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Software Engineering Chapter (11)

Software Engineering Chapter (11)

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©Ian Sommerville 2004

Software Engineering, 7th edition. Chapter 11

Slide 44

Reference architectures

Architectural models may be specific to some

application domain.

Two types of domain-specific model

Generic models which are abstractions from a number of

real systems and which encapsulate the principal

characteristics of these systems. Covered in Chapter 13.

Reference models which are more abstract, idealised

model. Provide a means of information about that class of

system and of comparing different architectures.

Generic models are usually bottom-up models;

Reference models are top-down models.

©Ian Sommerville 2004

Software Engineering, 7th edition. Chapter 11

Slide 45

Reference architectures

Reference models are derived from a study

of the application domain rather than from

existing systems.

May be used as a basis for system

implementation or to compare different

systems. It acts as a standard against which

systems can be evaluated.

OSI model is a layered model for

communication systems.

©Ian Sommerville 2004

Software Engineering, 7th edition. Chapter 11

Slide 46

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