

Interference Patterns

c) Dark fringe If the upper wave travels exactly half a wavelength further than the lower, then the two waves are 180° out of phase. Therefore, a dark fringe will appear at point R.

**Conditions for diffraction patterns
**

1. Light must be monochromatic, i.e., involve just a single frequency and single wavelength. 2. Light sources must be coherent; the relative phase is always the same. 3. Light sources must have the same amplitudes.

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• Rays coming from slits are parallel (fair if L >> d). • For constructive interference to occur, path difference must be integer wavelength.

Worked example: If the distance between two slits is 0.050 mm and the distance to a screen is 2.50 m, find the spacing between the first and second order bright fringes for yellow light of 600 nm wavelength.

where w = fringe spacing (m) λ = wavelength (m) D = distance from slits to screen (m) s = slit separation (m)

What is the most important conclusion from the Young’s double-slit experiment?

What is the most important conclusion from the Young’s double-slit experiment?

A There are dark and bright fringes. B Light is a wave. C The slits must be very close together.

A There are dark and bright fringes. B Light is a wave. C The slits must be very close together.

The red diffraction pattern is slightly more spread out than the blue one. What conclusion can be drawn about the wavelengths of red light and blue light?

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- Young's Double Slit Qs
- Young's Double Slit Experiment
- Wave Basics
- Introduction to Waves
- Stopping Distance
- Terminal Velocity Examples
- Acceleration Calculations
- Velocity and Acceleration
- The Human Bird
- Suvat Equivalents - 2nd Qs Sheet
- Suvat Equivalents - 1st Qs Sheet
- Angular Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration
- P1 Equation Practice
- Radiation Qs
- Infrared Presentation
- Infrared Radiation Notes
- Convection Comic
- Conduction
- Photoelectric Effect Presentation
- Types of Energy
- Scales of Energy
- Sankey Diagram More Qs
- Sankey Diagram Qs
- Sankey Diagrams

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UsefulNot useful- Young's Double Slit Qs
- Young's Double Slit Experiment
- Wave Basics
- Introduction to Waves
- Stopping Distance
- Terminal Velocity Examples
- Acceleration Calculations
- Velocity and Acceleration
- The Human Bird
- Suvat Equivalents - 2nd Qs Sheet
- Suvat Equivalents - 1st Qs Sheet
- Angular Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration
- P1 Equation Practice
- Radiation Qs
- Infrared Presentation
- Infrared Radiation Notes
- Convection Comic
- Conduction
- Photoelectric Effect Presentation
- Types of Energy
- Scales of Energy
- Sankey Diagram More Qs
- Sankey Diagram Qs
- Sankey Diagrams
- Energy Transformation Qs (p14 of Energy Qs)
- Simple Energy Flow
- Energy Types Qs (p10 of Energy Qs)
- Useful Energy and Wasted Energy
- Scales of Energy