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Add Math Project|Views: 54|Likes: 0

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/82633611/Add-Math-Project

06/26/2014

text

original

Contents

Page

Objectives 2

Part 1 3

Part 2 5

Part 3 12

Further Exploration 14

Conclusion 16

Reflection 17

References 18

2 | P a g e

Objectives

The aims of carrying this project work are:-

1. To apply and adapt a variety of problem solving strategies to solve

problems.

2. To acquire effective mathematical communications through oral and

writing.

3. To use the language of mathematical ideas precisely.

4. To realise that mathematics is an important and powerful tool in solving

real-life problems.

5. To use technology especially the ICT appropriately and effectively.

6. To develop positive attitude towards mathematics.

3 | P a g e

PART 1

INTRODUCTION

Baking a cake offers a tasty way to practice math skills, such as fractions and ratios,

in a real-world context. Many steps of baking a cake, such as counting ingredients and setting

the oven timer, provide basic math practise for young children. Older children and teenagers

can use more sophisticated math to solve baking dilemmas, such as how to make a cake

recipe larger or smaller or how to determine what size slices you should cut. Practicing math

while baking not only improves your math skills, it helps you become a more flexible and

resourceful baker.

MATHEMATICS IN CAKE BAKING AND CAKE DECORATING

i. GEOMETRY

Geometry is used to determine suitable dimensions for the cake, to assist in designing

and decorating cakes that comes in many attractive shapes and designs and to estimate

volume of cake to be produced.

To determine suitable dimension for the cake, to assist in designing and decorating

cakes that comes in many attractive shapes and designs, to estimate volume of cake to be

produced. When making a batch of cake batter, you end up with a certain volume determined

by the recipe. The baker must then choose the appropriate size and shape of pan to achieve

the desired result. If the pan is too big, the cake becomes too short. If the pan is too small, the

cake becomes too tall. This leads into the next situations.

The ratio of the surface area to the volumes determines how much crust a baked good

will have. The more surface area there is, compared to the volume, the faster the item will

bake, and the less ³inside´ there will be. For a very large, thick item, it will take a long time

for the heat to penetrate to the centre. To avoid having a rock-hard outside in this case, the

baker will have to lower the temperature a little bit and bake for a longer time.

We mix ingredients in round bowls because cubes would have corners where unmixed

ingredient would accumulate, and we would have a hard time scraping them into the batter.

4 | P a g e

ii. Calculus (differentiation)

Calculus is used to determine minimum or maximum amount of ingredients for cake-

baking, cream needed for decorating, or size of cake produced. Calculus can also be used to

measure how high the temperature/time of the oven should be set so that the cake is baked

effectively.

iii. Progressions

To determine total weight/volume of multi-storey cakes with proportional

dimensions, to estimate total ingredients needed for cake-baking, to estimate total amount of

cream for decoration.

For example, when we make a cake with many layers, we must fix the difference of

diameter of the two layers. So we can say that it used arithmetic progression. When the

diameter of the first layer of the cake is 8¶¶ and the diameter of second layer of the cake is

6¶¶, then the diameter of the third layer should be 4¶¶.

In this case, we use arithmetic progression where the difference of the diameter is

constant that is 2. When the diameter decreases, the weight also decreases. That is the way

how the cake is balance to prevent it from smooch. We can also use ratio, because when we

prepare the ingredient for each layer of the cake, we need to decrease its ratio from lower

layer to upper layer. When we cut the cake, we can use fraction to divide the cake according

to the total people that will eat the cake.

5 | P a g e

Part 2

Best Bakery shop received an order from your school to bake a 5kg of round cake as shown

in Diagram 1 for the Teachers¶ Day celebration.

1) If a kilogram of cake has a volume of 38000cm3, and the height of the cake is to be 7.0

cm, the diameter of the baking tray to be used to fit the 5 kg cake ordered by your school

3800 is

Volume of 5kg cake = Base area of cake x Height of cake

3800 x 5 = (3.142)(

ௗ

ଶ

)² x 7

ଵଽ

(3.142) = (

ௗ

ଶ

)²

863.872 = (

ௗ

ଶ

)²

ௗ

ଶ

= 29.392

= 58.784 cm

2) The inner dimensions of oven: 80cm length, 60cm width, 45cm height.

a) The formula that formed for d in terms of h by using the formula for volume of cake,

V = 19000 is:

19000 = (3.142)(

ௗ

ଶ

)²h

ଵଽ

ሺଷǤଵସଶሻ୦

=

ௗ²

ସ

ଶସଵ଼଼Ǥସଵହ

= ݀²

=

Ǥ

ξ

6 | P a g e

Table 1

b) i) ݄ < 7cm is NOT suitable, because the resulting diameter produced is too large to fit into

the oven. Furthermore, the cake would be too short and too wide, making it less attractive.

b) ii) The most suitable dimensions (݄ and d) for the cake is ݄ = 8cm, ݀ = 54.99cm, because

it can fit into the oven, and the size is suitable for easy handling.

c) i) The same formula in 2(a) is used, that is 19000 = (3.142)(

ௗ

ଶ

)²݄. The same process is also

used, that is, make d the subject. An equation which is suitable and relevant for the graph:

19000 = (3.142)(

ௗ

ଶ

)²݄

ଵଽ

ሺଷǤଵସଶሻ୦

=

ୢ²

ସ

ଶସଵ଼଼Ǥସଵହ

= ݀²

݀ =

ଵହହǤହଷ

ξ

݀ = ͳͷͷǤͷ͵h

షభ

మ

log ݀ = log ͳͷͷǤͷ͵h

షభ

మ

log =

ି

log + log 155.53

Table of log ݀ =

ିଵ

ଶ

log ݄ + log 155.53

Height,݄ Diameter,݀

1.0 155.53

2.0 109.98

3.0 89.79

4.0 77.76

5.0 69.55

6.0 63.49

7.0 58.78

8.0 54.99

9.0 51.84

10.0 49.18

7 | P a g e

Table 2

Height,݄ Diameter,݀ Log ݄ Log ݀

1.0 155.53 0.00 2.19

2.0 109.98 0.30 2.04

3.0 89.79 0.48 1.95

4.0 77.76 0.60 1.89

5.0 69.55 0.70 1.84

6.0 63.49 0.78 1.80

7.0 58.78 0.85 1.77

8.0 54.99 0.90 1.74

9.0 51.84 0.95 1.71

10.0 49.18 1.0 1.69

8 | P a g e

Graph of log ݀ against log ݄

ii) Based from the graph:

a) ݀ when ݄ = 10.5 cm

݄ = 10.5 cm, log ݄ = 1.021, log ݀ = 1.680, = 47.86 cm

b) ݄ when ݀ = 42 cm

݀ = 42 cm, log ݀ = 1.623, log ݄ = 1.140, = 13.80 cm

9 | P a g e

3) The cake with fresh cream, with uniform thickness 1cm is decorated.

a) The amount of fresh cream needed to decorated the cake, using the dimensions I¶ve

suggested in 2(b)(ii).

My answer in 2(b)(ii) ՜ ݄ = 8cm, ݀ = 54.99cm

Amount of fresh cream = volume of fresh cream needed (area ൈ height)

Amount of fresh cream = volume of cream at the top surface + volume of cream at the

side surface.

The bottom surface area of cake is not counted, because we¶re decorating the visible

part of the cake only (top and sides). Obviously, we don¶t decorate the bottom part of

the cake.

Volume of cream at the top surface

=Area of top surface ൈ Height of cream

= (3.142)ሺ

ହସǤଽଽ

ଶ

ሻ

ଶ

ൈ 1

=2375

Volume of cream at the side surface

=Area of side surface ൈ Height of cream

= (Circumference of cake ൈ Height of cake) ൈ Height of cream

=2(3.142)(

ହସǤଽଽ

ଶ

)(8) ൈ 1

=1382.23

Therefore, amount of fresh cream = 2375 + 1382.23 = 3757.23

b) Three other shapes (the shape of the base of the cake) for the cake with same

height which is depends on the 2(b)(ii) and volume 19000ܿ݉

ଷ

.

The volume of top surface is always the same for all shapes (since height is same),

My answer (with ݄ = 8ܿ݉, and volume of cream on top surface =

ଵଽ

଼

= 237

) :

10 | P a g e

1 ± Rectangle-shaped base (cuboid)

height

length width

1900 = base area ൈ height

base area =

ଵଽ

଼

length ൈ width = 2375

By trial and improvement, 2375 = 50 ൈ 47.5 (length = 50, width = 47.5, height = 8)

volume of cream

= 2(Area of left and right side surface)(Height of cream) + 2(Area of front and back side

surface)(Height of cream) + volume of top surface

=2(50 ൈ 8)(1) + 2(47.5 ൈ 8)(1) + 2375

=3935

2 ± Triangle-shaped base

width

slant height

1900 = base area ൈ height

base area =

ଵଽ

଼

base area = 2375

11 | P a g e

ଵ

ଶ

ൈ length ൈ width = 2375

Length ൈ width = 4750

By trial and improvement, 4750 = 95 ൈ 50 (length = 95, width = 50)

Slant length of triangle =ඥሺͻͷ

ଶ

ʹͷ

ଶ

ሻ= 98.23

Amount of cream

=Area of rectangular front side surface(Height of cream) + 2(Area of slant rectangular

left/right side surface)(Height of cream) + Volume of top surface

=(50 ൈ 8)(1) + 2(98.23 ൈ 8)(1) + 2375 = 4346.68

3 ± Pentagon-shaped base

width

19000 = base area ൈ height

base area = 2375 = area of 5 similar isosceles triangles in a pentagon

2375 = 5(length ൈ width)

475 = length ൈ width

By trial and improvement, 475 = 25 ൈ 19 (length = 25, width = 19)

amount of cream

=5(area of one rectangular side surface)(height of cream) + volume of top surface

=5(19 ൈ 8) + 2375 = 3135

c)Based on the values above, the shape that required the least amount of fresh cream to be

used is :

Pentagon-shaped cake, since it requires only 3135

of cream to be used.

12 | P a g e

PART 3

When there¶s ̶minimum̶ or ̶maximum̶, well, there are differentiation and quadratic

functions. The minimum height, ݄ and its corresponding minimum diameter, ݀ is calculated

by using the differentiation and function.

METHOD 1 : DIFFERENTIATION

Two equations for this method: the formula for volume of cake ( as in 2(a)), and the formula

for amount ( volume ) of cream to be used for the round cake ( as in 3(a)).

1900 ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ²݄ ՜ ሺሻ

V ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ² 2ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ݄ ՜ ሺሻ

From ሺሻ : ݄ ൌ

ଵଽ

ሺଷǤଵସଶሻ²

Sub. ሺሻ into ሺሻ:

V ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ² 2ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ ቀ

ଵଽ

ሺଷǤଵସଶሻ²

ቁ

V ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ² ቀ

ଷ଼

ቁ

V ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ² 38000ݎ

ିଵ

ቀ

ௗ

ௗ

ቁ ൌ ʹሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ െ ቀ

ଷ଼

మ

ቁ

0 ൌ ʹሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ െ ቀ

ଷ଼

మ

ቁ ՜ minimum value, therefore,

ௗ

ௗ

ൌ 0

ଷ଼

మ

ൌ ʹሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ

͵ͺͲͲ

ʹሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻ

ൌ ݎ

ଷ

ݎ

ଷ

ൌ 6047.104

ݎ ൌ 18.22

sub. ݎ ൌ 18.22 into ሺሻ:

݄ ൌ

ͳͻͲͲͲ

ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻሺͳͺǤʹʹሻ

ଶ

݄ ൌ 18.22

when ݄ ൌ 18.22, ݀ ൌ 2ݎ ൌ 2ሺͳͺǤʹʹሻ ൌ 36.44cm

13 | P a g e

METHOD 2 : QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS

Two same equations as in Method 1, but only the formula for amount of cream is the main

equation used as the quadratic function.

Let ݂ሺݎሻ ൌ volume of cream, ݎ ൌ radius of round cake:

1900 ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ²݄ ՜ ሺሻ

݂ሺݎሻ ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻݎ² ʹሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻ݄ݎ ՜ ሺሻ

From ሺሻ:

݂ሺݎሻ ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻሺݎ² ʹ݄ݎሻ ՜ factorizeሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻ

ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻ ቂቀݎ

ଶ

ଶ

ቁ ² െቀ

ଶ

ଶ

ቁ ²ቃ ՜ completing the square, with ܽ ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻǡ ܾ ൌ ʹ݄ and c ൌ

0

ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻሾሺݎ ݄ሻ² െ݄²ሿ

ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻሺݎ ݄ሻ² െ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻ ݄²

ሺܽ ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻሺpositive inuicates minǤ valueሻ, min. value ൌ ݂ሺݎሻ ൌ െሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻ݄²,

corresponding value of ൌ ݎ ൌ െെ ݄ሻ

Sub. ݎ ൌ െെ ݄ into ሺሻ:

19000 ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻሺെെ݄ሻ

ଶ

݄

݄

ଷ

ൌ ͲͶǤͳͲͶ

ൌ 18.22

Sub. ݄ ൌ 18.22 into ሺሻ:

19000 ൌ ሺ͵ǤͳͶʹሻ ݎ²ሺͳͺǤʹʹሻ

ݎ² ൌ ͵͵ͳǤͺͻͶ

ൌ ૡǤ

Therefore, ൌ 18.22cm, ൌ ൌ ሺૡǤ ሻ ൌ Ǥ ܋ܕ

I would choose not to bake a cake with such dimensions because its dimensions are not

suitable ( the height is too high) and therefore less attractive. Furthermore, such cakes

are difficult to handle easily.

14 | P a g e

FURTHER EXPLORATION

Best Bakery received an order to bake a multi-storey cake for Merdeka Day celebration, as

shown in Diagram 2.

The height of each cake is 6.0 cm and the radius of the largest cake is 31.0 cm. The radius of

the second cake is 10% less than the radius of the cake, the radius of the third cake is 10%

less than the radius of the second and so on.

Given:

height, h of each cake = 6 cm

radius of largest cake = 31 cm

radius of ʹ

ௗ

cake = 10% smaller than ͳ

௦௧

cake

radius of ͵

ௗ

cake = 10% smaller than ʹ

ௗ

cake

31, 27.9, 25.11, 22.599, «

a = 31, r =

ଽ

ଵ

V = (3.142) ݎ

ଶ

݄

a)By using the formula fir volume V = (3.142) ݎ

ଶ

h, with h = 6 to get the volume of cakes.

Volume of ͳ

௦௧

, ʹ

ௗ

, ͵

ௗ

, and Ͷ

௧

cakes:

Radius of ͳ

௦௧

cake = 31, Volume of ͳ

௦௧

cake = (3.142) ሺ͵ͳሻ

ଶ

(6) = 18116.772

Radius of ʹ

ௗ

cake = 27.9, Volume of ʹ

ௗ

cake = (3.142) ሺʹǤͻሻ

ଶ

(6) = 14674.585

Radius of ͵

ௗ

cake = 25.11, Volume of ͵

ௗ

cake = (3.142) ሺʹͷǤͳͳሻ

ଶ

(6) = 11886.414

Radius of Ͷ

௧

cake = 22.599, Volume of Ͷ

௧

cake = (3.142)ሺʹʹǤͷͻͻሻ

ଶ

(6) = 9627.995

The volume form number pattern:

18116.772, 14674.585, 11886.414, 9627.995, «

a) a = 18116.772, ratio, r = T2/T1 = T3 /T2 = « = 0.81

15 | P a g e

b) The total mass of all the cakes should not exceed 15 kg (total mass < 15 kg, change

to volume: total volume < 57000 ܿ݉

ଷ

), so the maximun number of cakes that needs

to be baked is

ܵ

=

ሺሺଵିሻሻ

ሺଵିሻ

ܵ

= 57000,a = 18116.772 and r = 0.81

ͷͲͲͲ ൌ

ሺͳͺͳͳǤʹሺͲǤͺͳሻ݊ሻሻ

ሺͳ െ ͲǤͺͳሻ

ͳ െͲǤͺͳ

= 0.59779

ͲǤͶͲʹʹͳ = ͲǤͺͳ

݃

Ǥ଼ଵ

0.40221 = ݊

݊ ൌ

log ͲǤͶͲʹʹͳ

log ͲǤͺͳ

n = 4.322 verifying the answer

therefore, n ൎ

verifying the answer:

when ݊ = 5:

ܵ

ହ

= (18116.772(1-ሺͲǤͺͳሻ

ହ

))/(1-0.81) = 62104.443 > 57000 (ܵ

> 57000, n = 5 is not

suitable)

when n = 4:

4

= (18116.772(1-ሺ0Ǥ81ሻ

4

))/(1-0.81) = 54305.767 < 57000 (

൏ 57000ǡ ൌ 4 is

suitable)

16 | P a g e

CONCLUSION

Geometry is the study of angles and triangles, perimeter, area and volume.It differs

from algebra in that one develops a logical structure where mathematical relationships

are proved and applied.

An arithmetic progression (AP) or arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers such

that the different of any two successive members of the sequence is a constant.

A geometric progression,also known as a geometric sequence,is a sequence of

numbers where each term after the first is found by multiplying the previous one by a

fixed non-zero number called the common ratio.

Differentiation is essentially the process of finding an equation which will give you

the gradient (slope,´rise over run´, etc.) at any point along the curve.Say you have y =

2

.The equation y¶ = 2x will give you the gradient of y at any point along that curve.

17 | P a g e

REFLECTION

In the process of conducting this project, I have learnt that perseverance pays off,

especially when you obtain a just reward for all your hard work. For me, succeeding in completing

this project work has been reward enough. I have also learnt that mathematics is used

everywhere in daily life, from the most simple things like baking and decorating a cake, to designing

and building monuments. Besides that, I have learned many moral values that I practice.

This project work had taught me to be more confident when doing something especially the homework

given by the teacher. I also learned to be a more disciplined student who is punctual and independent.

18 | P a g e

References

y http://en.wikipedia.org/

y http://www.scribd.com/

y http://www.one-school.net/

y Additional Mathematics Textbook Form 4 and Form 5

To use technology especially the ICT appropriately and effectively. 4. 2. To realise that mathematics is an important and powerful tool in solving real-life problems. 2|Page . 6. To develop positive attitude towards mathematics.Objectives The aims of carrying this project work are:1. 5. To acquire effective mathematical communications through oral and writing. 3. To use the language of mathematical ideas precisely. To apply and adapt a variety of problem solving strategies to solve problems.

to estimate volume of cake to be produced. If the pan is too big. thick item. Older children and teenagers can use more sophisticated math to solve baking dilemmas. compared to the volume. it helps you become a more flexible and resourceful baker. To avoid having a rock-hard outside in this case. When making a batch of cake batter. such as how to make a cake recipe larger or smaller or how to determine what size slices you should cut. The ratio of the surface area to the volumes determines how much crust a baked good will have. the faster the item will bake. If the pan is too small. you end up with a certain volume determined by the recipe. Practicing math while baking not only improves your math skills. The more surface area there is.PART 1 INTRODUCTION Baking a cake offers a tasty way to practice math skills. such as fractions and ratios. We mix ingredients in round bowls because cubes would have corners where unmixed ingredient would accumulate. For a very large. and the less ³inside´ there will be. to assist in designing and decorating cakes that comes in many attractive shapes and designs. in a real-world context. the baker will have to lower the temperature a little bit and bake for a longer time. the cake becomes too short. Many steps of baking a cake. to assist in designing and decorating cakes that comes in many attractive shapes and designs and to estimate volume of cake to be produced. The baker must then choose the appropriate size and shape of pan to achieve the desired result. 3|Page . This leads into the next situations. To determine suitable dimension for the cake. and we would have a hard time scraping them into the batter. it will take a long time for the heat to penetrate to the centre. provide basic math practise for young children. the cake becomes too tall. GEOMETRY Geometry is used to determine suitable dimensions for the cake. such as counting ingredients and setting the oven timer. MATHEMATICS IN CAKE BAKING AND CAKE DECORATING i.

4|Page . Calculus (differentiation) Calculus is used to determine minimum or maximum amount of ingredients for cakebaking. So we can say that it used arithmetic progression. or size of cake produced. cream needed for decorating. That is the way how the cake is balance to prevent it from smooch.ii. we use arithmetic progression where the difference of the diameter is constant that is 2. When the diameter of the first layer of the cake is 8¶¶ and the diameter of second layer of the cake is 6¶¶. to estimate total amount of cream for decoration. to estimate total ingredients needed for cake-baking. when we make a cake with many layers. We can also use ratio. For example. we need to decrease its ratio from lower layer to upper layer. because when we prepare the ingredient for each layer of the cake. When we cut the cake. When the diameter decreases. the weight also decreases. Calculus can also be used to measure how high the temperature/time of the oven should be set so that the cake is baked effectively. we must fix the difference of diameter of the two layers. we can use fraction to divide the cake according to the total people that will eat the cake. iii. In this case. then the diameter of the third layer should be 4¶¶. Progressions To determine total weight/volume of multi-storey cakes with proportional dimensions.

784 cm 2) The inner dimensions of oven: 80cm length.392 = 58. a) The formula that formed for d in terms of h by using the formula for volume of cake.142)( )² x 7 (3. 45cm height. the diameter of the baking tray to be used to fit the 5 kg cake ordered by your school 3800 is Volume of 5kg cake = Base area of cake x Height of cake 3800 x 5 = (3.142) = ( )² 863.0 cm.872 = ( )² = 29. and the height of the cake is to be 7. V = 19000 is: 19000 = (3.Part 2 Best Bakery shop received an order from your school to bake a 5kg of round cake as shown in Diagram 1 for the Teachers¶ Day celebration. 60cm width. 1) If a kilogram of cake has a volume of 38000cm3.142)( )²h = ² = ² = 5|Page .

79 77.99cm.Height. that is 19000 = (3. because b) ii) The most suitable dimensions ( and d) for the cake is it can fit into the oven.0 10.0 7. = 54.99 51.76 69.53 109.55 63.0 6.53 log + log 155. 155. the cake would be too short and too wide.0 5. making it less attractive.0 4. that is. make d the subject.84 49.0 8. c) i) The same formula in 2(a) is used. and the size is suitable for easy handling.53 6|Page Table of log = . Furthermore. The same process is also used.142)( )² .0 3.0 9.78 54.0 Table 1 Diameter.98 89. = 8cm. An equation which is suitable and relevant for the graph: 19000 = (3.0 2.18 b) i) < 7cm is NOT suitable.49 58. because the resulting diameter produced is too large to fit into the oven.142)( )² = ² = ² = = log log = = log + log 155. 1.

89 1.95 1.0 10.19 2.0 Log 2.00 0.53 109.99 51.55 63.95 1.48 0.78 0.0 7.84 49.0 6.98 89.0 5.85 0.78 54.90 0.77 1.0 4.74 1. 155.69 Table 2 7|Page .0 8.79 77.80 1.04 1.84 1.30 0.Height.76 69.0 Diameter.18 Log 0.49 58.0 9.60 0. 1.0 2.0 3.71 1.70 0.

log = 1.5 cm.5 cm = 1. = 47. = 13.623. log = 1.Graph of log against log ii) Based from the graph: a) when = 10. log 8|Page .021.86 cm = 1.680.80 cm = 10.140. log b) when = 42 cm = 42 cm.

= 54. using the dimensions I¶ve suggested in 2(b)(ii).23 = 3757. My answer in 2(b)(ii) = 8cm. we don¶t decorate the bottom part of the cake.142) =2375 1 Volume of cream at the side surface =Area of side surface Height of cream = (Circumference of cake =2(3. Volume of cream at the top surface =Area of top surface Height of cream = (3. My answer (with =8 . The bottom surface area of cake is not counted. Obviously. The volume of top surface is always the same for all shapes (since height is same).23 Therefore. amount of fresh cream = 2375 + 1382. and volume of cream on top surface = = 237 ): 9|Page .142)( =1382.23 )(8) 1 Height of cake) Height of cream b) Three other shapes (the shape of the base of the cake) for the cake with same height which is depends on the 2(b)(ii) and volume 19000 .99cm height) Amount of fresh cream = volume of fresh cream needed (area Amount of fresh cream = volume of cream at the top surface + volume of cream at the side surface.3) The cake with fresh cream. with uniform thickness 1cm is decorated. because we¶re decorating the visible part of the cake only (top and sides). a) The amount of fresh cream needed to decorated the cake.

5 8)(1) + 2375 2 ± Triangle-shaped base width slant height 1900 = base area base area = base area = 2375 height 10 | P a g e . 2375 = 50 47.1 ± Rectangle-shaped base (cuboid) height length 1900 = base area height base area = length width = 2375 width By trial and improvement. height = 8) volume of cream = 2(Area of left and right side surface)(Height of cream) + 2(Area of front and back side surface)(Height of cream) + volume of top surface =2(50 =3935 8)(1) + 2(47. width = 47.5 (length = 50.5.

23 8)(1) + 2375 = 4346.68 3 ± Pentagon-shaped base width 19000 = base area height base area = 2375 = area of 5 similar isosceles triangles in a pentagon 2375 = 5(length 475 = length width) width 19 (length = 25. width = 50) = 98. 4750 = 95 Slant length of triangle = Amount of cream =Area of rectangular front side surface(Height of cream) + 2(Area of slant rectangular left/right side surface)(Height of cream) + Volume of top surface =(50 8)(1) + 2(98. 475 = 25 amount of cream =5(area of one rectangular side surface)(height of cream) + volume of top surface =5(19 8) + 2375 = 3135 c)Based on the values above.23 By trial and improvement. since it requires only 3135 of cream to be used. width = 19) By trial and improvement.length Length width = 2375 width = 4750 50 (length = 95. 11 | P a g e . the shape that required the least amount of fresh cream to be used is : Pentagon-shaped cake.

therefore. there are differentiation and quadratic functions. 18.22. METHOD 1 : DIFFERENTIATION Two equations for this method: the formula for volume of cake ( as in 2(a)).44cm 12 | P a g e . and the formula for amount ( volume ) of cream to be used for the round cake ( as in 3(a)).PART 3 When there¶s minimum or maximum .22 sub. 0 6047. V V V : into ² ² ² 38000 : 2 ² ² ² 2 ² 0 minimum value. 2 2 36.22 when 18. 1900 V From Sub. and its corresponding minimum diameter.22 into : 18. well. is calculated by using the differentiation and function.104 18. The minimum height.

such cakes are difficult to handle easily.22 into ² : Therefore. with and c volume of cream. Let 1900 : ² ² 0 ² ² ² ² ². factorize ² completing the square. value corresponding value of Sub. 13 | P a g e . Furthermore. 18. 19000 ² 18. min.METHOD 2 : QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS Two same equations as in Method 1. but only the formula for amount of cream is the main equation used as the quadratic function.22cm. 19000 into : 18.22 Sub. I would choose not to bake a cake with such dimensions because its dimensions are not suitable ( the height is too high) and therefore less attractive. ² ² From radius of round cake: .

9627.142) cake = (3.0 cm and the radius of the largest cake is 31.FURTHER EXPLORATION Best Bakery received an order to bake a multi-storey cake for Merdeka Day celebration.585.11.142) a)By using the formula fir volume V = (3.9. with h = 6 to get the volume of cakes.599.11.142) h. r = V = (3.772. 22. as shown in Diagram 2. the radius of the third cake is 10% less than the radius of the second and so on. The radius of the second cake is 10% less than the radius of the cake.995. « a) a = 18116. r = T2/T1 = T3 /T2 = « = 0.142) (6) = 18116.9. Volume of Radius of Radius of Radius of Radius of .599. .0 cm. and cakes: Volume of Volume of Volume of cake = (3.142) cake = (3.81 14 | P a g e . 25. 14674. 27. Given: height. h of each cake = 6 cm radius of largest cake = 31 cm radius of radius of cake = 10% smaller than cake = 10% smaller than cake cake 31. . 11886. cake = 25. cake = 22.585 (6) = 11886. The height of each cake is 6. Volume of The volume form number pattern: 18116.995 cake = 31.414.772. ratio.142) cake = (3. « a = 31.414 (6) = 9627. cake = 27.772 (6) = 14674.

772(1. n = 5 is not = (18116.81) = 62104.81) = 54305.b) The total mass of all the cakes should not exceed 15 kg (total mass < 15 kg.443 > 57000 ( > 57000. n verifying the answer: when = 5: ))/(1-0.772(1suitable) when n = 4: 4 = (18116.a = 18116.772 and r = 0.40221 = n = 4. change to volume: total volume < 57000 to be baked is = = 57000.767 < 57000 ( 57000 4is suitable) 15 | P a g e .0 81 4 ))/(1-0.322 verifying the answer therefore.81 ).59779 = 0. so the maximun number of cakes that needs = 0.

Say you have y = 2 .is a sequence of numbers where each term after the first is found by multiplying the previous one by a fixed non-zero number called the common ratio. perimeter.) at any point along the curve. An arithmetic progression (AP) or arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers such that the different of any two successive members of the sequence is a constant.also known as a geometric sequence.´rise over run´.CONCLUSION Geometry is the study of angles and triangles. A geometric progression.The equation y¶ = 2x will give you the gradient of y at any point along that curve. Differentiation is essentially the process of finding an equation which will give you the gradient (slope. area and volume. etc. 16 | P a g e .It differs from algebra in that one develops a logical structure where mathematical relationships are proved and applied.

17 | P a g e . I have learnt that perseverance pays off.REFLECTION In the process of conducting this project. This project work had taught me to be more confident when doing something especially the homework given by the teacher. succeeding in completing this project work has been reward enough. especially when you obtain a just reward for all your hard work. For me. I have learned many moral values that I practice. I also learned to be a more disciplined student who is punctual and independent. I have also learnt that mathematics is used everywhere in daily life. from the most simple things like baking and decorating a cake. Besides that. to designing and building monuments.

scribd.com/ http://www.one-school.net/ Additional Mathematics Textbook Form 4 and Form 5 18 | P a g e .org/ http://www.References y y y y http://en.wikipedia.

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