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ENGINEERING

Department of Civil & Geological Engineering

**CE 463.3 – Advanced Structural Analysis Lab 4 –SAP2000 Plane Elasticity
**

February 29th, 2012 T.A: Ouafi Saha Professor: M. Boulfiza

**1. Rectangular Plate under Uniform Tension (Plane Stress) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1prWpg7vhQY
**

Units kN, cm, C Mat. Steel Self-Weight = 0 Thickness = 3mm 4 cm 20 cm

New features: Plane Element i. General Definitions For Plane problems, usually we work in XY Plane instead of the XZ used for Frame structure For simplicity, the grid system should look like this one

2 kN/cm

2

3 Grids for X and Y centered at 0 Z is not used

Choose kN/cm

Show Grid Lines Reduce Bubble Size

1

then click on Add New Section Choose a name Select Plane-Stress and leave Incompatible Modes Choose the material previously defined Choose the material previously defined iii. doubleclick 3 1 2 2 . In section definition choose Menu Define > Section Properties > Area Sections… Select Plane in the section type.ii. 4.3. Material and Section Definition Define a Material having E = 200 GPa and v = 0. Drawing the Model Draw the four plane elements in the XY plane using Draw Poly Area tool It is common to draw the quadrilateral element starting from the lower left corner and continue counter clockwise.

by loading nodes or by loading elements.4 kN in the +X direction We have also 5 nodes. Select all nodes in Y axis and specify Translation Restraints in direction 1. And all nodes in Y axis will not move in X direction. we must specify some restraints condition for the program to avoid singular stiffness matrix. One should follow them to get the most accurate results.3 cm) = 2. iv.6 kN. we know that the central node will neither move in X nor Y direction. then select the node in the origin and specify Translation Restraints in both Direction 1 and 2 v. Loading Condition Two possible ways to introduce the loads are possible. Nodes (joints) For the right side the total load is F = (2 kN/cm2) x (4 cm) x (0.6 / 2 = 0. to have more accurate results. For corner nodes f = 0.4 / 4 = 0. Select the four elements and go to Menu Edit > Edit Areas > Divide Areas… Divide each element into 4 by 2 elements according to convention (supplemental) Some recommendations are given in the reference manual about the aspect ratio of the elements. The load distribution will be as follow: For median nodes f = 2. By symmetry the same loads are applied to the left side. 3 .We need a finer mesh.3 kN. 3 medians and 2 corners. In this case due to geometric and loading symmetry. Boundary Displacement Conditions Even if there are no apparent supports in the initial problem.

Select the four right edge elements > Assign > Area Loads > Surface Pressure (All)… -2. negative pressure (outward direction) Face 2 (Supplemental doc) For the left side we change only face 2 by face 4. Menu Analyze > Set Analysis Options … Then Run the analysis. 4 . we have a uniform pressure in the outward direction. to neglect self-weight and to disable modal analysis. only two displacements are considered. Analyse the System In plane elasticity problems.Element (Area) For the right side. Remember to save your work. vi.

X(0. the structure will be drawn using three elemental parts.com/watch?v=uvmdgD6aU0M Symmetry R=10mm r = 5mm F=0.10). Steel Self-Weight = 0 Thickness = 2 mm 15 mm New features: Pipe and Plate Module Only half of the structure will be modeled. Discussing Results As we may have expected we can say: .25). Y(-10. Display Output We can see the deformed shape as: And the internal stresses (S11) as viii. .0.1 kN F=0. Start a blank file with only grids. we have a uniformly distributed longitudinal horizontal stresses over the whole solid.youtube. mm.1 kN Units kN.1 mm. Menu Option > Dimensions/Tolerances… Set auto merge to 0. Neither shear stress nor longitudinal vertical stresses exists in the solid.15.In the stress diagram. As SAP2000 is not extremely powerful in 2D and 3D modeling.1mm or you will have a strange mesh 5 .In the displacement diagram. Tension Connection plate http://www. Z(0) Set Auto-merge tolerance to 0. C Mat. the effect of positive Poisson’s ratio is clearly seen. 2.5.vii.

6 .Start by rounded plate with circular hole Menu Edit > Add Model From Template … then click on Pipes and Plates The main parameters are highlighted. We need to delete the left half part of the circle. The final step is by replicating the slice to reproduce the final form. and to reduce the number of nodes.. merge all elements then divide them to 4 elements in the vertical direction. For this purpose it is better to leave only one slice of the model.

Make sure to enter the parameters as the figure below. from Edit Menu. Save your file from time to time! 7 .Select all element in the previous screen and apply Replicate commad.

Rectangular plate with circular hole Menu Edit > Add Model From Template … then click on Pipes and Plates We should remove the right half side of the rectangular plate and move the remaining part 15mm in the X direction (right).. using the Move command from Edit Menu. 8 .

Last Rectangular part We draw a big rectangle and divide it in 4 parts in X direction and 16 parts in Y Direction. 0) F = 0. Due to Symmetry the same boundary condition as the first example will apply to this one. For the analysis we will consider only displacement in X and Y directions. The final model should look like the figure above.. Run the Analysis 9 .1kN in X direction. One concentrated nodal load will be applied to the node at coordinate (20.

Output Time for some nice pictures Deformed shape (effect of concentrated Load) Resultant Displacement Contour Lines The three stresses component in the local axis and the Von Mises stress. 10 .

The geometric file used by this software is a text file containing the following data 1 2 4 1 2 3 4 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 25 25 0 10 10 20 20 10 10 -10 -10 10 10 0 5 5 -5 -5 0 0 10 10 0 0 5 5 5 5 0 11 . but the data must be prepared in a strict form.com/default.automesh2d.htm.youtube. It is possible to use a simple modeling software such as Automesh2D freely available at the website http://www. Many formats are supported by the program. Import 2D models http://www.com/watch?v=vrSO462W39U Another efficient way to model two dimensional and three dimensional structural problems is to use the import functionality of SAP2000. The same Problem 2 will be done using .3.DXF import function.

use Menu File > Import > Autocad .The next step is to mesh the structure using the easiest auto-mesh function.dxf File … the select your file. Before importing the model into SAP2000. 250 elements are chosen. This layer will be used by SAP2000 to import the appropriate model. Select upward direction Select from which layer import which elements 12 . it is usually recommended to edit the mesh in Autocad and copy all lines in a specific layer. The final step in this software is to export the meshed structure in dxf format. In SAP2000.

See video for more details. Select all and Menu Edit > Edit Areas > Divide Areas … Delete the unwanted plane parts. The final step is to divide the big plate element into the shape of the little frame lines. the central circle and the two big corners. but we need Plane element. 13 . Done! At least for the geometry modeling part.The next step is to draw a Plane element enclosing the whole imported model. Delete also the frame elements as they don’t belong to our desired model. Remember we imported the model as frame elements.

Compare this solution with your classic beam analysis. The web link is a pointer to the University of Alberta tutorial for Ansys. take care about unit conversion.html The Model under SAP2000 3D model from the U of A website 14 . add a uniformly distributed load = 1 kN/cm2 in compression in top and bottom faces of the plate.4. C Mat.5mm 0. Check deflection and maximum stress. The load is uniformly distributed over the length.2 m 2. Additional Examples .SDB with the one given by Ansys.mece.0 m Follow the same steps as Problem 1. .ca/tutorials/ansys/BT/Bracket/Bracket.Plane Stress Repeat Problem 1. . Steel Self-Weight = 0 Thickness = 7.ualberta.Cantilever Beam (Thick theory) 3kN/m Units kN. m.Bracket Compare the solution of the given example Bracket. must be converted to node concentrated forces or uniformly distributed pressure. . http://www.

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2D plane elasticity Modeling

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